Jiva Gosvami: Satsamdarbha with Baladevavidyābhūṣaṇa's Ṭippaṇī

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Jiva Gosvami:
Satsamdarbha, part 1: Tattvasamdarbha

with Baladeva Vidyabhusana's Tippani

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Text

śrī-bhāgavata-sandarbhe prathamaḥ tattva-sandarbhaḥ

śrī-kṛṣṇo jayati |

kṛṣṇa-varṇaṃ tviṣākṛṣṇaṃ sāṅgopāṅgāstra-pārṣadam | yajñaiḥ saṅkīrtana-prāyair yajanti hi sumedhasaḥ ||1|| [BhP 11.5.32]

BD: śrīkṛṣṇo jayati |

bhaktyābhāsenāpi toṣaṃ dadhāne
dharmādhyakṣe viśva-nistāri-nāmni |
nityānandādvaita-caitanya-rūpe
tattve tasmin nityam āstāṃ ratir naḥ ||

māyāvādaṃ yas tamaḥ-stomam
uccair nāśaṃ ninye veda-vāg-aṃśu-jālaiḥ |
bhaktir viṣṇor darśitā yena loke
jīyāt so'yaṃ bhānur ānanda-tīrthaḥ ||

govindābhidham indirāśrita-padaṃ hasta-stha-ratnādivat |
tattvaṃ tattva-vid uttamau kṣiti-tale yau darśayāñcakratuḥ ||

māyāvāda-mahāndhakāra-paṭalī-sat-puṣpavantau sadā tau śrī-rūpa-sanātanau viracitāścaryau suvaryau stumaḥ ||

yaḥ sāṅkhya-paṅkena kutarka-pāṃśunā
vivarta-gartena ca lupta-dīdhitim |
śuddhaṃ vyadhād vāk-sudhayā maheśvaraṃ
kṛṣṇaṃ sa jīvaḥ prabhur astu no gatiḥ ||

ālasyā apravṛttiḥ syāt puṃsāṃ yad grantha-vistare |
ato'tra gūḍhe sandarbhe ṭippany alpā prakāśyate ||

śrīmaj-jīvena ye pāṭhāḥ sandarbhe'smin pariṣkṛtāḥ |
vyākhyāyante ta evāmī nānye ye tena helitāḥ ||

śrī-bādarāyaṇo bhagavān vyāso brahma-sūtrāṇi prakāśya tad-bhāṣya-bhūtaṃ śrī-bhāgavatam āvirbhāvya śukaṃ tad-adhyāpitavān | tad-arthaṃ nirṇetu- kāmaḥ śrī-jīvaḥ pratyūha-kulācala-kuliśaṃ vāñchita-pīyūṣa-balāhaka- sveṣṭa-vastu-nirdeśaṃ maṅgalam ācarati kṛṣṇeti | nimi-nṛpatinā pṛṣṭaḥ kara- bhājano yogī satyādi-yugāvatārānuktvā'tha kalāv api tathā śṛṇu iti tam avadhāpyāha kṛṣṇa-varṇam iti | sumedhaso janāḥ kalāv api hariṃ bhajanti | kaiḥ | ity āha saṅkīrtana-prāyair yajñaiḥ arcanair iti | kīdṛśaṃ tam | ity āha kṛṣṇo varṇo rūpaṃ yasyāntar iti śeṣaḥ | tviṣā kāntyā tv akṛṣṇam | śuklo raktas tathā pītaḥ idānīṃ kṛṣṇatāṃ gataḥ [BhP 10.8.13] iti gargokti-pāriśeṣya- vidyud-gauram ity arthaḥ | aṅge nityānandādvaitau | upāṅgāni śrīvāsādayaḥ | astrāṇi avidyācchettṛtvād bhagavan-nāmāni | pārṣadāṅ gadādhara-govindāyaḥ | taiḥ sahitam iti mahābalitvaṃ vyajyate | garga-vākye pīta iti prācīna-tad-avatārāpekṣayā | ayam avatāraḥ śveta-varāha-kalpa- gatāṣṭa-viṃśa-vaivasvatam anvantarīya-kalau bodhyaḥ | tatratye śrī-caitanya evokta-dharma-darśanāt | anyeṣu kaliṣ kvacic chyāmatvena kvaicc cuka- patrābhatvena vyakter ukteḥ | channaḥ kalau yad abhavaḥ [BhP 7.9.38] iti śuklo
raktas tathā pītaḥ [BhP 10.8.13] iti | kalāv api tathā śṛṇu [BhP 11.5.31] iti ca | ye vimṛśanti te sumedhasaḥ | channatvaṃ ca preyasī-tviṣāvṛtatvaṃ bodhyam | aṅkāḥ pūrvāṅkato'trānye ṭippanī-krama-bodhakāḥ | dvi-bindavas te vijñeyā viṣayāṅkāras tv abindavaḥ | atra granthe skandhādhyāya-sūcakā yugmāṅkā grantha-kṛtāṃ santi | tebhyo'nye ye ṭippanī-krama-bodhāyāsmābhiḥ kalpitās te dvibindu-mastakāḥ | viṣaya-vākyebhyaḥ pare ye'ṅkās te tv abindu-mastakā bodhyāḥ ||1||

antaḥkṛṣṇaṃ bahir gauraṃ darśitāṅgādi-vaibhavam |
kalau saṅkīrtanādyaiḥ smaḥ kṛṣṇa-caitanyam āśritāḥ ||2||

BD: kṛṣṇa-varṇa-padya-vyākhyā-vyājena tad-artham āśrayati antar iti |
sphuṭārthaḥ ||2||

jayatāṃ mathurā-bhūmau śrīla-rūpa-sanātanau |
yau vilekhayatas tattvaṃ jñāpakau pustikām imām ||3||

BD: athāśīr namaskāra-rūpaṃ maṅgalam ācarati jayatām iti | śrīlau jñāna- vairāgya-tapaḥ-sampattimantau rūpa-sanātanau me guru-parama-gurū jayataḥ nijotkarṣaṃ prakaṭayatām | mathurā-bhūmāv iti | tatra tayor adhyakṣatā vyajyate | tayor jayo'stv ity āśāsyate | jayatir atra tad itara-sarva-sad-vṛndotkarṣa-vacanaḥ | tad-utkarṣāśrayatvāt tayos tat- sarva-namasyatvam ākṣipyate | tat-sarvāntaḥpātitvāt svasya tau namayāv iti ca vyajyate | tau kīdṛśāv ity āha | yāv imāṃ samdarbhākhyāṃ pustikāṃ vilekhayatas tasyā likhane māṃ pravartayataḥ | buddhau siddhatvāt imām ity uktiḥ | tattvaṃ jñāpakau tattvaṃ vādya-prabhede syāt svarūpe paramātmani iti viśva-koṣāt | pareśaṃ saparikaraṃ jñāpayiṣyantāv ity arthaḥ | kartari bhaviṣyati ṇvul ṣaṣṭhī-niṣedhas tu akenor bhaviṣyad ādhamarṇayoḥ (Pāṇ 2.3.70) iti sūtrāt ||3||

ko'pi tad-bāndhavo bhaṭṭo dakṣiṇa-dvija-vaṃśajaḥ |
vivicya vyalikhad granthaṃ likhitād vṛddha-vaiṣṇavaiḥ ||4||

BD: granthasya purātanatvaṃ svapariṣkṛtatvaṃ cāha ko'pīti | tad-bāndhavas tayo rūpa=sanātanayor bandhur gopāla-bhaṭṭa ity arthaḥ | vṛddha-vaiṣṇavaiḥ śrī-madhvādibhir likhitād granthāt taṃ vivicya vicārya sāraṃ gṛhītvā grantham imaṃ vyalikhat ||4||

tasyādyaṃ granthanālekhaṃ krāntam utkrānta-khaṇḍitam |
paryālocyātha paryāyaṃ kṛtvā likhati jīvakaḥ ||5||

BD: tasya bhaṭṭasya ādyaṃ purātanaṃ granthanālekhaṃ paryālocya jīvako mal-lakṣaṇaḥ paryāyaṃ kṛtvā kramaṃ nibadhya likhati | grantha sandarbhe caurādikaḥ | tato ṇyāsa-śrantha (Pāṇ 3.3.107) iti karmaṇi yuc granthanā
granthaḥ | tasya lekhaṃ likhanaṃ, bhāve ghañ | taṃ lekhaṃ kīdṛśam ity āha krāntaṃ krameṇa sthitam | vyutkrāntaṃ vyutkrameṇa sthitam | khaṇḍitaṃ chinnam iti svaśramasya sārthakyam ||5||

yaḥ śrī-kṛṣṇa-padāmbhoja-bhajanaikābhilāṣavān |
tenaiva dṛśyatām etad anyasmai śapatho'rpitaḥ ||6||

BD: granthasya rahasyatvam āha yaḥ śrīti | kṛṣṇa-pāratamye'nyenānādṛte tasyāmaṅgalaṃ syād iti | tan-maṅgalāyaitat | na tu granthāvadya-bhayāt | tasya suvyutpannair niravadyatvena parīkṣitatvāt ||6||

atha natvā mantra-gurūn gurūn bhāgavatārthadān |
śrī-bhāgavata-sandarbhaṃ sandarbhaṃ vaśmi lekhitum ||7||

BD: atheti gūḍhasya prakāśaś ca sāroktiḥ śresṭhā tathā | nānārthavattvaṃ vedyatvaṃ sandarbhaḥ kathyate budhaiḥ | ity abhiyuktokta-laksaṇaṃ sandarbhaṃ lekhituṃ vaśmi vāñchāmi | śrī-bhāgavataṃ sandṛbhyate grathyate'treti | halaś ca (Pāṇ 3.3.21) ity adhikaraṇe ghañ ||7||

yasya brahmeti saṃjñāṃ kvacid api nigame yāti cin-mātra-sattāpy
aṃśo yasyāṃśakaiḥ svair vibhavati vaśayann eva māyāṃ pumāṃś ca |
ekaṃ yasyaiva rūpaṃ vilasati parama-vyomni nārāyaṇākhyaṃ
sa śrī-kṛṣṇo vidhattāṃ svayam iha bhagavān prema tat-pāda-bhājām ||8||

BD: atha śrotṛ-rucy-utpattaye granthasya viṣayādīn anubandhān saṅkṣepeṇa tāvad āha yasyeti | sa svayaṃ bhagavān śrī-kṛṣṇaḥ | iha jagati tat-pāda- bhājāṃ tac-caraṇa-padma-sevināṃ sva-viṣayakaṃ prema vidhattām arpayatu | sa kaḥ | ity āha yasya svarūpānubandhyākṛtiguṇa-vibhūti-viśiṣṭasyaiva śrī- kṛṣṇasya | cinmātra-sattā anabhivyakta-tat-tad-viśeṣā jñāna-rūpā vidyamānatā | kvacid api nigame kasmiṃścit satyaṃ jñānam anantaṃ brahma (TaittU 2.1.1) astīty evopalabdhavyaḥ (KaṭhU 2.3.13) ity ādi-rūpe śruti- khaṇḍe brahmeti saṃjñāṃ yāti | tādṛśatayā cintayatāṃ tathā pratītam āsīd ity arthaḥ | bhakti-bhāvita-manasāṃ tu vyañjita-tat-tad-viśeṣā saiva puruṣatvena pratītā bhavatīti bodhyam | satyaṃ jñānam ity upakrāntasyaivānandamaya- puruṣatvena nirūpaṇāt | ata evam uktaṃ jitaṃ te stotre -

na te rūpaṃ na cākāro nāyudhāni na cāspadam | tathāpi puruṣākāro bhaktānāṃ tvaṃ prakāśate || iti | sa caivaṃ prācīnāṅgīkṛtam iti vācyam | uktarītyā tasyāpy anabhīṣṭatvābhāvāt | yasya kṛṣṇasyāṃśaḥ pumān māyāṃ vaśayann eva svair aṃśakair vibhavati | kāraṇārṇavaśāyī sahasraśīrṣā puruṣaḥ saṅkarṣaṇaḥ kṛṣṇāṃśaḥ prakṛter bhartā | tāṃ vaśe sthāpayann eva sva-vīkṣaṇa-kṣubdhayā tayāṇḍāni sṛṣṭvā, teṣāṃ garbheṣv ambubhir ardha-pūrṇeṣu sahasra-śīrṣā pradyumnaḥ san svair aṃśakaiḥ matsyādibhiḥ | vibhavati vibhava-saṃjñakān līlāvatārān prakaṭayatīty arthaḥ | yasyaiva kṛṣṇasya nārāyaṇākhyam ekaṃ mukhyaṃ rūpam | āvaraṇāṣṭakād bahiḥṣṭhe parama-vyomni vilasati sa nārāyaṇo yaya vilāsa ity arthaḥ | ananyāpekṣi-rūpaḥ svayaṃ bhagavān prāyas tat-sama-guṇa-vibhūtir ākṛtyādibhir anyādṛk tu vilāsa iti sarvam etac caturtha-sandarbhe visphuṭībhaviṣyad-vīkṣaṇīyam ||8||

athaivaṃ sūcitānāṃ śrī-kṛṣṇa-tad-vācya-vācakatā-lakṣaṇa-sambandha-tad- bhajana-lakṣaṇa-vidheya-saparyāyābhidheya-tat-prema-lakṣaṇa- prayojanākhyānām arthānāṃ nirṇayāya tāvat pramāṇaṃ nirṇīyate | tatra puruṣasya bhramādi-doṣa-catuṣṭaya-duṣṭatvāt sutarām alaukikācintya- svabhāva-vastu-sparśāyogyatvāc ca tat-pratyakṣādīny api sadoṣāṇi ||9||

BD:athaivam iti | sūcitānāṃ vyañjitānāṃ caturṇām ity arthaḥ | śrī-kṛṣṇaś ca granthasya viṣayaḥ | tad-vācya-vācaka-lakṣaṇaś ca sambandhaḥ | tad-bhajanaṃ tac-chravaṇa-kīrtanādi-tal-lakṣaṇaṃ yad-vidheyaṃ tat-saparyāyāṃ yad abhidheyaṃ tac ca | tat-prema-lakṣaṇaṃ prayojanaṃ ca puruṣārthas tad- ākhyānām | eka-vācya-vācakatavaṃ paryāyatvam | samānaḥ paryāyo'syeti saparyāyaḥ | samānārtahka-saha-śabdena samāsād asvapada-vigraho bahu- vrīhiḥ | vopasarjanasya iti sūtrāt (Pāṇ 6.3.82) sahasya sādeśaḥ |

saha-śabdas tu sākalpa-yaugapadya-samṛddhiṣu | sādṛśye vidyamāne ca sambandhe ca saha smṛtaṃ || iti śrīdharaḥ |

tatreti puruṣasya vyāvahārikasya vyutpannasyāpi bhramādi-doṣa-grastatvāt tādṛk-pāramārthaika-vastu-sparśānarhatvāc ca tat-pratyakṣādīni ca sadoṣāṇīiti yojyam | bhramaḥ pramādo vipralipsā karaṇāpaṭavaṃ ceti jīve catvāro doṣāḥ | teṣv atasmiṃs tad-buddhir bhramaḥ | yena sthāṇau puruṣa- buddhiḥ | anavadhānatānya-cittatālakṣaṇaḥ pramādaḥ | yenāntike gīyamānaṃ gānaṃ na gṛhyate | vañcanecchā vipralipsā | yayā'śiṣye sva-jñāto'py artho na prakāśyate | indriyam āndyaṃ karaṇāpaṭavam | yena datta-manasāpi yathāvat vastu na paricīyate | ete pramātṛ-jīva-doṣāḥ | parmāṇeṣu sañcaranti | teṣu bhramādi-trayaṃ pratyakṣe, tan-mūlake'numāne ca | vipralipsā tu śabda iti bodhyam | pratyakṣādīny aṣṭau bhavanti pramāṇāni | tatrārtha-sannikṛṣṭaṃ cakṣurādīndriyaṃ pratyakṣam | anumiti-karaṇam anumānam (Tarka- saṅgraha) agnyādi-jñānam anumitiḥ, tat-karaṇaṃ dhūmādi-jñānam | āpta- vākyaṃ śabdaḥ (ibid.) | upamiti-karaṇam upamānam (ibid.) go-sadṛśo gavaya ity ādau | saṃjñāsaṃjñi-sambandha-jñānam upamitiḥ (ibid.) tat-karaṇaṃ sādṛśya-jñānam |

asaidhyad-artha-dṛṣṭyā sādhakānyārthakalpanam arthāpattiḥ | yayā divābhuñjāne pīnatvaṃ rātri-bhojanaṃ kalpayitvā sādhyate | abhāva- grāhikānupalabdhiḥ | bhūtale ghaṭānupalabdhyā yathā ghaṭābhāvo gṛhyate | sahasre śataṃ sambhaved iti buddhau sambhāvanā sambhavaḥ | ajñāta- vaktṛkaṃ paramparāprasiddham aitihyam | yatheha tarau yakṣo'sti | ity evam aṣṭau ||9||

tatas tāni na pramāṇīty anādi-siddha-sarva-puruṣa-paramparāsi sarva-

laukikālaukika-jñāna-nidānatvād-aprākṛta-vacana-lakṣaṇo veda evāsmākaṃ
sarvātīta-sarvāśraya-sarvācintyāścarya-svabhāvaṃ vastu vividiṣatāṃ
pramāṇam ||10||

BD: tatas tāni ca pramāṇānīti | tato bhramādi-doṣa-yogāt | tāni pratyakṣādīni paramārtha-pramā-karaṇāni na bhavanti | māyā-muṇḍāvaloke tasyaivedaṃ muṇḍam ity atra pratyakṣaṃ vyabhicāri | vṛṣṭyā tat-kāla- nirvāpita-vahnau ciraṃ dhūma-prodgāriṇi girau vahminān dhūmāt ity anumānaṃ ca vyabhicāri dṛṣṭam | āpta-vākyaṃ ca tathā, ekenāptena muniā sarthitasyārthasyāpareṇa tādṛśena dūṣitatvāt | ata uktaṃ nāsav ṛṣir yasya mataṃ na bhinnam iti |

evaṃ mukhyānām eṣāṃ sadoṣatvāt tad upajīvinām upamānādīnāṃ tathātvaṃ susiddham eva | kiṃc cāpta-vākyaṃ laukikārtha-grahe pramāṇam eva, yathā himādrau himam ity ādau | tad-ubhaya-nirapekṣaṃ ca tat daśamas tvam asi ity ādau | tad-ubhayāgamye sādhakatamaṃ ca tat | grahāṇāṃ rāśiṣu sañcāre yathā | kiṃ cāpta-vākyenānugṛhītaṃ tad-ubhayaṃ pramāpakam | dṛṣṭa-cara- māyā-muṇḍakena puṃsā satye'py aviśvaste tasyaivedaṃ muṇḍam iti nabhovāṇyānugṛhītaṃ pratyakṣaṃ yathā | are śītārtāḥ panthā māsminn agniṃ sambhāvayata, vṛṣṭyā nirvāṇo'tra sa dṛṣṭaḥ kintv amuṣmin dhūmodgāriṇi girau so'sti ity āptavākyenānugṛhītam anumānaṃ ca yatheti | tad evaṃ pratyakṣānumāna-śabdāḥ pramāṇānīty āha manuḥ -

pratyakṣam anumānaṃ ca śāstraṃ ca vividhāgamam | trayaṃ suviditaṃ kāryaṃ dharma-śuddhim abhīpsatā || iti (Manu 12.105) |

evam asmad-vṛddhāś ca | sarva-paramparāsu brahmotpanneṣu deva- mānavādiṣu sarveṣu vaṃśeṣu | paramparā parīpāṭyāṃ santāne'pi vadhe kvacit iti viśvaḥ | laukika-jñānaṃ karma-vidyā | alaukika-jñānaṃ brahma- vidyā | aprākṛteti vācā virūpa nityayā iti mantra-varṇanāt (RV 8.75.6) |

anādi-nidhanā nityā vāg utsṛṣṭā svayambhuvā |
ādau vedamayī divyā yataḥ sarvāḥ pravṛttayaḥ ||

iti smaraṇāc (Mbh 12.231.56-57) ca | sphuṭam anyat ||10||

tac cānugataṃ tarkāpratiṣṭhānāt (Vs. 2.1.11) ity ādau, acintyāḥ khalu ye bhāvā na tāṃs tarkeṇa yojayet [Mbh 6.5.12] ity ādau śāstra-yonitvāt (Vs. 1.1.3) ity ādau | śrutes tu śabda-mūlatvāt (Vs. 2.1.27) ity ādau |

pitṛ-deva-manuṣyāṇāṃ vedaś cakṣus taveśvara |
śreyas tv anupalabdhe'rthe sādha-sādhanayor api || [BhP 11.20.4]

BD: nanu ko'yam āgraho veda evāsmākaṃ pramāṇam iti cet tatrāha tac cānumatam iti | śrī-vyāsādyair iti śeṣaḥ | tad-vāyāny āha tarketyādīni sādhya-sādhanayor apīty antāni | tarketi brahma-sūtra-khaṇḍaḥ | tasyārthaḥ - paramārtha-nirṇayas tarkeṇa na bhavati puruṣa-buddhi-vaividhyena tasya naṣṭa-pratiṣṭhatvāt | evam āha śrutiḥ naiṣā tarkeṇa matir āpaneyā proktānyenaiva sujñānāya preṣṭha iti (KaṭhaU 1.2.9) | vyāpyāropeṇa vyāpakāropas tarkaḥ (Tarka-saṅgraha), yady ayaṃ nirvahniḥ syāt tadā nirdhūmaḥ syāt ity evaṃ rūpaḥ | sa ca vyāpti-śaṅkāṃ nirasyann anumānāṅgaṃ bhaved atas tarkeṇānumānaṃ grāhyam iti | acintyāḥ ity udyama-parvaṇi dṛṣṭam | śāstreti brahma-sūtram | na ity ākṛṣyam | upāsyo harir anumānenopaniṣadā vā vedya iti sandehe mantavyaḥ (BṛhadU 4.5.6) iti śruter anumānena sa vedya iti prāpte nānumānena vedyo hariḥ | kutaḥ ? śāstram upaniṣad yonir vedana-hetur yasya tattvāt | aupaniṣadaṃ puruṣaṃ pṛcchāmi (BṛhadU 3.9.26) ity ādyā hi śrutiḥ | śrutes tu iti brahma-sūtram (2.1.17) | na ity anuvartate | brahmaṇi loka-dṛṣṭāḥ śramādayo doṣā na syuḥ | kutaḥ | so'kāmayata bahu syāṃ prajāyeya (TaittU 2.6.1) iti saṅkalpa-mātreṇa
nikhila-sṛṣṭi-śravaṇāt | nanu śrutir bādhitaṃ kathaṃ brūyād iti cet tatrāha śabdeti | avicintyārthasya śabdaika-pramāṇakatvāt | dṛṣṭaṃ caitan maṇi- mantrādau | pitṛdeva ity uddhavoktir ekādeśe | he īśvara, tava vedaḥ pitrādīnāṃ śreyaḥ śreṣṭhaṃ cakṣuḥ | kvety āha anupalabdhe'rtha ity ādi | tathā ca veda evāsmākaṃ pramāṇam iti mad-vākyaṃ sarva-sammatim iti nāpūrvaṃ mayoktam ||11||

tatra ca veda-śabdasya samprati duṣpāratvād duradhigamārthatvāc ca tad- artha-nirṇāyakānāṃ munīnām api paraspara-virodhād veda-rūpo vedārtha- nirṇāyakaś cetihāsa-purāṇātmakaḥ śabda eva vicāraṇīyaḥ | tatra ca yo vā veda-śabdo nātma-viditaḥ so'pi tad-dṛṣṭyānumeya eveti samprati tasyaiva pramotpādakatvaṃ sthitam | tathā hi mahābhārate mānavīye ca - itihāsa- purāṇābhyāṃ vedaṃ samupabṛṃhayet iti [Mbh 1.1.267] | pūraṇāt purāṇam iti cānyatra | na cāvedena vedasya bṛṃhaṇaṃ sambhavati | na hy aparipūrṇasya kanaka-valayasya trapuṇā pūraṇaṃ yujyate |

nanu yadi veda-śabdaḥ purāṇam itihāsaṃ copādatte | tarhi purāṇam anyad anveṣaṇīyam | yadi tu na, na tarhītihāsa-purāṇayor abhedo vedena | ucyate - viśiṣṭaikārtha-pratipādaka-pada-kadambasyāpauruṣeyatvād abhede'pi svarakramabhedād bheda-nirdeśo'py upapadyate | ṛg-ādibhiḥ samam anayor

apauruṣeyatvenābhedo mādhyandina-śrutāv eva vyajyate evaṃ vā are'sya
mahato bhūtasya niśvasitam etad yad ṛg-vedo yajur-vedaḥ sāma-
vedo'tharvāṅgirasa itihāsaḥ purāṇam ity ādinā [BṛhadU 2.4.10] ||12||

BD: evaṃ ced ṛg-ādi-vedenāstu paramārtha-vicāraḥ | tatrāha tatra ca veda- śabdasyeti | tarhi nyāyādi-śāstrair vedārtha-nirṇetṛbhiḥ | so'stīti cet tatrāha tad-artha-nirṇāyakānām iti | tasyaiveti itihāsa-purāṇātmakasya veda-rūpasyety arthaḥ | samupabṛṃhayed iti vedārthaṃ spaṣṭīkuryād ity arthaḥ | purāṇād iti vedārthasyeti bodhyam | trapuṇā sīsakena | purāṇetihāsayor veda-rūpatāyāṃ kaścic chaṅkate nanv ity ādinā | tatra samādhatte ucyata ity ādinā | nikhila- śakti-viśiṣṭa-bhagavad-rūpaikārtha-pratipādakaṃ yat padaka-damba-mṛgādi- purāṇāntaṃ tasyeti | ṛgādi-bhāge svara-kramo'sti itihāsa-purāṇa-bhāge tu sa nāstīty etad-aṃśena bhedaḥ | evaṃ vā iti maitreyīṃ patnīṃ prati yājñavalkya- vacanam | are maitreyi asyeśvarasya mahato vibhoḥ pūjyasya vā bhūtasya pūrva-siddhasya | sphuṭārtham anyat ||12||

ataeva skānda-prabhāsa-khaṇḍe -

purā tapaś cacārogram amarāṇāṃ pitāmahaḥ |
āvirbhūtās tato vedāḥ saṣaḍ-aṅga-pada-kramāḥ ||

tataḥ purāṇam akhilaṃ sarva-śāstra-mayaṃ dhruvam |
nitya-śabda-mayaṃ puṇyaṃ śata-koṭi-pravistaram ||

nirgataṃ brahmaṇo vaktrāt tasya bhedān nibodhata | brāhmyaṃ purāṇaṃ prathamam ity ādi | [SkandaP 2.3-5]

atra śata-koṭi-saṅkhyā brahma-loke prasiddheti tathoktam | tṛtīya-skandhe ca ṛg-yajuḥ-sāmātharvākhyān vedān pūrvādibhir mukhaiḥ [BhP 3.12.37] ity ādi-prakaraṇe,

itihāsa-purāṇāni pañcamaṃ vedam īśvaraḥ | sarvebhya eva vaktrebhyaḥ sasṛje sarva-darśanaḥ || iti | [BhP 3.12.39]

api cātra sākṣād eva veda-śabdaḥ prayuktaḥ purāṇetihāsayoḥ | anyatra ca -- purāṇaṃ pañcamo vedaḥ | itihāsaḥ purāṇaṃ ca pañcamo veda ucyate [BhP 1.4.20] | vedān adhyāpayāmāsa mahābhārata-pañcamān [Mbh 12.340.11] ity ādau | anyathā vedān ityādāv api pañcamatvaṃ nāvakalpeta samāna-jātīya- niveśitatvāt saṅkhyāyāḥ | bhaviṣya-purāṇe kārṣṇaṃ ca pañcamaṃ vedaṃ yan mahābhārataṃ smṛtam iti | tathā ca sāma-kauthumīya-śākhāyāṃ chāndogyopaniṣadi ca -- ṛg-vedaṃ bhagavo'dhyemi yajur-vedaṃ sāma-vedam ātharvaṇaṃ caturtham itihāsaṃ purāṇaṃ pañcamaṃ vedānāṃ vedam [ChāU 7.1.2] ity ādi | ataeva asya mahato bhūtasya [BṛhadU 2.4.10] ity ādāv itihāsa- purāṇayoś caturṇām evāntarbhūtatva-kalpanayā prasiddha-pratyākhyānaṃ nirastam | tad uktaṃ brāhmyaṃ purāṇaṃ prathamam ity ādi ||13||

BD: puretyādau vedānāṃ purāṇānāṃ cāvirbhāva uktaḥ | sasṛje āvirbhāvayāmāsa | samāneti yajña-datta-pañcamān viprān āmantrayasva itivat | kārṣṇam iti kṛṣṇena vyāsenoktam ity arthaḥ | ataeveti pañcama- vedatva-śravaṇād evety arthaḥ | caturṇām evāntargate | teṣv eva yat purāvṛttaṃ yac ca pañca-lakṣaṇam ākhyānaṃ | te eva tad-bhūte grāhye | na tu ye vyāsa-kṛta-tattvena bhuvi khyāte śūdrāṇām api śravye iti karmaṭhair yat kalpitaṃ tan-nirastam ity arthaḥ ||13||

pañcamatve kāraṇaṃ ca vāyu-purāṇe sūta-vākyam -

itihāsa-purāṇānāṃ vaktāraṃ samyag eva hi |
māṃ caiva pratijagrāha bhagavān īśvaraḥ prabhuḥ ||

eka āsīd yajur vedas taṃ caturdhā vyakalpayat |
cāturhotram abhūt tasmiṃs tena yajñam akalpayat ||

ādhvaryavaṃ yajurbhis tu ṛgbhir hotraṃ tathaiva ca |
audgātraṃ sāmabhiś caiva brahmatvaṃ cāy atharvabhiḥ || [VāyuP 60.16-18]

ākhyānaiś cāpy upākhyānair gāthābhir dvija-sattamāḥ |
purāṇa-saṃhitāś cakre purāṇārtha-viśāradaḥ ||

yac chiṣṭaṃ tu yajurveda iti śāstrārtha-nirṇayaḥ | [VāyuP 60.21-22]

iti brahma-yajñādhyayane ca viniyogo dṛśyate'mīṣāṃ yad-brāhmaṇānītihāsa- purāṇāni iti | so'pi nāvedatve sambhavati | ato yad āha bhagavān mātsye --

kālenāgrahaṇaṃ matvā purāṇasya dvijottamāḥ |
vyāsa-rūpam ahaṃ kṛtvā saṃharāmi yuge yuge || iti [MatsyaP 53.8-9]

pūrva-siddham eva purāṇaṃ sukha-saṅgrahaṇāya saṅkalpayāmīti tatrārthaḥ | tad-anantaraṃ hy uktam -

caturlakṣa-pramāṇena dvāpare dvāpare sadā | tad-aṣṭādaśadhā kṛtvā kṛtvā bhūr-loke'smin prabhāṣyate | adyāpy amartya-loke tu śata-koṭi-pravistaram | tad-artho'tra catur-lakṣaḥ saṅkṣepeṇa niveśitaḥ || [MatsyaP 53.9-11] iti |

atra tu yac chiṣṭaṃ tu yajur vede ity uktatvāt tasyābhidheya-bhāgaś caturlakṣas tv atra martya-loke saṅkṣepeṇa sāra-saṅgraheṇa niveśitaḥ | na tu racanāntareṇa ||14||

BD: pañcamatve kāraṇaṃ ceti | ṛg-ādibhiś caturbhiś cāturhotraṃ caturbhir ṛtvibhir nispādyaṃ karma bhavati itihāsādibhyāṃ tan na bhavatīti tad- bhāgasya pañcamatvam ity arthaḥ | ākhyānaiḥ pañca-lakṣaṇaiḥ purāṇāni | upākhyānaiḥ purāvṛttaiḥ | gāthābhiś chando-viśeṣaiś ca | saṃhitā bhārata- rūpāś cakre| tāś ca yac chiṣṭaṃ tu yajur veda tad-rūpā ity arthaḥ | brahmeti | brahma-yajñe vedādhyayane'mīṣām itihāsādīnāṃ viniyogo dṛśyate | so'pi viniyogas teṣām avedatve na sambhavati | kṛtvā'virbhāvya | saṅkalayāmi saṅkṣipāmi | abhidheya-bhāgaḥ sārāṃśaḥ ||14||

tathaiva darśitaṃ veda-sahabhāvena śiva-purāṇasya vāyavīya-saṃhitāyām -

saṅkṣipya caturo vedāṃś caturdhā vyabhajat prabhuḥ |
vyasta-vedatayā khyāto veda-vyāsa iti smṛtaḥ ||

purāṇam api saṅkṣiptaṃ caturlakṣa-pramāṇataḥ |
adyāpy amartya-loke tu śata-koṭi-pravistaram || [ŚivaP 1.33-34]

saṅkṣiptam ity atra teneti śeṣaḥ | skāndam āgneyam ity ādi samākhyās tu pravacana-nibandhanāḥ kāṭhakādivat | ānupūrvīr nirmāṇa-nibandhanā vā | tasmāt kvacid anityatva-śravaṇaṃ tv āvirbhāva-tirobhāvāpekṣayā | tad evam itihāsa-purāṇayor vedatvaṃ siddham | tathāpi sūtādīnām adhikāraḥ | sakala- nigama-vallī-sat-phala-śrī-kṛṣṇa-nāmavat | yathoktam - prabhāsa-khaṇḍe -

madhura-madhuram etan maṅgalaṃ maṅgalānāṃ
sakala-nigama-vallī-sat-phalaṃ cit-svarūpam |
sakṛd api parigītaṃ śraddhayā helayā vā
bhṛgu-vara nara-mātraṃ tārayet kṛṣṇa-nāma || iti ||

yathā coktaṃ viṣṇu-dharme - ṛg-vedo'tha yajur-vedaḥ sāma-vedo'py atharvaṇaḥ | adhītās tena yenoktaṃ hair ity akṣara-dvayam || iti |

atha vedārtha-nirṇāyakatvaṃ ca vaiṣṇave - bhārata-vyapadeśena hy āmnāyārthaḥ pradarśitaḥ | vedāḥ pratiṣṭhitāḥ sarve purāṇe nātra saṃśayaḥ || ity ādau |

kiṃ ca vedārtha-dīpakānāṃ śāstrāṇāṃ madhya-pātitābhyupagame'py āvirbhāvaka-vaiśiṣṭyāt tayor eva vaiśiṣṭyam | yathā pādme --

dvaipāyanena yad buddhaṃ
brahmādyais tan na budhyate |
sarva-buddhaṃ sa vai veda
tad buddhaṃ nānya-gocaraḥ ||15||

BD: vyasteti | vyastā vibhaktā vedā yena tatayā veda-vyāsaḥ smṛtaḥ | skāndam ity ādi | skandena proktaṃ na tu kṛtam iti vaktṛ-hetukā skāndādi- saṃjñā | kaṭhenādhītaṃ kāṭhakam ity ādi saṃjñāvat | kaṭhānāṃ vedaḥ kāḍhakaḥ | gotra-varaṇād vuñ (Pāṇ 4.3.126), caraṇād dharmāmnāyayor iti vaktavyam iti sūtra-vārtikābhyām | tataś ca kañhenādhītam iti suṣṭhūktam | anyathā janatvenānityatāpattiḥ | ānupūrvī kramaḥ | brāhyam ity ādikaramanirmāṇa-hetukā vā sā sā sa`jñety arthaḥ | brāhmyādikramea purāṇa-bhāgo bodhyaḥ | tathāpi sūtādīnām iti | itihāsāder vedatve'pi tatra śūdrādhikāraḥ strī-śūdra-dvija-bandhūnām ity ādi-vākya-balād bodhyaḥ | bhārata-vyapadeśeneti | durūha-bhāgasya vyākhyānāt, chinna-bhāgārtha- pūraṇāc capurāṇe vedāḥ pratiṣṭhitāḥ naiścalyena sthitā ity arthaḥ | kiṃ ceti | vedārtha-dīpakānāṃ mānavīyādīnāṃ madhye yadyapītihāsa-purāṇayoḥ smṛtitvenābhyupagamas tathāpi vyāsayeśvarasya tad-āvirbhāvakatvāt tad- utkarṣa ity arthaḥ | tatra pramāṇaṃ dvaipāyanenety ādi ||15||

skānde - vyāsa-citta-sthitākāśād avacchinnāni kānicit | anye vyavaharanty etāny urīkṛtya gṛhād iva || iti |

tathaiva dṛṣṭaṃ śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe parāśara-vākyam -

tato'tra mat-suto vyāsa aṣṭāviṃśatime'ntare |
vedam ekaṃ catuṣpādaṃ caturdhā vyabhajat prabhuḥ ||

yathātra tena vai vyastā veda-vyāsena dhīmatā |
vedas tathā samastais tair vyāsair anyais tathā mayā ||

tad anenaiva vyāsānāṃ śākhābhedān dvijottama |
caturyugeṣu racitān samasteṣv avadhāraya ||

kṛṣṇa-dvaipāyanaṃ vyāsaṃ viddhi nārāyaṇaṃ prabhum | ko'nyo hi bhuvi maitreya mahābhārata-kṛd bhavet || [ViP 3.4.2-5] iti |

skānda eva -

nārāyaṇād viniṣpannaṃ jñānaṃ kṛta-yuge sthitam |
kiñcit tad anyathā jātaṃ tretāyāṃ dvāpare'khilam ||

gautamasya ṛṣeḥ śāpāj jñāne tv ajñānatāṃ gate |
saṅkīrṇa-buddhayo devā brahma-rudra-puraḥsarāḥ ||

śaraṇyaṃ śaraṇaṃ jagmur nārāyaṇam anāmayam |
tair vijñāpita-kāryas tu bhagavān puruṣottamaḥ ||

avatīrṇo mahāyogī satyavatyāṃ parāśarāt | utsannān bhagavān vedān ujjahāra hariḥ svayam || iti |

veda-śabdenātra purāṇādi-dvayam api gṛhyate | tad evam itihāsa-purāṇa- vicāra eva śreyān iti siddham | tatrāpi purāṇasyaiva garimā dṛśyate | uktaṃ hi nāradīye -

vedārthād adhikaṃ manye purāṇārthaṃ varānane |
vedāḥ pratiṣṭhitāḥ sarve purāṇe nātra saṃśayaḥ ||

purāṇam anyathā kṛtvā tiryag-yonim avāpnuyāt | sudānto'pi suśānto'pi na gatiṃ kvacid āpnuyāt || iti |16||

BD: vyāseti | bādarāyaṇasya jñānaṃ mahākāśam | anyeṣāṃ jñānāni tu tad- aṃśa-bhūtāni khaṇḍākāśānīti tasyeśvaratvāt sārvajñyam uktam | tato'tra mat-sutaḥ ity ādau ca vyāsāntarebhyaḥ pārāśaryasyeśvaratvān mahotkarṣaḥ | nārāyaṇāt ity ādau ceśvaratvaṃ prasphuṭam uktam | gautamasya śāpāt iti | varotpanna-nityadhānya-rāśir gautamo mahati durbhikṣe viprān abhojayat | atha subhikṣe gantukāmāṃs tān haṭhena nyavāsayat | te ca māyānirmitāyā go-gautama-sparśena mṛtāyā hatyām uktvā gatāḥ | tataḥ kṛta-prāyaścitto'pi gautamas tan-māyāṃ vijñāya śaśāpa | tatas teṣāṃ jñāna-lopa iti vārāhe kathāsti | adhikam iti | niḥśandehatvād iti bodhyam | anyathā kṛtvā avajñāya ||16||

skānda-prabhāsa-khaṇḍe --

vedavan niścalaṃ manye purāṇārthaṃ dvijottamāḥ |
vedāḥ pratiṣṭhitāḥ sarve purāṇe nātra saṃśayaḥ ||

bibhety alpa-śrutād vedī mām ayaṃ cālayiṣyati |
itihāsa-purāṇais tu niścalo'yaṃ kutaḥ purā ||

yan na dṛṣṭaṃ hi vedeṣu tad dṛṣṭaṃ smṛtiṣu dvijāḥ |
ubhayor yan na dṛṣṭaṃ hi tat purāṇaiḥ pragīyate ||

yo veda caturo vedān sāṅgopaniṣado dvijāḥ | purāṇaṃ naiva jānāti na ca sa syād vicakṣaṇaḥ || (2.90-93) iti |

atha pruāṇānām evaṃ prāmāṇye sthite'pi teṣām api sāmastyenāpracarad- rūpatvāt nānādevatāpratipādaka-prāyatvād arvācīnaiḥ kṣudrar-buddhibhir artho duradhigama iti tad-avastha eva saṃśayaḥ | yad uktaṃ mātsye -

pañcāṅgaṃ ca purāṇaṃ syād ākhyānam itarat smṛtam |
sāttvikeṣu ca kalpeṣu māhātmyam adhikaṃ hareḥ ||

rājaseṣu ca māhātmyam adhikaṃ brahmaṇo viduḥ | tadvad agneś ca māhātmyaṃ tāmaseṣu śivasya ca | saṅkīrṇeṣu sarasvatyāḥ pitṝṇāṃ ca nigadyate || iti |

atrāgnes tat-tad-aganu pratipādyasya tat-tad-yajñasyety arthaḥ | śivasya ceti cakārāch chivāyāś ca | saṅkīrṇeṣu sattva-rajas-tamomayeṣu kalpeṣu bahuṣu | sarasvatyāḥ nānāvāṇyātmaka-tad-upalakṣitāyā nānādevatāyā ity arthaḥ | pitṝṇāṃ karmaṇā pitṛlokaḥ [BAU 1.5.16] iti | śrutes tat prāpaka-karmaṇām ity arthaḥ ||17||

BD: vedavad iti | purāṇārtho vedavat sarva-sammata ity arthaḥ | nanu paṇḍitaiḥ kṛtād veda-bhāṣyāt tad-artho grāhya iti cet tatrāha bibhetīti | akṛte bhāṣye siddhe kiṃ tena kṛtrimeṇeti bhāvaḥ | atheti asndigdhārthatayā purāṇānām eva prāmāṇye pramākaraṇatva ity arthaḥ | arvācīnaiḥ kṣdra- buddhibhir iti | yasya vibhūtayo'pīdṛśyaḥ sa harir eva sarva-śreṣṭha iti tadaikārthyam -

veda rāmāyaṇe caiva purāṇe bhārate tathā |
ādāv ante ca madhye ca hariḥ sarvatra gīyate || (HV 132.95)[*ENDNOTE #1]

iti harivaṃśoktam ajānadbhir ity arthaḥ ||17||

tad evaṃ sati tat-tat-kalpa-kathāmayatvenaiva mātsya eva prasiddhānāṃ tat-tat- purāṇānāṃ vyavasthā jñāpitā | tāratamyaṃ tu kathaṃ syāt yenetara-nirṇayaḥ kriyeta | sattvādi-tāratamyenaiveti cet, sattvāt sañjāyate jñānam (Gītā 14.17) iti sattvaṃ yad brahma-darśanam iti ca nyāyāt sāttvikam eva purāṇādika paramārtha-jñānāya prablama ity āyātam | tathāpi paramārthe'pi nānā- bhaṅgyā vipratipadyamānānāṃ samādhānāya kiṃ syāt | yadi sarvasyāpi vedasya purāṇasya cārtha-nirṇayāya tenaiva śrī-bhagavatā vyāsena brahma- sūtraṃ kṛtaṃ tad-avalokanenaiva sarvo'rtho nirṇaye ity ucyate | tarhi nānya- sūtrakāra-muny-anugatair manyeta | kiṃ cātyanta-gūḍhārthānām alpākṣarāṇāṃ tat-sūtrāṇām anyārthatvaṃ kaścid ācakṣīta | tataḥ katarad ivātra samādhānam | tad eva samādheyam yady ekatamam eva purāṇa-

lakṣaṇam apauruṣeyaṃ śāstraṃ sarva-vedetihāsa-purāṇānām artha-sāraṃ
brahma-sūtropajīvyaṃ ca bhavad bhuvi sampūrṇaṃ pracarad-rūpaṃ syāt |
satyam uktam, yata eva ca sarva-pramāṇānāṃ cakravarti-bhūtam asmad-
abhimataṃ śrīmad-bhāgavatam evodbhāvitaṃ bhavatā ||18||

BD: tad evam iti | mātsya eveti | purāṇa-saṅkhyā-tad-dāna-phala- kathanāñcite'dhyāya iti bodhyam | tāratamyam iti | apakarṣotkarṣa-rūpaṃ yenetarasyotkṛṣṭasya purāṇasya nirṇayaḥ syād ity arthaḥ | sāttvika-purāṇam evotkṛṣṭam iti bhāvena svayam āha sattvād iti | pṛcchati tathāpīti, paramārtha-nirṇayāya sāttvika-śāstrāṅgīkāre'pīty arthaḥ | nānā-bhaṅgyeti | saguṇaṃ nirguṇaṃ jñāna-guṇakaṃ jaḍam ity ādikaṃ kuṭila-yukti-kadambair nirūpayatām ity arthaḥ | nānā-sūtra-kāreti | gautamādy-anusāribhir ity arthaḥ | nanu brahma-sūtra-śāstre sthite kāpekṣā tad-anya-sūtrāṇām iti cet tatrāha kiṃ cātyanteti | pṛṣṭaḥ prāha tad eveti | brahma-sūtropajīvyam iti | yena brahma-sūtraṃ sthirārthaṃ syād ity arthaḥ | pṛṣṭasya hṛd-gataṃ sphuṭayati satyam uktam ity ādinā ||18||

yat khalu purāṇa-jātam āvirbhāvya brahma-sūtraṃ ca praṇīyāpya aparituṣṭena tena bhagavatā nija-sūtrāṇām akṛtrima-bhāṣya-bhūtaṃ samādhi-labdham āvirbhāvitaṃ yasminn eva sarva-śāstra-samanvayo dṛśyate | sarva-vedārtha-lakṣaṇāṃ gāyatrīm adhikṛtya pravartitatvāt | tathā hi tat- svarūpaṃ mātsye -

yatrādhikṛtya gāyatrīṃ varṇyate dharma-vistaraḥ |
vṛtrāsura-vadhopetaṃ tad-bhāgavatam iṣyate || (MatsyaP 53.20)

likhitvā tac ca yo dadyād dhema-siṃha-samanvitam | prauṣṭha-padyāṃ paurṇamāsyāṃ sa yāti paramāṃ gatim | aṣṭādaśa-sahasrāṇi purāṇaṃ tat prakīrtitam || (MatsyaP 53.22) iti |

atra gāyatrī-śabdena tat-sūcaka-tad-avyabhicāri-dhīmahi-pada-saṃvalita-tad- arthaṃ eveṣyate | sarveṣāṃ mantrāṇām ādirūpāyās tasyāḥ sākṣāt- kathanānarhatvāt | tad-arthatā ca janmādy asya yataḥ [BhP 1.1.1],

tena brahma hṛdā iti sarva-lokāśrayatva-buddhi-vṛtti-prerakatvādi-sāmyāt | dharma-vistara ity atra dharma-śabdaḥ parama-dharma-paraḥ | dharmaḥ projjhita-kaitavo'tra paramaḥ [BhP 1.1.2] ity atraiva pratipāditatvāt | sa ca bhagavad-dhyānādi-lakṣaṇa eveti purastād vyaktībhaviṣyati ||19||

BD: śrībhāgavataṃ stauti yat khalv ity ādi | aparituṣṭeneti | purāṇa-jāte brahma-sūtre ca bhagavat-pāramaiśvarya-mādhuryayoḥ sandigdhatayā gūḍhatayā coktes tatra tatra cāparitoṣaḥ | śrī-bhāgavate tu tayos tad- vilakṣaṇatayoktes tatra paritoṣa iti bodhyam | tad-arthatā gāyatry-arthatā | sa ca bhagavad-dhyānādi-lakṣaṇa iti | viśuddha-bhakti-mārga-bodhaka ity arthaḥ ||19||

evaṃ skānde prabhāsa-khaṇḍe ca yatrādhikṛtya gāyatrīm ity ādi |

sārasvatasya kalpasya madhye ye syur narāmarāḥ |
sad-vṛttānodbhavaṃ loke tac ca bhāgavataṃ smṛtam ||

likhitvā tac ca ity ādi | aṣṭādaśa-sahasrāṇi purāṇaṃ tat prakīrtitam iti purāṇāntaraṃ ca -

grantho'ṣṭādaśa-sāhasro dvādaśa-skandha-sammitaḥ | hayagrīva-brahma-vidyā yatra vṛtra-vadhas tathā | gāyatryā ca samārambhas tad vai bhāgavataṃ viduḥ || iti |

atra hayagrīva-brahma-vidyā iti vṛtra-vadha-sāhacaryeṇa nārāyaṇa- varmaivocyate | hayagrīva-śabdenātrāśvaśirā dadhīcir evocyate | tenaiva ca pravartitā nārāyaṇa-varmākhyā brahma-vidyā | tasyāśva-śirastvaṃ ca ṣaṣṭhe yad vā aśva-śiro nāma [BhP 6.9.52] ity atra prasiddhaṃ nārāyaṇa-varmaṇo

brahma-vidyātvaṃ ca -
etac chrutvā tathovāca dadhyaṅ ātharvaṇas tayoḥ |
pravargyaṃ brahma-vidyāṃ ca sat-kṛto'satya-śaṅkitaḥ || iti

ṭīkotthāpita-vacanena ceti | śrīmad-bhāgavatasya bhagavat-priyatvena bhāgavatābhīṣṭatvena ca parama-sāttvikatvam | yathā pādme ambarīṣaṃ prati gautama-praśnaḥ -

purāṇaṃ tvaṃ bhāgavataṃ paṭhase purato hareḥ |
caritaṃ daitya-rājasya prahlādasya ca bhūpate || [PadmaP]

tatraiva vyañjulī-māhātmye tasya tasminn upadeśaḥ -

rātrau tu jāgaraḥ kāryaḥ śrotavyā vaiṣṇavī kathā |
gītānām asahasraṃ ca purāṇaṃ śuka-bhāṣitam |
paṭhitavyaṃ prayatnena hareḥ santoṣa-kāraṇam || [PadmaP]

tatraivānyatra -

ambarīṣa śuka-proktaṃ nityaṃ bhāgavataṃ śṛṇu |
paṭhasva sva-mukhenaiva yadīcchasi bhava-kṣayam || [PadmaP]

skānde prahlāda-saṃhitāyāṃ dvārakā-māhātmye -

śrīmad-bhāgavataṃ bhaktyā paṭhate hari-sannidhau |
jāgare tat-padaṃ yāti kula-vṛnda-samanvitaḥ ||20||

BD: grantha ity ādau hayagrīvādi-śabdayor bhrāntiṃ nirākurvan vyācaṣṭe | atra hayagrīvety ādinā | etac chrutveti | dadhyaṅ dadhīciḥ | pravargyam iti prāṇa-vidyām | nanu pādmādīni sāttvikāni pañca santi | tair astu vicāra iti cet tatrāha śrīmad iti | etasya parama-sāttvikatve pādmādi-vacanāny udāharati purāṇaṃ tvam ity ādinā | kula-vṛndeti tat-kartṛka-śravaṇa- mahimnā tat-kulasya ca hari-pada-lābha ity arthaḥ ||20||

gāruḍe ca -

pūrṇaḥ so'yam atiśayaḥ |
artho'yaṃ brahma-sūtrāṇāṃ bhāratārtha-vinirṇayaḥ ||

gāyatrī-bhāṣya-rūpo'sau vedārtha-paribṛṃhitaḥ |
purāṇānāṃ sāma-rūpaḥ sākṣād-bhagavatoditaḥ ||

dvādaśa-skandha-yukto'yaṃ śatavic-cheda-saṃyutaḥ | grantho'ṣṭādaśa-sāhasraḥ śrīmad-bhāgavatābhidhaḥ || iti |

brahma-sūtrāṇām arthas teṣām akṛtrima-bhāṣya-bhūta ity arthaḥ | pūrvaṃ sūkṣmatvena manasy āvirbhūtaṃ tad eva saṅkṣipya sūtratvena punaḥ prakaṭitam paścād vistīrṇatvena sākṣāc-chrī-bhāgavatam iti | tasmāt tad- bhāṣya-bhūte svataḥ-siddhe tasmin satyarvacīnam anyad anyeṣāṃ svasvakapola-kalpitaṃ tad-anugatam evādaraṇīyam iti gamyate |

bhāratārtha-vinirṇayaḥ -

nirṇayaḥ sarva-śāstrāṇāṃ bhārataṃ parikīrtitam |
bhārataṃ sarva-vedāś ca tulām āropitāḥ purā |
devair brahmādibhiḥ sarvair ṛṣibhiś ca samanvitaiḥ ||

vyāsasyaivājñayā tatra tvatyaricyata bhāratam |
mahattvād bhāravattvāc ca mahābhāratam ucyate ||

ity ādy-ukta-lakṣaṇasya bhāratasyārtha-vinirṇayo yatra saḥ | śrī-bhagavaty eva tātparyaṃ tasyāpi | tad uktaṃ mokṣa-dharme nārāyaṇīye śrī-veda-vyāsaṃ prati janamejayena -

idaṃ śatasahasrād dhi bhāratākhyāna vistarāt |
āmathya matimanthena jñānodadhim anuttamam ||

nava nītaṃ yathā dadhno malayāc candanaṃ yathā |
āraṇyakaṃ ca vedebhya oṣadhibhyo 'mṛtaṃ yathā ||

samuddhṛtam idaṃ brahman kathāmṛtam anuttamam | tapo nidhe tvayoktaṃ hi nārāyaṇa kathāśrayam || [Mbh 12.331.2-4] iti |21||

BD: gāruḍa-vacanaiś ca parama-sāttvikatvaṃ vyañjayan brahma-sūtrādy-artha- nirṇīyakatvaṃ guṇam āha artho'yam iti | gāruḍa-vākya-padāni vyācaṣṭe brahma-sūtrāṇām ity ādinā | tasmāt tad-bhāṣyety ādi anyad vaiṣṇavācārya- racitam ādhunikaṃ bhāṣyaṃ tad-anugataṃ śrī-bhāgavatāviruddham evādartavyaṃ | tad-viruddhaṃ śaṅkara-bhaṭṭa-bhāskarādi-racitaṃ tu heyam ity arthaḥ | bhāratārtheti padaṃ vyākurvan bhārata-vākyenaiva bhārata- svarūpaṃ darśayati nirṇayaḥ sarveti | bhārataṃ kiṃ tātparyakam ity āha śrībhagavaty eveti | tasya bhāratasyāpīty arthaḥ | bhāratasya bhagavat-tāt- paryakatve nārāyaṇīya-vākyam udāharati idaṃ śatety ādi ||21||

tathā ca tṛtīye -

munir vivakṣur bhagavad-guṇānāṃ
sakhāpi te bhāratam āha kṛṣṇaḥ |
yasmin nṛṇāṃ grāmya-sukhānuvādair
matir gṛhītā nu hareḥ kathāyām || iti [BhP 3.5.12]

tasmād gāyatrī-bhāṣya-rūpo'sau | tathaiva hi viṣṇudharmottarādau tad- vyākhyāne bhagavān eva vistareṇa pratipāditaḥ | atra janmādyasya ity asya vyākhyānaṃ ca tathā darśayiṣyate |

vedārtha-paribṛṃhitaḥ | vedārthasya paribṛṃhaṇaṃ yasmāt | tac coktam itihāsa- purāṇābhyām ity ādi | purāṇānāṃ sāma-rūpaḥ | vedeṣu sāmavat sa teṣu śreṣṭha ity arthaḥ | ataeva skānde -

śataśo'tha sahasraiś ca kim anyaiḥ śāstra-saṅgrahaiḥ |
na yasya tiṣṭhate gehe śāstraṃ bhāgavataṃ kalau ||

kathaṃ sa vaiṣṇavo jñeyaḥ śāstraṃ bhāgavataṃ kalau |
gṛhe na tiṣṭhate yasya sa vipraḥ śvapacādhamaḥ ||

yatra yatra bhaved vipra śāstraṃ bhāgavataṃ kalau |
tatra tatra harir yāti tridaśaiḥ saha nārada ||

yaḥ paṭhet prayato nityaṃ ślokaṃ bhāgavataṃ mune | aṣṭādaśa-purāṇānāṃ phalaṃ prāpnoti mānavaḥ || iti |

śata-viccheda-saṃyutaḥ | pañcatriṃśad-adhika-śata-trayādhyāya-viśiṣṭa ity arthaḥ | spaṣṭārtham anyat | tad evaṃ paramārtha-vivitsubhiḥ śrī-bhāgavatam eva sāmprataṃ vicāraṇīyam iti sthitam | hemādrer vrata-khaṇḍe -

strī-śūdra-dvijabandhūnāṃ trayī na śruti-gocarā |
karma-śreyasi mūḍhānāṃ śreya evaṃ bhaved iha |
iti bhāratam ākhyānaṃ kṛpayā muninā kṛtam || [BhP 1.4.25]

iti vākyaṃ śrī-bhāgavatīyatvenotthāpya bhāratasya vedārtha-tulyatvena nirṇayaḥ kṛta iti | tan-matānusāreṇa tv evaṃ vyākhyeyam bhāratārthasya vinirṇayaḥ | vedārtha-tulyatvena viśiṣya nirṇayo yatreti | yasmād eva:a bhagavat-paras tasmād eva yatrādhikṛtya gāyatrīm iti kṛta-lakṣaṇa-śrīmad- bhāgavata-nāmā granthaḥ śrī-bhagavat-parāyā gāyatryā bhāṣya-rūpo'sau | tad uktaṃ yatrādhikṛtya gāyatrīm ity ādi | tathaiva hy agni-purāṇe tasya vyākhyāne vistareṇa pratipāditaḥ | tatra tadīya-vyākhyā-dig-darśanaṃ yathā -

taj-jyotiḥ paramaṃ brahma bhargas tejo yataḥ smṛtaḥ |

ity ārabhya punar āha -

taj-jyotir bhagavān viṣṇur jagaj-janmādi-kāraṇam ||

śivaṃ kecit paṭhanti sma śakti-rūpaṃ paṭhanti ca |
kecit sūryaṃ kecid agniṃ daivatāny agni-hotriṇaḥ ||

agny-ādi-rūpo viṣṇur hi vedādau brahma gīyate |

atra janmādyasya ity asya vyākhyānaṃ ca tathā darśayiṣyate | kasmai yena vibhāsito'yam [BhP 12.13.19] ity upasaṃhāra-vākye ca tac-chuddham [BhP 12.13.19] ity ādi-samānam evāgni-purāṇe tad vyākhyānam |

nityaṃ śuddhaṃ paraṃ brahma nitya-bhargam adhīśvaram | ahaṃ jyotiḥ paraṃ brahma dhyāyema hi vimuktaye || iti |

atrāhaṃ brahmeti nādevo devam arcayet iti nyāyena yogyatvāya svasya tākṛktva-bhāvanā darśitā | dhyāyemeti ahaṃ tāvat dhyāyeyaṃ sarve ca vayaṃ dhyāyemety arthaḥ | tad etan-mate tu mantre'pi bharga-śabdo'yam adanata eva syāt | supāṃ suluk ity [Pāṇ 7.1.39] ādinā chāndasa-sūtreṇa tu dvitīyaikavacanasyāmaḥ su-bhāvo jñeyaḥ |

yat tu dvādaśe oṃ namaste ity ādi [BhP 12.6.67] gadyeṣu tad-arthatvena sūryaḥ stutaḥ | tat paramātma-dṛṣṭyaiva, na tu svātantryeṇety adoṣaḥ |

tathaivāgre śrī-śaunaka-vākye brūhi naḥ śraddadhānānāṃ vyūhaṃ sūryātmano hareḥ iti | na cāsya bhargasya sūrya-maṇḍala- mātrādhiṣṭhānatvam | mantre vareṇya-śabdena | atra ca granthe para- śabdena paramaiśvarya-paryantatāyā darśitatvāt |

tad evam agni-purāṇe'py uktam --

dhyānena puruṣo'yaṃ ca draṣṭavyaḥ sūrya-maṇḍale | satyaṃ sadā-śivaṃ brahma viṣṇor yat paramaṃ padam || iti |

trilokī-janānām upāsanārthaṃ pralaye vināśini sūrya-maṇḍale cāntaryāmitayā prādurbhūto'yaṃ puruṣo dhyānena draṣṭavya upāsitavyaḥ | yat tu viṣṇos tasya mahā-vaikuṇṭha-rūpaṃ paramaṃ padam | tad eva satyaṃ kāla-trayāvyabhicāri, sadā-śivam upadrava-śūnyaṃ yato brahma-svarūpam ity arthaḥ | tad etad gāyatrīṃ procya purāṇa-lakṣaṇa-prakaraṇe yatrādhikṛtya gāyatrīm ity ādy apy uktam agni-purāṇe | tasmāt

agneḥ purāṇaṃ gāyatrīṃ sametya bhagavat-parām |
bhagavantaṃ tatra matvā jagaj-janmādi-kāraṇam ||

yatrādhikṛtya gāyatrīm iti lakṣaṇa-pūrvakam |
śrīmad-bhāgavataṃ śaśvat pṛthvyāṃ jayati sarvataḥ ||

tad evam asya śāstrasya gāyatrīm adhikṛtya pravṛttir darśitā |

yat tu sārasvata-kalpam adhikṛtyeti pūrvam uktam | tac ca gāyatryā bhagavat- pratipādaka-vāg-viśeṣa-rūpa-sarasvatītvād upayuktam eva | yad uktam agni- purāṇe -

gāyatry-ukthāni śāstrāṇi bhargaṃ prāṇāṃs tathaiva ca ||

tataḥ smṛteyaṃ gāyatrī sāvitrī yata eva ca |
prakāśinī sā savitur vāg-rūpatvāt sarasvatī ||

atha krama-prāptā vyākhyā vedārtha-paribṛṃhita iti | vedārthānāṃ paribṛṃhaṇaṃ yasmāt | tac coktam itihāsa-purāṇābhyām iti | purāṇānāṃ sāma-rūpa iti vedeṣu sāmavat purāṇeṣu śreṣṭha ity arthaḥ | purāṇāntarāṇāṃ keṣāṃcid āpātato rajas-tamasī juṣamāṇais tat-paratvāpratītatve'pi vedānāṃ kāṇḍa-traya-vākyaika-vākyatāyāṃ yathā sāmnā tathā teṣāṃ śrī-bhāgavatena pratipādye śrī-bhagavaty eva paryavasānam iti bhāvaḥ | tad uktam -

vede rāmāyaṇe caiva purāṇe bhārate tathā | ādāv ante ca madhye ca hariḥ sarvatra gīyate || iti | [HV 132.95]

pratipādayiṣyate ca tad idaṃ paramātma-sandarbhe | sākṣād bhagavatoditam iti | kasmai yena vibhāsito'yam [BhP 12.13.19] ity upasaṃhāra-vākyānusāreṇa jñeyam | śata-viccheda-saṃyuta iti | vistāra-bhiyā na viviriyate | tad evaṃ śrīmad-bhāgavataṃ sarva-śāstra-cakravarti-padam āptam iti sthite hema- siṃha-samanvitam ity atra hema-siṃhāsanam ārūḍham iti ṭīkākārair yad vyākhyātaṃ tad eva yuktam |

ataḥ śrīmad-bhāgavatasyaivābhyāsāvaśyakatvaṃ śreṣṭhatvaṃ ca skānde nirṇītam - śataśo'tha sahasraiś ca kim anyaiḥ śāstra-saṅgrahaiḥ | tad evaṃ paramārtha-vivitsubhiḥ śrī-bhāgavatam eva sāmprataṃ vicāraṇīyam iti sthitam ||22||

BD: nanu śrī-bhāgavatasya bhāratārtha-nirṇāyakatvaṃ kathaṃ pratītam iti cet tatrāha tathā tṛtīya iti | munir iti maitreyaṃ prati viduroktiḥ | te maitreyasya guru-putratvāt sakhā kṛṣṇo vyāsaḥ | grāmyā gṛhidharmakartavyatādi-lakṣaṇā vyāvahārikī mūṣika-viḍāla-gṛdhra-gomāyu- dṛṣṭāntopetā ca kathā | tat-tat-svārtha-kautuka-kathā-śravaṇāya bhārata- sadasi samāgatānāṃ nṝṇāṃ śrī-gītādi-śravaṇena harau matir gṛhītā syād iti tat-kathānuvāda eva | vastuto bhagavat-param eva bhāratam iti śrī- bhāgavatena nirṇītam ity arthaḥ | sāmavedavadasya śraiṣṭhyaṃ skānda- vākyaṃ śataśo'thetyādi prakaṭārtham | tad evam iti | ukta-guṇa-gaṇe siddhe satīty arthaḥ ||22||

ataeva satsv api nānā-śāstreṣv etad evoktam - kalau naṣṭa-dṛśām eṣa purāṇārko'dhunoditaḥ [BhP 1.3.45] iti | arkatā-rūpakeṇa tad vinā nānyeṣāṃ samyag-vastu-prakāśakatvam iti pratipadyate | yasyaiva śrīmad-bhāgavatasya bhāṣya-bhūtaṃ śrī-hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātre śāstra-prastāve gaṇitaṃ tantra- bhāgavatābhidhaṃ tantram | yasya sākṣāc chrī-hanumadbhāṣya- vāsanābhāṣya-sambandhokti-vidvatkāmadhenu-tattvadīpikā- bhāvārthadīpikā-paramahaṃsapriyā-śukahṛdayādayo vyākhyā-granthāḥ | tathā muktāphala-harilīlā-bhaktiratnāvaly-ādayo nibandhāś ca vividhā eva tat-tan-mata-prasiddha-mahānubhāva-kṛtā virājante | yad eva ca hemādri- granthasya dāna-khaṇḍe purāṇa-dāna-prastāve matsya-purāṇīya-tal-lakṣaṇa- dhṛtyā praśastam | hemādri-pariśeṣa-khaṇḍasya kāla-nirṇaye ca kali-yuga- dharma-nirṇaye kaliṃ sabhājayanty āryāḥ (BhP 11.5.36) ity ādikaṃ yad- vākyatvenotthāpya yat pratipādita-dharma eva kalāv aṅgīkṛtaḥ |

atha yad eva kaivalyam apy atikramya bhakti-sukha-vyāhārādi-liṅgena nija- matasyāpy upari virājamānārthaṃ matvā yad apauruṣeyaṃ vedānta- vyākhyānaṃ bhayād acālayataiva śaṅkarāvatāratayā prasiddhena vakṣyamāṇa-svagopanādi-hetuka-bhagavad-ājñā-pravartitādvaya-vādenāpi

tan-mātra-varṇita-viśva-rūpa-darśana-kṛta-vrajeśvarī-vismaya-śrī-vraja-
kumārī-vasana-cauryādikaṃ govindāṣṭakādau varṇayatā taṭasthībhūya nija-
vacaḥ-sāphalyāya spṛṣṭam iti ||23||

BD: ataeveti varṇita-lakṣaṇād utkarṣād eva hetor ity arthaḥ | purātanānām ṛṣīṇām ādhunikānāṃ ca vidvattamānām upādeyam idaṃ śrī-bhāgavatam ity āha yasyaiveti | virājante samprati pracarantīty arthaḥ | dharma-śāstra- kṛtāṃ copādeyam etad ity āha yad eva ca hemādrīty ādi | tat-pratipādito dharmaḥ kṛṣṇa-saṅkīrtana-lakṣaṇaḥ | nanu ced īdṛśaṃ śrī-bhāgavataṃ tarhi śaṅkarācāryaḥ kutas tan na vyācaṣṭeti cet tatrāha | atha yad eva kaivalyam ity ādi | ayaṃ bhāvaḥ pralayādhikārī khalu harer bhakto'ham upaniṣad-ādi vyākhyāya tat-siddhāntaṃ vilāpya tasyājñāṃ pālitavān evāsmi | atha tad atipriye śrī-bhāgavate'pi cālite sa prabhur mayi kupyed ato na tac cālyam |

evaṃ sati me sārajñatā sukha-sampac ca na syād ataḥ kathañcit tat
sparśanīyam iti tan-mātroktaṃ viśva-rūpa-darśanādi-sva-kāvye nibabandheti
tena cādṛta tad iti sarva-mānyaṃ śrī-bhāgavatam iti ||23||

yad eva kila dṛṣṭvā śrī-madhvācārya-caraṇair vaiṣṇavāntarāṇāṃ tac- chiṣyāntara-puṇyāraṇyādi-rītika-vyākhyā-praveśa-śaṅkayā tatra tātparyāntaraṃ likhadbhir vartmopadeśaḥ kṛta iti ca sātvatā varṇayanti | tasmād yuktam uktaṃ tatraiva prathama-skandhe -

tad idaṃ grāhayāmāsa sutam ātmavatāṃ varam |
sarva-vedetihāsānāṃ sāraṃ sāraṃ sumuddhṛtam || [BhP 1.3.41-42]

dvādaśe -
sarva-vedānta-sāraṃ hi śrī-bhāgavatam iṣyate |
tad-rasāmṛta-tṛptasya nānyatra syād ratiḥ kvacit || [BhP 12.13.15]

tathā prathame --

nigama-kalpa-taror galitaṃ phalaṃ
śuka-mukhād amṛta-drava-saṃyutam |
pibata bhāgavataṃ rasam ālayaṃ
muhur aho rasikā bhuvi bhāvukāḥ || [BhP 1.1.3]

ataeva tatraiva -

yaḥ svānubhāvam akhila-śruti-sāram ekam
adhyātma-dīpam atititīrṣatāṃ tamo 'ndham |
saṃsāriṇāṃ karuṇayāha purāṇa-guhyaṃ
taṃ vyāsa-sūnum upayāmi guruṃ munīnām || [BhP 1.2.3]

śrī-bhāgavata-mataṃ tu sarva-matānām adhīśa-rūpam iti sūcakam | sarva- munīnāṃ sabhā-madhyam adhyāsyopadeṣṭṛtvena teṣāṃ gurutvam api tasya tatra suvyaktam ||24||

BD: śrī-madhvamunes tu paramopāsyaṃ śrī-bhāgavatam ity āha yad eva kileti | śaṅkareṇa naitad vicālitaṃ kintv ādṛtam eveti vibhāvyety arthaḥ kintu tac-chiṣyaiḥ puṇyāraṇyādibhir etad anyathā vyākhyātaṃ tena vaiṣṇavānāṃ nirguṇa-cinmātra-param idam iti bhrāntiḥ syād iti śaṅkayā hetunā tad- bhrānti-cchedāya tatra tātparyāntaraṃ bhagavat-paratā-rūpaṃ tato'nyat tātparyaṃ likhadbhis tasya vyākhyāna-vartmopadiṣṭaṃ vaiṣṇavān pratīti | madhvācārya-caraṇair iti atyādara-sūcaka-bahutva-nirdeśaḥ | sva- pūrvācāryatvād iti bodhyam | vāyudevaḥ khalu madhva-muniḥ sarvajño'tivikramī yo dig-vijayinaṃ caturdaśa-vidyaṃ caturdaśabhiḥ kṣaṇair nirjityāsanāni tasya caturdaśa jagrāha | sa ca tac-chiṣyaḥ padmanābhābhidhāno babhūveti prasiddham | tasmād iti prokta-guṇakatvād dhetor ity arthaḥ | ālayam iti mokṣam abhivyāpyety arthaḥ | ya iti andhaṃ tamo'vidyām atititīrṣatāṃ saṃsāriṇāṃ karuṇayā yaḥ purāṇa-guhyaṃ śrī- bhāgavatam āhety anvayaḥ | svānuybhāvam asādhāraṇa-prabhāvam ity arthaḥ ||24||

yataḥ --

tatropajagmur bhuvanaṃ punānā
mahānubhāvā munayaḥ sa-śiṣyāḥ |
prāyeṇa tīrthābhigamāpadeśaiḥ
svayaṃ hi tīrthāni punanti santaḥ ||

atrir vasiṣṭhaś cyavanaḥ śaradvān
ariṣṭanemir bhṛgur aṅgirāś ca |
parāśaro gādhi-suto 'tha rāma
utathya indrapramadedhmavāhau ||

medhātithir devala ārṣṭiṣeṇo
bhāradvājo gautamaḥ pippalādaḥ |
maitreya aurvaḥ kavaṣaḥ kumbhayonir
dvaipāyano bhagavān nāradaś ca ||

anye ca devarṣi-brahmarṣi-varyā
rājarṣi-varyā aruṇādayaś ca |
nānārṣeya-pravarān sametān
abhyarcya rājā śirasā vavande ||

sukhopaviṣṭeṣv atha teṣu bhūyaḥ
kṛta-praṇāmaḥ sva-cikīrṣitaṃ yat |
vijñāpayām āsa vivikta-cetā
upasthito 'gre 'bhigṛhīta-pāṇiḥ || [BhP 1.19.8-12] ity ādy-anantaram -

tataś ca vaḥ pṛcchyam imaṃ vipṛcche
viśrabhya viprā iti kṛtyatāyām |
sarvātmanā mriyamāṇaiś ca kṛtyaṃ
śuddhaṃ ca tatrāmṛśatābhiyuktāḥ || [BhP 1.19.24]

iti pṛcchati rājñi -

tatrābhavad bhagavān vyāsa-putro
yadṛcchayā gām aṭamāno 'napekṣaḥ |
alakṣya-liṅgo nija-lābha-tuṣṭo
vṛtaś ca bālair avadhūta-veṣaḥ || [BhP 1.19.25]

tataś ca -- pratyutthitās te munayaḥ svāsanebhyaḥ (BhP 1.19.28) ity-ādy-ante sa saṃvṛtas tatra mahān mahīyasāṃ brahmarṣi-rājarṣi-devarṣi-saṅghaiḥ | vyarocatālaṃ bhagavān yathendur graharkṣa-tārā-nikaraiḥ parītaḥ || (BhP 1.19.30) ity uktam || 25||

BD: munīnāṃ gurum ity uktam | tat katham ity atrāha yata iti | yata ity asya ity uktam iti pareṇa sambandhaḥ | aurva iti vipra-vaṃśaṃ vināśayadbhyo duṣṭebhyaḥ kṣatriyebhyo bhayād garbhād ākṛṣyorau tan-mātrā sthāpitas tato jātaḥ kṣatriyāṃs tān svena tejasā bhasmīcakāra iti bhārate[*ENDNOTE #2] kathāsti | nigṛhīta-pāṇi-yojitāñjali-puṭaḥ | evaṃ kartavyasya bhāva itikartavyatā | tasyāṃ viṣaye sarvāvasthāyāṃ puṃsaḥ kiṃ kṛtyam | tatrāpi mriyamāṇaiś ca kiṃ kṛtyam | tac ca śuddhaṃ hiṃsā-śūnyaṃ, tatrāmṛśata yūyam | gāṃ pṛthivīm | anapekṣo niḥspṛhaḥ | nijasya śuddhi- pūrti-kartuḥ sva-svāminaḥ kṛṣṇasya lābhena tuṣṭaḥ | tatra sabhāyām ||25||

atra yadyapi tatra śrī-vyāsa-nāradau tasyāpi guru-parama-gurū, tathāpi punas tan-mukha-niḥsṛtaṃ śrī-bhāgavataṃ tayor apy aśrutacaram iva jātam ity evaṃ śrī-śukas tāv apy upadideśa deśyam ity abhiprāyaḥ | yad uktaṃ śuka- mukhād amṛta-dravya-saṃyutam (1.1.3) iti | tasmād evam api śrī- bhāgavatasyaiva sarvādhikyam | mātsyādīnāṃ yat purāṇādhikyaṃ śrūyate tat tv āpekṣikam iti | aho kiṃ bahunā, śrī-kṛṣṇa-pratinidhi-rūpam evedam | yata uktaṃ prathama-skandhe--

kṛṣṇe sva-dhāmopagate dharma-jñānādibhiḥ saha | kalau naṣṭa-dṛśām eṣa purāṇārko 'dhunoditaḥ || (BhP 1.3.45) iti |

ataeva sarva-guṇa-yuktatvam asyaiva dṛṣṭaṃ dharmaḥ projjhita-kaitavo'tra (1.1.2) ity ādinā,

vedāḥ purāṇaṃ kāvyaṃ ca prabhur mitraṃ priyeva ca |
bodhayantīti hi prāhus trivṛd bhāgavataṃ punaḥ ||

iti muktāphale hemādri-kāra-vacanena ca | tasmān manyantāṃ vā kecit purāṇāntareṣu veda-sāpekṣatvaṃ śrī-bhāgavate tu tathā sambhāvanā svayam eva nirastaity api svayam eva labdhaṃ bhavati | ataeva parama-śruti-rūpatvaṃ tasya | yathoktam --

kathaṃ vā pāṇḍaveyasya rājarṣer muninā saha | saṃvādaḥ samabhūt tāta yatraiṣā sātvatī śrutiḥ || (BhP 1.4.7) iti |

atha yat khalu sarvaṃ purāṇa-jātam āvirbhāvyety ādikaṃ pūrvam uktaṃ tat tu prathama-skandha-gata-śrī-vyāsa-nārada-saṃvādenaiva prameyam ||26||

BD: vaktavyaṃ yojayaty atra yadyapīty-ādinā | tasmād evam iti tad-vaktuḥ śrī-śukasya sarva-gurutvenāpīty arthaḥ | āpekṣikam iti etad-anya- purāṇāpekṣayety arthaḥ | atha paramotkarṣam āha aho kim iti # ataeveti kṛṣṇa-pratinidhitvāt kṛṣṇavat sarva-guṇa-yuktatvam ity arthaḥ | priyeva kānteva | trivṛt vedādi-traya-guṇa-yuktam ity arthaḥ | tasmād iti veda- sāpekṣatvaṃ veda-vākyena purāṇa-prāmāṇyam ity arthaḥ | ataeveti paramārthāvedakatvād vedāntasyeva bhāgavatasya parama-śruti-rūpatvam ity arthaḥ | yatra saṃvāde | sātvatī vaiṣṇavīty arthaḥ | artheti - idaṃ bhagavatā pūrvam ity ādi-dvādaśokter brahma-nārāyaṇa-saṃvāda-rūpam aṣṭādaśasu madhye prakaṭitaṃ, vyāsa-nārada-saṃvāda-rūpaṃ tatraiva praveśitaṃ, tad- ubhayasya lakṣaṇa-saṅkhye tu mātsyādāv ukte iti bodhyam ity arthaḥ | evam eva bhāratopakrame'pi dṛṣṭam | ādāv ākhyānair vinā caturviṃśati-sahasraṃ bhārataṃ tatas taiḥ sahitaṃ pañcāśat-sahasraṃ tatas tais tato'py adhikam ito'py adhikam iti tadvat ||26||

tad evaṃ parama-niḥśreyasa-niścayāya śrī-bhāgavatam eva paurvāparyāvirodhena vicāryate | tatrāsmin sandarbha-ṣaṭkātmake granthe sūtra-sthānīyam avatārikā-vākyaṃ viṣaya-vākyaṃ śrī-bhāgavata-vākyam | bhāṣya-rūpā tad-vyākhyā tu samprati madhya-deśādau vyāptān advaita- vādino nūnaṃ bhagavan-mahimānam avagāhayituṃ tad-vādena karburita- lipīnāṃ parama-vaiṣṇavānāṃ śrīdhara-svāmi-caraṇānāṃ śuddha-vaiṣṇava- siddhāntānugatā cet tarhi yathāvad eva vilikhyate | kvacit teṣām evānyatra- dṛṣṭa-vyākhyānusāreṇa draviḍādi-deśa-vikhyāta-parama-bhāgavatānāṃ teṣām eva bāhulyena tatra vaiṣṇavatvena prasiddhatvāt | śrī-bhāgavata eva, kvacit kvacin mahārāja draviḍeṣu ca bhūriśaḥ (BhP 11.5.39) ity anena prathita-mahimnāṃ sākṣāc chrī-prabhṛtitaḥ pravṛtta-sampradāyānāṃ śrī- vaiṣṇavābhidhānāṃ śrī-rāmānuja-bhagavat-pāda-viracita-śrī-bhāṣyādi- dṛṣṭa-mata-prāmāṇyena mūla-grantha-svārasyena cānyathā ca | advaita- vyākhyānaṃ tu prasiddhatvān nātivitāyate ||27||

BD: tad evam iti | nanu veda evāsmākaṃ pramāṇam iti pratijñāya purāṇam eva tat svīkarotīti kim idaṃ kautukam iti cen maivaṃ bhramitavyam | evaṃ vā are'sya mahato bhūtasya (BṛhadU 2.4.10) ity ādi-śrutyaiva purāṇasya vedatvābhidhānāt | vedeṣu vedāntasyaiva purāṇeṣu śrī-bhāgavatasya śraiṣṭhya-nirṇayāc ca tad eva pramāṇam iti kim asaṅgatam uktam iti | atha brahma-sūtra-bhāṣya-rītyā sandarbhasyāsya pravṛttir ity āha tatrasminn iti | vicārārhavākyaṃ viṣaya-vākyam | bhāṣya-rūpā tad-vyākhyeti | ayam arthaḥ śrīdhara-svāmino vaiṣṇavā eva, taṭ-ṭīkāsu bhagavad-vigraha-guṇa-vibhūti- dhāmnāṃ tat-pārṣada-tanūnāṃ ca nityatvokteḥ | bhagavad-bhakteḥ sarvotkṛṣṭa-mokṣānuvṛttyor ukteś ca tathāpi kvacit kvacin māyāvādollekhas tad-vādino bhagavad-bhaktau praveśayituṃ baḍiśāmiṣārpaṇa-nyāyenaiveti viditam iti | śuddha-vaiṣṇaveti yathā sāṅkhyādi-śāstrāṇām aviruddhāṃśaḥ sarvaiḥ svīkṛtas tadvad idaṃ bodhyam | kvacit teṣām eveti kvacit sthalāntarīya-svāmi-vyākhyānusāreṇa śrī-bhāṣyādi-dṛṣṭa-mata- prāmāṇyena mūla-śrī-bhāgavata-svārasyena cānyathā ca bhāṣya-rūpā tad- vyākhyā mayā likhyata iti mat-kapola-kalpanaṃ kiñcid api nāstīti pramāṇopetātra ṭīkety arthaḥ | nanu pūrva-pakṣa-jñānāyādvaitaṃ ca vyākhyeyam iti tatrāha advaiteti ||27||

atra ca sva-darśitārtha-viśeṣa-prāmāṇyāyaiva, na tu śrīmad-bhāgavata- vākya-prāmāṇyāya, pramāṇāni śruti-purāṇādi-vacanāni yathā-dṛṣṭam evodāharaṇīyāni | kvacit svayam adṛṣṭākarāṇi ca tattva-vāda-gurūṇām anādhunikānāṃ pracura-pracārita-vaiṣṇava-mata-viśeṣāṇāṃ dakṣiṇādi-deśa- vikhyāta-śiṣyopaśiṣyībhūta-vijayadhvaja-vyāsatīrthādi-veda-vedārtha-vid- varāṇāṃ śrī-madhvācārya-caraṇānāṃ bhāgavata-tātparya-bhārata-tātparya- brahma-sūtra-bhāṣyādibhyaḥ saṅgṛhītāni | taiś caivam uktaṃ bhārata- tātparye -

śāstrāntarāṇi saṃjānan vedāntasya prasādataḥ |
deśe deśe tathā granthān dṛṣṭvā caiva pṛthag-vidhān ||

yathā sa bhagavān vyāsaḥ sākṣān nārāyaṇaḥ prabhuḥ | jagāda bhāratādyeṣu tathā vakṣye tad-īkṣayā || iti |

tatra tad-uddhṛtā śrutiś caturveda-śikhādyā, purāṇaṃ ca gāruḍādīnāṃ samprati sarvatrāpracarad-rūpam aṃśādikam | saṃhitā ca mahā-saṃhitādikā tantraṃ ca tantra-bhāgavatādikaṃ brahma-tarkādikam iti jñeyam ||28||

BD: atreti | iha granthe yāni śruti-purāṇādi-vacanāni mayā dhriyante tāni svadarśitārtha-viśeṣa-prāmāṇyaiva | na tu śrī-bhāgavata-vākya-prāmaṇyāya, tasya svataḥ pramāṇatvāt | tāni ca yathā-dṛṣṭam evodāharaṇīyāni mūla- granthān vilokyotthāpitānīty arthaḥ | kānicid vākyāni tu mad-adṛṣṭākarāṇy asmad-ācārya-śrī-madhvamuni-dṛṣṭākarāṇy eva kvacin mayā dhriyanta ity āha kvacid iti | mad-vyākhyānaṃ kvacid artha-viśeṣe prāmāṇyāya śrī- madhvācārya-caraṇānāṃ bhāgavata-tātparyādibhyo granthebhyaḥ saṅgṛhītāni śruti-purāṇādi-vacanāni dhriyanta ity anuṣaṅgaḥ | atrāsya grantha-kartuḥ satyavāditvaṃ dhvanitam | kaumāra-brahmacaryavān naiṣṭhiko yaḥ satya-taponidhiḥ svapne'py anṛtaṃ noce ceti prasiddham | teṣāṃ kīdṛśānām ity āha tattveti | sarvaṃ vastu satyam iti vādas tattva-vādas tad- upadeṣṭṝṇām ity arthaḥ | anādhunikānām atiprācīnānāṃ kenacic chāṅkareṇa saha vivāde madhvasya mataṃ vyāsaḥ svīcakre | śaṅkarasya tu tatyājetyaitihyam asti | pracāriteti bhaktānāṃ viprāṇām eva mokṣaḥ | devā bhakteṣu mukhyāḥ | viriñcasyaiva sāyujyam | lakṣmyā jīvakoṭitvam ity evaṃ mata-viśeṣaḥ | dakṣiṇādideśeti tena gauḍe'pi mādhavendrādayas tad- upaśiṣyāḥ katicid babhūvur ity arthaḥ | śāstrāntarāṇīti tena svasya dṛṣṭa- sarvākaratā vyajyate dig-vijayitvaṃ cety upodghāto vyākhyātaḥ ||28||

atha namaskurvann eva tathābhūtasya śrīmad-bhāgavatasya tātparya-tad- vaktur hṛdaya-niṣṭhā-paryālocanayā saṅkṣepatas tāvan nirdhārayati -

sva-sukha-nibhṛta-cetās tad-vyudastāny abhāvo'
py ajita-rucir alīlākṛṣṭa-sāras tadīyam |
vyatanuta kṛpayā yas tattva-dīpaṃ purāṇaṃ
tam akhila-vṛjina-ghnaṃ vyāsa-sūnuṃ nato'smi || [BhP 12.12.69]

ṭīkā ca śrīdhara-svāmi-viracitā - śrī-guruṃ namaskaroti | sva-sukhenaiva nibhṛtaṃ pūrṇaṃ ceto yasya saḥ | tenaiva vyudasto'nyasmin bhāvo bhāvanā yasya tathābhūto'py ajitasya rucirābhir līlābhir ākṛṣṭaḥ sāraḥ sva-sukha- gataṃ dhairyaṃ yasya saḥ | tattva-dīpaṃ paramārtha-prakāśakaṃ śrī- bhāgavataṃ yo vyatanuta taṃ nato'smi ity eṣā | evam eva dvitīye tad-vākyam eva prāyeṇa munayo rājan (BhP 2.1.7) ity ādi-padya-trayam anusandheyam | atrākhila-vṛjinaṃ tādṛśa-bhāvasya pratkūlam udāsīnaṃ ca jñeyam | tad evam iha sambandhi-tattvaṃ brahmānandād api prakṛṣṭo rucira-līlāvaśiṣṭaḥ śrīmān ajita eva | sa ca pūrṇatvena mukhyatayā śrī-kṛṣṇa-saṃjña eveti śrī- bādarāyaṇa-samādhau vyaktībhaviṣyati | tathā prayojanākhyaḥ puruṣārthaś ca tādṛśa-tad-āsakti-janakaṃ tal-līlāśravaṇādi-lakṣaṇaṃ tad-bhajanam evety āyātam | atra vyāsa-sūnum iti brahma-vaivartānusāreṇa śrī-kṛṣṇa-varāj janmata eva māyayā tasyāspṛṣṭatvaṃ sūcitam || 12.12 || śrī-sūtaḥ śrī- śaunakam ||29||

BD: atha yasya brahmeti (TattvaS, verse viii) padyoktam sambandhi-kṛṣṇa- tattvaṃ, tad-bhakti-lakṣaṇam abhidheyaṃ, tat-prema-lakṣaṇaṃ pumarthaṃ ca nirūpatayā padyena tāvad-granthaṃ pravartayan granthakṛd avatārayati atheti maṅgalārtham | yasmin śāstra-vaktur hṛdaya-niṣṭhā pratīyate tad eva śāstra-pratipādya-vastu, na tv anyad ity arthaḥ | sveti tadīyam ajita-nirūpakaṃ purāṇam ity arthaḥ | ṭīkā ceti sva-sukheneti | svam asādhāraṇaṃ jīvānāndād utkṛṣṭam | guḍād iva madhu, yad-anabhibyakta-saṃsthāna-guṇa-vibhūti-līlam ānanda-rūpaṃ sva-prakāśaṃ brahma-śabda-vyapadeśyaṃ vastu tenety arthaḥ | rucirābhir iti pāramaiśvarya-samaveta-mādhurya-sambhinnatvān manojñābhir ānandaika-rūpābhiḥ pānaka-rasa-nyāyena sphurad-ajita-tat- parikarādibhir līlābhir ity arthaḥ | atrākhileti | pratikūlaṃ pratyākhyāyakam | udāsīnaṃ tyājakam ity arthaḥ | aṅka-yugmaṃ skandhādhyāyayor jñāpakam |

śrī-sūtaḥ śrī-śaunakaṃ prati nirdhārayatīty avatārikāvākyena sambandhaḥ |
evam uttaratra sarvatra bodhyam ||29||

tādṛśam eva tātparyaṃ karisyamāṇa-tad-grantha-pratipādya-tattva-nirṇaya- kṛte tat-pravaktṛ-śrī-bādarāyaṇa-kṛte samādhāv api saṅkṣepata eva nirdhārayati -

bhakti-yogena manasi samyak praṇihite 'male |
apaśyat puruṣaṃ pūrṇaṃ māyāṃ ca tad-apāśrayam ||

yayā sammohito jīva ātmānaṃ tri-guṇātmakam |
paro 'pi manute 'narthaṃ tat-kṛtaṃ cābhipadyate ||

anarthopaśamaṃ sākṣād bhakti-yogam adhokṣaje |
lokasyājānato vidvāṃś cakre sātvata-saṃhitām ||

yasyāṃ vai śrūyamāṇāyāṃ kṛṣṇe parama-pūruṣe |
bhaktir utpadyate puṃsaḥ śoka-moha-bhayāpahā ||

sa saṃhitāṃ bhāgavatīṃ kṛtvānukramya cātma-jam |
śukam adhyāpayām āsa nivṛtti-nirataṃ muniḥ || (BhP 1.7.4-8)

tatra --
sa vai nivṛtti-nirataḥ sarvatropekṣako muniḥ |
kasya vā bṛhatīm etām ātmārāmaḥ samabhyasat || (BhP 1.7.9)

iti śaunaka-praśnānantaraṃ ca -
ātmārāmāś ca munayo nirgranthā apy urukrame |
kurvanty ahaitukīṃ bhaktim ittham-bhūta-guṇo hariḥ ||

harer guṇākṣipta-matir bhagavān bādarāyaṇiḥ |
adhyagān mahad ākhyānaṃ nityaṃ viṣṇu-jana-priyaḥ || (BhP 1.7.10-11)

bhakti-yogena premṇā |

astv evam aṅga bhagavān bhajatāṃ mukundo muktiṃ dadāti karhicit sma na bhakti-yogam || (BhP 5.6.18) ity atra prasiddheḥ | praṇihite samāhite samādhinānusmara tad-viceṣṭitam (BhP 1.5.13) iti taṃ prati śrī-nāradopadeśāt | pūrṇadasya mukta-pragrahayā vṛttyā -

bhagavān iti śabdo'yaṃ tathā puruṣa ity api |
vartate nirupādhiś ca vāsudeve'khilātmani ||

iti pādmottara-khaṇḍa-vacanāvaṣṭambhena, tathā -

kāma-kāmo yajet somam akāmaḥ puruṣaṃ param ||

akāmaḥ sarva-kāmo vā mokṣa-kāma udāra-dhīḥ |
tīvreṇa bhakti-yogena yajeta puruṣaṃ param || (BhP 2.3.9-10)

ity asya vākya-dvayasya pūrva-vākye puruṣaṃ paramātmānaṃ prakṛty-
ekopādhim uttara-vākye puruṣaṃ pūrṇaṃ nirupādhim iti ṭīkānusāreṇa ca
pūrṇaḥ puruṣo'tra svayaṃ bhagavān ucyate ||30||

BD: grantha-vaktuḥ śukasya yatra niṣṭhāvadhāritā | tatraiva grantha-kartur vyāsasyāpi niṣṭhām avadhārayitum avatārayati tādṛśam eveti | nivṛtti-nirataṃ brahmānandād anyasmin spṛhā-virahitam | kasyeti saṃhitābhyāsasya kiṃ phalam ity arthaḥ | adhyagād adhītavān | mukta-pragrahayeti yathāśvaḥ

pragrahe mukte balāvadhi dhāvaty evaṃ pūrṇa-śabdaḥ pravṛttaḥ
pūrṇatvāvadhi pravarteteti vaktuṃ tad-avadhiś ca svayaṃ-bhagavaty eveti
tathocyata ity arthaḥ ||30||

pūrvam iti pāṭhe pūrvam evāham ihāsam, iti tat-puruṣasya puruṣatvam iti śrauta-nirvacana-viśeṣa-puraskāreṇa ca sa evocyate | tam apaśyat śrī-veda- vyāsa iti svarūpa-śaktim antam evety etat svayam eva labdham pūrṇaṃ candram apaśyad ity ukte kāntim antam apaśyad iti labhyate | ataeva -

tvam ādyaḥ puruṣaḥ sākṣād īśvaraḥ prakṛteḥ paraḥ māyāṃ vyudasya cic-chaktyā kaivalye sthita ātmani || [BhP 1.7.23] ity uktam |

ataeva māyāṃ ca tad-apāśrayam ity anena tasmin apa apakṛṣṭa āśrayo yasyāḥ | nilīya sthitatvād iti māyāyā na tat-svarūpa-bhūtatvam ity api labhyate | vakṣyate ca - māyā paraity abhimukhe ca vilajjamānā iti [BhP 2.7.47] | svarūpa-śaktir iyam atraiva vyaktībhaviṣyati anarthopaśamaṃ sākṣād bhakti-yogam adhokṣaje [BhP 1.7.6] ity anena ātmārāmāś ca [BhP 1.7.10] ity anena ca | pūrvatra hi bhakti-yoga-prabhāvaḥ khalv asau māyābhibhāvakatayā svarūpa-śakti-vṛttitvenaiva gamyate | paratra ca te guṇā brahmānandasyāpy uparicaratayā svarūpa-śakteḥ parama-vṛttitām evārhantīti | māyādhiṣṭhātṛ- puruṣas tu tad-aṃśatvena, brahma ca tadīya-nirviśeṣāvirbhāvatvena, tad- antarbhāva-vivakṣayā pṛthaṅ nokte iti jñeyam | ato'tra pūrvavad eva sambandhi-tattvaṃ nirdhāritam ||31||

BD: pāṭhāntareṇāpi sa evārtha iti vyākhyātum āha pūrvam iti | īśvarasyaiva pūrva-vartitvāt puruṣatvam ity arthaḥ | sa eveti svayaṃ bhagavān eva | svarūpa-śaktimattve pramāṇam āha tvam iti | śrutiś cātrāsti | parāsya śaktir vividhaiva śrūyate svābhāvikī jñāna-bala-kriyā ca iti (ŚvetU 6.8) | eṣaiva hlādinī sandhinīty ādinā smaryate | ity uktam iti kaṇṭhataḥ pāṭhitam arjunenety arthaḥ | māyāto'nyeyaṃ bodhyety āha ataevety ādinā | mūla- vākyena svarūpa-bhūtā cic-chaktir iyaṃ bodhitāstīy āha ataevety ādinā | paṭṭa-mahiṣīva svarūpa-śaktiḥ, bahir dvāra-sevikeva māyā-śaktir ity ubhayor mahad-antaraṃ bodhyam | bhagavad-bhakter bhagavad-guṇānāṃ ca svarūpa-śakti-sārāṃśatvaṃ sayuktikam āha pūrvatra hītyādinā | brahmānandasyeti anabhivyakta-saṃsthānādi-viśeṣasyeti bodhyam | nanu paramātma-rūpas tādṛśa-brahma-rūpaś cāvirbhāvaḥ kuto vyāsena na dṛṣṭa iti cet tatrāha māyādhiṣṭhātr iti ||31||

atha prāk-pratipāditasyaivābhedhyeasya prayojanasya ca sthāpakaṃ jīvasya svarūpata eva parameśvarād vailakṣaṇyam apaśyad ity āha- yayā māyayā sammohito jīvaḥ svayaṃ cid-rūpatvena triguṇātmakāj jaḍāt paro'py ātmānaṃ triguṇātmakaṃ jaḍaṃ dehādi-saṅghātaṃ manute | tan-manana-kṛtam anarthaṃ saṃsāra-vyasanaṃ cābhipadyate | tad evaṃ jīvasya cid-rūpatve'pi yayā sammohita iti manute iti ca svarūpa-bhūta-jñāna-śālitvaṃ vyanakti prakāśaika-rūpasya tejasaḥ svapara-prakāśana-śaktivat | ajñānenāvṛtaṃ jñānaṃ tena muhyanti jantavaḥ (Gītā 5.25) iti śrī-gītābhyaḥ | tad evaṃ upādher eva jīvatvaṃ tan-nāśasyaiva mokṣatvam iti matāntaraṃ parihṛtavān | atra yayā sammohitaḥ ity anena tasyā eva tatra kartṛtvaṃ bhagavatas tatrodāsīnatvaṃ matam | vakṣyate ca --

vilajjamānayā yasya sthātum īkṣā-pathe'muyā vimohitā vikatthante mamāham iti durdhiyaḥ || [BhP 2.5.13] iti |

atra vilajjamānayā ity anenedam āyāti tasyā jīva-sammhohanaṃ karma śrī- bhagavate na rocata iti yadyapi sā svayaṃ jānāti, tathāpi bhayaṃ

dvitīyābhiniveśataḥ syād īśād apetasya (BhP 11.2.37) iti diśā jīvānām
anādi-bhagavad-ajñāna-maya-vaimukhyam asahamānā svarūpāvaraṇam
asvarūpāveśaṃ ca karoti ||32||

jīvo yenśvaraṃ bhajet bhaktyā ca tasmin premāṇaṃ vindet tato māyayā vimuktaḥ syāt tam īśvarāj jīvasya vāstavaṃ bhedam apaśyad iti vyācaṣṭe, atha prāg ity ādinā | jīvasyeti vailakṣaṇyam iti sevakatva-sevyatvāṇutva- vibhutva-rūpa-nitya-dharma-hetukaṃ bhedam ity arthaḥ | nanu cin-mātro jīvaḥ yo vijñāne tiṣṭhan (BṛhadU 3.7.22), vijñānaṃ yajñaṃ tanute (TaittU 2.5.1) ity ādau cid-dhātutva-śravaṇāt, na tasya dharma-bhūtaṃ nityaṃ jñānam asti yena moha-manane varṇanīye | tasmāt sattvā sañjāyate jñānam (Gītā 14.17) ity ādi-vākyāt, sattve yā caitanyasya cchāyā, tad eva sattvopahitasya tasya jñānaṃ yena moha-manane vyāsena dṛṣṭe syātām iti cet tatrāha tad evam ity ādinā | chāyābhāvāc ca na tat-kalpanaṃ yuktam iti bhāvaḥ | nanu svarūpa-bhūtaṃ jñānaṃ katham iti cet tatrāha parkāśaiketi | ahi- kuṇḍalādhikaraṇe (Vs. 3.2.28) bhāṣitam etad draṣṭavyam | tṛtīya-sandarbhe vistarīṣyāma etat | tad evam upādher iti antaḥkaraṇaṃ jīvaḥ antaḥ-karaṇa- nāśo jīvasya mokṣa iti śaṅkara-mataṃ dūsitam | tathā sati paro'pīty ādi- vyākopād iti bhāvaḥ | atreti tatra jīva-mohane karmaṇi | tasyā māyāyāḥ | vilajjeti brahma-vākyam | amuyā māyayā | asahamāneti dāsyā ucitam etat karma yat svāmi-vimukhān duḥkhākarotīti | īśa-vaimukhyena pihitaṃ jīvaṃ māyā pidhatte, ghaṭenāvṛtaṃ dīpaṃ yathā tama āvṛṇotīti ||32||

śrī-bhagavāṃś cānādita eva bhaktāyāṃ prapañcādhikāriṇyāṃ tasyāṃ dākṣiṇyaṃ laṅghituṃ na śaknoti | tathā tad-bhayenāpi jīvānāṃ sva- sāmmukhyaṃ vāñchann upadiśati --

daivī hy eṣā guṇa-mayī mama māyā duratyayā |
mām eva ye prapadyante māyām etāṃ taranti te || iti [Gītā 7.14]

satāṃ prasaṅgān mama vīrya-saṃvido
bhavanti hṛt-karṇa-rasāyanāḥ kathāḥ |
taj-joṣaṇād āśv apavarga-vartmani
śraddhā ratir bhaktir anukramiṣyati || (3.25.25)

līlayā śrīmad-vyāsa-rūpeṇa tu viśiṣṭayā tad-upadiṣṭavān ity anantaram evāyāsyati | anarthopaśamaṃ sākṣād iti | tasmād dvayor api tat tat samañjasaṃ jñeyam |

nanu māyā khalu śaktiḥ śaktiś ca kārya-kṣamatvaṃ | tac ca dharma-viśeṣaḥ | tasyāḥ kathaṃ lajjādikam | ucyate evaṃ saty api bhagavati tāsāṃ śaktīnām adhiṣṭhātṛ-devyaḥ śrūyante, yathā kenopaniṣadi mahendra-māyayoḥ saṃvādaḥ | tad āstāṃ, prastutaṃ prastūyate ||33||

BD: nanv īśvaraḥ kathaṃ tan mohanaṃ sahate | tatrāha bhagavāṃś ceti | tarhi kṛpālutā-ksiḥ | tatrāha tatheti | tad-bhayenāpīti māyāto yaj-jīvānāṃ bhayaṃ tenāpi hetunety arthaḥ | tataś ca na tat-ksatir ity arthaḥ | daivīti prapattiś ceyaṃ sat-prasaṅga-hetukaiva tad-upadiṣṭā yayā sāmmukhyaṃ syāt tad viddhi praṇipātena (Gītā 4.34) ity ādi tad-vākyāt | satāṃ prasaṅgāt ity ādy-agrima- vākyāc ca | līlayeti līlāvatāreṇa | viśiṣṭatayeti ācārya-rūpeṇety arthaḥ | tasmād iti dvayor māyā-bhagavator api | tat tad iti | mohanaṃ sāmmukhya- vāñchā cety arthaḥ | nanu māyāyā mohana-lajjana-kartṛtvam uktaṃ tat kathaṃ jaḍāyās tasyāḥ sambhaved iti śaṅkate - nanu māyeti | dharma-viśeṣa utsāhādivad ity arthaḥ | siddhāntayati ucyata iti | adhiṣṭhātṛ-devya iti | vindhyādi-girīṇāṃ yathādhiṣṭhātṛ-mūrtayas tadvat | keneti tasyāṃ brahma ha devebhyo vijigye (KenaU 3.1) ity ādi-vākyam asti | tatrāgni-vāyu- maghonaḥ sagarvān vīkṣya tad-garvam apanetuṃ paramātmāvirabhūt | tam ajānantas te jijñāsayāmāsuḥ | teṣāṃ vīryaṃ parīkṣamāṇaḥ sa tṛṇaṃ nidadhau | sarvaṃ daheyam ity agniḥ | sarvam ādadīyeti vāyuś ca bruvaṃs tan- nirdagdhum ādayetuṃ ca nāśakat | jñātuṃ pravṛttān madhonas tu sa tiro'dhatta | tad-ākāśe maghavā haimavatīm umām ājagāma | kim etad iti papraccha | sā ca brahmaitad ity uvāceti niṣkṛṣṭam ||33||

tatra jīvasya tādṛśa-cid-rūpatve'pi parameśvarato vailakṣaṇyaṃ tad-apāśrayam iti, yathā sammohita iti ca darśayati ||34||

BD: tatra jīvasyeti māyāṃ ca tad-apāśrayām itīśvarasya māyā-niyantṛtvaṃ yayā sammohito jīva iti jīvasya māyā-niyamyatvaṃ ca | tena svarūpata īśāj jīvasya bheda-paryāyaṃ vailakṣaṇyaṃ dṛṣṭavān iti prasphuṭam | apaśyat ity anena kālo'py ānītaḥ | tad evam īśvara-jīva-māyā-kālākhyāni catvāri tattvāni samādhau śrī-vyāsena dṛṣṭāni | tāni nityāny eva | atha ha vāva nityāni puruṣaḥ prakṛtir ātmā kālaḥ ity evaṃ bhāllaveya-śruteḥ | nityo nityānāṃ cetanaś cetanānām eko bahūnāṃ yo vidadhāti kāmān (KaṭhaU 2.2.13) iti kāṭhakāt |

ajām ekāṃ lohita-śukla-kṛṣṇāṃ
bahvīḥ prajāḥ sṛjamānāṃ sarūpāḥ |
ajo hy eko juṣamāṇo'nuśete
jahāty enāṃ bhukta-bhogām ajo'nyaḥ || iti śvetāśvatarāṇāṃ mantrāc ca

(ŚvetU 4.5) |

avikārāya śuddhāya nityāya parmātmane |
sadaika-rūpa-rūpāya viṣṇave sarva-jiṣṇave || (ViP 1.2.1)

pradhānaṃ puruṣaṃ cāpi praviśyātmecchayā hariḥ |
kṣobhayāmāsa samprāpte sarga-kāle vyayāvyayau || (ViP 1.2.29)

avyaktaṃ kāraṇaṃ yat tat pradhāna ṛṣi-sattamaiḥ |
procyate prakṛtiḥ sūkṣmā nityaṃ sad-asad-ātmakam || (ViP 1.2.19)

anādir bhagavān kālo nānto'sya dvija vidyate |
avyucchinnās tatas tv ete sarga-sthity-anta-saṃyamāḥ || (ViP 1.2.26)

iti śrī-vaiṣṇavāc ca | teṣv īśvaraḥ śaktimān svatantraḥ jīvādayas tu tac- chaktayo'svatantrāḥ |

viṣṇu-śaktiḥ parā proktā kṣetrajñākhyā tathāparā |
avidyā-karma-saṃjñānyā tṛtīyā śaktir iṣyate || (ViP 6.7.61)

iti śrī-vaiṣṇavāt | sa yāvad urvyā bharam īśvareśvaraḥ svakāla-śaktyā kṣapayaṃś cared bhuvi (BhP 10.1.22) iti śrī-bhāgavatāc ca | tatra vibhuvijñānam īśvaraḥ, aṇu-vijñānaṃ jīvaḥ | ubhayaṃ nitya-jñāna-guṇakam | sattvādi-guṇa-traya-viśiṣṭaṃ jaḍaṃ dravyaṃ māyā | guṇa-traya-śūnyaṃ bhūta- vartamānādi-vyavahāra-kāraṇaṃ jaḍaṃ dravyaṃ tu kālaḥ | karmāpy anādi vināśi cāsti na karmāvibhāgād iti cen nānāditvāt iti (Vs 2.1.35) iti sūtrād iti vastu-sthitiḥ śruti-smṛti-siddhā veditavyā ||34||

yarhy eva yad ekaṃ cid-rūpaṃ brahma māyāśrayatā-valitaṃ vidyāmayaṃ tarhy eva tan-māyā-viṣayatāpannam avidyā-paribhūtaṃ cety uktam iti jīveśvara- vibhāgo ævagataḥ | tataś ca svarūpa-sāmarthya-vailakṣaṇyena tad dvitayaṃ mitho vilakṣaṇa-svarūpam evety āgatam ||35||

BD: yat tu ekam evādvitīyam (ChāU 6.2.1), vijñānam ānandaṃ brahma (BṛhadU 3.9.28), neha nānāsti kiñcana (BṛhadU 4.4.19) ity ādi-śrutibhyo nirviśeṣa-cin-mātrādvaitaṃ brahma vāstavyam | atha sadasad-vilakṣaṇatvād anirvacanīyena vidyāvidyā-vṛttikenājñānena sambandhāt tasmād vidyopahitam īśvara-caitanyam avidyopahitaṃ jīva-caitanyaṃ cābhūt | svarūpa- jñānena nivṛtte tv ajñāne na tatreśvara-jīva-bhāvaḥ, kintu nirviśeṣādvitīya- cinmātra-rūpāvasthitir bhaved ity āha māyī śaṅkaraḥ | tatrāha yarhy eva yad ekam iti visphuṭārtham | ity uktam iti | yugapad evākasmād evājñāna-yogād ekasya bhāgasya vidyāśrayatvam anyasyāvidyā-parābhūtir iti | kim aparāddhaṃ tena brahmaṇā yena vividha-vikṣepa- kleśānubhavabhājanatābhūt | punar apy ākasmikājñāna- sambandhasyāśakyatvād vaktum iti na tad uktarītyā tad-vibhāgo vācyaḥ kintu śrī-vyāsa-dṛṣṭa-rītyaiva so'smābhir avagata ity arthaḥ ||35||

na copādhitāratamyamaya-pariccheda-pratibimbatvādi-vyavasthayā tayor vibhāgaḥ syāt ||36||

BD: yat tu indro māyābhiḥ puru-rūpa īyate (RV 6.47.18, BṛhadU 2.5.19) ity ādi-śrutes tasyādvitīyasya brahmaṇo māyayā paricchedād īśvara-jīva- vibhāgaḥ syāt | tatra vidyayā paricchinno mahān khaṇḍa īśvaraḥ | avidyayā paricchinnaḥ kanīyān khaṇḍas tu jīvaḥ | yathā ghaṭenāvacchinnaḥ śarāveṇāvacchinnaś cākāśa-khaṇḍo mahad-alpatā-vyapadeśaṃ bhajati |

yathā hy ayaṃ jyotir ātmā vivasvān
apo bhittvā bahudhaiko'nugacchan |
upādhinā kriyate bheda-rūpo
devaḥ kṣetreṣv evam ajo'yam ātmā || (śruti?)

ity ādiṣu brahmaṇas tasya pratibimba-śravaṇāt tad-vibhāgaḥ syāt | vidyāyāṃ pratibimba īśvaraḥ | avidyāyāṃ pratibimbas tu jīvaḥ | yathā sarasi raveḥ pratibimbaḥ yathā ca ghaṭe pratibimbo mahad-alpatva-vyapadeśaṃ bhajate tadvad ity āha śaṅkaraḥ | tad idaṃ nirasanāya darśayati na ceti | anayā rītyā tayor vibhāgo na ca syād ity anvayaḥ ||36||

tatra yady upādher anāvidyakatvena vāstavatvaṃ tarhy aviṣayasya tasya pariccheda-viṣayatvāsambhavaḥ | nirdharmakasya vyāpakasya niravayavasya ca pratibimbatvāyogo'pi | upādhi-sambandhābhāvāt bimba-pratibimba- bhedābhāvāt, dṛśyatvābhāvāc ca | upādhi-paricchinnākāśastha-jyotir- aṃśasyeva pratibimbo dṛśyate, na tv ākāśasya dṛśyatvābhāvād eva ||37||

BD: kuto na vācya iti tad-anupapatter evety āha tatra yady upādher iti | pariccheda-pakṣaṃ nirākaroti anāvidyakatvena rajju-bhujaṅgavad-ajñāna- racitatvābhāvena vastu-bhūtatve satīty arthaḥ | aviṣayasyeti agṛhyo na hi gṛhyate iti (BṛhadU 3.9.26) śruteḥ sarvāspṛśyasya tasya brahmaṇa ity arthaḥ | idam atra bodhyam - na ca ṭaṅka-cchinna-pāṣāṇa-khaṇḍavad-vāstavopādhi- cchinno brahma-khaṇḍa-viśeṣa īśvaro jīvaś ca | brahmaṇo'cchedyatvād akhaṇḍatvābhyupagamāc ca | ādimattvāpattaiś ceśvara-jīvayoḥ | yata ekasya dvidhā tridhā vidhānaṃ chedaḥ | nāpy acchinna evopādhi-saṃyukto brahma- pradeśa-viśeṣa eva sa saḥ | upādhau calaty upādhi-saṃyukti-brahma-pradeśa- calanāyogāt pratikṣaṇam upādhi-saṃyukta-brahma-pradeśa-bhedād anukṣaṇam upahitatvānupahitatvāpatteḥ | na ca kṛtsnaṃ brahmaivopahitaṃ sa saḥ | anupahita-brahma-vyapadeśāsiddheḥ | nāpi brahmādhiṣṭhānam | upādhir eva sa saḥ | muktāvīśa-jīvābhāvāpatter iti tucchaḥ pariccheda- vādaḥ |

atha pratibimba-pakṣaṃ nirākaroti nirdharmakasyety ādinā | nirdharmakasyopādi-sambandhābhāvāt | vyāpakasya bimba-pratibimba- bhedābhāvāt | niravayavasya dṛśyatvābhāvāc ca brahmaṇaṅ pratibimba īśvaro jīvaś ca nety arthaḥ | rūpādi-dharma-viśiṣṭasya paricchinnasya sāvayavasya ca sūryādes tad-vidūre jalādy-upādhau pratibimbo dṛṣṭaḥ tad- vilakṣaṇasya brahmaṇaḥ sa na śakyo vaktum ity arthaḥ | nanv ākāśasya tādṛśasyāpi pratibimba-darśanād brahmaṇaḥ sa bhaviṣyatīti cet tatrāha upādhīti graha-nakṣatra-prabhā-maṇḍalasyety arthaḥ | anyathā vāyukāla- diśām api sa darśanīyaḥ | yat tu dhvaneḥ partidhvanir iva brahmaṇaḥ pratibimbaḥ syād ity āha tan na cāru | arthāntaratvād iti pratibimba-vādo'py atitucchaḥ ||37||

tathā vāstava-paricchedādau sati sāmānādhikaraṇya-jñāna-mātreṇa na tat- tyāgaś ca bhavet | tat-padārtha-prabhāvas tatra kāraṇam iti ced asmākam eva mata-sammatam ||38||

BD: brahmaivāham iti jñāna-mātreṇa tad-rūpāvasthitiḥ syād iti yad- abhimataṃ tat kahlūpādher vāstavatva-pakṣe na sambhavatīty āha tathā vāstaveti | ādinā pratibimbo grāhyaḥ | na khalu nigaḍitaḥ kaścid dīno rājaivāham iti jñāna-mātrād rājā bhavan dṛṣṭa iti bhāvaḥ | nanu brahmānusandhi-sāmarthyād bhaved iti cet tatrāha tat-padārtheti | tathā ca tvan-mata-kṣatir iti ||38||

upādher āvidyakatve tu tatra tat-paricchinnatvāder apy aghaṭamānatvād āvidyakatvam eveti ghaṭākāśādiṣu vāstavopādhimaya-tad-darśanayā na teṣām avāstava-svapna-dṛṣṭāntopajīvināṃ siddhāntaḥ sidhyati, ghaṭamānāghaṭamānayoḥ saṅgateḥ kartum aśakyatvāt | tataś ca teṣāṃ tat tat sarvam avidyāvilasitam eveti svarūpam aprāptena tena tena tat-tad- vyavasthāpayitum aśakyam ||39||

BD: athopādher āvidyakatva-pakṣe pariccehdādi-vāda-dvayaṃ nirākaroti upādher iti | āvidyakatve rajju-bhujaṅgādivan mithyātve satīty arthaḥ | tatropādhi-paricchinnatva-tat-pratibimbatvayor apy anupapadyamānatvān mithyātvam eveti hetoḥ | ghaṭākāśādiṣ ghaṭa-paricchinnākāśe ghaṭāmbu- pratibimbākāśe ca vāstavoopādhimaya-tad-ubhaya-dṛṣṭānta-darśanayā teṣāṃ cinmātrādvaitnām ekajīvavāda-pariniṣṭhatvād avāstava-svapna- dṛṣṭāntopajīvināṃ siddhānto na sidhyati |

upādher mithyātve tena paricchedaḥ pratibimbaś ca brahmaṇo mithaiva syāt | ato mithyopādhi-dṛṣṭāntatvena satya-ghaṭa-ghaṭāmbunoḥ pradarśanam asamañjasam eva | ghaṭa-ghaṭāmbu-dṛṣṭānta-pradarśanaṃ ghaṭamānaṃ, vidyāvidhā-vṛtti-rūpa-dārṣṭāntika-pradarśanaṃ sva-ghaṭa-mānam | tayoḥ saṅgatiḥ sādṛśya-vilakṣaṇā kartum aśakyaiva sādṛśyābhāvāt | tataś ceti tat tat sarvaṃ pariccheda-pratibimba-kalpanam avidyāvilasitam ajñāna- vijṛmbhitam eva | iti evam-ukta-rītyā | svarūpam aprāptena asiddhena | tena paricchedavādena | tena pratibimbavādena ca | tat-tad-vyavasthāpayituṃ pratipādayitum aśakyam | tataś ca hantṛ-hata-nyāyena vyāsa-dṛṣṭa- prakārakas tad-vibhāgo dhruvaḥ ||39||

iti brahmāvidyayoḥ paryavasāne sati yad eva brahma cin- mātratvenāvidyāyogasyātyantābhāvāspadatvāc chuddhaṃ tad eva tad-yogād aśuddhyā jīvaḥ | punas tad eva jīvāvidyā-kalpita-māyāśrayatvād īśvaras tad eva ca tan-māyā-viṣayatvāj jīva iti virodhas tad-avastha eva syāt | tatra ca śuddhāyāṃ city avidyā | tad-avidyā-kalpitopādhau tasyām īśvarākhyāyāṃ vidyeti, tathā vidyāvattve'pi māyikatvam ity asamañjasā ca kalpanā syād ity ādy anusandheyam ||40||

BD: nanu paricchedādi-vāda-dvaye nāsmākaṃ tātparyaṃ tasyājña-bodhanāya kalpitatvāt | kintv eka-jīva-vāda eva tad asti |

sa eva māyā parimohitātmā
śarīram āsthāya karoti sarvam |
striyanna-pānādi-vicitra-bhogaiḥ
sa eva jāgrat parituṣṭim eti || (KaivalyaU 12)

ity ādi kaivalyopaniṣadi tasyiavopapāditatvāt | tad-vādaś cettham ekam evādvitīyam ity ādy ukta-śrutibhyo'dvitīya-cin-mātro hy ātmā | sa cātmany avidyayā guṇamayīṃ māyāṃ tad-vaiṣamyajāṃ kārya-saṃhitaṃ ca kalpanyann asmad-artham ekaṃ yuṣmad-arthāṃś ca bahūn kalpayati | tatrāsmad-arthaḥ sva-svarūpaḥ puruṣaḥ | yuṣmad-arthaś ca mahad-ādīni bhūmy-antāni jaḍāni | sva-tulyāni puruṣāntarāṇi, savaśvarākhyaḥ puruṣa-viśeṣaś cety evaṃ trividhaḥ | jīveśāv ābhāsena karoti māyā cāvidyā ca svayam eva bhavati iti (NTU 2.9) iti śruty-antarāc ca | guṇa-yogād eva kartṛtva-bhoktṛtve tatrātmany adhyaste | yathā svapne kaścid rājadhānīṃ rājānaṃ tat-prajāś ca kalpayati, tan-niyamyam ātmānaṃ ca manyate, tadvat | jāte ca jñāne, jāgare ca sati, tato'nyan na kiñcid astīti cinmātram ekam ātma-svastv iti |

tam imaṃ vādaṃ nirākartum āha iti brahmeti | iti evaṃ pūrvokta-rītyā paricchedādi-vāda-dvayasya pratyākhyāne jāte, brahma cāvidyā ceti dvayoḥ paryavasāne satīty arthaḥ | atyantābhāvāspadatvād iti agṛhyo na hi gṛhyate (BṛhadU 3.9.26) ity ādi śruter evety arthaḥ | virodhas tad-avastha iti vorodhatvād evāśakya-vyavasthāpana ity arthaḥ | tava ca śuddhāyām iti śuddhe brahmaṇy akasmād avidyā-sambandhas tat-sambandhāt tasya jīvatvam | tena jīvena kalpitāyā māyāyā āśrayo bhūtvā tad brahmaiveśvaraḥ | tasyeśvarasya māyayā paribhūtaṃ brahmaiva taj-jīvaḥ | ity ādi vipralāpo'yam aviduṣām eva, na tu viduṣām iti bhāvaḥ | māyikatvaṃ pratārakatvam ity arthaḥ | sa eva māyā iti śrutis tu brahmāyatta-vṛttikatva- brahma-vyāpyatvābhyāṃ brahmaṇo'natirikto jīva ity eva nivedayantī gatārthā | jīveśau iti śrutis tu māyā-vimohita-tārkikādi-parikalpita-jīveśa- paratayā gatārtheti na kiñcid anupapannam || 40 ||

kiṃ ca, yady atrābheda eva tātparyam abhaviṣyat tarhy ekam eva brahmājñānena bhinnaṃ, jñānena tu tasya bhedamayaṃ duḥkhaṃ vilīyata ity apaśyad ity evāvakṣyat | tathā śrī-bhagaval-līlādīnāṃ vāstavatvābhāve sati śrī-śuka-hṛdaya-virodhaś ca jāyate ||42||

BD: anupapatty-antaram āha kiṃ ceti | atra śrī-bhāgavate śāstre | ity eveti pūrṇaḥ puruṣaḥ kaścid asti tad-āśritayā māyayā jīvo vimohito'narthaṃ bhajati | tad-anarthopaśamanī ca pūrṇasya tasya bhaktiḥ ity apaśyat | ity evaṃ nāvakṣyad ity arthaḥ ||41||

tasmāt pariccheda-pratibimbatvādi-pratipādaka-śāstrāṇy api kathañcit tat- sādṛśyena gauṇyaiva vṛttyā pravarteran | ambuvad agrahaṇāt tu na tathātvam (Vs. 3.2.19), vṛddhi-hrāsa-bhāktvam antar- (page 98) bhāvād ubhaya- sāmañjasyodevam (Vs 3.2.20) iti pūrvottara-pakṣamaya-nyāyābhyām ||42||

BD: tasmād iti | tat-sādṛśyena paricchinna-pratibimba-tulyatvenety arthaḥ | siṃho devadattaḥ ity atra yathā gauṇyā vṛttyā siṃha-tulyatvaṃ devadattasyocyate, na tu siṃhatvaṃ tadvad ity arthaḥ | nanv evaṃ kena nirṇītam iti cet | sūtrakṛtā śrī-vyāsenaiveti tat sūtra-dvayaṃ darśayati |

tatraikena tadvāda-dvayam asambhavān nirasyati ambuvad iti | yathāmbunā bhū-khaṇḍasya paricchedaḥ, evam upādhinā brahma-pradeśasya sa syāt | na, ambunā bhūkhaṇḍasyevopādhinā brahma-pradeśasya grahaṇābhāvāt | agṛhyo na hi gṛhyate (BṛhadU 3.9.26) iti hi śrutiḥ | ato na tathātvaṃ brahmaṇa upādhi-paricchinnatvaṃ nety arthaḥ |

yad vā, ambuni yathā raveḥ partibimbaḥ paricchinnasya gṛhyate, evam upādhau brahmaṇaḥ pratibimbo vyāpakasya na gṛhyate | ato na tathātvam tasya pratibimbo nety arthaḥ | tarhi śāstra-dvayaṃ kathaṃ saṅgacchate | tatrāha, vṛddhīti dvitīyena | tad dvayaṃ na mukhya-vṛttyā pravartate | kintu vṛddhi-hrāsa-bhāktvaṃ guṇāṃśam ādāyaiva | yathā mahad-alpau bhū- khaṇḍau, yathā ca ravi-tat-pratibimbau vṛddhi-hrāsa-bhājau, tathā pareśa- jīvau syātām | kutaḥ? antarbhāvāt | etasminn aṃśe śāstra-tātparya-pūrteḥ | evaṃ saty ubhayor dṛṣṭāntāntikayoḥ sāmañjasyāt saṅgater ity arthaḥ | pūrva- nyāyena paricchedādi-vāda-dvayasya khaṇḍanam, uttara-nyāyena tu gauṇa- vṛttyā tasya vyavasthāpanam iti | brahmaṇaḥ khaṇḍaḥy pratibimbo vā jīva eveti sūtra-kṛtāṃ matam | īśo'pi brahmaṇaḥ khaṇḍaḥ pratibimbo veti māyinām īśa-vimukhānāṃ matam iti bodhavyam ||42||

tata evābheda-śāstrāṇy ubhayoś cid-rūpatve jīva-samūhasya durghaṭa- ghaṭanā-paṭīyasyā svābhāvika-tad-acintya-śaktyā svabhāvata eva tad-raśmi-

paramāṇu-guṇa-sthānīyatvāt tad-vyatirekeṇāvyatirekeṇa ca virodhaṃ
parihṛtyāgre muhur api tad etad-vyāsa-samādhi-labdha-siddhānta-yojanāya
yojanīyāni ||43||

BD: tata iti paricchedādi-śāstra-dvayasya tat-sādṛśyārthakatvena nītatvād eva hetoḥ | tvaṃ vā aham asmi bhagavo deva, ahaṃ vai tvam asi tattvam asi ity ādīny abheda-śāstrāṇi | tad etad vyāsa-samādhi-siddhānta-yojanāya muhur apy agre yojanīyānīti sambandhaḥ | kena hetunety āha ubhayor īśa-jīvayoś cid-rūpatvena hetunā | yathā gaura-śyāmayos taruṇa-kumārayor vā viprayor vipratvenaikyam | tataś ca jātyaivābhedo, natu vyaktor ity arthaḥ | tathā jīva- samūhasya durghaṭa-ghaṭanā-paṭīyasyā tad-acintya-śaktyā svabhāvata eva tad-raśmi-paramāṇu-guṇa-sthānīyatvāt tad-vyatirekeṇa, avyatirekeṇa ca hetunā virodhaṃ parihṛtyeti | pareśasya kahlu svarūpānubandhinī parākhyā śaktir uṣṇateva raver asti | parāsya śaktir vividhaiva śrūyate svābhāvikī jñāna-bala-kriyā ca (ŚvetU 6.8) iti mantra-varṇāt | viṣṇu-śaktiḥ parā proktā (ViP 6.7.61) iti smaraṇāc ca | sā hi tad-itarān nikhilān niyamayati | yasmāt tad anye sarve'rthāḥ svasvabhāvam atyajanto vartante | prakṛtiḥ kālaḥ karma ca svāntaḥ-sthitam apīśvaraṃ sparṣṭuṃ na śaknoti | kintu tato bibhyed eva svasvabhāve tiṣṭhati | jīva-gaṇāś ca tat-sajātīyo'pi na tena samparcituṃ śaknoti kintu tamāśrayann eva vṛttiṃ labhate | mukhya-prāṇam iva śrotrādir indriya-gaṇa iti | tathā yad-attir yad-adhīnā sa tad-rūpaḥ ity abheda- śāstrasyāpi bheda-śāstreṇa sārdham avirodho'yaṃ śrī-vyāsa-samādhi-labdha- siddhānta-savyapekṣa iti | tathā cātreśa-jīvayoḥ svaruūpābhedo nāstīti siddham ||43||

tad evaṃ māyāśrayatva-māyā-mohitatvābhyāṃ sthite dvayor bhede tad- bhajanasyaivābhidheyatvam āyātam ||44||

tad evam iti sphuṭārtham | tad-bhajanasya māyā-nivārakasyety arthaḥ ||44||

ataḥ śrī-bhagavata eva sarva-hitopadeṣṭṛtvāt, sarva-dhuḥkha-haratvāt,
raśmīnāṃ sūryavat sarveṣāṃ parama-svarūpatvāt sarvādhika-guṇa-śālitvāt,
parama-premayogatvam iti prayojanaṃ ca sthāpitam ||45||

BD: māyā-moha-nivārakatvād yasya bhajanam abhidheyaṃ, sa bhagavān eva bhajatāṃ prema-yogya ity arthād āgatam ity āha ata iti | ato māyāmoha- nivāraka-bhajanatvād bhagavata eva parama-prema-yogyatvam iti sambandhaḥ | jīvātmā prema-yogyaḥ, paramātmā bhagavāṃs tu parama- prema-yogya ity arthaḥ | kuta ity apekṣāyāṃ hetu-catuṣṭayam āha sarveti | raśmīnām ity ādi - sūryo yathā raśmīnāṃ svarūpaṃ na, kintu parama- svarūpam eva bhavaty evaṃ jīvānāṃ bhagavān iti svarūpaikyaṃ nirastam | antaryāmi-brāhmaṇāt saubāla-brāhamaṇāc ca jīvātmanaḥ paramātmanaḥ śarīrāṇi bhavanti, sa tu teṣāṃ śarīrī iti bhedaḥ prasphuṭo jñātaḥ | ataḥ sarvādhiketi ||45||

tatrābhidheyaṃ ca tādṛśatvena dṛṣṭavān api, yatas tat-pravṛtty-arthaṃ śrī- bhāgavatākhyām imāṃ sātvata-saṃhitāṃ pravartitavān ity āha anartheti | bhaktiyogaḥ śravaṇa-kīrtanādi-lakṣaṇaḥ sādhana-bhaktiḥ, na tu prema- lakṣaṇaḥ | anuṣṭhānaṃ hy upadeśāpekṣaṃ prema tu tat-prasādāpekṣam iti tathāpi tasya tat-prasāda-hetos tat-prema-phala-garbhatvāt sākṣād evānarthopaśamanatvaṃ, na tv anyasāpekṣatvena | yat karmabhir yat tapasā jñāna-vairāgyataś ca yat ity ādau (BhP 11.20.32), sarvaṃ mad-bhakti-yogena mad-bhakto labhate'ñjasā | svargāpavargaṃ (BhP 11.20.33) ity ādeḥ | jñānādes tu bhakti-sāpekṣatvam eva śreyaḥ-sṛtiṃ bhaktim (BhP 10.14.4) ity ādeḥ |

athavā anarthasya saṃsāra-vyasanasya tāvat sākṣād-avyavadhānenopaśamanaṃ sammohādi-dvayasya tu premākhya-svīya-phala-dvārety arthaḥ | ataḥ pūrvavad evātrābhidheyaṃ darśitam ||46||

BD: tatrābhīti | tādṛśatvena māyānivārakatvena | dṛṣṭavān api śrī-vyāsaḥ | anuṣṭhānaṃ kṛti-sādhyam | tat-prasādeti bhagavad-anugrahety arthaḥ | tasya śravaṇādi-lakṣaṇasya | anya-sāpekṣatvena karmādi-parikaratvena | jñānādes tv iti jñānam atra yasya brahma (page 6) ity ukta-brahma-viṣayakam | sammohādīyādi-padād ātmano jaḍa-dehādi-rūpatā-mananaṃ grāhyam | ata iti | atra anartheti vākye ||46||

atha pūrvadeva prayojanaṃ ca spaṣṭayituṃ pūrvoktasya pūrṇa-puruṣasya ca śrī-kṛṣṇa-svarūpatvaṃ vyañjayituṃ, grantha-phala-nirdeśa-dvārā tatra tad- anubhavāntaraṃ pratipādayann āha yasyām iti | bhaktiḥ premā śravaṇa- rūpayā (page 109) sādhana-bhaktyā sādhyatvāt | utpadyate āvirbhavati | tasyānuṣaṅgikaṃ guṇam āha śoketi | atraiṣāṃ saṃskāro'pi naśyatīti bhāvaḥ | (page 110) prītir na yāvan mayi vāsudeva na mucyate deha-yogena tāvat iti (BhP 5.5.6) śrī-ṛṣabhadeva-vākyāt | parama-puruṣe pūrvokta-pūrṇa-puruṣe | kim ākāra ity apekṣāyām āha kṛṣṇe | kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam ity ādi śāstra-sahasra-bhāvitāntaḥ-karaṇānāṃ paramparayā tat-prasiddi-madhya- pātināṃ cāsāṅkhya-lokānāṃ tan-nāma-śravaṇa-mātreṇa yaḥ prathama- pratīti-viṣayaḥ syāt, tathā tan-nāmnaḥ prathamākṣara-mātraṃ mantrāya kalpamānaṃ yasyābhimukhyāya syāt tad-ākāra ity arthaḥ | āhuś ca nāma- kaumudī-kārāḥ | kṛṣṇa-śabdasya tamāla-śyāmala-tviṣi yaśodāyāḥ stanandhaye para-brahmaṇi rūḍhiḥ iti ||47||

BD: atheti | prayojanaṃ bhagavat-prema-lakṣaṇam | tatreti tatra samādhau śrī- vyāsasyānyam anubhavam ity arthaḥ | āvirbhavatīti premṇaḥ parāsārāṃśatvenotpatty-asambhavād ity arthaḥ | tasyeti premṇaḥ | atra premṇi sati | kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayaṃ iti śrī-sūtādīnāṃ śrī-jayadevādīnāṃ cāsaṅkhya-lokānām ity arthaḥ | tan-nāma iti tan-nāmnaḥ iti cobhayatra kṛṣṇeti nāma bodhyam | rūḍhir iti prakṛti-pratyaya-sambandhaṃ vinaiva yaśodā-sute prasiddhir maṇḍapa-śabdasyeva gṛha-viśeṣa ity arthaḥ ||47||

atha tasyaiva prayojanasya brahmānandānubhavād api paramatvam anubhūtavān | yatas tādṛśaṃ śukam api tad-ānanda-vaiśiṣṭya-lambhanāya tām adhyāpayāmāsety āha sa saṃhitām iti | kṛtvānukramya ceti prathamataḥ svayaṃ saṅkṣepeṇa kṛtvā paścāt tu śrī-nāradopadeśād anukrameṇa vivṛtyety arthaḥ | ataeva śrīmad-bhāgavataṃ bhāratānantaraṃ yad atra śrūyate, yac cānyatrāṣṭādaśa-purāṇānantaraṃ bhāratam iti tad-dvayam api samāhitaṃ syāt | brahmānandānubhava-nimagnatvāt nivṛtti-nirataṃ sarvato nivṛttau nirataṃ, tatrāvyabhicāriṇam apīty arthaḥ ||48||

BD: atheti brahmānandād yasya brahmety ukta-vastu-sukhād api | paramatvam utkṛṣṭatvam anubhūtavān śrī-vyāsaḥ | tādṛśaṃ tad- ānandānubhavainam api | tad-ānandeti kṛṣṇa-premānanda-prāpaṇāyety arthaḥ | ata eveti | yad atreti atra śrī-bhāgavate | ayatra mātsyādau aṣṭādśa- purāṇāni kṛtvā satyavatī-sutaḥ | cakre bhāratam ākhyānaṃ vedārthair upabṛṃhitam ity anenety arthaḥ | tatreti nivṛttāv ity arthaḥ ||48||

tam etaṃ śrī-veda-vyāsasya samādhi-jātānubhavaṃ śrī-śaunaka- praśnottaratvena viśadayan sarvātmārāmānubhavena sahetukaṃ saṃvādayati ātmārāmāś ceti | nirgranthā vidhi-niṣedhātītā nirgatāhaṅkāra-granthayo vā | ahaitukīṃ phalānusandhi-rahitām | atra sarvākṣepaparihārārtham āha itthambhūta ātmārāmāṇām apy ākarṣaṇa-svabhāvo guṇo yasya sa iti | tam evārthaṃ śrī-śukasyāpy anubhavena saṃvādayati harer guṇeti | śrī- vyāsadevād yat-kiñcic-chrutena guṇena pūrvam ākṣiptā matir yasya saḥ | paścād adhyagāt mahad-vistīrṇam api | tataś ca tat-saṅkathā-sauhārdena nityaṃ viṣṇu-janāḥ priyā yasya tathābhūto vā, teṣāṃ priyo vā svayam abhavad ity arthaḥ |

ayaṃ bhāvaḥ brahma-vaivartānusāreṇa pūrvaṃ tāvad ayaṃ garbham ārabhya śrī-kṛṣṇasya svaritayā māyā-nivārakatvaṃ jñātavān | tatra śrī-vyeda-vyāsas tu taṃ vaśīkartuṃ tad-ananya-sādhanaṃ śrī-bhāgavatam eva jñātvā, tad- guṇātiśaya-prakāśamayāṃs tadīya-padya-viśeṣān kathañcc chrāvayitvā tena tam ākṣipta-matiṃ kṛtvā, tad eva pūrṇaṃ tam adhyāpayāmāseti śrī- bhāgavata-mahimātiśayaḥ proktaḥ | tad evaṃ darśitaṃ vaktuḥ śrī-śukasya vedavyāsasya ca samāna-hṛdayam | tasmād vaktur hṛdayānurūpam eva sarvatra tātparyaṃ paryālocanīyaṃ nānyathā | yad yat tad anyathā paryālocanaṃ, tatra tatra kupatha-gāmitaiveti niṣṭaṅkitam || 1.7 || śrī-sūtaḥ ||

49 ||

BD: samādhi-dṛṣṭasyārthasya sarva-tattvajña-sammatatvam āha tam ity ādinā | nirgatāhaṅkāreti | mahat-tattvāj jāto'yam ahaṅkāraḥ | na tu svarūpānubandhīti bodhyaṃ, dvitīye sandarbhe evam eva nirṇeṣyamāṇatvāt | tadīya-padya-viśeṣān iti pūtanādhātrī-gati-dāna-pāṇḍava-sārathya- pratīhāratvādi-pradarśakān katicic chlokān ity arthaḥ | brahma-vaivarte śuko yoni-jātaḥ, bhārate tv ayoni-jātaḥ kathyate | dāra-grahaṇaṃ kanyā-santatiś ceti | tad etat sarvaṃ kalpa-bhedena saṅgamanīyam ||49||

atha krameṇa vistaratas tathaiva tātparyaṃ nirṇetuṃ sambandhābhidheya-

prayojaneṣu ṣaḍbhiḥ sandarbhair nirṇeṣyamāṇeṣu prathamaṃ yasya vācya-
vācakatā-sambandhīdaṃ śāstraṃ tad eva dharmaḥ projjhita-kaitavaḥ ity ādi-
padye sāmānyākāratas tāvad āha vedyaṃ vāstavam atra vastu (BhP 1.1.2) iti ||

ṭīkā ca atra śrīmati sundare bhāgavate vāstavaṃ paramārtha-bhūtaṃ vastu vedyaṃ, na tu vaiśeṣikādivad dravya-guṇādi-rūpam ity eṣā ||1.1|| veda- vyāsaḥ ||50||

BD: saṅkṣepeṇoktaṃ sambandhādikaṃ vistareṇa darśayitum upakramate athetyādi | tathaiveti śrī-śukādi-hṛdayānusāreṇety arthaḥ | sāmānyata iti anirdiṣṭa-svarūpa-guṇa-vibhūti-kathanāyety arthaḥ | vaiśeṣikādivad iti kaṇāda-gautamokta-śāstravad ity arthaḥ ||50||

atha kiṃ rūpaṃ tad-vastu-tattvam ity atrāha vadanti tat tattva-vidas tattvaṃ yaj jñānam advayam iti (BhP 1.2.11) | jñānaṃ cid-eka-rūpam | advayatvaṃ cāsya svayaṃ-siddhatādṛśātādṛśatattvāntarābhāvaāt svaśaktyeka-sahāyatvāt | paramāśrayaṃ taṃ vinā tāsām asiddhatvāc ca | tattvam iti parama- puruṣārthatā-dyotanayā parama-sukha-rūpatvaṃ tasya bodhyate | ataeva tasya nityatvaṃ ca darśitam ||1.2|| śrī-sutaḥ ||52||

BD: svarūpa-nideśa-pūrvakaṃ tattvaṃ vaktum avatārayati atha kim iti | svayaṃ siddheti ātmanaiva siddhaṃ khalu svayaṃ siddham ucyate | svayaṃ dāsās tapasvinaḥ ity atra tapasv-dāsyam ātmanā tapasvinaiva siddhaṃ pratīyate tadvat | tādṛśaṃ ca pareśa-vastv eva, na tu tādṛśam api jīva-caitanyaṃ, na tv atādṛśaṃ prakṛti-kāla-lakṣaṇaṃ jaḍa-vastu | tad-abhāvād advayatvam | tayoḥ svayaṃsiddhatvābhāvaḥ kutaḥ | ity atrāha paramāśrayaṃ taṃ vineti | sva- śaktyeka-sahāye'py advaya-padaṃ prayujyate dhanur dvitīyaḥ pāṇḍur iti |

nanu vedānte vjñānam ānandaṃ brahma iti | vijñānānada-svarūpaṃ brahma paṭhyate, iha jñānam iti katham | tatrāha tattvam iti | idam atra tattvam ity ukte sāre vastuni tattva-śabdo nīyate | sāraṃ ca sukham eva sarveṣām upāyānāṃ tad-arthatvāt | tathā ca sukha-rūpatvam api tasyāgatam | nanu jñānaṃ sukhaṃ cānityaṃ dṛṣṭaṃ tatrāha ataeveti | svayaṃsiddhatvena vyākhyānān nityaṃ tad ity arthaḥ | sad-akāraṇaṃ yat tan nityaṃ iti hi tīrthakārāḥ | evaṃ ca tādṛśa-brahma-sambandhīdaṃ śāstram ity uktam ||51||

nanu nīla-pītādy-ākāraṃ kṣaṇikam eva jñānaṃ dṛṣṭam, tat punar advayaṃ nityaṃ jñānaṃ kathaṃ lakṣyate yan-niṣṭham idaṃ śāstram | ity atrāha sarva- vedānta-sāraṃ yad brahmātvekatva-lakṣaṇam | vastv advitīyaṃ tan-niṣṭham iti (BhP 12.13.12) satyaṃ jñānam anantaṃ brahma iti yasya svarūpam uktam, yenāśrutaṃ śrutaṃ bhavati (Chā 6.1.3) iti yad-vijñānena sarva-vijñānaṃ pratijñātam | sad eva saumyedam agra āsīt (Chā U 6.2.1) ity ādinā nikhila-
jagad-eka-kāraṇatā | tad aikṣata bahu syām (ChāU 6.2.3) ity anena satya-
saṅkalpatā ca yasya pratipāditā, tena brahmaṇā svarūpa-śaktibhyāṃ sarva- bṛhattamena sārdham | anena jīvenātmanā (Chā U 6.3.2) iti tadīyoktāvidantānirdeśena tato bhinnatve'py ātmatānirdeśena tad-ātmāṃśa- viśeṣatvena labdhasya bādarāyaṇa-samādhi-dṛṣṭa-yukter atyabhinnatā- rahitasya jīvātmano yad ekatvaṃ tattvam asi (ChāU 6.8.7) ity ādau jātyā tad- aṃśa-bhūta-cid-rūpatvena samānākāratā | tad eva lakṣaṇaṃ prathamato jñāne sādhakatamaṃ yasya tathābhūtaṃ yat sarva-vedānta-sāram advitīyaṃ vastu tan- niṣṭhaṃ tad-eka-viṣayam idaṃ śrī-bhāgavatam iti prāktana- padyasthenānuṣaṅgaḥ | yathā janma-prabhṛti kaścid gṛha-guhāvaruddhaḥ sūryaṃ vividiṣuḥ kathaṅcid gavākṣa-patitaṃ sūryāṃśu-kaṇaṃ darśayitvā kenacid upadiśyate eṣa sa iti | etat tad-aṃśa-jyotiḥ-samānākāratayā tan-mahā- jyotir-maṇḍalam anusandhīyatām ity arthas tadvat | jīvasya tathā tad- aṃśatvaṃ ca tac-chakti-viśeṣa-siddhatvenaiva paramātma-sandarbhe sthāpayiṣyāmaḥ | tad etaj-jīvādi-lakṣaṇāṃśa-viśiṣṭatayaivopaniṣadas tasya sāṃśatvam api kvacid upadiśanti | niraṃśatvopadeśikā śrutis tu kevala-tan- niṣṭhā | atra kaivalyaika-prayojanam iti caturtha-pādaś ca kaivalya-padasya śuddhatva-mātra-vacanatvena śuddhatvasya ca śuddha-bhaktitvena paryavasānena prīti-sandarbhe vyākhyāsyate ||12|13|| śrī-sūtaḥ ||52||

BD: ārthikaṃ nityatvaṃ sthiraṃ kurvan, śāstrasya viśiṣṭa-brahma- sambandhitvam āha - nanu nīlety ādinā | anena jīvenety ādi | tadīyoktau paradevatā-vākye | tad-ātmāṃśa-viśeṣatvena tad-vibhinnāṃśatvena, na tu matsyādivat svāṃśatvenety arthaḥ | jīvātmano yad ekatvam iti jīvasya cid- rūpatvena jātyā yad-brahma-samānākāratvaṃ tad eva tasya brahmaṇā sahaikyam iti vyakti-bhedaḥ prasphuṭaḥ | evam eva yathetyādi-dṛṣṭāntenāpi darśitaḥ | tad etad iti upaniṣadaḥ so'kāmayata bahu syām ity ādyāḥ | niraṃśatvopadeśiketi satyaṃ jñānam anantam (TaittU 2.1), niṣkalaṃ niṣriyaṃ śāntaṃ niravadyaṃ nirañjanam (ŚvetU 6.19) ity ādyā śrutis tu kevala-tan- niṣṭhā viśeṣyamātra-parety arthaḥ | anabhivyakta-saṃsthāna-guṇakaṃ brahma vadatīti yāvat ||52||

tatra yadi tvam-padārthaysa jīvātmano jñānatvaṃ nityatvaṃ ca prathamato vicāra-gocaraḥ syāt tadaiva tat-padārthasya tādṛśatvaṃ subodhaṃ syād iti | tad bodhayitum anyārthaś ca parāmarśaḥ (Vs. 1.3.20) iti nyāyena jīvātmanas tad- rūpatvam āha |

nātmā jajāna na mariṣyati naidhate'sau
na kṣīyate savanavid-vyabhicāriṇāṃ hi |
sarvatra śaśvad anapāyy upalabdhi-mātraṃ
prāṇo yathendriya-balena vikalpitaṃ sat || (BhP 11.3.38)

ātmā śuddho jīvaḥ | na jajāna na jātaḥ | janmābhāvād eva tad-anantarāstitā- lakṣaṇo vikāro'pi nāsti | naidhate na vardhate | vṛddhy-abhāvād eva vipariṇāmo'pi nirastaḥ | hi yasmāt | vyabhicāriṇām āgamāpāyināṃ bāla- yuvādi-dehānāṃ deva-manuṣyādy-ākāra-dehānāṃ vā | savanavit tat-tat-kāla- draṣṭā | nahy avasthāvatāṃ draṣṭā tad-avastho bhavatīty arthaḥ | niravasthaḥ ko'sāv ātmā | ata āha upalabdhi-mātraṃ jñānaika-rūpam | kathambhūtam | sarvatra dehe, śaśvat sarvadā anuvartamānam iti |

nanu nīla-jñānaṃ naṣṭaṃ pīta-jñānaṃ jātam iti pratīter na jñānasyānapāyitvam | tatrāha indriya-baleneti | sad eva jñānam ekam indriya- balena vividhaṃ kalpitam | nīlādy-ākārā vṛttaya eva jāyante naśyanti ca na jñānam iti bhāvaḥ | ayam āgamāpāyitadavadhi-bhedena prathamas tarkaḥ | draṣṭṛ-dṛśya-bhedena dvitīyo'pi tarko jñeyaḥ | vyabhicāriṣv avasthā- vyabhicāre dṛṣṭāntaḥ prāṇo yatheti |

BD: jīvātmani jñāte paramātmā sujñātaḥ syād ity uktam | tad arthaṃ jīvātmānaṃ nirūpayiṣyann avatārayati tatra yadīty ādinā | anyārthaś ceti brahma-sūtram | dahara-vidyā chāndogye paṭhyate yad idam asmin brahma- pure daharaṃ puṇḍarīkaṃ veśma daharo'sminn antar-ākāśas tasmin yad-antas tad anveṣṭavyam (ChāU 8.1.1) iti | atropāsakasya śarīraṃ brahma-puraṃ, tatra hṛt-puṇḍarīkastho daharaḥ paramātmā dhyeyaḥ kathyate | tatrāpahata- pāpmatvādi-guṇāṣṭakam anveṣṭavyam upadiśyata iti siddhāntitam | tad- vākya-madhye sa eṣa samprasādo'smāc charīrāt samutthāya paraṃ jyotir upasampadya svena rūpeṇābhiniṣpadyate, sa uttamaḥ puruṣaḥ (Chā 8.12.3) iti vākyaṃ paṭhitam | atra samprasādo labdha-vijñāno jīvas tena yat paraṃ jyotir upapannaṃ sa eva puruṣottama ity arthaḥ | dahara-vākyāntarāle jīva- parāmarśaḥ kim artham iti cet tatrāha anyārtha iti | tatra jīva- parāmarśo'nyārthaḥ | yaṃ prāpya jīvaḥ sva-svarūpeṇābhiniṣpadyate sa paramātmeti paramātma-jñānārtha ity arthaḥ | na jajāneti jāyate'sti vardhate vipariṇamate'pakṣīyate naśyati ca iti bhāva-vikārāḥ ṣaṭ paṭhitāḥ | te jīvasya na santi iti samudāyārthaḥ | nanu nīla-jñānam ity ādi jñāna-rūpam ātmavastu jñātṛ bhavati | prakāśa-vastu sūryaḥ prakāśayitā yathā | tataś ca svarūpānubandhitvāj jñānaṃ tasya nityaṃ, tasyendriya-praṇālyā nīlādi-niṣṭhā yā viṣayatā vṛtti-pada-vācyā saiva nīlādyapagame naśyatīti ||53||

dṛṣṭāntaṃ vivṛṇvann indriyādilayena nirvikārātmopalabdhiṃ darśayati --

aṇḍeṣu peśiṣu taruṣv aviniściteṣu
prāṇo hi jīvam upadhāvati tatra tatra |
sanne yad indriya-gaṇe'hami ca prasupte
kūṭastha āśayam ṛte tad anusmṛtir naḥ || [BhP 11.3.39]

aṇḍeṣu aṇḍajeṣu | peśiṣu jarāyujeṣu | taruṣu udbhijjeṣu | aviniściteṣu svedajeṣu | upadhāvati anuvartate | evaṃ dṛṣṭānte nirvikāratvaṃ pradarśya dārṣṭāntike'pi darśayati | katham | tadaivātmā savikāra iva pratīyate yadā jāgare indriya-gaṇaḥ | yadā ca svapne tat-saṃskāravān ahaṅkāraḥ | yadā tu prasuptaṃ tadā tasmin prasupta indriya-gaṇe sanne līne | ahami anaṅkāre ca sanne līne | kūṭastho nirvikāra evātmā | kutaḥ | āśayam ṛte liṅga-śarīram upādhiṃ vinā | vikāra-hetor upādher abhāvāt ity arthaḥ |

nanv ahaṅkāra-paryantasya sarvasya laye śūnyam evāvaśiṣyate | kva tadā kūṭastha ātmā | ata āha tad-anusmṛtir naḥ | tasyākhaṇḍātmanaḥ suṣpti- sākṣiṇaḥ smṛtiḥ naḥ asmākaṃ jāgrad-draṣṭṝṇāṃ jāyate etāvantaṃ kālaṃ sukham aham asvāpsaṃ na kiñcid avediṣam iti | ato'nanubhūtasya tasyāsmaraṇād asty eva suṣptau tādrg-ātmānubhavaḥ | viṣaya- sambandhābhāvāc ca na spaṣṭa iti bhāvaḥ | ataḥ sva-prakāśa-mātra-vastunaḥ sūryādeḥ prakāśavad upalabhdi-mātrasyāpy ātmana upalabhdiḥ svāśraye'sty evety āyātam | tathā ca śrutiḥ -- yad vai tan na paśyati paśyan vai draṣṭavyān na paśyati, na hi draṣṭur dṛṣṭorviparilopo vidyate (BṛhadU 4.3.23) iti |

ayaṃ sākṣi-sākṣya-vibhāgena tṛtīyas tarkaḥ | duḥkhi-premāspadatva- vibhāgena caturtho'pi tarko'vagantavyaḥ ||55||

BD: dṛṣṭāntam iti prāṇasya nānā-deheṣv aikarūpyān nirvikāratvam ity arthaḥ | tasminn ātmani | upādher liṅga-śarīrasya | abhāvād viśleṣād ity arthaḥ | tadāpy atisūkṣmāyā vāsanāyāḥ sattvān mukter abhāva iti jñeyam | prākṛtāhaṅkāre līne'pi svarūpānubandhino'ham arthasya sattvāt tena sukham aham asvāpsam iti vimarśo bhavatīti pratipādayitum āha nanv ity ādi | śūnyam eveti ahaṃ-pratyayṃ vinātmano'pratīter iti bhāvaḥ | akhaṇḍātmana iti | aṇu-rūpatvād vibhāgānarhasyety arthaḥ |

nanu svāpād utthitasyātmano,haṅkāreṇa yogāt sukham aham asvāpsam iti vimarśo jāgare sidhyati | suṣuptau tu cin-mātraḥ sa iti cet tatrāha ato'nanubhūtasyeti | anubhava-smaraṇayoḥ sāmānādhikaraṇyād ity arthaḥ | tasmāt tasyām apy anubhavitaivātmeti siddham | nanūpalabdhi-mātram ity uktam | tasyopalabdhṛtvaṃ katham | tatrāha ata ity ādi | yad vai iti | tad-ātma- caitanyaṃ kartṛ | suṣuptau na paśyatīti yad ucyate tat khalu draṣṭavya- viṣayābhāvād eva, na tu draṣṭṛtvābhāvād ity arthaḥ | sphuṭam anyat ||54||

tad uktaṃ -

anvaya-vyatirekākhyas tarkaḥ syāc caturātmakaḥ |
āgamāpāyitadavadhi-bhedena prathamo mataḥ ||

draṣṭṛ-dṛśya-vibhāgena dvitīyo'pi matas tathā |
sākṣi-sākṣya-vibhāgena tṛtīyaḥ sammataḥ satām ||

duḥkhi-premāspadatvena caturthaḥ sukha-bodhakaḥ ||

||11.3|| iti śrī-pippalāyano nimim ||55||

BD: padyayor vyākhyāne catvāras tarkā yojitās tān abhiyuktoktābhyāṃ sārdhakārikābhyāṃ nirdiśati anvayeti | tarka-śabdena tarkāṅgakam anumānaṃ bodhyam | āgamāpāyino dṛśyāt sākṣyād duḥkhāspadāc ca dehāder ātmā bhidyate | tad-avadhitvāt, tad-draṣṭṛtvāt, tat-sākṣitvāt, premāspadatvāc ceti krameṇa hetavo neyāḥ | vyatirekaś cohyaḥ ||55||

evambhūtānāṃ jīvānāṃ cin-mātraṃ yat svarūpaṃ tayaivākṛtyā tad-aṃśitvena ca tad-abhinnaṃ yat tattvaṃ tad atra vācyam iti vyaṣṭi-nirdeśa-dvārā proktam | tad eva hy āśraya-saṃjñakaṃ mahāpurāṇa-lakṣaṇa-rūpaiḥ sargādibhir arthaiḥ samaṣṭi-nirdeśa-dvārāpi lakṣyata ity atrāha dvābhyām -

atra sargo visargaś ca sthānaṃ poṣaṇam ūtayaḥ |
manvantareśānukathā nirodho muktir āśrayaḥ ||

daśamasya viśuddhy-arthaṃ navānām iha lakṣaṇam |
varṇayanti mahātmānaḥ śrutenārthena cāñjasā || (BhP 2.10.1-2)

manvantarāṇi ceśānukathāś ca manvantareśānukathāḥ | atra sargādayo daśārthā lakṣyanta ity arthaḥ | tatra ca daśamasya viśuddhy-arthaṃ tattva- jñānārthaṃ navānāṃ lakṣaṇaṃ svarūpaṃ varṇayanti | nanv atra naivaṃ pratīyate | ata āha śrutena śrutyā kaṇṭhoktyaiva stutayādi-sthāneṣu, añjasā sākṣād varṇayanti | arthena tātparya-vṛttyā ca tat-tad-ākhyāneṣu ||56||

BD: īśvara-jñānārthaṃ jīva-svarūpa-jñānaṃ nirṇītam | atha tat- sādṛśyeneśvara-svarūpaṃ nirṇetuṃ pūrvoktaṃ yojayati evambhūtānām ity ādinā | cin-mātraṃ yat svarūpam iti cetayitṛ ceti bodhyaṃ pūrva-nirūpaṇāt | tatahivākṛtyeti cinmātratve sati cetayitṛtvaṃ yākṛtir jātis tayety arthaḥ | ākṛtis tu striyāṃ rūpe sāmānya-vapuṣor api iti medinī | tad-aṃśitvena jīvāṃśitvena cety arthaḥ | tad-abhinnaṃ jīvābhinnaṃ yad brahma-tattvam | aṃśaḥ khalv aṃśino na bhidyate vyaṣṭir ity arthaḥ | jīvādi-śaktimad brahma samaṣṭiḥ | jīvas tu vyaṣṭiḥ | tādṛśa-samaṣṭi-brahma-nirūpaṇena tasya tathātvaṃ vaktavyam ity arthaḥ | daśamasya ceśvarasya | avaśiṣṭaḥ sphuṭārthaḥ ||56||

tam eva daśamaṃ vispaṣṭayituṃ teṣāṃ daśānāṃ vyutpādikāṃ sapta-ślokīm āha --

bhūta-mātrendriya-dhiyāṃ janma sarga udāhṛtaḥ brahmaṇo guṇa-vaiṣamyād visargaḥ pauruṣaḥ smṛtaḥ || (BhP 2.10.3)

bhūtāni khādīni | mātrāṇi ca śabdādīni indriyāṇi ca | dhī-śabdena mahad- ahaṅkārau | guṇānāṃ vaiṣamyāt pariṇāmāt | brahmaṇaḥ parameśvarāt kartṛ-bhūtādīnāṃ janma sargaḥ | puruṣo vairājo brahmā, tat-kṛtaḥ pauruṣaś carācara-sargo visarga ity arthaḥ |

sthitir vaikuṇṭha-vijayaḥ poṣaṇaṃ tad-anugrahaḥ

manvantarāṇi sad-dharma ūtayaḥ karma-vāsanāḥ
avatārānucaritaṃ hareś cāsyānuvartinām
puṃsām īśa-kathāḥ proktā nānākhyānopabṛṃhitāḥ || (BhP 2.10.4-5)

vaikuṇṭhasya bhagavato vijayaḥ sṛṣṭānāṃ tat-tan-maryādā-pālanenotkarṣaḥ | sthitiḥ sthānam | tataḥ sthiteṣu svabhakteṣu tasyānugrahaḥ poṣaṇam | manvantarāṇi tat-tan-manvantara-sthitānāṃ manvādīnāṃ tad-anugṛhītānāṃ satāṃ caritāni, tāny eva dharmas tad-upāsanākhyaḥ sad-dharmaḥ | tatraiva sthitau nānā-karma-vāsanā ūtayaḥ | sthitāv eva harer avatārānucaritam asyānuvartināṃ ca kathā īśānukathāḥ proktā ity arthaḥ |

nirodho 'syānuśayanam ātmanaḥ saha śaktibhiḥ |
muktir hitvānyathā rūpaṃ sva-rūpeṇa vyavasthitiḥ || (BhP 2.10.6)

sthity-anantaraṃ cātmano jīvasya śaktibhiḥ svopādhibhiḥ sahāsya harer anuśayanaṃ, hari-śayanānugatatvena śayanaṃ nirodha ity arthaḥ | tatra hareḥ śayanaṃ prapañcaṃ prati dṛṣṭi-nimīlanam | jīvānāṃ śayanaṃ tatra laya iti jñeyam | tatraiva nirodhe'nyathārūpam avidyādhyastam ajñatvādikaṃ hitvā svarūpeṇa vyavasthitir muktiḥ ||57||

BD: sargādīn daśa vyutpādayati tad evam ity ādinā | brahmaṇaḥ parameśvarād iti | kāraṇa-sṛṣṭiḥ pārameśvarī | kārya-sṛṣṭis tu vairiñcīty arthaḥ | muktir iti bhagavad-vaimukhyānugatayā'vidyayā racitam anyathā- rūpaṃ devam ānavādibhāvaṃ hitvā tat-sāmmukhyānupravṛttayā tad-bhaktyā

vināśya, svarūpeṇāpahata-pāpmatvādi-guṇāṣṭaka-viśiṣṭena jīva-svarūpeṇa
jīvasya vyavasthitir viśiṣṭā punar āvṛtti-śūnyā punar āvṛtti-śūnyā bhagavat-
sannidhau sthitir muktir ity arthaḥ ||57||

ābhāsaś ca nirodhaś ca yato 'sty adhyavasīyate sa āśrayaḥ paraṃ brahma paramātmeti śabdyate | [BhP 2.10.7]
ābhāsaḥ sṛṣṭiḥ | nirodho layaś ca yato bhavati | adhyavasīyata upalabhyate jīvānāṃ jñānendriyeṣu prakāśate ca | sa brahmeti paramātmeti prasiddha āśrayaḥ kathyate | iti śabdaḥ prakārārthaḥ | tena bhagavān iti ca | asya vivṛtir agre vidheyā ||58||

BD: atha navabhiḥ sargādibhir lakṣaṇīyam āśraya-tattvam āha ābhāsaś ceti |
yata iti hetau pañcamī ||58||

sthitau ca tatrāśraya-svarūpam aparokṣānubhavena vyaṣṭi-dvārāpi spaṣṭaṃ darśayitum adhyātmādi-vibhāgam āha -

yo 'dhyātmiko 'yaṃ puruṣaḥ so 'sāv evādhidaivikaḥ |
yas tatrobhaya-vicchedaḥ puruṣo hy ādhibhautikaḥ ||

ekam ekatarābhāve yadā nopalabhāmahe |
tritayaṃ tatra yo veda sa ātmā svāśrayāśrayaḥ || [BhP 2.10.8-9]

yo'yam ādhyātmikaḥ puruṣaś cakṣur-ādi-karaṇābhimānī draṣṭā jīvaḥ | sa evādhidaivikaś cakṣur ādy-adhiṣṭhātā sūryādiḥ | deha-sṛṣṭeḥ pūrvaṃ karaṇānāām adhiṣṭhānābhāvenākṣamatayā karaṇa-prakāśa- kartṛtvābhimāni-tat-sahāyayor ubhayor api tayor vṛtti-bhedānudayena jīvatva- mātrāviśeṣāt | tataś cobhayaḥ karaṇābhimāni-tad-adhiṣṭhātṛ-devatā-rūpo dvirūpo vicchedo yasmāt | sa ādhibhautikaś cakṣur golakādy-upalakṣito dṛśyo dehaḥ puruṣa iti puruṣasya jīvasyopādhiḥ | sa vā eṣa puruṣo'nna-rasa-mayaḥ [TaittaU 2.1] ity ādi śruteḥ ||59||

BD: nanu karaṇābhimānino jīvasya karaṇa-pravartaka-sūryāditvam atra katham | tatrāha deha-sṛṣṭeḥ pūrvam iti karaṇānām iti | adhiṣṭhānābhāvena cakṣr golakādyabhāvenety arthaḥ | ubhayor api tayor vṛtti-bhedānudayeneti karaṇānāṃ viṣaya-grahaṇaṃ vṛttiḥ | devatānāṃ tu tatra pravartakatvaṃ vṛttiḥ | ayam atra niṣkarṣaḥ dehotpatteḥ pūrvam api jīvena sārdham indriyāṇi tad- devatāś ca santy eva | tadā teṣāṃ vṛtty-abhāvāj jīve'ntarbhāvo vivakṣitaḥ | utpanne tu dehe tayor vibhāgo yad-bhavatīty āha tataś cobhaya iti ||59||

ekam ekatarābhāva ity eṣām anyonya-sāpekṣa-siddhatve nānāśrayatvaṃ darśayati | tathā hi dṛśyaṃ vinā tat-pratīty-anumeyaṃ karaṇaṃ na sidhyati | nāpi draṣṭā na ca tad vinā karaṇa-pravṛtty-anumeyas tad-adhiṣṭhātā sūryādiḥ | na ca taṃ vinā karaṇaṃ pravartate | na ca tad vinā dṛyam ity ekatarasyābhāva ekaṃ nopalabhāmahe | tatra tadā tat-tritayam ālocanātmakena pratyayena | yo veda sākṣitayā paśyati sa paramātmā āśrayaḥ | teṣām api parasparam āśrayatvam astīti tad-vyavacchedārthaṃ viśeṣaṇaṃ svāśrayo'nanyāśrayaḥ | sa cāsāv anyeṣām āśrayaś ceti | tatrāṃśāṃśinoḥ śuddha-jīva-paramātmanor abhedāṃśa-svīkāreṇaivāśraya uktaḥ | ataḥ paro'pi manute'nartham [BhP 1.7.5] iti |

jāgrat-svapna-suṣuptaṃ ca guṇato buddhi-vṛttayaḥ | tāsāṃ vilakṣaṇo jīvaḥ sākṣitvena vivakṣitaḥ || [BhP 11.13.27] iti |

śuddho vicaṣṭe hy aviśuddha-kartuḥ [BhP 5.11.12] ity ādy uktasya sākṣi- saṃjñinaḥ śuddha-jīvasyāśrayatvaṃ na śaṅkanīyam | athavā nanv ādhyātmikādīnām apy āśrayatvam asty eva | satyam | tathāpi parasparāśrayatvān na tatrāśrayatākaivalyam iti te tv āśraya-śabdena mukhyatayā nocyanta ity āha ekam iti | tarhi sākṣiṇa evāstām āśrayatvam | tatrāha tritayam iti | sa ātmā sākṣī jīvas tu yaḥ svāśrayo'nanyāśrayaḥ paramātmā sa evāśrayo yasya tathābhūta iti | vakṣyate ca haṃsa-guhya-stave sarvaṃ pumān veda guṇāṃś ca taj-jño na veda sarvajñam anantam īḍe iti [BhP 6.4.25] | tasmāt ābhāsaś ca ity ādinoktaḥ paramātmaivāśraya iti ||2.10|| śrī- śukaḥ ||60||

BD: ādhyātmikādīnāṃ trayāṇāṃ mithaḥ sāpekṣatvena siddhes teṣām āśrayatvaṃ nāstīti vyācaṣṭe ekam ekatarety ādinā | tritayam ādhyātmikādi- tritayam | nanu śuddhasya jīvasya dehendriyādi-sākṣitvābhidhānenānyān apekṣatva-siddhes tasyāśrayatvaṃ kuto na brūsa tatrāha atrāṃśāṃśinor iti | aṃśināṃśo'pīha gṛhīta ity arthaḥ | asantoṣād vyākhyāntaram athaveti | tarhīti sākṣiṇaḥ śuddha-jīvasya | sarvam iti pumān jīvaḥ ||60||

asya śrī-bhāgavatasya mahā-purāṇatva-vyañjaka-lakṣaṇaṃ prakārāntareṇa ca vadann api tasyaivāśrayatvam āha dvayena -

sargo'syātha visargaś ca vṛttī rakṣāntarāṇi ca |
vaṃśo vaṃśānucaritaṃ saṃsthā hetur apāśrayaḥ ||

daśabhir lakṣaṇair yuktaṃ purāṇaṃ tad-vido viduḥ |
kecit pañca-vidhaṃ brahman mahad-alpa-vyavasthayā ||[BhP 12.7.9-10]

antarāṇi manvantarāṇi | pañca-vidham -

sargaś ca pratisargaś ca vaṃśo manvantarāṇi ca | vaṃśānucaritaṃ ceti purāṇaṃ pañca-lakṣaṇam || iti kecid vadanti |

sa ca matabhedo mahad-alpa-vyavasthayā mahā-purāṇam alpa-purāṇam iti bhinnādhikaraṇatvena | yadyapi viṣṇu-purāṇādāv api daśāpi tāni lakṣyante | tathāpi pañcānām eva prādhānyenoktatvād alpatvam | atra daśānām arthānāṃ skandheṣu yathākramaṃ praveśo na vivakṣitaḥ | teṣām dvādaśa- saṅkhyatvāt | dvitīya-skandhoktānāṃ teṣāṃ tṛtīyādiṣ yathā-saṅkhyaṃ na samāveśaḥ | nirodhādīnāṃ daśamādiṣv aṣṭama-varjam | anyeṣām apy anyeṣu yathokta-lakṣaṇatayā samāveśanāśakyatvād eva | tad uktaṃ śrī- svāmibhir eva -

daśame kṛṣṇa-sat-kīrti-vitānāyopavarṇyate | dharma-glāni-nimittas tu nirodho duṣṭa-bhūbhujām || iti |

prākṛtādi-caturdhā yo nirodhaḥ sa tu varṇitaḥ | iti |

ato'tra skandhe śrī-kṛṣṇa-rūpasyāśrayasyaiva varṇana-prādhānyaṃ tair vivakṣitam | uktaṃ ca svayam eva - daśame daśamaṃ lakṣyam āśritāśraya- vigraham iti | evam anyatrāpy unneyam | ataḥ prāyaśaḥ sarve'rthāḥ sarveṣv eva skandheṣu guṇatvena vā mukhyatvena vā nirūpyanta ity eva teṣām abhimatam | śrutenārthena cāñjasā ity atra ca tathaiva pratipannaṃ sarvatra tat-tat-sambhavāt | tataś ca parthama-dvitīyayor api mahā-purāṇatāyāṃ praveśaḥ syāt | tasmāt kramo na gṛhītaḥ ||61||

BD: asyeti | prakārāntareṇeti kvacin-nāmāntaratvād arthāntaratvāc cety arthaḥ | etāni daśa-lakṣaṇāni kecit tṛtīyādiṣu krameṇa sthūla-dhiyo yojayanti | tān nirākurvann āha dvitīya-skandhoktānām iti | aṣṭādaśa- sahasritvaṃ dvādaśa-skandhitvaṃ ca bhāgavata-lakṣaṇaṃ vyākupyeta | adhyāya-pūrtau bhāgavatatvoktiś ca na sambhaved iti ca bodhyam | śuka- bhāṣitaṃ ced bhāgavataṃ tarhi prathamasya dvādaśa-śeṣasya ca tattvānāpattiḥ | tasmād aṣṭādaśa-sahasri tat-pitur ācāryāc chukenādhītaṃ kathitaṃ ceti sāmprataṃ saṃvādās tu tathaivānādi-siddhā iti sāmpratam ||61||

atha sargādīnāṃ lakṣaṇam āha -

avyākṛta-guṇa-kṣobhān mahatas trivṛto'hamaḥ |
bhūta-mātrendriyārthānāṃ sambhavaḥ sarga ucyate || (BhP 12.7.11)

pradhāna-guṇa-kṣobhān mahān, tasmāt triguṇo'haṅkāraḥ | tasmād bhūta- mātrāṇāṃ bhūta-sūkṣmāṇām indriyāṇāṃ ca | sthūla-bhūtānāṃ ca | tad- upalakṣita-tad-devatānāṃ ca sambhavaḥ sargaḥ | kāraṇa-sṛṣṭiḥ sarga ity arthaḥ |

puruṣānugṛhītānām eteṣāṃ vāsanāmayaḥ |
visargo'yaṃ samāhāro bījād bījaṃ carācaram || (BhP 12.7.12)

puruṣaḥ paramātmā | eteṣāṃ mahad-ādīnāṃ, jīvasya pūrvakarma-vāsanā- pradhāno'yaṃ samāhāraḥ | kārya-bhūtaś carācara-prāṇi-rūpo bījād bījam iva pravāhāpanno visarga ucyate | vyaṣṭi-sṛṣṭi-visarga ity arthaḥ | anenotir ay uktā -

vṛttir bhūtāni bhūtānāṃ carāṇām acarāṇi ca |
kṛtā svena nṝṇāṃ tatra kāmāc codanayāpi vā || (BhP 12.7.13)

carāṇāṃ bhūtānāṃ sāmānyato'carāṇi, cakārāc carāṇi ca kāmād vṛttiḥ | tatra tu nṝṇāṃ svena svabhāvena kāmāc codanayāpi vā yā niyatā vṛttir jīvikākṛtā, sā vṛttir ucyata ity arthaḥ |

rakṣācyutāvatārehā viśvasyānuyuge yuge |
tiryaṅ-martyarṣideveṣu hanyante yais trayī-dviṣaḥ || (BhP 12.7.14)

yair avatāraiḥ | aneneśakathā | sthānaṃ poṣaṇaṃ ceti trayam uktam |

manvantaraṃ manur devā manu-putrāḥ sureśvarāḥ |
ṛṣayo'ṃśāvatārāś ca hareḥ ṣaḍ-vidham ucyate || (BhP 12.7.15)

manvādyācaraṇa-kathanena sad-dharma evātra vivakṣita ity arthaḥ | tataś ca prāktana-granthenaikārthyam |

rājñāṃ brahma-prasūtānāṃ vaṃśas traikāliko'nvayaḥ |
vaṃśyānucaritaṃ teṣāṃ vṛttaṃ vaṃśadharāś ca ye || (BhP 12.7.16)

teṣāṃ rājñāṃ ye ca vaṃśa-dharās teṣāṃ vṛttaṃ vaṃśyānucaritam || 62 ||

BD: uddiṣṭānāṃ sargādīnāṃ krameṇa lakṣaṇāni darśayitum āha - athetyādi | avyākṛteti trivṛt-padaṃ mahato'pi viśeṣaṇaṃ bodhyam | sāttvikī rājasaś caiva tāmasaś ca tridhā mahān (ViP 1.2.34) iti śrī-vaiṣṇavāt | puruṣaḥ paramātmā viriñcāntaḥstha iti bodhyam | sphuṭārthāni śiṣṭāni ||62||

naimittikaḥ prākṛtiko nitya ātyantiko layaḥ |
saṃstheti kavibhiḥ proktaś caturdhāsya svabhāvataḥ || (BhP 12.7.17)

asya parameśvarasya | svabhāvataḥ śaktitaḥ | ātyantika ity anena muktir apy atra praveśitā |

hetur jīvo'sya sargāder avidyā-karma-kārakaḥ |
yaṃ cānuśayinaṃ prāhur avyākṛtam utāpare || (BhP 12.7.18)

hetur nimittam | asya viśvasya | yato'yam avidyayā karma-kārakaḥ | yam eva hetuṃ kecic caitanya-prādhānenānuśayinaṃ prāhuḥ | apara upādhi- prādhānyenāvyākṛtam iti |

vyatirekānvayo yasya jāgrat-svapna-suṣuptiṣu |
māyāmayeṣu tad brahma jīva-vṛttiṣv apāśrayaḥ || (BhP 12.7.19)

śrī-bādarāyaṇa-samādhi-labdhārtha-virodhād atra ca jīva-śuddha-svarūpam evāśrayatvena na vyākhyāyate kintv ayam evārthaḥ | jāgrad-ādiṣv avasthāsu, māyāmayeṣu māyā-śakti-kalpiteṣu mahad-ādi-dravyeṣu ca | kevala- svarūpeṇa vyatirekaḥ parama-sākṣitayānvayaś ca yasya tad brahma jīvānāṃ vṛttiṣu śudda-svarūpatayā sopādhitayā ca vartaneṣu sthitiṣv apāśrayaḥ | sarvam aty atikramyāśraya ity arthaḥ | apa ity etat kahlu varjane, varjanaṃ cātikrame paryavasyatīti | tad evam apāśrayābhivyakti-dvāra-bhūtaṃ hetu- śabda-vyapadiṣṭasya jīvasya śuddha-svarūpa-jñānam āha dvābhyām |

padārtheṣu yathā dravyaṃ tan-mātraṃ rūpa-nāmasu |
bījādi-pañcatāṃ tāsu hy avasthāsu yutāyutam ||

virameta yadā cittaṃ hitvā vṛtti-trayaṃ svayam |
yogena vā tad-ātmānaṃ vedehāyā nivartate || (BhP 12.7.20-21)

rūpa-nāmātmakeṣu padārtheṣu ghaṭādiṣu yathā dravyaṃ pṛthivyādi yutam ayutaṃ ca bhavati | kārya-dṛṣṭiṃ vināpy upalambhāt | tathā tan-mātraṃ śuddhaṃ jīva-caitanya-mātraṃ vastu garbhādhānādi-pañcatāntāsu navasv apy avasthāsv avidyayā yutaṃ svatas tv ayutam iti śuddham ātmānam itthaṃ jñātvā nirviṇṇaḥ sann apāśrayānusandhāna-yogyo bhavatīty āha virameteti | vṛtti-trayaṃ jāgrat-svapna-suṣupti-rūpam | ātmānaṃ paramātmānam | svayaṃ vāsudevāder iva māyāmayatvānusandhānena deva tyāder ivāniṣṭhitena yogena vā | tataś cehāyās tad-anuśīlana-vyatirikta-ceṣṭāyāḥ || 1.7 || śrī- sūtaḥ || uddiṣṭaḥ sambandhaḥ ||63||

BD: pūrvoktāyāṃ daśa-lakṣaṇyāṃ muktir eka-lakṣaṇam | asyāṃ tu caturvidhānāṃ saṃsthāyāṃ ātyantika-laya-śabditā muktir ānīteti | yaṃ cānuśayinam iti bhukta-śiṣṭa-karma-viśiṣṭo jīvonuśayīty ucyate | rūpeti mūrtyā saṃjñayā copeteṣv ity arthaḥ | kārya-dṛṣṭim iti ghaṭādibhyaḥ pṛthag api pṛthvyādeḥ prāpter ity arthaḥ | apāśrayeti īśvara-dhyāna-yogyo bhavatīty arthaḥ | svayam iti vāmadevaḥ khalu garbhasya eva paramātmānaṃ bubudhe, yogena devahūtīty arthaḥ ||63||

iti śrī-kali-yuga-pāvana-sva-bhajana-vibhājana-prayojanāvatāra-śrī-śrī-

bhagavat-kṛṣṇa-caitanya-deva-caraṇānucara-viśva-vaiṣṇava-rāja-sabhājana-
bhājana-śrī-rūpa-sanātanānuśāsana-bhāratī-garbhe śrī-bhāgavata-sandarbhe
tattva-sandarbho nāma prathamaḥ sandarbhaḥ ||

BD: iti kalīti kali-yuga-pāvanaṃ yat sva-bhajanaṃ tasya vibhajanaṃ vistaraṇaṃ prayojanaṃ yasya tādṛśo'vatāraḥ prādurbhāvo yasya, tasya śrī-bhagavat- kṛṣṇa-caitanya-devasya caraṇayor anucarau, viśvasmin ye vaiṣṇava-rājās teṣāṃ

sabhāsu yat sa-bhājanaṃ sat-kāras tasya bhājane pātre ca yau śrī-rūpa-
sanātanau tayor anuśāsana-bhāratya upadeśa-vākyāni garbhe madhye yasya
tasmin ||

ṭippaṇī tattva-sandarbhe vidyā-bhūṣaṇa-nirmitā |
śrī-jīva-pāṭha-saṃpṛktā sadbhir eṣā viśodhyatām ||

iti śrīmad-baladeva-vidyā-bhūṣaṇa-viracitā tattva-sandarbha-ṭippaṇī samāptā ||

[*ENDNOTE #1] Alternative reading: veda rāmāyaṇe puṇye bhārate bharatarṣabha | ādāv cānte ca madhye ca hariḥ sarvatra gīyate ||

[*ENDNOTE #2] āruṣī tu manoḥ kanyā tasya patnī manīṣiṇaḥ | aurvas tasyāṃ samabhavad ūruṃ bhittvā mahā-yaśāḥ || (Mbh 1.66.46)

ṣaṭ-sandarbha-nāmaka-śrī-bhāgavata-sandarbhe dvitīyaḥ bhagavat-sandarbhaḥ

śrī-śrī-rādhā-govindo jayataḥ |

tau santoṣayatā santau śrīla-rūpa-sanātanau |
dākṣiṇātyena bhaṭṭena pnuar etad vivicyate ||o||

tasyādyaṃ granthanālekhaṃ krāntam utkrānta-khaṇḍitam | paryālocyātha paryāyaṃ kṛtvā likhati jīvakaḥ ||o||[*ENDNOTE #1]

[1]

athaivam advaya-jñāna-lakṣaṇaṃ tat tattvaṃ sāmānyato lakṣayitvā punar upāsaka-yogyatā-vaiśiṣṭyena prakaṭita-nija-sattā-viśeṣaṃ viśeṣato nirūpayati vadantīty asyaivottarārdhena

brahmeti paramātmeti bhagavān iti śabdyate | [BhP 1.2.11]

atha śrīmad-bhāgavatākhya eva śāstre kvacid anayatrāpi tad ekaṃ tattvaṃ tridhā śabdyate | kvacid brahmeti kvacit paramātmeti kvacid bhagavān iti ca | kintv atra śrīmad-vyāsa-samādhi-labdhād bhedāj jīva iti ca śabdyate iti svayam eva vyākhyāto bhavatīti prathamatas tāv eva prastūyate | mūle tu kramād vaiśiṣṭya-dyotanāya tathā vinyāsaḥ | ayam arthaḥ - tad ekam evākhaṇḍānanda-svarūpaṃ tattvaṃ thutkṛta-pārameṣṭhyādikānanda- samudayānāṃ paramahaṃsānāṃ sādhana-vaśāt tādātmyam āpanne satyām api tadīya-svarūpa-śakti-vaicitryāṃ tad-grahaṇāsāmarthye cetasi yathā sāmānyato lakṣitaṃ tathaiva sphurad vā tadvad evāvivikta-śakti- śaktimattābhedatayā pratipādyamānaṃ vā brahmeti śabdyate |

atha tad ekaṃ tattvaṃ svarūpa-bhūtayaiva śaktyā kam api viśeṣaṃ dhartuṃ parāsām api śaktīnāṃ mūlāśraya-rūpaṃ tad-anubhāvānanda-sandohāntar- bhāvita-tādṛśa-brahmānandānāṃ bhāgavata-paramahaṃsānāṃ tathānubhavaika-sādhakatama-tadīya-svarūpānanda-śakti-viśeṣātmaka- bhakti-bhāviteṣv antar-bahir apīndriyeṣu parisphurad vā tadvad eva vivikta- tādṛśa-śakti-śaktimattābhedena pratipādyamānaṃ vā bhagavān iti śabdyate |

evam evoktaṃ śrī-jaḍa-bharatena -

jñānaṃ viśuddhaṃ paramārtham ekam anantaraṃ tv abahir brahma satyam pratyak praśāntaṃ bhagavac-chabda-saṃjñaṃ yad vāsudevaṃ kavayo vadanti || [BhP 5.12.11] iti |

śrī-dhruvaṃ prati śrī-manunā ca -

tvaṃ pratyag-ātmani tadā bhagavaty ananta | ānanda-mātra upapanna-samasta-śaktau || [BhP 4.11.30] iti |

evaṃ cānanda-mātraṃ viśeṣyaṃ samastāḥ śaktayo viśeṣaṇāni viśiṣṭo bhagavān ity āyātam | tathā caivaṃ viśiṣṭaye prāpte pūrṇāvirbhāvatvenākhaṇḍa-tattva-rūpo'sau bhagavān | brahma tu sphuṭam aprakaṭita-vaiśiṣṭyākāratvena tasyavāsamyag āvirbhāva ity āgatam | idaṃ tu purastād vistareṇa vivecanīyam | bhagavac chabdārthaḥ śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe [6.5.66-69, 73-75, 79] proktaḥ |

yat tad avyaktam ajaram acintyam ajam akṣayam |
anirdeśyam arūpaṃ ca pāṇi-pādādy-asaṃyutam ||

vibhuṃ sarva-gataṃ nityaṃ bhūta-yonim akāraṇam |
vyāpy-avyāptaṃ yataḥ sarvaṃ tad vai paśyanti sūrayaḥ ||

tad brahma paramaṃ dhāma tad dhyeyaṃ mokṣa-kāṅkṣiṇām |
śruti-vākyoditaṃ sūkṣmaṃ tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padam ||

tad etad bhagavad-vācyaṃ svarūpaṃ paramātmanaḥ |
vācako bhagavac-chabdas tasyādyasyākṣarātmanaḥ || ity-ādy uktvā ---

sambharteti tathā bhartā bhakāro'rtha-dvayānvitaḥ |
netā gamayitā sraṣṭā gakārārthas tathā mune ||

aiśvaryasya samagrasya vīryasya yaśasaḥ śriyaḥ |
jñāna-vairāgyayoś caiva ṣaṇṇāṃ bhaga itīṅganā ||

vasanti tatra bhūtāni bhūtātmany akhilātmani |
sa ca bhūteṣv aśeṣeṣu vakārārthas tato'vyayaḥ || iti coktvā --

jñāna-śakti-balaiśvarya-vīrya-tejāṃsy aśeṣataḥ |
bhagavac-chabda-vācyāni vinā heyair guṇādibhiḥ || iti [ViP 6.5.79] paryantena |

pūrvavad atra viśeṣya-viśeṣaṇa-viśiṣṭatā vivecanīyā | viśeṣaṇasyāpy aheyatvaṃ vyaktībhaviṣyatīti | arūpaṃ pāṇi-pādādy-asaṃyutam itīdaṃ brahmākhya-kevala-viśeṣyāvirbhāva-niṣṭham | vibhuṃ sarva-gatam ity ādikaṃ tu viśiṣṭa-niṣṭham | athavā arūpam ity ādikaṃ prākṛta-rūpādi- niṣedha-niṣṭham | ataeva pāṇi-pādādya-saṃyutam iti saṃyoga-sambandha eva parihriyate na tu samavāya-sambandha iti jñeyam | vibhum iti sarva-vaibhava- yuktam ity arthaḥ | vyāpīti sarva-vyāpakam | avyāptam iti anyena vyāptum aśakyam | tad etad brahma-svarūpaṃ bhagavac-chabdena vācyam | na tu lakṣyam | tad eva nirdhāryati bhagavac-chabdo'yaṃ tasya nadī-viśeṣasya gaṅgā-śabdavad vācaka eva, na tu taṭa-śabdaval-lakṣakaḥ | evaṃ satya-kṣara- sāmyān nirbrūyād iti nirukta-matam āśritya bhagādi-śabdānām artham āha sambharteti. netāsva-bhakti-phalasya premṇaḥ prāpakaḥ | gamayitā sva-loka- prāpakaḥ | sraṣṭā sva-bhakteṣu tat-tad-guṇasyodgamayitā | jagat- poṣakatvādikaṃ tu tasya paramparayaiva na tu sākṣād iti jñeyam |

aiśvaryaṃ sarva-vaśīkāritvam | samagrasyeti sarvatrānveti | vīryaṃ maṇi- mantrāder iva prabhāvaḥ | yaśo vāṅ-manaḥ-śarīrāṇāṃ sādguṇya-khyātiḥ | śrīḥ sarva-prakārā sampat | jñānaṃ sarvajñatvam | vairāgyaṃ prapañca-vastv- anāsaktiḥ | iṅganā saṃjñā | akṣara-sāmya-pakṣe bhagavān iti vaktavye matupo va-lopaś chāndasaḥ | sambhartey-ādiṣu sambhartṛtvādiṣv eva tātparyam | yathā suptiṅ-antacayo vākyam ity atra pacati bhavatīty asya vākyasya pāko bhavatīty arthaḥ kriyate yathā vā sattāyām asti bhavatīty atra dhātv-artha eva vivakṣitaḥ | tad evam eva bhagavān ity atra matub-artho yojayituṃ śakyate | prakārāntareṇa ṣaḍ-bhagān darśayati jñāna-śaktī jñānam antaḥ-karaṇasya | śaktir indriyāṇām | aiśvarya-vīrye vyākhyāte | tejaḥ kāntiḥ | aśeṣataḥ sāmagryeṇety arthaḥ | bhagavac-chabda-vācyānīti | bhagavato viśeṣaṇāny evaitāni na tūpalakṣaānīty arthaḥ | atra bhagavān iti nitya-yoge matup |

atha tathāvidha-bhagavad-rūpa-pūrṇāvirbhāvaṃ tat tattvaṃ pūrvavaj jīvādi-
niyantṛtvena sphurad vā pratipādyamānaṃ vā paramātmeti śabdyata iti |
yadyapy etae brahmādi-śabdāḥ prāyo mitho'rtheṣu vartante tathāpi tatra tatra
saṅketa-prādhānya-vivakṣayedam uktam || śrī-sutaḥ ||

[2]

evam eva praśnotttarābhyāṃ vivṛṇoti | rājovāca -

nārāyaṇābhidhānasya brahmaṇaḥ paramātmanaḥ |
niṣṭhām arhatha no vaktuṃ yūyaṃ hi brahma-vittamāḥ || [BhP 11.3.35]

śrī-pippalāyana uvāca -

sthity-udbhava-pralaya-hetur ahetur asya
yat svapna-jāgara-suṣuptiṣu yad bahiś ca |
dehendriyāsuhṛdayāni caranti yena
sañjīvitāni tad avehi paraṃ narendra || [BhP 11.3.36]

atra praśnasyārthaḥ | nārāyaṇābhidhānasya bhagavataḥ | brahmeti paramātmety ādi-prasiddha-tat-samudāya-tṛtīyatayā pāṭhāt | nārāyaṇe turīyākhye bhagavac-chaba-śabdite ity atra spaṣṭībhāvitvāc ca | niṣṭhāṃ tattvam | praśna-krameṇaivottaram āha sthitīti | yat sthityādi-hetur ahetuś ca bhavati | yac ca jāgarādiṣu yad bahiś ca bhavati | yena ca dehādīni sañjīvitāni santi caranti | tad ekam eva paraṃ tattvaṃ praśna-krameṇa nārāyaṇādi-rūpaṃ viddhīti yojanīyam | tathāpi bhramatva-spaṣṭīkaraṇāya viparyayena vyākhyāyate | tatraikasyaiva viśeṣaṇa-bhedena tad-aviśiṣṭatvena ca pratipādanāt tathaiva tat tad upāsaka-puruṣānubhava-bhedāc cāvirbhāvanāmbhoder bheda ity uttara-vākya-tātparyam |

etad uktaṃ bhavati | svayam ahetuḥ svarūpa-śaktyaika-vilāsamayatvena tatrodāsīnam api prakṛtijīva-pravartakāvastha-paramātmāpara-paryāya- svāṃśa-lakṣaṇa-puruṣa-dvārā yad asya sarga-sthity-ādi-hetur bhavati tad bhagavad-rūpaṃ viddhi | paramātmatā caivam upatiṣṭhatīty āha yena hetu- kartrā ātmāṃśa-bhūta-jīva-praveśana-dvārā sañjīvitāni santi dehādīni tad- upalakṣaṇāni pradhānādi-sarvāṇy eva tattvāni yenaiva preritatayaiva caranti sva-sva-kārye pravartante tat paraamātma-rūpaṃ viddhi |

tasmai namo bhagavate brahmaṇe paramātmane [BhP 10.28.6] ity atra varuṇa- kṛta-śrī-kṛṣṇa-stutau ṭīkā ca - paramātmane sarva-jīva-niyantre ity eṣā | jīvasyātmatvaṃ tad-apekṣayā tasya paramatvam ity ataḥ paramātma-śabdena tat-sahayogī sa eva vyajyate iti | tat tad aviśiṣṭatvena brahmatva-mātraṃ caivam upatiṣṭhatīty āha, svapneti | yad eva tat tattvaṃ svapnādau anvayena sthitaṃ yac ca tad-bahiḥ śuddhāyāṃ jīvākhya-śaktau tathā sthitaṃ cakārāt tataḥ paratrāpi vyatirekeṇa sthitaṃ svayam aviśiṣṭaṃ tad brahma-rūpaṃ viddhīti || śrī-nāradaḥ? || śrī-nāradaḥ||2||

[3]

idam eva trayaṃ siddhi-prasaṅge'py āha tribhiḥ |

viṣṇau tryadhīśvare cittaṃ dhārayet kāla-vigrahe |
sa īśitvam avāpnoti kṣetraṃ kṣetrajña-codanam ||

nārāyaṇe turīyākhye bhagavac-chabda-śabdite |
mano mayy ādadhad yogī mad-dharmāvaśitām iyāt ||

nirguṇe brahmaṇi mayi dhārayan viśadaṃ manaḥ |
parānandam avāpnoti yatra kāmo'vasīyate || [BhP 11.15.15-17]

ṭīkā ca | try-adhīśvare triguṇa-māyā-niyantari | ataeva kāla-vigrahe ākalayiṛ-rūpe antaryāmiṇi | turīyākhye

virāṭ hiraṇya-garbhaś ca kāraṇaṃ cety upādhayaḥ | īśasya yantribhir hīnaḥ turīyaṃ tat padaṃ viduḥ || ity evaṃ lakṣaṇe |

aiśvaryasya samagrasya vīryasya yaśasaḥ śriyaḥ |
jñāna-vairāgyayoś caiva ṣaṇṇāṃ bhaga itīṅganā || [ViP 6.5.74]

tadvati bhagavac-chabda-śabdite | ity eṣā ||

śrī-bhagavān ||3||

[4]

atha vadantīty ādyasya padyasya pratyavasthānaṃ yāvat tṛtīya-sandarbham udbhāvyate | yatra yogyatā-vaiśiṣṭyenāvirbhāva-vaiśiṣṭyaṃ vaktuṃ brahmāvirbhāve tāvad yogyatām āha -

tathāpi bhūman mahimā-guṇasya te
vibodhhum arhaty amalāntarātmabhiḥ |
avikriyāt svānubhavād arūpato
hy ananya-bodhyātmayatayā na cānyathā || [BhP 10.14.6]

yadyapi brahmatve bhagavattve ca durjñeyatvam uktam, tathāpi he bhūman svarūpeṇa guṇena cānanta te tavāguṇasya anāviṣkṛta-svarūpa-bhūta-guṇasya yo mahimā mahattvaṃ bṛhattvaṃ brahmatvam iti yāvat | atha kasmād ucyate brahma bṛṃhati bṛṃhayati ceti śruteḥ | sa tava mahimā amalāntarātmabhiḥ śuddhāntaḥkaraṇair guṇair viboddhum arhati | teṣāṃ bodhe prakāśitum arhati samartho bhavatīty arthaḥ |

kasmān nimittāt? tatrāha svānubhavāt śuddhatvaṃ padārthasya bodhāt | nanv anubhavaḥ khalv antaḥkaraṇasya vṛttiḥ, sā ca sthūla-sūkṣma-deha- vikāra-mayy eva satī kathaṃ nirvikāratvam-padārthaḥ viṣayaṃ kurvīta | tatrāha avikriyāt tyakta-tat-tad-vikārāt |

nanu viṣayākāra evānubhavo viṣayam upādadīta śuddhatvam-padārthas tu na kasyāpi viṣayaḥ syāt pratyag-rūpatvāt | tatrāha arūpataḥ rūpyate bhāvyate iti rūpo viṣayaḥ tadākāratā-rahitāt | deha-dvayāveśa-viṣayākāratā-rāhitye sati svayaṃ śuddhatvaṃ-padārthaḥ prakāśata iti bhāvaḥ |

nanu sūkṣma-cid-rūpatvam-padārthānubhave kathaṃ pūrṇa-cidākāra-rūpa- madīya-brahma-svarūpaṃ sphuratu | tatrāha ananya-bodhyātmatayā cid- ākāratā-sāmyena śuddhatvaṃ-padārthaikya-bodhya-svarūpatayā | yadyapi tādṛg-ātmānubhavānantaraṃ tad-ananya-bodhyatākṛtau sādhaka-śaktir nāsti tathāpi pūrvaṃ tad-artham eva kṛtayā sarvatrāpy upajīvyayā sādhana-bhakty- ārādhitasya śrī-bhagavataḥ prabhāvād eva tad api tatrodayata iti bhāvaḥ |

tad uktam vadantīty ādi-padyānantaram eva -

tac-chraddadhānā munayo
jñāna-vairāgya-yuktayā |
paśyanty ātmani cātmānaṃ
bhaktyā śruta-gṛhītayā || [BhP 1.2.12] iti.

satyavrataṃ prati śrī-matsyadevopadeśe ca -

madīyaṃ mahimānaṃ ca
paraṃ brahmeti śabditam |
vetsyasy anugṛhītaṃ me
sampraśnair vivṛtaṃ hṛdi || [BhP 8.24.38] iti.

brahmā śrī-bhagavantam ||4||

[5]

tādṛśāvirbhāvam āha, sārdhena -

śaśvat praśāntam abhayaṃ pratibodha-mātraṃ śuddhaṃ samaṃ sad-asataḥ paramātma-tattvam |

śabdo na yatra puru-kārakavān kriyārtho
māyā paraity abhimukhe ca vilajjamānā |
tad vai padaṃ bhagavataḥ paramasya puṃso
brahmeti yad vidur ajasra-sukhaṃ viśokam || [BhP 2.7.47]

ayam arthaḥ | sarvato bṛhattamatvād brahmeti yad vidus tat khalu param asya puṃso bhagavataḥ padam eva | nirvikalpatayā sākṣāt-kṛteḥ prāthamikatvāt brahmaṇaś ca bhagavata eva nirvikalpa-sattā-rūpatvāt | vicitra-rūpādi-vikalpa- viśeṣa-viśiṣṭasya bhagavatas tu sākṣāt-kṛtes tad-anantarajatvāt | tadīya- svarūpa-bhūtaṃ tad brahma tat sākṣātkārāspadaṃ bhavatīty arthaḥ | nirvikalpa-brahmaṇas tasya svarūpa-lakṣaṇam āha pratibodha-mātram iti | ajasra-sukham iti ca | jaḍasya duḥkhasya ca pratiyogitayā pratīyate yad vastu yac ca nityaṃ tad eka-rūpaṃ tad-rūpam ity arthaḥ | yat ātma-tattvaṃ sarveṣām ātmatnāṃ mūlam | ātmā hi sva-prakāśa-rūpatayā nirupādhi-parama- premāspadatayā ca tat-tad-rūpeṇa pratīyata ity arthaḥ |

atha tasya sukha-rūpasya ajasratve hetum āha śāśvat praśāntaṃ nityam eva kṣobha-rahitaṃ tadvad abhayaṃ bhaya-śūnyaṃ viśokaṃ śoka-rahitaṃ ceti | na ca sukha-rūpatve tasya puṇya-janyatvaṃ syād ity āha śabdo na yatreti | yatra kriyārtho yajñādy-arthaḥ puru-kārakavān śabdo na pravartate ity arthaḥ | tvaṃ tv aupaniṣadaṃ puruṣam ity ādi rītyā kevalam upaniṣad eva prakāśikā bhavatīty arthaḥ | punaḥ sukha-svarūpatve cendriya-janyatvaṃ vyāvartayati śuddham ity ādinā | tatra śuddhaṃ doṣa-rahitam | samam uccāvacatā-śūnyam | sadasataḥ paraṃ kāraṇa-kārya-vargād upari-sthitam | kiṃ bahunety āha māyā ca yasyābhimukhe yadunmukhatayā sthite jīvan-mukta-gaṇe vilajjamānaiva paraiti palāyate tato dūraṃ gacchatīty arthaḥ || śrī brahmā nāradam ||5||

[6]

vyañjite bhagavat-tattve brahma ca vyajyate svayam |
ato'tra brahma-sandarbho'py avāntaratayā mataḥ ||

atha bhagavad-āvirbhāve yogyatām āha -

bhakti-yogena manasi samyak praṇihite'male apaśyat puruṣaṃ pūrṇaṃ || [BhP 1.7.4] iti | vyākhyātam eva ||6||

[7]

tad itthaṃ brahmaṇā coktam --

tvaṃ bhakti-yoga-paribhāvita-hṛt-saroja āsse śrutekṣita-patho nanu nātha puṃsām || iti || [BhP 3.9.11] || śrī-sutaḥ ||7||[*ENDNOTE #2]

[8] tad-āvirbhāvam āha sārdha-daśabhiḥ --

tasmai sva-lokaṃ bhagavān sabhājitaḥ
sandarśayām āsa paraṃ na yat-param |
vyapeta-saṅkleśa-vimoha-sādhvasaṃ
sva-dṛṣṭavadbhir puruṣair abhiṣṭutam ||9||

pravartate yatra rajas tamas tayoḥ
sattvaṃ ca miśraṃ na ca kāla-vikramaḥ |
na yatra māyā kim utāpare harer
anuvratā yatra surāsurārcitāḥ ||10||

śyāmāvadātāḥ śata-patra-locanāḥ piśaṅga-vastrāḥ surucaḥ supeśasaḥ |

sarve catur-bāhava unmiṣan-maṇi-
praveka-niṣkābharaṇāḥ suvarcasaḥ |
pravāla-vaidūrya-mṛṇāla-varcasaḥ
parisphurat-kuṇḍala-mauli-mālinaḥ ||11||

bhrājiṣṇubhir yaḥ parito virājate
lasad-vimānāvalibhir mahātmanām |
vidyotamānaḥ pramadottamādyubhiḥ
savidyud abhrāvalibhir yathā nabhaḥ ||12||

śrīr yatra rūpiṇy urugāya-pādayoḥ
karoti mānaṃ bahudhā vibhūtibhiḥ |
preṅkhaṃ śritā yā kusumākarānugair
vigīyamānā priya-karma gāyatī ||13||

dadarśa tatrākhila-sātvatāṃ patiṃ
śriyaḥ patiṃ yajña-patiṃ jagat-patim |
sunanda-nanda-prabalārhaṇādibhiḥ
sva-pārṣadāgraiḥ parisevitaṃ vibhum ||14||

bhṛtya-prasādābhimukhaṃ dṛg-āsavaṃ
prasanna-hāsāruṇa-locanānanam |
kirīṃinaṃ kuṇḍalinaṃ catur-bhujaṃ
pītāṃśukaṃ vakṣasi lakṣitaṃ śriyā ||15||

adhyarhaṇīyāsanam āsthitaṃ paraṃ
vṛtaṃ catuḥ-ṣoḍaśa-pañca-śaktibhiḥ |
yuktaṃ bhagaiḥ svair itaratra cādhruvaiḥ
sva eva dhāman ramamāṇam īśvaram ||16||

tad-darśanāhlāda-pariplutāntaro
hṛṣyat-tanuḥ prema-bharāśru-locanaḥ |
nanāma pādāmbujam asya viśva-sṛg
yat pāramahaṃsyena pathādhigamyate ||17||

taṃ prīyamāṇaṃ samupasthitaṃ kaviṃ
prajā-visarge nija-śāsanārhaṇam |
babhāṣa īṣat-smita-śociṣā girā
priyaḥ priyaṃ prīta-manāḥ kare spṛśan ||18 [BhP 2.9.9-18] ||

tasmai bhagavad-ājñā-puraskāreṇa śrī-nārāyaṇāhvaya-puruṣa-nābhi- paṅkaje sthityaiva tat-toṣaṇais tapobhir bhajate brahmaṇe sabhājitas tena bhajanena vaśīkṛtaḥ san sva-lokaṃ vaikuṇṭhaṃ bhuvanottamaṃ bhagavān samyag darśayāmāsa | yad yato viakuṇṭhāt param anyad vaikuṇṭhaṃ paraṃ śreṣṭhaṃ na vidyate parama-bhagavad-vaikuṇṭhatvāt | yad vā, yad yato vaikuṇṭhāt paraṃ brahmākhyaṃ tattvaṃ paraṃ bhinnaṃ na bhavati | svarūpa- śakti-viśeṣāviṣkāreṇa māyayānāvṛtaṃ tad eva tad-rūpam ity arthaḥ | agre tv idaṃ vyaktīkariṣyate | tādṛśatve hetuḥ vyapeteti sva-dṛṣṭeto ca | avidyāsmitārāga-dveṣābhiniveśāḥ pañca kleśāḥ viimohas taiḥ vaicitryaṃ sādhvasaṃ bhayaṃ vyapetāni saṅkleśādīni yatra tam | svasya dṛṣṭaṃ darśanaṃ tad vidyate yeṣāṃ tair ātmavidbhir api abhitaḥ sarvāṃśenaiva stutaṃ ślāghitam |

atha te munayo dṛṣṭvā nayanānanda-bhājanam |
vaikuṇṭhaṃ tad-adhiṣṭhānaṃ vikuṇṭhaṃ ca svayaṃ-prabham ||

bhagavantaṃ parikramya praṇipatyānumānya ca |
pratijagmuḥ pramuditāḥ śaṃsanto vaiṣṇavīṃ śriyam || [BhP 3.16.27-8]

punas tādṛśatvam eva vyanakti, pravartate iti | yatra vaikuṇṭhe rajas tamaś ca na pravartate | tayor miśraṃ sahacaraṃ jaḍaṃ yat sattvaṃ na tad api | kintu anyad eva | tac ca yā suṣṭhu sthāpayiṣyamāṇā māyātaḥ parā bhagavat- svarūpa-śaktiḥ tasyāḥ vṛttitvena cid-rūpaṃ śuddha-sattvākhyaṃ sattvam iti tadīya-prakaraṇa eva sthāpayiṣyate | tad eva ca yatra pravartate ity arthaḥ |

tathā ca nārada-pañcarātre jitante-stotre -

lokaṃ vaikuṇṭha-nāmānaṃ
divya-ṣaḍ-guṇa-saṃyutam |
avaiṣṇavānām aprāpyaṃ
guṇa-traya-vivarjitam ||

pādmottara-khaṇḍe tu vaikuṇḍha-nirūpaśo tasya sattvasyāprākṛtatvaṃ sphuṭam evaṃ darśitam | yataḥ prakṛti-vibhūti-varṇanānantaram -

evaṃ prākṛta-rūpāyā vibhūte rūpam uttamam |
tripād-vibhūti-rūpaṃ tu śṛṇu bhūdhara-nandini ||

pradhāna-parama-vyomnor antare virajā nadī |
vedāṅgasvedajanita-toyaiḥ prasrāvitā śubhā ||

tasyāḥ pāre para-vyomni tripād-bhūtaṃ sanātanam |
amṛtaṃ śāśvataṃ nityam anantaṃ paraṃ padam ||

śuddha-sattva-mayaṃ divyam akṣaraṃ brahmaṇaḥ padam || ityādi ||

prākṛta-guṇānāṃ parasparāvyabhicāritvaṃ tūktaṃ sāṅkhya-kaumudyāṃ - anyonya-mithuna-vṛttaya iti | taṭ-ṭīkāyāṃ ca anyonya-sahacarā avinābhāva- vartina iti yāvat | bhavati cātrāgamaḥ -

anyonya-mithunāḥ sarve
sarve sarvatra-gāminaḥ |
rajaso mithunaṃ sattvam || ity ādy upakramya

naiṣām ādiś ca saṃyogo viyogo copalabhyate || itīti ||

tasmād atra rajaso'sad-bhāvād asṛjyatvaṃ tamaso'sad-bhāvād anāśyatvaṃ prākṛta-sattvābhāvāc ca saccidānanda-rūpatvaṃ tasya darśitam | tatra hetur na ca kāla-vikramaḥ iti | kāla-vikrameṇa hi prakṛti-kṣobhāt sattvādayaḥ pṛthak kriyante | tasmād yatrāsau ṣaḍ-bhāva-vikāra-hetuḥ kāla-vikrama eva na pravartate tatra teṣām abhāvaḥ sutarām eveti bhāvaḥ | kiṃ ca teṣāṃ mūlata eva kuṭhāra ity āha na yatra māyeti | māyātra jagat-sṛṣṭy-ādi-hetur bhagavac-chaktir na tu kāpaṭya-mātram | raja-ādi-niṣedhenaiva tad-vyudāsāt | athavā yatra tayoḥ sambandhi sattvaṃ prākṛta-sattvaṃ yat tad api na pravartate | miśram apṛthag-bhūta-guṇa-trayaṃ pradhānaṃ ca | agre māyā- pradhānayor bhedo vivecanīyaḥ |

kaimutyenoktam evārthaṃ draḍhayati | kim utāpare iti | tayor vimiśraṃ kiñcid rajas-tamo-miśraṃ sattvaṃ ca neti vyākhyā tu piṣṭa-peṣaṇam eva | sāmānyato rajas-tamo-niṣedhenaiva tat-pratipatteḥ | vakṣyate ca tasya sattvasya prākṛtād anytamatvaṃ dvādaśe śrī-nārāyaṇa-rṣiṃ prati mārkaṇḍeyena --

sattvaṃ rajas tama itīśa tavātma-bandho
māyāmayāḥ sthit-layodbhava-hetavo'sya |
līlādhṛtā yad api sattvamayī praśāntyai
nānye nṝṇāṃ vyasana-moha-bhiyaś ca yābhyām ||

tasmāt taveha bhagavann atha tāvakānāṃ
śuklāṃ tanuṃ sva-dayitāṃ kuśalā bhajanti |
yat sātvatāḥ puruṣa-rūpam uśanti sattvaṃ
loko yato'bhayam utātma-sukhaṃ na cānyad || [BhP 12.8.39-40] iti ||

anayor arthaḥ | he īśa yad api sattvaṃ rajas tama iti tavaiva māyā-kṛtā līlāḥ | kathambhūtāḥ - asya viśvasya sthityādi-hetavaḥ tathāpi yā sattvamayī saiva praśāntyai prakṛṣṭa-sukhāya bhavati | nānye rajas tamo-mayyau | na kevalaṃ praśāntyabhāva-mātram anayoḥ | kintv aniṣṭaṃ cety āha vyasaneti | he bhagavan tasmāt tava śuklāṃ sattva-maya-līlādhiṣṭhātrīṃ tanuṃ śrī-viṣṇu- rūpāṃ kuśalā nipuṇā bhajanti sevante na tv anyāṃ brahma-rudra-rūpāṃ te bhajanti anusaranti | na tu dakṣa-bhairavādi-rūpām | kathambhūtāṃ svasya tavāpi dayitāṃ loka-śānti-karatvāt |

nanu mama rūpam api sattvātmakam iti prasiddhaṃ | tarhi kathaṃ tasyāpi māyāmayatvam eva | nahi nahīty āha sātvatāḥ śrī-bhāgavatā yat sattvaṃ puruṣasya tava rūpaṃ prakāśam uśanti manyante yataś ca sattvāt loko vaikuṇṭhākhyaḥ prakāśate tad abhayam ātma-sukhaṃ para-brahmānanda- svarūpam evalakṣaṇa-svarūpa-śakti-vṛtti-viśeṣa ucyate |

sattvaṃ viśuddhaṃ vasudeva-śabditaṃ yad īyate tatra pumān apāvṛtaḥ | [BhP 4.3.23]

ityādy udāhariṣyamāṇānusārāt | agocaratve hetuḥ prakṛti-guṇaḥ | sattvam ity aśuddha-sattva-lakṣaṇa-prasiddhy-anusāreṇa tathābhūtaś cic-chakti-vṛtti- viśeṣaḥ sattvam iti saṅgati-lābhāc ca | tataś ca tasya svarūpa-śakti-vṛttitvena svarūpātmataivety uktam tad abhayam ātma-sukham iti | arthāntare bhagavad-vigrahaṃ prati rūpaṃ yad etad [BhP 2.8.2] ityādau śuddha-sattva- svarūpa-mātratva-pratijñābhaṅgaḥ | abhayam ity ādau prāñjalatā-hāniś ca bhavati | anyat padasyaikasyaiva rajas tamaś ceti dvir-āvṛttau pratipatti- gauravaṃ cotpadyate | pūrvam api nānye iti dvivacanenaiva parāmṛṣṭe | tasmād asti prasiddhād anyat svarūpa-bhūtaṃ sattvam |

yad evaikādaśe yat kāya eṣa bhuvana-traya-sanniveśa [BhP 11.4.4] ityādau jñānaṃ svata ity atra ṭīkā-kṛn-mataṃ yasya svarūpa-bhūtāt sattvāt tanu- bhṛtāṃ jñānam ity anena | tathā paro rajaḥ savitur jāta-vedā devasya bharga [BhP 5.7.14] ity ādau śrī-bharata-jāpye tan-mataṃ paro rajaḥ rajasaḥ prakṛteḥ paraṃ śuddha-sattvātmakam ity ādinā | ataeva prākṛtāḥ sattvādayo guṇā jīvasyaiva na tv īśasyeti śrūyate | athaikādaśe sattvaṃ rajas tama iti guṇā jīvasya naiva me [BhP 11.25.12] iti |

śrī-bhagavad-upaniṣatsu ca -

ye caiva sāttvikā bhāvā rājasās tāmasāś ca ye |
matta eveti tān viddhi na tv ahaṃ teṣu te mayi ||

tribhir guṇa-mayair bhāvair ebhiḥ sarvam idaṃ jagat |
mohitaṃ nābhijānāti mām ebhyaḥ param avyayam ||

daivī hy eṣā guṇa-mayī mama māyā duratyayā |
mām eva ye prapadyante māyām etāṃ taranti te || iti [Gītā 7.12-4]

yathā daśame -

harir hi nirguṇaḥ sākṣāt
puruṣaḥ prakṛteḥ paraḥ |
sa sarva-dṛg upadraṣṭā
taṃ bhajan nirguṇo bhavet || iti [BhP 10.88.5]

śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe ca -

sattvādayo na santīśe
yatra ca prākṛtā guṇāḥ |
sa śuddhaḥ sarva-śuddhebhyaḥ
pumān ādyaḥ prasīdatu || iti [ViP 1.9.44]

atra prākṛtā iti viśiṣya aprākṛtās tv anye guṇās tasmin santy eveti vyañjitaṃ tatraiva |

hlādinī sandhinī saṃvit
tvayy ekā sarva-saṃśraye |
hlāda-tāpa-karī miśrā
tvayi no guṇa-varjite || iti [ViP 1.12.69]

tathā ca daśame devendreṇoktam --

viśuddha-sattvaṃ tava dhāma śāntaṃ
tapomayaṃ dhvasta-rajas-tamaskam |
māyāmayo'yaṃ guṇa-saṃpravāho
na vidyate te'graṇānubandha || iti [BhP 10.27.4]

ayam arthaḥ | dhāma svarūpa-bhūta-prakāśa-śaktiḥ | viśuddhatvam āha viśeṣaṇa-dvayena | dhvasta-rajas-tamaskaṃ tapo-mayam iti ca | tapo'tra jñānaṃ sa tapo'tapyateti śruteḥ | tapomayaṃ pracura-jñāna-svarūpam | jāḍyāṃśenāpi rahitam ity arthaḥ | ātmā jñāna-mayaḥ śuddha itivat | ataḥ prākṛta-sattvam api vyāvṛttam | ata eva māyāmayo'yaṃ sattvādi-guṇa-pravāhas te tava na vidyate | yato'sāv ajñānenaivānubandha iti |

ataeva śrī-bhagavantaṃ prati brahmādīnāṃ sayuktikam --

sattvaṃ viśuddhaṃ śrayate bhavān sthitau
śarīriṇāṃ śreya-upāyanaṃ vapuḥ |
veda-kriyā-yoga-tapaḥ-samādhibhis
tavārhaṇaṃ yena janaḥ samīhate ||

sattvaṃ na ced dhātar idaṃ nijaṃ bhaved
vijñānam ajñāna-bhidāpamārjanam |
guṇa-prakāśair anumīyate bhavān
prakāśate yasya ca yena vā guṇaḥ || [BhP 10.2.34-35]

ayam arthaḥ | sattvaṃ tena prakāśamānatvāt tad-abhinnatayā rūpitaṃ vapur bhavān śrayate prakaṭayati | kathambhūtaṃ sattvaṃ viśuddham | anyasya rajas-tamobhyām amiśrasyāpi prākṛtatvena jāḍyāṃśa-saṃvalitatvān na viśeṣeṇa śuddhatvam | etat tu svarūpa-śakty-ātmatvena tad-aṃśasyāpy asparśād atīva śuddham ity arthaḥ | kim arthaṃ śraye | śarīriṇāṃ sthitau nija- caraṇāravinde manaḥsthairyāya sarvatra bhakti-sukhād anasyaiva tvadīya- mukhya-prayojanatvād iti bhāvaḥ | bhakti-yoga-vidhānārtham iti [BhP 1.8.19] śrī-kuntī-vākyāt |

kathambhūtaṃ vapuḥ śreyasāṃ sarveṣāṃ puruṣārthānām upāyanam āśrayam | nityānanda-paramānanda-rūpam ity arthaḥ | ato vapuṣas tava ca bheda- nirdeśo'yam aupacārika eveti bhāvaḥ | ataeva yena vapuṣā yad vapur ālambanenaiva janas tavārhaṇaṃ pūjāṃ karoti | kaiḥ sādhanaiḥ vedādibhis tvad-ālambakair ity arthaḥ | sādhāraṇais tv arpitair eva tvad-arhaṇa- prāyatāsiddhāv api | vapuṣo'napekṣatvāt | tādṛśa-vapuḥ-prakāśa-hetutvena svarūpātmakatvaṃ spaṣṭayanti |

he dhātaś ced yadi idaṃ sattvaṃ yat tava nijaṃ vijñānam anubhavaṃ tadātmikā sva-prakāśatā-śaktir ity arthaḥ | tan na bhavet | tarhi tu ajñāna-bhidā sva- prakāśasya tavānubhava-prakāra eva mārjanaṃ śuddhim avāpa | saiva jagati paryavasīyate na tu tavānubhava-leśo'pīty arthaḥ |

nanu prākṛta-sattva-guṇenaiṣa bhavatu kiṃ nijenety āha | prākṛta-guṇa- prakāśair bhavān kevalam anumīyate na tu sākṣātkriyata ity arthaḥ | athavā tava vijñāna-rūpam ajñāna-bhidāyā apamārjanaṃ ca yan nijaṃ sattvaṃ tad yadi na bhaven nāvirbhavati tadaiva prākṛta-sattvādi-guṇa-prakāśair bhavān anumīyate tvan-nija-sattāvirbhāveṇa tu sākṣāt-kriyata evety arthaḥ | tad eva spaṣṭayituṃ tatrānumāne dvaividhyam āhur yasya guṇaḥ prakāśata iti | asvarūpa-bhūtasyaiva sattvādi-guṇasya tvad-avyabhicāri sambandhitva-mātreṇa vā tvad eva prakāśyamānatā-mātreṇa vā tval-liṅgatvam ity arthaḥ | yathā aruṇodayasya sūryodaya-sānnidhya-liṅgatvaṃ yathā vā dhūmasyāgni- liṅgatvam iti tata ubhayathāpi tava sākṣātkāre tasya sādhakatamatvābhāvo yukta iti bhāvaḥ |

tad evam aprākṛta-sattvasya tadīya-sva-prakāśatā-rūpatvaṃ yena svaprakāśasya tava sākṣātkāro bhavatīti sthāpitam | atra ye viśuddha-sattvaṃ nāma prākṛtam eva rajas-tamaḥ-śūnyaṃ matvā tat-kāryaṃ bhagavad- vigrahādikaṃ manyante te tu na kenāpy anugṛhītāḥ | rajaḥ- sambandhābhāvena svataḥ praśānta-svabhāvasya sarvatrodāsīnatākṛti-hetos tasya kṣobhāsambhavāt vidyāmayatvena yathāvasthita-vastu-prakāśitāmātra- dharmatvāt, tasya kalpanāntarāyogyatvāc ca | tad uktam api agocarasya gocaratve hetuḥ prakṛti-guṇaḥ sattvam | gocarasya bahurūpatve rajaḥ | bahurūpasya tirohitatve rajaḥ | tathā parasparodāsīnatve sattvam | upakāritve rajaḥ | apakāritve tamaḥ | gocaratvādīni sthit-sṛṣṭi-saṃhārāḥ udāsīnatvādīni ceti |

atha rajo-leśe tatra mantavye viśuddha-padavaiyarthyam ity alaṃ tan-mata- rajo-ghaṭa-praghaṭṭanayeti | pādmottara-khaṇḍe tu vaikuṇṭha-nirūpaṇe tasya sattvasyāprākṛtatvaṃ sphuṭam eva darśitam | yata uktaṃ prakṛti-vibhūti- varṇanānantaram |

evaṃ prākṛta-rūpāya vibhūter rūpam uttamam |
tripād-vibhūti-rūpaṃ tu śṛṇu bhūdhara-nandini ||

pradhāna-parama-vyomnor antare virajā nadī |
vedāṅga-sveda-janita-toyaiḥ prasrāvitā śubhā ||

tasyāḥ pāre para-vyomni tripād-bhūtaṃ sanātanam |
amṛtaṃ śāśvataṃ nityam anantaṃ paraṃ padam ||

śuddha-sattva-mayaṃ divyam akṣaraṃ brahmaṇaḥ padam || ityādi |

tad etat samāptaṃ prāsaṅgikaṃ śuddha-sattva-vivecanam | atha pravartate ityādi prakṛtam eva padyaṃ vyākhyāyate |

nanu guṇādy-abhāvān nirviśeṣa evāsau loka ity āśaṅkya tatra viśeṣas tasyāḥ śuddha-sattvātmikāyāḥ svarūpānatirikta-śakter eva vilāsa-rūpa iti dyotayaṃs tam eva viśeṣaṃ darśayati harer iti | surāḥ sattva-prabhavāḥ asurāḥ rajas- tamaḥ-prabhavāḥ tair arcitāḥ | tebhyo'rhattamā ity arthaḥ | guṇātītatvād eveti bhāvaḥ |

tān eva varṇayati śyāmāvadātā iti | śyāmāś ca avadātā ujjvalāś ca te | pītavastrāḥ supeśaso'tisukumārāḥ unmiṣanta iva prabhāvanto maṇipravekā maṇy-uttamā yeṣu tāni niṣkāṇi padakāny ābharaṇāni yeṣāṃ te suvarcasas tejasvinaḥ |

pravāleti [2.9.11] | ke'pi tebhyaḥ śrī-bhagavat-sārūpyaṃ labdhavadbhyo'nye pravālādi-sama-varṇāḥ | punar api lokaṃ varṇayati bhrājiṣṇubhir iti | śrīr yatreti śrīḥ svarūpa-śaktiḥ rūpiṇī tat-preyasī-rūpā mānaṃ pūjāṃ vibhūtibhiḥ rūpiṇī tat preyasī-rūpā mānaṃ pūjāṃ vibhūtibhiḥ sva-sakhī-rūpābhiḥ | preṅkhamāndolanaṃ śritā vilāsena | kusumākāro vasantas tad-anugā bhramarās tair vividhaṃ gīyamānā | svayaṃ priyasya hareḥ karma gāyantī bhavati | dadarśeti tatra loka iti prāktanānāṃ yac-chabdānāṃ viśeṣyaṃ akhila- sātvatāṃ sarveṣāṃ sātvatānāṃ yādava-vīrāṇāṃ patiḥ

śriyaḥ patir yajña-patiḥ prajāpatir
dhiyāṃ patir loka-patir dharāpatiḥ |
patir gatiś cāndhaka-vṛṣṇi-sātvatāṃ
prasīdatāṃ me bhagavan satāṃ patiḥ ||

ity [BhP 2.4.20] etad vākya-saṃvāditvāt | śrī-bhāgavata-mate śrī-kṛṣṇasyaiva svayaṃ-bhagavattvena pratipādayiṣyamānatvāt | tac caitad anantaraṃ brahmaṇe catuḥślokī-rūpaṃ bhāgavataṃ śrī-bhagavatopadiṣṭam | tatra ca -

purā mayā proktam ajāya nābhye
padme niṣaṇṇāya mamādi-sarge |
jñānaṃ paraṃ man-mahimāvabhāsaṃ
yat sūrayo bhāgavataṃ vadanti ||

iti tṛtīye [BhP 3.4.13] uddhavaṃ prati śrī-kṛṣṇa-vākyānusāreṇa ||

yo brahmāṇaṃ vidadhāti pūrvaṃ
yo vai vedāṃś ca prahiṇoti tasmai |
taṃ ha devam ātma-buddhi-prakāśaṃ
mumukṣur vai śaraṇam amuṃ vrajet || iti [GTU 1.22]

śrī-gopāla-tāpany-anusāreṇa ca tasmai vopadeṣṭṛtva-śruteḥ ||

tadu hovāca brahmasavanaṃ carato me dhyātaḥ stutaḥ parārdhānte so'budhyata gopaveśo me puruṣaḥ purastādāvirbabhūveti śrīgopālatāpany- anusāreṇaiva kvacit kalpe śrī-gopāla-rūpeṇa ca sṛṣṭyādāv ittham eva brahmaṇe darśita-nija-rūpatāṃ tad-dhāmno mahā-vaikuṇṭhatvena śrī-kṛṣṇa- sandarbhe sādhayiṣyamāṇatvāc ca dvārakāyāṃ prākaṭyāvasare śruta- sunanda-nandādi-sāhacaryeṇa śrī-prabalādayo'pi jñeyāḥ | yathoktaṃ prathame sunanda-nanda-śīrṣaṇyā ye cānye sātvata-rṣabhā iti [BhP 1.14.32]|

bhṛtya-prasādeti [2.9.15] | dṛg evāsava iva draṣṭṝṇāṃ madakarī yasya tam | śriyā vakṣo-vāma-bhāge svarṇa-rekhākārayā | adhyarhaṇīyeti catasraḥ śaktayo dharmādyāḥ | pādmottara-khaṇḍe yoga-pīṭhe ta eva kathitāḥ | na bahiraṅgā adharmādyā iti | tathā hi,

dharma-jñāna tathaiśvarya- vairāgyaiḥ pāda-vigrahaiḥ | ṛg-yajuḥ-sāmātharvāṇa- rūpair nityaṃ vṛtaṃ kramād || iti |

samastāntas tathā śabda-prayogas tv ārṣaḥ | ṣoḍaśa-śaktayaś caṇḍādyāḥ | tathā ca tatraiva - caṇḍādi-dvāra-pālais tu kumudādyaiḥ surakṣitā iti | nagarīti pūrveṇānvayaḥ | te ca -

caṇḍa-pracaṇḍau prāg-dvāre yāmye bhadra-subhadrakau |
vāruṇyāṃ jaya-vijayau saumye dhātṛ-vidhātarau ||

kumudaḥ kumudākṣaś ca puṇḍarīko'tha vāmanaḥ |
śaṅke karṇaḥ sarva-netraḥ sumukhaḥ supratiṣṭhitaḥ ||

ete dikpatayaḥ proktāḥ puryām atra suśobhane || iti |

kumudādayas tu dvau dvāv āgneyādi-dik-pataya iti śeṣaḥ | pañca-śaktayaḥ kūrmādyāḥ | tathā ca tatraiva -

kūrmaś ca nāgarājaś ca vanateyas trayīśvaraḥ |
chandāṃsi sarva-mantrāś ca pīṭha-rūpatvam āsthitā || iti ||

trayīśvara iti vainateya-viśeṣaṇam | tasya chandomayatvāt |

yadyapy uttara-khaṇḍa-vacanaṃ tat parama-vyoma-paraṃ tathāpi tat- sādṛśyāgamādi-prasiddheś ca śrī-kṛṣṇa-yoga-pīṭham api ca tadvaj jñeyam | atra ṣoḍaśa-śaktayaḥ sākṣāt śrī-kṛṣṇa eva śrī-kṛṣṇa-sandarbhe purastād udāhariṣyamāṇa-prabhāsa-khaṇḍa-vacanāt śrutālambinyādaya eva vā jñeyā iti | svaiḥ svarūpa-bhūtair aiśvaryādibhir yuktam | itaratra yogiṣu adhruvaiḥ prāptair ity arthaḥ | sva-svarūpa eva dhāmāni śrī-vaikuṇṭhe ramamāṇaṃ ataeveśvaram | katham api parādhīna-siddhatvābhāvāt |

tad-darśaneti [2.9.17] | yat padāmbujaṃ pāramahaṃsyena pathādhigamyata iti saccidānanda-ghanatvaṃ tasya vyanakti | tvaṃ prīyamāṇam iti taṃ brahmāṇaṃ bhagavān babhāṣe | prajā-visarge kārye nijasya svāṃśa-bhūtasya puruṣasya śāsane'rhaṇaṃ yogyam |

nanv asau puruṣa eva tam anugṛhṇātu śrī-bhagavatas tu parāvasthatvāt tena prākṛta-sṛṣṭi-kartrā sambandho'pi na sambandha ity āśaṅkya tasya bhakta- vātsalyātiśaya evāyam ity āha, priyaṃ tasmin premavantam |

yataḥ so'pi priyaḥ prema-vaśaḥ | tatrāpi prīyamāṇām iti prītamanā iti ca viśeṣaṇaṃ tadānīṃ premollāsātiśaya-dyotakam | taṃ prati bhagavac-cihna- darśanena tasyāpi tatra prīty-atiśayaṃ vyañjayati īṣat-smita-rociṣā gireti kare spṛśann iti ca | asya śrī-kṛṣṇopāsakatvaṃ śrī-gopāla-tāpanī-vākyena darśitam |

tathā ca brahma-saṃhitāyāṃ [5.22-5] -

tatra brahmābhavad bhūyaś caturvedī caturmukhaḥ |
sa jāto bhagavac-chaktyā tat-kālaṃ kila coditaḥ ||

sisṛkṣāyāṃ matiṃ cakre pūrva-saṃskāra-saṃskṛtām |
dadarśa kevalaṃ dhvāntaṃ nānyat kim api sarvataḥ ||

uvāca puratas tasmai tasya divyā sarasvatī |
kāmaḥ kṛṣṇāya govindāya gopī-jana ity api ||

vallabhāya priyā vahner ayaṃ te dāsyati priyam |
tapa tvaṃ tapa etena tava siddhir bhaviṣyati ||

atha tepe sa suciraṃ prīṇan govindam avyayam || ity ādi ||

śrī-śukaḥ ||8||

[9]

atha sā bhagavattā ca nāropitā kintu svarūpa-bhūtaivety etam arthaṃ punar viśeṣataḥ sthāpayituṃ prakaraṇāntaram ārabhyate | tatra vastunas tasya śaktitvam āha |

vedyaṃ vāstavam atra vastv ity asya viśeṣaṇābhyām eva śivadaṃ tāpa-trayonmūlanam iti | [BhP 1.1.2]

śivaṃ paramānandaḥ tad-dānaṃ svarūpa-śaktyā | tāpa-trayaṃ māyā-śakti- kāryaṃ tad-unmūlanaṃ ca tayaiveta || śrī-vyāsaḥ ||9||

[10]

te ca māyā-śakti-svarūpa-śaktī paraspara-viruddhe tathā tayor vṛttayaś ca sva-sva-gaṇa eva paraspara-viruddhā api bahvyaḥ | tathāpi tāsām ekaṃ nidhānaṃ tad evety āha |

yac-chaktayo vadatāṃ vādināṃ vai
vivāda-saṃvāda-bhuvo bhavanti |
kurvanti caiṣāṃ muhur ātma-mohaṃ
tasmai namo ænanta-guṇāya bhūmne || [BhP 6.4.26]

spaṣṭam || daksaḥ śrī-puruṣottamam ||10||

[11]

tathā -

yasmin viruddha-gatayo hy aniśaṃ patanti
vidyādayo vividha-śaktaya ānupūrvyāt |
tad brahma viśva-bhavam ekam anantam ādyam
ānanda-mātram avikāram ahaṃ prapadye || [BhP 4.9.16]

ānupūrvyā sva-sva-varge uttama-madhyama-kaniṣṭha-bhāvena vartamānā vividha-śaktayaḥ prāyaḥ parasparaṃ viruddha-gatayo'pi yasmin yad āśritya aniśaṃ patanti sva-sva-vyāpāraṃ kurvanti || dhruvaḥ śrī-pṛśnigarbham ||11||

[12]

sargādi yo æsyānuruṇaddhi śaktibhir
dravya-kriyā-kāraka-cetanātmabhiḥ |
tasmai samunnaddha-niruddha-śaktaye
namaḥ parasmai puruṣāya vedhase || [BhP 4.17.18]

anuruṇaddhi karoti | śrī-maitreyo viduram ||12||

[13]

tāsām acintyatvam āha |

ātmeśvaro'tarkya-sahasra-śaktir iti || [BhP 3.33.3]

spaṣṭam || uktaṃ cācintyatvaṃ śrutes tu śabda-mūlatvād ity [Vs 2.1.27] ādau

| ātmani caivaṃ vicitrāś ca hīty [?] ādau ca || śrī-devahūtiḥ kapiladevam ||13||

[14]

śaktes tu svābhāvika-rūpatvam āha -

sattvaṃ rajas tama iti trivṛd ekam ādau
sūtraṃ mahān aham iti pravadanti jīvam |
jñāna-kriyārtha-phala-svarūpatayoru-śaktir
brahmaiva bhāti sad asac ca tayoḥ paraṃ yat || [BhP 11.3.38]

brahmaiva urū-śaktir anekātmaka-śaktimad bhāti | eva-kāreṇa brahmaṇa eva sā śaktir na tu kalpiteti svābhāvika-rūpatvaṃ śakter bodhayati | tatra hetuḥ | yad brahma yat sthūlaṃ kāryaṃ pṛthivyādi-rūpaṃ asat sūkṣmaṃ kāraṇaṃ prakṛtyādi-rūpaṃ tayor bahiraṅga-vaibhavayoḥ paraṃ svarūpa-vaibhavaṃ śrī- vaikuṇṭhādi-rūpaṃ taṭastha-vaibhavaṃ śuddha-jīva-rūpaṃ ca | anyathā tat- tad-bhāvāsiddhiḥ |

kiṃrūpatayā tat-tad-rūpam | tatrāha jñāna-kriyārtha-phala-rūpatayā mahad- ādi-lakṣaṇa-jñāna-śakti-rūpatvena, sūtrādi-lakṣaṇa-kriyā-śakti-rūpatvena, tan-mātrādi-lakṣaṇārtha-rūpatvena, prakṛti-lakṣaṇa-tat-tat-sarvaikya- rūpatvena sad-asad-rūpam | phala-rūpatvena tayoḥ param | tatra phalaṃ puruṣārtha-svarūpaṃ sa-vaibhavaṃ bhagavad-ākhyaṃ cid-vastu tad- anumatatvāt śuddha-jīvākhyaṃ cid-vastu ca | etena jñāna-kriyādi-rūpeṇorū- śaktitvaṃ vyañjitam | śakteḥ svābhāvika-rūpatvaṃ sa-pramāṇaṃ spaṣṭayati |

ādau yad ekaṃ brahma tad eva sattvaṃ rajas tama iti tri-vṛt pradhānaṃ tataḥ kriyā-śaktyā sūtraṃ jñāna-śaktyā mahān iti | tato'ham ahaṅkāra iti | tad eva ca jīvaṃ śuddha-svarūpaṃ jīvātmānaṃ tad-upalakṣaṇakaṃ vaikuṇṭhādi- vaibhavaṃ ca pravadanti vedāḥ | te ca - sadaiva saumyedam agra āsīd ity ādyāḥ [ChāU 6.2.1] |

ādāv ekaṃ tatas tat tad-rūpam iti śakteḥ svābhāvikatvam āyātam anyasyāsadbhāvenaupādhikatvāyogāt | svarūpa-vaibhavasyāṅga-pratyaṅgavan nitya-siddhatve'pi, sūrya-sattayā tad-raśmi-paramāṇu-vṛndasyeva, tat-sattayā labdha-sattākatvāt tad-upādānatvaṃ tadādikatvaṃ ca syāt | tasya bhāsā sarvam idaṃ vibhātīti [Kaṭha 2.2.15] śruteḥ |

śakter acintyatvaṃ svābhāvikatvaṃ coktaṃ śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe -

nirguṇasyāprameyasya
śuddhasyāpy amalātmanaḥ |
kathaṃ sargādi-kartādi-kartṛtvaṃ
brahmaṇo'bhyupagamyata || [ViP 1.3.1]

iti maitreya-praśnānantaraṃ śrī-parāśara uvāca ---

śaktayaḥ sarva-bhāvānām acintya-jñāna-gocarāḥ |

yato'to brahmaṇas tās tu
sargādyā bhāva-śaktayaḥ |
bhavanti tapasāṃ śreṣṭha
pāvakasya yatoṣṇatā || [ViP 1.3.2]

atra śrīdhara-svāmi-ṭīkā ca - tad evaṃ brahmaṇaḥ sṛṣṭy-ādi-kartṛtvam uktam | tatra śaṅkate - nirguṇasyeti | sattvādi-guṇa-rahitasya, aprameyasya deśa-kālādy-aparicchinnasya śuddhasya adehasya sahakāri-śūnyasyeti vā, amalātmanaḥ puṇya-pāpa-saṃskāra- śūnyasya, rāgādi-śūnyasyeti vā | evambhūtasya brahmaṇaḥ kathaṃ sargādi- kartṛtvam iṣyate, etad-vilakṣaṇasyaiva loke ghaṭādiṣu kartṛtvādi-darśanād ity arthaḥ | pariharati śaktaya iti sārdhena | loke hi sarveṣāṃ bhāvānāṃ maṇi- mantrādīnāṃ śaktayaḥ acintya-jñāna-gocarāḥ | acintyaṃ tarkāsahaṃ yaj- jñānaṃ kāryānyathānupapatti-pramāṇakaṃ tasya gocarāḥ santi |

yad vā - acintyā bhinnābhinnatvādi-vikalpaiś cintayitum aśakyāḥ kevalam arthāpatti-jñāna-gocarāḥ santi | yad evaṃ ato brahmaṇo'pi tās tathāvidhāḥ śaktayaḥ sargādi-hetu-bhūtāḥ bhāva-śaktayaḥ svabhāva-siddhāḥ śaktayaḥ santy eva | pāvakasya dāhakatvādi-śaktivat | ato guṇādihīnasyāpy acintya- śaktimattvād brahmaṇaḥ sargādi-kartṛtvaṃ ghaṭata ity arthaḥ | śrutiś ca -

na tasya kāryaṃ karaṇaṃ ca vidyate
na tat-samaś cābhyadhikaś ca dṛśyate |
parāsya śaktir vividhaiva śrūyate
svābhāvikī jñāna-bala-kriyā ca || [ŚvetU 6.8]

māyāṃ tu prakṛtiṃ vidyān māyinaṃ tu maheśvaram || [ŚvetU 4.10]

yad vā evaṃ yojanā - sarveṣāṃ bhāvānāṃ pāvakasyoṣṇatā-śaktivad-acintya- jñāna-gocarāḥ śaktayaḥ santy eva | brahmaṇaḥ punas tāḥ svabhāva-bhūtāḥ svarūpād abhinnāḥ śaktayaḥ | parāsya śaktir vividhaiva śrūyate iti śruteḥ |

ato maṇi-mantrādibhir agnauṣṇyavan na kenacid vihantuṃ śakyante | ata eva tasya niraṅkuśam aiśvaryam | tathā ca śrutiḥ -

sa vā ayam asya sarvasya vaśī sarvasyeśānaḥ sarvasyādhipatir ity ādiḥ [BAU 4.4.22] |

yata evaṃ ato brahmaṇo hetoḥ sargādyā bhavanti nātra kācid anupapattiḥ ity eṣā |

atra praśnaḥ so'yaṃ brahma khalu nirviśeṣam eveti pakṣam āśritya, parihāras tu saviśeṣam eveti pakṣam āśritya kṛta iti jñeyam | ata eva praśne śuddhasyety api vyākhyātam | śuddhatvaṃ hy atra kevalatvaṃ matam, tac ca yuktaṃ, parihāre brahmaṇi śaktisthāpanāt | pūrva-pakṣimate brahmaṇi śaktir api nāstīti gamyate | tataḥ praśna-vākye'py evam arthāntaraṃ jñeyam - nirguṇasya prākṛtāprākṛta-guṇa-rahitasya, ataeva pramāṇāgocarasya tata evāmalātmano'pi śuddhasya, na tu sphaṭikāder iva paracchāyayānyathā- dṛṣṭasya | tad evaṃ nirviśeṣatām avalambya praśne siddhe | parihāre tu prathama-yojanāyāṃ nirviśeṣa-pakṣam anādṛtya brahmaṇi kartṛtva-pratipatty- arthaṃ śaktayaḥ sādhitāḥ | dvitīya-yojanāyāṃ tatra ca viśeṣa-pratipatty-arthaṃ yathā jalādiṣu kadācid uṣṇatādikam āgantukaṃ syāt tathā brahmaṇi na syād iti nirdhāritam | na tat samaś cābhyadhikaś ca dṛśyate iti śruteḥ |

tathā maṇimantrādibhir iti vyatireka eva dṛṣṭānta ity ato brahma-śaktayas tu nānyena parābhūtā ity etac ca darśitam | kiṃ ca, brahma-padena sarvaṃ khalv idaṃ brahmeti prasiddhiṃ vyajya sattvādi-guṇamaya-māyāyās tad-anyatve'pi, nirguṇasyeti prākṛta-guṇair aspṛṣṭatvam aṅgīkṛtya teṣāṃ bahiraṅgatvaṃ svīkṛtam |

tad etad eva māyāṃ ca prakṛtiṃ vidyād ity eṣā śrutiḥ svīcakāra | māyāṃ ca tad apāśrayām itivan maheśvaratvān māyāyā bahiraṅgāyā āśraya iti tāṃ parābhūya sthitam iti ca labhyate | tasmāt pūrvavad atrāpi śakti-mātrasya svābhāvikatvaṃ māyā-doṣāspṛṣṭatvaṃ ca sādhitam | ataeva śrīgītopaniṣatsu ca -

jñeyaṃ yat tat pravakṣyāmi yaj jñātvā'mṛtam aśnute |
anādimat paraṃ brahma na sat tan nāsad ucyate ||

sarvataḥ pāṇi-pādaṃ tad ity ādi | [Gītā 13.12-13]

atreyaṃ prakriyā - ekam eva tat parama-tattvaṃ svābhāvikācintya-śaktyā sarvadaiva svarūpa-tad-rūpa-vaibhava-jīva-pradhāna-rūpeṇa caturdhāvatiṣṭhate | sūryāntar-maṇḍalastha-teja iva maṇḍala-tad-bahirgata- raśmi-tat-praticchavi-rūpeṇa | evam eva śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe ---

eka-deśa-sthitasyāgner jyotsnā vistāriṇī yathā | parasya brahmaṇaḥ śaktis tathedam akhilaṃ jagad || iti || [ViP 1.22.56]

yasya bhāsā sarvam idaṃ vibhātīti śruteḥ | atra vyāpakatvādinā tat-tat- samāveśādy-anupapattiś ca śakter acintyatvenaiva parāhatā | durghaṭa- ghaṭatvaṃ hy acintyatvam | śaktiś ca sā tridhā - antaraṅgā bahiraṅgā taṭasthā ca | tatrāntaraṅgayā svarūpa-śaktyākhyayā pūrṇenaiva svarūpeṇa vaikuṇṭhādi-svarūpa-vaibhava-rūpeṇa ca tad avatiṣṭhate | taṭasthayā raśmi- sthānīya-cid-ekātma-śuddha-jīva-rūpeṇa, bahiraṅgayā māyākhyayā praticchavi-gata-varṇa-śāvalya-sthānīya-tadīya-bahiraṅga-vaibhava-jaḍātma- pradhāna-rūpeṇa ceti caturdhvātvam | ataeva tadātmakatvena jīvasyeva taṭastha-śaktitvaṃ pradhānasya ca māyāntar-bhūtatvam abhipretya śakti- trayaṃ śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe gaṇitam -

viṣṇu-śaktiḥ parā proktā kṣetra-jñākhyā tathāparā |
avidyā-karma-saṃjñānyā tṛtīyā śaktir iṣyate || [ViP 6.7.61]

tayā tirohitatvāc ca śaktiḥ kṣetra-jña-saṃjñitā |
sarva-bhūteṣu bhūpāla tāratamyena vartate ||[ViP 6.7.63] iti ||

avidyā karma kāryaṃ yasyāḥ sā tat-saṃjñā māyety arthaḥ | yadyapīyaṃ bahiraṅgā tathāpy asyās taṭastha-śaktimayam api jīvam āvarituṃ sāmarthyam astīty āha tayeti | tāratamyena tat-kṛtāvaraṇasya brahmādi- sthāvarānteṣu deheṣu laghu-guru-bhāvena vartate ity arthaḥ | tad uktam - yathā sammohito jīva iti [BhP 1.7.5] | yayaivācintya-māyayā jñeyam | pradhānasya māyā-vyaṅgyatvaṃ cāgre darśayiṣyate | atrāntaraṅgatva- taṭasthatva-bahiraṅgatvādinaiva teṣām ekātmakānāṃ tat tat sāmyam, na tu sarvātmaneti tat tat sthānīyatvam evoktam | na tu tat-tad-rūpatvaṃ tatas tat tad doṣā api nāvakāśaṃ labhante iti || śrī-pippalāyano nimim ||14||

[15]

tad evaṃ sarvābhir militvā cid-acic-chaktir bhagavān | evam eva parameśvaratvena stūyamānaṃ brahmāṇaṃ prati hiraṇyakaśipunāpy uktam - cid-acic-chakti-yuktāyeti [BhP 7.3.34] |

cid-vastunaś cid-vastv-antarāśrayatvaṃ, raśmy-ābhāsādi-jyotiṣo jyotir- maṇḍalāśrayatvam iva | tatra taṭasthākhyā jīva-śaktir yathāvasaraṃ paramātma-sandarbhe vivaraṇīyā |

atha antaraṅgākhyā-vivaraṇāya bahiraṅgāpy uddiśyate ye cāparā parā ceti | śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe śrūyate -

sarva-bhūteṣu sarvātman yā śaktir aparā tava |
guṇāśrayā namas tasyai śāśvatāyai sureśvara ||

yātīta-gocarā vācāṃ manasāṃ cāviśeṣaṇā | jñāni-jñāna-paricchedyā vande tām īśvarīṃ parām || iti || [ViP 1.19.76-7]

saiṣā bahu-vṛttikaiva jñeyā, parāsya śaktir bahudhaiva śrūyate iti śruteḥ ||15||

[16]

tatra bahiraṅgām āha -

ṛte'rthaṃ yat pratīyeta
na pratīyeta cātmani |
tad vidyād ātmano māyāṃ
yathābhāso yathā tamaḥ || [BhP 2.9.33]

arthaṃ paramārtha-bhūtaṃ māṃ vinā yat pratīyeta, mat-pratītau tat-pratīty- abhāvāt | matto bahir eva yasya pratītir ity arthaḥ | yac cātmani na pratīyate, yasya ca mad-āśrayatvaṃ vinā svataḥ pratītir nāstīty arthaḥ | tathā lakṣaṇaṃ vastu ātmano mama parameśvarasya māyāṃ jīva-māyā guṇa-māyeti dvy- ātmikāṃ māyākhya-śaktiṃ vidyāt | atra śuddha-jīvasyāpi cid- rūpatvāviśeṣeṇa tadīya-raśmi-sthānīyatvena ca svāntaḥpāta eva vivakṣitaḥ | tatrāsyā dvy-ātmikatvenābhidhānaṃ dṛṣṭānta-dvaividhyena labhyate | tatra jīva-māyākhyasya prathamāṃśasya tādṛśatvaṃ dṛṣṭāntena spaṣṭayann asambhāvanāṃ nirasyati yathābhāsa iti | ābhāso jyotir-bimbasya svīya- prakāśād vyavahita-pradeśe kathañcid ucchalita-praticchavi-viśeṣaḥ | sa yathā tasmād bahir eva pratīyate, na ca taṃ vinā tasya pratītis tathā sāpīty arthaḥ | anena praticchavi-paryāyābhāsa-dharmatvena tasyām ābhāsākhyatvam api dhvanitam | atas tat-kāryasyābhāsākhyatvaṃ kvacit ābhāsaś ca nirodhaś cety ādau [BhP 2.10.7] | atra sa yathā kvacid atyantodbhaṭātmā svacākcikya- cchaṭāpatitanetrāṇāṃ netra-prakāśam āvṛṇoti | tam āvṛtya ca svenātyantodbhaṭa-tejastvenaiva draṣṭṛ-netraṃ vyākulayan svopakaṇṭhe varṇa-śāvalyam udgirati | kadācit tad eva pṛthag-bhāvena nānākāratayā pariṇamayati | tatheyam api jīva-jñānam āvṛṇoti | sattvādi-guṇa-sāmya-rūpāṃ guṇa-māyākhyāṃ jaḍāṃ prakṛtim udgirati | kadācit pṛthag-bhūtān sattvādi- guṇān nānākāratayā pariṇamayati ceti jñeyam | tad uktam - eka-deśa- sthitasyāgner [ViP 1.22.56] ity ādi | tathā cāyurveda-vidaḥ -

jagad-yoner anicchasya cid-ānandaika-rūpiṇaḥ |
puṃso'sti prakṛtir nityā praticchāyeva bhāsvataḥ ||

acetanāpi caitanya-yogena paramātmanaḥ |
akarod viśvam akhilam anityaṃ nāṭakākṛtir || iti ||

tad evaṃ nimittāṃśo jīva-māyā upādānāṃśo guṇa-māyety agre'pi vivecanīyam | athaivaṃ siddhaṃ guṇa-māyākhyaṃ dvitīyam apy aṃśaṃ dṛṣṭāntena spaṣṭayati, yathā tama iti | tamaḥ-śabdenātra pūrvoktaṃ tamaḥ- prāyaṃ varṇa-śāvalyam ucyate | tad yathā tan mūla-jyotiṣy-asad api tad- āśrayatvaṃ vinā na sambhavati tadvad iyam apīti | athavā māyāmātra- nirūpaṇa eva pṛthak dṛṣṭānta-dvayam | tatrābhāsa-dṛṣṭānto vyākhyātaḥ |

tamo-dṛṣṭāntaś ca | yathāndhakāre jyotiṣo'nyatraiva pratīyate, jyotir vinā ca na pratīyate jyotirātmanā cakṣuṣaiva tat pratīter na pṛṣṭhādineti tatheyam apīty evaṃ jñeyam | tataś cāṃśa-dvayaṃ tu pravṛtti-bhedenaivohyaṃ na tu dṛṣṭānta-bhedena | prāktana-dṛṣṭānta-dvedhābhiprāyeṇa tu pūrvasyā ābhāsa-paryāya-cchāyā-śabdena kvacit prayogaḥ uttarasyās tamaḥ śabdenaiva ceti | yathā sasarja chāyayāvidyāṃ pañca-parvāṇam agrataḥ [BhP 3.20.18] ity
atra | yathā ca kvāhaṃ tamo mahad aham [BhP 10.14.11] ity ādau | pūrvatrāvidyāvidyākhya-nimitta-śakti-vṛttikatvāj jīv-viṣayakatvena jīva- māyātvam |

tathā sasarjety ādau chāyā-śaktiṃ māyām avalambya sṛṣṭyārambhe brahmā svayam avidyām āvirbhāvitavān ity arthaḥ |

vidyāvidye mama tanū vddhy uddhava śarīriṇām |
bandha-mokṣa-karī ādye māyayā me vinirmitte || [BhP 11.11.3] ity uktatvāt |

anayor āvirbhāva-bhedaś ca śrūyate | tatra pūrvasyāḥ pādme śrī-kṛṣṇa- satyabhāmā-saṃvādīya-kārttika-māhātmye deva-gaṇa-kṛta-māyā-stutau -

iti stutavantas te devās tejo-maṇḍala-saṃsthitam |
dadṛśur gagane tatra tejo-vyāpta-dig-antaram ||

tan-madhyād bhāratīṃ sarve śuśruvur vyoma-cāriṇīm |
aham eva tridhā bhinnā tiṣṭhāmi trividhair guṇaiḥ || ity ādi ||

uttarasyāḥ pādmottara-khaṇḍe asaṅkhyaṃ prakṛti-sthānaṃ niviḍa-dhvāntam avayayam iti || śrī-bhagavān brahmāṇam ||16||

[17]

atha svarūpa-bhūtākhyām antaraṅgāṃ śaktiṃ sarvasyāpi pravṛtty- anyathānupapattyā tāvad āha dvābhyām -

yan na spṛśanti na vidur mano-buddhīndriyāsavaḥ |
antar bahiś ca vitataṃ vyomavat tan nato'smy aham || [BhP 6.16.23]

dehendriya-prāṇa-mano-dhiyo'mī
yad-aṃśa-biddhāḥ pracaranti karmasu |
naivānyadā loham ivāprataptaṃ
sthāneṣu tad-draṣṭr-upadeśam eti || [BhP 6.16.24]

ṭīkā ca - yad brahma vyomavad vitatam api asavaḥ prāṇāḥ kriyāśaktya na spṛśanti, mana-ādīni ca jñāna-śaktyā na viduḥ, tad brahma nato'smi | teṣaṃ taj-jñāne hetum āha | dehendriyādayo'mī yad-aṃśa-biddhā yac- caitanyāṃśenāviṣṭāḥ santaḥ karmasu svasvaviṣayeṣu pracaranti | yathā aprāptaṃ lohaṃ na dahati | ato yathā loham agni-śaktyaiva dāhakaṃ sat agniṃ na dahati, evaṃ brahma-gata-jñāna-kriyā-śaktibhyāṃ pravartamānā dehādayas tan na spṛśanti na viduś ceti bhāvaḥ | ity eṣā |

atrādvaita-śārīrake'pi sāṅkhyam ākṣipyoktam, yathā - atha punaḥ sākṣi- nimittam īkṣitṛtvaṃ pradhānasya kalpyeta yathāgni-nimittam ayaḥ-piṇḍāder dagdhṛtvaṃ, tathā sati yan nimittam īkṣitatṛtvaṃ pradhānasya, tad eva sarvajñaṃ mukhyaṃ jagataḥ kāraṇam iti [Śaṅkara-bhāṣya, 1.1.5] |

śrutiś cātra -

tam eva bhāntam anubhāti [KaṭhaU 2.2.15]

ko hy evānyāt kaḥ prāṇyāt yad eṣa ākāśa ānando na syāt, cakṣuṣaś cakṣurūta śrotrasya śrotram ity ādyā | [TaittU 2.7]

atha prakṛtasyāvaśiṣṭatā ṭīkā -jīvas tarhi daṣṭṛtvāj jānātu, nety āha sthāneṣu jāgrad-ādiṣu draṣṭr-apadeśaṃ draṣṭṛ-saṃjñāṃ tad evaiti prāpnoti | nānyo jīvo nāmāsti nānyo'to'sti draṣṭetyādi śruteḥ [BAU 3.17.23] | yad vā draṣṭr-apadeśaṃ draṣṭṛ-saṃjñaṃ jīvam api tadaiveti jānāti, na tu jīvas taj- jānātīty arthaḥ ity eṣā |

tad uktam -

tritayaṃ tatra yo veda sa ātmā svāśrayāśraya iti | [BhP 2.10.9]

śrutau ca - jīvo nāmāto'nyaḥ svayaṃ siddho nāsti parantu tadātmaka evety arthaḥ | tathāto'nyo draṣṭā nāsti, sarva-draṣṭus tasyāparo draṣṭā nāstīty arthaḥ iti vyākhyeyam ||

śrī-nāradaś citraketum ||17||

[18]

kiṃ ca -

deho'savo'kṣā manavo bhūtamātrā
nātmanam anyaṃ ca viduḥ paraṃ yat |
sarvaṃ pumān veda guṇāṃś ca taj-jño
na veda sarvajñam anantam īḍe || [BhP 6.4.25]

dehaś cāsavaś ca prāṇā akṣāṇīndriyāṇi ca, manavo'ntaḥkaraṇāni, bhūtāni ca, mātrāś ca tan-mātrāṇi, ātmānaṃ sva-svarūpam, anyaṃ svasvaviṣaya- vargaṃ, tayoḥ paraṃ devatā-vargaṃ ca na viduḥ | pumān jīvas tu sarvam ātmānaṃ sva-svarūpaṃ, tad anyaṃ pramātāraṃ, tayoḥ padaṃ dehādy-artha- jātaṃ tad-adhiṣṭhātṛ-devatā-vargaṃ ca veda, tathā dehādi-mūla-bhūtān guṇāṃś ca sattvādīn veda |

tat-taj-jño'py asau yaṃ sarvajñaṃ dehādijīvāntāśeṣa-jñātāraṃ na veda tam anantaṃ mahad-guṇatvād yam anantam āhur [BhP 1.18.19] iti | ataeva hi yatra hi dvaitam iva bhavati tad itara itaraṃ paśyatīty ārabhya [BAU 4.5.15] jīvasyetara-dṛṣṭatvam uktvā, yatra svasya sarvam ātmaivābhūt tat kena kaḥ paśyed ity ādinā tasya paramātma-draṣṭṛtvaṃ niṣidhya paramātmanas tu tat tat sarva-draṣṭṛtvaṃ sva-draṣṭṛtvam apy astīti, vijñātāram are kena vijānīyād ity [BAU 2.4.14] anenāha |

ayam arthaḥ | yatra māyā-vaibhave dvaitam iva bhavati, tan mūlakatvāt tad ananyad api māyākhyācintya-śakti-hetukatayā jaḍa-malina-naśvaratvena tad- vilakṣaṇatayā samāditaṃ tataḥ svatantra-sattākam iva muhur jāyate, tat tatra itaro jīva itaraṃ padārthaṃ paśyati, tasya karaṇa-dṛśyayor mitho yogyatvād iti bhāvaḥ | yatra tu svarūpa-vaibhave tasya jīvasya raśmi-sthānīyasya maṇḍala- sthānīyo ya ātmā paramātmā, sa eva svarūpa-śaktyā sarvam abhūt, anāditaeva bhavann āste, na tu tat-praveśena, tat tatra itaraḥ sa jīvaḥ kenetareṇa karaṇa-bhūtena kaṃ padārthaṃ paśyet, na kenāpi kam api paśyed ity arthaḥ | na hi raśmayaḥ sva-śaktyā sūrya-maṇḍalāntargata-vaibhavaṃ prakāśayeyur na cārciṣo vahniṃ nirdaheyur iti bhāvaḥ | tad evaṃ sati yasya khalv evam anantaṃ svarūpa-vaibhavaṃ taṃ vijñātāraṃ sarvajñaṃ paramātmānaṃ kenetareṇa karaṇena vijānīyāt na kenāpīty arthaḥ | tad evaṃ jñāna-śaktau tatra siddhāyāṃ kriyecchā-śaktī ca lakṣyete || dakṣaḥ śrī- puruṣottamam ||18||

[19]

vaśīkṛta-māyatvenāpi tām āha -

sa tvaṃ hi nitya-vijitātma-guṇaḥ sva-dhāmnā kālo vaśī-kṛta-visṛjya-visarga-śaktiḥ | iti [BhP 7.9.22]

sva-dhāmnā cic-chaktyā | yataḥ kālo māyā-prerakaḥ iti ṭīkā ca | ātmā tv atra jīvaḥ, tasya guṇāḥ sattvādayaḥ, sattvaṃ rajas tama iti guṇā jīvasya naiva me ity [BhP 11.25.12] uktatvāt || prahlādaḥ śrī-narasiṃham ||19||

[20]

tathā ca -

karoti viśva-sthiti-saṃyamodayaṃ
yasyepsitaṃ nepsitam īkṣitur guṇaiḥ |
māyā yathāyo bhramate tad-āśrayaṃ
grāvṇo namas te guṇa-karma-sākṣiṇe || [BhP 5.18.38]

ṭīkā ca - yasyekṣitur jīvārtham īpsitam | atyantānicchāyām īkṣaṇāyogāt | svārthaṃ tu nepsitam | viśva-sthity-ādi-sva-guṇair māyā karoti | tasyā jaḍatve'pīśvara-sannidhānāt pravṛtti-dṛṣṭāntenāha, yathāyo lohaṃ grāvṇo'yaskāntān nimittād bhramati | tad-āśrayaṃ tad-abhimukhaṃ sat | guṇānāṃ karmaṇāṃ ca jīvādṛṣṭānāṃ sākṣiṇaṃ tasmai namaḥ ity eṣā || bhūḥ śrī-varāha-devam ||20||

[21]

atha māyā-śakti-śāvalye kaivalyānupapatteḥ kaivalye'py anubhavābhāve tad- ānandasyārthatānupapatteś cānyathānupapatti-pramāṇatas tām evāha -

tvam ādyaḥ puruṣaḥ sākṣād
īśvaraḥ prakṛteḥ paraḥ |
māyāṃ vyudasya cic-chaktyā
kaivalye sthita ātmani || [BhP 1.7.23]

tvaṃ sākṣāt svayam evādyaḥ puruṣo bhagavān | tathā ya īśvaraḥ antaryāmy- ākhyaḥ puruṣaḥ so'pi tvam eva | tad evam ubhayasminn api prakāśe prakṛteḥ parastad-asaṅgī |

nanu kathaṃ kevalānubhavānandasyāpi tad-anubhavitvaṃ yato bhagavatvam api lakṣyate, kathaṃ ceśvaratvāt prakṛty-adhiṣṭhātṛtve'pi tad-asaṅgitvam | tatrāha, māyāṃ vyudasyeti | avyabhicāriṇyā svarūpa-śaktyā tām ābhāsa- śaktiṃ dūre vidhāya tathaiva svarūpa-śaktyā kaivalye ---

parāvarāṇāṃ parama āste kaivalya-saṃjñitaḥ |
kevalānubhavānanda-sandoho nirupādhikaḥ || [BhP 11.9.18]

ity ekādaśokta-rītyā kaivalyākhye kevalānubhavānande ātmani sva-svarūpe sthitaḥ anubhūta-svarūpa-sukha ity arthaḥ | tad uktaṃ ṣaṣṭhe devair api -- svayam upalabdha-nija-sukhānubhavo bhavān iti [BhP 6.9.33] |

sandoha-śabdena caikādaśe vaicitrī darśitā, sā ca śakti-vaicitryād eva bhavatīti | ataevam asty eva svarūpa-śaktiḥ | prakṛtir nāmātra māyāyās traiguṇyam | evam eva śakti-traya-vivṛtiḥ svāmibhir eva darśitā | tathā hi śrī- devahūti-vākye --

paraṃ pradhānaṃ puruṣaṃ mahāntaṃ kālaṃ kaviṃ tri-vṛtaṃ loka-pālam | ātmānubhūtyānugata-prapañcaṃ svacchanda-śaktiṃ kapilaṃ prapadye || [BhP 3.24.33] ity atra |

paraṃ parameśvaram | tatra hetuḥ svacchandāḥ śaktayo yasya | tā evāha, pradhānaṃ prakṛti-rūpaṃ, puruṣaṃ tad-adhiṣṭhātāraṃ, mahāntaṃ mahat- tattva-svarūpaṃ, kālaṃ teṣāṃ kṣobhakaṃ, trivṛtm ahaṅkāra-bhūtaṃ, lokātmakaṃ tat-pālātmakaṃ ca | tad evaṃ māyayā pradhānādi-rūpatām uktvā cic-chaktyā niṣprapañcatām āha | ātmānubhūtyā cic-chaktyānugataḥ svasmin līnaḥ prapañco yasya taṃ, kaviṃ sarvajñaṃ pradhānādyāvirbhāva-sākṣiṇam ity arthaḥ iti |

atra puruṣasyāpi māyāntaḥpātitvaṃ tad-adhiṣṭhātṛtayopacaryata eva | vastutas tasya tu tasyāḥ paratvam | tathā śrī-kapila-deva-vākye --

anādir ātmā puruṣo nirguṇaḥ prakṛteḥ paraḥ |
pratyag-dhāmā svayaṃ-jyotir viśvaṃ yena samanvitam || [BhP 3.26.3] iti

nāma-svarūpayor nirūpaṇena mahā-saṃhitāyām api viviktaṃ tat tri-śakti -

śrīr bhūr durgeti yā bhinnā jīva-māyā mahātmanaḥ |
ātma-māyā tad-icchā syāt guṇa-māyā jaḍātmikā || iti [?]

asyārthaḥ | śrīr atra jagat-pālana-śaktiḥ, bhūs tat-sṛṣṭi-śaktiḥ, durgā tat- pralaya-śaktiḥ | tat-tad-rūpena yā bhedaṃ prāptā, sā jīva-viṣayā tac-chaktir jīva-māyety ucyate | pādme śrī-kṛṣṇa-satyabhāmā-saṃvāde -

aham eva tridhā bhinnā tiṣṭhāmi trividhair guṇair ity etad-vākyānantaraṃ

tataḥ sarve'pi te devāḥ śrutvā tad-vākya-coditāḥ |
gaurīṃ lakṣmīṃ dharāṃ caiva praṇemur bhakti-tat-parāḥ || iti ||

ekādaśe ca -

eṣā māyā bhagavataḥ sṛṣṭi-sthity-antakāriṇī | trivarṇā varṇitāsmābhiḥ kiṃ bhūyaḥ śrotum icchasi || iti || [BhP 11.3.16]

ātma-māyā svarūpa-śaktiḥ | mīyate'nayeti māyā-śabdena śakti-mātram api bhaṇyate -

tasyāṃ tamovan naihāraṃ khadyotārcir ivāhani |
mahatītaramāyaiśyaṃ nihanty ātmani yuñjata || iti [BhP 10.13.45]

brahma-vākyaṃ tathaiva saṅgacchate | śakti-mātrasya tāratamyaṃ hi tatra vivakṣitam | svalpā śaktiḥ khalv anṛtasya satyasya vā vyañjikā bhavatu nāma | parābhavāya kalpata eveti hi tatra gamyate | dṛṣṭāntābhyāṃ ca tathaiva prakaṭitaṃ tasyāṃ tamovad ityādibhyām | tathā yuddheṣa māyāmaya- śastrādinā bahavaś chinna-bhinnā jātā iti purāṇādiṣu śrūyate |

tataḥ sā ca māyā mithyākalpikā ca bhavatīti gamyate | na hi maru-marīcikā- jalena kecid ārdrā bhavantīti |

svarūpa-bhūtayā nitya-śaktyā māyākhyayā yutaḥ |
ato māyāmayaṃ viṣṇuṃ pravadanti sanātanam || iti caturveda-śikhādyā śrutiś

ca |

tataś ca - ātma-māyā tad-icchā syāt ity atra jñāna-kriye api lakṣyete | māyā vayunaṃ jñanam iti nighaṇṭau ca paryāya-śabdāḥ |

triguṇātmikātha jñānaṃ ca viṣṇu-śaktis tathaiva ca | māyā-śabdena bhaṇyate śabda-tattvārtha-vedibhiḥ || iti trikāṇḍa-śeṣe |

māyā dambhe kṛpāyāṃ ceti viśva-prakāśe | vyākhyātaṃ ca ṭīkā-kṛdbhir ekādaśe kālo māyā-maye jīve ity atra [BhP 11.24.27] māyā-pravartake jñāna- maye vā iti | tṛtīye'pi āpuḥ parāṃ mudam ity ādau [BhP 3.15.26] yoga-māya- śabdena sanakādāv aṣṭāṅga-yoga-prabhāvaṃ vyākhyāya parameśvare tu cic- chakti-vilāso vyākhyātaḥ |

tatas tribhedaivātma-māyeti siddham | yathā vā - tvam ādyaḥ puruṣaḥ [BhP 1.7.23] ity ādi-mūla-padām evam avatāryam | śrī-vaikuṇṭhe māyaṃ niṣedhann api sākṣāt tām evāha tvam ādya iti | kaivalye mokṣākhye śrī- vaikuṇṭha-lakṣaṇe ātmani svāṃśa eva sthitaḥ | kiṃ kṛtvā ? tatrāti- virājamānayā cic-chaktyā māyāṃ dūre sthitām api tiraskṛtyaiva | mataṃ caitammāyādikaṃ niṣedhatā śrī-śukadevena |

pravartate yatra rajas tamas tayoḥ sattvaṃ ca miśraṃ na ca kāla-vikramaḥ | na yatra māyā kim utāpare harer anuvratā yatra surāsurārcitāḥ || [BhP 2.9.10] iti |

moksaṃ paraṃ padaṃ liṅgam amṛtaṃ viṣṇu-mandiram | iti pādmottara-khaṇḍe viakuṇṭha-paryāya-śabdāḥ || arjunaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||21||

[22]

ata ūrdhvaṃ guṇādīnāṃ svarūpātmatā-nigamanāt svarūpa-śaktir eva punar api vivriyate yāvat sandarbha-samāptiḥ |[*ENDNOTE #3] tatra guṇānāṃ svarūpātmatām āhuḥ |

sa yad ajayā tv ajām anuśayīta guṇāṃś ca juṣan
bhajati sarūpatāṃ tad anu mṛtyum apeta-bhagaḥ |
tvam uta jahāsi tām ahir iva tvacam ātta-bhago
mahasi mahīyase'ṣṭa-guṇite'parimeya-bhagaḥ ||[BhP 10.87.38]

ṭīkā ca - sa tu jīvo yad yasmāt ajayā māyayā ajām avidyām anuśayīta āliṅget | tataś ca guṇāṃś ca dehendriyādīn juṣan sevamānaḥ ātmatayā adhyasyan | tad anu tad-anantaraṃ sarūpatāṃ tad-dharma-yogaṃ ca juṣan apeta- bhagaḥ pihitānandādi-guṇaḥ san mṛtyuṃ saṃsāraṃ bhajati prāpnoti | tvam uta tvaṃ tu jahāsi tāṃ māyām |

nanu sā mayy evāsti kathaṃ tyāgas tatrāha ahir iva tvacam iti | ayaṃ bhāvaḥ - -yathā bhujaṅgaḥ svagatam api kañcukaṃ guṇa-buddhyā nābhimanyate tathā tvam ajāṃ māyāṃ | na hi nirantarāhlāda-saṃvit-kāmadhenu-vṛnda-pater ajayā kṛtyam iti tām upekṣase |

kuta etat tad āha | ātma-bhaga-nitya-prāptaiśvaryaḥ | mahasi paramaiśvarye aṣṭa-guṇite aṇimādy-aṣṭa-vibhūtimati | mahīyase pūjyase virājase |

kathambhūtaḥ ? aparimeya-bhagaḥ aparimeyaiśvaryaḥ | na tv anyeṣām iva deśa-kāla-paricchinnaṃ tavāṣṭa-guṇitam aiśvaryam | api tu paripūrṇa- svarūpānubandhitvād aparimitam ity arthaḥ | ity eṣā |

tathā ca tatraiva pūrvam uktaṃ - tvam asi yad ātmanā samavaruddha-samasta- bhaga iti [BhP 10.87.14] | yad vā ahir iva tvacam ity atra tvak-śabdena parityaktā jīrṇa-tvag evocyate | sa yathā tāṃ jahātīti tat-samīpam api na vrajati, tathā tvam api māyā-samīpaṃ na yāsīty arthaḥ |

anyatra ca -

viśuddha-vijñāna-ghanaṃ sva-saṃsthayā samāpta-sarvārtham amogha-vāñchitam || iti [BhP 10.37.22] |

tathoddhavaṃ prati śrī-bhagavad-vākyaṃ -

siddhayo'ṣṭādaśa proktā dhāraṇā yoga-pāragaiḥ | tāsām aṣṭau mat-pradhānā daśaiva guṇa-hetavaḥ || [BhP 11.15.3] iti |

agre ca - etā me siddhayaḥ saumya aṣṭāv autpattikā matāḥ | iti [BhP 11.15.5]

ataeva daitya-bālakān prati śrī-prahlāda-vākyam --

kevalānubhavānanda-svarūpaḥ parameśvaraḥ |
māyayāntarhitaiśvarya īyate guṇa-sargayā ||[BhP 7.6.20]

ṭīkā ca - nanu sa eva cet sarvatra tarhi sarvatra sarvajñatādy upalabhyate | tatrāha - guṇātmakaḥ sargo yasyās tayā māyayā antarhitam aiśvaryaṃ yena ity eṣā |

atra bhagavad aiśvaryasya māyayāntarhitatvena guṇa-sargayeti māyāyā viśeṣaṇa-vinyāsena ca tad-atītatvaṃ bodhayati svarūpavat | ataḥ parameśvara iti viśeṣaṇam api tat-sahayogena pūrvam eva dattam iti jñeyam | śrutayaś -

ajām ekāṃ lohita-śukla-kṛṣṇāṃ
vahvīḥ prajāḥ sṛjamānāṃ sarūpāḥ |
ajo hy eko juṣamāṇo'nuśete
jahāty enāṃ bhukta-bhogām ajo'nyaḥ || [ŚvetU 4.5]

yad-ātmako bhagavāṃs tad-ātmikā vyaktiḥ | kim ātmako bhagavān ? jñānātmaka aiśvaryātmakaḥ śakty-ātmakaś ca | daivātma-śaktiṃ sva-guṇair nigūḍhām ity ādyāḥ [ŚvetU 1.3] | atra sva-guṇair iti yātītagocarā vācām ity uktaiḥ svīya-svabhāvair ity arthaḥ || śrutayaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||22||

[23]

māṃ bhajanti guṇāḥ sarve
nirguṇaṃ nirapekṣakam |
suhṛdaṃ priyam ātmānaṃ
sāmyāsaṅgādayo'guṇāḥ || [BhP 11.13.40]

ṭīkā ca - kathambhūtāḥ ? aguṇāḥ, guṇa-pariṇāma-rūpā na bhavanti kintu nityā ity arthaḥ | ity eṣā |

tathā ca nārada-pañcarātre jitaṃ te stotre -

namaḥ sarva-guṇātīta-ṣaḍ-guṇāyādi-vedhase | iti |

yad uktaṃ brahma-tarke -

guṇaiḥ sva-rūpa-bhūtais tu guṇy asau harir īśvaraḥ |
na viṣṇor na ca muktānāṃ kvāpi bhinno guṇo mataḥ ||

kālikā-purāṇe devī-kṛta-viṣṇu-stave -

yasya brahmādayo devā munayaś ca tapa-dhanāḥ |
na vivṛṇvanti rūpāṇi varṇanīyaḥ kathaṃ sa me ||

striyā mayā te kiṃ jñeyā nirguṇasya guṇāḥ prabho |
naiva jānanti yad rūpaṃ sendrā api surāsurāḥ || iti ||

śrī-haṃsa-devaḥ sanakādīn ||23||

[24]

anyatra śrī-haṃsa-vākya-sthitādi-grahaṇa-kroḍī-kṛtān tān bahūn eva satyaṃ śaucam ity ādibhir gaṇayitvāha -

ete cānye ca bhagavan
nityā yatra mahā-guṇāḥ |
prārthyā mahattvam icchadbhir
na viyanti sma karhicit || [BhP 1.16.26]

ṭīkā ca - ete ekonacatvāriṃśat | anye ca brahmaṇyatva-śaraṇyatvādayo mahānto guṇā yasmin nityāḥ sahajā na viyanti na kṣīyante sma | ity eṣā |

atra śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇam -

kalā-muhūrtādi-mayaś ca kālo na yad-vibhūteḥ pariṇāma-hetuḥ || iti [ViP 4.1.84] |

śrī-pṛthivī śrī-dharmam ||24|

[25] ata eva āha -

namas tubhyaṃ bhagavate
brahmaṇe paramātmane |
na yatra śrūyate māyā
loka-sṛṣṭi-vikalpanā || [BhP 10.28.6]

yatra bhagavad-āditvena tridhaiva sphurati svarūpe māyā na śrūyate | tasya tathā tathā sphūrtir māyayā na bhavatīty arthaḥ | tatra hetuḥ - loka-sṛṣṭāv eva vikalpituṃ sṛṣṭi-sthiti-saṃhārair vividham īśituṃ śīlaṃ yasyāḥ sā | ataeva bhūgola-praśne hetutvena rājñāpy uktam --

bhagavato guṇamaye sthūla-rūpa āveśitaṃ mano hy aguṇe'pi sūkṣmatama

ātma-jyotiṣi pare brahmaṇi bhagavati vāsudevākhye kṣamam āveśitum iti
[BhP 5.16.3] |
varuṇaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||25||

[26]

tathā -

tasmai namo bhagavate vāsudevāya dhīmahi |
yan-māyayā durjayayā māṃ vadanti jagad-gurum ||

vilajjamānayā yasya sthātum īkṣā-pathe'muyā |
vimohitā vikatthante mamāham iti durdhiyaḥ || [BhP 2.5.12-13]

tama-ādimayatvena svasya sadoṣatvāt, saccidānanda-ghanatvena yasya nirdoṣasya netra-gocare vilajjamānayā amuṣā māyayā vimohitā asmad-ādayo durdhiyaḥ || śrī-brahmā śrī-nāradam ||26||

[27]

tad evam aiśvaryādi-ṣaṭkasya svarūpa-bhūtatvam uktvā, śrī-vigrahasya pūrṇa-svarūpa-bhūtatvaṃ vaktuṃ prakaraṇam ārabhyate | tatra tasya tādṛśatva- sacivaṃ nityatvaṃ tāvat pūrva-darśita-tādṛśa-vaikuṇṭhādhiṣṭhātṛtvena siddham eva | prapañcāvatīrṇatve'py āha tribhiḥ -

naṣṭe loke dvi-parārdhāvasāne
mahā-bhūteṣv ādi-bhūtaṃ gateṣu |
vyakte'vyaktaṃ kāla-vegena yāte
bhavān ekaḥ śiṣyate'śeṣa-saṃjñaḥ || [BhP 10.3.25]

ataḥ śeṣa-saṃjñaḥ | tatra yuktiḥ -

yo'yaṃ kālas tasya te'vyakta-bandho
ceṣṭām āhuś ceṣṭate yena viśvam |
nimeṣādir vatsarānto mahīyāṃs
taṃ tveśānaṃ kṣema-dhāma prapadye || [BhP 10.3.26]

he avyakta-bandho sānnidhya-mātreṇa prakṛti-pravartaka ceṣṭā nimeṣonmeṣa-rūpām | śrutiś ca - sarve nimeṣā jajñire vidyutaḥ puruṣādadhīti [Mahā-nārāyaṇaU 1.8] | sarve nimeṣādayaḥ kālāvayavāḥ viśeṣeṇa dyotate vidyut | puruṣaḥ paramātmeti śruti-padārthaḥ | sarvatra sṛṣṭi-saṃhārayor nimittaṃ kāla eva, tasya tu tad-aṅga-ceṣṭā-rūpatvāt tau tatra na sambhavata eveti bhāvaḥ | tatra hetv-antaraṃ kṣema-dhāmeti | tvā tvām |

atra svābhīṣṭāt tasmād āvirbhāvād eva kaṃsa-bhayaṃ kaimutyena vāritavatī | tathaiva spaṣṭaṃ punar āha --

martyo mṛtyu-vyāla-bhītaḥ palāyan
lokān sarvān nirbhayaṃ nādhyagacchat |
tvat-padābjaṃ prāpya yadṛcchayādya
svasthaḥ śete mṛtyur asmād apaiti || [BhP 10.3.27]

lokān prāpya nirbhayaṃ bhayābhāvam | tvat-pādābjaṃ tu prāpyety ubhayatrāpy anvayaḥ | atra tvat-pādābjam iti śrī-vigraham eva tathāpi vispaṣṭaṃ sādhitavatī | ataevāmṛta-vapur iti sahasra-nāma-stotre | mṛtaṃ maraṇaṃ tad-rahitaṃ vapur asyety amṛta-vapur iti śaṅkara-bhāṣye'pi | ādyeti janmābhāvo'pi darśitaḥ, sajanmani sarvatra sāditvaasyaiva siddheḥ | tad uktam - prādurāsīd yathā prācyāṃ diśīndur iva puṣkalaḥ | iti | [BhP 10.3.8]

śrutiś cātra - sa brahmaṇā sṛjati sa rudreṇa vilāpayati so'nutpattir alaya eva hariḥ paraḥ paramānanda iti mahopaniṣadi[*ENDNOTE #4] ||

śrīdevakī-devī śrī-bhagavantam ||27||

[28]

tathā utpatti-sthiti-layety-ādi-padye - yad rūpaṃ dhruvam akṛtam iti | [BhP 5.25.9]

yasya śrī-saṅkarṣaṇasya rūpaṃ dhruvam anantaṃ akṛtaṃ cānādi | ataeva varṣādhipopāsanā-varṇane bhavenāpi tad-rūpam adhikṛtyoktam --

na yasya māyā-guṇa-citta-vṛttibhir nirīkṣato hy aṇv api dṛṣṭir ajyate | iti [BhP 5.17.19]

yat tu tatra tad eva rūpam adhikṛtya śrī-śukena - yā vai kalā bhagavatas tāmasīti [BhP 5.25.1] | tathā bhavānīnāthair iti gadye [BhP 5.17.16] tāmasīṃ mūrtim ity uktam, tan nijāṃśa-śiva-dvārā tamo-guṇopakārakatvena jñeyam | utpatti-sthiti-layety-ādi-padyānantaraṃ śrī-śukenaiva śrī-nārada-vākyam anuktam -- mūrtiṃ na puru-kṛpayā babhāra sattvaṃ saṃśuddhaṃ sadasad idaṃ vibhāti yatra | [BhP 5.25.10] | tasmān nityam eva sarvaṃ bhagavad-rūpam |

tathā ca pādmottara-khaṇḍe tat-stutiḥ - anādi-nidhanānanta-vapuṣe viśva- rūpiṇe | iti |

yad atra skāndādau kvacid bhrāmakam asti tat tu tat tat purāṇānāṃ tāmasa- kalpa-kathāmayatvāt tat-tat-kalpeṣu ca bhagavatā sva-mahimāvaraṇād yuktam eva tad iti | śrī-bhāgavatenāpi - evaṃ vadanti rājarṣe [BhP 10.77.30]
ity ādinā tādṛśaṃ mataṃ na matam | tad idaṃ tu śrī-kṛṣṇa-sandarbhe viśiṣya sthāpayiṣyāmaḥ | sva-mataṃ tu - satyaṃ śaucaṃ dayā kṣāntir ity ādinā [BhP 1.16.27] śrī-pṛthivī-vākyena kānti-maha-ojo-balānām api svābhāvikatvam avyabhicāritvaṃ darśayatā darśitam | naṣṭe loka[*ENDNOTE #5] ity ādinā [BhP 10.3.25] śrī-devakī-vākyena ca | tasmāt sādhūktaṃ yad rūpaṃ dhruvam akṛtam iti || śrī-śukaḥ ||28||

[29]

vibhutvam āha -

na cāntar na bahir yasya na pūrvaṃ nāpi cāparam |
pūrvāparaṃ bahiś cāntar jagato yo jagac ca yaḥ ||

taṃ matvātmajam avyaktaṃ martya-liṅgam adhokṣajam |
gopikolūkhale dāmnā babandha prākṛtaṃ yathā || [BhP 10.9.13-14]

ṭīkā ca - bandhanaṃ hi bahiḥ-parītena dāmnā antarāvṛtasya bhavati | tathā pūrvāpara-vibhāgavato vastunaḥ pūrvato dāma dhṛtvā parataḥ pariveṣṭanena bhavati | na tv etad astīty āha na cāntar iti | kiṃ ca vyāpakena vyāpyasya bandho bhavati | tac cātra viparītam ity āha pūrvāparam iti | kiṃ ca tad- vyatiriktasya cābhāvān na bandha ity āha - jagac ca yaḥ iti | taṃ martya- liṅgam adhokṣajam ātmajaṃ matvā babandheti | ity eṣā ||

jagac ca ya ity atra yasya kāraṇasya vyatirekeṇa kāryasya jagato vyatirekaḥ syād iti | tad ananyasya jagatas tac-chaktyeva śaktes tad-aṃśāṃśa-rūpayā rajjvā kathaṃ bandhaḥ syāt | na hi vahnim arciṣo daheyur iti bhāvaḥ |

taṃ martya-liṅgam ity ādau | ṭīkā-kṛtām ayam abhiprāyaḥ | nanu sarva- vyāpakaṃ kathaṃ babandha, na hi brahmāṇḍa-golakādikam api kaścid badhnāti | tatrāha martya-liṅgaṃ manuṣya-vigraham | tarhi kathaṃ vyāpakatvam ? tatrāha, adhokṣajam adhaḥ kṛtam indriyajaṃ jñānaṃ yena taṃ sarvendriya-jñānāgocaraṃ pratyakṣādi-pramāṇair acintya-svarūpam ity arthaḥ | tasmāt tad-ākāratve'pi tasmin vibhutvam asty eveti bhāvaḥ | adhokṣajatvād evāvyaktatvam api vyākhyātam iti tan noddhṛtam |

nanu manuṣya-vigrahatve'py aparityakta-vibhutvaṃ kathaṃ mātur nāsphurat ? tatrāha - ātmajaṃ matveti | vatsalādy-abhidha-prema-rasa-viśeṣasya svabhāvo'yam | yad asau svānanda-pūreṇa tasya tādṛśatvaṃ praty anubhava- paddhatim āvṛṇotīty arthaḥ | itthaṃ cātad-vīrya-kovidatvaṃ tasyā māhātmyam eva taṃ rajjubhir baddham api kartus tasya prema- rasasyānubhāva-rūpatvāt | tad uktam -- nemaṃ viriñco na bhava ity ādi [BhP 10.9.20] | prākṛtaṃ yathā ity anena adhokṣajam ity anena ca, vastuno vyāpakatvaṃ māyayā tu martya-liṅgatvam ity api parihṛtam |

yad dhi tarka-gocaro bhavati, tatraiva kadācid asambhava-rīti-darśanena sābhyupagamyate, yat tu svata eva tad-atītaṃ, tatra tat-svīkṛtir atīva- mūrkhatā | yathā bāḍava-nāmno vahner jala-nidhi-madhya eva dedīpyamānatāyām aindrajālikattā-svīkaraṇam | śrutiś ca - arvāg devā asya visarjanenātha ko veda yata ābabhūvety ādyā |

kiṃ ca yad gataṃ bandhanaṃ tasya śrī-vigrahasyaiva vyāpakatvaṃ vivakṣitaṃ yattadoḥ [?] sāmānādhikaraṇyāt tasyās tatrākovidatvopapādanatvāc ca | tatra vigrahatvaṃ paricchinnāyām eva sambhavati | kara-caraṇādy-ākāra-sanniveśāt | tasmād asyaiva tasmin paricchinnatvaṃ vibhutvaṃ ca yugapad eva | mūla- siddhānta eva paraspara-virodhi-śakti-śata-nidhānatvaṃ tasya darśitam | dṛśyate'pi loke tridoṣaghna-mahauṣadhīnāṃ tādṛśatvam |

tathaiva vibhutvam uktaṃ brahma-saṃhitāyāṃ -

panthās tu koṭi-śata-vatsara-saṃpragamyo
vāyor athāpi manaso muni-puṅgavānām |
so'py asti yat-prapada-sīmny avicintya-tattve
govindam ādi-puruṣaṃ tam ahaṃ bhajāmi || iti [BrahmaS 5.40] ||

śrutiś ca madhva-bhāṣya-pramāṇitā - asthūlo'naṇur amadhyamo madhyamo'vyāpako vyāpako harir ādir anādir aviśvo viśvaḥ saguṇo nirguṇa iti |

tathaiva nṛsiṃha-tāpanī ca - turīyam aturīyam ātmānam anātmānam ugram anugram vīram avīraṃ mahāntam amahāntaṃ viṣṇum aviṣṇuṃ jvalantam ajvalantaṃ sarvato-mukham asarvato-mukham ity [NTU 2.3] ādikā |

brahma-purāṇe -

asthūlo'nurūpo'sāv aviśvo viśva eva ca |
viruddha-dharma-rūpe'sāv aiśvaryāt puruṣottama || iti ||

tathaiva dṛṣṭaṃ śrī-viṣṇu-dharme -

paramāṇv-anta-paryanta-
sahasrāṃśāṇu-mūrtaye |
jaṭharāntāyutāṃśānta-
sthita-brahmāṇḍa-dhāriṇe || iti ||

ataḥ śrī-gītopaniṣadaś ca -

mayā tatam idaṃ sarvaṃ
jagad avyakta-mūrtinā |
mat-sthāni sarva-bhūtāni
na cāhaṃ teṣv avasthitaḥ ||

na ca mat-sthāni bhūtāni paśya me yogam aiśvaram | bhūta-bhṛn na ca bhūta-stho mamātmā bhūta-bhāvanaḥ || iti | [Gītā 9.4-5]

avyakta-mūrtineti tādṛśa-rūpatvād buddhi-vaibhavāgocara-svabhāva- vigraheṇety arthaḥ || śrī-śukaḥ ||29||

[30]

tad evaṃ paricchinnasyaiva tad-ākārasya vibhutvaṃ punar-vidvad- anubhvaenokta-nyāyena darśayitum prakaraṇam ārabhyate | tatraikādaśa- padyāny āha -

kvāhaṃ tamo-mahad-ahaṃ-kha-carāgni-vār-bhū-
saṃveṣṭitāṇḍa-ghaṭa-sapta-vitasti-kāyaḥ |
kvedṛg-vidhāvigaṇitāṇḍa-parāṇu-caryā-
vātādhva-roma-vivarasya ca te mahitvam || [BhP 10.14.11]

spaṣṭam ||

[31]

utkṣepaṇaṃ garbha-gatasya pādayoḥ
kiṃ kalpate mātur adhokṣajāgame |
kim āstināsti-vyapadeśa-bhūṣitaṃ
tavāsti kukṣeḥ kiyad apy anantaḥ || [BhP 10.14.12]

ataḥ sarvasya tava kukṣi-gatatvena mamāpi tathātvān mātṛvad aparādhaḥ soḍhavya iti bhāvaḥ |

[32]

kiṃ ca viśeṣatas tu tvatto yaj janma prasiddham ity āha -

jagat-trayāntodadhi-samplavode
nārāyaṇasyodara-nābhi-nālāt |
vinirgato'jas tv iti vāṅ na vai mṛṣā
kintv īśvara tvan na vinirgato'smi || [BhP 10.14.13]

tathāpi tvat tvattaḥ kiṃ tu notpanno'smi ha api tu tvatta evotpanno'smīty arthaḥ |

[33]

nanu yady ahaṃ pralayodadhi-śāyī nārāyaṇaḥ syāṃ, tarhi mattas tvam utpanno'sīty api ghaṭate | tat tv anyathaivety āśaṅkyāha -

nārāyaṇas tvaṃ na hi sarva-dehinām
ātmāsy adhīśākhila-loka-sākṣī |
nārāyaṇo'ṅgaṃ nara-bhū-jalāyanāt
tac cāpi satyaṃ na tavaiva māyā || [BhP 10.14.14]

he adhīśa īśasya sarvāntaryāmiṇo nārāyaṇasyāpy upari vartamāna, he bhagavann ity arthaḥ | hi niścitaṃ sa nārāyaṇas tvaṃ, nāsi, kintu nārāyaṇo'sau tavivāṅgam aṃśaḥ | yadyapy evam athāpi mama tad-aṅgotpannatvād aṅginas tvatta evotpattir iti bhāvaḥ | katham asau nārāyaṇa ucyate | kathaṃ vā mama tasmād vailakṣaṇyam ? tatraha -

yo'sau dehinām ātmā antaryāmi-puruṣaḥ | ataeva nārasya jīva-samūhasya ayam āśrayo yatreti tasya nārāyaṇatvaṃ, sāksād bhagavatas tava tu tad antaryāmitāyām apy audāsīnyam iti bhāvaḥ | kiṃ ca, akhila-loka-sākṣī, yasmāt akhilaṃ lokaṃ sākṣāt paśyati, tasmāt | nāram ayate jānātīti nārāyaṇo'sau, tvaṃ punas tenāṃśenaiva tad-draṣṭā, na tu sākṣād iti tasmād vilakṣaṇa ity arthaḥ | tarhi sa nārāyaṇas tvaṃ na bhavasīti mamāpy anyathā nārāyaṇatvam astīti bhavatābhipretaṃ, tat katham ? ity asyottaraṃ tenaiva sambodhanena vyañjayati, adhīśeti | īśaḥ pravartakaḥ |

tataś ca nārasya ayanaṃ pravṛttir yasmāt sa nārāyaṇaḥ | tato'py adhikaiśvaryād adhīśas tvam api nārāyaṇaḥ | yathā maṇḍaleśvaro'pi nṛpatis teṣām adhipo'pi nṛpatir iti | śrī-kṛṣṇasyaiva sākṣāt svayaṃ bhagavattvena tasmād api paratvam | kṛṣṇa-sandarbhe prabandhena darśayiṣyate |

nanu, narāj jātāni tattvāni nārāṇīti vidur budhāḥ | tasya tāny ayanaṃ pūrvaṃ tena nārāyaṇaḥ smṛtaḥ iti | tathā,

āpo nārā iti proktā āpo vai nara-sūnavaḥ |
ayanaṃ tasya tāḥ pūrvaṃ tena nārāyaṇaḥ smṛtaḥ ||

iti tasyāpi nārāyaṇatva-manmathāprasiddham ity āśaṅkyāha - nara-bhū- jalāyanāt tac cāpīti | narād udbhūtaye'rthās tathā narāj jātaṃ yaj jalaṃ, tad- ayanāt yac ca tac cāpi nārāyaṇatvaṃ bhavati tarhi kathaṃ prasiddhi- parityāgenānyathā nirvakṣīty ata āha satyaṃ neti | tat pralayodadhi-jalādy- āśrayatvaṃ satyaṃ na, kintu tathā jñānaṃ tavaiva māyety arthaḥ | māyātra pratāraṇa-śaktiḥ, māyā dambhe kṛpāyāṃ ceti viśva-prakāśāt | durvitarka- svarūpa-śaktyaiva paricchinnāparicchinnāyās tvan-mūrter jalādibhir aparicchedād iti bhāvaḥ |

śloka-catuṣṭaye'smin yasya nārāyaṇasyāntataṃ mad-ādikaṃ sarvam eva jagat, so'pi tavāntarbhūta iti tātparyam | nārāyaṇasya tādṛśatve mantra-varṇaḥ -

yac ca kiñcij jagat sarvaṃ dṛśyate śrūyate'pi vā |
antar bahiś ca tat sarvaṃ vyāpya nārāyaṇaḥ sthitaḥ || iti ||

[34]

tan-mūrter jalādibhir aparicchede svānubhavaṃ pramāṇayati ---

tac cej jala-sthaṃ tava saj-jagad-vapuḥ
kiṃ me na dṛṣṭaṃ bhagavaṃs tadaiva |
kiṃ vā sudṛṣṭaṃ hṛdi me tadaiva
kiṃ no sapady eva punar vyadarśi || [BhP 10.14.15]

jagad-āśraya-bhūtaṃ nārāyaṇābhidhaṃ tava tad-vapuḥ jalastham evety evaṃ yadi sat satyaṃ syāt tarhi tadaiva kamala-nāla-mārgeṇāntaḥ praviśya saṃvatsara-śataṃ vicinvatāpi mayā he bhagavann acintyaiśvarya tat kim iti na dṛṣṭam |

yadi ca tad-vapur māyā-mātraṃ, māyā syāc chāmbarī-buddhyor iti trikāṇḍa-śeṣa-rītyā mithyābhivyañjaka-kalā-viśeṣa-darśita-mātraṃ syāt tarhi kiṃ vā rūḍha-samādhi-yoga-virūḍha-bodhena mayā hṛdi tadaiva suṣṭhu saccidānanda-ghanatvena dṛṣṭaṃ, samādhy-anantaraṃ kiṃ vā punaḥ sapady eva no vyadarśi na dṛṣṭam | atas tvan-mūrter māyāmayatvaṃ deśa-viśeṣa- kṛta-paricchedaś ca satyo na bhavatīty arthaḥ | etad-vyākhyāna-nidānaṃ tṛtīya-skandhetihāso draṣṭavyaḥ |

[35]

atra tac cāpi satyam ity atra, tac cāpi aṅgaṃ satyam eva, na tu virāḍ avanmāyeti tac cej jalastham ity atra ca, taj-jalasthaṃ sad-rūpaṃ tava vapur yadi jagat syāt, prapañcāntaḥpāti syāt iti vyākurvanti | tasmād evaṃ nārāyaṇāṅgakasya bhagvad-vigrahasya viśvo'pi prapañco'ntarbhūta iti svayaṃ bhagavatā darśitam | śrīmatyā jananyaivānubhūtam ity āha --

atraiva māyādhamanāvatāre
hy asya prapañcasya bahiḥ-sphuṭasya |
kṛtsnasya cāntar jaṭhare jananyā
māyātvam eva prakaṭīkṛtaṃ te || [BhP 10.14.16]

atraiva tāvat śrī-kṛṣṇākhye māyopaśamane'vatāre prādurbhāve, bahiś cāntar-jaṭhare ca sphuṭasya dṛṣṭasya kṛtsnasya jagataḥ sambandhe pūrvoktaṃ yan māyātvam, parpañcakṛtatvatparicchedyatvasya mithyātvam | taj-jananyā jananyai te tvayā prakaṭīkṛtaṃ darśitam | tasmād bhavān jagad-antaḥstha eva, jagat tu bhava-bahir-bhūtam ity evaṃ māyā-dharmaḥ | vastutas tu durvitarka- svarūpa-śaktyā madhyamatve'pi vyāpako'sīti bhāvaḥ |

[36]

māyā-dharmeneti yad bhavatā kṛpayā dṛṣṭa-pramāṇe'pi śrī-vigrahe sarvo'pi prapañco'ntarbhūta iti darśitaṃ tat satyam eveti dyotanārthaṃ bhagavaty apy anyathā pratīti-nirasanārthaṃ ca pūrvam evārtham upapādayati --

yasya kukṣāv idaṃ sarvaṃ
sātmaṃ bhāti yathā tathā |
tat tvayy apīha tat sarvaṃ
kim idaṃ māyayā vinā || [BhP 10.14.17]

yasya tava kukṣau sarvam idaṃ sātmaṃ tvat-sahitaṃ yathā bhāti, tat sarvam iha bahir api tathaiva tvayi bhāti ity anvayaḥ |

ayam arthaḥ - svasya vraje'ntarbhūtatā-darśanenaiva samaṃ vrajasya svasminn antarbhūtatāṃ darśayan tac cāntar bahir darśanaṃ kiṃ svapna etad uta devamāyā ity ādau [BhP 10.8.40] śrī-jananyā eva vicāre svāpnikatva- māyolatva-bimba-pratibimbatvānāmayogyatvād ekam evety abhijñāpayan, kiṃ svapna ity ādāv eva yaḥ kaścana autpattika ātmayoga ity [BhP 10.8.40] anena carama-pakṣāvasitayā durvitarka-svarūpa-śaktyaiva madhyama-parimāṇa- viśeṣa eva sarva-vyāpako'smīti svayam eva bhavān jananīṃ prati yugapad ubhayātmakaṃ nija-dharma-viśeṣaṃ darśitavān | ataeva dvitīye gṛhṇīta yad yad upabandham amuṣya mātā ity ādau [BhP 2.7.30] pratibodhitāsīd ity uktam | tasmāt tava kukṣau sarvam idaṃ yathā bhāti, iha bahir api tathā, tad- antarbhūto'pi tad-vyāpako'sīti prakāreṇaiva tava māyayā sva- yāthārthyāvaraṇa-śaktyā vinā kiṃ sambhavati ? naiva sambhavatīty arthaḥ |

[37]

mayāpy evam evānubhūtam ity āha --

adyaiva tvad ṛte'sya kiṃ mama na te māyātvam ādarśitam
eko'si prathamaṃ tato vraja-suhṛd-vatsāḥ samastā api |
tāvanto'si caturbhujās tad akhilaiḥ sākaṃ mayopāsitās
tāvanty eva jaganty abhūs tad amitaṃ brahmādvayaṃ śiṣyate || [BhP 10.14.18]

adyaiva te tvayā kim asya viśvasya tvad-ṛte tvatto bahir māyātvaṃ māyayaiva sphuraṇaṃ bhavatīti mama māṃ prati na darśitam ? api tu darśitam eva | etan narākāra-rūpāt tvatto bhair evedaṃ jagad iti yan mugdhānāṃ bhāti | tan- māyayivety arthaḥ | katham etad ākāra-rūpasya mama tādṛśatvam ? tatrāha, eko'si iti | vraja-suhṛdādi-rūpaṃ yad yasmād āvirbhūtaṃ tat tad akhilam adhunā tirodhāna-samaye yena punar anena śrī-vigraha-rūpeṇāvaśiṣyate | tad dvayaṃ brahmaivety arthaḥ | aśeṣa-prāpañcika-vastūnāṃ prādurbhāva-sthiti- tirobhāva-darśanena tal-lakṣaṇākrāntatvād iti bhāvaḥ | tataś cāsya brahmatve siddhe vyāpakatvam api sidhyatīti tātparyam |

[38]

nanu, sṛṣṭy-ādau brahma-viṣṇu-maheśvarā bhinnā eva kāraṇa-bhūtās tathā sthitau kecid anye'vatārāś ca, tat kathaṃ mamaivaṃ sarva-kāraṇatvam ucyate | tatrāha --

ajānatāṃ tvat-padavīm anātmany
ātmātmanā bhāsi vitatya māyām |
sṛṣṭāv ivāhaṃ jagato vidhāna iva
tvam eṣo'nta iva trinetraḥ || [BhP 10.14.19]

tvam ity asya bhāsīty anenānvayaḥ | kartṛ-kriyayor anvayasyaiva prāthamikatvāt | kartrā cātra tvam ity eva madhama-puruṣeṇa yujyate | tasmād atra naiva śabdaḥ sambadhyate kintv eṣa ity atraiva | tataś ca śrī- vigraho'muḥ vācyaḥ | svayaṃ bhagavattvenāsya guṇāvatāratvābhāvāt | adyaiva tvad-ṛte'syety anenāvyvavahita-vacanena viruddhatvāc ca |

tasmād ayam arthaḥ - tvat-padavīṃ tava tathābhūtaṃ svarūpam ajānatām ajānataḥ prati | ātmā tat tad aṃśisvarūpas tvam eva | ātmanā tat-tad-aṃśena, māyāṃ sṛṣṭy-ādi-nimitta-śaktim | anātmani jaḍa-rūpe mahad-ādy-upādāne pradhāne | vitatya pravarty, tat-tat-kārya-bhedena bhinna iva bhāsīty arthaḥ | ante tri-netra iveti | vastutas tvam eva tat-tad-rūpeṇa vartase, mūḍhās tu tvattas tān pṛthak paśyantīti bhāvaḥ | yato dvitīye brahma-vākyam -

sṛjāmi tan-niyukto'haṃ haro harati tad-vaśaḥ |
viśvaṃ puruṣa-rūpeṇa paripāti tri-śakti-dhṛk || iti [BhP 2.6.30]

[39]

ato bhagavat-svarūpaikatvena na brahmādivad viṣṇur iveti nirdiṣṭam | evaṃ yathā guṇāvatārās tathānye'py avatārā ity āha --

sureṣv ṛṣiṣv īśa tathaiva nṛṣv api
tiryakṣu yādaḥsv api te'janasya |
janmāyatāṃ durmada-nigrahāya
vidhātaḥ yad anugrahāya ca || [BhP 10.14.20]

ajanasya janmety anena prādurbhāva-mātraṃ janmeti bodhayati | nanu brahman kim atra vicāritaṃ bhavatā, yad ekasyā eva mama mūrter vyāpakatve satya-nyāsāṃ darśana-sthānaṃ na sambhavatīti | tathā jaḍa-vastūnāṃ ghaṭādīnām eva prākaṭya-prakāro loke dṛṣṭaḥ | kathaṃ tad itara- svabhāvānāṃ cid-vastūnāṃ mama śrī-mūrtyādīnām iti | yathā yāvatyo vibhūtayo mama bhavatā dṛṣṭās tāvatībhir eva bhavān vismito, nāparāḥ santīti sambhāvayann iva tat-parimitatām adhigatavān astīti | tathā ye mamāṃśāḥ pūrvaṃ bālavatsādi-rūpās ta eva caturbhujā abhavann iti kasyāpi rūpasya kadācid udbhavaḥ kasyāpi kadācid iti |

[40]

kiṃ ca, satya-jñānānantānandaikarasa-mūrtitvāt yugapad eva sarvam api tat- tad-rūpaṃ vartata eva, kintu yūyaṃ sarvadā sarvaṃ na paśyatheti tatra ca yaugapadyaṃ katham iti tatrāha --

ko vetti bhūman bhagavan parātman
yogeśvarotīr bhavatas trilokyām |
kva vā kathaṃ vā kati vā kadeti
vistārayan krīḍasi yoga-māyām || [BhP 10.14.21]

kva vā kathaṃ vā kati vā kadā vā yoga-māyāṃ dustarkāṃ cic-chaktiṃ vistārayan tathā tathā pravartayan krīḍasīti bhavata ūtīr līlās trilokyāṃ ko vetti? na ko'pīty arthaḥ | yasyāmataṃ tasya mataṃ mataṃ yasya na veda sa iti [KenaU 2.3] bhāvaḥ | atra durjñeyatā-puraskṛtenaiva sambodhana-catuṣṭayena caturṣu yuktim āha | he bhūman kroḍīkṛtānanta-mūrtyātmaka-śrī-mūrte |

ayaṃ bhāvaḥ - ekam api mukhyaṃ bhagavad-rūpaṃ yugapad ananta- rūpātmakaṃ bhavati | tathaivākrūreṇa stutaṃ bahu-mūrty-eka-mūrtikam iti [BhP 10.40.7] | tathā śrutiḥ - ekaṃ santaṃ bahudhā dṛśyamānam iti |

tato yadā yādṛśaṃ yeṣām upāsanāphalodaya-bhūmikāvasthānaṃ, tadā tathaiva te paśyanti | tathā ca - prajñāntara-pṛthaktvavad dṛṣṭiś ca tad uktim ity atra brahma-sūtre [Vs 3.3.50] madhva-bhāṣyam - upāsanābhedād darśana- bheda iti dṛṣṭāntaś ca | yathaikam eva paṭṭavastra-viśeṣa-picchāvayava- viśeṣādi-dravyaṃ nānā-varṇamaya-pradhānaika-varṇam api kutaścit sthāna- viśeṣād datta-cakṣuṣo janasya kenāpi varṇa-viśeṣeṇa pratibhātīti | atrākhaṇḍa-paṭṭa-vastra-viśeṣādi-sthānīyaṃ nija-pradhāna-bhāsāntar- bhāvita-tat-tad-rūpāntaraṃ śrī-kṛṣṇa-rūpaṃ, tat-tad-varṇa-cchavi-sthānīyāni rūpāntarāṇīti jñeyam | yathā śrī-nārada-pañcarātre -

maṇir yathā vibhāgena nīla-pītādibhir yutaḥ |
rūpa-bhedam avāpnoti dhyāna-bhedāt tathā vibhuḥ || iti

maṇir atra vaiduryaṃ nīla-pītādayas tad-guṇāḥ | tad evaṃ kvety aya yuktir uktā | evam eva śrī-vāmanāvatāram upalakṣya śrī-śuka-vākyam -

yat tad vapur bhāti vibhūṣaṇāyudhair
avyakta-cid-vyaktamm adhārayad dhariḥ |
babhūva tenaiva sa vāmano baṭuḥ
saṃpaśyator divya-gatir yathā naṭaḥ || [BhP 8.18.12]

arthaś cāyam - yad vapuḥ śarīraṃ na kenāpi vyajyate yā cit pūrṇānandas tat- svarūpam eva yad vibhūṣaṇāyudhair bhāti | tad vapus tadā prapañce'pi vyaktaṃ yathā syāt tathā adhārayat sthāpitavān | punaś ca tenaiva vapuṣā vāmano baṭur babhūva hariḥ | eva-kāreṇa pariṇāma-veṣāntara-yogādikaṃ niṣiddham | kadā ? pitroḥ sampaśyatoḥ | tenaiva vapuṣā tad-bhāve hetuḥ | divyāḥ param acintyāḥ yad gataṃ bhavac ca bhaviṣyac ca ity ādi śruteḥ | svasminn eva nitya-sthitān nānā-saṃsthānāṃ prakāśanā-prakāśana-rūpā gatayaś ceṣṭā yasya saḥ | tatrālaksita-svadharma-mātrollāsāṃśe dṛṣṭānta-leśaḥ, yathā naṭa iti | naṭo'pi kaścid āścaryatamaḥ divyā parama-vismāpikā gatir hastaka-rūpā ceṣṭā yasya tathābhūtaḥ san | tenaiva rūpeṇa vaiṣamyādikam anurīkṛtyāpi nānākāratāṃ yathā darśayati | svargyo naṭo vā divya-gatiḥ | tataś ca tat-tad-anukaraṇaṃ tasyātyanta-tad-ākāram eva bhavati | atra parameśvaraṃ vinā anyasya sarvāṃśe tādṛśatvābhāvāt na ca dṛṣṭānte khaṇḍatva-doṣaḥ prapañcanīyaḥ | yathā bhakṣita-kīṭa-pariṇāma-lālā-jāta-tantu-sādhano'py ūrṇa-nābhaḥ parameśvarasya jagat-sṛṣṭāv ananya-sādhakatve dṛṣṭāntaḥ śrūyate, yathorṇa- nābhir hṛdayād ity ādi [BhP 11.9.21] tadvat |

tad evaṃ śrī-brahmaṇāpi sarva-rūpa-sad-bhāvābhirpāyeṇaivoktam -

tvaṃ bhakti-yoga-paribhāvita-hṛt-saroja
āsse śrutekṣita-patho nanu nātha puṃsām |
yad yad-dhiyā ta urugāya vibhāvayanti
tat tad vapuḥ praṇayase sad-anugrahāya || iti [BhP 3.9.11]

praṇayase prakarṣeṇa nayasi prakaṭayasi | śruteksita-patha ity anena kalpanāyā nirastatvāt | sarva-rūpatve'pi bhaktānabhirucita-rūpatve'pavādaḥ śrī-kardama-vākyena -

tāny eva te'bhirūpāṇi rūpāṇi bhagavaṃs tava |
yāni yāni ca rocante sva-janānām arūpiṇaḥ || [BhP 3.24.30]

yāni yāni ca tvadīya-svabhaktebhyo rocante tāni nānyeva tava rūpāṇi te tava abhirūpāṇi yogyāni, nānyānīty arthaḥ | anyāni ca, yādṛśaṃ rantidevāya kutsita-rūpaṃ prapañcitaṃ tādṛśāni jñeyāni | tādṛśasya ca māyikatveam eva hi tatroktam -

tasya tribhuvanādhīśāḥ phaladāḥ phalam icchatām |
ātmānaṃ darśayāñcakrur māyā viṣṇu-vinirmitā || iti [BhP 9.21.15]

ṭīkā ca - tribhuvanādhīśāḥ brahmādayaḥ māyās tadīya-dhairya- parīkṣārthaṃ prathamaṃ māyayā vṛṣalādi-rūpeṇa pratītāḥ santa ity arthaḥ | ity eṣā |

anabhirūpatve hetuḥ | arūpiṇa iti | prākṛta-rūpa-rahitasyeti | ṭīkā ca - aprākṛtatvena kutsitatvāsambhavād iti bhāvaḥ |

atha prakṛta-pakṣasya kathaṃ vety āditraya-yuktaye'vaśiṣṭaṃ sambodhana- trayaṃ vyākhyāyate | he bhagavann acintya-śakte! acintyasya bhagavan-mūrty- ādyāvirbhāvasyānyathā-nupapatter acintyā svarūpa-śaktir eva kāraṇam iti bhāvaḥ | iyaṃ kathaṃ vety asya yuktiḥ | tathā he paramātman! pareṣāṃ pratyekam apy ananta-śaktīnāṃ puruṣādy-avatārāṇām ātmann avatārin | tvayi tu tāsāṃ sutarām anantatvāt | tad-āvirbhāva-vibhūtayaḥ kati vā vāṅ- manaso'gocaratvam āpayerann iti bhāvaḥ | iyaṃ kati vety asya yuktiḥ | tathā he yogeśvara! ekasminn api rūpe nānā-rūpa-yojanā-lakṣaṇāyā yoga- nāmnyāḥ svarūpa-śaktes tayā vā īśana-śīla | ayaṃ bhāvaḥ - yathā tava pradhānaṃ rūpaṃ antarbhūtānanta-rūpaṃ tathā tavāṃśa-rūpaṃ ca | tataś ca yadā tava yatrāṃśe tat-tad-upāsanā-phalasya yasya rūpasya prakāśanecchā tadaiva tatra tad-rūpaṃ prakāśase iti | iyaṃ kadety asya yuktiḥ |

[41]

tasmāt tat tat sarvam api tasmin śrī-kṛṣṇa-rūpe'ntarbhūtam ity evam atrāpi tātparyam upasaṃharati |

tasmād idaṃ jagad aśeṣam asat-svarūpaṃ
svapnābham asta-dhiṣaṇaṃ puru-duḥkha-duḥkham |
tvayy eva nitya-sukha-bodha-tanāv anante
māyāta udyad api yat sad ivāvabhāti || [BhP 10.14.22]

yasmād evaṃ prapañcāprapañca-vastūnāṃ sarveṣām api tattva-vigraho'si tasmād eva nitya-sukha-bodhana-laksaṇā yā tanus tat-svarūpe'nante tvayy eva śeṣam idaṃ jagad avabhātīty anvayaḥ | kathambhūtaṃ sat udyad api yat muhur ubhava-tirobhavac ca | yady asmin muhur jāyate līyate ca tat tasminn evāvabhāti bhuvi tad-vikāre iveti bhāvaḥ | tarhi kiṃ mama vikāritvaṃ nety āha | māyāto māyayā tvadīyācintya-śakti-viśeṣeṇa vikārāditasyaiva śrutes tu śabda-mūlatvād ity [Vs. 2.1.17] ādau pariṇāma-svīkārāt | muhur udbhava- tirobhavatvād eva svapnābhaṃ tat-tulyaṃ na tv ajñāna-mātra-kalpitatvād api vaidharmyāc ca na svapnādivad iti [Vs. 2.2.29] nyāyena tathā avidyā-vṛttika- māyā-kāryatvāc ca asta-dhiṣaṇaṃ jīva-paramātma-jñāna-lopa-kartṛ | ubhayasmād api hetoḥ puru-duḥkha-duḥkhaṃ tadīya-sukhābhāsasyāpi vastuno duḥkha-rūpatvād vinā tvat-sattayā asat-svarūpaṃ śaśa-viṣāṇa-tulyaṃ tad evaṃ bhūtam api sad ivānaśvaram ivābhāti mugdhānām iti śeṣaḥ | upalakṣaṇaṃ caitad vyavahāra-jñānamaya-mahad-ādyātmakatvāt jñānodbodhakam iva svargādyātmakatvāt mukham iva ca | tad evam anyasya tat-paricchedyatvāt svarūpa-śaktyaiva paricchinnam aparicchinnaṃ ca tavedaṃ vapur iti prakaraṇārthaḥ || 10|14|| brahmā śrī-bhagavantam ||41||

[42]

tad itthaṃ madhyamākāra eva sarvādhāratvād vibhutvaṃ sādhitam | sarvagatatvād api sādhyate -

citraṃ bataitad ekena
vapuṣā yugapat pṛthak |
gṛheṣu dvy-aṣṭa-sāhasraṃ
striya eka udāvahat || [BhP 10.69.2]

etad bata aho citraṃ kiṃ tat | eka eva śrī-kṛṣṇo dvyaṣṭa-sāhasraṃ strīr yad udāvahat pariṇītavān | nanu kim atrāścaryaṃ tatrāha | gṛheṣv iti tat- saṅkhyeṣu sarveṣv iti śeṣaḥ | bhavatu tato'pi kiṃ tatrāha | pṛthak pṛthag eva sthitvā pāṇi-grahaṇādi-vivāha-vidhiṃ kṛtavān | nanu kramaśa udvāhe nāsambhavam etat tatrāha yugapad iti | nanu yogeśvaro'pi yugapan nānā- vapūṃṣi vidhāya tad vidhātuṃ śaknoti kim atra yogeśvarārādhya-caraṇānāṃ yuṣmākam api citraṃ tatrāha | ekena vapuṣā iti | tarhi katham aneka-bāhv- ādikena vyāpakenaikena vapuṣā tat kṛtavān | maivam |

āsāṃ muhūrta ekasmin
nānāgāreṣu yoṣitām |
savidhaṃ jagṛhe pāṇin
anurūpaḥ svamāyayā || [BhP 3.3.8]

iti śrīmad-uddhava-vākyādau tat tad anurūpatā-prasiddheḥ | ity abhipretya pūrvakeṇaika-padopanyāsena pariharati pṛthag iti | ekena narākāreṇa vapuṣā pṛthak-pṛthaktvena dṛśyamānas tathā vihitavān | tasmād ekam eva nara- vapur yato yugapat sarvadeśaṃ sarva-kriyāṃ ca vyāpnoti tasmān mahad- āścaryam iti vākyārthaḥ |

ittham eva pañcame lokādhiṣṭhātuḥ śrī-bhagavad-vigrahasya teṣām ity ādi gadyopadiṣṭasya tādṛśatvaṃ vyākhyātaṃ śrī-svāmi-caraṇaiḥ | mahā-vibhūteḥ pāramaiśvaryasya patitvād ekayaiva mūrtyā samantād āsta iti |

atho muhūrta ekasmin
nānāgāreṣu tāḥ striyaḥ |
yathopayeme bhagavān
tāvad-rūpa-dharo ævyayaḥ || ity [BhP 10.59.42]

atrāpy atas tāvad-rūpatvaṃ nāma yugapat tāvat-pradeśa-prakāśatvam eveti vyākhyeyam | na tu nārāyaṇādivad bhinnākāratvam | yathoktam -

anekatra prakaṭatā-
rūpasyaikasya yaikadā |
sarvathā tat svarūpaiva
sa prakāśa itīryate || iti [LBhāg 1.1.21][*ENDNOTE #6]

eṣa evānyatrākārasya prakāśasya ca bhedo jñeyaḥ || śrīnāradaḥ ||42||

[43]

tathaivāha |

ity ācarantaṃ sad-dharmān
pāvanān gṛha-medhinām |
tam eva sarva-gṛheṣu
santam ekaṃ dadarśa ha || [BhP 10.69.25]

sarva-gṛheṣu tame eva na tu tasyāṃśān | ekam eva santaṃ na tu kāya-vyūhena bahu-rūpam | ekaṃ santaṃ bahudhā dṛśyamānam iti śruteḥ | na cāntar na bahir yasyety ādinā [BhP 10.9.11] vibhutva-siddheś ca ha sphuṭam eva dadarśa bhagavad-datta-śaktyā sākṣād evānubhūtavān, na tu kevalam anumitavān nārada iti śeṣaḥ | [44]

ataeva -

kṛṣṇasyānanta-vīryasya
yoga-māyā-mahodayam |
muhur dṛṣṭvā ṛṣir abhūd
vismito jāta-kautukaḥ || [BhP 10.69.25]

tatra ca yogamāyā durghaṭa-ghaṭanī cic-chaktiḥ | tṛtīye [BhP 3.16.37]

sanakādīnāṃ vaikuṇṭha-gamane yogamāyā-śabdena parameśvare tu prayujyamānena cic-chaktir ucyate iti svāmibhir api vyākhyātam asti | jāta- kautuko munir muhur dṛṣṭvā vismito'bhūt | kāya-vyūhas tāvat tādṛśeṣv api bahuṣv eva sambhavati | taṃ vināpi madhyamākāre'pi tasmin sarva- vyāpakatva apūrvam iti tasyāpi vismayaṃ hetur nānyatheti spaṣṭam eva yathoktaṃ jñeyam | anena sarvataḥ pāṇi-pādaṃ tad iti tādṛśyāṃ śrī-mūrtyām eva vyākhyātaṃ bhavati | ataeva na sthānato'pi parasyobhaya-liṅgaṃ sarvatra hi [Vs. 3.2.11] iti sūtraṃ tattva-vādibhir evaṃ yojitam | sthānāpekṣayāpi paramātmano na bhinnaṃ rūpaṃ hi yasmāt tad-rūpatvaṃ sarvatraiva | sarva- bhūteṣv evam eva brahma ity ācakṣata iti śruteḥ |

eka eva paro viṣṇuḥ sarvatrāpi na saṃśayaḥ | aiśvaryād rūpam ekaṃ ca sūryavad badhudheyate || iti mātsyāt |

pratidṛśam iva naikadhārkam ekaṃ samadhigato'smi vidhūta-bheda-mohaḥ || iti [BhP 1.9.42] bhāgavatāc ceti |

evaṃ na bhedād iti cen na pratyekam atad-vacanād ity [Vs. 3.2.12] etasya api caivam ekam ity [Vs. 3.2.13] etasya ca sūtrasya vyākhyānaṃ tad-bhāṣye dṛśyam || śrī-śukaḥ||43-44||

[45]

tam imam aham ajaṃ śarīra-bhājāṃ
hṛdi hṛdi dhiṣṭhitam ātma-kalpitānām |
pratidṛśam iva naikadhārkam ekaṃ
samadhi-gato 'smi vidhūta-bheda-mohaḥ || [BhP 1.9.42]

tam imam agrata evopaviṣṭaṃ śrī-kṛṣṇaṃ vyaṣṭy-antaryāmi-rūpeṇa nijāṃśena śarīra-bhājāṃ hṛdi hṛdi dhiṣṭhitam |

kecit sva-dehāntar-hṛdayāvakāśe prādeśa-mātraṃ puruṣaṃ vasantam || [BhP 2.2.8] ity-ukta-diśā tat-tad-rūpeṇa bhinna-mūrti-baddha-santam api ekam abhinna-mūrtim eva samadhi-gato'smi | ayaṃ paramānanda-vigraha eva vyāpakaḥ | svāntar-bhūtena nijākāra- viśeṣaṇāntaryāmitayā tatra tatra sphuratīti vijñānavān asmi | yato'haṃ vidhūta-bheda-mohaḥ | asyaiva kṛpayā durīkṛto bheda-mohaḥ | bhagavad- vigrahasya vyāpakatvāsambhāvanā-janita-tan-nānātva-vijñāna-lakṣaṇo moho yasya tathābhūto'ham | teṣu vyāpakatve hetur ātma-kalpitānām ātmany eva paramāśraye prāduṣkṛtānām avalokanaṃ prati yathaika evārko vṛkṣa- kuḍyādy-upari-gatatvena tatrāpi kutracid avyavadhānaṃ sampūrṇatvena savyavadhānas tv asampūrṇatvenānekadhā dṛśyate tathety arthaḥ |

dṛṣṭānto'yam ekasyaiva tatra tatrodaya ity etan mātrāṃśe | vastutas tu śrī- bhagavad-vigraho'cintya-śaktyā tathā bhāsate | sūryas tu dūrasya vistīrṇātmanāsvabhāveneti viśeṣaḥ | athavā taṃ pūrva-varṇita-svarūpam imam agrata evopaviṣṭaṃ śarīra-bhājāṃ hṛdi hṛdi santam api samadhigato'smi | yadyapy antaryāmirūpam etasmād rūpād anyākāraṃ tathāpy etad rūpam evādhunā tatra tatra paśyāmi | sarvato mahā- prabhāvasyaitasya rūpasyādeśa-bhede'py abheda-bodhanāya jñeyaḥ | na tu pūrṇāpūrṇatva-vivakṣāyai | amīlita-dṛg-vyadhārayad iti kṛṣṇa evaṃ bhagavati mano-vāk-kāya-vṛttibhir ity upakramopa-saṃhārādibhir atra śrī- vigraha eva prastūyate | tato nedaṃ padyaṃ brahma-paraṃ vyākhyeyam | tad evaṃ paricchinnatvāparicchinna-tvayor yugapat-sthiter acaraṃ caram eva cety etad apy atra susaṅgacchate | ato vibhutve'pi līlayā yāthāthyaṃ siddhyati ||

bhīṣmaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||45||

[46]

evaṃ tasya nityatva-vibhutve sādhite | tathaiva vyākhyātaṃ śrī-svāmibhir aṣṭamasya ṣaṣṭhe | anāvirāvirāseyaṃ nābhūtābhūd iti bruvan | brahmābhipraiti nityatva-vibhutve bhagavat-tanor iti | tathā hi śloka-dvayaṃ taṭ-ṭīkā ca --

ajāta-janma-sthiti-saṃyamāyā-
guṇāya nirvāṇa-sukhārṇavāya |
aṇor aṇimne 'parigaṇya-dhāmne
mahānubhāvāya namo namas te ||

rūpaṃ tavaitat puruṣarṣabhejyaṃ śreyo 'rthibhir vaidika-tāntrikeṇa | yogena dhātaḥ saha nas tri-lokān paśyāmy amuṣminn u ha viśva-mūrtau || [BhP 8.6.8-9] itīdam |

śrī-mūrter ayaṃ āvirbhāva eva natvasmad_adi-vaj janmādi tadāstīty āha - na jātā janmādayo yasya | kutaḥ ? aguṇāya ato nirvāṇa-sukhasyārṇavāya apī̀ara-mokṣa-sukha-rūpāyety arthaḥ | tathāpi aṇor aṇimna atisūkṣmāya durjñātatvāt | vastutas tu aparigaṇyam iyattātītaṃ dhāma mūrtir yasya tasmai | na caitad asambhāvitam | yato mahān acintyo'nubhāvo yasya | tan-mūrteḥ sanātanatvam aparimeyatvaṃ copapādayatti rūpam iti |

he puruṣarṣabha! he dhātaḥ ! etat tava rūpaṃ vaidekena tāntrikeṇa ca upāyena śreyobhiḥ sadā ijyaṃ pūjyaṃ ato nedam apūrvaṃ jātam iti bhāvaḥ |

nanu yūyaṃ devāḥ pūjyatvena prasiddhāḥ satyaṃ sarve'py atraivāntarbhūtā ity āha | u aho ha sphuṭam amuṣmiṃs tvayi no'smāṃs trilokāṃś ca saha paśyāmi | tatra hetuḥ | viśvaṃ mūrtau yasya atas tavaitad rūpaṃ paricchinnam api na bhavatīty arthaḥ | ity eṣā |

atra nirvāṇa-sukhārṇavāyeti arṇavatva-rūpakeṇa nirvāṇa-sukha-mātratvaṃ nirasya tato'py adhika-sahāsukhatvam darśitam | tad uktaṃ śrī-dhruvena --

yā nirvṛtis tanu-bhṛtāṃ tava pāda-padma-
dhyānād bhavaj-jana-kathā-śravaṇena vā syāt |
sā brahmaṇi sva-mahimany api nātha mā bhūt
kiṃ tv antakāsi-lulitāt patatāṃ vimānāt || iti [BhP 4.9.10]

tathā aṇor aṇimne iti procya aparimeya-dhāmna ity ukter acintya-śaktitva- rūpeṇa mahānubhāvatvena sarva-pariṇāmādhāratvaṃ tava darśitam iti jñeyam ||

[47]

atha sthūla-sūkṣmātiriktatām āha dvābhyām |

sa vai na devāsura-martya-tiryaṅ

na strī na ṣaṇḍho na pumān na jantuḥ
nāyaṃ guṇaḥ karma na san na cāsan
niṣedha-śeṣo jayatād aśeṣaḥ || [BhP 8.6.24]

evaṃ gajendram upavarṇita-nirviśeṣaṃ

brahmādayo vividha-liṅga-bhidābhimānāḥ
naite yadopasasṛpur nikhilātmakatvāt
tatrākhilāmara-mayo harir āvirāsīt || [BhP 8.6.30]

yasya brahmādayo devā[*ENDNOTE #7] ity ādi prāktana-padya-dvayena yasmāt sarva-kāraṇa-kāraṇatvaṃ vyañjitaṃ tasmād devādīnāṃ madhye ko'pi na bhavati | vailakṣaṇyaṃ sāttvikatva-bhautikatvādi-hīnataiva strītva- puruṣatva-hīnatā ca prākṛta-tat-tad-dharma-rāhityam | ataeva na ṣaṇḍa ity uktam | tasmān na ko'pi jantuḥ | kāraṇa-bhūtaḥ sattvādir guṇaḥ puṇya-pāpa- lakṣaṇaṃ karma ca nety āha | nāyaṃ guṇaḥ karmeti | tayor api pravartakatvād iti bhāvaḥ | kiṃ bahunā, yad atra sat sthūlam asat sūkṣmaṃ tad ekam api na bhvati sva-prakāśa-rūpatvād iti bhāvaḥ | kintu sarvasya niṣedhe'vadhitvena śiṣyata iti śeṣaḥ | māyayā tat-tad-aśeṣātmakaś ca | jayatāt mad- vimokṣaṇāyāvirbhavatv iti |

ṭīkā ca - evam upavarṇitaṃ nirviśeṣaṃ devādi-rūpaṃ vinā paraṃ tattvaṃ yena taṃ gajendram | vividha-liṅga-bhidābhimānāḥ | vividhā cāsau liṅga-bhidā devādi-rūpa-bhedaś ca tasyābhimāno yeṣām ataeva te brahmādayo yadā nopajagmus tatra tadā nikhilātmakatvāt nikhilānāṃ teṣāṃ paramātma-sukha- rūpatvāt tad-vilakṣaṇo māyayā aśeṣātmakatvād akhilāmaramayo harir āvirāsīd iti |

evam āvirbhāvaṃ prārthayamāne śrī-gajendre yad rūpeṇāvirbhūtaṃ tat khalu tādṛśam eva bhavitum arhatīti sādhūktaṃ sthūla-sūkṣma-vastv-atiriktas tava śrī-vigraha iti | anyathā tv apāṇi-pāda-rūpatvenaiva tac cetasyāvirbhūya tad vidadhyāt | tad uktaṃ svecchāmayasyeti | śloka-dvayam idaṃ ślokāntaravyavahitam apy arthenāvyavahitatvād yugalatayopadadhre ||

prathamaṃ gajendraḥ śrī-harim, dvitīyaṃ śrī-śukaḥ ||47||

[48]

atha pratyag-rūpatatvam apy āha -

sa tvaṃ kathaṃ mama vibho'kṣa-pathaḥ
parātmā yogeśvaraiḥ śruti-dṛśāmala-hṛdi-bhāvyaḥ |
sākṣād adhokṣaja uru-vyavasanāndha-buddheḥ
syān me'nudṛśya iha yasya bhavāpavargaḥ || [BhP 10.64.18]

ṭīkā ca - he vibho sa tvaṃ mamākṣa-pathaḥ locana-gocaraḥ etac citram ity arthaḥ | kim atrāścaryaṃ tad āha para ātmā ataeva yogeśvarair api śruti-dṛśā amala-hṛdi vibhāvyaś cintyaḥ | yato'dhokṣajaḥ akṣajam aindriyakaṃ jñānaṃ tad adhaḥ arvāg eva yasya saḥ | yasya hi bhavāpavargo bhavet tasya bhavān anudṛśyaḥ syāt uru-vyasanena kṛkalāsa-bhava-duḥkhena andha-buddhes tu mama etac citram ity arthaḥ | ity eṣā |

darśana-kāraṇaṃ tūktaṃ nārāyaṇādhyātme -

nityāvyakto'pi bhagavān īkṣyate nija-śaktitaḥ | tām ṛte paramātmānaṃ kaḥ paśyetāmṛtaṃ prabhum || iti |

tādṛśa-śakter apy ullāse tat-kṛpaiva kāraṇam | tad uktaṃ śrutau --

na cakṣuṣā paśyati rūpam asya
yam evaiṣa vṛṇute tena labhyas
tasyaiṣa ātmā vivṛṇute tanuṃ svām || [KaṭhaU 1.2.23]

na sandṛśe tiṣṭhati rūpam asya | ity ādikaṃ ca kutracit | evam eva mokṣa- dharme nārāyaṇīye nāradaṃ prati śrī-śvetadvīpa-patinoktam -

etat tvayā na vijñeyaṃ rūpavān iti dṛśyate |
icchan muhūrtān naśyeyam īśo'haṃ jagato guruḥ ||

māyā hy eṣā mayā sṛṣṭā yan māṃ paśyasi nārada |
sarvabhūtaguṇair yuktaṃ naivaṃ tvaṃ jñātum arhasi || [MBh 12.306.42-43]

yathā'nyo rūpavān iti hetor dṛśyate tathāyam apīty etat tvayā na jñeyam | tataś ca svaya rūpitve'py adṛśyatvam uktvā nija-rūpasyāprākṛtatvam eva darśitam | tad-darśane ca parama-kṛpā-mayy akuṇḍhā mamecchaiva kāraṇam ity āha | i

icchann iti | naśyeyam adṛśyatām āpadyeyam | tatra svātantryaṃ jagad- vilakṣaṇatvaṃ ca hetum āha - īśa ity ādi | tathāpi māṃ sarva-bhūta-gaṇair yuktaṃ yat paśyasi tad yuktatvena yat pratyeṣi eṣā māyā mayaiva sṛṣṭā mama māyayaiva tathā bhānam ity arthaḥ | tasmin naivam ity ādi | mayātra pratāraṇa-śaktiḥ | tathā hi tatraiva śrī-bhāṣya-vacanam |

prītas tato'sya bhagavān deva-devaḥ sanātanaḥ | sākṣāt taṃ darśayāmāsa dṛśyo nānyena kenacid || iti | [MBh 12.323.11]

tam uparicaraṃ vasuṃ prati svātmānam iti śeṣaḥ | tad-agre ca vasv-ādi- vākyam |

na śakyaḥ sa tvayā draṣṭum asmābhir vā bṛhaspate | yasya prasādaṃ kurute sa vai taṃ draṣṭum arhati || iti | [MBh 12.323.18]

tad evaṃ śrutāv apy adṛśyatvādayo dharmāḥ śrī-vigrahasyaivoktāḥ | śrutyantaraṃ ca na cakṣuṣā paśyati rūpam asya | iti ||

nṛpaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||48||

[49]

ataeva prākṛtāni rūpādīni niṣidhya anyāni sampratipādyante |

na vidyate yasya ca janma karma vā

na nāma-rūpe guṇa-doṣa eva vā
tathāpi lokāpyaya-sambhavāya yaḥ
sva-māyayā tāny anukālam ṛcchati || [BhP 8.3.8]

ayam arthaḥ | avasthāntara-prāptir vikāraḥ | tatra prathama-vikāro janmeti | apūrṇasya nija-pūrty-arthā ceṣṭā karmeti | manogrāhyasya vastuno vyavahārārthaṃ kenāpi saṅketitaḥ śabdo nāmeti | cakṣuṣā grāhyo guṇo rūpam iti | sattvādi-prākṛta-guṇa-nidāno dravyasyotkarṣa-hetur-dharma- viśeṣo guṇa iti prakṛtije loke dṛśyate | yasya ca sarvadā svarūpasthatvāt pūrṇatvāt manaso'py agocaratvāt svaprakāśatvāt prakṛty-atītvāt tāni na vidyante |

tathāpi yas tāni ṛcchati prāpnoti tasmai nama ity [BhP 8.3.9] uttara- ślokenānvayaḥ | ataeva śrutyāpi - niṣkalaṃ niṣkriyaṃ śāntam ity ādau [ŚvetU 6.19], aśabdam asparśam arūpam avyayam ity ādau [KaṭhaU 1.3.15] ca tan niṣidhyāpi sarva-karmā sarva-kāmaḥ sarva-gandhaḥ sarva-rasa ity [ChāU 3.14.4] ādau vidhīyate | guṇa-doṣa iti aparamārthatvād guṇa eva doṣa ity arthaḥ | tato rūḍha-doṣas tu sarvathā na sambhavaty eveti vakṣyate | tathā ca kaurme -

aiśvarya-yogād bhagavān viruddhārtho'bhidhīyate | tathāpi doṣāḥ parame naivāhāryaḥ kathañcana | guṇā viruddhā api tu samāhāryāś ca sarvataḥ || iti | ayam ātmāpahata-pāpmā | ity ādyāḥ [ChāU 8.7.1] śrutayaś ca |

etaṃ saṃyad vāma ity āvakṣate etaṃ sarvāṇi vāmāni nayati eṣa u eva bhāmaṇīḥ eṣa sarveṣu vedeṣu bhātīty [Chā 4.15.2] ādyā ca | ataeva sarva- gandha ity ādau gandhādi-śabdena saugandhyādikam evocyate | yadā tu ṛcchatinānvayas tu guṇasya doṣatvena rūpakam avivakṣitaṃ śruti-viruddhatvāt paramārthatvena pratipādayiṣyamāṇatvāc ca |

nanv ekatra teṣāṃ janmādīnāṃ bhāvābhāvayor virodha ity āśaṅkya tad- virodhe hetum āha sva-māyayā iti | anyathānupapatti-pramitā dustarkyā svarūpa-śaktir eva tatra hetuḥ | ataeva svarūpa-bhūtatvena tebhyaḥ prākṛtebhyo vilakṣaṇatvāt tāny api na vidyanta iti ca vaktuṃ śakyata iti bhāvaḥ | yathā śāṅkara-śārīrarake samākarṣād ity [Vs. 1.4.15] atra nāma- rūpa-vyākṛta-vastu-viṣayaḥ svacchandaḥ prāyeṇa prasiddha iti tad- vyakaraṇābhāvāpekṣayā prāg-utpatteḥ sad eva brahma-śrutāv asad ity ucyate ity uktam tathaiva jñeyam |

ataeva śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe - guṇāṃś ca doṣāṃś ca mune vyatīta ity [ViP 6.5.83] uktvā punar āha samasta-kalyāṇa-guṇātmako hīti [ViP 6.5.84] | tathā

jñāna-śakti-balaiśvarya-vīrya-tejāṃsy aśeṣataḥ |
bhagavac-chabda-vācyāni vinā heyair guṇādibhiḥ || iti [ViP 6.5.79]

pādmottara-khaṇḍe ca -

yo'sau nirguṇa ity uktaḥ śāstreṣu jagad-īśvaraḥ | prākṛtair heya-saṃyuktair guṇair hīnatvam ucyate || iti |

na ca sva-māyayety anyathārthaṃ mantavyam |

viśuddha-vijñāna-ghanaṃ sva-saṃsthayā
samāpta-sarvārtha-mayī vāñchitam |
sva-tejasā nitya-nivṛtta-māyā-
guṇa-pravāhaṃ bhagavantam īmahi || iti [?][*ENDNOTE #8] śrī-nārada-

vākyāt |

sva-sukha-nibhṛtedyādi[*ENDNOTE #9] | vaktṛ-hṛdaya-virodhāc ca | tataḥ sarvathā cic-chaktyā ity arthaḥ | ataḥ svāmibhir api yoga-māyā-śabdena cic- chaktir vyākhyātā | nanu prāpnoti kadācitkatvam apy avagamyate, tatrāha - anukālaṃ nityam eva prāpnoti, kadācid api na tyajatīty arthaḥ | svarūpa-śakti-prakāśitvasya ca mitho hetumattā jñeyā |

nanu kathaṃ janma-karmaṇor nityatvam ? te hi kriye | kriyātvaṃ ca prati- nijāṃśam apy ārambha-parisamāptibhyām eva sidhyatīti te vinā sva-svarūpa- hāny-āpattiḥ | naiṣa doṣaḥ | śrī-bhagavati sadivākārānantyāt prakāśānantyāt janma-karma-lakṣaṇa-līlānantyād ananta-prapañcānanta- vaikuṇṭha-gata-tat-tal-līlā-sthāna-tat-tal-līlā-parikarāṇāṃ vyakti-prakāśayor ānantyāc ca | yata evaṃ satyor api tat-tad-ākāra-prakāśa-gatayos tad-ārambha- samāptyor ekatrikatra te janma-karmaṇor aṃśā yāvat samāpyante na samāpyante vā tāvad evānyatrāpy ārabdhā bhavatīty evaṃ śrī-bhagavati vicchedābhāvān nitye eva tatra te janma-karmaṇī vartete | tatra te kvacit kiñcid vilakṣaṇatvenārabhyete te kvacid aikarūpyeṇa ceti jñeyam | viśeṣaṇa- bhedād viśeṣaṇaikyāc ca | eka evākāraḥ prakāśa-bhedena pṛthak kriyāspadaṃ bhavatīti | citraṃ bataitad ekena vapuṣā ity ādau pratipāditam |

tataḥ kriyā-bhedāt tat-tat-kriyātmakeṣu prakāśa-bhedeṣv abhimāna-bhedaś ca gamyate | tathā sati ekatraikatra līlā-krama-janita-rasodbodhaś ca jāyate |

nanu kathaṃ te eva janma-karmaṇī vartete ity uktaṃ pṛthag-ārabdhatvād anye eva te | ucyate | kāla-bhedenoditānām api samāna-rūpāṇāṃ kriyāṇām ekatvam | yathā śaṅkara-śārīrake | dvir-go-śabdobhayam uccarito na tu dvau go-śabdāv iti | tathaiva dviḥ pākaḥ kṛto'nena na tu dvidhā pākaḥ kṛto'neneti pratītyā bhaviṣyati | tato janma-karmaṇor api nityatā yuktaiva | ataevāgamādāv api bhūta-pūrva-līlopāsana-vidhānaṃ yuktam | tathā coktam madhva-bhāṣye - paramātma-sambandhitvena nityatvāt trivikramatvādiṣv apy upasaṃhāryatvaṃ yujyate iti | anumataṃ caitat śrutyā yad gataṃ bhavac ca bhaviṣyac cety anayaiva | upasaṃhāryatvam upāsanāyām upādeyatvam ity arthaḥ | tatra tasya janmanaḥ prākṛtāt tasmād vilakṣaṇatvaṃ prākṛta- janmānukaraṇenāvirbhāva-mātratvaṃ kvacit tad-ananukaraṇena vā | ajāyamānā bahudhā vijāyata iti śruteḥ |

tad yathā --

devakyāṃ deva-rūpiṇyāṃ viṣṇuḥ sarva-guhāśayaḥ |
āvirāsīd yathā prācyāṃ diśīndur iva puṣkalaḥ || iti [BhP 10.3.8]

tathā ca -

satyaṃ vidhātuṃ nija-bhṛtya-bhāṣitaṃ
vyāptitvaṃ ca bhūteṣv akhileṣu cātmanaḥ |
adṛśyatāty-adbhūta-rūpam udvahan
stambhe sabhāyāṃ na mṛgaṃ na mānuṣam || iti [BhP 7.8.17]

kārdamaṃ vīryam āpanna ity atra [BhP 3.24.6] śrī-kapila-devāvatāra- prasaṅge kardamasya bhakti-sāmarthya-vaśībhūta ity eva vyākhyeyam | vīrya-śabda-nyāsas tu prasiddhaṃ putratvam api śliṣṭaṃ bhavatīty evam arthaḥ | tathā karmaṇo vailakṣaṇyaṃ svarūpānanda-vilāsa-mātratvam | tad yathā lokavat tu līlā-kaivalyam iti [Vs 2.1.33] | vyākhyātaṃ ca tattva-vādibhiḥ | yathā loke mattasya sukhodrekād eva nṛtyādi-līlā na tu prayojanāpekṣayā evam eveśvarasya | nārāyaṇa-saṃhitāyāṃ ca -

sṛṣṭyādikaṃ harir naiva prayojanam apekṣya tu |
kurute kevalānandād yathā mattasya nartanam ||

pūrṇānandasya tasyeha prayojana-matiḥ kutaḥ | muktā avyāpta-kāmāḥ syuḥ kim utāsy akhilātmanaḥ || iti |

na conmatta-dṛṣṭāntenāsarvajñatva prasañjayitavyam | svarūpānandodrekeṇa sva-prayojanam ananusandhāyaiva līlāyate ity etad aṃśenaiva svīkārāt | ucchvāsa-praśvāsa-dṛṣṭānte'pi suṣpty-ādau tad-doṣāpātāt | tasmāt svarūpānanda-svābhāvikyena tal-līlā | śrutiś ca - devasyaiva svabhāvo'yam āpta-kāmasya kā spṛhā | iti |

atra prākṛta-sṛṣṭy-ādi-gatasya sākṣād-bhagavac-ceṣṭātmakasya vīkṣaṇādi- karmaṇo vastutas tu tathā-vidhatve vaikuṇṭhādi-gatasya kaimutyam evāpatitam | yathoktaṃ nāga-patnībhiḥ avyākṛta-vihārāya iti [BhP 10.16.47] | ataeva śrī-śukādīnām api tal-līlā-śravaṇe rāgataḥ pravṛttir yujyate |

ataś ca --

evaṃ ca janmāni karmāṇi hy akartur ajanasya ca |
varṇayanti sma kavayo veda-guhyāni hṛt-pateḥ || iti [BhP 1.3.35]

atra janma-guhyādhyāya-padye'py evam eva vyākhyeyam | yatreme sad-asad- rūpe [BhP 1.3.33-4] ity ādibhyām avyavahita-padyābhyāṃ yathā svarūpa- samyag-jñānenaiva kṛtasyāvidyākṛtātmādhyāsa-sad-asad-rūpa-niṣedhasya hetor brahma-darśanaṃ bhavati | yathā ca - māyoparatāv eva svarūpa- sampattir bhavati ity uktam | evam eva kavaya ātmārāmā hṛt-pateḥ paramātmano janmāni karmāṇi ca varṇayanti | tat-tat-pratiṣedhe tad-uparatau caiva satyāṃ taj-janma-karmānubhava-sampattī bhavata ity arthaḥ | sampattir atra sākṣād darśanam | tasmāt svarūpānandātiśayita-bhagavad-ānanda- vilāsa-rūpāṇy eva tānīti bhāvaḥ | ataeva prākṛta-vailakṣaṇyād akartur ajanasya ity uktam | ataeva veda-guhyāny api tānīti | yathā akrūra-stutau tvayoditaḥ [BhP 10.48.23-24] ity ādi dvayaṃ ṭīkāyām evettham utthāpitam | nanu tarhi mamāvatārās tac-caritāni ca śukti-rajata-vad avidyā-kalpitāny eva kim ? nahi nahi iyaṃ tu tava līlety āha dvayena tvayodita itīti |

tathaiva ca bhagavat-svarūpa-sāmyenoktaṃ vaiṣṇave -

nāma-karma-svarūpāṇi na pariccheda-gocare | yasyākhila-pramāṇānaṃ sa viṣṇur garbhagas tava || iti | [ViP 5.2.19] rūpa-karmeti vā pāṭhāntaram[*ENDNOTE #10] | ittham evābhipretaṃ śrī- gītopaniṣadbhiḥ -

janma-karma ca me divyam evaṃ yo vetti tattvataḥ | iti | [Gītā 4.9]

tathā nāmno vailakṣaṇyaṃ vāṅ-manasāgocara-guṇāvalambitvena svataḥ- siddhatvam | tad yathā vāsudevādhyātme - aprasiddhes tad-guṇānām anāmāsau prakīrtitaḥ iti | brāhme - anāmā so'prasiddhatvād arūpo bhūta- varjanāt iti |

na yatra nātha vidyante nāma-jātyādi-kalpanāḥ |
tad brahma paramaṃ nityam avikāri bhavān aja ||

na kalpanāmṛte'rthasya sarvasyādhigamo yathaḥ | tataḥ kṛṣṇācyutānanta-viṣṇu-nāmabhir īḍyase || iti || [ViP 5.18.53-54]

etad-vaiṣṇava-vacanānantaram api na viruddham | tathā hi | atrāpātataḥ pratītārthatāyāṃ kalpanā-śabdo vyarthaḥ syāt | nāma-jāty-ādayo na vidyante | ity anenaiva vivakṣitārtha-siddheḥ | svayam eva brahmājādi-śabdānāṃ paramārtha-pratipādaka-nāmatayā svīkṛtaś ca | ajām ekāṃ lohita-śukla- kṛṣṇām [ŚvetU 4.5] ity ādiṣv ajāyamānatva-lakṣaṇa-jātiś ca dṛśyata eva | tathā nāmādi-kalpanā na vidyante ity uktā svayaṃ kṛṣṇādi-nāma-kalpanoktir viruddhā syāt kalpanayā vā katham īḍayatā syāt kalpanāyā aniyatatvāc ca kathaṃ kṛṣṇādinām aniyatyam ucyate | tasmān nāma-karma-svarūpāṇīty anusārāc cāyam arthaḥ | yathā yatra nāma-jāty-ādīnāṃ nāmani kṛṣṇādīni jātayo devatva-manuṣyatva-kṣatriyatvādi-līlāḥ tadādīnāṃ kalpanā na vidyante |

kintu sva-saṃsthayā samāpta-sarvārtham ity ukta-diśā svarūpa-siddha-nitya- śakti-vilāsa-rūpāṇy eva tānīty arthaḥ | tataś ca yato yasmāt sarvasyāpi dṛṣṭasya vastunaḥ kalpanāṃ nāmādi-racanāmṛte adhigamo vyavahārika- bodho na bhavati | tatas tasmād eva hetoḥ kalpanā-mayaṃ nāma tan-nāminaṃ cārtha sarvam avajñāya nikhila-pramāṇa-paricchedāgocaratvena vedātmatayā svataḥ-siddhaiḥ kṛṣṇādi-nāmopalakṣaṇaiḥ prasiddhair eva nāmabhiḥ svataḥ- siddhas tvam eveḍyase munibhir vedaiś ca ślāghyase | na tu kalpanāmayair anyais tvam api ślāghyase tādṛśa-mahimabhis tair eva tava mahimā vyaktībhavatīti | yad vā | tair eveḍyase vyakta-māhātmīkriyasa iti |

atra yaiḥ śāstre'tiprasiddhaiḥ śrī-bhagavān eva jhaṭiti pratīto bhavati | yeṣāṃ ca sāṅketyādāv api tādṛśa-prabhāvaḥ śrūyate | teṣāṃ svataḥ siddhatvam anyeṣāṃ kalpanāmayatvaṃ jñeyam | athavā he nātha| yatra nāma-jātyādīnāṃ kalpanā na vidyante tat kavala-viśeṣa-rūpaṃ paramaṃ brahma bhavān |

tat-tat-kalpanāyā aviṣayatve hetuḥ | viśeṣeṇa karoti līlāyata iti vikāri tathā na bhavatīty avikāri iti | tad-rūpeṇa na jāyate na prakaṭībhavatīti he ajeti | tataḥ kim avalambya tatra nāma-jāty-ādi-kalpanāḥ kriyantām iti bhāvaḥ | tat- tat-kalpanāṃ vinā ca sarvasyāpy arthasya vastu-mātrasyādhigama-mātraṃ na bhavet | kim uta tādṛśa-brahma-svarūpasya bhavataḥ | kalpanāmaya-nāma- jāty-ādayas tu na kasyāpi svarūpa-dharmā bhavanti yata evaṃ tataḥ sāṅketyādinā bhāvitair api bhavadvat-sarva-puruṣārtha-pradais tat-tad- viśeṣa-pratipādakaiḥ kṛṣṇādi-nāmabhir eva tvam īḍyase nitya-siddha-śruti- purāṇādibhiḥ ślāghyase na tu nirviśeṣatā-pratipādakair nitarāṃ kalpanāmayair ity arthaḥ |

kintu kṛṣṇādīnāṃ caturṇāṃ nāmnāṃ upalaksaṇatvam eva jñeyam | nārāyaṇādi-nāmnām api sāṅketyādau tathā prabhāva-śravaṇāt | varṇa eva tu śabda iti bhagavān upavarṣa ity anena tasya ca nityatvād ity anena ca nyāyena varṇatayaiva nityatvam asya veda-sāra-varṇātmaka-nāmnaḥ sidhyati | tathaiva gopāla-tāpanī-śrutau nāma-mayāṣṭadaśākṣara-prasaṅge brahma- vākyam - teṣv akṣareṣu bhaviṣyaj-jagad-rūpaṃ prakāśayann [GTU 1.26] iti | atrāvatāra-kāla-jāta-śabdādimaya-jagat-kāraṇatvena tad-vailakṣaṇyāt svataḥ-siddhatvaṃ tathā bhagavat-svarūpābhinnatvaṃ ca tad-vailakṣaṇyaṃ nāmnaḥ | tad yathā śrutau -

oṃ āsya jānanto nāma cid viviktan mahas te viṣṇo sumatiṃ bhajāmahe | oṃ tat sad ity ādi |

ayam arthaḥ | he viṣṇo! te tava nāma cit cit-svarūpam ataeva mahaḥ sva- prakāśa-rūpam | tasmād asya nāmnaḥ ā īṣad api jānantaḥ na tu samyag uccāra-māhātmyādi-puraskāreṇa | tathāpi vivaktan bruvāṇāḥ kevalaṃ tad- akṣarābhyāsa-mātraṃ kurvāṇāḥ sumatiṃ tad-viṣayāṃ vidyāṃ bhajāmahe prāpnumaḥ | yatas tad eva praṇava-vyañjitaṃ vastu sat svataḥ-siddham iti | ataeva bhaya-dveṣādau śrī-mūrteḥ sphūrter iva sāṅketyādāv apy asya muktidatvaṃ śrūyate | tathā coktaṃ pādme -

apy anya-cittaḥ kruddho vā yaḥ sadā kīrtayed dharim | so'pi bandha-ksayān muktiṃ labhec cedi-patir yathā || iti |

tathā śrī-bhagavata iva tasya nāmnaḥ sakṛd api sākṣātkāraḥ saṃsāra- dhvaṃsako bhavati | yathā skānde -

sakṛd uccāritaṃ yena harir ity akṣara-dvayam |
baddhaḥ parikaras tena mokṣāya gamanaṃ prati ||

iti śrutau ca praṇavam uddiśya | om ity etat brahmaṇo nediṣṭaṃ nāma yasmād uccāryamāṇa eva saṃsāra-bhayāt tārayati tasmād ucyate tāra ity ādi bahutaram | na cāsyārtha-vādatvaṃ cintyam |

tathārthavādo harināmni kalpanam iti padma-purāṇānusāreṇāparādhāpātāt | yasya tu gṛhīta-nāmno'pi punaḥ saṃsāras tasya nānuvrajati yo mohād vrajantaṃ parameśvaram | jñānāgni-dagdha-karmāpi sa bhaved brahma- rākṣasa iti śrī-viṣṇu-bhakti-candrodayādi-pramāṇita-purāṇa-vacanavan mahad aparādha-tad-artha-vāda-kalpanādikaṃ pratibandhakaṃ jñeyam | ataevānanda-rūpatvam asya mahad-dhṛdaya-sākṣikaṃ pratibandhakaṃ jñeyam |

ataevānanda-rūpatvam asya mhad-dhṛdaya-sākṣikaṃ yathā śrī-vigrahasya | tad uktaṃ śrī-śaunakena -

tad aśma-sāraṃ hṛdayaṃ batedaṃ
yad gṛhyamāṇair hari-nāma-dheyaiḥ |
na vikriyetātha yadā vikāro
netre jalaṃ gātra-ruheṣu harṣaḥ || [BhP 2.3.24]

ataeva prabhāsa-purāṇe kaṇṭhoktyā kathitair hetubhiḥ sakala-veda-phalatvena ca bhagavat-svarūpatvam eva pratipāditam |

madhura-madhuram etan maṅgalaṃ maṅgalānāṃ
sakala-nigama-vallī-sat-phalaṃ cit-svarūpam |
sakṛd api parigītaṃ śraddhayā helayā vā
bhṛgu-vara nara-mātraṃ tārayet kṛṣṇa-nāma || iti ||

tasmād bhagavat-svarūpam eva nāma | spaṣṭaṃ coktaṃ śrī-nārada- pañcarātre'ṣṭādaśākṣaram uddiśya -

vyaktaṃ hi bhagavān eva sākṣān-nārāyaṇaḥ svayam | aṣṭākṣara-svarūpena mukheṣu parivartate || iti |

māṇḍukyopaniṣatsu ca praṇavam uddiśya - oṃ ity etad akṣaram idaṃ sarvaṃ [MāṇḍU 1] | oṃkāra evedaṃ sarvam [ChāU 2.23.3] |

praṇavo hy aparaṃ brahma praṇavaś ca paraṃ smṛtam |
apūrvo'nantaro'bāhyo'naparaḥ praṇavo'vyayaḥ ||

sarvasya praṇavo hy ādir madhyam antas tathaiva ca |
evaṃ hi praṇavaṃ jñātvā vyaśnute tad-anantaram ||

praṇavaṃ hīśvaraṃ vidyāt sarvasya hṛdaye sthitam |
sarva-vyāpinam oṅkāraṃ matvā dhīro na śocati ||

amātro'nanta-mātraś ca dvaitasyopaśamaḥ śivaḥ |
oṅkāro vidito yena sa munir netaro janaḥ || iti [Māṇḍūkya-kārikā 26-29]

na tu parameśvarasyaiva tat-tad-yogyatāsmabhavād varṇa-mātrasya tathoktiḥ stuti-rūpaiveti mantavyam | avatārāntaravat parameśvarasyaiva varṇa- rūpeṇāvatāro'yam iti asminn arthe tenaiva śruti-balenāṅgīkṛte tad-abhedena tat-sambhavāt | tasmān nāma-nāminor abheda eva | tad uktaṃ pādme -

nāma cintāmaṇiḥ kṛṣṇaś caitanya-rasa-vigrahaḥ |
pūrṇaḥ śuddho nitya-mukto 'bhinnatvān nāma-nāminoḥ || iti ||

asyārthaḥ - nāmaiva cintāmaṇiḥ sarvārtha-dātṛtvāt | na kevalaṃ tādṛśam eva api tu caitanyādi-lakṣaṇo yaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ sa eva sākṣāt | tatra hetur abhinnatvād itīti | nanu, tathāvidhaṃ nāmādikaṃ kathaṃ puruṣendriya-janyaṃ bhavati | na, veda-mātrasya bhagavativa puruṣendriyādiṣv āvirbhāvanāt | yathoktam ekādaśe svayaṃ śrī-bhagavatā - śabda-brahma sudurbodham ity [BhP 11.21.36] ārabhya,

mayopabṛṃhitaṃ bhūmnā brahmaṇānanta-śaktinā |
bhūteṣu ghoṣa-rūpeṇa viśeṣa-pūrṇeva lakṣyate || [BhP 11.21.37] iti ||

dvādaśasya ṣaṣṭhe vedavyasana-prasaṅge kṣīṇāyuṣaḥ ity ādau [BhP 12.6.47] | ṭīkā ca - tarhi puruṣa-buddhi-prabhavatvān nādaraṇīyaṃ syād ity āśaṅkyāha hṛdi-sthācyuta-coditā iti |

kasmai yena vibhāsito'yam ity ādau [BhP 12.13.19] tad-rūpeṇety ādivat | etat sarvam abhipretya garbha-stutāv uktam -

na nāma-rūpe guṇa-janma-karmabhir
nirūpitavye tava tasya sākṣiṇaḥ |
mano-vacobhyām anumeya-vartmano
deva kriyāyāṃ pratiyanty athāpi hi || [BhP 10.2.36] iti ||

tathā-rūpasyāpi vailakṣaṇyaṃ sva-prakāśatā-lakṣaṇa-svarūpa- śaktyaivāvirbhāvitvam | tac ca pūrva-darśitam | ataeva dvitīye,

ātma-tattva-viśuddhy-arthaṃ yad āha bhagavān ṛtam | brahmaṇe darśayan rūpam avyalīka-vratād ṛtaḥ || ity [BhP 2.9.4] atra |

ṭīkā ca - yac coktam aṣṭamādhyaye parameśvarasyāpi deha- sambandhāviśeṣāt kathaṃ tad-bhaktyā mokṣaḥ syād iti | āsīd yad udarāt padmam ity ādinā [BhP 2.8.8] tatrāha ātma-tattva-viśuddhy-artham iti | ātmano jīvasya tattva-viśuddhy-arthaṃ tattva-jñānārthaṃ tad bhaved eva | kiṃ tad yat tap-ādinā sva-bhajanaṃ bhagavān brahmaṇa āha | kiṃ kurvan, ṛtaṃ satyaṃ cid-ghanaṃ rūpaṃ darśayan | darśane hetur avyalīkena tapasādṛtaḥ sevitaḥ san | ayaṃ bhāvaḥ | jīvasyāvidyayā mithābhūta-deha-sambandhaḥ | īśvarasya tu yogamāyayā cid-ghana-vigrahāvirbhāva iti mahān viśeṣaḥ | atas tad bhajane mksopapattir iti | ity eṣā ||

ataeva, sa tvaṃ triloka-sthitaye [BhP 10.3.17-18][*ENDNOTE #11] ity ādi-dvaye śrīmad-ānaka-dundubhināpi samāhitam | atra hy ayam arthaḥ - sa prapañcasya sṛṣṭi-sthiti-pralaya-kartā tvaṃ triloka-sthitaye yadā tasya sthitam icchasi | tadā sva-māyayā svāśritayā māyā-śaktyā kṛtvā ātmanaḥ śuklaṃ varṇaṃ svena sṛṣṭāṃ dharma-parāṃ viprādi-jātiṃ bibharṣi pālayasi | atra sattvamayy eva svamāyā jñeyā niṣkṛṣṭatvād upayuktatvāc ca |

atha yadā sargam icchasi tadā rajasā rajomayyā svamāyayā kṛtvā upabṛṃhitaṃ raktam kāminaṃ viprādi-varṇaṃ bibharṣi | yadā ca janātyayam icchasi tadā tamo-mayyā kṛtvā kṛṣṇaṃ malinaṃ pāpa-rataṃ taṃ bibharṣi |

athavā yadā sthitim icchasi tadātmanaḥ śrī-viṣṇu-rūpasya śuklaṃ śuddhaṃ guṇa-saṅkara-rahitam ity arthaḥ | śiva-brahma-vat tasya tat-saṅgābhāvāt | tathaiva siddhāntitaṃ śrī-śukadevena - śivaḥ śakti-yutaḥ śaśvat triliṅgo guṇa-saṃvṛtaḥ [BhP 10.88.3] ity ādau, harir hi nirguṇaḥ sākṣāt puruṣaḥ prakṛteḥ paraḥ [BhP 10.88.5] ity ādi | ataeva --

candrikā-viśada-smeraiḥ sāruṇāpāṅga-vīkṣitaiḥ | svakārthānām iva rajaḥ- sattvābhyāṃ sraṣṃṛ-pālakāḥ || [BhP 10.13.50] iti |

atra sāttvikatva-rāja-sattve utprekṣite eva, na tu vastutayā nirūpite | varṇaṃ rūpaṃ, na tu kānti-mātram | guṇa-mayatva-svīkāre'pi tat tad guṇa- vyañjakākārasyāpy apekṣyatvāt na tu śvetaṃ varṇam iti vyākhyeyaṃ | śrī- viṣṇu-rūpasya pālanārthaṃ guṇāvatārasya paramātma-sandarbhe kṣīroda- śāyitvena sthāpayiṣyamāṇasya tatra śyāmatvenāti-prasiddheḥ | janātyaya- heto rudrasya śvetatāti-prasiddhyā tad-vaiparītya-pātāt |

tathaiva hi gobhilokta-sandhyopāsanāyām - ato'tra brahmaṇo na śoṇavarṇatve tātparyam | na ca tat-tad-guṇānāṃ tat-tad-varṇa-niyamaḥ | paramatāmasānāṃ bakādīnāṃ śyāmatva-śravaṇāt | sva-māyayā bhakteṣu kṛpayā bibharṣi jagati dhārayasi prakaṭayasīty arthaḥ | raktaṃ rajomayatvena sisṛksādi-rāga- bahulam | kṛṣṇaṃ tamomayatvena svarūpa-prakāśa-rahitam ity arthaḥ |

pārthivād dāruṇo dhūmas tasmād agnis trayīmayaḥ | tamasas tu rajas tasmāt sattvaṃ yad brahma-darśanam || [BhP 1.2.24] ity ukteḥ |

nanu, katham anyārthena vākyena loka-bhrāmakaṃ varṇayasi, yataḥ samprati janātyayaārthaṃ kṛṣṇo'yaṃ varṇo mayā tamasā gṛhīta ity artho'py āyāti tad etad āśaṅkya pariharann āha tvam asya iti [BhP 10.3.21][*ENDNOTE #12] | nirvyūhyamānā itas tataś cālyamānāḥ | ayaṃ bhāvaḥ - āstāṃ tāvad brahma- ghanatva-śuddha-sattva-mayatva-bodhakaṃ pramāṇāntaraṃ, guṇānurūpa- rūpāṅgīkāre'pi yathā pralayasya duḥkha-mātra-hetutvāt suṣupti-rūpatvāc ca tatra tad-arthāvasaro bhavati tathāsya tu kālasya tva-kṛta-rakṣayā jagat-sukha- hetutvāt tamomayāsura-vināśa-yogyatvāt teṣām asurāṇām api hanana- vyājena sarva-guṇātīta-mokṣātmaka-prasāda-lābhāt tad-arthāvasaro na bhavati, saindhava-mānavetivat | tathaivoktam -

jaya-kāle tu sattvasya devarṣīn rajaso'surān |
tamaso yakṣa-rakṣāṃsi tat-kālānuguṇo'bhajat || iti [BhP 7.1.8]

tasmān na tamaḥ-kṛto'yaṃ varṇa iti rajaḥ-sattvābhyāṃ rakta-śuklāv eva bhavata iti pūrva-pakṣi-matam | tataś ca pāriśeṣya-pramāṇena svarūpa-śakti- vyañjitatvam evātrāpi paryavasyati iti bhāvaḥ | tathaiva tam evārthaṃ śrī- devakī-devy api sambhrameṇa prāg eva vivṛtavatī - rūpaṃ yat tat prāhurà avyaktam ādyām iti [BhP 10.3.24] |

atha prakṛtam anusarāmaḥ | tathā guṇasya vailakṣaṇyam ātmārāmāṇām apy ākarṣaṇa-liṅga-gamyād bhūtarūpatvam | tad yathā śrī-sūtoktau - ātmārāmāś ca munaya [BhP 1.7.10] ity ādau | harer guṇākṣipta-matir [BhP 1.7.11] ity ādi ca | ataevoktaṃ viṣṇudharmottare -

guṇāḥ sarve'pi yujyante hy aiśvaryāt puruṣottame |
doṣāḥ kathañcin naivātra yujyante paramo hi saḥ ||

guṇa-doṣau māyayaiva kecid āhur apaṇḍitāḥ |
na tatra māyā māyī vā tadīyau tau kuto hy ataḥ ||

tasmān na māyayā sarvaṃ sarvam aiśvarya-sambhavam |
amāyo hīśvaro yasmāt tasmāt taṃ paramaṃ viduḥ || iti ||

atha na vidyate ity asya prakṛta-ślokasya vyākhyātāvaśeṣaḥ | tad evaṃ svarūpa-śakti-vilāsa-rūpatvena teṣāṃ prākṛtād vailakṣaṇyaṃ sādhitam | tatra āśaṅkate |

nanu bhavantu svasvarūpa-bhūtāny eva tāni tathāpi svarupasyaiva pūrṇatvāt tat-tat-prāptau kiṃ prayojanaṃ tatrāha lokāpyaya-sambhavāya | loko bhakta- janaḥ tasyāpyayaḥ saṃsāra-dhvaṃsas tat-pūrvakaḥ sambhavo bhakti-sukha- prāptiḥ | bhū prāptau tad artham etad apy upalakṣaṇaṃ nitya-pārṣadānām api bhakti-sukhotkarṣārtham | tad uktaṃ śrīmad-arjunena prathame -

tathāyaṃ cāvatāras te bhuvo bhāra-jihīrṣayā | svānāṃ cānanya-bhāvānām anudhyānāya cāsakṛt || iti [BhP 1.7.25] |

asyārthaḥ -- yathānye puruṣādayo'vatārās tathāyaṃ cāvatāraḥ sākṣād- bhagavataḥ śrī-kṛṣṇākhyasya tavaiva prākaṭyaṃ, parama-bhaktāyā bhuvo bhāra-jihīrṣayā jāto'pi | anyeṣāṃ svānāṃ bhaktānām asakṛc ca muhur apy anudhyānāya nija-bhajana-saukhyāya bhavati |

nanu tarhi bhakta-saukhyam eva prayojanaṃ jātam iti pūrṇānandasya tasyeha prayojana-matiḥ kuta ity etat katham upapadyeta | tatrāha - ananyabhāvānām iti | anyathā sarva-jña-śiromaṇer nirdoṣasya tasya tan-mātrāpekṣakānāṃ teṣām upekṣāyām akāruṇya-doṣaḥ prayujyeta iti bhāvaḥ | ātmārāme'pi kāruṇya-guṇāvakāśo guṇā viruddhā api tu samākhāryāś ca sarvata iti smaraṇāt vicitra-guṇa-nidhāne śrī-bhagavaty eva sambhavati | tato'nyatra tu sañcarita-tad-guṇāṃśe tadīya eva yaḥ pratipadam eva sāścaryaṃ śruty-ādibhir uccair gīyate | yaś cāviriñcim āpāmara-janam ākarṣann eva vartate | tad uktaṃ svayam eva -

bhajato'pi na vai kecid bhajanty abhajataḥ kutaḥ |
ātmārāmā hy āpta-kāmā akṛta-jñā gurudruhaḥ ||

nāhaṃ tu sakhyo bhajato'pi jantūn bhajāmy amīṣām anuvṛtti-vṛttaye || ity ādi [BhP 10.32.19-20] |

tasmāt parama-samarthasya tasya kṛpā-lakṣaṇaṃ bhakta-jana-sukha- prayojanakatvaṃ nāma ko'pi svarūpānanda-vilāsa-bhūta-paramāścarya- svabhāva-viśeṣa iti mūla-padye'py anukālam ṛcchatīty anenaiva [BhP 8.3.8] darśitam | ataḥ prayojanāntara-matitvaṃ tu tasmin nāsty eva | tat- prayojanatvaṃ ca tasya parama-samarthasyānanda-vilāsa eveti dik | yathoktam -

kṛpālor asamarthasya duḥkhāyaiva kṛpālutā |
samarthasya tu tasyaiva sukhāyaiva kṛpālutā || iti ||

gajendraḥ śrī-harim || 49 ||

[50]

tasmād apāṇi-pāda-śruter api yad ananta-svaprakāśānanda-vigraha eva bhagavati tātparyaṃ nānyatreti pratipādayanti |

tvam akaraṇaḥ svarāḍ akhila-kāraka-śakti-dharas
tava balim udvahanti samadantyajayānimiṣāḥ |
varṣa-bhujo'khila-ksitipater iva viśva-sṛjo vidadhati
yatra ye tv adhikṛtā bhavataś cakitāḥ || [BhP 10.87.28]

ayam arthaḥ | atra karaṇaṃ nāma vāsyādivat kartṛ-śakti-preritatayā kāryakaraṃ kartur bhinnatamaṃ kevala-karaṇatvāpannam eva vastv aṅgīkṛtaṃ, na tu svarūpatvāpannam api yat tad api | yathā dahanādau tac-chaktyādikam | gauṇārthatvāt svarāṭ-pada-niruktau sveneti tṛtīyānta-padasya svarūpa- śaktāv eva paryavasānāc ca | tato jīvasya cid-rūpatvāt pāṇyādīnāṃ svato jaḍatvāt tad-adhīna-śaktīnāṃ teṣāṃ bhinnatamānāṃ karaṇatvaṃ mukhyārtham eva | tato'sau tad-āsaktatvāt sakaraṇaḥ tvaṃ tu tad-antaryāmī tad-anāsaktatvāt tad-anapekṣo yataḥ svarāṭ svarūpa-śaktyaiva rājase iti | tathā pralaya-kālāvasāne |

striya urugendra-bhoga-bhuja-daṇḍa-viṣakta-dhiyo vayam api te samāḥ samadṛśo'ṅghri-saroja-sudhāḥ || [BhP 10.87.23]

iti vidvad-gaṇa-gurubhir asmābhir api nijālambanatvena varṇyamāna-parama- divya-karaṇa-gaṇa-vicitro'py asau akaraṇa eva | kutaḥ svarāṭ svena svarūpa- śakti-viśeṣa-siddha-prādurbhāva-viśeṣeṣeṇa svarūpeṇaiva tat-tat-karaṇatayā rājase | teṣāṃ svarūpa-bhūtatvena mukhya-karaṇatvāyogād iti bhāvaḥ | anyathaupādhika-vastu-dvārā tavāpi prakāśe kathaṃ nāma svarāṭtvaṃ sidhyed iti ca |

ānanda-mātram ajaraṃ purāṇam ekaṃ santaṃ bahudhā dṛśyamānaṃ neha nānāsti kiñcana ity ādi śruteḥ [BAU 4.4.19] | ānanda-mātra-kara-pāda- mukhodarādir ity ādi smṛteś [NārPañc] ca |

nanu, mayi tathābhūta-svarūpa-śaktīnām astitāyāṃ kiṃ pramāṇam | tatrāhur akhila-kāraka-śakti-dhara iti | akhilebhyaḥ prāṇibhyaḥ kārakāṇi karaṇāni cakuṣur-ādi-golakāni teṣu śaktīś cendriyāṇi dharasi dadāsīti tathā | sarveṣu teṣu tat-tad-dhāraṇāt | tās tu tvayi svataḥ-siddhā avyayāḥ pūrṇā eva santīti bhāvaḥ | tathā ca śrutiḥ - prāṇasya prāṇam uta cakṣuṣaś cakṣur iti ādyā [KenaU 1.2] | svābhāvikī jñāna-bala-kriyā ca ity ādyā ca [ŚvetU 6.8] |

tad uktam ekādaśe -

yasyendriyas tanu-bhṛtām ubhayendriyāṇi jñānaṃ svataḥ śvasanato balabhoja īhā || iti [BhP 11.4.4]

ataeva vikaraṇatvān neti cet tad uktam ity [Vs 2.1.32] atra sūtrakāro'pi tad uktam ity anena śrutes tu śabda-mūlatvād ity [Vs. 2.1.27] ukta-rītyaiva śruty- eka-gamyaṃ tarkātītaṃ tasya vikaraṇatvaṃ sakaraṇatvaṃ ca sādhitavān | śrutiś ca - na tasya kāryaṃ karaṇaṃ ca vidyate ity [ŚvetU 6.8] ādyā |

athavā, akhila-kāraka-śakti-dharo'pi tvam asāv akaraṇa evety anvayaḥ | kutaḥ ? svarāḍ ity ādi | ataḥ sarvato vilakṣaṇa-mahimatvād animiṣā devā indrādayas tat-pūjyā viśva-sṛjo brahmādayo'pi tava tubhyaṃ balim upahāraṃ tad uccaiḥ śirobhir vahanti | ajayā teṣām adhikāriṇyā māyayāpi sahitāḥ |

sāpi ābhāsa-śakti-rūpā svarūpānanda-śakti-mayāya tubhyam ātma-sampad- udbhāvārthaṃ balim haratīty arthaḥ | samadanti ca mauṣyair dattaṃ havya- kavy-ādi-lakṣaṇaṃ baliṃ bhakṣayanti ca | atra dṛṣṭāntaḥ varṣa-bhuja iti | varṣaṃ khaṇḍa-maṇḍalam |

kathaṃ balim udvahanti ? tad āhuḥ vidadhatīti | tva-ājñā-pālanam eva bali- haraṇam ity arthaḥ | bhīṣāsmād vātaḥ pavate bhīsodeti sūryaḥ bhīṣāsmād agniś cendraś ca mṛtyur dhāvati pañcamaḥ iti [Kaṭha 2.3.3] śruteḥ |

athavā, nanu mama pāṇy-ādi-karaṇānāṃ svarūpa-bhūtatve yukti kathayaty ata āhuḥ animiṣāḥ karaṇādhiṣṭhātṛ-devās tava balim udvanatīti | ājñāna- devatvād viśva-sṛjaḥ viśveṣāṃ sṛṣṭi-hetavaḥ | anye tat-tad-adhiṣṭhātṛ- devatāśrayād eva karaṇair viṣayaṃ prakāśayituṃ śaknuvanti | tvaṃ punas teṣām apy āśraya iti tvat-karaṇānāṃ svaprakāśatāpatteḥ svarūpa-bhūtatvam eveti |

athāpy āstāṃ mahā-śaktir māyaivāśraya ity ata āhuḥ ajayeti | nanu jīvā api nijendriyādhiṣṭhātātṝṇām āśrayā bhavanti | tatrāhuḥ vidadhatīti | viṣaya-

bhoga-dvāreeṣv indriyeṣu bhavatā viśva-patinā dattādhikārāṇāṃ devānām
evādhikāryāḥ katipaya-grāma-bhaumikā iva jīvā iti na teṣām āśrayāḥ |
kintu bhavān eva teṣām adhikārakatvād āśraya iti bhāvaḥ ||

10|87|| śrutayaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||50||

[51]

tasmād vilakṣaṇa-pāṇi-pādāditvenaivāpāṇi-pādāditvam | yathāha -

tvak-śmaśru-roma-nakha-keśa-pinaddham antar
māṃsāsthi-rakta-kṛmi-viṭ-kapha-pitta-vātam |
jīvac-chavaṃ bhajati kāntam ati-vimūḍhā
yā te padābja-makarandam ajighratī strī || [BhP 10.60.45]

atha śrī-bhagavati keśādīnāṃ śrūyamāṇānām ānanda-svarūpatvam anyeṣāṃ tv abhāva eveti vailakṣaṇyaṃ spaṣṭam eva | ataeva hi hiraṇyakaśipuṃ prati tan-māraka-jana-niṣedha-lakṣaṇa-brahma-vara-dānam api saṅgacchate | vyasubhir vāsumadbhir vā surāsura-mahoragair iti [BhP 7.3.37] | na caitat karaṇasya niṣedha-paraṃ, kintu kartur eva | kartṛ-prakaraṇāt aprāṇibhiḥ prāṇibhir vety uktes tasyaiva prāptatvāt | hantur jīvad[*ENDNOTE #13]- deha-sāmye'pi saprāṇa-bhāgān niṣkrāntasya kartanīya[*ENDNOTE #14]- nakhāgra-bhāgasya tyakta-prāṇatvāc ca |

tasmād asmākam aprāṇo hy amanāḥ śubhra iti | asya mahato bhūtasya niḥśvasitam etad iti [BAU 2.4.10] ca śrutir nāsaṅgateti | ataeva vārāhe -

na yasya prākṛtā mūrtir medomajjāsthi-sambhavā |
na yogitvādīśvaratvāt satya-rūpo'cyuto vibhur || iti ||

tac cāprākṛta-mūrtitvaṃ tasya mahāyogitvād icchā-kṛtam iti na, kintv īśvaratvān nityam evety arthaḥ | tathā ca prayogaḥ | īśvaraḥ sa-vigrahaḥ jñānecchā-prayatnavat kartṛtvāt kulālādivat | sa ca vigraho nityaḥ īśvara- kararṇatvāt taj-jñānādivad iti | ataeva vilakṣaṇatvam api | jīvacchavam iti caitanyayogena jīvantam svatas tu śavam | tataḥ śrī-bhagavad-vigrahas tu cid eka-rasatvāt sadā jīvann eveti vailakṣaṇyaṃ yuktaṃ nityānanda-cid-rūpatvād bhajanīyatvaṃ ca yuktam iti bhāvaḥ ||

|| 10.60 || śrī-rukmiṇī śrī-bhagavantam ||51||

[52]

nāma-rūpitva-vidhiniṣedha-śrutibhir vivadamānānāṃ vivādāvasare tad eva hy apapādayati |

astīti nāstīti ca vastu-niṣṭhayor

eka-sthayor bhinna-viruddha-dharmaṇoḥ
avekṣitaṃ kiñcana yoga-sāṅkhyayoḥ
samaṃ paraṃ hy anukūlaṃ bṛhat tat || [BhP 6.4.32]

astīti yogaḥ sthūlopāsanā-śāstraṃ, tatra hi yad-bhagavato nāma-rūpitvaṃ śrūyate tad-dṛṣṭa-kalpanā-lāghavāt ghaṭa-paṭādi-lakṣaṇākhila-nāma- dheyatvaṃ pātāla-pādādikatvaṃ ceti vidhīyate | nāstīti sāṅkhyaṃ jñāna- śāstraṃ tatra hi niṣedha-śrutibhis tasya nāma-rūpitvaṃ yan niṣidhyate tat prāpañcika-nāma-rūpitvasya kalpitatvāt sarvathaiva nāstīti niścīyate | tad uktam ubhaya-matasyaiva prāk | sa sarva-nāmā sa ca viśva-rūpaḥ ity ādinā yad yan niruktaṃ vacasā nirūpitam ity ādinā ca [BhP 6.4.28-29] |

astīti nāstīti ca vastuni niṣṭhā yayoḥ | tam eva vivādaṃ sphuṭayati, bhinnau astīti nāstīty evambhūtau viruddhau dharmau yayos tayoḥ |

nanv āstām anayor bhinna-viṣayatvaṃ netyāha ekasthayoḥ samāna-viṣayoḥ | tad evaṃ vivāde sati yat kiñcit samaṃ samañjasatvenaiva avekṣitaṃ pratītaṃ vastu tad dvayor api bṛhan mahad anukūlaṃ bhavati | kiṃ tat samañjasaṃ ? yat paraṃ nāma-rūpād atyanta-tad-abhāvāc ca vilakṣaṇaṃ kim api nāma-rūpa- lakṣaṇam eva vastv ity arthaḥ |

etad uktaṃ bhavati | ekasminn eva vastuni nāma-rūpitva-vidhi-niṣedhābhyāṃ parasparaṃ śrutayaḥ parāhatārthāḥ syuḥ | atra tu paratvenobhayatrāpi prāktana-yuktyā samañjasam aprākṛta-nāma-rūpitvam eva vidhi-niṣedha- śruti-tātparyenopasthāpyata iti tat-tan-mataṃ vivāda-mātram |

ittham evātra śrī-dhruveṇa nirvivādatvam uktam --

tiryaṅ-naga-dvija-sarīsṛpa-deva-daitya- martyādibhiḥ paricitaṃ sad-asad-viśeṣam rūpaṃ sthaviṣṭham aja te mahad-ādy-anekaṃ nātaḥ paraṃ parama vedmi na yatra vādaḥ || iti [BhP 4.9.13] |

atra rūpa-śabdasyaivobhayatra viśeṣyatvena | bhūpa rūpam arūpaṃ ca paraṃ cāparam eva ca iti [ViP 6.7.47] vaiṣṇava-vākyānusāreṇa ca | ataḥ paraṃ caturbhujāditva-lakṣaṇaṃ rūpaṃ vapur ity arthaḥ | tac cāgre darśayiṣyate |

[52]

tan na vedmi etat paryantaṃ kālaṃ nājñāsiṣam ity arthaḥ | tad eva vyanakti |

yo 'nugrahārthaṃ bhajatāṃ pāda-mūlam
anāma-rūpo bhagavān anantaḥ |
nāmāni rūpāṇi ca janma-karmabhir
bheje sa mahyaṃ paramaḥ prasīdatu || [BhP 6.4.33]

yo nāma-rūpa-rahita eva nāmāni rūpāṇi ca bheje prakaṭitavān | janma- karmabhiḥ saha tāni ca prakaṭitavān ity arthaḥ | vyatireke doṣam āha ananta iti | yadi tasmin nāma-rūpitvādikaṃ nāsti tarhi tac-chaktimattvaṃ prati sāntatvam eva prasajyeteti | tad uktaṃ pracetobhiḥ -- na hy antas tvad- vibhūtīnāṃ so 'nanta iti gīyase iti [BhP 4.30.31] | tat-tat-prakāśane hetuḥ | bhagavān bhagātmaka-śaktimān | tasyāḥ śakter māyātvam niṣedhati paramaḥ | parākhya-śakti-rūpā mā lakṣmīr yasmin | anyathā paramatva- vyāghātaḥ syād iti bhāvaḥ |

tasmān na māyayā sarvaṃ sarvam aiśvarya-sambhavam | amāyo hīśvaro yasmāt tasmāt taṃ paramaṃ viduḥ || ity ukteḥ |

nanu, sarva-nāma-viśva-rūpatve tad-rāhitye ca santy eva tat-tad-upāsakāḥ pramāṇam | atra tu ke syur ity āśaṅkyāha - pāda-mūlaṃ bhajatām anugrahārtham iti | yoga-sāṅkhyayos tat tattvaṃ na samyak prakāśate, kintu bhaktāv eva | bhaktir evainaṃ darśayati ity ādi śruteḥ | tasmād yuktaṃ tayor vivāda-mātratvam iti bhāvaḥ | ataeva vakṣyate'nantaram eva --

iti saṃstuvatas tasya sa tasminn agha-marṣaṇe |
prādurāsīt kuru-śreṣṭha bhagavān bhakta-vatsalaḥ ||

kṛta-pādaḥ suparṇāṃsa ity ādeḥ [BhP 6.4.35-6]

pāda-mūlaṃ bhajatām ity anena tān prati rūpa-prākaṭyāt pūrvam api rūpam asty eveti vyañjitam | caraṇaṃ pavitraṃ vitataṃ purāṇam ity ādi śruteḥ | bheja ity atīta-nirdeśaḥ prāmāṇya-dārḍhyāyānāditvaṃ bodhayati | ananta-padasya ca nāmāni rūpāṇi cānantāny eveti bhāvaḥ | atra prākṛta-nāma-rūpa-rahito'pi iti ṭīkā ca ||

|| 6.4 || dakṣaḥ śrī-puruṣottamam ||52||

[53]

tad evaṃ nityatvād vibhutvāt sarvāśrayatvāt sthūla-s”kṣmāprākṛta-vastv- atiriktatvāt pratya-rūpatvāt sva-prakāśatvāt sarva-śruti-samanvaya-siddhatvāt tad-rūpaṃ parama-tattva-rūpam eveti siddham | tathaiva hi param- vaiduṣyeṇānubhūtaṃ spaṣṭam evāha tribhiḥ -

rūpaṃ yad etad avabodha-rasodayena
śaśvan-nivṛtta-tamasaḥ sad-anugrahāya |
ādau gṛhītam avatāra-śataika-bījaṃ
yan-nābhi-padma-bhavanād aham āvirāsam ||

nātaḥ paraṃ parama yad bhavataḥ svarūpam
ānanda-mātram avikalpam aviddha-varcaḥ |
paśyāmi viśva-sṛjam ekam aviśvam ātman
bhūtendriyātmaka-madas ta upāśrito 'smi ||

tad vā idaṃ bhuvana-maṅgala maṅgalāya
dhyāne sma no darśitaṃ ta upāsakānām |
tasmai namo bhagavate 'nuvidhema tubhyaṃ
yo 'nādṛto naraka-bhāgbhir asat-prasaṅgaiḥ ||[BhP 3.9.2-4]

ṭīkā ca - nanu tvam api samyak na jānāsi yat tvayā dṛṣṭaṃ rūpam etad api guṇātmakam eva nirguṇaṃ brahmaiva tu satyaṃ tatrāha rūpam iti dvābhyām | avabodha-rasodayena śaśvan nibhṛtam tamo yasmāt tasya tava yad etad rūpaṃ tvayaiva svātantryeṇa satām upāsakānām anugrahāya gṛhītam āviṣkṛtam | avatāra-śatasya śuddha-sattvātmakasya yad ekaṃ bījaṃ mūlam, tat-prakāśanārthaṃ guṇāvatāra-bījatvaṃ darśayati yan mābhātīti | he parama abiddha-varcaḥ anāvṛta-prakāśam avikalpaṃ nirbhedam ataevānanda-mātram | evambhūtaṃ yad bhavataḥ svarūpaṃ tat ato rūpāt paraṃ bhinnaṃ na paśyāmi kintu idam eva tat | ataḥ kāraṇāt te tava ada idaṃ rūpam āśrito'smi | yogyatvād apīty āha ekam upāsyeṣu mukhyaṃ yad viśva-sṛjam | ataeva aviśvaṃ viśvasmād anyat | kiṃ ca, bh”tendriyātmakaṃ bhūtānām indriyāṇāṃ cātmānaṃ kāraṇam ity arthaḥ |

nanv evam api sopādhikam etad arvācīnam evety āśaṅkyāha tad evedaṃ he bhuvana-maṅgala yatas te tvayā asmākam upāsakānāṃ maṅgalāya dhyāne darśitam | na hy avyakta-vartmābhiniveśita-cittānām asmākaṃ sopādhikaṃ darśanaṃ yuktam iti bhāvaḥ | atas tubhyaṃ namo'nuvidhema anuvṛttyā karavāma | tarhi kim iti kecin māṃ nādriyante, tatrāha yo'nādṛta iti | asat- prasaṅgair nirīśvara-kutarka-niṣṭhaiḥ | ity eṣā ||

atra kalpitam apy arthāntaraṃ yasya vidvad-guṇa-gurutvān na sambhavaty eveti vyañjitam | na hy avyakta-vartmeti | uktaṃ caitat stutitaḥ prāk avyakta- vartmābhiniveśitātmā [BhP 3.8.33] iti | māṃ nādriyante iti vigraharūpaṃ mām ity evārthaḥ | vigrahyaiva para-brahmatvena sthāpitatvāt | ataeva ye vigraham etādṛśatayā na manyante te vidvad anubhava-viruddha-matayo neśvaram api manyanta ity ata āha nirīśvara iti | yata eva --

ye tu tvadīya-caraṇāmbuja-koṣa-gandhaṃ
jighranti karṇa-vivaraiḥ śruti-vāta-nītam |
bhaktyā gṛhīta-caraṇaḥ parayā ca teṣāṃ
nāpaiṣi nātha hṛdayāmbu-ruhāt sva-puṃsām || [BhP 3.9.5]

ity anantara-padye tu-śabdena yo'nādṛta ity-ādy-uktebhyo bahirmukha- janebhyo vilakṣaṇatvena nirdiṣṭānāṃ tādṛśa-śrī-bhagavad-rūpa-niṣṭhānām eva śruti-vāta-nītam iti śabdena pramāṇena bhaktyā gṛhīta-caraṇa ity anubhavena ca prāśastyam uktam || 3.9 || brahmā śrī-nārāyaṇam ||53||

[54]

āveśāvatāratayā pratītasya śrī-ṛṣabhadevasyāpi vigraha evaṃ yojyate, yathā -

idaṃ śarīraṃ mama durvibhāvyaṃ
sattvaṃ hi me hṛdayaṃ yatra dharmaḥ |
pṛṣṭhe kṛto me yad adharma ārād
ato hi mām ṛṣabhaṃ prāhur āryāḥ || [BhP 5.5.19]

idaṃ manuṣyākāra-śarīraṃ hi niścitaṃ durvibhāvyaṃ durvitarkyaṃ yat tattvaṃ tad eva | yatraiva dharmo bhāgavata-lakṣaṇas tatraiva me hṛdayaṃ manaḥ | yad yasmāt tad-viparītādi-lakṣaṇo'dharmo mayā pṛṣṭhe kṛtaḥ | tataḥ parāṅ- mukho'ham ity arthaḥ | ataeva vaktur asya ṛṣabhadevasya ca sarvāntima-līlāpi vyājenāntardhānam eva prākṛta-loka-pratīty-anusāreṇaiva tu tathā varṇitam | ātmārāmatā-rīti-darśanārtham | tad uktam -- yogināṃ sāmparāya-vidhim anuśikṣayan iti [BhP 5.6.6] | ataḥ svakalevaraṃ jihāsur ity atra kaevara- śabdasya prapañca evārthaḥ | upāsanā-śāstre tasya tathā prasiddheḥ |

tathā -- atha samīra-vega-vidhūta-veṇu-vikarṣaṇa-jātogra-dāvānalas tad vanam ālelihānaḥ saha tena dadāha ity [BhP 5.6.8] asya vāstavārthe tu tena saheti kartṛ-sāhāyye tṛtīyā | gauṇa-mukhya-nyāyena kartary eva prāthamika- pravṛtteḥ | tataś ca dāvānalas tad-vana-vartitarvādi-jīvānāṃ sthūlaṃ dehaṃ dadāha, ṛṣabhadevas tu sūkṣmaṃ deham iti tasya sarv=moksadatvam anusandheyam |

sa yaiḥ spṛṣṭo 'bhidṛṣṭo vā saṃviṣṭo 'nugato 'pi vā | kosalās te yayuḥ sthānaṃ yatra gacchanti yoginaḥ || [BhP 9.11.22] itivat |

tato'nala-sādharmyaṃ varṇayitvā tadvad antardhānam eva tasyeti ca vyañjitam | ataeva ṛṣabha-devāvirbhāvas tṛtīyo'dhyāya ity evoktaṃ na tu taj-janmeti ||

5|5|| śrī-ṛṣabhadevaḥ sva-putrān ||54||

[55]

tad evaṃ ṛṣabhasyāpi vigrahe tādṛśatā cet kim uta svayaṃ bhagavata ity āha -

muni-gaṇa-nṛpa-varya-saṅkule 'ntaḥ-
sadasi yudhiṣṭhira-rājasūya eṣām |
arhaṇam upapeda īkṣaṇīyo
mama dṛśi-gocara eṣa āvir ātmā || [BhP 1.9.41]

ṭīkā ca - eṣa jagatām ātmā mama dṛśi-gocaro dṛṣṭi-pathaḥ sann āviḥ prakaṭo vartate | aho bhāgyam iti bhāvaḥ ity eṣā || 1|9|| śrī-bhīṣmaḥ śrī- bhagavantam ||55||

[56]

tathaiva ca -- rūpaṃ yat tad ity ādau sa tvaṃ sākṣād viṣṇur adhyātma-dīpaḥ [BhP 10.3.24] iti |[*ENDNOTE #15]

yat tat kim api rūpaṃ vastu prāhur vedāḥ | kiṃ tad vastu, tad āha avyaktam ity ādi | evambhūtaṃ kim api kārya-kalpaṃ vastu yat sa eva sākṣād aiṣi- gocaras tvaṃ viṣṇur iti | tathā ca pādme nirmāṇa-khaṇḍe śrī-bhagavantaṃ prati śrī-veda-vyāsa-vākyam ---

tvām ahaṃ draṣṭum icchāmi cakṣurbhyāṃ madhusūdana | yat tat satyaṃ paraṃ brahma jagad-yoniṃ jagat-patim | vadanti veda-śirasaś cākṣuṣaṃ nātha me'stu tad || iti |

tatra hetuḥ adhyātma-dīpaḥ dehi tat-kāraṇa-kārya-saṅgha- prakāśakatvenāvabhāsana ity arthaḥ | evambhūtasya na tava bhaya-śaṅketi bhāvaḥ | ity eṣa prakaraṇānurūpaḥ śrī-svāmi-darśita-bhāvārtho'pi śrī- vigraha-para eva | anyatra bhaya-sambhāvanānutpatteḥ ||

10.3 śrī-devakī śrībhagavantam ||56||

[57]

atas tad-aṃśānām api tādṛśatvam āha -

satya-jñānānantānanda-
mātraika-rasa-mūrtayaḥ |
aspṛṣṭa-bhūri-māhātmyā
api hy upaniṣad-dṛśām || [BhP 10.13.54]

ṭīkā ca - sarveṣāṃ mūrtimattve'py aviśeṣam āha satya-jñāneti | satyāś ca jñāna-rūpāś ca anantāś ca ānanda-rūpāś ca | tatrāpi tad-eka-mātrā vijātīya- sambheda-rahitāḥ | tatrāpi ca eka-rasāḥ sadaikarūpā mūrtayo yeṣāṃ te | yad vā satya-jñānādi-mātraika-rasaṃ yad brahma tad eva mūrtir yeṣām iti | ataeva upaniṣat ātma-jñānaṃ saiva dṛk cakṣur yeṣāṃ teṣām api hi niścitam | aspṛṣṭa-bhūr-māhātmyāḥ na spṛṣṭaṃ sparśa-yogyaṃ bhūri-māhātmyaṃ yeṣāṃ te tathā-bhūtāḥ sarve vyadṛśyanteti | ity eṣā |

atra mātra-padaṃ tad-varṇādīnāṃ svarūpāntaraṅga-dharmatvaṃ bodhayati | na hy atrāparasminn arthe mūrti-śabdaḥ kevalātma-para iti svāminaḥ śrī- śuka-devasya vā matam, lakṣaṇāyāḥ kaṣṭa-kalpanāmayatvāt | aspṛṣṭety atra aspṛṣṭeti bhūri-māhātmyeti apīti upaniṣad-dṛg iti pada-catuṣṭayasyaiva vyastasya samastasya ca svārasya-bhaṅga-prasaṅgāt ukta-prakārānurodhāt te'cakṣatākṣa-viṣayaṃ sva-samādhi-bhāgyam ity ady-udāhariṣyamāṇānusārāt [BhP 3.15.38] sva-sukhety ādi [BhP 12.12.68] śrī-śuka-hṛdaya-virodhāc ca | ataeva viśuddha-vijñāna-ghanaṃ [BhP 10.37.20] viśuddha-jñāna-mūrtaye [BhP 10.27.21] tvayy eva nitya-sukha-bodha-tanāv [BhP 10.14.22] ity ādi vākyāni ca na lākṣaṇikatayā kadarthanīyāni |

tathaiva ānanda-mūrtim upaguhya dṛśātma-labdham ity ādau [BhP 10.41.25]

dorbhyāṃ stanāntaragataṃ parirabhya kāntam ānanda-mūrtim ajahād atidīrghatāpam | ity ādau [BhP 10.48.6] ca darśanāliṅganābyām anyārthatvaṃ vyavacchidyate | uktaṃ ca mahāvārāhe --

sarve nityāḥ śāśvatāś ca dehās tasya parātmanaḥ |
heyopādeya-rahitā naiva prakṛtijāḥ kvacit ||

paramānanda-sandohā jñāna-mātrāś ca sarvataḥ |
deha-dehi-bhidā cātra neśvare vidyate kvacit || iti ||

10.13 || śrī-śukaḥ ||57||

[58]

ittham evābhipretyāha --

kṛṣṇam enam avehi tvam ātmānam akhilātmanām |
jagad-dhitāya so'py atra dehīvābhāti māyayā || [BhP 10.14.55]

enaṃ naumīḍya te'bhra-vapuṣe ity [BhP 10.14.1] ādi-varṇita-rūpam avehi mat- prasāda-labdha-vidvattayaivānubhavo na tu tarkādīnāṃ vicārayety arthaḥ | evambhūto'pi māyayā kṛpayā jagad-dhitāya sarvasyāpi svātmānaṃ prati cittākarṣaṇāya dehīva jīva ivābhāti krīḍati | iva-śabdena śrī-kṛṣṇas tu jīvavat pṛthag-dehaṃ praviṣṭavān iti gamyate | ataeva śrī-vigrahasya parama- puruṣārtha-lakṣaṇatvam uktaṃ śrī-dhruveṇa -

satyāśiṣo hi bhagavaṃs tava pāda-padmam āśīs tathānubhajataḥ puruṣārtha-mūrteḥ [BhP 4.9.17] ity atra |

ṭīkā ca - he bhagavan puruṣārthaḥ paramānandaḥ sa eva mūrtir yasya tasy atava pāda-padmam āśiṣo rājyādeḥ sakāśāt satyā | āśīḥ paramārtha-phalaṃ hi niścitaṃ kasya tena prakāreṇa tvam eva puruṣārtha ity evaṃ niṣkāmatayā anubhjataḥ | ity eṣā ||

10.14 || śrī-śukaḥ ||58||

[59]

ataḥ śabda-pratipādyaṃ yad brahma tac chrī-vigraha evety upasaṃhāra-yogyaṃ vākyam āha -

tāvat prasanno bhagavān
puṣkarākṣaḥ kṛte yuge |
darśayām āsa taṃ kṣattaḥ
śābdaṃ brahma dadhad vapuḥ || [BhP 3.21.7]

tad vapur dadhat prakāśayann asau śuklākhyo bhagavān kṛte yuge vartate |
tad eva śabda-pratipādyaṃ brahma parama-tattvaṃ taṃ kardamaṃ prati
darśayāmāsety arthaḥ ||

|| 3.21 || śrī-maitreyaḥ ||59||

[60]

tad evaṃ siddhe bhagavatas tādṛśe vailakṣaṇye dṛśyatvāt ghaṭavad ity ādya- sad-anumānaṃ na sambhavati kālātyayopadiṣṭatvāt | tad etad abhipretya tasmin satyatā-puraskṛtaṃ ṣaḍ-bhāva-vikārādya-bhāvaṃ sthāpayan pūrṇa- svarūpatvam abhupagacchati |

ekas tvam ātmā puruṣaḥ purāṇaḥ
satyaḥ svayaṃ jyotir ananta ādyaḥ |
nityo'kṣaro'jasra-sukho nirañjanaḥ
pūrṇo'dvayo mukta upādhito'mṛtaḥ || [BhP 10.14.20]

naumīḍya te [BhP 10.14.1] ity ādinā stutyatvena pratijñā-rūpo'yam abhra- vapur-ādi-lakṣaṇatvam eka eva sarveṣām ātmā paramāśrayaḥ | tad uktam - eko'si prathamam iti [BhP 10.14.18] iti ca | kṛṣṇam enam avehi tvam ātmānam akhilātmanām iti ca [BhP 10.14.55] | yatas tvam ātmā tata eva satyaḥ | paramāśrayasya satyatām abalambyaivānyeṣāṃ satyatvāt tvayy eva satyatvasya mukhyā viśrāntir iti bhāvaḥ | tad uktam - satya-vrataṃ satya-param ity ādi [BhP 10.2.26] |

satye pratiṣṭhitaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ satyam atra pratiṣṭhitam |
satyāt satyaṃ ca govindas tasmāt satyo hi nāmataḥ || ity udyama-parvaṇi [MBh

5.68.12] ca |

na ca tvayi janmādayo vikārāḥ santīty āha ādyaḥ kāraṇam | eko'si prathamam ity ādau [BhP 10.14.18] tādṛśatva-dṛṣṭeḥ | ato na janma, kintu pratyakṣatvaṃ harer janma na vikāraḥ kathañcana iti pādma-rītikam eva | ataeva skānde --

avijñāya paraṃ deham ānandātmānam avyayam |
āropayanti janimat pañca-bhūtātmakaṃ jaḍam || iti ||

ādyatve hetuḥ | puruṣaḥ puruṣākāra eva san purāṇaḥ purāpi navaḥ kāryāt pūrvam api vartamāna ity arthaḥ | śrutiś ca -- ātmaivedam agra āsīt puruṣa- vidha [AitU 1.1.1] iti | ataeva janmāntarāstitva-lakṣaṇaṃ vikāraṃ vārayati nityaḥ sanātana-mūrtiḥ | tathā pūrvavan madhyamākāratve'pi pūrṇa iti vṛddhim | ajasra-sukho nityam eva sukha-rūpa iti pariṇāmam | sukhasya puṃstvaṃ chāndasaṃ vijñānam ānandaṃ brahma [BAU 3.9.28] ity atrānandasya napuṃsakatvavat |

tathā akṣara ity apakṣayam | amṛta iti vināśam | pūrṇatve hetuḥ | ananta advaya iti deśa-kāla-pariccheda-rahitaḥ | vastu-pariccheda-rahito'pi | anyasya tac-chaktitvāt taṃ vinānavasthānāt | atrāmṛtatvopapādanāya caturvidha- kriyā-phalatvaṃ ca vārayati | tatrotpattir ādya ity anenaiva nirākṛtā | śiṣṭa- trayaṃ svayaṃjyotir nirañjana upādhito mukta iti pada-trayeṇa | tatra ca prāptiḥ kriyayā jñānena vā bhavet | kriyayā prāptir ātma-padenaiva nirākṛtā, sarva-pratyag-rūpatvāt | tathā jñānataḥ prāptiṃ vārayati | svayaṃjyotir iti | tad uktaṃ brahmāṇaṃ prati śrī-bhagavatā manīṣitānubhāvo'yaṃ mama lokāvalokanam iti [BhP 2.9.22] |

ṭīkā ca - etac ca mat-kṛpayaiva tvayā prāptam ity āha | manīṣitam icchā, tubhyaṃ dātavyam iti yā mamecchā tasyā anubhāvo'yam | ko'sau? tam āha - mama lokasyāvalokanaṃ yat | ity eṣā | tad uktam - nityāvyakto'pi bhagavān īkṣyate nija-śaktitaḥ | iti |[*ENDNOTE #16]

nanu, śrī-bhagavatoddhavaṃ prati vāsudevo bhagavatām ity ādikaṃ [BhP 11.16.29] vibhūti-madhye gaṇayitvā sarvānte manovikārā evaite [BhP 11.16.41] ity uktam | satyam | tad-gaṇanaṃ prācurya-vivakṣayā kṣatriṇo gacchantītivat | tatraiva hi -

pṛthivī vāyur ākāśa āpo jyotir ahaṃ mahān |
vikāraḥ puruṣo'vyaktaṃ rajaḥ sattvaṃ tamaḥ param || ity atra [BhP 11.16.37]

para-śabdena brahmāpi tan-madhye gaṇitam asti | tad evaṃ prāptir niṣiddhā | atha vikṛtir api tuṣāpākaraṇenāvadhātena vrīhīṇām ivopādhyapākareṇena bhavet | tac cāsaṅgatvān na sambhaved ity āha mukta upādhita iti | tad uktam -viśuddha-jñāna-mūrtaye [BhP 10.27.21] viśuddha-vijñāna-ghanaṃ [BhP 10.37.20] ity ādau ca | tasmān mama niśita-śarair vibhidyamāna-tvaci ityādikaṃ tu [BhP 1.9.34] māyika-līlā-varṇanam eva |

evaṃ vadanti rājarṣe ṛṣayaḥ kecanānvitāḥ |
yat sva-vāco virudhyeta na nūnaṃ te samaranty anu || ity ādi [BhP 10.77.30]

nyāyena vāstavatva-virodhāt | tathā hi skānde -

asaṅgaś cāvyayo'bhedyo'nigrāhyo'śoṣya eva ca |
viddho'sṛg-ācito baddha iti viṣṇuḥ pradṛśyate ||

asurān mohayan devaḥ krīḍaty eṣa sureṣv api |
manuṣyān madhyayā dṛṣṭyā na mukteṣu kadācana || iti ||

śrī-bhīṣmasya yuddha-samaye daityāviṣṭatvāt tathā bhānaṃ yuktam eveti | kintv adhunā duḥsvapna-duḥkhasyeva tasya nivedanaṃ kṛtam iti jñeyam | saṃskāro'pi kim atiśayādhānena malāpākāreṇa vā | tatrātiśayādhānaṃ pūrṇatvenaiva nirākṛtam | malāpakaraṇaṃ vārayati nirañjanaḥ nirmalaḥ viśuddha-jñāna-mūrtir ity arthaḥ ||

10.14 || śrī-brahmā ||60||

[61]

tad evaṃ pūrvaṃ tad-aiśvaryādīnāṃ svarūpa-bhūtatvaṃ sādhitaṃ tac ca teṣāṃ svarūpāntaraṅga-dharmatvād yuktam | yathā jyotir antaraṅga-dharmānāṃ tadīya-śuklādi-guṇānāṃ jyotir-bhūtatvam eva, na tama ādirūpatvaṃ tadvat |

atha śrī-vigrahasya pūrṇa-svarūpa-lakṣaṇatvaṃ tadvat | atha śrī-vigrahasya pūrṇa-svarūpa-lakṣaṇatvaṃ sādhitaṃ, tac ca yuktam, sarva-śakti-yukta-parama- vastv-eka-rūpatvāt tasya | tatra yo nijāntaraṅga-nitya-dharmaḥ śrī- vigrahatāgamas tat tat saṃsthāna-lakṣaṇas tad viśiṣṭaṃ paramānanda- lakṣaṇaṃ vastv eva śrī-vigrahaḥ | sa eva cāntaraṅga-dharmāntarāṇāṃ, aiśvaryādīnām api nityāśrayatvāt svayaṃ bhagavān, yathā śuddha-khaṇḍa- laḍḍukam | yato yathā laḍḍukatāgamaka-saṃsthāna-viśiṣṭa-khaṇḍam eva laḍḍukaṃ tad eva khaṇḍa-svābhāvika-saugandhyādimac ceti lokaiḥ pratīyate prayujyate ca tathā rūpaṃ yad etat [BhP 3.9.2] ity ādiṣu paraṃ tattvam eva śrī- vigrahaḥ sa eva ca bhagavān iti vidvadbhiḥ pratīyate prayujyate caiveti |

tad evaṃ śrī-vigrahasya pūrṇa-svarūpatvaṃ sādhayitvā, to-poṣaṇārthaṃ prakaraṇāntaram ārabhyate | yāvat pārṣada-nirūpaṇam | tatra paricchadānāṃ tat-svarūpa-bhūtatve tad-aṅga-sahitatayaivāvirbhāva-darśana-rūpaṃ liṅgam āha dvayena --

tam adbhutaṃ bālakam ambujekṣaṇaṃ catur-bhujaṃ śaṅkha-gadādy-udāyudham | ity ādi || [BhP 10.3.9]

spaṣṭam || 10.3 | śrī-śukaḥ ||61||

[62]

evam abhiprāyeṇaivedam āha -

yathaikātmyānubhāvānāṃ
vikalpa-rahitaḥ svayam |
bhūṣaṇāyudha-liṅgākhyā
dhatte śaktīḥ sva-māyayā ||

tenaiva satya-mānena
sarva-jño bhagavān hariḥ |
pātu sarvaiḥ svarūpair naḥ
sadā sarvatra sarva-gaḥ || [BhP 6.8.32-33]

aikāsmyānubhāvānāṃ kevala-parama-svarūpa-dṛṣṭi-parāṇāṃ vikalpa-rahitaḥ paramānandaika-rasa-parama-svarūpatayā sphurann api, yathā yena prakāreṇa, sveṣu sva-svāmitayā bhajatsy yā mayā kṛpā tayā hetunā | svayaṃ vicitra-śakti-mayena svarūpeṇaiva kāraṇa-bhūtena bhūṣaṇādy-ākhyāḥ śaktīḥ śakti-mayāvirbhāvāt dhatte gocarayati | tenaiva vidvad-anubhava-lakṣaṇena satya-pramāṇena | tenaiva vidvad-anubhava-lakṣaṇena satya-pramāṇena tad yadi satyaṃ syāt tadety arthaḥ | tair eva bhūṣaṇādi-lakṣaṇaiḥ sarvaḥ svarūpair vicitra-svarūpāvirbhāvair naḥ pātu | ataeva śrī-viṣṇu-dharme bali-kṛta-cakra- stave

yasya rūpam anirdeśyam api yogibhir uttamair ity ādi |

tad-anantaraṃ ca -

bhramatas tasya cakrasya nābhi-madhye mahī-pate |
trailokyam akhilaṃ daityo dṛṣṭavān bhūr bhuvādikam || iti ||

tad evam eva navame śrīmad-ambarīṣeṇāpi cakram idaṃ stutam asti | liṅgāni garuḍākāra-dhvajādīni | anena yat kvacid ākasmikatvam iva śrūyate | tad api śrī-bhagavad-āvirbhāvavaj-jñeyam | atra tṛtīye caityasya tattvam amalaṃ maṇim asya kaṇṭhe ity [BhP 3.28.28] api sahāyam | ato dvādaśe'pi kaustubha- vyapadeśena svātma-jyotir vibharty ajaḥ ity [BhP 12.11.10] ādikaṃ virāḍ gatatvenopāsanārtham abheda-dṛṣṭyā darśitam eva yathā-sambhavaṃ sākṣāc chrīvigrahatvenāpy anusandheyam | tathā hi viṣṇu-purāṇe --

ātmānam asya jagato nirlepam aguṇāmalam |
bibharti kaustubha-maṇi-svarūpaṃ bhagavān harir || iti [ViP 1.22.68] ||

|| 6.8 || viśva-rūpo mahendram ||62||

[63]

atha śrī-vaikuṇṭha-lokasyāpi tādṛśatvaṃ tasmai sva-lokaṃ bhagavān sabhājitaḥ ity atra [BhP 2.9.9][*ENDNOTE #17] sādhitam eva | punar api durdhiyāṃ pratīty-arthaṃ sādhyate | yataḥ sa karmādibhir na prāpyate prapañcitātītatvena śrūyate, taṃ labdhavatām askhalana-guṇa-sātmyena stūyate nairguṇyāvasthāyām eva labhyate | laukika-bhagavannike tasyāpi tad- āveśāt | nairguṇyam atidiśyata ity ataḥ sa tu tad-rūpatayā sutarām eva gamyate | sākṣād eva prakṛteḥ paratanaḥ śrūyate nityatayodghoṣyate mokṣa- sukham api tiraskurvantyā bhaktyaiva labhyate saccidānanda- ghanatvenābhidhīyata iti |

tatra karmādibhir aprāpyatvam | yathā -

devānām eka āsīt svar-bhūtānāṃ ca bhuvaḥ padam |
martyādīnāṃ ca bhūrlokaḥ siddhānāṃ tritayāt param ||

adho'surāṇāṃ nāgānāṃ bhūmer eko'sṛjata prabhuḥ |
trilokyāṃ gatayaḥ sarvāḥ karmaṇāṃ triguṇātmanām ||

yogasya tapasaś caiva nyāsasya gatayo'malāḥ |
mahar-janas-tapaḥ-satyaṃ bhakti-yogasya mad-gatiḥ || [BhP 11.24.12-14]

siddhānāṃ yogādibhiḥ tritayāt paraṃ mahar-lokādi | bhūmer adhaś cātalādi | trilokyāṃ pātālādika-bhūr-bhuvaḥ-svaś ceti | karmaṇāṃ gārhasthya- dharmāṇāṃ tapo vānaprasthena brahmacaryaṃ ca | tatra brahmacaryeṇopakurvāṇa-naiṣṭhika-bhedena kramān mahar-janaś ca vānasthena tapaḥ nyāsena satyaṃ yoga-tāratamyena tu sarvam iti jñeyam | mad-gatiḥ śrī-vaikuṇṭha-lokaḥ bhakti-yoga-prāpyatvena vakṣyamāṇaḥ yan na vrajanti [BhP 3.15.23] ity ādi-vākya-sāhāyyāt loka-prakaraṇāc ca | uktaṃ ca tṛtīye devān prati brahmaṇaiva tat[*ENDNOTE #18] saṅkulaṃ hari-padān atimātra-dṛṣṭair ity ādi [BhP 3.15.20] | ṭīkā ca - tāvan mātreṇa dṛṣṭaiḥ bhaktānāṃ vimānaiḥ na tu karmādi-prāpyaiḥ | ity eṣā |

evam eva śrutiś ca parīkṣya lokān karma-citān brāhmaṇo nirvedam āyān nāstyakṛtaḥ kṛtena[*ENDNOTE #19] [MuṇḍU 1.2.12] iti | atrāpy akṛta ity asya viśeṣyaṃ... loka ity eva, tat-prasakteḥ | īśvaraḥ sarva-bhūtānām ity ādau [Gītā 18.61] -

tam eva śaraṇaṃ gaccha sarva-bhāvena bhārata |
tat-prasādāt parāṃ śāntiṃ sthānaṃ prāpsyasi śāśvatam || iti [Gītā 18.62] śrī-

bhagavad-upaniṣatsu |

|| 11.14 || śrī-bhagavān ||63||

[64]

prapañcātītatvam --

sva-dharma-niṣṭhaḥ śata-janmabhiḥ pumān
viriñcatām eti tataḥ paraṃ hi mām |
avyākṛtaṃ bhāgavato 'tha vaiṣṇavaṃ
padaṃ yathāhaṃ vibudhāḥ kalātyaye || [BhP 4.14.39]

tato,pi puṇyātiśayena mām eti bhāgavatas tu atha dehānte avyākṛtaṃ, nāma- rūpe vyākaravāṇīti śruti-prasiddha-vyākaraṇāviṣayaṃ prapañcātītaṃ vaiṣṇavaṃ padaṃ vaikuṇṭham eti | yathāhaṃ rudro bhūtvādhikārikatayā vartamānaḥ vibudhā devāś cādhikārikāḥ kalātyaye adhikārānte liṅga- bhaṅge saty eṣyantīti yāvad adhikāram avasthitir ādhikārikāṇām iti nyāyena ||

|| 4.24 || śrī-rudraḥ pracetasam ||64||

[65]

tato'skhalanam |

atho vibhūtiṃ mama māyāvinas tām
aiśvaryam aṣṭāṅgam anupravṛttam |
śriyaṃ bhāgavatīṃ vāspṛhayanti bhadrāṃ
parasya me te 'śnuvate tu loke ||

na karhicin mat-parāḥ śānta-rūpe
naṅkṣyanti no me 'nimiṣo leḍhi hetiḥ |
yeṣām ahaṃ priya ātmā sutaś ca
sakhā guruḥ suhṛdo daivam iṣṭam || [BhP 3.25.36-37]

atho'vidyā-nivṛtty-anantaraṃ mama māyayā bhakta-viṣayaka-kṛpayācitāṃ tad- arthaṃ prakaṭitāṃ vibhūtiṃ bhoga-sampattim | tathā bhāgavatīṃ śriyaṃ sākṣād-bhagavat-sambandhinīṃ sārṣṭi-saṃjñāṃ sampattim api aspṛhayanti, bhakti-sukha-mātrābhilāṣeṇa yady api tebhyo na spṛhayantīty arthaḥ | tathāpi tu me mama loke vaikuṇṭhākhye aśnuvate prāpnuvanty eveti sva-vātsala- viśeṣo darśitaḥ | yathā sudāma-mālākāra-vare,

so'pi vavre'calāṃ bhaktiṃ tasminn evākhilātmani |
tad-bhakteṣu ca sauhārdaṃ bhūteṣu ca dayāṃ parām |
iti tasmai varān dattvā śriyaś cānvaya-vardhinīm || iti [BhP 10.41.52]

atas teṣāṃ tatrānāsaktiś ca dyotitā | avidyānantaram iti mama kṛpayācitām iti ca teṣām anartha-rūpatvaṃ khaṇḍitam | kiṃ vā māyayācitāṃ brahma- lokādi-gatāṃ sampattim apīti teṣāṃ sarva-vaśīkāritvam eva darśitaṃ, na tu tad-bhogaḥ | tasyātitucchatvena teṣv anarhatvāt | śrutiś cātra tad yatheha karma-jito lokaḥ kṣīyate evam evāmutra puṇya-jito lokaḥ kṣīyate [ChāU 8.1.6] ity anantaraṃ atha ya ihātmānamanuvidya vrajanty etāṃś ca satya- kāmāṃs teṣāṃ sarveṣu lokeṣu kāmacāro bhavati iti |

nanv evaṃ tarhi lokatvāviśeṣāt svargādivat bhoktṛ-bhogyānāṃ kadācid vināśaḥ syāt | tatrāha - śānta-rūpe śāntam avikṛtaṃ rūpaṃ yasya tasmin vaikuṇṭhe mat-parās tad-vāsino lokāḥ kadācid api na naṅkṣyanti bhogya- hīnā na bhavanti | animiṣo me hetiḥ madīyaṃ kāla-cakraṃ no leḍhi, tān na grasate | na sa punar āvartate iti śruteḥ [ChāU 8.15.1] |

ābrahma-bhuvanāl lokāḥ punar āvartino 'rjuna | mām upetya tu kaunteya punar janma na vidyate || [Gītā 8.16] iti śrī-gītopaniṣadbhyaḥ | sahasra-nāma-bhāṣye'py uktam - param utkṛṣṭam ayanaṃ sthānaṃ punar āvṛtti-śaṅkā-rahitam iti parāyaṇaḥ | puṃliṅga-pakṣe bahu-vrīhir iti | na kevalam etāvat teṣāṃ māhātmyam ity āha yeṣām iti | yeṣāṃ māṃ vinā na kaścid aparaḥ prema-bhājanam astīty arthaḥ | yad vā - golokādikam apekṣyaivam uktam | tatra hi tathābhāvā evaṃ śrī-gopā nityā vidyante | athavā taṃ lokaṃ kīdṛg-bhāvā avidyānantaraṃ prāpnuvantīti | tatrāha yeṣām iti | ye kecit pādmottara-khaṇḍe darśita-muni-gaṇa-savāsanāḥ ātmā brahmaivāyaṃ sākṣād iti māṃ bhāvayanti, evam anye ca ye ye, ta eva prāpunvantīty arthaḥ | suhṛda iti bahutvaṃ saudṛdasya nānā-bhedāpekṣayā | evaṃ caturthe śrī-nārada-vākye -

śāntāḥ sama-dṛśaḥ śuddhāḥ sarva-bhūtānurañjanāḥ |
yānty añjasācyuta-padam acyuta-priya-bāndhavāḥ || iti [BhP 4.12.37] ||

|| 3.25 || śrī-kapilaḥ ||65||

[66]

prapañcātītatvaṃ tato'skhalanaṃ ca yugapad āha -

ātapatraṃ tu vaikuṇṭhaṃ dvijā dhāmākutobhayam | iti [BhP 12.11.19]

prapañca-rūpasyaiveti prakaraṇāt | dvijā iti sambodhanam ||

|| 12.11 || śrī-sutaḥ || 66 ||

[67]

sattve pralīnāḥ svar yānti narāḥ lokaṃ rajolayāḥ |
tamolayās tu nirayaṃ yānti mām eva nirguṇāḥ || [BhP 11.25.22]

loka-prasakter mallokam iti vaktavye tat-prāptir nāma mat-prāptir eveti svābhedam abhipretyāha mām eveti || 11.25 ||

śrī-bhagavān || 67 ||

[68]

sutarāṃ nairguṇyāśrayatvam |

vanaṃ tu sāttviko vāso grāmo rājasa ucyate |
tāmasaṃ dyūta-sadanaṃ man-niketaṃ tu nirguṇam || [BhP 11.25.25]

tad-āveśenaivāsyāpi nirguṇatva-vyapadeśa iti bhāvaḥ ||

|| 11.25 || sa eva ||68||

[69]

prakṛteḥ paratvam -

tato vaikuṇṭham agamad bhāsvaraṃ tamasaḥ param |
yatra nārāyaṇaḥ sākṣān nyāsināṃ paramā gatiḥ ||

śāntānāṃ nyasta-daṇḍānāṃ yato nāvartate gataḥ || [BhP 10.88.25-26]

agamat jagāma śiva iti śeṣaḥ ||

|| 10.88 || śrī-śukaḥ ||69||

[70]

nityatvam --

grīvāyāṃ janaloko 'sya tapolokaḥ stana-dvayāt mūrdhabhiḥ satyalokas tu brahmalokaḥ sanātanaḥ [BhP 2.5.39]

ṭīkā ca - brahma-lokaḥ vaikuṇṭhākhyaḥ sanātano nityaḥ | na tu sṛjāprapañcāntarvarti ity eṣa | brahma-bhūto loko brahma-lokaḥ ||

|| 2.5 || śrī-brahmā śrī-nāradam ||70||

[71]

mokṣa-sukha-tiraskāri-bhakty-eka-labhyatvam -

yan na vrajanty agha-bhido racanānuvādāc
chṛṇvanti ye'nya-viṣayāḥ kukathā mati-ghnīḥ |
yās tu śrutā hata-bhagair nṛbhir ātta-sārās
tāṃs tān kṣipanty aśaraṇeṣu tamaḥsu hanta || [BhP 3.15.23]

yac ca vrajanty animiṣām ṛṣabhānuvṛttyā
dūre yamā hy upari naḥ spṛhaṇīya-śīlāḥ |
bhartur mithaḥ suyaśasaḥ kathanānurāga-
vaiklavya-bāṣpa-kalayā pulakī-kṛtāṅgāḥ || [BhP 3.15.25]

yad vaikuṇṭhaṃ yac ca no'smākam upari-sthitaṃ naḥ spṛhaṇīya-śīlā iti vā dūre yamo yeṣāṃ te siddhatvena dūrīkṛta-yama-niyamāḥ santo vā vrajantīti | bhartur mithaḥ suyaśasaḥ ity anena tathāvidhāyā bhakter mokṣa-sukha- tiraskāritva-prasiddhiḥ sūcitā | nātyantikaṃ vigaṇayanty apīty ādau ye'ṅga tvad-aṅghri-śaraṇā bhavataḥ kathāyāṃ kīrtanya-tīrtha-yaśasaḥ kuśalā rasajñā [BhP 3.15.48] iti sanakādy-ukteḥ |

|| 3.15 || śrī-brahmā devān || 71 ||

[72]

sac-cid-ānanda-rūpatvam |

evam etān mayādiṣṭā
nanu tiṣṭhanti me pathaḥ |
kṣemaṃ vindanti mat-sthānaṃ
tad brahma paramaṃ viduḥ || [BhP 11.20.37]

me pathaḥ jñāna-karma-bhakti-lakṣaṇān mat-prāpty-upāyān, jñāna- karmaṇor api bhakteṣu bhakteḥ prathamataḥ kvacit kadācit kiñcit sāhāyya- kāritvāt | kṣemaṃ mad-bhakti-maṅgala-mayaṃ yat sthānaṃ paramaṃ brahmeti vidur jānanti ittham evodāhariṣyate ca iti sañcintya bhagavān mahā-kāruṇiko vibhuḥ |

darśayāmāsa lokaṃ svaṃ gopānāṃ tamasaḥ param | satyaṃ jñānam anantaṃ yad brahma-jyotiḥ sanātanam | yad dhi paśyanti munayo guṇāpāyo samāhitā || [BhP 10.28.14-15] iti |

ubhayatrāpi cakārādy-adhyāhārādinā tv arthāntaraṃ kaṣṭhaṃ bhavati | tair eva ca tamasaḥ prakṛteḥ param iti vaikuṇṭhasyāpi viśeṣaṇatvena vyākhyātam iti ||

|| 11.20 || śrī-bhagavān ||72||

[73]

tathaiva --

na yatra kālo 'nimiṣāṃ paraḥ prabhuḥ
kuto nu devā jagatāṃ ya īśire |
na yatra sattvaṃ na rajas tamaś ca
na vai vikāro na mahān pradhānam ||

paraṃ padaṃ vaiṣṇavam āmananti tad
yan neti netīty atad utsisṛkṣavaḥ |
visṛjya daurātmyam ananya-sauhṛdā
hṛdopaguhyārha-padaṃ pade pade || [BhP 2.2.17-18]

atat cid-vyatiriktaṃ, neti netīty evam utsraṣṭum icchavo daurātmyaṃ bhagavad-ātmanor abheda-dṛṣṭiṃ visṛjya, arhasya śrī-bhagavataḥ, padaṃ caraṇāravindaṃ, pade pade pratikṣaṇaṃ hṛdā upaguhya āśliṣya, nānyasmin sauhṛdaṃ yeṣāṃ tathābhūtāḥ santo yad āmananti jānanti, tad vaiṣṇavaṃ padaṃ śrī-vaikuṇṭham iti brahma-svarūpam eva tad iti tātparyam | anena prema- lakṣaṇa-sādhana-liṅgena nirākāra-rūpam arthāntaraṃ nirastam | atra nirākāra-parāyaṇasyāpi muktā-phala-ṭīkā-kṛto daivābhivyañjitā gīr yathā - tat paraṃ padaṃ vaiṣṇavam āmananti | adhikṛtādhiṣṭhita-rājādhiṣṭhitatvavat | brahmādi-padānām api | viṣṇunādhiṣṭhitatvāt param ity uktam | viṣṇunaivādhiṣṭhitam ity artha iti | ataeva śrutāv api tasya sva-mahimaika- pratiṣṭhitatvaṃ sa bhagavaḥ kasmin pratiṣṭhita iti sve mahimni iti [ChāU 7.24.1]| ataevoktaṃ ka itthā veda yatra sa iti ||

|| 2.2 || śrī-śukaḥ ||73||

[74]

ka itthetyādi-śruter arthatvenāpi spaṣṭam āha -

svaṃ lokaṃ na vidus te vai
yatra devo janārdanaḥ |
āhur dhūmra-dhiyo vedaṃ
sakarmakam atad-vidaḥ || [BhP 4.29.48]

ye dhūmra-dhiyo vedaṃ sakarmakaṃ karma-mātra-pratipādakam āhus te janārdanasya svaṃ svarūpaṃ lokaṃ na viduḥ kintu svargādikam eva viduḥ | yatra loke || 4.29 || śrī-nāradaḥ prācīna-barhiṣam ||74||

[75]

evaṃ ca --

oṃ namas te 'stu bhagavan ity ādi gadye paramahaṃsa-parivrājakaiḥ

parameṇātma-yoga-samādhinā paribhāvita-parisphuṭa-pāramahaṃsya-
dharmeṇodghāṭita-tamaḥ-kapāṭa-dvāre citte 'pāvṛta ātma-loke svayam
upalabdha-nija-sukhānubhavo bhavān || [BhP 6.9.33]

tamaḥ prakṛtir ajñānaṃ vā | ātmaloke sva-svarūpe loke | eṣa ātma-loka eṣa brahma-loka iti | divye brahma-pure hy eṣa paramātmā pratiṣṭhita ity-ādi- śrutau[*ENDNOTE #20] || yat tat sūkṣmaṃ paramaṃ veditavyaṃ nityaṃ padaṃ vaibhavam āmananti |

etal lokā na vidur loka-sāraṃ vidanti tat kavayo yoga-niṣṭhā iti pippalāda- śākhāyām | pareṇa nākaṃ nihitaṃ guhāyāṃ bibhrājate yad yatayo viśanti iti parasyām |

tad vā etat paraṃ dhāma mantra-rājādhyāpakasya yatra na duḥkhādi na sūryo bhāti yatra na mṛtyuḥ praviśati yatra na doṣas tad ānandaṃ śāśvataṃ śāntaṃ sadā-śivaṃ brahmādi-vanditaṃ yogi-dhyeyaṃ yatra gatvā na nivartante yoginaḥ[*ENDNOTE #21] tad etad ṛcābhyuktaṃ tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padaṃ sadā paśyanti sūrayaḥ divīva cakṣur ātatam | tad-viprāso vipanyavo jāgṛvāṃsaḥ samindhate | viṣṇor yat paramaṃ padam iti śrī-nṛsiṃha-tāpanyām [5.10] | na tv iyam api brahma-puratve naiva vyākhyeyā, vanditatvena yatra gatvety anena ca tad-anaṅgīkarot |

yataḥ śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe ca śrī-viṣṇu-lokam uddiśya ṛg iyam anusmṛtā, yathā

ūrdhvottaram ṛṣibhyas tu dhruvo yatra vyavasthitaḥ ||

nirdhūta-doṣa-paṅkānāṃ yatīnāṃ saṃyatātmanām |
sthānaṃ tat paramaṃ vipra puṇya-pāpa-parikṣaye ||

apuṇya-puṇyoparame kṣīṇāśoṣāpti-hetavaḥ |
yatra gatvā na śocanti tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padam ||

dharmaṃ dhruvādyās tiṣṭhanti yatra te loka-sākṣiṇaḥ |
tat-sārṣṭyotpanna-yogeddhas tad-viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padam ||

yatraitad otaṃ protaṃ ca yad bhūtaṃ sacarācaram |
bhāvyaṃ ca viśvaṃ maitreya tad-viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padam || [ViP 2.8.98-102]

tāpanī-śrutau[*ENDNOTE #22] ca yatra na vāyur vātī ity ādikaṃ prākṛta tat-tan-mātra-niṣedhātmakaṃ tatrāpi tat-tac-chravaṇāt | yat tu mātuḥ sapatnyā vāg-vāṇair hṛdi biddhas tu tān smaran | naicchan mukti-pater muktiṃ paścāt tāpam upeyivān iti [BhP 4.9.29] | tathā --

aho bata mamānātmyaṃ
manda-bhāgyasya paśyata |
bhava-cchidaḥ pāda-mūlaṃ
gatvā yāce yad antavat || iti [BhP 4.9.31] śrī-dhruvasyāpūrṇaṃmanyatā śrūyate

tad-uccapada-kāmanayaiva tat prārthitavatā tena labdha-manorathātīta- vareṇāpi sva-saṅkalpam eva tiraskartum uktam iti ghaṭate | tatra hy evoktaṃ śrī-vidureṇa -- sudurlabhaṃ yat paramaṃ padaṃ harer [BhP 4.9.28] iti | svayaṃ śrī-dhruva-priyeṇa --

tato gantāsi mat-sthānaṃ
sarva-loka-namaskṛtam |
upariṣṭād ṛṣibhyas tvaṃ
yato nāvartate gataḥ || iti [BhP 4.9.25]

śrī-pārṣadābhyām api -- ātiṣṭha jagatāṃ vandyaṃ tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padam iti [BhP 4.12.26] | śrī-sutena ca - dhruvasya vaikuṇṭha- padādhirohaṇam iti [BhP 4.10.1] | pañcame jyotiś-cakra-varṇane ca - viṣṇor yat paramaṃ padaṃ pradakṣiṇaṃ prakrāmanti iti [BhP 5.22.17] | yad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padam abhivadantīti ca [BhP 5.23.1] | prapañcāntargatatve'pi tad dharmam uktatvaṃ vikārāvarti ca tathā hi sthitim āha iti nyāyena | ato'smin loke prāpañcikasya bahir-aṃśasyaiva pralayo jñeyaḥ | tasya tu tadānīm antardhānam eva | etad ālambyaiva hiraṇyakaśipunoktam - kim anyaiḥ kāla- nirdhūtaiḥ kalpānte vaiṣṇavādibhir iti [BhP 7.3.11] | ato'dyāpi ye tathā vadanti te'pi tat-tulyā iti bhāvaḥ |

atha śrī-mahāvaikuṇṭhasya tādṛśatvaṃ tu sutarām eva | yathā nānā-śruti- pathotthāpanena pādmottara-khaṇḍe'pi[*ENDNOTE #23] prakṛty-antargata- vibhūti-varṇanāntaraṃ tādṛśatvam abhivyañjitaṃ śrī-śivena --

evaṃ prākṛta-rūpāyā vibhūte rūpam uttamam |
tripād-vibhūti-rūpaṃ tu śṛṇu bhūdhara-nandini ||

pradhāna-parama-vyomnor antare virajā nadī |
vedāṅgasveda-janita-toyaiḥ prasrāvitā śubhā ||

tasyāḥ pāre para-vyoma tripād-bhutaṃ sanātanam |
amṛtaṃ śāśvataṃ nityam anantaṃ paramaṃ padam ||

śuddha-sattva-mayaṃ divyam akṣaraṃ brahmaṇaḥ padam |
aneka-koṭi-sūryāgni-tulya-varcasam avyayam ||

sarva-vedamayaṃ śubhraṃ sarva-pralaya-varjitam |
hiraṇmayaṃ mokṣapadaṃ brahmānanda-sukhāhvayam ||

samānādhikya-rahitam ādy-anta-rahitaṃ śubham ||

tejasāty-adbhutaṃ ramyaṃ nityam ānanda-sāgaram |
evam ādi-guṇopetaṃ tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padam ||

na tad bhāsayate sūryo na śaśāṅko na pāvakaḥ |
yad gatvā na nivartante tad dhāma paramaṃ hareḥ ||

tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ dhāma śāśvataṃ nityam acyutam |
na hi varṇayituṃ śakyaṃ kalpa-koṭi-śatair api || (PadmaP 6.227.57-

65)[*ENDNOTE #24]

hareḥ padaṃ varṇayituṃ na śakyaṃ
mayā ca dhātrā ca munīndra-varyaiḥ |
yasmin pade acyuta īśvaro yaḥ
so aṅga veda yadi vā na veda ||

yad akṣaraṃ veda-guhyaṃ yasmin devā adhi viśve niṣeduḥ |
yas taṃ na veda kim ṛcā kariṣyati ya u tad vidus ta ime samāsate ||

tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padaṃ sadā paśyanti sūrayaḥ |
akṣaraṃ śāśvataṃ nityaṃ divīva cakṣur ātatam ||

ā praveṣṭum aśakyaṃ tad brahma-rudrādi-daivataiḥ |
jñānena śāstra-mārgeṇa vīkṣyate yogi-puṅgavaiḥ ||

ahaṃ brahmā ca devāś ca na jānanti maharṣayaḥ |
sarvopaniṣadām arthaṃ dṛṣṭvā vakṣyāmi suvrate ||

viṣṇoḥ pade parame tu madhya utsaḥ śubhāhvayaḥ |
yatra gāvo bhūri-śṛṅgā āsate sva-sukhaṃ prajāḥ ||

atrāhi tat paraṃ dhāma gīyamānasya śārṅgiṇaḥ |
tad bhāti paramaṃ dhāma gobhir geyaiḥ śubhāhvayaiḥ ||

āditya-varṇaṃ tamasaḥ parastāt jyotir uttamam |
ādhāro brahmaṇo lokaḥ śuddhaḥ sa ha sanātanaḥ ||

sāmānyāviyute dūre ante'smin śāśvate pade |
tasthajur jāgaruke'smin yuvānau śrī-sanātanau ||

yataḥ svasārā yuvatī bhūlīle viṣṇu-vallabhe |
atra pūrve ye ca sādhyā viśva-devāḥ sanātanāḥ ||

te ha nākaṃ mahimānaḥ sacantaḥ śubha-darśanāḥ |
tat-padaṃ jñānino viprā jātṛvāṃsaḥ samindhate ||

tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padaṃ mokṣa ity abhidhīyate |
tasmin bandha-vinirmuktāḥ prāpyante sva-mukhaṃ padam ||

yaṃ prāpya na nivartante tasmān moksa udāhṛtaḥ |
mokṣaḥ paraṃ padaṃ liṅgam amṛtaṃ viṣṇu-mandiram ||

akṣaraṃ paramaṃ dhāma vaikuṇṭhaṃ śāśvataṃ param |
nityaṃ ca parama-vyoma sarvotkṛṣṭaṃ sanātanam ||

paryāya-vācakany asya paraṃ dhāmno'cyutasya hi |
tasya tripād-vibhūtes tu rūpaṃ vakṣyāmi vistarāt || ity ādi ||

etad rīitika-śrutayo vaidikeṣu prāyaḥ prasiddhā iti nodahriyante | śrī-nārada- pañcarātre ca śrī-brahma-nārada-saṃvāde jitaṃ te stotre ca -

lokaṃ vaikuṇṭha-nāmānaṃ divya-ṣaḍ-guṇa-saṃyutam |
avaiṣṇavānām aprāpyaṃ guṇa-traya-vivarjitam ||

nitya-siddheḥ samākīrṇaṃ tan-mayaiḥ pāñca-kālikaiḥ |
sabhā-prāsāda-jaktaṃ vanaiś copavanaiḥ śubham ||

vāpī-kūpa-taḍāgaiś ca vṛkṣa-ṣaṇḍaiḥ sumaṇḍitam |
aprākṛtaṃ surair vandyam ayutārka-sama-prabham || iti ||

brahmāṇḍa-purāṇe -

tam ananta-guṇāvāsaṃ mahat-tejo durāsadam |
apratyakṣaṃ nirupamaṃ parānandam atīndriyam || iti ||

itihāsa-samuccaye mudgalopakhyāne --

brahmaṇaḥ sadanād ūrdhvaṃ tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṃ padam |
śuddhaṃ sanātanaṃ jyotiḥ paraṃ brahmeti yad viduḥ ||

nirmamā nirahaṅkārā nirdvandvā ye jitendriyāḥ |
dhyāna-yoga-parāś caiva tatra gacchanti sādhavaḥ ||

ye'rcayanti hariṃ viṣṇuṃ kṛṣṇaṃ jiṣṇuṃ sanātanam |
nārāyaṇam ajaṃ devaṃ viṣvaksenaṃ caturbhujam ||

dhyāyanti puruṣaṃ divyam acyutaṃ ca smaranti ye |
labhante te'cyuta-sthānaṃ śrutir eṣā sanātanī || iti ||

skānde śrī-sanat-kumāra-mārkaṇḍeya-saṃvāde -

yo viṣṇu-bhakto viprendra śuddha-cakrādi-cihnitaḥ | sa yāti viṣṇu-lokaṃ vai dāha-pralaya-varjitam || iti |

atra pada-dhāmādi-śabdena sthāna-vācakena svarūpaṃ tv arūḍhena yadi kaścit kathañcit svarūpam eva vācayati | tarhy anyatra tat-prasaṅge te'bhigacchanti mat-sthānaṃ yad brahma paramaṃ vidur ity ādau sākṣād eva sthāna-śabda-nigadena tan nirasanīyam | yadi tatrāpi cakārādy-adhyāhārādi- dainyena pūrva-darśitetihāsa-samuccayasya paraṃ brahmeti yad vidur iti viśeṣaṇa-viruddhaṃ vākya-bhedam evāṅgīkaroti tarhi svamate tatra tatrokta- loka-śabdaḥ sahāyīkartavyaḥ |

tataś ca pada-dhāma-sthāna-loka-rūpāṇāṃ teṣāṃ śabdānāṃ ekatra vastuni prayogāt parasparam anyārthaṃ dūrīkurvantas te kaṃ vā na bodhayanti svam arthaṃ, yathā bhagavān harir viṣṇur ayam iti |

atha hanta tatrāpi cet, svarūpa-mātra-vācakatāṃ bhikṣate tarhi sphuṭam eva pādma-vaiṣṇavādi-vacanaiḥ vipakṣo hrepaṇīyaḥ | karmādy-aprāpyatvādi-

pratipādaka-vākyāni tu viśeṣato vetra-pāṇi-rūpāṇi santy eveti vaktavyam |
tasmāt oṃ namas te [BhP 6.9.33] ity ādi-padyam api sādhv eva vyākhyātam ||

|| 6.9 || devāḥ śrī-harim ||75||

[76]

tad etc chrī-vaikuṇṭha-svarūpaṃ nirūpitam | tac ca yathā śrī-bhagavān eva kvacit pūrṇatvena kvacid aṃśatvena ca vartate tathaiveti | bahavas tasyāpi bhedāḥ pādmottara-khaṇḍādau draṣṭavyāḥ | yeṣu śrī-matsya-devādīnām api padāni vakṣyante | tad eva sūcayati -

evaṃ hiraṇyākṣam asahya-vikramaṃ
sa sādayitvā harir ādi-sūkaraḥ |
jagāma lokaṃ svam akhaṇḍitotsavaṃ
samīḍitaḥ puṣkara-viṣṭarādibhiḥ || [BhP 3.19.28]

sādayitvā hatvā | pavitrāropa-prasaṅge caivam āha bodhāyanaḥ -

evaṃ yaḥ kurute vidvān varṣe varṣe na saṃśayaḥ | sa yāti paramaṃ sthānaṃ yatra devo nṛkeśarī || iti |

vāyu-purāṇe tu śiva-puram api tadvat śrūyate, yathā -

antaughasya samantāt tu sanniviṣṭo ghanodadhiḥ |
samantād yena toyena dhāryamānaḥ sa tiṣṭhati ||

bāhyato ghana-toyasya tiryag ūrdhvaṃ ca maṇḍalam |
dhārayamāṇaṃ samantāt tu tiṣṭhate ghana-tejasā ||

ayoguḍanibho vahniḥ samantāt maṇḍalākṛtiḥ |
samantād ghana-vātena dhāryamāṇaḥ sa tiṣṭhati ||

bhūtādiś ca tathākāśaṃ bhūtādiṃ ca tathā mahān |
mahān vyāpto hy anantena avyaktena tu dhāryate ||

anantam aparivyaktam anādi-nidhanaṃ ca tat |
tama eva nirālokam amaryādam adeśikam ||

tamaso'nte ca vikhyātam ākāśānte ca bhāsvaram |
yaryāntāyām atas tasya śivasyāyatanaṃ mahat |
tridaśānām agamyaṃ tu sthānaṃ divyam iti śrutir || iti ||

|| 3.19 || śrī-maitreyaḥ ||76||

[77]

evaṃ ca yathā śrī-bhagavad-vapur-āvirbhavati loke tathaiva kvacit kasyacit tat padasyāvirbhāvaḥ śrūyate -

patnī vikuṇṭhā śubhrasya vaikuṇṭhaiḥ sura-sattamaiḥ |
tayoḥ sva-kalayā jajñe vaikuṇṭho bhagavān svayam ||

vaikuṇṭhaḥ kalpito yena loko loka-namaskṛtaḥ |
ramayā prārthyamānena devyā tat-priya-kāmyayā || [BhP 5.8.45]

yathā bhagavata āvirbhāva-mātraṃ janmeti bhaṇyate | tathaiva vaikuṇṭhasyāpi kalpanam āvirbhāvanam eva na tu prākṛtavat kṛtrimatvam | ubhayatrāpi nityatvād ity abhiprāyeṇa tat-sāmyenāha, jajña iti | śrī- vikuṇṭhāsutasyaivedaṃ vaikuṇṭham | mūla-vaikuṇṭhaṃ tu sṛṣṭeḥ prāk śrī- brahmaṇā dṛṣṭam iti dvitīye prasiddham eva |

sa tan-niketaṃ parimṛśya śūnyam apaśyamānaḥ kupito nanāda ity [BhP 8.19.11] uktam | tat-sthānaṃ tu svargādi-gatam eva jñeyam ||

|| 8.5 || śrī-śukaḥ ||77||

[78]

dehendriyāsu-hīnānāṃ vaikuṇṭha-pura-vāsinām | [BhP 7.1.34]

janma-hetu-bhūtaiḥ prākṛtair dehendriyāsubhir hīnānāṃ śuddha-sattva-maya- dehānām ity arthaḥ ||

|| 7.1 || yudhiṣṭhiraḥ śrī-nāradam || 78 ||

[79]

tathā -

ātma-tulyaiḥ ṣoḍaśabhir
vinā śrīvatsa-kaustubhau |
paryupāsitam unnidra-
śarad-amburuhekṣaṇam || [BhP 6.9.29]

ṣoḍaśabhiḥ śrī-sunandādibhiḥ || 6.9 || śrī-śukaḥ ||

[80]

ataeva kālātītās te parama-bhaktānām api param-puruṣārtha-sāmīpyāś cety āha | tasmād amūs tanu-bhṛtām aham āśiṣo jña āyuḥ śriyaṃ vibhavam aindriyam āviriñcyāt |

necchāmi te vilulitān uruvikrameṇa kālātmanopanaya māṃ nija-bhṛtya-pārśvam || [BhP 7.9.24]

spaṣṭam || 7.9 || prahlādaḥ śrī-nṛsiṃham || 80 ||

[81]

tathā ca pādmottara-khaṇḍe -
tripād-vibhūter lokās tu asaṅkhyāḥ parikīrtitāḥ |
śuddha-sattva-mayāḥ sarve brahmānanda-sukhāhvayāḥ ||

sarve nityā nirvikārā heya-rāga-vivarjitāḥ |
sarve hiraṇmayāḥ śuddhāḥ koṭi-sūrya-sama-prabhāḥ ||

sarve vedamayā divyāḥ kāma-krodhādi-varjitāḥ |
nārāyaṇa-padāmbhoja-bhakty-eka-rasa-sevinaḥ ||

nirantaraṃ sāma-gāna-paripūrṇa-sukhaṃ śritāḥ |
sarve pañcopaniṣada-svarūpayā veda-varcasaḥ || ity ādi ||

atra tripād-vibhuti-śabdena prapañcātīta-loko'bhidhīyate pāda-vibhūti- śabdena tu prapañca iti | yathoktaṃ tatraiva -

tripād-vyāptiḥ paraṃ dhāmni pādo'syehābhavat punaḥ |
tripād-vibhūter nityaṃ syāt anityaṃ pādam aiśvaram ||

nityaṃ tad-rūpam īśasya paraṃ dhāmni sthitaṃ śubham |
acyutaṃ śāśvataṃ divyaṃ sadā yauvanam āśritam ||

nityaṃ sambhogam īśvaryā śriyā bhūmyā ca saṃvṛttam || iti ||

ataeva tad-anusāreṇa dvitīya-skandho'py evaṃ yojanīyaḥ | tatra --

so 'mṛtasyābhayasyeśo
martyam annaṃ yad atyagāt |
mahimaiṣa tato brahman
puruṣasya duratyayaḥ || [BhP 2.6.17]

amṛtādi-dvayaṃ tat-tṛtīyatvea vakṣyamāṇasya kṣemasyāpy upalakṣaṇam | śrutau ca - utāmṛtatvasyeśāna ity atrāmṛtatvaṃ tad yugalopalakṣam | atra dharmi-pradhāna-nirdeśaḥ, śrutau tu tatra dharma-mātra-nirdeśasyāpi tatraiva tātparyam | tatrāmṛtaṃ -sva-dṛṣṭavadbhir puruṣair abhiṣṭutam iti | paraṃ na yat-param [BhP 2.9.9] ity ādy uktānusāreṇa paramānandaḥ |

ataeva amṛta viṣṇu-mandiram iti tat-paryāyaḥ | abhayaṃ -- na ca kāla-vikrama [BhP 2.9.10] ity ādi bhaya-mātrābhāvaḥ | ataeva dvijā dhāmākutobhayam [BhP 12.11.19] ity uktam | kṣemaṃ na yatra māyā [BhP 2.9.10] ity ādy uktānusāreṇa bhagavad-bahirmukhatākara-guṇa-sambandhābhāvād bhagavad-bhajana-maṅgalāśrayatvaṃ jñeyam | tathā ca nāradīye -

sarva-maṅgala-mūrdhanyā pūrṇānanda-mayī sadā |
dvijendra tava mayy astu bhaktir avyabhicāriṇī || iti ||

ateva kṣemaṃ vindanti mat-sthānam [BhP 11.20.37] ity uktam |

tatra tat-tac-chabdena lakṣaṇāmaya-kaṣṭa-kalpanayā jana-lokādi-vācyatāṃ niṣedhan hetuṃ nyasyati martyaṃ brahmaṇo'pi bhayaṃ matto dviparārdha- parāyuṣa [BhP 11.10.30] ity ādi nyāyena maraṇa-dharmakam | annaṃ karmādi- phalaṃ trilokyādikaṃ yasmād atyagāt atikramyaiva tatra virājata iti | eṣaḥ - amṛtādyaiśvarya-rūpaḥ | duratyayaḥ - brahmacaryādibhiḥ kenacin manasāpy avaroddhum aśakyaḥ | [82]

tad evam amartyam aiśvaryaṃ tripāt, martyam ekapāt iti tasya catuṣpād- aiśvaryaṃ punar vivṛṇoti ||

pādeṣu sarva-bhūtāni
puṃsaḥ sthiti-pado viduḥ |
amṛtaṃ kṣemam abhayaṃ
tri-mūrdhno 'dhāyi mūrdhasu || [BhP 2.6.18]

tiṣṭhanty atra sarva-bhūtānīti sthitayo martādyaiśvaryāṇi tāni pādā ivādhiṣṭhāna-bhūtāni yasya tasya sthit-padaḥ pādeṣu caturṣv eva aiśvarya- bhāgeṣu sarva-bhūtāni pārṣada-paryantāni | pādān darśayati | trayāṇāṃ sāttvikādi-padarthānāṃ mūrdhaiva mūrdhā pravṛttiḥ tasya trayāṇāṃ mūrdhasu tad upari virājamāneṣu śrī-vaikuṇṭha-lokeṣu amṛtaṃ kṣemam abhayaṃ cādhāyi nityaṃ dhṛtam eva tiṣṭhatīty arthaḥ |

tataḥ pūrvasya martyānna-mātrātmakatvād ekapāttvam, uttarasyāmṛtādi- trayātmakatvāt tripāttvam iti bhāvaḥ | tad anena pādo'sya viśvā bhūtāni tripādasyāmṛtaṃ divi ity asyārtho darśitaḥ | asya pādas tathāsyaiva diśi vaikuṇṭhe yad amṛtādy-ātmakaṃ tripāt tac ca viśvā bhūtānīty arthaḥ | atrādhiṣṭhānādhiṣṭheyayor aikyoktiḥ |

[83]

atha catuṣpāttve ca trilokī-vyavasthāvat pakṣāntaraṃ darśayati |

pādās trayo bahiś cāsann
aprajānāṃ ya āśramāḥ |
antas tri-lokyās tv aparo
gṛha-medho 'bṛhad-vrataḥ || [BhP 2.6.19]

ca-śabdaḥ ukta-samuccayārthaḥ | prapañcād bahiḥ pādās traya āsann eva prapañcātmakasya caturtha-pādasyaiva vibhāga-vipakṣāyāṃ tu trilokyā bahiś cānye pādās traya āsann ity evaṃ mantro'pi hi tathaiva punaḥ śabdaḥ | te ke? aprajānāṃ brahmacāri-vanastha-yatīnām āśramāḥ prāpyā ye lokāḥ |

[84]

ataeva dharma-traya-prāpyatvāt caturṇām api tripāttvam | aparas tu caturthaḥ pādas trilokyā antar iti gṛhamedhas tat-prāpyaḥ ataevobhayathāpi puruṣaś catuṣpād ity āha |

sṛtī vicakrame viśvam
sāśanānaśane ubhe |
yad avidyā ca vidyā ca
puruṣas tūbhayāśrayaḥ || [BhP 2.6.20]

viṣvaṅ sarva-vyāpī | puruṣaḥ puruṣottamaḥ | ete sṛtī te prapañcāprapañca- lakṣaṇe jīvasya gatī | vicakrame - ākramya sthitaḥ | kathambhūte ? sāśanānaśane karmādi-phala-bhoga-tad-atikrama-yukte | tasyaiva etad- ākramaṇe hetuḥ | yat yayoḥ sṛtyoḥ avidyā māyaikatra vidyā cic-chaktir anyatrāśraya ity arthaḥ | puruṣottamas tu tayor dvayor apy āśrayaḥ |

vakṣyate ca - yasmād daṇḍaṃ virāḍ jajñe [BhP 2.6.21] ity ādinā | tasmāt sarvaiśvaryeṇaikadeśaiśvaryeṇa ca catuṣpāttvam iti bhāvaḥ ||

|| 2.6 || śrī-brahmā śrī-nāradam || 84 ||

[85]

evaṃ śāntaraṅga-vaibhavasya bhagavataḥ svarūpa-bhūtayaiva śaktyā prakāśamānatvāt svarūpa-bhūtatvam | sā ca śakti-viśiṣṭasyaiva svarūpatvāt svarūpāntaḥpāte'pi bheda-lakṣaṇāṃ vṛttiṃ bhajantī tatra prakāśa-viśeṣaṃ vaicitrī-vṛndaṃ ca prakaṭayati | tatra tatra tādṛśatve bhramopāsanāsiddha- gurava evāsmākaṃ pramāṇam | tad etad āha caturdaśabhiḥ --

evaṃ tadaiva bhagavān aravinda-nābhaḥ
svānāṃ vibudhya sad-atikramam ārya-hṛdyaḥ |
tasmin yayau paramahaṃsa-mahā-munīnām
anveṣaṇīya-caraṇau calayan saha-śrīḥ || [BhP 3.15.37]

taṃ tv āgataṃ pratihṛtaupayikaṃ sva-pumbhis
te ñcakṣatākṣa-viṣayaṃ sva-samādhi-bhāgyam |
haṃsa-śriyor vyajanayoḥ śiva-vāyu-lolac-
chubhrātapatra-śaśi-kesara-śīkarāmbum || [BhP 3.15.38]

kṛtsna-prasāda-sumukhaṃ spṛhaṇīya-dhāma
snehāvaloka-kalayā hṛdi saṃspṛśantam |
śyāme pṛthāv urasi śobhitayā śriyā svaś-
cūḍāmaṇiṃ subhagayantam ivātma-dhiṣṇyam || [BhP 3.15.39]

pītāṃśuke pṛthu-nitambini visphurantyā
kāñcyālibhir virutayā vana-mālayā ca |
valgu-prakoṣṭha-valayaṃ vinatā-sutāṃse
vinyasta-hastam itareṇa dhunānam abjam || [BhP 3.15.40]

vidyut-kṣipan-makara-kuṇḍala-maṇḍanārha-
gaṇḍa-sthalonnasa-mukhaṃ maṇimat-kirīṭam |
dor-daṇḍa-ṣaṇḍa-vivare haratā parārdhya-
hāreṇa kandhara-gatena ca kaustubhena || [BhP 3.15.41]

atropasṛṣṭam iti cotsmitam indirāyāḥ
svānāṃ dhiyā viracitaṃ bahu-sauṣṭhavāḍhyam |
mahyaṃ bhavasya bhavatāṃ ca bhajantam aṅgaṃ
nemur nirīkṣya na vitṛpta-dṛśo mudā kaiḥ || [BhP 3.15.42]

tasyāravinda-nayanasya padāravinda-
kiñjalka-miśra-tulasī-makaranda-vāyuḥ |
antar-gataḥ sva-vivareṇa cakāra teṣāṃ
saṅkṣobham akṣara-juṣām api citta-tanvoḥ || [BhP 3.15.43]

te vā amuṣya vadanāsita-padma-kośam
udvīkṣya sundaratarādhara-kunda-hāsam |
labdhāśiṣaḥ punar avekṣya tadīyam aṅghri-
dvandvaṃ nakhāruṇa-maṇi-śrayaṇaṃ nidadhyuḥ || [BhP 3.15.44]

puṃsāṃ gatiṃ mṛgayatām iha yoga-mārgair
dhyānāspadaṃ bahu-mataṃ nayanābhirāmam |
pauṃsaṃ vapur darśayānam ananya-siddhair
autpattikaiḥ samagṛṇan yutam aṣṭa-bhogaiḥ || [BhP 3.15.45]

śrī-kumārā ūcuḥ

yo 'ntarhito hṛdi gato 'pi durātmanāṃ tvaṃ
so 'dyaiva no nayana-mūlam ananta rāddhaḥ |
yarhy eva karṇa-vivareṇa guhāṃ gato naḥ
pitrānuvarṇita-rahā bhavad-udbhavena || [BhP 3.15.46]

taṃ tvāṃ vidāma bhagavan param ātma-tattvaṃ
sattvena samprati ratiṃ racayantam eṣām |
yat te 'nutāpa-viditair dṛḍha-bhakti-yogair
udgranthayo hṛdi vidur munayo virāgāḥ || [BhP 3.15.47]

nātyantikaṃ vigaṇayanty api te prasādaṃ
kimv anyad arpita-bhayaṃ bhruva unnayais te |
ye 'ṅga tvad-aṅghri-śaraṇā bhavataḥ kathāyāḥ
kīrtanya-tīrtha-yaśasaḥ kuśalā rasa-jñāḥ || [BhP 3.15.48]

kāmaṃ bhavaḥ sva-vṛjinair nirayeṣu naḥ stāc
ceto 'livad yadi nu te padayo rameta |
vācaś ca nas tulasivad yadi te 'ṅghri-śobhāḥ
pūryeta te guṇa-gaṇair yadi karṇa-randhraḥ || [BhP 3.15.49]

prāduścakartha yad idaṃ puruhūta rūpaṃ
teneśa nirvṛtim avāpur alaṃ dṛśo naḥ |
tasmā idaṃ bhagavate nama id vidhema
yo 'nātmanāṃ durudayo bhagavān pratītaḥ || [BhP 3.15.50]

atha krameṇa vyākhyāyate | evaṃ tadaiveti | ṭīkā ca -

evaṃ svānāṃ mahatsu atikramam apatarādhaṃ tat-kṣaṇam eva vibudhya, tasmin yatra te sanakādayas tābhyāṃ jaya-vijayābhyāṃ ruddhāḥ | taṃ deśaṃ yayau | āryāṇāṃ hṛdyaḥ manojñaḥ | caraṇau calayann iti | ayaṃ bhāvaḥ - mac- caraṇa-darśan-pratighātajaṃ krodhaṃ tau darśayan śamayiṣyāmīti tvarā- vyājena padbhyām eva yayau | śrī-sāhityaṃ ca niṣkāmān api vibhūtibhiḥ pūrayitvā kṣamāpayitum iti | ity eṣā |

atra teṣām ātmārāmāṇām apy ānanda-dānārthaṃ caraṇa-darśanena tasya saccidānanda-ghanatvaṃ | śrī-sāhityena tac-chakti-vilāsasyāpi svarūpānitaratvaṃ vivakṣitam | svānām iti bahu-vacanaṃ dvayor apy aparādhaḥ sarveṣv eva parivāreṣv āpatatīty apekṣayā tayor bahumānād vā | sva-śabdena munīnāṃ na tādṛśaṃ tad-ātmīyatvam iti vivakṣitam |

tatra tair dṛṣṭaṃ devam anuvarṇayati pañcabhiḥ | taṃ tv āgatam iti | te sanakādayaḥ sva-samadhinā bhāgyaṃ bhajanīyaṃ phalaṃ yad brahma tad evākṣa-viṣayaṃ | yad vā sva-samādheḥ svaysa hṛdi brahmākāreṇa para-tattva- sphūrter bhāgyaṃ phala-rūpaṃ | yato'kṣa-viṣayaṃ tadīya-sva-prakāśakatā- śakti-saṃskṛta-nikhila-dhīndriya-sphuritatvena samprati vispaṣṭam evānubhūya-mānam | anena pūrvavat tasya śabda-sparśa-rūpa-rasa- gandhākhyānāṃ sarveṣām eva dharmāṇāṃ sac-cid-ānanda-ghanātmatvaṃ sādhitam | tathā nityam eva tathāvidha-satatoditvara-mādhurī- vaicitryānubhava-pūrvakaṃ parama-premānanda-sandohena sevamānais tasyātmīyaiḥ puruṣair ānīta sevopavika [?] -nānā-vastubhiḥ sevyamānaṃ bhagavantaṃ kathañcit kvacit kadācid eva tadānīṃ kenāpi samādhija- bhāgyodayena kevalam apaśyann iti teṣāṃ parama-viduṣāṃ spṛhāspadāvastheṣu śrī-vaikuṇṭha-puruṣeṣu kasyā api bhagavad-ānanda- śakter vilāsa-mayatvaṃ darśitam |

atha teṣāṃ bhagavad-rater uddīpanatvena citta-kṣobhakatvāt tat- paricchadādīnām api tādṛśatvam āha haṃseti sārdhais tribhiḥ | keśarā muktā-maya-pralambāḥ | kṛtsna-prasādeti | kṛtsnasya dvāra-pāla-muni- vṛndasya prasāde sumukham iti spṛhaṇīyānāṃ guṇānāṃ dhāma sthānam iti | tat-tad-guṇānāṃ tādṛśatvaṃ darśitam | snehāvaloketi vilāsasya | svaḥ sukha- bhoga-sthānāni nityānantānanda-rūpitvāt | teṣāṃ cūḍāmaṇim ātma-dhiṣṇyaṃ sva-svarūpaṃ sthānaṃ śrī-vaikuṇṭhaṃ | tādṛśatve'py urasi śobhitayā śriyā kṛtvā subhagayantam iva tatra bhūṣaṇa-viśeṣaṃ nidadhānam iva | iveti vākyālaṅkāre | anena śrīvaikuṇṭhasya |

uktaṃ ca tad-viśva-gurv ityādau āpuḥ parāṃ mudam ity ādi [BhP 3.16.26] | vakṣyate ca --

atha te munayo dṛṣṭvā
nayanānanda-bhājanam |
vaikuṇṭhaṃ tad-adhiṣṭhānaṃ
vikuṇṭhaṃ ca svayaṃ-prabham || [BhP 3.16.27]

bhagavantaṃ parikramya
praṇipatyānumānya ca |
pratijagmuḥ pramuditāḥ
śaṃsanto vaiṣṇavīṃ śriyam || [BhP 3.16.28]

pītāṃśuke iti | kāñcyā vanamālayā cety atretthmabhūta-lakṣaṇe tṛtīyā | vidyud iti | haratā manohareṇa |

tad evaṃ paricchadādīnām api tādṛśatvaṃ varṇayitvā punas tasyaivāti-mano- haratvam āha avopasṛṣṭam iti[*ENDNOTE #25] | indirāyā utsmitaṃ garvaḥ ava bhagavati upasṛṣṭaṃ | asya kāntasya nityena lābhena nityam evādhikam āvirbhāvitam iti tadīyānāṃ dhiyā vitarkitam | atra hetuḥ - bahu- sauṣṭhavāḍhyam ananta-svarūpa-guṇa-sampadbhir yuktam |

nanv evambhūtasya lakṣmyā api rahasyamahānidhirūpasya parama-vastunaḥ kathaṃ prakāśaḥ smabhavatīty ata āha mahyam iti | madādīnāṃ bhaktānāṃ kṛte aṅgaṃ bhajantaṃ mūrtiṃ prakaṭayantam asmad-viṣayakam aṅgīkāraṃ bhajantam ity arthaḥ |

ullaṅghita-trividha-sīma-samātiśāyi- sambhāvanaṃ tava parivraḍhima-svabhāvam māyā-balena bhavatāpi niguhyamānaṃ paśyanti kecid aniśaṃ tvad-ananya-bhāvāḥ || [Stotra-ratna, 13] itivat |

bhaktir evainaṃ nayati bhaktir evainaṃ darśayatīty ādi śruteḥ | tathābhūtaṃ tam acakṣateti | nirīkṣya ca mudā kaiḥ śirobhir nemuḥ | na viśeṣeṇa tṛptā dṛśo netrāṇi yeṣāṃ te |

tasyeti [3.15.43]| ṭīkā ca - svarūpānandād api teṣāṃ bhajanānandādhikyam ity āha | tasya padāravinda-kiñjalkaiḥ keśarair miśrā yā tulasī tasyā makarandena yukto yo vāyuḥ, sva-vivareṇa nāsā-cchidreṇa, akṣara-juṣāṃ brahmānanda-sevinām api, saṃkṣobhaṃ citte'tiharṣaṃ tanau romāñcam | ity eṣā ||

atra padayor aravinda-kiñjalka-miśrā yā tulasīti vyākhyeyam | aravinda- tulasyau ca tadānīṃ vana-mālā-sthite eva jñeye | astu tāvad-bhagavad-ātma- bhūtānāṃ teṣām aṅgopāṅgānāṃ teṣu kṣobha-kāritvaṃ tat-samandhi- samandhino vāyor apīti bhāvaḥ |

harṣa-kāritaṃ sambhramam āha dvābhyām | te vā [3.15.44] iti | te vai kila, vadanam eva asita-padma-koṣaḥ īṣad-vikasitaṃ nīlāmbujaṃ taṃ ut ūrdhvaṃ vīkṣya labdha-manorathāḥ santaḥ, nayā evāruṇa-maṇayaḥ teṣāṃ śrayaṇam āśraya-bhūtaṃ aṅghri-dvandvaṃ punar avekṣya adho-dṛṣṭyā vīkṣya punaḥ punar evaṃ vīkṣya yugapat sarvāṅga-lāvaṇya-grahaṇāśakteḥ paścān nidadhuś cintayāmāsuḥ, yugapad eva katham idam idaṃ sarvaṃ paśyemety- utkaṇṭhābhiḥ sthāyibhāva-poṣakaṃ cintākhyaṃ bhāvam āpur ity arthaḥ |

puṃsām iti | bahu-mataṃ brahmaṇo'pi dhana-prakāśatvād atyādarāspadam | pauṃsnaṃ [?] vapur darśayānam iti | puruṣasya garbhoda-śāyino guṇāvatāra- rūpaṃ śrī-viṣṇv-ākhyaṃ yad vapus tad abhinnatayā svaṃ vapur darśayantaṃ, na tu brahmādivad anyathātvenety arthaḥ | ananyena svenaiva siddhai`svarūpa- bhūtair ity arthaḥ | ataevotpattikaiḥ tadvad evānādi-siddhair ity arthaḥ | aṇimādy-aṣṭaiśvarya-yutaṃ viśiṣṭaṃ na tūpalakṣitam | anena tteṣāṃ stuty- āspada-viśeṣaṇatvena aiśvaryopalakṣita-samasta-bhagānāṃ tādṛśatvaṃ vyañjitam | samagṛṇan samyag astuvann iti |

atha śrī-bhagavatas tādṛśa-bhāva-vyañjinīṃ nijām uktiṃ teṣām eva sva- hārdābhivyakti-kareṇa stuti-vākyena pramāṇayati, śrī-kumārā ūcur iti |

stutim āha ya iti pañcabhiḥ | atrākṣara-juṣām api [BhP 3.15.43] ity anusṛtya

vyākhyāyate | nityaṃ brama-rūpeṇa prakāśase na tac citram | idānīṃ tu viśuddha-sattva-laksaṇena svarūpa-śakti-vṛtti-viśeṣeṇa prakāśitayā ghana- prakāśa-para-tattvaika-rūpayā mūrtyā pratyakṣo'si, aho bhāgyam asmākam ity āhuḥ |

he ananta yas tvaṃ hṛd-gato'pi durātmanām antarhito na sphurasi, sa no'smākam antarhito na bhavasi, nayana-mūlaṃ tvayaiva rāddhaḥ prāpto'si | tathā ca - api saṃrādhane pratyakṣānumānābhyāṃ ity asya viṣaya-vākyam parāñci yāni vyatṛṇat svayambhūs tasmāt parāṅ paśyasi nāntarātman | kaścid dhīraḥ pratyag-ātmānam aikṣad āvṛtta-cakṣur amṛtatvam icchann iti | antardhānābhāve hetuḥ bhavad-udbhavena brahmaṇā tenāsmat-pitrā yarhi yadaivānuvarṇita-rahā uddiṣṭa-brahmākhya-rahasyaḥ, tadaiva naḥ karma- mārgeṇa tad-rūpatayā guhāḥ buddhiṃ gato'smīti |

nanu, pitropadiṣṭaṃ bhavatām adṛśyam ātma-tattvākhyaṃ rahaḥ, ahaṃ tv anya eva syāṃ dṛśyatvāt | naivam | asmat praty abhijñayā bheda-nirāsād ity āhuḥ taṃ tvām iti | he bhagavan paraṃ kevalam ātma-tattvaṃ brahma-svarūpaṃ tvāṃ vidāma vidmaḥ pratyabhijānīmaḥ | kena pratyabhijānītha? samprati adhunā sattvena, asmāsv etad-rūpāvirbhāvena | etāvantaṃ kālaṃ na jñātavanto vayaṃ, adhunā tu sākṣād-anubhavena niścitavantaḥ sma ity arthaḥ | tvaṃ śuddha- citta-vṛttau brahmavat netre'py asmākaṃ sphurasi, na tu dṛśyatveneti bhāvaḥ | na kevalaṃ pratyabhijñā-mātram ity āhuḥ | eṣām asmākaṃ ratiṃ racayantam anyathā ratir api tvayy asmākaṃ nodbhaved iti bhāvaḥ |

nirahaṃ-mānāditvenānyeṣām apy ātmārāmāṇām anyato raty-abhāvam eva dyotayantas tad-ātma-tattvam āhuḥ tatraiva sādhana-vaśiṣṭyāt kim api vaiśiṣṭyaṃ cāhuḥ | yat tvad-rūpatvenāvirbhavad-ātma-tattvaṃ te'nutāpaḥ kṛpā, tenaiva viditair dṛḍha-bhakti-yogair viduḥ | yad vā anutāpo dainyaṃ tena viditais te tava dṛḍha-bhakti-yogaiḥ | kīdṛśāḥ ? udgranthayo nirahaṃ-mānāḥ | ataeva virāgāḥ | tad evaṃ pitrānuvarṇita-rahā ity atra rahaḥ-śabdaś catuḥ- ślokī-rītyā prema-bhakter eva vācaka iti vyañjitam |

atha pūrvam abheda-matayo'pi samprati svarūpānanda-śakti-vilāsair vicitrita- matayo bhūyo'pi bhedātmikāṃ bhaktim eva prārthayituṃ bhaktānāṃ sukhātiśayam āhuḥ, nātyantikam iti | ātyantikaṃ mokṣa-lakṣaṇaṃ prasādam api, kim utānyad indrādi-padam |

idānīṃ svāparādhaṃ dyotayanto bhaktiṃ prārthayante kāmam iti | he bhagavanm, ataḥ pūrvam asmākaṃ vṛjinaṃ nābhavat | idānīṃ tu sarvāṇy api jātāni yatas tvad-bhaktau śaptau | atas tair vṛjinair nirayeṣu kāmaṃ no'smākaṃ bhavo janma syāt | anena tad-adhigama uttara-pūrvārdhayor aśleṣa-vināśau tad-vyapadeśād iti nyāyenāsambhava-tad-bhāvānāṃ brahma- jñāninām api sveṣāṃ bahu-naraka-kāri-vṛjināpāta-kṣamāpaṇena tayor itthambhūta-guṇo harir itivat sarvādbhuta-mahattamatvaṃ sūcitam | aho nirayā api bhaveyur eva, na tāvatāpi paryāptaṃ, tebhyaś ca nāsmākam api bhayam | atra tu mūlaṃ duṣphalaṃ bhagavat-parāṅ-mukhī-bhāva eva, sa tv asmākaṃ mābhūd iti sakāku prārthayante | nu vitarke | yadi tu naś cetas te padayo rameta, tatrāpy alirad eva kevala-tan-mādhuryāsvādāpekṣayā, na tu brahmātmānubhavāpekṣayā, evaṃ vācaś cety ādi | atra bhatāparādhasya bhagavatā kṣamā tad-icchā-mātra-kṛta-tat-krodha-jananāt teṣām aparādhābhāsatveneti jñeyam |

śloka-dvaye'smin kaivalyān narako'pi tvad-bhakti-mātraṃ kāmayamānānām asmākaṃ tad-avirodhatvāt śreyān iti svārasya-labdhaṃ, tathāpītthaṃ kṛtārthatvam asmākam aticitram ity āhuḥ prādur iti | anātmanām ātmanas tava ekānta-bhakti-rahitānām aprakaṭo'pi it itthaṃ yaḥ pratīto'si, tasmai tubhyaṃ nama idaṃ vidhemeti | tatraitad uktaṃ bhavati | ete brahma-vidyā- siddhānāṃ parāvara-gurūṇām api guravaḥ | ataeva paramahaṃsa-mahā- munīnām ity uktam |

taṃ tvām ahaṃ jñāna-ghanaṃ svabhāva- pradhvasta-māyā-guṇa-bheda-mohaiḥ | sanandanādyair hṛdi saṃvibhāvyam[*ENDNOTE #26] [BhP 9.8.23]

iti śrīmad-aṃśumad-vākyādau ihātma-tattvaṃ samyag jagāda munayo yad acakṣatātmann iti [BhP 2.7.5] brahma-vākyādau, tasmai mṛdita-kaṣāyāya tamasaḥ pāraṃ darśayati bhagavān sanat-kumāra ity ādi śrutau ca tathā prasiddham | āsan nānubhavasyaiva tu siddhasyāṇimādibhir vighno'pi sambhāvyaḥ | na tu siddhānubhavasya, taṃ saprapañcam adhirūḍha-samādhi- yogaḥ svāpnaṃ punar na bhajate pratibuddha-vastur iti [BhP 3.28.38] śrī- kapila-deva-vākyāt |

ateva teṣāṃ pradhvasta-māyā-guṇa-bheda-mohānāṃ krodhādikam api durghaṭa-ghaṭanā-kāriṇyā śrī-bhagavad-icchayaiva jātam iti tair api vyākhyātam | tad evaṃ teṣāṃ satata-brahmānanda-magnatvaṃ siddham | tad uktam - akṣara-juṣām apīti [BhP 3.15.43], yo'ntarhita [BhP 3.15.46] ity ādi ca | śrūyate cānyatra brahma-juṣām avikṣipta-cittatvam | yathā saptame śrī- nārada-vākyam -

kāmādibhir anābiddhaṃ praśāntākhila-vṛttir yat |
cittaṃ brahma-sukha-spṛṣṭaṃ naivottiṣṭheta karhicit || iti [BhP 7.15.35]

tathāpi teṣāṃ bhagavad-ānandākṛṣṭa-cittatvam ucyate | evam anyeṣām apy ātmārāmāṇāṃ tādṛśatvaṃ śrūyate | sva-sukha-nibhṛta-cetās tad-vyudas tāny abhāvo'py ajita-rucira-līlākṛṣṭa-sāraḥ [BhP 12.12.68] ity ādiṣu |

atha loka-saṅgrahārthair veṣā teṣāṃ bhakti-prakriyā prācīna-saṃskāra-vaśā vā ? naivam | ubhayatrāpi vāso yathā parikṛtaṃ madirā-madāndha [BhP 3.28.37] itivat tatrāveśāsambhavāt | dṛśyate tv anyatrānāveśaḥ mānasā me sutā yuṣmat-pūrvajāḥ sanakādayaḥ | cerur vihāyasā lokān lokeṣu vigata- spṛhā [BhP 3.15.12] ity abhidhānāt | bhagavati tv āveśaḥ paramahaṃsa- mahāmunīnām anveṣaṇīya-caraṇau [BhP 3.15.37] ity atra yādṛcchikatāvirodhy-anveṣaṇīyatvābhidhānāt | pañcame tu, asaṅga-niśita- jñānānala-vidhūtāśeṣa-malānāṃ bhavat-svabhāva-nāmātmarāmāṇāṃ munīnām anavarata-pariguṇita-guṇa-gaṇa [BhP 5.3.11] ity atra gadye tad-eka- niṣṭhatvam apy uktam | ajita-rucira-līlākṛṣṭa-sāra ity [BhP 12.12.69] atraiva
ca | atrāpi teneśa nivṛttim avāpur alaṃ dṛśo na [BhP 3.15.50] ity ādau sukhadatvam api sākṣād evoktam | atra pūrvokta-hetoś ca stutau pratutopālambha-prasaṅgāc ca snehāvaloka-kalayā hṛdi saṃspṛśantam iti [BhP 3.15.39] sākṣād ukteś ca dṛśām eva sukhaṃ jātam ity anāsaktir eva vyañjitety api na vyākhyeyam |

tasmād ātmārāmāṇāṃ ramaṇāspadatvād brahmākhyam ātma-vastv eva śrī- bhagavān | tatrāpi cakāra teṣāṃ saṃkṣobham akṣara-juṣām api citta-tanvor iti [BhP 3.15.43] śravaṇāt tato'pi ghana-prakāśaḥ | tat tad vicitra-śrī-bhagavad- aṅgopāṅgādy-abhiniveśa-darśanānanda-vaicitrī copalabhyate, sā cānyathānupapattyā svarūpa-śakti-vilāsa-rūpaiveti |

nanu, bhavatu teṣām ānandādhikyāt tasminnirviśeṣa-svarūpānandasyaiva ghana-prakāśatā, upādhi-vaiśiṣṭyāt | yataḥ, viśuddha-sattvāṃśa-bhāvitāyāṃ citta-vṛttau yad brahma sphurati | tad eva ghanībhūtākhaṇḍa-viśuddha-sattva- maye bhagavati sphurat-tad-adhyastatayā tadaikyam āpannāyāṃ tasyāṃ viśeṣata eva sphurati | ataeva śrī-vigrahādi-para-brahmaṇor abheda-vākyam api tad atyanta-tādātmyāpekṣayaiva | ataeva tatra tatropādhāv eka eva nirbheda-paramānandaḥ samupalabhyate, na tu viśeṣākāra-gandho'pi, tat tad upādher apekṣaṇaṃ tu pratipada-tad-ānanda-samādhi-kautuka-nibandhanaṃ tasmāt katham anena pramāṇena tat-tad-upādhīnām api para-tattvākāratvaṃ sādhyate iti | ucyate - bhavan-mate tāvat śuddha-citta-vṛttau para-brahma sphurati samyag eva sphurati | bhedāṃśa-leśa-parityāgenaiva brahma- vidyātvāṅgīkārāt | asamyag-jñānasya tattvānaṅgīkārāt tena kaivalyāsambhavāc ca | ato na śrī-vigrahādāv adhikāvirbhāvāṅgīkāro yujyate |

kiṃ ca, śuddha-sattva-mayā vigrahādi-lakṣaṇopādhaya iti vadatas tava ko'bhiprāyaḥ ? kiṃ tat pariṇāmās te tat-pracurā vā ? nādyaḥ, rajo'sad- bhāvena pariṇāmāsambhava iti hy uktam | na cāntyaḥ, yeṣu vigrahādiṣu tat- prācuryaṃ te miśra-sattvasya kārya-bhūtā ity arthāpattau sattvaṃ viśuddhaṃ śrayate bhavān sthitau [BhP 10.2.34] ity ādi-vacana-jāte viśuddha-pada- vaiyarthyam iti coktam eva | astu vā vimiśratvaṃ tathāpi tādṛśe brahma- sphuraṇa-yogyataiva na sambhavet kiṃ punar viśeṣaṇety uddeśya-vismṛtiś ca syāt | athākhaṇḍa-viśuddha-sattvāśrayatvena te'pi tad-rūpatayaivocyante |

tataś ca teṣv anubhūtākhaṇḍa-śuddha-sattve tasmin brahmānubhavantīti cet, tat ayuktaṃ kalpanā-gauravāt, te'cakṣatākṣa-viṣayaṃ sva-samādhi-bhāgyam iti [BhP 3.15.38] sākṣād eva gocarī-kṛtatvena uktatayā paramparā-dṛṣṭatva- pratighātāc ca | tasya śuddha-sattvasya prākṛtatvaṃ tu niṣiddham eva | tasmān na te prākṛta-sattva-pariṇāmā na vā tat-pracurāḥ, kintu sva-prakāśattā- lakṣaṇa-śuddha-sattva-prakāśitā iti prāktanam evoktaṃ vyaktam | ataeva teṣām upādhitva-nirākṛtes tat-tad-anubhavānanda-vaicitrī ca sampadyate | tathaiva tam evam evambhūtam acakṣateti tat-tad-viṣaya-saundarya-varṇananṃ prastutopakāritvāt sārthakaṃ syāt | akhaṇḍa-śuddha-sattva-maya- mātreṇaivābhipreta-siddheḥ | ataeva nirīkṣya ca na vitṛpta-dṛśa [BhP 3.15.42] iti dṛk-sambandhi -tvad-rūpa-kṛtaivātṛptir uktā |

tathaiva ca śabdenaivākṣara-jayitvaṃ padāravinda-parimalātmaka-vāyu- lakṣaṇasyatad-viśeṣasyadarśitam | anyathobhayatrāpi brahmānandasyaiva nirviśeṣatayopalabhyamānatve vidyājuṣām apītyupādhi-pradhānam evocyate | upādhi-yugalasyaiva mithaḥ spardhitva-prāpteḥ | anenākṣarānubhava- mukha-jayitva-kathanena vaiśiṣṭhādīnaṃ putra-śokādikam iva tad- āveśābhāsa evāyam ity api nirastam | ata evam evoktaṃ śrī-svāmibhirapi svarūpānandād api teṣāṃ bhajanānandādhikyam āheti | tasmād asti vaicitryam | iti | ataeva tair api vicitratayaiva prārthitaṃ ceto'livad yadi nu te padayo rameta [BhP 3.15.49] ity ādau | akka cen madhu vindeta kim arthaṃ parvataṃ vrajet iti nyāyena tad-upādhy-antarānveṣaṇa-vaiyarthyāt teṣām atad-anveṣaṇa-kautukābhāvāc ca |

kiṃ ca, na teṣām abhedātmako'nubhavo vā dṛśyate, pratyuta nemur nirīkṣya na vitṛpta-dṛśo mudā kaiḥ [BhP 3.15.42], kāmaṃ bhavaḥ sva-vṛjinair nirayeṣu naḥ stād ity ādau [BhP 3.15.49], tat-pratiyogi-namaskārādy-upalakṣita- bhedātmaka-bhakti-sukham eva dṛśyate | tasmān māyikopādhi-nihīnatvād- dheyāṃśatayā pratibhātatvāc ca na taj-jātīyaṃ sukham anya-jātīyaṃ kartuṃ śaknotīti santy evānyathānupapatti-siddhāyāḥsvarūpa-śakter eva vilāsāḥ |

api ca - astu tāvaj jīvan-mukta-daśāyāṃ tan-mate vidyopādhi- pratiphalitasyaiva sato brahmaṇaḥ sakāśāt śrī-bhagavato ghana-prakāśato sarvopādhi-vinirmukta-mukti-daśāyām api sākṣāt tādṛśatāsty eveti suvyaktaṃ nātyantikaṃ vigaṇayanty api te prasādam [BhP 3.15.48] ity ādau tasmān nopādhitāramya-cintā | bhavataḥ kathāyā [BhP 3.15.48] ity anena nirupādhi-brahma-bhūtād upari ca vaicitrī sphuṭam evāsau svīkṛtā | tasmāt sāntaraṅga-vaibhavasya bhagavataḥ sukhaika-rūpatvaṃ, tad-rūpatve'pi brahmato'pi ghana-prakāśatvaṃ, svarūpa-śakit-vilāsa-vaicitrī ceti vidvad- anubhava-pramāṇena nirṇītam | tatra, muktā api līlayā vigrahaṃ kṛtvā bhajanta iti | yaṃ sarve devā āmananti mumukṣavo brahma-vādinaś cety atra śrutāv advaita-vāda-guravo'pi | kṛṣṇo muktair ijyate vīta-mohair iti bhārate |

brahma-bhūtaḥ prasannātmā na śocati na kāṅkṣati | samaḥ sarveṣu bhūteṣu mad-bhaktiṃ labhate parām || iti [Gītā 18.54] śrī-bhagavad-gītopaniṣatsu |

muktānām api bhaktir hi nityānanda-svarūpiṇīti bhārata-tātparye pramāṇitā śrutiś ca | tathā āprāyaṇāt tatrāpi hi dṛṣṭam ity atra ca madhva-bhāṣya- pramāṇitā sauparṇa-śrutiḥ | sarvadainam upāsīta yāvan muktim uktā hy enam upāsata iti | ateva śrī-prahlāda-bali-prabhṛti-mahābhāgavata- sambandham abhipretya śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe[*ENDNOTE #27]'py uktaṃ pātāle tasya na prītir vimuktasyāpi jāyate iti |

|| 3.15 || śrī-brahmā devān ||85||

[86]

ataeva śeṣa-puruṣārtha-svarūpa evāsāv iti sphuṭam evāhur gadyena --

athānayāpi na bhavata ijyayoru-bhāra-bharayā samucitam artham ihopalabhāmahe | ātmana evānusavanam añjasāvyatirekeṇa bobhūyamānāśeṣa-puruṣārtha-svarūpasya || [BhP 5.3.7-8]

ṭīkā ca - ātmanaḥ svata evānusaraṇaṃ sarvadā añjasā sākṣād vobhūyamānā atiśayena bhavanto ye aśeṣāḥ puruṣārthās te svarūpaṃ yasya paramānandasya ity eṣā | śrutiś ca -sarva-kāmaḥ sarva-gandhaḥ sarva-rasaḥ ity ādau ||

|| 5.3 || ṛtvig-ādayaḥ śrī-yajña-puruṣam ||86||

[87]

tad evaṃ brahmaṇo'pi yat śrī-bhagavati prakāśa-samyaktvaṃ tat pūrvam eva vidvad-anubhava-vacana-pracayena siddham api viśeṣato vicāryate | tatraikam eva tattvaṃ dvidhā śabdyata iti na vastuno bheda upapadyate | āvirbhāvasyāpi bheda-darśanāt na ca saṃjñā-mātrasya, kintusva-sva-darśana-yogyatā-bhedena dvividho'dhikārī dvidhā dṛṣṭaṃ tad upāsta iti | tatrāpy ekasya darśanasya vāstavatvam anyasya bhramajatvam iti na mantavyam ubhayor api yāthārthyena darśitatvāt | na caikasya vastunaḥ śaktyā vikriaymāṇāṃśakatvād aṃśato bhedaḥ | vikṛtatva-niedhāt tayoḥ | tasmād dṛṣṭer asamyak-samyaktva [?] saty api samyaktve tad-ananusandhānād vā ekasminn adhikāriṇy eka-deśena sphurad ekabhedaḥ parasminn akhaṇḍatayā dvitīyo bhedaḥ | evaṃ sati yatra viśeṣaṃ vinaiva vastunaḥ sphūrtiḥ, sā dṛṣṭir asampūrṇā, yathā brahmākāreṇa, yatra svarūpa-bhūta-nānā-vaicitrī- viśeṣavad-ākāreṇa, sā sampūrṇā, yathā śrī-bhagavad-ākāreṇeti labhyate | ta etad abhipretya prathamaṃ dṛṣṭi-tāratamyena tad-abhivyakti-tāratamyaṃ tan- mahā-purāṇāvirbhāva-kāraṇābhyāṃ pratipādyate ṣaḍbhiḥ |

śrī-nārada uvāca -

jijñāsitam adhītaṃ ca
brahma yat tat sanātanam |
tathāpi śocasy ātmānam
akṛtārtha iva prabho || [BhP 1.5.4]

śrī-vyāsa uvāca --

asty eva me sarvam idaṃ tvayoktaṃ
tathāpi nātmā parituṣyate me |
tan-mūlam avyaktam agādha-bodhaṃ
pṛcchāmahe tvātma-bhavātma-bhūtam || [BhP 1.5.5]

sa vai bhavān veda samasta-guhyam
upāsito yat puruṣaḥ purāṇaḥ |
parāvareśo manasaiva viśvaṃ
sṛjaty avaty atti guṇair asaṅgaḥ || [BhP 1.5.6]

śrī-nārada uvāca --

bhavatānudita-prāyaṃ
yaśo bhagavato 'malam |
yenaivāsau na tuṣyeta
manye tad darśanaṃ khilam || [BhP 1.5.8]

naiṣkarmyam apy acyuta-bhāva-varjitaṃ
na śobhate jñānam alaṃ nirañjanam |
kutaḥ punaḥ śaśvad abhadram īśvare
na cārpitaṃ karma yad apy akāraṇam || [BhP 1.5.12]

oṃ namo bhagavate tubhyaṃ
vāsudevāya dhīmahi |
pradyumnāyāniruddhāya
namaḥ saṅkarṣaṇāya ca || [BhP 1.5.37]

iti mūrty-abhidhānena
mantra-mūrtim amūrtikam |
yajate yajña-puruṣaṃ
sa samyag darśanaḥ pumān || [BhP 1.5.38]

ślokā amī bahubhiḥ saṃmiśrā apy avistaratvāya jhaṭity artha-pratyayasya ca saṃkṣipyaiva samuddhatāḥ | krameṇārthā yathā jijñāsitam iti | ṭīkā ca - yat sanātanaṃ nityaṃ paraṃ brahma, tac ca tvayā jijñāsitaṃ vicāritam, adhītam adhigataṃ prāptaṃ cety arthaḥ | tathāpi śocasi tat kim artham iti śeṣaḥ | ity eṣā |

tvam iti tvam arka iva trilokīṃ paryaṭan tathā vaiṣṇava-yoga-balāṃśena ca prāṇa-vāyur iva sarva-prāṇinām antaścaraḥ san ātmanāṃ sarveṣām eva sākṣī bahir antar vṛttijñaḥ | ataḥ pare brahmaṇi dharmato yogena niṣṭātasya | tad uktaṃ yājñavalkyena

ijyācāra-dayāhiṃsā- dāna-svādhyāya-karmaṇām | ayaṃ paramo lābho yad yogenātma-darśanam || iti |

avare ca brahmaṇi vedākhye vrataiḥ svādhyāya-niyamair niṣṇātasyāpi me alama atyarthaṃ yan nyūnaṃ tat svayam eva vicakṣva vitarkaya | bhavateti | bhagavad-yaśo-varṇanopalakṣaṇaṃ bhajanaṃ vinā yenaiva rukṣa-brahma- jñānena asau bhagavān tu tuṣyeta, tad eva darśanaṃ jñānaṃ khilaṃ nyūnaṃ manye tad eva spaṣṭayati | naiṣkarmyam iti |

ṭīkā ca - niṣkarma brahmaved ekākāratvān niṣkarmatā-rūpaṃ naiṣkarmyam ajyate'nenety añjanam upādhiḥ tan nivartakaṃ nirañjanam | evambhūtam api jñānam acyute bhāvo bhaktis tad-varjitaṃ cet alam atyarthaṃ na śobhate samyag-aparokṣatvāya na kalpata ity arthaḥ | tadā śāśvat sādhana-kāle phala- kāle ca abhadraṃ duḥkha-svarūpaṃ yat kāmyaṃ karma, yad apy akāraṇam akāmyaṃ tac ceti cakārasyānvayaḥ | tad api karma īśvare nārpitaṃ cet kutaḥ punaḥ śobhate ? bahirmukhatvena sattva-śodhakatvābhāvāt | ity eṣā |

yad vā nirañjanam iti nirūpādhikam apīty arthaḥ | paramādaraṇīyatvād eva dvādaśānte śrī-sūtenāpi punaḥ kṛtam idaṃ padyam |

tasmād uktir eva samyag-darśana-hetur ity upasaṃharati dvābhyām nama iti | mantra-mūrtiṃ mantrokta-mūrtiṃ, mantro'pi mūrtir yasyeti vā | amūrtikaṃ mantrokta-vyatirikta-mūrti-śūnyaṃ, prākṛta-mūrti-rahitaṃ vā, mūrti- svarūpayor ekatvāt prākṛtavan na vidyate pṛthaktvena mūrtir yasya tathābhūtaṃ vā | sa pumān samyag-darśanaḥ sākṣāc-chrī-bhagavataḥ sākṣāt- kartṛtvād iti bhāvaḥ ||

|| 1.5 || śrī-sutaḥ ||87||

[88]

tad evaṃ dṛṣṭitāratamyadvārā tad-abhivyaktatāratamyena śrī-bhagavata utkarṣa uktaḥ | atha liṅgāntarair api darśyate | tatrātmarāma-janākarṣa- liṅgena guṇotkarṣa-viśeṣeṇa tasyaiva pūrṇatām āha |

ātmārāmāś ca munayo
nirgranthā apy urukrame |
kurvanty ahaitukīṃ bhaktim
ittham-bhūta-guṇo hariḥ || [BhP 1.7.10]

ṭīkā ca - nirgranthā granthebhyo nirgatāḥ | tad uktaṃ gītāsu -

yadā te moha-kalilaṃ buddhir vyatitariṣyati | tadā gantāsi nirvedaṃ śrotavyasya śrutasya ca || [Gītā 2.52] iti |

yad vā granthir eva granthaḥ nirvṛtta-hṛdaya-granthaya ity arthaḥ | nanu muktānāṃ kiṃ bhaktyetyādi-sarvākṣepa-parihārārtham āha itthambhūta- guṇaḥ | ity eṣā ||

|| 1.7 || śrī-sūtaḥ ||88||

[89]

ārohabhūmikākrameṇāpi tasyaivādhikyam āha --

mano brahmaṇi yuñjāno
yat tat sad asataḥ param |
guṇāvabhāse viguṇa
eka-bhaktyānubhāvite || [BhP 3.24.42]

nirahaṅkṛtir nirmamaś ca
nirdvandvaḥ sama-dṛk sva-dṛk |
pratyak-praśānta-dhīr dhīraḥ
praśāntormir ivodadhiḥ || [BhP 3.24.43]

vāsudeve bhagavati
sarva-jñe pratyag-ātmani |
pareṇa bhakti-bhāvena
labdhātmā mukta-bandhanaḥ || [BhP 3.24.44]

ātmānaṃ sarva-bhūteṣu
bhagavantam avasthitam |
apaśyat sarva-bhūtāni
bhagavaty api cātmani || [BhP 3.24.45]

icchā-dveṣa-vihīnena
sarvatra sama-cetasā |
bhagavad-bhakti-yuktena
prāptā bhāgavatī gatiḥ || [BhP 3.24.46]

eka-bhaktyā avyabhicāriṇyā sādhana-lakṣaṇayā bhaktyā, anubhāvite nirantaram aparokṣīkṛte, tāṃ vinā kasyacid apy arthasyāsiddheḥ | nirahaṅkṛtitvād eva nirmamaḥ | tad-dvayābhāvād eva mana-ādīnām apy abhāvaḥ sidhyati | samadṛk bhedāgrāhakaḥ | svadṛk svasvarūpābhedena brahmaiva paśyan | pratyak antarmukhī praśāntā vikṣepa-rahitā dhīr jñānaṃ yasya saḥ |

tad evaṃ brahma-jñāna-miśra-bhakti-sādhana-vaśena brahmānubhave jāte'pi bhakti-saṃskāra-balena labdha-premādes tad-ūrdhvam api śrī-bhagavad- anubhavam āha | vāsudeva iti | pratyag-ātmani sarveṣām āśraya-bhūte pareṇa prema-lakṣaṇena bhakti-bhāvena tat-sattayaiva labdhā ātmānas tadīyātmakā ahaṅkārādayo yeneti | brahma-jñānena prākṛtāhaṅkārādi-layānantaram āvirbhūtān premānandātmaka-śuddha-sattva-mayān labdhavān ity arthaḥ |

nanu ta eva pratyāvartantāṃ kiṃ vā pūrvavad amī api bandha-hetavo bhavantu | nety āha, mukta-bandhanaḥ | anāvṛttiḥ śabdād iti nyāyāt bhakty- atiśayena labdhātmatvam eva pratipādayati, ātmānam iti | ātmātra paramātmā, sarvathā tasya bhagavān evāsphurad iti vākyārthaḥ | tataḥ sākṣād eva tat-prāptim āha, icchā-dveṣeti | tad evaṃ tena bhāgavatī gatiḥ prāptā | heyatvād anyatrecchā-dveṣa-vihīnena tasmād eva hetoḥ sarvatra sama-cetasā | tad uktam --

nārāyaṇa-parāḥ sarve
na kutaścana bibhyati |
svargāpavarga-narakeṣv
api tulyārtha-darśinaḥ || [BhP 6.17.28]

yad vā, mayā lakṣmyā saha vartate iti sama iti sahasra-nāma-bhāṣyāt bhagavac-cetaseti prāpto bhāgavatīṃ gatim iti pāṭhe, sa kardama eva tāṃ gatiṃ prāptaḥ | atra bhagavad-bhakti-yogenety eva viśeṣyam iti | evam evoktaṃ śrī-bhagavad-gītopaniṣatsu --

buddhyā viśuddhayā yukto
dhṛtyātmānaṃ niyamya ca |
śabdādīn viṣayāṃs tyaktvā
rāgadveṣau vyudasya ca || [Gītā 18.51]

viviktasevī laghvāśī
yata-vāk-kāya-mānasaḥ |
dhyāna-yoga-paro nityaṃ
vairāgyaṃ samupāśritaḥ || [Gītā 18.52]

ahaṃkāraṃ balaṃ darpaṃ
kāmaṃ krodhaṃ parigraham |
vimucya nirmamaḥ śānto
brahma-bhūyāya kalpate || [Gītā 18.53]

brahma-bhūtaḥ prasannātmā
na śocati na kāṅkṣati |
samaḥ sarveṣu bhūteṣu
mad-bhaktiṃ labhate parām || [Gītā 18.54]

bhaktyā mām abhijānāti yāvān yaś cāsmi tattvataḥ | tato māṃ tattvato jñātvā viśate tad-anantaram || [Gītā 18.55] iti |

atra viṃśatir milanārthaḥ, yathā duryodhanaṃ parityajya yudhiṣṭhiraṃ praviṣṭavān ayaṃ rājeti | śrī-daśame'pi śrī-gopair brahma-sampatty- anantaram eva vaikuṇṭho dṛṣṭa iti śrī-svāmibhir eva ca vyākhyātam ||

|| 3.24 || śrī-maitreyaḥ ||89||

[90] tathā

tasmāj jñānena sahitaṃ
jñātvā svātmānam uddhava |
jñāna-vijñāna-sampanno
bhaja māṃ bhakti-bhāvitaḥ || [BhP 11.13.5]

svātmānaṃ jīva-svarūpam | jñānaṃ vijñānaṃ ca bāhyam | kiṃ bahunā atra śrī-catuḥsana-śukādaya evodāharaṇam iti ||

|| 11.13 || śrī-bhagavān ||90||

[91]

śrī-bhagavatā śabda-brahma-maya-kambu-spṛṣṭa-kapolaḥ tat-prakāśita- yathārtha-nigado dhruvo bālako'pi tathā vivṛtavān ity evam ānanda- camatkāra-viśeṣa-śravaṇād api tasyaiva pūrṇatvam āha |

yā nirvṛtis tanu-bhṛtāṃ tava pāda-padma-

dhyānād bhavaj-jana-kathā-śravaṇena vā syāt
sā brahmaṇi sva-mahimany api nātha mā bhūt
kiṃ tv antakāsi-lulitāt patatāṃ vimānāt || [BhP 4.9.10]

sva-mahimani asādhāraṇa-māhātmye'pi mābhūt na bhavatīty arthaḥ |
antakāsiḥ kālaḥ ||

|| 4.9 || dhruvaḥ śrī-dhruvapriyam || 91 ||

[92]

parama-siddhi-rūpād brahmaṇi layād api tad-bhajanasya garīyastvena tasyaiva garīyastvam upadiśati |

animittā bhāgavati bhaktiḥ siddher garīyasī || [BhP 3.25.3]

siddher mukter api ṭīkā ca | siddher jñānāt mukter veti śrī-bhagavan-nāma- kaumudī |

|| 3.25 || śrī-kapila-devaḥ || 92 ||

[93]

tad evaṃ śrī-bhagavān evākhaṇḍaṃ tattvaṃ sādhaka-viśeṣāṇāṃ tādṛśa- yogyatvābhāvāt sāmānyākārodayatvena tad asamyak sphūrtir eva brahmeti sākṣād eva vakti dvābhyām -

jñāna-yogaś ca man-niṣṭho
nairguṇyo bhakti-lakṣaṇaḥ |
dvayor apy eka evārtho
bhagavac-chabda-lakṣaṇaḥ || [BhP 3.32.32]

yathendriyaiḥ pṛthag-dvārair
artho bahu-guṇāśrayaḥ |
eko nāneyate tadvad
bhagavān śāstra-vartmabhiḥ || [BhP 3.32.33]

ṭīkā ca - anena ca jñāna-yogena bhagavān eva prāpyaḥ yathā bhakti- yogenety āha | nairguṇyo jñāna-yogaś ca man-niṣṭho bhakti-lakṣaṇaś ca yo yogaḥ tayor dvayor apy eka evārthaḥ prayojanam | ko'sau ? bhagavac-chabdo lakṣaṇaṃ jñāpako yasya | tad uktaṃ gītāsu - te prāpnuvanti mām eva sarva- bhūta-hite ratāḥ [Gītā 12.4] iti |

nanu jñāna-yogasya lābhaḥ phalaṃ śāstreṇāvagamyate | bhakti-yogasya tu bhajanīyeśvara-prāptiḥ | kutas tayor ekārthatvam ity āśaṅkya dṛṣṭāntenopapādayati | yathā bahūnāṃ rūpa-rasādīnāṃ guṇānām āśrayaḥ kṣīrādir eka evārtho mārga-bheda-pravṛttair indriayr nānā pratīyate | cakṣuṣā śukla iti rasanena madhur aiti sparśena śīta ity ādi tathā bhagavān eka eva tat-tad-rūpeṇaāvagamyate | ity eṣā |

atra bhagavān evāṅgitvena nigaditaḥ | ataḥ sarvāṃśa-pratyāyakatvād bhakti- yogaś ca manaḥ-sthānīyo jñeyaḥ ||

|| 3.32 || śrī-kapila-devaḥ || 93 ||

[94]

ataeva tad-aṃśatvenaiva brahma śrūyate |

ahaṃ vai sarva-bhūtāni
bhūtātmā bhūta-bhāvanaḥ |
śabda-brahma paraṃ brahma
mamobhe śāśvatī tanū || [BhP 6.16.51]

ṭīkā ca - sarva-bhūtāny aham eva | bhūtānām ātmā bhoktāpy aham eva | bhoktṛ-bhogyātmakaṃ viśvaṃ mad-vyatiriktaṃ nāstīty arthaḥ | yato'haṃ bhūta- bhāvanaḥ bhūtānāṃ prakāśakaḥ kāraṇaṃ ca | nanu śabda-brahma prakāśakṃ para-brahma kāraṇaṃ prakāśakaṃ ca satyaṃ te ubhe mamaiva rūpe ity āha, śabda-brahmeti | śāśvatī śāśvatyau | ity eṣā ||

atra śabda-brahmaṇaḥ sāhacaryāt para-brahmaṇo'py aṃśatvam evāyāti |

|| 6.16 || śrī-saṅkarṣaṇaś citra-ketum || 94 ||

[95]

ato bhagavato'samyak-prakāśatvād vibhūti-nirviśeṣam eva tad ity apy āha --

madīyaṃ mahimānaṃ ca
parabrahmeti śabditam |
vetsyasy anugṛhītaṃ me
sampraśnair vivṛtaṃ hṛdi || [BhP 8.24.38]

|| 8.24 || śrī-matsya-devaḥ satyavratam || 95 ||

[96]

tathā ca vibhūti-prasaṅga eva -

pṛthivī vāyur ākāśa
āpo jyotir ahaṃ mahān |
vikāraḥ puruṣo'vyaktaṃ
rajaḥ sattvaṃ tamaḥ param || [BhP 11.16.37]

ṭīkā ca - paraṃ brahma ca ity eṣā ||

ataeva śrī-vaiṣṇava-sāmpradāyikaiḥ śrīmadbhir bālamandarācārya- mahānubhava-caraṇair apy uktam -

yad aṇḍa-maṇḍāntara-gocaraṃ ca
yad daśottarāṇy avaraṇāni yāni ca |
guṇāḥ pradhānaṃ puruṣaḥ paraṃ padaṃ
parātparaṃ brahma te vibhūtayaḥ || iti ||

|| 11.16 || śrī-bhagavān ||96||

[97]

ato brahma-rūpe prakāśe tad vaiśiṣṭyānupalambhanāt tat-prabhāvatva- lakṣaṇam api tasya vyapadiśyate | rūpaṃ yat tat prāhur avyaktam ādyaṃ brahma-jyotir [BhP 10.3.24][*ENDNOTE #28] ityādi |

brahmaiva jyotiḥ prabhā yasya tathābhūtaṃ rūpaṃ śrī-vigraham | tathā coktaṃ brahma-saṃhitāyāṃ -

yasya prabhā prabhavato jaga-aṇḍa-koṭi-
koṭiṣv aśeṣa-vasudhādi-vibhūti-bhinnam |
tad brahma niṣkalam anantam aśeṣa-bhūtaṃ
govindam ādi-puruṣaṃ tam ahaṃ bhajāmi || [BrahmaS 5.40] iti ||

|| 10.3 || śrī-devakī śrī-bhagavantam || 97 ||

[98]

ato brahmaṇaḥ paratvena śrī-bhagavantaṃ kaṇṭhauktyaivāha |

yaḥ paraṃ rahasaḥ sākṣāt
triguṇāj jīva-saṃjñitāt |
bhagavantaṃ vāsudevaṃ
prapannaḥ sa priyo hi me || [BhP 4.24.28]

raho brahma tasmād api paraṃ tataḥ sutarāṃ triguṇāt pradhānāj jīva- saṃjñitāt jīvātmanaḥ paraṃ bhagavantaṃ yaḥ sākṣāt śravaṇādinaiva na tu karmārpaṇādinā prapanna ity anvayaḥ | tathā ca viṣṇu-dharme naraka- dvādaśī-vrate śrī-viṣṇu-stavaḥ -

ākāśādiṣu śabdādau śrotrādau mahad-ādiṣu |
prakṛtau puruṣe caiva brahmaṇy api ca sa prabhuḥ ||

yenaika eva sarvātmā vāsudevo vyavasthitaḥ |
tena satyena me pāpaṃ narakārti-pradaṃ kṣayam ||

prayātu sukṛtasyāstu mamānudivasaṃ jaya || iti ||

atra prakaraṇānurūpeṇa sarvātma-śabdena cānyathā samādhānaṃ parāhatam | tathā ca tatrocaraṃ kṣatra-bandhūpākhyāne -

yan-mayaṃ paramaṃ brahma tad-avyaktaṃ ca yan-mayam |
yan-mayaṃ vyaktam apy etad bhaviṣyāmi hi tan-mayaḥ || iti ||

tatraiva māsarkṣa-pūjā-prasaṅge tataḥ paratvaṃ sphuṭam evoktaṃ --

yathācyutas tvaṃ parataḥ parasmāt
sa brahma-bhūtāt paramaḥ parātman |
tathācyuta tvaṃ vāñchitaṃ tan
mamāpadaṃ cāpaharāprameya || iti ||

śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe ca - sa brahma-pāraḥ para-pāra-bhūta iti | akṣarāt tataḥ parataḥ para iti śruteḥ ||

|| 4.24 || śrī-rudraḥ pracetasam || 98 ||

[99]

tad evam evābhiprāyeṇa sa vā eṣa puruṣo'nna-rasa-maya ity ādāv [TaittU 2.1] antaraṅgāntaraṅgaikaikātma-kathanānte idaṃ pucchaṃ pratiṣṭhā pṛthivī pucchaṃ pratiṣṭhā mahaḥ pucchaṃ pratiṣṭhā brahma pucchaṃ pratiṣṭheti [TaittU 2.1] śruty-uktāyāḥ pañcamyā api pratiṣṭhāyā upari |

śrī-gītopaniṣado yathā --brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham [Gītā 14.27] ity atra brahma-śabda-sannihita-pratiṣṭhā-śabdena sā śrutiḥ smaryate | tataś caivam eva vyākhyeyam | hi-śabdaḥ,

māṃ ca yo 'vyabhicāreṇa
bhakti-yogena sevate |
sa guṇān samatītyaitān
brahma-bhūyāya kalpate || [Gītā 14.26]

ity asya nirantara-prācīna-vacanasya hetutayā vivakṣayā | ato guṇātīta- brahmaṇaḥ prakṛtārthatvāt prācīnārtha-hetu-vacane'sminn upacāreṇa tac- chabdasya brahma-śakti-rūpaṃ hiraṇyagarbha-rūpaṃ vā arthāntaram ayuktaṃ kintv evam eva yuktaṃ yathā |

nanu tvad-bhaktyā kathaṃ nirguṇa-brahma-dharma-prāptiḥ | sā tu tad- ekānubhavena tatrāha brahmaṇo hīti | hi yasmāt brahma-pucchaṃ pratiṣṭheti parama-pratiṣṭhatvena śrutau yat prasiddhaṃ tac ca tasyām eva śrutau ānanda-mayāṅgatvena darśitaṃ tasya pucchatva-rūpita-brahmaṇaḥ | ānanda- mayo'bhyāsād iti sūtrakāra-sammata-para-brahma-bhāva ānandamayākhyaḥ pracura-prakāśo ravir itivat pracuraś cānanda-rūpaḥ śrī-bhagavān ahaṃ pratiṣṭhā te |

yadyapi brahmaṇo mama ca na bhinna-vastutvaṃ tathāpi śrī-bhagavad- rūpeṇaivod iva mayi pratiṣṭhātvasya parā kāṣṭhety arthaḥ | svarūpa-śakti- prakāśenaiva svarūpa-prakāśasyāpy ādhikyārhatvāt | nirviśeṣa-brahma- prakāśasyāpy upari śrī-bhagavat-prakāśa-śravaṇāt | ata ekasyāpi vastunas tathā tathā prakāśa-bhedo rajanī-khaṇḍino jyotiṣo mārtaṇḍa-maṇḍala-gata- gabhasti-bhedavad utprekṣyaḥ |

ato brahma-prakāśasyāpi mad-adhīnatvāt kaivalya-kāmanayā kṛtena mad- bhajanena brahmaṇi nīyamāno brahma-dharmam api prāpnotīty arthaḥ | atra śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇam api sampravadate - śubhāśrayaḥ sa cittasya savargasya tathātmanaḥ iti [ViP 6.7.76] | vyākhyātaṃ ca tatrāpi svāmibhiḥ | savargasyātmanaḥ para-brahmaṇo'py āśrayaḥ pratiṣṭhā | tad uktaṃ bhagavatā brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham iti | atra ca tair vyākhyātam | brahmaṇo'haṃ pratiṣṭhā ghanībhūtaṃ brahmaivāham | yathā ghanībhūta- prakāśa eva sūrya-maṇḍalaṃ tadvad ity arthaḥ | iti |

atra cvi-pratyayas tu tat-tad-upāsaka-hṛdi tat-prakāśasyābhūtatvaṃ brahmaṇa upacaryate itīttham eva | atraiva pratiṣṭhā pratimeti ṭīkā matsara-kalpitā | na hi tat-kṛtā asambandhatvāt | na hi nirākārasya brahmaṇaḥ pratimā sambhavati | na ca tat-prakāśasya pratimā sūryaḥ | na cāmṛtasyāvyayasyety ādy-anantara-pāda-trayoktānāṃ mokṣādīnāṃ pratimātvaṃ ghaṭate | na vā śruti-śailī-viṣṇu-purāṇayoḥ saṃvāditāsti | tasmān na ādaraṇīyā yadi vādaraṇīyā tadā tac-chabdenāpy āśraya eva vācanīyaḥ | pratilakṣīkṛtya nātiparimitaṃ bhavati yatreti tad etat sarvam abhipretyāhuḥ |

dṛtaya iva śvasanty asu-bhṛto yadi te'nuvidhā
mahad-aham-ādayo'ṇḍam asṛjan yad anugrahataḥ |
puruṣa-vidho'nvayo'tra caramo'nnamayādiṣu
yaḥ sad-asataḥ paraṃ tvam atha yad eṣv avaśeṣa-mṛtam || [BhP 10.87.17]

asubhṛto jīvā dṛtaya iva śvasad-ābhāsā api yadi te tavānuvidhā bhaktā bhavanti tadā śvasanti prāṇanti | teṣu tad-bhaktānām eva jīvānāṃ jīvanaṃ manyāmahe iti bhāvaḥ | kathaṃ yasya tava anugrahataḥ samaṣṭi-vyaṣṭi- rūpam akhaṇḍaṃ dehaṃ mahad-aham-ādayo'sṛjan ataḥ svayam eva tathāvidhāt tvattaḥ parāṅ-mukhānām anyeṣāṃ dṛti-tulyatvaṃ yuktam eveti bhāvaḥ | anugraham eva darśayanti atra mahad-aham-ādiṣu anvayaḥ praviṣṭas tvam iti |

kathaṃ mad-ādeśa-mātreṇa teṣāṃ tathā sāmarthyaṃ syāt | tatrāhuḥ yad yasmāt sata ānanda-mayākhya-brahmaṇo'vayavasya priyāder asatas tad- anyasmād annamyādeś ca yat paraṃ puccha-bhūtaṃ sarva-pratiṣṭhā brahma tat khalu tvaṃ tatrāpi eṣu pratiṣṭhā-vākyeṣu avaśeṣaṃ vākya-śeṣatvena sthitaṃ brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham ity ādāv anyatra prasiddham | ātma-tattva- viśuddhy-arthyaṃ yad āha bhagavān ṛtam ity ādau ṛtatvenāpi prasiddhaṃ śrī- bhagavad-rūpam eva tvam ato'nnamayādiṣu puruṣa-vidhaḥ puruṣākāro yaś caramaḥ priya-moda-pramodānanda-brahmaṇām avayavī ānanda-mayaḥ sa tvam iti |

tasmān mūla-paramānanda-rūpatvāt tavaiva praveśena teṣāṃ tathā sāmarthyaṃ yuktam eveti bhāvaḥ | ko hy evānyāt kaḥ prāṇyād yad eṣa ākāśa ānando na syād iti [TaittU 2.7.1] śruteḥ | prakaraṇ'sminn etad uktaṃ bhavati | yadyapy ekas-svarūpe'pi vastuni svagata-nānā-viśeṣo vidyate tathāpi tādṛśa- śakti-yuktāyā eva dṛṣṭes tat tat sarva-viśeṣa-grahaṇe nimittatā dṛśyate na tv anyasyāḥ | yathā māṃsa-mayī dṛṣṭiḥ sūrya-maṇḍalaṃ prakāśa-mātratvena gṛhṇāti, divyā tu prakāśa-mātra-svarūpatve'pi tad-antargata-divya-sabhādikaṃ gṛhṇāti | evam atra bhakter eva samyaktvena tayaiva samyak tattvaṃ dṛśyate | tac ca brahmeti tasya asamyag-rūptavam | tatra ca sāmānyatvenaiva grahaṇe kāraṇasya jñānasya tad-antarīṇāvāntara-bheda-paryālocaneṣv asāmārthyād bahir evāvasthitena tena bhāgavata-paramahaṃsa-vṛndānubhavāsiddha-nānā- prakāśa-vicitre'pi sva-prakāśaḥ | lakṣaṇa-para-tattve prakāśa-sāmānya- mātraṃ yad gṛhyate tat tasya pramā-rūpatvenaivotprekṣyate | tataś cātmatvam aṃśatvaṃ vibhūtitvaṃ ca vyapadiśyate tasya | tasmād akhaṇḍa-tattva-rūpo bhagavān sāmānya-kāra-sphūrti-lakṣaṇatvena sva-prabhākārasya brahmaṇo'py āśraya iti yuktam eva |

ataeva yasya pṛthivī śarīraṃ yasya ātmā śarīraṃ yasyāvyaktaṃ śarīraṃ yasyākṣaraṃ śarīram eṣa sarva-bhūtāntarātmā apahata-pāpmā divyo deva eko nārāyaṇa ity etac chruty-antaraṃ cākṣara-śabdoktasya brahmaṇo'py ātmatvena nārāyaṇaṃ bodhayati |

uktātmādi-śabda-pāriśeṣya-pramāṇena cakāra teṣāṃ saṅkṣobham akṣara- juṣām apīti prayoga-dṛṣṭyā cātra hy akṣara-śabdena brahmaiva vācyam | tathā śrī-bhagavatā sāṅkhya-kathane | kālo māyā-maye jīve [BhP 11.24.27] ity ādau mahā-pralaye sarvāvaśiṣṭatvena brahmopadiśya tadāpi tasya draṣṭṛtvaṃ svasminn uktam |

eṣa sāṅkhya-vidhiḥ proktaḥ
saṃśaya-granthi-bhedanaḥ |
pratilomānulomābhyāṃ
parāvara-dṛśā mayā || [BhP 11.24.29]

ity atra parāvara-dṛśety anena so'yaṃ cātra vivekaḥ | sāṅkhyaṃ khyānaṃ tac- chāstraṃ khalu svarūpa-bhūta-tad-viśeṣam anusandhāya yat tat svarūpa- mātraṃ tadānīm avaśiṣṭaṃ vadati tad eva ca brahmākhyaṃ tad eva ca prapañcāvacchinna-carama-pradeśe prapañca-layād vaikuṇṭha iva svarūpa- bhūta-viśeṣa-prakāśād avaiśiṣyamānatvena vaktuṃ yujyate |

tac ca sva-viśeṣya-mātraṃ svarūpa-śakti-viśiṣṭena vaikuṇṭha-sthena śrī- bhagavatā pṛthag iva tatrānubhūyata iti | tad evaṃ nirviśeṣatvena sparśa-rūpa- rahitasyāpi tasya bhagavat-prabhā-rūpatvam anutprekṣya tad-abhinnatvena brahmatvaṃ vyapadiṣṭam | tataḥ svarūpādi-mādhurī-dhāritayā saviśeṣasya sākṣād bhagavad-aṅga-jyotiṣaḥ sutarām eva tat sidhyati | yathoktaṃ śrī- harivaṃśe mahā-kāla-purākhyāne śrīmad-arjunaṃ prati svayaṃ bhagavatā |

brahma-tejo-mayaṃ divyaṃ mahad yad dṛṣṭavān asi |
ahaṃ sa bharata-śreṣṭha mat-tejas tat sanātanam ||

prakṛtiḥ sā mama parā vyaktāvyaktā sanātanī |
tāṃ praviśya bhavantīha muktā yoga-vid-uttamāḥ ||

sā sāṅkhyānāṃ gatiḥ pārtha yogināṃ ca tapasvinām |
tat paraṃ[*ENDNOTE #29] paramaṃ brahma sarvaṃ vibhajate jagat ||

mām eva[*ENDNOTE #30] tad ghanaṃ tejo jñātum arhasi bhārata || iti || [HV 2.114.9-12]

prakṛtir iti tat-prabhātvena svarūpa-śaktitvam api tasya nirdiṣṭam | evaṃ pūrvodāhṛta-kaustubha-bhaviṣyaka-viṣṇu-purāṇa-vākyam apy etad upodvalakatvena draṣṭavyam | tasmād dṛtaya ivety api sādhv eva vyākhyātam |

|| 10.87 || śrutayaḥ śrī-bhagavantam || 99 ||

[100]

tataś ca yasmin parama-bṛhati sāmānyākāra-sattāyās ta-aṅga-jyotiṣo'pi bṛhatvena brahmatvaṃ tasminn eva mukhyā tac-chabda-pravṛttiḥ | tathā ca brāhme -

ananto bhagavān brahma ānandetyādibhiḥ padaiḥ | procyate viṣṇur evaikaḥ pareṣām upacārataḥ || iti |

yathā pādme -

pṛthag vaktuṃ guṇās tasya na śakyante'mitatvataḥ |
yato'to brahma-śabdena sarveṣāṃ grahaṇaṃ bhavet ||

etasmād brahma-śabdo'sau viṣṇor eva viśeṣaṇam | amito hi guṇo yasmān nānyeṣāṃ tam ṛte vibhum || iti |

atra nirgolito'yaṃ mahā-prakaraṇārthaḥ | yad advayaṃ jñānaṃ tad eva tattvam iti tattvavido do [?] vadanti | tac ca vaiśiṣṭyaṃ vinaivopalabhyamānaṃ brahmeti śabdyate vaiśiṣṭyena saha tu śrī-bhagavān iti | sa ca bhagavān pūrvādita- lakṣaṇa-śrī-mūrtyātyātmaka eva na tu amūrtaḥ |

atha, bhūpa mūrtam amūrtaṃ ca paraṃ cāparam eva ca iti [ViP 6.7.47] viṣṇu- purāṇa-padye[*ENDNOTE #31] tasya caturvidhatvam aṅgīkurvadbhir yady amūrtatvam api pṛthag aṅgīkartavyaṃ tadā brahmatvavat tad-upāsaka-dṛṣṭi- yogayatānurūpam evāstu | tathā hi yasya samīcīnā bhaktir asti tasya para- mūrtyā śyāmasundara-caturbhujādi-rūpatayā prādurbhavati | yasyārvācīnopāsanā-rūpā tasyāpara-mūrtyā pātāla-pādādi-kalpanā-mayy eva | yasya ca rukṣaṃ jñānaṃ tasya pareṇa brahma-lakṣaṇa-mūrtatvena | yasya jñāna-pracurā bhaktis tasya tv apareṇeśvara-laksaṇa-mūrtatveneti | atrāparatvaṃ parama-mūrtyāvirbhāvānanatara-sopānatvena na brahmavad atīva mūrtatvānapekṣyam ity evam | na tv aśreṣṭhatva-vivakṣayeti jñeyam | para-mūrtāpekṣayā paratvaṃ vā | tatraiva tad viśva-rūpaṃ vairūpyam anyad dharer mahad iti viśvādhiṣṭhānatvena nityatva-vibhūtve | mūrtaṃ bhagavato rūpaṃ sarvāpāśraya-niḥspṛham iti [ViP 6.7.78] nirupādhitvam | cintayed brahma- bhūtaṃ tam iti [ViP 6.7.83] parataḥ lakṣaṇatvam |

tribhāva-bhāvanātīta [ViP 6.7.76] iti tatra prasiddha-karma-maya-jñāna- karma-samuccaya-maya-kevala-jñāna-maya-bhāvanā-trayātītatvena para- tattva-lakṣaṇatve'pi bhaktyaikāvirbhāvitayā samyak prakāśatvaṃ mūrtasyaiva vyañjitam | ataeva śubhāśrayaḥ sa cittasya sarvagasyācalātmanaḥ[*ENDNOTE #32] [ViP 6.7.76] ity uktam |

tataś ca tasyāḥ śrī-mūrter api sakāśāt tad-ante pratyāhāroktiḥ kevalā bhedopāsakaṃ prati vayvasthāpitā bhavatīty apy anusandheyam | atra tad- viśva-rūpa-vairūpyam ity [ViP 6.7.70] etat padyaṃ mūrta-param eva jñeyam |

samasta-śakti-rūpāṇi
yat karoti nareśvaraḥ |
deva-tiryaṅ-manuṣyākhyā
ceṣṭāvanti svalīlayā ||[*ENDNOTE #33] [ViP 6.7.71] ity anantara-vākya-balāt

prathamasya tṛtīye - yasyāmbhasi śayānasya yoga-nidrāṃ vitanvataḥ [BhP 1.3.2] ity-ady-ukta-laksaṇasya mūrtasyaiva tat-tad-avatāritvaṃ darśitam, etan nānāvatārāṇāṃ nidhānaṃ bījam avyayam iti [BhP 1.3.5] | tad-viśva-rūpa- vairūpyam iti [ViP 6.7.70] paṭhadbhiḥ śrī-rāmānuja-caraṇair api mūrta- paratvenaiva vyākhyātam | viśva-rūpād vairūpyaṃ vailaksaṇyaṃ yatra tad- viśva-lakṣaṇaṃ mūrtaṃ svarūpam iti |

tad evaṃ tasya vastunaḥ śrī-mūrty-ātmakatva eva siddhe yat sarvataḥ pāṇi- pādādi-lakṣaṇā mūrtiḥ śrūyate sāpi pūrvokti-lakṣaṇāyāḥ śrī-mūrter na pṛthag iti vibhutva-prakaraṇānte vyañjitam eva | yat tu

bṛhac-charīro'bhivimāna-rūpo yuvā kumāratvam upeyivān hariḥ | reme śriyā'sau jagatāṃ jananyā sva-jyotsnayā candra ivāmṛtāṃśuḥ || iti pādmottara-khaṇḍa-vacanam |

atra para-brahma-svarūpa-śarīraḥ sarvato-bhāvena vigata-parimāṇo'pi nityaṃ kaiśorākāram eva prāptaḥ san śriyā saha reme ity arthaḥ | upeyivān ity uktāv api nityatvam apahata-pāpmetivat | tatraiva tadīya-tac-chrī-mūrty- adhiṣṭhātṛka-tripād-vibhūter api praghaṭṭakena vākya-samūhakena parama- nityatā-pratipādanāt | tathā coktaṃ tatraiva -

acyutaṃ śāśvataṃ divyaṃ
sadā yauvanam āśritam |
nityaṃ sambhogam īśvaryā
śriyā bhūmyā ca saṃvṛtam || iti ||

tasmāt śrī-bhagavān yathokta-lakṣaṇa eva | sa eva vadantīty asya mukhyārtha-bhūtaṃ mūlaṃ tattvam iti paryavasānam | tad uktaṃ mokṣa- dharme śrī-nārāyaṇopākhyāne -

tattvaṃ jijñāsamānānāṃ hetubhiḥ sarvato-mukhaiḥ | tattvam eko mahā-yogī harir nārāyaṇaḥ prabhuḥ || iti [MBh 12.335.83] |

nārāyaṇopaniṣadi ca - nārāyaṇaḥ paraṃ brahma tattvaṃ nārāyaṇaḥ param iti [MNU 13.4] | atra śrī-rāmānujodāhṛtāḥ śrutayaś ca - yasya pṛthivī śarīram ity ārabhya eṣa sarva-bhūtāntarātmā divyo deva eko nārāyaṇa ity ādyā bahvyaḥ | iha śrī-bhagavad-aṃśa-bhūtānāṃ puruṣādīnāṃ parama-tattva- vigrahatā-sādhanaṃ vākya-jātam api tasyāṃśinas tad-rūpa-vigrahatvaṃ kaimutyenābhivyanaktīti pūrvatra cottaratra granthe tathodāharaṇāni |

viṣṇu-purāṇe tu sākṣāt śrī-bhagavantam adhikṛtya tathodāharaṇam -

dve rūpe brahmaṇas tasya mūrtaṃ cāmūrtam eva ca | kṣarākṣara-svarūpe te sarva-bhūteṣv avasthite |

akṣaraṃ tat paraṃ brahma kṣaraṃ sarvam idaṃ jagat || [ViP 1.22.55]

ity uktvā jagan-madhye brahma-viṣṇv-īśa-rūpāṇi ca paṭhitvā punar uktam -

tad etad akṣaraṃ nityaṃ
jagan-muni-varākhilam |
āvirbhāva-tirobhāva-
janma-nāśa-vikalpanāt || iti [ViP 1.22.60]

tad etad akṣarākhyaṃ para-brahma nityam akhilaṃ jagat tu āvirbhāvādibhedavad ity arthaḥ | tatrāvirbhāva-tirobhāvādikatvenaiva pūrveṣāṃ brahmādīnāṃ tad-antaḥpāta-vyapadeśo na vastuta ity arthaḥ |

atha sadā sva-dhāmni virājamānatvena kṣara-rūpato mūrtatvādinā cākṣarato'pi vilakṣaṇaṃ tṛtīyaṃ rūpaṃ bhagavataḥ paramaṃ svarūpam iti punar ucyate |

sarva-śakti-mayo viṣṇuḥ
svarūpaṃ brahmaṇo'param |
mūrtaṃ tad yogibhiḥ pūrvaṃ
yogārambheṣu cintyate ||[ViP 1.22.61]

sa paraḥ sarva-śaktīnāṃ
brahmaṇaḥ samanantaram |
mūrtaṃ brahma mahā-bhāga
sarva-brahma-mayo hariḥ || [ViP 1.22.63]

tatra sarvam idaṃ protam otaṃ caivākhilaṃ jagat || [ViP 1.22.64] iti | brahma-sākṣāt-kārāt pūrvaṃ yogibhiś cintyate | tathā brahmaṇaḥ samanantaram upāsanānukrameṇa yathāgre'kṣarād anantaraṃ tad uktam, yathā - brahma-bhūtaḥ prasannātmety [Gītā 18.55] ādyānusāreṇa brahma[va]sākṣātkārānantarāvirbhāvī ca sa ity arthaḥ | yataḥ sarvāsāṃ śaktīnāṃ svarūpa-bhūtādīnāṃ paramāśrayaḥ | ataeva sarva-brahma- mayo'khaṇḍa-brahma-svarūpaś ca | akṣarākhyasya pūrvasya śakti-hīnatvena khaṇḍatvāt | yad vā ataeva sarva-veda-vedya ity arthaḥ | tata eva ca tatra sarvam ity ādīti | evaṃ -

yasmāt kṣaram atīto 'ham akṣarād api cottamaḥ | ato 'smi loke vede ca prathitaḥ puruṣottamaḥ || ity ādi [Gītā 15.18] śrī-gītopaniṣad api yojyā |

atra yadyapi kūṭastho'kṣara ucyate ity [Gītā 15.16] akṣara-śabdena śuddha- jīva eva prastūyate tathāpi para-brahma eva ca lakṣaṇam | akṣaraṃ paramaṃ brahma [Gītā 8.3] iti tac ca tatra pūrvoktam iti | anayoś cinmātra- vastutvenaikārthatvād iti tad etad abhipretya mallānām aśanir nṝṇāṃ naravara ity ādau mūrtasyaiva svayaṃ bhagavata eva lakṣaṇatvaṃ [tal- lakṣyatvaṃ] sākṣād evāha tattvaṃ paraṃ yoginām [BhP 10.43.17] iti |

yogināṃ catuḥsanādīnām iti ||

|| 10.43 || śrī-śukaḥ || 100 ||

[101]

ataeva śrīmad-bhāgavatasya nigama-kalpa-taru-parama-phala-bhūtasya śraiṣṭhye saty api tathābhūtasyāpi bhagavad-ākhya-parama-tattvasyotkarṣa- vidyā-rūpatvād eva parama-śraiṣṭhyam āha --

dharmaḥ projjhita-kaitavo 'tra paramo nirmatsarāṇāṃ satāṃ
vedyaṃ vāstavam atra vastu śivadaṃ tāpa-trayonmūlanam |
śrīmad-bhāgavate mahā-muni-kṛte kiṃ vā parair īśvaraḥ
sadyo hṛdy avarudhyate 'tra kṛtibhiḥ śuśrūṣubhis tat-kṣaṇāt || [BhP 1.1.2]

atra yas tāvad dharmo nirūpyate sa khalu sa vai puṃsāṃ paro dharmo yato bhaktir adhokṣaje ity [BhP 1.2.6] ādikayā

ataḥ pumbhir dvija-śreṣṭhā
varṇāśrama-vibhāgaśaḥ |
svānuṣṭhitasya dharmasya
saṃsiddhir hari-toṣaṇam || [BhP 1.2.13]

ity antayā rītyā bhagavat-santoṣaṇaika-tātparyeṇa śuddha-bhakty- utpādakatayā nirūpaṇāt parama eva | yataḥ so'pi tad-eka-tātparyatvāt prakarṣeṇa ujjhitaṃ kaitavaṃ phalābhisandhi-laksaṇaṃ kapaṭaṃ yasmin tathābhūtaḥ | pra-śabdena sālokyādi-sarva-prakāra-mokṣābhisandhir api nirastaḥ | yata evāsau tad-eka-tātparyatvena nirmatsarāṇāṃ phala- kāmukasyaiva parotkarṣāsahanaṃ matsaraḥ tad-rahitānām eva tad- upalakṣaṇatvena paśv-ālambhane, dayālūnām eva ca satāṃ sva-dharma- parāṇāṃ vidhīyate iti evam īdṛśa-spaṣṭam anuktavataḥ karma-śāstrād upāsanā-śāstrāc cāsya tat-tat-pratipādakāṃśe śraiṣṭhyam uktam | ubhayatraiva dharmotpatteḥ | tad evaṃ sati sākṣāt kīrtanādi-rūpasya vārtā ti dūrata eva āstām iti bhāvaḥ |

atha jñāna-kāṇḍa-śākhebhyo'py asya pūrvavat śraiṣṭhyam āha vedyam iti | bhagavad-bhakti-nirapekṣa-prāyeṣu teṣu pratipāditam api śreyaḥ-sṛtiṃ bhaktim udasya [BhP 10.14.4] ity-ādi-nyāyena vedyaṃ niśceyaṃ bhavatīty atraiva vedyam ity arthaḥ |

tāpa-trayam unmūlayati tan-mūla-bhūtāvidyā-paryantaṃ khaṇḍayatīti tathā śivaṃ paramānandaṃ dadāty anubhāvayatīti tathā | anyatra muktāv anubhavāmanane hy apuruṣārthatvāpātaḥ syāt iti tan-mananād atra tu vaiśiṣṭyam iti | na cāsya tat-tad-durlabha-vastu-sādhanatve tādṛśa-nirūpaṇa- sauṣṭhavam eva kāraṇam |

api tu svarūpam apīty āha śrīmad-bhāgavata iti | śrīmad-bhāgavatatvaṃ bhagavat-pratipādakatvaṃ śrīmattvaṃ śrī-bhagavan-nāmāder iva tādṛśa- svabhāvika-śaktimattvam | nitya-yoge matup | ataeva samastatayaiva nirdiśya nīlotpalādivattvan-nāmatvam eva bodhitam | anyathā tv avimṛṣṭa- vidheyāṃśa-doṣaḥ syāt |

ata uktaṃ śrī-gāruḍe - grantho'ṣṭādaśa-sāhasraḥ śrīmad-bhāgavatābhidhaḥ | iti ṭīkākṛdbhir api śrī-bhāgavatābhidhaḥ sura-tarur iti | ataḥ kvacit kevala-bhāgavatākhyatvaṃ tu satya-bhāmā bhāmā itivat | tādṛśa- prabhāvatve kāraṇaṃ parama-śreṣṭha-kartṛtvam apy āha | mahāmuniḥ śrī- bhagavān tasyaiva parama-vicāra-pāraṅgata-mahā-prabhāva-gaṇa- śiromaṇitvāc ca | sa munir bhūtvā samacintayad iti śruteḥ | tena prathamaṃ catuḥ-ślokī-rūpeṇa saṅkṣepataḥ prakāśite kasmai yena vibhāṣito'yam ity [BhP 12.13.19][*ENDNOTE #34] ādy-anusārena sampūrṇa eva prakāśite |

tad evaṃ śraiṣṭhya-jātam anyatrāpi prāyaḥ sambhavatu nāma sarva-jñāna- śāstra-parama-jñeya-puruṣārtha-śiromaṇi-śrī-bhagavat-sākṣātkāras tatraiva sulabha iti vadan sarvordha-prabhāvam āha kiṃ veti | paraiḥ śāstrais tad-ukta- sādhanair vā īśvaro bhagavān hṛdi kiṃ vā sadya evāvarudhyate sthirīkriyate | vā-śabdaḥ kaṭākṣe | kintu vilambena kathañcid eva | atra tu śuśrūṣubhiḥ śrotum icchadbhir eva tat-kṣaṇād avarudhyate |

nanu idame eva tarhi sarve kim iti na śṛṇvanti tatrāha kṛtibhir iti sukṛtibhir ity arthaḥ | śravaṇecchā tu tādṛśa-sukṛtiṃ vinā notpadyata iti bhāvaḥ | athavā aparair mokṣa-paryanta-kāmanā-rahiteśvarārādhana-lakṣaṇa-dharma- brahma-sākṣātkārādibhir uktair anuktair vā sādhyais tair atra kiṃ vā kiyad vā māhātmyam upapannam ity arthaḥ | yato ya īśvaraḥ kṛtibhiḥ kathañcit tat- tat-sādhanānukrama-labdhayā bhaktyā kṛtārthaiḥ sadyas tad-eka-kṣaṇam eva vyāpya hṛdi sthirīkraiyate sa evātra śrotum icchadbhir eva tat-kṣaṇam ārabhya sarvadaiveti | tasmād atra kāṇḍa-traya-rahasyasya pravyakta- praitpādanāder viśeṣata īśvarākarṣi-vidyā-rūpatvāc ca idam eva sarva- śāstrebhyaḥ śreṣṭham | ataevātra iti padasya trir-uktiḥ kṛtā | sā hi nirdhāraṇārtheti | ato nityam etad eva sarvair eva śrotavyam iti bhāvaḥ ||

|| 1.1 || veda-vyāsaṃ śrī-śukam || 101 ||

[102]

tad evaṃ śrī-śuka-hṛdayam api saṅgamitaṃ syāt | ataś catuḥślokī-prasaṅge'pi śrī-bhagavān evārthaḥ | sa hi sva-jñānādy-upadeśena svam evopadideśa | tatra parama-bhāgavatāya brahmaṇe śrīmad-bhāgavatākhyaṃ nijaṃ śāstram upadeṣṭuṃ tat-pratipādyatamaṃ vastu-catuṣṭayaṃ pratijānīte |

jñānaṃ parama-guhyaṃ me
yad vijñāna-samanvitam |
sarahasyaṃ tad-aṅgaṃ ca
gṛhāṇa gaditaṃ mayā || [BhP 2.9.30]

me mama bhagavato jñānaṃ śabda-dvārā yāthārthya-nirdhāraṇaṃ mayā gaditaṃ sat gṛhāṇa ity anyo na jānātīti bhāvaḥ | yataḥ parama-guhyaṃ hy ajñānād api rahasyatamaṃ muktānām api siddhānām [BhP 6.14.5] ity ādeḥ | tac ca vijñānena tad-anubhāvenāpi yuktaṃ gṛhāṇa | na caitāvad eva | kiṃ ca sarahasyaṃ tatrāpi rahasyaṃ yat kim apy asti tenāpi sahitam | tac ca prema- bhakti-rūpam ity agre vyañjayiṣyate | tathā tad-aṅgaṃ ca gṛhāṇa | tac ca sati tv aparādhākhya-vighne na jhaṭiti |vijñāna-rahasye prakaṭayet | tasmāt tasya jñānasya sahāyaṃ ca gṛhāṇety arthaḥ | tac ca śravaṇādi-bhakti-rūpam ity agre vyañjayiṣyate | yad vā sa-rahasyam iti tad-aṅgasyaiva viśeṣaṇaṃ jñeyam | hṛder iva mithaḥ saṃvardhakayor ekatrāvasthānāt ||

[103]

atra sādhyayor vijñāna-rahasyayor āvirbhāvārtham āśiṣaṃ dadāti -

yāvān ahaṃ yathā-bhāvo yad-rūpa-guṇa-karmakaḥ tathaiva tattva-vijñānam astu te mad-anugrahāt [BhP 2.9.31]

yāvān svarūpato yat-parimāṇako'ham | yathā bhāvaḥ sattā yasyeti | yal- lakṣaṇo'ham ity arthaḥ | yāni svarūpāntaraṅgāni rūpāṇi śyāmatva-catur- bhujatvādīni guṇā bhakta-vātsalyādyāḥ karmāṇi tat-tal-līlā yasya sa yad- rūpa-guṇa-karmako'ham | tathaiva tena tena sarva-prakāreṇaiva tattva- vijñānaṃ yāthārthyānubhavo mad-anugrahāt te tavāstu bhavatād iti | etena catuḥśloky-arthasya nirviśeṣatvaṃ svayam eva parāstam | vakṣyate ca catuḥślokīm evoddiśatā śrī-bhagavatā svayam uddhavaṃ prati | purā mayetyādau jñānaṃ paraṃ man-mahimāvabhāsam iti [BhP 3.4.13] | tatra vijñāna-padena rūpādīnām api svarūpa-bhūtatvaṃ vyaktam | atrra vijñānāśīḥ spaṣṭā | rahasyāśīś ca paramānandātmaka-tat-tad- yāthārthyānubhavenāvaśyaṃ premodayāt ||

[104]

tad eva upadeśya-catuṣṭayaṃ catuḥślokyā nirūpayan prathamaṃ jñāna- vijñānārthaṃ sva-lakṣaṇaṃ pratipādayati dvābhyām | tatra jñānārtham āha -

aham evāsam evāgre
nānyad yat sad-asat param |
paścād ahaṃ yad etac ca
yo 'vaśiṣyeta so 'smy aham || [BhP 2.9.32]

atrāhaṃ-śabdena tad vaktā mūrta evocyate na tu nirviśeṣaṃ brahma tad- aviṣayatvāt | ātma-jñāna-tātparyake tu tattvam asītivat tvam evātyeva vaturm upayuktavāt | tataś cāyam arthaḥ - samprati bhavantaṃ prati prādurbhavann asau parama-manohara-śrī-vigraho'ham evāgre mahā-paralaya-kāle'py āsam eva | vāsudevo vā idam agra āsīn na brahmā na ca śaṅkaraḥ | eko nārāyaṇa āsīn na brahmā neśāna ity ādi śrutibhyaḥ | bhagavān eka āsedam agra ātmātmanāṃ vibhur ity [BhP 3.5.23] ādi tṛtīyāt | ato vaikuṇṭha-tāt-pārṣad- ādīnām api tad-upāṅgatvād ahaṃ-padenaiva grahaṇaṃ rājāsau prayātītivat | tatas teṣāṃ ca tadvad eva sthitir bodhyate | tathā ca rāja-praśnaḥ - sa cātra

sa cāpi yatra puruṣo viśva-sthity-udbhavāpyayaḥ | muktātma-māyāṃ māyeśaḥ śete sarva-guhāśayaḥ || [BhP 2.8.10] iti |

śrī-vidura-praśnaś ca -

tattvānāṃ bhagavaṃs teṣāṃ katidhā prati-saṅkramaḥ | tatremaṃ ka upāsīran ka u svid anuśerata || iti [BhP 3.7.37] |

kāśīkhaṇḍe'py uktaṃ śrī-dhruva-carite -

na cyavante hi mad-bhaktā mahatyāṃ pralayāpadi | ato'cyuto'khile loke sa ekaḥ sarvago'vyayaḥ || iti |

aham evety eva-kāreṇakart-antarasyārūpatvādikasya ca vyāvṛttiḥ | āsam eveti tatrāsambhāvanāyā nivṛttiḥ | tad uktaṃ yad-rūpa-guṇa-karmaka [BhP 2.9.32] iti | ataeva | yad vā āsam eveti brahmādi-bahirjana-jñāna-gocara-sṛṣṭy-ādi- lakṣaṇa-kriyāntarasyaiva vyāvṛttiḥ | na tu svāntaraṅga-līlāyā api | yathādhunāsau rājā kāryaṃ na kiñcit karotīty ukte rājya-sambandhi-kāryam eva niṣidhyate na tu śayana-bhojanādikam apīti tadvat | yad vā asa gati- dīpty-ādāneṣv ity asmāt āsaṃ sāmprataṃ bhavatā dṛśyamānair viśeṣair ebhir agre'pri virājamāna evātiṣṭham iti nirākāratvādikasyaiva viśeṣato vyāvṛttiḥ |

tad uktam anena ślokena sākāra-nirākāra-viṣṇu-lakṣaṇa-kāriṇyām muktā- phala-ṭīkāyām api | nāpi sākāreṣv avyāptiḥ | teṣām ākārātirohitatvād iti | aitareyaka-śrutiś [?] ca ātmaivedam agra āsīt puruṣa-vidha [BAU 4.1.1] iti | etena prakṛtīkṣaṇato'pi prāg-bhāvāt puruṣād apy uttamatvena bhagavaj- jñānam eva kathitam |

nanu kvacin nirviśeṣam eva brahma āsīd iti śrūyate tatrāha - nānyad yat sad- asat-param iti | sat kāryam asat kāraṇaṃ tayoḥ paraṃ yat brahma tan na matto'nyat | kvacid adhikāriṇi śāstre vā svarūpa-bhūta-viśeṣa-vyutpatty- asamarthe so'yam aham eva nirviśeṣatayā pratibhātīty arthaḥ | yadā tadānīṃ prapañce viśeṣābhāvān nirviśeṣa-cin-mātrākāreṇa vikuṇṭhe tu sa-viśeṣa- bhagavad-rūpeṇeti śāstra-dvaya-vyavasthā | etena ca brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham ity atroktaṃ bhagavaj-jñānam eva pratipāditam | ataevāsya parama-guhyatvam uktam |

nanu sṛṣṭer anantaraṃ nopalabhyase | tatrāha paścāt sṛṣṭer anantaram apy aham evāsmy eva vaikuṇṭheṣu bhagavad-ādyākāreṇa prapañceṣv antaryāmy- ākāreṇeti śeṣaḥ | etena sṛṣṭi-sthiti-pralaya-hetur asyety ādi pratipāditaṃ bhagavaj-jñānam evopadiṣṭam |

nanu sarvatra ghaṭa-paṭākārā ye dṛśyante te tu tad-rūpāṇi na bhavantīti tavāpūrṇatva-prasaktiḥ syād ity āśaṅkyāha | yad etad viśvaṃ tad apy aham eva mad-ananyatvān mad-ātmakam evety arthaḥ | anena so'yaṃ te'bhihitas tāta bhagavān viśva-bhāvanaḥ | samāsena harer nānyad anyasmāt sad-asac ca yad ity ādy uktaṃ bhagavaj-jñānam evopadiṣṭam | tathā pralaye yo'vaśiṣyate so'ham evāsmy eva | etena bhavān ekaḥ śiṣyate śeṣa-saṃjña ity uktaṃ bhagavaj-jñānam evopadiṣṭam | tathā pūrvaṃ svānugraha-prakāśyatvena pratijñātaṃ yāvat tvaṃ sarva-kāla-deśāparikcchedyatva-jñāpanāyopadiṣṭam | evaṃ nānyad yat sad-asat-param ity anena brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham iti jñāpanayā yathā-bhāvatvam | sarvākārāvayava-bhagavad-ākāra-nirdeśena vilakṣaṇānanta-rūpatva-jñāpanayā yad-rūpatvam | sarvāśrayāti-nirdeśena vilakṣaṇānanta-guṇatva-jñāpanayā yad-guṇatvam | sṛṣṭi-sthiti- pralayopalakṣita-vividha-kriyāśrayatva-kathanena laukikānanta-karmatva- jñāpanayā yat-karmatvaṃ ca |

[105]

atha tādṛśa-rūpādi-viśiṣṭasyātmano vyatireka-mukhena vijñānārthaṃ māyā- laksaṇam āha ṛte 'rtham [BhP 2.9.33] ity ādi |

pūrvaṃ vyākhyātam eva[*ENDNOTE #35] | saṅkṣepaś cāyam arthaḥ | parama-puruṣārtha-bhūtaṃ mām ṛte mad-darśanād anyatraiva yat pratīyate yac cātmani na pratīyeta māṃ vinā svataḥ pratītir api yasya nāstīty arthaḥ tad vastu ātmano mama parameśvarasya māyāṃ vidyāt | atra dṛṣṭāntaḥ | yathā''bhāsaḥ pratibimba-raśmiḥ | yathā ca tamas timiram iti | tatrābhāsasya tādṛśatvaṃ spaṣṭam eva | tamaso'pi jyotir darśanād anyatraiva pratīter jyotir ātmakaṃ cakṣur vinā cāpratītir iti | vidyād iti prathama-puruṣa- nirdeśasyāyaṃ bhāvaḥ | anyān praty eva khalv ayam upadeśaḥ | tvaṃ tu mad- datta-śaktyā sākṣād evānubhavann asīti | evaṃ māyika-dṛṣṭim atītyaiva rūpādi-viśiṣṭaṃ mām anubhaved iti | vyatireka-mukhenānubhāvanasyāyaṃ bhāvaḥ | śabdena nirdhāritasyāpi sat-svarūpāder māyākāryāveśenaivānubhavo na bhavati | atas tad-arthaṃ māyā-tyajanam eva kartavyam iti | etena tad-avinābhāvāt premāpy anubhāvita iti gamyate |

[106]

atha tasyaiva premno rahasyatvaṃ bodhayati --

yathā mahānti bhūtāni bhūteṣūccāvaceṣv anu praviṣṭāny apraviṣṭāni tathā teṣu na teṣv aham [BhP 2.9.34]

yathā mahābhūtāni bhūteṣv apraviṣṭāni bahiḥ-sthitāny api anupraviṣṭāny antaḥ-sthitāni bhānti | tathā lokātīta-vaikuṇṭha-sthitatvenāpraviṣṭo'py ahaṃ teṣu tat-tad-guṇa-vikhyāteṣu na teṣu praṇata-janeṣu praviṣṭo hṛdi sthito'haṃ bhāmi | atra mahābhūtānām aṃśa-bhedena praveśāpraveśau tasya tu prakāśa-bhedeneti bhede'pi praveśāpraveśa-mātra-sāmyena dṛṣṭāntaḥ | tad evaṃ teṣāṃ tādṛg-ātma-vaśakāriṇī prema-bhaktir nāma rahasyam iti sūcitam |

tathā ca brahma-saṃhitāyām --

ānanda-cinmaya-rasa-pratibhāvitābhis
tābhir ya eva nija-rūpatayā kalābhiḥ |
goloka eva nivasaty akhilātma-bhūto
govindam ādi-puruṣaṃ tam ahaṃ bhajāmi || [BrahmaS 5.29]

premāñjana-cchurita-bhakti-vilocanena
santaḥ sadaiva hṛdayeṣu vilokayanti |
yaṃ śyāmasundaram acintya-guṇa-svarūpaṃ
govindam ādi-puruṣaṃ tam ahaṃ bhajāmi || [BrahmaS 5.30]

acintya-guṇa-svarūpam api premākhyaṃ yad añjanaṃ tena cchuritavat uccaiḥ prakāśamānaṃ bhakti-rūpaṃ vilocanaṃ tena ity arthaḥ |

ye bhajanti tu māṃ bhaktyā mayi te teṣu cāpy aham | iti [Gītā 9.29] gītopaniṣadaś ca |

yad vā teṣu yathā tāni bahiḥ-sthitāni cāntaḥ-sthitāni ca bhānti tadvat bhakteṣu aham antarmanovṛttiṣu bahir-indriya-vṛttiṣu ca sphurāmīti ca | bhakteṣu sarvathā'nanya-vṛttitāhetur nāma kim api sva-prakāśaṃ premākhyam ānandātmakaṃ vastu mama rahasyam iti vyañjitam | tathaiva śrī-brahmaṇoktam --

na bhāratī me 'ṅga mṛṣopalakṣyate na vai kvacin me manaso mṛṣā gatiḥ | na me hṛṣīkāṇi patanty asat-pathe yan me hṛdautkaṇṭhyavatā dhṛto hariḥ || [BhP 2.6.34] iti |

yadyapi vyākhyāntarānusāreṇāyam artho'palapanīyaḥ syāt tathāpy asminn evārthe tātparyaṃ pratijñā-catuṣṭaya-sādhanāyopakrāntatvāt tad-anuktrama- gatatvāc ca | kiṃ tasminn arthe na teṣu iti chinna-padam api vyarthaṃ syād dṛṣṭāntasyaiva kriyābhyām anvayopapatteḥ | api ca rahasyaṃ nāma hy etad eva yat parama-durlabhaṃ vastu duṣṭodāsīna-jana-dṛṣṭi-nivāraṇārthaṃ sādhāraṇa-vastv-antareṇācchādyate | yathā cintāmaṇiḥ sampuṭādinā | ataeva parokṣa-vādā ṛṣayaḥ parokṣaṃ ca mama priyam iti [BhP 11.21.35] śrī- bhagavad-vākyaṃ ca | tad evaṃ parokṣaṃ kriyate yad adeyaṃ virala-pracāraṃ mahad-vastu bhavati | asyaivādeyatvaṃ virala-vicāratvaṃ mahattvaṃ ca | muktiṃ dadāti karhicit sma na bhakti-yogam ity [BhP 5.6.18] ādiṣu bahutra vyaktam |

idaṃ bhāgavataṃ nāma
yan me bhagavatoditam |
saṅgraho 'yaṃ vibhūtīnāṃ
tvam etad vipulī kuru || [BhP 2.7.51]

yathā harau bhagavati
nṛṇāṃ bhaktir bhaviṣyati |
sarvātmany akhilādhāre
iti saṅkalpya varṇaya || [BhP 2.7.52]

tasmāt sādhu vyākhyātaṃ svāmi-caraṇair api rahasyaṃ bhaktir iti ||

[107]

atha kathaṃ tathābhūtaṃ rahasyam udayetety apekṣāyāṃ krama-prāptaṃ tad- aṅga-bhūtaṃ tadīya-sādhanam upadiśati |

etāvad eva jijñāsyaṃ
tattva-jijñāsunātmanaḥ |
anvaya-vyatirekābhyāṃ
yat syāt sarvatra sarvadā || [BhP 2.9.35]

ātmano mama bhagavatas tattva-jijñāsunā prema-rūpaṃ rahasyam anubhavitum icchunā etāvad eva jijñāsyaṃ śrī-guru-caraṇebhyaḥ śikṣaṇīyam | kiṃ tat ? sad ekam eva anvaya-vyatirekābhyāṃ vidhi-niṣedhābhyāṃ sadā sarvatra syād upapadyate | yathā -

na hy ato'nyaḥ śivaḥ panthā
viśataḥ saṃsṛtāv iha |
vāsudeve bhagavati
bhakti-yogo yathā bhavet || [BhP 2.2.33]

iti vyatirekeṇopakramya tad-upasaṃhāre -

tasmāt sarvātmanā rājan
hariḥ sarvatra sarvadā |
śrotavyaḥ kīrtitavyaś ca
smartavyo bhagavān nṝṇām || [BhP 2.2.36]

ity anvayena sarvadety uktam |

tasmāt sva-jñāna-vijñāna-rahasya-tad-aṅgānām upadeśena catuḥślokyām api svayaṃ śrī-bhagavac-chabdena dadarśa tatrākhila-sātvatāṃ patim [BhP 2.9.15] ity atra tāpanī-śruty-anukūlitaṃ śrī-kṛṣṇa-liṅgatvena ca asya vaktuḥ śrī- bhagavattvam eva sphuṭam | na jātu tad-aṃśa-bhūta-nārāyaṇākhya- garbhodaśāyi puruṣatvam |

ataevāsya mahāpurāṇasyāpi śrī-bhāgavatam ity eva vyākhyā | tathaivoktam - - kasmai kena vibhāṣito'yam atulo jñāna-pradīpaḥ purā ity ādau tac chuddhaṃ vimalaṃ viśokam amṛtaṃ satyaṃ paraṃ dhīmahi ity [BhP 12.13.19] atra para-śabdena bhagac-vaktṛtvam | ādyo'vatāraḥ puruṣaḥ parasyeti dvitīye bhedābhidhānāt | ata idaṃ bhagavatā pūrvaṃ brahmaṇe nābhi-paṅkaje | sthitāya bhava-bhītāya kāruṇyāt samprakāśitam ity atrāpi bhagavac-chabda- prayogaḥ | śrī-nārāyaṇa-nābhi-paṅkaje sthitaṃ brahmāṇaṃ prati svayaṃ śrī- bhagavatā tatraiva vyāpi-mahā-vaikuṇṭhaṃ prakāśyedaṃ purāṇaṃ prakāśitam ity arthaḥ | anugataṃ caitat dvitīya-skandhetihāsasyeti |

|| 2.9 || śrī-bhagavān brahmāṇam || 102-107 ||

[108]

tad etat sarva-śāstrāṇāṃ samanvayas tasminn eva bhagavati | tathā ca sarvaiś ca vedaiḥ paramo hi devo jijñāsyo nānyo vedaiḥ prasidhyet | tasmād enaṃ sarva-vedān adhītya vicārya ca jñātum icchen mumukṣur iti caturveda- śikhāyām | yaṃ sarva-devā ānamanti mumukṣavo brahmavādinaś ceti śrī- nṛsiṃha-tāpanyām [NTU 2.4.10] |

na vedavin manute taṃ bṛhantaṃ sarvānubhūtam ātmānaṃ sāmparāye | tvaṃ tv aupaniṣadaṃ puruṣaṃ pṛcchāmīty [BAU 3.9.27] ādir anyatra | vedaiś ca sarvair aham eva vedyo vedānta-kṛd veda-vid eva cāham iti [Gītā 15.15] śrī- gītopaniṣatsu | siddhānte punar eka eva bhagavān viṣṇuḥ samastāgama- vyāpāreṣu vivecana-vyatikaraṃ nīteṣu niścīyata iti pādme | sarva- nāmābhidheyaś ca sarva-vedeḍitaś ca sa iti skānde | natāḥ sma sarva-jagatāṃ vacasāṃ pratiṣṭhā yatra śāśvatī iti [ViP 1.14.23] vaiṣṇave |

sarva-vedān setihāsān sa-purāṇān sa-yuktikān | sa-pañcarātrān vijñāya viṣṇur jñeyo na cānyathā || iti brahma-tarke |

tad evaṃ sarva-veda-samanvayaṃ svasmin śrī-bhagavaty eva svayam āha -

māṃ vidhatte 'bhidhatte māṃ vikalpyāpohyate hy aham | [BhP 11.21.42]

|| 11.21 || śrī-bhagavān || 108 ||

[109]

tad evaṃ bhagavata eva sarva-vedārthatvaṃ darśitam | tatra rājñaḥ praśnaḥ |

śrī-viṣṇu-rāta uvāca -

brahman brahmaṇy anirdeśye
nirguṇe guṇa-vṛttayaḥ |
kathaṃ caranti śrutayaḥ
sākṣāt sad-asataḥ pare || [BhP 10.87.1]

asyārthaḥ | śrutayas tāvac chabda-mātrasya sādhāraṇyād guṇeṣu sattvādiṣu vṛttir yāsāṃ tādṛśo dṛśyante | brahma tu nirguṇaṃ sattvādi-guṇātītaṃ tasmād evānirdeśyam | tat-tad-guṇa-kārya-bhūta-jāti-guṇa-kriyākhyānanāṃ guṇāntarāṇām abhāvāspadatvāt tādṛśa-dravyasyāpy aprasiddhatvād anirdeśyaṃ sattvādi kāryaṃ bhūtābhyāṃ sad-asadbhyāṃ kārya-kāraṇābhyāṃ param iti tena tenāsambandhaṃ cety arthaḥ | tathā ca sati yathā ḍittha-vāci kasmiṃścid advitīye dravye tac-chabdasya mukhyā vṛttiḥ pravartate | yathā ca siṃho devadatta ity atra gauṇyā vṛttyā śaurya-guṇa-yukte devadatte siṃha- śabdaḥ pravartate | yathā ca gaṅgāyāṃ ghoṣa ity atra-lakṣaṇayā vṛttyā gaṅgā-śabdas tasminn ity asambandhe taṭe pravartate | tathā tat-tad- bhāvāspade brahmaṇi tayā tayā vṛttyā śrutayaḥ kathaṃ pravarteran | śrutīnāṃ ca śāstra-yonitvād iti [Vs 1.1.3] nyāyena tat-pratipādakatāyām ananyānāṃ tatra pravṛttir avaśyaṃ vaktavyā | tasmāt tasmiṃs tāḥ sākṣād- rūpatayā mukhyayā vṛttyā kena prakāreṇa caranti | taṃ prakāraṃ viśeṣaḥ kṛpayāpi svayam upadiśeti | anyathā padārthatvāyogād apadārthasya ca vācyārthatvāyogān na śruti-gocaratvaṃ brahmaṇaḥ syād iti sthite kutastarāṃ tad upari cara-sphūrter bhagavatas tad-gocaratvaṃ tat katham evaṃ svabhaktayor ity ādau svatāṃ svataḥ pramāṇa-bhūtānāṃ vedānāṃ mārgaṃ bhagavat-paratvam ādiśyety uktam iti | [110]

atra śrī-śukadevena dattam uttaram āha -

ṛṣir uvāca -

buddhīndriya-manaḥ-prāṇān
janānām asṛjat prabhuḥ |
mātrārthaṃ ca bhavārthaṃ ca
ātmane'kalpanāya ca || [BhP 10.87.2]

buddhyādīn upādhīn janānām anuśāyināṃ jīvānāṃ mātrādy-arthaṃ prabhuḥ parameśvaro'sṛjata na tu janāḥ svāvidyayāsṛjann iti vivarta-vādaḥ parihṛtaḥ | mīyanta iti māyā viṣayāḥ tad-artham | bhavārthaṃ bhavaḥ janma- lakṣaṇaṃ karma tat-prabhṛti-karma-karaṇārtham ity arthaḥ | ātmane lokāntara-gāmine ātmanas tat-tal-loka-bhogāyety arthaḥ | akalpanāya kalpanā-nivṛttaye muktaye ity arthaḥ | artha-dharma-kāma-mokṣārtham iti krameṇa pada-catuṣṭayasyārthaḥ | mokṣo'py atra cin-mātratayāvasthiti-rūpaḥ | yathāvarṇa-vidhānam apavargaś ca bhavati, yo'sau bhagavatīty ādinā ananya-nimitta-bhakti-yoga-lakṣaṇo nānā-gati-nimittāvidyā-granthi-randhana- dvāreṇety [BhP 5.19.20] antena pañcamokta-gadyena tathā niruktatvāt sādhya- bhakti-prādurbhāva-lakṣaṇaṃ ceti dvividho jñeyaḥ | ubhayatrāpi kalpanā- rūpāvidyāyā nivṛtteḥ | etad uktaṃ bhavati | yasmāt svayam īśvaras tat-tad- arthaṃ tat-tat-sādhakatvena dṛśyamānānāṃ buddhyādīn sṛṣṭavān tasmāt tat- tat-sampādana-śakti-nidhāna-yogyatayā teṣu kṛtavān iti labhyate | tatra trivarga-sampādikāḥ śaktayaḥ kalpanātmikā māyā-vṛtty-avidyā-śakter aṃśāḥ bahirmukha-karmātmakatvāt svarūpānyathā-bhāva-saṃsāritva-hetutvāc ca | evaṃ ca yāvaj-jīvānāṃ bhagavad-bahirmukhatā tāvat kevalaṃ kalpanātmikānām avidyā-śaktīnāṃ prakāśāt tat-pradhānā buddhy-ādayaḥ sa-guṇā eveti nirguṇaṃ sāksān na kurvata ity evaṃ satyam eva | yadā tu tad- antarmukhatā tadā teṣu cic-chakteḥ prādurbhāvāt taṃ sākṣāt kurvata eva iti sthitam | buddhyādimayatvād vacaso'pi tathā vyavahāraḥ sidhyati | tad atraivābhedena siddhāntitam ante | tad etad varṇitaṃ rājan yo naḥ praśnaḥ kṛtas tvayā | yathā brahmaṇya-nirdeśye nariguṇye'pi manaś caret || ity atra mana iti |

tatra buddhy-ādau cic-chaktis tadīyāprākṛta-paramānanda-svarūpa-tādṛśa- guṇādau svayaṃ prakāśamayī vacasi ca tattan-nirdeśa-mayīti jñeyā |

ato'prākṛta-tādṛśa-svarūpādyālambanena śrutayaś carantīti siddhānta- siddhaye | tad evaṃ pauruṣasyāpi vacaso bhagavac-caritraṃ siddham | yathoktam -yasmin prati ślokam abaddhavaty [BhP 1.5.11] apīti | tathā ca sati tathāvidha-vaca-ādīnām ekāśrayasya sākṣād-bhagavan- niśvāsāvirbhāvino'pauruṣeyasya tac-cāritvaṃ kim uta | tasmāt sākṣāt caranty eva śrutayaḥ | vakṣyate ca - kvacid ajayātmanā ca carato'nucaren nigama[*ENDNOTE #36] iti | tathā ca praṇavam uddiśyoktaṃ dvādaśe --

svadhāmno brahmaṇaḥ sākṣād vācakaḥ paramātmanaḥ | sa-sarva-mantropaniṣad veda-bījaṃ sanātanam || [BhP 12.6.41] iti |

śrutau ca - om ity etad brahmaṇo nediṣṭhaṃ nāmeti nediṣṭhaṃ lakṣaṇādi- vyavadhānaṃ vinety arthaḥ | ataeva kena ca prakaṭiṇa sākṣāc caranti sa kathyatām ity evaṃ rājābhiprāyaḥ | atra śabdo nirdeśyatve doṣas tv agre dyupataya ity [BhP 10.87.41] atra parihāryaḥ |

atha śrutiṣv api yāḥ kāścit trivarga-paratvena bahirmukhāḥ pratīyante tāsām apy antarmukhatāyām eva paryavasānam | tathā hi parameśvarasya satata- paramārtha-bahirmukhatā-parāhata-jīva-nikāya-viṣaya-kṛpā-vilāsa- paryavasāyi-niḥśvāsa-rūpāḥ śrutayaḥ prathamataḥ sva-viṣayakaṃ viśvāsaṃ janayitum adṛṣṭavastvanabhijñānasatatadṛṣṭam aihikam evārtham īhamānāṃs tān prati tat-sampādakaṃ putreṣṭyādikaṃ vidadhati | tataś ca tena jāta-viśvāsānaihikasyātyantam asthiratve pradarśya divyānanda-camatkāra- vicitrasya pāralaukika-svargādi-lakṣaṇa-tat-tat-kāmasya janake'gniṣṭomādau pravartayanti | tatas teṣāṃ nirantara-tad-abhyāsād dharma eva ruciṃ janayanti |

atha labdha-dharma-rucīnāṃ śuddhāntaḥ-karaṇānāṃ tad-artaha-vicāra- parāṇāṃ jagad apy anityam iti jñānavatāṃ saṃsāra-bhaya-dīnānāṃ nirvāṇānandābhilāṣaṃ sampādayanti | nirvāṇānandaś ca para- tattvāvirbhāva-rūpa eveti |

tad uktam śrī-sūtena --

dharmasya hy āpavargyasya
nārtho 'rthāyopakalpate |
nārthasya dharmaikāntasya
kāmo lābhāya hi smṛtaḥ || [BhP 1.2.9]

kāmasya nendriya-prītir lābho jīveta yāvatā | jīvasya tattva-jijñāsā nārtho yaś ceha karmabhiḥ || [BhP 1.2.10] iti |

tataś ca yathā buddhyādayo'ntarmukhatā-tāratamyena cic-chaktyāvirbhāvāt pare tattve tāratamyena caranti, tathā śruti-lakṣaṇaṃ vacanam api cic-chakti- prakāśānukrameṇa traiguṇya-viṣayatvam atikramya kevala-nairguṇya- viṣayam eva sat tasmin nirguṇe tattve samyag eva carituṃ śaknoti | aguṇa- vṛttitvena yogyatvāt | tad uktaṃ dvādaśe praṇavam upalakṣya -

tato'bhūt trivṛd oṅkāro
yo'vyakta-prabhavaḥ svarāṭ |
yat tal liṅgaṃ bhagavato
brahmaṇaḥ paramātmanaḥ || [BhP 12.6.39] iti ||

tatra tat tattvaṃ dvidhā sphurati bhagavad-rūpeṇa brahma-rūpeṇa ceti | cic- chaktir api dvidhā tadīya-svayaṃ-prakāśādi-maya-bhakti-rūpeṇa tan-maya- jñāna-rūpeṇa ca | tato bhakti-maya-śrutayo bhagavati caranti jñāna-maya- śrutayo brahmaṇīti sāmānyataḥ siddhāntitam |

[111]

atha tatra viśeṣaṃ vaktuṃ tadīya evetihāsa upakṣipyate |

śrī-sanandana uvāca -

sva-sṛṣṭam idam āpīya
śayānaṃ saha śaktibhiḥ |
tad ante bodhayāñcakrus
tal-liṅgaiḥ śrutayaḥ param || [BhP 10.87.12]

svayaṃ nirmitam idaṃ viśvaṃ laya-samaye āpīya saṃhṛtya śaktibhiḥ saha śayānaṃ prakṛtiṃ puruṣaṃ tad-aṃśāṃśaś cātma-sātkṛtya tat-kāryaṃ prati nimīlitākṣaṃ paraṃ bhagavantaṃ tad-ante pralaya-kālāvasāna-prāye tal-liṅgais tat-pratipādakair vākyaiḥ śrutayaḥ prabodhayāñcakruḥ prātaḥ prabodhanaḥ stuti-bhaṅgyā tuṣṭuvur ity arthaḥ | asya bhagavattvam eva gamyate na tu puruṣa

tvaṃ bhagavān eka āsedam
agra ātmātmatāṃ vibhuḥ |
ātmecchānugatāvātmo
nānām aty upalakṣaṇaḥ || [BhP 3.5.23]

iti tṛtīya-skandha-prakaraṇe tadānīṃ puruṣasya tad-antarbhāva-śravaṇāt |

[112]

pūrva-padyārthe dṛṣṭāntaḥ |

yathā śayānaṃ samrājaṃ
vandinas tat-parākramaiḥ |
pratyūṣe'bhyetya suślokair
badhiyanty anujīvinaḥ || [BhP 10.87.13]

tasya samrājaḥ parākramo ya etair na tu nirviśeṣatva-vyañjakaiḥ śobhanaiḥ ślokaiḥ | yathā śayānaṃ samrājam ity asyāyam abhiprāyaḥ | yathā rātrau samrāṭ mahiṣibhiḥ krīḍann api bahiḥkāryaṃ parityajyāntargṛhādau sthitatvāt taj-janaiḥ śayāna evocyate | vandibhiś ca tat-prabhāvamaya-śloka- kṛta-prabodhana-bhaṅgyā stūyate tathāyaṃ bhagavān tadānīṃ jagat- kāryākṛta-dṛṣṭir nigūḍhaṃ nija-dhāmni nija-parikaraiḥ krīḍann apīti | anujīvina ity anena te yathā tan-marmajñās tathā na apīti sūcitam |

[113]

tatra prathamato jñānādi-guṇa-sevitena samyag-darśana-kāraṇena bhakti- yogenānubhūyamānaṃ bhagavad-ākāram akhaṇḍam eva tattvaṃ sva- pratipādyatvena darśayantyo brahma-svarūpam api tathātvena kroḍīkurvantyaḥ śrutayaḥ ūcuḥ |

jaya jaya jahy ajām ajita doṣa-gṛbhīta-guṇāṃ
tvam asi yad ātmanā samavaruddha-samasta-bhagaḥ |
aga-jagad-okasām akhila-śakty-avabodhaka te
kvacid ajayātmanā ca carato 'nucaren nigamaḥ || [BhP 10.87.14]

boh ajita jaya jaya nijotkarṣam āviṣkuru | ādare vīpsā | atrājiteti sambodhanenedaṃ labhyate | nāma-vyāharaṇaṃ viṣṇor yatas tad-viṣayā matir iti [BhP 6.2.10] nyāyena nāmnā bhagavān asau sākṣād abhimukhīkriyata iti liṅgād eva tac-chrī-vigrahavat tad api tat-svarūpa-bhūtam eva bhavati | tad vijānīye tad-abhimukhī-karaṇārhatvāt | ataeva bhaya-dveṣādau śrī-mūrteḥ sphūrter iva sāṅgety-ādāv apy asya prabhāvaḥ śrūyate | viśeṣataś cātra śruti- vidvad0anubhaāv api pūrvam eva pramāṇīkṛtau | tasmāt yat tvaṃ śrī- vigraha-rūpeṇa cakṣur ādāv udayate tad eva nāma-rūpeṇa vāg-ādāv iti sthitam | tasmān nāma-nāminoḥ svarūpābhedena tat-sākṣāt-kāre tat-sākṣāt- kāra evety ataḥ kiṃ vaktavyam anyatrānyavad bhagavati śrutayo'pi jātyādi- kṛta-saṃjñā-saṃjñi-saṅketādi-rītyā rūḍhyādi-vṛttibhiś carantīti | yāsāṃ śruty- abhidhānāṃ vallīnāṃ sākṣāt tathābhūtāni nāmāny eva phalānīti |

utkarṣam āviṣkurv ity anena itthaṃ sarvotkṛṣṭatā-guṇa-yogena mukhyayaiva vṛttyā śrutayas tasmiṃś carantīti darśitam | śrutayaś ca na te mahi tvām anv aśnuvanti [?], na tat samaś cābhyadhikaś ca dṛśyate [ŚvetU 6.8] ity ādyāḥ |

atra śrutayo jaya jayeti sva-bhaktyāviṣkārāt bhaktim eva tat-prakāśe hetuṃ gamayanti | kena vyāpāreṇotkarṣam āviṣkara-vāṇīty āśaṅkya māyā- nirasana-dvārā sva-bhakti-dānenety āhuḥ |

ajāṃ māyāṃ jahi | nanu māyā nāma vidyāvidyā-vṛttikā śaktiḥ | tarhi tad- dhanane vidyāyā api hatiḥ syād ity atra āha doṣa-gṛbhīta-guṇāṃ jīvānām ātma-vismṛti-hetāv avidyā-lakṣaṇe doṣe eva gṛbhīto gṛhītas tat-smṛti-hetor vidyā-lakṣaṇo guṇo yayā tām | svayam eva svāveśenāvidyā-lakṣaṇaṃ doṣam utpādya kvacid eva kadācid eva kathañcid eva kañcid eva jīvaṃ tyajatīti tasyās tyāgātmaka-vidyākhya-guṇe'pi doṣa eva | tasmāt tāṃ nirmūlāṃ vidhāya jīvebhyo nija-caraṇāravinda-viṣayāṃ bhaktim eva diśeti tātparyam |

ato māyā-ghātaka-yogya-śaktitvena tad-atītatvaṃ vyapadiśya sac-cid-ānanda- ghanatvaṃ bhagavato vyañjayantyo'tan-nirasana-mukhena tātparya-vṛttyā śrutayaś carantīti vyañjitam | śrutayaś ca - māyāṃ tu prakṛtiṃ vidyān mayinaṃ tu maheśvaram [Śvet 4.10][*ENDNOTE #37] iti |

ajām ekām iti | sarvasyādhipatiḥ sarvasyeśānaḥ [BAU 4.4.22] sa vā eṣa neti

netīty[*ENDNOTE #38] ādyāḥ |

nanu māyā-nāśaṃ samprārthya mama tad-upādhikam aiśvaryādikam api nāśayitum icchathety atra samādhatte tvam iti | yad yasmāt tvam ātmanā svarūpeṇaiva samavaruddha-samasta-bhaga-prāpta-tripād-vibhūty-ākhya- sarvaiśvaryādir asi | tasmāt tava tucchayā tad-upādhikaiśvaryādibhir vā kim ity arthaḥ |

tathā ca sa yad ajayā tv ajām ity atra padye ṭīkā - nahi nirantarāhlādi-saṃvit- kāma-dhenu-vṛnda-pater ajayā kṛtyam iti | tathā na hy anyeṣām iva deśa- kālādi-paricchinnaṃ tavāṣṭa-guṇitam aiśvaryam api tu paripūrṇa- svarūpānubandhitvād aparimitam ity arthaḥ | ity eṣā |

atrātma-śabdena svarūpa-mātra-vācakena tathā bhaga-śabdena svarūpa- bhūta-guṇa-vācakenedaṃ dhvanyate | svarūpādi-śabdā īśvarādi-śabdāś ca svarūpa-mātrāvalambanayā svarūpa-bhūta-guṇāvalambanayāpi rūḍhyā nirdeṣṭuṃ śaknuvantīti | śrutayaś ca - yad-ātmako bhagavān tad-ātmikā vyaktiḥ ity [?] ādyāḥ parāsya śaktir vividhaiva śr”yate ity [ŚvetU 6.8] ādikāś ca |

sā ca svarūpa-śaktiḥ sarvair evāvagamyata ity āhuḥ agāni sthāvarāṇi jaganti jaṅgamāni okāṃsi śarīrāṇi yeṣāṃ teṣāṃ sarveṣām eva jīvānāṃ yā akhilāḥ śaktayas tāsām avadhaketi sambodhanam | teṣu vicitra-śakti-laharī-ratnākara ity anumīyata ity arthaḥ |

yad vā | nanu māyā-hananena tad-upādher jīvasya tu śakti-hāniḥ syāt tatrāhuḥ ageti | atha pūrvavad eva | tataḥ svarūpa-śaktyaiva pratyuta teṣāṃ sukhaika-pradā pūrṇā śaktir bhaviṣyatīti bhāvaḥ | atretthaṃ taṭastha- lakṣaṇena śrutayaś carantīty uktam | śrutayaś ca ko hy evānyād [Taitti 2.7]
ity ādikāḥ prāṇasya prāṇam ity ādikāḥ | tam eva bhāntam [KaṭhaU 2.2.15] ity ādikāḥ | dehānte devas tārakaṃ brahma vyācaṣṭe [NTU 1.7][*ENDNOTE #39] iti | yasya deve parā bhaktir [ŚvetU 6.23] ity ādyāś ca | nanu viśeṣato bhavatyaḥ kathaṃ jānanti yad ajayā mama kṛtyaṃ nāsti tathā sac-cid-ānanda-ghana eva svarūpa-śaktyā samavaruddha-samasta-bhaga iti tatrāhuḥ kvacid iti | kvacit kadācit sṛṣṭyādi-samaye puruṣa-rūpeṇa ajayā māyayā carataḥ krīḍataḥ nityaṃ ca svarūpa-śaktyāviṣkṛta-svarūpa-bhūta- bhagena satya-jñānānandaika-rasenātmanā caratas tavāsmal-lakṣaṇo nigamaḥ śabda-rūpeṇa devatā-rūpeṇa ca anucaret sevate | tasmād vayaṃ sat sarvaṃ jānīma ity arthaḥ | karmaṇi ṣaṣṭhī |

etad uktaṃ bhavati | atra dvividho vedas traiguṇya-viṣayo nistraiguṇya-viṣayaś ca | tatra traiguṇya-viṣayas trividhaḥ | prathama-prakāras tāvat tad- avalambana-tāṭasthyena tal-lakṣakaḥ | yathā yato vā imāni bhūtānīty ādiḥ | dvitīya-prakāraś ca triguṇamaya-tad-īśitavyādi-varṇanādi-dvārā tan- mahimādi-darśakaḥ | yathā indro yato'vasitasya rājety ādiḥ | tṛtīya-prakāraś ca traiguṇya-nirāsena parama-vastūddeśakaḥ | so'py ayaṃ dvividhaḥ | niṣedha- dvārā sāmānādhikaraṇya-dvārā ca | tatra pūrva-dvārā asthūlam anaṇu neti netīty [BAU 3.7.8] ādiḥ | uttara-dvārā sarvaṃ khalv idaṃ brahma tattvam asīty ādiḥ | pūrva-vākye | taj-jātatvād iti hetoḥ sarvasyaiva brahmatvaṃ nirdiśya tatrāviṣkṛtaḥ sad idam iti pratīti-paramāśrayo yo'ṃśaḥ sa eva śuddhaṃ brahmety uddiśyate | uttara-vākye tvaṃ-padārthasya tadvac cid-ākāra-tac- chakti-rūpatvena tat-padārthaikyaṃ yad upapādyate tenāpi tat-padārtho brahmaivoddiśyate | tat-padārtha-jñānaṃ vinā tvaṃ-padārtha-jñāna-mātram akiñcit-karam iti tat-padopanyāsaḥ | traiguṇyātikramas tūbhayatrāpi | atra traiguṇya-nirāsena tad-uddeśena yatra tadīya-dharmāḥ spaṣṭam eva gamyate tatra bhagavat-paratvaṃ yatra tv aspaṣṭaṃ tatra brahma-paratvam ity avagantavyam | vyākhyātas traiguṇya-viṣayaḥ | tad etad ajayā carato'nucare vyākhyātam |

atha nistraiguṇyo'pi dvividhaḥ | brahma-paro bhagavat-paraś ca | yathā ānando brahmetyādi |

na tasya kāryaṃ karaṇaṃ ca vidyate na tat-samaś cābhyadhikaś ca dṛśyate | parāsya śaktir vividhaiva śrūyate svābhāvikī jñāna-bala-kriyā ca || [ŚvetU 6.8] ityādiś ca |

tad etad ātmanā carato'nucare iti vyākhyātam | ataḥ śrutes tac cāritvaṃ siddham | sākṣāc cāritvaṃ ca nistraiguṇyānāṃ svata eva anyeṣāṃ tu tad-eka- vākyatayā jñeyam | māyā-nirasanārtham eva tat-tad-guṇānuvādaḥ kriyate paścād akhaṇḍam eva tāṃ nirasya sākṣād-bhagavat-svarūpa-guṇādikaṃ nirdiśyate iti tad eka-vākyatā-dyotanayā sa eṣa eva siddhānto'sminn upakrama-vākye samuddiṣṭaḥ | tathopasaṃhāre ca śrutayas tvayi hi phalanty atan-nirasanena bhavan-nidhanā [BhP 10.87.41] iti | śrutayaś ca madhva- bhāṣya-pramāṇitāḥ na cakṣur na śrotraṃ na tarko na smṛtir vedo hy evainaṃ vedayati ity ādyā | aupaniṣadaḥ puruṣa ity [BAU 3.9.26] ādyāś ca |

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atha viśeṣato brahmaṇy api yathā caranti brahmaṇi carantīnām api yathā bhagavaty eva paryavasānaṃ tathaivoddiśanti |

bṛhad-upalabdham etad avayanty avaśeṣatayā
yata udayāstamayau vikṛte divāvikṛtāt |
ata ṛṣayo dadhus tvayi mano-vacanācaritaṃ
katham ayathā bhavanti bhuvi datta-padāni nṝṇām || [BhP 10.87.15]

etat sarvaṃ bṛhad-brahmaivopalabdham avagatam | tat kathaṃ vikṛte viśvasmāt sakāśād avaśiṣyamāṇatvena sarvaṃ ghaṭādi-dravyaṃ mṛd evopalabdhā dṛṣṭā tathā bṛhad apīty arthaḥ | tatra hetuḥ | yato bṛhataḥ sakāśād vikṛter udayās tamayau avayanti manyante śrutayaḥ yato vā imānīty ādyāḥ | tasmān mṛta- sāmyaṃ tasya yujyata iti bhāvaḥ | tarhi kathaṃ tad-vikāri tvam api nety āhuḥ | avikṛtāt | śrutes tu śabda-mūlatvād iti nyāyenācintya-śaktyā tathāpy avikṛtam eva yat tasmād ity arthaḥ | yadyapy atrāpi sa-śaktikam eva bṛhad upapadyate tathāpy āviṣkṛta-bhagavattvenānupādānāt brahmaivopapāditaṃ bhavati | sarvathā śakti-parityāge tad-upapādānāt sāmarthyāt tucchatvāpātāc ca | tasmād atra brahmaivodāhṛtam | ataeva mṛn-mātra-dṛṣṭāntena kartṛtvādikam api tatra nopasthāpitam | tad etad brahma-pratipādanam api śrī-bhagavaty eva paryavasyatīty āhuḥ | ata iti | ato brahma-pratipādanād api ṛṣayo vedās tvayi śrī-bhagavaty eva manasa ācaritaṃ tātparyaṃ vacanasyācaritam abhidhānaṃ ca dadhur dhṛtavantaḥ | dvayor eka-vastutvād bhagādīnām āviṣkārānāviṣkāra-darśana-mātreṇa bheda-kalpanāc ca tatrārthāntra-nyāsaḥ | nṝṇāṃ bhū-carāṇāṃ samyag-darśinām asamyag darśināṃ vā bhuvi dattāni nikṣiptāni padāni katham ayathā bhavanti bhuvaṃ na prāpnuvanti api tu tatraiva paryavasyanti | tasmād yathā katham api pratipādayantu phalitaṃ tu tvayy eva bhavatīti bhāvaḥ | tad uktaṃ -

jñāna-yogaś ca man-niṣṭho nairguṇyo bhakti-lakṣaṇaḥ | dvayor apy eka evārtho bhagavac-chabda-lakṣaṇaḥ || iti | [BhP 3.32.32]

atra śrutayaś madhva-bhāṣya-pramāṇitāḥ - hanta tam eva puruṣaṃ sarvāṇi nāmāny abhivadanti yathā nadyaḥ syandamānāḥ samudrāyaṇāḥ samudram abhiniviśanti evam evaitāni nāmāni sarvāṇi puruṣam abhiviśantīti |

[115]

tad evaṃ bhagavattvena brahmatvena na tvam eva tātparyābhidhānābhyāṃ sarva-nigama-gocara ity uktam | tac ca yathārtham eva na tu kālpanikam ity āhuḥ |

iti tava sūrayas try-adhipate'khila-loka-mala-
kṣapaṇa-kathāmṛtām avagāhya tapāṃsi jahuḥ |
kim uta punaḥ sva-dhāma-vidhutāśaya-kāla-guṇāḥ
parama bhajanti ye padam ajasra-sukhānubhavam || [BhP 10.87.16]

bhos tryadhipate trayāṇāṃ brahmādīnāṃ patis tat-tad-avatārī nārāyaṇākhyaḥ puruṣas tasyāpy uparicara-svarūpatvād adhipatir bhagavān | tato he sarveśvareśvara yasmāt tvayy eva vedānāṃ tātparyam abhidhānaṃ ca paryavasitam iti ato hetor eva sūrayo vivekinaḥ paramparātvat- pratipādanamayaṃ veda-bhāgam api parityajya kevalaṃ tavākhila-lokam alakṣapaṇa-kathāmṛtābdhiṃ sakala-vṛjina-nirasana-hetukīrti-sudhā-sindhum avagāhya śraddhayā niṣevya tapaḥ-prādhānyena tāpakatvena vā tapāṃsi karmāṇi tāni jahus tyaktavantaḥ | teṣāṃ sādhakānām api yadi tatraivaṃ tadā kim uta vaktavyaṃ svadhāma-vidhutāśaya-kāla-guṇāḥ śuddhātma-svarūpa- sphuraṇena nirjitam antaḥkaraṇaṃ jarādi-hetuḥ kāla-prabhāvaḥ sattvādayo guṇāś ca yais te ye punaḥ tavājasra-sukhānubhava-svarūpaṃ padaṃ brahmākhyaṃ tattvaṃ bhajanti te tam avagāhya tāni jahur iti | kiṃ tarhi brahma-mātrānubhva-niṣṭhām api jahur ity arthaḥ | etad uktaṃ bhavati | atra tāvat trividhā janā mugdhā vivekinaḥ kṛtārthāś ca iti |

tatra sarvān evādhikṛtya vedānām akalpanāmayatvenaiva bhagavan- nirdeśakatā dṛśyate | tathā hi yadi tathātvenaiva sā na dṛśyeta tadā vastutas tat-sambandhābhāvād akhila-lokam alakṣa-paṇatvena pada-padārtha-jñāna- hīnānāṃ mugdhānām api yat pāpa-hāritvaṃ vedāntar-vartinyā bhagavat- kathāyāḥ prasiddhaṃ tan na syāt | aspṛṣṭānala-loha-dāhakatāvat | kiṃ ca tasyāḥ kalpanāmayatve sati vivekinas tu na tatra praverteran bandhyāyāḥ suprajastva-guṇa-śravaṇavat | pravartantāṃ vā tad-āveśena sva-dharmaṃ punar na tyajeyuḥ | rājayaśaso gaṅgātva-śravaṇena tīrthāntara-sevanavat | api ca tathā sati ye punar ātmārāmatvena parama-kṛtārthās te tad-anādareṇa tat- kathāṃ naivāvagāheran | amṛta-sarasīm avagāḍhā āropita-tad-adhika-guṇaka- nadīvat | śrūyate ca tasyās tat-tad-guṇakatvam | yathā vaiṣṇave - hanti kaluṣaṃ śrotraṃ sa yāto harir [ViP ?.?.?] ity ādau | atraiva tvad-agavamī na vettīty ādau | prathame harer guṇākṣipta-matir ity [BhP 1.7.11] ādau | tasmād guṇānāṃ guṇādi-pratipādaka-vedānāṃ ca bhagavato sambandhaḥ svābhāvika eva sarvatheti siddham | atra śrutayaḥ - om āsya jānanta ity ādyāḥ | yathā puṣkara-palāśam āpo na śliṣyanti evam evaṃvidaṃ pāpaṃ karma na śliṣyati | na karmaṇā lipyate pāpakena tat-sukṛta-duṣkṛte vidhunute | evaṃ vāva na tapati kim ahaṃ sādhu karavaṃ kim ahaṃ nākaravam ity ādyā muktā hy enam upāsata ity ādyāś ca | evam anye'pi ślokā upāsanādi-vākyānāṃ bhagavat- paratādarśakā yathāyathaṃ yojayitavyā ity abhipretya noddhiyante |

nanu tarhi bhavan-mate śabda-nirdeśyatve prākṛtatvam eva tatrāpatati | kiṃ ca śrutibhir api yato vāco nivartante aprāpya manasā saha | avacanenaiva provāca | yad-vācānabhyuditaṃ yena vāg abhyudyate yat śrotraṃ na śṛṇoti yena śrotram idaṃ śrutam ity ādau śabda-nirdeśyatvam eva tasya niṣidhyata ity āśaṅkāyām ucyate | yathā sākṣān nirdeśyatve doṣas tathā lakṣyatve'pi kathaṃ na syāt | ubhayatrāpi śabda-vṛtti-viṣayatvenāviśeṣāt | kiṃ ca na tasya prākṛtavat sākṣān nirdeśyatvaṃ kintv anirdeśyatvenaiva tathā nirdeśyatvam iti siddhāntyate |

[116] tathaiva tāsāṃ mahāvākyopasaṃhāraḥ -

dyupatayaḥ eva te na yayur antam anantatayā
tvam api yad-antarānta-nicayā nanu sāvaraṇāḥ |
kha eva rajāṃsi vānti vayasā saha yac chrutayas
tvayi hi phalanty atan-nirasanena bhavan-nidhanāḥ || [BhP 10.87.41]

atra svarūpa-guṇayor dvayor api dvidhaivānirdeśyatvam | ānantyena idam ittaṃ tad iti nirdeśāsambhavena ca | tatra prathamam ānantyam āhuḥ | he bhagavan te tava antam etāvat tvaṃ dyupatayaḥ svargādi-loka-patayo brahmādayo'pi na yayur na viduḥ | tat kutaḥ | anantatayā | yad antava tat kim api na bhavasīti | āsatāṃ te yasmāt tvam ai ātmano'ntaṃ na yāsi | kutas tarhi sarvajñatā sarva-śaktitā vā tatrāpy āhuḥ | anantatayeti antābhāvenaiva | nahi śaśa-viṣāṇājñānaṃ sārvajñyaṃ tad-aprāptir vā śakti-vaibhavaṃ vihanti | śrutiś ca - yo'syādhyakṣaḥ parame vyoman | so'ṅga veda yadi vā na vedeti [Ṛgveda 10.130.18] |

anantatvam evāhuḥ yad antar iti yasya tavāntarā madhye | nanu aho sāvaraṇā uttarottara-daśa-guṇa-saptāvaraṇa-yuktā aṇḍa-nicayā vānti paribhramanti vayasā kāla-cakreṇa khe rajāṃsi iva saha ekadaiva na tu paryāyeṇa | anena brahmāṇḍānām anantānāṃ tatra bhramaṇāt svarūpa-gatam ānantyaṃ teṣāṃ vicitra-guṇānām āśrayatvāt guṇa-gataṃ ca jñeyam | śrutayaś ca - yad ūrdhvaṃ gārgi divaḥ yad arvāk pṛthivyā yad antaraṃ dyāv āpṛthivī ime yad bhūtaṃ bhavac ca bhaviṣyac cety [BAU 3.7.3] ādyāḥ | viṣṇor nu kaṃ vīryāṇi pravocaṃ yaṃ pārthivāni vimame rajāṃsi ity ādyāś ca |

hi yasmād evam ataḥ śrutayaś tvayi paryavasyanti | ataḥ śrutāv api prājāpatyānandataḥ śata-guṇānandatvam abhidhāya punar yato vāca ity ādinā anantatvena vāg-atīta-saṅkhyānandatvaṃ brahmaṇa uktam | yad uktam

na tad īdṛg iti jñeyaṃ
na vācyaṃ na ca tarkyate |
paśyanto'pi na jānanti
mero rūpaṃ vipaścitaḥ || iti ||

ato'trānirdeśyatvenaiva nirdeśyatvam | yat tu satyaṃ jñānam ity ādau svarūpasya sākṣād eva nirdeśaḥ | svābhāvikī jñāna-bala-kriyā cety ādau guṇasya ca śrūyate tatra ca tathaiva ity āhuḥ | atan-nirasanena bhavan-nidhanā iti | atat prākṛtaṃ yad vastu tan nirasyaiva bhavat-paryavasānāt | ayam arthaḥ | buddhir jñānam asaṃmoham ity ādinā hrīr dhīr bhīr etat sarvaṃ mana evetyādinā ca yat prākṛtaṃ jñānādikam abhidhīyate tat sarvaṃ brahma na bhavati iti neti netītyādinā na tasya kāryaṃ karaṇaṃ ca vidyate ity ādinā ca niṣidhyate |

atha ca satya-jñānādi-vākyena svābhāvikī jñāna-bala-kriyā cety ādi vākyena ca tad abhidhīyate | na tasmāt prākṛtād anyad eva taj-jñānādi iti teṣāṃ jñānādi-śabdānām atan-nirasanenaiva tvai paryavasānam iti | tataś ca buddhy-agocara-vastutvād anirdeśyatvaṃ tathāpi tad-rūpaṃ kiñcid asti iti uddiśyamānatvād anirdeśyatvaṃ ca | tathā parokṣa-jñāne ca daśamas tvam asītivad vākya-mātreṇaiva tasya svaprakāśa-rūpasyāpi vastuno viśuddha-citte suprakāśa-darśanāt śruti- śabdasya svaprakāśatā-śaktimayatvam evāvasīyate | śabda-brahma paraṃ brahma mamobhe śāśvatī tanū iti [BhP 6.16.51][*ENDNOTE #40] | vedasya ceśvarātmatvāt [BhP 11.3.44] iti | vedo nārāyaṇaḥ sākṣāt svayambhūr iti śuśruma iti [BhP 6.1.40] | kiṃ vā parair īśvaraḥ sadyo hṛdy avarudhyate'tra kṛtibhiḥ śuśrūṣubhis tat kṣaṇād iti [BhP 1.1.2] | ataevaupaniṣadaḥ puruṣaḥ ity atropaniṣan-mātra-gamyatvaṃ śrutir bodhayati | cāksuṣaṃ rūpam itivat |

tataś ca śrutimayyā svaprakāśatāśaktyā prākṛta-tat-tad-vastu-jātaṃ tama iva nirasya svayaṃ prakāśate | tasmān na tatrāpi nirdeśyatvam | nahi svena prakāśena raviḥ prakāśyo bhavati yathā tena ghaṭa iti vaktuṃ yujyate svābhinnatvāt | yadi ca śakti-śaktimator bheda-pakṣaḥ svīkriyate tadā nirdeśyatvam apīty atrānirdeśyatvenaiva nirdeśyatvaṃ siddham | ataevoktaṃ gāruḍe -

aprasiddher avācyaṃ tad vācyaṃ sarvāgamoktitaḥ | atarkyaṃ tarkyam ajñeyaṃ jñeyam evaṃ paraṃ smṛtam || iti |

śrutau ca - anyad eva tadvad itād atho [ity ādayo?] aviditād adhīti | idam abhipretyoktaṃ śrī-parāśareṇāpi |

yasmin brahmaṇi sarva-śakti-nilaye mānāni no mānināṃ niṣṭhāyai prabhavanti hanti kaluṣaṃ śrotraṃ sa yāto harir || iti | [ViP 6.8.59]

nanv āviṣkṛta-śakter bhagavad-ākhyasya brahmaṇaḥ sva-prakāśatā-śakti- svarūpatvaṃ vedasya smabhavati | tataś cānāviṣkṛta-śakter brahmaṇaḥ prakāśas tasmāt katham iti | ucyate - asman-mate tasyāpi prakāśo bhagavac- chaktyaiva | tad uktam -

madīyaṃ mahimānaṃ ca para-brahmeti śabditam | vetsyasy anugṛhītaṃ me sampraśnair vivṛtaṃ hṛdi || iti | [BhP 8.24.38][*ENDNOTE #41]

na caite na para-prakāśyatvam āpatati | brahma-bhagavator abhinna-vastutvāt | atra laukika-śabdenāpi yaḥ kaścit tad-upadeśaḥ sa tu tad-anugates tayā śrutyaivānugṛhītatayā sambhavatīty uktam | atas tad-anuśīlanāvasare tad- bhakty-anubhāva-rūpasya tac-chabdasya tu sutarāṃ tat-svarūpa-śakti-vilāsa- mayatvāt na tatra niṣedhaḥ | kiṃ tarhi mano-vilāsamayasyaiveti sarvam anavadyam | ataeva suparṇa-śrutau - prakṛtiś ca prākṛtaṃ ca yan na jighranti jighranti, yan na paśyanti paśyanti, yan na śṛṇvanti śṛṇvanti, yan jānanti jānanti ca iti |

|| 10.87 || śrutayaḥ śrī-bhagavantam || 109-116 ||

[117]

athaikam eva svarūpaṃ śaktitvena śaktimattvena ca virājatīti | yasya śakteḥ svarūpa-bhūtatvaṃ nirūpitaṃ tac-chakti-mattā-prādhānyena virājamānaṃ bhagavat-saṃjñām āpnoti tac ca vyākhyātam | tad eva ca śaktitva- prādhānyena virājamānaṃ lakṣmī-saṃjñām āpnotīti darśayituṃ tasyāḥ sva- vṛtti-bhedenānantāyāḥ kiyanto bhedā darśyante | yathā -

śriyā puṣṭyā girā kāntyā
kīrtyā tuṣṭyelayor jayā |
vidyayāvidyayā śaktyā
māyayā ca niṣevitam || [BhP 10.39.55]

śaktir mahā-lakṣmī-rūpā svarūpa-bhūtā | śakti-śabdasya prathama-pravṛtty- āśraya-rūpā bhagavad-antaraṅga-mahā-śaktiḥ | māyā ca bahiraṅgā śaktiḥ | śry-ādayas tu tayor eva vṛtti-rūpayā ceti sarvatra jñeyam | tatra pūrvasyāḥ bhedaḥ | śrīr bhāgavatī sampat | na tv iyaṃ mahā-lakṣmī-rūpā tasyā mūla- śaktitvāt | tad agre vivaraṇīyam | uttarasyāḥ bhedaḥ | śrīr jāgatī sampat | imām evādhikṛtya na śrīr viraktam api māṃ vijahātītyādi-vākyam | yata uktaṃ caturtha-śeṣe śrī-nāradena |

śriyam anucaratīṃ tad-arthinaś ca dvipada-patīn vibudhāṃś ca yaḥ sva-pūrṇaḥ | na bhajati nija-bhṛtya-varga-tantraḥ katham amum udvisṛjet pumān rasajñaḥ || [BhP 4.31.22] iti |

tatra tad-arthi-dvipada-patyādi-saha-bhāva upajīvyaḥ | tathā durvāsasaḥ śāpa- naṣṭāyās trailokya-lakṣmyā āvirbhāvaṃ sākṣād-bhagavat-preyasī-rūpā svayaṃ kṣīrodād āvirbhūya dṛṣṭyā kṛtavatīti śrūyate | evam aparāpi | tatra ilā bhūs tad upalakṣaṇatvena līlā api | tatra ca pūrvasyā bhedo vidyā tattvāvabodha-kāraṇaṃ saṃvid-ākhyāyās tad-vṛtter vṛtti-viśeṣaḥ | uttarasyā bhedas tasyā eva vidyāyāḥ prakāśa-dvāram | avidyā-lakṣaṇo bhedaḥ pūrvasyā bhagavati vibhutvādi-vimṛti-hetur mātṛ-bhāvādimaya-premānanda- vṛtti-viśeṣaḥ | ataeva gopī-jana-vidyā-kalā-preraka iti tāpanyāṃ śrutau | yathāvasaram etad api vivaraṇīyam |

uttarasyāḥ sa bhedaḥ saṃsāriṇaṃ sva-svarūpa-vismṛtyādi-hetur āvaraṇātmaka- vṛtti-viśeṣaḥ ca-kārāt pūrvasyāḥ | sandhinī saṃvit hlādinī bhakty-ādhāra- śakti-mūrti-vimalā-jayā-yogā prahvīśānānugrahādayaś ca jñeyāḥ | atra sandhiny eva satyā jayaivotkarṣiṇī yogaiva yogamāyā saṃvid eva jñānājñāna- śaktiḥ śuddha-sattvaṃ ceti jñeyam | prahvī vicitrānanta-sāmarthya-hetuḥ | īśānā sarvādhikāritā-śakti-hetur iti bhedaḥ | evam uttarasyāś ca yathāyatham anyā jñeyāḥ | tad evam apy atra māyā-vṛttayo na vivriyante | bahiraṅga-sevitvāt | mūle tu sevāṃśabhatapuruṣasya vidūra- vartitayiavāśrityatvāt | tathā ca daśamasya sapta-triṃśe nāradena bhagavān śrī-kṛṣṇa evāstāvi -

viśuddha-vijñāna-ghanaṃ sva-saṃsthayā
samāpta-sarvārtham amogha-vāñchitam |
sva-tejasā nitya-nivṛtta-māyā-
guṇa-pravāhaṃ bhagavantam īmahi ||

tvām īśvaraṃ svāśrayam ātma-māyayā vinirmitāśeṣa-viśeṣa-kalpanam | krīḍārtham adyātta-manuṣya-vigrahaṃ nato'smi dhuryaṃ yadu-vṛṣṇi-sātvatām || iti | [BhP 10.37.23-24]

anayor arthaḥ | viśuddhaṃ yad vijñānaṃ parama-tattvaṃ tad eva ghanaḥ śrī- vigraho yasya | sva-saṃsthayā svarūpa-kāreṇa svarūpa-śaktyaiva vā samyag āptā ivāptā nitya-siddhāḥ pūrṇā vā sarve arthā aiśvaryādayo yatra | ataeva na vidyate atitucchatvāt moghe vṛthābhūte jagat-kārye vāñchitaṃ vāñchā yasya | kvacid avāñchitasyāpi sambandho dṛśyate ity āśaṅkyāha | svatejasā svarūpa-śakti-prabhāveṇa nityam eva nivṛtto dūrībhūtayā śaktyā yuktam | guṇamayyā virahitam iti | taṃ bhagavantaṃ śaraṇaṃ vrajema |

tathā tvāṃ śrī-kṛṣṇākhyaṃ bhagavantam eva svāṃśeneśvaram antaryāmi- puruṣam api santaṃ nato'smi | kathmabhūtam īśvaraṃ svarūpa-śaktyā svāśrayam api ātma-māyayā ātmātra jīvātmā tad-viṣayayā māyayā | vinirmittā aśeṣa-viśeṣākārā kalpanā yena | yad vā ātmamāyayā svarūpa- śaktyā svāgram vinirmitā aśeṣa-viśeṣā yayā tathābhūtā kalpanā māyā- śaktir yasya kīdṛśaṃ tvām | samprati tva-āvirbhāva-samaye tasyāpīśvarasya tvayi bhagavaty eva praveśāt | yugapad-vicitra-tat-tac-chakti-prakāśena yā krīḍā tad-artham abhyāttaḥ abhi bhaktābhimukhyena āttaḥ ānītaḥ prakaṭito manuṣyākāro narākṛtiḥ paraṃ brahmeti smaraṇāt tad-rūpo bhagavad-ākhyo vigraho yena | tam eva punar viśinaṣṭi | yadu-vṛṣṭi-sātvatāṃ dhuryam | teṣāṃ nitya-parikarāṇāṃ prema-bhāravaham iti | athavā mūla-padye śaktyeti sarvatraiva viśeṣya-padam | śrīr mūla-rūpā | puṣṭyādayas tad-aṃśāḥ | vidyā jñānam | ā samīcīnā vidyā bhaktiḥ | rāja-vidyā rāja-guhyam ity ādy ukteḥ | māyā bahiraṅgā | tad-vṛttayaḥ śry-ādayas tu pṛthak jñeyāḥ | śiṣṭaṃ samam |

tataś cātra śuddha-bhagavat-prakaraṇe svarūpa-śakti-vṛttiṣv eva gaṇanāyāṃ paryavasitāsu vivecanīyam idam | prathamaṃ tāvad ekasyaiva tattvasya saccidānandatvāc chaktir apy ekā tridhā bhidyate | tad uktaṃ viṣṇu-purāṇe śrī-dhruveṇa[*ENDNOTE #42] --

hlādinī sandhinī saṃvit
tvayy ekā sarva-saṃsthitau |
hlāda-tāpa-karī miśrā
tvayi no guṇa-varjite || iti [ViP 1.12.68]

vyākhyātaṃ ca svāmibhiḥ | hlādinī āhlāda-karī sandhinī santatā saṃvid vidyā-śaktiḥ | ekā mukhyā avyabhicāriṇī svarūpa-bhūteti yāvat | sā sarva- saṃsthitau sarvasya samyak sthitir yasmāt tasmin sarvādhiṣṭhāna-bhūte tvayy eva na tu jīveṣu ca sā guṇamayī trividhā sā tvayi nāsti | tām evāha hlāda- tāpa-karī miśrā iti | hlāda-karī manaḥ-prasādotthā sāttvikī | tāpakarī viṣaya-viyogādiṣu tāpa-karī tāmasī | tad-ubhaya-miśrā viṣaya-janyā rājasī | tatra hetuḥ sattvādi-guṇa-varjite | tad uktaṃ sarvajña-sūktau -

hlādinyā saṃvid-āśliṣṭaḥ
sac-cid-ānanda īśvaraḥ |
svāvidyā-saṃvṛto jīvaḥ
saṅkleśa-nikarākaraḥ || iti [Bhāvārtha-dīpikā 1.7.6]

atra kramād utkarṣeṇa sandhinī-saṃvid-dhlādinyā jñeyāḥ | tatra ca sati ghaṭānāṃ ghaṭatvam iva sarveṣāṃ satāṃ vastūnāṃ pratīter nimittam iti kvacit sattā-svarūpatvena āmnāto'py asau bhagavān sad eva somyedam agra āsīd ity atra sad-rūpatvena vyāpadiśyamānā mayā sattāṃ dadhāti dhārayati ca sā sarva-deśa-kāla-dravyādi-prāptikarī sandhinī | tathā saṃvid-rūpo'pi yayā saṃvetti saṃvedayati ca sā saṃvit | tathā hlāda-rūpo'pi yayā saṃvid utkaṭa- rūpayā taṃ hlādaṃ saṃvetti saṃvedayati ca sā hlādinīti vivecanīyam |

tad evaṃ tasyā mūla-śaktes try-ātmakatvena siddhe yena sva-prakāśatā- lakṣaṇena tad-vṛtti-viśeṣeṇa svarūpaṃ svayaṃ svarūpa-śaktir vā viśiṣṭam āvirbhavati tad viśuddha-sattvam | tac cānya-nirapekṣayas tat-prakāśa iti jñāpana-jñāna-vṛttikatvāt saṃvid eva | asya māyayā sparśābhāvāt viśuddhatvam |[*ENDNOTE #43]

uktaṃ ca tasya sattvasya prākṛtād anyataratvaṃ dvādaśe śrī-nārāyaṇarṣiṃ prati mārkaṇḍeyena |

sattvaṃ rajas tama itīśa tavātmabandho
māyāmayāḥ sthiti-layodbhava-hetavo'sya |
līlādhṛtā yad api sattva-mayī praśāntyai
nānye nṝṇāṃ vyasana-moha-bhiyaś ca yābhyām || [BhP 12.8.39]

tasmāt taveha bhagavann atha tāvakānāṃ
śuklāṃ tanuṃ sva-dayitāṃ kuśalā bhajanti |
yat sātvatāḥ puruṣa-rūpam uśanti sattvaṃ
loko yato'bhayam utātma-sukhaṃ na cānyad || [BhP 12.8.40] [*ENDNOTE #44]

anayor arthaḥ | he īśa yad api sattvaṃ rajas tama iti tavaiva māyā-kṛtā līlāḥ | kathambhūtāḥ - asya viśvasya sthityādi-hetavaḥ tathāpi yā sattvamayī saiva praśāntyai prakṛṣṭa-sukhāya bhavati | nānye rajas tamo-mayyau | na kevalaṃ praśāntyabhāva-mātram anayoḥ | bhajane[*ENDNOTE #45] kintv aniṣṭaṃ cety āha vyasaneti | he bhagavan tasmāt tava śuklāṃ sattva-maya- līlādhiṣṭhātrīṃ tanuṃ śrī-viṣṇu-rūpāṃ te kuśalā nipuṇā bhajanti sevante | na tv anyāṃ brahma-rudra-rūpān |

tathā tāvakānāṃ jīvānāṃ madhye śuklāṃ sattvaika-niṣṭhāṃa tanuṃ bhagavad-bhakta-lakṣaṇa-svāyambhuva-manvādi-rūpāṃa[*ENDNOTE #46] ye bhajanti anusaranti | na tu dakṣa-bhairavādi-rūpām | kathambhūtāṃ svasya tavāpi dayitāṃ loka-śānti-karatvāt |

nanu mama svarūpam api sattvātmakam iti prasiddhaṃ | tarhi kathaṃ tasyāpi māyāmayatvam eva | nahi nahīty āha sātvatāḥ śrī-bhāgavatā yat sattvaṃ puruṣasya tava rūpaṃ prakāśam uśanti manyante | yataś ca sattvāt loko vaikuṇṭhākhyaḥ prakāśate | tad abhayam ātma-sukhaṃ para-brahmānanda- svarūpam evab na tv anyat prakṛtijaṃ sattvaṃ tad iti | atra sattva-śabdena sva- prakāśatāb-lakṣaṇa-svarūpa-śakti-vṛtti-viśeṣa ucyate |

sattvaṃ viśuddhaṃ vasudeva-śabditaṃ yad īyate tatra pumān apāvṛtaḥ | [BhP 4.3.21]

iti śrī-śiva-vākyānusārātc | agocarasya gocaratve hetuḥ prakṛti-guṇaḥ | sattvam ity aśuddha-sattva-lakṣaṇa-prasiddhy-anusāreṇa tathābhūtaś cic- chakti-viśeṣaḥ sattvam iti saṅgati-lābhāc ca | tataś ca tasya svarūpa-śakti- vṛttitvena svarūpātmataivety uktam | tad abhayam ātma-sukham iti dśakti- prādhānya-vivakṣayoktaṃ loko yata itid | arthāntare bhagavad-vigrahaṃ prati rūpaṃ yad etad [BhP 2.8.2] ityādau śuddha-svarūpa-mātratva-pratijñā- bhaṅgaḥ | abhayam ity ādau prāñjalatā-hāniś ca bhavati | anyat padasyaikasyaiva rajas tamaś ceti dvir-āvṛttau pratipatti-gaurava utpadyate | pūrvam api nānya iti dvi-vacanenaiva he parāmṛṣṭe | tasmād asti prasiddhād anyat svarūpa-bhūtaṃ sattvam |

yad evaikādaśe yat kāya eṣa bhuvana-traya-sanniveśa [BhP 11.4.4] ityādau jñānaṃ svata ity atra ṭīkā-kṛn-mataṃ yasya svarūpa-bhūtāt sattvāt tanu- bhṛtāṃ jñānam ity anena yathā brahmaṇaḥ stavānte etat suhṛdbhiś caritam ity atra vyaktetaraṃ vyaktāj jaḍa-prapañcād itarat śuddha-sattvātmakam ity ādinā | tathā paro rajaḥ savitur jāta-vedā devasya bharga [BhP 5.7.14] ity ādau śrī- bharata-jāpye tan-matam | paro rajaḥ rajasaḥ prakṛteḥ paraṃ śuddha- sattvātmakam ity ādinā | ataeva prākṛtāḥ sattvādayo guṇā jīvasyaiva na tv īśasyeti śrūyate | yathaikādaśe sattvaṃ rajas tama iti guṇā jivasya naiva me | [11.25.12] iti | śrī-bhagavad-upaniṣatsu ca -

ye caiva sāttvikā bhāvā
rājasās tāmasāś ca ye |
matta eveti tān viddhi
na tv ahaṃ teṣu te mayi ||

tribhir guṇamayair bhāvair
ebhiḥ sarvam idaṃ jagat |
mohitaṃ nābhijānāti
mām ebhyaḥ param avyayam ||

daivī hy eṣā guṇamayī
mama māyā duratyayā |
mām eva ye prapadyante
māyām etāṃ taranti te || [Gītā 7.12-14]

yathā daśame -

harir hi nirguṇaḥ sākṣāt
puruṣaḥ prakṛteḥ paraḥ |
sa sarva-dṛg upadraṣṭā taṃ
bhajan nirguṇo bhavet || [BhP 10.88.4]

śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe -

sattvādayo na santīśe yatra ca prākṛtā guṇāḥ | sa śuddhaḥ sarva-śuddhebhyaḥ pumān ādyaḥ prasīdatu || iti | [ViP 1.9.44]

tathā ca daśame devendreṇoktam --

viśuddha-sattvaṃ tava dhāma śāntaṃ
tapomayaṃ dhvasta-rajas-tamaskam |
māyāmayo'yaṃ guṇa-saṃpravāho
na vidyate te'graṇānubandhaḥ || iti [BhP 10.27.4]

ayam arthaḥ | dhāma svarūpa-bhūta-prakāśa-śaktiḥ | viśuddhatvam āha viśeṣaṇa-dvayena | dhvasta-rajas-tamaskaṃ tapo-mayam iti ca | tapo'tra jñānaṃ sa tapo'tapyata iti śruteḥ | tapomayaṃ pracura-jñāna-svarūpam jāḍyāṃśenāpi rahitam ity arthaḥ | ātmā jñāna-mayaḥ śuddha itivat | dhṛtaḥ[*ENDNOTE #47] prākṛta-sattvam api vyāvṛttam | ata eva māyāmayo'yaṃ sattvādi-guṇa-pravāhas te tava na vidyate | yato'sāv ajñānenaivānubandha iti |

ataeva śrī-bhagavantaṃ prati brahmādīnāṃ sayuktikaṃ vākyam |

sattvaṃ viśuddhaṃ śrayate bhavān sthitau
śarīriṇāṃ śreya-upāyanaṃ vapuḥ |
veda-kriyā-yoga-tapaḥ-samādhibhis
tavārhaṇaṃ yena janaḥ samīhate || [BhP 10.2.34]

sattvaṃ na ced dhātar idaṃ nijaṃ bhaved
vijñānam ajñāna-bhidāpamārjanam |
guṇa-prakāśair anumīyate bhavān
prakāśate yasya ca yena vā guṇaḥ || [BhP 10.2.35]

ayam arthaḥ | sattvaṃ tena prakāśamānatvāt tad-abhinnatayā rūpitaṃ vapur bhavān śrayate prakaṭayati | kathambhūtaṃ sattvaṃ viśuddham | anyasya rajas-tamobhyām amiśrasyāpi[*ENDNOTE #48] prākṛtatvena jāḍyāṃśa- saṃvalitatvān na viśeṣeṇa śuddhatvam | etat tu svarūpa-śakty-ātma[ka]tvena tad-aṃśasyāpy asparśād atīva śuddha[tva]m ity arthaḥ |

kim arthaṃ śrayate | śarīriṇāṃ sthitau nija-caraṇāravinde manaḥsthairyāya sarvatra [bhakteṣu] bhakti-sukha-dānasyaiva tvadīya-mukhya-prayojanatvād iti bhāvaḥ | bhakti-yoga-vidhānārtham iti [BhP 1.8.19] śrī-kuntī-vākyāt | kathambhūtaṃ vapuḥ śreyasāṃ sarveṣāṃ puruṣārthānām upāyanam āśrayam | nityānanta-paramānanda-rūpam ity arthaḥ | ato vapuṣas tava ca bheda- nirdeśo'yam[*ENDNOTE #49] aupacārika eveti bhāvaḥ | ataeva yena vapuṣā yad vapur ālambanenaiva janas tavārhaṇaṃ pūjāṃ karoti | kaiḥ sādhanaiḥ vedādibhis tvad-ālambanakair ity arthaḥ | sādhāraṇais tv arpitair eva tvad- arhaṇa-prāyatā-siddhāv api | vapuṣo'napekṣatvāt | tādṛśae- vapuṣo'napekṣyatvāt tādṛśae[*ENDNOTE #50]-vapuḥ-prakāśa-hetutvena svarūpātmakatvaṃ spaṣṭayanti |

he dhātaś ced yadi idaṃ sattvaṃ yat tava nijaṃ vijñānam anubhavaṃ[ḥ] tadātmikā sva-prakāśatā-śaktir ity arthaḥ | tan na bhavet | tarhi tv ajñāna- bhidā sva-prakāśasya tavānubhavaf-prakāra eva mārjanaṃ śuddhim avāpa | saiva jagati paryavasīyate na tu tavānubhavaf[*ENDNOTE #51]-leśo'pīty arthaḥ |

nanu prākṛta-sattva-guṇenaiva gmamānubhavog[*ENDNOTE #52] bhavatu kiṃ nija-hgrahaṇh[*ENDNOTE #53]ena tatrāha | prākṛta-guṇa-prakāśair bhavān kevalam anumīyate na tu sākṣātkriyata ity arthaḥ | athavā tava vijñāna-rūpam ajñāna-bhidāyā apamarjanaṃ ca yan nijaṃ sattvaṃ tad yadi na bhaven nāvirbhavati tadaiva prākṛta-sattvādi-guṇa-prakāśair bhavān anumīyate | t[v]an-nija-sattāvirbhāveṇa tu sākṣāt-kriyata evety arthaḥ | tad eva spaṣṭayituṃ tatrānumāne dvaividhyam āhur yasya guṇaḥ prakāśata iyena vā guṇaḥ prakāśatai[*ENDNOTE #54] iti | asvarūpa-bhūtasyaiva [prākṛta- ]sattvādi-guṇasya tvad-avyabhicāri-sambandhitva-mātreṇa vā tvad-eka- prakāśyamānatā-mātreṇa vā tval-liṅgatvam ity arthaḥ | yathā aruṇodayasya sūryodaya-sānnidhya-liṅgatvaṃ yathā vā dhūmasyāgni-liṅgatvam iti | tata ubhayathāpi tava sākṣātkāre tasya sādhakatamatvābhāvo yukta iti bhāvaḥ |

tad evam aprākṛta-sattvasya tadīya-sva-prakāśatā-rūpatvaṃ yena svaprakāśasya tava sākṣātkāro bhavatīti sthāpitam | atra ye viśuddha-sattvaṃ nāma prākṛtam eva rajas-tamaḥ-śūnyaṃ matvā tat-kāryaṃ bhagavad- vigrahādikaṃ manyante te tu na kenāpy anugṛhītāḥ | rajaḥ- sambandhābhāvena svataḥ praśānta-svabhāvasya sarvatrodāsīnatākṛti-hetos tasya kṣobhāsambhavāt vidyāmayatvena yathāvasthita-vastu-prakāśitāmātra- dharmatvāt, tasya kalpanāntarāyogyatvāc ca | tad uktam apy agocarasya gocaratve hetuḥ prakṛti-guṇaḥ sattvam | gocarasya bahu-rūpatve rajaḥ | bahurūpasya tirohitatve rajaḥ[*ENDNOTE #55] | tathā parasparodāsīnatve sattvam | upakāritve rajaḥ | apakāritve tamaḥ | gocaratvādīni sthit-sṛṣṭi- saṃhārāḥ udāsīnatvādīni ceti |

atha rajo-leśe tatra mantavye viśuddha-padavaiyarthyam ity alaṃ tan-mata- rajo-jleśe tatra mantavye viśuddha-pada-vaiyarthyam ity alaṃ tan- mataj[*ENDNOTE #56]-rajo- ghaṭa-praghaṭṭanayeti |[*ENDNOTE #57]

ktatra cedam eva viśuddha-sattvaṃ sandhiny-aṃśa-pradhānaṃ ced ādhāra- śaktiḥ | saṃvid-aṃśa-pradhānam ātma-vidyā | hlādinī-sārāṃśa-pradhānaṃ guhya-vidyā | yugapat śakti-traya-pradhānaṃ mūrtiḥ | atrādhāra-śaktyā bhagavad-dhāma prakāśate | tad uktaṃ - yat sātvatāḥ puruṣa-rūpam uśanti sattvaṃ loko yata [BhP 12.8.40][*ENDNOTE #58] iti |

tathā jñāna-tat-pravaraka-lakṣaṇa-vṛtti-dvayakayātma-vidyayā tad-vṛtti- rūpam upāsakāśrayaṃ jñānaṃ prakāśate | evaṃ bhakti-tat-pravartaka-lakṣaṇa- vṛtti-dvayakayā guhya-vidyayā tad-vṛtti-rūpā prītyātmikā bhaktiḥ prakāśate |

ete eva viṣṇu-purāṇe lakṣmī-stave spaṣṭīkṛte -

yajña-vidyā mahā-vidyā guhya-vidyā ca śobhate | ātma-vidyā ca devi tvaṃ vimukti-phala-dāyinī || [ViP 1.9.118] iti |

yajña-vidyā karma | mahā-vidyā aṣṭāṅga-yogaḥ | guhya-vidyā bhaktiḥ | ātma-vidyā jñānam | tat-tat-sarvāśrayatvāt tvam eva tat-tad-rūpā vividhānāṃ muktīnām anyeṣāṃ ca vividhānāṃ phalānāṃ dātrī bhavasīty arthaḥ |k[*ENDNOTE #59]

atha mūrtyā paratattvātmakaḥ śrī-vigraha prakāśate | iyam eva vasudevākhyā | tad uktaṃ caturthasya tṛtīye mahādevena -

sattvaṃ viśuddhaṃ vasudeva-śabditaṃ yad īyate tatra pumān apāvṛtaḥ | sattve ca tasmin bhagavān vāsudevo hy adhokṣajo me manasā vidhīyate || iti | [BhP 4.3.23] |

asyārthaḥ | viśuddhaṃ sva-rūpa-śakti-vṛttitvāj jāḍyāṃśenāpi rahitam iti viśeṣeṇa śuddhaṃ tad eva vasudeva-śabdenoktam | kutas tasya sattvatā vasudevatā vā tatrāha- yad yasmāt tatra tasmin pumān vāsudeva īyate prakāśate | ādye tāvad agocara-gocaratā-hetutvena loka-prasiddha-sattva- sāmyāt sattvatā vyaktā | dvitīye tv ayaṃ arthaḥ | vasudeve bhavati pratīyata iti vāsudevaḥ parameśvaraḥ prasiddhaḥ | sa ca viśuddha-sattvaṃ pratīyate | ataḥ pratyayārthena prasiddhena prakṛty-artho nirdhāryate | tataś ca vāsayati devam iti vyutpattyā va vasaty asminn iti vā vasuḥ | tathā dīvyati dyotata iti devaḥ | sa cāsau sa ceti vāsudevaḥ | dharma iṣṭaṃ dhanaṃ nṝṇāṃ iti svayaṃ bhagavad ukte vasubhir bhagavad-dharma-lakṣaṇaiḥ puṇyaiḥ prakāśata iti vā vasudevaḥ | tasmād vasudeva-śabditaṃ viśuddha-sattvam |

itthaṃ svayaṃ prakāśa-jyotir-eka-vigraha-bhagavaj-jñāna-hetutvena

kaivalyaṃ sāttvikaṃ jñānaṃ
rajo vaikalpikaṃ tu yat |
prākṛtaṃ tāmasaṃ jñānaṃ
man-niṣṭham nirguṇaṃ smṛtam || ity ādau [BhP 11.25.24]

bahutra guṇātītāvasthāyām eva bhagavaj-jñāna-śravaṇena na ca siddham atra viśuddha-padāvagataṃ svarūpa-śakti-vṛtti-bhūta-svaprakāśatā-lakṣaṇatvaṃ tasya vyaktam | tataś ca sattve pratīyata ity atra karaṇa evādhikaraṇa- vivakṣayā || svarūpa-śakti-vṛttitvam eva viśadayati | apāvṛta āvaraṇa-śūnyaḥ san prakāśate | prākṛtaṃ sattvaṃ cet tarhi tatra pratiphalanam evāvasīyate | tataś ca darpaṇe mukhasyeva tad-antargatatayā tasya tatrāvṛtatvenaiva prakāśaḥ syād iti bhāvaḥ | phalitārtham āha evambhūte sattve tasmin nityam eva prakāśamāno bhagavān me mayā manasā viśeṣeṇa vidhīyate cintyata ity arthaḥ | tat sattvaṃ tādātmyāpanname evaanyathā naiva manasā cintayituṃ śakyate iti paryavasitam |

nanu kevalena manasaiva cintyatāṃ kiṃ tena sattvena tatrāha | hi yasmād adhokṣajaḥ adhaḥkṛtam atikrāntam akṣajam indriya-jñānaṃ yena saḥ | namaseti pāṭhe hi śabda-sthāne'py anu-śabdaḥ paṭhyate | tataś ca viśuddha- sattvākhyayā svaprakāśatā-śaktyaiva prakāśamāno'sau namaskārādinā kevalam anuvidhīyate sevyate | na tu kenāpi prakāśyata ity arthaḥ | tad eva so'dṛśyatvenaiva sphurann asau adṛśyenaiva namaskārādinā asmābhiḥ sevyata iti tat-prakaraṇa-saṅgatiś ca gamyate |

tathā yato bhagavad-vigraha-prakāśaka-viśuddha-sattvasya mūrtitvaṃ vasudevatvaṃ ca tata eva tat-prādurbhāva-viśeṣe dharma-patnyā mūrtitvaṃ prasiddham |

śrīmad-ānakadundubhau ca vasudevatvam iti vivecanīyam | atra śraddhā- puṣṭy-ādi-lakṣaṇa-prādurbhūtaṃ bhagavac-chaktyaṃśa-rūpasya bhaginītayā pāṭha-sāhacaryeṇa mūrtes tasyās tac-chakty-aṃśa-prādurbhāvatvam upalabhyate | turye dharma-kalā-sarge nara-nārāyaṇāv ṛṣī ity [BhP 1.3.9] atra kalā-śabdena ca śaktir evābhidhīyate | tataḥ śakti-lakṣaṇāyāṃ tasyāṃ ca nara- nārāyaṇākhya-bhagavat-prakāśa-phala-darśanāt vasudevākhya-śuddha- sattva-rūpatvam evāvasīyate |

tad evam eva tasyā mūrtir ity ākhyā'py uktā | mūrtiḥ sarva-guṇotpattir nara- nārāyaṇāv ṛṣī iti [BhP 4.1.52] | sarva-guṇasya bhagavataḥ utpattiḥ prakāśo yasyāḥ sā tāv asūteti pūrveṇānvayaḥ | bhagavad-ākhyāyāḥ sac-cid-ānanda- mūrteḥ prakāśa-hetutvāt mūrtir ity arthaḥ tathaiva tat-prakāśa-phalatva- darśanena ca nāsy aikyena ca śrīmad-ānakadundubher api śuddha-sattvādi- bhāvatvaṃ jñeyam | tac coktaṃ navame -

vasudevaṃ hareḥ sthānaṃ vadanty ānakadundubhim | iti | [BhP 9.24.30]

anyathā hareḥ sthānam iti viśeṣaṇasya akiñcit-karatvaṃ syād iti | tad evaṃ hlādiny-ādy-ekatamāṃśa-viśeṣa-pradhānena viśuddha-sattvena yathāyathaṃ śrī-prabhṛtīnām api prādurbhāvo vivektavyaḥ | tatra ca tāsāṃ bhagavati sampad-rūpatvaṃ tad-anugrāhye sampat-sampādaka-rūpatvaṃ sampad- aṃśajatvaṃ cety-ādi-trijagatvaṃ jñeyam | tatra tāsāṃ kevala-śakti- mātratvenāmūrtānāṃ bhagavad-vigrahādyaikāmyena sthitas tad-adhiṣṭhātrī- rūpatvena mūrtīnāṃ tu tad-āvaraṇatayeti dvirūpatvam api jñeyam iti dik ||

|| 10.39 || śrī-śukaḥ || 117 ||

[118]

lathaivaṃ bhūtānanta-vṛttikā yā svarūpa-śaktiḥ sā tv iha bhagavad- dhāmāṃśa-vartinī mūrtimatī lakṣmīr evety āha -

anapāyinī bhagavatī śrīḥ sākṣād ātmano hareḥ || iti || [BhP 12.11.20]

ṭīkā ca - anapāyinī hareḥ śaktiḥ tatra hetuḥ sākṣād ātmanaḥ sva-svarūpasya cid-rūpatvāt tasyās tad-abhedād ity arthaḥ | ity eṣā |

atra sākṣāc-chabdena vilajjamānayā yasya sthātum īkṣā-pathe'muyā ity [BhP 2.5.13] ādy uktā māyā neti dhvanitam | tatrānapāyitvaṃ yathā |

śrī-hāyaśīrṣa-pañcarātre -

paramātmā hari devas tac-chaktiḥ śrīr ihoditā | śrīr devī prakṛtiḥ proktā keśavaḥ puruṣaḥ smṛtaḥ | na viṣṇunā vinā devī na hariḥ padmajāṃ vinā || iti |

śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe --

nityaiva sā jagan-mātā viṣṇoḥ śrīr anapāyinī | yathā sarva-gato viṣṇus tathaiveyaṃ dvijottama || iti | [ViP 1.8.17]k[*ENDNOTE #60]

tatrānyatra -

evaṃ yathā jagat-svāmī deva-devo janārdanaḥ | avatāraṃ karoty eṣā tathā śrīs tat-sahāyinī || [ViP 1.9.142] iti |

cidrūpatvam api skānde -

aparaṃ tv akṣaraṃ yā
sā prakṛtir jaḍa-rūpikā |
śrīḥ parā prakṛtiḥ proktā
cetanā viṣṇu-saṃśrayā ||

tām akṣaraṃ paraṃ prāhuḥ parataḥ param akṣaram | harir evākhila-guṇa akṣara-trayam īritam || iti |

ata eva śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe eva -

kalā-kāṣṭhā-nimeṣādi[*ENDNOTE #61]-
kāla-sūtrasya gocare |
yasya śaktir na śuddhasya
prasīdatu sa me hariḥ ||

procyate parameśo yo
yaḥ śuddho'py upacārataḥ |
prasīdatu sa no viṣṇur
ātmā yaḥ sarva-dehinām || iti [ViP 1.9.45-46]

atra svāmibhir eva vyākhyātaṃ ca | kalā-kāṣṭhā-nimeṣādi-kāla eva sūtravat sūtraṃ jagac-ceṣṭā niyāmakatvāt tasya gocare viṣaye yasya śaktir lakṣmīr na vartate | svarūpābhinnatvān nityaiva sā kālādhīnā na bhavatīty arthaḥ ||

ataeva tasyāḥ svarūpābhedāc chuddhasyety uktam ||

nanu yadi lakṣmīs tat-svarūpābhinnā kathaṃ tarhi lakṣmyāḥ patir ity ucyate tatrāha procyate iti parā cāsau mā ca lakṣmīs tasyā īśo yaḥ śuddhaḥ kevalo'pi upacārato bheda-vivaśayā procyate | dvitīyo yac-chabdaḥ prasiddhāv iti evam evābhipretya prārthitaṃ śrī-brahmaṇā tṛtīye |

eṣa prapanna varade ramayātma-śaktyā yad yat kariṣyati gṛhīta-guṇāvatāraḥ | tasmin sva-vikramam idaṃ sṛjato'pi ceto yuñjīta karma śamalaṃ ca yathā vijahyām || iti [BhP 3.9.23] |

ato yat tu -

sākṣāc chrīḥ preṣitā devair dṛṣṭvā taṃ mahad adbhutam | adṛṣṭāśruta-pūrvatvāt sā nopeyāya śaṅkitā || iti [BhP 7.9.2] śrī-nṛsiṃha-prādurbhūtāv uktam |

|| 12.11 || śrī-sūtaḥ || 118 ||

[119]

tad evaṃ saccidānandaika-rūpaḥ svarūpa-bhūtācintya-vicitrānanta-śakti-yukto dharmatva eva dharmitvaṃ nirbhedatva eva nānā bhedavattvam aparupitva eva rūpitvaṃ, vyāpakatva eva madhyamatvaṃ, satyam evety ādi-paraspara- viruddhānanta-guṇa-nidhiḥ | sthūla-sūkṣma-vilakṣaṇa-sva-prakāśākhaṇḍa- sva-svarūpa-bhūta-śrī-vigrahas tathābhūta-bhagavad-ākhyā-mukhyaika- vigraha-vyañjita-tādṛśānanta-vigrahas tādṛśa-svānurūpa-svarūpa- śaktyāvirbhāva-lakṣaṇa-lakṣmī-rañjita-vāmāvaśaḥ sva-prabhā-viśeṣākāra- pariccheda-parikara-nija-dhāmasu virājamānākāraḥ svarūpa-śakti-vilāsa- lakṣaṇādbhuta-guṇa-līlādi-camatkāritātmārāmādi-guṇo jija-sāmānya- prakāśākāra-brahma-tattvo nijāśrayaika-jīvana-jīvākhya-taṭastha-śaktir ananta-prapañca-vyañjita-svābhāsa-śakti-guṇo bhagavān iti vidvad- upalabdhārtha-śabdair vyañjitam | tatra tat-svabhāvaṃ vastv-antaram apaśyatām aviduṣām asambhāvanā na yukteti vividiṣūn śraddāpayituṃ prakriyate tatraikena tasyāviduṣāṃ jñāna-gocaratvaṃ, kintu vedaika-vedyatvam evety āhuḥ -

ka iha nu veda batāvara-janmālayo'grasaraṃ
yata udagād ṛṣir yam anu deva-gaṇo ubhaye |
tarhi na sann acāsad ubhayaṃ na ca kāla-javaḥ
kim api na tatra śāstram avakṛṣya śayīta yadā || [BhP 10.87.24]

bata aho bhagavan iha jagati agrasaraṃ pūrva-siddhaṃ tvāṃ avara-janmālayaḥ arvācīnotpatti-nāśavān ko'pi pumān veda jānāti | īśvarasya pūrva-siddhāv anyasya cārvācīnatve kāraṇaṃ vadantyo jñāna-kāraṇābhāvam āhuḥ | yata udagād iti yatas tvatta eva ṛṣir brahmā utpannaḥ | ato'rvācīnāḥ sarve | yadā tu bhavān śāstraṃ sva-vijñāpakaṃ vedam avakṛṣya vaikuṇṭha evākṛṣya śayīta jagat-kāryaṃ prati dṛṣṭiṃ nimīlayati tarhi tadā anuśāyinaṃ jīvānāṃ jñāna-sādhanaṃ nāsti | yatas tadā na sat sthūlam ākāśādi na cāsat sūkṣmaṃ mahad-ādi na cobhayaṃ sadasadbhyām ārabdhaṃ śarīram | na ca kāla-javaḥ tan-nimittībhūtaṃ kāla-vaiṣamyaṃ evaṃ sati tatra tadā kim api indirya- prāṇādy api na | ayam arthaḥ | yadā sṛṣṭi-gatatvāt dehādy-upādhi- kṛtāntaratvāt | kāla-karma-vaśena malina-sattvāt teṣām tad-avadhāraṇe sāmarthyaṃ nāsti | yadā tu pralaye samaye na bahv-antaram api tadāpi teṣāṃ vedānardhāna-mahā-tamomaya-suṣuptibhyāṃ sādhanābhāvān na tavānubhava-sāmarthaym iti |

tathā śrutayaḥ -

na taṃ vidātha ya imā jajānānyad yuṣmākam antaraṃ babhūva [?] |

yato vāco nivartante aprāpya manasā saha [TaittU 2.4.1] |

ko addhā veda ka iha prāvocat | kuta āyātā kuta iyaṃ visṛṣṭiḥ [?] arvāg-devā asya visarjanenātha ko veda yata āvabhūva [?] |

anejad ekaṃ manaso javīyo
nedaṃ devā āpnuvan pūrvam arśad |
tad-dhāvato'nyān atyeti tiṣṭhat
tasminn apo mātariśvā dadhāti || [Īśopaniṣad, 4]

na cakṣur na śrotraṃ na tarko na smṛtir vedo hy evainaṃ vedayati ity ādyāḥ |

||10.87|| śrutayaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||119||

[120]

atha tat-pūrvakaṃ viduṣāṃ bhaktyaiva sākṣād anubhavatīyatvam āha tribhiḥ -

na paśyati tvāṃ paramātmano'jano
na budhyate'dyāpi samādhi-yuktibhiḥ |
kuto'pare tasya manaḥ śarīra-dhīr
visarga-sṛṣṭā vayam aprakāśāḥ || [BhP 9.8.21]

apare arvācīnās tu kutas tvāṃ paśyeyur budhyeran arvācīnatve hetuḥ tasya brahmaṇaḥ | manaś ca śarīraṃ ca dhīś ca sattva-tamo-rajaḥ-kāryāṇi tābhir vividhā ye deva-tiryaṅ-narāṇāṃ sargās teṣāṃ sṛṣṭāḥ | tatrāpi vayam aprakāśāḥ ato kutaḥ paśyema ity arthaḥ |

[121]

apare tarhi kiṃ paśyanti tatrāha |

ye deha-bhājas triguṇa-pradhānā
guṇān vipaśyaty uta vā tamaś ca |
man-māyayā mohita-cetasas tvāṃ viduḥ
sva-saṃsthaṃ na bahiḥ prakāśāḥ || [BhP 9.8.22]

ye deha-bhāhas te svasmin samyak-sthitam api tvāṃ na viduḥ | kintu guṇān eva vipaśyanti kadācic ca kevalaṃ tama eva paśyanti yatas triguṇā buddhir eva pradhānaṃ yeṣāṃ | buddhi-paratantratayā jāgrat-svapnayor viṣayān paśyanti suṣuptau tu tama eva na tu svastuto nirguṇānāṃ sarveṣāṃ ātmārāmāṇām ātma-bhūtaṃ tvām | sarvatra hetuḥ ! yat yataḥ māyayā yasya tava māyayā vā mohitaṃ ceto yeṣāṃ te tathāpi tvaṃ vicāreṇa jñāsyasīti | yato nāsmad- vidhānāṃ jñāna-gocaras tvaṃ kintu bhaktānām evety āha |

taṃ tvām ahaṃ jñāna-ghanaṃ svabhāva-
pradhvasta-māyā-guṇa-bheda-mohaiḥ |
sanandanādyair hṛdi saṃvibhāvyam
kathaṃ vimūḍhaḥ paribhāvayāmi ||[*ENDNOTE #62] [BhP 9.8.23]

taṃ nānāścarya-vṛttika-para-śakti-nidhānaṃ tvāṃ kathaṃ paribhāvayāmi | kiṃ svarūpaṃ jñāna-ghanaṃ satya-jñānānantānandaika-rasa-mūrtiṃ ataeva anirdeśya-vapur iti sahasra-nāma-stave | ayaṃ bhāvaḥ | jñāna-ghanatvān na tāvat jñāna-viṣayas tvaṃ vicāra-viṣayatve'pi māyā-guṇair abhibhūto'haṃ na vicāre samartha iti |

nanu tarhi mama tathāvidhatve kiṃ pramāṇaṃ tatrāha | svena tvadīyena bhāvena bhaktyā svasyātmano svabhāvenāvirbhāvenaiva vā pradhvastā māyā-guṇa-prakāra-kṛta-mohā yebhyas taiḥ sanandanādyair bhagavat-tattva- vidbhir munibhir vibhāvyaṃ vicāryaṃ sākṣād anubhavaīyaṃ cety arthaḥ | tasmād ulūkaiḥ prakāśa-guṇakatvenāsammate'pi ravau yathānyair upalabhyamāna-tad-guṇakatvam asty eva tathārvāg-dṛṣṭibhir asambhāvyamānam api tvayi tad-guṇakatvaṃ tad-bhakta-vidvat-pratyakṣa- siddham asty eveti bhāvaḥ |

tathā ca śrutiḥ -

parāñci khāni vyatṛṇat svayambhū-
stasmātparāṅpaśyati nāntarātman |
kaściddhīraḥ pratyagātmānamaikśa-
dāvṛttacakśuramṛtatvamicchan || [KaṭhaU 2.1.1]

bhaktir evainaṃ nayati
bhaktir evainaṃ darśayati |
bhakti-vaśaḥ puruṣaḥ
bhaktir eva bhūyasī || [Māṭhara-śruti]

yam evaiṣa vṛṇute tena labhyaḥ tasyaiṣa ātmā vivṛṇute tanūṃ svām [KaṭhaU 1.2.23]

|| 9.8 || aṃśumān śrī-kapila-devam || 120-121 ||

vivṛtau brahma-bhagavantau ||

iti śrī-kali-yuga-pāvana-sva-bhajana-vibhājana-prayojanāvatāra-śrī-śrī-

bhagavat-kṛṣṇa-caitanya-deva-caraṇānucara-viśva-vaiṣṇava-rāja-sabhājana-
bhājana-śrī-rūpa-sanātanānuśāsana-bhāratī-garbhe śrī-bhāgavata-sandarbhe
bhagavat-sandarbho nāma dvitīyaḥ sandarbhaḥ ||

[*ENDNOTE #1] It is ludicrous to consider the maṅgalācaraṇa verses as separately numbered sections. [*ENDNOTE #2] From this, I would assume that this is not meant to be a separate section, but refers back to the previous #8. [*ENDNOTE #3] This paragraph is taken as a separate section number 24 in the Yadavpur edition, but this doesn't seem to be necessary. [*ENDNOTE #4] Not found in Mahopaniṣad. [*ENDNOTE #5] See section 30. [*ENDNOTE #6] The verse that follows this in LBhāg: dvāravatyāṃ yathā kṛṣṇaḥ pratyakṣaṃ prati mandiram | citraṃ bataitad ityādi-pramāṇena sa setsyati ||

[*ENDNOTE #7] See quote from Kālikā-purāṇa in section 26 above. [*ENDNOTE #8] The metre on this verse is incorrect, mixed jagatī and triṣṭubh. The second line appears to be missing a syllable. It is probably from PadmaP, Uttarakhaṇḍa. [*ENDNOTE #9] So where does this reference come from? BhP 12.12.69? This is first mention here. [*ENDNOTE #10] This is the Gita Press reading. GP also has pramāṇāni not pramāṇānām. [*ENDNOTE #11] In section 21 above.

[*ENDNOTE #12] tvam asya lokasya vibho rirakṣiṣur gṛhe'vatīrṇo'si
mamākhileśvaraḥ |
rājanya-saṃjñāsura-koṭi-yūthapair nirvyūhyamānā nihaniṣyase camūḥ ||

[*ENDNOTE #13] hantṛ-jīvavad- [*ENDNOTE #14] kartarīya-

[*ENDNOTE #15] rūpaṃ yat tat prāhur avyaktam ādyaṃ
brahma jyotir nirguṇaṃ nirvikāram |
sattā-mātraṃ nirviśeṣaṃ nirīhaṃ
sa tvaṃ sākṣād viṣṇur adhyātma-dīpaḥ ||

[*ENDNOTE #16] Quoted from Nārāyaṇādhyātma in Section 47 above. [*ENDNOTE #17] Discussed above in Section 8. [*ENDNOTE #18] yato [*ENDNOTE #19] The Bhagavat sandarbha reading was parītya lokān

karma-citān... nātyakṛtaḥ.
[*ENDNOTE #20] MuṇḍakaU 2.2.7: divye brahma-pure hy eṣa vyomny ātmā
pratiṣṭhitaḥ ||

[*ENDNOTE #21] tad vā etat paramaṃ dhāma mantrarājādhyāpakasya yatra na sūryas tapati yatra na vāyur vāti yatra na candramā bhāti yatra na

nakṣatrāṇi bhānti yatra nāgnir dahati yatra na mṛtyuḥ praviśati yatra na
duḥkhaṃ sadānandaṃ paramānandaṃ śāntaṃ śāśvataṃ sadā-śivaṃ brahmādi-
vanditaṃ yogi-dhyeyaṃ paramaṃ padaṃ yatra gatvā na nivartante yoginaḥ ||

[*ENDNOTE #22] NTU 5.10 quoted above. [*ENDNOTE #23] This section is full of quotes from Sruti that should be pointed out. The section is also quoted in LBhāg 1.5.247-250. [*ENDNOTE #24] Alternative numbering given as 6.255.56-64 [*ENDNOTE #25] Alt. atropasṛṣṭam. See 3.15.42 above. [*ENDNOTE #26] Variant - sanandanādyair munibhir vibhāvyam. [*ENDNOTE #27] I couldn't find this verse in the ViP. [*ENDNOTE #28] This verse has already been refered to in sections 48 and 56.

The complete verse is:
rūpaṃ yat tat prāhur avyaktam ādyaṃ brahma-jyotir nirguṇaṃ nirvikāram |
sattā-mātraṃ nirviśeṣaṃ nirīhaṃ sa tvaṃ sākṣād viṣṇur adhyātma-dīpaḥ ||

[*ENDNOTE #29] padaṃ in original HV. These verses are 104.9-13 in the critical edition. [*ENDNOTE #30] mām eva in original HV. [*ENDNOTE #31] Quoted above in section 51. [*ENDNOTE #32] The BhagS reads sarvagasya tathātmā, which is obviously wrong. [*ENDNOTE #33] The ViP reading is samasta-śakti-rūpāṇi tat karoti janeśvara | deva-tiryaṅ-manuṣyādi-ceṣṭāvanti svalīlayā ||

[*ENDNOTE #34] This verse is also cited in sections 48 and 107. [*ENDNOTE #35] Section 18 above. [*ENDNOTE #36] I can't find the source of this and the previous verse. The reading seems to be corrupt - kvācidajayattmanā... [*ENDNOTE #37] Quoted above in 4.10. [*ENDNOTE #38] This phrase is found in many places is the Bṛhad-āraṇyaka Upaniṣad. [*ENDNOTE #39] dehānte devaḥ paramaṃ brahma tārakaṃ vyācaṣṭe | The BhagS text has tārakaḥ for tāvakam. [*ENDNOTE #40] Quoted above in section 94. [*ENDNOTE #41] Sections 4 and 95 above. [*ENDNOTE #42] This entire section ending with sparśābhāvād viśuddhatvam is found in Rādhā-kṛṣṇī̀arcana-dīpikā, pages 10-11. [*ENDNOTE #43] Not quite sure where Śrīdhara Svāmī's commentary ends. [*ENDNOTE #44] Both verses quoted above in section 8. This whole section is found there, word-for word. This is probably an error, surprisingly not called into question by the Jadavpur editor. Another MS is needed for comparison. [*ENDNOTE #45] This word is not in the vyākhyā given in section 7, which otherwise follows word-for-word until ??. This is probably an error, surprisingly not called into question by the Jadavpur editor. Another MS is needed for comparison. [*ENDNOTE #46] The section between superscript a's is not in the earlier vyākhyā of these verses, but obviously belongs and is likely in the original version. The same goes for other phrases in between superscripted letters in the passage below. [*ENDNOTE #47] ataḥ [*ENDNOTE #48] miśrasyāpi [*ENDNOTE #49] nirdeśobhayam [*ENDNOTE #50] e. Not in the section 117 version. [*ENDNOTE #51] f. not in the section 117 version. [*ENDNOTE #52] Not in the section 8 version. [*ENDNOTE #53] Not in the section 8 version. [*ENDNOTE #54] Not in 117. [*ENDNOTE #55] in section 117 tamaḥ [*ENDNOTE #56] Not in section 8. [*ENDNOTE #57] This seems to be the end of the common material. [*ENDNOTE #58] This appears to be evidence that 8 is the original source of the material, not 117. To be followed. [*ENDNOTE #59] k. This section can be found in RKAD 12-13. [*ENDNOTE #60] k. This section is found in RKAD 13-14. [*ENDNOTE #61] muhūrtādi in the ViP version. There is another verse that begins this way at 3.5.18. [*ENDNOTE #62] Discussed above in Section 85.

ṣaṭ-sandarbha-nāmaka-śrī-bhāgavata-sandarbhe tṛtīyaḥ paramātma-sandarbhaḥ

tau santoṣayatā santau śrīla-rūpa-sanātanau |
dākṣiṇātyena bhaṭṭena pnuar etad vivicyate ||i||

tasyādyaṃ granthanālekhaṃ krāntam utkrānta-khaṇḍitam |
paryālocyātha paryāyaṃ kṛtvā likhati jīvakaḥ ||ii||

[1]

atha paramātmā vivriyate | atra taṃ jagad-gata-jīva-nirūpaṇa-pūrvakaṃ nirūpayati dvābhyām -

kṣetrajña etā manaso vibhūtīr
jīvasya māyā-racitasya nityāḥ |
āvirhitāḥ kvāpi tirohitāś ca
śuddho vicaṣṭe hy aviśuddha-kartuḥ || [BhP 5.11.12]

kṣetrajña ātmā puruṣaḥ purāṇaḥ
sākṣāt svayaṃ jyotir ajaḥ pareśaḥ |
nārāyaṇo bhagavān vāsudevaḥ
sva-māyayātmany avadhīyamānaḥ || [BhP 5.11.13]

yaḥ śuddho'pi māyātaḥ paro'pi māyā-racitasya vakṣyamāṇasya sarva- kṣetrasya māyayā kalpitasya manaso'ntaḥ-karaṇasyaitāḥ vibhūtīr vṛttīr vicaṣṭe viśeṣeṇa paśyati, paśyaṃs tatrāviṣṭo bhavati, sa khalv asau jīva-nāmā sva-śarīra-dvaya-lakṣaṇa-kṣetrasya jñātṛtvāt kṣetrajña ucyate ity arthaḥ |

tad uktam -

yayā saṃmohito jīvo ātmānaṃ triguṇātmakaṃ paro'pi manute'narthaṃ tat-kṛtaṃ cābhipadyate || [BhP 1.7.5] iti |

tasya manasaḥ kīdṛśatayā māyā-racitasya tatrāha - jīvadhya jīvopādhitayā jīva-tādātmyena racitasya | tataś ca tat tayopacaryamāṇasyety arthaḥ | tataś ca kīdṛśasya, aviśuddhaṃ bhagavad-bahirmukhaṃ karma karotīti tādṛśasya | kīdṛśīr vibhūtīr nityā anādita evānugatāḥ |

atra sa kadā kīdṛśīr ity apekṣāyām āha - jāgrat svapnayor āvirbhūtāḥ suṣuptau tirohitāś ceti | yas tu purāṇo jagat-kāraṇa-bhūtaḥ puruṣaḥ ādyo'vatāraḥ puruṣaḥ parasyety ādi [BhP 2.6.41] dvitīyādau prasiddhaḥ | sākṣād eva svayaṃ jyotiḥ svaprakāśo tanu jīvavad anyāpekṣayā | ajo janmādi-śūnyaḥ | pareṣāṃ brahmādīnāṃ apīśaḥ | nāraṃ jīva-samūhaḥ svaniyamyatvenāyanaṃ yasya saḥ | bhagavān aiśvaryādy-aṃśatvāt | vāsudevaḥ sarva-bhūtānām āśrayaḥ | sva-māyayā sva-svarūpa-śaktyā ātmani sva- svarūpe avadhīyamānaḥ avasthāpya-mānaḥ | karma-kartṛ-prayogaḥ | māyāyāṃ mayike'py antaryāmitayā praviṣṭo'pi svarūpa-śaktyā svarūpasya eva na tu tat-saṃsakta ity arthaḥ | vāsudevatvena sarva-kṣetra-jñātṛtvāt so'paraḥ | māyā-mohitāt jīvād anyaḥ māyā-rahitaḥ śuddhaḥ | kṣetrajñaḥ ātmā paramātmeti |

tad evam api mukhyaṃ kṣetrajñatvaṃ paramātmany eva | tad uktam -

sarvaṃ pumān veda guṇāṃś ca taj-jño na veda sarvajñam anantam īḍe iti [BhP 6.4.25] |

śrī-gītopaniṣatsu -

idaṃ śarīraṃ kaunteya kṣetram ity abhidhīyate |
etad yo vetti taṃ prāhuḥ kṣetrajña iti tadvidaḥ || [Gītā 13.1]

kṣetrajñaṃ cāpi māṃ viddhi sarvakṣetreṣu bhārata |
kṣetrakṣetrajñayor jñānaṃ yat taj jñānaṃ mataṃ mama || [Gītā 13.1]

atra khalu kṣetrajñaṃ cāpi māṃ viddhīti sarveṣv api kṣetreṣu māṃ ca kṣetrajñaṃ viddhi, na tu jīvam iva svakṣetra eva ity evārthaṃ vahati | na ca jīveśayoḥ samānādhikaraṇyena nirviśeṣa-cid-vastv eva jñeyatayā nirdiśati | sarva-kṣetreṣv ity asya viayarthyāpatteḥ | jñeyaṃ yat tat pravakṣyāmīty ādau sarvataḥ pāṇi-pādaṃ tad sarvato'kṣi-śiro-mukham ity [Gītā 13.13] ādinā saviśeṣasyaiva nirdekṣyamāṇatvāt | amānitvam ity ādinā jñānasya ca tathaupadekṣyamāṇatvāt |

kiṃ ca kṣetrajñaṃ cāpīty atra ttvam asītivat sāmānādhikaraṇyena tan- nirviśeṣa-jñāne vivakṣite kṣetrajñeśvarayor jñānam ity evanānūdyeta na tu kṣetra-kṣetrajñayot jñānam iti | kintu kṣetra-kṣetrajñayor ity asyāyam arthaḥ | dvivdihayor api kṣetra-kṣetrajñayor jñānaṃ tan mamaiva jñānaṃ matam |

anyārthas tu parāmarśa iti nyāyena yaj-jñānaikatāt-paryakam ity arthaḥ | jñeyasyaikatvenaiva nirdiṣṭatvāt yogyatvāc ca | na ca nirīśvara-sāṅkhyavat kṣetra-kṣetrajña-mātra-vibhāgād atra jñānaṃ mataṃ mamety aneneśvarasyāvekṣitatvāt | na ca vivarta-vādavad īśvarasyāpi bhrama-mātra- pratīta-puruṣatvam | tad-vacana-lakṣaṇa-saveda-gītādi-śāstrāṇām aprāmāṇyād bauddha-vādāpatteḥ | tasyāṃ ca satyāṃ bauddhānām iva vivarta- vādināṃ tad-vyākhyānāyukteḥ | na ca tasya satya-puruṣatve'pi nirviśeṣa- jñānam eva mokṣa-sādhanam iti tadīya-śāstrāntarataḥ samāhāryam |

evaṃ satata-yuktā ye [12.1] ity ādi pūrvādhyāye nirviśeṣa-jñānasya heyatvena vivakṣitatvāt | tatraiva ca ye tu sarvāṇi karmāṇi ity [12.6] ādinānanya-bhaktān uddiśya teṣām ahaṃ samuddhartā mṛtyu-saṃsāra-sāgarād ity [12.7] anena taj jñānāpekṣāpi nādṛteti | tad uktam ekādaśe svayaṃ bhagavatā - yat karmabhir yat tapasety ādi [BhP 11.20.32] | mokṣa-dharme ca - ya vai sādhana-sampattiḥ puruṣārtha-catuṣṭaye | tayā vinā tad āpnoti naro nārāyaṇāśrayaḥ || iti |

atra tu pūrvādhyāya-viślāghitaṃ tad evāvṛthākartuṃ saviśeṣatayā nirdiśya

iti kṣetraṃ tathā jñānaṃ jñeyaṃ coktaṃ samāsataḥ mad-bhakta etad vijñāya mad-bhāvāyopapadyate || [Gītā 13.18]

ity antena bhakti-saṃvalitatayā sukarārtha-prāyaṃ kṛtam | ataevātra vyaṣṭi- kṣetrajña eva bhaktatvena nirdiṣṭaḥ samaṣṭi-kṣetrajñas tu jñeyatveneti kṣetra-jñānābhyāṃ saha jñeyasya pāṭhād anusmārya tad-anantaraṃ ca tasya tasya ca jīvatvam īśvaratvaṃ ca kṣaraṃ neti darśitam | yataḥ -

puruṣaḥ prakṛtistho hi bhuṅkte prakṛti-jān guṇān |
kāraṇaṃ guṇa-saṅgo'sya sad-asad-yoni-janmasu || [Gītā 13.21]

iti jīvasya prakṛtisthatvaṃ nirdiśya svatas tasyāprākṛtatva-darśanayā sphuṭam evākṣaratvaṃ jñāpitam |

upadraṣṭānumantā ca bhartā bhoktā maheśvaraḥ paramātmeti cāpy ukto dehe 'smin puruṣaḥ paraḥ || [Gītā 13.22]

iti jīvāt paratvena nirdiṣṭasya paramātmākhya-puruṣasya tu kaimutyenaiva tad darśitam |

dvāv imau puruṣau loke kṣaraś cākṣara eva ca kṣaraḥ sarvāṇi bhūtāni kūṭastho 'kṣara ucyate || [Gītā 15.16]
uttamaḥ puruṣas tv anyaḥ paramātmety udāhṛtaḥ yo lokatrayam āviśya bibharty avyaya īśvaraḥ || [Gītā 15.17]

ity atra jīvasyāpy akṣaratvaṃ kaṇṭhoktam eva | tatropadraṣṭā parama-sākṣī, anumantā tat-tat-karmānurūpaḥ pravartakaḥ | bhartā poṣakaḥ | bhoktā pālayitā | maheśvaraḥ sarvādhikartā | paramātmā sarvāntaryāmīti vyākhyeyam |

uttarapadyayos tu | kūṭastha eka-rūpatayā tu yaḥ kāla-vyāpī sa kūṭastha ity amarakoṣād avagatārthaḥ | asau śuddha-jīva eva uttamaḥ puruṣas tv anya ity uttarāt | tad evam atrāpi kṣetra-kṣetrajña-sarva-kṣetrajñā uktāḥ | atra cottarayor anya ity anena bhinnayor eva sator akṣarayorna tat-tad-rūpatā- parityāgaḥ sambhaved iti na kadācid api nirviśeṣa-rūpenāvasthitir iti darśitam | tasmān mad-bhāvāyopapadyate iti yad uktaṃ tad api tat-sārṣṭi- prāpti-tātparyakam[*ENDNOTE #1] | tad evaṃ dvayor akṣaratvena sāmye'pi jīvasya hīna-śaktitvāt prakṛty-āviṣṭasya tan-nivṛtty-artham īśvara eva bhajanīyatvena jñeya iti bhāvaḥ |

tasmād idaṃ śarīram ity ādikaṃ punar itthaṃ vivecanīyam | idaṃ sva- svāparokṣam ity arthaḥ | śarīra-kṣetrayor ekaikatvena grahaṇam atra vyakti- paryavasānena jāti-puraskāreṇaiveti gamyate | sarva-kṣetreṣv iti bahu- vacanenānuvādāt | etad yo vetti ity atra deho 'savo 'kṣā-manava ity ādau sarvaṃ pumān veda-guṇāṃś ca taj-jñaḥ [BhP 6.4.25] ity-ukta-diśā kṣetrajña etā manaso vibhūtīr ity-ukta-diśā ca jānātīty arthaḥ |

kṣetrajñaṃ cāpi māṃ viddhīti | tad uktam -- viṣṭabhyāham idaṃ kṛtsnam ekāṃśena sthito jagat [Gītā 10.42] | yatra gaty-antaraṃ nāsti tatraiva lakṣaṇā- maya-kaṣṭam āśrīyeta | tathāpi tena sāmānādhikaraṇyaṃ yadi vivakṣitaṃ syāt tarhi kṣetrajñaṃ cāpi māṃ viddhīty etāvad eva taṃ ca māṃ viddhīty etāvad eva vā procyeta, na tu sarva-ksreṣu bhāratety adhikam api | kintu kṣetrajña etā manaso vbhūtīr ity ādivat kṣetrajña-dvayam api vaktavyam eva syāt |

tathā ca brahma-sūtraṃ guhāṃ praviṣṭāvātmānau hi tad-darśanād iti [Vs 1.2.11] tad-vaidhyam eva copasaṃhṛtam | puruṣaḥ prakṛtistho hīty ādinā | tasmād upakramārthasyopasaṃhārādhīnatvād eṣa evārthaḥ samañjasaḥ | yathoktaṃ brahma-sūtra-kṛdbhiḥ - asad vyapadeśān neti cen na dharmāntareṇa vākya-śeṣād iti [Vs 2.1.17] |

atha kṣetra-kṣetrajñayor jñānam ity atra yat kṣetre jñānendriya-gataṃ cetanā- gataṃ ca jñānaṃ darśayiṣyate yac ca pūrva-kṣetra-jñe nija-nija-kṣetra-jñānaṃ darśitaṃ tat tat maj-jñānāṃśasya kṣetreṣu cchāyā-rūpatvāt kṣetra-jñeṣu yat kiñcid aṃśāṃśatayā praveśān mamaiva jñānaṃ matam iti | tasmāt sādhūktaṃ mukhyaṃ kṣetrajñatvaṃ paramātmany eveti |

atra śrī-bhagavataḥ paramātma-rūpeṇāvirbhāvo'pi | ajani ca yan mayaṃ tad- avimucya-niyantṛ bhaved ity-ukta-diśā [BhP 10.87.30] śakti-viśeṣāliṅgitvād yasmād evāṃśāj jīvānām āvirbhāvas tenaiveti jñeyam | tad uktaṃ tatraiva viṣṭabhyāham ity ādi | śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe ca -

yasyāyutāṃśāṃśe viśva-śaktir iyaṃ sthitā |
para-brahma-svarūpasya praṇamāma tam avyayam || iti [ViP 1.9.53]

pūrṇa-śuddha-śaktis tu kalā-kāṣṭhā-nimeṣād ity anena darśitā | tathā śrī- nārada-pañcarātre --

nārada uvāca -
śuddha-sargam ahaṃ deva jñātum icchāmi tattvataḥ |
sarga-dvayasya caivasya yaḥ paratvena vartate ||

tatraitat pūrvoktaḥ prādhānikaḥ śāktaś cety etat sargadvayasyeti jñeyam |

śrī-bhagavān uvāca -
yaḥ sarva-vyāpako devaḥ para-brahma ca śāśvatam |
cit-sāmānyaṃ jagaty asmin paramānanda-lakṣaṇam ||

vāsudevād abhinnas tu bahn-arkendu-śata-prabham |
vāsudevo'pi bhagavāṃs tad-dharmā parameśvaraḥ ||

svāṃ dīptiṃ kṣobhayaty eva tejasā tena vai yutam |
prakāśa-rūpo bhagavān acyutaṃ cāsakṛd dvija ||

so'cyuto'cyuta-tejāś ca svarūpaṃ vitanoti vai |
āśritya vāsudevaṃ ca svastho megho jalaṃ yathā ||

kṣobhayitvā svam ātmānaṃ satya-bhāsvara-vigraham |
utpādayāmāsa tadā samudrormi-jalaṃ yathā ||

sa cinmayaḥ prakāśātmā utpādyātmānam ātmanā |
puruṣākhyam anantaṃ ca prakāśa-prasaraṃ mahat ||

sa ca vai sarva-jīvānām āśrayaḥ parameśvaraḥ |
antaryāmī ca teṣāṃ vai tārakāṇām ivāmbaram ||

sendhanaḥ pāvako yadvat sphuliṅga-nicayaṃ dvija |
anicchātaḥ prerayati tadvad eva paraḥ prabhuḥ ||

prāg-vāsanā-nibandhānāṃ bandhānāṃ ca vimuktaye | tasmād viddhi tad-aṃśāṃśas tān sarvāṃśatvam ajam prabhum || iti |

ataeva yat tu brahmādau śrī-pradyumnasya manvādau śrī-viṣṇoḥ, rudrādau śrī-saṅkarṣaṇasyāntaryāmitvaṃ śrūyate tan nānāṃśam ādāyāvatīrṇasya tasyaiva tat-tad-aṃśena tat-tad-antaryāmitvam iti mantavyam | ataeva rudrasya saṅkarṣaṇa-prakṛtitvaṃ puruṣa-prakṛtitvaṃ cety ubhayam apy āmnātaṃ prakṛtim ātmanaḥ saṅkarṣaṇa-saṃjñāṃ bhava upadhāvatīty ādau [BhP 5.17.16] ādāv abhūc chata-dhṛtir ity ādau ca [BhP 11.4.5] | eṣa eva--

bhūtātmā cendriyātmā ca pradhānātmā tathā bhavān |
ātmā ca paramātmā ca tvam ekaḥ pañcadhā sthitaḥ ||

ity [ViP 5.18.50] ādau vivṛtam | tasmāt sarvāntaryāmī puruṣa eva brahmeti paramātmetīty ādau paramātmatvena nirdisṭa iti sthitam | vyākhyātaṃ ca svāmibhiḥ | namas tubhyaṃ bhagavate brahmaṇe paramātmana [BhP 10.28.6] ity atra varuṇa-stutau | paramātmane sarva-jīva-niyantre iti | asya paramātmano māyopādhitayā puruṣatvaṃ tūpacaritam eva | tad uktaṃ vaiṣṇave eva -

nānto'sti yasya na ca yasya samudbhavo'sti
vṛddhir na yasya pariṇāma-vivarjitasya |
nāpekṣayaṃ ca samupaitya vikalpa-svastu
yas taṃ nato'smi puruṣottamam ādyam īḍyam || [ViP 6.8.60]

tasyaiva yo'nuguṇa-bhug bahudhaika eva śuddho'py aśuddha iva mūrti-vibhāga-bhedaiḥ | jñānānvitaḥ sakala-sattva-vibhūti-kartā tasmai nato'smi puruṣāya sadāvyayāya || [ViP 6.8.61] iti |

tasyaivānupūrvoktāt parameśvarāt samanantaram | bahudhā brahmādi- rūpeṇa | aśuddha iva sṛṣṭy-ādiṣv āsakta iva | mūrti-vibhāgānāṃ dakṣādi- manv-ādi-rūpāṇāṃ bhedaiḥ | arva-sattvānāṃ vibhūtīkartā vistārakṛt iti svāmī |

tatra guṇa-bhug iti ṣāḍ-guṇyānanda-bhoktety arthaḥ |

yat tat sūkṣmam avijñānam avyaktam acalaṃ dhruvam |
indriyair indriyārthaiś ca sarva-bhūtaiś ca varjitam ||

sa hy antarātmā bhūtānāṃ kṣetrajñaś ceti kathyate |
triguṇa-vyatirikto vai puruṣaś ceti kalpitaḥ || [MBh 12.321.28-29]

iti mokṣadharme'pi nārāyaṇīyopākhyāne | śrutayo'py enaṃ śuddhatvenaiva varṇayanti

eko devo sarva-bhūteṣu gūḍhaḥ sarva-vyāpī sarva-bhūtāntarātmā | karmādhyakṣaḥ sarva-bhūtādhivāsaḥ sāksī cetāḥ kevalo nirguṇaś ca || [ŚvetU 6.11] |

ajām ekāṃ lohita-śukla-kṛṣṇāṃ
bahvīḥ prajāḥ sṛjamānā sarūpāḥ |
ajo hy eko jūṣamāṇo'nuśete jahāty
enāṃ bhukta-bhogām ajo'nyaḥ || ity ādyāḥ [ŚvetU 4.5]

tasmāt sādhu vyākhyātaṃ kṣetrajña etā ity ādi-padya-dvayam ||

|| 5.11 || śrī-brāhmaṇo rahūgaṇam || 1 ||

[2]

atha tasyāvirbhāve yogyatā-prāgvad bhaktir eva jñeyā | āvirbhāvas tu tridhā yathā nāradīye tantre[*ENDNOTE #2] -

viṣṇos tu trīṇi rūpāṇi puruṣākhyāny atho viduḥ |
ekaṃ tu mahataḥ sraṣṭṛ dvitīyaṃ tantu-saṃsthitam |
tṛtīyaṃ sarva-bhūtasthaṃ tāni jñātvā vimucyate ||

atra prathamo yathāgneḥ kṣudrā visphuliṅgā vyuccaranti sa aikṣatetyādyukteḥ | mahā-samaṣṭi-jīva-prakṛtyor ekatāpannayor draṣṭety eka eva | ayam eva saṅkarṣaṇa iti mahāviṣṇur iti ca | brahma-saṃhitāyāṃ yathā --

tal-liṅgaṃ bhagavān śambhur jyotī-rūpaṃ sanātanam |
tasminn āvirabhūl liṅge mahā-viṣṇur jagat-patiḥ || [BrahmaS 5.8]

sahasra-śīrṣā puruṣa ity ārabhya [BrahmaS 5.11]

nārāyaṇaḥ sa bhagavān āpas tasmāt sanātanāt |
āvirāsan kāraṇārṇonidhiṃ saṅkarṣaṇātmakaḥ |
yoga-nidrāṃ gatas tasmin sahasrāṃśaḥ svayaṃ mahān || [BrahmaS 5.12]

tad-roma-bila-jāleṣu bījaṃ saṅkarṣaṇasya ca |
haimāny aṇḍāni jātāni mahā-bhūtāvṛtāni tu || īty ādi [BrahmaS 5.13]

liṅgam iti yasyāyutāyutāṃśāṃśe viśva-śaktir iyaṃ sthitety [ViP 1.9.53] anusāreṇa tasya mahā-bhagavataḥ śrī-govindasya puruṣotpādakatvāl liṅgam iva liṅgaṃ yaḥ khalv aṃa-viśeṣas tad eva śambhuḥ | śambhu-śabdasya mukhyāyā vṛtter āśraya ity arthaḥ |

atha dvitīya-puruṣas tat sṛṣṭvā tad evānupraviśad ity ādy uktaḥ samaṣṭi- jīvāntaryāmī | teṣāṃ brahmāṇḍātmakānāṃ bahu-bhedād bahu-bhedaḥ | tatraiva sūkṣmāntaryāmī pradyumnaḥ sthūlāntaryāmy aniruddha iti kvacit | anena mahā-vaikuṇṭha-sthāḥ saṅkarṣaṇādayas tad-aṃśinaḥ | ye tu cittādy- adhiṣṭhātāro vāsudevādayas te tad-aṃśā evety ādi vivecanīyam |

tṛtīyo'pi puruṣaḥ --

dvā suparṇā sayujā sakhāyā
samānaṃ vṛkṣaṃ pariṣasvajāte |
tayor anyaḥ pippalaṃ svādv atty
anaśnann anyo 'bhicākaśīti || [Ṛg-veda 1.163.20, MuṇḍU 7.1.1]

ity-ādy-ukto vyaṣṭy-antaryāmī | teṣām bahubhedād bahubhedaḥ |

tatra prathamasyāvirbhāvo yathā ādyo'vatāraḥ puruṣaḥ parasyeti [BhP 2.6.41] | ṭīkā ca parasya bhūmnaḥ puruṣaḥ prakṛti-pravartakaḥ | yasya sahasra-śīrṣety ādy ukto līlā-vigrahaḥ sa ādyovatāraḥ | ity eṣā || atra cānyatra cāvatāratvaṃ nāmaika-pāda-vibhūty-āvirbhāvatvaṃ jñeyam || 2.6 || śrī-brahmā nāradam ||2||

[3]

dvitīyasya yathā -

kālena so'jaḥ puruṣāyuṣābhi-

pravṛtta-yogena virūḍha-bodhaḥ
svayaṃ tad antar-hṛdaye 'vabhātam
apaśyatāpaśyata yan na pūrvam ||

mṛṇāla-gaurāyata-śeṣa-bhoga- paryaṅka ekaṃ puruṣaṃ śayānam | [BhP 3.8.23]

ayaṃ garbhodaka-sthaḥ sahasra-śīrṣā pradyumna eva | puruṣāyuṣā vatsara- śatena | yogo bhakti-yogaḥ | etad agre'py avyakta-mūlam ity atra avyaktaṃ pradhānaṃ mūlam adhobhāgo yasyety arthaḥ | bhuvanāṅghripendram iti | bhuvanāni caturdaśa tad-rūpā aṅghripās teṣām indraṃ tan-niyantṛtvena vartamānam ity arthaḥ || 3.8 || śrī-maitreyo viduram || 3 ||

[4]

tṛtīyasyāvirbhāvo yathā -

kecit sva-dehāntar-hṛdayāvakāśe
prādeśa-mātraṃ puruṣaṃ vasantam |
catur-bhujaṃ kañja-rathāṅga-śaṅkha-
gadā-dharaṃ dhāraṇayā smaranti || [BhP 2.2.8]

prādeśas tarjany-aṅguṣṭheyor vistāras tat pramāṇaṃ hṛdy apekṣayā manuṣyādhikāratvād iti nyāyena || 2.2 || śrī-śukaḥ ||4||

[5]

evaṃ puruṣasyāneka-vidhatve'pi dṛṣṭāntenaikyam upapādayati |

yathānilaḥ sthāvara-jaṅgamānām
ātma-svarūpeṇa niviṣṭa īśet |
evaṃ paro bhagavān vāsudevaḥ
kṣetrajña ātmedam anupraviṣṭaḥ || [BhP 5.11.14]

ātma-svarūpeṇa prāṇa-rūpeṇa īśed īśeta niyamayati | idaṃ viśvam | śrutiś ca -

vāyur yathaiko bhuvanaṃ praviṣṭo
rūpaṃ rūpaṃ pratirūpo babhūva |
ekas tathā sarva-bhūtāntarātmā
rūpaṃ rūpaṃ pratirūpo bahiś ca || iti kāṭhake [KaṭhU 2.2.10]

|| 5.11 || śrī-brāhmaṇo rahūgaṇam ||5 ||

[6] tathā,

eka eva paro hy ātmā sarveṣām eva dehinām |
nāneva gṛhyate mūḍhair yathā jyotir yathā nabhaḥ || [BhP 10.54.44]

dehināṃ jīvānām | ātmā paramātmā || 10.54 || śrī-baladevaḥ śrī- rukmiṇīm ||6||

[7]

evam eka eva paro hy ātmā bhūteṣv ātmany avasthitaḥ |
yathendur udapātreṣu bhūtāny ekātmakāni ca || [BhP 11.18.32]

bhūteṣu jīveṣu eka eva para ātmā na tv asau jīvavat tatra tatra lipto bhavati ity āha ātmani sva-svarūpa evāvasthitaḥ | bhūtāni jīva-dehā api yena kāraṇa- rūpeṇaikātmakānīti || 11.18 || śrī-bhagavān uddhavam ||7||

[8]

evam ekasya puruṣasya nānātvam upapādya tasya punar aṃśā vivriyante | atra dvividhā aṃśā svāṃśā vibhinnāṃśāś ca | vibhinnāṃśā taṭastha-śakty-ātmakā jīvā iti vakṣyate | svāṃśās tu guṇa-līlādy-avatāra-bhedena vividhāḥ | tatra līlādy-avatārāḥ prasaṅga-saṅgatyā śrī-kṛṣṇa-sandarbhe vakṣyate | guṇāvatārā yathā -

ādāv abhūc chata-dhṛtī rajasāsya sarge,
viṣṇuḥ sthitau kratupatir dvija-dharma-setuḥ |
rudro'pyayāya tamasā puruṣaḥ sa ādya
ity udbhava-sthiti-layāḥ satataṃ prajāsu || [BhP 11.4.5]

sa yugapat guṇa-trayādhiṣṭhādyaḥ puruṣaḥ pṛthak pṛthag api tat-tad- guṇādhiṣṭhāna-līlayaiva ādau rajasā asya jagataḥ sarge visarge kārye śata- dhṛtir brahmābhūt | sthitau viṣṇuḥ sattveneti śeṣaḥ | tatra sākṣād-guṇānuktiś ca tayātirohita-svarūpatayā tat-sambandhopacārasyāpy uṭṭaṅkanam ayuktam ity abhiprāyeṇa | pālana-kartṛtvena kratupatis tat-phala-dātā | yajña-rūpas tu līlāvatāra-madhya eva śrī-brahmaṇā dvitīye gaṇitaḥ | dvijānāṃ dharmānāṃ ca setuḥ pālaka ity arthaḥ | namasā tasyāpyayāya rudro'bhūt ity anena prakāreṇodbhava-sthiti-layā bhavantīti | atra brahma-rudrayor avatārāvasaro mokṣa-dharme vivṛtto'sti | yathā --

brāhme rātrikṣaye prāpte tasya hy amita-tejasaḥ prasādāt prādurabhavat padmaṃ padma-nibhekṣaṇa tatra brahmā samabhavat sa tasyaiva prasādajaḥ ahnaḥ kṣaye lalātāc ca suto devasya vai tathā krodhāviṣṭasya saṃjajñe rudraḥ saṃhāra-kārakaḥ [MBh 12.328.15-16]

śrī-viṣṇos tu tṛtīye dṛśyate -

tal-loka-padmaṃ sa u eva viṣṇuḥ
prāvīviśat sarva-guṇāvabhāsam |
tasmin svayaṃ veda-mayo vidhātā
svayambhuvaṃ yaṃ sma vadanti so'bhūt || [BhP 3.8.15]

asyārthaḥ - tal-lokātmakaṃ padmam | sarva-guṇān jīvabhogyān arthān avabhāsayatīti tathā | tat yasmāj jātaṃ śrī-nārāyaṇākhyaḥ puruṣa eva viṣṇu- saṃjñaḥ san sthāpana-rūpāntaryāmitāyai prāvīviśat prakarṣenālupta- śaktitayaivāviśat | svārthe ṇic | tasmin śrī-viṣṇunā labdha-sthitau padmaṃ punaḥ sṛṣṭy-arthaṃ svayam eva brahmābhūt sthitasyaiva mṛdāder ghaṭāditayā sṛṣṭeḥ | ataeva sthity-ādaye hari-viriñcir eti saṃjñā ity anyatrāpi ||

|| 11.4 || drumilo nimim || 8 ||

[9]

evaṃ - yo vā ahaṃ ca giriśaṃ ca vibhuḥ svayaṃ ce ity [BhP 3.9.3] ādau tripād iti |

ṭīkā ca - yo vai ekas tripāt trayo brahmādayaḥ pādāḥ skandhā yasya ity eṣā | vṛkṣa-rūpatvena tad-varṇanād eṣāṃ skandhatvam ||3.9|| brahmā garbhodaśāyinam ||9||

[10]

teṣām āvirbhāvo yathā -

tapyamānaṃ tribhuvanaṃ prāṇāyāmaidhasāgninā |
nirgatena muner mūrdhnaḥ samīkṣya prabhavas trayaḥ ||

apsaro-muni-gandharva-siddha-vidyādharoragaiḥ | vitāyamāna-yaśasas tad-āśrama-padaṃ yayuḥ || ity ādi || [BhP 4.1.21-22]

muner atreḥ | śrī-maitreyaḥ ||10||

[11]

yathā vā -

sarasvatyās taṭe rājan ṛṣayaḥ satram āsate |
vitarkaḥ samabhūt teṣāṃ triṣv adhīśeṣu ko mahān || [BhP 10.89.1]

ity ādir itihāsaḥ | śrī-viṣṇoḥ sthānaṃ ca kṣīrodādikaṃ pādmottara- khaṇḍādau jagat-pālana-nimittaka-nivedanārthaṃ brahmādayas tatra muhur gacchatīti prasiddheḥ | viṣṇu-lokatayā prasiddheś ca | bṛhat-sahasra-nāmni ca kṣīrābdhi-mandira iti tan-nāma-gaṇe paṭhyate | śveta-dvīpa-pateḥ kvacid aniruddhatayā khyātiś ca tasya sākṣād evāvirbhāva ity apekṣayeti ||

|| 10.89 || śrī-śukaḥ ||11||

[12]

evaṃ parokṣayā tatra tridevyās tāratamyam api sphuṭam | tathā cānyatra dvayenāha -

sattvaṃ rajas tama iti prakṛter guṇās tair
yuktaḥ parama-puruṣa eka ihāsya dhatte |
sthity-ādaye hari-viriñci-hareti saṃjñāḥ
śreyāṃsi tatra khalu sattva-tanor nṝṇāṃ syuḥ || [BhP 1.2.23]

iha yadyapy eka eva paraḥ pumān asya viśvasya sthity-ādaye sṛṣṭi-sthiti- layārthaṃ taiḥ sattvādibhir yuktaḥ san hari-viriñca-hareti saṃjñā bhinnā dhatte tat-tad-rūpeṇāvirbhavatīty arthaḥ | tathāpi tatra teṣāṃ madhye śreyāṃsi dharmārtha-kāma-mokṣa-bhakty-ākhyāni śubha-phalāni sattva-tanor adhiṣṭhita-sattva-śakteḥ śrī-viṣṇor eva syuḥ | ayaṃ bhāvaḥ | upādhi-dṛṣṭyā tau dvau sevyamāne rajas-tamasor ghora-mūḍhatvāt bhavanto'pi dharmārtha- kāmā nāti-sukhadā bhavanti tathopādhi-tyāgena sevamāne bhavann api mokṣo na sākṣān na ca jhaṭiti kintu katham api paramātvāṃśa evāyam ity anusandhānā-bhyāsenaiva paramātmana eva bhavati | athopādhi-dṛṣṭyāpi śrī-viṣṇuṃ sevyamāne sattvasya śānttatvāt dharmārtha-kāmā api sukhadāḥ | tatra niṣkāmatvena tu taṃ sevyamāne sattvāt sañjāyate jñānam iti [Gītā 14.17] kaivalyaṃ sāttvikaṃ jñānam [BhP 11.25.24] iti cokter mokṣasya sākṣāt | ata uktaṃ skānde -

bandhako bhava-pāśena bhava-pāśāc ca mocakaḥ | kaivalyadaḥ paraṃ brahma viṣṇur eva sanātanaḥ || iti |

upādhi-parityāgena tu pañcama-puruṣārtho bhaktir eva bhavati tasya paramātmākāreṇaiva prakāśāt | tasmāt śrī-viṣṇor eva śreyāṃsi syur iti | atra tu yat trayāṇām abheda-vākyenopajapta-matayo vivadante tatredaṃ brūmaḥ | yadyapi tāratamyam idam adhiṣṭhāna-gatam eva adhiṣṭhātā tu paraḥ puruṣa

eka eveti bhedāsambhavāt satyam evābheda-vākyaṃ tathāpi tasya tatra tatra
sākṣāt tvāsākṣāt tv abhedena prakāśena tāratamyaṃ durnivāram eveti
saṭṭaṣṭāntam āha ||

[13]

pārthivād dāruṇo dhūmas
tasmād agnis trayīmayaḥ |
tamasas tu rajas tasmāt
sattvaṃ yad brahma-darśanam || [BhP 1.2.24]

pārthivān na tu dhūmavad-aṃśenāgneyāt tata eva vedokta-karmaṇaḥ sākṣāt pravṛtti-prakāśa-rahitād dāruṇo yajñīyān mathana-kāṣṭhāt sakāśād aṃśenāgneyo dhūmas trayīmayaḥ pūrvāpekṣayā vedokta-karma-sthānīyasya tat-tad-avatāriṇaḥ puruṣasya prakāśa-dvāram | tu-śabdena layātmakāt tamasaḥ sakāśād rajasaḥ sopādhika-jñāna-hetutveneṣad-guṇa-viprādurbhāva- rūpaṃ kiñcit brahma-darśana-pratyāsatti-mātram uktaṃ na tu sarvathā vikṣepakatvam | yad agni-sthānīyaṃ sattvaṃ tat sākṣāt brahmaṇo darśanam | sākṣād eva samyak tat-tad-guṇa-rūpāvirbhāva-dvāraṃ śānta-svaccha- svabhāvātmakatvāt | ato brahma-śivayor asākṣāttvaṃ śrī-viṣṇau tu sākṣāttvaṃ siddham iti bhāvaḥ | tathā ca śrī-vāmana-purāṇe --

brahma-viṣṇv-īśa-rūpāṇi
trīṇi viṣṇor mahātmanaḥ |
brahmaṇi brahma-rūpaḥ
sa śiva-rūpaḥ śive sthitaḥ ||

pṛthag eva sthito devo viṣṇu-rūpī janārdanaḥ || iti |

tad uktaṃ brahma-saṃhitāyāṃ -

bhāsvān yathāśma-śakaleṣu nijeṣu tejaḥ
svīyaṃ kiyat prakaṭayaty api tadvad atra |
brahmā ya eva jagad-aṇḍa-vidhāna-kartrā
govindam ādi-puruṣaṃ tam ahaṃ bhajāmi || [BrahmaS 5.48]

kṣīraṃ yathā dadhi-vikāra-viśeṣa-yogāt
sañjāyate na tu tataḥ pṛthag asti hetoḥ |
yaḥ śambhutām api tathā samupaiti kāryād
govindam ādi-puruṣaṃ tam ahaṃ bhajāmi || [BrahmaS 5.45]

dīpārcir eva hi daśāntaram abhyupetya dīpāyate vivṛta-hetu-samāna-dharmā | yas tādṛg eva hi ca viṣṇutayā vibhāti govindam ādi-puruṣaṃ tam ahaṃ bhajāmi || ity ādi [BrahmaS 5.46]|

na ca dadhi-dṛṣṭāntena vikāritvam āyātam | tasya śrutes tu śabda-mūlatvād iti nyāyena muhuḥ parihṛtatvāt | yathoktam - yata udayāstamayau vikṛter mṛd ivāvikṛtād iti |

dṛṣṭānta-trayeṇa tu krameṇedaṃ labhyate | sūrya-kānta-sthānīye brahmopādhau sūryasyeva tasya kiñcit prakāśaḥ | dadhi-sthānīye śambhūpādhau kṣīra-sthānīyasya na tādṛg api prakāśaḥ | daśāntara- sthānīye viṣṇūpādhau tu pūrṇa eva prakāśa iti || 1.2 || śrī-sūtaḥ ||13||

[14]

evam evāha tribhiḥ -

śivaḥ śakti-yutaḥ śaśvat
triliṅgo guṇa-saṃvṛtaḥ |
vaikārikas taijasaś ca
tāmasaś cety ahaṃ tridhā || [BhP 10.88.3]

tato vikārā abhavan
ṣoḍaśāmīṣu kañcana |
upadhāvan vibhūtīnāṃ
sarvāsām aśnute gatim || [BhP 10.88.4]

harir hi nirguṇaḥ sākṣāt
puruṣaḥ prakṛteḥ paraḥ |
sa sarva-dṛg upadraṣṭā
taṃ bhajan nirguṇo bhavet || iti [BhP 10.88.5]

śaśvac-chakti-yutaḥ prathamatas tāvan nityam eva śaktyā guṇa-sāmyāvastha- prakṛti-rūpopādhinā yuktaḥ | guṇa-kṣobhe sati triliṅgo guṇa-trayopādhiḥ | prakaṭeś ca sadbhis tair guṇaiḥ saṃvṛtaś ca |

nanu tama-upādhitvam eva tasya śrūyate kathaṃ tat-tad-upādhitvaṃ tatrāvaikārika iti | aham ahaṃ-tattvaṃ hi tat-tad-rūpeṇa tridhā | sa ca tad- adhiṣṭhāty arthaḥ | tatas tena bhagavat-pratinidhi-rūpeṇādhiṣṭhitād ahan- tattvāt ṣoḍaśa-vikārā ye abhavan amīṣu vikāreṣu madhye sarvāsāṃ vibhūtīnāṃ sambandhinaṃ kañcana upadhāvan tad-upādhikatvena tam upāsīno gatiṃ prāpyaṃ phalaṃ labhate | hi prasiddhau hetau vā | haris tu prakṛter upādhitaḥ paras tad-dharmair aspṛṣṭaḥ | ataeva trir guṇo'pi kutas triliṅgatvādikam iti bhāvaḥ | tatra hetuḥ sākṣād eva puruṣa īśvaraḥ | na tu pratibimbavad vyavadhānenety arthaḥ | ato vidyāvidye mama tanū [BhP 11.11.3] itivat tanu-śabdopādānāt kutracit sattva-śaktitva-śravaṇam api prekṣādi-mātreṇopakāritvād iti bhāvaḥ | ataeva sarveṣāṃ śiva-brahmādīnāṃ dṛk jñānaṃ yasmāt tathābhūtaḥ sann upadraṣṭā tad-ādi-sākṣī bhavati | ataḥ sa taṃ bhajan nirguṇo bhaved guṇātīta-phala-bhāg bhavatīti || 10.88 || śrī- śukaḥ ||14||

[15]

ataeva viṣṇor eva parama-puruṣeṇa sākṣād abhedoktim āha -

sṛjāmi tan-niyukto'haṃ haro harati tad-vaśaḥ |
viśvaṃ puruṣa-rūpeṇa paripāti tri-śakti-dhṛk || iti [BhP 2.6.31]

ahaṃ brahmā | śrutiś cātra --

sa brahmaṇā sṛjati sa rudreṇa vilāpayati |
so'nutpattir alaya eva hariḥ paraḥ paramānandaḥ || iti

mahopaniṣadi[*ENDNOTE #3] ||

|| 2.6 || brahmā nāradam ||15||

[16]

tatraivāha --

atrānuvarṇyate'bhīkṣṇaṃ
viśvātmā bhagavān hariḥ |
yasya prasāda-jo brahmā
rudraḥ krodha-samudbhavaḥ || [BhP 12.5.1]

atra śrī-viṣṇur na kathita iti tena sākṣād abheda evety āyātam | tad uktam - sa u eva viṣṇur iti [BhP 3.8.15] | śrutiś ca puruṣo vai nārāyaṇo'kāmayata atha nārāyaṇād ajo'jāyata yataḥ prajāḥ sarvāṇi bhūtāni [NārāyaṇaU] |

nārāyaṇaḥ paraṃ brahma tattvaṃ nārāyaṇaḥ param | ṛtaṃ satyaṃ paraṃ brahma puruṣaṃ kṛṣṇa-piṅgalam || iti | [MahāNU 13.4]

eko ha nārāyaṇa āsīn na brahmā na ca śaṅkaraḥ | sa munir bhūtvā samacintayat | tata eva vyajāyanta viśvo hiraṇyagarbho'gnir varuṇa-rudrendrā iti ca |

tasmāt tasyaiva varṇanīyatvam api yuktam ||12.5|| śrī-sūtaḥ ||16||

[17]

nanu trayāṇām eka-bhāvānāṃ yo na paśyati vai bhidāṃ, tathā - na te mayy acyute'je ca bhidām aṇv api cakṣate ity [BhP 12.10.17] ādāv abhedaḥ śrūyata purāṇāntare ca viṣṇutas tayor bhede narakaḥ śrūyate satyaṃ vayam api bhedaṃ na brūmaḥ |

parama-puruṣasyaiva tat-tad-rūpam ity ekātmatvenaivopakrāntatvāt | śivo brahmā ca bhinna-svabhāvāditayā dṛśyamāno'pi pralaye sṛṣṭau na tasmāt svatantra ekānya īśvara iti na mantavyaṃ kintu viṣvātmaka eva saḥ iti hi tatrārthaḥ | tad uktaṃ brahmaṇi brahma-rūpaḥ sa ity [VāmanaP] ādi |

na ca prakāśasya sākṣād asākṣād-rūpatvād-tāratamyaṃ vayaṃ kalpayāmaḥ paraṃ śāstram eva vakti | śāstraṃ tu darśitam | evaṃ bhagavad- avatārānukramaṇikāsu trayāṇāṃ bhedam aṅgīkṛtyaiva kevalasya śrī-dattasya gaṇanā sīma-dūrvāsos tv agaṇanā | kiṃ ca brāhme brahma-vaivarte ca brahma-vākyaṃ -

nāhaṃ śivo na cānye ca tac-chaktyekāṃa-bhāginaḥ | bāla-krīḍanakair yadvat krīḍate'smābhir acyutaḥ || iti |

ataeva śrutau - yaṃ kāmaye tam ugraṃ kṛṇomi taṃ brahmāṇaṃ tamuṣiṃ taṃ sumedhām ity uktvā mama yonir apsv antar iti [Ṛg-veda 10.125.5,7] śakti- vacanam | apsv antar iti kāraṇodaśāyī sūcyate | āpo nārā iti proktā ity ādeḥ | yoniḥ kāraṇam | evam eva skānde

brahmeśānādibhir devair yat prāptuṃ naiva śakyate | tadvat svabhāvaḥ kaivalyaṃ sa bhavān kevaol hare || iti |

tathā viṣṇu-sāmānya-darśino doṣaḥ śrūyate | yathā vaiṣṇava-tantre -

na labheyuḥ punar bhaktiṃ harer aikāntikīṃ jaḍāḥ | aikā yaṃ manasaś cāpi viṣṇu-sāmānya-darśinaḥ || iti |

anyatra-

yas tu nārāyaṇaṃ devaṃ brahma-rudrādi-daivataiḥ | samatvenaiva vīkṣeta sa pāṣaṇḍī bhaved dhruvam || iti [Vaiṣṇava-tantra] |

tathā ca mantra-varṇaḥ | madhye vāmanam āsīnaṃ viśve devā upāsata [KaṭhaU 2.2.3] iti |

nanu kvacid anya-śāstre śivasyaiva parama-devatvam ucyate satyaṃ tathāpi śāstrasya sārāsāratva-vivekena tad vādhitam iti | tathā ca pādma-śaivayor umāṃ prati śrī-śivena śrī-viṣṇu-vākyam anukṛtam -

tvām ārādhya tayā śambho grahīṣyāmi varaṃ sadā |
dvāparādau yuge bhūtvā pralayā manuṣādiṣu ||

svāgamaiḥ kalpitais tvaṃ tu janān mad-vimukhaṃ kuru | māṃ ca gopaya yena syāt sṛṣṭir eṣottarottarā || iti |

vārāhe ca -

eṣa mahīṃ sṛjāmy āśu yo janān mohayiṣyati |
tvaṃ ca rudra mahābāho moha-śāstrāṇi kāraya ||

atathyāni vitathyāni darśayasva mahābhuja | prakāśaṃ kuru cātmānam aprakāśaṃ ca māṃ kuru || iti |

purāṇānāṃ ca madhye yad yat tāmasa-kalpa-kathāmayaṃ tac chivādi-mahima- param iti śrī-viṣṇu-pratipādaka-purāṇasyaiva samyag-jñāna-pradatvam | sattvāt sañjāyate jñānam iti darśanāt | tathā ca mātsye -

sāttvikeṣu ca kalpeṣu māhātmyam adhikaṃ hareḥ |
rājaseṣu ca māhātmyam adhikaṃ brahmaṇo viduḥ ||

tadvad agneś ca māhātmyaṃ tāmaseṣu śivasya ca | saṅkīrṇeṣu sarasvatyāḥ pitṝṇāṃ ca nigadyate || iti |

ata uktaṃ skānde ṣaṇmukhaṃ prati śrī-śivena -

śiva-śāstreṣu tad grāhyaṃ bhagavac-chāstra-yogiṣat | paramo viṣṇur evaikas taj-jñānaṃ mokṣa-sādhanam | śāstrāṇāṃ nirṇayas tv eṣas tad anyan mohanāya hi || iti |

tathaiva ca draṣṭuṃ mokṣa-dharme nārāyaṇopākhyāne -

sāṃkhyaṃ yogaṃ pañcarātraṃ vedāḥ pāśupataṃ tathā |
jñānāny etāni rājarṣe viddhi nānā matāni vai ||

sāṃkhyasya vaktā kapilaḥ paramarṣiḥ sa ucyate |
hiraṇyagarbho yogasya vettā nānyaḥ purātanaḥ ||

apāntaratamāś caiva vedācāryaḥ sa ucyate |
prācīna garbhaṃ tam ṛṣiṃ pravadantīha ke cana ||

umāpatir bhūtapatiḥ śrīkantho brahmaṇaḥ sutaḥ |
uktavān idam avyagro jñānaṃ pāśupataṃ śivaḥ ||

pañcarātrasya kṛtsnasya vettā tu bhagavān svayam |
sarveṣu ca nṛpa-śreṣṭha jñāneṣv eteṣu dṛśyate ||

yathāgamaṃ yathā jñānaṃ niṣṭhā nārāyaṇaḥ prabhuḥ |
na cainam evaṃ jānanti tamo bhūtā viśāṃ pate ||

tam eva śāstra-kartāraṃ pravadanti manīṣiṇaḥ |
niṣṭhāṃ nārāyaṇam ṛṣiṃ nānyo 'stīti ca vādinaḥ ||

niḥsaṃśayeṣu sarveṣu nityaṃ vasati vai hariḥ |
sasaṃśayān hetu-balān nādhyāvasati mādhavaḥ ||

pañcarātra-vido ye tu yathā-krama-parā nṛpa |
ekānta-bhāvopagatās te hariṃ praviśanti vai ||

sāṃkhyaṃ ca yogaṃ ca sanātane dve
vedāś ca sarve nikhilena rājan |
sarvaiḥ samastair ṛṣibhir nirukto
nārāyaṇo viśvam idaṃ purāṇam || iti [MBh 12.337.59-68]

atropāntaratamā iti śrī-kṛṣṇa-dvaipāyanasyaiva janmāntara-nāma-viśeṣa iti tatraiva jñeyam | atraivaṃ vyākhyeyam | pañcarātra-sammataṃ śrī-nārāyaṇam eva sarvottamatvena vaktuṃ nānāmataṃ darśayati | sāṅkhyam iti | tatra pañcarātram eva gariṣṭham ācaṣṭai pañcarātrasyaitnādau bhagavān svayam iti | atha - dvau bhūtasargau loke 'smin daiva āsura eva ca iti śrī-gītāsu [Gītā 16.6] śrūyate | yad eva tāni nānāmatānīty uktaṃ tattvāsura-prakṛty- anusāreṇeti jñeyam | daiva-prakṛtayas tu tat-tat-sarvāvalokena pañcarātra- pratipādye śrī-nārāyaṇa eva paryavasyantīty āha sarveṣv iti | āsurās tu nindati na cainam iti | tad uktaṃ viṣṇu-dharmāgnipurāṇayoḥ

dvau bhūta-sargau loke'smin daiva āsura eva ca | viṣṇu-bhakti-paro daiva āsuras tad-viparyayaḥ || iti |

nanu tatra tatra nānā-mataya eva dṛśyante tatrāha tam eva iti | pañcarātretara-śāstra-kartāro hi dvi-vidhāḥ kiñcij-jñāḥ sarva-jñāś ca | tatrādyā yathā - sva-sva-jñānānusāreṇa yat kiñcit tattvaika-deśaṃ vadanti nāsābhir āsurāṇāṃ mohanārtham eva kṛtāni śāstrāṇi kintu daivānāṃ vyatirekeṇa bodhanārtham | te hi rajas-tamaḥ-śabalasya khaṇḍasya ca tattvasya tathā kleśa-bahulasya sādhanasya pratipādakāny etāni śāstrāṇi dṛṣṭvā vedāṃś ca durgān dṛṣṭvā nirvidya sarva-vedārtha-sārasya śuddhākhaṇḍa- tattva-śrī-nārāyaṇasya sukhamaya-tad-ārādhanasya ca suṣṭhu pratipādake pañcarātre eve gāḍhaṃ pravekṣyantīti | tad etad āha niḥsaṃśayeṣv iti | tasmāj jhaṭiti vedārtha-pratipattaye pañcarātram evādhetavyam ity āha |

pañcarātreti | yata evaṃ tata upasaṃharati sāṅkhyaṃ ca yogaś ceti | tad evaṃ pañcarātra-pratipādyasya śrī-bhagavata evam utkarṣe sthite ātmārāmāś ca munaya ity ādy asakṛd apūrvam upadiśatā śrī-bhāgavatena pratipādya- rūpasya tasya kim utety api vivecanīyam | tad etad uktānusāreṇa sadā- śiveśvara-tridevī-rūpa-vyūho'pi nirastaḥ | tasmād eva ca śrī-bhagavat- puruṣayor eva śaivāgame sadā-śivādi-saṃjñe tan-mahima-khyāpanāya dhṛta iti gamyate | sarva-śāstra-śiromaṇau śrī-bhāgavate tu tridevyām eva tat tāratamya-jijñāsā puruṣa-bhagavatos tu tat prasaṅga eva nāsti |

nanu na te giritrākhila-lokapāla-viriñci-vaikuṇṭha-surendra-gamyam | jyotiḥ paraṃ yatra rajas tamaś ca sattvaṃ na yad brahma nirasta-bhedam ity [BhP 8.7.31] atra tasya paratvaṃ śrūyate evāṣṭame | maivam | mahimnā stūyamānā hi devā vīryeṇa vardhatu iti vaidika- nyāyena tad-yukteḥ | sa hi stavaḥ kāla-kūṭa-nāśanārtha iti | tatraiva prīte harau bhagavati prīye'haṃ sacarācara iti [BhP 8.7.40] | tathā navame -

vayaṃ na tāta prabhavāma bhūmni
yasmin pare'nye'py ajajīva-koṣāḥ |
bhavanti kāle na bhavanti hīdṛśāḥ
sahasraśo yatra vayaṃ bhramāmaḥ || iti [BhP 9.4.56]

ete vayaṃ yasya vaśe matātmanaḥ sthitāḥ śakuntā iva sūtra-yantritāḥ | iti ca tad-vākya-virodhāt athavā yat śivasya jyotis tatra sthitaṃ paramātmākhyaṃ caitanyaṃ tat-samyag-jñāne tasyāpy akṣamatā yuktaiva | yad uktam - dyupatayaḥ eva te na yayur antam anantatayā tvam asīti [BhP 10.87.41] | brahma-saṃhita-mate tu bhagavad-aṃśa-viśeṣa eva sadā-śivo na tv anyaḥ | yathā tatraiva sarvādi-kāraṇa-govinda-kathane -

niyatiḥ sā ramā-devī tat-priyā tad-vaśaṃvadā |
tal-liṅge bhagavān śambhur jyotī rūpaḥ sanātanaḥ ||

yā yoniḥ sā parā śaktir ity ādi tasmin āvirbhabhūl liṅge mahāviṣṇur ity ādy antam ||

tad etad abhipretya sadāśivatvādi-prasiddhim apy ākṣipyāha |

athāpi yat-pada-nakhāvasṛṣṭaṃ
jagad-viriñcopahṛtārhaṇāmbhaḥ |
seśaṃ punāty anyatamo mukundāt
ko nāma loke bhagavat padārthaḥ || [BhP 1.18.21]

spaṣṭam || 1.18 || śrī-sūtaḥ ||17||

[18]

tasmān nāhaṃ na ca śivo'nye ca tac-chakty-ekāṃśa-bhāginaḥ ity evoktaṃ sādhyeva ity āha | brahmā bhavo'ham api yasya kalāḥ kalāyā iti [BhP 10.68.37] |

śeṣaṃ spaṣṭam || 10.68 || śrī-baladevaḥ ||18||

[19]

atha paramātma-parikareṣu jīvas tasya ca taṭastha-lakṣaṇaṃ kṣetrajña etā ity evoktaṃ svarūpa-lakṣaṇaṃ pādmottara-khaṇḍādikam anusṛtya śrī- rāmānujācāryād ati-prācīnena śrī-vaiṣṇava-sampradāya-guruṇā śrī- jāmātṛ-muninopadiṣṭam | tatra praṇava-vyākhyāne pādmottara-khaṇḍaṃ yathā -

jñānāśrayo jñāna-guṇaś cetanaḥ prakṛteḥ paraḥ |
na jāto nirvikāraś ca ekarūpaḥ svarūpa-bhāk ||

aṇur nityo vyāpti-śīlaś cid-ānandātmakas tathā |
aham artho'vyayaḥ kṣetrī bhinna-rūpaḥ sanātanaḥ ||

adāhyo'cchedya akledya aśoṣyo'kṣara eva ca |
evam ādhi-guṇair yuktaḥ śeṣa-bhūtaḥ parasya vai ||

ma-kāreṇocyate jīvaḥ kṣetra-jñaḥ paravān sadā | dāsa-bhūto harer eva nānyasyaiva kadācana || iti |

śrī-jāmātṛ-munināpy upadiṣṭaṃ, yathā -

ātmā na devo na naro na tiryak sthāvaro na ca |
na deho nendriyaṃ naiva manaḥ prāṇo na nāpi dhīḥ ||

na jaḍo na vikārī ca jñāna-mātrātmako na ca |
svasmai svayaṃ prakāśaḥ syād ekarūpaḥ svarūpa-bhāk ||

cetano vyāpti-śīlaś ca cidānandātmakas tathā |
aham arthaḥ pratikṣetraṃ bhinno'ṇur nitya-nirmalaḥ ||

tathā jñātṛtva-kartṛtva-bhoktṛtva-nija-dharmakaḥ | paramātmaika-śeṣatva-svabhāvaḥ sarvadā svataḥ || iti |

śrī-rāmānuja-bhāṣyānusāreṇa vyākhyā ceyam | tatra devāditvaṃ nirastam evāsti tattva-sandarbhe |

aṇḍeṣu peśiṣu taruṣv aviniściteṣu
prāṇo hi jīvam upadhāvati tatra tatra |
sanne yad indriya-gaṇe'hami ca prasupte
kūṭastha āśayam ṛte tad anusmṛtir naḥ || [BhP 11.3.39] ity anena ||

dehāditvaṃ nirasyann āha -

vilakṣaṇaḥ sthūla-sūkṣmād
dehād ātmekṣitā svadṛk |
yathāgnir dāruṇo dāhyād
dāhako'nyaḥ prakāśakaḥ || [BhP 11.10.8]

vilakṣaṇatve hetur īkṣitā tasya draṣṭā prakāśakaś ca svayaṃ tu svadṛk sva- prakāśa iti || śrī-bhagavān ||19||

[20]

jaḍatvaṃ nirasyann āha -

jāgrat-svapna-suṣuptaṃ ca guṇato buddhi-vṛttayaḥ |
tāsāṃ vilakṣaṇo jīvaḥ sākṣitvena viniścitaḥ || [BhP 11.13.27]

yā tu mayi turye sthito jahyād ityādau [BhP 11.13.28] parameśvare'pi turyatva- prasiddhiḥ sānyathaiva |

virāṭ hiraṇyagarbhaś ca kāraṇaṃ cety upādhayaḥ |
īśvarasya yat tribhir hīnaṃ turīyaṃ tat-padaṃ viduḥ ||[*ENDNOTE #4]

ity ādy-ukter vāsudevasya catur-vyūhe turya-kakṣākrāntatvād vā || 11.13 || śrī-bhagavān || 20 ||

[21]

vikāritvaṃ nirasyann āha -

visargādyāḥ śmaśānāntā bhāvā dehasya nātmanaḥ |
kalānām iva candrasya kālenāvyakta-vartmanā || [BhP 11.7.48]

candrasya jalamaya-maṇḍalatvāt kalānāṃ sūrya-praticchavi-rūpa-jyotir- ātmatvāt yathā kalānām eva janmādyā nāśāntā bhāvā na tu candrasya tathā dehasyaiva te bhāvā avyakta-vartmanā kālena bhavanti na tv ātmana ity arthaḥ | śrī-dattātreyo yadum ||21||

[22]

jñānātmako na ceti kiṃ tarhi jñāna-mātratve'pi jñāna-śaktitvaṃ prakāśasya prakāśana-śaktitvavat tādṛktvam api |

nātmā jajāna na mariṣyati naidhate'sau na kṣīyate savana-vid vyabhicāriṇāṃ hi | sarvatra śaśvad anapāyy upalabdhi-mātraṃ prāṇo yathendriya-balena vikalpitaṃ sat|| ity anena [BhP 11.3.37]

tattva-sandarbha eva darśitam | upalabdhi-mātratve'pi sabalavattvenokteḥ | ataeva śuddho vicaṣṭe hy aviśuddha-kartur ity uktam | prakārāntareṇāpi tad āha -

guṇair vicitrāḥ sṛjatīṃ sarūpāḥ prakṛtiṃ prajāḥ |
vilokya mumuhe sadyaḥ sa iha jñāna-gūhayā || [BhP 3.26.5]

ajñānenāvṛtaṃ jñānaṃ tena muhyanti jantavaḥ [Gītā 5.15] iti

|| 3.26 || śrī-kapiladevaḥ ||22||

[23]

śakty-antaraṃ cāhuḥ - sa yad ajayā tv ajām anuśayīta guṇāṃś ca juṣan bhajati sarūpatāṃ tad anu mṛtyum upeta-bhaga iti [BhP 10.87.38] ||

ṭīkā ca -- sa tu jīvaḥ yad yasmād ajayā māyayā ajām avidyām anuśayīta āliṅgyeta tato guṇāṃś ca dehendriyādīn guṣan sevamānaḥ ātmatayā adhyasyan tad anu tad-anantaraṃ sa-rūpatāṃ tad-dharma-yogaṃ ca juṣan apeta- bhagaḥ pihitānandādi-guṇaḥ san mṛtyuṃ saṃsāraṃ bhajati prāpnoti ity eṣā || 10.87 || śrutayaḥ ||23||

[24]

tathā -

tat-saṅga-bhraṃitaiśvaryaṃ
saṃsarantaṃ kubhāryavat |
tad-gatīr abudhasyeha
kim asat-karmabhir bhavet ||[BhP 6.5.15]

tasyāḥ puṃścalī-rūpāyā māyāyāḥ saṅgena bhraṃśitam aiśvaryaṃ kiñcit svīya-jñānādi-sāmarthyaṃ yasya tam | tasyā gatīḥ saṃsmarantaṃ gacchantaṃ jīvaṃ sva-svarūpam abudhasyājānata ity arthaḥ ||6.5|| haryaśvāḥ ||24||

[25]

tathā --

īśvarasya vimuktasya kārpaṇyam uta bandhanam || [BhP 3.7.9]

īśvarasya kiñcij-jñānādi-śaktimataḥ || 3.7 || maitreyaḥ ||25||

[26]

tathā -

vipralabdho mahiṣyaivaṃ
sarva-prakṛti-vañcitaḥ |
necchann anukaroty ajñaḥ
klaibyāt krīḍā-mṛgo yathā || [BhP 4.25.62]

mahiṣyā purañjanyā vipralabdhaḥ purañjanaḥ sarvayā prakṛtyā jñānādirūpayā vañcitaḥ tyājitaḥ san necchan tad-icchayaivety arthaḥ | anukaroti tad-dharmātmany adhyasyati | atra jīvasya śaktimattāyāṃ parābhidhyānāt tu tirohitaṃ tato hy asya bandha-viparyayāv ity etat sūtram apy anusandheyam || śrī-nāradaḥ prācīnabarhiṣam ||26||

[27}

pūrvoktam evārthaṃ vyañjayituṃ svasmai svayaṃ prakāśa ity uktam | tathābhūtatvaṃ ca vilakṣaṇa ity ādy ukta-padya eva svadṛg ity anena vyaktam asti | tatra prakāśas tāvad guṇa-dravya-bhedena dvividhaḥ | prathamo nijāśrayasya sphūrti-rūpaḥ | dvitīyaḥ sva-para-sphūrti-nidānaṃ vastu-viśeṣaḥ | tatrātmano dravyatvād ayam eva gṛhyate | yathā dīpaś cakṣuḥ prakāśayan svarūpa-sphūrtiṃ svayam eva karoti na tu ghaṭādi-prakāśavat tad-ādi- sākṣepaḥ | tasmād ayaṃ svayaṃ prakāśaḥ | tathāpi svaṃ prati na prakāśate yata eva jaḍa ity ucyate | tasmāt tu svaṃ paraṃ ca prakāśayan svātmānaṃ prati prakāśamānatvāt svasmai svayaṃ prakāśaḥ | yata eva cid-rūpa ucyate | tad uktam anyair api | svayaṃ prakāśatvaṃ sva-vyavahāre parān apekṣatvāt avedyatve satya-parokṣa-vyavahāra-yogyatvaṃ ceti |tatra pūrvatra- svasmaipadam apekṣyam uttaratra tu spaṣṭārtham | ataḥ svadṛk svasmai svayaṃ prakāśa ity arthaḥ | na cāsau paramātma-prakāśyatve ghaṭavat para- prakāśyaḥ paramātmanas tat-parama-svarūpatvena para-prakāśyatvābhāvāt | evam evāha dvābhyām |

mamāṅga māyā guṇa-mayy anekadhā
vikalpa-buddhīś ca guṇair vidhatte |
vaikārikas trividho'dhyātmam ekam
athādhibhūtam adhidaivam anyat ||

dṛg-rūpam ārkaṃ vapur atra randhre
parasparaṃ sidhyati yaḥ svataḥ khe |
ātmā yad eṣām aparo ya ādyaḥ
svayānubhūtyākhila-siddha-siddhiḥ || [BhP 11.12.30-31]

vikalpaṃ bhedaṃ tad-buddhīś ca | anekadhātvaṃ prapañcayati vaikārika iti | aneka-vikāravān apy asyau sthūla-dṛṣṭyā tāvat trividhaḥ | traividhyam āha adhyātma ity ādinā | tāni krameṇāha dṛg-ādi-trayeṇa | vapur aṃśaḥ | atra randhre dṛg-golake praviṣṭaṃ tat trayaṃ ca parasparam eva sidhyati na tu svataḥ | yas tu khe ākāśe arko vartate sa punaḥ svataḥ sidhyati | cakṣur viṣayatve'pi sva-virodhinaḥ pratiyogya-prekṣābhāva-mātreṇa svata ity uktam | evaṃ yathā maṇḍalātmārkaḥ svataḥ sidhyati tathātmāpītyāha | yad yataḥ pūrvokta-dṛṣṭānta-hetor ātmā eṣām adhyātmādīnāṃ yo'para ādyas teṣām āśrayaḥ | so'pi svataḥ sidhyati kintu svayānubhūtyeti cid-rūpatvād viśeṣaḥ | na kevalam etāvad api tu akhilānāṃ paraspara-siddhānāṃ siddhir yasmāt tathābhūtaḥ sann iti ||

|| 11.12 || śrī-bhagavān ||27||

[28]

yasmāt svarūpa-bhūtayaiva śaktyā tathā prakāśate tasmād eka-rūpa-svarūpa- bhāktvam api dīpavad eva | nātmā jajānety ādāv [BhP 11.3.37][*ENDNOTE #5] upalabdhi-mātram ity anenaivoktaṃ mātra-padaṃ tad-dharmāṇām api svarūpānatiriktatvaṃ dhvanayati | atha cetanatvaṃ nāma svasya cid-rūpatve'py anyasya dehādeś cetayitṛtvaṃ dīpādi-prakāśayitṛtvavat | tad etad vilakṣaṇa ity ādāv eva dṛṣṭāntenoktam | prakāśaka iti cetayitṛtve hetuḥ | vyāpti-śīlatvam udāhariṣyamāṇa ātmety ādau śrī-prahlāda-vākye vyāpaka ity anenoktaṃ vyāpti-śīlatvam ati-sūkṣmatayā sarvācetanāntaḥ- praveśa-svabhāvatvam | jñāna-mātrātmako na cety atra cid-ānandātmaka ity api hetv-antaram | tatra tasya jaḍa-pratiyogitvena jñānatvaṃ duḥkha- pratiyogitvena tu jñānatvam ānandatvaṃ ca | jñānatvaṃ tūdāhṛtam | ānandatvaṃ nirupādhipremāspadatvena sādhayati |

tasmāt priyatamaḥ svātmā
sarveṣām eva dehinām |
tad artham eva sakalaṃ
jagac caitac carācaram || [BhP 10.14.54]

spaṣṭam || 10.14 || śrī-śukaḥ ||28||

[29]

tasmiṃś cānandātmake jñāne pratisvaṃ yuṣmad-arthatvaṃ na bhavati | kintv ātmatvād asmad-arthatvam eva | tac cāsmad-arthatvam ahambhāva eva | tato'ham ity etac chabdābhidheyākāram evaa jñānaṃ śuddha ātmā prakṛtyāveśo'nyathā nopapadyate | yata evāveśāt tadīya-saṅkhāta evāham ity ahasmāvāntaraṃ prāpnoti tad etad abhipretya tasyāhamatvam āha |

evaṃ parābhidhyānena
kartṛtvaṃ prakṛteḥ pumān |
karmasu kriyamāṇeṣu
guṇair ātmani manyate || [BhP 3.26.6]

parābhidhyānena prakṛtyāveśena prakṛtir evāham iti mananena prakṛti- guṇaiḥ kriyamāṇeṣu karmasu kartṛtvam ātmani manyate | atra nirahambhāvasya parābhidhyānāsambhavāt parāveśajātāhaṅkārasya cāvarakatvād asty eva tasminn anyo'hambhāva-viśeṣaḥ | sa ca śuddha- svarūpa-mātra-niṣṭhatvān na saṃsāra-hetur iti spaṣṭam | etad evāhaṅkāra- dvayaṃ sanne yad indriya-gaṇe'hami ca prasupte kūṭastha āśayam ṛte tad- anusmṛtir na ity atra [BhP 11.3.39] darśitam[*ENDNOTE #6] | upādhvabhimānātmakasyāhaṅkārasya prasuptatvāt tad-anusmṛtir na ity anena sukham aham asvāpsvam ity ātmano'hatayaiva parāmarśāc ca ataeva mām ahaṃ nājñāsiṣam ity atra parāmarśe'pi upādhyabhimānino'nusandhānābhāvaḥ anyasya tv ajñāna- sākṣitvenānusandhānam iti dik |

|| 3.26 || śrī-kapiladevaḥ ||29||

[30]

tathā -

nṛtyato gāyataḥ paśyan
yathaivānukaroti tān |
evaṃ buddhi-guṇān paśyann
anīho'py anukāryate || [BhP 11.12.53]

pūrvavat || 11.12 || śrībhagavān ||30||

[31]

evam eva svapna-dṛṣṭāntam api ghaṭayann āha |

yad-arthena vināmuṣya
puṃsa ātma-viparyayaḥ |
pratīyata upadraṣṭuḥ
sva-śiraś chedanādikaḥ || [BhP 3.7.10]

upadraṣṭur amuṣyeti svapna-draṣṭrā amunā jīvenety arthaḥ || 3.7 || śrī- maitreyaḥ ||31||

[32] sādhite ca savrūpa-bhūte'hambhāve pratikṣetraṃ bhinnatvam api sādhitam | yat tu

vastuno yady anānātvam
ātmanaḥ praśna īdṛśaḥ |
kathaṃ ghaṭeta vo viprā
vaktur vā me ka āśrayaḥ || [BhP 11.13.22]

ityādau jñānino laukika-guru-rītiṃ tadīya-prākṛta-dṛṣṭiṃ vānusṛtya svasya jīvāntara-sādhāraṇya-kalpanā-maye śrī-haṃsa-deva-vākye jīvātmanām ekatvam | tat khalu aṃśa-bhede'pi jñānecchūn prati jñānopayogitvena tam avivicyaiva samānākāratvena | bheda-vyapadeśaḥ yathā tatraiva |

pañcātmakeṣu bhūteṣu samāneṣv api vastutaḥ | ko bhavān iti vaḥ praśno vācārambho hy anarthakaḥ || [BhP 11.13.23] iti |

tatrāpy aṃśa-bhedo'sty eva | ata uktaṃ svayaṃ bhagavatā -- śuni caiva śvapāke ca paṇḍitāḥ samadarśinaḥ [Gītā 5.18] iti | nirdoṣaṃ hi samaṃ brahma ity ādi ca [Gītā 5.19] | atra brahmeti jīva-brahmaivocyate | yathā yathāham etat sad- asat sva-māyayā paśye mayi brahmaṇi kalpitaṃ pare iti | mayi brahmaṇi dehātmakaṃ pare brahmaṇi ca jagad-ātmakaṃ sad-asat kārya-kāraṇa- saṅghātaṃ sva-viṣayaka-māyayā jīva-māyākhyayā deha evāhaṃ tathā indra- candrādy-ātmakaṃ jagad eveśvara itīdaṃ kalpitam eva yayā matyā paśye paśyāmīty arthaḥ | samāna-kāraṇatvād eva pūrvavad anyatra ca so'haṃ sa ca tvam iti | tad evaṃ sarveṣām eva jīvānām ekākāratve sati | yāvat syād guṇa- vaiṣamyaṃ tāvan nānātvam ātmanaḥ | nānātvam ātmano yāvat pāratantryaṃ tadaiva hīty-ādiṣu devādi-deha-bheda-kṛtāgantuka-nānātvaṃ nigadyate |

veṇu-randhra-vibhedena
bhedaḥ ṣaḍ-jādi-saṃjñtaḥ |
abheda-vyāpinī vāyos
tathā tasya mahātmanaḥ || ity [ViP 2.14.32] ādikaṃ tu paramātma-viṣayakam

eva |

tad etat sarvam abhipretya jīvānāṃ pratikṣetraṃ bhinnatvaṃ sva-pakṣatvena nirdiśanti | aparimitā dhruvās tanu-bhṛto yadi sarva-gatā iti || [BhP 10.87.30] atra yadi-śabdāt pūrva-pāṭhenāparimitatvaṃ dhruvatvaṃ cāsandigdham iti tatra svapakṣatvaṃ paścāt-pāṭhena sarva-gatatvaṃ tu sandigdham iti | tatra para-pakṣatvaṃ spaṣṭam eva | ataeva eko devaḥ sarva-bhūteṣu gūḍha ity ādikaṃ parmātma-paraṃ vākyaṃ jīvānām ekatvaṃ bodhayati || 10.87 || śrutayaḥ ||32||

[33]

prati-kṣetra-bhinnatve hetv-antaram aṇur iti | aṇuḥ paramāṇur ity arthaḥ | paramāṇuś ca yasya dig-bhede'py aṃśo na kalpayituṃ śakyate sa evāṃśasya parā kāṣṭheti tad-vidaḥ | aṇor apy akhaṇḍa-deha-cetayitṛtvaṃ prabhāva- viśeṣād guṇād eva bhavati | yathā śira ādua dhāryamāṇasya jatu- jaṭhitasyāpi mahauṣadhi-khaṇḍasyākhaṇḍa-deha-puṣṭīkaraṇādi-hetuḥ prabhāvaḥ | yathā vāyaskāntāder lauha-cālanādi-hetuḥ prabhāva eva tadvat | tad etad aṇutvam āha sūkṣmāṇām apy ahaṃ jīva iti [BhP 11.16.11]

tasmāt sūkṣmatā-parākāṣṭhā-prāpto jīva ity arthaḥ | durjñeyatvād yat sūkṣmatvaṃ tad atra na vivakṣitam | mahatāṃ ca mahān ahaṃ sūkṣmāṇām apy ahaṃ jīva iti paraspara-pratiyogitvena vākya-dvayasyānandaryauktau svārasya-bhaṅgāt | prapañca-madhye hi sarva-kāraṇatvān mahat-tattvasya mahattvaṃ nāma vyāpakatvaṃ na tu pṛthivyādy-apekṣayā sujñeyatvaṃ yathā tadvat prapañce jīvānām api sūkṣmatvaṃ paramāṇutvam eveti svārasyam | śrutayaś ca - eṣo'ṇur ātmā cetasā veditavyo yasmin prāṇaḥ pañcadhā saṃviveśeti [MuṇḍU 3.1.9] |

bālāgra-śata-bhāgasya śatadhā kalpitasya ca | bhāgo jīvaḥ sa vijñeyaḥ [ŚvetU 5.9] iti |

ārāgra-mātro hy aparo'pi dṛṣṭa iti ca || 11.16 || śrī-bhagavān ||33||

[34]

tathā -

aparimitā dhruvās tanu-bhṛto yadi sarva-gatās
tarhi na śāsyateti niyamo dhruva netarathā |
ajani ca yan mayaṃ tad avimucya niyantṛ bhavet
samam anujānatāṃ yad amataṃ mata-duṣṭatayā || [BhP 10.87.30]

ayam arthaḥ - paramātmano'ṃśatvaṃ tasmāj jāyamānatvaṃ ca jīvasya śrūyate | tatra mamaivāṃśo jīva loke [Gītā 15.7] ity ādi siddhe'ṃśatve tāvat tasya vibhutvam uktam ity āhuḥ | aparimitā vastuta evānanta-saṅkhyā nityāś ca ye tanu-bhṛto jīvās te yadi sarvagatā vibhavāḥ syuḥ, tarhi teṣāṃ vyāpyatvābhāvena samatvāt śāsyateti niyamo na syāt | īśvaro niyantā jīvo niyamya iti veda-kṛta-niyamo na ghaṭata ity arthaḥ | he dhruva itarathā jīvasyāṇutvena vyāpya-bhāve tu sati na tan-niyamo na api tu sa ghaṭata evety arthaḥ |

atha yato vā imāni bhūtāni jāyante iti jāyamānatvāvasthāyām api vyāpya- vyāpakatvenaiva niyantṛtvaṃ bhavati | sarvatraiva kārya-kāraṇayos tathābhāva-darśanād ity āhuḥ ajanīti | yan-mayaṃ yad-upādānakaṃ yad ajani jāyata ity arthaḥ | tad-upādānaṃ kartṛ tasya jāyamānasya yan-niyantṛ bhavet tad avimucya kiñcid apy anuktā vyāpyaivety arthaḥ | kiṃ ca yad-upādāna- rūpaṃ paramātmākhyaṃ tattvaṃ kenāpy apareṇa samaṃ samānam ity anujānatāṃ yaḥ kaścit tathā vadati tatrānujñām api dadatām amataṃ jñātaṃ na bhavatīty arthaḥ | tatra hetuḥ mata-duṣṭatayā tasya matasyāśuddhatvena | tatrāśuddhatvaṃ śrutvā ca virodhāt | śrutiś ca asamo vā eṣa paro na hi kaścid eva dṛśyate sarve tv ete na vā jāyante ca mriyate sarve hy apūrṇāś ca bhavantīti caturveda-śikhāyām | na tat-samaś cābhyadhikaś ca dṛśyate iti |

atha kasmād ucyate brahmā bṛṃhati bṛṃhayati ceti cānyatra | bṛhatvād bṛṃhaṇatvāc ca yad brahma paramaṃ vidur iti [ViP 1.12.57] śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe | ataḥ paramātmana eva sarva-vyāpakatvam | eko devaḥ sarva-bhūteṣu gūḍhaḥ sarva-vyāpī sarva-bhūtāntarātmā ity ādau | tasmād aṇur eva jīva iti |

yat tu śrī-bhagavad-gītāsu nityaḥ sarva-gataḥ sthāṇur ity ādinā jīva- nirūpaṇaṃ tatra sarva-gataḥ śrī-bhagavān eva tat-sthas tad-āśritaś cāsāv aguṇaś ca iti sarvagataḥ sthāṇur jīvaḥ proktaḥ || 10.87 || śrutayaḥ ||34||

[35]

atha śuddha-svarūpatvān nitya-nirmalatvam udāhṛtam eva | śuddho vicaṣṭe hy aviśuddha-kartur ity anena | tathā tenaiva śuddhasyāpi jñātṛtvam apy udāhṛtam | jñānaṃ ca nityasya svābhāvika-dharmatvān nityam | ataeva na vikriyātmakam api | tathā caitanya-sambandhena dehādeḥ kartṛtva-darśanāt | kvacid acetanasya kartṛtvaṃ ca | na ṛte tat kriyate kiṃ ca nāre ity ādāv antaryāmi-caitanya-sambandhena bhavatīty aṅgīkārāc ca śuddhād eva kartṛtvaṃ pravartate | tad uktam - dehendriya-prāṇa-mano-dhiyo'mī yad-aṃśa- biddhāḥ pracaranti karmasv iti [BhP 6.16.24] | tat tūpādhi-prādhānyena pravartamānam upādhi-dharmatvena vyapadiśyate | yathā - kārya-kāraṇa- kartṛtve kāraṇaṃ prakṛtiṃ vidur ity [BhP 3.26.8] ādau | paramātma- prādhānyena pravartamānaṃ tu nirupādhikam evety āha |

sāttvikaḥ kārako'saṅgī
rāgāndho rājasaḥ smṛtaḥ |
tāmasaḥ smṛti-vibhraṣṭo
nirguṇo mad-apāśrayaḥ || [BhP 11.25.26]

spaṣṭam || 11.25 || śrī-bhagavān ||35||

[36]

atha bhoktṛtvaṃ saṃvedana-rūpatvena yathā tathā tatraiva cid-rūpe paryavasyatīty āha bhoktṛtve sukha-duḥkhānāṃ puruṣaṃ prakṛteḥ param iti [BhP 3.26.8] || kāraṇam iti pūrveṇaivānvayaḥ || 3.26 || śrī-kapila-devaḥ ||36||

[37]

atha paramātmaika-śeṣatveti vyākhyeyam | ekaḥ paramātmano'nyaḥ śeṣo'ṃśaḥ | sa cāsau sa ca eka-śeṣaḥ | paramātmana eka-śeṣaḥ paramātmaika- śeṣaḥ | tasya bhāvas tattvaṃ tad eva svabhāvaḥ prakṛtir yasya sa paramātmaika-śeṣatva-svabhāvaḥ | tathābhūtaś cāyaṃ sarvadā mokṣa- daśāyām apīty arthaḥ | etādṛśatvaṃ cāsya svataḥ svarūpata eva na tu paricchedādinā | tadīya-svābhāvikācintya-śaktyā svābhāvika-tadīya-raśmi- paramāṇu-sthānīyatvāt aupādhikāvathāyās tv aṃśena prakṛti-śeṣatvam api bhavati iti ca svata ity asya bhāvaḥ | śakti-rūpatvaṃ cāsya taṭastha-śakty- ātmakatvāt, tathā tadīya-raśmi-sthānīyatve'pi nitya-tad-āśrayitvāt tad- vyatirekeṇa vyatirekāt | hetur bhāvo'sya sargāder ity anusāreṇa jagat-sṛṣṭau tat-sādhanatvāt | dravya-svarūpatve'pi pradhāna-sāmyāc cāvagamyate | uktaṃ ca prakṛti-viśeṣatvena tasya śaktitvam -

viṣṇu-śaktiḥ parā proktā kṣetrajñākhyā tathā parā | avidyā karma-saṃjñākhyā tṛtīyā śaktir ucyate || iti viṣṇu-purāṇe [ViP 6.7.61] |

bhūmir āpo'nalo vāyur ity [Gītā 7.4] ādau bhinnā prakṛtir aṣṭadhety anantaram |

apareyam itas tv anyāṃ prakṛtiṃ viddhi me parām | jīva-bhūtāṃ mahābāho yayedaṃ dhāryate jagat || iti śrī-gītopaniṣatsu ca |

viṣṇu-śaktiḥ parā proktety ādi viṣṇu-purāṇa-vacane tu tisṝṇām eva pṛthak śaktitva-nirdeśāt kṣetrajñasyāvidyā-karma-sambandhena śaktitvam iti parās tam | kintu svarūpenaivety āyātam | tathā ca gītam mamaivāṃśa iti | ataevāpareyam itas tv anyām ity uktam | kṣetrajña etā manaso vibhūtīr ity ādau kṣetrajña-śabdaś ca śuddhe'pi pravartate kṣetra-śabdasyopalakṣaṇa- mātratvāt |

tad evaṃ śaktitve'py anyatvam asya taṭasthatvāt | taṭasthatvaṃ ca māyā-śakty- atītatvāt | asyāvidyāparābhavādi-rūpeṇa doṣeṇa paramātmano lepābhāvāc cobhaya-koṭāv apraveśāt | tasya tac-chaktitve saty api paramātmanas tal- lepābhāvaś ca yathā kvacid eka-deśa-sthe raśmau chāyayā tiraskṛte'pi sūryasyātiraskāras tadvat | uktaṃ ca taṭasthatvaṃ śrī-nārada-pañcarātre -

yat taṭasthaṃ tu cid-rūpaṃ sva-saṃvedyād vinirgatam | rañjitaṃ guṇa-rāgeṇa sa jīva iti kathyate || ity ādau |

ato viṣṇu-purāṇe'py antarāla eva paṭhito'sau | anyatvaṃ ca śrutau asmān māyī sṛjate viśvam etat tasmiṃś cānyo māyayā saṃniruddhaḥ [ŚvetU 4.9] | tayor anyaḥ pippalaṃ svādv atti ity ādau | ataevoktaṃ vaiṣṇave vibheda-janake jñāne nāśam ātyantikaṃ gate | ātmano brahmaṇo bhedam asantaṃ kaḥ kariṣyatīti | devatva-manuṣyatvādi-lakṣaṇo viśeṣato yo bhedas tasya janake'py ajñāne nāśaṃ gate brahmaṇaḥ paramātmanaḥ sakāśād ātmano jīvasya yo bhedaḥ svābhāvikas taṃ bhedam asantaṃ kaḥ kariṣyati api tu santaṃ vidyamānam eva sarva eva kariṣyatīty arthaḥ | uttaratra pāṭhe nāsantam ity etasya vidheyatvād anyārthaḥ kaṣṭa-sṛṣṭa eveti mokṣadāyām api tad- aṃśatvāvyabhicāraḥ svābhāvika-śaktitvād eva | ataevāvidyā-vimokṣa- pūrvaka-svarūpāvashtiti-lakṣaṇāyāṃ muktau tal-līnasya tat-sādharmyāpattir bhavati | nirañjanaḥ paramaṃ sāmyam upaitīty ādi-śrutibhyaḥ | idaṃ jñānam upāśritya mama sādharmyam āgatāḥ | svarge'pi nopajāyate pralaye na vyathanti ceti śrī-gītopaniṣadbhyaś ca | ataeva brahma veda brahmaiva bhavatīty [Muṇḍ 3.2.9] ādiṣu ca brahma-tādātmyam eva bodhayati | svābhāvyāpattir upapatter itivat | tad evaṃ śaktitve siddhe śakti-śaktimatoḥ parasparānupraveśāt śaktimad-vyatireke śakti-vyatirekāt cittvāviśeṣāc ca kvacid abheda-nirdeśa ekasminn api vastuni śakti-vaividhya-darśanāt bheda- nirdeśaś ca nāsamañjasaḥ | śrī-rāmānujīyās tu adhiṣṭhānādhiṣṭhātror api jīveśayor abheda-vyapadeśo vyakti-jātyor gavādi-vyapadeśavad iti manyante | yathā śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe[*ENDNOTE #7]-

yo'yaṃ tavāgato deva- samīpaṃ devatā-gaṇaḥ | sa tvam eva jagat-sraṣṭā yataḥ sarva-gato bhavān || iti |

śrī-gītāsu ca - sarvaṃ samāpnoṣi tato'si sarva iti | tatra jñānecchūn prati śāstram abhedam upadiśati bhaktīcchūn prati tu bhedam eva | kvacit tu paramātma-pratibimbatvaṃ yad asya śrūyate, yathā -

yathā puruṣa ātmānam ekam ādarśa-cakṣuṣor dvidhā-bhūtam evekṣeta tathaivāntaram āvayor iti | tad api jñānecchūn praty abheda-dṛṣṭi- poṣaṇārtham evocyate na vāstava-vṛttyaiva pratibimbatvena | advayavāda- guru-mate'py ambuvad agrahaṇād[*ENDNOTE #8] iti [Vs 3.2.19] nyāya- virodhād vṛddhi-hrāsa-bhāktvam antrabhāvād ubhaya-sāmañjasyād evam iti [Vs 3.2.20] nyāyena yathā-kathañcit pratibimba-sādṛśya-mātrāṅgīkārāc ca | tad etat tasya parmātmāṃśa-rūpatāyā nityatvaṃ śrī-gītopaniṣadbhir api darśitam mamaivāṃśo jīva-loke jīva-bhūtaḥ sanātana iti | tad evaṃ aṃśatvaṃ tāvad āha tatra samaṣṭeḥ --

eṣa hy aśeṣa-sattvānām
ātmāṃśaḥ paramātmanaḥ |
ādyo 'vatāro yatrāsau
bhūta-grāmo vibhāvyate || [BhP 3.6.8]

ṭīkā ca - aśeṣa-sattvānām prāṇinām ātmā vyaṣṭīnāṃ tad-aṃśatvāt aṃśo jīvaḥ | avatāratoktis tasmin nārāyaṇāvirbhāvābhiprāyeṇety eṣā || 3.6 || śrī- śukaḥ || 37 ||

[38]

atha vyaṣṭeḥ -

ekasyaiva mamāṃśasya
jīvasyaiva mahāmate |
bandho'syāvidyayānāder
vidyayā ca tathetaraḥ || [BhP 11.11.4]

itaro mokṣaḥ | atra raśmi-paramāṇu-sthānīyo vyaṣṭiḥ | tatra sarvābhimānī kaścit samaṣṭir iti jñeyam || 11.11 || śrī-bhagavān ||38||

[39]

tatra śaktitvenaivāṃśatvaṃ vyañjayanti -

sva-kṛta-pure'py amīṣv abahir-antara-saṃvaraṇaṃ tava puruṣaṃ vadanty akhila-śakti-dhṛto'ṃśa-kṛtam | [BhP 10.87.20] iti |

abahir-antara-saṃvarṇaṃ bahir bahiraṅgāṇi kāraṇāni kāryāṇi antar antaraṅgāni tair asaṃvaraṇaṃ kārya-kāraṇair asaṃspṛṣṭam | aṃśa-kṛtam aṃśam ity arthaḥ | akhila-śakti-dhṛtaḥ sarva-śakti-dharasyeti viśeṣaṇaṃ jīva- śakti-viśiṣṭasyaiva tava jīvo'ṃśo na tu śuddhasyeti gamayitvā jīvasya tac- chakti-rūpatvenaivāṃśatvam ity anenaivāṃśatvam ity etad vyañjayanti | atha taṭasthatvaṃ ca sa yad ajayā tyajām anuśayītety ādau vyaktam asti ubhayakoṭāv apraviṣṭatvād eva || 10.87 || śrutayaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||39||

[40]

atha jñānecchuṃ prati jīveśayor abhedam āha --

ahaṃ bhavān na cānyas tvaṃ
tvam evāhaṃ vicakṣva bhoḥ |
na nau paśyanti kavayaś
chidraṃ jātu manāg api || [BhP 4.28.62]

spaṣṭaṃ || 4.28 || śrī-paramātmā purañjanam || 40 ||

[41] tatra pūrvokta-rītyā prathamaṃ tāvat sarveṣām eva tattvānāṃ parasparānupraveśa- vivakṣayaikyaṃ pratīyate ity evaṃ śaktimati paramātmani jīvākhya-śakty- anupraveśa-vivakṣaiva tayor aikya-pakṣe hetur ity abhipraite śrī-bhagavān --

parasparānupraveśāt
tattvānāṃ puruṣarṣabham |
paurvāparya-prasaṅkhyānaṃ
yathā vaktur vivakṣitam || [BhP 11.22.7]

ṭīkā ca - anyonyasminn anupraveśād vaktur yathā vivakṣitaṃ tathā pūrvā alpa-saṅkhyā aparā adhika-saṅkhyā tayor bhāvaḥ paruvāparyaṃ tena prasaṅkhyānaṃ gaṇanam ity eṣā || 11.22|| śrī-bhagavān || 41 ||

[42]

athāvyatirekeṇa cid-rūpatvāviśeṣeṇāpi tayor aikyam upadiśati -

puruṣeśvarayor atra na vailakṣaṇyam aṇv api | tad-anya-kalpanāpārthā iti [BhP 11.22.11] | ṭīkā ca - kathaṃ tarhi pañcaviṃśati-pakṣas tatrāha puruṣeti | vailakṣaṇyaṃ visadṛśatvaṃ nāsti dvayor api cid-rūpatvāt | atas tayor atyantam anyatva- kalpanā-pārthā ity eṣā | atra sadṛśatvānanyatvābhyāṃ tayoḥ śakti- śaktimattvaṃ darśitam | tenāvyatireko'pi || 11.21 || śrī-bhagavān ||42||

[43]

atha bhaktīcchuṃ prati tayor bhedam upadiśati |

yadā rahitam ātmānaṃ
bhūtendriya-guṇāśayaiḥ |
svarūpeṇa mayopetaṃ
paśyan svārājyam ṛcchati || [BhP 3.9.33]

ātmānaṃ jīvaṃ svarūpeṇa tasyā jīva-śakter āśraya-bhūtena śaktimatā mayā upetaṃ yuktam | svārājyaṃ sārṣṭyādikam || 3.9 || grabhodaśāyī brahmāṇam ||43||

[44]

tatra bhede hetum āha -

anādy-avidyā-yuktasya
puruṣasyātma-vedanam |
svato na sambhavād anyas
tattvajño jñānado bhavet || [BhP 11.22.10]

ṭīkā ca - svato na sambhavati, anyatas tu sambhavāt | svataḥ sarvajñaḥ parmeśvaro'nyo bhaved iti aḍ-viṃśati-tattva-poakṣābhiprāyaḥ ity eṣā | jñānadatvam atra jñānāj jñātuś ca vailakṣaṇyam īśvarasya bodhayaty eveti bhāvaḥ | evaṃ tvatto jñānaṃ hi jīvānāṃ pramoṣas te'tra śaktitaḥ [BhP 11.22.28] ity uddhava-vākyaṃ cāgre |

atra yadi jīvājñānakalpitam eva tasya parameśvaratvaṃ syāt tarhi sthāṇu- puruṣavat tasya jñāna-dattam api na syād ity ataḥ satya eva jīveśvara-bheda ity evaṃ śrīmad-īśvareṇaiva svayaṃ tasya pāramarthikeśvarābhimānitvenaivāstitvaṃ mūḍhān prati bodhitam iti spaṣṭam | bheda-vādinaś cātraiva prakaraṇe yathā viviktaṃ yad vaktraṃ gṛhṇīmo yukti-sambhavād ity atra parama-vivekajas tu bheda eveti | tathā, māyāṃ madīyām udagṛhya vadatāṃ kiṃ nu durghaṭam iti [BhP 11.22.4] ca manyate |

nanu,

śrutiḥ pratyakṣam aitihyam anumānaṃ catuṣṭayam |
pramāṇeṣv anavasthānād vikalpān sa virajyate || ity [BhP 11.19.17]

atra bheda-mātraṃ niṣidhyate vikalpa-śabdasya saṃśayārthatvāt | saṃśayaṃ parityajya vastuny eva niṣṭhā karotīty arthaḥ | ataeva karmaṇāṃ pariṇāmitvād āviriñcyād amaṅgalam | vipaścin naśvaraṃ paśyed adṛṣṭam api dṛṣṭavad ity atrāsyottara-śloke'pi viriñcam evāvadhiṃ kṛtvā naśvaratva- dṛṣṭir uktā na tu vaikuṇṭhādikam apīti || 11.19 || śrī-bhagavān ||44||

[45]

anyatrāpi śrī-jāmātṛ-munibhir upadiṣṭasya jīva-lakṣaṇasyaviopajīvyatvena taṃ lakṣayati tribhiḥ -

ahaṃ mamābhimānotthaiḥ
kāma-lobhādibhir malaiḥ |
vītaṃ yadā manaḥ śuddham
aduḥkham asukhaṃ samam || [BhP 3.25.16]

tadā puruṣa ātmānaṃ
kevalaṃ prakṛteḥ param |
nirantaraṃ svayaṃ-jyotir
aṇimānam akhaṇḍitam || [BhP 3.25.17]

jñāna-vairāgya-yuktena
bhakti-yuktena cātmanā |
paripaśyaty udāsīnaṃ
prakṛtiṃ ca hataujasam || [BhP 3.25.18]

spaṣṭaiva yojanā | tavāham iti padyena sa ātmā nitya-nirmala iti | ātmānam ity anenaivāham artha iti | anyathā hy ātmatva-pratīty-abhāvaḥ syāt | kevalam ity anenaika-rūpa-svarūpa-bhāg iti | prakṛteḥ param ity anena vikāra- rahitaḥ | bhakti-yuktenety anena paramātma-prasādādhīna-tat-prakāśatvāt nirantaram ity anena nityatvāt paramātmaika-śeṣatvam iti | svayaṃ jyotir ity anena svasmai svayaṃ prakāśa iti jñāna-mātrātmako na ca iti ca | aṇimānam ity anenāṇur eveti prati-kṣetraṃ bhinna iti ca | akhaṇḍitam ity anena vicchinna- jñānādi-śaktitvāt jñātṛtva-kartṛtva-bhoktṛtva-nija-dharmaka iti vyañjitam || 3.25 || śrī-kapiladevaḥ ||45||

[46]

tathedam api prāktana-lakṣaṇā-viruddham -

ātmā nityo 'vyayaḥ śuddha
ekaḥ kṣetra-jña āśrayaḥ |
avikriyaḥ sva-dṛg hetur
vyāpako 'saṅgy anāvṛtaḥ || [BhP 7.7.19]

etair dvādaśabhir vidvān
ātmano lakṣaṇaiḥ paraiḥ |
ahaṃ mamety asad-bhāvaṃ
dehādau mohajaṃ tyajet || [BhP 7.7.20]

avyayaḥ apakṣaya-śūnyaḥ | eko na tu dehedriyādi-saṅghāta-rūpaḥ | kṣetrajño jñātṛtvādi-dharmakaḥ | indriyādīnām āśrayaḥ | svābhāvika-jñātṛtvād evāvikriyaḥ | svadṛk svasmai svayaṃ prakāśaḥ | hetuḥ sargādi-nimittam | tad uktaṃ śrī-sūtena - hetur jīvo'sya sargāder avidyā-karma-kāraka [BhP 12.7.18] iti | vyāpako vyāpti-śīlaḥ | asaṅgī anāvṛtaś ca svataḥ prakāśa-rūpatvāt | ahaṃ mamety asadbhāvaṃ dehādau mohajaṃ tyajed iti dehādy-adhikaraṇakasya mohajasyaiva tyāgo na tu svarūpa-bhūtasyety ahama artha iti | vyajjate | tad evaṃ jīvas taad -aṃśatvāt sūkṣma-jyotī-rūpa ity eke | tathaiva hi kaustubhāṃśatvena vyañjitam | tathā ca skānda-prabhāsa-khaṇḍe jīva- nirūpaṇe -

na tasya rūpaṃ varṇā vā pramāṇaṃ dṛśyate kvacit |
na śakyaṃ kathituṃ vāpi sūkṣmaś cānanta-vigrahaḥ ||

bālāgra-śata-bhāgasya śatadhā kalpitasya ca |
tasmāt sūkṣmataro devaḥ sa cānantyāya kalpyte ||

āditya-varṇaṃ sūkṣmābham ab-bindum iva puṣkare |
nakṣatram iva paśyanti yogino jñāna-cakṣuṣā || iti ||

||7.9|| śrī-prahlādo'sura-bālakān ||46||

[47]

tad evam anantā eva jīvākhyās taṭasthāḥ śaktayaḥ | tatra tāsāṃ varga- dvayam | eko vargo'nādita eva bhagavad-unmukhaḥ anyas tv anādita eva bhagavat-parāṅmukhaḥ | svabhāvatas tadīya-jñāna-bhāvāt tadīya- jñānābhāvāc ca | atra prathamo'ntaraṅgāśakti-vilāsānugṛhīto nitya- bhagavat-parikara-rūpo garuḍādikaḥ | yathoktaṃ pādmottara-khaṇḍe tripād- vibhūter lokās tv ity ādau bhagavat-sandarbhodāhṛte (81) | asya ca taṭasthatvaṃ jīvatva-prasiddher īśvaratva-koṭāv apraveśāt | aparasya tat- parāṅmukhatva-doṣeṇa labdha-cchidrayā māyayā paribhūtaḥ saṃsārī | yathoktaṃ haṃsa-guhya-stave - sarvaṃ pumān veda guṇāṃś ca taj-jño na veda sarvajñam anantam īḍe iti [BhP 6.4.25] | ekādaśe ca -- bhayaṃ dvitīyābhiniveśataḥ syād iti [BhP 11.2.37] |

tad-varga-dvayam evoktaṃ śrī-vidureṇāpi -

tattvānāṃ bhagavaṃs teṣāṃ katidhā prati-saṅkramaḥ | tatremaṃ ka upāsīran ka u svid anuśerate || [BhP 3.7.37] ity anena |

tatra parameśvara-parāḍmukhānāṃ śuddhānām api tac-chakti-viśiṣṭān parameśvarāt sopādhikaṃ janma bhavati | tac ca janma nijopādhi-janmanā nija-jnamābhimāna-hetukādhyātmikāvasthā-prāptir eva | tad etad āhuḥ --

na ghaṭata udbhavaḥ prakṛti-puruṣayor ajayor
ubhaya-yujā bhavany asubhṛto jala-budbudavat |
tvayi na ime tato vividha-nāma-guṇaiḥ parame
sarita ivārṇave madhuni likhyur aśeṣa-rasāḥ || [BhP 10.87.31]

prakṛtes traiguṇyaṃ puruṣaṃ śuddhau jīvas tayor dvayor apy ajatvād udbhavo na ghaṭate ye cāsubhṛta ādhyātmika-rūpāḥ sopādhayo jīvā jāyante tat-tad- ubhaya-śakti-yujā paramātmanaiva kāraṇena jāyante prakṛti-vikāra-pralayeṇa supta-vāsanatvāt śuddhās tāḥ paramātmani līnā jīvākhyāḥ śaktayaḥ sṛṣṭi- kāle vikāriṇīṃ prakṛtim āsṛjya kṣbhita-vāsanāḥ satyaḥ sopādhikāvasthāṃ prāpnuvantya eva vyuccarantīty arthaḥ | etad abhipretyaiva bhagavān eka āsedam ity [3.5.23] ādi tṛtīya-skandha-prakaraṇe -

kāla-vṛttyā tu māyāyāṃ
guṇa-mayyām adhokṣajaḥ |
puruṣeṇātma-bhūtena
vīryam ādhatta vīryavān || [BhP 3.5.26]

ity anena vīrya-śabdoktasya jīvasya prakṛtāvādhānam uktam | evaṃ śrī- gītopaniṣatsv api mama yonir mahad brahma tasmin garbhaṃ dadhāmy aham ity [Gītā 14.3] atroktam | ṭīkākāraiś ca brahma-śabdena prakṛtir vyākhyātā garbha-śabdena jīva iti | punar eṣa eva tṛtīye -

daivāt kṣubhita-dharmiṇyāṃ
svasyāṃ yonau paraḥ pumān |
ādhatta vīryaṃ sāsūta
mahat tattvaṃ hiraṇmayam || [BhP 3.26.19]

ity atra vīryaṃ cic-chaktim iti ṭīkāyāṃ vyākhyātamataḥ śaktitvam asya ṭīkā- sammatam | tato'kasmād udbhava-mātrāṃśe dṛṣṭāntaḥ | jala-budbudavad iti | ataḥ punar api pralaya-samaye ime sopādhikā jīvās tvayi bimbasthānīya- mūla-cid-rūpe raśmi-sthānīya-cid-eka-lakṣaṇa-śuddha-jīva-śaktimaye | tata eva svam apīto bhavatīty ādi śrutau sva-śabdābhidheye parame paramātmani vividha-nāma-guṇair vividhābhir devādi saṃjñābhir vividhaiḥ śubhāśubha- guṇaiś ca saha lilyur līyante | pūrvavat pralaye'pi dṛṣṭāntaḥ sarita ivārṇava iti aśeṣa-rasā iva madhuni iti ca | atra deva-manuṣyādi-nāma-rūpa- parityāgena tasmin līne'pi svarūpa-bhedo'sty eva tat-tad-aṃśa-sad-bhāvād ity abhiprāyaḥ | atra śrutayaḥ ajām ekām ity [ŚvetU 5.5] ādi |

yathā nadyaḥ syandamānāḥ samudre 'staṃ gacchanti nāma-rūpe vihāya | tathā vidvān nāma-rūpād vimuktaḥ parāt paraṃ puruṣam upaiti divyam || [MuṇḍU 3.2.8] iti |

yathā saumyemā madhu-kṛto nistiṣṭhanti nānā-rūpāṇām vṛkṣāṇāṃ rasān
samavahāram
ekatāṃ rasaṃ gamayanti || [ChāU 6.9.1]

te yathā vivekaṃ na labhante amuṣāhaṃ vṛkṣasya raso'smīty evaṃ khalu saumyemāḥ sarvāḥ prajāḥ sati sampadya na viduḥ sati sampadyāmaha iti || iti [ChāU 6.9.2]

|| 10.87 || śrutayaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||47||

[48]

tad evaṃ paramātmanas taṭasthākhyā śaktir vivṛtā | antarāṅgākhyā tu pūrvavad eva jñeyā | atha bahiraṅgākhyā vivriyate |

eṣā māyā bhagavataḥ

sṛṣṭi-sthity-anta-kāriṇī
tri-varṇā varṇitāsmābhiḥ
kiṃ bhūyaḥ śrotum icchasi || [BhP 11.3.18]

bhagavataḥ svarūpa-bhūtaiśvaryādeḥ | paramātmana eṣā taṭastha-lakṣaṇena pūrvoktā jagat-sṛṣṭy-ādi-kāriṇī māyākhyā śaktiḥ | trayo varṇā yasyāḥ sā | tathā cātharvaṇikāḥ paṭhanti | sitāsitā ca kṛṣṇā ca sarva-kāma-dughā vibhor iti | uktaṃ ca daivī hy eṣā guṇamayī mama māyā duratyayā [Gītā 7.14] iti ||11.3|| antarīkṣo videham ||48||

[49]

tasyā māyāyāś cāṃśa-dvayam | tatra guṇa-rūpasya māyākhyasya nimittāṃśasya drava-rūpasya pradhānākhyasyopādānāṃśasya ca parasparaṃ bhedam āha caturbhiḥ |

atha te sampravakṣyāmi
sāṅkhyaṃ pūrva-viniścitam |
yad vijñāya pumān sadyo
jahyād vaikalpikaṃ bhramam || [BhP 11.24.1]

ṭīkā ca - advitīyāt paramātmano māyayā prakṛti-puruṣa-dvārā sarvaṃ dvaitam udeti punas tatraiva līyate ity anusandadhānasya puruṣasya dvandva- bhramo nivartate iti vaktuṃ sāṅkhyaṃ prastauti atha te ity eṣā | atra pradhāna- paryāyaḥ prakṛti-śabdhaḥ ||49||

[50]

āsīj jñāna-mayo arthaṃ
ekam evāvikalpitam |
yadā viveka-nipuṇā
ādau kṛta-yuge yuge || [BhP 11.24.2]

ṭīkā ca - atho śabdaḥ kārtsnye | jñānaṃ draṣṭṛ | tena dṛśya-rūpaḥ kṛtsno'py arthaś ca vikalpa-śūnyam ekam eva | brahmaṇy eva līnam āsīd ity arthaḥ | ity eṣā | tṛtīya-skandhe ca bhagavān eka āsedam agra ātmātmanāṃ vibhur ity [BhP 3.5.23] ādau yad bhagavattvena śabdyate tad evātra brahmatvena śabdyate iti vadantīty ādivad ubhatraikam eva vastu pratipādyam | ante tu eṣa sāṅkhya- vidhiḥ prokta ity ādau parāvara-dṛśā mayety anena bhagavad-rūpeṇāpy avasthitiḥ spaṣṭaiva | kadety apekṣāyām āha | yadā ādau kṛta-yuge viveka- nipuṇā janā bhavanti tasmin yuge tat pūrvasmin pralaya-samaya ity arthaḥ ||50||

[51]

tan-māyā-phala-rūpeṇa
kevalaṃ nirvikalpitam |
vāṅ-mano-gocaraṃ satyaṃ
dvidhā samabhavad bṛhat || [BhP 11.24.3]

ṭīkā ca - tad bṛhad brahma vāṅ-mano-gocaraṃ yathā bhavati tathā | māyā dṛśyam | phalaṃ tat-prakāśaḥ | tad-rūpeṇa māyā-rūpeṇa vilāsa-rūpeṇa ca dvidhābhūd ity eṣā | atra māyā dṛśyam iti phalaṃ tat-prakāśa iti chedaḥ | tena brahmaṇā yad dṛśyaṃ vastu tan māyā | tasya brahmaṇo yaḥ prakāśa- vikāśaḥ sa phalam ity arthaḥ ||51||

[52]

tayor ekataro hy arthaḥ
prakṛtiḥ sobhayātmikā |
jānanty anyatamo bhāvaḥ
puruṣaḥ so'bhidhīyate || [BhP 11.24.4]

ṭīkā ca - tayor dvidhābhūtayor aṃśayor madhye ubhayātmikā kārya-kāraṇa- rūpiṇī | ity eṣā | śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe - viṣṇoḥ svarūpāt parato hi te'nye rūpaṃ pradhānaṃ puruṣaś ca vipra ity [ViP 1.2.24] atra teṣām eva ṭīkā ca - parato nirupāder viṣṇoḥ svarūpāt te prāg ukte pradhānaṃ puruṣaṃ ceti dve rūpe anye māyā-kṛte iti || 11.24 || bhagavān ||52||

[53]

anyatra tayor upādāna-nimittayor aṃśayor vṛtti-bhedena bhedān apy āha --

kālo daivaṃ karma jīvaḥ svabhāvo
dravyaṃ kṣetraṃ prāṇam ātmā vikāraḥ |
tat-saṅghāto bījaroha-pravāhas
tan-māyaiṣā tan-niṣedhaṃ prapadye || [BhP 10.63.26]

ṭīkā ca - kālaḥ kṣobhakaḥ | karma nimittaṃ tad eva phalābhimukham abhivyaktaṃ daivam | svabhāvas tat-saṃskāraḥ | jīvas tadvān | dravyaṃ bhūta- sūkṣmāṇi | kṣetraṃ prakṛtiḥ | prāṇaḥ sūtram | ātmā ahaṅkāraḥ | vikāra ekādeśendriyāṇi mahābhūtāni ceti ṣoḍaśakaḥ tat-saṅghāto dehaḥ | tasya ca bīja-rohavat pravāhaḥ | roho'ṅkuraḥ | dehād bīja-rūpaṃ karma | tato'ṅkura- rūpo dehaḥ | tataḥ punar evam iti pravāhaḥ | taṃ tvāṃ niṣedhāvadhi-bhūtaṃ prapadye bhaje iti | ity eṣā |

atra kāla-daiva-karma-svabhāvā nimittāṃśāḥ anye upādānāṃśās tadvān jīvas tūbhayātmakas tathopādāna-varge nimitta-śakty-aṃśo'py anuvartate | yathā jīvopādhi-lakṣaṇe'ham-ākhye tattve tadīyāham (aṃha?)-bhāvaḥ sa hy avidyā-pariṇāma ity ādi | yathoktaṃ tṛtīyasya ṣaṣṭhe -

ātmānaṃ cāsya nirbhinnam abhimāno 'viśat padam | karmaṇāṃśena yenāsau kartavyaṃ pratipadyate || [BhP 3.6.25] iti |

atrātmānam ahaṅkāram abhimāno rudraḥ karmaṇāhaṃ-vṛttyā iti ṭīkā ca | atra ca yan nirbhinnaṃ tad-adhiṣṭhātnaṃ vāg-ādīndriyaṃ tṛtīyānta- madhyātmam iti prakaraṇa-nirṇayaṣ ṭīkāyām eva kṛto'sti | bīja-rūpatvaṃ kāraṇatā-mātra-vivakṣayā | tad evam atrāpi mūla-māyāyāḥ sarvopādānāṃśa-mūla-bhūtaṃ kṣetra-śabdoktaṃ pradhānam apy aṃśa-rūpam ity adhigatam | jīvas tadvān ity anena śuddha-jīvasya māyātītatvaṃ bodhayati || 10.62 || jvaraḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||52||

[54]

atha nimitta-rūpāṃśasya prathame dve vṛttī āha -

vidyāvidye mama tanū
viddhy uddhava śarīriṇām |
bandha-mokṣa-karī ādye
māyayā me vinirmitte || [BhP 11.11.3]

ṭīkā ca -tanyete bandha-mokṣāv āvābhyām iti tanū śaktī me māyayā vinirmite | māyā-vṛtti-rūpatvād bandha-mokṣa-karīty eka-vacanaṃ dvi- vacanārthe | nanu tat-kāryatve bandha-mokṣayor anāditva-nityatve na syātāṃ tatrāha ādye anādī | tato yāvad avidyāṃ prerayāmi tāvad bandhaḥ yadā vidyāṃ dadāmi tadā mokṣaḥ sphuratīty arthaḥ | ity eṣā |

atra māyā-vṛttitvād iti vastuto māyā-vṛttī eva te | vinirmitatvaṃ tv aparānanta-vṛttikayā tayā prakāśamānatvād evocyate | yato'nādī ity arthaḥ | tathā sphuratīty asya mokṣa ity anenaivānvayaḥ | jīvasya svato muktatvam eva | bandhas tv avidyā-mātreṇa pratītaḥ | vidyodaye tu tat prakāśate mātram | tato nitya eva mokṣa iti bhāvaḥ | na ca vācyam eṣā māyety ādau sāmānya-lakṣaṇo mokṣa-pradatvaṃ tasyā noktam ity asamyaaktvam iti | antakāritvenātyanta-pralaya-rūpasya mokṣasyāpy upalakṣitatvāt | atra vdiyākhyā vṛttir iyaṃ svarūpa-śakti-vṛtti-viśeṣa-vidyā-prakāśe dvāram eva na tu svayam eva seti jñeyam | athāvidyākhyasya bhāgasya deva vṛttī | āvaraṇātmikā vikṣepātmikā ca | tatra pūrvā jīva eva tiṣṭhantī tadīyaṃ svābhāvikaṃ jñānam āvṛṇvānā | uttarā ca taṃ tad-anyathā-jñānena sañcayantī vartata iti || 11.11 || śrī-bhagavān ||54||

[55]

atra nimittāṃśas tv evaṃ vivecanīyaḥ | yathā nimittāṃśa-rūpayā māyākhyayaiva prasiddhā śaktis tridhā dṛśyate jñānecchā-kriyā-rūpatvena | tatra tasyāḥ parameśvara-jñāna-rūpatvaṃ yathā tṛtīye |

sā vā etasya saṃdraṣṭuḥ śaktiḥ sad-asad-ātmikā | māyā nāma mahā-bhāga yayedaṃ nirmame vibhuḥ || [BhP 3.5.25] iti |

asya ṭīkāyām | sā vai dṛaṣṭṛ-dṛśyānusandhāna-rūpā | saha-dṛśyam asad- dṛśyam ātmā svarūpam | sad-asatīr ātmā yasyās tad-ubhayānusandhāna- rūpatvād iti | tad-icchā-rūpatvaṃ yathā tatraiva | ātmecchānugatāv ātmety asya ṭīkāyām | ātmecchā māyā tasyānugatau laye satīti | tat-kriyā-rūpatvaṃ caikādaśe eṣā māyā bhagavata ity udāhṛta-vacane eva draṣṭavyam | yad yadi parameśvarasya sākṣāj jñānādikaṃ na māyā | kintu svarūpa-śaktir eva | tathāpi taj-jñānādikaṃ prākṛte kārye na tad-arthaṃ pravartate | kintu bhaktārtham eva pravartamānam anuṣaṅgennaiva pravartata ity agre vivecanīyatvāt | tat-pravṛttyābhāsa-saṃvalitaṃ yan māyā-vṛtti-rūpaṃ jñānādikam anyat tad eva taj-jñānādi-śabdenocyate | tathābhūtaṃ ca taj- jñānādikaṃ dvividham | svabhāva-siddhatvāt kevala-parameśvara-niṣṭhaṃ tad-dattatvāt jīva-niṣṭhaṃ ca | tatra prathamaṃ draṣṭṛ-dṛśyānusandhāna- sisṛkṣā-kālādi-rūpaṃ dvitīyaṃ vidyāvidyā-bhogecchā-karmādi-rūpam iti | atho-pādānāṃśasya pradhānasya lakṣaṇam |

yat tat tri-guṇam avyaktaṃ
nityaṃ sad-asad-ātmakam |
pradhānaṃ prakṛtiṃ prāhur
aviśeṣaṃ viśeṣavat || [BhP 3.26.10]

yat khalu tri-guṇaṃ sattvādi-guṇa-traya-samāhāras tad evāvyaktaṃ pradhānaṃ prakṛtiṃ ca prāhuḥ | tatrāvyakta-saṃjñatve hetur aviśeṣaṃ guṇa-traya-sāmya- rūpatvād anabhivyakta-viśeṣam ataevāvyākṛta-saṃjñaṃ ceti gamitam | pradhāna-saṃjñatve hetuḥ viśeṣavat svakārya-rūpāṇāṃ mahad-ādi-viśeṣāṇām āśraya-rūpatayā tebhyaḥ śreṣṭham | prakṛti-saṃjñatve hetuḥ | sad-asad- ātmakaṃ sad-asatsu kārya-kāraṇa-rūpeṣu mahad-ādiṣu kāraṇatvād anugata ātmā svarūpaṃ yasya tat | tathā nityaṃ pralaye kāraṇa-mātrātmanāvasthita- sarvāṃśatvena sṛṣṭi-sthityoś ca pañcīkṛtāṃśatvenāvikṛtaṃ svarūpaṃ yasya tādṛśam iti brahmatvaṃ mahad-ādi-rūpatvaṃ ca vyāvṛttam | brahmaṇo nirguṇatvāt mahad-ādīnāṃ cāvyaktāpekṣayā kāryarūpatvāt | evaṃ ca śrī- viṣṇu-purāṇe --

avyaktaṃ kāraṇaṃ yat tat
pradhānam ṛṣi-sattamaiḥ |
procyate prakṛtiḥ sūkṣmā
nityaṃ sad-asad-ātmakam ||

akṣayyaṃ nānyad ādhāram
ameyam ajaraṃ dhruvam |
śabda-sparśa-vihīnaṃ tad-
rūpādibhir asaṃhitam ||

triguṇaṃ taj-jagad-yonir anādi-prabhavāpyayam | tenāgre sarvam evāsīd vyāptaṃ vai pralayād anu || ity ādi [ViP 1.2.19-21] |

idam eva pradhānam anāder jagataḥ sūkṣmāvasthā-rūpam avyākṛtāvyaktādy-abhidhaṃ vedāntibhir api parameśvarādhīnatayā manyate tad-adhīnatvād arthavad ity [Vs 1.4.3] ādi-nyāyeṣu niṣidhyate tu sāṅkhyavat svatantratayā ānumānikam apy ekeṣām iti cen na śarīra-rūpaka-vinyasta- gṛhīter darśayati ca ity ādi-nyāyeṣu [Vs 1.4.1] | śvetāśvataropaniṣadi pradhāna-śabdaś ca śrūyate | pradhāna-kṣetrajña-patir guṇeśaḥ saṃsāra- bandha-sthiti-mokṣa-hetur ity ādau ||3.26|| śrī-kapiladevaḥ ||55||

[56]

tad evaṃ sandarbha-dvaye śakti-traya-vivṛtiḥ kṛtā | tatra nāmābhinnatā-janita- bhrānti-hānāya saṅgraha-ślokāḥ -

māyā syād antaraṅgāyāṃ bahiraṅgā ca sā smṛtā |
pradhāne'pi kvacid dṛṣṭā tad-vṛttir mohinī ca sā |
ādye traye syāt prakṛtiś cic-chaktis tv antaraṅgikā |
śuddha-jīve'pi te dṛṣṭe tatheśa-jñāna-vīryayoḥ ||

cinmāyā-śakti-vṛttyos tu vidyā-śaktir udīryate |
cic-chakti-vṛttau māyāyāṃ yoga-māyā samā smṛtā ||

pradhānāvyākṛtāvyaktaṃ traiguṇye prakṛtau param | na māyāyāṃ na cic-chaktāv ity ādy ūhyaṃ vivekibhiḥ || iti |

atha māyā-kāryaṃ jagal lakṣyate -

tatas tenānuviddhebhyo
yuktebhyo 'ṇḍam acetanam |
utthitaṃ puruṣo yasmād
udatiṣṭhad asau virāṭ || [BhP 3.26.51]

etad aṇḍaṃ viśeṣākhyaṃ krama-vṛddhair daśottaraiḥ | toyādibhiḥ parivṛtaṃ

pradhānenāvṛtair bahiḥ
yatra loka-vitāno 'yaṃ
rūpaṃ bhagavato hareḥ || [BhP 3.26.52]

teneśvareṇānubiddhebhyaḥ kṣubhtebhyo mahad-ādibhyo'ṇḍam acetanam utthitam | yasmād aṇḍāsau virāṭ puruṣas tūdatiṣṭhat | bhagavataḥ puruṣasya || 3.26 || śrī-kapiladevaḥ ||56||

[57]

tad evaṃ bhagavato rūpam ity uktes tasyāpi prāgvad-aprākṛtatvam āpatati | tan-niṣedhāyāha |

amunī bhagavad-rūpe
mayā te hy anuvarṇite |
ubhe api na gṛhṇanti
māyā-sṛṣṭe vipaścitaḥ || [BhP 2.10.35]

amunī amū upāsanārthaṃ bhagavaty āropite jagad-ātmake sthūla- sūkṣmākhye virāṭ hiraṇya-garbhāpara-paryāye samaṣṭi-śarīre ye mayā tubhyam anuvarṇite te ubhe api vipaścito na gṛhṇanti vastutayā nopāsate kiṃ tarhi tadīya-bahiraṅgādhiṣṭhānatayaivety arthaḥ | tad uktaṃ vaiṣṇave -

yad etad dṛśyate mūrtam etaj-jñānātmanas tava | bhrānti-jñānena paśyanti jagad-rūpam ayoginaḥ || iti [ViP 1.4.39] |

etan-mūrtaṃ jagad bhrānti-jñānenaiva tava rūpaṃ jānantīty arthaḥ | śrutiś ca - nedaṃ yad idam upāsata iti | yad idaṃ jagad upāsate prāṇinaḥ nedaṃ brahmeti śrī-rāmānuja-bhāṣyam | ataeva na gṛhṇantīty atra hetur māyā- sṛṣṭe na tu svarūpa-śakti-prādurbhāvite | anena caturbhujādi-lakṣaṇasya sākṣād-rūpasya māyātītatvam api vyaktam | atrāsya jagato māyāmayasya puruṣa-rūpatve puruṣa-guṇāvatārāṇāṃ viṣṇv-ādīnāṃ sattvādiamayās tad- aṃśā rūpāṇīti jñeyam | tāny apekṣya coktaṃ mārkaṇḍeye --

viṣṇuḥ śarīra-grahaṇam aham īśāna eva ca | kāritās te yato'tas tvāṃ kaḥ stotuṃ śaktimān bhavet || iti |

śarīra-śabdasya tat-tan-nija-śarīra-vācitve tu tad-grahaṇāt pūrvaṃ viṣṇv-ādi- bhedāsambhavāt tan-nirdeśānupapatteḥ || 2.10 || śrī-śukaḥ || 57 ||

[58]

pūrvaṃ māyā-sṛṣṭe ity uktam | tatra māyā-śabdasya nājñānārthatvam | tad- vāde hi sarvam eva jīvādi-dvaitam ajñānenaiva sva-svarūpe brahmaṇi kalpyate iti matam | nirahaṅkārasya kenacid dharmāntareṇāpi rahitasya sarva- vilakṣaṇasya cin-mātrasya brahmaṇas tu nājñānāśrayatvaṃ na cājñāna- viṣayatvaṃ na ca brahma-hetutvaṃ sambhavatīti | paramālaukika-vastutvād acintya-śaktitvaṃ tu sambhavet | yat khalu cintāmaṇy-ādāv api dṛśyate,yatā tridoṣaghnauṣadhivat paraspara-virodhinām api guṇānāṃ dhāriṇyā tasya niravayavatvādike saty api sāvayavatvādikam aṅgīkṛtam | tatra śabdaś cāsti pramāṇam | vicitra-śaktiḥ puruṣaḥ purāṇaḥ cānveṣāṃ śaktayas tādṛśaḥ syur ity ādikāḥ śvetāśvataropaniṣad-ādau | ātmeśvaro'tarkya-sahasra-śaktir ity [BhP 3.33.3] ādikaḥ śrī-bhāgavatādiṣu | tathā ca brahma-sūtram - ātmani caivaṃ vicitrāś ca hi iti [Vs. 2.1.28] |

tatra dvaitānyathānupapattyāpi brahmaṇy-ajñānādikaṃ kalpayituṃ na śaktaye asambhavād eva | brahmaṇy acintya-śakti-sad-bhāvasya yukti-labdhatvāt śrutatvāc ca dvaitānyathānupapattiś ca dūre gatā | tataś cācintya-śaktir eva dvaitopapattīkāraṇaṃ paryavasīyate | tasmān nirvikārādisvabhāvena sato'pi paramātmano'cintya-śaktyā viśvākāratvādinā pariṇāmādikaṃ bhavati cintāmaṇy-ayaskāntādīnāṃ sarvārtha-prasava-loha-cālavādivat | tad etad aṅgīkṛtaṃ śrī-bādarāyaṇena śrutes tu śabda-mūlatvād iti [Vs 2.1.27] |

tatas tasya tādṛśa-śaktitvāt prākṛtavan-māyā-śabdasyendra-jāla-vidyā- vācitvam api na yuktam | kintu mīyate vicitraṃ nirmīyate'nayeti vicitrārtha- kara-śakti-vācitvam eva | tasmāt paramātma-pariṇāma eva śāstra- siddhāntaḥ | tad etac ca bhagavat-sandarbhe vivṛtam asti | tatra cāpariṇatasyaiva mato'cintayā śaktyā pariṇāma ity āsau san- mātratāvabhāsamāna-svarūpa-vyūha-rūpa-dravyākhya-śakti-rūpeṇaiva pariṇamate na tu svarūpeṇeti gamyate | yathaiva cintāmaṇiḥ | atas tan- mūlatvān na paramātmopādānatā-sampratipatti-bhaṅgaḥ | tad uktam ekādaśe śrī-bhagavatā -

prakṛtir yasyopādānam ādhāraḥ puruṣaḥ paraḥ | sato'bhivyañjakaḥ kālo brahma tat-tritayas tv aham || [BhP 11.24.19] iti |

ataeva kvacid asya brahmopādānatvaṃ kvacit pradhānopādānatvaṃ śrūyate | tatra sā māyākhyā pariṇāma-śaktiś ca dvividhā varṇyate | nimittāṃśo māyā upādānāṃśaḥ pradhānam iti | tatra kevalā śaktir nimittaṃ tad vyūha-mayī tūpādānam iti vivekaḥ | ataeva śrutāv api vijñānaṃ cāvijñānaṃ ceti [TaittU 2.6.1] kascyacid bhāgasyācetanatā śrūyate | atha mūla-pramāṇe śrī-bhāgavate'pi tṛtīyādau mukhya eva sṛṣṭi-prastāve ca jñāna-vairāgyāṅgatvena ca purṇāntara-gati-sāmānya-sevitaḥ pradhāna- pariṇāma eva sphuṭam upalabhyate | kva ca stuty-ādau jñāna- vairāgyāṅgatayaiva vivarto'pi yaḥ śrūyate so'pi jagato nānyathā-siddhatāparaḥ kintu paramātma-yūha-pradhāna-pariṇāmena siddhasyaiva tasya samaṣṭi- vyaṣṭi-rūpasya yathāyathaṃ śuddhe paramātmani tad-aṃśa-rūpātmani vātmātmīyatādhyāropitāparaḥ |

tatra paramātmani virāddhupāsanā-vākyādi-śravaṇaṃ hetur ātmani tu tat- tad-āveśo hetur iti vivecanīyam | anyatra siddhasya vastuna evānyatrāropo mithyā-khapuṣpāder āropāsambhavāt pūrva-pūrva-vivarta-mātra- siddhānādi-paramparātve dṛṣṭāntābhāvāc ca | kiṃ ca pūrvaṃ vāri-darśanād vāry-ākārā vṛttir jātāpi tad-aprasaṅga-samaye suptā tiṣṭhati tat tulya-vastu- darśanena tu jāgarti, tad viśeṣānusandhānaṃ vinā tad-abhedena sva- tantrāropayati tasmān na vāri mithyā, na vā smaraṇa-mayī tad-ākārā vṛttir, na vā tat-tulyaṃ marīcikādi vastu kintu tad-abhedenāropa evāyathārthatvān mithyā | svapne ca māyā-mātraṃ tu kārtsnyenānabhivyakta-svarūpatvād iti nyāyena [Vs 3.2.3] jāgrad-dṛṣṭa-vastv-ākārāyāṃ mano-vṛttau paramātma- māyā tad-vastv-abhedam āropayatīti pūrvavat | tasmād vastu tasya na kvacid api mithyātvam | śuddha ātmani paramātmani vā tādṛśa-tad-āropa eva mithyā na tu viśvaṃ mithyeti | tato jagataḥ paramātma-jātatvena sākṣāt-tad- ātmīyatvābhāvād abudhānām eva tatra śuddhe tat-tad-buddhiḥ |

yadyapi śuddhāśrayam eva jagat tathāpi jagatā tat-saṃsargo nāsti | tad uktam asaktaṃ sarvabhṛc caiva iti gītāsu [Gītā 13.14] | tathā deha-gehādāv ātmātmīyatājñānaṃ teṣām eva syād ity ubhayatraivāropaḥ śāstre śrūyate | yathā yad etad dṛśyate mūrtam ity [ViP 1.4.39] ādikaṃ viṣṇu-purāṇe | yathā vā

tvām ātmānaṃ paraṃ matvā paramātmānam eva ca | ātmā punar bahir mṛgya aho akṣajanājñatā || iti [BhP 10.14.27] |

tvām ātmānaṃ sarveṣāṃ mūla-rūpaṃ param itaraṃ tad-viparītaṃ matvā tathā param itaraṃ jīvam eva ca mūla-rūpātmānaṃ matvā sāṅkhya-vida iva tasya tathā manyamānasya punaḥ sa jīvātmā bahir mṛgyo bhavati | tasya tenaiva hetunā labdha-cchidrayā māyayā dehātma-buddhiḥ kāryata ity arthaḥ | aho ajña-janatāyā ajñatā kramāj jñāna-bhraṃśa ity arthaḥ | tad uktaṃ haṃsa- guhya-stave -

deho 'savo 'kṣā manavo bhūta-mātrām ātmānam anyaṃ ca viduḥ paraṃ yat | sarvaṃ pumān veda guṇāṃś ca taj-jño na veda sarva-jñam anantam īḍe || [BhP 6.4.25] iti |

tathā śrī-bhagavad-uddhava-saṃvāde -

ātmā parijñānamayo vivādo
hy astīti nāstīti bhidātma-niṣṭhaḥ |
vyartho'pi naivoparameta puṃsāṃ
mattaḥ parāvṛtta-dhiyāṃ svalokāt || iti [BhP 11.22.34]

kiṃ ca vivartasya jñānādi-prakaraṇa-paṭhitvena gauṇatvāt pariṇāmasya tu sva-prakaraṇa-paṭhitatvena mukhyatvāt jñānādy-ubhaya-prakaraṇa- paṭhitatvena sad-aṃśa-nyāya-siddha-prābalyāc ca pariṇāma eva śrī- bhāgavata-tātparyam iti gamyate | tac ca bhagavad-acintyaiśvarya-jñānārthaṃ mithyātvābhidhānaṃ tu naśvaratvābhidhānavat viśvasya paramātma- bahirmukhatvāpādakatvād dheyatājñāna-mātrārthaṃ na tu vastv eva tan na bhavatīti jīveśa-svarūpaikya-jñāna-mātrārthaṃ vaidharmyāc ca na svapnādivat [Vs 2.2.29] iti nyāyena | tathā ca nāradīye -

jagad-vilāpayāmāsur ity ucyetātha tat smṛteḥ | na ca tat-smṛti-mātreṇa layo bhavati niścitam || iti |

tatra mukhya eva sṛṣṭi-prastāve pradhāna-pariṇāmam āha --

kāla-vṛttyā tu māyāyāṃ
guṇa-mayyām adhokṣajaḥ |
puruṣeṇātma-bhūtena
vīryam ādhatta vīryavān || [BhP 3.5.26]

tato 'bhavan mahat-tattvam
avyaktāt kāla-coditāt |
vijñānātmātma-deha-sthaṃ
viśvaṃ vyañjaṃs tamo-nudaḥ || [BhP 3.5.27]

bhagavān eka āsedam iti [BhP 3.5.23] prāktanānantara-granthād adhokṣajo bhagavān puruṣeṇa prakṛti-draṣṭr-ātma-bhūtena svāṃśena dvāra-bhūtena kālo vṛttir yasyās tayā māyayā nimitta-bhūtayā guṇa-mayyāṃ māyāyām avyakte vīryaṃ jīvākhyam ādhatta | hantemās tisro devatā ity ādi-śruteḥ | vijñānātmaiva mahat-tattvam | tamo-nudaḥ pralya-gatājñāna-dhvaṃsa- kartā || 3.5 || śrī-maitreyaḥ || 58 ||

[59]

jñānādy-aṅgatve'py āha --

eko nārāyaṇo devaḥ pūrva-sṛṣṭaṃ sva-māyayā |
saṃhṛtya kāla-kalayā kalpanta idam īśvaraḥ ||

eka evādvitīyo'bhūd ātmādhāro'khilāśrayaḥ |
kālenātmānubhāvena sāmyaṃ nītāsu śaktiṣu |
sattvādiṣv ādi-puruṣaḥ pradhāna-puruṣeśvaraḥ ||

parāvarāṇāṃ parama āste kaivalya-saṃjñitaḥ |
kevalānubhavānanda-sandoho nirupādhikaḥ ||

kevalātmānubhāvena svamāyāṃ triguṇātmikām |
saṅkṣobhayan sṛjaty ādau tayā sūtram arindama ||

tām āhus triguṇa-vyaktiṃ sṛjantīṃ viśvatomukham |
yasmin protam idaṃ viśvaṃ yena saṃsarate pumān ||

yathorṇa-nābhir hṛdayād ūrṇāṃ santatya vaktrataḥ |
tayā vihṛtya bhūyastāṃ grasaty evaṃ maheśvaraḥ || [BhP 11.9.16-21]

kālaḥ kalā yasyās tayā svādhīnatayā māyayā | śrutiś ca -

yathorṇanābhiḥ sṛjate gṛhṇate ca
yathā pṛthivyāmoṣadhayaḥ saṃbhavanti |
yathā sataḥ puruṣāt keśalomāni
tathā'kṣarāt saṃbhavatīha viśvam || iti [MuṇḍU 1.1.7]

|| 11.9 || śrī-dattātreyo yadum || 59 ||

[60]

tad evaṃ sūkṣma-cid-acid-vastu rūpa-śuddha-jīvāvyakta-śakteḥ paramātmanaḥ sthūla-cetanācetana-vastu-rūpāṇy ādhyātmika-jīvādi-pṛthivy- antāni jāyanta ity uktam | tataḥ kevalasya paramātmano nimittatvaṃ śakti- viśiṣṭasyopādānatvam ity ubhaya-rūpatām eva manyante | prakṛitiṃ ca pratijñā dṛṣṭāntānurodhād ity ādau | tad evaṃ tasya sadā śuddhatvam eva | tatra śakteḥ śaktimad-avyatirekād ananayatvam uktam | tathā sat-kārya- vādāṅgīkāre svāntaḥ sthita-svadharma-viśeṣābhivyakti-labdha-vikāśena kāraṇasyaivāṃśena kāryatvam ity evaṃ vācārambhaṇaṃ vikāro nāma-dheyaṃ mṛttikety eva satyam ity ādi-śruit-siddhaṃ kāryasya kāraṇād anyatvaṃ kāraṇasya tu kāryād anyatvam ity āyāti |

tad evaṃ jagat kāraṇa-śakti-viśiṣṭāt paramātmano'nanyad evedaṃ jagatas tv abhāvanya evety āha --

idaṃ hi viśvaṃ bhagavān ivetaro

yato jagat-sthāna-nirodha-sambhavāḥ
tad dhi svayaṃ veda bhavāṃs tathāpi te
prādeśa-mātraṃ bhavataḥ pradarśitam || [BhP 1.5.20]

idaṃ viśvaṃ bhagavān iva bhagavato'nanyad ity arthaḥ | tasmād itaras taṭasthākhyo jīvaś ca sa iveti pūrvavat | ataeva etad-ātmyam idaṃ sarvam iti sarvaṃ khalv idaṃ brahmeti śrutḥ | yato bhagavataḥ | bhavato bhavantaṃ prati pradeśa-mātraṃ kiñcin-mātraṃ darśitam ity arthaḥ || 1.5 || śrī-nāradaḥ śrī- vyāsam || 60 ||

[61]

spaṣṭam evāha -

so 'yaṃ te 'bhihitas tāta
bhagavān viśva-bhāvanaḥ |
samāsena harer nānyad
anyasmāt sad-asac ca yat || [BhP 2.7.50]

so'yaṃ samāsena saṅkṣepeṇābhihitaḥ | kathaṃ taṭastha-lakṣaṇenaivety āha | sat kāryaṃ sthūlam aśuddha-jīva-jagad-ākhyaṃ cetanācetanaṃ vastu | asat karaṇaṃ sūkṣmaṃ śuddha-jīva-pradhānākhyaṃ cid-acid-vastu ca yat tat sarvaṃ harer anyan na bhavati sūkṣmasya tac-chakti-rūpatvāt sthūlasya tat-kārya- rūpatvād iti bhāvaḥ | idam eva śrī-haṃsa-devenoktaṃ - aham eva na matto'nyad iti budhyadhvam añjasā iti [BhP 11.13.24] | jagatas tad-ananyatve'pi śuddhasya tasya tad-doṣa-sāṅkaryaṃ nāstīty āha anyasmād iti || 2.7 || śrī- brahmā śrī-nāradam ||61||

[62] tatrānanyatve yuktiṃ vivṛṇoti pañcabhiḥ -

ādāv ante janānāṃ sad
bahir antaḥ parāvaram |
jñānaṃ jñeyaṃ vaco vācyaṃ
tamo jyotis tv ayaṃ svayam || [BhP 7.15.57]

janānāṃ dehādīnām ādau kāraṇatvena ante cāvadhitvena yat paramātma- lakṣaṇaṃ sarva-kāraṇaṃ vastu sad vartamānaṃ tad eva svayaṃ bahir bhogyaṃ anta-bhoktṛ paravaraṃ cocca-nīcaṃ tamo'prakāśaḥ jyotiḥ prakāśaś ca sphurati nānyat | anyasya tad vinā svataḥ sphuraṇānirūpyatvād iti bhāvaḥ |

[63]

nanu kathaṃ tarhi tasmād atyanta-pṛthag ivāthajātaṃ pratīyate tatrāha -

ābādhito 'pi hy ābhāso
yathā vastutayā smṛtaḥ |
durghaṭatvād aindriyakaṃ
tadvad artha-vikalpitam || [BhP 7.15.58]

ābādhitas tarka-virodhena sarvato bādhitaḥ svātantrya-sattāyāḥ sakāśān nirasto'pi yathā ābhāsaḥ sūryādi-prati-raśmir bālādibhiḥ pṛthak prakāśam ānatād arthanād vastutayā svatantra-padārthatayā smṛtaḥ kalpitaḥ tadvad aindriyaka sarvaṃ mūḍhaiḥ svatantrārthatvena vividhaṃ kalpitaṃ tat tu na tattva-dṛṣṭyā svātantrya-nirūpaṇasya durghaṭatvād ity arthaḥ |

[64]

tad evāha dvābhyām -

kṣity-ādīnām ihārthānāṃ
chāyā na katamāpi hi |
na saṅghāto vikāro 'pi
na pṛthaṅ nānvito mṛṣā || [BhP 7.15.59]

kṣity-ādīnāṃ pañca-bhūtānāṃ chāyā aikya-buddhyālambana-rūpaṃ dehādi- saṅghātārambha-pariṇāmānāṃ madhye katamāpy anyatamāpi na bhavati | na tāvat teṣāṃ saṅghāto vṛkṣāṇām iva vanam eka-deśākarṣaṇe sarvākarṣaṇānupapatteḥ | na hy ekasmin vṛkṣa ākṛṣṭe sarvaṃ vanam ākṛṣyate | na ca vikāraḥ ārabdho'vayavī | api-śabdāt pariṇāmo'pi | kutaḥ | kim avayavebhyaḥ pṛthag ārabhyate pariṇamate ca tad-anvito vā | na tāvad atyantaṃ pṛthak tathā apratīteḥ | na cānvitaḥ | sa kiṃ pratyavayavam anveti aṃśena vā | ādye aṅguli-mātre'pi deha-buddhiḥ syāt | dvitīye tasyāpy aṃśāṅgīkāre saty anavasthāpātaḥ syāt | ato dehādeḥ svātantryeṇāvasthitir mṛṣaiveti |

[65] evaṃ dehādeḥ svātantryeṇānirūpyatvam uktvā tad-dhetūnāṃ kṣity-ādīnām api tathaivānirūpyatvam āha

dhātavo 'vayavitvāc ca
tan-mātrāvayavair vinā |
na syur hy asaty avayaviny
asann avayavo 'ntataḥ || [BhP 7.15.60]

dhārayantīti | dhātavo mahābhūtāni tan-mātraiḥ sūkṣmair avayavair vinā na syuḥ | avayavitvāt teṣām api | tarhy avayava eva svatantra iti cet tatrāha ukta- prakāreṇāvayavini nirūpayitum asati avayavo'py antato nirūpayitum asann iva syāt | avayavi-pratīty-anyathānupapattiṃ vinā paramāṇu-lakṣaṇāvayava-sad- bhāve pramāṇābhāvād ity arthaḥ | tad uktaṃ pañcame -

evaṃ niruktaṃ kṣiti-śabda-vṛttam ity [BhP 5.12.9] ādi | tasmād aikya- buddhyālambana-rūpaṃ yat pratīyate tat sarvatra paramātma-lakṣaṇaṃ sarva- kāraṇaṃ vastv eveti sādhūktam ādāv ante janānāṃ sad ity ādinā | evam eva tṛtīye'py uktam -

iti tāsāṃ sva-śaktīnāṃ satīnām asametya saḥ |
prasupta-loka-tantrāṇāṃ niśāmya gatim īśvaraḥ ||

kāla-saṃjñā tato devīṃ vibhrac chaktim urukramaḥ |
trayoviṃśatit-tattvānāṃ gaṇaṃ yugapad āviśat ||

so 'nupraviṣṭo bhagavāṃś ceṣṭārūpeṇa taṃ gaṇam bhinnaṃ saṃyojayām āsa suptaṃ karma prabodhayan || iti [BhP 3.6.1-3]

ataeva yasya pṛthivī śarīram ity ādi-śrutau [BṛhadU 3.7.3] sarvasya paramātma-śarīratvena prasiddhiḥ paramātmanas tu śarīratvena | tad evam avayava-rūpeṇa pradhāna-pariṇāmaḥ sarvatrāvayavī tu paramātma-vastv eveti siddham | tato'py amithyātvam eva jagata upapadyeta ||

[66]

nanu yadi paramātma-vastv eva sarvatrāvayavī dehaḥ syāt tataś ca tatraiva brāhmaṇatvādi-saṃjñā-prāpte guṇa-doṣa-hetū vidhi-niṣedhāv api syātāṃ | tau ca na sambhavataḥ | tasmād anya evāvayavī yujyate | ity āśaṅkyāha -

syāt sādṛśya-bhramas tāvad
vikalpe sati vastunaḥ |
jāgrat-svāpau yathā svapne
tathā vidhi-niṣedhatā || [BhP 7.15.61]

vastunaḥ paramātmano vikalpe saṃśaye satīti tasya tādṛśatvena nirṇayo yāvan na syāt ity arthaḥ | tāvad eva tasmāt sarvaikya-buddhi-nidānāt pṛthag dehaikya-buddhiḥ sādṛśya-bhramaḥ syāt | pūrvāparāvayavānusandhāne sati parasparam āsajyaikatra sthitatvenāvayavatva-sādhāraṇyena caikya-sādṛśyāt pratyavayavam ekatayā pratīteḥ | so'yaṃ deha iti bhrama eva bhavatīty arthaḥ | prativṛkṣaṃ tad idaṃ vanam itivat | yathoktaṃ svayaṃ bhagavatā - so'yaṃ dīpo'rciṣāṃ yadvat srotasāṃ tad idaṃ jalam | so'yaṃ pumān iti nṝṇāṃ mṛṣā dhīr gor mṛṣāyuṣām || iti [BhP 11.22.45] |

tataś ca tatraiva brāhmaṇatvādy-abhimāne sati svapna-vaiṣayakau jāgrat- svapnāv iva tad-viṣayakau vidhi-niṣedhau syātām ity āha jāgrad iti | tathā tena prakāreṇa vidher vidhitā niṣedhasya niṣedhatety arthaḥ | evaṃ

parasvabhāva-karmaṇi na praśaṃsen na garhayet |
viśvam ekātmakaṃ paśyan prakṛtyā puruṣeṇa ca || [BhP 11.28.1]

ity ādir ekādaśāṣṭaviṃśatitamādhyāyo jñeyaḥ | tatra ca kiṃ bhadraṃ kim abhadraṃ vā dvaitasyāvastunaḥ kiyad ity ādikaṃ syāt sādṛśya-bhramas tāvad ity ādy-anusāreṇaiva vyākhyeyam | avastu yad dvaitaṃ tasyety arthaḥ | tasmāt svātantryeṇa nirūpaṇāśaktyā paramātmano ænanyad eva sarvam iti prakaraṇārthaḥ ||

||7.15 || śrī-nāradaḥ śrī-yudhiṣṭhiram || 66||

[67]

ata āha -

tvaṃ vāyur agnir avanir viyad ambu mātrāḥ
prāṇendriyāṇi hṛdayaṃ cid anugrahaś ca |
sarvaṃ tvam eva saguṇo viguṇaś ca bhūman
nānyat tvad asty api mano-vacasā niruktam || [BhP 7.9.48]

hṛdayam antar-indriyaṃ mano buddhyāhaṅkāra-cittātmakaṃ, cit śuddo jīvaḥ | anugrahaḥ sva-sammukhī-karaṇa-śaktiḥ | kiṃ bahunā sa-guṇo māyikaḥ viguṇaś cāmāyikaḥ sarvārthas tvam eveti || 7.9 || śrī-prahlādaḥ śrī- nṛsiṃham ||67||

[68]

atha tasya māyā-śakti-kārya-māyā-jīvebhyo'nyatvaṃ ca spaṣṭayati -

yatholmukād visphuliṅgād
dhūmād vāpi sva-sambhavāt |
apy ātmatvenābhimatād
yathāgniḥ pṛthag ulmukāt || [BhP 3.28.40]

bhūtendriyāntaḥ-karaṇāt
pradhānāj jīva-saṃjñitāt |
ātmā tathā pṛthag draṣṭā
bhagavān brahma-saṃjñitaḥ || [BhP 3.28.41]

ayam arthaḥ | sva-sambhavāt svopādāna-kāraṇāt ulmukāt kāṣṭha-muṣṭy- upādhikāt | agner hetor yā visphuliṅgo yaś ca dhūmas tasmāt tasmād yathā tat-tad-upādānam agniḥ pṛthag yathā ca tasmād ulmukāt tad-upādāna, asāv agniḥ pṛthak | kīdṛśād api tat-trayād apy ātmatvenābhimatāt nāpakatayā dhūme'gny-aṃśa-sad-bhāvenāgni-svarūpatayā pratītād api tathā visphuliṅga- sthānīyāj jīva-saṃjñitāj jīvāt ulmuka-sthānīyāt pradhānāt pradhānopādhika-bhagavat-tejasaḥ dhūma-sthānīyād bhūtādeḥ sarvopādāna- rūpo bhagavān pṛthak | ya evātmā svāṃśena tat-tad-antaryāmitayā paramātmā | kvacid adhikāriṇi nirviśeṣa-cinmātratayā sphuran brahma- saṃjñitaś ca | yata eva draṣṭā teṣām ādi-madhyāntāvasthā- sākṣīti || 3.28 || śrī-kapiladevaḥ ||68||

[69]

tatra yeṣāṃ manaḥ paramātmani nāsti, te paramātmātmake jagaty asad aṃśam eva gṛhṇanti, ye tu paramātma-vidas te sad-aṃśam eva gṛhṇantīty āhur bhāgavatāḥ |

sad iva manas tirvṛt tvayi vibhāty asadām anujāt
sad abhimṛśanty aśeṣam idam ātmatayātmavidaḥ |
na hi vikṛtiṃ tyajanti kanakasya tad-ātmatayā
svakṛtam anupraviṣṭam idam ātmatayāvasitam || [BhP 10.87.26]

tvayy asad avartamānaṃ yan manas tat khalu trivṛt tri-guṇa-kārye jagati vartamānaṃ sat tvayi sad iva vartamānam iva vibhāti | darvīsūparasa- nyāyena svāvagāḍhe jagati sato'pi paramātmano grahaṇābhāvāt | na tu vartamānam eva vibhātīty arthaḥ | ataevāsad-aṃśasya triguṇa-māyāmayatvaṃ manomayatvaṃ coktam -

yad idaṃ manasā vācā cakṣurbhyāṃ śravaṇādibhiḥ | naśvaraṃ gṛhyamāṇaṃ ca viddhi māyā-manomayam || iti | [BhP 11.7.7]

ye tv ātma-vidas tvad-dhetor aaste āmanujāt sopādhika-jīvasvarūpam abhivyāpya idam aśeṣaṃ jagad eva ātmatayā tvad-rūpatayā sad abhimṛśanti teṣāṃ sad-aṃśa eva dṛṣṭir nānyatrety arthaḥ |

tatra dṛṣṭāntaḥ na hi vikṛtam iti | teṣāṃ kanaka-mātraṃ mṛgayamānānāṃ kanaka-vaṇijāṃ hi kanaka-vikāre sundara-kurūpākāratāyāṃ dṛṣṭir nāsti | śuddha-kanaka-mātra-gṛāhitvāt tathātma-vidām apīti bhāvaḥ | dārṣṭāntike'pi tad-ātmatve hetu-trayam āhuḥ idaṃ jagat svena sac-chakti- viśiṣṭena upādāna-rūpeṇa tvayā kṛtaṃ paścāt siddhe'pi kārye kāraṇāṃśa- vyabhicāritayāntaryāmitayā ca svena tvayā praviṣṭaṃ punaḥ pralaye'py ātmatayā sac-chakti-viśiṣṭa-sad-rūpatayaivāvasitaṃ ceti | evaṃ dṛṣṭānte'pi vivecanīyam | tad etat sarvam abhipretyoktaṃ vaiṣṇave -

jñāna-svarūpam akhilaṃ
jagad etad abuddhayaḥ |
artha-svarūpaṃ paśyanto
bhrāmyante moha-samplave ||

ye tu jñāna-vidaḥ śuddha- cetasas te'khilaṃ jagat | jñānātmakaṃ prapaśyanti tvad-rūpaṃ parameśvara || iti || [ViP 1.4.40-41]

||10.87|| śrutayaḥ ||69||

[70]

tad evaṃ pariṇāmādikaṃ sādhitam | vivartaś ca parihṛtaḥ | tato vivarta- vādinām iva rajju-sarpavan na mithyātvaṃ kintu ghaṭavan naśvaratvam eva tasya | tato mithyātvābhāve'pi trikāla-vyabhicārabhāvāj jagato na sattvam |

vivarta-pariṇāmāsiddhatvena tad-doṣa-dvayābhāvavaty eva hi vastūni sattvaṃ vidhīyate | yathā paramātmani tac-chaktau vā | sad eva saumyedam agra āsīd ity ādau idaṃ-śabdoktaṃ jagat | sūkṣmāvasthā-lakṣaṇa-tac-chakti-brahmaṇor mithas tādātmyāpannayoḥ sac-chabda-vacanāt | ataḥ sat-kārya-vādaś ca sūkṣmāvasthām avalambyaiva pravartate | tad evaṃ sthite'pi punar āśaṅkate |

nanu sad-upādānaṃ jagat kathaṃ tadvan naśvaratām api bhajan na khalu sat syāt | yadi ca naśvaraṃ syāt tarhi kathaṃ śukti-rajatavat vyabhicāritvena kevala-vivartāntaḥ pāti na syāt | tad etat praśnam uṭṭaṅkya pariharanti ||

sata idam utthitaṃ sad iti cen nanu tarka-hataṃ
vyabhicarati kva ca kva ca mṛṣā na tathobhaya-yuk |
vyavahṛtaye vikalpa iṣito'ndha-paramparayā
bhramayati bhāratī ta uruvṛttibhir uktha-jaḍān || [BhP 10.87.36]

idaṃ viśvaṃ dharmi sad iti sādhyo dharmaḥ sata utpannatvāt yad yata utpannaṃ tat khalu tad-ātmakam eva dṛṣṭaṃ | yathā kanakād utpannaṃ kuṇḍalādikaṃ tad-ātmakaṃ tadvat | tatrotthitam eva na tu śuktau rajatam iva | tatrāropitam iti siddhāntinaḥ svamatam anūditaṃ naivety āhuḥ |

nanu tarka-hatam iti | apādāna-nirdeśena bheda-pratīter viruddha-hetutvāt | nanu nāmedaṃ sādhayāmaḥ | kintu tata utpannatvena kuṇḍalādivad bhedam anūdya pratiṣedhāmaḥ | tatrābheda eva syād ity āśaṅkyānaikāntikatvena hetuṃ dūṣayati | vyabhicarati kva ceti | kva ca kutrāpi kāraṇa-dharmānugatir vyabhicarati | kārya-kāraṇa-dharmasya savāṃśenānugataṃ bhavatīti niyamo na vidyata ity arthaḥ | dahanādy-udbhavae prabhādau dāhakatvādi- dharmādarśanād iti bhāvaḥ |

dve rūpe brahmaṇas tasya mūrtaṃ cāmūrtam eva ca |
kṣarākṣara-svarūpe te sarva-bhūteṣv avasthite ||

akṣaraṃ tat-paraṃ brahma kṣaraṃ sarvam idaṃ jagad | ity [ViP 1.22.55] ādy-

anantaram |

eka-deśa-sthitasyāgner jyotsnā vistāriṇī yathā | parasya brahmaṇaḥ śaktis tathedam akhilaṃ jagat || ity [ViP 1.22.56] etad |

evaṃ vyākhyātaṃ śrī-svāmibhir eva śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe - nanv akṣarasya para- brahmaṇas tad-vilakṣaṇaṃ kṣara-rūpaṃ kathaṃ syād ity āśaṅkya dṛṣṭāntenopapādayati ekadeśeti | prādeśikasyāgner dīpāder dāhakasyāpi tad-vilakṣaṇā jyotsnā prabhā yathā tat-prakāśa-vistāras tathā brahmaṇaḥ śakti-kṛta-vistāra idam akhilaṃ jagad iti |

prakṛtam anusarāmaḥ | nanu tarhi vyabhicāritve śukti-rajatavad evāstu | tatrāhuḥ kva ca mṛṣeti | kva ca śuktādāv eva prātītika-mātra-sattākaṃ rajatādikaṃ mṛṣā | anyatra yatra ubhayaṃ pratītim artha-kriyā-kāritvaṃ ca yunakti bhajate tatra na tathā mṛṣeti |

nanu kūṭatāmrikādiṣv arthakriyā-kāritāpi dṛśyete ity āśaṅkyāhuḥ vyavṛtaya iti | kraya-vikrayādi-lakṣaṇa-vyavahārāyaiva vikalpo bhrama iṣṭaḥ | na tu tat-tat-prasiddha-samyag-artha-kriyā-kāritāyai | tad-dānādau yathāvat puṇya-phalādikaṃ krītvā śuṇṭhī-jñānena bhakṣitam api nārogya-janakaṃ pratuyta mārakam eva iti | tasmāt tat-tat-prasiddha-samyag-artha-kriyā- kāritayaiva satyatvam aṅgī-kriyate | ekāṅgena sā kūṭa-sarpādau bhayādi- rūpā tvasty eveti na tad-dhetuḥ | kiṃ cāndha-paramparayeti |

sa ca kraya-vikrayādi-lakṣaṇa-vyavahāro'pi na tu yathārtha-tāmrikasyeva tad- vyavahāra-kuśaleṣv api kintv andha-paramparayaiva | atas tatra tadīya- kuśaleṣv asiddhatvena vyavahārasyābhyāsa-mātratvāt tasmād anyathā nānumeyam | dhūmābhāse hi vahni-vyabhicārasyaucityam eveti bhāvaḥ | tad evam artha-kriyā-kāritvenāsty evetarasya bhrama-vastu-vailakṣyāt satyatvam iti vivartavādini niraste punar anaśvara-vādī pratyuttiṣṭhate |

nanv apāma somam amṛtā abhūma akṣayyaṃ ha vai cāturmāsa-yājinaḥ sukṛtaṃ bhavatīti [Atharva-śira Upaniṣad 3] śrutyaiva karma-phalasya nityatva-pratipādanān naśvaratvaṃ na ghaṭate ity āśaṅkyāhuḥ bhramayatīti | he bhagavan te tava bhāratī uru-vṛttibhiḥ vahnībhir gauṇa-lakṣaṇādibhir vṛttibhiḥ uktha-jaḍān ukthāni yajñe śasyante tatra jaḍāḥ karma-śraddhā- bharākrānta-manda-mataya ity arthaḥ tān bhramayati | ayaṃ bhāvaḥ na hi vedaḥ karma-phala:a nityam abhipraiti | kintu lakṣaṇayā prāśastya-mātram | anyeṣāṃ vākyānāṃ vidhy-eka-vakyatvena vidhāv eva tātparyāt | anyathā vākya-bheda-prasaṅgaḥ tad yatheha karma-jito lokaḥ kṣīyate evam evāmutra puṇya-jito lokaḥ kṣīyata [ChāU 8.1.6] iti nyāyopārta hi śruty-antara-virodhaś ca | ataḥ karma-jaḍānām idaṃ bhrama-mātraṃ jagat tu satyam api pariṇāma- dharmatvena naśvaram eveti | tad uktaṃ bhaṭṭenaiva athavetihāsa-purāṇa- prāmāṇyāt sṛṣṭi-pralayāv apīṣyete iti |

athavā nābhedaṃ sādhayāma ity ādikam āśaṅkya prasiddhasya sattā-trayasya mitho vailakṣaṇyāt pariharati | kva ca ghaṭādau artha-kriyā-kāriṇy api vyabhicarati satteti śeṣaḥ | vastv-antarasyārtha-kriyākāritāyām asāmrthyāt deśāntare svayam aidyamānatvāt kālāntare tirobhāvitvāc ca | kva ca śukti- rajatādau tatrāpi tadānīm api mṛṣā artha-kriyā-kāritvābhāvāt | yā tūbhaya- yuk ubhayatra ghaṭādi-sattāyāṃ śukti-rajatādi-sattāyāṃ ca yug yogo yasyāḥ | yayā sā sattā labdha-padā bhavatīty arthaḥ | sā parama-kāraṇa-sattā na tathā kintu sarvatrāpi sarvadāpi tat-tad-upādhy-anurūpa-sarvārtha-kriyādy- adhiṣṭhāna-rūpety arthaḥ | tasmād artha-kriyā-kāritvena satyam api pariṇatatvena ghaṭavan naśvaram eva jagat na pratīta-mātra-sattākaṃ na cānaśvara-sattākam iti paraspara-vailakṣaṇya-darśanāt katham ekam anyad bhavitum arhatīti bhāvaḥ |

kūṭa-tāmrikatvam āśaṅkyāhuḥ vyavahṛtaya iti | vikalpyate anyatrāropyate iti vikalpaḥ svataḥ-siddhas tāmrikādir arthaḥ sa eva vyavahṛtaye iṣitaḥ | ayam arthaḥ | atra kūṭa-tāmrikeṇa yaṃ vyavahāraṃ manyase so'pi na tena sidhyati | kiṃ tarhi satya-tāmrikeṇaiva | arthāntaraṃ vyavahartur hṛdi tasyaiva pratyakṣatvāt | kūṭa-tāmrikam atropalakṣaṇam eva kvacit taṃ vināpi tava gṛhe tāmriko datta iti paścād dātavya iti vā chala-prayoge smaryamāṇenāpi tena tathā vyavahāra-siddheḥ | tasmād vyavahāra-rūpāpy artha-kriyā-kāritā tasyaiva bhavatīti sa satya eva | anyathā satyasya tāmrikasyābhāve śatam apy andhānāṃ na paśyatīti nyāyena kūṭa-tāmrika-paramparayāpi vyavahāro'pi na sidhyed ity āhuḥ | andha-paramparayeti | andha-paramparā doṣāt sa eva vyavahṛtaya iṣita ity anvayaḥ | yathāndha-paramparayā vyavahāro na sidhyet tathā kūṭa-tāmrika-paramparayāpīty arthaḥ | ittham eva vijñāna-vādo'pi nirākṛtaḥ | śaṅkara-śārīrike'pi anāditve'py andha-paramparā- nyāyenāpratiṣṭhaivānavasthā vyavahāra-vilopinī syāt | nābhiprāya-siddhir ity uktam |

etad uktaṃ bhavati - yathedaṃ suvarṇaṃ kena krītam iti praśne kaścid āha anenāndheneti | anena kathaṃ paricitam iti punar āha tenāndhena paricāyitam | tena ca kathm ity āha kenāpy apareṇāndhenety andhaparamparayāpi na sidhed vyavahāraḥ | kintu tatrāndha-paramparāyāyṃ yady eko'pi cakṣṣmān sarvādi-pravartako bhavati tadaiva sidhyati | yathā ca tatra sarveṣv api cakṣuṣmata eva vyavahāra-sādhakatvaṃ | tathā kasmiṃścit tāmrike prathamaṃ satye saty eva vyavahāraḥ sidhyati | tatra ca satyasaiva vyavahāra-sādhakatvaṃ | tad anusandhānenaiva tatra pravṛtteś cakṣuṣmata iva pravartakatvāt tataś ca na tāmrika satya iti sthite, yatra tad-vyavahāra-kuśalaḥ parīkṣayā satyatāvagamyate sa eva kūṭa-tāmrike'py āropyamāṇaḥ satyo bhavet | tad evam artha-kriyā-kāritvena tasya satyatve tad-upalakṣitaṃ viśvam eva bhrama-vastu-vilakṣaṇaṃ satyam iti siddham | paramātmana evāvayavitva- vyavahāra-sādhitatvād yuktam eva tat | tathā ca bhramādibhiḥ stutam - satyasya yonim [BhP 10.2.26] iti | tat satyam ity ācakṣata iti śrutiś ca | śiṣṭam anyat samānam |

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evaṃ jagataḥ satyatvam aṅgīkṛtaṃ tac ca naśvaram iti | tatra naśvaratvaṃ nātyantikaṃ kintv avyaktatayā sthiter adṛśyatā-mātram eva | sat-kāryatā- samprattipatteḥ | yad bhūtaṃ bhavac ca bhaviṣyac cety ādi śruteḥ | ataeva śuktitve rajatvam iva tasyāvyakta-rūpatve jagattvam asan na bhavati | paṭavac ca iti [Vs 2.1.20] nyāyena jagad eva hi sūkṣmatāpannam avyaktam iti dṛśyatvena bhrānti-rajata-kakṣam api jagat tad-vilakṣaṇa-sattākaṃ tathātmavad apariṇatatvābhāvena naikāvastha-sattākam ity evam artha- siddhaye tad-anantaram evāhuḥ |

na yad idam agra āsa na bhaviṣyad ato nidhanād
anumitam antarā tvayi vibhāti mṛṣaika-rasa |
ata upamīyate draviṇa-jāti-vikalpa-pathair
vitatha-mano-vilāsa-mṛtam ity avayasnty abudhāḥ || [BhP 10.87.37]

yad yadi idaṃ viśvam agre sṛṣṭeḥ pūrvaṃ nāsat nāsīt tadā na bhaviṣyan nābhaviṣyad eva aḍāgamābhāva ārṣaḥ ākāśe kusumam iveti | śrutayaś āsīd eveti vadanti sad eva saumyedam agra āsīt ātmā vā yad idam agra āsīd ity ādyāḥ | tad evaṃ sūkṣmatayā tvat-tādātmyena sthitaṃ kāraṇāvastham idaṃ jagat vistṛtataya kāryāvasthaṃ bhavati | ato yan-nidhanān nāśa-mātrād dhetoḥ śuktau rajatam iva tvayi tad idam antarā sṛṣṭi-madhya eva na tv agre cānte ca vibhātīty anumitaṃ tan mṛṣeti pramāṇa-siddhaṃ na bhavatīty arthaḥ | tatra hetum āhur ekarase iti | anubhavāntarā-viṣayānanda-svāda iti | yasminn anubhūte sati viṣayāntara-sphūrtir na sambhavati tasmiṃs tvayi śukty-ādi- nikṛṣṭa-vastūnīva viṣayāropaḥ kathaṃ syād ity arthaḥ |

dadhati sakṛn manas tvayi ya ātmani nitya-sukhe na punar upāsate puruṣa-sāra-harāvasthān || ity [BhP 10.87.35] asmākam evokteḥ ||

ato'cintya-śaktyā svarūpād acyutasyaiva tava pariṇāma-svīkāreṇa draviṇa- jātīnāṃ dravya-mātrāṇāṃ mṛl-lohādīnāṃ vikalpā bhedā ghaṭa- kuṇḍalādayas teṣāṃ panthāno mārgāḥ prakārās tair evāsmābhir upamīyate na tu kutrāpi bhramara-jatādibhiḥ | yasmād evaṃ tasmād vitathā mano- vilāsāḥ ya etādṛśam eva ṛtaṃ tad-rūpaṃ brahma vedaṃ jagad ity abudhā evāvayanti manyante | tasya tad-adhiṣṭhānatvāsamabhavād iti bhāvaḥ | ita- śabda-prayogas tv atra mithyāsambandha-rāhitya-vyañjanārtham va kṛta iti jñeyam |

atra sat-kāryavādinām ayam abhiprāyaḥ | mṛt-piṇḍādi-kārakair yo ghaṭa utpadyate sann asan vā | ādye piṣṭa-peṣaṇam | dvitīye kriyāyāḥ kārakaiś ca tat-siddhir iti dik | tasmān na prakaṭam eva sanna cātyantam asan kintv avyaktatayā mṛt-piṇḍe eva sthito'sau yathā kāraka-tan-niṣpanna-kriyā-yogena vyajyate | tathā parama-kāraṇe tvayi sthitaṃ viśvaṃ tvat-svābhāvika-śakti-tan- niṣpanna-kriyā-yogeneti | atra sva-vedāntitva-prakhyāpakānām anyathā- yukti-viruddham eva | mana eva bhūta-kāryam iti hi tatra prasiddhaṃ yukti- viruddhaṃ ca | mano'haṅkārādīnāṃ manaḥ-kalpitatvāsambhavāt | tathā hi sati veda-viruddho'nīśvara-vādaś ca prasajyeta | sa ca ninditaḥ pādme -

śrutayaḥ smṛtayaś caiva yuktayaś ceśvaraṃ param | vadanti tad-viruddhaṃ yo vadet tasmān na cādhamaḥ || iti |

asatyam apratiṣṭhante jagad āhur anīśvaram |
aparaspara-sambhūtaṃ kim anyat kāma-haitukam || iti [Gītā 16.8]

śrī-gītopaniṣadam anīśvara-vādina eva vyācakṣate | asatyaṃ mithyā-bhūtaṃ satyāsatyābhyām anirvacanīyatvenāpratiṣṭhaṃ nirdeśa-śūnyaṃ sthāṇau puruṣatvavat brahmaṇīśvaratvasyājñāna-mātra-kalpitatvād īśvarābhimānī tatra kaścin nāstīty anīśvaram eva jagat aparaspara-sambhūtam anādy- ajñāna-paramparā-sambhūtam aparasparāḥ kriyā-sātatye ataḥ kāma-haitukaṃ manaḥ saṅkalpa-mātra-jātaṃ svapnavad ity arthaḥ | atra pravṛttiṃ cety ādinā teṣāṃ saṃskāra-doṣa uktaḥ |

etāṃ dṛṣṭim ity [Gītā 16.9] ādinā tu gatiś ca nindiṣyate iti jñeyam ebhir eva brahmaṇa aiśvaryopādir māyāpi jīvājñāna-kalpitā tayaiva jagat-sṛṣṭir iti matam | yad uktaṃ tadīya-bhāṣye tad-ananyatvam ity [Vs 2.1.15] ādi-sūtre - sarva-jñeśvarasyātmabhūte ivāvidyā-kalpite nāma-rūpe tatvātattvābhyām anirvacanīye saṃsāra-prapañca-bīja-bhūte sarvajñeśvarasya māyā-śaktiḥ prakṛtir iti śruti-smṛtyor abhilapyete iti | kintv atra vidyāvidye mama tanū ity [BhP 11.11.3] ādi śrī-bhagavad-vākyena tu viruddham iti | ato māyāvādatayā cāyaṃ vādaḥ khyāyate |

tad evaṃ ca pādmottara-khaṇḍe devīṃ prati pāṣaṇḍa-śāstraṃ gaṇatayā śrī- mahādevenoktam -

māyāvādam asac chāstraṃ pracchannaṃ bauddham ucyate |
mayaivaṃ kathitaṃ devi kalau brāhmaṇa-rūpiṇā ||

vedānte tu mahā-śāstre māyāvādam avaidikam | mayaiva vakṣyate devi jagatāṃ nāśa-kāraṇāt || iti |

tac cāsurāṇāṃ mohanārthaṃ bhagavata evājñayeti tatraivoktam asti | tayā ca pādma evānyatra śaive ca --

dvāparādau yuge bhūtvā kalayā mānuṣādiṣu |
svāgamaiḥ kalpatais tvaṃ ca janān mad-vimukhān kuru ||

iti śrī-bhagavad-vākyam iti dik | ataevoktaṃ śrī-nṛsiṃha-purāṇe yama- vākyam -

viṣadhara-kaṇa-bhakṣa-śaṅkaroktīr daśabala-pañca-śikhākṣa-pāda-vādān | mahad api suvicārya loka-tantraṃ bhagavad-uktim ṛte na siddhir asti || iti |

sarve'tra vāda-granthā eva nirdiṣṭā na tu mantra-granthā iti nāmākṣaram eva sākṣān nirdiṣṭam iti ca nānyathā mananīyam | ato yat kvacit tat-tat- praśaṃsā vā syāt tad api nitānta-nāstika-vādaṃ nirjityāṃśenāpy āstikya- vādaḥ khyāpita ity apekṣayā jñeyam | tasmāt svatantra īśvara eva sarva- sraṣṭā na tu jīvaḥ | svājñānena sva-śaktyaivety āyātam | tad uktaṃ śrī- bādarāyaṇenāpi bahutra saṃjñā-mūrti-k ptis tu trivṛt kurvata upadeśād ity [Vs 2.4.20] ādiṣu |

atas tan-mano'sṛjata manaḥ prajāpatim ity ādau manaḥ-śabdena samaṣṭi- mano'dhiṣṭhātā śrīmān aniruddha eva | bahu syāṃ prajāyeya iti [Chā 6.2.3] tat-saṅkalpa eva vā vācyaḥ | satya-svābhāvikācintya-śaktiḥ parameśvaras tuccha-māyikam api na kuryāt cintāmaṇīnām adhipatiḥ svayaṃ cintāmaṇir eva vā kūṭa-kanakādivat | tathā ca mādhva-bhāṣya-pramāṇitā śrutiḥ - athainam āhuḥ satya-karmeti satyaṃ hy evedaṃ viśvam asṛjata iti | evaṃ ca --

satya-vrataṃ satya-paraṃ tri- satyaṃ
satyasya yoniṃ nihitaṃ ca satye |
satyasya satyam ṛta- satya-netraṃ
satyātmakaṃ tvāṃ śaraṇaṃ prapannaḥ || [BhP 10.2.26]

ity atra satya-saṅkalpatvaṃ satya-pārāyaṇatvaṃ sṛṣṭy-ādi-līlā-trayeṣu satyatvaṃ satyasya viśvasya kāraṇatvaṃ satya eva viśvasminn antaryāmitayā sthitatvaṃ satyasya tasya sthitatā-hetutvaṃ satya-vacanasyāvyabhicāri-diṣṭeś ca pravartakatvaṃ satya-rūpatvam ity eteṣām arthānām ākūtaṃ paripāṭī ca saṅgacchate | anyathā satyasya yonim ity ādau traye tatrāpi nihitaṃ ca satya ity atrākasmād ardha-jaratīya-nyāyena kaṣṭa-kalpanāmayārthāntare tu bhagavatā sva-pratiśrutaṃ satya-kṛtaṃ yat tat tad yuktam evety ato brahmādibhis tathā stave svārasya-bhaṅgaḥ syāt prakrama-bhaṅgaś ca | tasmāt satyam eva viśvam iti sthitam || 10.87 || śrutayaḥ śrī-bhagavantam ||71||

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tad eva na yad idam agra āsety anena prākṛta-layo'pi sat-kārya- vāde'nugamitaḥ | ātyantike tu mokṣa-lakṣaṇa-laye na pṛthivyādīnāṃ nāśaḥ | jīva-kṛtena tathā bhāvanā-mātreṇa svābhāvika-paramātma-śakti-mayānāṃ teṣāṃ nāśāyukteḥ | labdha-mokṣeṣu śrī-parīkṣitādiṣu tad-deha-sthānām api pṛthivy-ādy-aṃśānāṃ sthiteḥ śravaṇāt tathā hiraṇyagarbhāṃśānāṃ buddhy- ādīnām api bhaviṣyati | atas teṣv adhyāsa-parityāga evātyantika-laya ity ucyate | ataeva

ghaṭe bhinne ghaṭākāśa ākāśaḥ syād yathā purā | evaṃ dehe mṛte jīvo brahma sampadyate punaḥ || ity atra |

tathā -

evaṃ samīkṣya cātmānam ātmany ādhāya niṣkale |
daśantaṃ takṣakaṃ pāde lelihānaṃ viṣānalam ||

na drakṣyasi śarīraṃ tvaṃ viśvaṃ ca pṛthag-ātmanaḥ || [BhP 12.5.12]

ity atrāpy upādheḥ saṃyoga eva partiyajyate na tu tasya mithyātvaṃ pratipādyate |

tathā hi buddhīndriyety ādi-prakaraṇam | tatra tad-āśrayatva-tat- prakāśyatva-tad-avyatiriktatvebhyo hetubhyo buddhīndriyādīnāṃ paramātma-svabhāva-śaktimayatvam āha |

buddhīndriyārtha-rūpeṇa
jñānaṃ bhāti tad-āśrayam |
dṛśyatvāvyatirekābhyām
ādy-antavad avastu yat || [BhP 12.4.23]

antaḥkaraṇa-bahiḥ-karaṇa-viṣaya-rūpeṇa paramātma-lakṣaṇaṃ jñānam eva bhāti tasmād anyad eva buddhy-ādi-vastv ity arthaḥ | yatas tad-āśrayaṃ teṣām āśraya-rūpaṃ taj jñānam | klībtvam ārṣam | tathāpi rāja-bhṛtyayor ivātyanta- bhedaḥ syāt | tatra hetv-antare'py āha | dṛśyatvaṃ tat-prakāśyatvam avyatirekas tad-vyatireke vyatirekaḥ tābhyām | tasmāt eka-deśa-sthitasyāgner jyotsnā vistāriṇī yathā | ity [ViP 1.22.56] ādivad buddhy-ādīnāṃ tat-
svābhāvika-śaktimayatvam eva setsyatīti bhāvaḥ | yat khalv ādy-antavat śukty-ādau kadācid evāropitaṃ rajataṃ tat punar avastu tad-āśrayakatva-tat- prakāśakatva-tad-avyatirekābhāvāt | śukty-ādi-vastu na bhavati śukty- ādibhyo'nanyan na bhavatīty arthaḥ | tataś caika-vijñānena sarva-vijñāna- pratijñā viruddheteti bhāvaḥ ||72||

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evam asat-kārya-vādāntare'pi jñeyam | ekasyāpi vastuno'ṃśabhedenāśrayāśrayitvaṃ svayam eva dṛṣṭāntena spaṣṭayati --

dīpaś cakṣuṣaś ca rūpaṃ ca
jyotiṣo na pṛthag bhavet |
evaṃ dhīḥ khāni mātrāś ca
na syur anyatamādṛtāt || [BhP 12.4.24]

dīpaś cakū-rūpāṇāṃ mahābhūta-jyotir-aṃśa-rūpatvāt dīpādikaṃ na tataḥ pṛthak | evaṃ dhī-prabhṛtīni ṛtāt paramātmano na pṛthak syuḥ | tathāpi yathā mahā-bhūta-jyotir dīpādi-doṣeṇa na lipyate tathā buddhyadi-doṣeṇa paramātmāpi | tadvad asyāpy anyatamatvād ity āha anyatamād iti |

[74]

tad evaṃ dhī-prabhṛtīnāṃ paramātma-svābhāvika-śaktimayatvam uktvā tathāpi tebhyo bahiraṅgaa-śaktimayebhyo'ntaraṅga-śakti-taṭastha-śakti- viśiṣṭa-paramātmano 'nyatamatvena teṣām aśuddhatva-vyañjanayā sa- doṣatvam uktvā teṣ dhī-vṛttiṣu tāvac chuddhasyaiva jīvasya sakāraṇam adhyāsam āha --

buddher jāgaraṇaṃ svapnaḥ
suṣuptir iti cocyate |
māyāmātram idaṃ rājan
nānātvaṃ pratyag-ātmani || [BhP 12.4.25]

buddhi-vṛtti-rūpaṃ jāgaraṇaṃ svapnaḥ suṣuptir itīdaṃ pratyag-ātmani śuddha- jīve viśvatairjasa-prājñatvākhyaṃ nānātvaṃ māyā-mātraṃ māyā-kṛtādhyāsa- mātreṇa jātam ity arthaḥ |

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tataḥ paramātmani buddhy-ādi-mayasya jagataḥ sato'pi samparkaḥ sutarāṃ nāstīty arthaṃ cāha --

yathā jaladharā vyomni
bhavanti na bhavanti ca |
brahmaṇīdaṃ tathā viśvam
avayavyudayāpyayāt || [BhP 12.4.26]

yathā vyomni vyoma-kārya-vāyu-jyotiḥ-salila-pārthivāṃśa-dhūma-pariṇatā jaladharāḥ sveṣām evāvayavinām udayād bhavanti dṛśyante | apy ayān na bhavanti na dṛśyante ca te ca tan na spṛśantīti jñeyam | tathā brahmaṇīdaṃ viśvam iti yojyam | tataḥ sūkṣma-rūpeṇa tasya sthitir asty eva jagac-chakti- viśiṣṭa-kāraṇāstitvāt | ittham evoktam sato'bhivyañjakaḥ kāla iti ||75||

[76]

tad evaṃ vaktuṃ kāraṇāstitvaṃ dṛṣṭāntena pratipādayati --

satyaṃ hy avayavaḥ proktaḥ
sarvāvayavinām iha |
vinārthena pratīyeran
paṭasyevāṅga tantavaḥ || [BhP 12.4.27]

sarveṣām avayavināṃ sthūla-vastūnām avayavaḥ kāraṇaṃ satyaṃ satyo vyabhicāra-rahitaḥ proktaḥ | loke yathā darśnād ity āha vineti ||76||

[77]

arthena sthūla-rūpeṇa paṭenāpi vinā tasmin kāryāstitvam api vyatirekeṇa pratipādayati |

yat sāmānya-viśeṣābhyām upalabhyeta sa bhramaḥ | [BhP 12.4.28]

ayam arthaḥ | yady evam ucyate pūrvaṃ sūkṣmākāreṇāpi jagan nāsīt kintu sāmānyaṃ kevalaṃ śuddhaṃ brahmaivāsīt tad eva śaktyā nimitta-bhūtayā viśeṣākāreṇa jagad-rūpeṇa pariṇatam iti tad asat | yataḥ yad eva sāmānya- viśeṣābhyām upalabhyeta sa bhramo vivarta-vāda eva | tatra hi śuddhaṃ brahmaivājñāna-rūpayā śaktyā jagattayā vivṛtam iti mataṃ na cāsmākaṃ tad- abhyupapattiḥ pariṇāmavādasya sat-kāryatā-pūrvakatvād ity arthaḥ ||77||

[78] nanv apūrvam eva kāryam ārambha-vivarta-vādinām iva yuṣmākam api jñāyatāṃ tatrāha -

anyonyāpāśrayāt sarvam ādyantavad avastu yat || [BhP 12.4.28]

yadādyantarvad apūrvaṃ kāryaṃ tat punar avastu nirūpaṇāsaham ity arthaḥ | tatra hetur anyonyopaśrayāt | yāvat kāryaṃ na jāyate tāvat kāraṇatvaṃ mṛt- śukty-āder na sidhyati kāraṇatvāsiddhau ca kāryaṃ na jāyata eveti paraspara- sāpekṣatva-doṣāt | tataḥ kāraṇatva-siddhaye kārya-śaktis tatrāvaśyam abhupagantavyā | sā ca kārya-sūkṣmāvasthaiveti kāryāstitvaṃ sidhyati | tathāpi sth”la-rūpatā-pādakatvān mṛd-ādeḥ kāraṇatvam api sidhyatīti bhāvaḥ |

[79]

tad evaṃ svābhāvaika-śaktimayam eva paramātmano jagad ity upasaṃharati -

vikāraḥ khyāyamāno'pi
pratyag-ātmānam antarā |
na nirūpyo'sty aṇur api
syāc cec cit-sama ātmavat || [BhP 12.4.29]

yadyapi khyāyamāmanaḥ prakāśamāna eva tathāpi svalpo'pi vikāraḥ pratyag- ātmānaṃ paramātmānaṃ vinā tad-vyatirekeṇa svatantratayā na nirūpyo'sti | tad uktaṃ tad-ananyatva-vivaraṇa eva | yadi ca taṃ vināpi syāt tadā cit-samaḥ syāc cid-rūpeṇa samaḥ sva-prakāśa evābhaviṣyat | ātmavat paramātmavan nityaikāvasthaś cābhaviṣyat |

[80]

nanu yadi paramātmānaṃ vinā vikāro nāsti tarhi paramātmanaḥ sopādhitve nirupādhitvaṃ na sidhyati | tasmāt sopādher nirupādhir any eva kim ity atrāha --

na hi satyasya nānātvam
avidvān yadi manyate |
nānātvaṃ chidrayor yadvaj
jyotiṣor vātayor iva || [BhP 12.4.30]

satyasya paramātmano nānātvaṃ na hi vidyate | yadi tasya nānātvaṃ manyate tarhy avidvān yatas tasya nirupādhitva-sopādhitva-lakṣaṇaṃ nānātvaṃ mahākāśa-ghaṭākāśayor yadvat tadvad gṛhāṅgana-gata-sarva-vyāpi-tejasor iva bāhya-śarīra-vāyvor iva ceti |

[80]

yasmād vikāraḥ khyāyamāno'pi pratyag-ātmānam antarā na nirūpyo'sty aṇur api tasmāt sarva-śabda-vācyo'pi sa eveti sa-dṛṣṭāntam āha -

yathā hiraṇyaṃ bahudhā samīyate
nṛbhiḥ kiryābhir vyavahāra-vartmasu |
evaṃ vacobhir bhagavān adhokṣajo
vyākhyāyate laukika-vaidikair janaiḥ || [BhP 12.4.31]

kriyābhis tat-tad-vacana-bhedair bahudhā kaṭaka-kuṇḍādi-rūpeṇa yathā suvarṇam eva vacobhis tat-tan-nāmabhiḥ pratīyate tathā laukiak-vaidikaiḥ sarvair eva vacobhir bhagavān eva vyākhyāyate | tad uktam - sarva- nāmābhidheyaś ca sarva-vedeḍitaś ca saḥ iti skānde |

[81]

tad evaṃ jagataḥ paramātma-svābhāvika-śaktimayatvam uktvā tena ca jīva- kartṛkeṇa jñānena tan-nāśana-sāmarthyaṃ vyajya mokṣārthaṃ tad-adhyāsa- parityāgam upadeṣṭuṃ paramātma-śaktimayasyāpi tasyopādhyadhyātmakasya jīva-svarūpa-prakāśāvarakatva-rūpaṃ doṣaṃ sadṛṣṭāntam upapādayati --

yathā ghano'rka-prabhavo'rka-darśito
hy arkāṃśa-bhūtasya ca cakṣuṣas tamaḥ |
evaṃ tv ahaṃ brahma-guṇas tad-īkṣito
brahmāṃśakasyātmana ātma-bandhanaḥ || [BhP 12.4.32]

arka-raśmaya eva megha-rūpeṇa pariṇatā varṣanti | (!)

agnau prāptāhutiḥ samyag ādityam upatiṣṭhate | ādityāj jāyata vṛṣṭir vṛṣṭer annaṃ tataḥ prajāḥ | iti vacanāt |

ayam arthaḥ | yathārka-prabhavo'rkeṇaiva darśitaḥ prakā- śitaś ca ghano niviḍo meghaḥ | arkāṃśa-bhūtasya cakṣuṣas tamaḥ divi bhūmau ca mahāndhakāra-rūpo bhavati | evam ahaṃ prākṛtāhaṅkāro brahma-guṇaḥ paramātma-śakti-kārya-bhūtaḥ tadīkṣitas tenaiva paramātmanā prakāśitaś ca brāhmāṃśakasya taṭastha-śakti-rūpatvāt paramātmano yo hīnāṃśas tasyātmano jīvasyātma-bandhanaḥ svarūpa- prakāśāvarako bhavati |

[82]

sa cādhyāsa-parityāgaḥ svato na bhavati kintu paramātma-jijñāsayā tat- prabhāvenaiveti vaktuṃ pūrvavad eva dṛṣṭānta-paaripāṭīm āha --

ghano yadārka-prabhavo vidīyaryate
cakṣuḥ svarūpaṃ ravim īkṣate tadā |
yadā hy ahaṅkāra upādhir ātmano
jijñāsayā naśyati tarhy anusmaret || [BhP 12.4.33]

ghano yathārka-prabhavo vidīryate iti dṛṣṭāntāṃśe tad-vidāraṇasya na cakṣuḥ-śakti-sādhyatvam kintu sūrya-prabhāva-sādhyatvam iti vyaktam | anena dārṣṭāntike'pi ātmanaḥ paramātmano jijñāsayā jātena tat prasādenāhaṅkāro naśyati palāyate ity atrāṃśe puruṣa-jñāna-sādhyatvam ahaṅkāra-nāśasya khaṇḍitam | ato vivarta-vādo nābhyupagataḥ | atra copādhir iti viśeṣaṇena svarūpa-bhūtāhaṅkāras tv anya eveti spaṣṭībhūtam | evaṃ yathā dṛṣṭānteghana-prāya-mahāndhakārāvaraṇābhāvāt tat- prabhāveṇa yogyatālābhāc ca cakṣḥ kartṛ bhūtaṃ svarūpaṃ karma-bhūtam īkṣate sva-svarūpa-prakāśam astitvena jānāti sva-śakti-prākaṭyaṃ labhata ity arthaḥ | kadācit tadīkṣaṇonmukhaḥ san raviṃ cekṣate tathā dārṣṭāntike'py anusmaret smartur anusandhātuṃ yogyo bhavati, ātmānaṃ ceti śeṣaḥ |

[83]

nigamayati -

yadaivam etena viveka-hetinā
māyāmayāhaṅkāraṇātma-bandhanam |
cchitvācyutātmānubhavo'vatiṣṭhate
tam āhur āyantikam aṅga samplavam || [BhP 12.4.34]

etena pūrvokta-viveka-śastreṇa | māyāmayeti viśeṣaṇaṃ svarūpa- bhūtāhaṅkārasya vyavacchedārtham | avatiṣṭhate sva-svarūpeṇāvasthito bhavati | na kevalam etāvad eva acyutmānubhavaḥ acyute'cyuta-nāmny ātmani paramātmany anubhavo yasya tathābhūta eva sann avatiṣṭhate || 12.4 || śrī- śukaḥ ||84||

[84]

atrāyam apy ekeṣāṃ pakṣaḥ parameśvarasya śakti-dvayam asti svarūpākhyā māyākhyā ceti | pūrvayā svarūpa-vaibhava-prakāśanam aparayā tv indra- jāla-vattayaiva mohitebhyo jīvebhyo viśva-sṛṣṭy-ādi-darśanam | dṛśyate caikasya nānāvidyāvataḥ kasyāpi tathā vyavahāraḥ | na caivam advaitavādinām iva vedanam āpatitam | satyenaiva kartrā satyam eva draṣṭāraṃ prati satyayaiva tathā śaktyā vastunaḥ sphoraṇāt loke'pi tathaiva dṛśyata iti bhavatv apīdaṃ nāma |

yataḥ satyaṃ na satyaṃ naḥ
kṛṣṇa-pādābjāmodam antarā |
jagat satyam asatyaṃ vā
ko'yaṃ tasmin durāgrahaḥ ||

tad etan-mate sata idam utthitam ity ādivākyāni prāyo yathā ṭīkā- vyākhyānam eva jñeyāni | kvacit tat-kṛtānumānādau bheda-mātrasyāsattve prasakte vaikuṇṭhādīnām api tathātva-prasaktis tan-mate syād ity atra tu teṣām ayam abhiprāyaḥ | vayaṃ hi yal loka-pratyakṣādi-siddhaṃ vastu tad eva tat-siddha-vastv-antara-dṛṣṭāntena tad-dharmakaṃ sādhayāmaḥ | yat tu tad asiddhaṃ śāstravid-anubhavaika-gamya-tādṛśatvaṃ tat punas tad-dṛṣṭānta- parārdhādināpy anyathākartuṃ na śakyata eveti | jīveśvarābheda-sthāpanā ca cid-rūpatā-mātra eveti | atha svābhāvika-māyā-śaktyā parameśvaro viśva- sṛṣṭy-ādikaṃ karoti jīva eva tatra muhyatīty uktam | tatra sandehaṃ praśnottarābhyāṃ pariharaty aṣṭabhiḥ -

śrī-vidura uvāca

brahman kathaṃ bhagavataś
cin-mātrasyāvikāriṇaḥ |
līlayā cāpi yujyeran
nirguṇasya guṇāḥ kriyāḥ || [BhP 3.7.2]

he brahman cin-mātrasya cinmātra-svarūpasya sataḥ svarūpa-śaktyā bhagavataḥ śrī-vaikuṇṭhādi-gata-tādṛśaiśvaryādi-yuktasya ataeva nirguṇasya prākṛta-guṇāspṛṣṭasya tata evāvikāriṇas tādṛk-svarūpa-śakti-vilāsa- bhūtānāṃ kriyāṇām anantānām api sadodita-varānanta-vidha-prakāśe tasmin nitya-siddhatvāt tat-tat-kriyāvirgbhāva-kartus tasyāvasthāantara- prāptatvābhāvāt prākṛta-kartur iva na vikārāpattir iti | nirvikārasya ca kathaṃ sattvādayaḥ prākṛta-guṇāḥ kathaṃ vā tadāsaṅga-hetukāḥ sthity- ādayaḥ kriyāś ca yujyeran | tataś ca cinmātra-vastu-virodhād eva te ca tāś ca na yujyante | bhagavattve tu svaira-ceṣṭayāpi na yujyeran ity āha līlayā vāpīti | atrāvikāritva-nirguṇatvābhyāṃ saha cinmātra-bhagavattvaṃ cety ubhayam api svīkṛtyaiva pūrva-pakṣiṇā pṛṣṭam |

[85]

tataś ca tasya cin-mātra-svarūpasya bhavatu bhagavattvaṃ tatrāsmākaṃ na sandehaḥ | kintu tasya katham itara-guṇādi-svīkāro yujyate ity eva pṛcchata iti vākyārthaḥ | tataś cinmātratve bhagavattve ca tasya tucchā guṇāḥ kriyāś ca na sambhavanty eveti dviguṇībhūyaiva praśnaḥ | līlayā vāpi kathaṃ yujyeran iti viśadayati |

krīḍāyām udyamo 'rbhasya
kāmaś cikrīḍiṣānyataḥ |
svatas-tṛptasya ca kathaṃ
nivṛttasya sadānyataḥ || [BhP 3.7.3]

udyamayait pravartayati ity udyamaḥ | arbhakasya krīḍāyāṃ pravṛtti-hetuḥ kāmo'sti | anyatas tu vastv-antareṇa bālāntara-pravartanena vā tasya krīḍecchā bhavati | bhagavatas tu svataḥ svenātmanā svarūpa-vaibhavena ca tṛptasya ata evānyataḥ sadā nivṛttasya ca katham anyato jīvāj jagac ca nimittāt cikrīḍiṣeti | na ca tasya te guṇās tāṅ kriyāś ca na vidyante ity apalapanīyam |

[86]

tathaiva prasiddher ity āha --

asrākṣīd bhagavān viśvaṃ
guṇa-mayyātma-māyayā |
tayā saṃsthāpayaty etad
bhūyaḥ pratyapidhāsyati || [BhP 3.7.4]

guṇa-mayyā traiguṇya-vyañjinyā ātmāśritayā māyayā saṃsthāpayati pālayati pratyapidhāsyati prātilaumyena tirohitaṃ kariṣyati | jīvasya ca kathaṃ māyā- mohitatvaṃ

[88]

ghaṭatīty ākṣepāntaram āha --

deśataḥ kālato yo 'sāv
avasthātaḥ svato 'nyataḥ |
aviluptāvabodhātmā
sa yujyetājayā katham || [BhP 3.7.5]

yo'sau deśādibhir aviluptāvabodha ātmā jīvaḥ sa katham ajayāvidyayā yujyeta | tatra deśa-vyavadhānato deśa-gata-doṣato vā cakṣuḥ prakāśa iva

kālato vidyud iva avasthātaḥ smṛtir iva svataḥ śukti-rajatam iva anyato
ghaṭādi-vastv iva na tasyāvabodho lupyate avyāhata-svarūpa-bhūta-
jñānāśrayatvād evety arthaḥ ||

[89]

tatraiva virodhāntaram āha -

bhagavān eka evaiṣa
sarva-kṣetreṣv avasthitaḥ |
amuṣya durbhagatvaṃ vā
kleśo vā karmabhiḥ kutaḥ || [BhP 3.7.6]

eṣa eka eva bhagavān paramātmāpi sarva-kṣetreṣu sarvasya jīvasya kṣetreṣu deheṣv avasthitaḥ | tatra sati katham amuṣa jīvasya durbhagatvaṃ svarūpa- bhūta-jñānādi-lopaḥ karmabhiḥ kleśaś ca tasya vā kuto nāsti | na hy ekasmin jalādau sthitayor vastunoḥ kasyacit tat-saṃsargaḥ kasyacin neti yujyata ity arthaḥ |

[90]

tatra kevalaṃ cin-mātratvaṃ na sambhavatīti bhatgavattvam evāṅgīkṛtya śrī- maitreya uvāca -

seyaṃ bhagavato māyā
yan nayena virudhyate |
īśvarasya vimuktasya
kārpaṇyam uta bandhanam || [BhP 3.7.9]

yayā viśva-sṛṣṭy-ādikaṃ bhavati seyaṃ bhagavato'cintya-svarūpa-śakter māyākhyā śaktiḥ | yad yā ca nayena tarkeṇa virudhyate tarkātītatayā seyam apy acintyety arthaḥ | yadyapy evaṃ dvayor apy acintyatvaṃ tathāpi bhagavato m>ayety anena vyaktatvāt svarūpa-śakter antaraṅgatvād bahiraṅgāyā māyāyā guṇaiḥ sattvādibhis tat-kāryaiḥ sthāpanādi-līlābhiś ca nāsau spṛśata ity arthaḥ | tantreṇa cāyam arthaḥ | yad yayā māyayā yena bhagavatā saha na virudhyate nāsau virodha-viṣayīkriyata iti ca evam eva ṣaṣṭhe navamādhyāye - duravabodha iva tavāyam ity [BhP 6.9.34] ādinā gadyena tasya saguṇa- kartṛtvaṃ virudhya punar atha tatrabhavān iti [BhP 6.9.35] gadyenāntaryāmitayā guṇa-visarga-patitatvena jīvavad bhoktṛtva-yogaṃ sambhāvya, na hi virodha ubhayam ity [BhP 6.9.36] ādi gadyena tatra tatrāvitarkya-śaktitvam eva ca siddhānte yojitam |

tatra svarūpa-śakter avitarkyatvaṃ bhagavatīty ādibhir viśeṣaṇair māyāyāś cātma-māyām ity anena darśitam | tatra svarūpa-dvayābhāvād ity asya tathāpy acintya-śaktyā tat-kartṛtvaṃ tad-antaḥpātitvaṃ ca vidyate ity arthaḥ | sama-viṣama-matīnām iti [BhP 6.9.37] tu gadyaṃ tathāpy uccāvaca-buddhīnāṃ tathā sphurasīti pratipatty-arthaṃ jñeyam | duravabodha iveti prāktana-gadye tv aśarīra iti śarīra-ceṣṭāṃ vinā aśaraṇa iti bhūmy-ādy-āśrayaṃ vinā ity arthaḥ |

atha tatrety ādau svakṛte'pi tasyāpi hetu-kartṛtvād yojanīyam | tasmād atrāpi svarūpa-śakter eva prādhānyaṃ darśitam | ataeva ṛte'rthaṃ yat pratīyeta ity [BhP 2.9.34] ādau māyāyā ābhāsa-sthānīyatvaṃ pradarśya tad-aspṛśyatvam eva bhagavato darśitam | tvam ādyaḥ puruṣaḥ sākṣād ity ādau māyāṃ vyudasya cic-chaktyā ity [BhP 1.7.23] anena ca tathā jñāpitam | māyā paraity abhimukhe ca vilajjamānā ity [BhP 2.7.47] anena ca | tad evaṃ bhagavati tad- virodhaṃ parihṛtya jīve'py avidyā-sambandham atarkyatvena darśitayā tan- māyayaiva samādadhati | īśvarasyeti yad ity anenaiva sambadhyate |

artha-vaśād atra ca tṛtīyayā pariṇamyate | yad yayā īśvarasya svarūpa- jñānādibhiḥ samarthasya ataeva vimuktasya jīvasya kārpaṇyaṃ tat-tat- prakāśa-tirobhāvas tathā bandhanaṃ tad-darśi-guṇa-maya-jāla-praveśaś ca bhavatīti | tad uktam - tat-saṅga-bhraṃśitaiśvaryam iti [BhP 6.5.15] | tad etat sarvam abhipretya śrutayo'py āhuḥ - sa yad ajayā tv ajām ity ādāv apeta- bhaga iti [BhP 10.87.38] ca |

atra mūla-padye bhagavato māyety anena bhagavattvaṃ tu māyikam ity āyātam | indrasya māyety atra yathendratvam |

[91]

evaṃ pūrvatrāpi jñeyam | punar api jīvasya vastutaḥ svīya-tat-tad- avasthatvābhāve'pi bhagavan-māyayaiva tat-tat-pratītir iti sadṛṣṭāntam upapādayati |

yad arthena vināmuṣya
puṃsa ātma-viparyayaḥ |
pratīyata upadraṣṭuḥ
sva-śiraś chedanādikaḥ || [BhP 3.7.10]

yad yasya | māyayā hetor arthena vināpi | yady api tasya trikālam eva so'rtho nāsti tathāpy ātma-viparyayaḥ ātmavismṛti-pūrvaka-parābhimāne nāham eva tad-dharmīty evaṃrūpaḥ so'rthaḥ syāt | upadraṣṭur jīvasya | tṛtīyārthe ṣaṣṭhī | svapnāvasthāyāṃ jīvena sva-śiraś-chedanādiko'tīvāsambhavo'rthaḥ pratīyate | na hi tasya śiraś chinnaṃ na tu vā sva-śiraś chedaṃ ko'pi paśyet | kintu bhagavan-māyaivānyatra-siddhaṃ tad-rūpam arthaṃ tasminn āropayatīti |

[92]

māyā-mātraṃ tu kārtsnyenānabhivyakta-svarūpatvād iti nyāyena | ataeva śuddhasyāpi sato jīvasyaupādhikenaiva rūpeṇopādhi-dharmāpattir iti dṛṣṭāntāntareṇopapādayatīti --

yathā jale candramasaḥ
kampādis tat-kṛto guṇaḥ |
dṛśyate 'sann api draṣṭur
ātmano 'nātmano guṇaḥ || [BhP 3.7.11]||

yathā jale pratibimbitasyaiva candramaso jalopādhi-kṛtaḥ kampādi-guṇo dharmo dṛśyate na tv ākāśa-sthitasya tadvad anātmanaḥ prakṛta-rūpopādher dharmaḥ ātmana śuddhasyāsann api aham eva so'yam ity āveśān māyayopādhi-tādātmyāpannāhaṅkārābhāsasya pratibimba-sthānīyasya tasya draṣṭur ādhyātmikāvasthasyaiva yadyapi syāt tathāpi śuddho'sau tad- abhedābhimānena taṃ paśyatīty arthaḥ | tad uktam ekādaśe śrī-bhagavatā -

nṛtyato gāyataḥ paśyan yathaivānukaroti tām | evaṃ buddhi-guṇān paśyann anīho'py anukāryate || [BhP 11.22.53] iti |

tathaivoktam - śuddho vicaṣṭe hy aviśuddha-kartur iti | vi-śabdasya cātra tad- āveśa eva tātparyaṃ tasmād bhagavato'cintya-svarūpāntaraṅga-mahā-pravala- śaktitvād bahiraṅgayā pravalayāpy acintayāpi māyayāpi na sṛṣṭiḥ | jīvasya tu tayā sṛṣṭir iti siddhāntitam || 3.7 || śrī-śukaḥ || 85-92 ||

[93]

evaṃ sṛṣṭy-ādi-līlā-traye yojine'pi punar viśeṣataḥ saṃśayya siddhāntaḥ kriyate sthūṇā-nikhanana-nyāyena | nanu pālana-līlāyāṃ ye ye'vatārās tathā tatraiva sva-prasāda-vyaṭjaka-smitābhaya-mudrādi-ceṣṭayā sura-pakṣa-pāto yuddhādi-ceṣṭayā daitya-saṃhāra ity ādikā yā yā vā līlāḥ śrūyante te ca tāś ca svayaṃ parameśvareṇa kriyante na vā | ādye pūrva-pakṣas tad atrastha eva pratyuta pakṣa-pātādinā vaiṣamyaṃ ca | ante teṣām avatārāṇāṃ līlānāṃ ca na svarūpa-bhūtayā sidhyatīti sampratipatti-bhaṅgaḥ | atrocyate | satyaṃ viśva- pālanārthaṃ parameśvaro na kiñcit karoti kintu svena sahaivāvatīrṇān vaikuṇṭha-pārṣadān tathādhikārika-devādy-antargatān tathā taṭasthān anyāṃś ca bhaktān ānandayituṃ svarūpa-śaktyāviṣkāreṇaiva nānāvatārān līlāś cāsau prakāśayati | tad uktaṃ pādme -

muhūrtenāpi saṃhartuṃ śakto yadyapi dānavān |
mad-bhaktānāṃ vinodārthaṃ karomi vividhāḥ kriyāḥ ||

darśana-dhyāna-saṃsparśair matsya-kūrma-vihaṅgamāḥ | svāny apatyāni puṣṇanti tathāham api padmaja || iti |

hari-bhakti-sudhodaye -

nityaṃ ca pūrṇa-kāmasya janmāni vividhāni me | bhakta-sarveṣṭa-dānāya tasmāt kiṃ te priyaṃ vada || iti |

tathā śrī-kuntī-devī-vacanaṃ ca -- bhakti-yoga-vidhānārthaṃ kathaṃ paśyema hi striya iti [BhP 1.8.20] | atra bhakti-yoga-vidhānārthaṃ tad-artham avatīrṇaṃ tvām iti ṭīkā ca | śrī-brahma-vacanaṃ ca --

prapañcaṃ niṣprapañco'pi
viḍambayasi bhūtale |
prapanna-janatānanda-
sandohaṃ prathituṃ prabho || [BhP 10.14.37]

svarūpa-śaktyaivāviṣkāraś ca śrī-brahmaṇaiva darśitaḥ -

eṣa prapanna-varado ramayātma-śaktyā yad yat kariṣyati gṛhīta-guṇāvatāra [BhP 3.9.23] ity ādinā | gṛhītā guṇāḥ kāruṇyādayo yatra tathābhūto'vatāro yasyety arthaḥ | tad evaṃ bhaktānandārtham eva tān prakaṭayatas tasyānanusaṃhitam api sura-pakṣa-pātādi-viśva-pālana-rūpaṃ tan-māyā- kāryaṃ svata eva bhavati | loke yathā kecid bhaktāḥ parasparaṃ bhagavat- prema-mukhollāsāya militās tad anabhijñān api kāṃścin mārdaṅgikādīn saṅgṛhya tad-guṇa-gānānandenonmattavan nṛtyanto viśveṣām evāmaṅgalaṃ ghnanti maṅgalam api vardhayantīti | tad uktaṃ vāg gad-gadety ādau mad- bhakti-yukto bhuvanaṃ punātīti [BhP 11.14.24] | evam evoktam -

sṛṣṭy-ādikaṃ harer naiva prayojanam apekṣya tu | kurute kevalānandād yathā martyasya nartanam || iti | [Nārāyaṇa-saṃhitā]

na ca vaktavyaṃ svena teṣāṃ tair api svasyānandane svatas tṛptatā-hāniḥ syāt tathānyān parityajya ca teṣām evānandane vaiṣamyāntaram api syād iti | tatrādye viśuddhorjita-sattva-tanum āśrite'pi muni-jane svatas tṛpti- parākāṣṭhāṃ prāpto bhakta-vātsalya-darśanāt tad-anucara evāsau guṇo na tu tat-pratighātīti labhyate | yathā sarvān munīn prati śrī-parīkṣid-vākyam

nehātha nāmutra ca kaścanārtha ṛte parānugraham ātma-śīlam | [BhP 1.19.23]

tathā jaḍa-bharata-caritādau - sindhu-pataya ātma-satatvaṃ vigaṇayataḥ parānubhāvaḥ parama-kāruṇikatayopadiśya ity ādi [BhP 5.13.24]

śrī-nārada-pūrva-janmani -- cakruḥ kṛpāṃ yadyapi tulya-darśanāḥ; śuśrūṣamāṇe munayo 'lpa-bhāṣiṇi | [BhP 1.5.24]

tathā kuntī-stave -

namo 'kiñcana-vittāya nivṛtta-guṇa-vṛttaye |
ātmārāmāya śāntāya kaivalya-pataye namaḥ || [BhP 1.8.27]

akiñcanā bhaktā eva vittaṃ sarvasvaṃ yasyeti ṭīkā ca | tato'nyathā cākṛtajñatā-doṣaś ca nirdoṣe bhagavaty āpatati | tataḥ siddhe tathāvidhasyāpi bhakta-vātsalye bhaktānāṃ duḥkha-hānyā sukha-prāptyā vā svānando bhavatīty āyātam eva | kiṃ ca parama-sāraa-bhūtāyā api svarūpa-śakteḥ sāra- bhūtā hlādinī nāma yā vṛttis tasyā eva sāra-bhūto vṛtti-viśeṣo bhaktiḥ sā ca raty-apara-paryāyā | bhaktir bhagavati bhakte ca nikṣipta-nijobhaya-koṭiḥ sarvadā tiṣṭhati | ataevoktaṃ bhagavān bhakta-bhaktimān iti | tasmād bhaktasthayā tayā bhagavatas tṛptau na svatas tṛptirtā-hāniḥ | pratyuta śaktitvena svarūpato bhinnābhinnāyā api tasyāḥ ye yathā māṃ prapadyante tāṃs tathaiva bhajāmy aham iti nyāyena bhakta-citta-sphuritāyā bheda-vṛtter eva sphuraṇāt bhagavato māṃ hlādayaty asya bhaktir iti ānandacamatkārātiśayaś ca bhavati | śakti-tadvator bhedamate'pi viśiṣṭasyaiva svarūpatvaṃ sampratipannam |

tad etat sarvam abhipretya bhaṇitaṃ durvāsasaṃ prati śrī-viṣṇunā -

ahaṃ bhakta-parādhīno
hy asvatantra iva dvija |
sādhubhir grasta-hṛdayo
bhaktair bhakta-jana-priyaḥ ||

nāham ātmānam āśāse
mad-bhaktaiḥ sādhubhir vinā |
śriyaṃ cātyantikīṃ brahman
yeṣāṃ gatir ahaṃ parā ||

ye dārāgāra-putrāpta-
prāṇān vittam imaṃ param |
hitvā māṃ śaraṇaṃ yātāḥ
kathaṃ tāṃs tyaktum utsahe ||

mayi nirbaddha-hṛdayāḥ
sādhavaḥ sama-darśanāḥ |
vaśe kurvanti māṃ bhakty
sat-striyaḥ sat-patiṃ yathā ||

mat-sevayā pratītaṃ te
sālokyādi-catuṣṭayam |
necchanti sevayā pūrṇāḥ
kuto 'nyat kāla-viplutam ||

sādhavo hṛdayaṃ mahyaṃ sādhūnāṃ hṛdayaṃ tv aham | mad-anyat te na jānanti nāhaṃ tebhyo manāg api || [BhP 9.4.63-68] iti |

atra ye dārāgāreti trayam akṛtajñatā-nivāraṇe sādhavo hṛdayaṃ mahyam iti svatas tṛpti-parihāre | bhakteḥ svarūpa-śakti-sāra-hlādinī-sāratve ca ahaṃ bhakta-parādhīna iti dvayam |

tatraiva bhakteṣv api bhakti-rūpeṇa tat-praveśe sati viśeṣato mat-sevayā pratītam ity api jñeyam | tato na prāktano doṣaḥ | dvitīye'py evam ācakṣmahe | parānandane pravṛttir dvidhā jāyate parato nijābhīṣṭa- sampattyai kvacit tad-abhīṣṭa-mātra-sampattyai ca | tatra prathamo nātrāpy ayuktaḥ sātmārtha-mātratayā kutrāpi pakṣapātābhāvāt | atrottara-pakṣe para-sukhasya para-duḥkhasya cānubhavenaiva parānukūlyenaiva pravṛttīcchā jāyate na tu yat-kiñcij-jñāna-mātreṇa cittasya para-duḥkhāsparśe kṛpā-rūpa- vikārāsambhavāt |

yathā kaṇṭaka-biddhāṅgo jantor necchati tāṃ vyathām | jīva-sāmyaṃ gato liṅgair na tathābiddha-kaṇṭakaḥ || iti nyāyāt |

tataś ca sadā paramānandaikarūpe'pahata-kalmaṣe bhagavati prākṛtasya sukhābhidha-duḥkhasya prasiddha-duḥkhasya ca sūrya pecaka-cakṣur jyotiṣa iva tamasa iva cātyantābhāvāt tat-tad-anubhavo nāsty eva |

yat tu bhagavati duḥkha-sambandhaṃ parijihīrṣanto'pi kecid evaṃ vadanti, tasmin duḥkhānubhava-jñānam asty eva, tac ca parakīyatvenaiva bhāsate na tu svīyatveneti | tad api ghaṭṭa-kuḍyāṃ prabhātam duḥkhānubhavo nāma hi antaḥ-karaṇe duḥkha-sparśaḥ, sa ca svasmād bhavatu parasmād veti duḥkha-sambandhāviśeṣāt | asarvajñatā-doṣaś ca sūrya-dṛṣṭāntenaiva parihṛtaḥ, pratyuta guṇatvenaiva darśitaś ca | tasmāt tasmin yat kiñcid duḥkha-jñānam astu, duḥkhānubhavas tu nāsty eva | yata eva kartum akartum anyathā-kartuṃ samarthe parama-karuṇāmaya-nicaya-śiromaṇau tasmin virājamāne'py adyāpi jīvāḥ saṃsāra-duḥkham anubhavantīty atra nairghṛṇya- parihāraś ca bhavati | yat tu bhaktānāṃ sukhaṃ tat tasya bhakti-rūpam eva, tathā teṣāṃ duḥkhaṃ bhagavat-prāpty-antarāyeṇaiva bhavati, tatra cādhikā bhagavaty eva cittārdratā jāyate sā ca bhaktir eveti | kvacid gajendrādīnām api prākṛta eva duḥkhe sa eva mama śaraṇam ity ādinā tathaiva bhaktir udbhūtaiveti | kvacid yamalārjunādiṣu śrī-nāradādi- bhaktānāṃ bhaktiḥ sphuṭaiveti ca sarvathā dainyātmaka-bhakta-bhakty- anubhava eva taṃ karuṇayati na tu prākṛtaṃ duḥkhaṃ, yogye kāruṇe saty ayogyasya kalpanānaucityaāt duḥkha-sad-bhāvo'sty eva kāraṇatve sarva- saṃsārocchitteḥ |

atha tasya paramparā-kāraṇatvam asty eva ced asstu na kāpi hānir iti | tasmād ubhayathā bhaktānandane tad-bhakty-anubhava eva bhagavantaṃ pravartayatīti siddham | tat etad uktaṃ bhavati | yady anyasya sukha-duḥkham anubhūyāpi tat-tat-tyāgenetarasya sukhaḥ duḥkha-hāniṃ vā sampādayati tadaiva vaiṣamyam āpatati | śrī-bhagavati tu prākṛta-sukha- duḥkhānubhavābhāvān na tad āpatati, yathā kalpa-tarau | tad uktaṃ śrīmad- akrūreṇa -

na tasya kaścid dayitaḥ suhṛttamo na cāpriyo dveṣya upekṣya eva vā | tathāpi bhaktān bhajate yathā tathā sura-drumo yadvad upāśrito'rthadaḥ || iti [BhP 10.38.22] |

atra bhaktād anya eva kaścid iti jñeyam |

kaḥ paṇḍitas tvad-aparaṃ śaraṇaṃ samīyād bhakta-priyād ṛta-giraḥ suhṛdaḥ kṛtajñād ity [BhP 10.48.26] etad-vākyenaiva tat-priyatva-prokteḥ | śrī- mahādevenāpy uktam --

na hy asyāsti priyaḥ kaścin
nāpriyaḥ svaḥ paro 'pi vā |
ātmatvāt sarva-bhūtānāṃ
sarva-bhūta-priyo hariḥ ||

tasya cāyaṃ mahā-bhāgaś
citraketuḥ priyo 'nugaḥ |
sarvatra sama-dṛk śānto
hy ahaṃ caivācyuta-priyaḥ || [BhP 6.17.33-34]

tathoktaṃ śrī-prahlādenāpi --

citraṃ tavehitam aho 'mita-yogamāyā- līlā-visṛṣṭa-bhuvanasya viśāradasya | sarvātmanaḥ samadṛśo 'viṣamaḥ svabhāvo bhakta-priyo yad asi kalpataru-svabhāvaḥ || [BhP 8.23.8] iti |

arthaś ca -- yat tvaṃ bhakta-priyo'si so'pi samadṛśas tava svabhāvo'viṣamaḥ viṣamo na bhavati | tatra hetu-garbha-viśeṣaṇaṃ kalpataru-svabhāva iti | tasmād viṣama-svabhāvatayā pratīte'pi tvayy avaiṣyam ity atīva citram iti | athavā paratrāpi kalpa-vṛkṣādi-lakṣaṇe samāna evāśrayaṇīye vastuni bhakta- pakṣa-pāta-rūpa-vaiṣamya-darśanād vaiṣamyam api samasyaiva svabhāva ity eva vyākhyeyam | tathā pūrvatrāpi bhaktān bhajata iti vaiṣamya eva yojanīyam iti | vastutas tu śrī-bhagavaty acintyam aiśvaryam eva mukhyas tad-avirodhe hetuḥ | yad uktam - namo namas te'stv ṛṣabhāya sātvatām ity [BhP 2.4.14] ādau dvitīyasya caturthe ṭīkāyām | tad evaṃ vaiṣamya-pratītāv apy adoṣatvāyācintyam aiśvaryam āheti | tad uktaṃ śrī-bhīṣmeṇa

sarvātmanaḥ samadṛśo hy advayasyānahaṅkṛteḥ |
tat-kṛtaṃ mati-vaiṣamyaṃ niravadyasya na kvacit ||

tathāpy ekānta-bhakteṣu paśya bhūpānukampitam |
yan me 'sūṃs tyajataḥ sākṣāt kṛṣṇo darśanam āgataḥ || iti [BhP 1.9.21-22]

tathā śrī-bhagavatā -

samo 'haṃ sarvabhūteṣu

na me dveṣyo 'sti na priyaḥ
ye bhajanti tu māṃ bhaktyā
mayi te teṣu cāpy aham || iti [BhP 9.29]

tad evaṃ tat-tad-doṣe bhakta-pakṣa-pātasya svarūpa-śakti-sāra-bhūtatve bhakta-vinodārtham eva svarūpa-śaktyaiva svayam eva ca tat-tad-avatāra-līlāḥ karoti bhagavān tato viśva-pālanaṃ tu svayam eva sidhyatīti sthite na vaidura- praśnas tad-avasthaḥ | atra devādīnāṃ prākṛtatayā taiḥ saha līlāyāṃ svatas tṛptatā-hānis teṣu tad-aṃśāveśādi-svīkāreṇāgre parihartavyā | tathā na cāvatārādīnāṃ svarūpa-śakty-ātmatā-hāniḥ | tathā bhakta-vinodaika- prayojanaka-svaira-līlā-kaivalyena cānyatra rāga-dveṣābhāvān na vaiṣamyam api pratyuta pitta-dūṣita-jihvānāṃ khaṇḍād vairasya iva tasmān nigrahe'py anubhūyamāne teṣāṃ duṣṭatādi-kṣapaṇa-lakṣaṇaṃ hitam eva bhavati | atra

na hy asya janmano hetuḥ karmaṇo vā mahīpate |
ātma-māyāṃ vineśasya parasya draṣṭur ātmanaḥ |
yan mayā ceṣṭitaṃ puṃsaḥ sthity-utpatty-apyayāya hi |
anugrahas tan-nivṛtter ātma-lābhāya ceṣyate || [BhP 9.24.57-58]

iti navamāntastha-śrī-śuka-vākyānusāreṇa pralaye līnopādher jīvasya dharmādy-asambhavād upādhi-sṛṣṭy-ādinā dharmādi-sampādanenānugraha iti tadīya=ṭīkānusāreṇa ca | tathā,

loke bhavān jagati naḥ kalayāvatīrṇaḥ
sad-rakṣaṇāya khala-nigrahaṇāya cānyaḥ |
kaścit tadīyam abhiyāti nideśam īśa
kiṃ vā janaḥ svakṛtam ṛchati tan na vidmaḥ || [BhP 10.70.27]

iti jarāsandha-baddha-rāja-vṛnda-nivedane'pi īśvare tvayi sad-rakṣaṇārtham avatīrṇe'pi ced asmākaṃ duḥkhaṃ syāt tarhi kim anyaḥ kaścij jarāsandhādis tvad-ājñām api laṅghayati kiṃ ca tvayā vakṣyamāṇo'pi janaḥ sva-karma- duḥkhaṃ prāpnotīty eveti na vidmaḥ | na caitad ubhayam api yuktam iti bhāvaḥ | iti tadīya-ṭīkānusāreṇa ca līlāyāḥ svairatve'pi durghaṭanī māyaiva tadā tadā devānusarādīnāṃ tat-tat-karmodbodha-sandhānam api ghaṭayati | yathā sva-sva-karmaṇā pṛthag eva ceṣṭamānānāṃ jīvānāṃ ceṣṭā-viśeṣāḥ paraspara-śubhāśubha-śakuntatayā ghaṭitā bhavatīty ādikaṃ loke'pi dṛśyate | yatra tu kvacid eṣā tal-līlājavam anugantuṃ na śaknoti tatraiva parameśituḥ svairatā vyaktībhavati | yathā -

guru-putram ihānītaṃ nija-karma-nibandhanam |
ānayasva mahārāja mac-chāsana-puraskṛtaḥ || [BhP 10.45.45]

iti yama-viṣayaka-śrī-bhagavad-ādeśādau | tataś ca tasyātivirala-pracāratvān na sarvatra kṛta-hāny-akṛtābhyāgama-prasaṅgaś ca |

atha yadi kecid bhaktānām eva dviṣanti tadā tadā bhakta-pakṣa- pātāntaḥpātitvād bhagavatā svayaṃ tad-dveṣe'pi na doṣaḥ | pratyuta bhakta- viṣayaka-tad-rateḥ poṣakatvena hlādinī-vṛtti-bhūtānandollāsa-viśeṣa evāsau | yena hi dveṣeṇa pratipada-pronmīlat-sāndrānanda-vaicitrī-samatirikta-bhakti- rasa-marusthala-brahma-kaivalyāpādāna-rūpatvena tadīya-bhakti-rasa-mahā- pratiyogitayā tato'nyathā duścikitsatayā ca tatrocitam | tad-uttha-bhagavat- tejasā tat-svarūpa-śakter api tiraskāreṇa dhvaṃsābhāva-tulyatvam | svargāpavarga-narakeṣv api tulyārtha-darśina iti [BhP 6.17.28] nyāyenānyeṣām atīva duḥsahaṃ teṣām api kāmukānāṃ nikāmam anabhīṣṭam uddaṇḍa-daṇḍa-viśeṣaṃ kurvaty eva bhagavati tasya sarva-hita- paryavasāyi-cāritra-svabhāvatvād eva tat-tad-durvāra-durvāsanāmayāśeṣa- saṃsāra-kleśa-nāśo'pi bhavati | yaḥ khalv abhedopāsakānām atikṛcchra- sādhyaḥ puruṣārthaḥ | kvacic ca paramārtha-vastv-avabhijñānāṃ naraka- nirviśeṣaṃ teṣāṃ kāmināṃ tu nikāmam abhīṣṭaṃ viṭakīṭānām ivāmedhyaṃ svarga-viśeṣaṃ tebhyo dadāti sa parameśvaraḥ | ataevoktaṃ nāgapatnībhiḥ - ripoḥ sutānām api sutavat

pālyānāṃ devānām ity [BhP 10.16.33] arthaḥ | damam iti yato dama apīty arthaḥ | yat tu pūtanādāv uttama-bhakta-gatiḥ śrūyata tad-bhaktānukaraṇa- māhātmyenaiveti tatra tatra spaṣṭam eva | yathā sad-veṣād api pūtanāpi sakulety [BhP 10.14.35] ādi |

atha yadi kecid bhaktā eva santo bhaktāntreṣu kathañcid aparādhyanti tadā tenaivāparādhena bhakteṣu bhagavati ca vivartamānaṃ dveṣa-bāḍavānala- jvālālāpam anubhūya cirāt kathañcit punaḥ sad-veṣeṇāpi bhagavat- saṃsparśādinā saparikare tad-aparādha-doṣe vinaṣṭe svapadam eva prāpnuvanti | na tu brahma-kaivalyam bhakti-lakṣaṇa-bījasyānaśvara- vabhāvatvāt | teṣu bhagavataḥ krodhaś ca bāleṣu mātur iveti ||

[93]

tathā hi śrī-rājovāca -

samaḥ priyaḥ suhṛd brahman
bhūtānāṃ bhagavān svayam |
indrasyārthe kathaṃ daityān
avadhīd viṣamo yathā || [BhP 7.1.1]

paramātmatvena samaḥ suhṛt hitakārī priyaḥ prīti-viṣayo bhagavān | evaṃ sati sāmyenaivopakartavyatvena prīti-viṣayatvena na ca sarveṣv eva prāpteṣu kathaṃ viṣama iva daityān avadhīt | viṣamatvam upalakṣaṇam asuhṛdi vā priya iva ceti |

[94]

kiṃ ca yasya yaiḥ prayojanaṃ sidhyati sa tat-pakṣapātī bhavati | yebhyo bibheti tān dveṣeṇa hanti na tu tad atrāstīty āha --

na hy asyārthaḥ sura-gaṇaiḥ
sākṣān niḥśreyasātmanaḥ |
naivāsurebhyo vidveṣo
nodvegaś cāguṇasya hi || [BhP 7.1.2]

niḥśreyasaṃ paramānandaḥ |

[95]

ataḥ -

iti naḥ sumahā-bhāga
nārāyaṇa-guṇān prati |
saṃśayaḥ sumahān jātas
tad bhavāṃś chettum arhati || [BhP 7.1.3]

guṇān anugraha-nigrahādīn prati tat-tat-saṃśayam |

[96]

atra śrī-ṛṣr uvāca -

sādhu pṛṣṭaṃ mahārāja
hareś caritam adbhutam |
yad bhāgavata-māhātmyaṃ
bhagavad-bhakti-vardhanam || [BhP 7.1.4]

he mahārāja | idaṃ yat pṛṣṭhaṃ tat sādhu suvicāritam eva | kintu hareś caritam adbhutam apūrvam avaiṣamye'pi viṣamatayā pratīyamānatvena vicārātītatvāt | yad yatra hareś caritre bhagavad-bhakti-vardhanaṃ bhāgavata- māhātmyaṃ bhāgavatānāṃ prahlādopalakṣita-bhakta-vṛndānāṃ māhātmyaṃ vartate | anena bhāgavatārtham eva sarvaṃ karoti bhagavān na tv anyārtham ity asyaivārthasya paryavasānaṃ bhaviṣyatīti vyañjitam | ṭīkā ca -

sva-bhakta-pakṣa-pātena tad-vipakṣa-vidāraṇam | nṛsiṃham adbhutaṃ vande paramānanda-vigraham || ity eṣā |

[97]

ato -

gīyate paramaṃ puṇyam
ṛṣibhir nāradādibhiḥ |
natvā kṛṣṇāya munaye
kathayiṣye hareḥ kathām || [BhP 7.1.5]

paramaṃ puṇyaṃ yathā syāt tathā yā gīyate tāṃ kathām iti yat tadoradhyāhāreṇānvayaḥ | atra ca tair gīyamānatvena bhaktaika-sukha- prayojanatvam eva vyañjitam |

[98]

tatra tatra tāvad vyañjitārthānurūpam eva praśnasyottaram āha --

nirguṇo 'pi hy ajo 'vyakto
bhagavān prakṛteḥ paraḥ |
sva-māyā-guṇam āviśya
bādhya-bādhakatāṃ gataḥ || [BhP 7.1.6]

yasmāt prakṛteḥ paras tasmān nirguṇaḥ prākṛta-guṇa-rahitaḥ tata evājo nitya- siddhaḥ tata eva cāvyaktaḥ prākṛta-dehendriyādi-rahitatvān nānyena vyajyate iti svayaṃ prakāśa-dehādir ity arthaḥ | tataś ca prakṛti-guṇottha-rāga-dveṣādi- rahitaś ceti bhāvaḥ | evam evambhūto'pi sveṣu bhakteṣu yā māyā kṛpā tatropito yo guṇo līlā-kautukamaya-viśuddhorjita-sattvākhyas tam āviśyālambya bhagavān nityam eva prakāśita-ṣaḍ-guṇaiśvaryaḥ san, etad apy upalakṣaṇaṃ kadācid ity ādau jātaḥ san lokendriyeṣu vyakto'pi san bādhya- bādhakatāṃ gataḥ | nija-dṛṣṭi-pathe'pi sthātum asamartheṣu atikṣudreṣu devāsurādiṣu sva-sāhāyya-pratiyoddhṛtva-sampādanāya svayaṃ sañcāritaṃ kiñcit tad-aṃśa-lakṣaṇam eva tejaḥ samāśritya bādhyatāṃ bādhakatāṃ ca gataḥ | yuddha-līlā-vaicitryāya pratiyoddhṛṣu tadānīṃ svasmin prakāśyamānād api tejaso'dhikaṃ tejo'ṃśaṃ sañcārya bādhyatāṃ parājayaṃ kadācit tu tasmān nūnaṃ sañcārya bādhakatāṃ jayaṃ prāpta ity arthaḥ | syāt kṛpā-dambhayor māyā iti viśva-prakāśaḥ |

atra saty apy arthāntare bhāgavatānugraha-prayojanatvenaivopakrāntatvād upasaṃhariṣyamāṇatvāc ca gati-sāmānyāc ca chala-maya-māyayā tat-tat- kartṛtve'py adhika-doṣāpātāc ca tan nāpekṣate | tasmād bhakta-vinodaika- prayojanaka-svaira-līlā-kaivalyenānyatra rāga-dveṣābhāvān nātra vaiṣamyam iti bhāvaḥ | ataeva bādhyatām api yātīti bādhaktayā sahaivoktam | tathā nija- svarūpa-śakti-vilāsa-lakṣaṇa-līlāviṣkāreṇa sarveṣām eva hitaṃ paryavasyatīti suhṛttādikaṃ ca nāpayātīti dhvanitam |

[99] atha kathaṃ so'pi viśuddha-sattvākhyo guṇaḥ prākṛto na bhavati kadā vā kutra taṃ vīryātiśayaṃ sañcārayati kathāṃ vā kṛta-hānya-kṛtābhyābhyāgama- prasaṅgo na bhavatīty ādikam āśaṅkyāha dvābhyām --

sattvaṃ rajas tama iti
prakṛter nātmano guṇāḥ |
na teṣāṃ yugapad rājan
hrāsa ullāsa eva vā || [BhP 7.1.7]

sattvādayo guṇāḥ prakṛter eva nātmanaḥ | ātmanaḥ parameśvarasya tasya tu ye sarve'pi nityam evollāsino guṇās te tu te na bhavantīty arthaḥ | tad uktam - sattvādayo na santīśa [ViP 1.9.44] iti |

hlādinī sandhinī saṃvit tvayy eva sarva-saṃsthitau iti [ViP 1.12.69] ca |

yasmān nātmanas te tasmād eva yugapat hrāsa eva vā ullāsa eva vā nāsti, kintu vikāritvena parasparam upamardyatvāt kasyacit kadācit hrāsaḥ kadācit kadācid ullāso bhavatīty arthaḥ |

[100]

tataś ca devādīnāṃ tat-sāhāyye surādīnāṃ ca tad-yuddhe yogyatāṃ darśayati | tathā sattvādy-ullāsa-kāle tal-līlāyās tad-adhīnatvam iva yat pratīyate tad anuvadan pariharati --

jaya-kāle tu sattvasya
devarṣīn rajaso 'surān |
tamaso yakṣa-rakṣāṃsi
tat-kālānuguṇo 'bhajat || [BhP 7.1.8]

sattvasya jaya-kāle devān ṛṣīṃś cābhajat bhajati bhagavān tat-tad-deheṣu sattvopādhika-nija-tejaḥ sañcārayati yena ca tān sahāyamānān karotīty arthaḥ | evaṃ rajaso jaya-kāle asureṣu raja-upādhikaṃ tamaso jaya-kāle yakṣa- rakṣaḥsu tama-upādhikam iti yojanīyam |

tataś ca yena tān yakṣādīn pratiyoddṝn kurvan devādīn parājitān karoti svayam api tathā darśayatīty arthaḥ | tad evaṃ bhakta-rasa-poṣa-līlā- vaicitryāya bādhya-bādhakatāṃ yātīti darśitam | yac ca kṣīroda-mathane śrūyate |

tathā surāṇ āviśad āsureṇa rūpeṇa teṣāṃ bala-vīryam īrayan | uddīpayan deva-gaṇāṃś ca viṣṇur devena nāgendram abodha-rūpaḥ || [BhP 8.7.11] iti |

tatrāpi tad-vaicitryārtham eva tathā tat-tad-āveśas tasyeti labhyate |

nanv āyātā tasya tat-tad-guṇodbodhakālapāravaśyena svaira-līlatā-hāniḥ | tataś ca guṇa-sambandhātiśaye vaiṣyādikaṃ ca spaṣṭam evety āśaṅkyāha tat- kālānuguṇa iti | teṣāṃ sattvādīnāṃ kāla evānuguṇo yasya saḥ | bhagavac- charaṇa itivat samāsaḥ | svairam eva krīḍati tasmin nityam eva tad- anugatikayā māyayā tad-anusāreṇaivānādi-siddha-pravāhaṃ taṃ jagat-karma- samudāyaṃ prerya sva-vṛtti-viśeṣa-rūpatvena pravartyamānaḥ sattvādi- guṇānāṃ kāla eva tad-adhīno bhavatīty arthaḥ | kālasya māyā-vṛttitvam udāhṛtaṃ kālo daivam ity ādau tvan-māyaiṣeti | yad vā teṣāṃ kālo'pi sadānugato bhaktānugraha-mātrārtha-svaira-ceṣṭātmaka-prabhāva-lakṣaṇo guṇo yasya sa ity arthaḥ | tato'pi tac-ceṣṭānusāreṇaiva māyayā tat-tat- pravartanam iti bhāvaḥ | yad uktam -

yo 'yaṃ kālas tasya te 'vyakta-bandho ceṣṭām āhuś ceṣṭate yena viśvam || [BhP 10.3.26] iti |

tathā cobhayathāpi na pāravaśyam ity āyātam | ittham eva śrī-kapila-devo'pi - yaḥ kālaḥ pañca-viṃśaka iti [BhP 3.26.15] | prabhāvaṃ pauruṣaṃ prāhuḥ kālam eke yato bhayam iti [BhP 3.26.16] ca | tatra māyāvyaṅgatva-puruṣa- guṇatva-lakṣaṇa-mata-dvayam upanyastavān | atra tasya ceṣṭā prabhāvasya bhakta-vinodāyaiva mukhyā pravṛttiḥ | guṇodbodhādi-kāryaṃ tu tatra svata eva bhavatīti tatra pravṛttyābhāsa eva | tataś ca pūrvo'ṃśaḥ svayam eveti svarūpa-śakter eva vilāsaḥ paras tad-ābhāsa-rūpa evety ābhāsa-śakter māyāyā evāntargataḥ | yo'yaṃ kāla ity ādau nimeṣādir ity uktis tu dvayor abheda-vivakṣayaiveti jñeyam |

ata evaṃ vyākhyeyaṃ | yathā bhṛtyasyānugato bhṛtyo'nubhṛyaḥ tathātra prabhāva-lakṣaṇasya guṇasyānugata ābhāsa-rūpo guṇo'nuguṇaḥ | tathā ca teṣāṃ kālo'py anuguṇo na tu sākṣād guṇo yasyeti ||

[101]

nanu teṣu teṣu tenāveśyamānaṃ tejaḥ kathaṃ na lakṣyate | tatrāha --

jyotir-ādir ivābhāti
saṅghātān na vivicyate |
vidanty ātmānam ātma-sthaṃ
mathitvā kavayo 'ntataḥ || [BhP 7.1.9]

yadyapi teṣu teṣu nija-tejo'ṃśenāviṣṭo'sau saṅghātāt sammiśratvāt na vivicyate lokair vivektuṃ na śakyate tathāpi kavayo viveka-nipuṇā antato mathitvā tasyāpi sāhāyyaṃ tenāpi yuddham ity ādikāsambhavārtha-niṣedhena vivicya tad-aṃśenātmasthaṃ tat-tad-ātmani praviṣṭam ātmānam īśvaraṃ vidanti jānanti | tatra hetu-garbho dṛṣṭāntaḥ | yasmāt tat-tejaḥ jyotir-ādi- padārtha ivābhāti draṣṭṛṣv iti viśeṣaḥ |

ayam arthaḥ | yathā nedaṃ maṇes tejaḥ pūrvam adarśanāt, kintu tadātapa- saṃyogena sauraṃ teja evātra praviṣṭam iti sūrya-kāntādau tūlādi-dāhena tad- anubhaviṣu tadā bhāti | yathā ca pūrvavad eva vāyor ayaṃ gandhaḥ pārthiva eva praviṣṭa iti teṣv ābhāti | tathātrāpīti |

athavā nanv evaṃ tarhi tair api krīḍatīti dṛśyata tatrāha jyotir iti | yathā cakṣr-ādi-jyotibhiḥ svāṃśe rūpa-mātre'pi prakāśyamāne gandhādi-guṇa- pañcakā mṛd evāsua prakāśata iti pratīyate | yathā ca karṇādi-nabhasā svāṃśe śabda-mātre'pi gṛhyamāne dundubhir evāsāv iti pratīyate | tac ca tat- tad-guṇānāṃ saṃmiśratvād eva bhavati na vastutaḥ | tathā kavayaḥ ātmānam īśvaraṃ tat-tat-saṅghāta-sthatvenānyair aviviktam api ātmasthaṃ svāṃśa- tejobhir eva krīḍantaṃ jānantīty arthaḥ |

[102]

yad evaṃ yuddhādi-nija-līlābhir bhakta-vinodanam eva prayojanaṃ, viśva- pālanaṃ tu tataḥ svata eva bhavatīty uktvā, sṛṣṭi-pralayayoḥ prakṛtīkṣaṇādāv api sarvāśaṅka-nirāsārtham atidiśan triṣv apy aviśeṣam āha -

yadā sisṛkṣuḥ pura ātmanaḥ paro
rajaḥ sṛjaty eṣa pṛthak sva-māyayā |
sattvaṃ vicitrāsu riraṃsur īśvaraḥ
śayiṣyamāṇas tama īrayaty asau || [BhP 7.1.10]

yadā yatra sva-ceṣṭā-lakṣaṇe kāle eṣa paraḥ parameśvaraḥ sva-māyayā bhakta-kṛpayā ātmanaḥ puraḥ prācīna-sṛṣṭi-gata-sādhaka-bhakta-rūpāṇi svasyādhiṣṭhānāni sisṛkṣur bhavati prakṛtyā saha teṣu līneṣu āvirbhāvanārthām īkṣāṃ karoti tadā pṛthak svarūpa-śakter itarāsau jīva- māyākhyā śaktiḥ pūrvavat tac-ceṣṭātmaka-prabhāvābhāsoddīptā rajaḥ sṛjati svāṃśa-bhūtād guṇa-traya-sāmyād avyaktād vikṣipati udbodhayatīti vā | yad vā pṛthaṅ-māyānugata eṣa kāla eva sṛjati tathāsau-padena ca kāla evocyate |

atha vicitrāsu nānā-guṇa-vaicitrī-matīṣu tal-lakṣaṇāsu pūrṣu yadā rantum icchur bhavati tadāsau sattvaṃ sṛjati, yadā punas tābhir eva militvā śayiṣyamāṆaḥ śayitum icchur bhavatīty arthaḥ | tadāsau tamaḥ sṛjatīti | tato bhakta-nimittam eva sarvā eva sṛṣṭy-ādi-kriyāḥ pravartante iti bhāvaḥ | yathāṅgīkṛtam ekādaśasya tṛtīye ṭīkākṛdbhir api | kim arthaṃ sasarja sva- mātrātma-prasiddhaye | svaṃ mimīte pramimīte ātmānam upāste yaḥ sa sva- mātā tasyātmano jīvasya prakṛṣṭā ye siddhaya iti śayanam atra puruṣāvatārasya kadācit pralayodadhau yoga-nidrā kadācid bhagavat-praveśo vā | yadyapi sarveṣv api jīveṣu antaryāmitayā parameśvaras tiṣṭhati tathāpi tatrāsaṃsaktatvād asthita eva bhavati tad bhakteṣu tu samāsaktatvān na tatheti | na ca tat-saṅgādau tasyeccheti yathokta-vyākhyānam eva balavat | tathā ca śrī-bhagavad-upaniṣadaḥ

matsthāni sarvabhūtāni na cāhaṃ teṣv avasthitaḥ |
na ca matsthāni bhūtāni paśya me yogam aiśvaram || [Gītā 9.4-5] iti

ye bhajanti tu māṃ bhaktyā mayi te teṣu cāpy aham || [Gītā 9.29] iti ca |

uktaṃ ca hari-bhakti-sudhodaye -

bhaktānāṃ hṛdayaṃ śāntaṃ saśriyo me priyaṃ gṛham | vasāmi tatra śobhaiva vaikuṇṭhākhyād ivarṇanā || iti |

[103]

evaṃ prasaṅgena sṛṣṭi-pralayāv api vyākhyāya punaḥ pālanam eva vyācakṣāṇaḥ prakaraṇam upasaṃharati sārdhena --

kālaṃ carantaṃ sṛjatīśa āśrayaṃ pradhāna-pumbhyāṃ nara-deva satya-kṛt |

ya eṣa rājann api kāla īśitā
sattvaṃ surānīkam ivaidhayaty ataḥ |
tat-pratyanīkān asurān sura-priyo
rajas-tamaskān pramiṇoty uruśravāḥ || [BhP 7.1.11]

satya-kṛt svarūpa-śakti-vilāsenaiva svayaṃ paramārtha-satya-kriyāvirbhāvaka eva san sva-ceṣṭā-rūpaṃ kālaṃ sṛjati vyañjayati | kiṃ kurvantaṃ pradhāna- puṃbhyāṃ ca carantaṃ tat-tat-sambandhānāṃ sādhaka-bhaktānāṃ devādi- praviṣṭaṃ nija-tejo'ṃśānāṃ ca sāhāyyaa-hetor eva sṛjyamānatayā utpattaivāvyakta-jīva-saṅghātābhyāṃ carantam ataeva sannidhānenaiva tayos tat-tad-avasthānām āśrayam udbhava-hetuṃ ca | narad-deveti sambodhanena yathā nijaiṣayā mukhyam eva kāryaṃ kurvatas tava tathaivānayad api kṣudrataraṃ svayam eva sidhyati tadvad ihāpīti bodhitam | tato ya eṣa ceṣṭā- rūpaḥ kāla sa sattvaṃ satrtva-pradhānaṃ surānīkameghayatīva tata eva ta- pratyanīkān rajas-tamaḥ-pradhānān asurān pramiṇotīva hinstīva, ye tu deveṣu bhaktā asureṣu bhakta-dveṣiṇas tān svayaṃ pālayati caiveti pūrvem evoktam | yasmāt tac-ceṣṭā-lakṣaṇasya kālasyaivaṃ vārtā tasmād īśitāpi edhayatīva pramiṇotīva ceti | he rājann iti pūrvābhiprāyam eva |

nanu yadi ceśituḥ prayojanaṃ na bhavati tarhi kathaṃ kadāpy asurān api sva- pakṣān vidhāya devair na yudhyeta, tatrāha sura-priyaḥ | sureṣu vartamānāḥ priyā bhaktā yasya saḥ | sattva-pradhāneṣu sureṣu prāyaśas teṣāṃ sarveṣām anugamanenaiva tasyānugamanam | kadācid bṛhaspaty-ādiṣu mahatsv aparādhe tu teṣāṃ mālinyena suratvācchādanāt teṣāṃ tasya caiteṣv ananugamanaṃ syād iti | jayakāle tu sattvasyety ādy uktam iti bhāvaḥ |

nanu kathaṃ te'pi tān nānugacchanti tatrāha - rajas-tamaskān iti | atyanta- bhagavad-bahirmukhatā-karayor guṇayor arocakatvād eveti bhāvaḥ | tary asau sadaivāsurāṇāṃ nigraham eva karotīty athāpy asamañjasyam ity āśaṅkyāha uruśravāḥ | uru sarvato vistṛtaṃ mahattamaṃ vā śravaḥ kīrtir yasya sa teṣām apy anugrahaṃ karotīti bhāvaḥ |

[104]

tad evaṃ siddhāntaṃ pradarśya tatra sva-bhaktānugraha-mātra-prayojanas tat tat karoti pareśa iti pratijñātārthodāharaṇāya prahlāda-jaya-vijayādi-kṛpāyāḥ sūcakam itihāsa-viśeṣam āha --

atraivodāhṛtaḥ pūrvam itihāsaṃ surarṣiṇā | prītyā mahākratau rājan pṛcchate'jāta-śatrave || ity [BhP 7.1.12] ādi | ṭīkaiva dṛśyā || 7.1 || śrī- śukaḥ ||93-104||

[105-106]

tad evaṃ sarve api vaiṣamya-nairghṛṇye parihṛte | īśvaras tu paryanyavad draṣṭavya ity asya brahma-sūtra-nirgatārtha-nyāyasyāpy atraivāntarbhāva- siddheḥ | iti brahma-bhagavat-paramātmāno vivṛtāḥ | tad evaṃ trivyūhatvam eva vyākhyātam | kvacid vāsudevādi-caturvyūhāditvaṃ ca dṛśyate | sa ca bhedaḥ kasyacit kenacid abheda-vivakṣayā ca nāyuktaḥ| tad uktaṃ mokṣa- dharme nārāyaṇīye --

eka-vyūha-vibhāgo vā kvacid dvi-vyūha-saṃjñitaḥ |
tri-vyūhaś cāpi saṅkhyātaś caturvyūhaś ca dṛśyate || iti [Mbh 12.336.53]

śrutiś ca - sa ekadhā bhavati dvidhā bhavatīty [Chā 7.26.2] ādyā |

atha pūrva-rītyā caturvyūhatvādy-avisaṃvāditayā yad atra tri-vyūhatvaṃ tatra prathama-vyūhasya śrī-bhagavata eva mukhyatvaṃ yat-pratipādakatvenaivāsya śrī-bhāgavatam ity ākhyā | yathoktam - idaṃ bhāgavataṃ nāma purāṇaṃ brahma-sammitam iti | tasya hi prādhānye ṣaḍ-vidhena liṅgena tātparyam api paryālocyate |

upakramopasaṃhārāv abhyāso'pūrvatā phalam | arthavādopapattī ca liṅgaṃ tātparya-nirṇaye || ity ukta-prakāreṇa |

tathā hi tāvad upakramopasaṃhārayor aikyena --

janmādy asya yato 'nvayād itarataś cārtheṣv abhijñaḥ svarāṭ
tene brahma hṛdā ya ādi-kavaye muhyanti yat sūrayaḥ |
tejo-vāri-mṛdāṃ yathā vinimayo yatra tri-sargo 'mṛṣā
dhāmnā svena sadā nirasta-kuhakaṃ satyaṃ paraṃ dhīmahi || [BhP 1.1.1]

kasmai yena vibhāsito'yam atulo jñāna-pradīpaḥ purā
tad-rūpeṇa ca nāradāya munaye kṛṣṇāya tad-rūpiṇā |
yogīndrāya tad-ātmanātha bhagavad-rātāya kāruṇyatas
tac chuddhaṃ vimalaṃ viśokam amṛtaṃ satyaṃ paraṃ dhīmahi || [BhP 12.13.19]

tatra purvasyārthaḥ | artho'yaṃ brahma-sūtrāṇām iti gāruḍokter asya mahā- purāṇasya brahma-sūtrākṛtrima-bhāṣyātmakatvāt prathamaṃ tad upādāyaivāvatāraḥ | tatra pūrvam athāto brahma jijñāseti vyācaṣṭe tejo-vāri- mṛdām ity-ādy-ardhena | yojanāyāṃ prāthamikatvād asya pūrvatvam |

tatra brahma-jijñāseti vyācaṣṭe paraṃ dhīmahīti | paraṃ śrī-bhagavantaṃ dhīmahi dhyāyema | tad evaṃ mukta-pragrahayā yoga-vṛttyā bṛhatvād brahma yat sarvātmakaṃ tad-bahiś ca bhavati | tat tu nija-raśmy-ādibhyaḥ sūrya iva sarvebhyaḥ param eva svato bhavatīti mūla-rūpatva-pradarśanāya para-padena brahma-padaṃ vyākhyāyate | tac cātra bhagavān evety abhimatam | puruṣasya tad-aṃśatvān nirguṇasya brahmaṇo guṇādi-hīnatvāt | uktaṃ ca śrī-rāmānuja-caraṇaiḥ - sarvatra bṛhatva-guṇa-yogena hi brahma- śabdaḥ | bṛhatvaṃ ca svarūpeṇa guṇaiś ca yatrānavadhikātiśayaḥ so'sya mukho'rthaḥ | sa ca sarveśvara eveti | uktaṃ pracetobhiḥ nahyanto yad vibhūtīnāṃ so'nanta iti gīyate | ataeva vivdha-manoharānantākāratve'pi tat- tad-ākārāśraya-paramādbhuta-mukhyākāratvam api tasya vyañjitam | tad evaṃ mūrtatve siddhe tenaiva paratvena na tasya viṣṇv-ādi-rūpaka- bhagavattvam eva siddham | tasyaiva brahma-śivādi-paratvena darśitatvāt | atra jijñāsety asya vyākhyā dhīmahīti | yatas taj-jijñāsās tāt-paryaṃ tad- dhyāna eva | tad uktam ekādaśe svayaṃ bhagavatā --

śabda-brahmaṇi niṣṇāto niṣṇāyāt pare yadi | śrutas tasya śrama-phalo hy adhenum iva rakṣata || [BhP 11.11.18] iti |

tato dhīmahīty anena śrī-rāmānuja-mataṃ jijñāsā-padaṃ nididhyāsana- param eveti | svīyatvenāṅgīkaroti śrī-bhāgavata-nāmā sarva-vedādi-sāra- rūpo'yaṃ grantha ity āyātam | dhīmahīti bahu-vacanaṃ kāla-deśa-paramparā- sthitasya sarvasyāpi tat-kartavyatābhiprāyeṇa ananta-koṭi- brahmāṇḍāntaryāmināṃ puruṣāṇām aṃśibhūte bhagavaty eva dhyānasyābhidhānāt | anenaika-jīva-vāda-jīvana-bhūto vivarta-vādo'pi nirastaḥ | dhyāyatir api bhagavato mūrtatvam api bodhayati dhyānasya mūrta evākaṣṭārthatvāt | sati ca susādhye pumarthopāye duḥsādhyasya puruṣāpravṛttyā svata evāpakarṣāt tad-upāsakasyaiva yuktatamatva-nirṇayāc ca | tathā ca gītopaniṣadaḥ -

mayy āveśya mano ye māṃ nityayuktā upāsate |
śraddhayā parayopetās te me yuktatamā matāḥ || [Gītā 12.2]

ye tv akṣaram anirdeśyam avyaktaṃ paryupāsate |
te prāpnuvanti mām eva sarvabhūtahite ratāḥ || [Gītā 12.3-4]

kleśo 'dhikataras teṣām avyaktāsakta-etasām avyaktā hi gatir duḥkhaṃ dehavadbhir avāpyate || [Gītā 12.5]

idam eva ca vivṛtaṃ brahmaṇā --

śreyaḥ-sṛtiṃ bhaktim udasya te vibho kliśyanti ye kevela-bodha-labdhaye | teṣām asau kleśala eva śiṣyate nānyad yathā sthūla-tuṣāvaghātinām || [BhP 10.14.4] iti | ataevāsya dhyeyasya svayaṃ bhagavattvam eva sādhitam | śivādayaś ca vyāvṛttāḥ | tathā dhīmahīti liṅgā dhyotitā pṛthag-anusandhāna-rahitā prārthanā dhyānopalakṣita-bhagavad-bhajanam eva param-puruṣārthatvena vyanakti | tato bhagvatas tu tathātvaṃ svayam eva vyaktam | tataś ca yathokta- parama-manohara-mūrtitvam eva lakṣyate | tathā ca vedānāṃ sāmavedo'smīti [Gītā 10.22]| tatra ca bṛhat-sāma tathā sāmnām ity [Gītā 10.35] ukta-mahimni bṛhat-sāmni bṛhad-dhāmaṃ bṛhat-pārthivaṃ bṛhad-antarīkṣaṃ bṛhad divaṃ bṛhad vāmaṃ bṛhadbhyo vāmaṃ vāmebhyo vāmam iti | tad evaṃ brahma- jijñāseti vyākhyātam |

athāta ity asya vyākhyām āha satyam iti | yatas tatrātha-śabda ānantarye ataḥ śabdo vṛttasya hetu-bhāve vartate tasmād atheti svādhyāya-kramataḥ prāk prāpta-karma-kāṇḍe pūrva-mīmāṃsayā samyak karma-jñānād anantaram ity arthaḥ | ata iti tat-kramataḥ samanantaraṃ prāpta-brahma-kāṇḍe tūttara- mīmāṃsayā nirṇeya-samyag-arthe'dhīta-carād yat-kiñcid-anusaṃhitārthāt kutaścid vākyād dhetor ity arthaḥ | pūrva-mīmāṃsāyāḥ pūrva- pakṣatvenottara-mīmāṃsānirṇayottara-pakṣe'sminn avayśyāpekṣyatvād aviruddhāṃśe sahāyatvāt karmaṇaḥ śānty-ādi-lakṣaṇa-sattva-śuddhi-hetutvāc ca tad-anantaram ity eva labhyam | vākyāni caitāni tad yatheha karma-jito lokaḥ kṣīyate evāmevāmutra puṇya-jito lokaḥ kṣīyate | atha ya ihātmānam anuvidya vrajanty etāṃś ca satya-kāmāṃs teṣāṃ sarveṣu lokeṣu kāma-cāro bhavatīti na sa punar āvartate iti sa cānantyāya kalpate iti nirañjanaḥ paramaṃ sāmyam upaitīti |

idaṃ jñānam upāśritya mama sādharmyam āgatāḥ | sarge 'pi nopajāyante pralaye na vyathanti ca || iti [Gītā 14.2] | tad etad ubhayaṃ vivṛtaṃ rāmānuja-śārīrake mīmāsā-pūrvabhāga-jñātasya karmaṇo'lpāsthira-phalatvaṃ tad-uparitana-bhāgāvaseyasya brahma-jñānasya tv anantāha-praphalatvaṃ śrūyate | ataḥ pūrva-vṛttān karma-jñānād anantaraṃ brahma jñātavyam ity uktaṃ bhavati | tad āha sarvādi-vṛttikāro bhagavān baudhāyanaḥ - vṛttān karmādhigamād anantaraṃ brahma vividiṣetīti |

etad eva purañjanopākhyāne ca dakṣiṇa-vāma-karṇayoḥ pitṛ-hūdva-hū-śabda- niruktau vyaktam asti | tad evaṃ samyak karma-kāṇḍa-jñānānantaraṃ brahma- kāṇḍa-gateṣu keṣucid vākyeṣu svargādy-ānandasya vastu-vicāreṇa duḥkha- rūpatva-vyabhicāri-sattākatva-jñāna-pūrvakaṃ brahmaṇas tv avyabhicāri- paratamānandatvena satyatva-jñānam eva brahma-jijñāsāyāṃ hetur iti arthāta ity asyārthe labdhe tan-nirgalitārtham evāha satyam iti | sarva- sattādātravyabhichāri-sattākam ity arthaḥ | param ity anenānvayāt satyaṃ jñānam anantaṃ brahmety atra [Taitt 2.1.3] śrutau ca brahmety anena |

tad evam anyasya tad-icchādhīna-sattākatvena vyabhicāri-sattākatvam āyāti | tad evam atra tad etad avadhi vyabhicāri-sattākam eva dhyātavanto vayam idānīṃ tv avyabhicāri-sattākaṃ dhyāyemeti bhāvaḥ |

atha paratvam eva vyanakti dhāmneti | atra dhāma-śabdena prabhāva ucyate prakāśo vā | gṛha-deha-tviṭ-prabhāvā dhāmanīty amarādi-nānārtha-vargāt | na tu svarūpam | tathā kuhaka-śabdenātra pratāraṇa-kṛd ucyate | tac ca jīva- svarūpāvaraṇa-vikṣepakāritvādinā māyā-vaibhavam eva | tataś ca svena dhāmnā sva-prabhāva-rūpayā sva-prakāśa-rūpayā vā śaktyā sadā nityam eva nirastaṃ kuhakaṃ māyā-vaibhavaṃ yasmāt tam | tad uktaṃ māyāṃ vyudasya cic-chaktyeti | tasyā api śakter āgantukatvena svenety asya vaiyaarthyaṃ syāt | sva-svarūpeṇety evaṃ vyākhyāne tu svenetyanenaiva caritārthatā syāt | yathā kathañcit tathā vyākhyāne'pi kuhaka-nirasana-lakṣaṇā śaktir evāpadyate | sā ca sādhakatama-rūpayā tṛtīyayā vyakteti | etena māyātatkārya-vilakṣaṇaṃ yad vastu tat tasya svarūpam iti sva-svarūpa-lakṣaṇam api gamyam | tac ca satyaṃ jñānam ānandaṃ brahmeti vijñānam ānandaṃ brahmeti [Taitt 2.1.3] śruti-prasiddham eva | etac-chruti-lakṣakam eva ca satyam iti vinyastam | tad evaṃ svarūpa-śaktiś ca sākṣād evopakrāntā tataḥ sutarām evāsya bhagavattvaṃ spaṣṭam |

atha mukhye satyatve yuktiṃ darśayati yatreti | brahmatvāt sarvatra sthite vāsudeve bhagavati yasmin shtitas trayāṇāṃ guṇānāṃ bhūtendriya- devatātmako yasyaiveśituḥ sargo'py ayam ṛṣā śaktyādau rajatādikam ivāropito na bhavati | kintu yato vā imānīti śruti-prasiddhe brahmaṇi yatra sarvadā sthitatvāt saṃjñā-mūrti-k ptis tu trivṛt kurvata upadeśād iti [Vs. 2.4.20] yad eka-kartṛkatvāc ca satya eva | tatra dṛṣṭāntenāpy amṛṣātvaṃ sādhayati - teja-ādīnāṃ vinimayaḥ parasparāṃśa-vyatyayaḥ parasparasminn aṃśenāvasthitir ity arthaḥ | sa yathā mṛṣā na bhavati kintu yathaiveśvara- nirmāṇaṃ tathety arthaḥ | hatemās tisro devatās trivṛd ekaikā bhavati | tad agne rohitaṃ rūpaṃ tejasas tad-rūpaṃ yat śuklaṃ tad apāṃ yat kṛṣṇaṃ tat pṛthivyāḥ tad annasyeti śruteḥ [ChāU 6.4.1] |

tad evam arthasyāsya śruti-mūlatvāt kalpanā-mūlas tv anyo'rthaḥ svata eva parāstaḥ | tatra ca sāmānyatayā nirdiṣṭānāṃ teja-ādīnāṃ viśeṣatve saṅkramaṇaṃ na śābdikānāṃ hṛdaya-madhyārohati | yadi ca tad evāmaṃsyata tadā vārādīni marīcikādiṣu yathety evāvakṣyate | kiṃ ca tan-mate brahmatas trisargasya mukhyaṃ janma nāsti kintyāropa eva janmety ucyate | sa punar bhramād eva bhavati | bhramaś ca sādṛśyāvalambī | sādṛśyaṃ tu kāla- bhedenobhayam evādhiṣṭhānaṃ karoti | rajate'pi śukti-bhrama-sambhavāt | na caikātmakaṃ bhramādhiṣṭhānaṃ bahv-ātmakaṃ tu bhrama-kalpitam ity asti niyamo mitho militeṣu vidūra-varti-dhūma-parvata-vṛkṣeṣv akhaṇḍa- megha-bhrama-sambhavāt |

tad evaṃ prakṛte'py anādita eva tri-sargaḥ pratyakṣaṃ pratīyate | brahma ca cinmātratayā svata eva sphurad asti | tasmād anādya-jñānākrāntasya jīvasya yathā sad-rūpatā-sādṛśyena brahmaṇi tri-sarga-bhramaḥ syāt tathā tri-sarge'pi brahma-bhramaḥ kathaṃ na kadācit syāt | tataś ca brahmaṇa evādhiṣṭhānatvam ity anirṇaye sarva-nāśa-prasaṅgaḥ | āropakatvaṃ tu jaḍasyaiva cinmātrasyāpi na sambhavati | brahma ca cinmātram eva tan- matam iti | tataś ca śruti-mūla eva vyākhyāne siddhe so'yam abhiprāyaḥ | yatra hi yan nāsti kintv anyatraiva dṛśyate tatraiva tad-āropaḥ siddhaḥ | tataś ca vastutas tad-ayogāt tatra tat-sattayā tat-sattā kartuṃ na śakyata eva | tri- sargasya tu tac-chakti-viśiṣṭād bhagavato mukhya-vṛttyaiva jātatvena śrutatvāt tad-vyatirekāt tatraiva sarvātmake so'sti | tatas tasmin na cāropitaṃ ca | āropas tu tathāpi dhāmnety ādi-rītyaivācintya-śaktitvāt tena liptatvābhāve'pi tac-chāṅkara-rūpa eva | tathā ca ekadeśa-sthitasyāgner jyotsnā vistāriṇī yathety anusāreṇa tat-sattayā tat-sattā bhavati |

tato bhagavato mukhyaṃ satyatvaṃ tri-sargasya ca na mithyātvam iti | tathā ca śrutiḥ satyasya satyam iti tathā prāṇā vai satyaṃ teṣām eva satyam iti (BṛhdadU 2.3.6) | prāṇa-śabdoditānāṃ sthūla-sūkṣma-bhūtānāṃ vyavahārataḥ satyatvenādhigatānāṃ mūla-kāraṇa-bhūtaṃ parama-satyaṃ bhagavantaṃ darśayatīti |

atha tam eva taṭastha-lakṣaṇena ca tathā vyañjayan prathamaṃ viśadārthatayā brahma-sūtrāṇām eva vivṛtir iyaṃ saṃhiteti bibodayiṣayā ca tad-antaraṃ sūtram eva prathamam anuvadati janmādyasya yata iti | janmādīni sṛṣṭi- sthiti-pralayam | tad-guṇa-sa:avijñāna-bahuvrīhi | asya viśvasya brahmādistamba-paryantāneka-kartṛ-bhoktṛ-saṃyuktasya pratinyata-deśakāla- nimitta-kriyā-phalāśrayasya manasāpy acintya-vividha-citra-racanā-rūpasya yato yasmād acintya-śaktyā svayam upādāna-rūpāt kartrādi-rūpāc ca janmādi taṃ paraṃ dhīmahīty anvayaḥ | atra viṣayā-vākyaṃ ca bhūgurvai vāruṇir varuṇaṃ pitaram upasasāra adhīhi bho bhagavo brahmety ārabhya yato vā imāni bhūtāni jāyante yena jātāni jīvanti yat prayanty abhisaṃviśanti tad-vijijñāsasva tad brahma iti (TaittU 3.1.1.) tat tejo'sṛjata ity ādi (ChāU 6.2.3) ca |

janmādikam iho lakṣaṇaṃ na tu viśeṣaṇam | tatas tad-dhyāne tan na praviśanti | kintu śuddha eva dhyeya iti | kiṃ ca atra prāg ukta-viśeṣaṇa- viśiṣṭa-viśva-janmādes tādṛśa-hetutvena sarva-śaktitvaṃ satya-saṅkalpatvaṃ sarva-jñatvaṃ sarveśvaratvaṃ ca tasya sūcitam | yaḥ sarvajñaḥ sarva-vid yasya jñānamayaṃ tapaḥ sarvasya vaśī ity ādi śruteḥ [Muṇḍ 1.1.9, 2.2.7]| tathā paratvena nirastākhila-heya-pratyanīka-svarūpatvaṃ jñānādy-ananta-kalyāṇa- guṇatvaṃ sūcitam | na tasya kāryaṃ kāraṇaṃ ca vidyate ity ādi śruteḥ | ye tu nirviśeṣa-vastu jijñāsyam iti vadanti tan-mate brahma-jijñāsāyāṃ janmā̆dyasya yata ity asaṅgataṃ syāt | niratiśaya-bṛhad-bṛṃhaṇaṃ ceti nirvacanāt | tac ca brahma jagaj-janmādi-kāraṇam iti vacanāc ca | evam uttareṣv api sūtreṣu sūtrodāhṛta-śrutayaś ca na tatra pramāṇam | tarkaś ca sādhya- dharmāvyabhicāri-sādhana-dharmānvita-vastu-viṣayatvān na nirviśeṣa- vastuni pramāṇam | jagañ-janmādibhramo yatas tad brahmati svotprekṣa- pakṣe ca na nirviśeṣa-vastu-siddhiḥ | bhram-mūlam ajñānam ajñāna-sākṣi brahmeti upayamāt | sākṣitvaṃ hi prakāśaika-rasatayocyate | prakāśatvaṃ tu jaḍād vyāvartakaṃ svasya parasya ca vyavahāra-yogyatāpādana-svabhāvena bhavati | tathā sati svaiśeṣatvaṃ tad-abhāve prakāśataiva na syāt | tucchataiva syāt | kiṃ ca tejo-vāri-mṛdām ity anenaiva teṣāṃ vivakṣitaṃ setsyatīti janmādyasya yata ity aprayojakaṃ syāt | atas tad-viśeṣatve labdhe sa viśeṣaḥ śakti-rūpa eva | śaktiś cāntarāṅgā bahiraṅgā taḍasthā ceti tridhā darśitā | tatra vikārātmakeṣu jagaj-janmādiṣu sākṣād-dhetunā bahiraṅgāyā eva syād iti sā māyākhyā copakrāntā | taṭasthā ca vayaṃ dhīmahīty anena |

atha yadyapi bhagavato'ṃśāt tad-upādāna-bhūta-prakṛtyākhya-śakti-viśiṣṭāt puruṣād evāsya janmādi tathāpi bhagavaty eva tad-dhetunā paryavasati | samudraika-deśe yasya janmādi tasya samudra eva janmādīni | yathoktam -

prakṛtir yasyopādānam
ādhāraḥ puruṣaḥ paraḥ |
sato'bhivyañjakaḥ kālo
brahma tat tritayaṃ tv aham || [BhP 11.24.19]

tasya ca bhagavato janmādyasya yata ity anenāpi mūrtatvam eva labhyate | yato mūrtasya jagato mūrit-śakter nidhāna-rūpa-tādṛśānānanta-para-śaktīnāṃ nidhāna-rūpo'sāv ity ākṣipyate | tasya parama-kāruṇatvāṅgīkārāt | na ca tasya mūrtatve saty anyato janmāpatet anavasthāpatter ekasyaivāditvenāṅgīkārāt | sāṅkhyānām avyaktasyeva |

sa kāraṇaṃ karaṇādhipādhipo na cāsya kaścijjanitā na cādhipaḥ [ŚvetU 6.9]

iti śruti-niṣedhāt | anādu-siddhāprākṛta-svābhāvika-mūrtitvena tasya tat prasiddhiś ca | tad evaṃ mūrtatve siddhe sa ca mūrto viṣṇu-nārāyaādi- sākṣād-rūpakaḥ śrī-bhagavān eva nānyaḥ | tathā ca -

yataḥ sarvāṇi bhūtāni
bhavanty ādi-yugāgame |
yasmiṃś ca pralayaṃ yānti
punar eva yuga-kṣaye ||

ity ādi tat-pratipādaka-sahasra-nāmādau tatraiva tu yathoktam anirdeśya- vapuḥ śrīmān iti |

evaṃ ca skānde -

sraṣṭā pātā ca saṃhartā sa eko harir īśvaraḥ |
sraṣṭṛtvādikam anyeṣāṃ dāru-yoṣāvad ucyate ||

eka-deśa-kriyāvattvān na tu sarvātmaneritam | sṛṣṭy-ādikaṃ samastaṃ tu viṣṇor eva paraṃ bhavet || iti |

mahopaniṣadi ca - sa brahmaṇā sṛjati sa rudreṇa vilāpayati ity ādikam | ata eva vivṛtaṃ -

nimittaṃ param īśasya viśva-sarga-nirodhayoḥ | hiraṇyagarbhaḥ sarvaś ca kālasyārūpiṇas tava || iti |

tava yo rūpa-rahitaḥ kālaḥ kāla-śaktis tasya nimitta-mātram iti vyadhikaraṇa eva ṣaṣṭhī | tathā ādyo'vatāraḥ puruṣaḥ parasyety ādi | yad-aṃśato'sya sthiti- janma-nāśā ity ādi ca |

tad evam atrāpi tathāvidha-mūrtir bhagavān evopakrāntaḥ | tad evaṃ taṭastha-lakṣaṇena paraṃ nirdhārya tad eva lakṣaṇaṃ brahma-sūtre śāstra- yonitvāt, tat tu samanvayād ity etat-sūtra-dvayena (1.1.3-4) sthāpitam asti tatra pūrva-sūtrasyārthaḥ | kuto brahmaṇo jagaj-janmādi-hetutvaṃ tatrāha - śāstraṃ yonir jñāna-kāraṇaṃ yasya tattvāt | yato vāmāni bhūtānīty ādi-śāstra- pramāṇakatvād iti | nātra darśanānataravat tarka-pramāṇakatvam | tarkāpratiṣṭhānāt antyantātīndriyatvena pratyakṣādi-pramāṇa-viṣayatvād brahmaṇaś ceti bhāvaḥ | vaināśikās tv avirodhā-dhyāye tarkeṇaiva nirākariṣyante | atra tarkāpratiṣṭhānaṃ caivam - īśvaraḥ kartā na bhavati prayojana-śūnyatvān muktātmavat | tanu-bhuvanādikaṃ jīva-kartṛkaṃ kāryatvāta ghaṭavat | vimati-viṣayaḥ kālo na loka-śūnyaḥ kālatvāt vartamāna-kālavad ity ādi | tad evaṃ darśanānuguṇyneśvarānumānaṃ darśanāntara-prātikūlya-parāhatam iti śāstraika-prāmāṇikaḥ para-brahma- bhūtaḥ sarveśvaraḥ puruṣottamaḥ | śāstraṃ tu sakaletara-pramāṇa-paridṛṣṭa- samasta-vastu-vijātīya-sārvajñya-satya-saṅkalpatvādi- miśrānavadhikātiśayāparimitodāra-vicitra-guṇa-sāgaraṃ nikhila-heya- pratyanīka-svarūpaṃ pratipādayatīti na pramāṇāntarāvasita-vastu-sādharmya- prayukta-doṣa-gandhaḥ | ataeva svābhāvikānanta-nitya-mūrtimattvam api tasya sidhyati |

athottara-sūtrasyārthaḥ | brahmaṇaḥ kathaṃ śāstra-pramāṇakatvaṃ tatrāha tat tv iti | tu śabdaḥ prasaktāśaṅka-nivṛtty-arthaḥ | tac-chāstra-pramāṇakatvaṃ brahmaṇaḥ sambhavaty eva | kutaḥ samanvayāt | anvaya-vyatirekābhyām upapādanaṃ samanvayas tasmāt | tatrānvayaḥ satyaṃ jñānam anantaṃ brahmeti [Taitt 2.1.3] ānando brahmeti ekam evādvitīyaṃ brahma iti | tat satyaṃ sa ātmā iti | sad eva somyedam agra āsīd iti | ātmā vā idam eka evāgra āsīt puruṣa- vidha iti | puruṣo ha vai nārāyaṇa iti | eko ha vai nārāyaṇa āsīd iti | bahu syāṃ prajāyeya iti [Chā 6.2.3] | tasmād vā etasmād ātmana ākāśaḥ sambhūta iti | tat-tejo'sṛjata iti | yato vā imāni bhūtāni jāyanta iti | puruṣo ha vai nārāyaṇo'kāmayata atha nārāyaṇād ajo'jā̆āyata yataḥ prajāḥ sarvāṇi bhūtāni nārāyaṇaṃ paraṃ brahma tattvaṃ nārāyaṇaḥ param ṛtaṃ satyaṃ paraṃ brahma puruṣaṃ piṅgalam ity ādiṣu ca |

atha vyatirekaḥ | katham asataḥ sajjāyeta iti | ko hy evānyāt kaḥ prāṇyād yad eṣa ākāśa ānando na syād iti | eko ha vai nārāyaṇa āsīn na brahmā na ca śaṅkara ity ādinā | sa caivaṃ paramānanda-rūpatvenaiva samanvito bhavatīti tad upalabdhyaiva parama-puruṣārhtatva-siddher na prayojana-śūnyatvam api |

tad evaṃ sūtra-dvayārthe sthite tad etad vyācaṣṭe, anvayāditarataś cārtheṣv iti | artheṣu nānā-vidheṣu veda-vākyārtheṣ satsv anvayāt anvaya-mukhena yato yasmāt ekasmād asya janmādi pratīyate tathetarato vyatireka-mukhena ca yasmād evāsya tataḥ pratīyata ity arthaḥ | ataeva tasya śruty-anvaya- vyatireka-darśitena parama-sukha-rūpatvena parama-puruṣārthatvaṃ ca dhvanitam | eko ha vai nārāyaṇa āsīd ity ādi-śāstra-pramāṇatvena prāk- sthāpita-rūpaṃ ceti |

athekṣater nāśabdam iti vyācaṣṭe abhijña iti | atra sūtrārthaḥ idam āmnāyate chāndogye sad eva somyedam agra āsīd ekam evādvitīyaṃ brahma tad aikṣata bahu syāṃ prajāyayeti | [Chā 6.2.3] | tat-tejo'sṛjatety ādi | atra paroktaṃ pradhānam api jagat-kāraṇatvenāyāti | tac ca nety āha īkṣater iti | yasmin śabda eva pramāṇaṃ na bhavati tad-aśabdam ānumānikaṃ pradhānam ity arthaḥ | na tad iha pratipādyam | kuto'śabdatvaṃ tasyety āśaṅkyāha īkṣateḥ | na tad iha pratipādyam | kuto'śabdatvaṃ tasyety āśaṅkyāha īkṣateḥ | sac- chabda-vācya-sambandhi-vyāpāra-viśeṣābhidhāyia īkṣater dhātoḥ śravaṇāt | tad aikṣatetīkṣaṇaṃ cācetane pradhāne na sambhavet | anyatra cekṣāpūrvikaiva sṛṣṭiḥ | sa aikṣata lokānusṛjā iti sa imān lokān asṛjatety ādau | īkṣaṇaṃ cātra tadeśa-sṛjya-vicārātmakatvāt sarvajñatvam eva kroḍīkaroti | tad etad āha abhijña iti |

nanu tadānīyam evādvitīyam ity uktes tasyekṣaṇa-sādhanaṃ na sambhavati tatrāha svarāḍ iti | sva-svarūpeṇaiva tathā rājata iti | na tasya kāryaṃ karaṇaṃ ca vdiyata ity ādau svābhāvikī jñāna-bala-kriyā cety ādi śruteḥ | etenekṣaṇavan-mūrtimattvam api tasya svābhāvaikam ity āyātam | niḥśvatitasyāny agre darśayiṣyamāṇatvāt | tac ca yathoktam eveti ca |

atra śāstra-yonitvād ity asyārthāntaraṃ vyācaṣṭe tena iti | tac cārthāntaraṃ yathā kathaṃ tasya jagaj-janmādi-kartṛtvaṃ kathaṃ vā nānya-tantroktasya pradhānasya na cānyasyeti tatrāha | śāstrasya veda-lakṣaṇasya yoniḥ kāraṇaṃ tad-rūpatvāt | evaṃ vā are asya mahato bhūtasya niśvasitam etad yadṛg-vedo yajur-vedaḥ sāmavedo'tha vāṅgirasa itihāsa-purāṇaṃ vidyā upaniṣadaḥ ślokāḥ sūtrāṇy upasūtrāṇi vyākhyānānīti śruteḥ | śāstraṃ hi sarva- pramāṇāgocara-vividhānanta-jñāna-mayaṃ tasya ca kāraṇaṃ brahmaiva śrūyata iti |

tad evaṃ mukhyaṃ sarvajñaṃ tādṛśaṃ sarvajñatvaṃ vinā ca sarva-śṛṣṭy- ādikam anyasya nopapadyat iti prokta-lakṣaṇaṃ brahmaiva jagat-kāraṇaṃ na pradhānaṃ na jīvāntaram iti | tad eva vivṛtyāha tene brahma hṛdā ya ādikavaya iti | brahma vedam ādi-kavaye brahmaṇe brahmāṇaṇaṃ hṛdāntaḥ- karaṇa-dvāraiva, na tu vākya-dvārā | tene āvirbhāvitavān |

atra bṛhad-vācakena brahma-padena sarva-jñāna-mayatvaṃ tasya jñāpitam | hṛdety anenāntaryāmitvaṃ sarva-śaktimayatvaṃ ca jñāpitam | ādikavaya ity anena tasyāpi śikṣā-nidānatvāc chāstra-yonitvaṃ ceti | śrutiś cātra

yo brahmāṇaṃ vidadhāti pūrvaṃ yo vai vedāṃś ca prahiṇoti tasmai | taṃ ha devam ātma-buddhi-prakāśaṃ mumukṣur vai śaraṇam ahaṃ prapadye || [ŚvetU 6.18] |

mukta-jīvā api tat-kāraṇaṃ nety āha muhyantīti | yatra brahmaṇi vedakhye sūrayaḥ śeṣādayo'pi | anena ca śayana-līlā-vyañjita-niśvasitamaya-vedo brahmādi-vividhānana-locanaś ca yaḥ padmanābhas tad-ādi-mūrtikaḥ śrī- bhagavān evābhihitaḥ | vivṛtaṃ caitat | pracoditā yena purā sarasvatīty [BhP 2.4.22] ādinā |

atha tat tu samanvayād ity asyāntaraṃ, yathā śāstra-yonitve hetuś ca dṛśyate ity āha tat tv iti | samanvayo'tra samyak sarvatomukho'nvayo vyutpattir vedārtha-parijñātaṃ yasmāt tu śāstra-nidānatvaṃ niścīyata iti jīve samyak | jñānam eva nāsti pradhānaṃ tv acenam eveti bhāvaḥ | sa vetti viśvaṃ na hi tasya vetteti śruteḥ | yad etad asya tadīya-samyag-jñānaṃ vyatirekamukhena bodhayituṃ jīvānāṃ sarveṣām api tadīya-samyag-jñānābhāvam āha muhyantīti | sūrayaḥ śeṣādayo'pi yad yatra śabda-brahmaṇi muhyanti | tad etad vivṛtaṃ svayaṃ bhagavatā -

kiṃ vidhatte kim ācaṣṭe kim anūdya vikalpayet | ity asyā hṛdayaṃ loke nānyā mad veda kaścana || iti (BhP 11.21.42) |

anena ca sākṣād-bhagavān evābhihitaḥ |

athekṣater nāśabdam ity asyārthāntaram abhiijña ity atraiva vyañjitam asti | atra sūtrārthaḥ - nanv aśabdam asparśam arūpam avyayam ity ādi śruteḥ | kathaṃ tasya śabda-yonitvaṃ, tatra hi prakṛta-brahma śabda-hīnaṃ na bhavati | kutaḥ | īkṣateḥ | tad aikṣata bahu syāṃ prajyāyeyety atra bahu syām iti śabdātmakekṣa-dhātoḥ śravaṇāt | tad etad āha, abhijñaḥ | bahu syām ity ādi- śabdātmaka-vicāra-vidagdhaḥ | sa ca śabdādi-śakti-samudāyas tasya na prākṛtaḥ prakṛti-kṣobhāt pūrvatrāpi sad-bhāvāt | tataḥ svarūpa-bhūta evety āha svarāḍ iti |

atra pūrvavat tādṛśaṃ sadharmakatvaṃ mūrtimattvam api siddham | yathāhuḥ sūtrakārāḥ antas tad-dharmopadeśād iti (Vs 1.1.10) | ato'śabdatvādikaṃ prākṛta-śabda-hīnatvādim eveti jñeyam | atrottara-mīmāṃsādhyāya- catuṣṭayasyāpy artho darśitaḥ | tatrānvayād itarataś ceti samanvayādhyāyasya satyaṃ param iti phalādhyāyayeti | tathā gāyatry-artho'pi spaṣṭaḥ | tatra janmādyasya yata iti praṇavārthaḥ sṛṣṭy-ādi-śaktimattva-vācitvāt | tad evam evāgni-purāṇe gāyatrī-vyākhyāne proktam taj-jyotir bhagavān viṣṇur jagaj- janmādi-kāraṇam iti | yatra tri-sargo mṛṣeti vyāhṛti-trayārthaḥ | ubhayatrāpi lokatrayasya tad-ananyatvena vivakṣitatvāt | svarāḍ iti savitṛ-prakāśaka- parama-tejo-vāci | tene brahma hṛdeti buddhi-pravṛtti-preraṇā prārthanā sūcitā | tad eva kṛpayā svadhyānāyāsmākaṃ buddhi-vṛttīḥ prerayatād iti bhāvaḥ | evam evoktaṃ gāyatryā ca samārambha iti | tac ca tejas tatra antas tad-dharmopadeśād ity ādinā sampratipannaṃ yan-mūrtaṃ tad-ādy-ananta- mūrtimad eva dhyeyam iti | tatra cāgni-purāṇa-krama-vacanāni

evaṃ sandhyā-vidhiṃ kṛtvā gāyatrīṃ ca japet smaret |
gāyatry-ukthāni śāstrāṇi bhargaṃ prāṇāṃs tathaiva ca ||

tataḥ smṛteyaṃ gāyatrī sāvitrī yata eva ca |
prakāśinī sā savitur vāg-rūpatvāt sarasvatī ||

taj-jyotiḥ paramaṃ brahma bhargas tejo yataḥ smṛtaḥ |
bhargaḥ syāt bhrājata iti bahulaṃ chandasīritam ||

vareṇyaṃ sarva-tejobhyaḥ śreṣṭhaṃ vai paramaṃ param |
sargāpavarga-kāmair vā varaṇīyaṃ sadaiva hi ||

vṛṇoter varaṇārthatvāt jāgrat-svapnādi-varjitam |
nityaṃ śuddhaṃ buddham ekaṃ nityaṃ bhargam adhīśvaram ||

ahaṃ brahma paraṃ jyotir dhyāyema hi vimuktaye |
taj-jyotir bhagavān viṣṇur jagaj-janmādi-kāraṇam ||

śivaṃ kecit paṭhanti sma śakti-rūpaṃ paṭhanti ca |
kecit sūryaṃ kecid agniṃ daivatāny agni-hotriṇaḥ ||

agny-ādi-rūpo viṣṇur hi vedādau brahma gīyate |
tat padaṃ paramaṃ viṣṇor devasya svaituḥ smṛtam ||

dadhāter vā dhīmahīti manasā dhārayemahi |
no'smākaṃ yac ca bhargas tat sarveṣāṃ prāṇināṃ dhiyaḥ ||

codayāt prerayād buddhiṃ bhoktṝṇāṃ sarva-karmasu |
dṛṣṭādṛṣṭa-vipākeṣu viṣṇuḥ sūryāgni-rūpa-bhāk ||

īśvara-prerito gacchet svargaṃ vā śvabhram eva vā |
īśāvāsyam idaṃ sarvaṃ mahad-ādi-jagad dhariḥ ||

svargādyaiḥ krīḍate devī yo haṃsaḥ puruṣaḥ prabhuḥ |
dhyānena puruṣo'yaṃ ca draṣṭavyaḥ sūrya-maṇḍale ||

satyaṃ sadā-śivaṃ brahma viṣṇor yat paramaṃ padam |
devasya svaitur devo vareṇyaṃ hi turīyakam ||

yo'sāv āditya-puruṣaḥ so'sāv aham anuttamam | janānāṃ śubha-karmādīn pravartayati yaḥ sadā || ity ādi |

yatrādhikṛtya gāyatrīṃ varṇyate dharma-vistaraḥ | vṛtrāsura-vadhotsiktaṃ tad-bhāgavatam ucyate || ity ādīni ca |

tasmād bhaga brahma parā viṣṇur bhagavatac-chabdābhinna-varṇatayā tatra tatra nirdiṣṭā api bhagavat-pratipādakā eva jñeyāḥ | madhye madhye tv ahaṃgrahopāsanā-nirdeśas tat-sāmya iva labdhe hi tad-upāsanā-yogyatā bhavatīti | tathā daśa-lakṣaṇartho'py atraiva dṛśyaḥ | tatra sarga-visarga- sthāna-nirodhā jandmādy asya yataḥ ity atra | manvantareśānukathane ca sthānāntargate poṣaṇaṃ tena ity ādau | ūtir muhyantīty ādau | muktir jīvānām api tat-sānnidhye sati kuhaka-nirasana-vyañjake dhāmnety ādau | āśrayaḥ satyaṃ param ity ādau[*ENDNOTE #9] |

sa ca svayaṃ-bhagavattvena nirṇīyatvāt śrī-kṛṣṇa eveti pūrvokta-prakāra eva vyakta iti | tad evam asminn upakrama-vākye sarveṣu pada-vākya-tātparyeṣu tasya dhyeyasya saviśeṣatvaṃ mūrtitvaṃ bhagavad-ākāraṃ ca vyaktam | tac ca yuktam | svarūpa-vākyāntara-vyaktatvāt |

yo'syotprekṣaka ādi-madhya-nidhane yo'vyakta-jīveśvaro yaḥ sṛṣṭyedam anupraviśya ṛṣiṇā cakra-puraḥ śāsti tāḥ | yaṃ sampadya jahāty ajām anuśayī suptaḥ kulāyaṃ yathā taṃ kaivalya-nirasta-yonim abhayaṃ dhyāyed ajasraṃ harim || iti |[BhP 10.87.50]

ato dharmaḥ projjhitety ādāv anantara-vākye'pi kiṃ vā parair ity ādinā tatraiva tātparyaṃ darśitam |

tathopasaṃhāra-vākyādhīnārthatvād upakramasya nātikamaṇīyam eva | kasmai yena vibhāsito'yam ity ādi-darśitam tasya tādṛśa-viśeṣavattvādikam | yathaiva ātma-gṛhītir itaravad uttarād ity atra (Vs 3.3.16) śaṅkara- śārīrakasyāparasyāṃ yojanāyām upakramoktasya sac-chabda- vācyasyātmatvam upasaṃhārasthād ātma-śabdāl labhyate tadvad ihāpi catuḥślokī-vaktur bhagavattvaṃ darśitaṃ ca śrī-vyāsa-samādhāv api tasyaiva dhyeyatvam | tad eva ca sva-sukha-nibhṛtetyādi śrī-śuka-hṛdayānugatam iti || 1.1 || śrī-vyāsaḥ ||105||

athopasaṃhāra[*ENDNOTE #10]-vākyasyāpy ayam arthaḥ | kasmai garbhodaka-śāyi-puruṣa-nābhi-kamalasthāya brahmaṇe tatraiva yena mahā- vaikuṇṭhaṃ darśayatā dvitīya-skandha-varṇita-tādṛśa-śrī-mūrty-ādinā bhagavatā vibhāsitaḥ prakāśitaḥ na tu tadāpi racitaḥ ayaṃ śrī-bhāgavata- rūpaḥ purā pūrva-parārdhādau tad-rūpeṇa brahma-rūpeṇa tad-rūpiṇā śrī- nārada-rūpiṇā yogīndrāya śrī-śukāya tad-ātmanā śrī-kṛṣṇa-dvaipāyana- rūpeṇa | tad-ātmanety asyottareṇānvayaḥ | tatra tad-ātmanā śrī-śuka- rūpeṇeti jñeyam | tad-rūpeṇety ādibhis tribhiḥ padair na kevalaṃ catuḥśloky eva tena prakāśitā kiṃ tarhi tatra tatrāviṣṭenākhaṇḍam eva purāṇam iti dyotitam |

atra mad-rūpeṇa ca yuṣmabhyam iti saṅkocenānukto'pi śrī-sūta-vākya-śeṣo gamyaḥ | evaṃ sarvasyāpi śrī-bhāgavata-guror mahimā darśitaḥ | saṅkarṣaṇa- sampradāya-pravṛttis tu kṛṣṇa-dvaipāyana-kartṛka-prakāśanāntargataiveti pṛthaṅ nocyate |

tat-paraṃ satyaṃ śrī-bhagavad-ākhyaṃ tattvaṃ dhīmahi | yat tat param anuttamam iti sahasra-nāma-stotrāt para-śabdena ca śrī-bhagavān evocyate | ādyo'vatāraḥ puruṣaḥ parasyeti dvitīyāt | brahmādīnāṃ buddhi-vṛddhi- prerakatvenābhidhānād gāyatryā apy artho'yaṃ grantha iti darśayati | tad uktaṃ - gāyatrī-bhāṣya-rūpo'sau bhāratārtha-vinirṇayaḥ || iti ||

||12.13|| śrī-sūtaḥ || 106||

[107]

athābhyāsena -

kali-mala-saṃhati-kālano'khileśo
harir itaratra na gīyate hy abhīkṣṇam |
iha tu punar bhagavān aśeṣa-mūrtiḥ
parivṛto'nupadaṃ kathā-prasaṅgaiḥ || [BhP 12.12.66]

kālenonāśanaḥ | itaratra karma-brahmādi-pratipādaka-śāstrāntare | akhileśo virāḍ-antaryāmī nārāyaṇo'pi tat-pālako viṣṇur vāpi na gīyate kvacid gīyate vā tatra tv abhīkṣṇaṃ naiva gīyate tu-śabdo'vadhāraṇe sākṣāt śrī-bhagavān punar iha śrī-bhāgavate evābhīkṣṇaṃ gīyate | nārāyaṇādayo vā ye'tra varṇitās te'py aśeṣā eva mūrtayo'vatārā yasya saḥ | tathābhūta eva gīyate na tv itaratraiva tad-avivekenety arthaḥ | ataeva tat tat kathā-prasaṅgair anupadaṃ padaṃ padam api lakṣyīkṛtya bhagavān eva pari sarvato-bhāvena paṭhito vyaktam evokta iti | anenāpūrvatāpi vyākhyātā anyatrānadhigatatvāt || 12.12 || śrī-sūtaḥ ||107||

[108]

atha phalenāpi -

pibanti ye bhagavata ātmanaḥ satāṃ
kathāmṛtaṃ śravaṇa-puṭeṣu sambhṛtam |
punanti te viṣaya-vidūṣitāśayaṃ
vrajanti tac-caraṇa-saroruhāntikam || [BhP 2.2.37]

satām ātmanaḥ prāṇeśvarasya yad vā vyadhikaraṇe ṣaṣṭhī satām ātmanaḥ svasya yo bhagavāṃs tasyety arthaḥ | teṣāṃ bhagavati svāmitvena mamatāspadatvāt atra kathāmṛtaṃ prakramyamāṇaṃ śrī-bhāgavatākhyam eva mukhyam | yasyāṃ vai śrūyamāṇāyām ity [BhP 1.7.7] ādikaṃ ca tathaivoktam iti ||2.2|| śrī-śukaḥ ||108||

[109]

athārthavādena -

yaṃ brahma varuṇendra-rudra-marutaḥ stunvanti divyaiḥ stavair
vedaiḥ sāṅga-pada-kramopaniṣadair gāyanti yaṃ sāmāgāḥ |
dhyānāvasthita-tad-gatena manasā paśyanti yaṃ yogino
yasyāntaṃ na viduḥ surāsura-gaṇā devāya tasmai namaḥ || [BhP 12.13.1]

stavair vedaiś ca stunvanti stuvanti | dhyānenāvasthitaṃ niścalaṃ tad-gataṃ yan-manas tena || 12.13 || śrī-sūtaḥ || 109 ||

[110]

athopapattyā -

bhagavān sarva-bhūteṣu
lakṣitaḥ svātmanā hariḥ |
dṛśyair buddhy-ādibhir
draṣṭā lakṣaṇair anumāpakaiḥ || [BhP 2.2.35]

prathama-draṣṭā jīvo lakṣitaḥ | kair dṛśyair buddhy-ādibhiḥ | tad eva dvedhā darśayati dṛśyānāṃ jaḍānāṃ buddhy-ādīnāṃ darśanaṃ sva-prakāśaṃ draṣṭāraṃ vinā na ghaṭata jñānopapatti-dvārā lakṣaṇaiḥ sva-prakāśa- draṣṭṛa-lakṣakaiḥ tathā buddhy-ādīni kartṛ prayojyāni karaṇatvād vāsyādivad iti vyāpti-dvārānumāpakair iti |

atha bhagavān api lakṣitaḥ | kena sarva-bhūteṣu sarveṣu teṣu draṣṭṛṣu praviṣṭena svātmanā svāṃśa-rūpeṇāntaryāmiṇā | ādau sarvair draṣṭṛbhir antaryāmī lakṣitaḥ tatas tena bhagavān api lakṣita ity arthaḥ | sa ca sa ca pūrvavat dvidhaiva lakṣyate | tathā hi kartṛtva-bhoktṛtvayor asvātatnrya- darśanāt karmaṇo jaḍatvāt karmaṇo jaḍatvāt sarveṣām api jīvānāṃ tatra tatra pravṛttir antaḥ-prayojaka-viśeṣaṃ vinā na ghaṭata ity anupapatti- dvārāntaryāmī lakṣyate | eṣa hy anenātmanā cakṣuṣā darśayati śrotreṇa śrāvayati manasā mānayati buddhyā bodhayati tasmād etā bāhuḥ | mṛtir amṛtir iti bhāllaveya-śrutiś ca |

ataeva gītopaniṣatsu - athavā bahunaitena kiṃ jñātena tavārjuna | viṣṭabhyāham idaṃ kṛtsnam ekāṃśena sthito jagat || iti |

viṣṇu-purāṇe ca - sva-śakti-leśāvṛta-bhūta-sarga iti | tathā jīvāḥ prayojaka- kartṛ-preritavyāpārāḥ | asvātantryāt | takṣādi-karma-kara-janavad ity evam antaryāmiṇi tattve vyāpti-dvārā siddheḥ | punas tenaiva bhagavān api sādhyate | tuccha-vaibhava-jīvāntaryāmi-svarūpam īśvara-tattvaṃ nijāṃśitvāśrayaṃ tathaiva paryāpteḥ | rāja-prabhutvāśrita-takṣakādi-karma- kara prayojaka-prabhutvādivad iti | athavātra

yathendriyaiḥ pṛthag-dvārair artho bahu-guṇāśrayaḥ |
eko nāneyate tadvad bhagavān śāstra-vartmabhiḥ || [BhP 3.32.33] ity

evodāharaṇīyam | anenaiva gati-sāmānyaṃ ca sidhyatīti || 2.2 || śrī- śukaḥ || 110 ||

pratyavasthāpitaṃ vadantīty ādipadyam |

iti śrī-kali-yuga-pāvana-sva-bhajana-vibhājana-prayojanāvatāra-śrī-śrī-

bhagavat-kṛṣṇa-caitanya-deva-caraṇānucara-viśva-vaiṣṇava-rāja-sabhājana-
bhājana-śrī-rūpa-sanātanānuśāsana-bhāratī-garbhe śrī-bhāgavata-sandarbhe
paramātma-sandarbho nāma tṛtīyaḥ sandarbhaḥ ||

śrī-bhāgavata-sandarbhe sarva-sandarbha-garbha-ge |
paramātmābhidheyo'sau sandarbho'bhūt tṛtīyakaḥ ||

samāpto'yaṃ tṛtīyaḥ sandarbhaḥ ||

[*ENDNOTE #1] The Yadavpur edition makes reference to Sridhar's commentary to 3.29.13. [*ENDNOTE #2] In Laghu-bhāgavatāmṛta 1.2.9, this is given as ā̆Sātvata- tantra. [*ENDNOTE #3] Not found in my edition. [*ENDNOTE #4] This verse is first quoted in Śrīdhara's commentary to BhP 11.15.16 and later at CC 1.2.53. [*ENDNOTE #5] Quoted above in section 22. [*ENDNOTE #6] Above, section 19. [*ENDNOTE #7] Not found in Gita Press edition. [*ENDNOTE #8] ambuvad agrahaṇāt tu na tathātvam is the full sūtra. [*ENDNOTE #9] See Tattva-sandarbha 55-56. BhP 2.10.1-7. [*ENDNOTE #10] The verse is given above at the beginning of 106. kasmai yena, etc.

śrī-kṛṣṇa-sandarbha

[There are several different editions of the Kṛṣṇa-sandarbha. The Bengali edition appears to be earlier than the Vrindavan edition published by Haridas Shastri in 1983. The additions found in the Vṛ edition are probably authentic, as there is clear evidence Jiva Goswami made extensive corrections and emendations in some of his books after they were sent to Bengal with Srinivas Thakur in the 1570's.]

tau santoṣayatā santau śrīla-rūpa-sanātanau |
dākṣiṇātyena bhaṭṭena punar etad vivicyate ||o||

tasyādyaṃ granthanālekhaṃ krāntam utkrānta-khaṇḍitam |
paryālocyātha paryāyaṃ kṛtvā likhati jīvakaḥ ||o||

[1]

atha pūrva-sandarbha-trayeṇa yasya sarva-paratvaṃ sādhitaṃ tasya śrī- bhagavato nirdhāraṇāya sandarbho'yam ārabhyate | tatra prathamasya dvitīye vadanti [BhP 1.2.11] ity ādinā [Vṛ. adds: nānāvirbhāvatvāt tāni vacanāni tattva-nirdhāraṇārtham uddhriyante | end Vṛ.] tad ekam eva tattvaṃ brahmāditayā śabdyata ity uktam | tad eva brahmādi-trayaṃ tṛtīyaṃ vivicyate | brahma tv iha -

yatreme sad-asad-rūpe pratiṣiddhe sva-saṃvidā |
avidyayātmani kṛte iti tad brahma-darśanam || [BhP 1.3.33]

ity ādinā tatra viviktam api | ekākārāvirbhāvatayā saṃśayābhāvān nopayuktam iti tad-vacanaṃ nodāharaṇīyam | śrī-bhagavat-paramātmanos tu udāhriyate | tatra īśvaro nāma nirākāro nāstīti pūrvaṃ nirṇītaṃ, paramātma-śabdena ca sarvāntaryāmi-puruṣaḥ pratipāditaḥ teṣv eva sandarbheṣu | tathā ca sati tasmiṃs tṛtīyādhyāyārabhya evam ābhāsyam |

nanu pūrvaṃ brahmāditayā tridhaiva tattvam ekam uktam | tatra brahmaṇaḥ kiṃ lakṣaṇaṃ bhagavat-paramātmanor vā tatra viśeṣaḥ kaścid vā kim astīti śrīmad-īśvarākārādiṣu bahuṣu ca satsu śrī-bhagavan-nāma katamākāraḥ paramātmā vā tayoś ca kiṃ svarūpādikam iti śrī-śaunakādi-praśnam āśaṅkya prathamaṃ śrī-bhagavat-paramātmanau nirdhārayan śrī-sūta uvāca

jagṛhe pauruṣaṃ rūpaṃ bhagavān mahad-ādibhiḥ |
sambhūtaṃ ṣoḍaśa-kalam ādau loka-sisṛkṣayā || [BhP 1.3.1]

[page 2] ādau jīvāvirbhāva-mahad-ādi-sṛṣṭitaḥ pūrvaṃ pauruṣaṃ rūpaṃ jagṛhe prakaṭitavān | kena hetunā ? loka-sisṛkṣayā | lokānāṃ samaṣṭi-vyaṣṭi- jīvānāṃ tad-adhiṣṭhānānāṃ ca prādurbhāvārtham ity arthaḥ | tasmin hi tāni līnāny āsann iti |

atas tat-prādurbhāvas tṛtīye tad-dvāraiva uktaḥ | bhagavān eka āsedam [BhP 3.5.23] ity-ādi-prakaraṇe --

kāla-vṛttyā tu māyāyāṃ guṇa-mayyām adhokṣajaḥ | puruṣeṇātma-bhūtena vīryam ādhatta vīryavān || [BhP 3.5.26] iti |

tatra teṣāṃ sad-bhāvaṃ vivṛṇoti mahad-ādibhiḥ sambhūtaṃ militam | antarbhūta-mahad-ādi-tattvam ity arthaḥ | so'ntaḥ-śarīre'rpita-bhūta-sūkṣmā [BhP 3.8.11] iti tṛtīyād eva | sam-pūrvo bhavatiḥ saṅgamārthe prasiddha eva, sambhūyāmbhodhim abhyeti mahān adyā nagāpāgeti [ŚiśV 2.100] ity ādau |

tad evaṃ viṣṇos tu trīṇi rūpāṇi ity ādau mahat-sraṣṭṛtvena prathamaṃ puruṣākhyaṃ rūpaṃ yac chrūyate yac ca brahma-saṃhitādau kāraṇārṇava- śāyi-saṅkarṣaṇatvena śrūyate | tad eva jagṛhe iti pratipāditam tasya jagat- sṛṣṭy-ādi-kartṛtvena | tato'pi paratraiśvarya-sambhāvanārtham āha ṣoḍaśa- kalaṃ sampūrṇa-sarva-śakti-yuktam ity arthaḥ | pūrṇatvaṃ cātrāpekṣikaṃ svarūpa-śakti-nidhir api svasānnidhyena māyā-vṛttibhir jagat-sṛṣṭy-ādi-kartā bhagavad-aṃśī svarūpa-śakty-eka-vilāsavān ity abhihitam |

[2]

tad evaṃ sāmānyato bhagavat-paramātmānau nirūpya paramātmānaṃ tāvad anekaiḥ sthāna-karma-svarūpākāra-viśeṣair nirdhārayati tribhiḥ -

yasyāmbhasi śayānasya yoga-nidrāṃ vitanvataḥ |
nābhi-hradāmbujād āsīd brahmā viśva-sṛjāṃ patiḥ || [BhP 1.3.2]

yasya pauruṣa-rūpasyāmbhasi pralaya-kālīna-garbhodake śayānasya sataḥ |

[The Vṛ. edition differs between ādau and śayānasya sataḥ: yaḥ śrī-bhagavān pūrṇa-ṣaḍ-aiśvaryatvena pūrvaṃ nirdiṣṭaḥ | sa eva pauruṣaṃ rūpaṃ puruṣatvenāmnyāyate | yad rūpaṃ tad evādau sargārambhe jagṛhe | prākṛta- pralayeṣv asmin līnaṃ sat prakaṭatayā svīkṛtavān | kim artham ? tatrāha - loka-sisṛkṣayā | tasminn eva līnānāṃ lokānāṃ samaṣṭi-vyaṣṭi-jīvānāṃ sisṛkṣayā prādurbhāvanārtham ity arthaḥ |

kīdṛśaṃ sat ? tad-rūpaṃ līnam āsīt tatrāha - mahad-ādibhiḥ sambhūtaṃ militam antarbhūta-mahad-ādi-tattvam ity arthaḥ | sambhūyāmbhodhim abhyeti mahān adyā nagāpāgeti [ŚiśV 2.100] iti sambhavatir milanārthaḥ | tatra hi mahad-ādīni līnāny āsann iti |

tad evaṃ viṣṇos tu trīṇi rūpāṇi ity ādau mahat-sraṣṭṛtvena prathamaṃ puruṣākhyaṃ rūpaṃ yac chrūyate yac ca brahma-saṃhitādau kāraṇārṇava- śāyi-saṅkarṣaṇatvena śrūyate | tad eva jagṛhe iti pratipāditam | punaḥ kīdṛśaṃ tad rūpam ? tatrāha ṣoḍaśa-kalaṃ tat-sṛṣṭy-upayogi-pūrṇa-śaktīty arthaḥ | tad evaṃ yas tad-rūpaṃ jagṛhe sa bhagavān | yat tu tena gṛhītaṃ tat tu sva-sṛjyānām āśrayatvāt paramātmeti paryavasitam | tasya puruṣa-rūpasya visarga-nidānatvam api pratipādayitum āha sārdhena --

yasyāmbhasi śayānasya yoga-nidrāṃ vitanvataḥ |
nābhi-hradāmbujād āsīd brahmā viśva-sṛjāṃ patiḥ |
yasyāvayava-saṃsthānaiḥ kalpito loka-vistaraḥ || [BhP 1.3.3]

yasya pauruṣa-rūpasya dvitīyena vyūhena brahmāṇḍaṃ praviśya ambhasi garbhodake śayānasyety ādi yojyam | yasya ca tādṛśatvena tatra śayānasya avayava-saṃsthānaiḥ sākṣāc-chrī-caraṇādi-sanniveśe lokasya vistāro virāḍ- ākāraḥ prapañcaḥ kalpitaḥ | yathā tad-avayava-sanniveśās tathaiva pātālam etasya hi pāda-mūlam [BhP 2.1.26] ity ādinā navīnopāsakān prati manaḥ- sthairyāya prakhyāpitaḥ | na tu vastutas tad eva yasya rūpam ity arthaḥ | yad vā candramā manaso jātaḥ ity ārabhya padbhyāṃ bhūmir diśaḥ śrotrāt tathā lokān akalpayat iti śrutes [Ṛk 10.90.13-14] tair hetu-bhūtair loka-vistāro racita ity arthaḥ | [end Vṛ. reading.]

tathā ca bhārate mokṣa-dharma-nārāyaṇīye -

asman mūrtiś caturthī yā sāsṛjac cheṣam avyayam |
sa hi saṃkarṣaṇaḥ proktaḥ pradyumnaṃ so 'py ajījanat ||

pradyumnād aniruddho 'haṃ sargo mama punaḥ punaḥ |
aniruddhāt tathā brahmā tatrādi kamalodbhavaḥ ||

brahmaṇaḥ sarvabhūtāni carāṇi sthāvarāṇi ca || [Mbh 12.326.68-70]

tatraiva vyāsaḥ --
paramātmeti yaṃ prāhuḥ sāṃkhyayogavido janāḥ |
mahāpuruṣa saṃjñāṃ sa labhate svena karmaṇā ||

tasmāt prasūtam avyaktaṃ pradhānaṃ tad vidur budhāḥ |
avyaktād vyaktam utpannaṃ lokasṛṣṭy artham īśvarāt ||

aniruddho hi lokeṣu mahān ātmeti kathyate | yo 'sau vyaktatvam āpanno nirmame ca pitāmaham || [Mbh 12.327.24-26] iti |

[Vṛ. adds here:] tad evaṃ saṅkarṣaṇasya vaibhavam uktvāniruddhasyāpy āha aniruddho hīti | lokeṣu pratyekaṃ brahmāṇḍeṣu mahān ātmā paramātmā | vyaktatvaṃ prākaṭyaṃ pradyumnād iti śeṣaḥ | sutena tv abheda-vivakṣayā pradyumnaḥ pṛthaṅ noktaḥ viṣṇos tu trīṇi rūpāṇi itivat | seyaṃ prakriyā dvitīyasya saṣṭhe dṛśyate yathā sa eṣa ādyaḥ puruṣaḥ [BhP 2.9.39] ity ādi- padye ṭīkā - sa eṣa ādyo bhagavān yaḥ puruṣāvatāraḥ san sṛṣṭy-ādikaṃ karoti ity eṣā | evam ādyo'vatāraḥ puruṣaḥ parasya [BhP 2.6.42] ity atra ṭīkā parasya bhūmnaḥ puruṣaḥ prakṛti-pravartako yasya sahasra-śīrṣā [Ṛk 10.90.1] ity ādy-ukto līlā-vigrahaḥ sa ādyo'vatāraḥ ity eṣā | tathā tṛtīyasya viṃśe devena [BhP 3.20.12] ity ādikaṃ so'nu ity antaṃ sa-ṭīkam eva prakaraṇam atrānusandheyam | tasmād virāṭtvena tad-rūpaṃ na vyākhyātam | tasmāc ca vāsudeva-sthānīyo bhagavān puruṣād anya evety āyātam |

atha yasya rūpa-dvayasya sāmānyata aikavidhyena svarūpam āha tad vai bhagavato rūpaṃ viśuddhaṃ sattvam ūrjitam [BhP 1.3.3] iti | tat śrī-bhagavataḥ pauruṣaṃ rūpaṃ vai prasiddhau viśuddho'rjita-sattvābhivyaktatvāc chakti- svarūpayor abhedāc ca tad-rūpam evety arthaḥ | uktaṃ ca dvitīyaṃ puruṣa- vyūham adhikṛtya svarūpatvaṃ tad-rūpasya - nātaḥ paraṃ parama yad bhavataḥ svarūpam [BhP 3.9.3] ity atra | viśuddhaṃ jāḍyāṃśenāpi rahitam, svarūpa- śakti-vṛttitvāt | ūrjitaṃ sarvato balavat paramānanda-rūpatvāt - ko hy evānyāt kaḥ prāṇyāt yad eṣa ākāśa ānando na syāt [TaittU 2.7.1] iti śruteḥ | tasmāc chākṣād bhagavad-rūpe tu kaimutyam evāyātam | tad evaṃ puruṣasya dvidhā sthāna-karmaṇī uktvā svarūpavad ākāraṃ tv eka-prakāram āha paśyanty ado [See para. 4] [End of Vṛ. addition.]

tato'trāvāntara-bhede'py abheda-svīkāreṇa dvi-vyūhoktir ity eva viśeṣa iti vāsudeva-sthānīyo bhagavāṃs tasmād anya evety āyātam | evam ekādaśe ca - - [page 4]

bhūtair yadā pañcabhir ātma-sṛṣṭaiḥ
puraṃ virājaṃ viracayya tasmin |
svāṃśena viṣṭaḥ puruṣābhidhānam
avāpa nārāyaṇa ādi-devaḥ || [BhP 11.4.3]

ity atra tair eva vyākhyātam | ādau puruṣāvatāram āha - bhūtair iti | yadā sva-sṛṣṭaiḥ bhūtaiḥ virājaṃ brahmāṇḍaṃ puraṃ nirmāya tasmin līlayā praviṣṭaḥ, na tu bhoktṛtvena | prabhūta-puṇyasya jīvasya tatra bhoktṛtvād ity evam asyottaratra śloka-dvaye'py evam evārtho dṛśyate | tathā dvitīyasya ṣaṣṭhe sa eṣa ādyaḥ puruṣaḥ [BhP 2.6.39] ity ādi-padye ca ṭīkā - sa eṣa ādyo bhagavān yaḥ puruṣāvatāraḥ san sṛṣṭy-ādikaṃ karoti ity eṣā | evam ādyo'vatāraḥ puruṣaḥ parasya [BhP 2.6.42] ity asya ṭīkā ca darśitaiva | tathā tṛtīyasya viṃśe daivena [BhP 3.20.12] ity ādikaṃ so'nu [BhP 3.20.17] ity antam sa-ṭīkam eva prakaraṇam atrānusandheyam | tasmād virāṭtvena tad-rūpaṃ na vyākhyātam | atra mahat-sraṣṭṛ-brahmāṇḍa-praviṣṭa-puruṣayor abhedenaivoktiḥ |

[3]

atha taṭastha-svarūpa-lakṣaṇābhyāṃ tad eva viśinaṣṭi -

yasyāvayava-saṃsthānaiḥ kalpito loka-vistaraḥ |
tad vai bhagavato rūpaṃ viśuddhaṃ sattvam ūrjitam || [BhP 1.3.3]

avayava-saṃsthānaiḥ sākṣāc-chrī-caraṇādi-sanniveśair loka-vistaro virāḍ- ākāraḥ prapañcaḥ kalpitaḥ | yathā tad-avayava-sanniveśās tathaiva pātālam etasya hi pāda-mūlam [BhP 2.1.26] ity ādinā navīnopāsakān prati manaḥ- sthairyāya prakhyāpitaḥ | na tu vastutas tad eva tasyāṅgam ity arthaḥ | tac chrī-bhagavataḥ pauruṣaṃ rūpaṃ | vai prasiddhau | viśuddhorjjita- sattvābhivyaktatvāc chakti-svarūpayor abhedāc ca tad-rūpam evety arthaḥ | uktaṃ ca svarūpatvaṃ tad-rūpasya nātaḥ paraṃ parama yad bhavataḥ svarūpam [BhP 3.9.3] ity atra | viśuddhaṃ jāḍyāṃśenāpi rahitaṃ svarūpa-śakti-vṛttitvāt | ūrjitaṃ sarvato balavat paramānanda-rūpatvāt | ko hy evānyāt kaḥ prāṇyāt yad eṣa ākāśa ānando na syād [TaittU 2.7.1] iti śruteḥ |

[4]

tad evaṃ sthāna-karma-svarūpāṇy abhidhāya ākāram apy āha --

paśyanty ado rūpam adabhra-cakṣuṣā
sahasra-pādoru-bhujānanādbhutam |
sahasra-mūrdha-śravaṇākṣi-nāsikaṃ
sahasra-mauly-ambara-kuṇḍalollasat || [BhP 1.3.4]

(page 5) adaḥ pauruṣa-rūpam adabhra-cakṣuṣā bhakty-ākhyena | puruṣaḥ sa paraḥ pārtha bhaktyā labhyas tv ananyayā [Gītā 8.22] ity ukteḥ | asya sahasra- pādāditvaṃ ca vyañjitaṃ tṛtīyasyāṣṭame śrī-maitreyeṇa - veṇu- bhujāṅghripāṅgheḥ [BhP 3.8.24] iti, dor-daṇḍa-sahasra-śākham [BhP 3.8.29] iti, kirīṭa-sāhasra-hiraṇya-śṛṅgam [BhP 3.8.30] iti ca | tathā navamasya caturdaśe śrī-śukena -

sahasra-śirasaḥ puṃso nābhi-hrada-saroruhāt | jātasyāsīt suto dhātur atriḥ pitṛ-samo guṇaiḥ || [BhP 9.14.2] iti |

[5]

tasya pūrṇatvam eva vivṛṇoti -

[B. reads here: tatra śrī-bhagavantaṃ suṣṭhu spaṣṭīkartuṃ garbhodaka- sthasya dvitīyasya puruṣasya vyūhasya nānāvatāritvaṃ vivṛṇoti -- [end Vṛ. reading.]

etan nānāvatārāṇāṃ nidhānaṃ bījam avyayam |
yasyāṃśāṃśena sṛjyante deva-tiryaṅ-narādayaḥ || [BhP 1.3.5]

etad iti brahmāṇḍastham | nidhānaṃ sarovarāṇāṃ samudra iva sva-rāśmīn sūrya iva sadaivāśrayaḥ | ataevāvyayam anapakṣayam | bījam udgama- sthānam | na kevalam avatārāṇāṃ bījaṃ jagato'pīty āha yasyeti |

[6]

atha prācuryeṇa tad-avatārān kathayaṃs tad-aikya-vivakṣayā tad-aṃśāṃśinor apy avirbhāva-mātraṃ gaṇayati viṃśatyā -

sa eva prathamaṃ devaḥ kaumāraṃ sargam āśritaḥ |
cacāra duścaraṃ brahmā brahmacaryam akhaṇḍitam || [BhP 1.3.6]

yo'mbhasi śayāno yaś ca sahasra-pādādi-rūpaḥ sa eva puruṣākhyo devaḥ | ete cāṃśa-kalāḥ puṃsaḥ [BhP 1.3.28] ity upasaṃhārasyāpi saṃvādāt | kaumāraṃ catuḥsana-rūpam | brahmā brahmaṇo bhūtvā | [7]

dvitīyaṃ tu bhavāyāsya rasātala-gatāṃ mahīm |
uddhariṣyann upādatta yajñeśaḥ saukaraṃ vapuḥ || [BhP 1.3.7]

asya viśvasya udbhavāya |

[8]

tṛtīyam ṛṣi-sargaṃ vai devarṣitvam upetya saḥ |
tantraṃ sātvatam ācaṣṭa naiṣkarmyaṃ karmaṇāṃ yataḥ || [BhP 1.3.8]

ṛṣi-sargam upetya tatrāpi devarṣitvaṃ nāradatvam upetya | sātvataṃ vaiṣṇavam | tantraṃ pañcarātrāgamam | karmaṇā karmākāreṇāpi satāṃ śrī- bhagavad-dharmāṇāṃ yatas tantrān naiṣkarmyaṃ karma-bandha-mocakatvena karmabhyo nirgatatvaṃ tebhyo bhinnatvaṃ pratīyate iti śeṣaḥ |

[9]

turye dharma-kalā-sarge nara-nārāyaṇāv ṛṣī |
bhūtvātmopaśamopetam akarod duścaraṃ tapaḥ || [BhP 1.3.9]

spaṣṭam |

[10]

pañcamaḥ kapilo nāma siddheśaḥ kāla-viplutam |
provācāsuraye sāṅkhyaṃ tattva-grāma-vinirṇayam || [BhP 1.3.10]

āsuri-nāmne viprāya |

[11]

ṣaṣṭham atrer apatyatvaṃ vṛtaḥ prāpto 'nasūyayā |
ānvīkṣikīm alarkāya prahlādādibhya ūcivān || [BhP 1.3.11]

atriṇā tat-sadṛśa-putrotpatti-mātraṃ prakaṭaṃ yācitam iti caturthādy- abhiprāyaḥ | etad-vākyenānasūyayā tu kadācit sākṣād eva śrīmad- īśvarasyaiva putra-bhāvo vṛto'stīti labhyate | uktaṃ ca brahmāṇḍa-purāṇe pativratopākhyāne -

anasūyābravīn natvā devān brahmeśa-keśavān | (page 6)

yūyaṃ yadi prasannā me varārhā yadi vāpy aham | prasādābhimukho bhūtvā mama putratvam eṣyatha || iti |

ānvīkṣikīm ātma-vidyām | śrī-viṣṇor evāvatāro'yam |

[12]
tataḥ saptama ākūtyāṃ rucer yajño 'bhyajāyata |
sa yāmādyaiḥ sura-gaṇair apāt svāyambhuvāntaram || [BhP 1.3.12]

sa yajñas tadā svayam indro'bhūd ity arthaḥ |

[13]

aṣṭame merudevyāṃ tu nābher jāta urukramaḥ |
darśayan vartma dhīrāṇāṃ sarvāśrama-namaskṛtam || [BhP 1.3.13]

urukrama ṛṣabho jātaḥ |

[14]

ṛṣibhir yācito bheje navamaṃ pārthivaṃ vapuḥ |
dugdhemām oṣadhīr viprās tenāyaṃ sa uśattamaḥ || [BhP 1.3.14]

pārthivaṃ rāja-dehaṃ pṛthu-rūpam | uśattamaḥ kamanīyatamaḥ ||

[15]

rūpaṃ sa jagṛhe mātsyaṃ cākṣuṣodadhi-samplave |
nāvy āropya mahī-mayyām apād vaivasvataṃ manum || [BhP 1.3.15]

cākṣuṣa-manvantare ya udadhi-samplavas tasmin | vaivasvatam iti bhāvinī saṃjñā satyavratasya | pratimanvantarāvasāne'pi pralayaḥ śrūyate | śrī-viṣṇu- dharmottare prathama-kāṇḍe - manvantare parikṣīṇe kīdṛśī dvija jāyate [1.75.1] iti śrī-vajra-praśnasya manvantare parikṣīṇe ity ādi mārkaṇḍeya- dattottare -

ūrmi-mālī mahā-vegaḥ sarvam āvṛtya tiṣṭhati |
bhūrlokam āśritaṃ sarvaṃ tadā naśyati yādava ||

na vinaśyanti rājendra viśrutāḥ kula-parvatāḥ | naur bhūtvā tu mahā-devī ity ādi ca | [1.75.5-6, 9]

evam eva manvantareṣu saṃhāra ity ādi prakaraṇaṃ śrī-hari-vaṃśe tadīya- ṭīkāsu ca spaṣṭam eva | ataś cākṣuṣe vaivasvatam ity upalakṣaṇam |

[16]

surāsurāṇām udadhiṃ mathnatāṃ mandarācalam |
dadhre kamaṭha-rūpeṇa pṛṣṭha ekādaśe vibhuḥ || [BhP 1.3.16]

spaṣṭam |

[17]

dhānvantaraṃ dvādaśamaṃ trayodaśamam eva ca |
apāyayat surān anyān mohinyā mohayan striyā || [BhP 1.3.17]

bibhrad ity uttareṇānvayaḥ | dvādaśamaṃ dhānvantaraṃ rūpaṃ bibhrat | trayodaśaṃ mohinī-rūpaṃ bibhrat | surān apāyayat sudhām iti śeṣaḥ | kena rūpeṇa ? mohinyā striyā tad-rūpeṇety arthaḥ | kiṃ kurvan ? anyān surān mohayan, dhanvantari-rūpeṇa sudhāṃ copaharann iti śeṣaḥ | ajitasyāvatārā ete trayaḥ |

[18]

caturdaśaṃ nārasiṃhaṃ bibhrad daityendram ūrjitam |
dadāra karajair ūrāv erakāṃ kaṭa-kṛd yathā || [BhP 1.3.18]

nārasiṃhaṃ rūpaṃ bibhrat |

[19]

pañcadaśaṃ vāmanakaṃ kṛtvāgād adhvaraṃ baleḥ |
pada-trayaṃ yācamānaḥ pratyāditsus tri-piṣṭapam || [BhP 1.3.19]

kṛtvā prakaṭayya |

[20]

avatāre ṣoḍaśame paśyan brahma-druho nṛpān |
triḥ-sapta-kṛtvaḥ kupito niḥ-kṣatrām akaron mahīm || [BhP 1.3.20]

avatāre śrī-paraśurāmābhidhe | spaṣṭam |

[21]

tataḥ saptadaśe jātaḥ satyavatyāṃ parāśarāt |
cakre veda-taroḥ śākhā dṛṣṭvā puṃso 'lpa-medhasaḥ || [BhP 1.3.21]

[22]

nara-devatvam āpannaḥ sura-kārya-cikīrṣayā |
samudra-nigrahādīni cakre vīryāṇy ataḥ param || [BhP 1.3.22]

naradevatvaṃ śrī-rāghava-rūpeṇa | ataḥ param aṣṭādaśe | ayaṃ sākṣāt puruṣa eva | skānde śrī-rāma-gītāyāṃ viśva-rūpaṃ darśayatas tasya brahma- viṣṇu-rudra-kṛta-stuteḥ śravaṇāt | (page 7)

[23]

ekonaviṃśe viṃśatime vṛṣṇiṣu prāpya janmanī |
rāma-kṛṣṇāv iti bhuvo bhagavān aharad bharam || [BhP 1.3.23]

bhagavān iti sākṣād bhagavata evāvirbhāvo'yaṃ na tu puruṣa- saṃjñasyāniruddhasyeti viśeṣa-pratipatty-artham | tatra tasya sākṣād-rūpatvāt śrī-kṛṣṇa-rūpeṇa nijāṃśa-rūpatvād rāma-rūpeṇāpi bhārahāritvaṃ bhagavata evety ubhayatrāpi bhagavān aharad bharam iti śliṣṭam eva | ato rāmasyāpy aniruddhāvatāratvaṃ svayaṃ pratyākhyātam | śrī-kṛṣṇasya vāsudevatvāc chrī-rāmasya ca saṅkarṣaṇatvād yuktam eva ca tad iti |

[24]

tataḥ kalau sampravṛtte sammohāya sura-dviṣām |
buddho nāmnāñjana-sutaḥ kīkaṭeṣu bhaviṣyati || [BhP 1.3.24]

kīkaṭeṣu gayā-pradeśeṣu |

[25]

athāsau yuga-sandhyāyāṃ dasyu-prāyeṣu rājasu |
janitā viṣṇu-yaśaso nāmnā kalkir jagat-patiḥ || [BhP 1.3.25]

yuga-sandhyāyāṃ kaler ante |

[26]

atha śrī-hayagrīva-hari-haṃsa-pṛśnigarbha-vibhu-satyasena-vaikuṇṭhājita- sārvabhauma-viśvaksena-dharmasetu-sudhāma-yogeśvara-bṛhadbhānv- ādīnāṃ śuklādīnāṃ cānuktānāṃ saṅgrahārtham āha -

avatārā hy asaṅkhyeyā hareḥ sattva-nidher dvijāḥ |
yathāvidāsinaḥ kulyāḥ sarasaḥ syuḥ sahasraśaḥ || [BhP 1.3.26]

asaṅkhyeyatve hetuḥ sattva-nidheḥ sattvasya tat-prādurbhāva-śakteḥ sevadhi- rūpasya | tatraiva dṛṣṭāntaḥ yatheti | avidāsina upakṣaya-śūnyāt sarasaḥ sakāśāt | [Vṛ. adds: kulyās tat-svabhāva-kṛtā nirjharā avidāsinyaḥ sahasraśaḥ sambhavantīti | Vṛ. addition ends.] atra ye'ṃśāvatārās teṣu caiṣa viśeṣo jñeyaḥ | śrī-kumāra-nāradādiṣv ādhikārikeṣu jñāna-bhakti- śaktyāṃśāveśaḥ | śrī-pṛthv-ādiṣu kriyā-śakty-aṃśāveśaḥ | kvacit svayam āveśas teṣāṃ bhagavān evāham iti vacanāt | atha śrī-matsya-devādiṣu sākṣād-aṃśatvam eva | tatra cāṃśatvaṃ nāma sākṣād-bhagavattve'py avyabhicāri-tādṛśa-tad-icchā-vaśāt sarvadaika-deśatayaivābhivyakta-śakty- ādikatvam iti jñeyam | tahtaivodāhariṣyate rāmādi-mūrtiṣu kalā-niyamena tiṣṭhan [BrahmaS 5.50] iti |

[27]

atha vibhūtīr āha -

ṛṣayo manavo devā manu-putrā mahaujasaḥ |
kalāḥ sarve harer eva saprajāpatayaḥ smṛtāḥ || [BhP 1.3.27]

kalā vibhūtayaḥ | alpa-śakteḥ prakāśād vibhūtitvaṃ mahā-śaktes tv āveśatvam iti bhedaḥ |

[28]

tad evaṃ paramātmānaṃ sāṅgam eva nirdhāryaṃ proktānuvāda-pūrvakaṃ śrī-bhagavantam apy ākāreṇa nirdhārayati -

ete cāṃśa-kalāḥ puṃsaḥ kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam | iti [BhP 1.3.28]

(page 8) ete pūrvoktāḥ | ca-śabdād anuktāś ca prathamam uddiṣṭasya puṃsaḥ puruṣasyāṃśa-kalāḥ | kecid aṃśāḥ svayam evāṃśāḥ sākṣād- aṃśatvenāṃśāṃśatvena ca dvividhāḥ | kecid aṃśāviṣṭatvād aṃśāḥ, kecit tu kalā-vibhūtayaḥ | iha yo viṃśatitamāvatāratvena kathitaḥ sa kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān | puruṣasyāpy avatārī yo bhagavān sa eṣa evety arthaḥ | atra anuvādam anuktvaiva na vidheyam udīrayed iti vacanāt kṛṣṇasyaiva bhagavattva-lakṣaṇa-dharmitve siddhe mūlāvatāritvam eva sidhyati na tu tataḥ prādurbhūtatvam | etad eva vyanakti svayam iti | tatra ca svayam eva bhagavān, na tu bhagavataḥ prādurbhūtatayā na tu vā bhagavattvādhyāsenety arthaḥ | na cāvatāra-prakaraṇe'pi paṭhita iti saṃśayaḥ | paurvāparye pūrva- daurbalyaṃ prakṛtivad iti nyāyāt | yathāgniṣṭome yady udgātā vicchidyād adakṣiṇena yajeta yadi pratihartā sarvasva-dakṣiṇeneti śruteḥ | tayoś ca kadācid dvayor api vicchede prāpte viruddhayoḥ prāyaścittayoḥ samuccayāsambhave ca param eva prāyaścittaṃ siddhāntitaṃ tadvad ihāpi iti |

athavā kṛṣṇas tv iti śrutyā prakaraṇasya bādhāt | yathā śaṅkara-śārīrike bhāṣye śruty-ādi-balīyastvāc ca na bādhaḥ [Vs 3.3.50] iti sūtre, te haite vidyācita eva iti śrutir manaś cid-ādīnām agnīnāṃ prakaraṇa-prāptaṃ kriyānupraveśa-prakaraṇe'py anyatra kvacid api bhagavac-chabdam akṛtvā tatraiva bhagavān aharad bharam [BhP 1.3.23] ity anena kṛtavān |

tataś cāsyāvatāreṣu gaṇanāt tu svayaṃ bhagavān apy asau svarūpa-stha eva nija-parijana-vṛndānām ānanda-viśeṣa-camatkārāya kim api mādhuryaṃ nija-janmādi-līlayā puṣṇan kadācit sakala-loka-dṛśyo bhavatīty apekṣayaivety āyātam | yathoktaṃ brahma-saṃhitāyām -

rāmādi-mūrtiṣu kalā-niyamena tiṣṭhan
nānāvatāram akarod bhuvaneṣu kintu |
kṛṣṇaḥ svayaṃ samabhavat paramaḥ pumān yo
govindam ādi-puruṣaṃ tam ahaṃ bhajāmi || [BS 5.39]

avatārāś ca prākṛta-vaibhave'vataraṇam iti | śrī-kṛṣṇa-sāhacaryeṇa śrī- rāmasyāpi puruṣāṃśatvātyayo jñeyaḥ | atra tu-śabdo'ṃśa-kalābhyaḥ puṃsaś ca sakāśād bhagavato vailakṣaṇyaṃ bodhayati | yad vānena tu-śabdena sāvadhāraṇā śrutir iyaṃ pratīyate | tataḥ sāvadhāraṇā śrutir balavatīti nyāyena śrutyaiva śrutam apy anyeṣāṃ mahā-nārāyaṇādīnāṃ svayaṃ bhagavattvaṃ guṇībhūtam āpadyate |

evaṃ puṃsa iti bhagavān iti ca prathamam upakramoddiṣṭasya śabda-dvayasya tat-sahodareṇa tenaiva śabdena ca pratinirdeśāt tāv eva khalv etāv iti smārayati | uddeśa-pratinirdeśayoḥ pratīti-(page 9)-sthagitatā-nirasanāya vidvadbhir eka eva śabdaḥ prayujyate tat-sama-varṇo vā | yathā jyotiṣṭomādhikaraṇe vasante vasante ca jyotiṣā yajeta ity atra jyotiḥ-śabdo jyotiṣṭhoma-viṣayo bhavatīti |

atra tattva-vāda-guravas tu ca-śabda-sthāne sva-śabdaṃ paṭhitvaivam ācakṣate - ete proktā avatārāḥ | mūla-rūpī svayam eva | kiṃ-svarūpā ? svāṃśa-kalā na tu jīvavad bhinnāṃśāḥ | yathā vārāhe -

svāṃśaś cātha vibhinnāṃśa iti dvedhāṃśa iṣyate |
aṃśino yat tu sāmarthyaṃ yat svarūpaṃ yathā sthitiḥ ||

tad eva nāṇumātro'pi bhedaḥ svāṃśāṃśinoḥ kvacit | vibhinnāṃśo'lpa-śaktiḥ syāt kiñcit sāmarthya-mātra-yuk || iti |

atrocyate - aṃśānām aṃśi-sāmarthyādikaṃ tad-aikyenaiva mantavyam | tatra yathāvidāsina ity ādau tasyākṣayatvena tāsām akṣayatvaṃ yathā tadvat aṃśāṃśitvānupapatter eva | tathā ca śrī-vāsudevāniruddhayoḥ sarvathā sāmye prasakte kadācid aniruddhenāpi śrī-vāsudevasyāvirbhāvanā prasajyate | tac ca śruti-viparītam ity asad eva | tasmād asty evāvatāry- avatārayos tāratamyam | ataeva tṛtīyāṣṭame -

āsīnam urvyāṃ bhagavantam ādyaṃ
saṅkarṣaṇaṃ devam akuṇṭha-sattvam |
vivitsavas tattvam ataḥ parasya
kumāra-mukhyā munayo 'nvapṛcchan ||

svam eva dhiṣṇyaṃ bahu mānayantaṃ | yad vāsudevābhidham āmananti | [BhP 3.8.3-4]

ity ādau vāsudevasya saṅkarṣaṇād api paratvaṃ śrūyate | yat tu teṣāṃ tathā vyākhyānam atra kṛṣṇas tv ity anarthakaṃ syāt | bhagavān svayam ity anenaivābhipreta-siddheḥ | kiṃ ca taiḥ svayam eva prakāśādivan naiva paraḥ [Vs 2.3.45] iti sūtre sphuṭam aṃśāṃśi-bhedo darśitaḥ | aṃśatve'pi na matsyādi- rūpī para evaṃvidho jīva-sadṛśaḥ | yathā tejo'ṃśasyaiva sūryasya khadyotasya ca naika-prakāratety ādinā | tasmāt sthite bhede sādhv eva vyākhyātaṃ kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam iti |

indrārīti padyārdhaṃ tatra nānveti | tu-śabdena vākyasya bhedanāt | tac ca tāvataivākāṅkṣā-paripūrteḥ | eka-vākyatve tu ca-śabda evākariṣyat | tataś cendrārīty atrārthāt ta eva pūrvoktā eva mṛḍayantīty āyāti |

|| 1.3 || śrī-sūtaḥ || 2-28 ||

[29]

tad evaṃ śrī-kṛṣṇo bhagavān puruṣas tu sarvāntaryāmitvāt paramātmeti nirdhāritam | tatrāśaṅkyate - nanv idam ekam aṃśitva-pratipādakaṃ vākyam aṃśatva-pratipādaka-bahu-vākya-virodhe guṇa-vādaḥ syāt | atrocyate tāni kiṃ śrī-bhāgavatīyāni parakīyāṇi vā | ādye janma-guhyādhyāyo hy ayaṃ sarva- bhagavad-avatāra-vākyānāṃ sūtraṃ sūcakatvāt prāthamika-pāṭhāt tair uttaratra tasyaiva vivaraṇāc ca | tatra caite cāṃśa-kalāḥ puṃsa iti paribhāṣeti | avatāra-vākyeṣu anyān puruṣāṃśatvena jānīyāt | kṛṣṇas tu svayaṃ bhagavattveneti pratijñākāreṇa granthārtha-nirṇāyakatvāt | tad uktaṃ - aniyame niyama-kāriṇī paribhāṣā iti |

atha paribhāṣā ca sakṛd eva paṭhyate śāstre na tv abhyāsena | [Vṛ. adds: yathā pratiṣedhe paraṃ kāryam iti |] tataś ca vākyānāṃ koṭir apy ekenaivāmunā śāsanīyā bhaved iti nāsya guṇavādatvaṃ pratyutaitad viruddhāyamānānām etad anuguṇārtham eva vaiduṣī | na ca paribhāṣikatvāt tac-chāstra eva sa vyavahāro jñeyaḥ | na sarvatreti gauṇatvam āśaṅkyam | paramārtha-vastu-paratvāc chrī-bhāgavatasya (page 10) tatrāpy ārthikatvāc ca tasyāḥ paribhāṣāyāḥ |

kiṃ ca - pratijñā-vākya-mātrasya ca dṛśyate paratrāpi nānā- vākyāntaropamardakatvam | yathākāśasyānutpatti-śrutiḥ prāṇānāṃ ca tac- chrutiḥ sva-virodhinī nānyā śrutiś ca ātmani vijñāte sarvam idaṃ vijñātaṃ bhavati [BAU 4.5.6] idaṃ sarvaṃ yad ayam ātmā [BAU 2.4.6] ity ādinopamardyate | ataeva svāmi-prabhṛtibhir apy etad eva vākyaṃ tat-tad- virodha-nirāsāya bhūyo bhūya eva darśitam |

tad evaṃ śrī-bhāgavata-mate siddhe ca tasya vākyasya balavattamatve śrī- bhāgavatasya sarva-śāstropamardakatvena prathame sandarbhe pratipannatvāt asminn eva pratipatsyamānatvāc ca parakīyāṇām apy etad ānuguṇyam eva vidvaj-jana-dṛṣṭam | yathā rājñaḥ śāsanaṃ tathaiva hi tad-anucarāṇām apīti | tatra śrī-bhāgavatīyāni vākyāni tad-anugatārthatayā darśyante | tatrāṃśenāvatīrṇasya [BhP 10.1.2] ity aṃśena baladevena saha ity arthaḥ | kalābhyāṃ nitarāṃ hareḥ [BhP 10.20.48] iti hareḥ kalā pṛthvī, ābhyāṃ rāma- kṛṣṇābhyām iti |

diṣṭyāmba te kukṣi-gataḥ paraḥ pumān aṃśena sākṣād bhagavān bhavāya naḥ || [BhP 10.2.41]

ity atra yo matsyādi-rūpeṇāṃśenaiva pūrvaṃ no'smākaṃ bhavāyābhūt he amba sa tu sākṣāt svayam eva tava kukṣi-gato'stīti | tato jagan-maṅgalam acyutāṃśam [BhP 10.2.18] iti tu saptamy-anya-padārtho bahuvrīhiḥ | tasminn aṃśiny avatarati teṣām aṃśānām apy atra praveśasya vyākhyāsyamānatvāt | pūrṇatvenaiva tatra sarvātmakam ātma-bhūtam ity uktam | tathā ca nātividvaj-jana-vākye -

etau bhagavataḥ sākṣād dharer nārāyaṇasya hi |
avatīrṇāv ihāṃśena vasudevasya veśmani || [BhP 10.43.23]

ity atrāpi sarasvatī-preritatayā aṃśena sarvāṃśena sahaivety arthaḥ | evam eva

tāv imau vai bhagavato harer aṃśāv ihāgatau |
bhāra-vyayāya ca bhuvaḥ kṛṣṇau yadu-kurūdvahau || [BhP 4.1.59]

ity atra āgatāv iti kartari niṣṭhā | kṛṣṇāv iti karmaṇi dvitīyā | tataś ca bhagavato nānāvatāra-bījasya hareḥ puruṣasya tāv imau nara-nārāyaṇākhyau aṃśau kartṛ-bhūtau kṛṣṇau kṛṣṇārjunau karma-bhūtāv āgatavantau tayoḥ praviṣṭavantāv ity arthaḥ | kīdṛśau kṛṣṇau ? bhuvo bhāra-vyayāya | ca- kārād bhakta-sukhada-nānā-līlāntarāya ca | yadu-kurūdvahau yadu-kuru- vaṃśayor avatīrṇāv ity arthaḥ | arjune tu narāveśaḥ kṛṣṇo nārāyaṇaḥ svayam ity āgama-vākyaṃ śrīmad-arjune nara-praveśāpekṣayā | yas tu svayam ananya-siddho nārāyaṇo nārāyaṇas tvaṃ na hi sarva-dehinām [BhP 10.14.14] ity ādinā darśitaḥ | sa punaḥ kṛṣṇa ity arthāntarāpekṣayā mantavyam | yayor eva samaṃ vīparyam [BhP 10.60.15] ity ādi nyāyāt | tathā viṣṇu-dharme --

yas tvāṃ vetti sa māṃ vetti yas tvām anu sa mām anu | abhedenātmano vedmi tvām ahaṃ pāṇḍu-nandana || iti |

taṃ prati śrī-bhagavad-vākyāc cārjunasyāpi śrī-kṛṣṇa-sakhatvena nārāyaṇa- sakhān narāt pūrṇatvāt tatra praveśaḥ samucita eva | kutracic cāṃśādi-śabda- prayogaḥ - nāhaṃ prakāśaḥ sarvasya yoga-māyā-samāvṛtaḥ [Gītā 7.15] iti śrī- gītopaniṣad-diśā pūrṇasyāpi sādhāraṇa-jane khaṇḍāṃśa-prakāśāt (Page 11) tat-pratītāv evāṃśa ivāṃśa iti jñeyam | nārāyaṇa-samo guṇaiḥ [BhP 10.8.19]
ity atrāpi nārāyaṇaḥ paravyomādhipa eva guṇaiḥ samo yasyety eva gargābhiprāyaḥ | tad evaṃ mahā-kāla-purākhyāne'pi pratijñā-vākyam idam adhikuryāt | kiṃ ca śāstraṃ hi śāsanātmakam | śāsanaṃ copadeśaḥ | sa ca dvidhā sākṣād arthāntara-dvārā ca | sākṣād-upadeśas tu śrutir iti paribhāṣyate | sākṣāttvaṃ cātra nirapekṣatvam ucyate | tad uktaṃ nirapekṣa- ravā śrutir iti | tathā ca sati śruti-liṅga-vākya-prakaraṇa-sthāna- samākhyānāṃ samavāye pāradaurbalyam artha-viprakarṣāt [Jaiminī-sūtra 3.3.14] ity uktānusāreṇa caramasya pūrvāpekṣayā dūra-pratīty-arthatve kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam iti śrī-śaunakaṃ prati śrī-sūtasya sākṣād-upadeśena itihāsa-dvāropadeśo bādhyate | na ca me kalāvatīrṇau [BhP 10.89.58] iti ca mahākāla-purādhipa eva śrī-kṛṣṇaṃ sākṣād evopadiṣṭavān iti vācyam | śrī- kṛṣṇasya sārvajñyāvyabhicāreṇa vaktṛ-śrotṛ-bhāva-pūrvaka- saṅgamāprastāvena dvijātmajā me yuvayor didṛkṣuṇā [BhP 10.89.58] iti kāryāntara-tātparya-darśanena ca | tasyaitan mahā-purāṇasya ca tattvopadeṣṭṛ-sūtādivat tad-upadeśe tātparyābhāvād vakṣyamāṇārthāntara eva naikaṭyena pada-sambandhāc ca |

kiṃ ca bhavatu vā tuṣyatu nyāyena śrī-kṛṣṇasya tam apekṣyāpūrṇatvam, tathāpi sarveṣām apy avatārāṇāṃ nityam eva svasthatvena darśayiṣyamāṇatvāt keṣāṃcin mate tu svayaṃ puruṣatve'pi svatantra- sthititvāt | yuvāṃ nara-nārāyaṇāv ṛṣī [BhP 10.89.59] iti, tvarayetām anti me [BhP 10.89.59] iti ca tat-tad-arthatve virudhyeta | astu tāvad asmākam anyā vārtā, na ca kutrāpi mahākālo'yam aṃśena tat-tad-rūpeṇāvatīrṇa ity upakhyāyate vā | tataś cāprasiddha-kalpanā prasajjate | tatraiva ca tvarayetam anti me iti yuvāṃ nara-nārāyaṇāv ṛṣī dharmam ācaratām ity ādeśa-dvayasya pārasparika-virodhaḥ sphuṭa eva |

kiṃ ca, yadi tasya tāv aṃśāv abhaviṣyatāṃ tarhi kara-tala-maṇivat sadā sarvam eva paśyann asau tāv api dūrato'pi paśyann evābhaviṣyat | tac ca yuvayor didṛkṣuṇeti tad-vākyena vyabhicāritam | yadi svayam eva śrī-kṛṣṇas tat-tad- rūpāv ātmānau darśayati tadaiva tena tau dṛśyeyātām ity ānītaṃ ca | tathā ca sati, tayor dṛśyatvābhāvād aṃśatvaṃ nopapadyate | tasmād apy adhika- śaktitvena pratyuta pūrṇatvam evopapadyate |

evam api yat tv arjunasya taj-jyotiḥ-pratāḍitākṣatvaṃ tad-darśana-jāta- sādhvasatvaṃ ca jātaṃ tatra svayam eva bhagavatā tat-tal-līlā-rasaupayika- mātra-śakteḥ prakāśanād anyasyāḥ sthitāyā api kuṇṭhanān na viruddham | dṛśyate ca svasyāpi kvacid yuddhe prākṛtād api parābhavādikam | yathātraiva tāvat svayam eva vaikuṇṭhād āgatānām apy aśvānāṃ prākṛta-tamasā bhraṣṭa-gatitvam | tad evam eva śrī-kṛṣṇasya tasmin bhakti-bhara- darśanenāpy anyathā na mantavyam | śrī-rudrādau śrī-nāradādau ca tathā darśanāt |

evam atra paratra vā tadīya-līlāyāṃ tu pūrva-pakṣo nāsti tasya svarācaraṇatvāt | atas tadīya-tātparya-(page 12)-śabdotthāv arthāv evam eva dṛśyete | tat-tātparyottho yathāsau śrī-kṛṣṇaḥ svayaṃ bhagavān api yathā govardhana-makha-līlāyāṃ śrī-gopa-gaṇa-vismāpana-kautukāya kāñcin nijāṃ divya-mūrtiṃ pradarśayan taiḥ samam ātmanaivātmānaṃ namaścakre | tathaivārjuna-vismāpana-kautukāya mahākāla-rūpeṇaivātmanā dvija- bālakān hārayitvā pathi ca taṃ taṃ camatkāram anubhāvya mahākāla-pure ca tāṃ kām api nijāṃ mahākālākhyaṃ divya-mūrtiṃ darśayitvā tena samaṃ tad-rūpam ātmānaṃ namaścakre | tad-rūpeṇaiva sārjunam ātmānaṃ tathā babhāṣe ca | tad uktaṃ - tasmai namo vraja-janaiḥ saha-cakre'tmanātmanai [BhP 10.24.36] itivat | atrāpi babandha ātmānam anantam acyutaḥ [BhP 10.89.31] iti | ataeva harivaṃśe tat-samīpa-jyotir uddiśya cārjunaṃ prati śrī- kṛṣṇenoktaṃ mat-tejas tat sanātanam [HV 2.114.9] iti |

atha śabdottho'py artho yathā tatra śrī-mahākālam uddiśya puruṣottamottamam [BhP 10.89.54] iti viśeṣaṇasyārthaḥ | puruṣo jīvas tasmād uttamas tad-antaryāmī tasmād uttamaṃ bhagavat-prabhāva-rūpa-mahākāla- śakti-mayaṃ tam iti |

atha śrī-mahākāla-vākyasya -

dvijātmajā me yuvayor didṛkṣuṇā
mayopanītā bhuvi dharma-guptaye |
kalāvatīrṇāv avaner bharāsurān
hatveha bhūyas tvarayetam anti me || [BhP 10.89.59]

ity asya yuvayor yuvāṃ didṛkṣuṇā mayā dvija-putrā me mama bhuvi dhāmni upanītā ānītā ity ekaṃ vākyam | vākyāntaram āha he dharma-guptaye kalāvatīrṇau kalā aṃśās tad-yuktāv avatīrṇau madhyama-pada-lopī samāsaḥ | kalāyām aṃśa-lakṣaṇe māyika-prapañce'vatīrṇau vā pādo'sya viśvā bhūtāni [Rv 10.90.3] iti śruteḥ | bhūyaḥ punar api avaiśiṣṭān avaner bharāsurān hatvā me mama anti samīpāya samīpam āgamayituṃ yuvāṃ tvarayetaṃ tvaratam | atra prasthāpya tān mocayatam ity arthaḥ | tad-dhatānāṃ mukti-prasiddheḥ | mahākāla-jyotir eva muktāḥ praviśantīti brahma- tejomayaṃ divyaṃ mahad yad dṛṣṭavān asi [HV 2.114.9] iti śrī-harivaṃśokteś ca | tvarayetam iti prārthanāyāṃ hetu-ṇij-antasya liṅi rūpaṃ antīty-avyayāc caturthyāṃ luk, caturthī ca edhobhyo vrajatītivat kriyārthopapasya ca karmaṇi sthāninaḥ [Pāṇ 2.3.14] iti smaraṇāt | kaṭaṃ kṛtvā prasthāpayatītivad ubhayor ekenaiva karmaṇānvayaḥ | tasmād eka evārthaḥ spaṣṭam akaṣṭo bhavati | arthāntare tu sambhavaty eka-padatve pada-cchedaḥ kaṣṭāya kalpyate |

tathā --
pūrṇa-kāmāv api yuvāṃ nara-nārāyaṇāv ṛṣī |
dharmam ācaratāṃ sthityai ṛṣabhau loka-saṅgraham || [BhP 10.89.60]

ity asya na kevalam etad-rūpeṇaiva yuvāṃ loka-hitāya pravṛttau | api vaibhavāntareṇāpīti stauti pūrṇeti | svayaṃ bhagavattvena tat-sakhatvena ca ṛṣabhau sarvāvatārāvatāri-śreṣṭhāv api (page 13) pūrṇa-kāmāv api sthityai loka-rakṣaṇāya loka-saṅgrahaṃ lokeṣu tat-tad-dharma-pracāra-hetukaṃ dharmam ācaratāṃ kurvatāṃ madhye yuvāṃ nara-nārāyaṇāv ṛṣī ity anayor alpāṃśatvena vibhūtivan nirdeśaḥ | uktaṃ caikādaśe śrī-bhagavatā vibhūti- kathana eva nārāyaṇo munīnāṃ ca [BhP 11.16.25] iti | dhārmika-maulitvād dvija-putrārtham avaśyam eṣyatha ity ata eva mayā tathā vyavasitam iti bhāvaḥ | tathā ca harivaṃśe śrī-kṛṣṇa-vākyam --

mad-darśanārthaṃ te bālā hṛtās tena mahātmanā |
viprārtham eṣyate kṛṣṇo nāgacched anyathā tv iha || [HV 2.114.8]

atrācaratam ity arthe ācaratām iti prasiddham ity ataś ca tathā na vyākhyātam | tasmān mahākālato'pi śrī-kṛṣṇasyaivādhikyaṃ siddham | tad etan mahimānurūpam evoktaṃ -

niśāmya vaiṣṇavaṃ dhāma pārthaḥ parama-vismitaḥ |
yat kiñcit pauruṣaṃ puṃsāṃ mene kṛṣṇānukampitam || [BhP 10.89.63]

atra mahākālānubhāvitam iti tu noktam | evam eva sa cetikṣaṇo bhagavān śrī-kṛṣṇa eveti darśayitum ākhyānāntaram āha ekadā [BhP 10.89.21] iti | śrī- svāmi-likhitaitat-prakaraṇa-cūrṇikāpi susaṅgatā bhavati |

atha parakīyāṇy api viruddhāyamānāni vākyāni tad-anugatārthatayā dṛśyante | tatra śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe ujjahārātmanaḥ keśau sita-kṛṣṇau mahā- mune [ViP 5.1.59] iti | mahābhārate [1.189.31-32] -

sa cāpi keśau harir udbabarha śuklam ekam aparaṃ cāpi kṛṣṇam | tau cāpi keśau viśatāṃ yadūnāṃ kule striyo rohiṇīṃ devakīṃ ca |

tayor eko balabhadro babhūva yo'sau śvetas tasya devasya keśaḥ | kṛṣṇo dvitīyaḥ keśavaḥ sambabhūva keśo yo'sau varṇataḥ kṛṣṇa uktaḥ || iti ||[*ENDNOTE #1]

atra tātparyaṃ svāmibhir itthaṃ vivṛtaṃ -- bhūmeḥ suretara-varūtha [BhP 2.7.26] ity ādi-padye | sita-kṛṣṇa-keśa ity atra sita-kṛṣṇa-keśatvaṃ śobhaiva na tu vayaḥ-pariṇāma-kṛtam avikāritvāt | yac ca ujjahārātmanaḥ keśāv ity ādi tat tu na keśa-mātrāvatārābhiprāyaṃ kintu bhū-bhārāvatāraṇa-rūpaṃ kāryaṃ kiyad etad ātma-keśau eva tat kartuṃ śaktāv iti dyotanārthaṃ rāma-kṛṣṇayor varṇa-sūcanārthaṃ ca keśoddharaṇam iti gamyate | kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam ity etad virodhanāc ceti | idam apy atra tātparyaṃ sambhavati |

nanu devāḥ kimarthaṃ mām evātārayituṃ bhavadbhir āgṛhyate aniruddhākhya-puruṣa-prakāśa-viśeṣasya kṣīroda-śvetadvīpa-dhāmno mama yau keśāv iva sva-sva-śirodhārya-bhūtau tāv eva śrī-vāsudeva- saṅkarṣaṇau svayam evāvatariṣyataḥ | tataś ca bhū-bhāra-haraṇaṃ tābhyām īṣatkaram eveti | atha ujjahārātmanaḥ keśāv ity asyaiva śabdo'rtho'pi muktāphala-ṭīkāyāṃ keśau sukha-svāminau sito rāmaḥ ātmanaḥ sakāśād ujjahāra uddhṛtavān |

harivaṃśe hi kasyāṃcid giri-guhāyāṃ bhagavān sva-mūrtiṃ nikṣipya garuḍaṃ ca tatrāvasthāpya svayam atrāgata ity uktam | tad uktam sa devān abhyanujñāya [HV 1.55.50] ity ādi | yais tu yathā-śrutam evedaṃ vyākhyātaṃ te na samyak parāmṛṣṭavantaḥ yataḥ suramātrasyāpi nijraratva-prasiddhiḥ | akāla-kalite bhagavati jarānudayena keśa-śauklyānupapattiḥ | na cāsya keśasya naisargika-sita-kṛṣṇateti pramāṇam asti | ataeva nṛsiṃha-purāṇe kṛṣṇāvatāra-prasaṅge śakti-śabda eva prayujyate na tu keśa-śabdaḥ | tathā hi -

vasudevāc ca devakyām avatīrya yadoḥ kule |
sita-kṛṣṇe ca mac-chaktī kaṃsādyān ghātayiṣyataḥ || (NṛsiṃhaP 53.30-31)

ity ādinā | astu tarhi aṃśopalakṣakaḥ keśa-śabdaḥ | (page 14) na, avipluta- sarva-śaktitvena sākṣād-ādi-puruṣatvena niścettuṃ śakyatvāt | kṛṣṇa-viṣṇv- ādi-śabdānām aviśeṣataḥ paryāya-pratīteś ca | naivam avatārāntarasya kasya vānyasya janma-dinaṃ jayantyākhyayātiprasiddham | ataevoktaṃ bhārate (1.1.193?)[*ENDNOTE #2] -

bhagavān vāsudevaś ca kīrtyate'tra sanātanaḥ | śāśvataṃ brahma paramaṃ yogi-dhyeyaṃ nirañjanam || iti |

tasyākāla-kalitatvaṃ yo'yaṃ kālas tasya te'vyakta-bandho ceṣṭām āhuḥ [BhP 10.3.26] ity ādau śrī-devakī-devī-vākye,

natāḥ sma te nātha sadāṅghri-paṅkajaṃ
viriñci-vairiñcya-surendra-vanditam |
parāyaṇaṃ kṣemam ihecchatāṃ paraṃ
na yatra kālaḥ prabhavet paraḥ prabhuḥ || [BhP 1.11.6]

ity ādau śrī-dvārakā-vāsi-vākye ca prasiddham |

ato yat prabhāsa-khaṇḍe keśasya bālatvam eva tat sitimnaḥ kāla-kṛta-palita- lakṣaṇatvam eva ca darśitam, tasya śarīriṇāṃ śukla-vairāgya-pratipādana- prakaraṇa-patitatvena sura-mātra-nirjaratā-prasiddhatvena cāmukhyārthatvān na svārtha-prāmāṇyam | brahmā yena ity ārabhya,

viṣṇur yena daśāvatāra-grahaṇe kṣipto mahā-saṅkaṭe |
rudro yena kapāla-pāṇir abhito bhikṣāṭanaṃ kāritam || [GarP 1.113.15]

ity ādau tasmai namaḥ karmaṇe iti garuḍa-vacanāt | kintu tat-pratipādanāya śabda-sāmyena chaloktir eveyam | yathā -

aho kanaka-daurātmyaṃ nirvaktuṃ kena yujyate | nāma-sāmyād asau yasya dhūstaro'pi mada-pradaḥ || iti |

śiva-śāstrīyatvāc ca nātra vaiṣṇava-siddhānta-viruddhasya tasyopayogaḥ | yata uktaṃ skānda eva ṣaṇmukhaṃ prati śrī-śivena - śiva-śāstre'pi tad grāhyaṃ bhagavac-chāstra-yogi yat iti | anya-tātparyakatvena svatas tatrāprāmāṇyād yuktaṃ caitat yathā paṅkena paṅkāmbha [BhP 1.8.52] ity ādivat |

pādmottara-khaṇḍe ca śiva-pratipādakānāṃ purāṇānām api tāmasatvam eva darśitam | mātsye'pi tāmasa-kalpa-kathāmayatvam iti yuktaṃ ca tasya vṛddha- sūtasya śrī-bhāgavatam apaṭhitavataḥ śrī-baladevāvajñātuḥ śrī-bhagavat- tattvāsamyak-jñāna-jaṃ vacanaṃ evaṃ vadanti rājarṣe ṛṣayaḥ kecanānvitāḥ [BhP 10.77.30] itivat | etādṛśa śrī-bhāgavata-vākyena sva-viruddha- purāṇāntara-vacana-bādhanaṃ ca | yatheha karmajito lokaḥ kṣīyata [ChāU 8.1.6] ity ādi vākyena upāma somam amṛtā abhūma [Rk 8.48.3] ity ādi-vacana- bādhanavaj jñeyam | atrāpi yat sva-vaco viruddheta nūnaṃ te na smaranty amum [BhP 10.77.30] iti yukti-sad-bhāvao dṛśyate | tatraivātmanaḥ sandighdatvam eva tena sūtena vyañjitam | acintyā khalu ye bhāvā na tāṃs tarkeṇa yojayed ity ādinā |

kiṃ ca tatraivottara-granthe kalaṅkāpatti-kāraṇa-kathane śrī-kṛṣṇāvatāra- prasaṅge svayaṃ viṣṇur evety uktatvāt svenaiva virodhaś ca | tasmān na keśāvatāratve'pi tātparyaṃ keśa-śabdasya bālatva-vācanaṃ ca | chalato bhagavat-tattvājñānato veti | ato vaiṣṇavādi-padyānāṃ śabdottam artham evaṃ paśyāmaḥ -

aṃśavo ye prakāśante mama te keśa-saṃjñitāḥ |
sarvajñāḥ keśavaṃ tasmān mām āhur muni-sattama || [MBh 12.328.43]

iti sahasra-nāma-bhāṣyotthāpita-bhārata-vacanāt keśa-śabdenāṃśur ucyate | tatra ca sarvatra keśetara-śabdāprayogāt nānāvarṇāṃśūnāṃ śrī-nārada-(page 15)-dṛṣṭatayā mokṣa-dharma-prasiddheś ca | tathā cāṃśutve labdhe tau cāṃśū vāsudeva-saṅkarṣaṇāvatāra-sūcakatayā nirdiṣṭāv iti tayor eva syātām iti gamyate | tadīyayor api tayor aniruddhe'bhivyaktiś ca yujyata eva | avatāritojo'ntarbhūtatvād avatārasya | evam eva sattvaṃ rajas tama [BhP 1.2.23] ity ādi-prathama-skandha-padya-prāptam aniruddhākhya-puruṣāvatāratvaṃ bhavānī-nāthair [BhP 5.17.16] ity-ādi-pañcama-skandha-gadya-prāptaṃ saṅkarṣaṇāvatāratvaṃ ca bhavasya saṃgacchate | tataś cojjahārety asyāyam arthaḥ - ātmanaḥ sakāśāt śrī-vāsudeva-saṅkarṣaṇāṃśa-bhūtau keśāv aṃśū ujjahāra uddhṛtavān prakaṭīkṛtya darśitavān ity arthaḥ | atrāyaṃ sumerur ity ekadeśa-darśanenaivākhaṇḍa-meru-nirdeśavat tad-darśanenāpi pūrṇasyaivāvirbhāva-nirdeśo jñeyaḥ |

atha ca sāpi keśāv ity ādika-vyākhyā | udvadarhe yogabalenātmanaḥ sakāśād vicchidya darśayāmāsa | sa cāpīti ca-śabdaḥ pūrvam uktaṃ deva-kartṛkaṃ nivedana-rūpam arthaṃ samuccinoti | api-śabdas tad-udbarhaṇe śrī-bhagavat- saṅkarṣaṇau svayam hetu-kartṛtvaṃ sūcayati | tau cāpīti ca-śabdo'nukta- samuccayārthatvena bhagavat-saṅkarṣaṇau svayam āviviśatuḥ | paścāt tau ca tat-tādātmyenāviviśatur iti bodhayati | api-śabdo yatrānusyūtāv amū so'pi tad-aṃśā apīti gamayati | tayor eko balabhadro babhūvety-ādikaṃ tu naro nārāyaṇo bhavet | harir eva bhaven nara ity ādivat tad-aikyāvāpty-apekṣayā |

keśavaḥ śrī-mathurāyāṃ keśava-sthānākhya-mahāyoga-pīṭhādhipatvena prasiddhaḥ | sa eva kṛṣṇa iti | ata evodāhariṣyate bhūmeḥ suretara [BhP 2.7.26] ity ādi | śrī-nṛsiṃha-purāṇe sitāsite ca mac-chaktī iti tac-chakti-dvāraiva śrī- kṛṣṇena tādghātanāpekṣayā | arjune tu narāveśaḥ kṛṣṇo nārāyaṇaḥ svayam ity āgama-vākyaṃ tu śrīmad-arjune nara-praveśāpekṣayā | yas tu svayam anyathā siddho nārāyaṇaḥ nārāyaṇas tvaṃ na hi sarve-dehinām ity ādau darśitaḥ | sa punaḥ kṛṣṇa ity arthāntar-apekṣayā ca mantavyam | ataeva puruṣa-nārāyaṇasya tathāgamana-pratipādaka-śrī-hari-vaṃśa-vākyam api tat- tejaḥ-samākarṣaṇa-vivakṣayaivoktam | sarveṣāṃ praveśaś ca tasmin sa- yuktikam evodāraṇīyaḥ |

ataḥ pādmottara-khaṇḍe nṛsiṃha-rāma-kṛṣṇeṣu ṣāḍguṇyaṃ paripūraṇam ity āvatārāntara-sādhāraṇyam api na mantavyam | kintv avatārāṇāṃ prasaṅge teṣu śreṣṭhe vividiṣite sāmānyatas tāvat sarva-śreṣṭhās traya uktās teṣv apy uttarottaratrādhikya-kramābhiprāyeṇa śrī-kṛṣṇa-śraiṣṭhyaṃ vivakṣitam |

ataeva śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe maitreyeṇa hiraṇyakaśiputvādiṣu tayor amukti- mukti-kāraṇe pṛṣṭe śrī-parāśaro'pi (page 16) śrī- kṛṣṇasyaivātyudbhaṭaiśvaryam āha | kiṃ ca śrī-kṛṣṇam aprāpyāny atra tv asurāṇāṃ muktir na sambhavati | eva-kāra-dvayena svayam eva śrī-gītāsu tathā sūcanāt -

tān ahaṃ dviṣataḥ krūrān saṃsāreṣu narādhamān |
kṣipāmy ajasram aśubhān āsurīṣv eva yoniṣu ||

āsurīṃ yonim āpannā mūḍhā janmani janmani | mām aprāpyaiva kaunteya tato yānty adhamāṃ gatim || [Gītā 16.19-20] iti |

kutracid bhagavad-dveṣiṇāṃ tat-smaraṇādi-prabhāvena śrūyatāṃ vā muktiḥ | sarveṣām api tad-dveṣiṇāṃ tu mukti-pradatvam anyatrāvatāre'vatāriṇi vā na kvacit śrūyate | tasmāt teṣām api mukti-dātṛtvāya śrī-kṛṣṇa evaiśvaryādhikyaṃ yuktam eva varṇāyāmāsa śrī-parāśaraḥ | ataeva pūrvam aiśvarya-sākṣātkārasya mukti-hetutvam uktvā punaḥ pūtanādi-mokṣaṃ vicintya kālanemy-ādīnāṃ ca tad-abhāvam āśaṅkya tad apy asahamānas tasya tu śrī-kṛṣṇākhyasya bhagavataḥ paramādbhuta-svabhāva evāyam ity uvāca sarvāntima-gadyena -- ayaṃ hi bhagavān kīrtitaḥ saṃsmṛtaś ca dveṣānubandhenāpy akhila-surāsurādi-durlabhaṃ phalaṃ prayacchati kim uta samyak bhaktimatām [ViP 4.15.17] ity anena |

ataḥ śrī-bhāgavata-mate tayor janma-traya-niyamaś ca śrī-kṛṣṇād eva mokṣaḥ sambhaved ity apekṣayaiveti jñeyam | ataeva śrī-nāradenāpi tam uddiśyaivoktam vaireṇa yaṃ nṛpatayaḥ [BhP 11.5.48] ity ādi | sarveṣāṃ muktidatvaṃ ca tasya kṛṣṇasya nija-prabhāvātiśayena yathā kathañcit smartṛ- cittākarṣaṇātiśaya-svabhāvāt | anyatra tu tathā svabhāvo nāstīti nāsti muktidatvam | ataeva veṇasyāpi viṣṇu-dveṣiṇas tadvad āveśābhāvāt mukty- abhāva iti | ataevoktaṃ - tasmāt kenāpy upāyena manaḥ kṛṣṇe niveśayet [BhP 7.1.31] iti |

tasmād asty eva sarvato'py āścaryatamā śaktiḥ śrī-kṛṣṇasya iti siddham | tad evaṃ virodha-parihāreṇa viruddhārthānām apy arthānukūlyena śrī-kṛṣṇasya svayaṃ bhagavattvam eva dṛḍhīkṛtam | tatra ca vedānta-sūtrādāv apy ekasya mahā-vākyasya nānā-vākya-virodha-parihāreṇaiva sthāpanīyā darśanān nāpy atraivedṛśam ity aśraddheyam | vākyānāṃ durbala-balitvam eva vicāraṇīyam, na tu bahv-alpatā | dṛśyate ca loke ekenāpi yuddhe sahasra- parājaya iti | evaṃ ca bahuv-virodha-parihāreṇaiva svasmin śrī-kṛṣṇākhye para-brahmaṇi sarva-vedābhidheyatvam āha --

kiṃ vidhatte kim ācaṣṭe kim anūdya vikalpayet |
ity asyā hṛdayaṃ loke nānyo mad veda kaścana ||

māṃ vidhatte 'bhidhatte māṃ vikalpyāpohyate tv aham | etāvān sarva-vedārthaḥ śabda āsthāya māṃ bhidām || [BhP 11.21.42-43] iti |

vikalpya vividhaṃ kalpayitvā apohyate, tat-tan-niṣedhena siddhāntyate yat tad ahaṃ śrī-kṛṣṇa-lakṣaṇaṃ vastv iti ||

|| 11.12 || śrī-bhagavān || 29 ||

[30] tad evaṃ kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam ity etat pratijñā-vākyāya mahāvīra- rājāyevātmanaiva nirjityātma-sātkṛta-virodhi-śatārthāyāpi śobhā-viśeṣeṇa prekṣāvatām ānandanārthaṃ caturaṅginīṃ senām ivānyām api vacana- śreṇīm upaharāmi | tatra tasya līlāvatāra-kartṛtvam āha -

matsyāśva-kacchapa-nṛsiṃha-varāha-haṃsa- rājanya-vipra-vibudheṣu kṛtāvatāraḥ tvaṃ pāsi ity-ādi [10.2.40] | spaṣṭam ||

|| 10.2 || devāḥ śrī-bhagavantam || 30 ||

(page 17)

[31]

tathā, sureṣv ṛṣiṣv īśa tathaiva [BhP 10.14.2] ityādi | spaṣṭam ||

|| 10.14 || brahmā tam || 31 ||

[32]

tathā, bahūni santi nāmāni rūpāṇi ca sutasya te [BhP 10.8.15] ity ādi |
spaṣṭam ||

|| 10.8 || gargaḥ śrī-vrajeśvaram || 32 ||

[33]

evaṃ, yasyāvatārā jñāyante śarīreṣv aśarīriṇaḥ [BhP 10.10.34] ity ādi | śarīreṣv aśarīriṇa ity api jñāne hetu-garbha-viśeṣaṇam |

śarīriṣu madhye'py avatīrṇasya yataḥ sataḥ svayam aśarīriṇaḥ | nātaḥ paraṃ parama yad bhavataḥ svarūpam [BhP 3.9.3] ity ādi dvitīya-sandarbhodāharaṇa- praghaṭṭaka-dṛṣṭyā jīvavad deha-dehi-pārthakyābhāvena mukhyamatvārthābhāvāt |

|| 10.10 || yamalārjunau śrī-bhagavantam || 33 ||

[34]

aparaṃ ca -

yat-pāda-paṅkaja-rajaḥ śirasā bibharti

śrīr abja-jaḥ sa-giriśaḥ saha loka-pālaiḥ
līlā-tanuḥ sva-kṛta-setu-parīpsayā yaḥ
kāle 'dadhat sa bhagavān mama kena tuṣyet || [BhP 10.58.37]

|| spaṣṭam || 10.58 || nagnajic chrī-bhagavantam || 34 ||

[35] paraṃ ca -

namas tasmai bhagavate kṛṣṇāyākuṇṭha-medhase |
yo dhatte sarva-bhūtānām abhavāyośatīḥ kalāḥ || [BhP 10.87.46]

ṭīkā ca - nama iti śrī-kṛṣṇāvatāratayā nārāyaṇaṃ stauti | ete cāṃśa-kalāḥ puṃsaḥ kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam ity ukter ity eṣā | ataeva tac- chravaṇānantaraṃ tasmā eva namaskārāt śruti-stutāv api śrī-kṛṣṇa eva stutya ity āyātam | tathaiva śrutibhir api nibhṛta-marun-mano'kṣa [BhP 10.87.23] ity- ādi-padye nijāri-mokṣa-pradatvādy-asādhāraṇa-liṅgena sa eva vyañjitaḥ | spaṣṭam |

|| 10.87 || śrī-nāradaḥ || 35 ||

[36]

tathā guṇāvatāra-kartṛtvam āha -

ity uddhavenāty-anurakta-cetasā
pṛṣṭo jagat-krīḍanakaḥ sva-śaktibhiḥ |
gṛhīta-mūrti-traya īśvareśvaro
jagāda sa-prema-manohara-smitaḥ || [BhP 11.29.7]

spaṣṭam | atra ajānatāṃ tvat-padavīm [BhP 10.14.29] ity udāhṛtaṃ vacanam

apy anusandheyam ||

|| 11.29 || śrī-śukaḥ || 36 ||

[37]

atha puruṣāvatāra-kartṛtvam āha -

iti matir upakalpitā vitṛṣṇā
bhagavati sātvata-puṅgave vibhūmni |
sva-sukham upagate kvacid vihartuṃ
prakṛtim upeyuṣi yad-bhava-pravāhaḥ || [BhP 1.9.32]

ṭīkā ca - parama-phala-rūpāṃ śrī-kṛṣṇa-ratiṃ prārthayituṃ prathamaṃ sva- kṛtam arpayati itīti | vigato bhūmā yasmāt tasmin | yam apekṣyānyasya mahattvaṃ nāstīty arthaḥ | tad eva pāramaiśvaryam āha sva-sukhaṃ svarūpa- bhūtaṃ paramānandam upagate prāptavaty eva | kvacit kadācid vihartuṃ krīḍituṃ prakṛtim upeyuṣi svīkṛtavati, na tu svarūpa-tirodhānena jīvavat pāratantryam ity arthaḥ | vihartum ity uktaṃ prapañcayati yad yato bhava- pravāhaḥ sṛṣṭi-paramparā bhavati ity eṣā ||

[B reads here: evam eva taṃ pratyuktaṃ devair apy ekādaśe -- tattvaḥ pumān samadhigamya yayāsya vīryaṃ dhatte mahāntam iva garbham amogha-vīryaḥ [BhP 11.6.16] iti | ṭīkā ca - tattvaḥ puruṣo vīryaṃ śaktiṃ samadhigamya prāpya yayā māyayā saha mahāntaṃ dhatte | kam iva ? asya viśvasya garbham iva ity eṣā ||[B ends.]

|| 1.9 || bhīṣmaḥ śrī-bhagavantam || 37 ||

[38] (page 18) ataeva bhava-bhayam apahartuṃ [BhP 11.29.49] ity ādau tasyādi-puruṣatvaṃ śreṣṭhatvam apy āha - puruṣam ṛṣabham ādyaṃ kṛṣṇa-saṃjñaṃ nato'smi iti |

kṛṣṇeti saṃjñāṃ yasyeti mūrty-antaraṃ niṣidhyate | tan-mūrter namaskriyamāṇatvena ca nitya-siddhatvaṃ darśyate | atraiva ṭīkākṛdbhir api - taṃ vande paramānandaṃ nanda-nandana-rūpiṇam ity uktam ||

|| 11.29 || śrī-śukaḥ || 38 ||

[39]

tad evaṃ jagṛhe ity ādi-prakaraṇe yat svayam utpekṣitaṃ tac-chrī-svāmi- sammatyā dṛḍhīkṛtam | punar api tat-sammatir abhyasyate yathā -

śrutvājitaṃ jarāsandhaṃ nṛpater dhyāyato hariḥ |
āhopāyaṃ tam evādya uddhavo yam uvāca ha || [BhP 10.72.15]

ṭīkā ca - ādyo hariḥ śrī-kṛṣṇa ity eṣā ||

|| 10.72 || śrī-śukaḥ || 39 ||

[40]

kiṃ ca - athāham aṃśa-bhāgena devakyāḥ putratāṃ śubhe | prāpsyāmi [BhP 10.2.9] ity ādi |

aṃśa-bhāgenety atra pūrṇocitam evārthaṃ bahudhā yojayadbhir madhye aṃśena uruṣa-rūpeṇa māyayā bhāgo bhajanam īkṣaṇaṃ yasya teneti ca vyācakṣāṇair ante sarvathā paripūrṇa-rūpeṇeti vivakṣitam | kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam ity uktatvāt | ity evaṃ hi tair vyākhyātam |

|| 10.2 || śrī-bhagavān yogamāyām || 40||

[41]

evam --
yasyāṃśāṃśāṃśa-bhāgena viśvotpatti-layodayāḥ |
bhavanti kila viśvātmaṃs taṃ tvādyāhaṃ gatiṃ gatā || [BhP 10.85.31]

ṭīkā ca - yasyāṃśaḥ puruṣas tasyāṃśo māyā tasyā aṃśā guṇās teṣāṃ bhāgena paramāṇu-mātra-leśena viśvotpatty-ādayo bhavanti | taṃ tvā tvāṃ gatiṃ śaraṇaṃ gatāsmi ity eṣā ||

|| 10.85 || śrī-devakī bhagavantam || 41 ||

[42]

yathā ca -- nārāyaṇas tvaṃ na hi sarva-dehinām ity ādau nārāyaṇo'ṅgaṃ nara-bhū-jalāyanāt iti | [BhP 10.14.14]

ṭīkā ca - narād udbhūtā ye'rthāḥ tathā narāj jātaṃ yaj jalaṃ tad-ayanād yo nārāyaṇaḥ prasiddhaḥ so'pi tavāṅgaṃ mūrtir ity eṣā | atra sa tavāṅgaṃ tvaṃ punar aṅgīty asau tu viśado'rthaḥ | na tu stuti-mātram idam | dṛṣṭvāghāsura-mokṣaṇaṃ prabhavataḥ prāptaḥ paraṃ vismayam [BhP 10.13.15] ity ukta-rītyā kvacid apy avatāry-avatārāntareṣu tādṛśasyāpi mokṣam adṛṣṭa-gocaraṃ dṛṣṭvā vismayaṃ prāptavān brahmā | draṣṭuṃ mañjum ahitvam anya api tad-vatsān ito vatsapān nītvānyatra kurudvahāntar adhād ity ukta-rītyā tasyāparam api māhātmyaṃ didṛkṣus tathā māhātmyaṃ dadarśeti prakaraṇa-sārasyenāpi labdham | na cāpara-māhātmya-darśanaṃ sambhāvanā-mātram |

tāvat sarve vatsa-pālāḥ paśyato ñjasya tat-kṣaṇāt |
vyadṛśyanta ghana-śyāmāḥ pīta-kauśeya-vāsasaḥ || [BhP 10.13.46]

ity ādinā śaktibhir ajādyābhir aiśvaryair aṇimādyaiś caturviṃśati-saṅkhya- tattvair mahad-ādibhiḥ tat-saha-kāribhiḥ kāla-svabhāvādyais tat-sambhūtair brahmāṇḍaiḥ tad-antarbhūta-sraṣṭṛbhir brahmādibhir jīvaiś ca stamba- paryantaḥ pṛthak pṛthag upāsitās tādṛśa-brahmāṇḍeśvara-koṭayaḥ śrī- kṛṣṇenaiva tat-tad-aṃśāṃśenāvirbhāvya brahmāṇaṃ prati sākṣād eva darśitā iti hy uktaṃ tadīdṛśam eva kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam ity atrāviṣkṛta-sarva- śaktitvād ity etat-(page 19)-svāmi-vyākhyānasyāsādhāraṇaṃ bījaṃ bhavet | viśva-rūpa-darśanādīnāṃ tat-tad-brahmāṇḍāntaryāmi-puruṣāṇām ekatareṇāpi śakyatvāt | tasmād virāṭ-puruṣayor iva puruṣa-bhagavator api jagṛhe pauruṣaṃ rūpam ity ādāv upāsanārtham eva tair abheda-vyākhyā kṛteti gamyate | vastutas tu paramāśrayatvena śrī-kṛṣṇa eva tair aṅgīkṛto'sti | yathā --

viśva-sarga-visargādi-nava-lakṣaṇa-lakṣitam |
śrī-kṛṣṇākhyaṃ paraṃ dhāma jagad-dhāma namāmi tat ||

daśame daśamaṃ lakṣyam āśritāśraya-vigraham |
krīḍad yadu-kulāmbhodhau parānandam udīryate || iti [Bhāvārtha-dīpikā,

10.2.1]|

yady anyeṣām api paramāśrayatvaṃ tan mataṃ tadā daśama ity anarthakaṃ syāt | tasmān nārāyaṇo'ṅgam iti yuktam uktam ||

|| 10.14 || brahmā śrī-kṛṣṇam || 42 ||

[43]

avatāra-prasaṅge'pi tathaiva spaṣṭam -

giraṃ samādhau gagane samīritāṃ
niśamya vedhās tridaśān uvāca ha |
gāṃ pauruṣīṃ me śṛṇutāmarāḥ punar
vidhīyatām āśu tathaiva mā ciram ||

puraiva puṃsāvadhṛto dharā-jvaro
bhavadbhir aṃśair yaduṣūpajanyatām |
sa yāvad urvyā bharam īśvareśvaraḥ
sva-kāla-śaktyā kṣapayaṃś cared bhuvi ||

vasudeva-gṛhe sākṣād bhagavān puruṣaḥ paraḥ |
janiṣyate tat-priyārthaṃ sambhavantu sura-striyaḥ || [BhP 10.1.21-23]

pauruṣīṃ puruṣeṇa sṛjāmi tan-niyukto'ham [BhP 2.6.30] ity-ādy-anusārāt puruṣābhinnena viṣṇu-rūpeṇa kṣīrodaśāyinā svayam evoktāṃ gāṃ vācam | puruṣasyaiva vācam anuvadati puraiveti | puṃsā ādi-puruṣeṇa kṛṣṇaḥ svayaṃ samabhavat paramaḥ pumān yaḥ [BrahmaS 5.49] ity anusārāt | svayaṃ bhagavattā śrī-kṛṣṇasyety arthaḥ | aṃśaiḥ śrī-kṛṣṇasyāṃśa-bhūtais tat- pārṣadaiḥ śrīmad-uddhavādibhiḥ saha | ittham eva prācuryeṇoktam --

nandādyā ye vraje gopā yāś cāmīṣāṃ ca yoṣitaḥ |
vṛṣṇayo vasudevādyā devaky-ādyā yadu-striyaḥ ||

sarve vai devatā-prāyā ubhayor api bhārata | jñātayo bandhu-suhṛdo ye ca kaṃsam anuvratāḥ || [BhP 10.1.62-63] iti |

tasmād ādi-puruṣatvam eva vyanakti sa iti sarvāntaryāmitvāt | puruṣas tāvad īśvaraḥ | tasyāpy aṃśitvāt sa ādi-puruṣaḥ śrī-kṛṣṇaḥ punar īśvareśvaraḥ try-adhīśa-śabdavat | tathā ca daśamasya pañcāśītitame śrīmad- ānakadundubhinoktam - yuvāṃ na naḥ sutau sākṣāt pradhāna-puruṣeśvarau [BhP 10.85.18] iti | sva-kāla-śaktyā sva-śaktyā kāla-śaktyā ca | īśvareśvaratve hetuḥ sākṣāt svayam eva bhagavān iti | tad alaṃ mayi tat-prārthanayeti bhāvaḥ | tat-priyārthaṃ tat-prītyai | amara-striyaḥ śrīmad-upendra-preyasy- ādi-rūpāḥ kāścit sambhavantu militā bhavantu | sākṣād avatarataḥ śrī- bhagavato nityānapāyi-mahā-śakti-rūpāsu tat-preyasīṣv avatarantīṣu śrī- bhagavati tad-aṃśāntaravat tā api praviśantv ity arthaḥ | tat-priyāṇāṃ tāsām eva dāsy-ādi-prayojanāya jāyantām iti vā | anena tair apārthitasyāpy asyārthasyādeśena parama-bhaktābhis tābhir līlā-viśeṣa eva bhagavataḥ svayam avatitīrṣāyāṃ kāraṇam | bhārāvataraṇaṃ cānuṣaṅgikam (page 20) eva bhavatīti vyañjitam |

tad evaṃ śrutīnāṃ ca daṇḍakāraṇya-vāsināṃ munīnāṃ cāgni-putrāṇāṃ ca śrī-gopikāditva-prāptir yat śrūyate tad api pūrvavad eva mantavyam | atra prasiddhārthe nāyaṃ śriyo'ṅga u nitānta-rateḥ prasādaḥ svar-yoṣitāṃ nalina- gandha-rucāṃ kuto'nyāḥ [BhP 10.47.60] iti virudhyeta | na ca sura-strīṇāṃ sambhava-vākyaṃ śrī-mahiṣī-vṛnda-paraṃ, tāsām api tan-nija-śakti- rūpatvena darśayiṣyamāṇatvāt |

|| 10.1 || śrī-śukaḥ || 43 ||

[44]

tad evam avatāra-prasaṅge'pi śrī-kṛṣṇasya svayaṃ bhagavattvam evāyātam | yasmād evaṃ tasmād eva śrī-bhāgavate mahā-śrotṛ-vaktṝṇām api śrī-kṛṣṇa eva tātparyaṃ lakṣyate | tatra śrī-vidurasya --

yac cānyad api kṛṣṇasya bhavān bhagavataḥ prabhoḥ |
śravaḥ suśravasaḥ puṇyaṃ pūrva-deha-kathāśrayam ||

bhaktāya me 'nuraktāya tava cādhokṣajasya ca |
vaktum arhasi yo 'duhyad vainya-rūpeṇa gām imām || [BhP 4.17.6-7]

pūrva-dehaḥ pṛthv-avatāraḥ | loka-dṛṣṭāv abhivyakti-rītyā pūrvatvam | tat- kathaivāśrayo yasya tat ||

||4.17|| viduraḥ ||44||

[45]

atha śrī-maitreyasya tad-anantaram eva --

codito vidureṇaivaṃ vāsudeva-kathāṃ prati |
praśasya taṃ prīta-manā maitreyaḥ pratyabhāṣata || [BhP 4.17.8]

tat-praśaṃsayā prīta-manastvena cāsyāpi tathaiva tātparyaṃ labhyate | ataevātra vasudeva-nandanatvenaiva vāsudeva-śabdaḥ prayuktaḥ |

||4.17|| śrī-sutaḥ ||45||

[46]

atha śrī-parīkṣitaḥ --

atho vihāyemam amuṃ ca lokaṃ
vimarśitau heyatayā purastāt |
kṛṣṇāṅghri-sevām adhimanyamāna
upāviśat prāyam amartya-nadyām || [BhP 1.19.5]

ṭīkā ca -śrī-kṛṣṇāṅghri-sevām adhimanyamānaḥ sarva-puruṣārthādhikāṃ jānan ity eṣā |

|| 1.19 || śrī-sutaḥ ||46||

[47]

na vā idaṃ rājarṣi-varya citraṃ
bhavatsu kṛṣṇaṃ samanuvrateṣu |
ye 'dhyāsanaṃ rāja-kirīṭa-juṣṭaṃ
sadyo jahur bhagavat-pārśva-kāmāḥ || [BhP 1.19.20]

bhavatsu pāṇḍor vaśyeṣu ye jahur iti śrī-yudhiṣṭhirādy-abhiprāyeṇa | ataeva tatra sthitānāṃ sarva-śrotṝṇām api śrī-kṛṣṇa eva tātparyam āyāti |

|| 1.19 || śrī-maharṣayaḥ parīkṣitam ||47||

[48]

api me bhagavān prītaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ pāṇḍu-suta-priyaḥ |
paitṛ-ṣvaseya-prīty-arthaṃ tad-gotrasyātta-bāndhavaḥ ||

anyathā te 'vyakta-gater darśanaṃ naḥ kathaṃ nṛṇām |
nitarāṃ mriyamāṇānāṃ saṃsiddhasya vanīyasaḥ || [BhP 1.19.35-36]

teṣāṃ paitṛ-ṣvaseyāṇāṃ pāṇḍu-sutānāṃ gotrasya me āttaṃ svīkṛtaṃ bāndhavaṃ bandhu-kṛtyaṃ yena te tava śrī-kṛṣṇasyaika-rasikasya vanīyasaḥ atyudāratayā māṃ yācethā iti pravartakasyety arthaḥ |

|| 1.19 || rājā śrī-śukam || 48 ||

[49]

sa vai bhāgavato rājā pāṇḍaveyo mahā-rathaḥ |
bāla-krīḍanakaiḥ krīḍan kṛṣṇa-krīḍāṃ ya ādade || [BhP 2.3.15]

yā yā śrī-kṛṣṇasya vṛndāvanādau bāla-krīḍā śrutāsti tat-premāveśena tat- sakhyādi-bhāvavān tāṃ tām eva krīḍāṃ yaḥ kṛtavān ity arthaḥ ||

|| 2.3 || śrī-śaunakaḥ || 49 ||

[50]

evaṃ jātīyāni bahūny eva vacanāni virājante - tathā kathito vaṃśa-vistāraḥ [BhP 10.1.1] ity ārabhya, naiṣāti-duḥsahā kṣun mām [BhP 10.1.13] ity antaṃ daśama-skandha-prakaraṇam (page 21) apy anusandheyam |

kiṃ ca itthaṃ dvijā yādava-devadattaḥ [BhP 10.12.40] ity ādi | yena śravaṇena nitarāṃ gṛhītaṃ vaśīkṛtaṃ ceto yasya saḥ |

|| 10.12 || śrī-sutaḥ || 50 ||

[51]

tathā, yena yenāvatāreṇa ity ādi yat śṛṇvato'paity aratiḥ [BhP 10.7.1-2] ity ādi ca | ṭīkā ca -

kṛṣṇārbhaka-sudhā-sindhu-samplavānanda-nirbharaḥ |
bhūyas tad eva sampraṣṭuṃ rājānyad abhinandati ||

yena yena matsyādyavatāreṇāpi yāni karmāṇi karoti tāni naḥ karṇa- sukhāvahāni manaḥ prīti-karāṇi ca bhavanty eva | tathāpi yac chṛṇvataḥ puṃsaḥ puṃ-mātrasyāratir mano-glānis tan-mūla-bhūtā vividhā tṛṣṇā cāpagacchati, tathā sattva-śuddhi-hari-bhakti-hari-dāsya-sakhyāni ca bhavanty acireṇaiva tad evaṃ hāraṃ hareś caritaṃ manoharaṃ vā vada anugrahaṃ yadi karoṣi ity eṣā |

|| 10.7 || rājā || 51 ||

[52]

atha śrī-śukadevasya api me bhagavān prītaḥ kṛṣṇaḥ pāṇḍu-suta-priyaḥ [BhP 1.19.35] ity ādinā śrī-kṛṣṇa eva sva-ratiṃ vyajya mriyamāṇānāṃ śrotavyādi- praśnenaivānta-kāle śrī-kṛṣṇa eva mayy upadiśyatām iti rājābhiprāyānantaraṃ -

varīyān eṣa te praśnaḥ kṛto loka-hitaṃ nṛpa |
ātmavit sammataḥ puṃsāṃ śrotavyādiṣu yaḥ paraḥ || [BhP 2.1.1]

te tvayā puṃsāṃ śrotavyādiṣu madhye yaḥ paraḥ śrī-kṛṣṇa- śravaṇābhiprāyeṇa paramaḥ praśnaḥ kṛta eṣa varīyān sarvāvatārāvatāri- praśnebhyaḥ parama-mahān | loka-hitaṃ yathā syāt tathaiva kṛtaḥ | tvaṃ tu tathābhūta-śrī-kṛṣṇaika-nibaddha-prematvāt kṛtārtah eveti bhāvaḥ | tad uktam -

vaiyāsaker iti vacas-tattva-niścayam ātmanaḥ |
upadhārya matiṃ kṛṣṇe auttareyaḥ satīṃ vyadhāt || [BhP 2.4.1]

satī vidyamānā kṛṣṇe yā matis tām eva viśeṣeṇa dhṛtavān ity arthaḥ | etad eva vyaktīkariṣyate rājñā -

harer adbhuta-vīryasya kathā loka-sumaṅgalā |
kathayasva mahābhāga yathāham akhilātmani |
kṛṣṇe niveśya niḥsaṅgaṃ manas tyakṣye kalevaram || iti [BhP 2.8.2]

|| 2.1 || śrī-śukaḥ || 52 ||

[53]

evam eva kathito vaṃśa-vistāram [BhP 10.1.1] ity ādy-anantaraṃ samyag- vyavasitā buddhiḥ [BhP 10.1.15] ity ādi |

pūrvaṃ mayā nānāvatārādi-kathābhir abhinanditasyāpi yat śrī-vasudeva-
nandanasyaiva kathāyāṃ naiṣṭhikī sthāyi-rūpā ratir jātā eṣā buddhis tu
samyag-vyavasitā parama-vidagdhety arthaḥ ||

|| 10.1 || śrī-śukaḥ || 53 ||

[54]

tathā, itthaṃ dvijā yādava-deva-dattaḥ śrutvā sva-rātuś caritaṃ vicitram [BhP 10.12.40] ity anantaraṃ -

itthaṃ sma pṛṣṭaḥ sa tu bādarāyaṇis
tat-smāritānanta-hṛtākhilendriyaḥ |
kṛcchrāt punar lab dha-bahir-dṛśiḥ śanaiḥ
pratyāha taṃ bhāgavatottamottama || [BhP 10.12.44]

anantaḥ prakaṭita-pūrṇaiśvaryaḥ śrī-kṛṣṇaḥ | sarvadā tena smaryamāṇe'pi tasmin pratikṣaṇaṃ navyatvena tat-smāritety uktam ||

|| 10.12 || śrī-sutaḥ || 54 ||

[55]

ataeva sa vai bhāgavato rājā [BhP 2.3.15] ityādy-anantaraṃ rājñā samāna- vāsanātvenaiva tam āha -

vaiyāsakiś ca bhagavān vāsudeva-parāyaṇaḥ |
urugāya-guṇodārāḥ satāṃ syur hi samāgame || [BhP 2.3.16] (page 22)

ca-śabdaḥ prāg-varṇitena samāna-vāsanatvaṃ bodhayati | tasmāt śrī- vasudeva-nandanatvenaivātrāpi vāsudeva-śabdo vyākhyeyaḥ | anyeṣām api satāṃ samāgame tāvad urugāyasya guṇodārāḥ kathā bhavanti | tayos tu śrī- kṛṣṇa-carita-pradhānā eva tā bhaveyur iti bhāvaḥ ||

|| 2.3 || śrī-śukaḥ || 55 ||

[56]

kiṃ bahunā, śrī-śukadevasya śrī-kṛṣṇa eva tāt-parye tad-eka-caritamayau granthārdhāyamānau daśamaikādaśa-skandhāv eva pramāṇam | skandhāntareṣv anyeṣām caritaṃ saṃkṣepeṇaiva samāpya tābhyāṃ tac- caritasyaiva vistāritatvāt | ata ārabhya eva tat-prasādaṃ prārthayate śriyaḥ patiḥ ity ādau --

patir gatiś cāndhaka-vṛṣṇi-sātvatāṃ prasīdatāṃ me bhagavān satāṃ gatiḥ || [BhP 2.4.20] ||

spasṭam || 2.4 || śrī-śukaḥ || 56 ||

[57]

atha śrī-vyāsa-devasya -
anarthopaśamaṃ sākṣād bhakti-yogam adhokṣaje |
lokasyājānato vidvāṃś cakre sātvata-saṃhitām ||

yasyāṃ vai śrūyamāṇāyāṃ kṛṣṇe parama-pūruṣe |
bhaktir utpadyate puṃsaḥ śoka-moha-bhayāpahā || [BhP 1.7.6-7]

adhokṣaje śrī-kṛṣṇe |

adho'nena śayānena śakaṭāntara-cāriṇā |
rākṣasī nihatā raudrā śakunī-veśa-dhāriṇī ||

pūtanā nāma ghorā sā mahā-kāyā mahā-balā |
viṣa-digdha-stanaṃ kṣudrā prayacchantī janārdane ||

dadṛśur nihatāṃ tatra rākṣasīṃ vana-gocarāḥ |
punar jāto'yam ity āhur uktas tasmād adhokṣajaḥ || [HV 2.101.30-32]

iti harivaṃśe śrī-vāsudeva-māhātmye tan-nāmnaḥ śrī-kṛṣṇa-viṣayatāyā prasiddheḥ | ataevottaratra-padye sākṣāt kṛṣṇa ity evoktam | śrī-bhagavan- nāma-kaumudī-kārāś ca kṛṣṇa-śabdasya tamāla-śyāmala-tviṣi yaśodā- stanandhaye para-brahmaṇi rūḍhiḥ iti prayoga-prācuryāt tatraiva prathamataḥ pratīter udaya iti coktavantaḥ | sāmopaniṣadi ca kṛṣṇāya devakī-nandanāya iti | atra grantha-phalatvaṃ tasyaiva vyaktam iti caikenaivānena vacanena tat- paripūrṇatā sidhyati ||

|| 1.7 || śrī-sūtaḥ || 57 ||

[58]

atha śrī-nāradasya -

tatrānvahaṃ kṛṣṇa-kathāḥ pragāyatām
anugraheṇāśṛṇavaṃ manoharāḥ |
tāḥ śraddhayā me 'nupadaṃ viśṛṇvataḥ
priyaśravasy aṅga mamābhavad ruciḥ || [BhP 1.5.26]

yena yenāvatāreṇa [BhP 10.7.1] ity etac-chrī-parīkṣid-vacana-padya-dvayam apy atra śrī-yaśodā-stanandhayatve sādhakaṃ śruti-sāmānya-nyāyena ||

|| 1.5 || śrī-nāradaḥ śrī-veda-vyāsam || 58 ||

[59]

tac-chabdasyaivābhyāso dṛśyate - evaṃ kṛṣṇa-mateḥ [BhP 1.6.28] ity ādau | anyatra ca --

yūyaṃ nṛ-loke bata bhūri-bhāgā
lokaṃ punānā munayo 'bhiyanti |
yeṣāṃ gṛhān āvasatīti sākṣād
gūḍhaṃ paraṃ brahma manuṣya-liṅgam ||

sa vā ayaṃ brahma mahad-vimṛgya-
kaivalya-nirvāṇa-sukhānubhūtiḥ |
priyaḥ suhṛd vaḥ khalu mātuleya
ātmārhaṇīyo vidhi-kṛd guruś ca ||

na yasya sākṣād bhava-padmajādibhī
rūpaṃ dhiyā vastutayopavarṇitam |
maunena bhaktyopaśamena pūjitaḥ
prasīdatām eṣa sa sātvatāṃ patiḥ || [BhP 7.10.48-50]

(page 23) ṭīkā ca - aho prahlādasya bhāgyaṃ yena devo dṛṣṭaḥ | vayaṃ tu manda- bhāgyā iti viṣīdantaṃ rājānaṃ praty āha yūyam iti tribhir ity eṣā | manuṣyasya dṛśyamāna-manuṣyasyeva liṅgaṃ kara-caraṇādi-sanniveśo yasya taṃ rūpaṃ śrī-vigrahaḥ | vastutayā nopavarṇitaṃ tad-rūpasyaiva para- brahmatvena kim idaṃ vastv iti nirdeṣṭum aśakyatvāt | yathoktaṃ sahasra- nāma-stotre anirdeśya-vapur iti | eṣām eva padyānāṃ saptamānte'pi paramāmodakatvāt punar āvṛttir dṛśyate ||

|| 7.10 || sa śrī-yudhiṣṭhiram || 59 ||

[60]

atra ca spaṣṭam -

deva-dattām imāṃ vīṇāṃ svara-brahma-vibhūṣitām |
mūrcchayitvā hari-kathāṃ gāyamānaś carāmy aham ||

pragāyataḥ sva-vīryāṇi tīrtha-pādaḥ priya-śravāḥ |
āhūta iva me śīghraṃ darśanaṃ yāti cetasi || [BhP 1.6.33-34]

devaḥ śrī-kṛṣṇa eva | liṅga-purāṇe upari-bhāge tenaiva svayaṃ tasya vīṇā- grahaṇaṃ hi prasiddham | atra yad-rūpeṇa vīṇā grāhitā tad-rūpeṇaiva cetasi darśanaṃ svārasya-labdham | deva-dattām iti kṛtopakāratāyāḥ smaryamāṇatvena tam anusandhāyaiva tad-ukteḥ |

|| 1.6 || śrī-nāradaḥ śrī-veda-vyāsam || 60 ||

[61]

ata etad evam eva vyākhyeyam |

tvam ātmanātmānam avehy amogha-dṛk
parasya puṃsaḥ paramātmanaḥ kalām |
ajaṃ prajātaṃ jagataḥ śivāya tan
mahānubhāvābhyudayo 'dhigaṇyatām || [BhP 1.5.21]

he amogha-dṛk tvam ātmanā svayam ātmānaṃ svaṃ parasya puṃsaḥ kalām aṃśa-bhūtam avehi anusandhehi | punaś ca jagataḥ śivāyādhunaiva śrī- kṛṣṇa-rūpeṇa yaś cājo'pi prajātas tam avehi | tad etad dvayaṃ jñātvā mahānubhāvasya sarvāvatārāvatāri-vṛndebhyo'pi darśita-prabhāvasya tasya śrī-kṛṣṇasyaivābhyudayo līlā adhi adhikaṃ gaṇyatāṃ nirūpyatām | svayam īśvaro'pi bhavān nijājñāna-rūpāṃ māyāṃ na prakaṭayatv iti bhāvaḥ ||

|| 1.5 || sa tam ||61 ||

[62]

ataeva purāṇa-prādurbhāvāya śrī-vyāsaṃ śrī-nāradena caturvyūhātmaka- śrī-kṛṣṇa-mantra evopadiṣṭas tad-upāyakasya sarvottamatvaṃ ca | yathā - namo bhagavate tubhyam [BhP 1.5.37] ity ādi sa samyag-darśanaḥ pumān [BhP 1.5.38] ity antam | spaṣṭam |

|| 1.5 || sa tam || 62 ||

atha śrī-brahmaṇaḥ -

bhūmeḥ suretara-varūtha-vimarditāyāḥ
kleśa-vyayāya kalayā sita-kṛṣṇa-keśaḥ |
jātaḥ kariṣyati janānupalakṣya-mārgaḥ
karmāṇi cātma-mahimopanibandhanāni || [BhP 2.7.26]

asura-senā-nipīḍitāyāḥ bhūmeḥ kleśam apahartuṃ paramātmano'pi paratvāj janair asmābhir anupalakṣya-mārgo'pi prādurbhūtaḥ san karmāṇi ca kariṣyati | ko'sau kalayā aṃśena sita-kṛṣṇa-keśo yaḥ | yatra sita-kṛṣṇa-keśau devair dṛṣṭāv iti śāstrāntara-prasiddhiḥ | so'pi yasyāṃśena sa eva bhagavān svayam ity arthaḥ | tad-avinābhāvitvāc chrī-baladevasyāpi grahaṇaṃ dyotitam |

nanu puruṣād api paro'sau bhagavān kathaṃ bhū-bhārāvatāraṇa-mātrārthaṃ (page 24) svayam avatāriṣyatīty āśaṅkyāha - ātmano mahimānaḥ parama- mādhurī-sampada upanibadhyante nija-bhaktair adhikaṃ varṇyante yeṣu tāni karmāṇi ca kariṣyati | yadyapi nijāṃśenaiva vā nijecchābhāsenaiva vā bhū- bhāra-haraṇam īṣat-karaṃ tathāpi nija-caraṇāravinda-jīvātu-vṛndam ānandayann eva līlā-kādambinīr nija-mādhurī-varṣaṇāya vitariṣamāṇo'vatariṣyatīty arthaḥ | etad eva vyaktīkṛtaṃ tokena jīva-haraṇam [BhP 2.7.27] ity ādau | itarathā sva-mādhurī-sampat-prakāśanecchām antareṇa madhurataraṃ tokādi-bhāvaṃ dadhatā tena pūtanādīnāṃ jīvana- haraṇādikaṃ karma na bhāvyaṃ na sambhāvanīyam |

tathā ca tathāyaṃ cāvatāras te [BhP 1.7.25] ity ādau tair eva vyākhyātam | kiṃ bhū-bhāra-haraṇaṃ mad-icchā-mātreṇa na bhavati tatrāha svānām itīti | jayati jananivāsa [BhP 10.90.48] ity atra ca icchā-mātreṇa nirasana-samartho'pi krīḍārthaṃ dorbhir adharmam asyann iti tad evam ādibhiḥ śrī-kṛṣṇasyaiva sarvādbhutatā-varṇanābhiniveśa-prapañco brahmaṇi spaṣṭa eva | astu tāvat tad bhūri bhāgyam iha janma kim apy aṭavyām [BhP 10.14.34] ity ādi ||

|| 2.7 || brahmā śrī-nāradam || 63 ||

[64]

evaṃ catuḥ-ślokī-vaktuḥ śrī-bhagavato'pi

[Vṛ. inserts] śrī-kṛṣṇatvam eva | tathā hi -

dadarśa tatrākhila-sātvatāṃ patiṃ śriyaḥ patiṃ yajña-patiṃ jagat-patim | sunanda-nanda-prabalārhaṇādibhiḥ sva-pārṣadāgraiḥ parisevitaṃ vibhum || [BhP 2.9.14] iti |

vyākhyā ca - akhila-sātvatāṃ sarveṣāṃ sātvatānāṃ yādava-vīrāṇāṃ patim |

śriyaḥ patir yajña-patiḥ prajā-patir
dhiyāṃ patir loka-patir dharā-patiḥ |
patir gatiś cāndhaka-vṛṣṇi-sātvatāṃ
prasīdatāṃ me bhagavān satāṃ patiḥ || [BhP 2.4.20]

ity etad-vākya-saṃvādi-tattvāt |

purā mayā proktam ajāya nābhye
padme niṣaṇṇāya mamādi-sarge |
jñānaṃ paraṃ man-mahimāvabhāsaṃ
yat sūrayo bhāgavataṃ vadanti || [BhP 3.4.13]

iti tṛtīye uddhavaṃ prati śrī-kṛṣṇa-vākyānusāreṇa ca -

yo brahmāṇaṃ vidadhāti pūrvaṃ
yo vidyāstasmai gopāyati sma kṛṣṇaḥ |
taṃ ha daivamātmabuddhiprakāśaṃ
mumukṣurvai śaraṇamanuvrajeta || [GTU 1.22]

iti śrī-gopāla-tāpany-anusāreṇa ca tasyaivopadeṣṭṛtva-śruteḥ - tad u hovāca brāhmaṇo'sāv anavarataṃ me dhyātaḥ stutaḥ parārdhānte so'budhyata | gopa- veśo me puruṣaḥ purastād āvirbabhūva || [GTU 1.25] iti śrī-gopāla-tāpany- anusāreṇa kvacit kalpe śrī-gopāla-rūpeṇa sṛṣṭy-ādāv ittham eva brahmaṇe darśita-nija-rūpatvād dhāmnā mahā-vaikuṇṭhatvena sādhayiṣyamāṇatvāc ca | tathā ca brahma-saṃhitāyām --

sisṛkṣāyāṃ matiṃ cakre pūrva-saṃskāra-saṃskṛtaḥ |
dadarśa kevalaṃ dhvāntaṃ nānyat kim api sarvataḥ ||

uvāca puratas tasmai tasya divya sarasvatī |
kāmaḥ kṛṣṇāya govinda he gopī-jana ity api |
vallabhāya priyā vahner mantram te dāsyati priyam ||

tapas tvaṃ tapa etena tava siddhir bhaviṣyati | atha tepe sa suciraṃ prīṇan govindam avyayam || [BrahmaS 5.22-25] ity ādi | sunanda prabalārhaṇādhibhiḥ [BhP 2.9.14] ity atra tu dvārakāyāṃ prākaṭyāvasare śruta-sunanda-nandādi-sāhacaryeṇa prabalādayo'pi jñeyāḥ | yathoktaṃ prathame sunadananda-śīrṣaṇyā ye cānye sātvatarṣabhāḥ [BhP 1.14.32] iti | [end Vṛ. addition]

[A reads instead of above] śrī-kṛṣṇatvenaiva darśitatvāt tasya ca aham evāsam evāgre [BhP 2.9.32] ity uktes tasminn eva tātparyaṃ spaṣṭam [end A] |

(page 25) kiṃ bahunā, nānāvatārāvatāriṣv api satsu mahā-purāṇa-prārambha eva śrī- śaunakādīnāṃ śrī-kṛṣṇe tātparyam | atra pūrve sāmānyato'smābhir ekānta- śreyastvena sarva-śāstra-sāratvena ātmasu prasāda-hetutvena ca yat pṛṣṭaṃ tad etad evāsmākaṃ bhāti yat śrī-kṛṣṇasya līlā-varṇanam ity abhipretyāhuḥ |

sūta jānāsi bhadraṃ te bhagavān sātvatāṃ patiḥ |
devakyāṃ vasudevasya jāto yasya cikīrṣayā || [BhP 1.1.12]

bhadraṃ ta iti śrī-kṛṣṇa-līlā-praśna-sahodarautsukyenāśīrvādaḥ | bhagavān svayam evāvatārī | sātvatāṃ yādavānām |

[Vṛ. adds: sampūrṇaiśvarādi-yuktaḥ | sātvatāṃ sātvatānāṃ patiḥ | nuḍ-abhāve ārṣaḥ | yādavānām ity arthaḥ | jāto jagad-dṛśyo babhūva | [end Vṛ.]

[65]

tan naḥ śuṣrūṣamāṇānām arhasy aṅgānuvarṇitum |
yasyāvatāro bhūtānāṃ kṣemāya ca bhavāya ca || [BhP 1.1.13]

aṅge he sūta sāmānyatas tāvad yasyāvatāra-mātraṃ kṣemāya pālanāya bhavāya samṛddhaye ca | tat-prabhāvam anuvarṇayantas tad-yaśaḥ- śravaṇautsukyam āviṣkurvanti |

[66]

āpannaḥ saṃsṛtiṃ ghorāṃ yan-nāma vivaśo gṛṇan |
tataḥ sadyo vimucyeta yad bibheti svayaṃ bhayam || [BhP 1.1.14]

vivaśo'pi yasya śrī-kṛṣṇasya nāma tasyāvatāritvād avatāra-nāmnām api tatraiva paryavasānāt | ataeva sākṣāt śrī-kṛṣṇād api tat-tan-nāma-pravṛtti- prakārāntareṇa śrūyate śrī-viṣṇu-purāṇe | tatra tv akhilānām eva bhagavan- nāmnāṃ kāraṇāny abhavann iti his tadīyaṃ gadyam | tataḥ saṃsṛteḥ | yad yato bhayam api svayaṃ bibheti | [67]

kiṃ ca --

yat-pāda-saṃśrayāḥ sūta munayaḥ praśamāyanāḥ sadyaḥ punanty upaspṛṣṭāḥ svardhuny-āpo 'nusevayā || [BhP 1.1.15]

yasya śrī-kṛṣṇasya pādau saṃśrayau yeṣām | ataeva praśamāyanāḥ śamo bhagavan-niṣṭha-buddhitā | śamo man-niṣṭhatā buddher iti [BhP 11.19.36] svayaṃ śrī-bhagavad-vākyāt sa eva prakṛṣṭaḥ śamaḥ praśamaḥ | sākṣāt- pūrṇa-bhagavat-śrī-kṛṣṇa-sambandhitvāt | praśama evāyanaṃ vartma āśrayo vā yeṣāṃ te śrī-kṛṣṇa-līlā-rasākṛṣṭa-cittā munayaḥ śrī-śukadevādayaḥ | upaspṛṣṭāḥ sannidhi-mātreṇa sevitāḥ sadyaḥ punanti sa-vāsana-pāpebhyaḥ śodhayanti | svardhunī gaṅgā tasyā āpas tu - yo'sau nirañjano devaś cit- svarūpā api sākṣāc chrī-vāmana-deva-caraṇān niḥsṛtā api, anusevayā sākṣāt sevābhyāsenaiva tathā śodhayanti na sannidhi-mātreṇa sevayā | sākṣāt sevayāpi na sadya iti tasyā api śrī-kṛṣṇāśritānām utkarṣāt tasyotkarṣaḥ | evam eva tatas tad-yaśaso'py ādhikyaṃ varṇyate | tīrthaṃ cakre nṛponaṃ yad ajani yaduṣu svaḥ-sarit-pāda-śaucam iti [BhP 10.90.47] |

(page 26) ṭīkā ca - itaḥ pūrvaṃ svaḥ-sarid eva sarvato'dhikaṃ tīrtham ity āsīd idānīṃ yaduṣu yad ajani jātaṃ tīrthaṃ śrī-kṛṣṇa-kīrti-rūpaṃ etat svaḥ-sarid-rūpaṃ pāda-śaucaṃ tīrtham ūnam alpaṃ cakre ity eṣā |

[68]

etasya daśama-skandha-padyasyaiva saṃvāditāṃ vyanakti |

ko vā bhagavatas tasya puṇya-ślokeḍya-karmaṇaḥ |
śuddhi-kāmo na śṛṇuyād yaśaḥ kali-malāpaham || [BhP 1.1.16]

spaṣṭam ||

[69]

yasmād eva tasmāt |

tasya karmāṇy udārāṇi parigītāni sūribhiḥ |
brūhi naḥ śraddadhānānāṃ līlayā dadhataḥ kalāḥ || [BhP 1.1.17]

udārāṇi paramānanda-dātṝṇi janmādīni svayaṃ paripūrṇasya līlayā anyā api kalāḥ puruṣādi-lakṣaṇā dadhatas tat-tad-aṃśān apy ādāya tasyāvatīrṇasya sata ity arthaḥ |

[70]

athākhyāhi harer dhīmann avatāra-kathāḥ śubhāḥ |
īlā vidadhataḥ svairam īśvarasyātma-māyayā || [BhP 1.1.18]

śrī kṛṣṇasya tāvan-mukhyatvena kathaya atha tad-anantaram ānuṣaṅgikatayaivety arthaḥ | hareḥ śrī-kṛṣṇasya prakaraṇa-balāt | avatārāḥ puruṣasya guṇāvatārā līlāvatārāś ca | teṣāṃ kathā līlāḥ sṛṣṭy-ādi-karma- rūpā bhū-bhāra-haraṇādi-rūpāś ca | [71]

autsukyena punar api tac-caritāny eva śrotum icchantas tatrātmanas tṛpty- abhāvam āvedayanti |

vayaṃ tu na vitṛpyāma uttama-śloka-vikrame |
yac-chṛṇvatāṃ rasa-jñānāṃ svādu svādu pade pade || [BhP 1.1.19]

yoga-yāgādiṣu tṛptāḥ smaḥ | bhagavad-vikrama-mātre tu na tṛpyāma eva tatrāpi tīrthaṃ cakre nṛponam ity ādy-ukta-lakṣaṇasya sarvato'py uttamaślokasya vikrame viśeṣeṇa na tṛpyāmaḥ | alam iti na manyāmahe | tatra hetuḥ | yad vikramaṃ śṛṇvatām | yad vā anye tṛpyantu nāma vayaṃ tu neti tu-śabdasyānvayaḥ |

[72]

kṛtavān kila karmāṇi saha rāmeṇa keśavaḥ |
atimartyāni bhagavān gūḍhaḥ kapaṭa-mānuṣaḥ || [BhP 1.1.20]

ṭīkā ca - ataḥ śrī-kṛṣṇa-caritāni kathayety āśayenāhuḥ kṛtavān iti | atimartyāni martyān atikrāntāni govardhanoddharaṇādīni | manuṣyeṣv asambhāvitānīty arthaḥ ity eṣā | nanu kathaṃ mānuṣaḥ sann atimartyāni kṛtavān ? tatrāha kapaṭa-mānuṣaḥ | pārthiva-deha-viśeṣa eva mānuṣa-śabdaḥ pratītaḥ tasmāt kapaṭenaivāsau tathā bhātīty arthaḥ | vastutas tu narākṛter eva para-brahmatvenāsaty api prasiddha-mānuṣatve narākṛti-nara-līlātvena labdham aprasiddha- mānuṣatvam asty eva | (page 27) tat punar aiśvaryāvyāghātakatvān na pratyākhyāyata iti bhāvaḥ | ataeva syamantakāharaṇe puruṣaṃ prākṛtaṃ matvā [BhP 10.53.22] ity anena jāmbavato'nyathā-jñāna-vyañjakena tasya prākṛtatvaṃ niṣidhya puruṣatvaṃ sthāpyate | evaṃ māyā-manuṣyasya vadasva vidvann [BhP 10.1.7] ity ādiṣv api jñeyam | yasmāt kapaṭa-mānuṣas tasmād eva gūḍhaḥ svatas tu tad- rūpatayaiva bhagavān iti ||

|| 1.1 || śrī-śaunakaḥ || 64-72 ||

[73]

atha śrī-sūtasyāpi iti sampraśna-saṃhṛṣṭaḥ [BhP 1.2.1] ity ādy-anantaraṃ nārāyaṇaṃ namaskṛtya [BhP 1.2.2] ity-ādy-ante purāṇam upakramyaivāha --

munayaḥ sādhu pṛṣṭo 'haṃ bhavadbhir loka-maṅgalam |
yat kṛtaḥ kṛṣṇa-sampraśno yenātmā suprasīdati || [BhP 1.2.5]

ṭīkā ca - teṣāṃ vacaḥ pratipūjyeti yad uktaṃ tat pratipūjanaṃ karoti | he munayaḥ sādhu yathā bhavati tathāhaṃ pṛṣṭaḥ | yato lokānāṃ maṅgalam etat | yataḥ kṛṣṇa-viṣayaḥ saṃpraśnaḥ kṛtaḥ | sarva-śāstrārtha-sāroddhāra- praśnasyāpi kṛṣṇe paryavasānād evam uktam | ity eṣā |

ity evottareṣv api padyeṣu adhokṣaja-vāsudeva-sātvatāṃ-pati-kṛṣṇa-śabdās tat-prādhānya-vivakṣayaiva paṭhitā | atra śreyaḥ-praśnasyāpy uttaraṃ loka- maṅgalam ity anenaiva dattaṃ bhavati | tathātma-suprasāda-hetoś ca yenātmā suprasīdati ity anena |

|| 1.2 || śrī-sūtaḥ || 73 ||

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tad evaṃ śrotṛ-vaktṝṇām aikamatyena ca tātparyaṃ siddham |

[Vṛ. adds here: atha śruti-liṅgādibhiḥ ṣaḍbhir api pramāṇaiḥ sa eva pramīyate | tatra nirapekṣa-ravā śrutir darśitaiva kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam ity atra | atha śruti-sāmarthya-rūpaṃ liṅgaṃ ca |

tāvat sarve vatsa-pālāḥ paśyato'jasya tat-kṣaṇāt |
vyadṛśyanta ghana-śyāmāḥ pīta-kauśeya-vāsasaḥ || [BhP 10.13.46] ity ādau

jñeyam |

kintv anyatra barhir deva-sadanaṃ dāmi ity asya mantra-rūpasya liṅgasya balāt śrutiḥ kalpyate | atra tu kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam iti sākṣād eva tad- rūpo'stīti viśeṣo'py asti | athākāṅkṣā-yogyatāsatti-mad-aneka-pada- viśiṣṭaikārthya-pratipādaka-śabda-rūpaṃ vākyaṃ ca yasyāṃ vai śrūyamānāyāṃ [BhP 1.7.7] iti aśvābhidhānīm ādatte iti brāhmaṇa-vākyād aśva-rasanā-dāne viniyogaḥ pratīyate | tathātrāpi bhakti-yogena manasi samyak praṇihite'male | apaśyat puruṣaṃ pūrṇaṃ [BhP 1.7.6] ity atra pūrṇa- puruṣatvenoktasya kṛṣṇatvam | yasyāṃ vai śrūyamānāyāṃ kṛṣṇe parama- pūruṣe [BhP 1.7.7] iti vākyād vyajyate iti | tathārabhyādhīta-rūpaṃ prakaraṇaṃ cātra sūta jānāsi bhadraṃ te [BhP 1.10.12] ity ādi-rūpam | yathā darśa-pūrṇamāsābhyāṃ yajeta ity atra tṛtīyayā śrutyā darśa-pūrṇamāsayoḥ prakaraṇatvena prāpte karaṇasya ceti kartavyatākāṅkṣāyāṃ agniṣṭomena svarga-kāmo yajeta iti tad ārabhya prakaraṇārthārabdhena svarga-kāma ity anena yojanā | tathā sūta jānāsi bhadra te ity atra śravaṇārambha eva śrī- kṛṣṇasyāvatāre hetuṃ vijñātum icchadbhiḥ śaunakādibhis tatra paramādbhutatāṃ vyajya śrī-kṛṣṇasyaiva sarvatra jñeyatvena yojanā gamyeti tasyaiva svayaṃ bhagavattvaṃ vyaktam | darśitaṃ tac ca sarva-śrotṛ-vaktṝṇāṃ tad aikamatya-prakaraṇeneti |

atha krama-vartināṃ padārthānāṃ krama-vartibhiḥ padārthaiḥ yathā-krama- sambandha-rūpaṃ sthānaṃ cātra sūta jānāsi bhadraṃ te ity ādāv eva jñeyam | yathā darśa-paurṇamāsa-prakaraṇe kānicit karmāṇi upāṃśu-yāga-prabhṛtīni darvir asi ity ādayaḥ kecana mantrāś ca samāmnāyante | tatra yasya krameṇa yo mantraḥ samāsnātas tenaiva tasya ca sambandhas tathā munayaḥ sādhu pṛṣṭo'haṃ bhavadbhir loka-maṅgalam | yat-kṛtaṃ kṛṣṇa-sampraśnaḥ ity atra kṛṣṇa-śabdasya prathama-praśnottara-gatatvena paṭhitasya devakī-jāta- vācakatvam eva labhyate | atha nāmādinā tulyatākhyāna-rūpā samākhyā ca jagṛhe pauruṣaṃ rūpaṃ bhagavān ity asya ete cāṃśa-kalāḥ puṃsaḥ kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam ity atra paryavasānam ity evaṃ jñeyam | yathādhvara- saṃjñānāṃ mantrāṇām agnir yajñaṃ nayatu prajānan ity ādīnāṃ ādhvarya- saṃjñake karmaṇi niyoga iti | [end Vṛ. addition.]

kiṃ ca etasyām aṣṭādaśa-sāhasryāṃ saṃhitāyāṃ śrī-kṛṣṇasyaivābhyāsa- bāhulyaṃ dṛśyate | tatra prathama-daśamaikādaśeṣv ativistareṇaiva | dvitīye śrī-brahma-(page 28)-nārada-saṃvāde | tṛtīye śrī-viduroddhava-saṃvāde | caturthe tāv imau vai bhagavato harer aṃśāv ihāgatāv [BhP 4.1.57] ity ādau, yac cānyad api kṛṣṇasya [BhP 4.17.6] ity ādau ca | pañcame rājan patir gurur alam [BhP 5.6.18] ity ādau | ṣaṣṭhe māṃ keśavo gadayā prātar avyād govinda āsaṅgavam ātta-veṇuḥ [BhP 6.8.20] ity atra | saptame nārada-yudhiṣṭhira- saṃvāde | aṣṭame tan-mahima-viśeṣa-bījāropa-rūpe kālanemi-vadhe tādṛśa- śrīmad-ajita-dvārāpi tasya muktir nābhavat kintu punaḥ kaṃsatve tad- dvāraiveti tat-tan-mahima-viśeṣa-kathana-prathamāṅgatvāt | navame sarvānte | dvādaśe ca śrī-kṛṣṇa-kṛṣṇa-sakha-vṛṣṇy-ṛṣabhāvani-dhrug- rājanya-vaṃśa-dahanānapavargya-vīrya [BhP 12.11.25] ity ādau |

śrī-bhāgavatānukramaṇikāyāṃ ca uttarottaratra sarvato'pi bhūyastvena gīyate | tathā ca yasyābhyāsas tad eva śāstre pradhānam ity ānandamayo'bhyāsād [Vs 4.1.12] ity atrāparair api samarthitatvād ihāpi śrī- kṛṣṇa eva pradhānaṃ bhaved itīti tasyaiva mūla-bhagavattvaṃ sidhyati | yat- pratipādakatvenāsya śāstrasya bhāgavatam ity ākhyā | api ca na kevalaṃ bahutra sūcana-mātram atrābhyāsanam api tv ardhād apy adhiko granthas tat- prastāvako dṛśyate | tatrāpi sarvāścaryatayā | tasmāt sādhūktam ete cāṃsa- kalāḥ puṃsaḥ kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam [BhP 1.3.28] iti |

tad evam asya vacana-rājasya senā-saṅgraho nirūpitaḥ | tathā tasya pratinidhi- rūpāṇi vākyāntarāṇi api dṛśyante | yathā -

aṣṭamas tu tayor āsīt svayam eva hariḥ kila || iti [BhP 9.24.55]

kila-śabdena kṛṣṇas tv iti prasiddhiḥ sūcyate | tato harir atra bhagavān eva | yathoktam - vasudeva-gṛhe sākṣād bhagavān puruṣaḥ paraḥ [BhP 10.1.23] iti ca |

|| 9.24 || śrī-śukaḥ || 74 ||

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yathā vā - aho bhāgyam aho bhāgyam ity ādi || [BhP 10.14.32]