Jaimini: Mīmāṃsāsūtra 1-7 with Śabara's Bhāṣya

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Jaimini: Mimamsasutra,
with Sabara's Bhasya, Adhyayas 1-7 (to be continued)
Based on six editions (details see below)

Input by Andreas Pohlus

REFERENCE SYSTEM:

MS_n,n.n = Jaimini's Mimamsasutra; e.g.: ... // MS_1,1.5 //

{*n/n*} = footnote marker; e.g.: {*1/233*} ["1/" for Adhyaya 1!]
*{n/n: ... }* = the footnote itself; respectively: *{1/233: ... [content] ...}*

**********************************************************************

[NOTES BY ANDREAS POHLUS:]

Mīmāṃsāsūtra (1./2.Jh.?) mit dem Kommentar des Śabara (um 150?):

Ausgaben:

E1: hrsg.v. Mahesachandra Nyayaratna (BI, 45), Calcutta, 1863-1889, 2 Bände (Grundlage für Frauwallner, 1968) (Potter, (2)1983, Nr.137)

E2: hrsg.v. Kāśīnātha Vāsudevaśāstrī Abhyaṅkara, Gaṇeśaśāstrī Jośī u.a. (ĀSS, 79), 6 Bände, Neuausgabe, Poona, 1976-1984 mit MS, Śābarabhāṣya, Kumārilas Tantravārtika und Ṭuptīkā, Vaidyanāthas Prabhā und Murāri II. Miśras Aṅgatvanirukti

E3: hrsg.v. Gajānana Śāstrī Musalgaonkar, Varanasi, Delhi, 1979 mit MS, Śābarabhāṣya, Ślokavārttika des Kumārila und dem Nyāyaratnākara des Pārthasārathi Miśra, Bd.1 (mehr m.W. bisher nicht erschienen, reicht bis MS 1.1.5 bzw. bis zum anumānapariccheda des Kumārila)

E4: hrsg.v. Mahāprabhulāla Gosvāmī (Prācyabhāratī GM, 16, 22, 23, 32), 4 Bände, Varanasi, 1984 ff. mit MS (ab 1.2.1-3.8.44), Śābarabhāṣya, Kumārilas Tantravārtika und den Subkommentaren Nyāyasudhā des Someśvara Bhaṭṭa (um 1250) und Bhāṣyavivaraṇa des Govindāmṛtamuni

E5: hrsg.v. S.K. Ramanatha Sastri (Madras University Series), Madras, 1934ff. mit MS, Śābarabhāṣya, Prabhākara Miśras Bṛhatī und Śālikanātha Miśras Ṛjuvimalāpañcikā, Bd.1 (MUSS 3.1), 1934: MS 1.1.1-32, Bd.1.2 (MUSS 3.2), 1934: Abdruck von Manuskripten von MS 1.1.1-32, Bd.2: (MUSS, 24), 1962: MS 1.2.1-2.4.33, Bd.3 (MUSS, 25), 1964: MS 3.1.1-5.4.26.

E6: hrsg.v. Ratna Gopala Bhatta (KSS, 42) mit dem Śābarabhāṣya, Benares, 1910 (T1: Kap.1-6, T2: Kap.6-12).

E7: Yudhisthira Mimamasaka (n.n.)

Übersetzung:

Śābarabhāṣya translated into English by Ganganatha Jha, 3 Bände (GOS, 66, 1933; 70, 1934; 73, 1936), Reprint, Baroda, 1973-74 (Potter, (2)1983, Nr.182)

Teilübersetzung mit Ausgabe:

Erich Frauwallner, Materialien zur ältesten Erkenntnislehre der Karmamīmāṃsā (ÖAdW, SB, phil.-hist.Kl., 266.2), Wien, 1968, 114 S. (Text und Übersetzung von MS 1.1.1-5 und Śabaras Bhāṣya dazu; mit Frauwallners Einschätzung der ihm bekannten Ausgaben, S.7-9)

Abkürzungen der von Frauwallner genutzten HSS:

TA - HS No.B 2082/D 6756 (Mahārāja Serfoji Sarasvatī Mahāl Library, Tanjore)
TB - HS No.B 2083/D 6757 (Mahārāja Serfoji Sarasvatī Mahāl Library, Tanjore)
TC - HS No.B 9567/D 6766 (Mahārāja Serfoji Sarasvatī Mahāl Library, Tanjore)

A - HS No. 22 H 65/69 119 (Adyar Library, Madras)

Zur Eingabe des Textes:

1) Bei der Eingabe handelt es sich im Grundtext im wesentlichen um eine diplomatische Ausgabe der editio princeps (E1). Es gibt jedoch vier Abweichungen:

a) Der sandhi wurde konsequent durchgeführt. Der inflationäre, aber inkonsequente Gebrauch des Gedankenstriches (mitunter auch des Kommas), um den sandhi zu vermeiden, wurde deshalb beseitigt.

b) Oft, aber nicht konsequent, steht der Gedankenstrich in der editio princeps, um ein Zitat einzu-leiten. Dieses Verfahren wurde beibehalten und auf alle Fällen klar erkennbarer Zitate ausgedehnt.

c) Die daṇḍa-s wurden durch Punkte ersetzt. Die Doppel-daṇḍa-s zur Markierung der sūtra-Zahlen und des Endes eines Kommentares zu einem sūtra sind beibehalten worden.

d) Bei MS/ŚBh 1.1.1.-5. handelt es sich um eine vollständige Wiedergabe der o.g. Teilausgabe von Frauwallner unter Angabe aller Varianten.

2) Es wurden alle 6 Ausgaben verglichen, Abweichungen von E2-6 sind in den Noten verzeichnet.

3) Zitatnachweise sind in den Noten gegeben. Sie beruhen mit Ausnahme der ṚV-Zitate auf den Angaben in der Übersetzung von G.Jhā.
Ein stichprobenartiger Vergleich bezüglich ṚV und Tait.S. zeigte, daß sich Jhā und Garge einerseits und E4 andererseits z.T. widersprechen, wobei der Vergleich mit den Originalen zeigte, daß Jhā (und Garge) verläßlicher sind als E4. Aber nicht immer ist Jhā zuverlässig, seine ṚV-Nachweise wurden zwei Stellen korrigiert. Eine Überprüfung seiner Angaben wurde allerdings nur am ṚV vorgenommen. Ein Abgleich mit D. J. Agrawal, Mīmāṃsā Uddharaṇa Kośa (The citations from Śābara-bhāṣya traced to their original sources, Pune 1985 wäre sinnvoll.

4) Die in eckigen Klammern gegebenen Seitenzahlen beziehen sich auf den jeweiligen Seitenanfang von E1, die Seitenzahlen der anderen Ausgaben sind jeweils in Noten gegeben.

Andreas Pohlus, Halle/Berlin

Revisions:


Text

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Adhyāya 1:

athāto dharmajijñāsā // MS_1,1.1 //

loke yeṣv artheṣu prasiddhāni padāni, tāni, sati sambhave, tadarthāny eva sūtreṣv ity avagantavyam. nādhyāhārādibhir eṣāṃ parikalpanīyo 'rthaḥ, paribhāṣitavyo vā. evaṃ hi{*1/1*} vedavākyāny evaibhir vyākhyāyante. itarathā vedavākyāni vyākhyeyāni svapadārthāś ca vyākhyeyāḥ. tad yatnagauravaṃ{*1/2*} prasajyeta. tatra loke 'yam athaśabdo vṛttād anantarasya prakriyārtho dṛṣṭaḥ. na ceha kiñcid vṛttam upalabhyate. bhavitavyaṃ tu tena, yasmin saty anantaraṃ dharmajijñāsāvakalpate. tathā hi prasiddhapadārthakaḥ sa kalpito bhavati. tat tu vedādhyayanam. tasmin hi sati sāvakalpate. naitad evam. anyasyāpi karmaṇo 'nantaraṃ dharmajijñāsā yuktā, prāg api ca vedādhyayanāt. ucyate - tādṛśīṃ{*1/3*} tu dharmajijñāsām adhikṛtyāthaśabdaṃ prayuktavān ācāryaḥ, yā vedādhyayanam antareṇa na saṃbhavati. katham? vedavākyānām anekavidho vicāra iha vartiṣyate. api ca naiva vayam iha [2]{*1/4*} vedādhyayanāt pūrvaṃ dharmajijñāsāyāḥ pratiṣedhaṃ śiṣmaḥ{*1/5*}. na hy etad ekaṃ vākyaṃ purastāc ca vedādhyayanād dharmajijñāsāṃ pratiṣedhiṣyati{*1/6*}, parastāc cānantaryaṃ prakariṣyati. bhidyeta hi tathā vākyam. anyā hi vacanavyaktir asya purastād vedādhyāyanād dharmajijñāsāṃ pratiṣedhataḥ, anyā ca parastād ānantaryam upadiśataḥ{*1/7*}. vedān adhītya ity{*1/8*} ekasyāṃ vidhīyate 'nūdyānantaryam, viparītam anyasyām. arthaikatvāc caikavākyatāṃ vakṣyati{*1/9*}. kiṃ tv{*1/10*} adhīte vede dvayam āpatati, gurukulāc ca samāvartitavyaṃ vedavākyāni ca vicārayitavyāni. tatra gurukulān mā samāvartiṣṭa; kathaṃ nu vedavākyāni vicārayed ity evamartho 'yam upadeśaḥ. yady evam, na tarhi vedādhyayanaṃ pūrvaṃ dharmajijñāsāyāḥ{*1/11*}. evaṃ hi samāmananti - vedam adhītya snāyād iti{*1/12*}. iha ca vedam adhītya snāsyan dharmaṃ jijñāsamāna imam āmnāyam atikrāmet. na cāmnāyo nāmātikramitavyaḥ. tad ucyate - atikramiṣyāma imam āmnāyam. anatikrāmanto vedam arthavantaṃ santam anarthakaṃ kalpayema{*1/13*}. dṛṣṭo hi tasyārthaḥ karmāvabodhanaṃ nāma. na ca tasyādhyayanamātrāt{*1/14*} tatrabhavanto yājñikāḥ phalaṃ samāmananti. yad api ca samāmanantīva, tatrāpi - dravyasaṃskārakarmasu parārthatvāt phalaśrutir arthavādaḥ syād ity{*1/15*} arthavādatāṃ vakṣyati. na cādhītavedasya snānānantaryam etad vidhīyate. na hy atrānataryasya vaktā kaścic chabdo 'sti. pūrvakālatāyāṃ hi{*1/16*} ktvā smaryate, nānantarye. dṛṣṭārthatā cādhyayanasyānantarye vyāhanyeta. lakṣaṇayā tv eṣo 'rthaḥ syāt. na cedaṃ snānam adṛṣṭārthaṃ vidhīyate. kiṃ tu lakṣaṇayāsnānādiniyamasya paryavasānaṃ vedādhyayanasamakālam āhuḥ vedam adhītya snāyād, gurukulān mā samāvartiṣṭety adṛṣṭārthatāparihārāyaiva. [3]{*1/17*} tasmād vedādhyayanam eva pūrvam abhinirvartyānanataraṃ dharmo jijñāsitavya ity athaśabdasya sāmarthyam. na brūmo 'nyasyāpi karmaṇo 'nantaraṃ dharmajijñāsā na kartavyā iti, kiṃ tu vedam adhītya tvaritena na snātavyam, anantaraṃ dharmo jijñāsitavya ity athaśabdasyārthaḥ. ataḥśabdo vṛttasyāpadeśako hetvarthena{*1/18*}, yathā kṣemasubhikṣo 'yaṃ deśaḥ, ato 'ham asmin deśe prativasāmīti. evam adhīto vedo dharmajijñāsāyāṃ hetur jñātaḥ, anantaraṃ dharmo jijñāsitavyaḥ ity ataḥśabdasya sāmarthyam. dharmāya hi vedavākyāni vicārayitum anadhītavedo na śaknuyāt. ataḥ, etasmāt kāraṇāt, anantaraṃ dharmaṃ jijñāsitum icched ity ataḥśabdasyārthaḥ. dharmāya jijñāsā dharmajijñāsā. sā hi tasya jñātum icchā. sa punaḥ{*1/19*} kathaṃ jijñāsitavyaḥ? ko dharmaḥ, kathaṃlakṣaṇaḥ, kāny asya sādhanāni, kāni sādhanābhāsāni, kiṃparaś ceti. tatra ko dharmaḥ, kathaṃlakṣaṇa ity ekenaiva sūtreṇa vyākhyātaṃ codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharma iti{*1/20*}. kāny asya sādhanāni, kāni sādhanābhāsāni, kiṃparaś ceti śeṣalakṣaṇena{*1/21*} vyākhyātam{*1/22*}. kva puruṣaparatvaṃ kva vā puruṣo guṇabhūta ity etāsāṃ pratijñānāṃ piṇḍasya etat sūtram athāto dharmajijñāseti. dharmaḥ prasiddho vā syād aprasiddho vā. sa cet prasiddhaḥ, na jijñāsyaḥ{*1/23*}. athāprasiddhaḥ, natarām. tad etad{*1/24*} anarthakaṃ dharmajijñāsāprakaraṇam. athavārthavat. dharmaṃ prati hi vipratipannā bahuvidaḥ. kecid anyaṃ dharmam āhuḥ, kecid anyam. so 'yam avicārya pravartamānaḥ kaṃcid evopādadāno vihanyetānarthaṃ carcchet. tasmād dharmo jijñāsitavyaḥ{*1/25*}. sa hi niḥśreyasena puruṣaṃ saṃyunaktīti pratijānīmahe. tad abhidhīyate -

NOTES: *{1/1: TB: evaṃ hi; TA: evaṃ sati; E1,2,3,5,6: evaṃ}* *{1/2: TA, TB: tad yatna-; E1: prayatna-; E2,3,6: iti prayatna-; E5: iti yatna-}* *{1/3: E2,3,5, TA, TB, ŚV: tādṛśīṃ; E1,6: mādṛśāṃ}* *{1/4: E2: 1,4; E3: 23; E5: 1,9; E6: 1,1}* *{1/5: E2,5; hinter śiṣmaḥ folgt bei TA: nāpi parastād ānantaryam, bei E1,3: parastāc ca; nach Kumārila, ŚV 1.84-85 wurde dies von einigen hinzugefügt (kecid adhyāharanti)}* *{1/6: E1,2,3,5,6, TB; TA, E1 (v.l.): pratiṣedhayiṣyati}* *{1/7: E1,5, TA, TB; E2,3,6: pratiṣedhati...upadiśati}* *{1/8: E1,2,3,6, TA; E6, M.pari.: vedaṃ nānadhītya; TB: vedaṃ nādhīta}* *{1/9: MS 2.1.46: arthaiNOTES:akatvād ekaṃ vākyam, sākāṅkṣaṃ ced vibhāge syāt}* *{1/10: E2,3,5, TA, TB, Tātp.; E1,6: kiṃ ca}* *{1/11: E5; E1,2,3,6, TA: pūrvaṃ gamyate, TB: pūrvam}* *{1/12: BGSū. II.6.1 (fraglich, ob wirklich diese Stelle gemeint ist}* *{1/13: E1,2,3,5,6;, TA, TB: avakalpayema}* *{1/14: E1,2,3,6, TA; E5, TB: tatra}* *{1/15: MS 4.3.1}* *{1/16: E5, TB; hi fehlt in E1,2,3,6, TA}* *{1/17: E2: 1,8; E3: 28; E5: 1,14; E6: 1,2}* *{1/18: E5, Tātp.; E1,2,3,6, TA, TB: hetvarthaḥ}* *{1/19: punaḥ fehlt in TA, TB}* *{1/20: MS 1.1.2}* *{1/21: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, Kāś., Ny.rat.; TB, Tātp.: śeṣalakṣaṇe}* *{1/22: MS 3-12}* *{1/23: TA, TB, Kāś.; E1,2,3,5,6, Ny.rat.: jijñāsitavyaḥ}* *{1/24: E1,2,3,5,6, TA; TB: ubhayatrāpi}* *{1/25: TB; E1,2,3,5,6, TA: jijñāsitavya iti}*

codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharmaḥ // MS_1,1.2 //

codaneti kriyāyāḥ pravartakaṃ vacanam āhuḥ. ācārya[4]{*1/26*}coditaḥ karomīti hi dṛśyate. lakṣyate yena, tal lakṣaṇam. dhūmo lakṣaṇam agner iti hi vadanti. tayā yo lakṣyate, so 'rthaḥ puruṣaṃ niḥśreyasena saṃyunaktīti pratijānīmahe. codanā hi bhūtaṃ bhavantaṃ bhaviṣyantaṃ sūkṣmaṃ vyavahitaṃ viprakṛṣṭam ity evaṃjātīyakam arthaṃ śaknoty avagamayitum, nānyat kiṃcanendriyam. nanv atathābhūtam apy arthaṃ brūyāc codanā, yathā yatkiṃcana laukikaṃ vacanaṃ nadyās tīre phalāni santīti. tat tathyam api bhavati, vitatham api bhavatīti.

ucyate - vipratiṣiddham idam abhidhīyate{*1/27*} bravīti ca vitathaṃ ceti. bravītīti ucyate 'vabodhayati, budhyamānasya nimittaṃ bhavatīti. yasmiṃś ca nimittabhūte saty avabudhyate, so 'vabodhayati. yadi ca codanāyāṃ satyām agnihotrāt svargo bhavatīty avagamyate{*1/28*}, katham ucyate na tathā bhavatīti. atha na tathā bhavati{*1/29*}, katham avabudhyate. asantam artham avabudhyata iti vipratiṣiddham. na ca svargakāmo yajetety{*1/30*} ato vacanāt saṃdigdham avagamyate bhavati vā svargo na vā bhavatīti. na ca niścitam avagamyamānam idaṃ mithyā syāt. yo hi janitvā pradhvaṃsate naitad evam iti, sa mithyāpratyayaḥ. na caiṣa kālāntare puruṣāntare 'vasthāntare deśāntare vā viparyeti. tasmād avitathaḥ. tasmād avitathaḥ. yat tu laukikaṃ vacanam, tac cet pratyayitāt puruṣād indriyaviṣayaṃ vā, avitatham eva tat. athāpratyayitāt puruṣād anindriyaviṣayaṃ vā, tat{*1/31*} puruṣabuddhiprabhavam apramāṇam. aśakyaṃ hi tat puruṣeṇa jñātum ṛte vacanāt. aparasmāt pauruṣeyād vacanād avagatam iti cet, tad api tenaiva tulyam. naivaṃjātīyakeṣv artheṣu puruṣavacanaṃ prāmāṇyam upaiti, jātyandhānām iva vacanaṃ rūpaviśeṣeṣu. nanv aviduṣām{*1/32*} upadeśo nāvakalpate. upadiṣṭavantaś ca manvādayaḥ. tasmāt puruṣāḥ{*1/33*} santo viditavantaś{*1/34*} ca. yathā cakṣuṣā rūpam upalabhyata iti darśanād evāvagatam. ucyate - upadeśo{*1/35*} hi vyāmohād api bhavati. asati vyāmohe vedād api bhavati. api ca pauruṣeyād vacanād evam ayaṃ puruṣaḥ vedeti bhavati pratyayaḥ, na evam ayam artha iti. viplavate khalv api kaścit puruṣakṛtād vacanāt pratyayaḥ. na tu vedavacanasya mithyātve kiṃcana pramāṇam asti. nanu sāmānyato dṛṣṭaṃ bhaviṣyati{*1/36*}. pauruṣeyaṃ vacanaṃ vitatham upalabhya vacanasāmānyād{*1/37*} vedavacanaṃ mithyety anumīyate{*1/38*}. na, anyatvāt. na hy anyasya vitathabhāve{*1/39*} 'nyasya vaitathyaṃ bhavitum arhati{*1/40*}, anyatvād eva. na hi devadattasya śyāmatve yajñadattasyāpi śyāmatvaṃ bhavitum arhati. api ca puruṣavacanasādharmyād vedavacanaṃ vitatham{*1/41*} ity anumānam{*1/42*}. pratyakṣas tu vedavacane{*1/43*} pratyayaḥ. na cānumānaṃ pratyakṣavirodhi{*1/44*} pramāṇaṃ bhavati{*1/45*}. tasmāc codanālakṣaṇo 'rthaḥ{*1/46*} śreyaskaraḥ. evaṃ tarhi śreyaskaro jijñāsitavyaḥ. kiṃ dharmajijñāsayā? ucyate - ya eva śreyaskaraḥ, sa eva dharmaśabdenocyate. katham avagamyate{*1/47*}? yo hi yāgam anutiṣṭhati, taṃ dhārmika iti samācakṣate. yaś ca yasya kartā, sa tena vyapadiśyate{*1/48*}, yathā pācako lāvaka iti. tena yaḥ puruṣaṃ niḥśreyasena saṃyunakti, sa eva{*1/49*} dharmaśabdenocyate. na kevalaṃ loke, vede 'pi - yajñena yajñam ayajanta devāḥ/ tāni dharmāṇi prathamāny āsan//

ity{*1/50*} yajatiśabdavācyam{*1/51*} eva dharmaṃ{*1/52*} samānanti. ubhayam iha codanayā lakṣyate, artho 'narthaś ca. ko 'rthaḥ? yo niḥśreyasāya jyotiṣṭomādiḥ. ko 'narthaḥ? yaḥ pratyavāyāya śyeno vajra iṣur ity evamādiḥ. tatrānartho dharma ukto mā bhūd ity arthagrahaṇam{*1/53*}. kathaṃ punar asāv anarthaḥ? hiṃsā hi sā, sā ca{*1/54*} pratiṣiddhā{*1/55*}. kathaṃ punar asāv anarthaḥ kartavyatayopadiśyate{*1/56*}? ucyate - naiva śyenādayaḥ kartavyatayā vijñāyante. yo hi hiṃsitum icchet, tasyāyam abhyupāya iti hi teṣām upadeśaḥ. śyenenābhicaran yajeteti{*1/57*} hi samāmananti, nābhicaritavyam iti. nanv aśaktam idaṃ sūtram imāv arthāv abhivaditum, codanā[6]{*1/58*}lakṣaṇo dharmo nendriyādilakṣaṇaḥ, arthaś ca dharmo nānartha iti. ekaṃ hīdaṃ vākyam. tad evaṃ sati bhidyeta. ucyate - yatra vākyād evārtho{*1/59*} 'vagamyate, tatraivam. tat tu vaidikeṣu, na sūtreṣu. anyato 'vagate 'rthe sūtram evamartham{*1/60*} ity avagamyate, tena caikadeśaḥ sūtryata iti{*1/61*} sūtram. tatra bhinnayor eva vākyayor imāv ekadeśāv ity avagantavyam. athavā arthasya sataś codanālakṣaṇasya dharmatvam ucyata{*1/62*} ity ekārtham{*1/63*} eveti.

NOTES: *{1/26: E2: 1,14; E3: 36; E5: 1,20; E6: 1,3}* *{1/27: E5, TB, TC, Kāś., Ny. rat.; E1,2,3,6, TA, A: ucyate}* *{1/28: TB, TC; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: gamyate}* *{1/29: TB, TC; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: bhavatīti}* *{1/30: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A; TC, Tātp.: agnihotraṃ juhuyāt svargakāma; TB: agnihotrāt svargo bhavati}* *{1/31: E5, TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,3,6: tāvat}* *{1/32: v.l.: na ca viduṣāṃ (NR ad ŚV, S.155); Mitteilung von Prof. Slaje}* *{1/33: E5, TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,3,6: puruṣāt}* *{1/34: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: viditavantaḥ}* *{1/35: E5, TA, TB, TC, Tātp., Kāś.; E1,2,3,6, Nya.rat.: upadeśā...bhavanti...bhavanti}* *{1/36: TB, TC, Kāś.; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A, Tātp. om}* *{1/37: TC, Tātp., Kāś.; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB, A: -sāmyād}* *{1/38: TC, A, Kāś.: vedavacanaṃ mithyety anumīyate; E1,2,3,5,6, TA: idam api vitatham avagamya-te; Tātp.: vaidikam api tathā syāt}* *{1/39: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB, A; TC, Kāś.: vaitathye}* *{1/40: E1,2,3,5,6, TA; TB, TC, Tātp.: bhavati}* *{1/41: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB, TC; A, Kāś., Ny.rat.: mithyā; Tātp.: apramāṇam}* *{1/42: TA, A, Tātp., Kāś., Ny.rat.; E5, TB, TC: anumānād avagamyate; E1,2,3,6: anumānaṃ vyapa-deśād avagamyate}* *{1/43: TA, TB, TC, A, Tātp., Kāś., TSP; E1,2,3,5,6, Ny.rat.: vedavacanena}* *{1/44: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: -virodhe; Tātp., Ny.rat.: -viruddham}* *{1/45: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB, A, TSP; TC, Tātp.: bhavitum arhati, Ny.rat.: ātmānaṃ labhate}* *{1/46: TA, TC, Kāś., Ny.rat. om. 'rthaḥ}* *{1/47: TA, TB, TC, A, TSP; E1,2,3,5,6: avagamyatām}* *{1/48: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: samākhyāyate, TSP: ākhyāyate}* *{1/49: E2,3,5,6 TC, TSP; E1, TB, TA, A om. eva}* *{1/50: Tait.S. 3.5.11.5}* *{1/51: TB, TC: -vācye}* *{1/52: TB, TC: dharmaśabdaṃ}* *{1/53: TB, TC, Kāś.: ity evamartham arthagrahanam}* *{1/54: E5, TA, TB, TC, Tātp., Kāś.; E1,2,3,6: hiṃsā ca}* *{1/55: TB, TC; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: pratiṣiddheti}* *{1/56: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB, Kāś., Nya. rat.: kartavyatayā; A, Tātp., Kāś., Ny.rat.: kartavyā}* *{1/57: ĀpŚS 22.4.13 (17)}* *{1/58: E2: 1,22; E3: 96; E5: 1,38; E6: 1,4}* *{1/59: TB, TC, Kāś.; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A, Tātp. om. eva}* *{1/60: TB, TC, Kāś.; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: evamartham idam}* *{1/61: Vgl. YD, E1, S.2/23-24: sūcanāt sūtram; sūcayati tāṃs tān arthaviśeṣān iti sūtram/}* *{1/62: Tātp., Kāś. om. ucyate}* *{1/63: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB, A, Kāś., Ny.rat.; TC, Tātp.: ekārthatvam}*

tasya nimittaparīṣṭiḥ // MS_1,1.3 //

uktam asmābhiś codanānimittaṃ dharmasya jñānam iti. tat pratijñāmātreṇoktam. idānīṃ tasya nimittaṃ parīkṣiṣyāmahe, kiṃ codanaivotānyad{*1/64*} apīti. tasmān na tāvan niścīyate codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharma iti. tad ucyate -

NOTES: *{1/64: E5, TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,3,6: ity anyad}*

satsaṃprayoge puruṣasyendriyāṇāṃ buddhijanma tat pratyakṣam animittam, vidyamānopalaṃbhanatvāt // MS_1,1.4 //

idaṃ parīkṣyate - pratyakṣaṃ tāvad animittam. kiṃ kāraṇam? evaṃlakṣaṇakaṃ hi tat - satsaṃprayoge puruṣasyendriyāṇāṃ buddhijanma tat pratyakṣam. satīndriyārthasaṃbandhe yā puruṣasya buddhir jāyate, tat pratyakṣam. bhaviṣyaṃś caiṣo 'rtho na jñānakāle 'sti{*1/65*}. sataś caitad upalambhanam, nāsataḥ. ataḥ pratyakṣam animittam. buddhir vā janma vā saṃnikarṣo veti naiṣāṃ kasyacid avadhāraṇārtham etat sūtram. satīndriyārthasaṃprayoge, nāsatīty etāvad avadhāryate. anekasminn avadhāryamāṇe bhidyeta vākyam. pratyakṣapūrvakatvāc cānumānopamānārthāpattīnām apy akāraṇatvam{*1/66*}. abhāvo 'pi nāsti, yataḥ -

NOTES: *{1/65: TB, TC; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: astīti}* *{1/66: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: akāraṇatvam iti}*

autpattikas tu śabdasyārthena saṃbandhas tasya jñānam upadeśo 'vyatirekaś cārthe 'nupalabdhe, tat pramāṇaṃ bādarāyaṇasya, anapekṣatvāt // MS_1,1.5 //

autpattika iti nityaṃ brūmaḥ. utpattir hi{*1/67*} bhāva ucyate lakṣaṇayā. aviyuktaḥ śabdārthayor bhāvaḥ saṃbandhena{*1/68*}, notpannayoḥ paścāt saṃbandhaḥ. autpattikaḥ śabdasyārthena saṃbandhas tasyāgnihotrādilakṣaṇasya dharmasya nimittaṃ pratyakṣādibhir anavagatasya{*1/69*}. katham? upadeśo hi bhavati. upadeśa iti viśiṣṭasya śabdasyoccāraṇam. avyatirekaś ca bhavati tasya{*1/70*} jñānasya. na hi tad utpannaṃ{*1/71*} jñānaṃ viparyeti. yac ca nāma jñānam utpannaṃ{*1/72*} na viparyeti, na tac chakyate vaktuṃ naitad evam iti, yathā vijñāyate{*1/73*}, na tathā bhavati, yathaitan na vijñāyate, tathaitad iti. anyad asya hṛdaye, anyad vāci syāt. evaṃ vadato viruddham idam avagamyata{*1/74*} asti nāsti ceti{*1/75*}. tasmāt tat pramāṇam, anapekṣatvāt. na hy evaṃ sati pratyayāntaram apekṣitavyaṃ puruṣāntaraṃ vā. svayaṃpratyayo{*1/76*} hi asau. bādarāyaṇasyedaṃ{*1/77*} mataṃ kīrtyate bādarāyaṇaṃ pūjayituṃ nātmīyaṃ mataṃ paryudasitum. vṛttikāras tv anyathemaṃ granthaṃ varṇayāṃcakāra tasya nimittaparīṣṭir ity evamādim - na parīkṣitavyaṃ nimittam. pratyakṣādīni hi prasiddhāni pramāṇāni tadantargataṃ ca śāstram. atas tad api na parīkṣitavyam. nanu{*1/78*} vyabhicārāt parīkṣitavyaṃ nimittam{*1/79*}. śuktikā hi rajatavat prakāśate yatas, tena pratyakṣaṃ vyabhicarati, tanmūlatvāc cānumānādīny api. tatrāparīkṣya pravartamāno 'rthād vihanyeta anarthaṃ cāpnuyāt kadācit. naitad evam. yat pratyakṣam, [8]{*1/80*} na tad vyabhicarati. yad vyabhicarati, na tat pratyakṣam. kiṃ tarhi pratyakṣam? tatsaṃprayoge puruṣasyendriyāṇāṃ buddhijanma sat pratyakṣam{*1/81*}. yadviṣayaṃ jñānam, tenaiva saṃprayoga indriyāṇāṃ puruṣasya buddhijanma sat pratyakṣam. yad anyaviṣayaṃ jñānam anyasaṃprayoge bhavati, na tat pratyakṣam. kathaṃ punar idam avagamyata idam tatsaṃprayoge{*1/82*}, idam anyasaṃprayoga{*1/83*} iti. yan nānyasaṃprayoge, tat tatsaṃprayoge. etadviparītam anyasaṃprayoga iti. kathaṃ jñāyate{*1/84*}, yadā hi śuktikāyām api rajataṃ manyamano rajatasaṃnikṛṣṭaṃ me cakṣur iti manyate? bādhakaṃ hi yatra jñānam utpadyate naitad evam, mithyā-jñānam idam iti, tad anyasaṃprayoge, viparītaṃ tatsaṃprayoga iti. prāg bādhakajñānotpatteḥ katham avagamyate, yadā na tatkāle saṃyagjñānasya mithyājñānasya ca kaścid viśeṣaḥ? yadā{*1/85*} kṣudādibhir{*1/86*} upahataṃ mano bhavati, indriyaṃ vā timirādibhiḥ, saukṣmyādibhir vā bāhyo viṣayaḥ, tato mithyājñānam, anupahateṣu saṃyagjñānam. indriyamanorthasaṃnikarṣo hi jñānasya{*1/87*} hetuḥ, asati tasmin ajñānāt{*1/88*}. tadantargato doṣo mithyājñānasya hetuḥ. duṣṭeṣu hi jñānaṃ mithyā bhavati. katham avagamyate? doṣāpagame saṃpratipattidarśanāt. kathaṃ duṣṭāduṣṭāvagama iti cet, prayatnenānvicchanto na ced doṣam upalabhemahi{*1/89*}, pramāṇābhāvād aduṣṭam iti manyemahi. tasmād yasya ca duṣṭaṃ karaṇaṃ yatra ca mithyeti pratyayaḥ, sa evāsamīcīnaḥ pratyayo nānya iti. nanu sarva eva nirālambanaḥ svapnavat pratyayaḥ. pratyayasya hi nirālambanatā svabhāva upalakṣitaḥ{*1/90*} svapne. jāgrato 'pi stambha iti vā kuḍyam{*1/91*} iti vā pratyaya eva bhavati. tasmāt so 'pi nirālambanaḥ. ucyate - stambha iti jāgrato buddhiḥ supariniścitā, kathaṃ viparyasiṣyati{*1/92*}? svapne 'py evam eva supariniścitāsīt prāk{*1/93*} prabodhanāt{*1/94*}. na tatra kaścid viśeṣa iti cet{*1/95*}, na, svapne viparyayadarśanād aviparya[9]{*1/96*}yāc cetarasmin. tatsāmānyād itaratrāpi bhaviṣyatīti cet. yadi pratyayatvāt svapnapratyayasya mithyābhāvaḥ, jāgratpratyayasyāpi bhavitum{*1/97*} arhati. atha pratītis tathābhāvasya hetuḥ{*1/98*}, na śakyate pratyayād ayaṃ{*1/99*} anya iti vaditum{*1/100*}. anyatas tu{*1/101*} svapnapratyayasya mithyābhāvo viparyayād avagataḥ. kuta iti cet. sanidrasya manaso daurbalyān nidrā mithyābhāvasya hetuḥ svapnādau svapnānte ca. suṣuptasya pratyayābhāva eva{*1/102*}. acetayan eva hi suṣupta ity ucyate. tasmāj jāgrataḥ pratyayo na{*1/103*} mithyeti. nanu jāgrato 'pi karaṇadoṣaḥ syāt? yadi syāt, avagamyeta. svapnadarśanakāle 'pi nāvagamyata iti cet. tan na{*1/104*}. prabuddho hy avagacchati - nidrākrāntaṃ me mana āsīd iti. śūnyas tu. katham? arthajñānayor ākārabhedaṃ nopalabhāmahe. pratyakṣā ca no buddhiḥ. atas tadbhinnam artharūpaṃ nāma na kiṃcid astīti paśyāmaḥ. syād{*1/105*} etad evam, yady arthākārā buddhiḥ syāt. nirākārā tu no buddhiḥ, ākāravān bāhyo 'rthaḥ. sa hi{*1/106*} bahirdeśasaṃbaddhaḥ pratyakṣam upalabhyate. arthaviṣayā hi pratyakṣabuddhir na buddhyantaraviṣayā. kṣaṇikā hi sā na buddhyantarakālam avasthāsyata iti{*1/107*}. utpadyamānaivāsau jñāyate jñāpayati cārthāntaraṃ pradīpavad iti yady{*1/108*} ucyeta{*1/109*}, tan na. na hy ajñāte 'rthe kaścid buddhim upalabhate, jñāte tv anumānād avagacchati. tatra yaugapadyam anupapannam. nanu utpannāyām eva buddhāv artho jñāta{*1/110*} ity ucyate nānutpannāyām. ataḥ pūrvaṃ buddhir utpadyate, paścāj jñāto 'rthaḥ. nanu utpannāyām eva buddhāv artho jñāta ity ucyate nānutpannāyām. ataḥ pūrvaṃ buddhir utpadyate, paścāj jñāto 'rthaḥ. satyam. pūrvaṃ buddhir utpadyate, na [10]{*1/111*} tu pūrvaṃ jñāyate. bhavati hi kadācid etat, yaj jñāto{*1/112*} 'rthaḥ so 'jñāta ity ucyate. na ca arthavyapadeśam antareṇa buddheḥ rūpopalambhanam{*1/113*}. tasmān nāvyapadeśyā{*1/114*} buddhir, avyapadeśyaṃ ca naḥ pratyakṣam{*1/115*}. tasmād apratyakṣā buddhiḥ. api ca kāmam ekarūpatve buddher evābhāvaḥ, na tv{*1/116*} arthasya pratyakṣasya sataḥ{*1/117*}. na caikarūpyam. nirākārām{*1/118*} eva hi buddhim anumimīmahe, sākāraṃ cārthaṃ pratyakṣam evāvagacchāmaḥ. tasmād arthālambanaḥ pratyayaḥ. api ca niyatanimittas tantuṣv evopādīyamāneṣu paṭapratyayaḥ. itarathā tantūpādāne{*1/119*} 'pi kadācid ghaṭabuddhir avikalendriyasya syāt. na caivam asti. tasmān{*1/120*} na nirālambanaḥ pratyayaḥ. ato na vyabhicarati pratyakṣam. anumānaṃ jñātasaṃbandhasya ekadeśadarśanād ekadeśāntare 'saṃnikṛṣṭe 'rthe buddhiḥ. tat tu dvividhaṃ pratyakṣatodṛṣṭasaṃbandhaṃ sāmānyatodṛṣṭasaṃbandhaṃ ca. tatra{*1/121*} pratyakṣatodṛṣṭasaṃbandhaṃ yathā dhūmākṛtidarśanād agnyākṛtivijñānam. sāmānyatoḍṛṣṭasaṃbandhaṃ ca yathā devadattasya gatipūrvikaṃ deśāntaraprāptim upalabhyāditye 'pi{*1/122*} gatismaraṇam. śāstraṃ śabdavijñānād asaṃnikṛṣṭe 'rthe vijñānam. upamānam api sādṛśyam asaṃnikṛṣṭe 'rthe buddhim utpādayati, yathā gavayadarśanaṃ gosmaraṇasya. arthāpattir api dṛṣṭaḥ śruto vārtho 'nyathā nopapadyata ity arthakalpanā, yathā jīvato devadattasya{*1/123*} gṛhābhāvadarśanena bahirbhāvasya adṛṣṭasya kalpanā. abhāvo 'pi pramāṇābhāvo nāstīty asyārthasyāsaṃnikṛṣṭasya. tasmāt prasiddhatvān na parīkṣitavyaṃ nimittam. nanu pratyakṣādīny anyāni bhavantu nāma pramāṇāni, śabdas tu na pramāṇam. kutaḥ - animittaṃ vidyamānopalambhanatvāt{*1/124*}. animittam apramāṇaṃ śabdaḥ. yo hy upalambhanaviṣayo [11]{*1/125*} nopalabhyate, sa nāsti, yathā śaśasya viṣāṇam. upalambhanāni{*1/126*} cendriyāṇi paśvādīnām. na ca paśukāmeṣṭyanantaraṃ paśava upalabhyante. ato neṣṭiḥ paśuphalā. karmakāle ca karmaphalena{*1/127*} bhavitavyam. yatkālaṃ hi mardanam, tatkālaṃ mardanasukham. kālāntare phalaṃ dāsyatīti cet, na, na kālāntare phalam iṣṭer ity avagacchāmaḥ. kutaḥ? yadā tāvad asau vidyamānā āsīt, tadā phalaṃ na dattavatī. yadā phalam utpadyate, tadāsau nāsti. asatī ca kathaṃ dāsyati? api ca karmakāla eva phalaṃ śrūyate - yāgaḥ karaṇam iti vākyād{*1/128*} avagamyate, karaṇaṃ ced utpannam, kāryeṇa bhavitavyam iti{*1/129*}. pratyakṣaṃ ca phalakāraṇam anyad upalabhāmahe{*1/130*}. na ca dṛṣṭe kāraṇe saty adṛṣṭaṃ kalpayituṃ śakyate{*1/131*}, pramāṇābhāvāt. evaṃ dṛṣṭāpacārasya vedasya svargādy api phalaṃ na bhavatīti manyāmahe. dṛṣṭaviruddham api bhavati kiṃcid vaidikaṃ{*1/132*} vacanam. pātracayanaṃ vidhāyāha - sa eṣa yajñāyudhī yajamāno 'ñjasā svargaṃ lokaṃ yātīti{*1/133*} pratyakṣaṃ śarīraṃ{*1/134*} vyapadiśati. na ca tat svargaṃ lokaṃ yāti. pratyakṣaṃ hi tad dahyate. na caiṣa yātīti vidhiśabdaḥ. evaṃjātīyakaṃ ca pramāṇaviruddhaṃ vacanam apramāṇam ambuni majjanty alābūni, grāvānaḥ plavanta iti{*1/135*} yathā. tatsāmānyād agnihotrādicodanāsv{*1/136*} apy anāśvāsaḥ. tasmān na codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharmaḥ. autpattikas tu śabdasyārthena saṃbandhas tasya jñānam{*1/137*}. tuśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. apauruṣeyaḥ śabdasyārthena saṃbandhas tasyāgnihotrādilakṣaṇasyārthasya{*1/138*} jñānaṃ pratyakṣādibhir{*1/139*} anavagamyamānasya. tathā ca{*1/140*} codanālakṣaṇaḥ saṃyakpratyaya{*1/141*} iti. pauruṣeye hi sati saṃbandhe{*1/142*} yaḥ pratyayaḥ, tasya mithyābhāva āśaṅkyeta. parapratyayo [12]{*1/143*} hi tadā{*1/144*} syāt. atha śabde bruvati kathaṃ mithyeti? na hi tadānīm anyataḥ puruṣād avagamaḥ{*1/145*}. bravītīty{*1/146*} ucyata avabodhayati{*1/147*}, budhyamānasya nimittam bhavatīti{*1/148*}. śabde cen{*1/149*} nimittabhūte{*1/150*} svayam avabudhyate{*1/151*}, kathaṃ vipralabdhaṃ brūyān naitad evam iti. na cāsya codanā syād vā na veti sāṃśayikaṃ pratyayam utpādayati. na ca mithyaitad iti kālāntare deśāntare 'vasthāntare puruṣāntare vā punar avyapadeśyaḥ pratyayo{*1/152*} bhavati. yo 'py anyapratyayaviparyāsaṃ{*1/153*} dṛṣṭvātrāpi viparyasiṣyatīty ānumānikaḥ pratyaya utpadyate, so 'py anena pratyakṣeṇa pratyayena{*1/154*} virudhyamāno bādhyate. tasmāc codanālakṣaṇa eva dharmaḥ. syād etad evam{*1/155*} - naiva śabdasyārthenāsti{*1/156*} saṃbandhaḥ, kuto 'sya pauruṣeyatā veti. katham? syāc ced arthena saṃbandhaḥ, kṣuramodakaśabdoccāraṇe mukhasya pāṭanapūraṇe syātām,

yadi{*1/157*} saṃśleṣalakṣaṇaṃ saṃbandham{*1/158*} abhipretyocyate. kāryakāraṇanimittanaimittikāśrayāśrayibhāvayaunādayas{*1/159*} tu saṃbandhāḥ śabdasyānupapannā eveti. ucyate - yo 'tra vyapadeśyaḥ saṃbandhaḥ, tam ekaṃ na vyapadiśati bhavān, pratyayyasya pratyāyakasya ca yaḥ saṃjñāsaṃjñilakṣaṇaḥ saṃbandhas tam{*1/160*} iti. āha - yadi pratyāyakaḥ śabdaḥ, prathamaśrutaḥ kiṃ na pratyāyayati? ucyate - sarvatra no darśanaṃ pramāṇam. pratyāyaketi hi pratyayaṃ dṛṣṭvāvagacchāmaḥ, na prathamaśruta iti prathamaśravaṇe pratyayam adṛṣṭvā. yāvatkṛtvaḥ śrutād arthāvagamaḥ. yathā cakṣur draṣṭr na bāhyena prakāśena vinā prakāśayatīty adraṣṭṛ na bhavati. yadi [13]{*1/161*} prathamaśruto na pratyāyayati, kṛtakas tarhi śabdasyārthena saṃbandhaḥ. kutaḥ? svabhāvato hy asaṃbandhāv etau śabdārthau. mukhe hi śabdam upalabhāmahe, bhūmāv artham. śabdo 'yaṃ na tv arthaḥ, artho 'yaṃ na śabdeti ca vyapadiśanti. rūpabhedo 'pi bhavati. gaur itīmaṃ śabdam uccārayanti, sāsnādimantam artham avabudhyanta{*1/162*} iti. pṛthagbhūtayoś ca yaḥ saṃbandhaḥ, sa{*1/163*} kṛtako dṛṣṭaḥ, yathā rajjughaṭayor iti. atha gaur ity atra kaḥ śabdaḥ? gakāraukāravisarjanīyā iti bhagavān Upavarṣaḥ. śrotragrahaṇe hy arthe loke śabdaśabdaḥ prasiddhaḥ. te ca śrotragrahaṇāḥ. yady evam, arthapratyayo nopapadyate. katham? ekaikākṣaravijñāne hy{*1/164*} artho nopalabhyate. na cākṣaravyatirikto 'nyaḥ kaścid asti samudāyo nāma, yato 'rthapratipattiḥ syāt. yadā hi{*1/165*} gakāraḥ, na tadaukārādivisarjanīyau. yadaukāravisarjanīyau, na tadā gakāraḥ. ato gakārādivyatirikto 'nyo gośabdo{*1/166*} 'sti, yato 'rthapratipattiḥ syāt. antarhite 'pi{*1/167*} śabde smaraṇād arthapratyaya iti cet{*1/168*}, na. smṛter api kṣaṇikatvād akṣarais tulyatā. pūrvavarṇajanitasaṃskārasahito 'ntya varṇaḥ pratyāyaka{*1/169*} ity adoṣaḥ. nanv evam api{*1/170*} śabdād arthaṃ pratipadyāmaha iti laukikaṃ vacanam anupapannaṃ syāt{*1/171*}. ucyate - yadi nopapadyate, anupapannaṃ nāma. na hi laukikaṃ vacanam anupapannam ity etāvatā pratyakṣādibhir anavagamyamāno{*1/172*} 'rthaḥ śakyo 'bhyupagantum{*1/173*}. laukikāni vacanāny upapannārthāny anupapannārthāni ca dṛśyante, yathā devadatta, gām abhyājety evamādīni daśa dāḍimāni ṣaḍ apūpā ity evamādīni ca. nanu ca śāstrakārā apy evam āhuḥ pūrvāparībhūtaṃ bhāvam ākhyāte[14]{*1/174*}nācaṣṭe vrajati, pacatīty upakramaprabhṛty apavargaparyantam iti{*1/175*} yathā. na śāstrakāravacanam apy alam imam artham apramāṇakam upapādayitum. api ca naivaitad{*1/176*} anupapannārtham. akṣarebhyaḥ saṃskāraḥ, saṃskārād arthapratipattir iti bhavanty{*1/177*} arthapratpattāv akṣarāṇi nimittam. gauṇa eṣa{*1/178*} śabda iti cet, na gauṇo 'kṣareṣu nimittabhāvaḥ, tadbhāve bhāvāt tadabhāve cābhāvāt. athāpi gauṇaḥ syāt, na gauṇaḥ śabdo mā bhūd ity etāvatā{*1/179*} pratyakṣādibhir anavagamyamāno 'rthaḥ śakyaḥ parikalpayitum. na hy agnir māṇavaka ity ukte 'gniśabdo gauṇo mā bhūd iti jvalana eva māṇavaka ity adhyavasīyate. na ca pratyakṣo gakārādibhyo 'nyo gośabda iti, bhedadarśanābhāvād abhedadarśanāc ca. gakārādīni hi pratyakṣāṇi. tasmād gaur iti gakārādivisarjanīyāntaṃ padam akṣarāṇy eva. na tebhyo{*1/180*} vyatiriktam anyat padaṃ nāma iti. nanu saṃskārakalpanāyām apy adṛṣṭakalpanā. ucyate - śābdakalpanāyāṃ sā ca śabdakalpanā ca. tasmād akṣarāṇy eva padam. atha gaur ity asya śabdasya ko 'rthaḥ? sāsnādiviśiṣṭākṛtir iti brūmaḥ. nanv ākṛtiḥ sādhyāsti vā na veti? na pratyakṣā satī sādhyā bhavitum arhati. rucakaḥ, svastikaḥ, vardhamānaka iti hi pratyakṣaṃ dṛśyate. vyamoha iti cet, na. nāsti pratyayaviparyāse vyamoha iti śakyate vaktum{*1/181*}. asaty apy{*1/182*} arthāntara evaṃjātīyake{*1/183*} bhavati pratyayaḥ praṅktiḥ, yūtham, vanam iti yatheti cet, na. asaṃbaddham idaṃ vacanam upanyastam. kim asati vane vanapratyayo bhavatīti pratyakṣam eva ākṣipyate vṛkṣā api na santīti? yady evam, pratyuktaḥ sa [15]{*1/184*} mahāyānikaḥ{*1/185*} pakṣaḥ. atha kim ākṛtisadbhāvavādy upālabhyate siddhāntāntaraṃ te duṣyati{*1/186*}. vane 'pi te 'sati{*1/187*} vanapratyayaḥ prāpnotīti. evam api prakṛtaṃ dūṣayitum aśaknuvantas te siddhāntāntaradūṣaṇaṃ{*1/188*} nigrahasthānam āpadyate{*1/189*}, asādhakatvāt. sa hi vakṣyati duṣyatu, yadi duṣyati. kiṃ tena duṣṭena aduṣṭena vā prakṛtaṃ tvayā sādhitaṃ bhavati madīyo vā pakṣo dūṣito bhavatīti. na ca vṛkṣavyatiriktaṃ vanaṃ yasmān nopalabhyate, tato{*1/190*} vanaṃ nāstīty avagamyate{*1/191*}. yadi vane 'nyena hetunā sadbhāvaviparītaḥ pratyaya utpadyate, mithyaiṣa{*1/192*} vanapratyaya ity ato{*1/193*} vanaṃ nāstīty avagacchāmaḥ. na ca gavādiṣu pratyayo viparyeti. ato vaiṣamyam. atha vanādiṣu naiva pratyayaviparyāsaḥ{*1/194*}, na te na santīti. tasmād asaṃbaddhaḥ paṅktivanopanyāsaḥ, na te na santīti. tasmād asaṃbaddhaḥ paṅktivanopanyāsaḥ. ata upapannaṃ jaiminivacanam ākṛtiḥ padārtha iti{*1/195*}. yathā ca ākṛtiḥ śabdārthas, tathopariṣṭān nipuṇataram upapādayiṣyāma iti. atha saṃbandhaḥ ka iti? yat śabde vijñāte 'rtho vijñāyate. sa tu kṛtaka{*1/196*} iti pūrvam upapāditam. tasmān manyāmahe kenāpi puruṣeṇa śabdānām arthaiḥ saha saṃbandhaṃ kṛtvā saṃvyavahartuṃ{*1/197*} vedāḥ praṇītā iti. tad idānīm ucyate - apauruṣeyatvāt saṃbandhasya siddham{*1/198*} iti. kathaṃ punar idam avagamyate 'pauruṣeya eṣa saṃbandha iti? puruṣasya saṃbandhur abhāvāt. kathaṃ saṃbandhā nāsti? pratyakṣasya pramāṇasya abhāvāt tatpūrvakatvāc cetareṣām. nanu ciravṛttatvāt pratyakṣasya aviṣayo bhaved idānīntanānām. na hi ciravṛttaḥ san na smaryeta. na ca himavadādiṣu kūpārāmādivad asmaraṇaṃ bhavitum arhati. puruṣaviyogo [16]{*1/199*} hi teṣu bhavati deśotsādena kulotsādena vā. na tu{*1/200*} śabdārthavyavahāraviyogaḥ puruṣānām asti. syād etat - saṃbandhamātravyavahāriṇo niṣprayojanaṃ kartṛsmaraṇam anādriyamānāḥ puruṣā vismareyur iti. tan na. yadi hi puruṣaḥ kṛtvā saṃbandhaṃ vyavahārayet, vyavahārakāle 'vaśyaṃ smartavyo bhavet{*1/201*}. saṃpratipattau hi kartṛvyavahartror arthaḥ sidhyati, na vipratipattau. na hi vṛddhiśabdena apāṇiner vyavahārata ādaicaḥ pratiyeran pāṇinikṛtim ananumanyamānasya vā. tathā makāreṇāpy{*1/202*} apiṅgalasya na sarvagurus trikaḥ pratīyeta piṅgalakṛtim ananumanyamānasya vā. tena kartṛvyavahartārau saṃpratipadyete. tena vedair{*1/203*} vyavaharadbhir avaśyaṃ smaraṇīyaḥ saṃbandhasya kartā syād vyavahārasya ca. na hi vismṛte vṛddhir ādaij ity{*1/204*} asya sūtrasya kartari vṛddhir yasyācām ādis, tad vṛddham{*1/205*} iti{*1/206*} kiṃcit pratīyeta{*1/207*}. tasmād asmaraṇād{*1/208*} avagacchāmaḥ na kṛtvā saṃbandhaṃ vyavahārārthaṃ kenacid vedāḥ praṇītā iti. yady api ca vismaraṇam upapadyeta, tathāpi na pramāṇam antareṇa saṃbandhāraṃ pratipadyemahi, yathā vidyamānasyāpy anupalambhanaṃ bhavatīti naitāvatā vinā pramāṇena śaśaviṣāṇaṃ pratipadyemahi{*1/209*}. tasmād apauruṣeyaḥ śabdasyārthena saṃbandha iti. nanv arthāpattyā saṃbandhāraṃ pratipadyemahi. na hi akṛtasaṃbandhāc chabdād arthaṃ pratipadyamānam upalabhāmahe. pratipadyeraṃs cet, prathamaśravaṇe 'pi pratipadyeran. tadanupalambhanād avaśyaṃ bhavitavyaṃ saṃbandhreti manyāmaha iti{*1/210*} cet, na. siddhavad, upadeśāt{*1/211*}. yadi saṃbandhur abhāvān niyogato nārthā upalabhyeran{*1/212*}, tato 'rthāpattyā [17]{*1/213*} saṃbandhāram avagacchāmaḥ. asti tv anyaḥ prakāraḥ. vṛddhānāṃ svārthena vyavaharamāṇānām{*1/214*} upaśṛṇvanto bālāḥ pratyakṣam arthaṃ pratipadyamānā dṛśyante. te 'pi vṛddhā yadā bālā āsaṃs, tadānyebhyo vṛddhebhyaḥ, te 'py anyebhya iti nāsty ādir ity evaṃ vā bhavet. athavā na kaścid eko 'pi śabdo 'rthena saṃbaddha āsīt, atha kenacit saṃbandhāḥ pravartitā iti. atra vṛddhavyavahāre sati nārthād āpadyeta saṃbandhasya kārtā. api ca vṛddhavyavahāravādinaḥ pratyakṣam upadiśanti, kalpayantītare saṃbandhāram. na ca pratyakṣe pratyarthini kalpanā sādhvī. tasmāt saṃbandhur abhāvaḥ. avyatirekaś ca{*1/215*}. yathā asmin deśe sāsnādimati gośabdaḥ, evaṃ sarveṣu durgameṣv api. bahavaḥ saṃbandhāraḥ kathaṃ saṃgamsyante. eko 'pi{*1/216*} na śaknuyāt{*1/217*}. ato nāsti saṃbandhā{*1/218*}. apara āha - avyatirekaś ca{*1/219*}. na hi saṃbandhavyatiriktaḥ kaścit kālo 'sti, yasmin na kaścid api śabdaḥ kenacid arthena saṃbaddha āsīt. katham? saṃbandhakriyaiva hi{*1/220*} nopapadyate. avaśyam anena saṃbandhaṃ kurvatā kenacic chabdena kartavyaḥ{*1/221*}. yena kriyeta, tasya kena kṛtaḥ? athānyena kenacit kṛtaḥ, tasya keneti, tasya keneti{*1/222*} naivāvatiṣṭhate. tasmād avaśyam anena saṃbandhaṃ kurvatā akṛtasaṃbandhāḥ kecana śabdā vṛddhavyavahārasiddhā abhyupagantavyāḥ. asti ced vyavahārasiddhiḥ, na niyogataḥ saṃbandhrā bhavitavyam ity arthāpattir api nāsti. syād etat - aprasiddhasaṃbandhā bālāḥ kathaṃ vṛddhebhyaḥ pratipadyanta iti. na hi{*1/223*} dṛṣṭe 'nupapannaṃ nāma. dṛṣṭā hi{*1/224*} bālā vṛddhebhyaḥ{*1/225*} pratipadyamānāḥ, na tv apratipannasaṃbandhāḥ{*1/226*} saṃbandhasya kartuḥ. tasmād vaiṣamyam. arthe 'nupalabdhe{*1/227*}. anupalabdhe ca devatādāv{*1/228*} arthe 'narthakaṃ [18]{*1/229*} saṃjñākaraṇam aśakyaṃ ca. viśeṣān pratipattuṃ hi{*1/230*} saṃjñāḥ kriyante viśeṣāṃś coddiśya. tad viśeṣeṣv ajñāyamāneṣūbhayam{*1/231*} apy anavakḷptam. tasmād apauruṣeyaḥ śabdasya arthena saṃbandhaḥ. ataś ca - tat pramāṇam, anapekṣatvāt{*1/232*}. na hy evaṃ{*1/233*} sati puruṣāntaraṃ pratyayāntaraṃ vā{*1/234*} apekṣate{*1/235*}. tasmāc codanālakṣaṇa eva dharmo nānyalakṣaṇaḥ. bādarāyaṇagrahaṇam uktam. atha yad uktam animittaṃ śabdaḥ. karmakāle phalādarśanāt kālāntare ca karmābhāvāt pramāṇaṃ nāstīti, tad ucyate - na syāt pramāṇam, yadi pañcaiva pramāṇāny abhaviṣyan. yena yena hi{*1/236*} pramīyate, tat tat pramāṇam. śabdenāpi pramīyate, tataḥ{*1/237*} śabdo 'pi pramāṇam, yathaiva pratyakṣam. na ca pramāṇena avagatam, pramāṇāntareṇa anavagatam ity etāvatānavagataṃ bhavati. na caivaṃ śrūyate kṛte karmaṇi tāvaty eva{*1/238*} phalaṃ bhavati, kiṃ tu karmaṇā{*1/239*} phalaṃ prāpyata iti. yac ca kālāntare phalasya anyat pratyakṣaṃ kāraṇam astīti, naiṣa doṣaḥ. tac caiva hi tatra{*1/240*} kāraṇaṃ śabdaś ceti. yat tu pratyakṣaviruddhaṃ vacanam upanyastam - sa eṣa yajñāyudhī yajamāno 'ñjasā svargaṃ lokaṃ yātīti pratyakṣaṃ śarīraṃ vyapadiśatīti. tad ucyate - śarīrasaṃbandhāt, yasya tac charīram, so 'pi tair yajñāyudhair yajñāyudhīty ucyate. āha - ko 'sāv anyaḥ? nainam upalabhāmahe. nanu{*1/241*} prāṇādibhir enam upalabhāmahe. yo 'sau prāṇity apānity ucchvasiti nimiṣatītyādi ceṣṭitavān, so 'tra śarīre yajñāyudhīti. nanu śarīram eva prāṇity apāniti ca? na prāṇādayaḥ śarīraguṇāḥ{*1/242*}. śarīraguṇavidharmāṇo hi te{*1/243*}, ayāvaccharīrabhāvitvāt. yāvaccharīraṃ tāvad asya guṇā rūpādayaḥ. prāṇādayas tu saty api śarīre na bhavanti. ato na śarīraguṇāḥ prāṇādayaḥ{*1/244*}. sukhādayaś ca svayam upa[19]{*1/245*}labhyante, na rūpādaya iva śarīraguṇāḥ pareṇāpi. tasmāc charīraguṇavaidharmyād anyaḥ śarīrād yajñāyudhīti. āha - kuta eṣaḥ saṃpratyayaḥ sukhādibhyo 'nyas tadvān astīti. na hi sukhādipratyākhyānena tasya svarūpam upalabhāmahe. tasmāc chaśaviṣāṇavad asau nāsti. athocyate - tena vinā kasya sukhādaya iti? na kasyacid apīti vakṣyāmaḥ{*1/246*}. na hi yo ya upalabhyate, tasya tasya saṃbandhinā bhavitavyam. yasya saṃbandho 'py upalabhyate saṃbandhī ca, tasyāyaṃ saṃbandhīti gamyate. na hi candramasam ādityaṃ vopalabhya saṃbandhyantarānveṣaṇā{*1/247*} bhavati: kasyāyam iti. na kasyacid apīty avadhāryate. tasmān na sukhādibhyo 'nyas tadvān astīti. athopalabdhasyāvaśyaṃ kalpayitavyaḥ saṃbandhī bhavet{*1/248*}, tata ātmānam apy anena prakāreṇopalabhya kasyāyam iti saṃbandhyantaram anviṣyema 1/249*}. tam api kalpayitvānyam api kalpayitvānyam ity anavasthaiva 1/250*} syāt. atha kaṃcit kalpayitvā, na saṃbandhyantaram api kalpayiṣyasi, tāvaty eva viraṃsyasi tāvatā ca paritokṣyasi 1/251*}, tato vijñāna eva parituṣya tāvaty eva virantum arhasi. atrocyate - yadi vijñānād anyo vijñātā{*1/252*} nāsti, kas tarhi jānātīty ucyate? jñānasya{*1/253*} kartur abhidhānam anena{*1/254*} śabdenopapadyate{*1/255*}. tad eṣa śabdo 'rthavān kartavya iti jñānād vyatiriktam ātmānaṃ kalpayiṣyāma iti. āha - devā{*1/256*} enaṃ śabdam arthavantaṃ kalpayiṣyanti, yadi kalpayitavyaṃ maṃsyante{*1/257*}. bahavaḥ khalv iha janā asty ātmā, asty ātmety ātmasattāvādina eva śabdasya pratyakṣavaktāro{*1/258*} [20]{*1/259*} bhavanti, tathāpi nātmasattāṃ kalpayituṃ ghaṭante, kim aṅga punar jānātīti parokṣaśabdadarśanāt. tasmād asad etat. ucyate - icchayātmānam{*1/260*} upalabhāmahe. katham? upalabdhapūrve hy abhiprete bhavatīcchā, nānupalabdhapūrve{*1/261*}. yathā merum uttareṇa yāny asmajjātīyair anupalabdhapūrvāṇi svādūni vṛkṣaphalāni, na tāni praty asmākam icchā bhavati. no khalv anyena puruṣeṇopalabdhe 'pi viṣaye 'nyasyānupalabdhur{*1/262*} icchā bhavati. bhavati cānyedyur upalabdhe 'paredyur{*1/263*} icchā. atas{*1/264*} tenopalambhanena samānakartṛkā sety{*1/265*} avagacchāmaḥ. yadi vijñānamātram evedam upalambhakam abhaviṣyat, pradhvaste{*1/266*} tasmin kasyāparedyur icchābhaviṣyat. atha{*1/267*} vijñānād anyo vijñātā nityaḥ, tata ekasmin ahani ya{*1/268*} upalabdhā, aparedyur api sa evaiṣiṣyati. itarathecchānupapannā{*1/269*} syāt. atrāha{*1/270*} - anupapannam iti naḥ kva saṃpratyayaḥ? yan na pramāṇenāvagatam. vijñānāt tāvad anyan{*1/271*} nopalabhāmahe. yac ca{*1/272*} nopalabhāmahe, tac chaśaviṣāṇavad eva{*1/273*} nāstīty avagacchāmaḥ. na ca tasmin asati vijñānasadbhāvo 'nupapannaḥ, pratyakṣāvagatatvād eva. kṣaṇikatvaṃ cāsya pratyakṣapūrvakam eva. na ca jñātari vijñānād anyasmin asati jñāne cānitye aparedyur icchānupapannā, pratyakṣāvagatatvād eva. no khalv apy{*1/274*} etad dṛṣṭaṃ ya evānyedyur upalabdhā, sa evāparedyur{*1/275*} eṣiteti. idaṃ tu dṛṣṭaṃ yat kvacid anyena dṛṣṭam anya icchati, kvacin na. samānāyāṃ santatāv anya icchati, santatyantare necchatīti. tasmān na sukhādivyatirikto 'nyo 'stīti. atrocyate - na hy asmartāra icchantīty upapadyate. na cādṛṣṭapūrve{*1/276*} smṛtir bhavati. tasmāt kṣaṇike{*1/277*} vijñānaskandhamātre smṛtir anupapanneti[21]{*1/278*}. atrāha - smṛtir apīcchāvat. pūrvavijñānasadṛśaṃ vijñānam, pūrvavijñānaviṣayaṃ vā smṛtir ity ucyate. tac ca, draṣṭari vinaṣṭe 'pi, aparedyur utpadyamānaṃ nānupapannam, pratyakṣāvagatatvād eva. anyasmin skandhaghane 'nyena skandhaghanena yaj jñānam, tat tatsantatijenānyenopalabhyate{*1/279*} nātatsantatijena. tasmāc chūnyāḥ skandhaghanā iti. athāsminn arthe{*1/280*} brāhmaṇaṃ bhavati - vijñānaghana evaitebhyo bhūtebhyaḥ samutthāya, tāny evānuvinaśyati, na pretya saṃjñāstīti{*1/281*}. atrocyate{*1/282*} - naitad evam. anyedyur dṛṣṭe 'paredyuḥ - aham idam adarśam iti bhavati pratyayaḥ. pratyagātmani caitad bhavati, na paratra. paro{*1/283*} hy asau yo{*1/284*} 'nyedyur dṛṣṭavān. tasmāt tadvyatirikto 'nyo 'sti, yatrāyam ahaṃśabdaḥ. āha - paratrāpy ahaṃśabdo bhaktyā dṛśyate, tad yathāham{*1/285*} eva putraḥ, aham eva devadattaḥ, aham eva gacchāmīti. atrocyate - na vayam "aham" itīmaṃ śabdam, prayujyamānam anyasminn arthe, hetutvena vyapadiśāmaḥ, kiṃ tarhi śabdād vyatiriktaṃ pratyabhijñāpratyayam{*1/286*}. pratīmo hi{*1/287*} vayam - imam arthaṃ vayam evānyedyur upalabhāmahe, vayam evādya smarāma iti. tasmāt - vayam imam artham avagacchāmo vayam eva hyo, vayam evādyeti{*1/288*}. ye cāmī{*1/289*} hyo 'dya ca, na te vinaṣṭāḥ. athāpy asminn arthe brāhmaṇaṃ bhavati. sa vā ayam ātmeti prakṛtyāmananty aśīryo na hi śīryata iti. tathāvināśī vā are 'yam ātmā, anucchittidharmā iti{*1/290*}. vinaśvaraṃ ca vijñānam. tasmād vinaśvarād anyaḥ sa{*1/291*} ity [22]{*1/292*} avagacchāmaḥ. na ca śakyam evam avagantum, yathopalabhyante 'rthā na tathā bhavanti, yathā, na khalu, nopalabhyante tathā bhavantīti. tathā hi sati - śaśo nāsti, śaśasya viṣāṇam astīty avagamyeta{*1/293*}. na cāhampratyayo vyāmoha iti śakyate vaktum, bādhakapratyayābhāvāt. tasmāt sukhādibhyo vyatirikto 'sti. evaṃ cet, sa eva yajñāyudhīti vyapadiśyate. āha - yadi vijñānād anyad asti vijñātṛ, vijñānam apāsya tan nidarśyatām - idam tad īdṛśam ceti. na ca tan nidarśyate. tasmān na tato 'nyad astīti. atrocyate - svasaṃvedyaḥ sa bhavati. nāsāv anyena śakyate draṣṭum. katham asau nidarśyeteti{*1/294*}. yathā ca{*1/295*} kaścic cakṣuṣmān svayaṃ rūpaṃ paśyati na ca śaknoty anyasmai jātyandhāya tan nidarśayitum, na ca tan na śakyate nidarśayitum ity etāvatā nāstīty avagamyate, evam asau puruṣaḥ svayam ātmānam upalabhate na cānyasmai śaknoti darśayitum, anyasya draṣṭus taṃ puruṣaṃ prati darśanaśaktyabhāvāt. so 'py anyaḥ puruṣaḥ svayam ātmānam upalabhate, na parātmānam{*1/296*}. tena sarve svena svenātmanā ātmānam upalabhamānāḥ santy eva, yady api parapuruṣair nopalabhyanta{*1/297*} iti. athāsmin arthe brāhmaṇaṃ bhavati - śāntāyāṃ vāci kiṃjyotir evāyaṃ puruṣaḥ? ātmajyotiḥ, saṃrāḍ iti hovāceti{*1/298*}. pareṇa nopalabhyata ity atrāpi brāhmaṇaṃ bhavati - agṛhyo na hi gṛhyateti{*1/299*}. pareṇa na gṛhyata ity etadabhiprāyam etat. kutaḥ? svayaṃjyotiṣṭvavacanāt. atrāpi{*1/300*} brāhmaṇaṃ bhavati - atrāyaṃ puruṣaḥ svayaṃjyotir bhavatīti{*1/301*}. kena punar upāyenāyam (ayam){*1/302*} anyasmai kathyata iti? atrāpy{*1/303*} upāye [23]{*1/304*}brāhmaṇaṃ bhavati - sa eṣa neti nety ātmeti hovāceti{*1/305*}. asāv ayam{*1/306*} evaṃrūpa iti na śakyate nidarśayitum. yac ca paraḥ paśyati, tatpratiṣedhas tasyopadeśopāyaḥ. śarīraṃ paraḥ paśyati. tenātmopadiśyate. śarīraṃ nātmā. asti śarīrād anyaḥ{*1/307*} sa cātmeti śarīrapratiṣedhenātmopadiśyate{*1/308*}. tathā prāṇādayo nātmāna iti{*1/309*} tatpratiṣedhena tebhyo 'nya upadiśyate. tathā parasthāḥ sukhādayaḥ pareṇa liṅgair upalabhyante. te 'pi nātmāna iti tatpratiṣedhena tebhyo{*1/310*} 'nya upadiśyate. yaḥ svayaṃ paśyati, na tato 'nyaḥ puruṣa ity etad api puruṣapravṛttyānumīyate, yadāsau puruṣaḥ pūrvedyuḥ sāmikṛtānām arthānāṃ pratisamādhāne śeṣānuṣṭhāne ca yatate, ataḥ{*1/311*} pravṛttyāvagamyate nūnam asāv anityān nityam avagacchatīti{*1/312*}. upamānāc copadiśyate yādṛśaṃ bhavān svayam ātmānaṃ paśyati, anenopamānenāvagaccha - aham api tādṛṣam eva paśyāmīti, yathā kaścid ātmīyāṃ vedanāṃ parasmā ācakṣīta - dahyamānasyeva me bhavati, yātyamānasyeva me bhavati, rudhyamānasyeva{*1/313*} me bhavatīti. ataḥ svayam avagamyamānatvād asti tadvyatiriktaḥ puruṣa iti. yad apy{*1/314*} ucyate - vijñānam apāsya tan nidarśyatām iti, yady upāyam eva niśedhasi, na śakyam upāyam antareṇopeyam upetum. ayam evābhyupāyo jñātavyānām arthānāṃ yo yathā jñāyate, sa tatheti. tad yathā - kaḥ śuklo nāma? yatra śuklatvam asti. kiṃ śuklatvaṃ nāma? yatra śuklaśabdapravṛttiḥ. kva tasya pravṛttiḥ? yac chuklaśabda uccarite pratīyate. tasmān na vijñānaṃ pratyākhyāya kasyacid rūpaṃ nidarśayituṃ śakyam. na ca niyogataḥ pratyaye pratīte pratyayārthaḥ pratīto bhavati. apratīte 'pi hi pratyaye saty arthaḥ pratīyata eva. na hi vijñānaṃ pratyakṣam, vijñeyo 'rthaḥ pratyakṣa ity etat pūrvam evoktam. tad avaśyakarta[24]{*1/315*}vye 'pahnave kāmaṃ vijñānam apahnūyeta nārtha ity etad apy{*1/316*} uktam eva. tasmād asti sukhādibhyo 'nyo nityaḥ puruṣa iti. atha yad uktaṃ vijñānaghana evaitebhyo bhūtebhyaḥ samutthāya tāny evānuvinaśyati, na pretya saṃjñāstīti, atrocyate - atraiva mā bhagavān mohāntam āpīpadad iti{*1/317*} paricodanottarakāle 'pahnutya mohāntābhiprāyam{*1/318*} asya vacanasya{*1/319*} varṇitavān na vā are 'haṃ{*1/320*} mohaṃ bravīmi, avināśī vā are 'yam ātmānucchittidharmā, mātrāsaṃsargas tv asya bhavatīti{*1/321*}. tasmān na vijñānamātram. tasmād vaiṣamyam. yad uktam - na caiṣa yātīti vidhiśabda iti, mā bhūd vidhiśabdaḥ. svargakāmo yajeteti vacanāntareṇāvagatam anuvadiṣyate. tasmād avirodhaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/67: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC, M.par.: utpattir iti}* *{1/68: E5, TC, M.pari.; E1,2,3,6, TA, TB, A: saṃbandho}* *{1/69: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: anavagamyamānasya}* *{1/70: TA, A; TB om. tasya; E1,2,3,5,6, TC om. bhavati tasya}* *{1/71: bzw. tadutpannam}* *{1/72: TB, TC, M.pari.; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A om. utpannam}* *{1/73: E1,3,5, TA, TB, TC, A; E2,6: yathā bhavati yathā vijñāyate}* *{1/74: TB, TC; TA: iva gamyate; E1,2,3,5,6, A: idaṃ gamyate}* *{1/75: E3,5, TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,6: nāsti vā}* *{1/76: TA, TB, TC, A: vā svayam-; E5,3: vāpi svayam- ; E1,2,6: vāpi ayam}* *{1/77: TB, TC; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: bādarāyaṇagrahaṇaṃ bādarāyaṇasya}* *{1/78: TB, TC, Kāś., Ny. rat.: nanu; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: atrocyate}* *{1/79: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A om. nimittam}* *{1/80: E2: 1,31; E3: 175; E5: 1,87; E6: 1,6}* *{1/81: Vgl. MS 1.1.4a, dort: satsaṃprayoge... tat pratyakṣam. Zur Umstellung von tat und sat in MS 1.1.4 durch den Vṛttikāra, vgl. Schmithausen (1965), S.158}* *{1/82: E1,2,3,5,6, TC; TA, A: idaṃ tatsaṃprayogajam}* *{1/83: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TC, A: idaṃ na}* *{1/84: TB, TC; E1,2,3,5,6, TA: jñeyam; A om. jñāyate}* *{1/85: TA, TSP; E1,2,3,5,6, A: yadā hi; TB, TC: yadi}* *{1/86: TSP: kṣudādibhir; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB, TC, A: cakṣurādibhir}* *{1/87: TC, TSP; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB: saṃyagjñānasya, A: saṃyagjñāne}* *{1/88: TB, TC, TSP; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: mithyājñānam}* *{1/89: E3, TB, TC, A; E1,2,6, TA: avagacchemahi; E5, TSP: avagacchema}* *{1/90: E1,2,3,5,6, TB, TA, Kāś., Tātp.; TA svabhāvād upalakṣitā}* *{1/91: TA, TB; E1,2,3,5,6: kuḍyaḥ; TC: kumbha; A: kuṇḍa}* *{1/92: E3, TB, A; E1,2,5,6, TA: viparyasiṣyatīti}* *{1/93: A om. prāk}* *{1/94: E1,2,3,6; E5, M.pari.: prabodhāt; TA: bodhanāt; A: pratyakṣabādhanāt; TB, TC: bādhakajñānāt}* *{1/95: TA, TC; E1,2,3,5,6, A: viśeṣa iti, TB viśeṣaḥ}* *{1/96: E2: 1,35; E3: 186; E5: 1,69; E6: 1,7}* *{1/97: TB, A, M.pari.; E1,2,3,5,6: tathā bhavitum}* *{1/98: Vgl. Śālikanātha, Mī. Pari., E1, 13/12f.: yadi pratītir evātathābhāvaṃ gamayati, jāgratpratītir apy arthasyātathābhāvaṃ gamayet}* *{1/99: E1,5 (v.l.), TC, M. pari.; E1,2,3,6: pratyayatvād ayam}* *{1/100: E5, TB, TC, M. pari.; E1,2,3,6, TA, A: vaktum}* *{1/101: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB, A, M.pari., Kāś.; TC anyato hi}* *{1/102: M. pari.; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, TB, TC, A: abhāva eva}* *{1/103: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: na jāgratpratyayo}* *{1/104: A; E1,2,3,5,6: tatra; TA, TB, TC om tan na}* *{1/105: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: bhaved}* *{1/106: TC, A om. hi}* *{1/107: TB, TC om. iti}* *{1/108: E3,5, TA, TB, TC, A, Kāś., Ny. rat.; E1,2,6: yad}* *{1/109: E1,3,5, TA, TB, TC, Kāś., Ny. rat.; E2,6 A: ucyate}* *{1/110: TC, Kāś., Ny.rat.; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A, Tātp.: jñāto 'rthaḥ; TB: jñātaḥ}* *{1/111: E2: 1,40; E3: 282; E5: 1,86; E6: 1,7}* *{1/112: E1,5, TB, TC, Kāś., Ny.rat.; E2,3,6: jñāto 'py}* *{1/113: TA, A: buddhirūpopalambhanam}* *{1/114: E5, TA, TC, A, Kāś.; E1,2,3,6: na vyapadeśyā}* *{1/115: E5, TB, TC, A, Kāś.; E1,6: nāpratyakṣam, E2,3, E1 (v.l.): na pratyakṣam}* *{1/116: E5, TA, TB, TC, Kāś., Ny. rat.; E1,2,3,6, A: na}* *{1/117: TB, TC, Kāś., Ny.rat. om. sataḥ}* *{1/118: E5, TB, TC; E1,2,3,6, TA: anākārām}* *{1/119: TA, TB, A, Kāś.; E1,2,3,6: tantvādāne, E5: atantūpādāne}* *{1/120: TB, TC; E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A: ato}* *{1/121: E1,2,3,5,6, TA, A om. tatra}* *{1/122: E3,5, TB, TC, M.pari., Kāś.; TA, Ny.rat.: āditye; E1,2,6, A: ādityagatismaraṇam}* *{1/123: TB, TC, A, M.pari., Kāś., E1 (v.l.); E1,2,5,6, TA, Tātp.: jīvati devadatte}* *{1/124: MS 1.1.4b}* *{1/125: E2: 1,47; E5: 1,124; E6: 1,8}* *{1/126: E5, TB, Ṛj.; E1,2,6, TA, A: upalambhakāni}* *{1/127: TB, TC, M.pari., Tātp., Kāś.; E1,2,5,6, TA, A: phalena}* *{1/128: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/129: E2, A om. api ca... bis bhavitavyam iti, E1 gibt den Abschnitt als Fußnote, E5,6 TA, TC: api ca - tatkāla eva phalaṃ śrūyate - yāgaḥ karaṇam iti vākyād avagamyate, kāraṇaṃ ced utpannaṃ kāryeṇa bhavitavyam iti}* *{1/130: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: upalabhyate}* *{1/131: E1,2,5,6, TA, A, M.pari.; TB, TC: śakyam}* *{1/132: E5, TC, Bṛh., Ṛj., Tātp., Kāś., Ny. rat.; E1,2,6, TA, TB, A om. vaidikam}* *{1/133: Zitiert in ĀpŚS 31.2.21, Quelle unbekannt}* *{1/134: TB, TC, Bṛh.; E1,2,5,6, TA, A, Tātp.: śarīrakam}* *{1/135: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/136: E1,2,5,6, TA, Tātp., Kāś.; TB, TC, A, M.pari.: agnihotracodanāsv}* *{1/137: MS 1.1.5a}* *{1/138: TB, TC, M.pari., Tātp. om. agnihotrādilakṣaṇasya}* *{1/139: TB, TC, M.pari., Tātp. om. pratyakṣādibhir}* *{1/140: E1,2,5,6, TA, TB, A; TC, M.pari., Tātp.: yathā}* *{1/141: TA, TB, TC, M.pari., Tātp.; E1,2,5,6, A: saṃyaksaṃpratyaya}* *{1/142: E1,2,5,6 haben an Stelle von: sati saṃbandhe nur: śabde (bei Frauwallner fehlt hierzu eine Anmerkung)}* *{1/143: E2: 1,51; E5: 1,131; E6: 1,9}* *{1/144: E1,2,5,6, TA, TC, M.pari.; TB, A: tathā}* *{1/145: TA, TB, A; E1,2,5,6, TC: avagatim icchāmaḥ}* *{1/146: E1,2,5,6, A, M.pari.; TA, TB, TC: brūta itīty}* *{1/147: TB, TC, A, M. pari.; E1,2,5,6, TA: bodhayati}* *{1/148: TB, TC om. iti}* *{1/149: TB, TC, A, M. pari.; E1,2,5,6, TA: ca}* *{1/150: TB, TC, M. pari.; E1,2,5,6, TA, A: nimitte}* *{1/151: TB, TC, M. pari.; E1,2,5,6, TA, A: budhyate}* *{1/152: M.pari.: pratyakṣaḥ pratyayo; E1,2,5,6: avyapadeśapratyayo (bei Frauwallner nicht vermerkt)}* *{1/153: TA, TB, TC, TSP; E1,2,5,6, A: asya pratyayaviparyāsaṃ}* *{1/154: TB, TC, TSP om. pratyayena}* *{1/155: Tātp., Ny.rat. om. evam}* *{1/156: TA, TC, A, Kāś. om. asti}* *{1/157: E5, TB om. yadi}* *{1/158: E1,2,6, TA, A; E5, TB, TC: saṃśleṣasaṃbandham}* *{1/159: E5, A, Ṛj., E1 (v.l.); E1,6: -bhāvasaṃyogādayas; E2, TA, TB, TC: -bhāvādayas}* *{1/160: E5, TB, TC, Tātp. om. yaḥ...tam; E1,2,5,6 om. saṃbandhas tam}* *{1/161: E2: 1,54; E5: 1,143; E6: 1,10}* *{1/162: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: uccārayati...avagacchati}* *{1/163: TB, TC om. yaḥ...sa}* *{1/164: E1,2,5,6, A om. hy}* *{1/165: E1,2,5,6, A om. hi}* *{1/166: E1,2,5,6, TC; TA, TB, A: śabdo}* *{1/167: E1,2,5,6, A, M. pari. om. 'pi}* *{1/168: TB, TC, M. pari.: -pratyaya iti cet; E1,2,5,6, TA: -pratipattiś cet; A: -pratītiḥ syāt cet}* *{1/169: E1,2,5,6, TA, A, M.pari.; TB, TC, Tātp.: vācaka}* *{1/170: E1,2,5,6 om. api}* *{1/171: TB, TC, Tātp. om. syāt}* *{1/172: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: pratyakṣādibhiḥ pramāṇair anupalabhyamāno}* *{1/173: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: śaknoty upagantum}* *{1/174: E2: 1,56; E5: 1,153; E6: 1,10}* *{1/175: Nirukta, 1.1}* *{1/176: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC, Tātp.: na caitad}* *{1/177: TA, TB, TC, Tātp.; E1,2,5,6, A: saṃbhavaty}* *{1/178: TA, TB, TC, Tātp., Ny. rat., E1 (v.l.); E1,2,5,6, A: evārthapratipattau}* *{1/179: E1,2,5,6, A om. etāvatā}* *{1/180: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: ato na tebhyo}* *{1/181: śakyate vaktum: E1,2,5,6, TC, Śārk.; TB: avagamyate; TA: gamyeta, A: samyak}* *{1/182: TA, A om. apy}* *{1/183: TA, TB, A, Śark., Ny. rat.; E1,2,5,6, TC: evaṃjatīyako}* *{1/184: E2: 1,61; E5: 1,171; E6: 1,11}* *{1/185: TB, TC, A, Ny. rat., E2,5 , E1 (v.l.); E1,6: mahājānikaḥ}* *{1/186: TB, TC, A, Bṛh., Ṛj.; E1,2,5,6, TA, A: duṣyatīti}* *{1/187: E5, TA, TB, TC, Bṛh., Ṛj.; E1,2,6: vane 'pi sati}* *{1/188: TB: te siddhānta-; E1,2,5,6, TA, TC: tatsiddhānta-; E1,2,5,6, TA, A: -dūṣaṇe}* *{1/189: E1,2,5,6, TA; A: upapadyate; TB, TC om}* *{1/190: E5, TB, TC; E1,2,6, TA, A: ato}* *{1/191: E1,2,5,6, A, Ny.rat.; TB, TC: gamyate; TA: avagacchāmaḥ}* *{1/192: TA, TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, A: mithyaiva}* *{1/193: TA; E1,2,5,6, TB, TC, A: tato}* *{1/194: TC, Śark., Ny. rat.; TB: pratyayaviparyayaḥ; E1,2,5,6, TA, A: viparyeti}* *{1/195: Vgl. MS 1.3.33, E1/2 haben: śabdārtha}* *{1/196: E1,2,5,6, TB, A; TA: nanu sa kṛtaka; TC: sa kṛtaka}* *{1/197: E1,2,5,6, TA, TB, TC, A; Ny.rat.: saṃvyavahārārtham}* *{1/198: E1,2,5,6, TC, A, Śark.; TA, TB: siddhasya siddham}* *{1/199: E2: 1,63; E5: 1,181; E6: 1,12}* *{1/200: TA, TB, A; E1,2,5,6, TC: na ca}* *{1/201: TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6, TA: bhavati}* *{1/202: E1,2,5,6 om. apy}* *{1/203: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: vede}* *{1/204: Pāṇ. 1.1.1}* *{1/205: E1,2,5,6, TA, A om. tad vṛddham}* *{1/206: Pāṇ. 1.1.73; E1/2, TA, A om. tad vṛddham}* *{1/207: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC, Ny.rat.: pratipadyeta}* *{1/208: TB; E1,2,5,6, TA, TC, A: kāraṇād}* *{1/209: E5,6, TB, TC, Bṛh.; E1,2, TA, A: pratipadyāmahe}* *{1/210: E1,2,5,6, TA om. manyāmaha iti}* *{1/211: Vgl. MS 1.1.5b}* *{1/212: E1,2,5,6, TA, A: nārthā upalabhyeran; TB, TC: atha upalabhyeta}* *{1/213: E2: 1,67; E5: 1,193; E6: 1,12}* *{1/214: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: saṃvyavaharamāṇānām}* *{1/215: Vgl. MS 1.1.5c}* *{1/216: TA, A; E1,2,5,6, TB, TC om. 'pi}* *{1/217: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC, M.pari.: śaknuyād eva}* *{1/218: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: saṃbandhasya kartā}* *{1/219: Vgl. MS 1.1.5c}* *{1/220: TB, TC, M.pari., Ny.rat. om. hi}* *{1/221: E1,2,5,6, A; TA: saṃbandhaḥ kartavyaḥ; TB, TC: saṃbandhaḥ kriyeta (kriyate)}* *{1/222: TA, TB, TC, A om. tasya keneti}* *{1/223: TA, TB, TC, Bṛh., M. pari., Ny. rat.; E1,2,5,6, A: nāsti}* *{1/224: E2 om. hi}* *{1/225: E1,2,5,6, TB, A; TA: vṛddhebhyaḥ vyavahāreṇa; TC: vṛddhavyavahārebhyaḥ}* *{1/226: E2 (v.l.), TA, A; E1,2,5,6: na ca pratipanna-; TB: apratipanna-; TC: aprasiddha-}* *{1/227: Vgl. MS 1.1.5d}* *{1/228: E5, TB, vgl. Bṛh., Ṛj., Nayaviveka; E1,2,6, TA, TC, A: devadattādāv}* *{1/229: E2: 1,69; E5: 1,197; E6: 1,13}* *{1/230: TB, TC, A om. hi}* *{1/231: E1,2,5,6, TB, TC; TA, A: jñāyamāneṣūbhayam}* *{1/232: Vgl. MS 1.1.5e}* *{1/233: TA, TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, A: na caivam}* *{1/234: TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6, TA: ca}* *{1/235: TA; E1,2,5,6, A: apekṣyate; TB, TC: apekṣitavyam}* *{1/236: TA, TB, TC om. hi}* *{1/237: E1,2,5,6, A; TA: ataḥ; TB, TC: tena}* *{1/238: TA, TB, TC, M. pari.; E1,2,5,6, A: tāvataiva}* *{1/239: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: karmaṇaḥ}* *{1/240: TB, TC om. tatra}* *{1/241: E1,2,5,6, A om. nanu}* *{1/242: E1,2,5,6, TA, A om. śarīraguṇāḥ}* *{1/243: E1,2,6, TA om. hi te; E5 om. hi te ayāvaccharīrabhāvitvāt}* *{1/244: E1,2,5,6 om. ato na śarīraguṇāḥ prāṇādayaḥ}* *{1/245: E2: 1,73; E5: 1,209; E6: 1,14}* *{1/246: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; M.pari.: vadāmaḥ; TB, TC: brūmaḥ}* *{1/247: TA, TB, A; E1,2,5,6: saṃbandhānveṣaṇā}* *{1/248: TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: bhavati}* *{1/249: E1,2,5,6, A; TA, TB, E1 (v.l.): anvicchema; TC: anviccheḥ}* *{1/250: TA, TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, A: avyavasthaiva}* *{1/251: E2, TB, A; E1,6, TA, TC: paritoṣyasi; E5: parituṣyasi}* *{1/252: E1,2,5,6, TB, A om. vijñātā}* *{1/253: E1,2,5,6, A; TA, TB, TC: jānātīti jñānasya}* *{1/254: TA, TB, TC, A om. anena}* *{1/255: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB: upalabhyate; TC: ucyate}* *{1/256: TA, TB, TC, A, E1 (v.l.); E1,2,5,6: vedā}* *{1/257: E1,2,5,6: pramaṃsyate}* *{1/258: TB om. pratyakṣa-; TC om. ātmasattāvādina eva śabdasya pratyakṣa-}* *{1/259: E2: 1,76; E5: 1,214; E6: 1,15}* *{1/260: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: anyam}* *{1/261: E1,2,5,6, TB, TC, A om. nānupalabdhapūrve}* *{1/262: TB, TC, A; TA: anupalabdhe; E1,2,5,6: upalabdhur}* *{1/263: TB; E1,2,5,6, TA, A: 'nyedur, TC om}* *{1/264: E1,2,5,6, TA, A om. atas}* *{1/265: E1,2,5,6, TA, A: sā ity; TB, TC: asti}* *{1/266: TA, TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, A: pratyaste}* *{1/267: TB, TC; E2,5, TA, A: atha tu; E1,6: atha nu}* *{1/268: TA, TC, A; E1,2,5,6, TB: ya eva}* *{1/269: TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, TA, A: icchā nopapannā}* *{1/270: TB, TC, E1,2,5,6, TA, A: atrocyate}* *{1/271: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: anyaṃ}* *{1/272: TA, TC, A: yac ca; E1,2,5,6, TB: yan}* *{1/273: TB, TC om. eva}* *{1/274: TC, A om. apy}* *{1/275: TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, A: anyedyur}* *{1/276: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: na vā}* *{1/277: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: kṣaṇika-}* *{1/278: E2: 1,78; E5: 1,220; E6: 1,15}* *{1/279: TB; E1,2,5,6, TA, TC, A: tat-}* *{1/280: E1,2,5,6, TA, A: athāsmin arthe; TC: atrāpi; TB: tathā ca}* *{1/281: BU (M) 2.4.12; vgl. BU (M) 4.5.13 (ebenso K)}* *{1/282: E5, TB, TC, Bṛh.; E1,2,6, A: ucyate}* *{1/283: E5, TA, TB, TC, A, Bṛh, E1 (v.l.); E1,2,6: aparo}* *{1/284: E5; E1,2,6, A om. yo}* *{1/285: E5, TA, TB, TC: tad yathā; E1,2,6, A: yathā}* *{1/286: TA, Ny. rat.; TC: ātmapratyayam; E1,2,5,6, TB, A: pratyayam}* *{1/287: TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, TA, A om. hi}* *{1/288: BU (M) 3.9.28, (K) 3.9.26, identisch mit (M) 4.2.6, (K) 4.2.4. und (M) 4.4.27, (K) 4.4.22 und (K) 4.5.15 (fehlt in M)}* *{1/289: E1 (v.l.), TA; TC: ye caiva; E5: ye 'pi caiva; E1,2,6: ye; A: yac ca}* *{1/290: BU (M) 4.5.15, (K) 4.5.14}* *{1/291: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB: vijñānād anya ātmā; TC: vijñānād anyo 'sti}* *{1/292: E2: 1,80; E5: 1,232; E6: 1,16}* *{1/293: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB, TC: ity etat tattvam (ity) avagamyeta}* *{1/294: E1,2,5,6: nidarśyeta; TA, TB: nidarśyata; TA, C: nirdiśyata}* *{1/295: TB, TC, Bṛh. om. ca}* *{1/296: E1,2,5,6, TC, A; TA, TB: param ātmānam}* *{1/297: TA, TB, TC, A; E1,2,5,6: parapuruṣaṃ nopalabhanta}* *{1/298: BU (M) 4.3.6 (=K)}* *{1/299: BU (M) 3.9.28 (K 3.9.26) identisch mit (M) 4.2.6 (K 4.2.4), (M) 4.4.27 (K 4.4.22) und (K) 4.5.15 (fehlt in M)}* *{1/300: TA, TC; E1,2,5,6, A: athāpi}* *{1/301: BU (M) 4.4.10 (K 4.3.9), identisch mit (M) 4.3.16 (K 4.3.14)}* *{1/302: TB, TC om. ayam (so auch E1/2)}* *{1/303: TA, TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, A: tatrāpy}* *{1/304: E2: 1,83; E5: 1,247; E6: 1,17}* *{1/305: BU (M) 3.9.28 (K 3.9.26), identisch mit (M) 4.2.6 (K 4.2.4), (M) 4.4.27 (K 4.4.22) und K 4.5.15 (fehlt in M)}* *{1/306: E1,2,5,6 om. ayam}* *{1/307: TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, TA, A: anya iti}* *{1/308: E1,2,5,6, TC, A om. ātmā}* *{1/309: E1,2,5,6, TA, A om. iti}* *{1/310: E5, A om. tebhyo; E1,2,6 haben tebhyo (falsch bei Frauwallner)}* *{1/311: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB: tayā; TC: anayā}* *{1/312: E1,2,5,6, TA, A; TB: paśyati; TC: anyaṃ paśyati}* *{1/313: E1,2,5,6; TA: pāṭyamānasya...tadyamānasya; TB bhidyamānasya; TC: nudyamānasya...tāḍ-yamānasya...bhidyamānsya; A: dahyamānasya...vādyamānasya...tudyamānasya}* *{1/314: TB, TC, Ṛj.; E1/2, TA, A: yad}* *{1/315: E2: 1,85; E5: 1,254; E6: 1,17}* *{1/316: TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, TA, A om. apy}* *{1/317: BU (M) 4.5.14 (=K); vgl. M 2.4.13 (=K)}* *{1/318: TA, TB, TC; E1,2,5,6, A: mohānta-}* *{1/319: E1,2,5,6, A om. vacanasya}* *{1/320: E1,2,5,6 om. 'haṃ}* *{1/321: BU (M) 4.5.15 (vgl. K 4.5.14)}*

karmaike tatra darśanāt // MS_1,1.6 //

uktam - nityaḥ śabdārthayoḥ saṃbandha iti. tad anupapannam, śabdasyānityatvāt. vinaṣṭaḥ śabdaḥ, punar asya kriyamāṇasyārthenākṛtakaḥ saṃbandho nopapadyate. na hi prathamaśrutāc chabdāt kaścid arthaṃ pratyeti. kathaṃ punar anityaḥ śabdaḥ. prayatnād uttarakālaṃ dṛśyate yataḥ. ataḥ prayatnānantaryāt tena kriyata iti gamyate. nanv abhivyañjyāt sa enam. neti brūmaḥ. na hy asya prāg abhivyañjanāt sadbhāve kiṃcana pramāṇam asti. saṃś cābhivyajyate nāsan.

asthānāt // MS_1,1.7 //

no{*1/322*} khalv apy uccaritaṃ muhūrtam apy upalabhāmahe. ato vinaṣṭa ity avagacchāmaḥ. na ca san nopalabhyate. anupalaṃbhakāraṇānāṃ vyavadhānādīnām abhāve 'py anupalambhanāt. na cāsau viṣayam aprāptaḥ, ākāśāviṣayatvāt, karṇacchidre 'py anupalambhanāt.

NOTES: *{1/322: E1 gibt als v.l.: na cainam uccaritaṃ}*

karotiśabdāt // MS_1,1.8 //

api ca śabdaṃ kuru, mā śabdaṃ kārṣīr iti vyavahartāraḥ prayuñjate, na te nūnam avagacchanti sa evāyaṃ śabda iti.

sattvāntare ca yaugapadyāt // MS_1,1.9 //

nānādeśeṣu ca yugapac chabdam upalabhāmahe, tad ekasya nityasyānupapannam iti. asati viśeṣe nityasya nānekatvam. kāryāṇāṃ tu bahūnāṃ nānādeśeṣu kriyamāṇānām upapadyate 'nekadeśasaṃbandhaḥ. tasmād apy anityaḥ.

prakṛtivikṛtyoś ca // MS_1,1.10 //

api ca dadhyatrety atrekāraḥ prakṛtiḥ, yakāro vikṛtir ity upapadiśanti. yad vikriyate, tad anityam. ikārasādṛśyaṃ ca yakārasyopalabhyate, tenāpi tayoḥ prakṛtivikārabhāvo lakṣyate.

vṛddhiś ca kartṛbhūmnāsya // MS_1,1.11 //

api ca bahubhir uccārayadbhir mahān śabdaḥ śrūyate. sa yady abhivyajyate, bahubhir alpaiś coccāryamāṇas tāvān evopalabhyeta. ato manyāmahe nūnam asyaikaikena kaścid avayavaḥ kriyate, yat pracayād ayaṃ mahān upalabhyate.

[26]{*1/323*}

NOTES: *{1/323: E2: 1,90; E5: 1,272; E6: 1,19}*

samaṃ tu tatra darśanam // MS_1,1.12 //

tuśabdāt pakṣo viparivartate. yad{*1/324*} uktam - prayatnād uttarakāle darśanāt kṛtako 'yam iti{*1/325*}. yadi vispaṣṭena hetunā śabdasya nityatvaṃ vaktuṃ śakṣyāmaḥ, tato nityapratyayasāmarthyāt prayatnenābhivyajyata iti bhaviṣyati. yadi prāg uccāraṇād anabhivyaktaḥ prayatnenābhivyajyate. tasmād ubhayoḥ pakṣayoḥ samam etat.

NOTES: *{1/324: E1,5,6; E2: tad}* *{1/325: ŚBh ad MS 1.1.6}*

sataḥ param adarśanaṃ viṣayānāgamāt // MS_1,1.13 //

yad aparaṃ kāraṇam uktam - uccaritapradhvasta iti{*1/326*}. atrāpi yadi śakṣyāmo nityatām asya vispaṣṭaṃ vaktum, tato nityapratyayasāmarthyāt kadācid upalambhaṃ kadācid anupalambhaṃ dṛṣṭvā kiṃcid upalambhasya nimittaṃ kalpayiṣyāmaḥ. tac ca saṃyogavibhāgasadbhāve sati bhavatīti saṃyogavibhāgāv evābhivyañjakāv iti vakṣyāmaḥ. uparatayoḥ saṃyogavibhāgayoḥ śrūyata iti cet. naitad evam. na nūnam uparamanti saṃyogavibhāgāḥ, yata upalabhyate śabda iti. na hi te pratyakṣā iti. yadi śabdaṃ saṃyogavibhāgā evābhivyañjanti na kurvanti, ākāśaviṣayatvāc chabdasyākāśasyaikatvād ya evāyam atra śrotrākāśaḥ, sa eva deśāntareṣv apīti śrughnasthaiḥ{*1/327*} saṃyogavibhāgair abhivyaktaḥ pāṭaliputre 'py upalabhyeta. yasya punaḥ kurvanti, tasya vāyavīyāḥ saṃyogavibhāgā vāyvāśritatvād vāyuṣv eva kariṣyanti, yathā tantavas tantuṣv eva paṭam. tasya pāṭaliputreṣv anupalambho yuktaḥ, śrughnasthatvāt teṣām. yasyāpy abhivyañjanti, tasyāpy eṣa na doṣaḥ, dūre satyāḥ karṇaśaṣkulyā anupakārakāḥ saṃyogavibhāgāḥ, tena dūre yac chrotraṃ tena nopalabhyata iti. naitad evam. aprāptāś cet [28]{*1/328*}saṃyogavibhāgāḥ śrotrasyopakuryuḥ. saṃnikṛṣṭavikṛṣṭadeśasthau yugapac chabdam upalabheyātām. na ca yugapad upalabhete. tasmān nāprāptā upakurvanti. na ced upakurvanti{*1/329*}, tasmād animittaṃ śabdopalambhane saṃyogavibhāgāv iti. naitad evam. abhighātena hi preritā vāyavas timitāni{*1/330*} vāyvantarāṇi pratibādhamānāḥ sarvatodikkān saṃyogavibhāgān utpādayanti. yāvad vegam abhipratiṣṭhante. te ca vāyor apratyakṣatvāt saṃyogavibhāgā nopalabhyante. anuparateṣv eva teṣu śabda upalabhyate noparateṣu. ato na doṣaḥ. ata eva cānuvātaṃ dūrād upalabhyate śabdaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/326: Cf. ŚBh ad MS 1.1.7}* *{1/327: E2,5,6 haben srughna-}* *{1/328: E2: 1,95; E5: 1,280; E6: 1,20}* *{1/329: E2 om. na ced upakurvanti}* *{1/330: E1,6; E2,5 (richtig): vāyavaḥ stimitāni}*

prayogasya param // MS_1,1.14 //

yad aparaṃ kāraṇam uktam - śabdaṃ kuru mā kārṣīr iti vyavahartāraḥ prayuñjate{*1/331*}. yady asaṃśayaṃ nityaḥ śabdaḥ, śabdaprayogaṃ kurv iti bhaviṣyati, yathā gomayāt{*1/332*} kurv iti saṃhāre{*1/333*}.

NOTES: *{1/331: ŚBh ad MS 1.1.8}* *{1/332: E2,5,6 (richtig): gomayān}* *{1/333: E1,5; E2,6: saṃvāhe (E1 gibt saṃvāhe als Fn.)}*

ādityavad yaugapadyam // MS_1,1.15 //

yat tv ekadeśasya{*1/334*} sato nānādeśeṣu yugapad darśanam anupapannam iti{*1/335*}. ādityaṃ paśya devānāṃpriya. ekaḥ sann anekadeśāv asthita iva lakṣyate. kathaṃ punar avagamyata eka āditya iti. ucyate - prāṅmukho devadattaḥ pūrvāhne saṃprati purastād ādityaṃ paśyati. tasya dakṣiṇato 'vasthito na dvau paśyati, ātmanaś ca saṃprati na tiraścīnaṃ{*1/336*} devadattasyārjave. [28]{*1/337*} tasmād eka āditya iti. dūratvād asya deśo nāvadhāryate. ato vyāmohaḥ. evaṃ śabde 'pi vyāmohād anavadhāraṇaṃ deśasya. yadi śrotraṃ saṃyogavibhāgadeśam āgatya śabdaṃ gṛhṇīyāt, tathāpi tāvad anekadeśatā kadācid avagamyeta. na ca tatsaṃyogadeśam āgacchati. pratyakṣā hi karṇaśaṣkulī taddeśā gṛhyate. vāyavīyāḥ punaḥ saṃyogavibhāgā apratyakṣasya vāyoḥ, karṇaśaṣkulīpradeśe prādurbhavanto nopalabhyanta iti nānupapannam. ata eva vyāmoho yan nānādeśeṣu śabda iti. ākāśadeśaś ca śabda iti. ekaṃ ca punar ākāśam. ato 'pi na nānādeśeṣu. api caikarūpye sati deśabhedena kāmaṃ deśā eva bhinnāḥ, na tu śabdaḥ. tasmād ayam apy adoṣaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/334: E5: yathaitad ekasya}* *{1/335: Cf. ŚBh ad MS 1.1.9}* *{1/336: E2: saṃprati sthitaṃ tiraścīnaṃ (E1 gibt: saṃpratisthite tiraścīnaṃ als Fn.)}* *{1/337: E2: 1,98; E5: 1,308; E6: 1,20}*

varṇāntaram avikāraḥ // MS_1,1.16 //

na ca dadhyatrety{*1/338*} atra prakṛtivikārabhāvaḥ. śabdāntaram ikārād yakāraḥ. na hi yakāraṃ prayuñjānā ikāram upādadate, yathā kaṭaṃ cikrīrṣanto vīraṇāni. na ca sādṛśyamātraṃ dṛṣṭvā prakṛtir vikṛtir vocyate. na hi dādhipiṭakaṃ dṛṣṭvā kundapiṭakaṃ ca prakṛtivikārabhāvo 'vagamyate. tasmād ayam apy adoṣaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/338: Cf. ŚBh ad MS 1.1.10}*

nādavṛddhiparā // MS_1,1.17 //{*1/339*} yac caitad bahubhir bherīm ādhmanadbhiḥ{*1/340*} śabdam{*1/341*} uccārayadbhir mahāñ śabda upalabhyate, tena pratipuruṣaṃ śabdāvayavapracaya iti gamyate{*1/342*}. naivam. niravayavo hi śabdaḥ avayavabhedānavagamān niravayavatvāc ca mahattvānupapattiḥ. ato na vardhate śabdaḥ. mṛdur ekena [29]{*1/343*} bahubhiś coccāryamāṇe tāny evākṣarāṇi karṇaśaṣkulīmaṇḍalasya sarvāṃ nemiṃ vyāpnuvadbhiḥ saṃyogavibhāgair nairantaryeṇānekaśo grahaṇān mahān ivāvayavavān ivopalabhyante. saṃyogavibhāgā nairantaryeṇa kriyamāṇāḥ śabdam abhivyañjanto nādaśabdavācyāḥ. tena nādasyaiṣā vṛddhiḥ, na śabdasyeti.

NOTES: *{1/339: E5: nādavṛddhiḥ parā}* *{1/340: E1,6; E2: ādhamadbhiḥ, E5: aghnadbhiḥ (?)}* *{1/341: E5: gośabdam}* *{1/342: Cf. ŚBh ad MS 1.1.11}* *{1/343: E2: 1,101; E5: 1,318; E6: 1,21}*

nityas tu syād darśanasya parārthatvāt // MS_1,1.18 //

nityaḥ śabdo bhavitum arhati. kutaḥ? darśanasya parārthatvāt. darśanam uccāraṇam, tat parārthaṃ param arthaṃ pratyāyayitum. uccaritamātre hi vinaṣṭe śabde na cānyo 'nyān arthaṃ pratyāyayituṃ śaknuyāt. ato na parārtham uccāryeta. atha na vinaṣṭaḥ, tato bahuśa upalabdhatvād arthāvagama iti yuktam. arthavat sādṛśyād arthāvagama iti cet. na kaścid arthavān, sarveṣāṃ navatvāt. kasyacit pūrvasya kṛtrimaḥ saṃbandho{*1/344*} bhaviṣyatīti cet. tad uktaṃ sadṛśa iti cāvagate vyāmohāt pratyayo vyāvarteta mālāśabdān mālāpratyaya iva{*1/345*}. yathā gāvīśabdāt sāsnādim iti pratyayasyānivṛttiḥ, tadvad bhaviṣyatīti cet. na hi gośabdaṃ tatroccārayitum icchā. nehānyaśabdoccicārayiṣā. na caikenoccāraṇāyatnena{*1/346*} saṃvyavahāraś cārthasaṃbandhaś ca śakyate{*1/347*} kartum. tasmād darśanasya parārthatvāt, nityaḥ śabdaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/344: E2: kṛtrimasaṃbandho}* *{1/345: E1,6; E2 (richtig): śālāśabdān mālāpratyaya iva, E5: śālāśabdān mālāpratyayavat}* *{1/346: E1,6; E2,5: caikenoccāraṇayatnena}* *{1/347: E2 om. śakyate}*

sarvatra yaugapadyāt // MS_1,1.19 //

gośabda uccarite sarvagavīṣu yugapat pratyayo bhavati. ata ākṛtivacano 'yam. na cākṛtyā śabdasya saṃbandhaḥ śakyate kartum. nirdiśya hy ākṛtiṃ kartā saṃbadhnīyāt. gopiṇḍe ca bahūnām ākṛtīnāṃ sadbhāvāc chabdam antareṇa gośabdavācyāṃ vibhaktām ākṛtiṃ kena prakāreṇopadekṣyati? nitye tu sati gośabde bahukṛtva [30]{*1/348*} uccaritaḥ śrutapūrvaś cānyāsu govyaktiṣv anvayavyatirekābhyām ākṛtivacanam avagamiṣyati. tasmād api nityaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/348: E2: 1,105; E5: 1,328; E6: 1,22}*

saṃkhyābhāvāt // MS_1,1.20 //

aṣṭakṛtvo gośabda uccarita iti vadanti, nāṣṭau gośabdā iti. kim ato, yady evam. anena vacanenāvagamyate, pratyabhijānantīti{*1/349*}. vayaṃ tāvat pratyabhijānīmo na naḥ karaṇadaurbalyam. evam anye 'pi pratyabhijānanti. sa evāyam iti. pratyabhijānānā{*1/350*} vayam ivānye 'pi nānya iti vaktum arhanti. atha matam anyatve sati sādṛśyena vyāmūḍhāḥ sa iti vakṣyanti. tan na. na hi te sadṛśa iti pratiyanti, kiṃ tarhi sa evāyam iti. vidite ca sphuṭe 'nyatve vyāmoha iti gamyate. na cāyam anya iti praty-akṣam anyad vā pramāṇam asti. syād etat - buddhikarmaṇī api te pratyabhijñāyete. te 'pi nitye prāpnutaḥ. naiṣa doṣaḥ. na hi te pratyakṣe. atha pratyakṣe nitye eva{*1/351*}. hy astanasya śabdasya vināśād anyo 'dyatana iti cet. naiṣa vinaṣṭaḥ, yata enaṃ punar upalabhāmahe. na hi pratyakṣadṛṣṭaṃ muhūrtam adṛṣṭvā punar upalabhyamānaṃ pratyabhijānanto vinaṣṭaṃ parikalpayanti. parikalpayanto dvitīyasaṃdarśane mātari, jāyāyāṃ pitari vā nāśvasyuḥ. na hy anupalambhamātreṇa nāstīty avagamya naṣṭa ity eva kalpayanti. apramāṇatāyāṃ viditāyāṃ nāstīty avagacchāmaḥ. na hi pramāṇe pratyakṣe saty apramāṇatā syāt. astīti punar avyāmohenāvagamyamāne na kvacid apy abhāvaḥ. na cāsiddhe 'bhāve vyāmohaḥ, na ca siddho 'bhāvaḥ. tasmād asati vyāmohe, nābhāvaḥ{*1/352*}. tad e[31]{*1/353*}tad ānupūrvyā siddham. tasmāt purastād anuccāritam anupalabhamānā api na vinaṣṭa ity avagantum arhanti. yathā{*1/354*} gṛhān nirgatāḥ sarvagṛhajanam apaśyantaḥ punaḥ praviśyopalabhamānā api na prāk praveśād vinaṣṭa ity avagacchanti. tadvad enam api nānya iti vaktum arhanti. ye 'pi sarveṣāṃ bhāvānāṃ pratikṣaṇaṃ vināśam abhyupagacchanti, te 'pi na śaknuvanti śabdasya vaditum. ante hi kṣayadarśanāt te manyante. na ca śabdasyānto na ca kṣayo lakṣyate. sa iti pratyakṣaḥ pratyayaḥ sadṛśa ity ānumānikaḥ. na ca pratyakṣaviruddham anumānam udeti. svakāryaṃ vā sādhayati. tasmān nityaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/349: Vgl. Sphoṭasiddhivyākhyā, v. 212}* *{1/350: E1,5; E2, E1 (Fn.), E6: pratyabhijānānāḥ pratyabhijānanti ced vayam}* *{1/351: Cf. Kumārila, ŚV, Śabdanityatādhikaraṇa, vv. 389/90-393/94}* *{1/352: E5: tasmād avyāmohaḥ. sati cāvyāmohe nābhāvāḥ}* *{1/353: E2: 1,106; E5: 1,340; E6: 1,22}* *{1/354: E2: tathā}*

anapekṣatvāt // MS_1,1.21 //

yeṣām anavagatotpattīnāṃ dravyāṇāṃ bhāva eva lakṣyate, teṣām api keṣāṃcid anityatā gamyate, yeṣāṃ vināśakāraṇam upalabhyate. yathābhinavaṃ paṭaṃ dṛṣṭvā, na caivaṃ kriyamāṇam upalabdhavān, athavānityatvam avagacchati rūpam eva dṛṣṭvā, tantuvyatiṣaṅgajanito 'yaṃ tantuvyatiṣaṅgavināśāt tantuvināśād vā vinaśyatīty avagacchati. naivaṃ śabdasya kiṃcit kāraṇam avagamyate, yad vināśād vinaṅkṣyatīty avagamyate.

prakhyābhāvāc ca yogasya // MS_1,1.22 //

idaṃ padebhyaḥ kebhyaścid uttaraṃ sūtram. nanu vāyukāraṇakaḥ syād iti vāyur udgataḥ saṃyogavibhāgaiḥ śabdo bhavatīti. tathā ca śikṣākārā āhuḥ - vāyur āpadyate śabdatām iti{*1/355*}. naitad evam. vāyavīyaś cec chabdo bhaved, vāyoḥ saṃniveśaviśeṣaḥ syāt. na ca vāyavīyān avayavāñ śabde sataḥ pratyabhijānīmo yathā paṭasya tantumayān. na caivaṃ bhavati. syāc ced evam, sparśa-ne[32]{*1/356*}nopalabhemahi. na ca vāyavīyān avayavāñ śabdagatān spṛśāmaḥ. tasmān na vāyukāraṇakaḥ. ato nityaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/355: Quelle nicht nachweisbar. Vgl. aber Nāradaśikṣā 1.5.8-10}* *{1/356: E2: 1,109; E5:1,346; E6: 1,23}*

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_1,1.23 //

liṅgaṃ caiva bhavati, vācā virūpanityayeti{*1/357*}. anyaparaṃ hīdaṃ vākyaṃ vāco nityatām anuvadati. tasmān nityaḥ śabdaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/357: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}*

utpattau vāvacanāḥ{*1/358*} syur arthasyātannimittatvāt // MS_1,1.24 //

yady apy autpattiko nityaḥ śabdo arthasaṃbandhaś ca{*1/359*}, tathāpi na codanālakṣaṇo dharmaḥ. codanā hi vākyam. na hy agnihotraṃ juhuyāt svargakāma ity ato vākyād anyatamāt{*1/360*} padād agnihotrāt svargo bhavatīti gamyate. gamyate tu padatraya uccarite. na cātra caturthaḥ śabdo 'sty anyad ataḥ padatrayasamudāyāt. na cāyaṃ samudāyo 'sti loke, yato 'sya vyavahārād artho 'vagamyate. padāny amūni prayuktāni, teṣāṃ nityo 'rthaḥ. aprayuktaś ca samudāyaḥ. tasmāt samudāyasyārthaḥ kṛtrimo vyāmoho vā. na ca padārthā eva vākyārthaḥ. sāmānye hi padaṃ pravartate, viśeṣe vākyam. anyac ca sāmānyam, anyo viśeṣaḥ. na ca padārthād vākyārthāvagatiḥ, asaṃbandhāt. asati cet saṃbandhe kasmiṃścit padārthe 'vagate 'rthāntaram avagamyeta, ekasminn avagate sarvam avagataṃ syāt. na caitad evaṃ bhavati. tasmād anyo vākyārthaḥ. syād etat - aprayuktād api vākyād asati saṃbandhe svabhāvād arthāvagama iti. yadi kalpyeta - śabdo dharmam ātmīyaṃ vyutkrāmet. na caiṣa śabdadharmo yad aprayuktād api śabdārthaḥ pratīyate. na hi [33]{*1/361*} prathamaśrutāt kutaścic chabdāt kecid arthaṃ pratiyanti. tad abhidhīyate - padadharmo 'yaṃ na vākyadharmaḥ. vākyād dhi prathamāvagatād api pratiyanto 'rthaṃ dṛśyante. naitad evam. yadi prathamaśrutād avagaccheyuḥ, api tarhi sarve 'vagaccheyuḥ padārthavido 'nye ca. na tv apadārthavido 'vagacchanti. tasmān naitad evam. nanu padārthavadbhir apy avagacchadbhir akṛta eva vākyārthasaṃbandho bhaviṣyati. padārthavedanena hi saṃskṛtā avagamiśyanti, yathā tam eva padārthaṃ dvitīyādiśravaṇeneti. neti brūmaḥ. yadi vākye 'ntyo varṇaḥ pūrvavarṇajanitasaṃskārasahitaḥ padārthebhyo 'rthāntaraṃ pratyāyayati, upakāras tu tadānīṃ{*1/362*} padārthajñānād avakalpate. tasmāt kṛtrimo vākyārthapratyayo vyāmoho vā. na padārthadvāreṇa saṃbhavati vākyārthajñānam iti. nanv evaṃ bhaviṣyati sāmānyavācinaḥ padasya gaur{*1/363*} iti vāśva iti vā, viśeṣakaṃ śukla iti vā kṛṣṇa iti vā padam antikād upanipatati yadā, tadā vākyārtho 'vagamyate. tan na. na hi{*1/364*} katham iva gaur iti vāśva iti vā sāmānyavācinaḥ padāt sarvagavīṣu sarvāśveṣu ca buddhir upasarpantī śrutijanitā, vākyānurodhena kutaścid viśeṣād apavarteta. na ca śukla ityāder viśeṣavacanasya kṛṣṇādi-nivṛttir bhavati śabdārthaḥ. na cānarthako mā bhūd ity arthaparikalpanā śakyā. ato na padārthajanito vākyārthaḥ. tasmāt kṛtrimaḥ. padasaṃghātāḥ khalv ete saṃghātāś ca puruṣakṛtā dṛśyante, yathā -

nīlotpalavaneṣv adya carantaś cārusaṃravāḥ/ nīlakauśeyasaṃvītāḥ praṇaśyantīva{*1/365*} kādambāḥ//{*1/366*}

ato vaidikā api puruṣakṛtā iti//

[34]{*1/367*}

NOTES: *{1/358: E1 (Fn.): vāvacanāni}* *{1/359: E1,6; E2,5: śabdaḥ saṃbandhaś ca}* *{1/360: E1; E2 (besser): anyatamāt, E5: ekasmāt, E6: anyatamasmāt}* *{1/361: E2: 1,113; E5: 1,377; E6: 1,24}* *{1/362: E1,5,6; E2: tadā na}* *{1/363: E2: gor}* *{1/364: E2 om. na hi}* *{1/365: E1,6; E2,5 (richtig): pranṛtyantīva}* *{1/366: Quelle unbekannt}* *{1/367: E2: 1,115; E5: 1,382; E6: 1,24}*

tad bhūtānaṃ kriyārthena samāmnāyo 'rthasya tannimittatvāt // MS_1,1.25 //

teṣv eva padārtheṣu bhūtānāṃ vartamānānāṃ (padānāṃ){*1/368*} kriyārthena{*1/369*} samuccāraṇam. nānapekṣya padārthān pārthagarthyena vākyam arthāntaraprasiddham. kutaḥ. pramāṇābhāvāt. na kiṃcana pramāṇam asti yena pramimīmahe. na hy anapekṣitapadārthasya vākyāntyavarṇasya pūrvavarṇajanitasaṃskārarahitasya śaktir asti padārthebhyo 'rthāntare vartitam{*1/370*} iti. nanv arthāpattir asti, yat padārthavyatiriktam artham avagacchāmaḥ. na ca śaktim antareṇa tad avakalpyata iti. tan na. arthasya tannimittatvāt. bhaved arthāpattiḥ, yady asatyām api śaktau nānyan nimittam avakalpyeta. avagamyate tu nimittam. kim? padārthāḥ. padāni hi svaṃ svaṃ padārtham abhidhāya nivṛttavyāpārāṇi. athedānīṃ padārthā avagatāḥ santo vākyārthaṃ gamayanti. katham. yatra hi śukla iti vā kṛṣṇa iti vā guṇaḥ pratīte bhavati. bhavati khalv asāvalaṃ guṇavati pratyayam ādhātum. tena guṇavati pratyayam icchantaḥ kevalaṃ guṇavacanam uccārayanti. saṃpatsyata eṣāṃ yathāsaṃkalpito 'bhiprāyaḥ. bhaviṣyati viśiṣṭārthasaṃpratyayaḥ. viśiṣṭārthasaṃpratyayaś ca vākyārthaḥ. evaṃ ced avagamyate 'nyata eva vākyārthaḥ ko jātucid adṛṣṭā padasamudāyasya śaktir arthād avagamyata iti vadiṣyati. api cānvayavyatirekābhyām etad avagamyate, bhavati hi kadācid iyam avasthā, mānasād apy ādhātāt{*1/371*}. yad uccaritebhyaḥ{*1/372*} padebhyo na padārthā avadhāryante. tadānīṃ{*1/373*} niyogato vākyārthaṃ nāvagaccheyuḥ. yady asya [35]{*1/374*} apārthagarthyam{*1/375*} abhaviṣyat. niyogatas tu nāvagacchanti. api cāntareṇāpi padoccāraṇaṃ yaḥ śauktyam{*1/376*} avagacchati, avagacchaty evāsau śuklaguṇakam. tasmāt padārthapratyaya eva vākyārthaḥ. nāsya padasamudāyena saṃbandhaḥ. yat tu - śrautaḥ padārtho na vākyānurodhena kutaścid viśeṣād apavartitum arhatīti{*1/377*}. satyam, evam etat{*1/378*}. yatra kevalaḥ padārthaḥ prayujyamānaḥ prayojanābhāvād anarthakaḥ saṃjāyata ity avagataṃ bhavati tatra vākyārtho 'pi tāvad bhavatv iti viśiṣṭārthatāvagamyate, na sarvatra. evaṃ ca sati, guṇāntarapratiṣedho na śabdārtha ity{*1/379*} etad api parihṛtaṃ bhavati. api ca prātipadikād uccarantī dvitīyādivibhaktiḥ prātipadikārtho viśeṣaka ity āha. sā ca viśeṣaśrutiḥ sāmānyaśrutiṃ bādheta. yac caite padasaṃghātāḥ puruṣakṛtā dṛśyanta iti{*1/380*}. parihṛtaṃ tad asmaraṇādibhiḥ{*1/381*}. api caivaṃjātīyake 'rthe vākyāni saṃhartuṃ na kiṃcana puruṣāṇaṃ bījam asti.

NOTES: *{1/368: E2 om. padānāṃ, E1 gibt es geklammert, E5,6 ungeklammert}* *{1/369: E5: kriyārthena samānāyaḥ samuccāraṇam}* *{1/370: E2,5,6: vartitum}* *{1/371: E5: mānasād apacārāt}* *{1/372: E5: uccaritebhyo 'pi}* *{1/373: E5 (richtig): na tadānīṃ}* *{1/374: E2: 1,117; E5: 1,393; E6: 1,25}* *{1/375: E5 (richtig): pārthagarthyam}* *{1/376: E2,5,6 (richtig): śauklyam}* *{1/377: Cf. E1, S.33/17}* *{1/378: E2: satyam evaivam etat}* *{1/379: Cf. E1, S.33/18-19}* *{1/380: Cf. E1, S.33/23}* *{1/381: Cf. E1, S.15/23}*

loke sanniyamāt prayogasaṃnikarṣaḥ syāt // MS_1,1.26 //

laukikeṣu punar artheṣu pratyakṣeṇārtham upalabhya sanniyamaḥ, sannibandhanaṃ śakyaṃ tatra saṃhartum, evaṃjātīyakāni vākyāni nīlotpalavaneṣv adya iti{*1/382*}. tasmād agnihotraṃ juhuyāt svargakāma ity etebhya eva padebhyo ye 'rthā avagatāḥ, tebhyo evaitad avagamyate, agnihotrāt svargo bhavatīti. padebhya eva padārthapratyayaḥ, padārthebhyo vākyārtha iti.

[36]{*1/383*}

NOTES: *{1/382: E1, S.33/21-22}* *{1/383: E2: 1,120; E5: 1,401; E6: 1,26}*

vedāṃś caike saṃnikarṣaṃ puruṣākhyāḥ // MS_1,1.27 //

uktam - codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharma iti{*1/384*}, yato na puruṣakṛtaḥ śabdasyārthena saṃbandhaḥ. tatra padavākyāśraya ākṣepaḥ parihṛtaḥ. idānīm anyathākṣepsyāmaḥ. pauruṣeyāś codanā iti vadāmaḥ, saṃnikṛṣṭakālāḥ kṛtakā vedā idānīṃ tanāḥ, te ca codanānāṃ samūhāḥ, tatra pauruṣeyāś ced vedāḥ, asaṃśayaṃ pauruṣeyāś codanāḥ. kathaṃ punaḥ kṛtakā vedā iti kecin manyante. yataḥ puruṣākhyāḥ puruṣeṇa hi samākhyāyante vedāḥ - kāṭhakaṃ kālāpakam, paippalādakaṃ mauhulam{*1/385*} iti. na hi saṃbandhād ṛte samākhyānam, na ca puruṣasya śabdenāsti{*1/386*} saṃbandhaḥ, anyataḥ{*1/387*} kartā puruṣaḥ kāryaḥ śabda iti. nanu pravacanalakṣaṇā samākhyā syāt. neti brūmaḥ. asādhāraṇaṃ hi viśeṣaṇaṃ bhavati, eka eva hi kartā bahavo 'pi prabrūyuḥ. ato 'smaryamāṇo 'pi codanāyāḥ kartā syāt. tasmān na pramāṇaṃ codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharma iti.

NOTES: *{1/384: MS 1.1.2}* *{1/385: E1,6; E2 om. mauhulam, E5: maudgalam}* *{1/386: E2: puruṣasyānyaḥ śabdenāsti}* *{1/387: E1,6, E6: saṃbandho 'nyataḥ; E2: saṃbandho yad ataḥ. E5: saṃbandho 'nyad ataḥ}*

anityadarśanāc ca // MS_1,1.28 //

jananamaraṇavantaś ca vedārthāḥ śrūyante. babaraḥ prāvāhaṇir akāmayata{*1/388*}, kusuruvinda auddālakir akāmayata{*1/389*} ityevamādyaḥ. uddālakasyāpatyaṃ gamyata auddālakiḥ, yady evam, prāg auddālakijanmanaḥ, nāyaṃ grantho bhūtapūrvaḥ. evam apy anityatā.

[37]{*1/390*}

NOTES: *{1/388: Cf. Tait.S. 7.1.20}* *{1/389: Cf. Tait.S. 7.2.2}* *{1/390: E2: 1,122; E5: 1,404; E6: 1,26}*

uktaṃ tu śabdapūrvatvam // MS_1,1.29 //

uktam asmābhiḥ śabdapūrvatvam adhyetṝṇām{*1/391*}. kevalam ākṣepaparihāro vaktavyaḥ, so 'bhidhīyate.

NOTES: *{1/391: Cf. ŚBh ad MS 1.1.5}*

ākhyā pravacanāt // MS_1,1.30 //

yad uktam - kartṛlakṣaṇā samākhyā kāṭhakādyeti. tad ucyate - neyam arthāpattiḥ, akartṛbhir api hy enām ācakṣīran, prakarṣeṇa vacanam (ananyasādhāraṇaṃ){*1/392*} kaṭhādibhir anuṣṭhitaṃ syāt, tathāpi hi samākhyātāro bhavanti. smaryate ca vaiśaṃpāyanaḥ sarvaśākhādhyāyī, kaṭhaḥ punar imāṃ kevalāṃ śākhām adhyāpayāṃ babhūveti. sa bahuśākhādhyāyināṃ saṃnidhāv ekaśākhādhyāyy anyāṃ śākhām anadhīyānaḥ, tasyāṃ prakṛṣṭatvād asādhāraṇam upapadyate viśeṣaṇam.

NOTES: *{1/392: E2,6, in E2 geklammert; E5 om}*

paraṃ tu śrutisāmānyamātram // MS_1,1.31 //

yac ca prāvāhaṇir iti. tan na, pravāhaṇasya puruṣasyāsiddhatvān na pravāhaṇasyāpatyaṃ prāvāhāniḥ. praśabdaḥ prakarṣe siddhaḥ, vahatiś ca prāpaṇe. (na tv asya samudāyaḥ kvacit siddhaḥ.){*1/393*} ikāras tu yathaivāpatye siddhas tathā kriyāyām api kartari. tasmād yaḥ pravāhayati, sa prāvāhaṇiḥ. babara iti śabdānukṛtiḥ. tena yo nityārthas tam evaitau śabdau vadiṣyataḥ. ata uktam - paraṃ tu śrutisāmānyamātram iti.

NOTES: *{1/393: In E2 geklammert}*

kṛte vā viniyogaḥ syāt karmaṇaḥ saṃbandhāt // MS_1,1.32 //

atha katham avagamyate nāyam unmattabālavākyasadṛśa iti. tathā [38]{*1/394*} hi paśyāmaḥ - vanaspatayaḥ satram āsata, sarpāḥ satram āsata iti. yathā - jarad gavo gāyati mattakāni, kathaṃ nāma jarad gavo gāyeta. kathaṃ vā vanaspatayaḥ sarpā vā satram āsīrann iti. ucyate - viniyuktaṃ hi dṛśyate, paraspareṇa saṃbandhārtham. katham. jyotiṣṭoma ity abhidhāya kartavya ity ucyate. kenety ākāṅkṣite someneti. kim artham iti, svargāyeti. katham iti. ittham, (anayeti kartavyatayā){*1/395*} iti. evam avagacchantaḥ, padārthair ebhiḥ saṃskṛtaṃ piṇḍitaṃ vākyārthaṃ katham unmattabālavākyasadṛśam iti vakṣyāmaḥ. nanv anupapannam idaṃ dṛśyate - vanaspatayaḥ satram āsata ityevamādi. nānupapannam. na, anena agnihotraṃ juhuyāt svargakāma ity evamādayo 'nupapannāḥ syuḥ. api ca vanaspatayaḥ satram āsata ityevamādayo 'pi nānupapannāḥ, stutayo hy etāḥ satrasya, vanaspatayo nāmācetanā idaṃ satram upāsitavantaḥ, kiṃ punar vṛddhāṃso brāhmaṇāḥ. tad yathā loke - sandhyāyāṃ mṛgā api na caranti, kiṃ punar vidvāṃso brāhmaṇā iti. api cāvigītaḥ suhṛdupadeśaḥ supratiṣṭhitaḥ katham ivāśaṅketonmattabālavākyasadṛśa iti. tasmāc codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharma iti siddham.

[39]{*1/396*}

NOTES: *{1/394: E2: 1,124; E5: 1,405; E6: 1,27}* *{1/395: In E2 geklammert; E5 om}* *{1/396: E2: 2,1; E5: 2,1; E6: 1,28}*

āmnāyasya kriyārthatvād ānarthakyam atadarthānāṃ tasmād anityam ucyate // MS_1,2.1 //

so 'rodīd yad arodīt, tad rudrasya rudratvam{*1/397*}; prajāpatir ātmano vapām udakhidat{*1/398*}. devā vai devayajanam adhyavasāya diśo na prājānan{*1/399*} ityevamādīni samāmnātāraḥ samāmananti vākyāni. tāni kiṃ kaṃcid dharmaṃ pramimate uta neti bhavati vicāraṇā. tad abhidhīyate - kriyā katham anuṣṭheyeti tāṃ vadituṃ{*1/400*} samāmnātāro vākyāni samāmananti. tad yāni vākyāni kriyāṃ nāvagamayanti kriyāsaṃbaddhaṃ vā kiṃcit, evam eva bhūtam artham anvācakṣate - ruditavān rudraḥ; vapām uccikheda prajāpatiḥ; devā vai diśo na prajajñira ityevaṃjātīyakāni, tāni kaṃ dharmaṃ pramimīran. athocyeta - adhyāhāreṇa vā vipariṇāmena vā vyavahitakalpanayā vā vyavadhāraṇakalpanayā vā guṇakalpanayā vā kaścid arthaḥ kalpāyiṣyata iti. sa kalpyamānaḥ kaḥ kalpyeta - rudraḥ kila ruroda, ato 'nyenāpi roditavyam. uccikhedātmavapāṃ{*1/401*} prajāpatiḥ, ato 'nyo 'py utkhided ātmano vapām. devā vai devayajanakāle diśo na prajñātavantaḥ, ato 'nyo 'pi diśo na prajānīyād iti, tac cāśakyam, iṣṭaviyogenābhighātena vā yad bāṣpanirmocanam, tad rodanam ity ucyate, na ca, tad icchāto bhavati. na ca kaści[40]{*1/402*}d ātmano vapām utkhidya tām agnau prahṛtya tata utthitena tūpareṇa paśuṇā yaṣṭuṃ śaknuyāt. na ca{*1/403*}, devayajanādhyavasānakāle kecid diśo muhyeyuḥ. ata eṣām ānarthakyam. tasmād evaṃjātīyakāni vākyāny anityānīty ucyante, (yady api ca nityāni, tathāpi na nityam arthaṃ kurvanti){*1/404*} iti. sa eṣa vākyaikadeśasyākṣepaḥ, na kṛtsnasya vākyasya. nanv ekadeśād vinā sākāṅkṣaḥ padasamūho na paryāptaḥ svasmai prayojanāya, ata ākṣipta eveti. naivam, bhavati hi kaścit padasamūhaḥ, yo 'rthavādebhyo vināpi vidadhāti kaṃcid artham, yāni punas taiḥ saha saṃyujyārthāntare vartante, tāny ekadeśākṣepeṇākṣipyate.

NOTES: *{1/397: Tait.S. 1.5.1}* *{1/398: Tait.S. 2.1.1}* *{1/399: Tait.S. 6.1.5}* *{1/400: E4: hi tāṃ vedituṃ}* *{1/401: E2: uccikhedātmano vapāṃ}* *{1/402: E2: 2,3; E4: 1,3; E5: 2,8; E6: 1,28}* *{1/403: E2: na tu}* *{1/404: In E1 geklammert}*

śāstradṛṣṭavirodhāc ca // MS_1,2.2 //

stenaṃ manaḥ. anṛtavādinī vāg ityevaṃjātīyakānāṃ dharmaṃ praty aprāmāṇyam, bhūtānuvādāt. vipariṇāmādibhir api kalpyamāne steyaṃ mṛṣodyaṃ ca kartavyam ity āpatati. tac cāśakyaṃ steyānṛtavādapratiṣedham abādhamānenānuṣṭhātum. na ca vikalpaḥ, vaiṣamyāt. ekaḥ kalpyo vidhiḥ, ekaḥ pratyakṣaḥ. atha dṛṣṭavirodhaḥ. tasmād dhūma evāgner divā dadṛśe nārciḥ. tasmād arcir evāgner naktaṃ dadṛśe na dhūma iti{*1/405*}. asmāl lokād utkramyāgnir ādityaṃ gataḥ, rātrāv ādityastam ity etad upapādayitum idam, ubhayam api dṛṣṭaviruddham ucyate. tasmān naiṣāvadhāraṇā sidhyatīti. aparo dṛṣṭavirodhaḥ - na caitad vidmo vayaṃ [41]{*1/406*} brāhmaṇā vā smaḥ, abrāhmaṇā vety{*1/407*}{*1/408*} akriyārthatvād anarthakam. athāyam arthaḥ - naivaitaj jñāyate kiṃ vā brāhmaṇā vayam utābrāhmaṇā eveti, pratyakṣaviruddham apramāṇam. aparaḥ śāstradṛṣṭena virodhaḥ - ko hi tad veda, yad amuṣmiṃl loke 'sti vā, na veti{*1/409*}. yadi praśno 'yam, akriyārthatvād anarthakaḥ. athānavakḷptiḥ, śāstradṛṣṭena virodhaḥ. ataḥ pratyakṣaviruddham apramāṇam.

NOTES: *{1/405: Tait.Br. 2.1.2.10, vgl dazu ŚBh ad MS 1.2.12}* *{1/406: E2: 2,5; E4: 1,19; E5: 2,13; E6: 1,29}* *{1/407: Tait.Br. 2.1.2, Gop.Br. 5.21, Mait.S. 1.4.11}* *{1/408: E2 om. smaḥ, abrāhmaṇā vā}* *{1/409: Tait.S. 6.1.1; 6.2.2, vgl. ŚBh ad MS 1.2.14}*

tathā phalābhāvāt // MS_1,2.3 //

gargatrirātrabrāhmaṇaṃ prakṛtyocyate - śobhate 'sya mukhaṃ ya evaṃ veda iti{*1/410*} yadi bhūtānuvādaḥ, anarthakaḥ. athādhyayanaphalānuvādaḥ, tato 'sadanuvādaḥ. kālāntare phalaṃ bhaviṣyatīti cet. na hy atra pramāṇam asti. vidhiḥ syād iti cet. naiṣa vidhiparaḥ, dravyasaṃskārakarmasv iti{*1/411*} cintayiṣyaty etad upariṣṭāt, kiṃ phalaviddhir utārthavāda iti. iha tu kiṃ bhūtānuvādaḥ, kriyārtho veti{*1/412*}. āsya prajāyāṃ vājī jāyate ya evaṃ vedeti codāharaṇam.

NOTES: *{1/410: Tā.Br. 20.16.6}* *{1/411: MS 4.3.1}* *{1/412: E2,4,6 haben zusätzlich: tena na phalavidhitvān nirākṛtasyehānarthako 'rthavādavicāra iti, dies in E1 auch als Fn, E5 om}*

anyānarthakyāt // MS_1,2.4 //

pūrṇāhutyā sarvān kāmān avāpnoti{*1/413*}. paśubandhayājī sarvāṃl lokān abhijayati. tarati mṛtyum, tarati brahmahatyāṃ yo 'śvamedhena yajate, ya u cainam evaṃ vedeti{*1/414*}. yadi bhūtānuvādamātram anarthakam. atha phalavidhiḥ, itareṣām ānarthakyam. na hi, akṛtvā pūrṇāhutim agnihotrādayaḥ kriyante. na [42]{*1/415*} cāniṣṭvāgnīṣomīyeṇa somena yajante. na cādhītyāśvamedhena yajante. tad yathā, pathi jāte 'rke madhūtsṛjya, tenaiva pathā madhvarthinaḥ parvataṃ na gaccheyuḥ, tādṛśaṃ hi tat. api cāhuḥ -

arke cen madhu vindeta, kim arthaṃ parvataṃ vrajet/ iṣṭasyārthasya saṃsiddhau ko vidvān yatnam ācaret// iti{*1/416*}.

NOTES: *{1/413: Tait.Br. 3.8.10}* *{1/414: Cf. Tait.Br. 5.3.12.2}* *{1/415: E2: 2,8; E4: 1,32; E5: 2,16; E6: 1,29}* *{1/416: Quelle unbekannt}*

abhāgipratiṣedhāc ca // MS_1,2.5 //

na pṛthivyām agniś cetavyo nāntarikṣe na divīty{*1/417*} apratiṣedhabhāginam arthaṃ pratiṣedhanti. vijñāyata evaitat, antarikṣe, divi cāgnir na cīyata iti. pṛthivīcayanapratiṣedhārthaṃ ca yad vākyam, bhavec cayanapratiṣedhārtham eva tat. athāpramāṇam, naiṣa virodho bhavati. kathaṃ tat pramāṇam, yad vidhyantaram ākulayet, svayaṃ cākulaṃ syāt. na cetavyam, hiraṇyaṃ nidhāya cetavyam iti.

NOTES: *{1/417: Tait.S. 5.2.7.1}*

anityasaṃyogāt // MS_1,2.6 //

anityasaṃyogaś ca (vedaprāmāṇye sati){*1/418*} paraṃ tu śrutisāmānyamātram iti{*1/419*} parihṛtaḥ. idānīṃ vedaikadeśānām ākṣiptānāṃ punar upodbalaka uttiṣṭhati, babaraḥ prāvāhaṇir akāmayateti{*1/420*}.

NOTES: *{1/418: In E2,5 geklammert}* *{1/419: Cf. MS 1.1.21}* *{1/420: Cf. Tait.S. 7.1.10.2}*

vidhinā tv ekavākyatvāt stutyarthena vidhīnāṃ syuḥ // MS_1,2.7 //

idaṃ samāmnāyate - vāyavyaṃ śvetam ālabheta bhūtikāmaḥ, vāyur vai kṣepiṣṭhā devatā, vāyum eva svena bhāgadheyenopadhāvati, sa evainaṃ bhūtiṃ gamayatīti{*1/421*}. vāyur vai kṣepiṣṭhā devatety ato yady api kriyā nāvagamyate, kriyāsaṃbaddhaṃ vā kiṃcit. tathāpi vidhyuddeśe[43]{*1/422*}naikavākyatvāt pramāṇam. bhūtikāma ity evam anto vidhyuddeśaḥ, tenaikavākyabhūto vāyur vai kṣepiṣṭhā devatetyevamādiḥ. katham ekavākyabhāvaḥ. padānāṃ sākāṅkṣatvād vidheḥ stuteś caikavākyatvaṃ bhavati. bhūtikāma ālabheta. (kasmāt?){*1/423*} yato vāyuḥ kṣepiṣṭheti. nāyam abhisaṃbandho vivakṣitaḥ, bhūtikāmenālabdhavyam iti. kathaṃ tarhi ālabheta? yatas tato bhūtir iti bhinnāv imāv arthau, ubhayābhidhāne vākyaṃ bhidyeta. kim arthā stutir iti cet. kathaṃ roceta, nonuṣṭhīyeteti. nanu prāk stutivacanād anuṣṭhānaṃ bhūtikāmāntāt siddham, stutivacanam anarthakam. na hi, yadā stutipadāsaṃnidhānaṃ tadā pūrveṇaiva vidhiḥ. yadā stutipadasaṃbandhaḥ, na tadā bhūtikāmasyālambho vidhīyate. yathā paṭo bhavatīti paṭa utpadyata ity arthaḥ. nirākāṅkṣaṃ ca padadvayam. yadā ca tasminn eva rakta ity aparaṃ śrūyate, tadā rāgasaṃbandho bhavatīty arthaḥ, bhavati ca raktaṃ pratyākāṅkṣā. evaṃ yadā na stutipadāni, vidhiśabdenaiva tadā prarocanā, yadā stutivacanam, tadā stavanena. nanv evaṃ sati kiṃ stuti-vacanena, yasmin saty avidhāyakam, mā bhūt tat. tadabhāve 'pi pūrvavidhinaiva prarocayiṣyata iti. satyam, vināpi tena sidhyet prarocanam. asti tu tat, tasmin vidyamāne yo 'rtho vākyasya, so 'va-gamyate stutiprayojanaṃ{*1/424*} tayoḥ. tasminn avidyamāne vidhinā prarocanam iti. nanu satsv api stutipadeṣu pūrvasya vidhisvarūpatvād vidhir abhipretaḥ syāt, na vivakṣyeta stutipada-saṃbandhaḥ. āha - stutipadāni hy anarthakāny abhaviṣyan sākāṅkṣāṇi. bhavantv anarthakānīti cet. na, gamyamāne 'rthe 'vivakṣitārthāni bhavitum arhanti. [44]{*1/425*} yo 'sau vidhyuddeśaḥ, sa śaknoti nirapekṣo 'rthaṃ vidhātum, śaknoti ca stutipadānāṃ vākyaśeṣībhavitum, pratyakṣaś ca vākyaśeṣabhāvaḥ. ato 'smād vidheḥ stutim avagacchāmaḥ. nanu nirapekṣād api vidhim avagamiṣyām. bhavatv evam, naivaṃ sati kaścid virodhaḥ. kiṃ tv aśakyaḥ stutipadasaṃbandhe sati vidhyartho vivakṣitum. vākyaṃ hi saṃbandhasya vidhāyakam, dvau cet saṃbandhau vidadhyāt - bhūtikāma ālabheta; ālambhena caiṣa guṇo bhaviṣyatīti, bhidyeta tarhy evaṃ sati vākyam. atha yad uktam - na kriyā gamyate na tatsaṃbaddhaṃ vā kiṃcid iti{*1/426*}. stutyarthena vidhīnāṃ syuḥ, stutiśabdāḥ stuvantaḥ kriyāṃ prarocayamāṇā anuṣṭhātṝṇām upakariṣyanti kriyāyāḥ. evam imāni sarvāṇy eva padāni kaṃcid arthaṃ stuvanti vidadhati. ataḥ pramāṇam evaṃjātīyakāni, vāyur vai kṣepiṣṭhā devateti{*1/427*}.

NOTES: *{1/421: Tait.S. 2.1.1}* *{1/422: E2: 2,14; E4: 1,41; E5: 2,17; E6: 1,30}* *{1/423: In E1,5 geklammert}* *{1/424: E1,5,6; E2,4: stutiḥ prayojanaṃ}* *{1/425: E2: 2,17; E4: 1,41; E5: 2,22; E6: 1,31}* *{1/426: Cf. E1, S.39/9. }* *{1/427: Tait.S. 2.1.1}*

tulyaṃ ca sāṃpradāyikam // MS_1,2.8. //

athocyeta - prāk stutipadebhyaḥ, nirākāṅkṣāṇi vidhāyakāni, vidhisvarūpatvāt, stutipadāni tu pramādapāṭha iti. tan na evam{*1/428*}, arthāvagamāt, tulyaṃ ca sāṃpradāyikam, saṃpradāyaḥ (prayojanaṃ){*1/429*} yeṣāṃ dharmāṇāṃ sarve te vidhipadānām arthavādapadānāṃ ca tulyāḥ. adhyāyānadhyāyate{*1/430*}, gurumukhāt pratipattiḥ, śiṣyopādhyāyatā ca sarvasminn evaṃjātīyake, avighnārthe tulyam ādriyante. smaraṇaṃ ca dṛḍham. ato na pramādapāṭha iti.

[45]{*1/431*}

NOTES: *{1/428: E2,4,5,6 setzen Daṇḍa oder Komma vor evam}* *{1/429: In E1,5 geklammert}* *{1/430: E1,2,5,6; E4: adhyāyānadhyayane (auch in E1 als Fn., dort noch: adhyāyānadhyāyatā)}* *{1/431: E2: 2,23; E4: 1,92; E5: 2,27; E6: 1,31}*

aprāptā cānupapattiḥ, prayoge hi virodhaḥ syāt, śabdārtas tv aprayogabhūtaḥ, tasmād upapadyeta // MS_1,2.9 //

api ca yaiṣānupapattir uktā śāstradṛṣṭavirodhād ityevamādyā{*1/432*}, sā so 'rodīd ityevamādiṣu na prāpnoti. kutaḥ? prayoge hi steyādīnām ucyamāne virodhaḥ syāt, śabdārthas tv aprayogabhūtaḥ, tasmād upapadyeta - stenaṃ manaḥ, anṛtavādinī vāg iti.

NOTES: *{1/432: Cf. MS 1.2.2 und ŚBh dazu}*

guṇavādas tu // MS_1,2.10 //

yad uktam - vidheyasya prarocanārthā stutir iti{*1/433*}. tad iha katham avakalpyeta yatrānyad vidheyam, anyac ca stūyate. yathā - vetasaśākhayāvakābhiś cāgniṃ vikarṣatīti{*1/434*} vetasāvake vidhīyete, āpaś ca stūyante - āpo vai śāntā iti{*1/435*}. tad ucyate - guṇavādas tu. gauṇa eṣa vādo bhavati, yat saṃbandhini stotavye saṃbandhyantaraṃ stūyate. abhijano hy eṣa vetasāvakayoḥ. tatas te jāte. abhijanasaṃstavena cābhijātaḥ stuto bhavati. yathā - aśmakābhijano devadatto 'śmākeṣu stūyamāneṣu stutam{*1/436*} ātmānaṃ manyate. evam atrāpi draṣṭavyam. atha so 'rodīd iti kasya vidheḥ śeṣaḥ. tasmād barhiṣi rajataṃ na deyam ity{*1/437*} asya. kutaḥ? sākāṅkṣatvāt padānām. so 'rodīt, yad arodīt, tad rudrasya rudratvam ity{*1/438*} atra sa iti prakṛtāpekṣaḥ, tatpratyayāt. tasya yad aśrv aśīryateti tasyeti pūrvaprakṛtāpekṣa eva. upapattiś coparitanasya yo barhiṣi rajataṃ dadyāt purāsya saṃvatsarād gṛhe rodanaṃ bhavatīti{*1/439*}. asya hetutvenāyaṃ pratinirdiśyate - tasmād barhiṣi rajataṃ na deyam iti. evaṃ sarvāṇi sākāṅkṣāṇi. kathaṃ vidher{*1/440*} upakurvantīti. [46]{*1/441*} guṇavādena. rodanaprabhavaṃ rajataṃ barhiṣi dadato rodanam āpadyate. tat pratiṣedhasya guṇaḥ, yad arodanam iti. kathaṃ punar arudaty arodīd iti bhavati? kathaṃ vānaśruprabhave rajate 'śruprabhavam iti vacanam? purāsya saṃvatsarād asati rodane, kathaṃ rodanaṃ bhavatīti? tad ucyate - guṇavādas tu. gauṇā ete śabdāḥ. rudra iti rodananimittasya śabdasya darśanād yad arodīd ity ucyate. varṇasārūpyān nindann anaśruprabhavam apy aśruprabhavam ity āha. nindann eva ca dhanatyāge dukhadarśanāt purāsya saṃvatsarād gṛhe rodanaṃ bhavatīty āha. tathā - yaḥ prajākāmaḥ paśukāmo vā syāt, sa etaṃ prājāpatyaṃ tūpuram ālabheta iti{*1/442*}, ākāṅkṣitatvād asya vidheḥ śeṣo 'yam - sa ātmano vapām udakhidad iti{*1/443*}. kathaṃ guṇavādaḥ? itthaṃ nāma - nāsan paśavaḥ, yad ātmano vapām udakhidad iti. etac ca karmaṇaḥ sāmarthyaṃ yad agnau prahṛtamātrāyāṃ vapāyām ajas tūpura udagāt, itthaṃ bahavaḥ paśavo bhavantīti. kathaṃ punar anutkhinnāyāṃ vapāyāṃ prajāpatir ātmano vapām udakhidad ity āha. ucyate - asad vṛttāntānvākhyānaṃ stutyarthena praśaṃsāyā gamyamānatvāt. ihānvākhyāne vartamāne dvayaṃ niṣpadyate{*1/444*} - yac ca vṛttāntajñānam, yac ca kasmiṃścit prarocanā dveṣo vā. tatra vṛttāntānvākhyānaṃ na pravartakaṃ na nivartakaṃ ceti prayojanābhāvād anarthakam ity avivakṣitam. prarocanayā tu pravartate dveṣān nivartata iti tayor vivakṣā. vṛttāntānvākhyāne 'pi vidhīyamāne ādimatā doṣo vedasya prasajeta. kathaṃ punar idaṃ nirālambanam anvākhyāyata iti. ucyate - nityaḥ kaścid arthaḥ prajāpatiḥ syād vāyuḥ, ākāśaḥ, ādityo vā. sa ātmano vapām udakhidad iti vṛṣṭim, vāyum, raśmiṃ vā. tām agnau prāgṛhṇāt, vaidyute, ārcīse, laukike vā. tato 'ja ity annam, bījam, virud vā. tam ālabhya tam upayujya prajāḥ paśūn prāpnotīti gauṇāḥ śabdāḥ. ādityaḥ prāyaṇīyaś carur āditya udapanīyaś carur ity{*1/445*} asya vidheḥ śeṣaḥ - devā vai devayajanam adhyavasāya diśo na prājānann iti, ākāṅkṣitatvāt. sarvavyāmohānām ādityaś carur nāśayitā, api diṅmohasyeti stutiḥ. katham asati diṅmohe diṅmohaśabda iti. ucyate - aprākṛtasya bahoḥ karmasamūhasyopasthitatvād gauṇo mohaśabdo 'vadhāraṇāvakāśadānādibhir jñāpayatīti gauṇatā.

NOTES: *{1/433: Cf. ŚBh ad MS 1.2.7}* *{1/434: Tait.S. 5.4.4}* *{1/435: Tait.S.5.4.4}* *{1/436: E1: stūtam, lies mit E2,4,5,6: stutam}* *{1/437: Tait.S. 1.5.1.2}* *{1/438: Ebenda}* *{1/439: Ebenda}* *{1/440: E1: vidhar, lies mit E2,4,5,6: vidher}* *{1/441: E2: 2,25; E4: 95; E5: 2,30; E6: 1,32}* *{1/442: Tait.S. 2.1.1.4/5}* *{1/443: Tait.S. 2.1.1.4}* *{1/444: E1: niṣyadyate, lies mit E2,4,5,6: niṣpadyate; E1 (Fn.): āpatati}* *{1/445: Tait.S. 6.1.5.1}*

rūpāt prāyāt // MS_1,2.11 //

hiraṇyaṃ haste bhavati, atha gṛhṇātīti{*1/446*} sākāṅkṣatvād asya vidheḥ śeṣaḥ - stenaṃ mano 'nṛtavādinī vāg iti. nindāvacanaṃ hiraṇyastutyarthena yathā - kim ṛṣiṇā, devadatta eva bhojayitavyaḥ. kathaṃ punar astenaṃ mano ninditum api stenaśabdenocyate, vācaṃ cānanṛtavādinīm apy anṛtavādinīti brūyat. guṇavādas tu rūpāt. yathā - stenāḥ pracchannarūpāḥ, evaṃ ca mana iti gauṇaḥ śabdaḥ. prāyāc cānṛtavādinī vāg iti.

[48]{*1/447*}

NOTES: *{1/446: Cf. Mait.S. 4.8.2.3}* *{1/447: E2: 2,28; E4: 1,112; E5: 2,32; E6: 1,33}*

dūrabhūyastvāt // MS_1,2.12 //

dṛṣṭavirodha{*1/448*} udāharaṇam - tasmād bhūma evāgner divā dadṛśe nārciḥ{*1/449*}. tasmād arcir evāgner naktaṃ dadṛśe, na dhūma iti agnir jyotir jyotir agniḥ svāheti sāyaṃ juhoti, sūryo jyotir jyotiḥ sūryaḥ svāheti{*1/450*} prātar iti miśraliṅgamantrayor vidhānasyākāṅkṣitatvāc cheṣaḥ. ubhayor devatayoḥ saṃnidhāne homa iti stuter upapattiḥ. dūrabhūyastvād dhūmasyāgneś cādarśane gauṇaḥ śabdaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/448: E1: iṣṭavirodhe, lies mit E2,4,5,6 (und E1, S.40/17, zu MS 1.2.2): dṛṣṭavirodha}* *{1/449: E1, S.40/17, Tait.Br. 2.1.2.10}* *{1/450: Vāj.S. 3.9}*

aparādhāt{*1/451*} kartuś ca putradarśanam // MS_1,2.13 //

dṛṣṭavirodha evodāharaṇam - na caitad vidma iti{*1/452*}. tat pravare pravriyamāṇe devāḥ pitara iti brūyād ity{*1/453*} ākāṅkṣitatvād asya vidheḥ śeṣaḥ. abrāhmaṇo 'pi brāhmaṇaḥ pravarānumantraṇena syād iti stutiḥ. durjñānatvād ajñānavacanaṃ gauṇam. stryaparādhena kartuś ca putradarśanena. apramatā rakṣata tantum enam ityādinā durjñānam.

NOTES: *{1/451: E1,6; E2,4,5 (besser): stryaparādhāt; auch E1 hat diese Lesart im Kommentar}* *{1/452: E1, S.40/21, u.a. Mait.S. 1.4.11}* *{1/453: Mait.S. 1.4.11}*

ākālikepsā // MS_1,2.14 //

śāstradṛṣṭavirodhe udāharaṇam - ko hi tad vedeti{*1/454*}, dikṣvatī kāśān karotīti{*1/455*} sākāṅkṣatvād asya vidheḥ śeṣaḥ. pratyakṣaphalatvena stutiḥ. ananvakḷptivacanaṃ viprakṛṣṭakālaphalatvād gauṇam.

NOTES: *{1/454: E1, S.41/3, Tait.S. 6.1.1.1}* *{1/455: Ebenda}*

vidyāpraśaṃsā // MS_1,2.15 //

tathā phalābhāvād ity{*1/456*} atrodāhṛtam - śobhate 'sya mukham iti{*1/457*}. gargatrirātravidher ākāṅkṣitatvāc cheṣaḥ. [49]{*1/458*} vedānumantraṇasya cāsya prajāyāṃ vājī jāyata iti śeṣaḥ. mukhaśobhā vājimattvaṃ ca guṇavacanatvād gauṇaḥ śabdaḥ. śobhata iva śiṣyair udīkṣyamāṇam. kule saṃtatādhyayanaśravaṇān medhāvī jāyata iti sa pratigrahād annaṃ prāpnotīti.

NOTES: *{1/456: MS 1.2.3}* *{1/457: E1, S.41/8, Tā.Br. 20.16.6}* *{1/458: E2: 2,30; E4: 1,120; E5: 2,33; E6: 1,34}*

sarvatvam ādhikārikam // MS_1,2.16 //

anyānarthakyavākya udāharaṇam - pūrṇāhutyā sarvān kāmān avāpnotīti{*1/459*}, pūrṇāhutiṃ juhotīty ākāṅkṣitatvād asya vidheḥ śeṣaḥ. ya u cainam evaṃ vedeti, tarati mṛtyum ity{*1/460*} asyākāṅkṣitvāc cheṣaḥ. phalavacanaṃ stutiḥ. sarvakāmaphalasya nimitte sarvakāmāv āptivacanaṃ gauṇam. asarveṣu sarvavacanam adhikṛtāpekṣam.

NOTES: *{1/459: E1, S.41/17, zu MS 1.2.4, Tait.Br. 3.8.10}* *{1/460: Tait.S. 5.3.12.2}*

phalasya karmaniṣpattes teṣāṃ lokavat parimāṇataḥ phalaviśeṣaḥ syāt // MS_1,2.17 //

anvāruhya vacanam idaṃ{*1/461*} yady api vidhiḥ, tathāpy arthavattā parimāṇataḥ sārato vā phalaviśeṣāt.

NOTES: *{1/461: E1, S.49/6: pūrṇāhutyā sarvān kāmān avāpnotīti}*

antyayor yathoktam // MS_1,2.18 //

abhāgipratiṣedhād ityādāv udāhṛtam - na pṛthivyām agniś cetavyo nāntarikṣe na divīti{*1/462*}, hiraṇyaṃ nidhāya cetavyam ity{*1/463*} ākāṅkṣitatvād asya vidheḥ śeṣaḥ. pṛthivyādīnāṃ nindā hiraṇyastutyarthā. asati prasaṅge pratiṣedho nityānuvādaḥ. yac cānityadarśanaṃ babaraḥ prāvāhaṇir akāmayata iti{*1/464*}. tatparihṛtam. arthavādākṣepeṇa punar utthitam idānīm arthavādaprāmāṇye tenaiva parihāreṇa parihariṣyata iti//

[50]{*1/465*}

NOTES: *{1/462: Tait.S. 5.2.7.1, zitiert in ŚBh ad MS 1.2.5}* *{1/463: Tait.S. 5.2.7.3}* *{1/464: Cf. MS 1.2.6, Tait.S. 7.1.10.2}* *{1/465: E2: 2,33; E4: 1,129; E5: 2,34; E6: 1,35}*

vidhir vā syād apūrvatvāt, vādamātraṃ hy anarthakam // MS_1,2.19 //

iha ye vidhivan nigadā arthavādās te arthavādās te udāharaṇam - audumbaro yūpo bhavaty ūrg vā uduṃbara ūrk paśava ūrjair vāsmā ūrjaṃ paśūn nāpnoti ūrjo 'varuddhyā iti{*1/466*}. kim asya vidhiḥ kāryam utāsyāpi stutir iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? vidhir vā syād apūrvatvāt, vādamātraṃ hy anarthakam. vidhivan nigadeṣv evaṃjātīyakeṣu phalavidhiḥ syāt, phalaṃ hy avagamyate, tathā hy apūrvam arthaṃ vidhāsyati. itarathā stutivādamātram anarthakaṃ syāt. stutaś cāstutaś ca tāvān eva so 'rthaḥ. api ca ūrjo 'varuddhyā iti prayojanaṃ śrūyate. na ca - praśasto 'yam artha iti kaścic chabdo 'sti. lakṣaṇayā tu stutir gamyate. śrutiś ca lakṣaṇāyā jyāyasīti.

NOTES: *{1/466: Cf. Tait.S. 2.1.1.6}*

lokavad iti cet // MS_1,2.20 //

iti cet paśyasi - stutir anarthikā, na ca śabdenāvagamyata iti. laukikāni vākyāni bhavanto vidāṃ kurvantu. tad yathā - iyaṃ gauḥ kretavyā devadattīyā, eṣā hi bahukṣīrā, stryapatyā, anaṣṭaprajā ceti. kretavyety apy ukte guṇābhidhānāt pravartantetarāṃ kretāraḥ. bahukṣīreti ca guṇābhidhānam avagamyate. tadvad vede 'pi bhaviṣyati.

na pūrvatvāt // MS_1,2.21 //

naitad evam. loke viditapūrvā arthā ucyante bahukṣīrādayaḥ. teṣāṃ vijñānam eva na prayojanam. ataḥ praśaṃsā gamyate. aviditavāde na śraddadhīran pūrvavacanād iva. viditatvād eva ca prarocayante. vaidikeṣu punar yadi vidhiśabdena na prarocayante na tarām arthavādena. jātāśaṅko hi vidhiśabde sa tadānīm. atha vidhiśabdena prarocitaḥ, kim arthavādaśabdena. api ca vede vyaktam asaṃvādaḥ. ūrjo 'varuddhyai ity aprasiddhaṃ vacanam. ūrgvā udumbara iti hetutvaṃ cāprasiddham. yasmād ūrg udumbaraḥ, tasmāt tanmayo yūpaḥ kartavya iti. ūrg udumbara ity anṛtavacanād anyad asyānṛtam iti parikalpyeta.

uktaṃ tu vākyaśeṣatvam // MS_1,2.22 //

uktam asmābhir vākyaśeṣatvam - vidhinā tv ekavākyatvād iti{*1/467*}. nanūktam - phalavacanam iha gamyate na stutir iti. yad iha phalavacanam, tad audumbarasya yūpasya. na ca, avihita audumbaro yūpo 'sti. tatra phalavacanam evānarthakam. stutivacanaḥ śabdo nāstīti cet. iha phalavacanena phalavattā pratīyate phalavāṃś ca praśasta iti, tatra phalavattāyām ānarthakyam iti yo dvitīyo 'rthaḥ praśaṃsā nāma sa gamyate. lakṣaṇeti cet, na, lakṣaṇāyām apy arthavattā bhavaty eva. lakṣaṇāpi hi laukikī. nanūktam asaṃvādo vede, na hy ūrg udumbara iti. guṇa vādena prarocanārthatāṃ brūmahe - gauṇatvāt saṃvādaḥ. kiṃ? sādṛśyam - yathānnaṃ prīteḥ sādhanam, evam idam api prītisādhanaśaktiyuktaṃ praśaṃsituṃ{*1/468*} praśaṃsāvācinā śabdenocyate{*1/469*}, śakyate hi tat pakvaphalasaṃbandhād ūrg iti vaktum.

[52]{*1/470*}

NOTES: *{1/467: Cf. MS 1.2.7}* *{1/468: E1,5,6; E2,4 om. praśaṃsituṃ}* *{1/469: E1,5; E2,4,6 E1 (Fn.): prītisādhanaśabdenocyate}* *{1/470: E2: 2,40; E4: 1,151; E5: 2,40; E6: 1,36}*

vidhiś cānarthakaḥ kvacit, tasmāt stutiḥ pratīyeta, tatsāmānyād itareṣu tathātvam // MS_1,2.23 //

apsuyonir vā aśvaḥ, apsujo vetasa iti{*1/471*} apsuyonir aśvaḥ kartavya iti vidher aśakyatvād ānarthakyam. tatrāvaśyaṃ stutiḥ kalpayitavyā, śamayitrībhir adbhir aśvasyāvakānāṃ ca saṃbandho yajamānasya kaṣṭaṃ śamayatīti. tatsāmānyād itareṣu tathātvam - tatheti yāvat, tāvat tathātvam iti. kiṃ tat sāmānyam. vidhyasaṃbhavaḥ stutisaṃbhavaś ca.

NOTES: *{1/471: Tait.S. 5.3.12}*

prakaraṇe saṃbhavann apakarṣo na kalpyeta, vidhyānarthakyaṃ hi taṃ prati // MS_1,2.24 //

itaś ca paśyāmaḥ stutir iti. kutaḥ? idaṃ samāmananti - yo vidagdhaḥ, sa nairṛtaḥ; yo 'śṛtaḥ, sa raudraḥ. yaḥ śṛtaḥ, sa daivataḥ. tasmād avidahatā śrapayitavyaḥ, sa daivatatvāyeti{*1/472*}. yadi stutir darśapūrṇamāsayor eva śṛtaḥ stāviṣyate. tathā saṃbhavann apakarṣo na kalpyeta. apakṛṣyate ity apakarṣaḥ. vidhipakṣe tu yatra nairṛtaḥ, tatra vidagdhatā nīyeta. tathā sati prakaraṇaṃ bādhitaṃ bhaved. darśapūrṇamāsakarma prati nairṛtābhāvād vidagdhānam anarthakaṃ syāt. tasmāt stutir eva.

NOTES: *{1/472: Tait.S. 2.6.3}*

vidhau ca vākyabhedaḥ syāt // MS_1,2.25 //

audumbaro yūpo bhavatīti vidhāv etasminn āśrīyamāṇe ūrjo 'varuddhyā ity{*1/473*} etasmiṃś ca vākyaṃ bhidyeta. ittham audumbaro yūpaḥ praśastaḥ, sa corjo 'viruddhyā iti. tasmād vidhivan nigadānām api stutir eva kāryam arthavādānām iti.

[53]{*1/474*}

NOTES: *{1/473: Vgl. Tait.S. 2.1.1.6}* *{1/474: E2: 2,42; E4: 1,159; E5: 2,44; E6: 1,37}*

hetur vā syād arthavattvopapattibhyām // MS_1,2.26 //

atha ye hetuvan nigadāḥ - sūrpeṇa{*1/475*} juhoti, tena hy annaṃ kriyata ityevamādayaḥ{*1/476*}. teṣu saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ stutis teṣāṃ kāryam uta hetur iti. kiṃ prāptam. hetuḥ syād annakaraṇaṃ homasya. nanv aprasiddhe kāryakāraṇabhāve na hetūpadeśaḥ{*1/477*}. satyam evaṃ loke, vidhāyiṣyate tu vacanena vede. sūrpeṇa{*1/478*} home kartavye 'nnakaraṇaṃ hetur ity upadiśyate. kiṃ prayojanam. anyad api darvipīṭharādy{*1/479*} annakaraṇaṃ yat, tenāpi nāma kathaṃ homaḥ kriyeteti. kutaḥ. tasyāpy annakriyāyām arthavattā, śakyate ca tenāpy annaṃ kartum. etād dhi kriyata ity ucyate. na hi vartamānakālaḥ kaścid asti yasyāyaṃ pratinirdeśaḥ. hetau ca śrutiḥ śabdaḥ{*1/480*}, stutau lakṣaṇā. yadi ca darvipīṭharādi{*1/481*} na sākṣād annaṃ karotīti, nānnakaraṇam ity ucyate. vyarthe tasmin sūrpastutir{*1/482*} anarthikā syāt. sūrpam{*1/483*} api hi na sākṣād annaṃ karotīti, tena vinārthena sūrpasya{*1/484*} stutir nopapadyate.

NOTES: *{1/475: E2,4,5,6 (richtig): śūrpeṇa}* *{1/476: Tait.Br. 1.6.5}* *{1/477: E1,5,6; E2,4: hetvapadeśaḥ}* *{1/478: E2,4,5,6: śūrpeṇa}* *{1/479: E2,4: darvipiṭharādi; E5: darvīpīṭharādi; E6: darvīpiṭharādi}* *{1/480: E2,4 om. śabdaḥ}* *{1/481: E2,4: darvipiṭharādi u.ö.; vgl. Fn. 377}* *{1/482: E2,4,5,6: śūrpastutir}* *{1/483: E2,4,5,6: śūrpam u.ö}* *{1/484: E2/4: śūrpasya}*

stutis tu, śabdapūrvatvād acodanā ca tasya // MS_1,2.27 //

na tv etad asti, śabdapūrvako 'yam arthaḥ/ annakaraṇaṃ hetur iti, śabdaś cānnakaraṇaṃ sūrpahome hetur ity āha. na ca darvipīṭharahome, tena śabdapūrvaṃ sūrpam, na ca darvipiṭharādeś{*1/485*} codanā.

NOTES: *{1/485: E1 hat hier und nachfolgend kurzes i wie E2,4}*

vyarthe stutir anyāyeti cet // MS_1,2.28 //

iti punar yad uktam, tat parihartavyam.

[54]{*1/486*}

NOTES: *{1/486: E2: 2,45; E4: 1,171; E5: 2,48; E6: 1,37}*

arthas tu vidhiśeṣatvāt, yathā loke // MS_1,2.29 //

asmatpakṣe 'rtho 'sti. vākyaśeṣo hi sa vidhes tadā bhavati. saṃvādaś ca stutivacanatvena, yathā vayaṃ sūrpeṇānnaṃ kriyamāṇaṃ jānīmaḥ, tathā sūrpeṇānnaṃ kriyata ity eva gamyate. tadā cāvartamānaṃ stautuṃ{*1/487*} vartamānam ity upadiśati. tvatpakṣa eṣa doṣaḥ, yasya te hetuvidhiḥ. vidhau hi na paraḥ śabdārthaḥ pratīyate. na ca vartamānam upadiśan vedaḥ śakyam arthaṃ vidadhyāt. āsmatpakṣe tu eṣa paraśabdaḥ paratra vartate. yathā loke balavān devadatto yajñadattādīn prasahata iti. prakṛṣṭabale 'pi balavac chabdo vartamāno na siṃhaṃ śārdūlaṃ vāpekṣya prayujyate, ye devadattāt tu nikṛṣṭabalāḥ, tānapekṣya bhavati. evaṃ tena hy annaṃ kriyata iti prakṛṣṭānnakaraṇena saṃstavaḥ sūrpasya{*1/488*}, nikṛṣṭāny anyāny annākaraṇāny apekṣya bhaviṣyati.

NOTES: *{1/487: E2,4,5,6: stotuṃ}* *{1/488: E2: śūrpapaya (?)}*

yadi ca hetur avatiṣṭheta nirdeśāt, sāmānyād iti ced avyavasthā vidhīnāṃ syāt // MS_1,2.30 //

yady api ca bhaved annakaraṇaṃ hetur darvipiṭharaprakārāṇām, tathāpi sūrpa etāvatiṣṭheta. śabdād annakaraṇaṃ hetur iti vijñāyate. śadaś ca sūrpasyāha, na darvīpiṭharādīnām. tad dhi nirdiśyate, yasmāt sūrpeṇānnaṃ kriyate, tasmāt sūrpeṇa juhotīti. yathā yasmād balavad upadhmāto 'gniḥ, tena me gṛhaṃ dagdham iti, nānagnir api balavad upadhmāto dahatīti gamyate. atha matam - yena yenānnaṃ kriyate praṇāḍyā sūrpād anyenāpi, tena tenāpi homaḥ kriyata iti. avyavasthā vidhīnāṃ syāt, na kenacit praṇāḍyānnaṃ kriyate. tatra yāvad uktaṃ syāj juhotīti, tāvad evānnakaraṇena juhotīti. asmatpakṣe punaḥ sūrpaṃ stūyate - tena hy annaṃ kriyata iti vṛttāntānvākhyānaṃ na ca vṛttāntajñāpanāya, kiṃ tarhi prarocanāyaiva. tasmād dhetuvan nigadasyāpi stutir eva kāryam iti.

tadarthaśāstrāt // MS_1,2.31 //{*1/489*} athedānīṃ kim vivakṣitavacanā mantrāḥ, utāvivakṣitavacanāḥ. kim arthaprakāśanena yāgasyopakurvanti, utoccāraṇamātreṇeti. yady uccāraṇamātreṇa, tadā na niyogato{*1/490*} barhir devasadanaṃ dāmīty{*1/491*} eṣa barhirlavane viniyujyeta. abhidhānena cet, prakaraṇena vijñātāṅgabhāvo{*1/492*} nānyatropakartuṃ śaknotīty antareṇāpi vacanam, barhirlavana eva viniyujyeteti. tad evam avagacchāmaḥ -uccāraṇamātreṇaivopakurvantīti. kutaḥ? tadarthaśāstrāt. yad abhidhānasamartho mantraḥ, tatraivainaṃ śāstraṃ nibadhnāti. uruprathā uru prathasveti{*1/493*} puroḍāśaṃ prathayatīti{*1/494*} vacanam idam anarthakam, yady arthābhidhānenopakurvanti. athoccāraṇamātreṇa, tato vaktavyo viniyogaḥ, uktaś ca. ato nārthābhidhānena. yathā sākṣaḥ puruṣaḥ pareṇa cen nīyate, nūnam akṣibhyāṃ na paśyatīti gamyate. nanv arthavādārthaṃ bhaviṣyatīti cet. na hi, yena vidhīyate tasya vākyaśeṣo 'rthavāda ity uktam. na ca nirapekṣeṇa vihite 'rthavādena kiṃcid api prayojanaṃ kriyate. ato nārthavādārthaṃ vacanam. tathābhyādānasamarthā mantrā{*1/495*} udāharaṇam. liṅgād evādāne prāptā vacanena vidhīyante, tāṃ caturbhir ādatta{*1/496*} iti. catuḥsaṃkhyārtham iti cet, na, samuccayaśabdābhāvāt. [56]{*1/497*} tathā, imām agṛbhṇan rasanāmṛtasyety{*1/498*} aśvābhidhānīm ādatta ity{*1/499*} udāharaṇam. rasanādāne{*1/500*} prāptasya{*1/501*} rasanādāna{*1/502*} eva śāstraṃ viniyojakam. tad vivakṣitārthatve na ghaṭeteti. nanu gardabharasanāṃ{*1/503*} parisaṃkhyāsyati. na śaknoti parisaṃkhyātam{*1/504*}. parisaṃcakṣāṇo hi svārthaṃ ca{*1/505*} juhyāt, parārthaṃ ca kalpeta, prāptaṃ ca bādheta. tasmān na vivakṣitavacanā mantrāḥ. ato na pramāṇaṃ barhirdevasadanaṃ dāmīty asya rūpaṃ barhirlavane viniyogasya.

NOTES: *{1/489: E2,4 zählen MS 1.2.31-39 nicht als eigene Sūtras, daraus ergibt sich eine unterschiedliche Zählung}* *{1/490: E4: niyogatā}* *{1/491: Mait.S. 1.1.2}* *{1/492: E4: nirjñātāṅgabhāvo}* *{1/493: Vāj.S. 1.22, Tait.S. 1.1.8.1}* *{1/494: Tait.Br. 3.2.8.4}* *{1/495: Cf. Tait.S. 1.1.3.4}* *{1/496: Tait.S. 5.1.1}* *{1/497: E2: Bd.2, S.49-56 fehlen; E4: 1,180; E5: 2,54; E6: 1,39}* *{1/498: E4,5,6 (besser): raśanāmṛtasyety}* *{1/499: ŚPBr. 13.1.2.21., Tait.S. 5.1.2.1}* *{1/500: E4,5,6: raśanādāne}* *{1/501: Cf. Tait.S. 4.1.2.1, Mādhy.S. 12.2}* *{1/502: E4,5,6: raśanādāna}* *{1/503: E4,5,6: gardabharaśanāṃ}* *{1/504: E4,5,6 (richtig): parisaṃkhyātum}* *{1/505: E4 om. ca}*

vākyaniyamāt // MS_1,2.32 //

niyatapadakramā hi mantrā bhavanti. agnimūrdhā diva iti{*1/506*}, na viparyayeṇa. yady arthapratāyanārthāḥ, viparyayeṇāpy arthaḥ pratīyata iti niyamo 'narthakaḥ syāt. athoccāraṇaviśeṣārthāḥ, viparyaye 'nyad uccāraṇam iti niyama āśrīyate. tena yatarasmin{*1/507*} pakṣe niyamo 'rthavān, sa nūnaṃ pakṣa iti. nanv arthavatsv api niyamo dṛśyate. yathā - indrāgnīti. yuktaṃ tatra tat, viparyaye 'rthapratyayābhāvāt.

NOTES: *{1/506: Tait.S. 1.5.5.1}* *{1/507: E1,5,6; E4: tenānyatarasmin}*

buddhaśāstrāt // MS_1,2.33 //

buddhe khalv api pāṭhād arthe tadabhidhānasamartho mantro bhavati. agnīd agnīn vihared{*1/508*} iti{*1/509*}. sa buddhe kiṃ bodhayet. atha nūccāraṇaviśeṣārthāḥ{*1/510*}, buddhe 'py uccāraṇaviśeṣo 'vakalpyeteti. nanu punarvacanāt saṃskāraviśeṣo bhaviṣyati. evam asmatpakṣam evāśrito 'si. vacanam uccāraṇam. tad dhi śakyate kartuṃ nārthapratyāyanam. tat pratīte 'śakyam. yathā sopānatke pāde dvitīyām upānaham aśakyatvān nopādatte.

[57]{*1/511*}

NOTES: *{1/508: E4,5,6: vihara}* *{1/509: Tait.S. 3.2.9}* *{1/510: E1,5,6; E4: tūccāraṇaviśeṣārthāḥ}* *{1/511: E4: 1,180; E5: 2,55; E6: 1,40}*

avidyamānavacanāt // MS_1,2.34 //

yajñe sādhanabhūtaḥ prakāśayitavyaḥ. na ca tādṛśo 'rtho{*1/512*} 'sti, yādṛśam abhidadhati{*1/513*}. yathā catvāri śṛṅgā{*1/514*} iti. na hi catuḥśṛṅgaṃ tripādaṃ dviśiraskaṃ saptahastaṃ kiṃcid yajñasādhanam asti. tad atrābhidhānārthaḥ kim abhidadhyāt. uccāraṇārthe tv avakalpyate. tathā mā mā hiṃsīr ity asatyām api hiṃsāyāṃ kim abhidadhyāt.

NOTES: *{1/512: E4 om. 'rtho}* *{1/513: E1 (Fn.): abhivahanti kecin mantrāḥ, E5: abhidadhāti}* *{1/514: Tait.Ā. 10.10.17, ṚV 4.58.3a}*

acetane 'rthabandhanāt // MS_1,2.35 //

acetane 'rthe khalv arthaṃ nibadhnanti - oṣadhe trāyasvainam{*1/515*} iti{*1/516*}. abhidhānenopakurvanta evaṃjātīyakā oṣadhiṃ paśutrāṇāya pratipādayeyuḥ. na cāsāv acetanā śakyā pratipādayitum. uccāraṇārthe tu naiṣa doṣo bhavati. tasmād uccāraṇārthāḥ. śṛṇota grāvāṇa iti{*1/517*} codāharaṇam.

NOTES: *{1/515: E4: trāyasvanaim (?)}* *{1/516: Tait.S. 1.2.1.1}* *{1/517: Tait.S. 1.3.13.1}*

arthavipratiṣedhāt // MS_1,2.36 //

arthavipratiṣedho 'pi bhavati. aditir dyaur aditir antarikṣam iti{*1/518*} saiva dyaus tad evāntarikṣam iti ko jātucid avadhārayet. anavadhārayaṃś ca kim abhidhānenopakuryāt. uccāraṇamātre tu naiṣa virodho bhavati. tasmād uccāraṇārthā mantrāḥ. eko rudro na dvitīyo 'vatasthe{*1/519*}. asaṃkhyātāḥ sahasrāṇi, ye rudrā adhibhūmyām iti{*1/520*} codāharaṇam

[58]{*1/521*}

NOTES: *{1/518: ṚV 1.89.10a}* *{1/519: Tait.S. 1.8.6.1}* *{1/520: Tait.Ā. 1.12.1, Vāj.S. 16.54, Tait.S. 4.5.11.1}* *{1/521: E4: 1,181; E5: 2,56; E6: 1,40}*

svādhyāyavad avacanāt // MS_1,2.37 //

svādhyāyakāle pūrṇikāvahanti karoti. māṇavako 'vahanti mantram adhīte. nāsau tena mantreṇa tadabhidhānam abhyasyaty akṣarānupūrvyā avadhāraṇa eva yatate. yena ca nāma prayojanam, tad abhyasitavyam. ata uccāraṇābhyāsād uccāraṇena prayojanam ity avagacchāmaḥ.

avijñeyāt // MS_1,2.38 //

api ca keṣāñcin mantrāṇām aśakya evārtho veditum. yathā - amyak sā ta indra ṛṣṭir asma iti{*1/522*}. sṛṇyeva jarbharī turpharītv iti{*1/523*}. indraḥ somasya kāṇuketi{*1/524*} ca. ete kiṃ pratyāyayeyuḥ. uccāraṇārthe tu na doṣaḥ. tasmād uccāraṇārthā mantrā iti.

NOTES: *{1/522: ṚV 1.169.3a}* *{1/523: ṚV 10.106.6a}* *{1/524: ṚV 8.77.4c}*

anityasaṃyogān mantrānarthakyam // MS_1,2.39 //

anityasaṃyogaḥ khalv api bhaven mantreṣv abhidhānārtheṣu. yathā - kiṃ te kṛṇvanti kīkaṭeṣu gāva iti{*1/525*}. kīkaṭā nāma janapadā. naicāśākhaṃ nāma nagaram. pramaṅgado{*1/526*} rājeti. yady abhidhānārthāḥ, prāk pramaṅgadān{*1/527*} nāyaṃ mantro 'nubhūtapūrva{*1/528*} iti gamyate. tad etais tadarthaśāstrādibhiḥ{*1/529*} kāraṇair mantrāṇām avivakṣitavacanatā.

NOTES: *{1/525: ṚV 3.53.14: kiṃ te kṛṇvanti kīkaṭeṣu gāvo nāśiraṃ duhre na tapanti gharmam/ ā no bhara pramagandhasya vedo naicāśākham maghavan randhayā naḥ//}* *{1/526: E1,6; E4,5 (richtig): pramagando}* *{1/527: E1,6; E4,5: pramagandān}* *{1/528: E4: 'bhūtapūrva (?)}* *{1/529: MS 1.2.31}*

aviśiṣṭas tu vākyārthaḥ // MS_1,2.40 //{*1/530*} aviśiṣṭas tu loke prayujyamānānāṃ vede ca padānām arthaḥ. sa yathaiva loke vivakṣitaḥ, tathaiva vede 'pi bhavitum arhati. naivam, loke tair arthair avabuddhaiḥ saṃvyavahāraḥ. iha devatābhir apratyakṣābhi[59]{*1/531*}r yajñāṅgaiś cācetanaiḥ saṃlāpe na kaścid yajñasyopakāraḥ. yady adṛṣṭaṃ parikalpyeta, uccāraṇād eva tad bhavitum arhati. yad dhi kartavyam, tat prayojanavat, uccāraṇaṃ ca na kathaṃcit na kartavyam, yady apūrvāya, yady arthāya. yady artho na pratyāyate, na kiñcid anarthakam. yadi na prayujyate, samāmnānānarthakyam. tasmād uccāraṇād apūrvam. tathā ca tadarthaśāstrād uktam{*1/532*}. tad ucyate - arthapratyāyanārtham eva yajñe mantroccāraṇam. yad uktam - na devatābhir yajñāṅgaiś ca saṃlape prayojanam astīti, yajñe yajñāṅgaprakāśanam eva prayojanam. katham? na hy aprakāśite yajñe yajñāṅge ca yāgaḥ śakyo 'bhinirvartayitum. tasmāt tannirvṛttyartham arthaprakāśanaṃ mahānupakāraḥ karmaṇaḥ, tac ca karotīty avagamyate. tasmād asatyasya prayojanam. tac ca dṛṣṭaṃ na śakyam apavaditum - nārthābhidhānaṃ prayojanam iti. nanv arthābhidhānenopakurvatsu - tāṃ caturbhir ādatta ityevamādy anarthakaṃ bhavatu{*1/533*}, na jātucid apajānīmahe dṛṣṭam arthābhidhānasyopakārakatvam.

atha kiṃ tacchāstraṃ anarthakam eva. na hi -

NOTES: *{1/530: E2,4 haben ab MS 1.2.31 nicht wie E1,5,6 weitergezählt, so daß sie bei MS 1.2.40 mit 1.2.32 fortfahren}* *{1/531: E2: 2,57; E4: 1,204; E5: 2,57; E6: 1,41}* *{1/532: E1,5,6; E2,4: yuktam}* *{1/533: E4: kāmaṃ bhavatu}*

guṇārthena punaḥśrutiḥ // MS_1,2.41 //

yad uktam{*1/534*} - tāṃ caturbhir ādatta iti samuccayaśabdābhāvān na samuccayārtham iti. catuḥsaṃkhyāviśiṣṭam ādānaṃ kartavyam iti vākyād avagamyate. tad ekena mantreṇa gṛhṇan na yathāśrutaṃ{*1/535*} gṛhṇīyād iti.

NOTES: *{1/534: E1, S.55/26}* *{1/535: E2 om. gṛhṇan na yathāśrutaṃ}*

parisaṃkhyā // MS_1,2.42 //

parisaṃcakṣāṇe ca{*1/536*} - imām agṛbhṇann ity aśvābhidhānīm ādatta iti trayo doṣāḥ prāduḥṣyur iti. naivaṃ saṃbandha ity ādatta iti. kathaṃ tarhi, ity aśvābhidhānīm iti. [60]{*1/537*} liṅgād raśanāmātre śabdāt tu viśeṣe 'śvābhidhānyām iti. sati ca vākye liṅgaṃ viniyojakam. tac cāsya prakaraṇāmnānānumitaṃ vākyaṃ nāsti. kataratat. etena mantreṇādānaṃ kuryād iti, yasmin sati raśanāmātre liṅgāt prāpnoti. aśvābhidhānyāṃ tu pratyakṣam eva vacanam. asmin sati tad ānumānikaṃ nāsti. tena gardabharaśanāyāṃ na prāptir eveti. NOTES: *{1/536: E1, S.56/4-6, Tait.S. 5.1.2.1}* *{1/537: E2: 2,59; E4: 1,210; E5: 2,59; E6: 1,41}*

arthavādo vā // MS_1,2.43 //

uru prathā uru prathasveti puroḍāśaṃ prathayatīty{*1/538*} arthavādārthena punaḥśrutiḥ, yajñapatim eva tat prathayatīti. nanu nāyaṃ mantrasya vākyaśeṣaḥ, na ca prāptasya stutyā prayojanam. satyam{*1/539*}, nāyaṃ mantrasya vidhiḥ, na saṃstavaḥ. prathanam eva tatra stūyate. mantraḥ punā rūpād eva prāpta ihānūdyate prathanaṃ stotum - itthaṃ prathanaṃ praśastam, yat kriyamāṇam evaṃrūpeṇa mantreṇa kriyate. kas tadā bhavati guṇaḥ. yajñapatim eva tat prajayā paśubhiḥ prathayati. kim etad evāsya phalaṃ bhavati. neti brūmaḥ. stutiḥ kathaṃ bhaviṣyatīty evam ucyate. katham asati prathane prathayatīti śabdaḥ. mantrābhidhānāt - mantreṇa puroḍāśam adhvaryuḥ prathasveti brūte. yaś caivaṃ prathasveti brūte, sa prathayati, yathā - yaḥ kurv iti brūte, sa kārayati.

NOTES: *{1/538: Tait.S. 3.2.8.4, zitiert: ŚBh ad MS 1.2.31}* *{1/539: E2 om. satyam}*

aviruddhaṃ param // MS_1,2.44 //

yad uktam{*1/540*} - padaniyamasyārthavattvād{*1/541*} avivakṣitārthā mantrā iti. kāmam anarthako niyamaḥ, na dṛṣṭam apramāṇam. niyatoccāraṇam adṛṣṭāyeti cet, aviruddhā adṛṣṭakalpanāsmatpakṣe 'pi. evaṃ pratyāyamānam abhyudayakāri bhavatīti.

[61]{*1/542*}

NOTES: *{1/540: ŚBh ad MS 1.2.32}* *{1/541: E2: padaniyamasyārthayavavād (?)}* *{1/542: E2: 2,63; E4: 1,223; E5: 2,60; E6: 1,42}*

saṃpraiṣe karmagarhānupālambhaḥ saṃskāratvāt // MS_1,2.45 //

atha yad uktam{*1/543*} - prokṣaṇīr āsādayeti buddhabodhanam aśakyam, ata uccāraṇād adṛṣṭam iti. tan na. kartavyam ity api vijñāte 'nuṣṭhānakāle smṛtyā prayojanam. upāyāntareṇāpi sā prāpnoti, ato 'nenopāyena kartavyeti niyamārtham āmnānam, saṃskāratvāt.

NOTES: *{1/543: ŚBh ad MS 1.2.33, Mādhy.S.1.28; Tait.S. 3.2.9}*

abhidhāne 'rthavādaḥ // MS_1,2.46 //

catvāri śṛṅgā ity{*1/544*} asad abhidhāne gauṇaḥ śabdaḥ. gauṇī kalpanā pramāṇavattvāt. uccāraṇād adṛṣṭam apramāṇam. catasro hotrāḥ śṛṅgāṇīvāsya. trayo 'sya pādā iti savanābhiprāyam. dve śīrṣa iti patnīyajamānau. sapta hastāsa iti chandāṃsy abhipretya. tridhā baddha iti tribhir vedair baddhaḥ. vṛṣabhaḥ kāmān varṣatīti. roravīti śabdakarmā. maho devo martyān āviveśeti, manuṣyādhikārābhiprāyam. tad yathā - cakravākastanī haṃsadantāvalī kāśavastrā śaivālakeśī nadīti nadyāḥ stutiḥ. yajñasamṛddhaye sādhanānāṃ cetanasādṛśyam upapādayitukāma āmantraṇaśabdena lakṣayati{*1/545*} - oṣadhe trāyasvainam iti{*1/546*}. śṛṇota grāvāṇa iti{*1/547*}, ataḥ paraṃ prātaranuvākānuvacanaṃ bhaviṣyati, yatrācetanāḥ santo grāvāṇo 'pi śṛṇuyuḥ, kiṃ punar vidvāṃso 'pi brāhmaṇā iti. itthaṃ cācetanā api grāvāṇa āmantryante.

NOTES: *{1/544: Zitiert: ŚBh ad MS 1.2.34, ṚV 4.58.3a}* *{1/545: ŚBh ad MS 1.2.35}* *{1/546: Tait.S. 1.2.1.1}* *{1/547: Tait.S. 1.3.13.1}*

guṇād avipratiṣedhaḥ syāt // MS_1,2.47 //

aditir dyaur iti{*1/548*} gauṇa eṣa śabdaḥ, ato na [62]{*1/549*}vipratiṣedhaḥ/ yathā - tvam eva mātā, tvam eva{*1/550*} piteti. tathaikarudradaivatya eko rudraḥ, śatarudradaivatye śataṃ rudrā ity avirodhaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/548: ŚBh ad MS 1.2.36, ṚV 1.89.10a}* *{1/549: E2: 2,65; E4: 1,228; E5: 2,61; E6: 1,43}* *{1/550: E2,4,6 om. tvam eva}*

vidyāvacanam asaṃyogāt // MS_1,2.48 //

yat tu{*1/551*} - akarmakāle 'vahanti mantreṇa māṇavako na pūrṇikāvahantiṃ prakāśayitum iccatīti. ayajñasaṃyogāt, na yajñopakārāyaitat prakāśayitum icchati. nanu prakāśanānabhyāso 'kṣarābhyāsaś ca paricoditaḥ. ucyate - saukaryāt prakāśanānabhyāso durgrahatvāc cākṣarābhyāsaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/551: ŚBh ad MS 1.2.37}*

sataḥ param avijñānam // MS_1,2.49 //{*1/552*} vidyamāno 'py arthaḥ pramādālasyādibhir nopalabhyate. nigamaniruktavyākaraṇavaśena dhātuto 'rthaḥ kalpayitavyaḥ. yathā - sṛṇyeva jarbharī turpharītv ityevamādīny{*1/553*} aśvinor abhidhānāni dvivacanāntāni lakṣyante. anenāśvinoḥ kāmam aprā ity{*1/554*} āśvinaṃ sūktam avagamyate. devatābhidhānāni ca ghaṭante jarbharītyevamādīni. avayavaprasiddhyā ca laukikenārthena viśeṣyante. evaṃ sarvatra.

NOTES: *{1/552: Zu MS 1.2.38}* *{1/553: ṚV 10.106.6}* *{1/554: ṚV 10.106.11d}*

uktaś cānityasaṃyogaḥ // MS_1,2.50 //{*1/555*} paraṃ tu śrutisāmānyamātram ity{*1/556*} atreti{*1/557*}.

[63]{*1/558*}

NOTES: *{1/555: Zu MS 1.2.39}* *{1/556: MS 1.1.31}* *{1/557: E2 nimmt den Kommentar irrtümlicherweise als eigenes Sūtra}* *{1/558: E2: 2,68; E4: 1,238; E5: 2,62; E6: 1,43}*

liṅgopadeśaś ca tadarthavat // MS_1,2.51 //

āgneyāgnīdhram upatiṣṭhata iti{*1/559*} vidhānād vivakṣitārthānām eva mantrāṇāṃ bhavati liṅgeṇopadeśaḥ. yadi te 'gniprayojanāḥ, tatas ta āgneyā nāgniśabdasaṃnidhānāt.

NOTES: *{1/559: Tait.S. 3.1.6}*

ūhaḥ // MS_1,2.52 //

ūhadarśanaṃ ca vivakṣitārthānām eva bhavati. kim ūhadarśanam. na pitā vardhate, na māteti{*1/560*}. anye vardhanta iti gamyate. pratyakṣaṃ kaumārayauvanasthāvirair vardhante mātrādayaḥ. śabdo na vardhata iti brūte. kā punaḥ śabdasya vṛddhiḥ. yad dvivacanabahuvacanasaṃyogaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/560: Vgl. Tait.Br. 3.6.6.1}*

vidhiśabdāś ca // MS_1,2.53 //

vidhiśabdāś ca vivakṣitārthān eva mantrān anuvadanti - śataṃ himāḥ śataṃ varṣāṇi jīvyāsam ity etad evāheti{*1/561*}.

[64]{*1/562*}

NOTES: *{1/561: ŚPBr. 2.3.4.21}* *{1/562: E2: 2,69; E4: 1,243; E5: 2,64; E6: 1,44}*

dharmasya śabdamūlatvād aśabdam anapekṣaṃ syāt // MS_1,3.1 //

evaṃ tāvat kṛtsnasya vedasya prāmāṇyam uktam. athedānīṃ yatra na vaidikaṃ śabdam upalabhemahi, atha ca smaranti - evam ayam artho 'nuṣṭhātavyaḥ, etasmai ca prayojanāyeti. kim asau tathaiva syān na veti. yathā - aṣṭakāḥ kartavyāḥ; gurur anugantavyaḥ; taḍāgaṃ khanitavyam; prabhā pravartayitavyā; śikhākarma kartavyam ityevamādayaḥ. tad ucyate - dharmasya śabdamūlatvād aśabdam anapekṣaṃ syād iti. śabdalakṣaṇo dharma ity uktam{*1/563*} - codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharmaḥ iti. ato nirmūlatvān nāpekṣitavyam iti. nanu ye vidur ittham asau padārthaḥ kartavya iti, katham iva te vadiṣyanty akartavya evāyam iti. smaraṇānupapattyā, na{*1/564*} hy ananubhūto 'śruto vārthaḥ smaryate. na cāsyāvaidikasyālaukikasya ca smaraṇam upapadyate, pūrvavijñānakāraṇābhāvād iti. yā hi bandhyā smareta - idaṃ me dauhitrakṛtam iti, na me duhitāstīti matvā, na jātucid asau pratīyāt - samyag etaj jñānam iti. evam api yathaiva pāramparyeṇāvicchedād ayaṃ veda iti pramāṇam eṣāṃ smṛtiḥ, evam iyam api pramāṇaṃ bhaviṣyatīti. naitad evam. pratyakṣeṇopalabdhatvād granthasya, nānupapannaṃ pūrvavijñānam. aṣṭakādiṣu tv adṛṣṭārtheṣu pūrvavijñānakāraṇābhāvād vyāmohasmṛtir eva gamyate. tad yathā kaścij jātyandho vadet - smarāmy aham asya rūpaviśeṣasyeti. kutas te pūrvavijñānam iti ca paryanuyukto jātyandham evāparaṃ vinirdiśeta. tasya [65]{*1/565*} kutaḥ? jātyandhāntarāt. evaṃ jātyandhaparamparāyām api satyāṃ naiva jātucit saṃpratīyur vidvāṃsaḥ samyagdarśanam etad iti. ato nādartavyam evaṃjātīyakam anapekṣaṃ syād iti.

NOTES: *{1/563: Vgl. MS 1.1.2}* *{1/564: E2,4 om. na}* *{1/565: E2: 2,73; E4: 1,243; E5: 2,70; E6: 1,45}*

api vā kartṛsāmānyāt pramāṇam anumānaṃ syāt // MS_1,3.2 //

api veti pakṣo vyāvartyate. pramāṇaṃ smṛtiḥ, vijñānaṃ hi tat. kim ity anyathā bhaviṣyati. pūrvavijñānam asya nāsti, kāraṇābhāvād iti cet. asyā eva smṛter draḍhimnaḥ kāraṇam anumāsyāmahe. tat tu nānubhavanam, anupapattyā. na hi manuṣyā ihaiva janmany evaṃjātīyakam artham anubhavituṃ śaknuvanti. janmāntarānubhūtaṃ ca na smaryate. granthas tv anumīyeta, kartṛsāmānyāt smṛti-vaidikapadārthayoḥ. tenopapanno vedasaṃyogas traivarṇikānām. nanu nopalabhanta evaṃjātīyakaṃ grantham. anupalabhamānā apy anumimīran, vismaraṇam apy upapadyata iti. tad upapannatvāt pūrvavijñānasya tarivarṇikānāṃ smaratām, vismaraṇasya copapannatvād granthānumānam upapadyata iti pramāṇaṃ smṛtiḥ. aṣṭakāliṅgāś ca mantrā vede dṛśyante - yāñ janāḥ pratinandantītyevamādayaḥ{*1/566*}. tathā pratyupasthitaniyamānām ācārāṇāṃ dṛṣṭārthatvād eva prāmāṇyam - guror anugamāt prīto gurur adhyāpayiṣyati granthagranthibhedinaś ca nyāyān parituṣṭo vakṣyatīti. tathā ca darśayati - tasmāc chreyāṃsaṃ pūrvaṃ yantaṃ pāpīyān paścād anvetīti{*1/567*}. prapāstaḍāgāni ca paropakārāya, na dharmāyety evāvagamyate. tathā ca darśanam - dhanvann iva prapā [66]{*1/568*} asīti{*1/569*}. tathā - sthalayodakaṃ parigṛhṇantīti ca. gotracihnaṃ śikhākarma, darśanaṃ ca - yatra bāṇāḥ saṃpatanti kumārā viśikhā iveti{*1/570*}. tena ye dṛṣṭārthāḥ, te tata eva pramāṇam. ye tv adṛṣṭārthāḥ, teṣu vaidikaśabdānumānam iti.

NOTES: *{1/566: Pāra.GS 3.2.2, Āp.MP 2.20.27}* *{1/567: E2: anveti}* *{1/568: E2: 2,78; E4: 1,259; E5: 2,78; E6: 1,45}* *{1/569: ṚV 10.4.1c}* *{1/570: ṚV 6.75.17a}*

virodhe tv anapekṣaṃ syāt, asati hy anumānam // MS_1,3.3 //

atha yatra śrutivirodhaḥ, tatra katham. yathaudumbaryāḥ sarvaveṣṭanam, audumbarīṃ spṛṣṭvodgāyed iti śrutyā viruddham. aṣṭācatvāriṃśad vaṛṣāṇi vedabrahmacaraṇam, jātaputraḥ kṛṣṇakeśo 'gnīn ādadhītety anena viruddham. krītarājako bhojyān na iti, tasmād agnīṣomīye saṃsthite yajamānasya gṛhe 'śitavyam ity anena viruddham. tat pramāṇam, kartṛsāmānyād ityevaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - aśakyatvād vyamoha ity avagamyate. katham aśakyatā. sparśavidhānān na sarvā śakyā veṣṭayitum udgāyatā spraṣṭuṃ ca. tām udgāyatā spraṣṭavyām avagacchantaḥ kenemaṃ saṃpratyayaṃ bādhemahi sarvaveṣṭanasmaraṇeneti brūmaḥ. nanu nirmūlatvād vyāmohas tat smaraṇam iti vaidikaṃ vacanaṃ mūlaṃ bhaviṣyatīti. bhaved vaidikaṃ vacanaṃ mūlam, yadi sparśanaṃ vyāmohaḥ. avyāmohe tv aśakyatvād anupapannam. yathānubhavanam anupapannam iti na kalpyate, tathā vaidikam api vacanam. kathaṃ tarhi sarvaveṣṭanasmaraṇam. vyāmohaḥ. kathaṃ vyāmohakalpanā. śrautavijñānavirodhāt. atha kim arthaṃ nemau vidhī vikalpye[67]{*1/571*}te vrīhiyavavad bṛhadrathantaravad vā. nāsati vyāmohavijñāne vikalpo bhavati. yadi sarvaveṣṭanavijñānaṃ pramāṇam, sparśanaṃ vyāmohaḥ. yadi sparśanaṃ pramāṇam, smṛtir vyāmohaḥ. vikalpaṃ tu vadan sparśanasya pakṣe tāvat prāmāṇyam anumanyate. tasya ca mūlaṃ śrutiḥ. sā cet pramāṇam anumatā, na pākṣikī. pākṣikaṃ ca sarvaveṣṭanasmaraṇam, pakṣe tāvan na śaknoti śrutiṃ parikalpayitum, sparśavijñānena bādhitatvāt. tataś cāvyāmohe ca tasminn aśakyā śrutiḥ kalpayitum. na cāsāv avyāmohaḥ pakṣe, pakṣe vyāmoho bhaviṣyatīti. yad eva hi tasyaikasmin pakṣe mūlam, tad evetarasminn api. ekasmiṃś cet pakṣe na vyāmohaḥ, śrutiprāmāṇyatulyatvād itaratrāpy avyāmohaḥ. na cāsāv ekasmin pakṣe śrutiḥ, nibaddhākṣarā hi sā na pramādapāṭha iti śakyā gaditum. tena naitat pakṣe vijñānaṃ vyāmohāt pakṣāntaraṃ saṃkrāntam ity avagamyate. tatra duḥśrutasvapnādivijñānamūlatvaṃ ta sarvaveṣṭanasyeti virodhāt kalpyate. na hi tasya sati virodhe prāmāṇyam abhyupagantavyam iti kiṃcid asti pramāṇam. tasmād yathaivaikasmin pakṣe na śakyā śrutiḥ kalpayitum, evam aparasmin pakṣe, tulyakāraṇatvāt. api cetaretarāśraye 'nyataḥ paricchedāt. keyam itaretarāśrayatā. pramāṇāyāṃ smṛtau sparśanaṃ vyāmohaḥ, sparśane pramāṇe smṛtir vyāmohaḥ, tad etad itaretrāśrayaṃ bhavati. tatra sparśanasya kḷptaṃ mūlaṃ kalpyaṃ smṛteḥ, so 'sāv anyataḥ paricchedaḥ. kalpyamūlatvāt smṛtiprāmāṇyam anavakḷptaṃ. tad aprāmāṇyāt sparśanaṃ na vyāmohaḥ. tad avyāmohāt smārtaśrutikalpanānupapannā pramāṇābhāvāt. nanv evaṃ sati vrīhisādhanatvavijñānasyāpy avyāmohād yavaśrutir nopapadyeta. satyaṃ nopapadyate, yady apratyakṣā syāt. pratyakṣā tv eṣā. na hi pratyakṣam anupapannaṃ nāmāsti. dvayos tu śrutyor bhāvāt. dve hy ete vākye. tatraikena kevalayavasādhanatā gamyate, [68]{*1/572*} ekena kevalavrīhisādhanatā. na ca vākyenāvagato 'rtho 'pahnūyate. tasmād vrīhiyavayor upapanno vikalpo bṛhadrathantarayoś ca. tasmād uktaṃ śrutiviruddhā smṛtir apramāṇam iti. ataś ca sarvaveṣṭanādi nādaraṇīyam.

NOTES: *{1/571: E2: 2,98; E4: 1,281; E5: 2,85; E6: 1,46}* *{1/572: E2: 2,102; E4: 1,281; E5: 2,89; E6: 1,47}*

hetudarśanāc ca // MS_1,3.4 //

lobhād vāsa āditsamānā audumbarīṃ kṛtsnāṃ veṣṭitavantaḥ kecit. tat smṛter bījam. bubhukṣamāṇāḥ kecit krītarājakasya bhojanam ācaritavantaḥ. apuṃstvaṃ pracchādayantaś cāṣṭācatvāriṃśad varṣāṇi vedabrahmacaryaṃ caritavantaḥ. tata eṣā smṛtir ity avagamyate. adhikaraṇāntaraṃ vā. vaisarjanahomīyaṃ vāso 'dhvaryur gṛhṇātīti, yūpahastino dānam ācarantīti. tatkartṛsāmānyāt pramāṇam iti prāpte{*1/573*}. apramāṇaṃ smṛtiḥ. atrānyan mūlam. lobhād ācaritavantaḥ kecit, tata eṣā smṛtiḥ. upapannataraṃ caitad vaidikavacanakalpanāt.

NOTES: *{1/573: MS 1.3.2}*

śiṣṭākope 'viruddham iti cet // MS_1,3.5 //

ācāntena kartavyam; yajñopavītinā kartavyam; dakṣiṇācāreṇa kartavyam ityevaṃlakṣaṇāny udāharaṇāni. kim etāni śrutiviruddhāni na kartavyāni utāviruddhāni kāryāṇīti. [69]{*1/574*} iti{*1/575*} cet paśyasi, tair apy anuṣṭhīyamānair vaidīkaṃ kiṃcin na kupyati, tasmād aviruddhānīti.

NOTES: *{1/574: E2: 2,115; E4: 1,346; E5: 2,93; E6: 1,47}* *{1/575: E2,4,6 om. iti}*

na śāstraparimāṇatvāt // MS_1,3.6 //

naitad evam. śāstraparicchinnaṃ hi kramaṃ bādheran. katham. vedaṃ kṛtvā vediṃ kurvītetīmāṃ śrutim uparundhyād antarā vedaṃ vediṃ cānuṣṭḥīyamānam ācamanādi. dakṣiṇena caikahastenānuṣṭhīyamāneṣu padārtheṣu kadācit pradhānaṃ svakālam atikrāmeta. ubhābhyāṃ hastābhyāṃ anutiṣṭhan pradhānakālaṃ saṃbhāvayiṣyati.

api vā kāraṇāgrahaṇe prayuktāni pratīyeran // MS_1,3.7 //

api veti pakṣavyāvṛttiḥ. agṛhyamāṇakāraṇā evaṃjātīyakāḥ pramāṇam. nanu kramakālau virundhanti{*1/576*}. virudhnantu{*1/577*}. naiṣa doṣaḥ. ācamanaṃ padārthaḥ padārthānāṃ ca guṇaḥ kramaḥ. na ca guṇānurodhena padārtho na kartavyo bhavati. api ca prāptānāṃ padārthānām uttarakālaṃ krama āpatati. yadā padārthaḥ prāpnoti, tadā krama eva nāsti, kena saha virodho bhaviṣyatīti. tathā yadi dakṣiṇena nācaryate, kālo mā virodhīd iti, tatra kālānurodhena padārtho nānyathātvam abhyupagacchet. prayogāṅgaṃ hi kālaḥ padārthānām upakārakaḥ. ato na kālānurodhena vyathayitavyaḥ padārthaḥ. api ca śaucaṃ dakṣiṇācāratā yajñopavītitvaṃ caivaṃjātīyakā arthā vyavadhātāro na bhavanti. sarvapadārthānāṃ [70]{*1/578*} śeṣabhūtatvāt. tasmād ācamanādīnāṃ prāmāṇyam.

NOTES: *{1/576: E2,4,5,6: virundhanti}* *{1/577: E2,4,5,6: virundhnantu}* *{1/578: E2: 2,120; E4: 1,356; E5: 2,96; E6: 1,48}*

teṣv adarśanād virodhasya samā vipratipattiḥ syāt // MS_1,3.8 //

yavamayaś caruḥ; vārāhī upānahau{*1/579*}; vaitase kaṭe prājāpatyān saṃcinotīti yavavarāhavetasaśabdān samāmananti. tatra kecid dīrghaśūkeṣu yavaśabdaṃ prayuñjante, kecit priyaṅguṣu. varāhaśabdaṃ kecit śūkare{*1/580*}, kecit kṛṣṇaśakunau. vetasaśabdaṃ kecid vañjulake, kecij jambvām. tatrobhayathā padārthāvagamād vikalpaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/579: Tait.Br. 1.7.9.4, Mait.S.4.46, cf. ŚPBr. 5.4.3.19}* *{1/580: E2,4,5: sūkare}*

śāstrasthā vā tannimittatvāt // MS_1,3.9 //

vāśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. yavaśabdo yadi dīrghaśūkeṣu sādṛśyāt priyaṅguṣu bhaviṣyati. yadi priyaṅguṣu, sādṛśyād yaveṣu. kiṃ sādṛśyam. pūrvasaśye{*1/581*} kṣīṇe bhavanti dīrghaśūkāḥ priyaṅgavaś caitat tayoḥ sādṛśyam. kaḥ punar atra niścayaḥ. ya śāstrasthānāṃ sa śabdārthaḥ. ke śāstrasthāḥ. śiṣṭāḥ. teṣām avicchinnā smṛtiḥ śabdeṣu vedeṣu ca. tena śiṣṭā nimittaṃ śrutismṛtyavadhāraṇe. te hy evaṃ samāmananti yavamayeṣu karambhapātreṣu vihiteṣu vākyaśeṣam - yatrānyā oṣadhayo mlāyante, athaite modamānā ivottiṣṭhantīti{*1/582*} dīrghaśūkān yavān darśayati vedaḥ. vede darśanād avicchinnapāramparyo dīrghaśūkeṣu yavaśabda iti gamyate. tasmāt priyaṅguṣu gauṇaḥ. tasmād dīrghaśūkānāṃ puroḍāśaḥ kartavyaḥ. tasmād varāhaṃ gāvo 'nudhāvantīti{*1/583*} śūkare{*1/584*} varāhaśabdaṃ darśayati. apsujo vetasa iti{*1/585*} vañjule vetasaśabdam. [71]{*1/586*} śūkaraṃ{*1/587*} hi gāvo 'nudhāvanti. vañjulo 'psu jāyate. jambūvṛkṣa sthale girinadīṣu vā.

NOTES: *{1/581: E2,5,6: pūrvasasye, E4: pūrvasasyeṣe}* *{1/582: Quelle unbekannt}* *{1/583: ŚPBr. 4.4.3.19}* *{1/584: E2,4,5: sūkare}* *{1/585: Quelle unbekannt}* *{1/586: E2: 2,142; E4: 1,416; E5: 2,103; E6: 1,49}* *{1/587: E2,4,5: sūkaraṃ}*

coditaṃ tu pratīyetāvirodhāt pramāṇena // MS_1,3.10 //

atha yāñ chabdān āryā na kasmiṃścid arthe ācaranti, mlecchās tu kasmiṃścit prayuñjate, yathā pikanemasatatāmarasādiśabdāḥ{*1/588*}. teṣu saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ nigamaniruktavyākaraṇavaśena dhātuto 'rthaḥ kalpayitavya uta yatra mlecchā ācaranti, sa śabdārtha iti. śiṣṭācārasya prāmāṇyam uktaṃ nāśiṣṭasmṛteḥ. tasmān nigamādivaśenārthakalpanā. nigamādīnāṃ caivam arthavattā bhaviṣyati. anabhiyogaś ca śabdārtheṣv aśiṣṭānām abhiyogaś cetareṣām. tasmād dhātuto 'rthaḥ kalpayitavya ityevaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - coditam aśiṣṭair api śiṣṭānavagataṃ pratīyeta, yat pramāṇenāviruddham, tad avagamyamānam, na nyāyyaṃ tyaktum. yat tu śiṣṭācāraḥ pramāṇam iti, tat pratyakṣānavagate 'rthe. yat tv abhiyuktāḥ śabdārtheṣu śiṣṭā iti. tatrocyate - abhiyuktatarāḥ pakṣiṇāṃ poṣaṇe bandhane ca mlecchāḥ. yat tu nigamaniruktavyākaraṇānām arthavatteti, tatraiṣām arthavattā bhaviṣyati, na yatra mlecchair apy avagataḥ śabdārthaḥ. api ca - nigamādibhir arthe kalpayamāne 'vyavasthitaḥ śabdārtho bhavet, tatrāniścayaḥ syāt. tasmāt pika iti kokilo grāhyaḥ, nemo 'rdham, tāmarasaṃ padmam, sata iti dārumayaṃ pātram parimaṇḍalaṃ śatachidram.

[72]{*1/589*}

NOTES: *{1/588: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/589: E2: 2,154; E4: 1,452; E5: 2,107; E6: 1,49}*

prayogaśāstram iti cet // MS_1,3.11 //

iha kalpasūtrāṇy udāharaṇam - māśakam, hāstikam, kauṇḍinyakam ityevaṃlakṣaṇakāni kiṃ pramāṇam apramāṇaṃ veti saṃdigdhāni. kiṃ prāptam. prayogasya śāstraṃ pramāṇam evaṃjātīyakam iti brūmaḥ. satyavācām etāni vacanāni. katham avagamyate. vaidikair eṣāṃ saṃvādo bhavati. ya eva hi vede grahāḥ, ta eveha, yā eva vede iṣṭakāḥ{*1/590*}, tā eveha. tasmāt satyavāca ācāryāḥ. ācāryavacaḥ pramāṇam iti ca śrutiḥ. pratyakṣataḥ prāmāṇyam anavagatam iti yady ucyeta, pramāṇāntareṇa vacanenāvagatam iti na doṣaḥ. vedavākyaiś caiṣāṃ tulya ādaraḥ. tasmāt pramāṇam.

NOTES: *{1/590: E1 (Fn.): iṣṭayaḥ}*

nāsanniyamāt // MS_1,3.12 //

naitad evam, asanniyamāt. naitat samyaṅnibandhanam, svarābhāvāt.

avākyaśeṣā{*1/591*}c ca // MS_1,3.13 //

ṛtvijo vṛṇīte; vṛtā yajanti{*1/592*}; devayajanam adhyavasyantīti{*1/593*}. nātra vidhir gamyate vartamānakālapratyayanirdeśāt. na cātra vākyaśeṣaḥ stāvako 'sti. tasmād{*1/594*} apramāṇam. yaś cādara uktaḥ, sa nāntarīyakatvād vedavākyamiśrasamāmnānāt. yat tu śrutir iti naitat, arthavādatvāt{*1/595*}. katham arthavādaḥ. vidhyantaraṃ hy asti - āgneyo 'ṣṭākapāla iti. atrācāryo vedo 'bhipretaḥ, ācinoty asya buddhim iti. yad vācāryavacanaṃ [73]{*1/596*} pramāṇaṃ tadapekṣam. kataratat. yat pramāṇagamyam.

yac coktam - satyavācām etāni vacanānīti, tan na -

NOTES: *{1/591: E4 (Fn.): -śeṣatvāc ca}* *{1/592: ŚānŚS. 5.1.1}* *{1/593: ŚānŚS. 15.14.1}* *{1/594: E4 (Fn.): stāvakas tasmād}* *{1/595: E4 (Fn.): śrutir iti nārthavādatvāt}* *{1/596: E2: 2,169; E4: 1,473; E5: 2,110; E6: 1,50}*

sarvatra ca prayogāt saṃnidhānaśāstrāc ca // MS_1,3.14 //

ācāryavacanaṃ hi bhavati pūrvapakṣe - sarvāsu tithiṣv amāvāsyeti{*1/597*}. saṃnihitaṃ ca śāstram - paurṇamāsyāṃ paurṇamāsyā yajeta, amāvāsyāyām amāvasyayā yajed iti{*1/598*}. tena śrutiviruddhavacanān na satyavācaḥ, tasmād apramāṇam.

NOTES: *{1/597: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/598: Vgl. BaudhŚS 28.12, Go.GS 1.9.13}*

anumānavyavasthānāt tatsaṃyuktaṃ pramāṇaṃ syāt // MS_1,3.15 //

anumānāt smṛter ācārāṇāṃ ca prāmāṇyam iṣyate. yenaiva hetunā te pramāṇam, tenaiva vyavasthitāḥ{*1/599*} prāmāṇyam arhanti. tasmād holākādayaḥ{*1/600*} prācyair eva kartavyāḥ; āhnīnaibukādayo dākṣiṇātyair{*1/601*} eva; udvṛṣabhayajñādaya udīcyair eva. yathā śikhākalpo vyavatiṣṭhate kecit triśikhāḥ, kecit pañcaśikhā iti.

NOTES: *{1/599: E4 (Fn.): hetuvyavasthitā eva}* *{1/600: E1,5,6; E2,4: holākādiḥ, E4 (Fn.) tasmād holākādayaḥ; tad dholākādayaḥ}* *{1/601: E4 (Fn.): āhnīnaibukā dākṣiṇātyair}*

api vā sarvadharmaḥ syāt, tannyāyatvād vidhānasya // MS_1,3.16 //

api veti pakṣavyāvṛttiḥ. evaṃjātīyakaḥ sarvadharmaḥ syāt. kutaḥ. tannyāyatvād vidhānasya. vidhīyate 'neneti vidhānaṃ śabdaḥ. so 'numīyate smṛtyāḥ. na ca tasyākṛtivacanatā nyāyyā. na ca vyaktivacanatā, na sarveṣām anuṣṭhātṝṇāṃ yad ekaṃ [74]{*1/602*} sāmānyaṃ, tasya vācakaḥ kaścit śabdo 'sti, yo 'numīyeta. tasmāt sarvadharmatā vidher nyāyyā. kutaḥ. padārthāḥ kartavyā iti pramāṇam asti, vyavasthāyāṃ tu na kiñcit pramāṇam asti.

atha yad uktam, yathā śikhākalpo vyavatiṣṭhata iti -

NOTES: *{1/602: E2: Lücke; E4: 1,486; E5: 2,113; E6: 1,50}*

darśanād viniyogaḥ syāt // MS_1,3.17 //

gotravyavasthayā śikhākalpavyavasthāyāṃ darśanaṃ spaṣṭam.

liṅgābhāvāc ca nityasya // MS_1,3.18 //

idaṃ padebhyaḥ kebhyaścid uttaraṃ sūtram. kāni tāni padāni. atha kim arthaṃ na liṅgād vyavasthā. yathā - śuklo hotā iti. nāsti tan nityam eṣāṃ liṅgam, yad yathādarśanam anuvartate. ye 'pi śyāmā bṛhanto lohitākṣāḥ, te 'pi na sarva ārhnīnaibukādīn kurvate. anevaṃliṅgā api cānutiṣṭhanti. tasmān na vyavasthā. śuklo hoteti pratyakṣā śrutiḥ.

ākhyā hi deśasaṃyogāt // MS_1,3.19 //

atha kasmān na samākhyayā niyamaḥ. ye dākṣiṇātyā iti samākhyātāḥ, ta āhnīnaibukādīn kariṣyanti. ya udīcyā iti samākhyātāḥ, ta udvṛṣabhayajñādīn. ye prācyā iti, te holākādīn. yathā - rājā rājasūyeneti. naitad evam. deśasaṃyogād ākhyā bhavati. dākṣiṇadeśān nirgataḥ prākṣu vodakṣu vāvasthita āhnīnaibukādīn karoty eva. udīcyāś ca deśāntara udvṛṣabhayajñādīn{*1/603*}, prācyāś ca holākādīn. anyadeśaś ca deśāntaragato na niyogataḥ parapadārthān{*1/604*} karoti. tasmān na vyavasthā{*1/605*}. rājā rājasūyeneti tu niyatā jātiḥ.

[75]{*1/606*}

NOTES: *{1/603: E4 (Fn.): udīcyāś codvṛṣabhayajñādīn}* *{1/604: E4 (Fn.): niyogataḥ padārthān}* *{1/605: E4 (Fn.): tasmād avyavasthā}* *{1/606: E2: 2,180; E4: 1, 497; E5: 2,116; E6: 1,51}*

na syād deśāntareṣv iti cet // MS_1,3.20 //

iti cet paśyasi - yadi deśasaṃyogād ākhyā bhavet, deśāntarasthasya na bhavet. bhavati ca deśānatarasthasya māthura ity asaṃbaddhasyāpi mathurayā. tasmān na deśasaṃyogād ākhyā.

syād yogākhyā hi māthuravat // MS_1,3.21 //

deśasaṃyoganimittāyām apy ākhyāyāṃ deśān nirgatasya tadākhyā na viruddhā. yata eṣā yogākhyā yogamātrāpekṣā, na bhūtavartamānabhaviṣyatsaṃbandhāpekṣā. yato dṛśyate - mathurām abhiprasthito māthura iti, mathurāyāṃ vasan mathurāyā nirgataś ca. yasya tv ato 'nyatamaḥ saṃbandho nāsti, na sa māthuraḥ. tasmān na samākhyayā vyavasthā.

karmadharmo vā pravaṇavat // MS_1,3.22 //

atha kasmān na karmāṅgaṃ deśaḥ. yaḥ kṛṣṇamṛtikāprāyaḥ, sa āhnīnaibukādīnām. yathā - prācīnapravaṇe vaiśvadevena yajeteti{*1/607*}.

NOTES: *{1/607: Mān.ŚS. 1.7.1.5}*

tulyaṃ tu kartṛdharmeṇa // MS_1,3.23 //

yathā kartary avyavasthitaṃ liṅgaṃ śyāmādi{*1/608*} na padārthaiḥ saṃvādam upaiti, tadvad deśaliṅgam avyavasthitam{*1/609*}. kṛṣṇamṛtikāprāye 'py anye na kurvanti, tathānyaliṅge 'pi kurvanti. tasmān na deśato vyavasthā. prācīnapravaṇaṃ tu śrutyā niyataṃ vaiśvadevasya.

[76]{*1/610*}

NOTES: *{1/608: E4 (Fn.): vyavasthitaśyāmādi}* *{1/609: E4: deśaliṅgavyavasthitam}* *{1/610: E2: 2,182; E4: 1,505; E5: 2,117; E6: 1,52}*

prayogotpattyaśāstratvāc chabdeṣu na vyavasthā syāt // MS_1,3.24 //

gaur gāvī goṇī gopotalikā ityevamādayaḥ{*1/611*} śabdā udāharaṇam. gośabdo yathā sāsnādim iti pramāṇam, kiṃ tathā gāvyādayo 'py uta neti saṃdehaḥ. kim atraikaḥ śabdo 'vicchinnapāramparyo 'rthābhidhāyī, itare 'pabhraṃśāḥ, uta sarve 'nādayaḥ. sarva iti brūmaḥ. kutaḥ. pratyayāt. pratīyate hi gāvyādibhyaḥ sāsnādimān arthaḥ. tasmād ito varṣaśate 'py asyārthasya saṃbandha āsīd eva, tataḥ pareṇa, tataś ca paratareṇety anāditā. kartā cāsya saṃbandhasya nāstīti vyavasthitam eva. tasmāt sarve sādhavaḥ, sarvair bhāṣitavyam. sarve hi sādhayanty artham. yathā - hastaḥ, karaḥ, pāṇir iti. arthāya hy eta uccāryante, nādṛṣṭāya. na hy eṣām uccāraṇe śāstram asti. tasmān na vyavatiṣṭheta kaścid eka eva sādhur itare 'sādhava iti.

NOTES: *{1/611: Vgl. Mahābhāṣya, Einltg., E1 (4th ed., 1985), Bd.1, S.5/21-22}*

śabde prayatnaniṣpatter aparādhasya bhāgitvam // MS_1,3.25 //

mahatā prayatnena śabdam uccaranti - vāyur nābher utthitaḥ, urasi vistīrṇaḥ, kaṇṭhe vivartitaḥ, mūrdhānam āhatya parāvṛttaḥ, vaktre vicaran vividhān śabdān abhivyanakti. tatrāparādhyetāpy uccārayitā, yathā - śuṣke patiṣyāmīti kardame patati, sakṛd upasprakṣyāmīti dvir upaspṛśati. tato 'parādhāt pravṛttā gāvyādayo bhaveyuḥ, na niyogato 'vicchinnapāramparyā eveti.

[77]{*1/612*}

NOTES: *{1/612: E2: 2,213; E4: 1,580; E5: 2,121; E6: 1,52}*

anyāyaś cānekaśabdatvam // MS_1,3.26 //

na caiṣa nyāyaḥ yat sadṛśāḥ śabdā ekam artham abhiniviśamānāḥ, sarve 'vichinnapāramparyā eveti. pratyayamātradarśanād abhyupagamyate, sādṛśyāt sādhuśabde 'py avagate pratyayo 'vakalpyate. tasmād amīṣām eko 'nādir anye 'pabhraṃśāḥ. hastaḥ, karaḥ, pāṇir ityevamādiṣu tv abhiyuktopadeśād anādir amīṣām arthena saṃbandha iti.

tatra tattvam abhiyogaviśeṣāt syāt // MS_1,3.27 //

kathaṃ punas tatra{*1/613*} tattvaṃ śakyaṃ vijñātum. śakyam ity āha. arthino hy abhiyuktā bhavanti. dṛśyate cābhiyuktānāṃ guṇayatām avismaraṇam upapannam. pratyakṣaṃ caitad guṇyamānaṃ na bhraśyata iti. tasmād yam abhiyuktā upadiśanti, eṣa eva sādhur ity avagantavyaḥ{*1/614*}.

NOTES: *{1/613: E4 (Fn.): punar atra}* *{1/614: E4 (Fn.): sādhur avagantavyaḥ}*

tadaśaktiś cānurūpatvāt // MS_1,3.28 //

atha yad uktam - artho 'vagamyate gāvyādibhyaḥ, ata eṣām apy anādiarthena saṃbandha iti. tadaśaktir eṣāṃ gamyate. gośabdam uccārayitukāmena kenacid aśaktyā gāvīty uccāritam. apareṇa jñātaṃ sāsnādimān asya vivakṣitaḥ, tad arthaṃ gaur ity uccārayitukāmo gāvīty uccārayati. [78]{*1/615*} tataḥ śikṣitvāpare 'pi sāsnādim iti vivakṣite gāvīty uccārayanti. tena gāvyādibhyaḥ sāsnādimān avagamyate. anurūpo hi gāvyādigośabdasya.

NOTES: *{1/615: E2: 2,228; E4: 1,585; E5: 2,124; E6: 1,53}*

ekadeśatvāc ca vibhaktivyatyaye syāt // MS_1,3.29 //

ata eva hi vibhaktivyatyaye 'pi pratyayo bhavati. aśmakair āgacchāmīty aśmakaśabdaikadeśa upalabdhe, aśmakebhya ity eva śabdaḥ smaryate. tato 'śmakebhya ity eṣo 'rtha upalabhyata iti. evaṃ gāvyādidarśanād gośabdasmaraṇam, tataḥ sāsnādimān avagamyate.

prayogacodanābhāvād arthaikatvam avibhāgāt // MS_1,3.30 //

atha gaur ityevamādayaḥ śabdāḥ kim ākṛteḥ pramāṇam uta vyakter iti saṃdehaḥ. ucyate. idaṃ tāvat parīkṣyatām - kiṃ ya eva laukikāḥ śabdāḥ, ta eva vaidikā utānya iti. yadā ta eva, tadāpi kiṃ ta evaiṣām arthāḥ, ye loke, utānya iti saṃśayaḥ. tatrānye laukikāḥ śabdāḥ, anye vaidikā anye caiṣām arthā iti brūmaḥ. kutaḥ. vyapadeśabhedād rūpabhedāc ca. ime laukikāḥ, ime vaidikā iti vyapadeśabhedaḥ. agnir vṛtrāṇi jaṅghanad ity{*1/616*} anyad idaṃ rūpaṃ laukikād agniśabdāt. śabdānyatvāc ca na ta evārthāḥ. api ca samāmananti - uttānā vai devagavā vahantīti{*1/617*}. ye devānāṃ gāvaḥ, ta uttānā vahantīty ukte gamyata eva - ya uttānā vahanti, te gośabdenocyanta [79]{*1/618*}iti. tasmād anyo vaidikagośabdasyārthaḥ. tathā - devebhyo vanaspate havīṃṣi hiraṇyaparṇa pradivaste artham iti{*1/619*}, hiraṇyaparṇo vai devo{*1/620*} vanaspatir vede. etad vai daivyaṃ madhu, yad ghṛtam iti{*1/621*} veda ghṛte madhuśabdaḥ. tasmād amīṣām anye 'rthā iti prāpte brūmaḥ - ya eva laukikāḥ śabdāḥ, ta eva vaidikāḥ, ta evaiṣām arthā iti. kutaḥ. prayogacodanābhāvāt. evaṃ prayogacodanā saṃbhavati, yadi ta eva śabdāḥ, ta evārthāḥ. itarathā śabdānyatve 'rtho na pratīyeta. tasmād ekaśabdatvam iti. ucyate prayojanam idam, hetur vyapadiśyatām iti. tato hetur ucyate - avibhāgād iti. na teṣām eṣāṃ ca vibhāgam upalabhāmahe. ata evaikaśabdatvam. tāṃś ca tāṃś cārthān avagacchāmaḥ. ato nānyatvaṃ ca vadāmaḥ. yac coktam - ya uttānā vadanti, te devagāvāḥ; yad ghṛtam, tan madhu; yo hiraṇya-parṇaḥ, sa vanaspatir iti. nāsti vacanaṃ yad uttānānāṃ vahatāṃ gotvaṃ brūyāt. ye gāvaḥ, ta uttānā vahantīty evaṃ tat. yadi cānena vacanena gotvaṃ vidhīyate, uttānā vahantīty anuvādaḥ syāt. na cottānā vahantaḥ prasiddhāḥ kecit. te niyogato vidhātavyāḥ, teṣu vidhīyamāneṣu na śakyaṃ gotvaṃ vidhātum. bhidyate hi tathā vākyam. yadi cānye vaidikāḥ, tata uttānādīnām artho na gamyeta. tatra natarāṃ śakyetāvijñātalakṣaṇaṃ gotvaṃ vijñātum. na cottānavahanavacanam apy anarthakam, stutyarthenārthavad bhaviṣyatīti. evaṃ ghṛtasya madhutvam, hiraṇyaparṇatā ca vanaspateḥ. tasmāt ta eva śabdā arthāś ca. yadi laukikās ta evārthāḥ, tadā saṃdehaḥ - kim ākṛtiḥ śabdārtho 'tha vyaktir iti. kā punar ākṛtiḥ, kā vyaktir iti. dravyaguṇakarmaṇāṃ sāmānyamātram ākṛtiḥ, asādhāraṇaviśeṣā [80]{*1/622*} vyaktiḥ. kutaḥ saṃśayaḥ? gaur ity ukte sāmānyapratyayād, vyaktau ca kriyāsaṃbandhāt. tad ucyate - vyaktiḥ śabdārtha iti. kutaḥ? prayogacodanābhāvāt. ālambhanaprokṣaṇaviśasanādīnāṃ prayogacodanā ākṛtyarthe na saṃbhaveyuḥ. yatroccāraṇānarthakyam, tatra vyaktyarthaḥ. ato 'nyatrākṛtivacana iti cet. uktam{*1/623*} - anyāyaś cānekārthatvam iti. kathaṃ sāmānyāvagatir iti cet. vyaktipadārthasyākṛtiś cihnabhūtā bhaviṣyati, ya evam ākṛtikaḥ, sa gaur iti. yathā yasya daṇḍo 'sti, sa daṇḍīti, na ca daṇḍavacano daṇḍiśabdaḥ. evam ihāpi.

NOTES: *{1/616: ṚV 6.16.34a}* *{1/617: ĀpŚS. 11.7.6}* *{1/618: E2: 2,231; E4: 1,618; E5: 2,148; E6: 1,54}* *{1/619: Tait.Br. 3.6.11.2}* *{1/620: E4: hiraṇyaparṇo vai devo; E2: hiraṇyaparṇo vai devavanaspatir; E4 (Fn.): hiraṇyaparṇo devavanaspatiḥ; E5,6: hiraṇyaparṇo devo}* *{1/621: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/622: E2: 2,237; E4: 1,619; E5: 2,153; E6: 1,54}* *{1/623: MS 1.3.26}*

dravyaśabdāt // MS_1,3.31 //

dravyāśrayasya śabdo dravyaśabdaḥ, na tatra dravyāśrayavacanaḥ śabdo bhavet, yady ākṛtiḥ śabdārtho bhavet. ṣaḍ deyā dvādaśa deyā{*1/624*} caturviṃśatir deyā iti. na hy ākṛtiḥ ṣaḍādibhiḥ saṃkhyābhir yujyate. tasmān nākṛtivacanaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/624: E2,4,6 (richtig): deyāś; E5: deyāḥ}*

anyadarśanāc ca // MS_1,3.32 //

yadi paśur upākṛtaḥ palāyeta, anyaṃ tadvarṇaṃ tadvayasam ālabheta iti{*1/625*}. yady ākṛtivacanaḥ śabdo bhavet, anyasyālambho nopapadyate. anyasvāpi paśudravyasya saivākṛtiḥ. tasmād vyaktivacana iti.

NOTES: *{1/625: Kāt.ŚS. 25.9.1}*

ākṛtis tu kriyārthatvāt // MS_1,3.33 //

tuśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. ākṛti śabdārthaḥ. kutaḥ? kriyārthatvāt. śyenacitaṃ cinvīta iti{*1/626*} vacanam ākṛtau saṃbhavati, yady ākṛtyarthaḥ śyenaśabdaḥ. vyaktivacane tu na cayanena śyenavyakti[81]{*1/627*}r utpādayituṃ śakyata ity aśakyārthavacanād anarthakaḥ. tasmād ākṛtivacanaḥ. nanu śyenavyaktibhiś cayanam anuṣṭhāsyate. na sādhakatamaḥ śyenaśabdārthaḥ, īpsitatamo hy asau śyenaśabdena nirdiśyate. ataś cayanena śyeno nivartayitavyaḥ, sa ākṛtivacanatve 'vakalpyate. nanūbhayatra kriyāyā asaṃbhava eva vyapadiśyate. nākṛtiḥ śabdārthaḥ. kutaḥ. kriyā na saṃbhaved ākṛtau śabdārthe, vrīhīn prokṣatīti{*1/628*}. tathā na vyaktiḥ śabdārthaḥ, kriyaiva na saṃbhaved vyakteḥ śabdārthatve{*1/629*}, śyenacitaṃ cinvīta iti. yad apy ucyate - vrīhīn prokṣatīti vyaktilakṣaṇārthākṛtir iti, śakyam anyatrāpi śyenacitaṃ cinvīta iti vaditum ākṛtilakṣaṇārthā vyaktir iti. kiṃ punar atra jyāyaḥ. ākṛtiḥ śabdārtha iti. yadi vyaktiḥ śabdārtho bhavet, vyaktyantare na prayujyeta. atha vyaktyantare prayujyate, na tarhi vyaktiḥ śabdārthaḥ, sarvasāmānyaviśeṣavinirmuktā hi vyaktir ity. ucyate - naiṣa doṣaḥ. vyaktyantare sarvasāmānyaviśeṣavinirmukta eva pravartiṣyate. yadi vyaktyantare sarvasāmānyaviśeṣaviyukte pravartiṣyate, sāmānyam eva tarhi tat. nety ucyate - yo hy arthaḥ sāmānyasya viśeṣāṇāṃ cāśrayaḥ, sā vyaktiḥ. vyaktivacanaś ca śabdo na sāmānye, na viśeṣe vartate. teṣāṃ tv āśrayam evābhidadhāti, tena vyaktyantare vṛttir adoṣaḥ. na hi tat sāmānyam. yadi vyaktyantareṣv api bhavati, sarvasāmānyaviśeṣaviyuktāyām aśvavyaktau gośabdaḥ kim iti na vartate. āha - yeṣv eva prayogo dṛṣṭaḥ, teṣu vartiṣyate, na sarvatra. na cāśvavyaktau gośabdasya prayogo dṛṣṭaḥ. tasmāt tatra na vartiṣyate. yadi yatra [82]{*1/630*} prayogo dṛṣṭaḥ, tatra vṛttiḥ, adyajātāyāṃ gavi prathamaprayogo na prāpnoti tatrādṛṣṭatvāt. sāmānyapratyayaś ca na prāpnoti, iyam api gaur iti, iyam api gaur iti; iyaṃ vā gaur iti, iyaṃ vā gaur iti syāt. bhavati tu sāmānyapratyayo 'dṛṣṭapūrvāyām api govyaktau. tasmān na prayogāpekṣo gośabdo vyaktivacana iti śakyata āśrayitum. evaṃ tarhi śakteḥ svabhāva eṣaḥ, yat kasyāṃcit vyaktau vartate, kasyāṃcin na. yathā - agnir uṣṇaḥ, udakaṃ śītam, evam etad bhaviṣyatīti. naivaṃ sidhyati. na hy etad gamyate kasyāṃcid vyaktau vartate, kasyāṃcin neti. satyam etat, gotvaṃ lakṣaṇaṃ bhaviṣyatīti. yatra gotvaṃ tasyāṃ vyaktāv iti. evaṃ tarhi viśiṣṭā vyaktiḥ pratīyeta. yadi ca viśiṣṭā, pūrvataraṃ viśeṣaṇam avagamyeta. na hy apratīte viśeṣaṇe viśiṣṭaṃ kecana pratyetum arhantīti. astu, viśeṣaṇatvenākṛtiṃ vakṣyati, viśeṣyatvena vyaktim. na hy ākṛtipadārthakasya vyaktir na padārthaḥ, vyaktipadārthakasya vā nākṛtiḥ. ubhayam ubhayasya padārthaḥ. kasyacit kiṃcit prādhānyena vivakṣitaṃ bhavati, tenātrākṛtir guṇabhāvena, vyaktiḥ pradhānabhāvena vivakṣyata iti. naitad evam. ubhayor ucyamānayor guṇapradhānabhāvaḥ syāt. yadi cātrākṛtiḥ pratīyate śabdena, tadā vyaktir api padārtha iti na śakyate vaditum. kutaḥ. ākṛtir hi vyaktyā nityasaṃbaddhā, saṃbandhinyāṃ ca tasyām avagatāyāṃ saṃbandhyantaram avagamyate. tad etad ātmapratyakṣam, yac chabda uccarite vyaktiḥ pratīyata iti. kiṃ śabdād utākṛter iti vibhāgo na pratyakṣaḥ. so 'nvayavyatirekābhyām avagamyate. antareṇāpi śabdam, ya ākṛtim avabudhyeta, avabudhyetevāsau{*1/631*} vyaktim. yas tūccarite 'pi śabde mānasād apacārāt kadācid ākṛtiṃ nopalabheta, na jātucid asāv imāṃ vyaktim avagaccheta. nanu vyaktiviśiṣṭāyām ākṛtau vartate. [83] vyaktiviśiṣṭāyāṃ ced varteta, vyaktyantaraviśiṣṭā na pratīyeta. tasmāc chabda ākṛtipratyayasya nimittam. ākṛtipratyayo vyaktipratyayasyeti. nanu guṇabhūtā pratīyata ity uktam. na guṇabhāvo 'smatpakṣasya bādhakaḥ. sarvathā tāvat pratīyate. arthād guṇabhāvaḥ pradhānabhāvo vā. svārthaṃ ced uccāryate, pradhānabhūtā. atha na svārtham, parārtham eva, tato guṇabhūtā. na tatra śabdavyāpāro 'sti. nanu ca daṇḍīti, na tāvad daṇḍiśabdena daṇḍo 'bhidhīyate, atha ca daṇḍaviśiṣṭo 'vagamyate. evam ihāpi na tāvad ākṛtir abhidhīyate, atha cākṛtiviśiṣṭā vyaktir gamyeteti. naitat sādhu ucyate. satyaṃ daṇḍiśabdena daṇḍo nābhidhīyate. na tv apratīte daṇḍe daṇḍipratyayo 'sti. asti tu daṇḍiśabdaikadeśabhūto daṇḍaśabdaḥ, yena daṇḍaḥ pratyāyitaḥ. tasmāt sādhv etad, yat - pratīte viśeṣaṇe viśiṣṭaḥ pratīyata iti. nanu{*1/632*} gośabdāvayavaḥ kaścid ākṛteḥ pratyāyakaḥ, anyo vyakteḥ, yata ucyate tata ākṛtir avagatā, na gośabda ākṛtivacana iti. na ca yathā daṇḍiśabdo na daṇḍe prayuktaḥ, evaṃ gośabdo nākṛtau. tadartham eva nidarśitaṃ kevalākṛtyabhidhānaḥ śyenaśabda iti. tad evam anvayavyatirekābhyām asati śyenavyaktisaṃbandhe śyenaśabdoccāraṇād ākṛtivacana iti gamyate. na tu vrīhyākṛtisaṃbandham antareṇa vrīhivyaktau śabdasya prayogo dṛṣṭaḥ. tasmād ākṛtivacanaḥ śabda ity etaj jyāyaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/626: Tait.S. 5.4.11}* *{1/627: E2: 2,246; E4: 1,664; E5: 2,160; E6: 1,55}* *{1/628: Tait.S. 3.2.5.4}* *{1/629: E4 (Fn.): vyaktau śabdārthe}* *{1/630: E2: 2,247; E4: 2,665; E5: 2,163; E6: 1,56}* *{1/631: E2/4 (richtig): avabudhyetaivāsau}* *{1/632: E1,6; E2,4,5 (besser): na tu}*

na kriyā syād iti ced arthāntare vidhānaṃ na dravyam iti cet // MS_1,3.34 //

atha yad uktam - na kriyā saṃbhaved vrīhin prokṣatīti. [84]{*1/633*} na dravyaśabdaḥ syāt, ṣaḍ deyā iti anyadarśanavacanaṃ ca na syāt, anyaṃ{*1/634*} tadrūpam iti. tat parihartavyam.

NOTES: *{1/633: E2: 2,266; E4: 1,715; E5: 2,174; E6: 1,57}* *{1/634: E4 (Fn.): athānyaṃ}*

tadarthatvāt prayogasyāvibhāgaḥ // MS_1,3.35 //

ākṛtyarthatvāc chabdasya, yasyā vyakter ākṛtyā saṃbandhaḥ, tatra prayogaḥ, prokṣaṇaṃ hi dravyasya kartavyatayā śrūyate. katamasya. yad yajati sādhanam. apūrvaprayuktatvāt tasya nākṛteḥ, aśakyatvāt. tatra vrīhiśabda ākṛtivacanaḥ prayujyate prokṣaṇāśrayaviśeṣaṇāya. sa hy ākṛtiṃ pratyāyayiṣyati, ākṛtiḥ pratītā satī prokṣaṇāśrayaṃ viśekṣyatīti. tenākṛtivacanaṃ na virudhyata iti. evaṃ ṣaḍ deyā gāvo dakṣiṇā iti dakṣiṇādravye saṃkhyāyāḥ prayoktavye gāva ity ākṛtivacano viśeṣakaḥ. tathā - anyam iti vinaṣṭasya pratinidher anyatvasaṃbandhaḥ. tatra paśuśabda ākṛtivacana ākṛtyā viśekṣyatīti. tasmād gaur aśva ityevamādayaḥ śabdā ākṛter abhidhāyakā iti siddham.

[85]{*1/635*}

NOTES: *{1/635: E2: 2,268; E4: 2,1; E5: 2,180; E6: 1,58}*

uktaṃ samāmnāyaidam arthyaṃ tasmāt sarvaṃ tadarthaṃ syāt // MS_1,4.1 //

udbhidā yajeta{*1/636*}; balabhidā yajeta{*1/637*}; abhijitā yajeta{*1/638*}; viśvajitā yajeteti{*1/639*} samāmananti{*1/640*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim udbhidādayo guṇavidhayaḥ, āhosvit karmanāmadheyānīti. kutaḥ saṃśayaḥ? ubhayathāpi pratibhāto vākyāt - udbhidety eṣa śabdo yajetety anena saṃbadhyate. sa kiṃ vaiyadhikaraṇyena saṃbandham upaiti{*1/641*} - udbhidā dravyeṇa yāgam abhinirvartayed iti, uta sāmānādhikaraṇyena - udbhidā yāgena yajeteti. dvedhāpy etasmin pratibhāti vākye, saṃbhavati saṃśayaḥ. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? uktam asmābhiḥ samāmnāyasyaidam arthyam. kaścid asya bhāgo vidhiḥ, yo 'viditam arthaṃ vedayati, yathā - somena yajeteti. kaścid arthavādaḥ, yaḥ prarocayan vidhiṃ stauti, yathā - vāyur vai kṣepiṣṭhā devatā iti{*1/642*}. kaścin mantraḥ, yo vihitam arthaṃ prayogakāle prakāśayati, yathā - barhir devasadanaṃ dāmītyevamādiḥ{*1/643*}. tasmād udbhidādayo 'mīṣāṃ prayojanānām anyatamāya prayojanāya bhaveyuḥ. tatra tāvan nārthavādaḥ, vākyaśeṣo hi sa bhavati vidhātavyasya. na ca mantraḥ, evaṃjātīyakasya prakāśayitavyasyābhāvāt. pāriśeṣyād guṇavidhiḥ - udbhidguṇatā yāgasya vidhīyate. kutaḥ. prasiddher anugrahāt, guṇavidher arthavattvāt pravṛttiviśeṣakaratvāc ca. na caiṣāṃ yāgārthatā loke 'vagamyate. na ca vedena paribhāṣyate. ato guṇavidhayaḥ. yadi guṇavidhiḥ, na tarhi karma vidhīyate. avihite ca karmaṇi tatra guṇavidhāna[86]{*1/644*}m anarthakam. neti brūmaḥ. prakṛtau jyotiṣṭome guṇavidhānam arthavad bhaviṣyati. yadi nāmadheyaṃ syād, yāvad eva yajeteti, tāvad eva udbhidā yajeteti, na pravṛttau kaścid guṇaviśeṣaḥ syāt. guṇavidhau ca guṇasaṃyogād abhyadhikam arthaṃ vidadhata udbhidādayaḥ śabdā arthavanto bhaviṣyanti. tasmād guṇavidhaya ity evaṃ prāptam.

evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ -

NOTES: *{1/636: Tā.Br. 19.7.2}* *{1/637: Tā.Br. 19.7.1}* *{1/638: Tā.Br. 19.8.4}* *{1/639: Tā.Br. 19.8.4}* *{1/640: E4 (Fn.): samāmnātaṃ}* *{1/641: E4 (Fn.): saṃbaddhum arhati}* *{1/642: Tait.S. 2.1.1.1}* *{1/643: Mait.S. 1.1.2.1}* *{1/644: E2: 2,271; E4: 2,2; E5: 2,188; E6: 1,59}*

api vā nāmadheyaṃ syād yad utpattāv apūrvam avidhāyakatvāt // MS_1,4.2 //

api veti pakṣo viparivartate. nāmadheyaṃ syād iti pratijānīmahe evam avihitam arthaṃ vidhāsyati - jyotiṣṭomād yāgāntaram. śrutiś caivaṃ yāgam abhidhāsyati. itarathā śrutir udbhidādīn vakṣyantī udbhidādimato lakṣayet. udbhidvatā yāgena kuryād iti. yāgena kuryād iti yajetety asyārthaḥ. karaṇaṃ hi yāgaḥ, udbhidādy api tṛtīyānirdeśāt karaṇam, tatrodbhidā yāgeneti karmanāmadheyatvena sāmānādhikaraṇyasāmañjasyam. dravyavacanatve matvarthalakṣaṇayā sāmānādhikaraṇyaṃ syāt. śrutilakṣaṇāviśaye ca śrutir jyāyasī. tasmāt karmanāmadheyam. nanu prasiddhaṃ dravyavacanatvam apahnūyeta, aprasiddhaṃ karmavacanatvaṃ pratijñāyeta. ucyate - tṛtīyānirdeśāt karmavacanatā. kutaḥ? karaṇavācino hi prātipādikāt tṛtīyā bhavati, karaṇaṃ ca yāgaḥ. tena yāgavacanam imam anumāsyāmahe. naitad yuktam. yadi tṛtīyānirdeśe saty udbhidādibhyaḥ śabdebhyo yāge buddhir utpadyeta syād etad evam. na hi no buddhir utpadyate, tasmād ayuktam. tṛtīyāvacanam anyathā nopapadyata iti cet. kāmaṃ nopapādi{*1/645*}, na jātucid anavagamyamāne [87]{*1/646*} 'pi yāgavacano bhaviṣyati, tasmād guṇavidhayaḥ. lakṣaṇeti cet. varaṃ lakṣaṇā kalpitā, na yāgābhidhānam. laukikī hi lakṣaṇā, haṭho 'prasiddhakalpaneti. api ca - yadi nāmadheyaṃ vidhīyate, na yāgaḥ. atha yāgaḥ, na nāmadheyam. ubhayavidhāne vākyabheda iti. ucyate - na nāmadheyaṃ vidhāyiṣyate. anuvādā hy udbhidādayaḥ. kutaḥ prāptir iti cet. tato 'bhidhīyate - ucchabdasāmarthyād bhicchabdasāmarthyāc codbhicchabdaḥ kriyāvacanaḥ - udbhedanaṃ prakāśanaṃ paśūnām anena kriyata ity udbhid yāgaḥ. evam ābhimukhyena jayād abhijit, viśvajayād viśvajit. evaṃ sarvatra. ataḥ karmanāmadheyam. yat tv apravṛttiviśeṣakaro 'narthaka iti, nāmadheyam api guṇaphalopabandhenārthavat. tasmāt karmanāmadheyāny evaṃjātīyakānīti siddham.

NOTES: *{1/645: E2,4,5,6: mopapādi}* *{1/646: E2: 2,274; E4: 2,21; E5: 2,192; E6: 1,59}*

yasmin guṇopadeśaḥ pradhānato 'bhisaṃbandhaḥ // MS_1,4.3 //

citrayā yajeta paśukāmaḥ{*1/647*}; trivṛd bahiṣ pavamānam{*1/648*}; pañcadaśāny ājyāni{*1/649*}; saptadaśapṛṣṭhānīty{*1/650*}{*1/651*} udāharaṇam. kiṃ citrāśabdaḥ, pavamānaśabdaḥ, ājyaśabdaḥ pṛṣṭhaśabdaś ca guṇavidhaya uta karmanāmadheyānīti saṃśayaḥ. prasiddheḥ, arthavattvāt pravṛttiviśeṣakaratvāc ca guṇavidhayaḥ. na caite karmāṇi prasiddhāḥ. na cāmī yaugikāḥ. jātiśabdā hy ete, citreti ca guṇaśabdaḥ. citrayā yajeti ca yāgānuvādaḥ, vijñātatvān na yāgavidhiḥ. guṇe phalakalpanāyāṃ yajater na vivakṣā. tathājyāni bhavanti, pṛṣṭhāni bhavantīti ca. guṇavidhikalpanāyām api na lakṣaṇā. tasmād guṇavidhaya ity evaṃ prāptam. [88]{*1/652*} evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - yasmin guṇavidhir nāmadheyam iti saṃdigdhe guṇo 'para upadiśyate, pradhānena karmaṇā tasya saṃbandhaḥ, karmanāmadheyam ity arthaḥ. guṇavidhau hi sati vākyaṃ bhidyeta. puṃpaśau{*1/653*} prāpte strīpaśuḥ, paśavaḥ phalam, citro guṇa iti na śakyam ekena vākyena vidhātum. citro guṇo vidhīyamānaḥ striyāṃ vidhīyeta, nāsāv agnīṣomīye paśukāme ca vidhīyeta, so 'pi nāgnīṣomīye. tathā pañcadaśāny ājyāni bhavantīty ājyeṣu pañcadaśatā. na cāvihitāni stotreṣv ājyāni bhavanti, na cānyad vidhāyakaṃ vākyam, tac caitad ājyāni vidadhyād vihiteṣu ca pañcadaśatām. gamyate ca pañcadaśatāyā ājyānāṃ ca saṃbandhaḥ. stotrasaṃbandhaś cājyānām avijñātaḥ pañcadaśatāsaṃbandhaś ca. dvāv etāv arthāv ekavākyasyāśakyau vidhātum. atha nu{*1/654*} karmanāmadheyam, naiṣa virodho bhavati. kevalaṃ saṃkhyāsaṃbandhas tadānīṃ vidhīyate. api ca, ājyāni stotrāṇīty anena śabdena lakṣaṇayaiva guṇo vidhīyeta. ataḥ karmaṇāṃ nāmadheyāni vākyāntarair ājyaiḥ stuvate, pṛṣṭhaiḥ stuvate ityevamādibhir vihitānām. yat tv aprasiddhaṃ karmaṇāṃ nāmadheyam iti{*1/655*}. avayavaprasiddhyā{*1/656*}, ājigamanād ājyāni. katham ājigamanam iti. arthavādavacanāt. yad ājimīyus tad ājyānām ājyatvam iti. sparśavacanāt pṛṣṭhāni. pavamānārthamantrakatvād bahiḥsaṃbandhāc ca bahiṣpavamānam. dadhi madhu payo ghṛtaṃ dhānās taṇḍulā udakam iti{*1/657*} nānāvidhadravyatvāc{*1/658*} citrā. tasmād evaṃjātīyakāni karmanāmadheyānīti. atha kasmān na pañcadaśasaṃkhyāviśiṣṭāny ājyāni stotrakarmasu vidhīyante. viśiṣṭānāṃ vācakasya śabdasyābhāvāt. nanu padadvayam idaṃ vācakaṃ bhaviṣyati, pañcadaśāny ājyāni [89]{*1/659*} iti viśiṣṭānām, tad eteṣu stotreṣu vidhāsyati. naitat padadvayam api vidhāyakam. ekam atra vidhāyakam, ekam uddeśakam. ubhayasmin vidhāyake paraspareṇa saṃbandho na syāt. avidhāyake stotrasaṃbandho na vidhīyate. na cātraikaṃ padaṃ viśeṣaṇaṃ praty uddeśakam, stotraṃ prati vidhāyakaṃ bhavitum arhati. vacanavyaktibhedād ato 'yam asamādhiḥ.

NOTES: *{1/647: Tait.S. 2.4.6.1}* *{1/648: Tā.Br. 19.11.2}* *{1/649: Tā.Br. 19.11.2}* *{1/650: Tā.Br. 19.1.2}* *{1/651: E2,4 (richtig): saptadaśāni pṛṣṭhānīti, E5,6: saptadaśa pṛṣṭhāni}* *{1/652: E2: 2,280; E4: 2,37; E5: 2,199; E6: 1,60}* *{1/653: E4 (Fn.): puṃspaśau}* *{1/654: E4 (Fn.): tu}* *{1/655: E4 (v.l.): nāmeti}* *{1/656: E4 (v.l.): prasiddhyāprasiddhaṃ}* *{1/657: E2,4,5,6 (besser): udakaṃ tatsaṃsṛṣṭaṃ prājāpatyam iti, diese Lesart hat E1 auch als Fn}* *{1/658: E4 (v.l.): -dravyavattvāc}* *{1/659: E2: 2,284; E4: 2,38; E5: 2,209; E6: 1,61}*

tatprakhyaṃ cānyaśāstram // MS_1,4.4 //

agnihotraṃ juhoti svargakāma iti{*1/660*}; āghāram āghārayatīti{*1/661*} ca samāmananti. tatra saṃśayaḥ -kim agnihotraśabda ādhāraśabdaś ca guṇavidhī, uta karmanāmadheya iti. guṇavidhī iti brūmaḥ. kutaḥ? gamyate hi agnaye hotram asminn iti. tathā kṣaraṇasamarthaṃ dravyaṃ ghṛtādi, āghāram āghārayatīti. prasiddhir evam anugrahīṣyate. guṇavidhiś ca darvihome, āghāraś copāṃśuyāje. tatraitayor arthavattā pravṛttiviśeṣakaratvaṃ ca. na ca guṇavidhipakṣe lakṣaṇā bhavati yathodbhidā yajeta iti. agnihotre samāsenāvagataṃ guṇavidhānam. āghāre 'pi āghāraṃ nirvartayatīti śrutyaiva guṇo vidhīyate. tasmād guṇavidhīty evaṃ prāpte. brūmah - tatprakhyaṃ cānyaśāstram. yau guṇāv etābhyāṃ vidhīyeta ity āśaṅkyate, tāv anyata evāvagatau. yad agnaye ca prajāpataye ca sāyaṃ juhotīti{*1/662*} devatāvidhānam. caturgṛhītaṃ vā etad abhūt tasyādhāram ādhāryā ity{*1/663*} ādhāre ca dravyavidhiḥ. aviditavedanaṃ ca vidhir ity ucyate. viditaṃ cātrānyato guṇavidhānam. tasmān na guṇavidhī. karmanāmadheye tu saṃbhavataḥ. yasminn agnaye hotraṃ [90]{*1/664*} homo bhavati, tad agnihotram. dīrghadhārā kṣaraṇakriyā prasiddha evāghāraḥ. tasmāt karmanāmadheye. prasiddhyādayaś coktottarāḥ. prajāpatinivṛttyartham agnividhānaṃ bhaviṣyatīti cen. naitad evam. agniṃ hy eṣa vidhātuṃ śaknoti, na parjāpatiṃ pratiṣeddhuṃ. pratiṣidhyamānasya ca prajāpater vidhānam anarthakaṃ syāt, prajāpatir devateti gamyate. gamyamānaṃ ca na śakyaṃ mithyeti kalpayitum. ato 'yam asamādhiḥ. ucyate - āghāram āghārayatīti dravyaparā codanā. yais tu dravyaṃ cikīrṣyata iti{*1/665*}, dravyaṃ hy anayā kriyayā kṣāryate. kṣāritaṃ ca yāgaṃ sādhayati. tat kasya pradhānasya karmaṇo nāmadheyam iti. ucyate - etad evāghāraṇaṃ pradhānakarma. nanv asya dravyadevataṇ nāsti. astīti brūmaḥ. tasyāghāram āghāryety ājyaṃ dravyam; māntravarṇikī devatā - indra ūrdhvoddhara ity āghāram āghārayatīti{*1/666*} mantro hy abhidadhat karma, tatsādhanaṃ vā karmaṇi samavaiti. eṣa ca mantra indram abhidhātuṃ śaknoti. sa yadīndras tatsādhanaṃ bhavet, evam anena mantreṇāghāraḥ śakyate kartum. tasmād indro devatā, dravyadevatāsaṃyuktam āghāraṇam. tasmād yajatiḥ, tasya yajater nāmadheyam iti.

NOTES: *{1/660: Tait.S. 1.5.9}* *{1/661: Tait.S. 6.3.7.3., Tait. Br. 3.3.7}* *{1/662: Vgl. Mait.S. 1.8.7}* *{1/663: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/664: E2: 2,286; E4: 2,66; E5: 2,214; E6: 1,61}* *{1/665: MS 2.1.8}* *{1/666: ŚPBr. 1.5.1.4, Tait.Br. 3.3.7.7, Mantra: Mādhy.S. 2.8, Tait.S. 1.1.12}*

tadvyapadeśaṃ ca // MS_1,4.5 //

athaiṣa śyenenābhicaran yajeta{*1/667*}; athaiṣa saṃdaṃśenābhicaran yajeta{*1/668*}; athaiṣa gavābhicaran yajeteti{*1/669*} samāmnāyante. tatra guṇavidhiḥ karmanāmadheyam iti saṃdehaḥ. prasiddhyādibhiḥ pūrvapakṣaḥ, udbhidādīnām iva. te tūdbhidādayaḥ kriyānimittāḥ śaknuvanti yāgaṃ vaditum. ime punar jātinimittā na śaknuvanti, [91]{*1/670*} tena guṇavidhaya ity evaṃ prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - tadvyapadeśaṃ ca. tena śyenādīnā prasiddhena yasya vyapadeśaḥ, tac ca karmanāmadheyam. śrutir hi nāmadheyatve, lakṣaṇā guṇavidhau. yat tu jātiśabdāḥ, ime na yāgam abhivadantīti. sādṛśyavyapadeśād abhivadiṣyanti. evaṃ hi vyapadeśo bhavati - yathā vai śyeno nipatyādatte, evam ayaṃ dviṣantaṃ bhrātṛvyaṃ nipatyādatte, yam abhicaranti śyeneneti{*1/671*}. nipatyādatta ity anena sādṛśyena śyenaśabdo yāge, yathā siṃho devadatta iti. tasmāt karmanāmadheyam. saṃdaṃśe, saṃdaṃśena yathā durādānam ādatta iti. gavi yathā gāvo gopāyantīti. tasmāt saṃdaṃśaśabdo 'pi karmanāmadheyaṃ gośabdo 'pi.

NOTES: *{1/667: Cf. Ṣaḍ.Br. 3.8.1}* *{1/668: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/669: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/670: E2: 2,289; E4: 2,83; E5: 2,219; E6: 1,62}* *{1/671: Ṣaḍ.Br. 3.8.3}*

nāmadheye guṇaśruteḥ syād vidhānam iti cet // MS_1,4.6 //

vājapeyena svārājyakāmo yajeteti{*1/672*} śrūyate. tatra kiṃ guṇavidhiḥ, karmanāmadheyam iti saṃdehaḥ. evaṃ cet saṃdehaḥ, dṛśyate guṇavidhiḥ. na saṃdehaḥ, śrūyate hi guṇaḥ. so 'vagamyamāno na śakyo nāstīti vaditum. tasmād guṇavidhiḥ.

NOTES: *{1/672: Tait.Br. 1.3.6.9}*

tulyatvāt kriyayor na // MS_1,4.7 //

naitad evam, tulye hīme kriye syātām. yā ca vājypeyakriyā, yā ca darśapurṇamāsakriyā, ubhayatra dārśapaurṇamāsiko vidhyantaḥ syāt. tathā ca dīkṣāṇām upasadāṃ ca darśanaṃ nāvakalpyeta, saptadaśadīkṣo vājapeya iti, saptadaśopasatko vājapeya iti. atha vā tulyatvāt kriyayor neti. yadi na guṇavidhiḥ, tatas tulyaiṣā vājapeyakriyā jyotiṣṭomakriyayā. tatra{*1/673*} dīkṣāṇā[92]{*1/674*}m upasadāṃ ca darśanam upapannam. tasmāt karmanāmadheyam iti. liṅgaṃ tv etat, prāptiḥ punar uttarasūtreṇa.

NOTES: *{1/673: E4: tadā ca; E4 (v.l.): tatthā}* *{1/674: E2: 2,292; E4: 2,95; E5: 2,224; E6: 1,63}*

ekaśabdye parārthavat // MS_1,4.8 //

yadi guṇavidhiḥ syāt, svārthavat parārthavac cābhidhānaṃ vipratiṣidhyeta{*1/675*} yajetety asya śabdasya. yadi svārājyakāmo yajeteti svārājyakāmasya yāgaṃ vidhātuṃ svārtham ucyate, na tarhi vājapeyena guṇena saṃbaddhuṃ parārtham anūdyeta yāgena vājapeyaguṇakeneti. bhidyeta hi tathā vākyam. nanu dve evaite vākye pratyakṣam upalabhāmahe - svārājyakāmo{*1/676*} yajetety{*1/677*} etad ekaṃ pratyakṣaṃ padadvayam. yajeta vājapeyenety etad api pratyakṣam eva. naitad evam. evaṃ sati catvāri padāny upalabhemahi, trīṇi caitāny upalabhyante. ucyate - yajetety etad ubhābhyāṃ saṃbhantsyate. kathaṃ sakṛd uccāritaṃ saṃbandham ubhābhyām eṣyatīti. rūpābhedāt. īdṛśam evāsya rūpaṃ svārājyakāmena saṃbadhyamānasyā, īdṛśam eva vājapeyena. atas tantreṇobhābhyāṃ saṃbhantsyata iti. naitad astīdṛśenaiva rūpeṇeti. yady ajñātaḥ, tato{*1/678*} vidhiḥ. yadi jñātaḥ, tato 'nuvādaḥ. na ca jñāto 'jñātaś ca yugapat saṃbhavatīti. āha - yad idam uktam, guṇavidhipakṣe 'nuvādo yajeteti. yady ayam anuvādaḥ, kenedānīṃ guṇo vidhīyate. vājapeyaśabdeneti mā vocaḥ. na hy ākhyātam antareṇa kṛtyaṃ vā, nāmaśabdārthasya vyāpāro{*1/679*} vidhīyate. yaś cātrākhyātaśabdo yajeteti, so 'nuvāda ity uktam. kenedānīṃ tasya vyāpāro vidhīyate. ataḥ svārājyakāmaṃ guṇaṃ ca prati yajeteti vidhiḥ. tasmād ubhābhyāṃ saṃbadhyata iti. yady ubhayatra vidhiḥ, vājapeyo na svārājyakāmasya yāgena saṃbadhyeta. dve hy ete tadā vākye, na svārājyakāmasya yāgena saha guṇavidher ekavākyatā.[93]{*1/680*} prakaraṇāt saṃbandhaḥ svārājyakāmasya yāgeneti cet, na, vākyena yāgamātre vidhānāt. astu yāgamātreṇa saṃbandha iti cet, na, svārājyakāmasya yāgena sahaikavākyatāyā gamyamānatvāt. tad evaṃ prakaraṇasya vākyasya ca bādho{*1/681*} yujyate, yadi karmanāmadheyam. guṇavidhipakṣe hi sarva ime vākyabhedādayo doṣāḥ prādurbhaveyuḥ. tasmāt karmanāmadheyaṃ vājapeyaśabda iti siddham.

NOTES: *{1/675: E1,5; E2,4,6: vipratiṣidhyate}* *{1/676: E2: svarājyakāmo (sonst wie E1,4,5,6)}* *{1/677: Ebenda}* *{1/678: E2: yato}* *{1/679: E1,6; E2,4,5: nāmaśabdārthavyāpāro}* *{1/680: E2: 2,293; E4: 2,97; E5: 2,228; E6: 1,64}* *{1/681: E1,6; E2,4 (besser): prakaraṇasya cābādho; E5: prakaraṇasya vākyasya cābādho}*

tadguṇās tu vidhīyerann avibhāgād vidhānārthe na ced anyena śiṣṭāḥ // MS_1,4.9 //

yad āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo 'māvāsyāyāṃ paurṇamāsyāṃ cācyuto bhavatītyevamādayaḥ{*1/682*} śrūyante. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim āgneyo 'gnīṣomīya ityevamādayo guṇavidhayaḥ, karmanāmadheyānīti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam. guṇavidhau saty aneko guṇo vidhīyeta - agnipuroḍāśāṣṭākapālā iti. tasmān na guṇavidhaya iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - tac ca karmaṃ guṇāś cāsya vidhīyeran. avibhaktā hi te karmaṇo vidhānārthe tad dhitānte śabde. tatra hy aṣṭākapālasyāgneyatā vidhīyate. sa eṣa evam āgneyo bhavati, yady agnaye saṃkalpya dīyate, tenāyam anena prakāreṇa yāgo vihito bhavati. sa evaṃ vidhīyamāno na śakyo 'gnim aṣṭākapālaṃ cāvidhāya vidhātum, saṃbandho hi vidhīyamāno na śakyate saṃbandhināv avidhāya vihita iti vaktum. tasmād guṇavidhayaḥ. aṣṭasu kapāleṣu saṃskriyamāṇo vrīhimayo yavamayo vā puroḍāśa eva bhavati. so 'nuvādaḥ. siddhaś cātrāṣṭākapāla ucyate kapāleṣu śrayayatīti{*1/683*} vaca[94]{*1/684*}nād nānyena śrapitaṃ gṛhṇanti. tenāsmin pakṣe na vākyabhedo bhavati. na ced anyena śiṣṭāḥ. yatra punar anyena vacanena śiṣṭā guṇā bhavanti, bhavati tatra nāmadheyam. yathā - agnihotraṃ juhotīti.

NOTES: *{1/682: Tait.S. 2.6.3.3}* *{1/683: Tait.S. 2.3.6.2}* *{1/684: E2: 2,296; E4: 2,108; E5: 2,232; E6: 1,64}*

barhirājyor asaṃskāre śabdalābhād atacchabdaḥ // MS_1,4.10 //

barhirājyayoḥ puroḍāśe ca saṃdehaḥ - kim ete saṃskāraśabdā uta jātiśabdā{*1/685*} iti. saṃskāraśabdā iti brūmaḥ. saṃskṛteṣu tṛṇeṣu barhiḥśabdam upacaranti sarvatra, nāsaṃskṛteṣu. saṃskṛte ca ghṛte ājyaśabdam. tathā saṃskṛte piṣṭe puroḍāśaśabdam. nanv asaṃskṛte 'pi kasmiṃścid deśa upacaryate. yathā barhir ādāya gāvo gatā iti bhavanti vaktāraḥ. tathā - ājyaṃ krayam iti. puroḍāśena me mātā prahelakaṃ dadātīti. sādṛśyāt teṣu prayogaḥ. yathopaśaye yūpaśabdaḥ. kuta etat? yata ekadeśe hi śabdaprayogaḥ, tasmāt saṃskāraśabdā ity evaṃ prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - barhirādiṣv asaṃskṛteṣv api śabdalābhān na saṃskāraśabdāḥ. nanūktaṃ sādṛśyād ekadeśe bhaviṣyanti. tan na, prasiddhe hi saṃskāraśabdatve, sādṛśyād iti śakyate vaktum. tac cāprasiddham. katham? barhirādiśabdair uddiśya saṃskārā vidhīyante. tena satsu śabdeṣu saṃskārair bhavitavyam, sati ca saṃskāre śabdalābha itītaretarāśrayaṃ bhavati. na cāvihitāḥ saṃskārā bhavanti, yān ālocya lokaḥ prayuñjīta. tasmān na lokāḥ saṃskṛteṣu barhirādīn prayuñjate. tata ekadeśe 'pi jāti[95]{*1/686*}nimittā dṛṣṭāḥ, sarvatra jātinimittā bhavitum arhanti. na cālaukikānāṃ satāṃ vedād eva pūrvottarapadasaṃbandham anapekṣya śakyate 'rtho 'dhyavasātum. pūrvottarapade anarthake mā bhūtām ity evaṃ sa parikalpyeta. aśakyas tv anavagamyamānaḥ parikalpayitum, arthavatī ca te pade pūrvottare laukikenāsaṃskṛtaprayogeṇa bhaviṣyataḥ. tasmāj jātiśabdā evaṃjātīyakāḥ. prayojanam - barhiṣā yūpāvaṭam avastṛṇātīti saṃskṛtair eva staritavyam, yadi pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ, viparītaṃ siddhānte.

NOTES: *{1/685: E4 (Fn.): jātinimittā}* *{1/686: E2: 2,298; E4: 2,123; E5: 2,238; E6: 1,65}*

prokṣaṇīṣv arthasaṃyogāt // MS_1,4.11 //

prokṣaṇīr āsādaya iti{*1/687*} śrūyate. tatra prokṣaṇīśabdaṃ prati saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ saṃskāranimitta uta jātinimitta uta yaugika iti. tatra saṃskāreṣu satsu darśanāt saṃskāraśabdatāyām avagamyamānāyām asaṃskṛte śabdalābhāj jātiśabdaḥ. asaṃskṛtāsv evāpsu prokṣaṇībhir udvejitāḥ sma iti kasmiṃścid deśe bhavanti vaktāraḥ. tena jātiśabda iti prāpte. yaugika ity ucyate. kutaḥ? arthasaṃyogāt. prokṣaṇya ity upasargadhātupratyayasamudāyasya jātinimittatā prayogād anumīyate. secanasaṃyogāt tūpasargadhātukaraṇapratyayasahito 'psu pravatata iti prasiddhir anugṛhītā bhaviṣyati. yadānyad api secanaṃ prokṣaṇaśabdenocyate tadā tatsaṃyogād evāpsu bhaviṣyatīti na samudāyārthaḥ kalpayituṃ śakyate. tasmād yaugikaḥ. prayojanaṃ ghṛtaṃ prokṣaṇaṃ bhavatīti, yadi saṃskāraśabdāḥ prokṣaṇīrāsādayeti praiṣaḥ. yadi jātiśabdaḥ, ghṛtam āsādayeti. yadi yaugikaḥ prokṣaṇam iti.

[96]{*1/688*}

NOTES: *{1/687: Tait.Br. 3.2.9.14}* *{1/688: E2: 2,301; E4: 2,136; E5: 2,241; E6: 1,66}*

tathā nirmanthye // MS_1,4.12 //

nirmanthyeneṣṭakāḥ pacantīti. saṃskṛte darśanāt saṃskāraśabdo nirmanthya iti. asaṃskāre 'pi dṛśyate. nirmanthyamānayādainaṃ pakṣyāma iti. nirmanthanayogāt pūrvavad yaugika iti saṃsthitam. prayojanaṃ saṃskāranimitte saṃskṛteneṣṭakāḥ paktavyāḥ. jātiśabde yathopapannena. yaugike 'ciranirmathite yathā nāvanītena bhuṅkta ity aciranirdagdheneti gamyate.

vaiśvadeve vikalpa iti cet // MS_1,4.13 //

cāturmāsyeṣu prathame parvaṇi vaiśvadeve saṃdehaḥ - vaiśvadevena yajeta iti{*1/689*}. kiṃ vaiśvadevaśabdo guṇavidhir uta karmanāmadheyam iti. yadi saṃdeho na saṃdehaḥ. vaiśvadeve vikalpaḥ. guṇavidhir vaiśvadevaśabdaḥ. gamyate hi guṇavidhānam. viśvedevā vidhīyanta āgneyādiṣu yāgeṣu. tatrāgnyādīnāṃ viśvair devair vikalpaḥ. evaṃ prasiddhir arthavatī bhaviṣyati.

NOTES: *{1/689: Mait.S. 1.10.8, Tait.Br. 1.4.10.1, ŚPBr. 5.2.4.1}*

na vā prakaraṇāt pratyakṣavidhānāc ca na hi prakaraṇaṃ dravyasya // MS_1,4.14 //

naitad evam. pratyakṣaśrutivihitā agnyādayas teṣāṃ yāgānām, viśvedevā vākyena prakaraṇāt tenaiva nānyeneti gamyate. na cāyaṃ viṣamaśiṣṭho vikalpo bhavitum arhati. na hi prakaraṇaṃ śrutasya dravyasya bādhane samartham. tasmāt karmanāmadheyam.

[97]{*1/690*}

NOTES: *{1/690: E2: 2,305; E4: 2,151; E5: 2,245; E6: 1,67}*

mithaś cānarthasaṃbandhaḥ // MS_1,4.15 //

athocyate vaiśvadeva ity anena śabdena pratyakṣam agnyādiguṇaviśiṣṭo yāgaguṇo lakṣyate. vaiśvadevī hi tatrāmikṣā samavaiti. yadi vaiśvadevaśabdena yāgaguṇo lakṣyate na tarhi viśvedevā vidhīyante kathaṃ sakṛd uccarito vaiśvadevaśabdo yāgaguṇaṃ lakṣayiṣyati viśvāṃś ca devān vidhāsyatīti nāyaṃ vaiśvadevaśabdasya viśvair devair mithaḥ saṃbandho ghaṭate. tasmāt karmanāmadheyam eva guṇavidhir iti.

parārthatvād guṇānām // MS_1,4.16 //

parārthāś ca guṇāḥ. te na śaknuvanti pradhānam āvartayitum. tena sakṛd yāga kartavyo na guṇānurodhenāvartitum arhati. saṃpratipannadevatatvāc ca na virodhaḥ. tatraikasyāṃ pradhānāhutau triṃśadāhutayo hūyanta iti triṃśatsaṃkhyāsaṃpattir āhavanīyāhutīnāṃ nāvakalpate. tasmāt karmanāmadheyam iti siddham.

pūrvavanto 'vidhānārthās tatsāmarthyaṃ samāmnāye // MS_1,4.17 //

vaiśvānaraṃ dvādaśakapālaṃ nirvapet putre jāta iti{*1/691*} śrūyate. tatra yadaṣṭākapālo bhavati gāyatryaivainaṃ brahmavarcasena punātītyevamādayaḥ kapālavikalpāḥ śrūyante teṣu saṃdehaḥ kim aṣṭatvādayo guṇavidhaya utārthavādā iti. tatra guṇavidhaya ity evaṃ brūmaḥ - katham? ye hi pūrvavanto (viditapūrvam{*1/692*} artha[98]{*1/693*}m abhivadanti){*1/694*} te 'vidhānārthāḥ tad etad asya vākyasya samāmnāye sāmarthyaṃ yadavihitapūrvakābhidhānam. kiṃ tat, vidhānasāmarthyam. evam avihitam arthaṃ vidhāsyati. itarathārthavādāḥ santo 'narthakāḥ syuḥ. na ca dvadaśakapālasya śeṣabhāvam upagantum arhati. pratyakṣā hy aṣṭānāṃ kapālānāṃ stutiḥ parokṣā dvādaśānām. pratyakṣābhāve ca parokṣā syāt. tasmād guṇavidhayaḥ.

NOTES: *{1/691: Tait.S. 2.2.5.3., Vāj.S. 29.60}* *{1/692: E4 (Fn.): vihitapūrvam}* *{1/693: E2: 2,307; E4: 2,157; E5: 2,249; E6: 1,67}* *{1/694: In E1 geklammert}*

guṇasya tu vidhānārthe tadguṇāḥ prayoge syur anarthakā na hi taṃ pratyarthavatāsti // MS_1,4.18 //

naitad asti guṇavidhaya iti. guṇasya vidhānārthā ete santaḥ puroḍāśasya kapāleṣu saṃkhyā vidadhyuḥ. na śaknuvanti yāgaprayogasya vidhātum. dvādaśakapālatā hi yāgasya vākyena, aṣṭākapālādayaḥ prakareṇa. tena te yāge na bhaviṣyanti. api cāṣṭatvādayaḥ puroḍāśenaikavākyabhūtāḥ prakaraṇaṃ bādhitvā, na yāgasya bhaviṣyanti. yāgāsaṃbandhe cānarthakāḥ puroḍāśasaṃbandhe phalābhāvāt. arthavādatvena tu vaiśvānarayāgasya stutir upapadyate. tasmād arthavādā iti.

taccheṣo nopapadyate // MS_1,4.19 //

iti yad uktaṃ tat parihartavyam ity ābhāṣāntaṃ sūtram.

avibhāgād vidhānārthe stutyarthenopapadyeran // MS_1,4.20 //

yadā tv aṣṭākapālādiprarocanārthā anarthakā ity avagataṃ tadā lakṣaṇayā dvādaśakapālasya stutir vaiśvānarayāgaprarocanārthā bhaviṣyati. santi hi dvādaśasaṃkhyāyām aṣṭatvādayaḥ saṃkhyāviśeṣā [99]{*1/695*} avibhaktāḥ. ato dvādaśakapālasya stutyarthatvenāvayavastutir upapadyate. yathā śobhanam asya cakrasya nemitumbāram, śobhanam asyāḥ senāyā hastyaśvarathapādātam iti. tasmād upapannā stutir iti.

NOTES: *{1/695: E2: 2,310; E4: 2,171; E5: 2,252; E6: 1,68}*

kāraṇaṃ syād iti cet // MS_1,4.21 //

iti ced bhavān paśyaty arthavādā iti, kāraṇam aṣṭatvādīnāṃ brahmavarcasādi kasmān na bhavati. brahmavarcasakāmasyāṣṭākapālaḥ. evam uttareṣu yathākāmam. kim evaṃ bhaviṣyati. puroḍāśasya guṇavidhāne 'py ānarthakyaṃ na bhaviṣyati na ca lakṣaṇayā dvādaśakapālasya stutiḥ kalpitā bhaviṣyati. tasmāt kāmebhyo vidhayo baviṣyanti.

ānarthakyād akāraṇaṃ kartur hi kāraṇāni guṇārtho hi vidhīyate // MS_1,4.22 //

yadi kāmāya vidhayaḥ, bhinnāni vākyāni bhaveyuḥ. ekaṃ cedaṃ vākyam, vaiśvānaraṃ dvādaśa-kapālaṃ nirvapet putre jāta ity edamapakrāntaṃ yad dvādaśakapālo bhavati jagatyaivāsmin paśūn dadhāti yasmiñ jāta etām iṣṭiṃ nirvapati pūta eva sa tejasv yan nāda indriyāvī paśumān bhavatīty{*1/696*} evam antam. tasya madhye 'ṣṭatvādayaḥ śrūyamāṇā yadi na saṃbadhyeraṃs tato vākyāntarāṇi bhaveyuḥ. [100]{*1/697*} kartur hi kāraṇāni pūtatvādīni bhaveyuḥ. sa eṣa guṇārtho 'tra vidhīyate vaiśvānarayāge pūta eva ityevamādiḥ. tena caite 'ṣṭatvādayaḥ sākṣād dhetutvena saṃbadhyante yasmād gāyatryaivainaṃ brahmavarcasena punāti tena pūta eva saḥ, yasmāt trivṛtaivāsmiṃs tejo dadhāti tena tejasvī. yasmād virājaivāsminn annādyaṃ dadhāti tenānnādaḥ. yasmāt triṣṭubhaivāsminn indriyaṃ dadhāti tenendriyāvī. yasmāj jagaty aivāsmin paśūna dadhāti tena paśumān iti. tataḥ kāmāya vidhayo 'saṃbhavanto yady arthavādā api na bhaveyur ānarthakyam evaiṣāṃ syāt. tasmād akāraṇaṃ brahmavarcastvād yo 'ṣṭatvādīnām. tasmād aṣṭatvādayo 'rthavādā iti.

NOTES: *{1/696: Tait.S. 2.2.5.3}* *{1/697: E2: 2,312; E4: 2,178; E5: 2,253; E6: 1,68}*

tatsiddhiḥ // MS_1,4.23 //

yajamānaḥ prastaraḥ{*1/698*}; yajamāna ekakapāla ityādi{*1/699*} samāmnāyate. tatra saṃdehaḥ. kiṃ yajamānaḥ prastara ity eṣa guṇavidhiḥ, kim arthavāda iti. tathā yajamāna ekakapāla iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam. guṇavidhir iti. kim evaṃ bhaviṣyati evam apūrvam arthaṃ vidhāsyati. itarathārthavādo 'narthakaḥ syāt. arthavattvaṃ ca nyāyyam. tasmād vidhiḥ. naitad evam, yadi vidhiḥ syāt, tataḥ prastarakārye{*1/700*} yajamāno niyamyeta. yajamānakārye vā prastaraḥ. prastare juhūm āsādayati, sarvā vā sruva{*1/701*} iti yajamāne juhūr āsādyeta. sarvā vā sruva{*1/702*} iti. tathāsati{*1/703*} na yājamānaṃ śakyate kartum, dīkṣaṇato brahmayajamānāv āsāte karmaṇa kriyamāṇasya iti{*1/704*}. na ca prastaro yājamānaṃ śaknoti kartum. tathā yadi yajamāna ekakapālakārye viniyujyeta sarvahutaḥ kriyeta. tatra sarvatantraparilopaḥ [101]{*1/705*} syāt. na caikakapālo yājamānaṃ śaknoti kartum. tasmān na vidhiḥ. vidhyantaraṃ cāsti prastaram uttaraṃ barhiṣaḥ sādayati, ekakapālaṃ sarvahataṃ karoti, iti. tasmād api na vidhiḥ. kiṃ hi arthavādaḥ. yajamāno jñāyata eva prastara ekakapāla iti ca. kathaṃ punar anayoḥ sāmānādhikaraṇyaṃ jñāyate. na hi prastara ekakapālo vā yajamānaḥ. na ca yajamāna ekasmin kapāle saṃskṛtaḥ puroḍāśaḥ prathamo vā kaśam ṣṭir lūnaḥ. kathaṃ paraśabdaḥ paratra vartate, kim arthaṃ vā jñāyamānasva saṃkīrtanam iti. ucyate - jñāyamānaḥ saṃkīrtyate stotum. prastara uttaro barhiṣaḥ sādayitavyo yajamānatvāt. tathā yajamāna ekakapālaḥ sarvahutaḥ kartavyaḥ svarga āhavanīyas tatra pratiṣṭhāpito bhavatīti. kathaṃ paratra vartate paraśabda iti. guṇavādas tu. guṇād eṣa vādaḥ. katham aguṇavacano guṇaṃ brūyāt. svārthābhidhānaneti brūmaḥ. sarva evaite gauṇāḥ śabdā na svārthaṃ hitvā guṇeṣu vartante. prasiddhahānir hi tathā syād aprasiddhakalpanā ca. na ca sarve guṇasamudāyavacanāḥ. guṇahīne 'pi darśanāt. aprasahyakāry api hi kadācid rogeṇopahataḥ siṃhyāḥ putraḥ siṃha eva. samudāyavācī ca nāvayave pravartitum arhati. sarvasiṃhavyāktiṣu yat sāmānyaṃ tad vacanaḥ śabda iti sthito nyāyaḥ pratyuddhriyeta. na cāsati siṃho parikalpanayā pravarteta. kalpanāyā aśakyatvāt. kathaṃ nu svārthābhidhānena pratyayavyavastheti cet. arthasaṃbandhāt. siṃha iti nirjñāyate prasahyakāritā tatra prāyeṇeti prasahyakārīti gamyate, arthaṃ pratyayasāmarthyāt. yo hi manyate prasahyakāriṇaṃ pratyāyayeyam iti sa yadi siṃhaśabdam uccārayati sidhyaty asyābhipretam. siṃhārthaḥ pratītaḥ prasahya[102]{*1/706*}kārīti saṃbandhād itaram arthaṃ pratyāyayati. evaṃ svārthābhidhānena tadguṇasaṃbandhaḥ pratīyate. iha tu yajamānaḥ prastaraḥ yajamāna ekakapāla iti kīdṛśo guṇa saṃbandhaḥ pratīyate. tatsiddhikara iti. sarvo hy ātmanah kāryasiddhiṃ karoti. anyo 'pi yas tasya kāryasiddhiṃ karoti sa tasminn uccarite hṛdayam āgacchati. yathā rājā pattigaṇaka iti. pattigaṇako rājñaḥ kāryaṃ sādhayati. sa rājaśabda uccarite pratīyate. evam ihāpi yajamānakāryaṃ prastaraikakapālau sādhayataḥ, tau yajamāne pratīte pratīyete. tasmāt tau yajamānaśabdena pratyāyete. kathaṃ? stutau syātāṃ barhiṣa uparisādane sarvahome ceti. tasmād evaṃjātīyakā arthavādā na vidhaya iti.

NOTES: *{1/698: Tait.S. 2.6.5}* *{1/699: Tait.Br. 1.6.3.4}* *{1/700: E1,5; E2,4,6: syāt prastarakārye, E4 (Fn.): syāt, tataḥ prastarakārye}* *{1/701: E1,6; E2,4,5: sruca}* *{1/702: E1,6; E2,4,5: surca}* *{1/703: E1,5; E2,4,6 (richtig): tathā sati}* *{1/704: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/705: E2: 2,314; E4: 2,180; E5: 2,258; E6: 1,69}* *{1/706: E2: 2,321; E4: 2,181; E5: 2,261; E6: 1,70}*

jātiḥ // MS_1,4.24 //

āgneyo vai brāhmaṇaḥ{*1/707*}; aindro rājanyaḥ{*1/708*}; vaiśyo vaiśvadeva ityevamādayaḥ{*1/709*} śrūyante. tatra guṇavidhayaḥ ārthavādā iti saṃdehaḥ. guṇavidhaya iti brūmaḥ. evam apūrvam arthaṃ vidhāsyanti, itarathārthavādāḥ santo 'narthakāḥ syuḥ. na vidhir vidhyantarasya bhāvāt. tasmāt saṃvādaḥ. tasya saṃkīrtanaṃ vidhistutyartham. anāgneyādiṣv āgneyādiśabdāḥ kena prakāreṇa. guṇavādena. ko guṇavādaḥ. agnisaṃbandhaḥ. katham? ekajātīyakatvāt. kim ekajātīyakatvam. prajāpatir akāmayata, prajāḥ sṛjeyam iti. sa mukhatas trivṛtaṃ nirabhimīta, tam agnir devatānvasṛjyata, gāyatrī chandaḥ, rathantaraṃ sāma, brāhmaṇo manuṣyāṇām ajaḥ paśūnām. tasmāt te mukhyāḥ, mukhato hy asṛjyanta. uraso [103]{*1/710*} bāhubhyāṃ pañcadaśaṃ nirmimīta, tam indro devatānasṛjyata, triṣṭup chandaḥ, bṛhat sāma, rājanyo manuṣyāṇām, aviḥ paśūnām. tasmāt te vīryavantaḥ, vīryād dhi asṛjyanta. ūrubhyāṃ madhyataḥ saptadaśaṃ niramimīta, taṃ viśvedevā devatā anvasṛjyanta, jagatī chandaḥ, vairūpaṃ sāma, vaiśyo manuṣyāṇām, gāvaḥ paśūnām{*1/711*}. evam ukte saty ekasminn evaṃjātīyake vijñāte 'nyo 'pi tajjātīyako hṛdayam āgacchati. tasmād arthavādaśabdāḥ{*1/712*}.

NOTES: *{1/707: Tait.Br. 2.7.3.1}* *{1/708: Tait.S. 2.4.13.}* *{1/709: Tait.Br. 2.7.2.2}* *{1/710: E2: 2,322; E4: 2,190; E5: 2,264; E6: 1,71}* *{1/711: Tait.S. 7.1.1.4-5, vgl. schon ṚV 10.90}* *{1/712: E1,6; E2,4,5: tasmād arthavādāḥ}*

sārūpyam // MS_1,4.25 //

yajamāno yūpaḥ; āditye yūpa ityādi{*1/713*} śrūyate. tatra guṇavidhiḥ, arthavādaḥ, iti saṃdehaḥ. arthavattvād guṇavidhi. aśakyatvād yūpakāryasādhane yajamānasya, yajamānakāryasādhane vā yūpasya vidhyantarabhāvāc ca na vidhiḥ. vidhistutyarthaṃ saṃvādaḥ. guṇavādāt sāmānādhikaraṇyam. ko guṇaḥ? sārūpyam. kiṃ sārūpyam? ūrdhvatā tejasvitā ca. tasmād evaṃjātīyakā arthavādāḥ.

NOTES: *{1/713: Tait.Br. 2.1.5.2}*

praśaṃsā // MS_1,4.26 //

apaśavo vā anye go 'śvebhyaḥ, paśavo go 'śvāḥ{*1/714*}. ayajño vā eṣa yo 'sāmā{*1/715*}. asatraṃ vā etad yad achandomam iti{*1/716*} śrūyate. tatra vidhyartha vādasaṃdehe, arthavattvād vidhaya iti prāpte. abhidhīyate - yadi vidhayo bhaveyuḥ, go 'śvā eva paśavaḥ syuḥ, sāmavān eva yajñaḥ, chandomavad eva satram. anyeṣāṃ paśūnām, yajñānām, [104]{*1/717*} satrāṇāṃ cotpattir anarthikā syāt. vidhyantaraṃ ca nāvakalpeta. ataḥ stutyarthaṃ saṃvādaḥ. go 'śvān praśaṃsitum anyeṣāṃ paśūnāṃ nindā. sāmavataḥ praśaṃsitum asāmnāṃ nindā. chandomavanti praśaṃsitum acchandomakāni nidyante. yathā - yad aghṛtam, abhojanaṃ tat. yan malinam, avāsas tad iti.

NOTES: *{1/714: Tait.S. 5.2.9.4}* *{1/715: Tait.S. 1.5.7.1}* *{1/716: Tait.S. 7.3.8.1}* *{1/717: E2: 2,324; E4: 2,192; E5: 2,265; E6: 1,71}*

bhūmā // MS_1,4.27 //

sṛṣṭīr upadadhātīti{*1/718*} śrūyate. tatra guṇavidhir arthavāda iti saṃdehe apūrvatvād vidhir iti prāpte. ucyate - yadi vidhiḥ, sṛṣṭimantrakā upadadhātīṣṭakā ity arthaḥ. tatra neṣṭakānāṃ viśeṣaḥ kaścid āśrīyate, evaṃrūpāḥ sṛṣṭimantrakā naivaṃrūpā iti. tatra sarvāsāṃ sṛṣṭiliṅgā mantrāḥ prāpnuyuḥ. anyeṣām asaṃyuktānāṃ mantrāṇām ānarthakyaṃ syāt. tasmād anuvādo mantrasamāmnānāt prāptānām upadhāne mantrāṇām. sṛṣṭīnāṃ saṃkīrtanaṃ{*1/719*} sarjanārthavādārtham. api ca vidhitve lakṣaṇā, ekayā stuvata ity{*1/720*} atra yā asṛṣṭayas tā lakṣayet. nanv anuvāde 'pi lakṣaṇā{*1/721*}. nānuvādapakṣe lakṣaṇāyāṃ doṣaḥ. kathaṃ tv asṛṣṭiṣu sṛṣṭiṣu ca sṛṣṭiśabda iti. bhūmnā. bahavas tatra sṛṣṭiliṅgā mantrāḥ, alpaśo viliṅgā iti.

[105]{*1/722*}

NOTES: *{1/718: Tait.S. 5.3.4}* *{1/719: E1,5,6; E2,4: sṛṣṭīnāṃ sṛṣṭiṣu saṃkīrtanaṃ}* *{1/720: Tait.S. 4.3.10}* *{1/721: E4 om. ekayā stuvata ity atra yā asṛṣṭayas tā lakṣayet/ nanv anuvāde 'pi lakṣaṇā}* *{1/722: E2: 2,326; E4: 2,196; E5: 2,266; E6: 1,72}*

liṅgasamavāyaḥ // MS_1,4.28 //{*1/723*} prāṇabhṛta upadadhāti{*1/724*}; ājyānīr upadadhātīti{*1/725*} vidhitve prāṇabhṛn mantrakāsūpadhīyamānāsu viliṅgānāṃ mantrāṇām ānarthakyam/ tasmād anuvādaḥ/ liṅgasamavāyāt paraśabdaḥ paratra vartate. yathā - chatriṇo gacchantīty, ekena chatriṇā sarve lakṣyante. na cāyaṃ prāṇabhṛc chaśabdaḥ sṛṣṭiśabdaś ca jahatsvārthaṃ mantragaṇaṃ lakṣayet. yad gaṇe ca sṛṣṭiprāṇabhṛc chabdau samavetau, tāv api parigṛhyete. yathā - chatriśabdena svārthalakṣaṇārthena so 'pi chatrī gṛhyata iti.

NOTES: *{1/723: E2 hat hier MS 1.4.23, da sie ab MS 1.4.22: ānarthakyād akāraṇaṃ kartur hi kāraṇāni guṇārtho hi vidhīyate// nicht mehr weiterzählt}* *{1/724: Tait.S. 5.2.10/ 5.3.12}* *{1/725: Tait.S. 5.7.2.5}*

saṃdigdheṣu vākyaśeṣāt // MS_1,4.29 //

aktāḥ śarkarā upadadhāti{*1/726*}; tejo vai ghṛtam iti{*1/727*} śrūyate. tatra saṃdehaḥ. kiṃ ghṛtatailavasānām anyatamena dravyeṇāñjanīyāḥ śarkarā uta ghṛtenaiveti. kathaṃ saṃdehaḥ. añjanasāmānyena vākyasyopakramo ghṛtena viśeṣeṇa nigamanam. yathopakramaṃ nigamayitavyam ekasmin vākye. tatra yad vā sāmānyam ādau viśeṣopalakṣaṇārthaṃ vivakṣyate. yad vā nigamane viśeṣaḥ sāmānyalakṣaṇārthaḥ. tadārambhanigamanayoḥ kiṃ samañjasam iti saṃśayaḥ. evaṃ saṃdigdheṣūpakrame sāmānyavacane virodhābhāvān na viśeṣaḥ parikalpyaḥ. nigamane tūpajātaḥ sāmānyapratyaya iti virodhāl lakṣaṇārthaṃ ghṛtavacanam. yathā sṛṣṭiṣv asṛṣṭiṣu ca sṛṣṭiśabdaḥ, evaṃ ghṛtam aghṛtaṃ ca ghṛtam ity ucyate. [106]{*1/728*} saṃdigdheṣv evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - sāmānyavacanena viśeṣāpekṣiṇopakramo vākyasya viśeṣe nigamanavaśena. kutaḥ? na hi sāmānyaṃ vihitam. yena virodho nigamanasya. katham avihitam. saṃdigdheṣu vidhānaśabdābhāvāt. na hi vidhānaśabdo 'sti. aktāḥ śarkarā upadadhātīti vartamānakālanirdeśāt. nāpi sāmānyasya sākṣāt stutiḥ, pratyakṣaṃ tu ghṛtasya stavanam. śrutyā ghṛtasya stutiḥ, lakṣaṇayā sāmānyasya. śrutiś ca lakṣaṇāyā jyāyasī. tasmād ghṛtavidhānam. evam vāsaḥ paridhatte, etad vai sarvadevatyaṃ vāso yat kṣaumam iti tathā imāṃ spṛṣṭvodnāyet, imāṃ hy audumbarīṃ viśvābhūtāny upajīvanīti.

NOTES: *{1/726: Tait.Br. 3.12.5.12}* *{1/727: Ebenda}* *{1/728: E2: 2,328; E4: 2,238; E5: 2,268; E6: 1,72}*

arthād vā kalpanaikadeśatvāt // MS_1,4.30 //

sruveṇāvadyati; svadhitināvadyati; hastenāvadyatīti{*1/729*} śrūyate tatra saṃdehaḥ. kiṃ sruveṇāvadātavyaṃ sarvasya dravasya saṃhatasya māṃsasya ca tathā svadhitinā, hastena ca, uta sarveṣām arthato vyavasthā dravāṇāṃ sruveṇa, māṃsānāṃ svadhitinā, sahatānāṃ hasteneti. aviśeṣābhidhānād avyavastheti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - arthād vā kalpanā, sāmarthyāt kalpaneti. sruveṇāvadyed yathā śaknuyāt. tathā yasya śaknuyā. tasya ceti, ākhyātaśabdānām arthaṃ bruvatāṃ śaktiḥ sahakāriṇī, [107]{*1/730*} eva ced yathāśakti vyavasthā bhavitum arhati. tathā - añjalinā saktūn pradāvye juhotīti{*1/731*}. dvihastasaṃyogo 'ñjaliḥ, sa vyākośo 'rthāt kartavyaḥ. tathā hi śakyate homo nirvartayitum. tad yathā - kaṭe bhuṅkte kāṃsyapātryāṃ bhuṅkta ity{*1/732*} arthāt kalpyate - kaṭe samāsīnaḥ kāṃsyapātryāmodanaṃ nidhāya bhuṅkta iti.

[108]{*1/733*}

NOTES: *{1/729: Zitate nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/730: E2: 2,331; E4: 2,246; E5: 2,271; E6: 1,73}* *{1/731: Vgl. Tait.S. 3.3.8.4, Gop.Br. 2.4.8}* *{1/732: Quelle nicht nachgewiesen}* *{1/733: E2: 2,333; E4: 2,251; E5: 2,272; E6: 1,73}*

============================================================================

Adhyāya 2:

bhāvārthāḥ karmaśabdās tebhyaḥ kriyā pratīyetaiṣa hy artho vidhīyate // MS_2,1.1 //

prathame 'dhyāye pramāṇalakṣaṇaṃ vṛttam, tatra vidhyarthavādamantrasmṛtayas tattvato nirṇītāḥ, guṇavidhir nāmadheyaṃ ca parīkṣitam, sandigdhānām arthānāṃ vākyaśeṣād arthādhyavasānam uktam. tan na prasmartavyam. anantaraṃ pradhānāpradhānāni{*2/1*} parīkṣiṣyante, bhinnāny abhinnāni ceti, eṣa evārtho varṇanīyo nānyaḥ, eṣa eva cādhyāyasaṃbandhaḥ. tad iha ṣaḍvidhaḥ karmabhedo vakṣyate - śabdāntaram, abhyāsaḥ, saṃkhyā, guṇaḥ, prakriyā, nāmadheyam iti vakṣyamānam anusaṃkīrtyate. pradarśitam ucyamānaṃ sukhaṃ grāhayiṣyata iti śrotuś ca buddhiḥ samādhīyate, tad etan nānākarmalakṣaṇam ity adhyāyam ācakṣate, etat tātparyeṇa, ato 'nyad upodghātaprasaktānuprasaktaṃ{*2/2*} ceti. tatra prathamaṃ tāvad idaṃ cintyate - prathame 'dhyāya idam uktam - codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharma iti {*2/3*}, codanā ca kriyāyā abhidhāyakaṃ vākyam, vākye ca padānām arthāḥ, tatra kiṃ padena padena dharma ucyate{*2/4*}, uta sarvair eka eveti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? prati padaṃ dharma iti. evaṃ prāpta ucyate - yadaikasmād apūrvam, tadānyat tadarthaṃ [109]{*2/5*} bhaviṣyati, evam alpīyasy adṛṣṭānumānaprasaṇgakalpanā bhaviṣyati. tasmād ekam apūrvam. yadaikam, tadā sandehaḥ - kim, bhāvaśabdebhyaḥ, uta dravyaguṇaśabdebhya iti?. kaḥ punar bhāvaḥ? ke te punar bhāvaśabdā iti? yajati dadāti juhotītyevamādayaḥ. nanu yāgadānahomaśabdā ete, na bhāvaśabdāḥ. naitad evam. yāgādiśabdāś caite bhāvaśabdāś ca, yajyādyarthaś cāto 'vagamyate, bhāvayed iti ca. tathā yateta, yathā kiṃcid bhavatīti. tenaite bhāvaśabdāḥ, dravyaguṇaśabdebhyo dravyaguṇapratyayo na bhāvanāyāḥ. atas te na bhāvaśabdā iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? aviśeṣeṇeti. tata ucyate - bhāvārthāḥ karmaśabdāḥ, tebhyaḥ kriyā pratīyeta, yajetetyevamādibhyaḥ. kutaḥ? bhāvārthatvād eva. ya āhuḥ - kim api bhāvayed iti, te svargakāmapadasaṃbandhāt svargaṃ bhāvayed iti brūyuḥ. tasmāt tebhyaḥ kriyā pratīyeta, phalasya kriyā karaṇaṃ niṣpattir iti. te ca yāgadānahomasaṃbaddhāḥ svargasyotpattiṃ vadanti. kutaḥ? eṣa hy artho vidhīyate, yathā - yāgādinā svargakāmaḥ kena bhāvayet svargam? yāgādineti. yasya ca śabdasyārthena phalaṃ sādhyate, tenāpūrvaṃ kṛtvā, nānyatheti, tato 'pūrvaṃ gamyate, ato yaḥ tasya vācakaḥ śabdaḥ, tato 'pūrvaṃ pratīyata iti. tena bhāvaśabdā apūrvasya codakā iti brūmaḥ. na tu kaścic chabdaḥ sākṣād apūrvasya vācako 'sti. bhāvārthaiḥ kim api bhāvayitavyam, svargakāmasya ca kenāpi bhāvyateti, tayor naṣṭāśvadagdha-rathavat saṃprayogaḥ, yajetetyevamādayaḥ sākāṅkṣāḥ, yajeta kiṃ kena katham iti. svargakāma ity anena prayojanena nirākāṅkṣāḥ. naivaṃ dravyaguṇaśabdāḥ. tasmād bhāvārthāḥ karmaśabdā apūrvaṃ codayantīti. atha kasmād ubhayaṃ [110]{*2/6*} sūtritam{*2/7*} - bhāvārthāḥ karmaśabdā iti. ucyate - bhavanti kecit karmaśabdā na bhāvārthāḥ, yathā śyenaikatrikādayaḥ{*2/8*}. kecid bhāvārthā na karmaśabdāḥ, yathā bhavanaṃ bhāvo bhūtir iti. kiṃ punar ihodāharaṇam? śyenenābhicaran yajeta{*2/9*}, citrayā yajeta paśukāma iti{*2/10*}. kiṃ śyenenābhicarann uta yajetābhicarann iti? tathā citrayā paśukāmaḥ, uta paśukāmo yajeteti sthite etasminn adhikaraṇe guṇavidhiḥ, nāmadheyam iti vicāro bhaviṣyati. tathā darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ svargakāmo yajeteti, darśaḥ kālaḥ, pūrṇamāsa iti ca, kiṃ tābhyāṃ svargakāmaḥ, uta svargakāmo yajeteti, darśapūrṇamāsābhyām iti ca śyeneneti ca citrayeti ca naite bhāvavacanāḥ. na ca eṣām arthinā kaścit saṃbandho 'sti, vivibhaktikatvāt. tasmān na dravyaguṇaśabdā apūrvasya vidhāyakā iti.

NOTES: *{2/1: E1,4,5,6; E2 hat: pradhānāpradhānādi}* *{2/2: E1,5,6; E2,4: upoddhātaprasaktānuprasakta}* *{2/3: Vgl. MS 1.1.2}* *{2/4: E1,5; E2,4,6 om. ucyate}* *{2/5: E2: 2,337; E4: 2,251; E5: 2,283; E6: 1,74}* *{2/6: E2: 2,353; E4: 2,252; E5: 2,304; E6: 1,75}* *{2/7: E4: sūcitaṃ}* *{2/8: Jhā, Ü, Bd.1, S.170 konj. śyenacitrādayaḥ}* *{2/9: Ṣaḍ.Br. 3.8.1}* *{2/10: Tait.S. 2.4.6.1}*

sarveṣāṃ bhāvo 'rtha iti cet // MS_2,1.2 //

evaṃ ced bhāvan paśyati, abhāvaśabdatvān na dravyaguṇaśabdā apūrvasya vidhāyakā iti, sarveṣāṃ bhāvo 'rthaḥ, svargakāmo darśapūrṇamāsābhyām ity etayoḥ saṃbandhaṃ yajeteti vakṣyati, śyenenābhicarann ity etayoś ca, tathā citrayā paśukāma iti. tasmād ete 'pi sākāṅkṣatvād bhāvavacanāḥ. sarveṣu bhāvavacaneṣu nāsti vinigamanāyāṃ hetuḥ, karmaśabdā evāpūrvasya vidhāyakāḥ, na dravyaguṇaśabdā iti.

yeṣām utpattau sve prayoge rūpopalabdhis tāni nāmāni, tasmāt tebhyaḥ parākāṅkṣā bhūtatvāt sve prayoge // MS_2,1.3 //

yeṣāṃ śabdānām uccāraṇotpattau sve 'rthe prayujyamānānāṃ rūpa[111]{*2/11*}m upalabhyate, yat sakṛd utpannaṃ kālāntaran tiṣṭhati, na kriyevotpannamātraṃ vinaśyatīty arthaḥ, tāni nāmāni, te dravyaguṇaśabdāḥ, īdṛśo dravyaguṇaśabdānām arthaḥ. te dravyaguṇaśabdā iti vaktavye tāni nāmānīti sūtritam, ato nāmānīti eṣāṃ paryāyaśabdaḥ. kathaṃ gamyate? yata eṣāṃ vibhaktayo nāmikya ucyante. katamāstāḥ? vṛkṣaḥ{*2/12*} vṛkṣau vṛkṣāḥ, śuklaḥ śuklau śuklā ityevamādayaḥ. tasmāt samyak sūtritam. yata eṣāṃ na kṣaṇiko 'rthaḥ, tataḥ tebhyaḥ parākāṅkṣā pradhānākāṅkṣā na vidyata - iti naiṣām utpattiḥ kartavyā, bhūtatvāt sve prayoge svaprayogakāle vidyamānatvād ity arthaḥ.

NOTES: *{2/11: E2: 2,355; E4: 2,328; E5: 2,314; E6: 1,75}* *{2/12: E2 om. vṛkṣaḥ}*

yeṣāṃ tūtpattāv arthe sve prayogo na vidyate, tāny ākhyātāni. tasmāt tebhyaḥ pratīyetāśritatvāt prayogasya // MS_2,1.4 //

yeṣāṃ tu śabdānām uccāraṇotpattau sve 'rthe prayogo na vidyate. prayogakāle yeṣām artho nopalabhyata ity arthaḥ, tany ākhyātānīti bhāvaśabdān paryāyaśabdenopadiśati. kathaṃ paryāyaśabdatā bhāvaśabdānām. yata eṣāṃ vibhaktaya ākhyātikya ity ucyante. katamāstāḥ? pacati pacataḥ pacantītyevamādyaḥ. tasmāt tebhyo 'pūrvaṃ pratīyeta. bhavyārthās te bhūtārthaiḥ samuccaritāḥ. bhūtasya bhavyārthatāyāṃ dṛṣṭārthatā, bhavyārthasya prayojanayata utpattir arthavatī, sā ca bhūtena kriyata iti dṛṣṭo 'rthaḥ. bhavyasya punar bhūtārthatāyāṃ na kiñcid dṛśyate, kalpyate cādṛṣṭam. tasmān na yāgo dravyārthaḥ. kiṃ ca - āśritatvāt prayogasyaiteṣāṃ prayogaḥ puruṣeṇāśrito bhavati, puruṣasaṃbaddhā bhāvanocyate, puruṣaṃ hi vadati, bhāvayed iti, tena svargakāmo yajeteti puruṣo 'pi pratīyate[112]{*2/13*}, yāgo 'pi saṃbandho 'pi. svargakāmo dravyeṇeti dravye{*2/14*} pratīyate puruṣaś ca, na tu saṃbandhaḥ.

nanu etad uktaṃ bhavati, arthinaś ca dravyasya ca saṃbandhaṃ yajeteti vakṣyati, dravyeṇa bhāvayed iti. ato dravyeṇārthasya bhāvanā gamyeta, ākāṅkṣā ceti. satyaṃ gamyate, dravyeṇa bhāvayed iti tu vākyena, yāgena bhāvayed iti tu śrutyā. yadā tu, yāgena bhāvāyed iti yāgasaṃbandho vidhīyate, na tadā dravyeṇa bhāvayed iti dravyasaṃbandhaḥ. na ca dravyasaṃbandhe vidhīyamāne yajetety anena saṃbandhaḥ. anūdyamāne tu saṃbhavati, na ca, yaugapādyena vidhyanuvādau saṃbhavataḥ. tasmāc chrutivākyayor virodhaḥ, virodhe ca śrutibalīyasī, tenārthinā na dravyasaṃbandhaḥ. tatra dravyam asati svargakāmasaṃbandhe svargārthaṃ bhaviṣyatīty anupapannam, eṣa vinigamanāyāṃ hetuḥ, yena bhāvaśabdā evāpūrvasya codakāḥ, na dravyaguṇaśabdā iti, yadā yāgena kuryād iti, tadā{*2/15*} yāgavacanam eva bhavati. darśapūrṇamāsābhyām iti lakṣaṇayā, darśe ca pūrṇamāse ca yāgo vihita iti.

kathaṃ punar idam avagamyate, asti tad apūrvam iti. ucyate -

NOTES: *{2/13: E2: 2,357; E4: 2,332; E5: 2,316; E6: 1,76}* *{2/14: E2,4,5,6: dravyaṃ}* *{2/15: E6 om. tadā}*

codanā punar ārambhaḥ // MS_2,1.5 //

codanety apūrvaṃ brūmaḥ, apūrvaṃ punar asti, yata ārambhaḥ śiṣyate - svargakāmo yajeteti, itarathā hi vidhānam anarthakaṃ syāt, bhaṅgitvād yāgasya, yady anyad anutpādya yāgo vinaśyet[113]{*2/16*}, phalam asati nimitte na syāt. tasmād utpādayatīti. yadi punaḥ phalavacanasāmarthyāt tad eva na viniśyatīti kalpyate. naivaṃ śakyam. na hi karmaṇo 'nyad rūpam upalabhāmahe, yad āśrayaṃ deśāntaraṃ prāpayati, tat{*2/17*} karmety ucyate, na tad ātmani samavetam, sarvagatatvād ātmanaḥ, sarvatra kāryopalambhaḥ sarvatra bhāve liṅgam, na tu{*2/18*} tad eva deśāntarād āgamanasya, na hy asaty āgamane kiṃcid viruddhaṃ dṛśyate. yatra samavetam āsīt, tad vinaṣṭaṃ dravyam, tasya vināśāt tad api vinaṣṭam ity avagamyate. āśrayo 'py avinaṣṭa iti cet. na, bhasmopalambhanāt. saty api basmany astīti cet. na vidyamānopalambhane 'py adarśanāt. phalakriyā liṅgam iti cet. evaṃ saty adarśane samādhir vaktavyaḥ. saukṣmādīnām anyatamad bhaviṣyatīti yadi cintyate, kalpitam evaṃ sati kiṃcid bhavatīti. tatrāpūrvaṃ vā kalpyeta tad veti. aviśeṣakalpanāyām asti hetuḥ, na viśiṣṭakalpanāyām. anāśritaṃ karma bhaviṣyatīti cet. tad api tādṛśam eva. svabhāvāntarakalpanena deśāntaraṃ na prāpayiṣyatīti. tādṛśam eva. tasmād bhaṅgī yajiḥ, tasya bhaṅgitvād apūrvam astīti. kiṃ cintāyāḥ prayojanam? yadi dravyaguṇaśabdā apy apūrvaṃ codayanti, dravyaguṇāpacāre na pratinidhir upādātavyaḥ, yathā tarhi pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ. yathā tarhi siddhāntaḥ, dravyaṃ guṇaṃ vā pratinidhāya prayogo 'nuṣṭhātavya iti

NOTES: *{2/16: E2: 2,359; E4: 2,337; E5: 2,320; E6: 1,77}* *{2/17: E2,4: yat}* *{2/18: E1,6; E2,4,5: nanu}*

tāni dvaidhaṃ guṇapradhānabhūtāni // MS_2,1.6 //

avagatam etat, bhāvaśabdāḥ karmaṇo vācakā iti, bahuprakārāś ca bhāvaśabdāḥ, yajati, juhoti, dadātīti, eva[114]{*2/19*}ṃprakārāḥ, dogdhi, pinaṣṭi, vilāpayatītyevamādayaś ca. teṣu sandehaḥ - kiṃ sarve pradhānakarmaṇo vidhāyakāḥ, uta kecit saṃskārakarmaṇa iti. bhāvārthatvāviśeṣāt sarve pradhānakarmaṇo vācakā iti prāptam. tato brūmaḥ - tāni dvaidhaṃ bhavitum arhantīti dviprakārāṇi, kānicit pradhānakarmaṇo vācakāni, kānicit saṃskārakarmaṇaḥ. evam api sarvāṇy arthavanti, arthavattve sati sarvebhyaḥ na śakyam apūrvaṃ kalpayitum. ato na sarvāṇi pradhānakarmaṇo vācakāni.

NOTES: *{2/19: E2: 2,379; E4: 2,384; E5: 2,324; E6: 1,77}*

yair dravyaṃ na cikīrṣyate, tāni pradhānabhūtāni, dravyasya guṇabhūtatvāt // MS_2,1.7 //

evaṃ saty alpīyasy aḍṛṣṭakalpanā nyāyyā, na tu{*2/20*} vinigamanāyāṃ hetur{*2/21*} avagacchāmaḥ, kuto{*2/22*} 'pūrvam, kuto neti. tad ucyate - yair bhāvakarmabhir na dravyaṃ saṃskartum iṣyate, utpādayituṃ vā, tāni pradhānabhūtāni pradhānakarmaṇo vācakāni, dravyasya guṇabhūtatvāt. dravyaṃ hi guṇabhūtam, karmanirvṛtter īpsitatamatvāt.

NOTES: *{2/20: E1,6; E2,4,5: nanu}* *{2/21: E1,6; E2,4,5: hetum}* *{2/22: E2: kṛto}*

yais tu dravyaṃ cikīrṣyate guṇas tatra pratīyeta, tasya dravyapradhānatvāt // MS_2,1.8 //

yais tu dravyaṃ cikīrṣyate, guṇas tatra pratīyeta karma. kutaḥ? tasya dravyapradhānatvāt. pratyakṣaṃ yajetetyevamādibhir dravyaṃ na cikīrṣyate, tasmāt [115]{*2/23*} tāni pradhānakarmaṇo vācakāni, dravyasya guṇabhūtatvāt. pinaṣṭi - ityevamādibhir dravyaṃ saṃskriyate, tasmāt tāni guṇakarmavacanāni. eṣa eva vinigamanāyāṃ hetuḥ. prayojanaṃ tu pūrvasmin pakṣe praiyaṅgave 'pi carau vrīhaya utpādyā avadhātārthatvena. siddhānte notpādyāḥ.

NOTES: *{2/23: E2: 2,381; E4: 2,389; E5: 2,329; E6: 1,78}*

dharmamātre tu karma syād anirvṛtteḥ prayājavat // MS_2,1.9 //

srucaḥ{*2/24*} saṃmārṣṭi, agniṃ saṃmārṣṭi, paridhiṃ saṃmārṣṭi, puroṅāśaṃ paryagni karotīti{*2/25*} śrūyate. tatra sandehaḥ - kiṃ paryagnikaraṇam, saṃārjanaṃ ca pradhānakarma, uta guṇakarmeti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam. tata{*2/26*} ucyate - karmamātram evaṃjātīyakam aparyāptaṃ yat prayojanasya dṛṣṭasya, tad dharmamātram iti brūmaḥ, tatra pradhānakarmatvaṃ syāt. kasmāt? anirvṛtter upakārasya, na hy evaṃjātīyakaṃ dravyasyopakārakam, dravyaṃ tv evaṃjātīyakam abhinirvartayad{*2/27*} guṇabhūtam. tasya guṇabhūtatvād idaṃ pradhānabhūtam.

NOTES: *{2/24: E5: sucaḥ}* *{2/25: Tait.S. 3.3.1}* *{2/26: E2,4,6: tad}* *{2/27: E2: abhinirvartayed}*

tulyaśrutitvād vetaraiḥ sadharmaḥ syāt // MS_2,1.10 //

vāśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. itarair guṇakarmabhiḥ sadharmaḥ syād evaṃjātīyakaḥ, yathā vrīhīn avahanti, tathā. kutaḥ? tulyaśrutitvāt, tulyā hi dvitīyā śrutir eṣāṃ dravyeṣu, yathā vrīhīn avahantīti{*2/28*}, evam agniṃ saṃmārṣṭi, puroṅāśaṃ paryagni karotīti. kiṃ guṇakarmaṇi dravye dvitīyā dṛṣṭeti yato dvitīyādarśanād ihāpi sāmānyato dṛṣṭena guṇakarmatā. neti brūmaḥ - dvitīyā vibhaktiḥ kartur īpsitatame smaryate, sā ceha dvitīyā vibhaktiḥ, tata eva tadīpsitatamam iti gamyate, tac ced īpsitatamam, karma guṇabhūtam. yady api pratyakṣādibhir guṇabhāvo na gamyate, [116]{*2/29*} pramāṇāntareṇa śabdena gamyate, tasmād guṇabhūtam evaṃjātīyakam iti.

NOTES: *{2/28: Tait.Br. 3.2.5.6}* *{2/29: E2: 2,384; E4: 2,398; E5: 2,332; E6: 1,79}*

dravyopadeśa iti cet // MS_2,1.11 //

iti cet paśyasi - dvitīyādarśanāt pradhānabhūtam atra dravyam iti. naitad evam, guṇabhūte 'pi dvitīyā bhavati, tathā hi dṛśyate - saktūñ juhoti{*2/30*}, mārutaṃ juhoti, ekakapālaṃ juhotīti.

NOTES: *{2/30: Tait.S. 3.3.8.4}*

na, tadarthatvāl lokavat tasya ca śeṣabhūtatvāt // MS_2,1.12 //

na guṇabhūte 'pi dvitīyā, evaṃ hy abhiyuktā upadiśanti - karmaṇi dvitīyā{*2/31*}, kartur īpsitatamaṃ karmeti{*2/32*}, na ca loke guṇabhūte kvacid dvitīyāṃ paśyāmaḥ. yad api ca taṇḍulān odanaṃ paceti, odanārthaṃ taṇḍulān saṃskurv itīpsitā eva taṇḍulāḥ. balvajān śikhaṇḍakān kurv iti, balvjā eva tenā-kāreṇa saṃbaddhā īpsitā iti tatrābhiprāyaḥ. laukikaś ca prayogaḥ śabdārthaparicchede hetur na vaidikaḥ. yat tu laukike{*2/33*} juhotīti prayoge dvitīyā, śakyate tatra vaktum īpsitatama eva sa prayoga iti, taṇḍulān adya juhudhi, taṇḍulān adya homena saṃbandhayeti loke bhavati hi bahuprakārā vivakṣā. anyāyaś cānekārthatvam, tena pradhānabhāvena siddhā satī dvitīyā guṇabhāvena kalpyeta. vede tu kathaṃ dvitīyānirdiṣṭe guṇabhāva iti. dvitīyānirdeśāt pradhānyam evāvagacchāmaḥ, evam avagate pradhānye balīyasā hetunā nāsti prādhānyam ity avagamyate. kutaḥ? na homasya kecit prakāreṇa saktvarthatāvakalpyate kutaḥ? saktūnāṃ [117]{*2/34*} niṣprayojanatvāt, na saktūnām anyat prayojanaṃ dṛśyate śrūyate{*2/35*} vā, yadi vā homas tadartho homo 'pi niṣprayojanaḥ, athārād upakārako homaḥ, tataḥ prayojanavān, jyotiṣṭomaprakaraṇe pāṭhād gamyate prayojanavattā, nāprayojana iti śakyate vaktum, prayogavacanena hi sa ākāṅkṣyate. nanu saktūnām api prakaraṇapāṭhāt prayojanavattvaṃ bhaviṣyati. ko vā brūte - neti, prayojanavattaiva, prayojanavattvan tu homam abhinirvartayatām, nānyena prakāreṇa. nanu te 'pi prayogavacanenākāṅkṣyante. tad ucyate - na dravyaṃ tenākāṅkṣyate, itikartavyatāṃ hi sa ākāṅkṣati, homaś cetikartavyatā, na dravyam. nanu home kṛte saktubhyo 'dṛṣṭaṃ niṣpatsyate. nāsty atra pramāṇam. nanu dvitīyā vibhaktiḥ pramāṇam. na hi dvitīyā vibhaktir homasya saktvarthatāṃ jñāpayati. na saktavaḥ prayojanavanta iti bhaved dhomaḥ saktvarthaḥ, homasaṃbaddhāḥ saktavaḥ syur iti, bhavanti home kṛte saktavo homasaṃbaddhāḥ. na homasya saktvarthatā niṣprayojaneṣu saktuṣu ghaṭate, saktv-arthatāvacanaṃ tu na puruṣasyopakārakaṃ na kratoḥ, tadanarthakam eva syāt. yato na{*2/36*} tadvacanāc chakyam anyatarat{*2/37*} kalpayitum. sa eṣa dvitīyāntaḥ saktūnāṃ homasya ca saṃbandhaṃ karoti, saṃbandhe ca sati dravyāṇāṃ karmasaṃyoge guṇatvenābhisaṃbandha iti bhūtatvāt, guṇabhāve ca tṛtīyā, tenocyate - tṛtīyāyāḥ sthāne dvitīyeti, tena tadarthatvād dhomārthatvāt saktūnāṃ na pradhānyaṃ dvitīyāsaṃyoge 'pi. evam saty arthavad vacanam, na cārthavattve saty ānārthakyam ity ucyate. tasya ca puroḍāśāder yāgādiṣu śeṣabhāvaḥ, tena prayojanavantaḥ, tatra saṃskāro nānarthakaḥ. na sa dṛṣṭopakārāyeti cet. adṛṣṭārtho bhaviṣyati, adṛṣṭo 'pi saṃskāro 'stīty avagamyate loke, yathā grāmāntarād āgatānāṃ puruṣānāṃ paryagnikareṇādṛṣṭa upakāraḥ kriyata ity ucyate. loke ca nānupapattiḥ. [118]{*2/38*} prayojanaṃ ca varuṇapraghāseṣu śrūyate, śamīmayaḥ sruco bhavanti hiraṇmayo{*2/39*} veti, prakṛtau nānāvṛkṣasruksaṃmārgasādhyam apūrvam iti, nānāvṛkṣasruca utpādayitavyāḥ saṃmārgārthatvena yathā pūrvapakṣaḥ. yathā tarhi siddhāntaḥ, śamīmaya eva hi hiraṇmayo vā saṃmārṣṭavyāḥ. tathā yatra bāṇavantaḥ paridhayas tatrāpi pālāśā utpādayitavyāḥ pūrvapakṣe. siddhānte bāṇavanta eva saṃmārṣṭavyāḥ. avabhṛthe ca pūrvapakṣa utpādayitavyo 'gniḥ saṃmārgāya, siddhānte cāpaḥ saṃmārjanīyāḥ. tathā{*2/40*} ṣaṭtriṃśatsaṃvatsaretarasamayāḥ puroḍāśāḥ savanīyā{*2/41*} iti śrūyate. tatrāpi piṣṭamayaḥ puroḍāśa utpādayitavayaḥ paryagnikaraṇārthatvena pūrvapakṣe, siddhānte māṃsamayā eva paryagnikartavyā iti.

NOTES: *{2/31: Pāṇ. 2.3.2}* *{2/32: Pāṇ. 1.4.49}* *{2/33: E1,6; E2,4: yā laukike, E5: yā tu}* *{2/34: E2: 2,387; E4: 2,402; E5: 3,335; E6: 1,79}* *{2/35: E2 om. śrūyate}* *{2/36: E2,4: na ca}* *{2/37: E2,4: anyat}* *{2/38: E2: 2,389; E4: 2,402; E5: 2,338; E6: 1,80}* *{2/39: E2: hiraṇmayā}* *{2/40: E2,4: yathā}* *{2/41: E2: savanīyāṃ}*

stutaśastrayos tu saṃskāro yājyāvad devatābhidhānatvāt // MS_2,1.13 //

praugaṃ śaṃsati, niṣkevalyaṃ śaṃsati, ājyaiḥ stuvate, pṛṣṭaiḥ stuvate - iti guṇavacanaṃ stavanaṃ śaṃsanaṃ ca, yathā - indrasya tu vīryāṇi pravocam iti{*2/42*}, yad etad guṇavacanaṃ śrūyate, kim etad guṇabhūtaṃ devatāṃ prati, uta pradhānam iti. tatrocyate - stutaśastre saṃskārakarmaṇīti. kutaḥ? devatābhidhānatvāt, guṇavacane nirvartyamāne guṇinī devatā saṃkīrtyate, nānyathā tadguṇavacanaṃ bhavati, tatra pratyakṣaṃ devatābhidhānaṃ gamyate, devatāprakāśanena ca pratyakṣa [119]{*2/43*} upakāro yāgasiddhiḥ. tasmāt saṃskārakarmaṇī yājyāvat, yathā yājyām anāha, puro 'nuvākyām anvāheti stutivacanaṃ devatāprakāśanenārthavat, tadvad etad apīti.

NOTES: *{2/42: ṚV 1.36.1}* *{2/43: E2: 2,394; E4: 2,423; E5: 2,341; E6: 1,81}*

arthena tv apakṛṣyeta devatānām acodanārthasya guṇabhūtatvāt // MS_2,1.14 //

yadi saṃskārakarmaṇī eva{*2/44*} stotraśastre, arthenāpakṛṣyeta devatānām naś codanārthasya guṇabhūtatvāt, devatārthasya guṇabhūto mantra iti tatpradhānabhāve yatra pradhānaṃ tatra nīyeta, tatra kramasannidhī uparudhyeyātām. tasmād eṣa duṣṭaḥ pakṣaḥ - iti paryudasitavyaḥ. katamaḥ punar asau mantraḥ. abhi tvā śūrety{*2/45*} aindraḥ pragātho māhendrasya grahayajeḥ sannidhāv āmnāto yatrendras tatrāpakṛṣyeta.

NOTES: *{2/44: E2: evaṃ}* *{2/45: Mā.S. 27.35}*

vaśāvad vā guṇārthaṃ syāt // MS_2,1.15 //

na paryudasiṣyāma imaṃ pakṣam, saṃskārakarmaṇī eva stotraśastre, devatābhidhānatvād eva, yad uktam{*2/46*} - pragāthasyotkarṣa iti, tan na, indraśabdena mahendro 'bhidhāyiṣyate, sa evendro mahattvena guṇena mahendra ity ucyate, pratyakṣaṃ hīndraśabdaṃ devatāvacanam upalabhāmahe, mahattvavacanaṃ ca mahacchabdam, yathā rājā mahārājaḥ, brāhmaṇo mahābrāhmaṇa iti, vaśāvat, yathā sā vā eṣā sarvadevatyā yad ajā vaśā, vāyavyām ālabhetety{*2/47*} ajāvaśāśabdena codite karmaṇi chāgaśabdena nigamā bhavanti, tadvat saguṇe codite nirguṇenābhidhānaṃ bhaviṣyati. tena na{*2/48*} bhaviṣyaty utkarṣa iti.

NOTES: *{2/46: E2,4,5,6: yat tūktam}* *{2/47: Tait.S. 3.4.3.2}* *{2/48: E2 om. tena, E4: te na}*

na, śrūtisamavāyitvāt // MS_2,1.16 //

naitad evam, indro 'sya grahasya devateti taddhitasaṃyogena vijñāyeta{*2/49*}, [120]{*2/50*} na cāsya mahattvam apekṣamāṇasya taddhitasaṃyoga upapadyate, taddhitasaṃyogāpekṣasya vā mahattvasaṃbandhāt samāsakalpanā. na ca taddhitārthe vṛttasya mahattvasaṃbandhaḥ, na ca samāsārthe vṛttasya taddhitasaṃbandhaḥ. na cāsminn eva prayoge samāsārthe vṛttir iṣyate, etasminn eva taddhitārthe. na cāyam indraśabdo 'vihitavat svārthaṃ taddhitārthena saṃbadhyeta, vihitavac ca parārthaṃ mahattvena saṃbaddham anūdyeta. vispaṣṭaś cāyam anyo 'rtho mahendro bhavati, mahān indro bhavatīti mahendraḥ, anyaś cendro haviṣo devatā bhavatīti sakṛd uccāraṇe ca nobhayaṃ śakyeta. tasmān nendro devatā mahattvaviśiṣṭaḥ, mahendraśabdāt tu taddhita utpannaḥ, tasmāt tadprātipadikam arthavad iti gamyate, na tv avayavasaṃbandhena. tasmād devatāntaram indrān mahendraḥ, tenaindrasya pragāthasyotkarṣaḥ prāpnoti, ataḥ paryudastitavyaḥ eṣa pakṣaḥ. yad apy ucyate - indrasya vṛtravadhottarakālaṃ mahendratvaṃ darśayati, mahān vāyam abhūd yo vṛtram avadhīd iti{*2/51*}, tathā vedasyādimattādoṣaḥ prasajyeta, ato 'nya indro mahendrāt.

NOTES: *{2/49: E1,6; E2,4,5: vijñāyate}* *{2/50: E2: 2,396; E4: 2,431; E5: 2,345; E6: 1,82}* *{2/51: Ai.Br. 3.21}*

vyapadeśabhedāc ca // MS_2,1.17 //

vyapadeśabhedaś ca bhavati, bahu dugdhīndrāya devebhyo havir iti{*2/52*}, bahu dugdhi mahendrāya devebhyo havir iti{*2/53*}, ato 'pi devatāntaram, ekadevatātve mantravikalpaḥ syāt.

NOTES: *{2/52: Tai.Br. 3.2.38}* *{2/53: Mā.Sh.S. 1.1.3.29}*

guṇaś cānarthakaḥ syāt // MS_2,1.18 //

yadā vidhiśabdād avagatam etad bhavati - indro devateti, tadāsya guṇānvākhyāne kiṃ prayojanam, mahattvaṃ nāmendrasya guṇo bhavatīti devatābhidhānam. kathaṃ tasyai devatāyai dīyata iti. [121]{*2/54*} guṇe 'pi hi vihite sati tasyā eva devatāyai dīyate, avihite 'pi. tasmād guṇavidhānam anarthakam. athocyate - yo 'smin grahe indraḥ sa mahān iti. naivaṃ grahasaṃbandhasyāprasiddhatvād viśeṣaṇaṃ nātra kalpyate, guṇasaṃbandhasya cāprasiddhatvād guṇena viśeṣaṇam anavakḷptam. tasmād api devatāntaram.

NOTES: *{2/54: E2: 2,406; E4: 2,450; E5: 2,348; E6: 1,82}*

tathā yājyāpurorucoḥ // MS_2,1.19 //

evaṃ sati yājyāpuronuvākyayor bhedena darśanam upapadyate, endra{*2/55*} sānasiṃ rayim ity{*2/56*} aindrayājyāpuronuvākyād vayam, mahān indro ya ojasā - iti{*2/57*} bhedena māhendraṃ darśayati, tadekatve vikalpyeta. tatra, pakṣe bādhaḥ syāt.

NOTES: *{2/55: E1,5; E2: indra, E4,6: aindra}* *{2/56: Tait.S. 3.4.11.3}* *{2/57: ṚV 5.8.9}*

vaśāyām arthasamavāyāt // MS_2,1.20 //

yad uktam - ajāvaśāśabdena codite karmaṇi chāgaśabdena nigamā bhavantīti, tad yuktam, vaśāyām arthasamavāyitvaṃ vayaṃ pratyakṣam avagacchāmaḥ, chāgasya vapāyā medaso 'nubrūhīti{*2/58*} yaiva vaśā saiva chāgeti. tasmāt pragāthasyotkarṣaḥ saṃskārapakṣe, ataḥ pradhānakarmaṇī iti.

NOTES: *{2/58: Vgl. Tait.Br. 3.6.8}*

yatreti vārthavattvāt syāt // MS_2,1.21 //

vāśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati, saṃskārakarmaṇī eva stotraśastre, yac caitat, praghāthasyotkarṣa iti, utkṛṣyatāṃ yatrendras tatra praghāthaḥ, liṅgena hi kramasannidhī bādhitavyāv eva.

na tv āmnāteṣu // MS_2,1.22 //

apareṣāṃ mantrāṇām utkṛṣṭānām anyatrārthavattā nāsti, teṣām ānarthakyaṃ syāt, yathā yām yāḥ śaṃsanti{*2/59*}, śipiviṣṭavatīṃ{*2/60*} pita[122]{*2/61*}devatyām{*2/62*} āgnimārute{*2/63*}, kuṣumbhakasūktam, akṣasūktam, mūṣikāsūktam ityevamādīnām.

NOTES: *{2/59: E2,4: śaṃsati}* *{2/60: mit E6; E2,4,5: śipiviṣṭavatīḥ}* *{2/61: E2: 2,408; E4: 2,456; E5: 2,352; E6: 1,83}* *{2/62: E2,4,5: śaṃsati pitṛdevatyāḥ, E6: pitṛdevatyāḥ}* *{2/63: mit E6; E2,4,5,: śaṃsati, āgnimārute}*

dṛśyate // MS_2,1.23 //

tad ucyate - sarveṣām arthavattāsti, maṇḍūkasūktasyāgnau, akṣasūktasya rājasūye, mūṣikāsūktasyaikādaśinyām, sarveṣāṃ vācastome, sarvā ṛcaḥ sarvāṇi yajūṃṣi sarvāṇi sāmāni vācastome, pāriplavam aśvamedhe{*2/64*} śaṃsatīti, tathā yasyāśvine śasyamāne sūryo nodiyād api sarvā dāśatayīr anubrūyād iti, tasmād asty arthavattotkṛṣṭānām. ataḥ saṃskārakarmaṇī stotraśastre iti.

NOTES: *{2/64: Mit E6; E2,4 om. aśvamedhe, E5 hat es geklammert}*

api vā śrutisaṃyogāt prakāraṇe stautiśaṃsatī kriyotpattiṃ vidadhyātām // MS_2,1.24 //

api vā pradhānakarmaṇī stotraśastre syātām. kutaḥ? śrutisaṃyogāt, saptamī śrutisaṃyogo hi bhavati, kavatīṣu stuvate, śipiviṣṭavatīṣu stuvate - iti{*2/65*}, yadi stutiḥ, tataḥ kavatyakṣareṣv āhitā. yadi prakāśanam, tato devatāyām, tatra karaṇaṃ kavatyas{*2/66*} tṛtīyayāśroṣyam{*2/67*}, na saptamyā. api ca - śrutisaṃyogo bhavati, praugaṃ śaṃsati, niṣkevalyaṃ śaṃsatīti. ataḥ stutir abhinirvartayitavyā tena mantreṇa, guṇavacanaḥ śabdaḥ stutinirvartanārtho 'dṛṣṭam{*2/68*} arthaṃ kariṣyati. tasmāt pradhānakarmaṇī. [123]{*2/69*} api ca, śrutisaṃyogo bhavati ṣaṣṭhīvibhaktisaṃyogaḥ, yathendrasya tu vīryāṇi pravocam iti{*2/70*}. tena devatāśabdaḥ stutisaṃbandhārtha ity ucyate, devatābhidhānārthe prātipadikārthatvāt prathamā syāt. atha yat prathamāntam, tad devatārthaṃ bhavitum arhati, yathā - indro yāto vasitasya{*2/71*} rājeti{*2/72*}. nety ucyate, tad api vākyasaṃyogāt stutyartham eva. nanu vākyāl liṅgaṃ balīyaḥ. satyam, etad api liṅgam, yat stutivākyasya sākāṅkṣasya nirākāṅkṣīkaraṇasāmarthyam. tathāpy ubhayathā liṅge 'nugṛhyamāṇe kuto nirṇayaḥ? vākyaśeṣād eva na devatābhidhānārtha iti. devatābhidhānārtha ity etasmin pakṣe stutyarthaṃ sākāṅkṣavacanam anarthakam eva syāt. tasmād adṛṣṭārthatvāt stutivacanasya pradhānakarmaṇī stotraśastre. api ca - stautiśaṃsatīti sākṣād guṇavacanau lakṣaṇayābhidhānārthau syātām, tasmāt kriyotpattim apūrvotpattiṃ vidadhyātām iti.

NOTES: *{2/65: Vgl. Tait.S. 7.5.5.2}* *{2/66: Vgl. Sām.S. 1.169}* *{2/67: Mit E6; E2,4,5,: tṛtīyayāśroṣyanta}* *{2/68: Mit E6; E2,4,5: dṛṣṭam}* *{2/69: E2: 2,410; E4: 2,460; E5: 2,355; E6: 1,84}* *{2/70: Tait.S. 2.5.4.1}* *{2/71: Mit E6; E2,4,5: 'vasitasya}* *{2/72: ṚV 1.32.15}*

śabdapṛthaktvāc ca // MS_2,1.25 //

śabdena pṛthaktvam eva gamyate, dvādaśastotraśastro 'gniṣṭomaḥ, itarathā hi dvādaśatvaṃ na syāt. stotrāṇāṃ śastrāṇāṃ ca ekam eva śaṃsanaṃ stavanaṃ ca, atha bheda āśrīyate, tato na dvādaśatve 'vatiṣṭhate.

anarthakaṃ ca tad vacanam // MS_2,1.26 //

agniṣṭuti{*2/73*} śrūyate - āgneyā grahā bhavantīti, tatra punar ucyate - āgneyīṣu śaṃsantīti, tan na vidhātavyam eva yadi saṃskārakarma{*2/74*}. tasmād api pradhānakarmaṇī iti.

[124]{*2/75*}

NOTES: *{2/73: E2: agnistutiḥ}* *{2/74: E1,6; E2,4,5: saṃskārakarmaṇī}* *{2/75: E2: 2,413; E4: 2,471; E5: 2,358; E6: 1,84}*

anyaś cārthaḥ pratīyate // MS_2,1.27 //

saṃbaddhe vai stotraśastre veti, yady anyat stotram anyac chastram, tatas tayoḥ saṃbandhaḥ. yadi vāpūrvavacane tato 'nyat stotram anyac chastram, itarathā yad eva stotraṃ tad eva śastraṃ syāt.

abhidhānaṃ ca karmavat // MS_2,1.28 //

pradhānakarmaṇa iva cābhidhānaṃ bhavati dvitīyāsaṃyogena, praugaṃ śaṃsatīti{*2/76*} niṣkevalyaṃ śaṃsatīti.

NOTES: *{2/76: E1,6; E2,4,5 om. iti}*

phalanirvṛttiś ca // MS_2,1.29 //

phalanirvṛttidarśanaṃ ca bhavati, stutasya stutamasītyevamādi{*2/77*}, indravanto manemahi bhakṣīmahi{*2/78*} prajām iṣaṃ sā me saty āśīryajñasya bhūyād iti{*2/79*} stotraphalam anūdyate, na devatāyāḥ. tasmāt pradhānakarmaṇī stotraśastre. anyatra sūtrabaddhaṃ prayojanam, daśame 'dhyāye{*2/80*} grahāṇāṃ devatānyatve stutaśastrayoḥ pradhānakarmatvād adhikāraḥ syāt.

NOTES: *{2/77: Tait.S. 3.2.7.1}* *{2/78: E1,6; E2: vanāmaha dhukṣīmahi, E4,5: vanāmahe dhukṣīmahi}* *{2/79: Tait.S. 1.6.4.2}* *{2/80: MS 10.4.49}*

vidhimantrayor aikārthyam aikaśabdyāt // MS_2,1.30 //

idaṃ samāmnāyate - na tā naśanti, na dabhāti, taskaro nāsām ā mitro{*2/81*} vyathir ā dadharṣati. devāṃś ca yābhiryajate, dadāti ca jyog ittābhiḥ sa ca te gopatiḥ saheti{*2/82*}. yajate dadātīty udāharaṇam, kiṃ yadvad brāhmaṇe bhāvaśabdo vidhāyakas tadvan mantre 'pi, uta mantre 'bhidhāyaka{*2/83*} iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam, vidhau matre cāmnāyamānasya bhāvaśabdasya eka evārthaḥ syāt, aika[125]{*2/84*}śabdyāt, sa evāyam ekaḥ śabdo brāhmaṇagato vidhāsyati, mantragato na śaknoti vidhātum ity anupapannam, tasmād vidhāyakaḥ.

NOTES: *{2/81: E1,6; E2,4,5: amitro}* *{2/82: Tait.Br. 2.4.6.11}* *{2/83: E1,6; E2,4,5: 'vidhāyaka}* *{2/84: E2: 2,415; E4: 2,476; E5: 2,361; E6: 1,85}*

api vā prayogasāmarthyān mantro 'bhidhānavācī syāt // MS_2,1.31 //

api veti pakṣo vyāvartyate, evaṃjātīyako mantro 'bhidhānavacanaḥ syāt, prayogasāmarthyāt, prayoge kriyamāṇe 'sya sāmarthyaṃ vidyate, godānaṃ goyāgaṃ ca pratyāyayitum, na vidhātum. kutaḥ? vihitatvād godānasya dakṣiṇāvidhāne, goyāgasya tv anubandhyāyām. karmāntaraṃ bhaviṣyatīti cet. na, asakṛd apy ucyamāne tatpratyayād eva. stutyarthakalpanāyām apy ānarthakyam, parisamāptena sārthavādakena vākyena vihitatvād yāgasya. tasmān na mantragato bhāvaśabda evaṃjātīyako vidhāyaka iti.

taccodakeṣu mantrākhyā // MS_2,1.32 //

mantragato bhāvaśabdo vidhāyako neti parīkṣitam. ko 'yaṃ mantro nāmeti ucyate. ajñāte mantre tadgato bhāvaśabdaḥ kathaṃ vicārita iti, idam artho 'dhikaraṇaṃ pūrvaṃ draṣṭavyam. kathaṃ lakṣaṇo mantra iti, taccodakeṣu mantrākhyā, abhidhānasya codakeṣv evaṃjātīyakeṣv abhiyuktā upadiśanti, mantrān adhīmahe, mantrān adhyāpayāmaḥ, mantrā vartanta iti. prāyikam idaṃ lakṣaṇam, anabhidhāyakā api kecin mantrā ity ucyanta{*2/85*}, yathā vasantāya kapiñjalān ālabhata iti{*2/86*}, na śakyaṃ pṛṣṭhākoṭeṇa{*2/87*} tatra tatropadeṣṭum iti lakṣaṇam uktam - ṛṣayo 'pi padārthānāṃ nāntaṃ yānti [126]{*2/88*} pṛthakkaśaḥ{*2/89*}. lakṣaṇena tu siddhānām antaṃ yānti vipaścitaḥ. udāharaṇam - medho 'sītyevamādayo 'syantāḥ, iṣe tvety{*2/90*}evamādayas tvāntāḥ, āyurdā asīty{*2/91*} āśīḥ, agnirmūrddheti{*2/92*} stutiḥ, saṅkhā{*2/93*} eko mameti{*2/94*}, pralapitam akṣī te indrapiṅgale duler{*2/95*} iveti, parivedanam{*2/96*} ambe ambika iti{*2/97*}, praiṣa agnīd agnīn iti{*2/98*}, anveṣaṇaṃ ko 'si katamo 'sīti{*2/99*}, pṛṣṭhaṃ{*2/100*} pṛṣṭhāmi{*2/101*} tveti{*2/102*}, ākhyānam iyaṃ vedir iti{*2/103*}, anuṣaṅgo 'cchidreṇa pavitreṇeti{*2/104*}, prayogaḥ traisvaryaṃ cātusvaryaṃ{*2/105*} ca, sāmarthyam abhidhānam, tac caitad vṛttikāraṇenodāharaṇopadeśenākhyātam{*2/106*}. etad api prāyikam eva, asimadhyā api ca mantrā bhavanti, īḍyaś cāsi vandyaś ca vājin iti{*2/107*}, tvāmadhyāś ca tattvāyāmīti. āśīr brāhmaṇam api, so 'kāmayata prajāḥ sṛjeyeti, stutir api vāyur vai kṣepiṣṭhā devateti{*2/108*}, pralāpo na caitad vidmo yadi brāhmaṇā vā smo 'brāhmaṇāḥ smo veti{*2/109*}, paridevanaṃ ye mām adhukṣanta te māṃ pratyamuñcanta iti, praiṣa amutaḥ somam āhareti, anveṣaṇam iha vā sa iha veti, praśnaḥ veda karṇavatīṃ sūrmim iti, prativacanaṃ vidmo veti, anuṣaṅgaḥ hṛdayasyāgre 'vadyaty atha jihvāyā atha vakṣasīti{*2/110*}, prayogaḥ traisvaryaṃ cātusvaryaṃ{*2/111*} ceti, sāmarthyaṃ sruveṇāvadyati draveṣv iti. lakṣaṇakarmaṇi prayojanaṃ prasiddhatvān na vaktavyam, laghīyasī pratipattir lakṣaṇena. ākṣepeṣv apavādeṣu prāptyāṃ lakṣaṇakarmaṇi. prayojanaṃ na vaktavyaṃ yaś ca kṛtvā pravartate. ākṣepeṣu pūrvādhikaraṇasya prayojanam, apavādeṣūtsargasya, prāptyām uttaravivakṣā, kṛtvācintāyāṃ pūrvādhikaraṇasya prayojanam. asti vede mantraśabdo yasyāyam arthaḥ parīkṣitaḥ, ahe budhniya mantraṃ me gopāya yam ṛṣayas trayīvidā viduḥ, ṛcaḥ sāmāni yajūṃṣīti{*2/112*}

[127]{*2/113*}

NOTES: *{2/85: E2,4,5,6: ucyante}* *{2/86: Vāj.S. 24.20}* *{2/87: E2,4: pṛṣṭākoṭeṇa}* *{2/88: E2: 2,419; E4: 2,486; E5: 2,368; E6: 1,86}* *{2/89: Mit E6; E2,4,5: pṛthaktvaśaḥ}* *{2/90: Vāj.S. 1.1}* *{2/91: Tait.S. 1.6.6}* *{2/92: Tait.S. 4.4.4.1}* *{2/93: E2,4,5,6: saṃkhyā}* *{2/94: ŚPBr. 1.5.5.12}* *{2/95: E1,5,6,; E2: ḍular, E4 ḍuler}* *{2/96: E2,4: paridevanam}* *{2/97: Vāj.S. 23.18}* *{2/98: Tait.S. 6.3.2}* *{2/99: Vāj.S. 7.29}* *{2/100: E2,4,5: pṛṣṭaṃ}* *{2/101: E6: ebenso, E2,4,5: pṛcchāmi}* *{2/102: Vāj.S. 23.61}* *{2/103: Vāj.S. 23.62}* *{2/104: Tait.S. 1.1.5.1}* *{2/105: E2,4: catuḥsvaryaṃ}* *{2/106: E1,6; E2,4,5: vṛttikāraṇenodāharaṇāpadeśenākhyātam}* *{2/107: Vāj.S. 29.3}* *{2/108: Tait.S. 2.1.1.1}* *{2/109: Mait.S. 1.4.11}* *{2/110: E2,4,5,6: vakṣasa iti}* *{2/111: E2,4,5: catuḥsvaryaṃ}* *{2/112: Tait.Br. 1.2.1.26}* *{2/113: E2: 2,421; E4: 2,486; E5: 2,369; E6: 1,87}*

śeṣe brāhmaṇaśabdaḥ // MS_2,1.33 //

atha kiṃ lakṣaṇaṃ brāhmaṇam? mantrāś ca brāhmaṇaṃ ca vedaḥ, tatra mantralakṣaṇa ukte pariśeṣasiddhatvād brāhmaṇalakṣaṇam avacanīyam, mantralakṣaṇavacanenaiva siddham, yasyaital lakṣaṇaṃ na bhavati, tad brāhamaṇam iti pariśeṣasiddhaṃ brāhmaṇam. vṛttikāras tu śiṣyahitārthaṃ prapañcitavān itikaraṇabahulam, ity āhopanibaddham, ākhyāyikāsvarūpam, hetuḥ sūrpeṇa{*2/114*} juhoti tena hy annaṃ kriyata iti{*2/115*}, nirvacanam, tad dadhno dadhitvam{*2/116*}, nindā, upavītā vā etasyāgnayaḥ, praśaṃsā, vāyur vai kṣepiṣṭhā devateti{*2/117*}, saṃśayaḥ, hotavyaṃ gārhapatye na hotavyam iti, vidhiḥ, yajamānasaṃmitaudambarī{*2/118*} bhavati{*2/119*}, parakṛtiḥ, māṣān eva{*2/120*} mahyaṃ{*2/121*} pacatīti{*2/122*}, purākalpaḥ, ulmukhair ha sma pūrve samājagmur iti, vyavadhāraṇakalpanā, yāvato 'śvān pratigṛhnīyād iti. hetur nirvacanaṃ nindā praśaṃsā saṃśayo vidhiḥ. parakriyā purākalpo vyavadhāraṇakalpanā. upamānaṃ daśaite tu vidhayo brāhmaṇasya tu. etad vai{*2/123*} sarvavedeṣu niyataṃ vidhilakṣaṇam. etad api prāyikam, itikaraṇabahulo mantro 'pi kaścit, iti veti me manaḥ{*2/124*}, ity{*2/125*} āhopanibaddhaś ca, bhagaṃ bhakṣīty{*2/126*} āha, ākhyāyikāsvarūpaṃ cogro ha bhujyam iti{*2/127*}, hetur idaṃ vo{*2/128*} vāmuśanti hi{*2/129*}{*2/130*}, nirvacanaṃ tasmād āpo nu sthanā{*2/131*} - iti{*2/132*}, nindā mogham annaṃ vindata apraceteti{*2/133*}, praśaṃsā - agnir mūrddheti{*2/134*}, saṃśayaḥ - adhaḥ khidāsīd{*2/135*} upari khidāsīd{*2/136*} iti{*2/137*}, vidhiḥ - pṛṇīyādinn ādhamānāyeti{*2/138*}{*2/139*}, parakṛtiḥ - sahasram ayutādadat{*2/140*}{*2/141*}, purākalpaḥ - yajñena yajñam ayajanta devā iti{*2/142*}.

[128]{*2/143*}

NOTES: *{2/114: E2,4,5,6: śūrpeṇa}* *{2/115: ŚPBr. 2.5.2.23}* *{2/116: Tait.S. 2.5.3.4}* *{2/117: Tait.S. 2.1.1}* *{2/118: E2,4,5,6: yajamānasaṃmitaudumbarī}* *{2/119: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.2.10.3}* *{2/120: E2,4,5: me}* *{2/121: E2,4,5 om. mahyaṃ}* *{2/122: E2,4,5: pacata iti}* *{2/123: E2,4: syāt}* *{2/124: E2,4: manaḥ iti}* *{2/125: ṚV 10.119.1}* *{2/126: ṚV 7.41.2}* *{2/127: Tait.Ā. 1.10.2}* *{2/128: E2,4,5,6: indavo}* *{2/129: E2,4: hīti}* *{2/130: ṚV 1.2.4}* *{2/131: E2,4,5: stha na}* *{2/132: Tait.S. 5.6.1.3}* *{2/133: ṚV 8.6.23}* *{2/134: Tait.S. 4.4.4}* *{2/135: E2,4,5,6: adhaḥ svidāsīd}* *{2/136: E2,4,5,6: upari svidāsīd}* *{2/137: ṚV 10.129.5}* *{2/138: Mit E6; E2,4,5: ādhamānād iti}* *{2/139: ṚV 10.117.15}* *{2/140: E2,4: ayutādadad iti}* *{2/141: ṚV 8.21.18}* *{2/142: ṚV 10.90.16}* *{2/143: E2: 2,422; E4: 2,492; E5: 2,369; E6: 1,87}*

anāmnāteṣv amantratvam āmnāteṣu hi vibhāgaḥ // MS_2,1.34 //

ūhapravaranāmadheyeṣu saṃśayaḥ, mantrā uta neti. abhidhāyakatvān mantrā iti prāpte brūmaḥ - anāmnāteṣu mantratvaṃ na syād abhidhāyakeṣv api, nābhidhāyakatvaṃ mantratve hetuḥ, kiṃ tarhy abhiyuktaprayogaḥ, ye abhiyuktair mantrā iti nocyante, na te mantrāḥ, na caivamādāyo mantrasamāmnāye santi, tasmād amantrāḥ. prayojanam, mantre duṣṭe yat prāyaścittam amantreṣu tan na.

teṣāṃ ṛg yatrārthavaśena pādavyavasthā // MS_2,1.35 //

ṛca ity asti vede, ahe budhniya mantraṃ me gopāya yam ṛṣayas trayīvidā{*2/144*} viduḥ ṛco{*2/145*} yajūṃṣi sāmānīti{*2/146*}. kathaṃlakṣaṇikā ṛcaḥ? teṣām ṛg yatrārthavaśena pādavyavasthā, yatra pādakṛtā vyavasthā sa mantra ṛg nāmā, yathā - agnim īla iti{*2/147*}, evaṃjātīyakeṣu mantreṣv abhiyuktā upadiśanti, ṛco 'dhīmahe, ṛco 'dhyāpayāmaḥ, ṛco vartanta iti. yady arthavaśenety ucyate, yatra vṛttavaśena tatra na prāpnoti, agniḥ pūrvebhir ṛṣibhir iti{*2/148*}, yato nārthavaśeneti vṛttādivaśavyāvṛttyartham, kiṃ tarhy anuvāda eṣa pradarśanārthaḥ. avaśyaṃ caitad evaṃ vijñeyam, vṛttādinirvṛttyarthe sati vākyaṃ bhidyeta. tasmād yatra pādakṛtā vyavasthā, sā ṛg iti.

[129]{*2/149*}

NOTES: *{2/144: E2: trayīvido, E4: traivido}* *{2/145: E2,4: ṛcaḥ sāmāni}* *{2/146: Tait.Br. 1.2.1.26}* *{2/147: ṚV 1.1.1}* *{2/148: ṚV 1.1.2}* *{2/149: E2: 2,427; E4: 2,504; E5: 2,375; E6: 1,88}*

gītiṣu sāmākhyā // MS_2,1.36 //

atha sāmnaḥ kiṃ lakṣaṇam? viśiṣṭā kācid gītiḥ sāmety ucyate, pragīte hi mantravākye sāmaśabdam abhiyuktā upadiśanti, sāmāny adhīmahi, samāny adhyāpayāmaḥ, sāmāni vartanta iti, abhiyuktopadeśaś ca naḥ pramāṇam. yathā - amlaṃ{*2/150*} dadhi, madhuro guḍa iti gītiviśiṣṭe tāvan mantre gītiśabdaḥ, gītisaṃbandhān mantre saṃpratyaya ity avagantavyam.

NOTES: *{2/150: E2: pratyakṣā amlaṃ, E4: yakṣā amlaṃ}*

śeṣe yajuḥśabdaḥ // MS_2,1.37 //

atha yajuṣaḥ kiṃ lakṣaṇam iti. yajuṣo lakṣaṇaṃ na vaktavyam, ṛglakṣaṇasāmalakṣaṇābhyām eva yajur vijñāsyate vaiparītyena, yā na gītir na ca pādabaddham, tat praśliṣṭapaṭhitaṃ yajur iti.

atha nigado nāma kiṃ yajūṃṣy uta yajuṣo 'nya iti?

nigado vā caturthaṃ syād dharmaviśeṣāt // MS_2,1.38 //

nigadāḥ na yajūṃṣi. kutaḥ? dharmaviśeṣāt, uccaiḥ ṛcā kriyate, uccaiḥ sāmnā, upāṃśu yajuṣā, uccair nigadenety eṣa dharmaviśeṣaḥ, uccair nigadenety anūdyate, yadi yajuṣo nigadatvaṃ [130]{*2/151*} syāt, na ca tasyoccais tvaṃ dharmo dṛśyeta. dṛśyate tu. tasmāc caturthaṃ mantrajātaṃ nigado nāma.

NOTES: *{2/151: E2: 2,428; E4: 2,513; E5: 2,379; E6: 1,89}*

vyapadeśāc ca // MS_2,1.39 //

vyapadeśo 'pi bhavati, yajūṃṣi vartante, na nigadāḥ. nigadā vartante, na yajuṃṣīti. tasmād api mantrāntaram.

yajūṃṣi vā tadrūpatvāt // MS_2,1.40 //

yajūṃṣy eva vā nigadāḥ. kutaḥ? tadrūpatvāt, tad evaiṣāṃ rūpam, yad yajuṣāṃ praśliṣṭapāṭhaḥ, ṛksāmalakṣaṇavilakṣaṇatā ca.

vacanād dharmaviśeṣaḥ // MS_2,1.41 //

vacanāt pratyāyanasāmarthyāt, asti hi puruṣāntarapratyāyanasāmarthyaṃ keṣāṃcid yajuṣām.

arthāc ca // MS_2,1.42 //

asti ca taiḥ puruṣāntaraiḥ pratyāyitaiḥ prayojanam, nopaṃśūccāryamāṇāḥ puruṣāntaraṃ pratyāyayeyuḥ. tasmād dharmaviśeṣo 'rthavān. yāni ca yajaṃṣy{*2/152*} uccair uccāryante te nigadāḥ. kutaḥ? niśabda{*2/153*}, prakarṣasya vaktā, yathā prakarṣeṇa raktaṃ nitarāṃ raktam ity ucyate. gadatir gadanārthaḥ pāṭhavacanaḥ. eṣa eva hi prakarṣo yad uccais tvāvacchinnatvaṃ. nanu vācaniko guṇo yajuṣām upāṃśutvam. neti brūmaḥ - guṇo nāma sa bhavati, yaḥ svakāryaṃ kurvatām upakāre vartate, na ca parasaṃbodhanārthānāṃ yajuṣām upāṃśutvaṃ sāhāyye vartate, tad dhi svakarmakriyāvighātaṃ karoti, tena puruṣāntarasaṃbodhanārtham uccais tvaṃ guṇaḥ. itarārthaṃ tu vacanaṃ bhaviṣyati, itarāṇi yāni [131]{*2/154*} yajūṃṣi na parasaṃbodhanārthāni, teṣūpāṃśutvaṃ nivekṣyate.

NOTES: *{2/152: E2,4,5,6: yajūṃṣi}* *{2/153: E2,4,5,6: niśabdaḥ}* *{2/154: E2: 2,430; E4: 2,517; E5: 2,380; E6: 1,89}*

guṇārtho vyapadeśaḥ // MS_2,1.43 //

atha yad uktaṃ vyapadeśa iti, sa caikatve 'pi guṇato bhavati, yatheto brāhmaṇā bhojyantām, itaḥ parivrājakā iti. evam uccaistvena guṇena tāny eva yajūṃṣi vyapadiśyante, nigadā iti.

sarveṣām iti cet // MS_2,1.44 //

yadi ya uccair gadyate sa nigadaḥ, ṛg api nigadaḥ prāpnoti.

na, ṛgvyapadeśāt // MS_2,1.45 //

na ṛco nigadā{*2/155*} vyapadiśyante, ayājyā vai nigadā ṛcaiva yajantīti pṛthaktvanimittā hi vyapadeśā bhavanti. ucyate, vyapadeśo liṅgam, prāptir ucyatām iti. apādabaddhe gadatir vartate, apādabaddho hi gadya ity ucyate.

NOTES: *{2/155: E2,4: nigadā iti}*

arthaikatvād ekaṃ vākyaṃ sākāṅkṣaṃ ced vibhāge syāt // MS_2,1.46 //

atha praśliṣṭapaṭhiteṣu yajuḥṣu katham avagamyeta iyad ekaṃ yajur iti? yāvatā padasamūhenejyate, tāvān padasamūhaḥ ekaṃ yajuḥ. kiyatā cejyate? yāvatā kriyāyā upakāraḥ prakāśyate, tāvad vaktavyatvād vākyam ity ucyate. tenābhidhīyate - [132]{*2/156*} arthaikatvād ekaṃ vākyam iti, etasmāc cet kāraṇād ekavākyatā bhavati. tasmād ekārthaḥ padasamūho vākyam, yadi ca vibhajyamānaṃ sākāṅkṣaṃ padaṃ bhavati. kim udāharaṇam? devasya tvā savituḥ prasava iti{*2/157*}. nanu padaṃ padam atraikārtham. satyam, na tu tadvibhāge sākāṅkṣaṃ. na tarhy arthaikatvam upapadyate. bahutvāt padārthānām, padasamudāyasya ca pṛthagartho nāstīty uktam. bhedaḥ saṃsargo vā vākyārtha iti yady ucyate, tathāpy ekārthatā na syāt, bahupade bhedānāṃ saṃsargāṇāṃ ca bahutvāt. ekaprayojanatvād upapannam, yathā tāvad devasya tveti nirvāpaprakāśanam, tasya viśiṣṭasya vācaka etāvān padasamūhaḥ, tat vākyam. nanv atra devasya tvā savituḥ prasave nirvapāmīty ekaṃ vākyam, aśvinor bāhubhyāṃ nirvapāmīty aparam, evaṃ bahūni vākyāni. yadi nirvapāmīty anuṣaṅgaḥ, tato bahūni vākyāni, na tv evam anuṣaṅgo bhavati, yadi guṇabhūto nirvapāmīti, tadā pratipradhānaṃ bhidyeta. na ca nirvāpo devasya tvetyevamādīnām arthenocyate, sādhanaprādhānye hy adṛṣṭārthatā vacasya syāt. nirvāpe punaḥ pradhāne dṛṣṭaṃ kāryaṃ nirvāpaprakāśanam, tat sarvair viśeṣaṇair viśiṣṭam ucyate. tasmād avirodhaḥ. yathā ca padaṃ padena viśeṣyate tathoktaṃ tadbhūtānām iti{*2/158*}. tasmād ekaṃ vākyam. atha kiṃ artham ubhayaṃ sūtritam, arthaikatvād iti ca vibhāge sākāṅkṣatvād{*2/159*} iti ca, ucyate, bhavati kiṃcid ekārtham, na tu vibhāge sākāṅkṣam, yathā bhago vāṃ vibhajatu, aryamā vāṃ vibhajatv ity ekārthāḥ sarve vibhāgam abhidadhati. nanu bhagaviśiṣṭād vibhāgād aryam aviśiṣṭo 'nyo vibhāgaḥ. nety ucyate, [133]{*2/160*} vibhāgasāmānyenāsya prayojanam, na viśeṣeṇa, sāmānye hi dṛṣṭo 'rtho bhavati, na viśeṣe, vibhāge tu na sākāṅkṣam. tasmād bhinnam idaṃ vākyaṃ vibhāge vikalpyate. tathā syonaṃ te sadanaṃ kṛṇomi ghṛtasya dhārayā susevaṃ{*2/161*} kalyayāmi{*2/162*}. tasmin sīdāmṛte pratitiṣṭha vrīhīṇāṃ medhaḥ sumanasyamāna iti{*2/163*} vibhāge sākāṅkṣam, dve tu prayojane kriyete, sadanakaraṇaṃ puroḍāśapratiṣṭhāpanaṃ ca. tasmād bhinne vākye, pūrvaṃ sadanakaraṇe viniyujyate, uttaraṃ{*2/164*} puroḍāśapratiṣṭhāpane. tasmāt samyak sūtritam, na sūtropālaṃbho bhavati.

NOTES: *{2/156: E2: 2,435; E4: 2,522; E5: 3,383; E6: 1,90}* *{2/157: Tait.S. 1.1.4.2}* *{2/158: Vgl. MS 1.1.25}* *{2/159: Mit E5,6; E2,4: sākāṅkṣam}* *{2/160: E2: 2,438; E4: 2,522; E5: 2,387; E6: 1,91}* *{2/161: E2,4: suśevaṃ, E6: suṣevam}* *{2/162: E2,4,5,6: kalpayāmi}* *{2/163: Tait.Br. 3.7.5.2-3, MānŚS}* *{2/164: E2: uttare}*

sameṣu vākyabhedaḥ syāt // MS_2,1.47 //

īṣe tvā, ūrje tveti{*2/165*}, tathā - āyuryajñena kalpatām, prāṇo yajñena kalpatām iti{*2/166*}. atra sandehaḥ, kim evamādiṣu bhinnaṃ vākyam utaikam iti? ekam iti brūmaḥ, īṣe tvety evam ukte na kiṃcid dṛṣṭaṃ prayojanam, tathā - ūrje tvety api ca, vacanasāmarthyād adṛṣṭam, tad ubhābhyām ekaṃ kalpayituṃ nyāyyam, evam alyīyasy adṛṣṭānumānakalpanā bhaviṣyati. tasmād ekaṃ vākyam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - sameṣu vākyabhedaḥ syāt, sameṣu parasparānākāṅkṣeṣu vākyaṃ bhidyate, īṣe tvety anenaiko 'rthaḥ kriyate, ūrje tvety anenāparaḥ. nanu idānīm evoktaṃ nātra dṛṣṭo 'rtha iti. yady api pratyakṣādinā pramāṇena nopalabhyate, śrutyā tu gamyate, īṣe tveti chinati, ūrje tvety anumārṣṭīti{*2/167*}. tathā - āyuryajñena kalpatām, prāṇo yajñena kalpatām ity āyuḥkḷpter anyā prāṇakḷptiḥ. nanu sāmānyamātram idaṃ tan na viśeṣaṇabhedād bhedam arhatīti, yathā - agnaye juṣṭaṃ nirvapāmīti [134]{*2/168*} nirvāpa ekas tasya viśeṣāḥ savituḥ prasave 'śvinor bāhubhyāṃ puṣṇo{*2/169*} hastābhyām iti, na teṣāṃ bhedān nirvāpasya bheda iṣyate, evam ihāpi kḷptir nāmaiko 'rthaḥ, nāsāv āyurādibhir viśeṣair bhinno bhaviṣyatīti. ucyate - iha kḷptīr vācayatīti bahvaḥ{*2/170*} kḷptayaḥ śrūyante, tāś ca vaktavyāḥ, tatraikām āyuḥkḷptim āyuḥyajñena kalpatām ity eṣa mantraḥ śaknoti vaditum, prāṇo yajñena kalpatām ity ayam api prāṇakḷptim aparām, evaṃ tu sarve kḷptiviśeṣavacanāḥ, tac ca dṛṣṭaṃ prayojanam. tasmād anekārthatvāt tatrāpi vākyabheda iti. nanu sāmānyavacanād ekatvaṃ yathā vibhāge. naitad evam, vibhāge dṛṣṭārthaṃ sāmānyam iha na. api ca kḷptīr vācayatīti vihitam, āyuḥyajñena kalpatām iti cāyuḥkḷptyabhidhānam abhinivartyate pratyakṣam. prāṇo yajñena kalpatām iti ca prāṇakḷpteḥ. tasmād vākyabhedaḥ.

NOTES: *{2/165: Tait.S. 1.1.3, Vāj.S. 1.1}* *{2/166: Tait.S. 1.7.9.1}* *{2/167: Vgl. ŚPBr. 1.1.6.6, 1.7.1.2, 4.3.1.7}* *{2/168: E2: 2,441; E4: 2,540; E5: 2,390; E6: 1,91}* *{2/169: E2,4,6: pūṣṇo}* *{2/170: E2,4,5,6: bahvyaḥ}*

anuṣaṅgo vākyasamāptiḥ sarveṣu tulyayogitvat // MS_2,1.48 //

yā te agne 'yāśayā tanūrvarṣiṣṭhā gahvareṣṭhā, ugraṃ vaco apāvadhīt tveṣaṃ vaco apāvadhīt svāhā, yā te agne rajāśayā, yā te agne harāśayety{*2/171*} atra sandehaḥ, tanūrvarṣiṣṭheti kiṃ sarveṣv anuṣaktavyam, āhosvil laukiko vākyaśeṣaḥ kartavya iti. kiṃ prāptam? yā te agne rajāśayety etasya tanūr-varṣiṣṭheti na vākyaśeṣaḥ, na hy ayam asmāt paraḥ prayujyate. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - anuṣaṅgo vākyasamāptiḥ syāt tanūrvarṣiṣṭheti, yathaiva hy ayaṃ yā te agne 'yāśayety etasyānantaram, evaṃ yā te agne rajāśayā, yā te agne harāśayety etayor api. harāśayety etasya vyavahita iti cet. tan na, samudāyasyāvyavadhānāt, avyavahito rajāśayeti samudāyaḥ [135]{*2/172*} samudāyena ca vākyaśeṣasya saṃbandhābhāvāt samudāyibhyāṃ saṃbandhaḥ, samudāyisaṃbandhe ca na gamyate viśeṣaḥ. tasmāt sarvatrānuṣaṅgaḥ. api ca sākāṅkṣasya sannidhau paras tātpurastād vā paripūrṇasamarthaḥ śrūyamāṇo vākyaśeṣo bhavati. kiyāṃs tu kālaḥ sannidhir iti? ucyate - yāvati śaknoty ubhāv apy apekṣitum. kaś cāsau? ānantaryaṃ saṃbandhipadavyavāyo vā, tāvati hi śaknoty ubhāv apy apekṣitum, saṃbandhipadavyavāye hi saṃbandhād eva pūrvasaṃskāro nāpaiti. yatrāpy apareṇa sākāṅkṣena vyavāyas tatrāpy asti saṃbandhaḥ, dvayor api hi kāryaṃ vaktavyam iti, paraḥ pūrvam apekṣate, anapekṣamāne 'nyataraḥ pramādapāṭhaḥ syāt, śakyate cāsāv apekṣitum, tasmād yathaivāyam ekasya sannidhāv evam aparasya, dvayor apy asaṃbaddhaiḥ padair avyavahitatvāt, dvayor apy ākāṅkṣator{*2/173*} etāvac ca vākyaśeṣasaṃbandhe kāraṇam, nānantaryam, avyavadhāne vicchede 'pi bhavati saṃbandhaḥ. tasmād anuṣaṅgaḥ. atheha kathaṃ bhavitavyam? yatra nirākāṅkṣāṇāṃ sannidhau paripūraṇasamarthaḥ śrūyate, yathā citpatis tvā punātu, vākypatis tvā punātu, devasya tvā{*2/174*} savitā punātv achidreṇa pavitreṇa vasoḥ sūryasya raśmibhir iti{*2/175*}, atra hi punātv antāni paripūrṇāni na kiṃcid ākāṅkṣanti. nanv achidreṇety etad ākāṅkṣiṣyati{*2/176*}. satyam ākāṅkṣati, ākāṅkṣad apy etad ekam ākāṅkṣet, ekenaivaitan{*2/177*} nirākāṅkṣaṃ saṃpadyata iti, ekena hi nirākāṅkṣīkṛto netarāv ākāṅkṣiṣyati, an-arthakatvād ākāṅkṣati, ekena ca saṃbaddho nānarthako bhavati. tasmān netarāv ākāṅkṣatīti, itarāv api paripūrṇatvān na tam ākāṅkṣataḥ. nanv etasya vākyaśeṣasyaikam apy ākāṅkṣato na gamyate viśeṣaḥ, kena nirākāṅkṣīkriyate, kena vā neti. tenānavagamyamāne viśeṣe sarvaiḥ saha saṃbhantsyate. āha, naitad evam, yenāsya pratyakṣam ānantaryam upalabhāmahe tena saha saṃbhantsyata iti gamyate viśeṣaḥ, tasmāt tenānantareṇa saha saṃbha[136]{*2/178*}ntsyata iti nāsti sarvatrānuṣaṅga iti. āha - naitad evam, punātuśabdenāsya pratyakṣam ānantaryam upalabhāmahe, punātuśabdasyāpi citpatis tvetyevamādibhiḥ, ekaś cāsau punātuśabdaḥ punaḥ punar uccaritaḥ, tenāvagacchāmaḥ, yatra punātuśabdaḥ prayuktaḥ, tatra tenaikavākyatvād achidreṇety ayam api prayoktavyaḥ, tathā ca sati citpatis tvetyevamādayo vinā punātuśabdena, sākāṅkṣāḥ, te ca punātuśabdam ākāṅkṣanti, sa ca punātuśabdo 'chidreṇety anena viśiṣṭaḥ, tena punātuśabdena sānuṣaṅgeṇa niyogataḥ sarve nirākāṅkṣīkartavyāḥ. tasmāt sarveṣu tulyaprayogā iti vākyaparisamāptir anuṣajyate.

NOTES: *{2/171: Tait.S. 1.2.11.2}* *{2/172: E2: 2,446; E4: 2,551; E5: 2,394; E6: 1,92}* *{2/173: E2,4: ākāṅkṣāvattvāt}* *{2/174: E2,4: devas tvā}* *{2/175: Tait.S. 1.2.1.2}* *{2/176: E2: āṅkṣati, E5: ākāṅkṣati}* *{2/177: E2,4,6: ekenaiva tannirākāṅkṣaṃ}* *{2/178: E2: 2,451; E4: 2,552; E5: 2,396; E6: 1,93}*

vyavayān nānuṣajyeta // MS_2,1.49 //

saṃ te vāryur{*2/179*} vātena gacchatām, saṃ jayatrair aṅgāni{*2/180*}, saṃ yajñapatir āśiṣā{*2/181*} iti. vāryur{*2/182*} vātena gacchatām ity eṣa saṃ yajatrair aṅgānīti bahuvacanāntana vyavahitatvāt saṃyajñapatir āśiṣety atra nānuṣajyata{*2/183*}, ekena sākāṅkṣeṇa vyaveto{*2/184*} gacchatām iti śeṣaḥ, tato bahuvacanāntena saṃ yajatrair aṅgānīty etena saṃbandham anupetya vyavetatvāt pareṇa na saṃbadhyate, gamyate hi tadā viśeṣaḥ, ekena vyaveta iti, gamyamāne viśeṣe na tatra bhāvo vākyaśeṣasyopapadyate. tasmād bahuvacanāntasya parasya ca tadvyapetasya laukiko vākyaśeṣaḥ kartavya iti.

[137]{*2/185*}

NOTES: *{2/179: E2,4,6: vāyur}* *{2/180: E2,4,6: yajatrair aṅgāni}* *{2/181: Tait.S. 1.3.8.1}* *{2/182: E1,5; E2,4,6: vāyur}* *{2/183: E2: nānuṣañjate, E4: nānuṣajjate, E5: nānuṣajyate, E6: nānuṣajjyate}* *{2/184: E2,4,6: sākāṅkṣeṇāvyaveto}* *{2/185: E2: 3,1; E4: 3,1; E5: 2,401; E6: 1,94}*

śabdāntare karmabhedaḥ kṛtānubandhatvāt // MS_2,2.1 //

asti jyotiṣṭomas tatra śrūyate - somena yajeta, dākṣiṇāni juhoti, hiraṇyamātreyāya dadātīti{*2/186*}; yajati - dadāti - juhotayas te kiṃ saṃhatya kāryaṃ kurvanti, uta viyutyeti saṃśayaḥ, sādhakāḥ saṃhatyāpi sādhayanto dṛśyante, viyutyāpi. saṃhatya tāvat, trayo grāvāṇa ekāmukhāṃ dhārayanto dṛśyante, nāgadantakās tu viyutyāpi, ekaikasmin hi śakyate śikyam avalambayitum. ato yajati, dadāti, juhotavyaḥ saṃhatya sādhayeyur viyutya veti jāyate saṃśayaḥ. kiṃ tāvat prāptam, saṃhatyeti. kutaḥ? adṛṣṭārthānām upakārakalpanālpīyasī nyāyyeti. katham?

adṛṣṭo yo 'śruto vārthaḥ, sa nāstīty avagamyate/ tasminn asati dṛṣṭaś cet śruto vā na virudhyate//

virudhyamāne kalpyaḥ syāj jāyate tena so 'rthavān/ viśeṣaś cen na gamyeta, tato naiko 'pi kalpyate//

gamyate ca viśeṣaḥ, bahubhya ekam apūrvam iti. tasmāt samudāyaś cikīrṣitaḥ, tato hy adṛṣṭe kalpyamāne, avayavānāṃ samudāyaṃ praty arthavattvād ekam apūrvaṃ samudāyāt kalpitaṃ bhaviṣyati. na ca, aśabdaḥ samudāyaḥ, avayavaśabdair eva samudāyasyoktatvāt. tasmāt samudāyaś cikīrṣitaḥ. atha vā yajetety etasya pūrvo bhāgo [138]{*2/187*} yajaty arthaṃ bravīti, uttaras tam eva{*2/188*} bhāvayed ity anuvadati, evaṃ juhotīti pūrvo bhāgo juhoty artham, uttaras tam evānuvadati. tenaikasyāṃ bhāvanāyāṃ trayo yajaty ādaya upāyā vidhīyante śrutyā. tasmād etair yāgadānahomair viśiṣṭāpūrvasya bhāvanā pratīyate, ata ucyate - saṃhatyaikam apūrvaṃ sādhayantīti. yad vā yajatiśabdena vihitaṃ dānaṃ dānahomaśabdenānūdyate guṇasambandhārtham, tasmād ekam apūrvam iti prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - pratiśabdam apūrvabheda iti, śabdāntare karmabhedaḥ kṛtānubandhatvāt, yajetety anena kevalasya yāgasya kartavyatocyate, na tu juhotiśabdābhihitasya dadātiśabdābhihitasya vā, śabdāntaratvāt. prayogavākyaśeṣabhāvena hi samudāyasya sattāsambandho gamyate, śrutyāvayavasya, yajeta - iti sannihitayor api vākyena dānahomayoḥ, śrutyā yāgasyaiva sattāsambandho gamyate, na dānahomayoḥ. śrutiś ca vākyād balīyasī. tasmān na samudāyaḥ śabdaḥ, kalpyamāno hi prayogavacanenaikavākyatāṃ nītvā kalpyeta, śabdāntaraṃ ca yajater dadātiḥ. tatra yady api paro bhāgo bhāvanāvacanaḥ sarveṣu samānaḥ, tathāpy ekaikasya pūrvo 'vayavo 'nyaḥ, anyaś ca tena samudāyaḥ śabdāntaram anyasmāt samudāyāt, tatrārthāntaraṃ vyaktam, dadyād iti dānena sādhayed iti kevalam eva dānaṃ karaṇaṃ bhāvanāyāḥ pratīyate, na yāgahomau sahāyāv apekṣate. tathā juhotīti homasādhanāṃ bhāvanām āha, na dānayāgāv apekṣate. tatraitāvac chabdenāvagatam, dānena kevalena sidhyatīti juhotīty api homena kevalena sidhyatīti, na tu dānena kevalena sidhyatīti vijñānam nivartate. dadāti tarhi svena kārakagrāmeṇa kṛtānubandho na yāgaṃ homaṃ vānubandham apekṣate. tasmād bhinnāni vākyani, pratiśabdam apūrvabhedaḥ [139]{*2/189*} iti. na ca dānasya yajati juhotir vānuvādo yāgahomayor avivakṣāprasaṅgāt. na ca dānam itarayor anuvādaḥ, parasvatvārthatvād dadāteḥ, itarayoś ca tyāgārthatvāt. prayojanaṃ pūrvapakṣe samudāyād apūrvam, siddhānte tu yāgasya phalavattvād itarayor guṇabhāvaḥ.

NOTES: *{2/186: ŚPBr 4.3.4.21}* *{2/187: E2: 3,3; E4: 3,1; E5: 2,405; E6: 1,94}* *{2/188: E2,5,6 om. tam eva}* *{2/189: E2: 3,8; E4: 3,2; E5: 2,410; E6: 1,95}*

ekasyaivaṃ punaḥśrutir aviśeṣād anarthakaṃ hi syāt // MS_2,2.2 //

samidho yajati, tanūnapātaṃ yajatītyevamādiḥ{*2/190*} pañcakṛtvo 'bhyasto yajatiśabdaḥ kim ekam apūrvaṃ codayati, kiṃ pratyabhyāsam apūrvabheda iti. śabdāntare karmabheda uktaḥ, iha sa eva śabdaḥ punaḥ punar uccāryate. tasmād ekam evātrāpūrvam. nanv apūrvāntaram avidadhad anarthako bhavati. satyam evāprayojano bhavati, bahukṛtvo 'pi coccāryamāṇo nānyārtho bhavati, yat prathame uccāraṇe{*2/191*} gamyate, śatatame 'pi{*2/192*} tad eva gamyate. tasmāt pañcakṛtvo 'bhyasto yajatiśabda ekam apūrvaṃ codayati. na cābhyāso 'narthako bhaviṣyati, tanūnapādādīr devatā vidhāsyati, tasmād ekam apūrvam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - ekasyaivaṃ punaḥśrutiḥ syāt, karmabhedaṃ kuryād ity arthaḥ. tāvaty eva vidhīyamāne 'sati kasmiṃścid viśeṣe punaḥśrutir anarthakā bhavet. nanūktaṃ na śaknoty arthāntaraṃ vidhātum iti. ucyate - samidho yajatīty api prathamo 'nuvāda eva, darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ yajeteti yāgaḥ prāpta eva. tatra devatā na śakyā vidhātum, śrutiprāptā hi tatra devatā, iyaṃ vākyāt prakaraṇād vā, tayor vikalpo na nyāyyaḥ, sa eṣa devatāyāgasaṃbandho [140]{*2/193*} vidhīyamāno 'kriyamāṇe yāge na śakyaḥ kartum ity anarthakaḥ syāt. kriyamāṇe tu śakyate. tasmād abhyasitavyo yāgaḥ, pratyabhyāsaṃ cādṛṣṭabheda{*2/194*} iti, na ca yat samitsaṃbandhena kriyate, tat tanūnapātsaṃbandhena, bhinnatvāt tayoḥ, ato na vikalpaḥ. prayojanaṃ{*2/195*} pūrvapakṣe sakṛt prayoga iti, siddhānte punaḥ punaḥ prayoga iti.

NOTES: *{2/190: Tait.S. 2.6.1.1-2}* *{2/191: E2,4 (v.l.): yat prathamaṃ uccāryamāṇe}* *{2/192: E2,4 (v.l.): śatakṛtvo 'pi}* *{2/193: E2: 3,15; E4: 3,20; E5: 2,415; E6: 1,96}* *{2/194: E2,4 (v.l.): vāpūrva}* *{2/195: E2,4 (v.l.): pakṣoktaṃ}*

prakaraṇaṃ tu paurṇamāsyāṃ rūpāvacanāt // MS_2,2.3 //

evaṃ hi samāmananti - yad āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo 'māvāsyāyāṃ paurṇamāsyāṃ cācyuto bhavati{*2/196*}; tāv abrūtām agnīṣomāv ājyasyaiva tāv upāṃśu{*2/197*} paurṇamāsyāṃ yajann iti; tābhyām etam agnīṣomīyam ekādaśakapālaṃ paurṇamāse prāyacchat{*2/198*}; aindraṃ dadhyamāvāsyāyām aindraṃ payo 'māvās-yāyām iti{*2/199*}. tathāghāram āghārayati{*2/200*}; ājyabhāgau yajati, sviṣṭakṛte samavadyati, patnīsaṃyājān yajati, samiṣṭayajur juhoti{*2/201*}. tathā ya evaṃ vidvān paurṇamāsīṃ yajate, ya evaṃ vidvān amāvāsyāṃ yajata iti{*2/202*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - sarvāṇy etāni samapradhānāni, utāgneyādīni payontāni pradhānāni, āghārādīny ārādupakārakāṇy aṅgāni? tathā, ya evaṃ vidvān ity evaṃ saṃyuktau prakṛtānāṃ karmaṇām anuvaditārau, atha vā ya evaṃ vidvān paurṇamāsīṃ yajate, ya evaṃ vidvān amāvāsyāṃ yajata ity apūrvayoḥ karmaṇor vidhātārau, tatretare guṇavidhaya iti. kiṃ{*2/203*} prāptam - śabdāntara-tvād abhyāsāc ca samapradhānānīti prāpte brūmaḥ{*2/204*} - prakaraṇaṃ tu paurṇamāsyām, prakṛtānām āgneyādīnām anuvaditārau paurṇamāsyamāvāsyāsaṃyuktau. kutaḥ? rūpāvacanāt, ya evaṃ vidvān paurṇamāsīsaṃjñakaṃ yāgaṃ yajata iti na sarve yāgā [141]{*2/205*} ucyante, yaḥ paurṇamāsīsaṃjñakaḥ sa vidhīyate, na caitad evam avagacchāmaḥ, kīdṛśam evaṃsaṃjñakasya yāgasya rūpam iti, te na{*2/206*} kiṃcit pratipadyemahi. ato brūmaḥ - yady apūrvasya vidhātārāv anarthakāv iti. atha nu prakṛtānām anuvaditārau, tataḥ sannihitāḥ paurṇamāsyamāvāsyāsaṃyuktā yāgā iti gamyate rūpam, tatrārthavattā vacanasya. kathaṃ punar ekavacanānto bahūnāṃ vācako bhaviṣyatīti yady ucyate. samudāyaśabdatayāvakalpiṣyate, rūpavanto hi pūrvaprakṛtā yāgāḥ, teṣāṃ ca pracayaśiṣṭaḥ samudāyo 'py asti tadapekṣo 'yam arūpaśabdaḥ, tasmād ekavacanāntatā na doṣaḥ, bhavati hi bahūnām ekavacanāntaḥ śabdaḥ samudāyāpekṣaḥ, yathā - yūthaṃ vanaṃ kulaṃ pariṣad iti. yadāgneyādīnāṃ samudāyavacanāvetau, tadā darśapaurṇamāsaśabdenaita evābhidhīyante. tata eṣāṃ phalasaṃbandhaḥ, phalavat sannidhes tv āghārādīny ārādupakārakāṇīti.

NOTES: *{2/196: Tait.S. 2.6.3.3}* *{2/197: E1,6; E2,5: nāv upāṃśu; E4: nāv uvāṃśu}* *{2/198: Vgl. ŚPBr 1.6.2.14}* *{2/199: Tait.S. 2.5.4.1}* *{2/200: Tait.S. 2.5.11.6}* *{2/201: ŚPBr 1.9.2.25}* *{2/202: Tait.S. 1.6.9.1-2}* *{2/203: E2,4 (v.l.): kiṃ tāvat}* *{2/204: E2,4 (v.l.): ucyate}* *{2/205: E2: 3,23; E4: 3,37; E5: 2,421; E6: 1,96}* *{2/206: E2,4: tena na; E6: tena}*

viśeṣadarśanāc ca sarveṣāṃ{*2/207*} sameṣu hy apravṛttiḥ syāt // MS_2,2.4 //

yadi ca sarvāṇi samapradhānāny abhaviṣyan, na vikṛtau prayājā dṛṣṭantām dṛśyante tu - prayāje prayāje kṛṣṇalaṃ juhotīti{*2/208*}, asatyāgneyaguṇatve prayājasya tannopapadyate{*2/209*}. ato na sarvāṇi samapradhānāni.

NOTES: *{2/207: E2,4 (v.l.): pūrveṣāṃ}* *{2/208: Tait.S. 2.3.2.3}* *{2/209: E2,4: nopapadyeta}*

guṇas tu śrutisaṃyogāt // MS_2,2.5 //

naitad asti, paurṇamāsyamāvāsyāsaṃyuktau samudāyaśabdāv iti, kiṃ tv apūrvayoḥ karmaṇor vidhātārau, tathā na lakṣaṇaśabdo [142]{*2/210*} bhaviṣyati. nanu rūpaṃ nāsti. vākyāntareṇa rūpam avagamiṣyāmaḥ. paurṇamāsyām āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo bhavatīti yad etat paurṇamāsīnām karma, tasyaitad rūpam, agnir devatā, puroṅāśo dravyam iti. ata āgneyādibhir guṇo vidhīyata iti.

NOTES: *{2/210: E2: 3,32; E4: 3,70; E5: 2,425; E6: 1,97}*

codanā vā guṇānāṃ yugapac chāstrāc codite hi tadarthatvāt tasya tasyopadiśyeta // MS_2,2.6 //

karmacodanā vāgneyādayaḥ syuḥ. kutaḥ? guṇānāṃ yugapac chāsanāt, ekenaiva vākyenātrāneko guṇo vidhātum iṣyate bhavatā, na ca, śabdāntareṇa codite karmaṇy aneko guṇaḥ parasparasaṃbandhe cāsati śakyate vidhātum. katham? yadi tāvat paurṇamāsyām aṣṭākapālo bhavatīti saṃbandho vivakṣitaḥ, na tadāyam artho 'ṣṭākapālaḥ sat tayābhisaṃbadhyata iti, kas tarhy aṣṭākapālaḥ paurṇamāsyābhisaṃbandhyata iti? tatra tadā bhavatir vartate, tadānīm āgneya ity ayam asyāntikād apy upanipatito bhavati saṃbandhābhāvān nānena saṃbandham arhati, aṣṭākapāla āgneyo bhavatīti. athāgneyaḥ paurṇamāsyāṃ bhavatīti vivakṣyate. tadāgneyapuroṅāśayor asaṃbandha eva syāt. atha paurṇamāsyām aṣṭākapālasyāgneyatā vidhīyate. vaktavyam{*2/211*}, kena tasyām aṣṭākapālo vihita iti. atha tasyām āgneyasyāṣṭākapālatā. tathāpy eṣa doṣaḥ{*2/212*}. atha paurṇamāsīty ubhābhyāṃ saṃbadhyeta. paraspareṇa dravyadevatayor asaṃbandha eva{*2/213*} syāt. atha dravyadevate paraspareṇa viśiṣṭe satyau paurṇamāsyā saṃbadhyeyātām ity ucyate. āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo yaḥ, sa paurṇamāsyāṃ bhavatīti, tasyāprasiddhatvād etad apy ayuktam. atha kenacid agnaye saṅkalpitaḥ paurṇamāsyāṃ vidhīyate. tathāpi devatāyā avidhānād rūpābhāva eva. athāgnir devatā bhaviṣyatīti kaścid brūyāt. sa [143]{*2/214*} vaktavyaḥ - mithaś cānarthasaṃbandha iti, na hy āgneyaśabdo 'nuvādo vidhiś ca bhavatīti. kalpayiṣyāmo devatām iti cet. na, asati vidhāne devatāyā abhāvāt. saṃbandhiśabdo 'yaṃ devateti sa evāgnir aṣṭākapālasya devatā, nājyasya. tasmād avaśyam āgneyāṣṭākapālasaṃbandho vidhātavyaḥ, sa eṣa yāgo bhavatīti, tena paurṇamāsīyāgasyāparo yāgaḥ saṃbandhī vidhīyate, na dravyaṃ devatā vā. na ca yāgasya yāgāntaraṃ rūpaṃ bhavati. ato rūpāvacanāt paurṇamāsyam āvāsyāsaṃyuktau nāpūrvayoḥ karmaṇor vidhātārau. yat tūktam - paurṇamāsyamāvāsyāśabdau lakṣaṇayā prakṛtān yāgānanuvadituṃ śaknuto nāñjasyeneti. naiṣa doṣaḥ, yadāñjasyena śabdārtho nāvakalpate, tadā lakṣaṇayāpi kalpyamānaḥ sādhur bhavati, yathā, agnau tiṣṭhati, avaṭe tiṣṭhati, agnisamīpe, avaṭasamīpe tiṣṭhatīti bhavati saṃvyavahāraḥ. lakṣaṇāpi hi laukikyeveti.

NOTES: *{2/211: E2,4 (v.l.): tatra vaktavyam}* *{2/212: E2,4 (v.l.): tathāpi sa eva doṣaḥ}* *{2/213: E2,4 (v.l.): om. eva}* *{2/214: E2: 3,36; E4: 3,72; E5: 2,429; E6: 1,98}*

vyapadeśaś ca tadvat // MS_2,2.7 //

ugrāṇi ha vaitāni havīṃṣy amāvāsyāyāṃ saṃbhriyante, āgneyaṃ prathamam aindra uttara iti sam-uccayaṃ darśayati, āgneyādīnāṃ guṇatve vikalpaḥ syāt. tatrāgneyaṃ prathamam, aindra uttare dva iti vyavadeśo nāvakalpeta, vikalpe saṃbhārapaurvāparyānupapattir iti.

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_2,2.8 //

liṅgaṃ ca dṛśyate - caturdaśa paurṇamāsyām āhutayo hūyante, trayodaśāmāvāsyāyām iti.

[144]{*2/215*}

NOTES: *{2/215: E2: 3,38; E4: 3,85; E5: 2,435; E6: 1,99}*

pauṛṇamāsīvad upāṃśuyājaḥ syāt // MS_2,2.9 //

jāmi vā etad yajñasya kriyate yad anvañcau puroḍāśāv upāṃśuyājam antarā yajatīti{*2/216*}, viṣṇur upāṃśu yaṣṭavyo 'jāmitvāya, prajāpatir upāṃśu yaṣṭavyo 'jāmitvāya, agnīṣomāv upāṃśu yaṣṭavyāv ajāmitvāya iti. tatra sandehaḥ - upāṃśuyājamantarā yajatīti kiṃ viṣṇvādiguṇakānāṃ prakṛtānāṃ yāgānāṃ samud-āyasya vācakaḥ, atha vāpūrvasya yāgasyeti. tata ucyate - paurṇamāsīvad upāṃśuyājo bhavitum arhati. kutaḥ - nāmasaṃbandhāt, nāmasaṃbaddho hi viśiṣṭo yāgaḥ śrūyate, upāṃśuyājasaṃjñakaḥ, na ca dravyadevate rūpam, prakṛtāś copāṃśuguṇakā yāgā vidyante. tasmāt samudāyaśabda iti. nanūpāṃśuguṇakaṃ yāgāntaram upāṃśutvena rūpeṇa rūpavad vidhīyate. na evaṃjātīyakaḥ śabda upāṃśuviśiṣṭaṃ yāgaṃ śaknoti vaktum, upāṃśuyāga iti hi tasya vaktā, cajoḥ ku ghiṇṇyator{*2/217*} iti{*2/218*} kutvena bhavitavyam, avyutpannaḥ punar upāṃśuyājaśabdaḥ. tasmān na rūpavad yāgāntaram. athāpi nāmasaṃyuktaṃ yajatisāmānyam eva, tathāpy anupadiṣṭadevatādravyarūpaṃ na yāgāntaraṃ pratipadyemahi. nanv evaṃ sati prakṛtānām apy avācakaḥ prāpnoti. mā bhūd upāṃśuyājaśabdaḥ, yajatiśabdo bhaviṣyati, tathā saty upāṃśuyājaśabde 'py anuvādatvād anāñjasye 'pi na doṣaḥ.

[145]{*2/219*}

NOTES: *{2/216: Vgl. Tait.S.2.6.6.4}* *{2/217: E5: kughiṣṇatoḥ}* *{2/218: Pāṇ. 7.3.52}* *{2/219: E2: 3,40; E4: 3,90; E5: 2,439; E6: 1,99}*

codanā vāprakṛtatvāt // MS_2,2.10 //

karmāntarasya vācakaḥ syāt, upāṃśuyājaṃ yajatīti. kutaḥ? prakṛtānāṃ yāgānām abhāvāt, na cet prakṛtā vidyanta{*2/220*}, kasya samudāyaṃ vakṣyati? nanv idānīm evoktaṃ viṣṇvādiguṇakāḥ prakṛtā yāgā vidyanta iti. na vidyante, na hi, te vidhayo viṣṇur upāṃśu yaṣṭavya ityevamādayaḥ. arthavādā hi te. katham? asmin vākye vidhyantarasya bhāvāt, upāṃśuyājam antarā yajatīti etad etasmin vākye vidhī-yate. yadīme 'pi vidhīyeran, bhidyeta{*2/221*} tarhi vākyam. api ca - yāgasya viṣṇvādināṃ ca saṃbandho 'tra gamyate vākye, na ca yāgasya vidhānam. nanu ca, upāṃśuyājam antarā yajatīty atrāpy antarālasaṃbandho 'vagamyate. vāḍham{*2/222*}, sa tu vidhīyata upāṃśutvādisaṃbandhaḥ. ekaṃ hīdaṃ vākyaṃ nānekaṃ vidhātum arhati. katham? jāmi vā etad yajñasya kriyata ity evam upakramam etad vākyam ajāmitvāyety evam antam, tasya madhye samāmnātaṃ viṣṇvādivākyaṃ tena saṃbandhya-mānaṃ na vākyāntaraṃ bhavitum arhati. tasmād viṣṇur upāṃśu yaṣṭavya ityevamādayo na vidhayaḥ, kiṃ tarhy arthavādāḥ. kaḥ punar arthavādaḥ? āgneyāgnīṣomīyayor nirantaraṃ kriyamāṇayor jāmitādoṣa uktaḥ, taṃ bhiṣajitum, upāṃśuyājam antarā yajatīti vihitam. kathaṃ tena bhiṣajiṣyate? tasmin kriyamāṇe jñāyata eva, yathā viṣṇur yaṣṭavyaḥ prajāpatir agnīṣomau ceti{*2/223*}, tataś ca vyavadhānād ajāmitāvagamyata eva, tenājāmitārthavādaṃ vakṣyāmīti viṣṇvādisaṃbandho 'nūdyate, na tv antarālasaṃbandhasyānyat prayojanam asty ato vidhānāt. kathaṃ viṣṇvādayo yaṣṭavyā ity etad avagamyate? yaṣṭavyān ayaṣṭavyān vā viṣṇvādīn upāṃśuyājābhiṣṭavāya saṅkīrtayatīti gamyate. [146]{*2/224*} tatra kecit tāvad āhuḥ - prāptā eveti. kutaḥ? śākhāntare vidhānād iti. yady apy aprāptiḥ, tathāpy upāṃśutvasāmānyāt prajāpatir devatā viṣṇuś cety anuvādāv eva, upāṃśudharmāṇau hi viṣṇuprajāpatī, tasmād yatkiñcit prājāpatyaṃ yajñe kriyate, tad upāṃśv eva kriyata ityevamādisaṅkīrtanān mantrasamāmnānāc ca viṣṇum aprāptam api prāptam iva vadet. agniṣomayos tu vidhāyakam udāhriyate - etāv abrūyātām{*2/225*} agnīṣomāv vājyasyaiva tāv upāṃśu paurṇamāsyāṃ yajan iti, tasmād yāgāntaram.

NOTES: *{2/220: E2,4,5,6 (richtig): vidyante}* *{2/221: E1,5; E2,4,6: bhidyate}* *{2/222: E2,4,6: bāḍham}* *{2/223: E1,5,6; E2,4: veti}* *{2/224: E2: 3,46; E4: 3,91; E5: 2,445; E6: 1,100}* *{2/225: E1,6; E2,4,5: eva tāv abrūtām}*

guṇopabandhāt // MS_2,2.11 //

yad ucyate, na jñāyate, katamo 'sāv upāṃśuyājasaṃjñako yāga iti, yasyāyaṃ guṇa upabaddhaḥ, upāṃśu paurṇamāsyāṃ yajan iti. tasmān na doṣaḥ.

prāye vacanāc ca // MS_2,2.12 //

pradhānakarmaprāye vacanam, pradhānakarmatām upodbalayati, yathā, agryaprāye likhitaṃ dṛṣṭvā bhaved ayam agrya iti matiḥ. tasmān na samudāyaśabda iti.

āghārāgnihotram arūpatvāt // MS_2,2.13 //

āghāram āghārayatīti{*2/226*} śrūyate, tathemāny aparāṇi, ūrdhvam āghārayati, santatam āghārayati, ṛjum āghārayatītyevamādi{*2/227*}. idaṃ cāgnihotraṃ juhoti, tathā, dadhnā juhoti, payasā juhotītyevamādi. tatra sandehaḥ - kim ūrdhvam [147]{*2/228*} āghārayati, dadhnā juhotītyevamādibhir āghārā homāś ca vihitāḥ, teṣām āghāram āghārayati, agnihotraṃ juhotīty etau samudāyānuvādau, utaitāv evāpūrvayor āghārahomayor vidhātārāv iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? nāpūrvayor vidhī iti. kutaḥ? arūpatvāt, na hi, etayoḥ pūrvebhyo homāghārebhyo viśiṣṭaṃ rūpam asti. yataḥ karmāntaram adhyavaseyam. ataḥ prakṛtatvāt{*2/229*} prakṛtānuvādau.

NOTES: *{2/226: Tait.S. 2.5.11.6}* *{2/227: Tait.S. 2.5.11.7}* *{2/228: E2: 3,49; E4: 3,110; E5: 2,450; E6: 1,101}* *{2/229: E1,6; E2,4,5: prakṛtānāṃ rūpavattvāt}*

saṃjñopabandhāt // MS_2,2.14 //

saṃjñopabandhaś ca bhavati, agnihotraṃ nāma homaṃ juhotīti, āghārasaṃjñakaṃ karma karotīti, saṃjñāviśiṣṭāvāghārahomau vidhīyete. na ca vijñāyate{*2/230*}, ko 'sāv āghāro nāma karmaviśeṣaḥ, kaś āgnihotrasaṃjñaka iti. nanu vijñāyate, āghāraṇam āghāraḥ, havanaṃ homaḥ. yady āghāraṇasāmānyaṃ homasāmānyaṃ ca vidhīyete, vijñātapūrvau tarhy āghārahomau, tenānuvādau. athāvyutpannā ubhayor api saṃjñā, tathāpi nāghārāgnihotrasāmānyam ucyeta, viśeṣāśrayatvāt saṃjñāyāḥ. na ca, sa viśeṣo gamyata ity apūrvāvāghārahomavidhī nāvakalpyete. api ca kathaṃ kriyā sādhanaśabdenocyeta? īpsitatamaṃ hi yat sādhanam, tat dvitīyāntenocyate, kriyā tiṅantena. anuvādapakṣe kriyāṇāṃ samudāyo 'rthāntaram, tat īpsitatamaṃ sādhanaṃ bhaviṣyati.

NOTES: *{2/230: E1,5; E2,4,6: vijñāyete}*

aprakṛtatvāc ca // MS_2,2.15 //

na ca, prakṛtam api dravyadevatam āghāre vidyate. yena rūpavān syāt. tasmād etāv api samudāyaśabdāv iti.

[150]{*2/231*}

NOTES: *{2/231: E2: 3,52; E4: 3,120; E5: 2,459; E6: 1,101}*

codanā vā śabdārthasya prayogabhūtatvāt, tatsannidher guṇārthena punaḥ-śrutiḥ // MS_2,2.16 //

na caitad asti, samudāyaśabdāv iti, karmāntaracodane syātām. kutaḥ? śabdārthasya prayogabhūtatvāt, āghārayati, juhotīti, homāghārau prayoktavyāv iti śabdārthaḥ, tena karmāntare vidhīyeta ity avagacchāmaḥ. āghārāgnihotraśabdau ca havanāghāraṇasāmānyavācinau prajñātau, ato nāvijñātārthau. tena rūpavantau santau vidhīyete. yad uktam, ūrdhvam āghārayati, dadhnā juhotītyevamādibhir vihitatvād anuvādāv iti. naitad evam, na hy ete homāghārau vidhātuṃ śaknuvanti. ūrdhvam āghārayati, dadhnā juhotīti ca naitad uktaṃ bhavati, āghāraḥ kartavyaḥ, homaḥ kartavya iti, kiṃ tarhi, ūrdhvatāghārasaṃbandhaḥ kartavyaḥ, dadhihomasaṃbandhaḥ kartavya iti. tasmād arāptatvān nānuvādau. nanu saṃbandhe vihita arthād dhomāghārau bhaviṣyataḥ. naitad evam, asmin hi sati vidhānena saṃbandhaḥ. tasmān nārthād āpadyete homāghārau, ato 'pūrvau vidhīyeta iti brūmaḥ. nanv āghārayati, juhotīti homāghāragato vyāpāraḥ śrūyate, na dadhyūrdhvatādisaṃbandhaḥ. satyaṃ na śrūyate. tasmin nidher guṇārthena vyāpāraśravaṇam avakalpiṣyate. nanu padārthāntaragataṃ vyāpāraṃ śrutir na śaknoti vaditum. satyam evam etat, svapadārthagataṃ vakṣyati, taṃ tu svapadārthaṃ guṇaśabdo viśekṣyati, sa eva{*2/232*} viśiṣṭaḥ pratyeṣyata iti bhaved etat, viśiṣyāt svapadārthaṃ guṇaśabdaḥ, na tv eṣa{*2/233*} guṇagato vyāpāraḥ pratīyeta. tatra kiṃ bhaviṣyati? avyāpriyamāṇe 'pi guṇe śabdārthāvakḷpto bhaviṣyati. guṇavacanasannidhir idānīṃ kim arthaḥ? anarthakas tu. kathaṃ punar anarthako [149]{*2/234*} nāma vedo{*2/235*} bhavitum arhati? saty arthe nānarthakaḥ, asati tv arthe kim anyad ucyeta. evaṃ tarhi vākyād bhaviṣyati, śrutyarthe sati na vākyārtho 'vakalpyate. satyam evam etat. avivakṣite tv avakalpiṣyate. katham avivakṣā? guṇavacanasyāpramādapāṭhāt, svapadārthasya ca śabdāntareṇa vihitatvāt. tasmāt siddham - guṇārthena dadhnā juhotītyevamādīnāṃ punaḥśrutiḥ{*2/236*}. juhoter uccāraṇaṃ cānuvādo guṇasaṃbandhārthaḥ. yadi juhotīty anuvādaḥ, kenedānīṃ guṇo vidhīyate? dadhiśabdeneti mā vocata. nanv idānīm eva vākyād guṇavyāpāro{*2/237*} gamyata ity uktam. satyam evam etat, avidhīyamānas tu kuto gamyata iti, pramāṇam asya nāvagamyeta. asati pramāṇe vyāmohaḥ syāt. evaṃ tarhi vidhāyakau juhotyāghārayatiśabdau. kasya tarhy anuvādaḥ? dhātvarthasyeti brūmaḥ. yadi vidhāyakau, pūrvam eva vihite svārthe, kim arthaṃ punar uccāryete? vākyārtho yas taṃ vidhātum ity adoṣaḥ. tasmāt karmāntaracodane. yad uktam - nāsty āghāre prakṛtaṃ dravyadevatam iti. kim evaṃ sati dravyadevatena, yadā prasiddhārthābhidhānān nirjñātam evāsya rūpam. api ca, caturgṛhītaṃ vaitad abhūt tasyāghāram āghāryety ājyamasya dravyam, māntravarṇiko devatāvidhiḥ, indra ūrdhvo 'dhvaro divi spṛśatu mahato yajño yajñapata indravān svāhetyāghāram āghārayatīti{*2/238*}, evam asāv indravān yady asyendro devatā, tad yadi devatābhidhānam etad āghārasya, tato 'nenāghāraḥ kṛto bhavati. tasmāt karmāntare, na samudāyaśabdāv iti siddham.

[150]{*2/239*}

NOTES: *{2/232: E1,5; E2,4,6: eva}* *{2/233: E1,6; E2,4,5: evaṃ guṇagato}* *{2/234: E2: 3,58; E4: 3,121; E5: 2,463; E6: 1,102}* *{2/235: E1,6; E2,4,5: vede}* *{2/236: E2,4: punaḥśrutir iti}* *{2/237: E1,6; E2,4,5: guṇagato vyāpāro}* *{2/238: Vgl. Tait.S. 1.1.12.1}* *{2/239: E2: 3,64; E4: 3,153; E5: 2,466; E6: 1,103}*

dravyasaṃyogāc codanā paśusomayoḥ, prakaraṇe hy anarthako dravyasaṃyogo na hi tasya guṇārthena // MS_2,2.17 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - yo dīkṣito yad agnīṣomīyaṃ paśum ālabhata iti{*2/240*}, tatredam āmananti, hṛdayasyāgre 'vadyati, atha jihvāyāḥ, atha vakṣasa iti{*2/241*}. tathā{*2/242*} somena yajeteti, tatrāpi{*2/243*}, aindravāyavaṃ gṛhṇāti, maitrāvaruṇaṃ gṛhṇāti, āśvinaṃ gṛhṇātītyevamādi. tatra saṃśayaḥ, kim avadyati gṛhṇāti{*2/244*} - coditānāṃ karmaṇām evālabhatiyajatī samudāyasyānuvaditarau, athāpūrvayoḥ karmaṇor vidhātārāv iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? samudāyasyeti. kutaḥ? ye ime ālabhatiyajatibhyāṃ karmaṇī vidhīyeyātām iti cintyete, pūrvam eva ta avadyatigṛhṇātibhyām avagamite. na cāvagamito 'rtho vidhīyate. hṛdayādīṃs tu paśuśabdenānuvadati, somaśabdena ca rasam. tasmāt somena yajetety anuvādo yajatiḥ yajeta svargakāma iti{*2/245*} phalasambandhārthaḥ. paśum ālabheteti cālabhatir agnīṣomasaṃbandhārthaḥ. api ca, daśaitān adhvaryuḥ prātaḥsavane grahān gṛhṇātīti samuccayo dṛśyate. tathāśvino daśamo gṛhyate, tṛtīyo hūyata iti ca kramaḥ. yadi cāpūrvau yāgau vidhīyete, tatraindravāyavādibhir devatā vidhīyeran, tā ekārthāḥ santyo vikalperan. yathā, khādire badhnāti, pālāśe badhnāti rohitake badhnātīti. tatra kramasamuccayadarśane nopapadyeyātām, atha punar asmin samudāyavacane, yajatau samyag etad avakḷptaṃ bhavati. tasmāt samudāyānuvādau. [151]{*2/246*} evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - apūrvayoḥ karmaṇor vidhānacodane paśusomayoḥ. kutaḥ? soma-śabdaḥ kṣīriṇyāṃ latāyāṃ prasiddho na rase, ākṛtivacano hi somaśabdo na vyaktivacanaḥ. tathā, śṛṅgiṇi pucchavati lomaśe catuṣpadi dravyaviśeṣe paśuśabdam ākṛtivacanam upacaranti, na ca, evam ākṛtikadravyāḥ prakṛtā yāgā vidyante. yeṣām imau samudāyasyānuvaditārau bhaveyātām. nanu paśu-vikāro hṛdayādiḥ paśuśabdenāgnīṣomasaṃbandhārtham anūdyate. naitad evam, paśur agnīṣomīyo bhavatīty etāvad ucyate, nāyaṃ prakṛto hṛdayādiḥ paśur iti. tatra yadi, laukikasya paśor grahaṇaṃ tato mukhyaḥ paśuśabdaḥ, yadi hṛdayādeḥ, tato jaghanyo vikārasaṃbandhena. tathā, somaśabdo 'pi vikārasaṃbandhenānuvādaḥ syāt. tasmād apūrve karmaṇī vidhīyeyātāṃ nānuvādau. athaindravāyavādiṣu prakṛteṣu yāgeṣu latā vidhīyeteti. ucyate - na, sā śakyā vākyenaindravāyavī jñātum, śrutyā hi rasa aindravāyavaḥ. tasmād dravyasaṃyogavacanaḥ prakṛteṣu yāgeṣv api satsu vidhātum anuvadituṃ vā na śaknuvann anarthakaḥ syāt. tasmād apūrvakarmaṇī vidhīyeyātām, na prakṛtānām anuvādāv iti.

NOTES: *{2/240: Tait.S. 6.1.11.6}* *{2/241: Tait.S. 6.3.10.4}* *{2/242: E6: yathā}* *{2/243: E1,6; E2,4,5: tathā}* *{2/244: E2,4: avadyatigṛhṇātibhyāṃ}* *{2/245: E1,6; E2,4,5: svargakāmo vasante vasanta iti}* *{2/246: E2: 3,68; E4: 3,153; E5: 2,470; E6: 1,103}*

acodakāś ca saṃskārāḥ // MS_2,2.18 //

evaṃ tāvat, prakṛteṣu satsv api nānuvādāv ity uktam, athedānīm, prakṛtā eva yāgā na santīty ucyate. kutaḥ? acodakāḥ saṃskārāḥ, na ca, aindravāyavādibhir yāgā vidhīyante, tena grahaṇam upakalpanamātraṃ dṛṣṭārtham, upakalpyamāne tu devatā[152{*2/247*}]saṅkīrtanam adṛṣṭāya. ataḥ, aindravāyavaṃ gṛhṇātītīndravāyubhyāṃ saṃkalpayatīty etāvad uktaṃ bhavati, tatra yāgam antareṇa saṃkalpayatīty etan na yujyata iti yāgaḥ kalpyeta, sa evāmnāto yāgaḥ, yasmin sati saṃkalpo 'vakalpyeta. tasmān na, aindravāyavaṃ gṛhṇātītyevamādibhir yāgā vidhīyeran, prakṛtānāṃ yāgānām abhāvān na samudāyaśabdo yajatiḥ, tathā labhatiśabda{*2/248*} iti.

NOTES: *{2/247: E2: 3,72; E4: 3,167; E5: 2,474; E6: 1,104}* *{2/248: E2,4,5,6 (richtig): tathālabhatiśabda}*

tadbhedāt karmaṇo 'bhyāso dravyapṛthaktvād anarthakaṃ hi syād bhedo dravyaguṇībhāvāt // MS_2,2.19 //

paśau vṛttā kathā daśame punar udbhaviṣyati, soma idānīṃ vartate. kathaṃ kramasamuccayāv iti. indravāyvādyā devatā naivaṃ śrūyante, indravāyubhyāṃ yāgo nirvartayitavyaḥ, mitrāvaruṇābhyāṃ yāgo nirvartayitavya iti, yady evam aśroṣyanta, yāgaṃ prati devatā vyakalpiṣyanta, kevalayā hi devatayā tadā yāgo nirvartyata iti vihitam abhaviṣyat. atha punar imāḥ adṛṣṭārthaṃ gṛhṇāti saṃskāraṃ prati devatā vidhīyante, tatrendravāyusaṃkalpād anyo mitrāvaruṇasaṃkalpaḥ, tena gṛhṇātau tatkṛtād adṛṣṭād adṛṣṭāntaram utpādayati, evam apareṣv api grahaṇeṣu, tasmāt samuccayaḥ. grahaṇaṃ tu{*2/249*} niyataparimāṇeṣūrdhvapātreṣu prādeśamātreṣu niyataparimāṇeṣūdakakalaśeṣu saṃskṛtasya daśamuṣṭiparimitasya kṛtsnasya somasya nāvakalpate. yady api cāvakalpeta, tathāpi nityavihitānāṃ devatānāṃ vikalpapakṣe tāvat prayogavacano mā bādhīty ava[153]{*2/250*}yavagrahaṇam eva nyāyyam, kṛtsnagrahaṇe hi tad evendravāyubhyāṃ saṃkalpitam, tad eva mitrāvarūṇābhyām iti nāvakalpeta. tasmāt kalpanabhedāt pṛthagavasthitaḥ somo nānādevatatvād eva naikyena śakyaḥ kartum. na cāsati devatāyāge devatābhyaḥ śakyate saṃkalpayitum. tasmād avaśyaṃ yathāsaṃkalpitā devatā yaṣṭavyāḥ, tāsu cejyamānāsu jyotiṣṭomena yajeteti śruto yāgo nirvṛtta eva bhavati, na devatāntaram ākāṅkṣati, kṛtsnena ca daśamuṣṭinā somena yāgaḥ śrutaḥ, so 'saty abhyāse nāvakalpata ity arthāt sa guṇo bhaviṣyatīty abhyasitavyo yāgaḥ, na hy anabhyastaḥ sarvābhir devatābhiḥ sarveṇa ca{*2/251*} somena saṃpanno bhaviṣyati. tasmiṃś cābhyasyamāne kramasamuccayau yuktāv eva bhavataḥ, tasmāt tayor darśanaṃ yujyate eveti.

NOTES: *{2/249: E1,5,6; E2,4: ca}* *{2/250: E2: 3,79; E4: 3,174; E5: 2,478; E6: 1,105}* *{2/251: E2,4 om. ca}*

saṃskāras tu na bhidyeta, parārthatvād dravyasya guṇabhūtatvāt // MS_2,2.20 //

yad apy ucyate - yathā khādire badhnāti, pālāśe badhnātīti khādirādayaḥ saṃskāre vikalpante, tadvad devatā vikalpayiṣyanta iti, tac ca naivaṃ yuktam, tatra saṃskāram abhinirvartayituṃ khādirādayaḥ śrūyante. yadi cendravāyvādyā api grahadevatā yāgam abhinirvartayituṃ śrūyeran, tato 'trāpi vikalpaḥ syāt, na tv etā yāge śrutāḥ. tasmāt samuccīyeran.

pṛthaktvaniveśāt saṅkhyayā karmabhedaḥ syāt // MS_2,2.21 //

asti vājapeyaḥ, vājapeyena svārājyakāmo yajeteti, [154]{*2/252*} tatra prājāpatyāḥ paśavaḥ, saptadaśa prājāpatyān paśūn ālabhate, saptadaśo vai prajāpatiḥ, prajāpater āptyai śyāmāstūparā ekarūpā bhavanti, evam eva hi prajāpatiḥ samṛddhyai{*2/253*}. tatra sandihyate - kiṃ saptadaśaitāni karmāṇi, atha saptadaśapaśuguṇakam ekaṃ karmeti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? ekaṃ karmeti. kutaḥ? prajāpataye saptadaśa paśavaḥ saṅkalpyante. kim ekaṃ yāgam abhinivartayitum uta bahūn iti saṃśaye ekam iti nyāyyaṃ, yo hi bahūn yāgān kalpayati, kalpayaty asāv ekam, tatraikasminn eva parikḷpte saptadaśānām eva paśūnāṃ parikalpanam upapannaṃ bhavati, kena ca dvitīyādīn yāgān avakalpayema. evaṃ saty{*2/254*} alpīyasy adṛṣṭānumānaprasaṅgakalpanā bhavati. tasmād eko yāgaḥ saptadaśabhiḥ paśubhir nirvartyate{*2/255*}. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - saṅkhyayā karmabhedo bhavet, pṛthaktve paśūnāṃ sati saptadaśasaṅkhyā niviśeta, tac ca paśūnāṃ pṛthaktvaṃ bahuṣu yāgeṣv avakalpate, naikasmin. katham? ekādaśabhir avadānair asau yāgo nivartayitavya ity evaṃ codakaḥ pratidiśati, tāni caikasmād eva paśor avāpyante, tatra dvitīyāder ālambho nāvadānasaṃpādanāya bhavitum arhati, ekam ālabhyamānam anvālabhyerann adṛṣṭārthāyāpare, tathāsaty{*2/256*} atadarthatvān na te prājāpatyā bhaveyuḥ, tatra prājāpatyān iti śravaṇam uparudhyeta{*2/257*}. tenaikasmin paśau pṛthaktve niveśinī saptadaśasaṅkhyā nāvakalpyeta, bahuṣu yāgeṣu bahubhir evāvadānagaṇaiḥ prayojanam, tena saptadaśabhyo yāgebhyaḥ saptadaśa paśūn upādadīraṃs tatra saṅkhyāsāmaṃ jasyaṃ bhaviṣyati, tasmāt saptadaśa yāgāḥ. nanv ekasminn api yāge saptadaśabhir avadānagaṇair yakṣyate vacanāt. naitad evam, paśuṣu hiṃ sā saṅkhyā śrūyate, nāvadānagaṇeṣu. avadānāni havīṃṣi yāgasādhanāni, na paśvākṛtiḥ, sā hy avadānaprakṛtidravyaṃ viśiṣantī prakṛtau pradhānasyopakṛtavatīti [155]{*2/258*} vikṛtāv apy avadānaprakṛtidravyaṃ viśiṣantī pradhānasyopakariṣyati, tatra ca paśoḥ saptadaśasaṅkhyā vikārikā, nāvadānagaṇasya, tasmād ekasmai avadānagaṇāyaikaḥ paśur ālabdhavyaḥ prāpnoti, tatra saptadaśasaṅkhyā nopapadyate, evam evāvakalpiṣyate. yadi śṛṅgābhiprāyā varṇābhiprāyā rūpābhiprāyā vābhiviṣyan saptadaśapaśavaḥ śvetaḥ kṛṣṇo rohita ityevamādayaḥ, teṣām anyatamo gṛhyata iti, athavā tūparāḥ śṛṅgiṇa ekaśṛṅgā ityevamādayaḥ, teṣām anyatama iti, te hi śyāmās tūparā ekarūpāḥ śrūyante, tadeṣu bahuṣu yāgeṣūpapadyate, naikasmin. tasmāt saptadaśa yāgā iti. prayojanam ekasminn aṣṭe duṣṭe kṛtsnaḥ paśugaṇa āvarteta, ekam ālabhyamānam anvālabheran, pūrvapakṣe 'dṛṣṭārtham. siddhānta eka eva paśur āvartate, na hi karmabhede paśuḥ paśvantaram ākāṅkṣatīti.

NOTES: *{2/252: E2: 3,80; E4: 3,188; E5: 2,482; E6: 1,105}* *{2/253: Tait.S. 1.3.4.3}* *{2/254: E1,5; E2,4,6 om. saty}* *{2/255: E1,6; E2,4,5: nirvartayitavya}* *{2/256: E1,5; E2,4,6: tathā saty}* *{2/257: E2,4: uparudhyate}* *{2/258: E2: 3,85; E4: 3,189; E5: 2,488; E6: 1,106}*

saṃjñā cotpattisaṃyogāt // MS_2,2.22 //

athaiṣa jyotir athaiṣa viśvajyotir athaiṣa sarvajyotir iti. atra{*2/259*} saṃdehaḥ, kim ebhir nāmadheyaiḥ prakṛtaṃ jyotiṣṭomaṃ saṅkīrtya tatra sahasradakṣiṇādiguṇo vidhīyate, atha vā vakṣyamāṇaviśeṣāṇi karmāntarāṇy upadiśyanta iti. kiṃ prāptam, prakaraṇānugrahāt prakṛtasya guṇavidhānam iti. nanu vākyasāmarthyāj jyotirādīnām ete guṇā vidhāyiṣyante. naiṣa doṣaḥ, jyotiṣṭomasyaivaitāni vācakāni, jyotir iti jyotiṣṭomasya pratīkam upādīyate, viśvajyotir iti trivṛdādīny asya jyotīṃṣi vākyaśeṣasaṅkīrtitāni, tāni sarvāṇy asya, tenāsau viśvajyotiḥ sarvajyotiś ca jyotiṣṭoma iti evaṃ prāptam. [156]{*2/260*} evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - saṃjñā hi tisro bhedikāḥ, teṣāṃ jyotir ādyāḥ, utpattivākye hy etāḥ śrūyante, tāsām{*2/261*} imāḥ punaḥ śrutayaḥ. tasmād athaiṣa jyotir ity apūrvasya karmaṇo vidhāyakaṃ vākyam, anuvāde hi saty apravṛttiviśeṣakaram anarthakaṃ syāt. prakṛtasya ca guṇavidhāne vikalpo bhavet, tatra pakṣe bādhaḥ, na ca jyotirādayo jyotiṣṭomasya vaditāraḥ, samudāyāntarāṇi hy etāni, na cāvayavena samānena samudāyāntaraṃ tadartham eva bhavati, yathā śālāśabdo gṛhavacanaḥ, tatra na śālāśabdasāmānyān mālāśabdādayo 'pi gṛhavacanā bhavanti. yat tu jyotiṣṭomasya jyotir iti pratīkam upādīyata iti. prakaraṇasāmarthyād dhi tatra jyotiṣṭomaśabdena parokṣenaikavākyatā bhavet, sā pratyakṣaṃ jyotiḥśabdena sahaikavākyatāṃ bādheta, nacaitan nyāyyam, vākyaṃ hi prakaraṇād balīyaḥ. atha punar ayaṃ dyotanārthatvād vā jyotiṣṭomatvād vā karmāntare vatsyati, yac{*2/262*} ca trivṛdādīni jyotīṃṣi teṣāṃ sākalyavacano viśvajyotiḥ sarvajyotir iti cet. neti brūmaḥ, na hi trivṛdādiṣu jyotiḥśabdaḥ prasiddhaḥ, evaṃ bruvan prasiddhaṃ bādheta. yat tu vākyaśeṣāj jyotiḥśabdas trivṛdādivacana iti, tasminn eva vākye sa tatra prayukta iti gamyate pramāṇāntareṇa na śabdena, yatra tu tatpramāṇāntaraṃ nāsti, na tatra vartitum arhati, yathā siṃho devadatta iti siṃhaśabdo devadattavacanaḥ pramāṇāntareṇa, na tu siṃham ālabheteti yatra, tatra tu tatpramāṇāntaraṃ nāsti. tasmān na viśvajyotiḥ sarvajyotir iti{*2/263*} ca jyotiṣṭomasya vaditārau, na cej jyotiṣṭoma ucyate, sarvāṇi kamāntarāṇi{*2/264*}

[157]{*2/265*}

NOTES: *{2/259: E1,5,6; E2,4: sarvajyotir etena sahasradakṣiṇena yajeteti śrūyate. atra}* *{2/260: E2: 3,90; E4: 3,206; E5: 2,494; E6: 1,107}* *{2/261: E2,4: nāsām}* *{2/262: E1,5; E2,4,6: yaś}* *{2/263: E2,4,5,6 om. iti}* *{2/264: E2,4,6: kamāntarāṇīti}* *{2/265: E2: 3,92; E4: 3,216; E5: 2,497; E6: 1,107}*

guṇaś cāpūrvasaṃyoge vākyayoḥ samatvāt // MS_2,2.23 //

cāturmāsyeṣu vaiśvadeve samāmananti, tapte payasi dadhyānayati sā vaiśvadevy āmikṣā vājibhyo vājinam iti{*2/266*}. tatra sandihyate, kim āmikṣāguṇake karmaṇi vājinaṃ guṇavidhiḥ, uta tasmād vājina-guṇakaṃ karmāntaram{*2/267*}? kiṃ prāptam? guṇavidhir iti. kutaḥ? vājenān nenāmikṣayā vājino viśve-devās tān anūdya vājinaṃ vidhīyate, tenobhayaṃ vaiśvadevam, āmikṣā vājinaṃ ca. tasminn eva ca karmaṇi vājinaguṇavidhiḥ. yathā agnihotraṃ juhotīty ukte dadhnā juhoti, payasā juhotīti{*2/268*}. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - guṇaś cāprakṛtena devatābhidhānena saṃbandhyamānaḥ karmāntaraṃ vidadhyāt, same hi tadaite vākye bhavataḥ, ubhe apy apūrvayor yāgayor vidhātṛṇī. kathaṃ punar apūrvadevatābhidhānam? yadedānīm eva uktam, viśveṣāṃ devānām anuvādo vājinam{*2/269*} iti. tad ucyate - iha viśveṣāṃ devānāṃ devatātvaṃ kvacic chrutyā, kvacit vākyena. tad dhitanirdeśe śrutyā, caturthīnirdeśe vākyena. yatra śrutyā devatātvam, tatrāmikṣayā sahaikavākyatvam. yatra caturthī, tatra vājinena, tatraiṣām ekatra śrutyā devatātvam, vākyena dravyaviśeṣasaṃbandhaḥ. ekatrobhayam api vākyena. tad iha devatātvaṃ prati śrutivākyayor virodhaḥ, virodhe ca śrutir balīyasīty āmikṣāvākye devatātvaṃ viśveṣāṃ devānām, na vājinavākya ity adhyavasīyate, tenāvagamyate, aprakṛtena devatāpadenāsya saṃbandha iti. tasmāt karmāntaram iti.

atha yad upavarṇitam, yathāgnihotraṃ juhotīty ukte dadhnā juhotītyevamādayo guṇavidhaya iti. tatrocyate - [158]{*2/270*}

NOTES: *{2/266: Vgl. Mait.S. 1.10.1}* *{2/267: E2,4: karmāntaram iti}* *{2/268: Vgl. Tait.Br. 2.1.5.4}* *{2/269: E1,6; E2,4,5: vājibhya}* *{2/270: E2: 3,102; E4: 3,234; E5: 2,502; E6: 1,108}*

aguṇe tu karmaśabde guṇas tatra pratīyeta // MS_2,2.24 //

yuktaṃ yat tatra guṇavidhānam, na tatrāprakṛtena kenacid guṇena saṃbandhaḥ, prakṛtena tv asti yāgena. tasmād anupavarṇanam etat. atha vādhikaraṇāntaram, dadhnā juhotītyevamādīni karmāntarāṇi, vikalpaparijihīrṣayāvakalpyante. tad eva tu karma juhotītiśabdād avagamyate, na karmāntaram. tasmāt tatraiva guṇavidhiḥ, vacanād vikalpaś ceti siddham.

phalaśrutes tu karma syāt, phalasya karmayogitvāt // MS_2,2.25 //

agnihotraṃ prakṛtya samāmananti, dadhnendriyakāmasya juhuyād ityevamādi{*2/271*}. tatra saṃśayaḥ, kim agnihotrahomād dhomāntaraṃ dadhyādihomaḥ, uta dadhyāder guṇāt phalam iti. kiṃ prāptam? homāntaram iti. kutaḥ? phalaśruteḥ, phalam iha śrūyate, tac ca karmaṇo nyāyyam. kiṃ dṛṣṭaṃ hi karmaṇaḥ phalam? kṛṣyādito vrīhyādi. neti brūmaḥ, na hy etad dṛṣṭenānena sidhyati, yadi darśanaṃ hetuḥ [159]{*2/272*} phalajñāne, kṛṣyādau padārthe taddarśanam, na home. atha kṛṣau dṛṣṭam anyatrāpi bhavati. dravyād api prasajyate. atha kṛṣisadṛśād bhavatīty ucyate, kṛṣisadṛśo homaḥ kriyātvāt, na dravyam, asadṛśaṃ hi tad iti. homo 'py asadṛśaḥ, mantradevatādisādhanatvād dhomasya, lāṅgalādisādhanatvāc ca kṛṣeḥ. tyāgātmakatvād dhomasya, pāṭanātmakatvāc ca kṛṣeḥ. atha kiṃcit sādṛśyaṃ gṛhyate. dravyasyāpi sad anityam ityevamādi kiṃcit sādṛśyam asti. atha dravyād anyat sadṛśataram astīti kṛtvā na dravyaṃ sadṛśam ity ucyate. homād apy anyat kṛṣeḥ sadṛśataram asti dṛṣṭārtham iti kṛtvā homo 'py asadṛśaḥ syāt. na caitat siddham, yat kvacit dṛśyate, tad anyasmin sadṛśamātre 'dṛṣṭam api bhavitum arhatīti, yad dhi yasya kāraṇabhūtaṃ dṛṣṭaṃ siddhe, tac cet sādhye 'pi kāraṇabhūtam ity avagamyate, bhavati tat tasya sādhakam, yan na jñāyate kāraṇabhūtam iti, na tat sadṛśam api sādhakam. tasmāt sadṛśam api sādhakam asādhakaṃ veti parīkṣitavyam iti. atha yat karma tat phalavad dṛṣṭam, homo 'pi karma, tenāpi phalavatā bhavitavyam iti. uparate karmaṇi dravyāṇāṃ tatsaṃyogānāṃ ca dravyāntaraṃ phalaṃ dṛṣṭam iti dravyam api phalavat syāt. api ca kṛṣer nādṛṣṭam iti tatsādṛśyād dhomād api nādṛṣṭaṃ bhavet, kṛṣisādṛśyād vā vrīhir eva bhavet, nendriyam. tasmān naivaṃjātīyakeṣv etad bhavati dṛṣṭād adṛṣṭasiddhir iti. kathaṃ tarhi homān nyāyyaṃ phalam iti. ucyate, śabdenāvagamyate tatphalam, yataḥ phalam iti śabda āha, tato nyāyyam, homāc ca phalam iti śrutyā śabdena gamyate, dadhnaḥ phalam iti vākyena, śrutiś ca vākyād balīyasī. tasmāt homāt phalam iti nyāyyam, dadhnaḥ phalam iti cānyāyyam. api ca dadhy ubhayam asamartham, kartuṃ phalam, sādhayituṃ homaṃ ca. [160]{*2/273*} nanu kambalanirṇejanavad etad bhaviṣyati, nirṇejanaṃ hy ubhayaṃ karoti, kambalaśuddhiṃ pādayoś ca nirmalatām. na brūmaḥ, ekasyobhayaṃ prayojanam abhiniṣpādayituṃ sāmarthyaṃ nāstīti, kiṃ tarhi phale guṇabhūtaṃ dadhi home cety ekaṃ vākyaṃ vaditum asamartham iti. yadi phalaṃ dadhnā kuryād iti brūyāt, na dadhnā homam iti, atha dadhnā homaṃ sādhayed iti brūyāt, na phalam iti. ubhayavacane bhidyeta vākyam, abhinnaṃ cedam upalabhyate. tasmān na guṇāt phalam ity agnihotrahomād dadhihomaḥ karmāntaram iti. NOTES: *{2/271: Tait.Br. 2.1.5.6}* *{2/272: E2: 3,106; E4: 3,234; E5: 2,507; E6: 1,109}* *{2/273: E2: 3,109; E4: 3,235; E5: 2,512; E6: 1,109}*

atulyatvāt tu vākyayor guṇe tasya pratīyeta // MS_2,2.26 //

tuśabdāt pakṣo viparivartate, na karmāntaram, kiṃ tu guṇāt phalam iti. katham? atulye hy ete vākye, agnihotraṃ juhuyāt svargakāma ity atra karmasamabhivyāhṛtaṃ phalaṃ svargakāmo homena kuryād iti, dadhnendriyakāmasya juhuyād iti guṇasamabhivyāhṛtam. na hy atra homa indriyāya kartavya iti pratīyate, kiṃ tarhi dadhnā homa indriyakāmasyeti, homasya dadhisaṃbandha indriyāya, na homasyotpattiḥ, ya indriyakāmaḥ syāt, sa dadhnā homaṃ kuryād iti. katamo 'tra śabdaḥ puruṣaprayatnasya vakteti. juhuyād iti brūmaḥ. nanu śrutyā homasaṃbaddham eṣa puruṣaprayatnaṃ vadati, vākyena dadhisaṃbandham, na ca, vākyaṃ śrutim apabādhitum arhati. na ca, yugapad ubhayasaṃbandho na virudhyate, vākyaṃ hi tathā bhidyeteti. atrocyate - ye bhavadīyaṃ pakṣam āśrayeran, te śrutim apabādher antarām{*2/274*}, asmadīye tu punaḥ pakṣe juhuyād iti dhātvarthaḥ kevalo 'pabādhito bhavati, yuṣmadīye tu kṛtsna eva dadhneti śabdaḥ. taṃ cāpramādyantaḥ samāmanantīti gamyate. na caitat pramattagītam, [161]{*2/275*} ity uktam, tulyaṃ hi sāṃpradāyikam iti. tasmān na karmasamabhivyāhṛtaṃ phalam, guṇasamabhi-vyāhṛte tu na kaścit pramādapāṭhaḥ, avaśyaṃ hi, juhuyād iti dadhnendriyakāmayoḥ saṃbandhavi-dhānārthaṃ vaktavyaṃ bhavati. nanūcyamāne 'pi na kevalaḥ karoty artho 'vagamyate, kevale na vacaḥprayojanam, sa ca homasaṃbaddhaḥ, tasmād asamañjasam iti. neti brūmaḥ, homasaṃbaddho 'py asau karoty artha eva, kevalaṃ tv asya homasaṃbandhe viśeṣaḥ, na tu karoty arthatāṃ bādhate, indriyakāmasya homasaṃbaddhaṃ prayatnaṃ dadhisaṃbaddhaṃ kuryād iti. nanv evaṃ sati sa eva doṣaḥ, homasamabhivyāhṛtaṃ phalam iti. ucyate - juhuyād iti śabdasyaitatsāmarthyam, yad dhomaviśiṣṭaṃ prayatnam āha, na tv atra homaḥ sādhanatvena vidhīyate, sādhyatvena viśiṣṭas tu prayatno vākyena dadhyāśrito 'vagamyate, ata eva ca vṛttikāreṇoktam - homam āśrito guṇaḥ phalaṃ sādhayiṣyatīti, yathā rājapuruṣo rājānam āśrito rājakarma karotīti. tasmād dadhnaḥ phalam, ya indriyakāmaḥ, sa dadhnā kuryād indriyam iti. katham iti. anayāgnihotretikartavyatayeti. kuta etat? phalasādhanasya dadhna itikartavyatākāṅkṣatvāt, asyāś cetikartavyatāyāḥ sannidhānāt, codanāliṅgasya ca juhoty arthasya darśanāt. yasmād eva cāyaṃ juhoty 'rtho 'nuvādaḥ, tasmād avidhāyakaḥ. na ca, anyad dhomasya vidhāyakaṃ nāstīti, tasmān na karmāntaram, tasmād dadhnaḥ phalam iti. atha vā dadhiśabdasya vivakṣitārthatvād dadhihomasaṃbandho 'yaṃ vākyena vidhīyate, tena dadhno homena saṃbadhyamānāt phalaṃ bhaviṣyatīti.

[162]{*2/276*}

NOTES: *{2/274: E2,4,5,6: apabādheraṃstarām}* *{2/275: E2: 3,112; E4: 3,249; E5: 2,516; E6: 1,111}* *{2/276: E2: 3,117; E4: 3,262; E5: 2,524; E6: 1,111}*

sameṣu karmayuktaṃ syāt // MS_2,2.27 //

trivṛd agniṣṭud agniṣṭomas tasya vāyavyāsv ekaviṃśam agniṣṭomasāmakṛtvā brahmavarcasakāmo yajeteti, etasyaiva revatīṣu vāravantīyam agniṣṭomasāma kṛtvā paśukāmo hy etena yajeteti. atrāyam arthaḥ sāṃśayikaḥ, kiṃ tasyaivāgniṣṭuto 'gniṣṭomasya guṇād vāravantīyāt paśavaḥ phalam, etena yajeteti anuvādaḥ, atha kim etena yajeteti karmāntaram iti. kiṃ prāptam? na karmāntaraṃ guṇāt phalam iti. kutaḥ? etena yajeteti viditasyaitad vacanam, nāviditasya, ato na vidhyantaram, paśukāma evaṃ yajetety ucyate, na yajeteti, kathaṃ kṛtvā? vāravantīyaṃ kṛtveti. api ca, etasyaiveti vispaṣṭam akarmāntaravacanam. tasmād guṇāt phalam ity evaṃ prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - sameṣv evaṃjātīyakeṣu bhinnavākyeṣu karmayuktaṃ phalaṃ bhavet, etasyaiva revatīṣu vāravantīyaṃ kṛtveti, na hy etasya revatyaḥ santi, yāsv asya vāravantīyaṃ bhavet, tatra revatyo [163]{*2/277*} bhavanti, tāsu ca vāravantīyaṃ vidhīyeteti vākyam bhidyeta. athocyeta, asya pūrvā revatīr upādāya tāsu ca vāravantīyaṃ kṛtvā, etena yajetety anuvadatīti. tathāgniṣṭomasāmeti nāvakalpyeta. athāgniṣṭomasāmakārye bhavatīty ucyate. etasyaivety etad avivakṣitaṃ syāt. ubhayasmin vivakṣyamāṇe bhidyeta vākyam, tasmāt karmāntaram. atha karmāntare katham avākyabhedaḥ. revatīṣu ṛkṣu vāravantīyaṃ sāma kṛtvā paśukāmo yajetety apūrvo yāgaḥ sarvair viśeṣaṇair viśiṣṭo vidhīyate, tenaikārthatvam, vibhāge ca sākāṅkṣatvam ity ekavākyatvam upapadyate. nanv arthabhedo yāgaś caivaṃ hy apūrvaḥ kartavyaḥ, revatīṣu vāravantīyam apūrvam iti. neti brūmaḥ, nirvṛttavāravantīyarevatīguṇako yāgo vidhīyate, na vāravantīyanirvṛttiḥ, arthād revatīṣu vāravantīyam abhinirvartsyati, śakyate ca tan nirvartayitum. ucyate - revatīnāṃ vāravantī yasya ca saṃbandho na vihitaḥ syāt, tatra ca revatīṣv anyāny api sāmāni bhaveyuḥ. vāravantīyaṃ cānyāsv api ṛkṣu. naiṣa doṣaḥ, kṛtvety abhinirvṛttaḥ saṃbandho yāgāyocyate, tena saṃbandho gamyate, dvāv apy etāv arthau kṛtvety eṣa śabdaḥ śaknoti vaditum, abhinirvṛttiṃ pūrvakālatāṃ ca, yathā śoṇamānaya - iti raktaguṇasaṃbaddho 'śvaḥ śabdenaivānayato{*2/278*} vidhīyata iti, na vākyabhedo bhavati, evam atrāpi draṣṭavyam. nanv evam api bahavo 'rthāḥ, revatyaḥ, vāravantīyam, tatsaṃbandhaḥ, yāgaḥ, paśukāmaś ceti. naiṣa doṣaḥ, bahavaḥ śrūyante, eko 'tra vidhīyate, yāgo viśiṣṭaḥ. nanu revatyo 'pi vidhīyante, vāravantīyam api, yadi na vidhīyeran, naiva tadviśiṣṭo yāgaḥ pratīyeta, na hy avidhāya viśeṣaṇam, śakyate viśiṣṭo vidhātum, tasmād bahuṣu vidhīyamāneṣu naikārthyam. atrocyate - artha iti prayojanam abhidhīyate, yāvanti padāny ekaṃ prayojanam abhi[164]{*2/279*}nirvartyanti, tāvanty ekaṃ vākyam, na ca, atra bahūni prayojanāni, na hi, atrānekasyābhipretasyānekaṃ padaṃ vidhāyakam asti, revatīṣv iti naitat kevalaṃ revatīnāṃ vidhāyakam, revatīṣu vāravantīyam iti. atrāpi padadvaye vāravantīyaśabdo dvitīyāntaḥ, nāsmāt saṃbandho 'bhipreto gamyate, prātipadikārthasyāvyatirekāt, kṛtvety api karotir na saṃbandhamātre paryavasitaḥ paraprayojanasaṃbandham āha. evaṃ viśiṣṭas tu yajatir na parārthaḥ, tad ekam eṣāṃ padārthānāṃ prayojanam, tasmād ekavākyatvam. guṇe punaḥ phale prakalpyamāna agniṣṭomasāmnaḥ kārye vāravantīyam, etasya ca yadagniṣṭomasāmeti vākyabhedaḥ syāt. athocyate, revatyādisarvaviśeṣeṇa viśiṣṭo yāga etasyāgniṣṭuto vidhīyeta. tathāpi paśukāmasaṃbandhād bhidyeta vākyam. athaivam ucyeta, revatīṣu kṛtena vārayantīyena paśukāmo yajeteti. naivaṃ śakyam, ṛgantarapragāṇād viśeṣahānād vaiguṇyaṃ syāt. nanv idānīm evoktam, śakyate hi revatīṣu vāravantīyaṃ kartum iti. sati vacane śakyam, asati vacane na vāravantīyagrahaṇena gṛhyante. vacanaṃ tarhi bhaviṣyati, paśukāmo revatīṣu vāravantīyam abhinirvartayet, tato yajeteti yajatir anuvādaḥ. yadi vacanaṃ revatīṣu vāravantīyasaṃbandhasya, siddhaṃ karmāntaram, nāgniṣṭuto guṇavidhiḥ. nanu tato yajeteti yāgānuvādād yāgenāsyāṅgaprayojanasaṃbandho bhaviṣyati. naivaṃ śakyam, yāgaṃ pratyaṅgabhāve vidhīyamāne{*2/280*} paśukāmaṃ pratyasaṃbandhaḥ, ubhayasaṃbandhe vākyaṃ bhidyeta. atha yāgasaṃbandho 'nuvādaḥ, prakareṇa cāṅgatā. nedam upapannam, prakaraṇād dhi vākyaṃ balavattaram, tasmāt karmāntaram, yāgaguṇakaṃ vā revatīṣu vāravantīyam, tadguṇako vā yāgaḥ, tatra yāgapaśukāmayoḥ saṃbandhasya vidhātrīṃ yajater uparitanīṃ vibhaktim upalabhāmahe liṅgam, na tu revatīvāravantīyasaṃbandhasya [165]{*2/281*} vidhāyakaṃ sākṣāt kiṃcid upalabhyate. tasmāt sarvaviśeṣaṇaviśiṣṭo yāgaḥ, paśukāmasya vidhīyata iti siddham. atha punar viśiṣṭe yāge vidhīyamāne, tad revatīṣu vāravantīyaṃ katham agniṣṭomasāma bhavatīti? ucyate - vacanād agniṣṭomasāmnaḥ kārye bhaviṣyatīti, kim iva hi vacanaṃ na kuryāt, nāsti vacanasyātibhāraḥ. atha yad uktam etasyaiveti, anantarāpekṣaṃ vacanam iti tatrāpy avirodhād etaddharmakasyeti lakṣaṇāśabdo bhaviṣyati. tasmān na guṇāt phalam, karmāntaram evaṃ dharmakam iti, siddhaṃ sameṣv evaṃjātīyakeṣu karmayuktaṃ phalam iti.

NOTES: *{2/277: E2: 3,123; E4: 3,263; E5: 2,526; E6: 1,111}* *{2/278: E1,6; E2,4,5: śabdenaivānayatau}* *{2/279: E2: 3,127; E4: 3,263; E5: 2,538; E6: 1,112}* *{2/280: E2,4 om. vidhīyamāne}* *{2/281: E2: 3,130; E4: 3,264; E5: 2,542; E6: 1,113}*

saubhare puruṣaśruter nidhanaṃ kāmasaṃyogaḥ // MS_2,2.28 //

yo vṛṣṭikāmo yo 'nnādyakāmo yaḥ svargakāmaḥ, sa saubhareṇa stuvīta sarve vai kāmāḥ saubhara iti{*2/282*} samāmnāya tataḥ samāmananti, hīṣiti vṛṣṭikāmāya nidhanaṃ kuryāt, ūrgityannādyakāmāya, ū - iti svargakāmāyeti{*2/283*}. tatra vicāryate, kiṃ saubharam, vṛṣṭer nimittam, hīṣ ity etad aparaṃ vṛṣṭer nimittam, atha saubharam eva vṛṣṭer nimittam? yadā tad vṛṣṭer nimittam, tadā hīṣ iti saubharasya nidhanaṃ kartavyam iti (evaṃ ūrgityannādyakāmasya, ū - iti svargakāmasya ca tulyo vicāraḥ.){*2/284*} kathaṃ nidhanād aparaṃ phalam? kathaṃ vā nidhanavyavasthārthaṃ śravaṇam iti, yady evam abhi[166]{*2/285*}saṃbandhaḥ kriyate, hīṣ iti vṛṣṭikāmāya kuryād iti, tato nidhanād aparaṃ phalam, athaivam abhisaṃbandhaḥ, hīṣ iti nidhanaṃ kuryād iti, tadā nidhanavyavasthārthaṃ śravaṇam, tadā vṛṣṭikāmāyeti saubharaviśeṣaṇaṃ kriyate, na hīṣā saṃbandhaḥ. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? saubhare nidhane 'paraḥ kāmo vidhīyata iti. kutaḥ? puruṣaśruteḥ, puruṣaprayatnasyātra śravaṇaṃ bhavati, kuryād iti, tad vṛṣṭikāmasya hīṣaś ca saṃbandhe kartavye vaktavyaṃ bhavati, na tu saubharanidhanasaṃbandhe, tatra hi sāṅgaṃ saubharaṃ kuryād iti prayogavacanasāmarthyād eva siddham. tasmāt kuryād iti puruṣaprayatnavacanād avagacchāmaḥ, yatarasmin pakṣe puruṣaprayatnavacanam arthavat tataro 'yaṃ pakṣa iti, tatra asmin pakṣe 'rthavat, nidhanād aparaṃ phalam iti. tasmāt saubhara ekaḥ kāmaḥ, bhedena nidhanād api dvitīyaḥ kāma iti. atha vā vṛṣṭikāmāyeti puruṣaśrutiḥ, vṛṣṭiṃ yaḥ kāmayate, sa puruṣo vṛṣṭikāmaśabdenocyate, tad asmin pakṣe śrutir viniyoktrī, itarasmin pakṣe punar vṛṣṭikāmaśabdena puruṣavacanena satā saubharaṃ lakṣyeta, tathā lakṣaṇāśabdaḥ syāt. śrutilakṣaṇāviṣaye ca śrutir nyāyyā, na lakṣaṇā. tasmāt paśyāmo nidhane dvitīyaḥ kāma iti. evaṃ ca phalabhūyastvaṃ bhaviṣyati, tasmān nidhane 'paraḥ kāmaḥ.

NOTES: *{2/282: Tāṇḍya. Br. 8.8.18,20}* *{2/283: Tāṇḍya. Br. 8.8.19}* *{2/284: In E1 geklammert}* *{2/285: E2: 3,133; E4: 3,290; E5: 2,544; E6: 1,114}*

sarvasyoktakāmatvāt{*2/286*} tasmin kāmaśrutiḥ syāt, nidhanārthā punaḥśrutiḥ // MS_2,2.29 //

vāsabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. na caitad asti, yad uktam, nidhane 'paraḥ kāma iti, naivaṃ saṃbandhaḥ kriyate, vṛṣṭikāmāya hīṣ iti kuryād iti. kathaṃ tarhi? hīṣ iti nidhanaṃ saubharasyeti. katham? hīṣo vṛṣṭikāmasaṃbandhe kriyamāṇe, nidhanaṃ [167]{*2/287*} kuryād iti saṃbandho na kṛtaḥ syāt, tatra hīṣ iti nidhanam iti nāvakalpyeta, tatrobhayasaṃbandhe vākyabhedaḥ, tatra nidhanaśabdaḥ pramādasamāmnāta iti gamyeta{*2/288*}, nacaivaṃjātīyakaḥ pramādasamāmnāta ity uktam, tasmān na hīṣo vṛṣṭikāmena saṃbandhaḥ, tena na nidhanād aparaṃ phalam. atha hīṣo nidhanasaṃbandhe katham avākyabheda iti. ucyate, vṛṣṭikāmāya saubharam asty eva, saubharasya nidhanaṃ (saubharaprāptir){*2/289*} asty eva, tatra hīṣ iti kuryād ity eṣa evārtho vidhīyate. tasmād avākyabheda iti, ato nidhanavyavastheti gamyate. evam eva ūrg iti, ū - iti ca vaditavyam, sarvasya saubharasya ūrgvṛṣṭisvargakāmatvāc chakyate kāmavacanaiḥ saubharaṃ lakṣayitum. kim arthaṃ lakṣyata iti. nidhanārthā punaḥśrutir (nidhanavyavasthāṃ kariṣyatīty arthaḥ){*2/290*}.

[168]{*2/291*}

NOTES: *{2/286: E1,6; E2,4,5: sarvasya voktakāmatvāt}* *{2/287: E2: 3,135; E4: 3,296; E5: 2,546; E6: 1,114}* *{2/288: E1,5: E2,4,6: gamyate}* *{2/289: In E1 geklammert; E6 ohne Klammern; E2,4: nidhanaprāptir; E5: niyataprāptiḥ}* *{2/290: In E1 geklammert}* *{2/291: E2: 3,141; E4: 3,309; E5: 2,548; E6: 1,115}*

guṇas tu kratusaṃyogāt karmāntaraṃ prayojayet saṃyogasyāśeṣabhūtvāt // MS_2,3.1 //

asti jyotiṣṭomaḥ, jyotiṣṭomena svargakāmo yajeteti, taṃ prakṛtya śrūyate, yadi rathantarasāmā somaḥ syāt, aindravāyavāgrān grahān gṛhṇīyāt, yadi bṛhatsāmā śukrāgrān, yadi gajatsāmā{*2/292*}, āgrayaṇāgrān iti. tatra sandihyate - kiṃ grahāgratāviśeṣo jyotiṣṭomasya vidhīyate, uta karmāntarasya rathantarasāmno bṛhatsāmnaś ceti. yadi rathantarasāmagrahaṇena bṛhatsāmagrahaṇena ca jyotiṣṭomo 'bhidhīyate, tatas tasya grahāgratāviśeṣaḥ, atha nābhidhīyate, tataḥ karmāntarasyeti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? prakaraṇāt, jyotiṣṭomasya. iti prāpte ucyate - guṇas tu kratusaṃyogād iti, tuśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati, naitad asti, jyotiṣṭomasyeti. kutaḥ? kratusaṃyogāt. kathaṃ tarhi? karmāntarasyeti. nanu jyotiṣṭomakrator evaiṣa evaṃjātīyako vādaḥ, rathantarasāmā bṛhatsāmeti. neti brūmaḥ - yadi na kṛtsnakratusaṃyogo bhavet, jyotiṣṭomasya vādaḥ, kṛtsnakratusaṃyogas tu eṣaḥ. kathaṃ kṛtsnakratusaṃyogo bhavati? kathaṃ vā na kṛtsnakratusaṃyoga iti. yadi rathantarasattā vā, bṛhatsattā vā nimittaṃ grahāgratāviśeṣasya, tato na kṛtsnakratusaṃyogaḥ, rathantaraṃ bṛhad vā yadi sāmāsti, tata aindravāyavāgratā śukrāgratā ceti, tato jyotiṣṭomasya guṇavidhiḥ. atha rathantarasāmasattā bṛhatsāmasattā vā na [169]{*2/293*} nimittam, tataḥ kṛtsnakratusaṃyogaḥ. yadi rathantarasāmeti ko 'rthaḥ? ayam arthaḥ, yadi rathantarasāma asya viśeṣaṇaṃ krator iti. kuta etat? samāsapadasāmarthyāt, samarthānāṃ hi padānāṃ samāso bhavati, sāmarthyaṃ ca bhavati viśeṣaṇaviśeṣyabhāve, asādhāraṇaṃ ca bhavati viśeṣaṇam, tatrāyam arthaḥ, yadi rathantaram eva sāma, bṛhad eva vā nānyad iti. jyotiṣṭomasya ca bahūni sāmāni gāyatrādīni. tasmān na jyotiṣṭomasya vācakāv etau śabdāv iti. tena yady api prakaraṇāj jyotiṣṭomasya guṇavidhir iti gamyate, tathāpi tad bādhitvā vākyena rathantarasāmno bṛhatsāmnaś ca bhavitum arhati. nanu yathā jyotiṣṭomo na rathantarasāmā, evam anyo 'pi na rathantarasāmā kaścid asti. ucyate - karmāntaraṃ rathantarasāmakaṃ kalpayiṣyaty etad vākyam, yadi rathantarasāmā somaḥ syād iti. nanu nāsty atra vidhāyakaḥ śabdaḥ. ucyate - asti ya eṣaḥ syād iti. āha - naiṣa vidhātuṃ śaknoti, yadiśabdasaṃbandhād vidyamānasya nimittārthenaivaṃjātīyakaḥ śabdo bhavati, na vidhānārtheneti. atra brūmaḥ - yad etat sayadikaṃ vākyam, yadi rathanatarasāmā somaḥ syād iti, atrāvāntaravākyam asti, rathantarasāmā somaḥ syād iti, yad avāntaravākyaṃ tasyānyo 'rthaḥ, anyaś ca sayadikasya, sayadiko na śaknoti vidhātum, yata avāntaravākyam, tadvidhāsyati. na ca, rathantarasāmno bṛhatsāmno vā bhāvo nimittatvena śrūyamāṇo 'py arthavān bhavati. tasmād avivakṣito yadisaṃbandhaḥ, tasmiṃś cāvivakṣite padadvayam idaṃ rathantarasāmā somaḥ syād iti śaknoti rathantarasāmānaṃ kratuṃ vidhātum, yadīty anarthakam. atha vā yadi rocetety adhyāhāraḥ. atha vā yathaitad bhavati, payasā ṣāṣṭikaṃ bhuñjīta, yadi śāliṃ bhuñjīta, tatra dadhyupasiñced [170]{*2/294*} iti. evaṃjātīyakena vākyena śālibhojanaṃ vihitaṃ bhavati, evam atrāpi vihitaṃ draṣṭavyam, yadi rathantarasāmā somaḥ syāt, aindravāyavāgrān grahān gṛhṇīyād iti. kathaṃ punaḥ śālibhojanaṃ tena vākyena vihitaṃ bhavatīti. ucyate - vyatyāsena saṃbandhaḥ kalpyeta, yadi dadhyupasecanam icchet, śāliṃ bhuñjīteti. nanu na khalv icchateḥ parāṃ liṅvibhaktim upalabhāmahe, siñcater hi tāṃ parāṃ samāmnantīti. siñcateḥ khalu sā parā samuccarantī kamer arthaṃ gamayati, kāmapravedane hi tāṃ manyāmaha iti, evam ihāpi yady aindravāyavāgrān grahān gṛhṇīyād iti grahītum icched ity arthaḥ, tato rathanatarasāmānaṃ kratuṃ kuryād iti. nanv evaṃ saty icchāmātraṃ bhavet, na grahāgratviśeṣavidhānam. ucyate - yathāsmin laukike vākye, yadi dadhyupasecanam icchet, śāliṃ bhuñjīteti dadhyupasecanasaṃkīrtanād dadhyupasiktaṃ śāliṃ bhuñjīteti tenaikavākyatvād gamyate, evam atrāpi grahāgratāviśeṣasaṅkīrtanāt tenaikavākyatvād grahāgratāviśiṣṭo rathantarasāmā gamyate. atha vātra hetuhetumator liṅ, rathantarasāmā soma aindravāyavāgrāṇāṃ grahāṇāṃ hetuḥ kartavya iti. tasmāt kṛtsnakratusaṃyogād guṇaḥ karmāntaraṃ prayojayet, evaṃ kṛtsnakratusaṃyogo 'rthavān bhaviṣyati. api ca pūrveṇa nimittena bhavitavyam, pareṇa naimittikena. katham? sati hi nimitte naimittikaṃ bhavitum arhati, nāsati, yac ca bhaviṣyat tan na sat, bhaviṣyac ca rathantarasāma, tat kathaṃ pūrvakālasya grahāgratāviśeṣasya nimittaṃ bhaviṣyatīti. api ca niḥsandigdhaṃ jagatsāmā karmāntaram, tatsāmānyād itarad api karmāntaram iti gamyate. tasmān na jyotiṣṭomasya guṇavidhānam iti.

[171]{*2/295*}

NOTES: *{2/292: E2,4,5,6 (richtig): jagatsāmā}* *{2/293: E2: 3,143; E4: 3,309; E5: 2,549; E6: 1,115}* *{2/294: E2: 3,145; E4: 3,310; E5: 2,551; E6: 1,116}* *{2/295: E2: 3,147; E4: 3,321; E5: 2,553; E6: 1,117}*

ekasya tu liṅgabhedāt prayojanārtham ucyetaikatvaṃ guṇavākyatvāt // MS_2,3.2 //

tuśabdāt pakṣo 'nyathā bhavati, naitad asti, yad uktam, kratvantaram iti. kathaṃ tarhi? jyotiṣṭomasyaiva grahāgratāviśeṣa iti. kutaḥ? prakaraṇasāmarthyāt. nanv etad uktam - vākyasāmarthyāt kratvantarasya rathantarasāmno bṛhatsāmnaś ceti. parihṛtam etaj jyotiṣṭoma eva rathantarasāmā bṛhatsāmā ceti. punar dūṣitam anekasāmatvāj jyotiṣṭomasya, viśeṣaṇaṃ rathantareṇa bṛhatā vā na prakalpata iti. tad ucyate - prakalpate viśeṣaṇam, bṛhadrathantarayor vaikalpikatvāt, bhavati sa prayogaḥ, yatra rathantaraṃ nāsti. bhavati ca sa prayogaḥ, vidyamānarathantarasāmakaḥ, tad etat rathantaraṃ sattayaivāsādhāraṇatvād viśeṣakam. tasmāj jyotiṣṭoma eva rathanatarasāmā bṛhatsāmā ceti. atha yad uktam - pūrveṇa nimittena bhavitavyam, uttareṇa naimittikeneti. naitat, niyogato bhavati hi bhaviṣyad api nimittam, yathā varṣiṣyatīti kṛṣigṛhakarmānuṣṭhānam, api ca tad dṛṣṭam, idaṃ ca vācanikaṃ nimittam, tad yathāvacanaṃ bhavitum arhati. syād iti ceyaṃ liṅ triṣv api kāleṣu bhavati. tasmād bhaviṣyad api nimittam. yat tu jagatsāmeti karmāntaram, tatsāmānyād rathantarasāmāpi karmāntaram iti. jagatsāma, asaṃbhavāt karmāntaraṃ saṃbhavati, rathantarasāmno bṛhatsāmnaś ca jyotiṣṭomasyābhidhānam, tasmān na karmāntaram iti.

[172]{*2/296*}

NOTES: *{2/296: E2: 3,151; E4: 3,329; E5: 2,555, E6: 1,118}*

aveṣṭāv yajñasaṃyogāt kratupradhānam ucyate // MS_2,3.3 //

sati rājasūyaḥ, rājā rājasūyena svārājyakāmo yajeteti. taṃ prakṛtyāmananty aveṣṭiṃ nāmeṣṭim, āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo hiraṇyaṃ dakṣiṇetyevamādi. tāṃ prakṛtya vidhīyate, yadi brāhmaṇo yajeta bārhaspatyaṃ madhye nidhāyāhutim āhutiṃ hutvābhighārayet, yadi rājanya aindram, yadi vaiśyo vaiśvadevam iti. tatra sandihyate, kiṃ brāhmaṇādīnāṃ prāptānāṃ nimittārthena śravaṇam, uta brāhmaṇādīnām ayaṃ yāgo vidhīyata iti. kathaṃ nimittārthatā bhavet? kathaṃ vā yāgavidhānam iti. yadi rājaśabdo brāhmaṇādiṣv api kenacit prakāreṇa, tato nimittārthatā. atha kṣatriya eva, tataḥ prāpakāṇy evaṃjātīyakāni śravaṇāni. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? nimittārthateti, tata evaṃ tāvad upavarṇyate, yaugiko rājaśabda iti, rājyaṃ yasya karma, sa rājā. kiṃ punā rājakarma? janapadapuraparirakṣaṇe, tataś coddharaṇe rājyaśabdam āryāvartanivāsinaḥ prayuñjante. rājñaḥ karma rājyam iti cābhiyuktā upadiśanti. tena manyāmahe, yasyaitat karma sa rājeti, yathā ya udameghaṃ nāma kaṃcit puruṣaṃ nāvediṣuḥ, tasya tu putram audameghir ity evaṃ viduḥ, śaknuyus te yas tasya pitā, sa udamegha iti kalpayitum, udameghaputrasyaivaṃ samabhivyāhāro bhavatīti. evaṃ rājyayogād rājaśabda iti vijñāyate. nanu janapadapuraparirakṣaṇavṛttim anupajīvaty api kṣatriye rājaśabdam āndhrāḥ prayuñjante prayoktāraḥ. na brūmaḥ, na prayuñjata iti, kiṃ tarhi karmaviśeṣanimittatvād rājaśabdasya, tadyogād api [173]{*2/297*} rājaśabdo bhavatīty etad upapādayāmaḥ. prayuñjate ca tad yukte rājaśabdam akṣatriye 'pi, tad asminn upapanne prakaraṇavaśāt, yadiśabdasamabhivyāhārāc ca rājasūyasyaiva guṇavidhānaṃ bhaviṣyati, na brāhmaṇasya vaiśyasya ca karmāntaraṃ vidhāyiṣyatīti. atha vāsārvalaukikasya prayogasya sārvalaukikena prayogeṇa virudhyamānasyāprāmāṇyaṃ syāt, abhyupagacchanti hi te janapadinaḥ, sārvabhaumaṃ prayogam. api cāvipragītā laukikā arthā vipragītebhyaḥ pratyayitatarā bhavanti, tathāryāvartanivāsināṃ śabdārthopāyeṣv abhiyuktānām abhivyāharatāṃ karmāṇi cānutiṣṭhatām antyajanapadavāsibhyo mlecchebhyaḥ samīcīnatara ācāro bhavati. tasmād yaugiko rājaśabdaḥ, nimittārthāni śravaṇāni, rājasūyasya guṇavidhir na karmāntaram iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - aveṣṭau tu khalu kratupradhānaṃ brāhmaṇādiśravaṇam, brāhmaṇādīnām aveṣṭiyāgaṃ vidhātum, na nimittārtham. kutaḥ? aprāptatvād brāhmaṇavaiśyayoḥ. katham aprāptiḥ? kṣatriyasya rājasūyavidhānāt, rājā rājasūyena yajeteti. nanūktam - yaugiko rājaśabda iti. etad apy ayuktam, yataḥ jātivacana iti. nanūbhayābhidhāne yadiśabdasaṃbandhāt, prakaraṇāc ca na karmāntaravidhānaṃ nyāyyam ity uktam. atrocyate - nobhayābhidhānam avakalpate. kutaḥ? yadi tāvaj jātiśabdo rājeti, tataḥ tatkarmatvāj janapadaparipālane rājyaśabdo bhaviṣyati, tenāryāvartanivāsināṃ prayogo na virotsyate. atha yadi rājyaśabdaḥ paripālane nityasaṃbaddho bhaviṣyati, tatas tasya karteti rājaśabdaḥ kṣatriyajātau tannimitto bhaviṣyati, tatrāndhrāṇāṃ prayogo na virotysyate. tasmān na prayogadarśanād ubhāv api rājarājyaśabdau jātiparipālanābhyāṃ nityasaṃbaddhāv ity abhyupagantavyam. ko nu khalu nirṇayaḥ? rājajātīyasya karma [174]{*2/298*} ity ataḥ paripālanaṃ rājyaśabdenocyate, evaṃ hi smaranto 'bhiyuktāḥ tasya karmeti ṣyañpratyayaṃ vidadhati, na tu tasya karteti pratyayalopaṃ vā, prātipadikapratyāpattiṃ vā samāmananti. tasmād rājñaḥ karma rājyam, na rājyasya kartā rājā. nanu yo yo janapadapuraparirakṣaṇaṃ karoti, taṃ tu loko rājaśabdenābhivadati. ucyate - yogāl lokaḥ prayuṅkte, paripālane rājyaśabdaḥ prasiddha iti, sa tu paripālane rājyaśabdo rājayogād ity asmābhir uktam, tasmād rājaśabdaḥ prasiddher mūlam, tadyogād rājyaśabdaḥ, tadayogād{*2/299*} api brāhmaṇavaiśyayo rājaśabdaḥ prayujyate. na tv evaṃ smaranti, rājyayogād rājeti. yat tūktam - anumānād rājyasya kartā yaḥ sa rājā, yathā audamegheḥ pitodamegha iti. ucyate - anumānāt prayogo balavān, rājyasya kartāraṃ rājety anumimīmahe, kṣatriye tu pratyakṣaṃ prayuñjānān upalabhāmahe. tathā yogam apy anumimīmahe, rājyasya kartā rājeti. rājñaḥ karma rājyam iti tu smaranti. anumimānāś ca smṛtiṃ anumimate sma, smarantas tu pratyakṣam upalabhante, tena tatra smṛtir balīyasīti. āha - yo yo rājyaṃ karoti, tatra rājaśabdaṃ prayuñjate, na yad rājñaḥ karma tad rājyam iti, tena manyāmahe, rājyayogo rājaśadapravṛttau nimittam, na tu rājayogo rājyaśabdapravṛttāv iti. na brūmaḥ, prayogād vayaṃ rājayogaṃ rājyaśabdapravṛttau nimittam avagacchāma iti. kathaṃ tarhi? smaraṇāt, prayogāc ca smṛtir balīyasī, prayogād dhi smṛtir anumīyeta. [175]{*2/300*} api ca rājyayogasya nimittatā vyabhicarati, janapadaparipālanam akurvaty api rājety āndhrā vadantīty uktam. nanu rājayogād rājyam ity etad api vyabhicarati, na hi rājñaḥ syanditaṃ{*2/301*} nimiṣitaṃ ca sarvaṃ rājyam ity ucyate. yadi vayaṃ prayogān nimittabhāvaṃ brūyām, tata evam upālabhyemahi. smṛtyā tu vayaṃ nimittabhāvaṃ brūmaḥ, tena yad yad rājajātīyasya karma jātyā viśeṣyate, tad rājyam ity abhyupagacchāmaḥ. yat tūktam - āndhrā api rājyayogād rājānam abhyupa-gacchantīti, parihṛtam etat, prayogo durbalaḥ smṛter iti. yad uktam - āryāvartanivāsinaḥ, pramāṇam itarebhya ācārebhya iti. tulyaḥ śabdaprayoga ācāreṣv ity uktam. tasmāj jātinimitto rājaśabdaḥ, evaṃ ced yajñasaṃyogāt kṣatriyasya rājasūyena, yāgavidhir aveṣṭir iti.

NOTES: *{2/297: E2: 3,154; E4: 3,330; E5: 2,558; E6: 1,118}* *{2/298: E2: 3,157; E4: 3,330; E5: 2,561; E6: 1,119}* *{2/299: E2,4,5,6: tadayogād}* *{2/300: E2: 3,160; E4: 3,331; E5: 2,563; E6: 1,120}* *{2/301: E2,4,5,6: spanditaṃ}*

ādhāne sarvaśeṣatvāt{*2/302*} // MS_2,3.4 //

idaṃ samāmananti, vasante brāhmaṇo agnīn ādadhīta, grīṣme rājyanyaḥ, śaradi vaiśya iti{*2/303*}. tatra sandihyate - kiṃ brāhmaṇādiśravaṇaṃ nimittārtham, brāhmaṇādaya ādadhānā vasantādiṣv ādadhīrann iti, uta brāhmaṇādīnām ādhānaṃ vidhīyata iti. kathaṃ nimittārthatā syāt? kathaṃ cādhānavidhānam iti. yadi brāhmaṇo vasanta iti padadvayaṃ parasparaṃ saṃbaddham, tato nimittārthaṃ śravaṇam. atha brāhmaṇa ādadhīteti, ādhānavidhānaṃ brāhmaṇasya. evaṃ rājanyādiṣv api. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? nimittārthaṃ śravaṇam iti. kutaḥ? nimittasarūpā ete śabdāḥ. kiṃ nimittasārūpyam? brāhmaṇā[176]{*2/304*}dīnāṃ vasantādibhiḥ samuccāraṇam, tac cāviditaṃ vedyata iti. nanu brāhmaṇādīnāṃ ādadhati nāpy asti samuccāraṇam. vāḍham{*2/305*} asti samuccāraṇam, na tv amīṣām ādhānasaṃbandho na viditaḥ. kena prāpto vidita iti. kāmaśrutibhiḥ. kāḥ kāmaśrutayaḥ? agnihotraṃ juhuyāt svargakāmaḥ, darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ svargakāmo yajetetyevamādayaḥ. kathamābhiḥ śrutibhir ādhānaṃ prāptam iti. ucyate - sāmarthyāt, yathāgnihotram abhinirvartyate, tathā kuryāt. yathā darśapūrṇamāsāv abhinirvartyete, tathā kuryāt. na ca, gārhapatyāhavanīyānvāhāryapacanādibhyo vinā, etāni karmāṇi sidhyanti, samāmananti hi, yad āhavanīye juhoti, tena so 'syābhīṣṭaḥ prīto bhavatītyevamādi{*2/306*}. tena sāmarthyād etad uktaṃ bhavati - āhavanīyādi kartavyam iti, tac cādhānena vinā na sidhyatīty ādhānam api kartavyam ity avagamyate. tat kena kartavyam? yasya kāmaśrutayaḥ. tāś cāviṣeśeṇa brāhmaṇādīnām. tasmād amīṣām ādhānasaṃbandho vidita iti. api ca, ubhābhyāṃ brāhmaṇādīnāṃ saṃbandhe vidhīyamāne vākyam bhidyeta. na hi, tadānīm eko 'rtho vidhīyate. ato nimittārthāḥ śrutaya ity evaṃ prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - ādhāne sarvaśeṣatvāt{*2/307*} prāpakāṇyādhānasyaitāni śravaṇāni. kutaḥ? sarvakarmaṇāṃ śeṣabhūtam ādhānam iti na śrutiliṅgādīnām anyatamenocyate, kiṃ tarhi, agnīnāṃ sarvaśeṣatvāt, taccheṣatvāc cādhānasya. kim ataḥ? yady evam, agnayaḥ kāmaśrutibhiḥ prāpnuvanti, nādhānm iti. nanv agnīnām abhyupāya ādhānam iti. ucyate - naiteṣām arjane ādhānam evaiko 'bhyupāyaḥ, kiṃ tarhi yathānyeṣāṃ dravyāṇām utpādane [177]{*2/308*} krayaṇādayaś cābhyupāyāḥ, evam agnīnām apīti na niyogataḥ utpādanam eva, tena pakṣe ādhānaṃ prāpnoti, pakṣe na. yatarasmin pakṣe 'prāptiḥ, tataraḥ pakṣa utpattiṃ prayojayiṣyati brāhmaṇādīnām ādhānasya, brāhmaṇa ātmārtham ādadhīteti yadaitad vacanam, tadātmārtham evāhitā āhavanīyādayo bhavanti, nānyathā. evaṃ ca sati, na kṛtrimeṇa yācitena vā karmāṇy agnihotrādīny anuṣṭhātavyānīti gamyate. tenākṛtrima eva kevalo 'gnis teṣāṃ sādhaka iti niścīyate. kathaṃ cātmārthatādhānasya gamyata iti. kartrabhiprāye hi kriyāphala ādadhītety etad ātmanepadaṃ saṃbhavati. asatyasmin vacane kāmaśrutiparigrahe nādhānasyātmārthatā bhavet. api ca satīṣv etāsv ādhānaśrutiṣu na kāmaśrutayaḥ śaknuvanty aparām ādhānaśrutiṃ kalpayitum, yathā prāptasyādhānasya punaḥśrutayaḥ etā bhaveyuḥ, asatīṣv etāsv ādhānaśrutim aparigṛhṇantaḥ{*2/309*} kāmaśrutayo 'śakyān agnihotrādīn vadantīti parigṛhṇīyur ādhānaśrutim. satīṣv etāsu yeṣām ādhānam uktam, tān adhikṛtyottarakālāḥ kāmaśrutayo bhavantīti gamyate. atrāha - asti kevalasyādhānasya vidhāyikā śrutiḥ, evaṃ sapatnaṃ{*2/310*} bhrātṛvyam avarti sahate, ya evaṃ vidvān agnim ādhatta iti, tayā prāptasya nimittārthāni brāhmaṇādīnāṃ śravaṇāni bhaviṣyanti. ucyate - saṃbhāravidhānārthā punaḥśrutir eṣā. neti brūmaḥ, bhinnaṃ hīdaṃ vākyam saṃbhāravidhānavākyāt, anyo hy artha ādhatta iti, anya apa upasṛjatīti, ekārthavidhāne hy ekaṃ vākyaṃ bhavati, bhinnau cemāv arthau, tasmād atra vākyabheda iti. ucyate - vasante brāhmaṇo 'gnīn ādadhītety asyāṃ śrutau satyāṃ punaḥśrutiḥ kevalasyādhānasyāvidhāyikā, apām upasarjanaṃ tu [178]{*2/311*} vidhīyate, tad ekasminn arthe vidhīyamāne nānekārthaṃ bhavati. nanv ādhānasyaitad vidhānam, guṇārthā sā punaḥśrutiḥ. neti brūmaḥ, sā brāhmaṇādisaṃbaddhā prathamā śrutiḥ, iyaṃ kevalā punaḥśrutiḥ. kutaḥ? sā hi śabdena vidadhāti, tatra liṅgam uccarantīṃ paśyāmaḥ, iyaṃ praśastam ādhānam ity āha. tataḥ praśastatām ādhānasyānumanyāmahe. evaṃ ca, vasante brāhmaṇo 'gnīn ādadhītety eṣā vidhāyikā śrutir iti brūmahe, naitat praśaṃsāvacanam asmatpakṣaṃ bādhate, śakyate hy anyena vihitam anyena praśastam iti vaditum. yadi tv etad vidhāyakam ity ucyate{*2/312*}, tato 'smatpakṣaṃ virudhyeta. katham? ajñātasya jñāpanaṃ vidhānam etat, yadi prāśaṃsāvacanenāpūrvaṃ vijñāpyeta, tadā liṅgā nāpūrvaṃ jñāpitaṃ bhavet, tatrāpūrvajñāpanavacanaḥ śabdaḥ uparudhyeta. na tu liṅgā vihite praśaṃsāvacanam uparudhyate, vihite 'pi hi vākyāntareṇa praśaṃsāvacanam avakalpate. api ca yal liṅgā vidhānam, tat śrutyā, vākyena tu praśaṃsā gamyate, śrutiś ca vākyād balīyasī. nanv idam api vākyam, brāhmaṇo 'gnīn ādadhīteti. ucyate - svapadārtham atra śrutir vidadhāty ādhānam, brāhmaṇādisaṃbandhena parapadārthaṃ praśaṃsati, ya evaṃ sapatnaṃ{*2/313*} bhrātṛvyam avarti sahata iti. nanv anekaguṇavidhānaṃ tvayā vākyenādhyavasitaṃ bhavati. naiṣa doṣaḥ, aguṇavidhipare hi vākye bhavaty anekaguṇavidhānam ity uktam, tadguṇās tu vidhīyerann avibhāgād vidhārthe na ced anyena śiṣṭā iti{*2/314*}. tasmād brāhmaṇādisaṃyuktā vidhāyikā śrutiḥ, iyam api kevalasyādhānasya punaḥśrutiḥ saṃbhāravidhānam upakramitum iti siddham. yad uktam - anekaguṇavidhāne vākyaṃ bhidyeteti, yadīmau guṇavidhānaviśiṣṭau{*2/315*} vidhīyeyātām, bhaved vākyabhedaḥ, dvābhyāṃ tu viśeṣaṇābhyāṃ viśiṣṭam ekam ādhānaṃ vidhāyiṣyate, [179]{*2/316*} tena na bhaviṣyati vākyabhedaḥ. tasmād brāhmaṇādīnāṃ ādhānasya prāpakāṇi śravaṇānīti siddham.

NOTES: *{2/302: E1,6; E2,4,5: 'sarvaśeṣatvāt}* *{2/303: Tait.Br. 1.1.2.6-7}* *{2/304: E2: 3,164; E4: 3,353; E5: 2,564; E6: 1,120}* *{2/305: E1,5; E2,4,6: bāḍham}* *{2/306: Tait.Br. 1.1.10.5-6}* *{2/307: E2,4,5,6: 'sarvaśeṣatvāt}* *{2/308: E2: 3,166; E4: 3,354; E5: 2,569; E6: 1,121}* *{2/309: E1,6; E2,4,5: aparigṛhṇantyaḥ}* *{2/310: E2,4: saṃpannaṃ}* *{2/311: E2: 3,168; E4: 3,355; E5: 2,570; E6: 1,122}* *{2/312: E2,4,5,6: ucyeta}* *{2/313: E2,4: saṃpannaṃ}* *{2/314: MS 1.4.9}* *{2/315: E1,6; E2,4,5: guṇavādhānaviśiṣṭau}* *{2/316: E2: 3,170; E4: 3,355; E5: 2,571; E6: 1,123}*

ayaneṣu codanāntaraṃ saṃjñopabandhāt // MS_2,3.5 //

darśapūṇamāsau prakṛtyāmananti, dākṣāyaṇayajñena yajeta prajākāmaḥ, sākaṃprasthāpyena{*2/317*} yajeta paśukāmaḥ, saṃkramayajñena yajetānnādyakāma iti{*2/318*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ darśapūrṇamāsayor eva guṇāt phalam, uta karmāntaram evaṃjātīyakam iti? kiṃ prāptam? karmāntaram iti. kutaḥ? saṃjñopabandhāt, yady api prakaraṇād yajatiśabdāc ca sa eva pūrvaprakṛto yāga iti gamyate, tathāpi nāsāv evaṃsaṃjñaka iti yāgāntaraṃ vidheyaṃ gamyate.

NOTES: *{2/317: E2,4,5,6, E1 (v.l.,Fn.): sākaṃprasthāyīyena}* *{2/318: Vgl. Tait. S. 2.5.4.3}*

aguṇāc ca karmacodanā // MS_2,3.6 //

na ca, atra guṇa uparudhyate kaścit, yad vidhānārthā codanā bhavet, yadi ca na yāgāntaram, ānarthakyam eva. api ca, yadi guṇa upabadhyeta, tato yāgaguṇasaṃbandho gamyata iti tad anuṣṭhānaṃ vidhīyetety ananubadhyamāne{*2/319*} yāgamātraṃ gamyata iti tad anuṣṭhānaṃ vihitaṃ gamyate.

NOTES: *{2/319: E2,4,5,6: anupabadhyamāne}*

samāptaṃ ca phale vākyam // MS_2,3.7 //

itaś ca karmāntaram. katham? phale samāptaṃ vākyam, prājākāmo yajeteti, prajākāmasya yāga upayo vidhīyate. vidhīyate cet, karmāntaram.

[180]{*2/320*}

NOTES: *{2/320: E2: 3,172; E4: 3,369; E5: 2,572; E6: 1,123}*

vikāro vā prakaraṇāt // MS_2,3.8 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor evādhikāra evaṃjātīyakaḥ syād dākṣāyaṇayajñādiḥ, evaṃ prakaraṇam anugṛhītaṃ bhavati.

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_2,3.9 //

liṅgam apy etam arthaṃ darśayati, triṃśataṃ varṣāṇi darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ yajeta, yadi dākṣāyaṇayājī syāt, atho api pañcadaśaiva varṣāṇi yajeta, atra hy eva sā saṃpadyate, dve hi paurṇamāsyau yajeta dve amāvasye, atra hi eva khalu sā saṃpad bhavatīti. yadi dākṣāyaṇayajño darśapūrṇamāsāv eva, evaṃ tarhi triṃśatsaṃpadā prayojanam, tatas tasya triṃśatsaṃpadanugraho yujyate, tasmād api na karmāntaram.

guṇāt saṃjñopabandhaḥ // MS_2,3.10 //

yad uktaṃ saṃjñopabandhāt karmāntaram iti, yadi dākṣāyaṇaśabdo na kenacid api prakāreṇa darśapūrṇamāsavacanaḥ śakyate kalpayitum, tata ucyeta karmāntaram iti. śaknoti tv āvṛttiguṇasaṃbandhād viditum, ayanam ity āvṛttir ucyate, dakṣasya ime dākṣāḥ, teṣām ayanaṃ dākṣāyaṇam. kaḥ punar dakṣaḥ? utsāhī. tathā sākaṃprasthāpye{*2/321*} 'pi, sahaprasthānaṃ guṇasaṃbandhaḥ, evaṃ sarvatra. śakyate ced darśapūrṇamāsayor guṇasaṃbandho vaditum, kim iti sa eva yāgaḥ pratīyamāno 'nya ity ucyate? kim iti vā prakaraṇaṃ bādhyate.

NOTES: *{2/321: E1,6; E2,4: sākaṃprasthāyīye, E5: sākaṃprasthāyye}*

samāptir aviśiṣṭā // MS_2,3.11 //

yad uktam, phale vākyaṃ samāptam, prajākāmāder yāgānuṣṭhānaṃ vidhīyata iti{*2/322*}. naivam, aviśiṣṭā phale samāptiḥ, yāni [181]{*2/323*} anyāni muktasaṃśayāni guṇe phalasya vidhāyakāni vākyāni guṇasya phalavacanāni paryavasitāni (yathā dadhnendriyakāmasya juhuyāt, ityevamādīni){*2/324*}{*2/325*}, tair etad aviśiṣṭam, atrāpi hi guṇāt phalam ucyate. kathaṃ naitad evaṃ saṃbadhyate, prajākāmasya yajñam anutiṣṭhed iti? kathaṃ tarhi prajākāmasyāvṛttiyajñam anutiṣṭhed iti, āvṛttiyajña iti yajñāvṛtti-saṃbandho 'nuṣṭhātavyo nirdiśyate, na yajñaḥ? tasmāt prakṛtayor darśapūrṇamāsayor guṇāt phalam ucyate, na yāgāntaraṃ vidhīyata iti. evaṃ sākaṃprasthāpye{*2/326*} saṃkramayajñe ca draṣṭavyam iti.

NOTES: *{2/322: Vgl. MS 2.3.7}* *{2/323: E2: 3,175; E4: 3,374; E5: 2,575; E6: 1,124}* *{2/324: In E1 geklammert}* *{2/325: Vgl. Tait.Br. 2.1.5.6}* *{2/326: E1,6; E2,4: sākaṃprasthāyīye, E5: sākaṃprasthāyye}*

saṃskāraś cāprakaraṇe 'karmaśabdatvāt // MS_2,3.12 //

anārabhyādhīyate kiṃcit, vākyaṃ śvetam ālabheta bhūtikāmaḥ{*2/327*}; sauryaṃ caruṃ nirvaped brahmavarcasakāmaḥ{*2/328*}; darśapūrṇamāsayor apy āmananti - īṣām ālabheta; caturo muṣṭīn nirvapatīti. tatrāyam arthaḥ sāṃśayikaḥ, kiṃ darśapūrṇamāsike{*2/329*} ālambhe ālambho guṇavidhir darśapūrṇamāsike{*2/330*} ca nirvāpe nirvāpo guṇavidhir uta na prakṛtim apekṣate itaraś cetavaraś ceti? yadā na prakṛtim apekṣate, tadāpi kiṃ yāvad ukte, uta yajimaty ete karmaṇīti? kiṃ tāvat prāptam? prakṛtayor ālambhanirvāpayor guṇavidhīti. kutaḥ? akarmaśabdatvāt, nātra karmaṇo vidhāyakaḥ [182]{*2/331*} śabdo 'sti. nanv ālabheta nirvaped iti ca. naitau vidhātārāv aviditasyārthasya vaktā vidhāyako bhavati, na caitayor avidito 'rthaḥ, ālambhaḥ kartavyaḥ, nirvāpaḥ kartavya iti. tasmād anuvaditārau. kim artham anuvadataḥ? ālambhane śvetaṃ vidhātum, nirvāpe ca carum. tasmān nālambhāntaraṃ nirvāpāntaraṃ ca. prakṛtayor eva guṇavidhīti.

NOTES: *{2/327: Tait.S. 2.1.1.1}* *{2/328: Tait.S. 2.3.2.3}* *{2/329: E1,6; E2,4,5: dārśapūrṇamāsike}* *{2/330: E1,6; E2,4,5: dārśapūrṇamāsike}* *{2/331: E2: 3,175; E4: 3,375; E2: 2,577; E6: 1,125}*

yāvad uktaṃ vā, karmaṇaḥ śrutimūlatvāt // MS_2,3.13 //

na caitad asti, prākṛtayor guṇavidhīti, kiṃ tarhy ālambhāntaraṃ vidhīyata iti nirvāpāntaraṃ ca, yady ālambhanirvāpau vidhīyete, tato na prākṛtau tau vihitau. yadi na vidhīyete, tataḥ prākṛtau lakṣyete, yāv ālambhanirvāpau kartavyāv iti, tataḥ tau lakṣayitvā śveto vidhātavyo bhavati, caruś ca, tau ca bhūtikāmasya brahmavarcasakāmasya ceti dvāv apy athā vidheyau syātām, tatra vākyam bhidyeta. atha vā yo 'sau vidhāyakaḥ śabdaḥ, sa lakṣayitavyopayukta iti vidhāyakābhāvād eko 'py artho na śakyate vidhātum. atha sa eva lakṣayiṣyati, tenaiva ca vidhāyiṣyate guṇa iti. na, mitho vidhānalakṣaṇasaṃbandho 'vakalpate. atha dhātvartho 'nuvādaḥ, pratyayo vidhātum iṣyata ity ucyate, ya ālambhaḥ sa etadguṇaḥ kartavya iti. tathāpi na prākṛto lakṣyeta, laukiko 'pi hy ālambho 'sti, pratyayārthe 'nūdyamāne prākṛto 'nūdyeteti, sa hi kartavyo nirjñāto na laukikaḥ, ato na prākṛtānuvādo ghaṭa iti yāvad uktam ālambhamātraṃ nirvāpamātraṃ{*2/332*} cāpūrvaṃ kartavyam, karmaṇaḥ śrutimūlatvāt, śrutimūlaṃ hi karmety uktam, codanālakṣaṇo 'rtho dharma iti{*2/333*}. tasmāt karmāntare. [183]{*2/334*}

NOTES: *{2/332: E2,4 om. nirvāpamātraṃ}* *{2/333: MS 1.1.2}* *{2/334: E2: 3,178; E4: 3,383; E5: 2,579; E6: 1,125}*

yajatis tu dravyaphalabhoktṛsaṃyogād eteṣāṃ karmasaṃbandhāt // MS_2,3.14 //

yad uktam, na prākṛtayor guṇavidhīti, etad gṛhṇīmaḥ. yat tūktam, ālambhamātraṃ vidhīyate, nirvāpamātram iti, etad apajānīmahe, yajimatī ete karmaṇīti. kutah? dravyaphalabhoktṛsaṃyogād (dravyadevatāsaṃyogāt){*2/335*}, dravyadevatāsaṃyogo 'tra vidhīyate, bhūtikāmasya brahmavarcaskāmasya ca. katham? na hi, idam evocyate, tataḥ śvetam ālabheteti, yadi hy etāvad evocyeta, tataḥ śvetālambhasaṃbandho 'vagamyate, iha hi śvetaṃ vāyavyam ālabhetety ucyate, tena śvetavāyavyasaṃbandho vidhīyate, yathā paṭaṃ vayeti paṭavayanasaṃbandho{*2/336*} vidheyo 'vagamyate, paṭaṃ dīrghaṃ vayeti paṭasya dīrghatā vidhīyate, dīrghaśabdaprayogāt, evam ihāpi sauryavāyavyaśabdaprayogād dravyadevatābhisaṃbandho vidheya iti gamyate, itarathā devatāśabdaḥ pramādasamāmnāta iti gamyate. nanv atrāpi śvetaṃ vāyavyaṃ kuryāt, taṃ cālabhetety arthadvayavidhānād bhidyetaiva vākyam. neti brūmaḥ, na hy ālabhetety asyāyam atibhāraḥ, yad dravyadevatāsaṃbandhena puruṣaprayatnaṃ brūyāt, taṃ cālabhetety arthaviśiṣṭam. śrutyaiva hi puruṣaprayatno viśiṣṭo gamyate, vākyena ca dravyadevatāśraya iti nātra dvābhyāṃ vākyābhyāṃ prayojanam, yathā raktam aśvaṃ yojayeti yadā guṇavidhiparaṃ bhavati vākyam, tadā dvābhyāṃ vākyābhyāṃ prayojanam, guṇadvayavidhāne. atha śoṇamānayety ucyate, tatra guṇavidhipare 'pi vākye paryavasita eva guṇadvayavidhānam, śrutyaiva viśiṣṭaguṇadravyasya pratītatvāt, na bhavaty ekasya vākyasyātibhāraḥ, evam ihāpīti. saṃbandhaś ca bahubhiḥ padair viśiṣṭa eka evocyata ity ekārthatvam, vibhajya[184]{*2/337*}mānāni cātra padāni sākāṅkṣāṇīty upapannam ekavākyatvam, na ca, yāgam antareṇa devatāyai dravyaṃ saṅkalpitavyam, ity eṣa saṃbandho 'vakalpate. tasmād yajimatī ete karmaṇīti.

NOTES: *{2/335: In E1 geklammert}* *{2/336: E2,4 (v.l.): paṭavānasaṃbandho}* *{2/337: E2: 3,179; E4: 3,384; E5: 2,582; E6: 1,126}*

liṅgādarśanāc ca // MS_2,3.15 //

liṅgaṃ khalv apy etam arthaṃ darśayati, saumāraudraṃ caruṃ nirvaped iti{*2/338*} prakṛtya, pariśrite yājayed iti{*2/339*} pariśrayaṇavidhiḥ, etasya vākye yajatiśabdena saṅkīrtanam avakalpate, yadi yajimatī ete karmaṇī. atha prakṛtau guṇavidhānaṃ yāvad uktaṃ vā, yajatiśabdenānuvādo nāvakalpeta. tasmād avagacchāmo yajimatīti.

NOTES: *{2/338: Tait.S. 2.2.10.1}* *{2/339: Tait.S. 2.2.10.2}*

viśaye prāyadarśanāt // MS_2,3.16 //

kim ihodāharaṇam? na tāvat śūtreṇaiva parigṛhītam, yathā, aveṣṭau yajñasaṃyogāt kratupradhānam ucyata iti{*2/340*}. nāpi ca sādhyaṃ pratijñātam, yathā, ayaneṣu codanāntaram iti{*2/341*}{*2/342*}. kevalaṃ viśaye saṃśaye prāyadarśanaṃ hetur iti nirdiśyate, kasyāyaṃ hetur iti na vijānīmaḥ. prakṛtaṃ yajimad etat karmeti{*2/343*}, tad api na saṃbandhyamānam iva paśyāmaḥ, tad etad agamakaṃ{*2/344*} sūtram eva tāvad anarthakam. atha kātra pratijñā? kaś ca sandeha iti vaktavyam. vṛttikāravacanāt, pratijñāṃ saṃśayaṃ cāvagacchāmaḥ. atra bhagavān ācārya idam udāhṛtya vatsam ālabheta vatsanikāntā hi paśava iti{*2/345*}, imaṃ saṃśayam upanyasyati sma, kiṃ yajimadabhidhāna eṣa ālabhatiḥ, utālambhamātravacana iti? upapadyate caitad udāharaṇam, [185]{*2/346*} saṃśayaś ca. tatra ca pūrvapakṣaṃ pratijānīte sma, yajimad abhidhāna iti. idaṃ tu pratyudāharaṇasūtraṃ pūrvasyādhikaraṇasya, nātra pūrva-pakṣeṇātīva prayojanam, tathāpi puruṣāṇām uccāvacabuddhiviśeṣān ālocya bhavati mandānāṃ sāmānyatodṛṣṭenāpy āśaṅkā, sāpi nivartanīyā, na hi, mandaviṣeṇa vṛścikenāpi daṣṭo mriyeta na jātucit kadāpi, tatra cikitsā nādareṇa kartavyā bhavet. atastāṃ nivartayituṃ pūrvapakṣam upanyasyati sma, ālabhatir asmābhiḥ prāṇisaṃyukto yajimad abhidhāno dṛṣṭaḥ, ayam apy ālabhatiḥ prāṇisaṃyuktaḥ eva, tenāyam api yajimadvacana eveti bhavati kasyacid āśaṅkā. atha vā yajimadabhidhāno dṛṣṭa ālabhatiḥ prāṇisaṃyuktaḥ, tasyāyam anuvādo vatsavidhānārthaḥ, tathā ca phalam na kalpayitavyaṃ bhaviṣyatīti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - asmin saṃśaye ālambhamātraṃ saṃskāraḥ. kutaḥ? prāyadarśanāt, yatrānyāny{*2/347*} api saṃskārakarmāṇi prāyabhūtānīty ucyante, tatraitad api śrūyate. prāyād api cārthaniścayo bhavati, yathā, agryaprāye likhito 'grya iti gamyate. nanu liṅgaṃ prāyadarśanam, katham anena siddhir iti. ucyate - yathā prāyadarśanena sidhyati, tathā varṇayitavyam. kathaṃ ca prāyadarśanaṃ hetuḥ? nyāyataḥ prāptau satyām. kaḥ punar nyāyaḥ? devatāsaṃbandhābhāvān na yāgavacano 'dṛṣṭārthatvāc ca, vatsa ālabhyamāno gāṃ prastāvayiṣyatīti. tasmād evaṃ nyāyaprāpte prāyadarśanaṃ dyotakaṃ bhavati. tasmād ālambhamātraṃ saṃskāraḥ.

NOTES: *{2/340: MS 2.3.3}* *{2/341: E2,4,6 om iti}* *{2/342: MS 2.3.5}* *{2/343: Vgl. MS 2.3.14}* *{2/344: E2: gamakaṃ}* *{2/345: Vgl. Tait.S. 2.1.4.8}* *{2/346: E2: 3,181; E4: 3,388; E4: 2,583; E6: 1,127}* *{2/347: E2,4: atrānyāny}*

arthavādopapatteś ca // MS_2,3.17 //

arthavādaś ca bhavati, vatsanikāntā hi paśava iti{*2/348*}, [186]{*2/349*} yasmād vatsapriyāḥ paśavaḥ, tasmād vatsa ālabdhavya iti, yadi gāṃ prastāvayitum{*2/350*} ālabhyate, tatraitad vacanam avakalpate, atha saṃjñapayitum, tatraivaṃjātīyakaṃ vacanaṃ nopapadyate. tasmād apy ālambhamātraṃ saṃskāra iti siddham.

NOTES: *{2/348: Vgl. Tait.S. 2.1.4.8}* *{2/349: E2: 3,183; E4: 3,393; E5: 2,585; E6: 1,128}* *{2/350: E1,6; E2,4,5: prasnāvayitum}*

saṃyuktas tv arthaśabdena tadarthaḥ śrutisaṃyogāt // MS_2,3.18 //

asty agniḥ, tatra naivāraś carur bhavati, ity uktvā, yad enaṃ carum upadadhātīti samāmananti. tatra sandihyate, kiṃ carur yāgārtho yāgaṃ kṛtvāvaśiṣṭa upadhātavyaḥ, utopadhānārtha eveti. yāgārtha iti brūmaḥ, caror hi prasiddhaṃ kāryaṃ yāgo nopadhānam. ucyate - yady api yāgārthatā caroḥ prasiddhā, tathāpi devatāvacanasaṃbandhābhāvād yajatiśabdāsaṃbandhāc ca na yāgārthateti gamyate. tad ucyate - tasyaiva vākyaśeṣe śrūyate, bṛhaspater vā etad annaṃ yan nīvārā iti, tena devatāvacanena sannihitenaikavākyatā bhaviṣyatīti bṛhaspatidevatāka upadhātavya iti. tasmād yāgārthaś carur ity evaṃ prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - saṃyuktas tv arthaśabdena kāryaśabdenopadadhātīti tad arthaḥ eva syād upadhānārthaḥ. upadadhātinā cāsya pratyakṣam ekavākyatvam, parokṣaṃ devatāvacanenānumeyam, carum upadadhātīti hi pratyakṣaṃ vākyam. bārhaspatyam upadadhātīty ānumānikam. tasmāt kṛtsnaś carur upadhātavyaḥ, tataś ccet kiṃcid ijyāyāṃ viniyujyeta, tad anyatra śrutam anyatra kṛtaṃ bhavet. yat tu bārhaspatyā nīvārā iti, arthavādaḥ sa iti. yat tūktam - prasiddhā caror yāgārthateti, prasiddhir vākyena bādhyate. tasmād upadhānārtha iti siddham.

[187]{*2/351*}

NOTES: *{2/351: E2: 3,186; E4: 3,398; E5: 2,587; E6: 1,128}*

pātnīvate tu pūrvatvād avacchedaḥ // MS_2,3.19 //

tvāṣṭraṃ pātnīvataṃ vidhāyedam ucyate{*2/352*}, yat paryagnikṛtaṃ pātnīvatam utsṛjantīti. tatra sandehaḥ, kiṃ tvāṣṭrasya paryagnikṛtasyaiṣa utsargo vidhīyate, uta tasmād yāgāntaram iti. yadi paryagnikṛtam utsṛjantīti padadvayaṃ paraspareṇa saṃbaddham, tatas tvāṣṭrasyotsargaḥ, atha pātnīvataśabda utsṛjatinā saṃbadhyeta, tato yāgāntaram. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? yāgāntaram iti. kutaḥ? pūrvas tvāṣṭraḥ pātnīvataś ca, ubhayaviśeṣaṇaviśiṣṭaḥ kathaṃ pātnīvataśabdenānūdyeta. api ca tvāṣṭrasyotsarge vidhīyamāne paryagnikṛtam iti viśeṣaṇaṃ nāvakalpeta. ato brūmaḥ - paryagnikṛtasya pātnīvatatā vidhīyate, sa eva yāga iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - na karmāntaram, pūrvasyaivotsṛjatiśabdenāvacchedo vidhīyate. kim evaṃ bhaviṣyati. yajimattā tāvat kalpayitavyā na bhaviṣyati, utsṛjatiśabdaś ca śrutyotsargaṃ vidadhad vākyena na bādhito bhaviṣyati, karmāntarapakṣe vākyena pātnīvatatāyāṃ vidhīyamānāyām arthāt prāpta utsargo dhātunānūdyeta. api ca paryagnikṛtasya pātnīvatatā pūrvasya viditaiva, sā vidhātum na śakyate. tasmāt pūrvasya karmaṇo 'vacchedaḥ. yat tūktam, tvāṣṭrasyotsargo vidhīyamāne paryagnikṛtam iti viśeṣaṇaṃ tāvan nāvakalpeteti, naiṣa doṣaḥ, atantram evātra pātnīvataśabdo nāsau viśeṣyate, ata eva tvāṣṭraḥ pātnīvata ubhayaviśeṣaṇaviśiṣṭaḥ kevalena pātnīvataśabdena lakṣaṇayānūdyeteti na doṣaḥ. tasmād avaccheda iti siddham.

[188]{*2/353*}

NOTES: *{2/352: Vgl. Kāṭha.S. 30.1}* *{2/353: E2: 3,189; E4: 3,406; E5: 2,591; E6: 1,129}*

adravyatvāt kevale karmaśeṣaḥ syāt // MS_2,3.20 //

na kasyacid api prakaraṇe śrūyate, eṣa vai haviṣā havir yajate yo 'dābhyaṃ gṛhītvā somāya yajata iti, tathā parā vaitasyāyuḥ prāṇa eti yo 'ṃśuṃ gṛhṇātīti{*2/354*}. tatra sandehaḥ, kiṃ yāgāntaram etad grahaṇakam, uta jyotiṣṭomayāge grahavidhir iti. kiṃ prāptam? yāgāntaram iti. kutaḥ? apūrvanāmadheyasaṃyogāt, na prakṛtāv etan nāmadheyako yāgo 'sti, na grahaḥ kaścid yo 'bhyasyeta. tasmād yāgāntaram. nanu dravyadevataṃ na śrūyate. mā bhūd dravyadevatam, sākṣād eva yajatiśabdo vidyate. tasmāt karmāntaram adābhyasaṃjñakam, aṃśusaṃjñakaṃ ca yāgaṃ karotīty evaṃ prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - adravyadevatāke kevale nāmadheye śrūyamāṇe brūmaḥ, jyotiṣṭome eva grahābhyāsaviśeṣavidhānam iti. kutaḥ? etat tāvad grahasya nāmadheyaṃ na yāgasya, grahaṇena sākṣāt saṃbandhāt, vyavahitatvād yāgasya. aṃśur iti ca muktasaṃśayam eva grahanāmadheyam, na ca grahabhede yāgabhedo bhavati, na ca, dravyadevataṃ śrūyate. yato gṛhṇātir yajimadvacano bhavet, yad apy uktam, sākṣād atra yajatiśabdo vidhāyaka iti, naivaṃ śakyaṃ karmāntaraṃ vidhātum, vihitayāgavacano hi saḥ, viśeṣābhāvāt. tasmād yajatinā jyotiṣṭoma evocyate, aṃśvadābhyaśabdābhyām apy aparau grahābhyāsau vidhīyeta iti siddham.

[189]{*2/355*}

NOTES: *{2/354: Tait.S. 3.3.4.1}* *{2/355: E2: 3,191; E4: 3,411; E5: 2,594; E6: 1,130}*

agnis tu liṅgadarśanāt kratuśabdaḥ pratīyeta // MS_2,3.21 //

asty agniḥ, ya evaṃ vidvān agniṃ cinuta iti, evaṃ vidhāya śrūyate, athāto 'gnim agniṣṭomenaivānuyajati, tam ukthena, tam atirātreṇa, taṃ ṣoḍaśinetyevamādi{*2/356*}. tatra sandehaḥ, kim ayam agniśabdo yāgavacano jyotiṣṭomādibhyaḥ karmāntaraṃ cinuta ity ākhyātena vidhīyate, uta dravyavacano jyotiṣṭomādiṣu guṇavidhānam iti. kiṃ prāptam? yāgavacana iti. kutaḥ? liṅgadarśanāt, liṅgaṃ hi dṛśyate, agneḥ stotram agneḥ śastram iti tathā, ṣaḍupasadḥ 'gneḥ cityasya bhavantīti, yasya stotraṃ śastram upasadaś ca tasyāgniśabdo vācaka iti gamyate, yāgasyaitat sarvam, tasmāt yāgavacana iti. nanu liṅgam asādhakam, prāptir ucyatām iti. atrocyate - athāto 'gnim agniṣṭomenaivānuyajatīti yāgam abhinivartayatīty ucyate, tam agnim iti viśinaṣṭi. tasmād agnisaṃjñaka iti gamyate. anuśabdo 'py upasargo yajater viśeṣaka evam upapadyate, yady agnir yāgaḥ. tasmāt kratuśabdaḥ pratīyeta.

NOTES: *{2/356: Tait.S. 5.5.2.1}*

dravyaṃ vā syāc codanāyās tadarthatvāt // MS_2,3.22 //

dravyaṃ vāgniśabdenocyeta. katamad dravyam? yad etaj jvalanaḥ, atra hy eṣa prasiddhaḥ. cinuta ity eṣā hi codanā cayanārthā na yajaty arthaṃ śaknoti vaditum, cayanenainaṃ saṃskurute citau sthāpayatīti. anuśabdaś ca paścād artho bhaviṣyati, cayane nirvṛtte paścād agniṣṭomena yāgena yajatīti.

[190]{*2/357*}

NOTES: *{2/357: E2: 3,193; E4: 3,417; E5: 2,597; E6: 1,130}*

tatsaṃyogāt kratus tadākhyaḥ syāt tena dharmavidhānāni // MS_2,3.23 //

yat tu liṅgadarśanam uktam, yāgavacano 'gniśabda iti, tat teṣv eva liṅgasaṃyukteṣu vacaneṣu, na sarvatra, teṣu cityāgnisaṃyogāt, yāge lakṣaṇaśabdaḥ, tena kratuvacanāni taddharmavidhānānīty adoṣaḥ.

prakaraṇāntare prayojanānyatvam // MS_2,3.24 //

kuṇḍapāyinām ayane śrūyate, māsam agnihotraṃ juhoti, māsaṃ darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ yajata ityevamādi. tatra sandihyate, kiṃ niyate 'gnihotre niyatayoś ca darśapūrṇamāsayor māso vidhīyate kālaḥ, atha kiṃ niyatāgnihotrān niyatābhyāṃ ca darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ karmāntaravidhānam iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? niyateṣu kālavidhir iti. kutaḥ? kālavidhisarūpa eṣa śabdo māsam iti. kathaṃ kālavidhisarūpatā? yad agnihotraṃ juhotīti viditam, māsam ity aviditam. evaṃ cāgnihotraśabdo darśapūrṇamāsaśabdaś ca nārthāntaravṛttau bhaviṣyataḥ, tasmāt kālavidhiḥ. nanu kuṇḍapāyinām ayanaprakaraṇaṃ bādhyetaivam. kāmaṃ bādhyatām, vākyaṃ hi balavattaram. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - prakaraṇāntare śrūyamāṇaṃ vākyaṃ yasya prakaraṇe, tasya vācakaṃ bhavitum arhati. nanu pratyakṣo 'gnihotrasya darśapūrṇa[191]{*2/358*}māsayoś ca guṇavidhiḥ. na, ity ucyate. katham? upasiddhaś caritveti hy uktvedam abhidhīyate, na ca, upasado 'gnihotrasya darśapūrṇamāsayoś ca santi. tasmād aśakyas tatra māsavidhiḥ. athocyate, upasado 'pi vidhīyanta iti. tathā guṇavidhānārtho 'smin vākye 'nekaguṇavidhānād vākyaṃ bhidyeta. asmin pakṣe punar atantram agnihotraśabdo na karma viśekṣyati, tena vākyabhedo na bhaviṣyati. tasmāt karmāntaram iti siddham.

NOTES: *{2/358: E2: 3,195; E4: 3,419; E5: 2,599; E6: 1,131}*

phalaṃ cākarmasannidhau // MS_2,3.25 //

anārabhya kiṃcic chrūyata āgneyam aṣṭākapālaṃ nirvaped rukkāmaḥ{*2/359*}; agnīṣomīyam ekādaśakapālaṃ nirvaped brahmavarcasakāmaḥ{*2/360*}; aindrāgnam ekādaśakapālaṃ nirvapet prajākāma iti{*2/361*}. atra sandihyate, kiṃ prākṛteṣv āgneyādiṣu phalaṃ vidhīyate, uta prākṛtebhyaḥ karmāntarāṇy etāni? kiṃ prāptam? prākṛteṣu phalavidhir iti. kutaḥ? viditā āgneyādayaḥ pratyabhijñāyante, tasmāt teṣām anuvādaḥ phalasaṃbandhārtha iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - phalaṃ ca bhedakam akarmasannidhau śrūyamāṇam. katham? anuvāde sati na śakyeta phalaṃ vidhātum, vidhāyakasyābhāvāt, na hi, avidhīyamāno hy upāyo ruco bhavatīti gamyate. api ca rukkāme 'tra vidhīyamāne kāmasya [192]{*2/362*} anityatvāt, āgneyādīnāṃ nityatvāt saṃbandho nāvakalpeta. evaṃ sarvatra. tasmāt karmāntarāṇi.

NOTES: *{2/359: Vgl. Tait.S. 2.2.3.3}* *{2/360: Tait.S. 2.3.3.3}* *{2/361: Tait.S. 2.2.1.1}* *{2/362: E2: 3,201; E4: 3,430; E5: 602; E6: 1,131}*

sannidhau tv avibhāgāt phalārthena punaḥśrutiḥ // MS_2,3.26 //

asty aveṣṭiḥ, āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālaḥ puroḍāśo bhavatītyevamādiḥ, tāṃ prakṛtyocyate, etayānnādyakāmaṃ yājayeteti. tatra sandehaḥ - kiṃ karmāntaram aveṣṭer utāveṣṭir eveti? kiṃ prāptam, karmāntaram iti, uktena nyāyena. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - sannidhau phalārthena punaḥśrutir aveṣṭer eva, na karmāntaram iti. kutaḥ? avibhāgāt, etayety eṣa śabdo na śaknoty aveṣṭyā vibhaktaṃ yāgam anyaṃ vaktum, sannihitasya pratinirdeśaka eṣa śabdaḥ. tasmād aveṣṭir evānnādyakāmasya vidhīyata iti. kiṃ prayojanam? yady aveṣṭiḥ, āgneyādīni havīṃṣi. atha karmāntaram, anyahaviṣko yāga iti.

āgneyasūktahetutvād abhyāsena pratīyeta // MS_2,3.27 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo 'māvāsyābhyāṃ paurṇamāsyāṃ cācyuto bhavatīti vidhāya punar ucyate, āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo 'māvāsyāyāṃ bhavatīti. tatra sandehaḥ - kim amāvāsyāyāṃ dvir āgneyena yaṣṭavyam, uta sakṛd iti. kiṃ prāptam? āgneyasūktahetutvād abhyāsena pratīyate, ekasyaivaṃ punaḥśrutir aviśeṣād anarthakaṃ hi syād iti{*2/363*}.

[193]{*2/364*}

NOTES: *{2/363: MS 2.2.2}* *{2/364: E2: 3,204; E4: 3,441; E5: 2,605; E6: 1,132}*

avibhāgāt tu karmaṇā{*2/365*} dvir ukter na vidhīyate // MS_2,3.28 //

naitad asti, punar abhyasitavya āgneya iti. kutaḥ? na, abhyāsasya vācakaḥ śabdo 'stīti. nanv āgneyaḥ punaruccaritaḥ paraṃ karma vidhāsyati. neti brūmaḥ, śabdaḥ punaruccarito{*2/366*} na punar arthaḥ kartavya iti śaknoti vaditum, yo 'sya prathamam uccaritasyārthaḥ, śatakṛtvo 'py uccaritasya sa evārtho bhaviṣyati, nānyaḥ. nanu vihitam eva punar viśiṣṭaṃ vidadhad anarthako bhavati. bhavatu kāmam anarthakatvam, na tv anyaṃ śaknoti vaditum, bhaved upapannam anarthakatvam, na tv arthāntaravacanatā. tasmān na dvir abhyasyeteti.

NOTES: *{2/365: E1,6; E2,4,5: karmaṇo}* *{2/366: E2,4: punaruccārito}*

anyārthā vā punaḥśrutiḥ // MS_2,3.29 //

atha vā, nānarthikā punaḥśrutiḥ, arthavādārthā bhaviṣyatīty ucyate. kim arthavādena prayojanam? yadā pūrvenaiva vākyena sārthavādakena vihitaḥ āgneyaḥ, kamanyam arthaṃ vidhātum śrutiḥ{*2/367*} prayujyeta? śrutimātraṃ{*2/368*} yan na kasyacid vidhānārtham, tad anarthakam, ity uktam, āmnāyasya kriyārthatvād ānarthakyam atadarthānām iti{*2/369*}, śrutaś cāśrutaś{*2/370*} ca tāvān eva so 'rthaḥ, yathā śrutā cāśrutā{*2/371*} ca devatā aṅgabhāvaṃ sādhayati, evam etad iti. tad ucyate - anyārthā vā punaḥśrutiḥ, na āgneyaṃ vidhātum, aindrāgnavidhānārthā, āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo 'māvāsyāyāṃ bhavaty eva, na kevalenāgninā sa sādhur bhavatītīndrasahito 'gniḥ samīcīnataraḥ, tasmād aindrāgnaḥ kartavya iti.

[194]{*2/372*}

NOTES: *{2/367: E1,6; E2,4,5: stutiḥ}* *{2/368: E1,6; E2,4,5: stutimātraṃ}* *{2/369: MS 1.2.1}* *{2/370: E1,6; E2,4,5: stutaś cāstutaś}* *{2/371: E1,6; E2,4: stutā vāstutā vā, E5: stutā cāstutā ca}* *{2/372: E2: 3,207; E4: 3,446; E5: 2,607; E6: 1,133}*

yāvajjīviko 'bhyāsaḥ karmadharmaḥ prakaraṇāt // MS_2,4.1 //

bahvṛcabrāhmaṇe śrūyate - yāvajjīvam agnihotraṃ juhotīti, yāvajjīvaṃ darśapūrṇamāsābhyām yajeteti. atra sandeheḥ - kiṃ karmadharmo 'bhyāso yāvajjīvikatā, uta kartṛdharmo niyamaś codyate yāvajjīvikateti. kathaṃ karmadharmo 'bhyāsaḥ, kathaṃ vā kartṛdharmo niyama iti. yadi juhotir anuvādaḥ, yāvajjīvam iti vidhiḥ. tataḥ karmadharmo 'bhyāsaḥ, yadi viparītam, tataḥ kartṛdharmo niyama iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam, karmadharmo 'bhyāsaḥ. kutaḥ? prakaraṇāt, yadīyaṃ vacanavyaktiḥ, juhotiyajatiśabdāv anuvādau, yāvajjīvam iti ca vidhiḥ, tataḥ prakaraṇam anugṛhyate, tasmād abhyāsaḥ. evaṃ kṛtvā satrasaṃstavo yukto bhaviṣyati, jarāmaryaṃ vā etat satraṃ yad agnihotram, darśapūrṇamāsau ceti dīrghakālasāmānyāt. tasmād abhyāsaḥ.

kartur vā śrutisaṃyogāt // MS_2,4.2 //

atra brūmaḥ - yāvajjīviko 'bhyāso na syāt, kartur dharmo niyamaś codyata iti. kutaḥ? śrutisaṃyogāt. evaṃ śrutiparicchinno 'rtho bhaviṣyati, itarathā lakṣaṇā syāt. katham? yāvajjīvanam, tāvatā kālena kuryād iti, tad etat pradoṣaparisamāptam agnihotram anabhyasya, na śakyate yāvajjīvanakālena kartum, paurṇamāsyam āvāsyāparisamāptau ca darśapūrṇamāsau. yady ucyeta - jīvanakālasyaikadeśe 'pi kṛtaṃ tena kālena kṛtaṃ bhavatīti. naitad evam, [195]{*2/373*} arthaprāptaṃ hi tan na vidhātavyaṃ śabdena, jīvanaparimitaḥ kālo yaḥ, tena parisamāpayitavyam ity arthād abhyāsaḥ, sa hi kartavyatayā śrūyate, na cāsāv juhotiyajatibhyām ucyate, lakṣaṇayā tu gamyate. yāvajjīvaṃ juhuyāt, yāvajjīvam abhyasyed iti, śrutiś ca prakaraṇād balīyasī. yadīyaṃ vacanavyaktir asya vākyasya, yāvajjīvam ity anuvādo juhoti yajatīti ca vidhānam, ity evaṃ yajatijuhotiśabdau svārthāv eva bhaviṣyataḥ, yāvajjīvaśabdo 'pi jīvanavacana eva, nābhyāsalakṣaṇo bhaviṣyatīti jīvane nimitte karma vidhīyate, jīvaṃś ced dhotavyam iti, jīvanaṃ nimittam, na kālaḥ, niyatanimittatvān niyataṃ karma tenocyate, kartur dharmo niyamaś codyata iti.

NOTES: *{2/373: E2: 3,210; E4: 3,451; E5: 2,609; E6: 1,134}*

liṅgadarśanāc ca, karmadharme hi prakrameṇa niyamyeta, tatrānarthakam anyat syāt // MS_2,4.3 //

liṅgaṃ ca bhavaty api ha vā eṣa svargāl lokāc chidyate yo darśapūrṇamāsayājī paurṇamāsīm amāvāsyāṃ vātipātayeteti. kathaṃ liṅgam? karmadharme hi prakrāntaṃ satraṃ yāvajjīvanakālena parisamāpyeta, na tatra kālātipātaḥ syāt. tatra cānarthakam anyat syāt prāyaścittādi vidhīyamānam.

vyapavargaṃ ca darśayati, kālaś cet karmabhedaḥ syāt // MS_2,4.4 //

vyapavargasya samāpanasya darśanaṃ bhavati, darśapūrṇamāsābhyām iṣṭvā somena yajeteti. yadi darśapūrṇamāsābhyām iṣṭvā somasya kālo 'sti, vyaktaṃ na yāvajjīvanakālena tau parisamāpyete. atha jīvanaṃ nimittam, upapadyate karmabhedaḥ, darśapūrṇamāsau parisamāpya somaṃ karmāntaraṃ kuryād iti. [196]{*2/374*} api cāhitāgnir vā eṣa yo 'gnihotraṃ juhoti na darśapūrṇamāsau yajeta, yā āhutibhājo devatās tā anudhyāyinīḥ karotīty anudhyāyinīvacanaṃ bhavati, niyato ya āhutibhāgaḥ, tasmin adīyamāne 'nudhyāyinīvacanaṃ bhavati. yas tv aniyata āhutibhāgas tam{*2/375*} anudhyāyanti, idaṃ no bhaviṣyatīti, niyataś ca bhāgo niyamapakṣe bhavati, na kāmyapakṣe, karmadharme ca kāmyam agnihotraṃ ca darśapūrṇamāsau ca, tasmān niyamapakṣaḥ. api ca śrūyate, jarāmaryaṃ vaitat satraṃ yad agnihotraṃ darśapūrṇamāsau ca, jarayā ha vaitābhyāṃ nirmucyate mṛtyunā ceti jarāmaraṇanirmocanāvadhāraṇavacanaṃ ca niyamapakṣa upapadyate. kāmyapakṣe hy aprayogād api mucyeta.

NOTES: *{2/374: E2: 3,214; E4: 3,462; E5: 2,611; E6: 1,134}* *{2/375: E2,4,5: na tam}*

anityatvāt tu naivaṃ syāt // MS_2,4.5 //

tuśabdo 'nvācaye, itaraś ca paśyāmaḥ, kartur dharmo niyamaś codyata iti. yadi pūrvasya homasya guṇavidhir bhavet sa ekaikaḥ pūrvo 'gnihotrahomo 'nityaḥ syāt, kāmasaṃyogena śruto nānyaḥ kaścin nityaḥ, tatra liṅgaṃ virudhyeta, jarāmaryaṃ vaitat satraṃ yad agnihotraṃ darśapūrṇamāsau, jarayā vaitābhyāṃ nirmucyate mṛtyunā ceti. kathaṃ virudhyate? jarāmaraṇanirmocanādhāraṇavacanaṃ niyamapakṣa upapadyate, kāmyapakṣe 'prayogād api mucyeta.

virodhaś cāpi pūrvavat // MS_2,4.6 //

itaś ca paśyāmo na pūrvābhyāso guṇaś codyata iti. kutah? virodhāt, virodho bhavati, darśapūrṇamāsavikārāḥ sauryādayo 'pi yāvajjīvam abhyasitavyā bhaveyuḥ. so 'nārabhyārthaḥ pratijñātaḥ syāt. ato 'pi paśyāmo niyama iti satrasaṃstavaś ca santatabhāvam upapatsyate.

[197]{*2/376*}

NOTES: *{2/376: E2: 3,216; E4: 3,467; E5: 2,612; E6: 1,135}*

kartus tu dharmaniyamāt kālaśāstraṃ nimittaṃ syāt // MS_2,4.7 //

yadi kartur dharmo niyamaś codyeta, tato jīvanaṃ nimittam, jīvane nimitte karma vidhīyate. tatra prayoge parisamāptaṃ karma, tathā vyapavargasya darśanam akḷptaṃ bhavati, tasmāt kartṛdharmo niyamaś codyata iti siddhaṃ bhavati.

nāmarūpadharmaviśeṣapunaruktinindāśaktisamāptivacanaprāyaścittānyārthadarśanāc chākhāntareṣu karmabhedaḥ syāt // MS_2,4.8 //

iha śākhāntarāṇy udāharaṇam, kāṭhakaṃ kālāpakaṃ paippalādakam ityevamādīni. tatra sandehaḥ, kim ekasyāṃ śākhāyāṃ yat karmāgnihotrādi śrūyate, tac chākhāntare punaḥ śrūyamāṇam bhidyeta tasmāt, uta na bhidyeta? bhidyeteti paśyāmaḥ. kutaḥ? nāmabhedāt, ekaṃ kāṭhakaṃ nāma, anyat kālāpakaṃ nāma, evaṃ nāmabhedād bhedaḥ. nanu granthanāmaitat. satyam, karmaṇām apīti brūmaḥ, karmabhir apy evamādīnāṃ sāmānādhikaraṇyam ekavibhaktitvaṃ ceti. rūpabhedāc ca, ekasyāṃ śākhāyām agnīṣomīyam ekādaśakapālam āmananti, ekasyāṃ dvādaśakapālam, evaṃ bhinnaṃ rūpam{*2/377*}, katham iva na karmāntaraṃ bhaviṣyati. dharmaviśeṣāc ca, kārīrīvākyāny adhīyānās taittirīyā bhūmau bhojanam ācaranti, apare śākhino nācaranti, tathāgnim adhī[198]{*2/378*}yānāḥ kecid upādhyāyasyodakumbhānāharanti, apare na, aśvamedham adhīyānāḥ kecid aśvasya ghāsam āharanti, apare na, pare 'nyaṃ dharmam ācaranti, aśvaghāsāder ekeṣām upakāram ākāṅkṣaty aśvamedhādiḥ, ekeṣāṃ nākāṅkṣati, sa evaikaḥ kathaṃ nākāṅkṣeta kathaṃ vānyad ākāṅkṣitum arhati, ato gamyata anyad iti. punaruktiprasaṅgāc ca, yadi sarvaśākhāpratyayam ekaṃ karma, ekasyāṃ śākhāyāṃ vihitasya karmaṇaḥ śākhāntare vacanaṃ punaruktam anarthakaṃ syāt. na tu bhedapakṣa eṣa doṣo 'sti, tasmād api karmabhedaḥ. nindāvacanāc ca prātaḥ prātaranṛtaṃ te vadanti purodayā{*2/379*} juhvati ye 'gnihotraṃ divākīrtyam ādivā kīrtayantaḥ sūryo jyotir na tadā jyotir eṣām iti kecic chākhino 'nuditahomaṃ nindanti, apare punar uditahomaṃ nindanti, yathātithaye pradrutāyānnam āhareyus tādṛk tad yady udite juhvatīti{*2/380*}, sarvaśākhyāpratyaye viruddham, na tu karmabhede, tasmād api bheda iti. aśakteś ca, na śaknuyuḥ khalv api sarvaśākhāpratyayam upasaṃhartum, tatrānārabhyo 'rtho vidhīyata iti pratijñātaṃ bhavet, śakyaṃ tu karmabhede, ataḥ karmabheda iti. samāptivacanāc ca, asamāpte 'pi samāpter vacanaṃ bhavati, kecid āhuḥ, atrāsmākam agniḥ parisamāpyata iti, apare 'nyaparisamāptiṃ vyapadiśanti, tad ekakarmatve nopapadyate, na hi tatra ca{*2/381*} parisamāpyeta, anyatra na. bhede tu yuktam, tasmād bheda iti. prāyaścittavidhānāc ca, kecid anuditahomavyatikrame prāyaścittam āmananti, kecid uditahomavyatikrame vṛddhe ca prāyaścittam, na ca karmaikatva ubhayathā vṛddhiḥ saṃbhavati, karmabhede tu yad anudite homakarma, tad udite vṛddham, itarad apy udite, tasmād api bhedaḥ. anyārthadarśanāc ca, idaṃ śrūyate, yadi purā didīkṣāṇāḥ syuḥ yadi vaiṣāṃ gṛhapatir gṛhapater vānusatriṇa iti, ta enam eva [199]{*2/382*} bṛhatsāmānaṃ kratum upeyur upetaṃ hy eṣāṃ rathantaram, atha yady adidīkṣāṇā itīṣṭavatām aniṣṭapūrvāṇāṃ ca dvādaśāhe darśanam upapadyate yadi karmabhedaḥ, ekakarmatve nāvakalpyate. katham? tāṇḍake{*2/383*} śrūyate, eṣa vāva prathamo yajño yajñānām, yaj jyotiṣṭomaḥ, ya etenāniṣṭvāthānyena yajeta gartapatyam eva taj jāyeta pravām īyata iti{*2/384*}, tat sarvatra syāt, tatrādidīkṣāṇāṃ dvādaśāhe darśanaṃ nopapadyate, tasmād api karmabhedaḥ. athāparaṃ liṅgadarśanam, yat pakṣasamitāṃ pinuyāt kanīyāṃsaṃ yajñakratum upeyāt kanīyasīṃ prajñāṃ kanīyasaḥ paśūn kanīyo 'nnādyaṃ pāpīyān syāt, atha yadi vedisaṃmityā minotīti{*2/385*} pakṣasamāne pratiṣiddhe vedisaṃmānasya darśanaṃ bhavati, tat tu karmabheda upapadyate, pākṣikasya vedisaṃmānasya darśanam ekakarmatve nopapadyate. katham? eke hi samāmananti, rathākṣamātrāṇi yūpāntarālāni bhavantīti{*2/386*}, tat sarvatra syāt, tatra ca no pakṣasaṃmānaṃ no vedisaṃmānaṃ syāt, vedisaṃmānadarśanaṃ nopapadyate, tasmād api karmabhedaḥ. aparaṃ ca liṅgadarśanam, keṣāṃcij jyotiṣṭome śrūyate, dve saṃstutānāṃ virājam atiricyeta iti, pareṣāṃ tisraḥ saṃstutānāṃ virājam atiricyanta ity ekakarmatve virodhaḥ, nānākarmatve kasmiṃścij jyotiṣṭome dve, kasmiṃścit tisraḥ, tasmāt karmabheda iti. api ca sārasvate śrūyate, ye puroḍāśinas te upaviśanti ye sānnāyinas te vatsān vārayanti. sānnāyina iṣṭaprathamayajñāḥ, puroḍāśino viparītāḥ, ubhayeṣāṃ sārasvate darśanam avakalpate karmabhede, ekakarmatve sarveṣāṃ jyotiṣṭomapūrvatvaṃ syāt, tatra darśanaṃ nopapadyate. api ca śrūyate - upahavyo niruktaḥ{*2/387*}, agniṣṭomo yajñaḥ rathantara[200]{*2/388*}sāmā, aśvaḥ śyāvo dakṣiṇā, pareṣāṃ śrūyate, upahavyo 'niruktaḥ, uktho{*2/389*} yajño bṛhatsāmā, aśvaḥ śveto rukmalalāṭo dakṣiṇeti, karmaikatve rathantaravacanaṃ bṛhadvacanaṃ cānarthakam, śākhādvayapratyayatvād bṛhatsāmā rathantarasāmā vā syāt, sa cāyaṃ prakṛtita evaṃlakṣaṇakaḥ prāptaḥ, nānākarmatve tv anyo bṛhatsāmānyo rathantarasāmeti yuktaṃ bhavati, tasmāc chākhāntare karmabhedo bhavitum arhati.

NOTES: *{2/377: E1,5; E2,4,6: bhinnarūpam}* *{2/378: E2: 3,219; E4: 3,469; E5: 2,615; E6: 1,136}* *{2/379: E2,4,6: purodayāj; E5: purodayājū juhvati}* *{2/380: Śāṅkhā.Br. 2.9; Tait.Br.2.1.2.12}* *{2/381: E1,6; E2,4,5: na hi tad eva tatra}* *{2/382: E2: 3,220; E4: 3,470; E5: 2,626; E6: 1,136}* *{2/383: E2,4,5,6: tāṇḍyake}* *{2/384: Tā.Br. 16.1.2}* *{2/385: Mait.S. 3.4.8}* *{2/386: Tait.S. 6.6.4.1}* *{2/387: E1,6; E2,4,5: 'niruktaḥ}* *{2/388: E2: 3,221; E4: 3,471; E5: 2,617; E6: 1,137}* *{2/389: E1,6; E2,4,5: ukthyo}*

ekaṃ vā saṃyogarūpacodanākhyāviśeṣāt // MS_2,4.9 //

na caitad asti, yad uktam - śākhāntareṣu karmabheda iti, sarvaśākhāpratyayaṃ sarvabrāhmaṇapratyayaṃ caikaṃ karma, arthasaṃyogasyāviśeṣāt, tad eva prayojanam uddiśya tad eva vidhīyamānaṃ pratyabhijānīmaḥ. rūpam apy asya tad eva dravyadevatam, puruṣaprayatnaś ca tādṛśa eva codyate, nāmadheyaṃ cāviśiṣṭam, tena tad eva karma sarvaśākhādiṣv iti pratyayaḥ.

na nāmnā syād acodanābhidhānatvāt // MS_2,4.10 //

yad uktam - nāmabheda iti, parihṛtaṃ tad granthanām ata iti. atha yad uktam - karmaṇo 'pi nāmasāmānādhikaraṇyadarśanād iti. naiṣa doṣaḥ, granthasaṃyogāt karma kāṭhakādi, na karmasaṃyogād granthaḥ kāṭhakaḥ. kathaṃ gamyate? yat karma kāṭhakādisaṃyuktam, tat kāṭhakādiśabdenocyate. kim ato 'pi? yad granthasaṃyogāt kāṭhakaṃ kālāpakaṃ karmocyate. ekatve 'pi kāṭhakagranthasaṃyogāt kāṭhakam, kālāpakagranthasaṃyogāt tu kālāpakaṃ bhaviṣyati.

[201]{*2/390*}

NOTES: *{2/390: E2: 3,224; E4: 3,492; E5: 2,618; E6: 1,138}*

sarveṣāṃ caikakarmyaṃ syāt // MS_2,4.11 //

yadi śabdabhedād bhedo bhavet, śabdaikyāt tarhi karmaikyaṃ bhavet. tatra kāṭhakaśabdābhidhānād aikyaṃ bhaved agnihotrasya darśapūrṇamāsayor jyotiṣṭomasya ca, tacchabdatvāt, na caitad evam. tasmād apy abhedaḥ.

kṛtakaṃ cābhidhānam // MS_2,4.12 //

idānīṃtanaṃ caitad abhidhānaṃ bhavet, asya na pūrvam āsīt, yataḥ prabhṛti kaṭhasya prakṛṣṭaṃ vacanam, tataḥ prabhṛti pravṛttam, pūrvaṃ nāsīd bhedaḥ, idānīṃ bheda iti viruddham.

ekatve 'pi param // MS_2,4.13 //

ekakarmatve 'pi rūpabhedo bhavati vacanāt, na ca, vācanike rūpabhede, asatyām api bhedabuddhau karmaṇo bhedo 'bhyavasīyeta.

vidyāyāṃ dharmaśāstram // MS_2,4.14 //

atha yo dharmaviśeṣa uktaḥ, vidyāgrahaṇārthaḥ saḥ, na karmaṇa upakārakaḥ. kathaṃ gamyate? śrutyādīnām abhāvāt, vidyāsaṃyogāc ca na karmaprayukta iti.

āgneyavat punarvacanam // MS_2,4.15 //

atha yad uktam - yathāmāvāsyāyām{*2/391*} āgneyasya punaruktadoṣān madhyamaḥ pakṣo nirastaḥ, evam ayam api tasmād eva doṣāt karmaikatvapakṣo nirasitavya iti, etat parihartavyam. (ity ābhāṣāntaṃ sūtram){*2/392*}.

[202]{*2/393*}

NOTES: *{2/391: Vgl. MS 2.3.27-29}* *{2/392: In E1 geklammert}* *{2/393: E2: 3,226; E4: 3,497; E5: 2,619; E6: 1,139}*

advirvacanaṃ vā śrutisaṃyogāviśeṣāt // MS_2,4.16 //

naiva khalv etat dvirvacanam, sa evāyam arthaḥ punaḥ śrāvito 'gnihotrādir bahukṛtvo bahubhis tu puruṣaiḥ, na caiko 'rtho bahubhir ucyamānaḥ punarukto bhavati. yadi bhavet, ekasminn eva vede bahubhir ucyamāne bhavet, tasmān na bahukarmasamavāyo 'yam, ekam evedaṃ karmeti.

vākyāsamavāyāt // MS_2,4.16a //{*2/394*}

NOTES: *{2/394: Dieses Sūtra wurde von Śabara nicht kommentiert, es findet sich jedoch bei Kumārila. In E2,4,5 ist es aufgenommen worden. Dies bedingt eine von E1,6 abweichende Zählung der folgenden Sūtras}*

arthāsannidheś ca // MS_2,4.17 //

arthāsannidheś ca śākhāśabda upapanno bhaviṣyati, śākhā iva homāḥ śākhāḥ, tad yathā vṛkṣasya śākhāḥ, evam ihāpi vṛkṣasthānīyasya vedasya śākhāḥ. kiṃ śākhāsārūpyam? yathā nānāvasthānam, na caikaikasyāṃ kṛtsnaṃ puṣpaṃ phalaṃ sannihitam, evam ihāpi, naikaikasyāṃ kṛtsaṃ guṇakāṇḍaṃ sannihitam, ity arthāsannidheḥ śākhāśabdopapattiḥ. tasmād apy ekaṃ karmeti.

na caikaṃ prati śiṣyate // MS_2,4.18 //

na ca, yat kāṭhake 'gnihotram, tat kāṭhakam evaikaṃ puruṣaṃ prati vidhīyate. taittirīyasyāpi tadvihitam eva, puruṣaviśeṣavacanābhāvāt, yac cāgnihotrasya kiṃcid aṅgaṃ vidhīyate, sarvāvasthasya tad agnihotrasya, yac ca kāṭhakasyāgnihotraṃ, tac ca taittirīyakasyeti, viśeṣavacanābhāvāt, tasmāt sarvaśākhyābhir ekaṃ samāptaṃ karmocyata iti.

[203]{*2/395*}

NOTES: *{2/395: E2: 3,229; E4: 3,505; E5: 2,620; E6: 1,139}*

samāptivac ca saṃprekṣā // MS_2,4.19 //

atrāsmākam agniḥ parisamāpyata ity utprekṣitāro bhavanti, anvāroheṣu maitrāyaṇīyānām agniḥ parisamāpyate, asmākaṃ teṣu na parisamāpyata iti, yady anyad eva maitrāyaṇīyānām, anyac ca teṣām, kathaṃ te brūyur eṣv asmākaṃ na parisamāpyata iti, ekatvam upapannam, teṣām api hi te santi.

ekatve 'pi parāṇi nindāśaktisamāptivacanāni // MS_2,4.20 //

na hi nindā nindyaṃ nindituṃ prayujyate. kiṃ tarhi ninditād itarat praśaṃsitum, tatra na ninditasya pratiṣedho gamyate. kiṃ tarhi ninditāditarat praśaṃsitum, tatra na ninditasya pratiṣedho gamyate. kiṃ tv itarasya vidhiḥ, tatraikasminn agnihotre dvau kālau vihitau vikalpyete, ato na kaścid virodhaḥ. tathāsamarthānām ekasminn api vede vihitaṃ kṛtsnam{*2/396*} aṅgajātam upasaṃhartum aśaktiḥ, samarthānāṃ tu sarvaśākhābhyo 'py āgamitam adhikaṃ vidhim upasaṃhartum śaktir astīti tenaikakarmatve 'pi na viruddham iti. tathaikasminn api karmaṇi kiṃcid vastu samāptam iti kṛtvā samāptiśabdaḥ prayujyate, yathā, ādhvaryave samāpte jyotiṣṭomasya, samāpto jyotiṣṭoma iti bhavati.

NOTES: *{2/396: E2,4: vihitaṃ kṛtsnam}*

prāyaścittaṃ nimittena // MS_2,4.21 //

yad uktam - uditahomasyāpi prāyaścittāntā{*2/397*} nāvṛddhatā{*2/398*} gamyate, anuditahomasyāpi, tad ekatve virudhyate, [204]{*2/399*} aviruddhaṃ nānātva iti, tat parihartavyam. (ābhāṣāntaṃ sūtram){*2/400*}.

NOTES: *{2/397: E2: prāyaścinnānād; E4: prāyaścitāmnānād; E5: prāyaścittāmnānād}* *{2/398: E2,4,5: vyṛddhatā}* *{2/399: E2: 3,231; E4: 3,509; E5: 2,621; E6: 1,140}* *{2/400: In E1 geklammert}*

prakramād vā niyogena // MS_2,4.22 //

vāśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. naiṣa doṣaḥ, udite hoṣyāmīti prakānte 'nyathā kriyamāṇe bhavati doṣaḥ, tatra prāyaścittasya viṣayo bhaviṣyatīti karmaikatve 'pi na doṣaḥ.

samāptiḥ pūrvattvād yathājñāte pratīyeta // MS_2,4.23 //

pūrvavati samāptivacanaṃ bhavati, yat prārabdhaṃ tat parisamāpyate, tatrāsmākaṃ parisamāpto 'gnir iti yo 'smābhir jñāyate, prārabdhaś ca parisamāpyata ity abhiprāyaḥ{*2/401*}.

NOTES: *{2/401: E2,4,5,6: parisamāpyate. prārabdhaś cety abhiprāyaḥ}*

liṅgam aviśiṣṭaṃ sarvaśeṣatvān na hi tatra karmacodanā tasmād dvādaśāhasyāhāravyapadeśaḥ syāt // MS_2,4.24 //

yad uktam - yadi purā didīksāṇā iti, dvādaśāha iṣṭaprathamayajñānām aniṣṭaprathamayajñānāṃ ca darśanaṃ karmabheda upapadyate, na sarvaśākhāpratyayaikakarmaṇīti. naiṣa doṣaḥ, yadi didīkṣāṇā dvādaśāhena, adidīkṣāṇā dvādaśaśāhenety evaṃ tat, na hi sāmavede jyotiṣṭomasya vidhānam. kim ato 'pi? yatra vihitas tatrānūdyate, tena karmabhede 'pi sarvajyotiṣṭomānām eṣa dharmaḥ prāthamyaṃ nāma. ato nānākarmapakṣe 'py avaśyaṃ dvādaśāhasyāhāravyapadeśaḥ kalpanīyas tasmād adoṣaḥ.

[205]{*2/402*}

NOTES: *{2/402: E2: 3,232; E4: 3,514; E5: 2,622; E6: 1,140}*

dravye cācoditatvād vidhīnām avyavasthā syān nirdeśād vyavatiṣṭheta tasmān nityānuvādaḥ syāt // MS_2,4.25 //

dravye cāgnāv acoditatvād ekādaśinyāḥ saṃmānaparimāṇaṃ parti naiṣā vyavasthā syāt, naivāgnāv ekādaśinī codyate, kutaḥ pakṣasaṃmānaṃ vedisaṃmānaṃ vā syāt? dvayam apy etat parārthaṃ kīrtyate, paśvekādaśinīvidhānārtham, yadi pakṣasaṃmitā syād ayaṃ doṣaḥ syāt, vedisaṃmāne na doṣo bhavet, ka etat saṅkaṭamadhyavasānam{*2/403*} arhati? ekasmin yūpa ekādaśa paśavo niyoktavā iti, vācastomādiṣu tu yūpaikādaśinyām asya nityānuvādatvād rathākṣamātrāṇy eva yūpāntarālāni bhaviṣyanti, nityānuvādatvāc cāsaty api pakṣasaṃmāne vedisaṃmāne vaikādaśinīvidhānārthaṃ vacanam upapadyata eveti na doṣaḥ.

NOTES: *{2/403: E1,6; E2,4,5: saṅkaṭamadhyavasātum}*

vihitapratiṣedhāt pakṣe 'tirekaḥ syāt // MS_2,4.26 //

atirātre gṛhṇāti ṣoḍaśinam iti vihitaḥ ṣoḍaśī, nātirātre gṛhṇāti ṣoḍaśinam iti pratiṣiddhaḥ, tena pakṣe dvayoḥ stotrīyayor atirekaḥ, pakṣe tisṝṇām, tasmād adoṣaḥ. kathaṃ punar ayaṃ dvayos tisṝṇāṃ vātirekaḥ? trivṛd bahiṣpavamānam, tat tāvan navakam. pañcadaśāny ājyāni, tāni [206]{*2/404*} tāvac catvāri, tena sā ṣaṣṭiḥ. pañcadaśo mādhyaṃdinaḥ pavamānaḥ, tayā pañcadaśasaṃkhyayā saha, pūrvayā ca navasaṃkhyayā caturaśītiḥ. saptadaśāni pṛṣṭhāni catvāri, saptadaśa ārbhavaḥ pavamānaḥ, pañcasaptadaśakāni tānīti pañcāśītiḥ. pūrvayā caturśītyā sahaikonasaptatiśatam. ekaviṃśaṃ yajñāyajñiyam, tayaikaviṃśatyā saha tasya navatiśataṃ stotriyā{*2/405*} iti brāhmaṇavādaḥ. agniṣṭomamātram abhipretyocyate, sā virāṭ saṃpūrṇā virāḍ iti daśakākhyāḥ{*2/406*}, traya ekaviṃśakā ukthaparyāyāḥ, sā triṣaṣṭiḥ. ekaviṃśaḥ ṣoḍaśī, tayaikaviṃśatyā saha caturaśītiḥ. pañcadaśakā rātriparyāyās trayaḥ, tatraikaikaparyāyaḥ catuḥstotraḥ, tad aśītiśataṃ saṃpūrṇā virāṭ. trivṛd rathantaraṃ pañcasāma, tan navakam, tataś caturaśīter ekaṃ navakam āgacchati, tathā tisraḥ saṃstutānāṃ virājam atiricyante, yadā ṣoḍaśī na gṛhyate, tadaikaviṃśatyā vinā dve saṃstutānāṃ virājam atiricyete, evam ekakarmatve 'pi liṅgam upapadyate.

NOTES: *{2/404: E2: 3,234; E4: 3,517; E5: 2,623; E6: 1,241}* *{2/405: E2,4: stotrīyā}* *{2/406: E2,4: daśakākhyā}*

sārasvate vipratiṣedhād yadeti syāt // MS_2,4.27 //

yad uktam - puroḍāśināṃ sānnāyināṃ ca sārasvate darśanaṃ bhavatīti, jyotiṣṭomapūrvakatvāt sarvakarmaṇām, vipratiṣiddham etad iti, tena yadā sānnāyinaḥ puroḍāśina{*2/407*} iti kalpyate.

NOTES: *{2/407: E1,5; E2,4,6 om. puroḍāśina}*

upahavye 'pratiprasavaḥ // MS_2,4.28 //

atham yad uktam - upahavye bṛhadrathantaravidhānaṃ prakṛtiprāptam eva, ekakarmatve pratiprasavatayāpy asaṃbhavād vidhīyamānam anarthakaṃ syād iti, tat parihartavyam. ābhāṣāntaṃ sūtram.

[207]{*2/408*}

NOTES: *{2/408: E2: 3,235; E4: 3,521; E5: 2,624; E6: 1,142}*

guṇārthā vā punaḥśrutiḥ // MS_2,4.29 //

yadā rathantarasāmā, tadāśvaḥ śveto dakṣiṇā, yadā bṛhatsāmā tadā rukmalalāṭa iti.

pratyayaṃ cāpi darśayati // MS_2,4.30 //

yadā na sarvaśākhāpratyayam ekaṃ karmeti, katham ekasyāṃ śākhāyāṃ samāmnāyate 'nyasyāṃ guṇo vidhīyate? yathā maitrāyaṇīyānāṃ samidādayaḥ prayājā na samāmnāyante, atha ca guṇāḥ śrūyante, ṛtavo vai prayājāḥ samānīya hotavyā iti{*2/409*}. tathā yeṣāṃ śākhināṃ kuṭarur asīty{*2/410*} aśmādānamantro nāmnātaḥ, teṣām api hi dṛśyate, kukkuṭo 'sīty aśmānam upapādatte, kuṭarur asīti veti. tasmād ekaṃ karmeti pratīmaḥ.

NOTES: *{2/409: Mait.S. 1.4.12, vgl. ŚPBr. 1.5.31}* *{2/410: Mait.S. 1.1.6}*

api vā kramasaṃyogād vidhipṛthaktvam ekasyāṃ vyavatiṣṭheta // MS_2,4.31 //

yo hy anyaśākhāvasthitān vidhīn upasaṃharati, sa svaśākhāvihitaṃ kramam uparuṇaddhīti, tena śākhāntareṣu karmabheda iti.

virodhinā{*2/411*} tv asaṃyogād aikakarmye tatsaṃyogād vidhīnāṃ sarvakarmapratyayaḥ syāt // MS_2,4.32 //

ucyate - naiṣa śākhāntaravihitānām aikakarmye sati virodhinā{*2/412*} saṃyogaḥ. na hi kramo vākyena virudhyate, durbalo hi kramaḥ, balavad vākyam, vākyena ca śākhāntarīyāṇām upasaṃhāraḥ. tasmāt sarvaśākhāpratyayaṃ sarvabrāhmaṇapratyayaṃ caikaṃ karma codyata iti siddhaṃ bhavati.

NOTES: *{2/411: E1,6; E2,4,5: virodhināṃ}* *{2/412: E1,6; E2,4,5: virodhināṃ}*

============================================================================

Adhyāya 3:

[208]{*3/1*}

NOTES: *{3/1: E2: 4,1; E4: 3,525; E6: 1,143. E5 enthält jetzt nur noch die ŚBh-Zitate der Bṛhatī und bleibt daher unberücksichtigt}*

athātaḥ śeṣalakṣaṇam // MS_3,1.1 //

nānākarmalakṣaṇaṃ vṛttam, anantaraṃ śeṣalakṣaṇaṃ vartayiṣyāmaḥ. kaḥ śeṣaḥ? kena hetunā śeṣaḥ? kathaṃ ca viniyujyate? iti, śrutyādīni ca viniyoge kāraṇānīti vakṣyate, teṣāṃ ca balavadabalavattā, etat tātparyeṇānyad apy upoddhātādinā.

śeṣaḥ parārthatvāt // MS_3,1.2 //

iha sūtre śeṣasya lakṣaṇam, yena ca hetunā śeṣa ity ucyate, tad ubhayam ākhyāyate. yaḥ parasyopakāre vartate, sa śeṣa ity ucyate. tad yathā, ye parārthāḥ, te vaktāro bhavanti śeṣabhūtā vayam iheti. nanu yo 'pi pradhānabhūtaḥ, so 'pi kadācit parārthe vartate, yathopādhyāyaḥ pradhānabhūtaḥ śiṣyāṇāṃ vidyāvinayādhāne vartate. satyaṃ vartate. yas tv atyantaṃ parārthaḥ, taṃ vayaṃ śeṣa iti brūmaḥ. yathā, garbhadāsaḥ karmārtha eva svāmino 'naḍvāṃś ca krīyate, vakṣyatīty eva. nanu garbhadāsasyāpi savāmī saṃvidadhāno guṇabhāvamāyāt. neti brūmaḥ, ātmana evāsau saṃvidadhāno guṇabhāvaṃ gacchati, nāntarīyakatvād garbha[209]{*3/2*}dāsasyopakaroti, anaḍuho vā. yas tv atyantaṃ parārthaḥ, taṃ vayaṃ śeṣa iti brūmaḥ. atha tatra kiṃ vṛttam? yais tu dravyaṃ cikīrṣyate guṇas tatra pratīyeta{*3/3*} iti{*3/4*}. tatrāpūrvārthatā vyāvartitā, dṛṣṭaprayojanānāmākhyātānām. iha tu sarveṣām eva śeṣāṇāṃ lakṣaṇam ucyate.

NOTES: *{3/2: E2: 4,15; E4: 3,532; E6: 1,143}* *{3/3: E2: pratīyate}* *{3/4: MS 2.1.8}*

dravyaguṇasaṃskāreṣu vādariḥ{*3/5*} // MS_3,1.3 //

vādarir{*3/6*} ācāryo 'tra dravyaguṇasaṃskāreṣv eva śeṣaśabda iti mane{*3/7*}, na yāgaphalapuruṣeṣu. dravyaṃ kriyārtham, yadi prayojanavatī kriyā, vyaktaṃ sā dravyeṇa nirvartayitavyā{*3/8*}, tasyā nirvṛttir dravyādṛte na bhavatīti tannirvṛttaye dravyam eṣitavyaṃ bhavati. tasmāt kriyārthaṃ dravyam. guṇaḥ śaknoti viśiṣṭaṃ dravyaṃ coditaṃ lakṣayitum, lakṣitena ca tena prayojanam, viśiṣṭasya kriyāsādhanatvāt. tasmāt so 'pi dravyadvāreṇa kriyāyā upakarotīti{*3/9*} kriyārtha eva. saṃskāro nāma sa bhavati, yasmin jāte padārtho bhavati yogyaḥ kasyacid arthasya, tenāpi kriyāyāṃ kartavyāyāṃ prayojanam iti so 'pi parārthaḥ. tasmād dravyaguṇasaṃskārāḥ parārthatvāc cheṣabhūtāḥ. na tu yāgaphalapuruṣāḥ. yāgas tāvat kartavyaḥ puruṣasya. na hi, tasmin nirvartite kiṃcid aparam asti kartavyam. sa hi puruṣārthaḥ, yad anyad dravyādi, tat tadarthaṃ tasya śeṣabhūtam. sa tu na kiṃcid abhinirvartayituṃ kriyate. phalam api na tena kriyate, tasmiṃs tu kṛte svayam eva tad bhavati. tasmin kṛte phalam asya bhavatīty etāvad gamyate. nāsti śabdo yāgena kriyate [210]{*3/10*} phalam iti. tasmād yāgo na śeṣabhūtaḥ kasyacid arthasya. phalam api na puruṣaṃ pratyupadiśyate. yaḥ svargaṃ kāmayate, sa yāgaṃ kuryād ity etāvac chabdenodiśyate, nātmanaḥ parasya veti. svargaṃ pratīcchāmātreṇa svargakāma iti bhavati. tasmāt puruṣaṃ prati guṇabhāvena na śrūyate svargaḥ. tasmāt so 'pi na śeṣabhūtaḥ. na cet phalayāgau guṇabhāvena codyete, kasya puruṣaḥ pradhānabhūto bhavati. pratyakṣaś cāsya dravyatvāt karma prati guṇabhāvaḥ. tasmād dravyaguṇasaṃskāreṣv eva śeṣabhāvaṃ vādarir{*3/11*} mena iti.

NOTES: *{3/5: E2,4,6: bādariḥ}* *{3/6: E2,4,6: bādarir}* *{3/7: E2,4,6: mene}* *{3/8: E2: nirvartitavyā}* *{3/9: E2: om. iti}* *{3/10: E2: 4,17; E4: 3,539; E6: 1,144}* *{3/11: E2,4,6: bādarir}*

karmāṇy api jaiminiḥ, phalārthatvāt // MS_3,1.4 //

jaiminis tu khalv ācāryaḥ karmāṇy api śeṣabhūtāni manyate sma, na vādarir{*3/12*} ivāvadhāraṇām anumene. sa hi dadarśa, na yāgaḥ kartavyatayā codyate, phalakāmasya tu tatsādhanopāyatveneti. evaṃ śruto 'rthaḥ parigṛhīto bhaviṣyati. arthavāṃś copadeśaḥ. enam evārthaṃ ṣaṣṭhe 'dhyāye sūtrair eva sādhayiṣyati. iha tu tatsiddhenaiva phalārthatvena śeṣabhāvaṃ yāgasyāpādayati sma. tasmād anavadhāraṇā dravyaguṇasaṃkārāḥ śeṣabhūtāḥ, yāgo 'pi śeṣabhūtaḥ phalaṃ pratīti.

NOTES: *{3/12: E2,4,6: bādarir}*

phalaṃ ca puruṣārthatvāt // MS_3,1.5 //

phalam api puruṣaṃ pratyupadiśyate. yaḥ svargo me bhaved ity evaṃ kāmayate, tasya yāgaḥ. na yaḥ svargaḥ, sa ātmānaṃ labheteti. kutaḥ. ātmanepadaprayogāt, kartrabhiprāya etad bhavati. kriyāphalam anubhavet kathaṃ puruṣa iti yāgaḥ prayujyate. tasmāt phalaṃ puruṣārthaṃ yāgāc chrūyate, nātma-nirvṛttyartham. tasmāc cheṣabhūtam iti.

[211]{*3/13*}

NOTES: *{3/13: E2: 4,19; E4: 3,542; E6: 1,144}*

puruṣaś ca karmārthatvāt // MS_3,1.6 //

puruṣo 'py audumbarīsaṃmānādiṣu guṇabhūtaḥ śrūyate. tasmād anavadhāraṇaiṣā, dravyaguṇasaṃs-kāreṣu śeṣatvaṃ vādarir{*3/14*} mena iti. athedānīm atra bhagavān vṛttikāraḥ pariniścikāya - dravyaguṇasaṃskāreṣv eva niyato yajiṃ prati śeṣabhāvaḥ, āpekṣika itareṣām. yāgasya dravyaṃ prati pradhānabhāvaḥ, phalam prati guṇabhāvaḥ, phalasya yāgaṃ prati prādhānyam, puruṣaṃ prati guṇatā, puruṣasya phalaṃ prati pradhānatā, audumbarīsaṃmānādi prati guṇatvam. tasmāt saṃmatāvadhāraṇā, dravyaguṇasaṃskārā yāgaṃ prati niyogato guṇabhūtaiveti.

NOTES: *{3/14: E2,4,6: bādarir}*

teṣām arthena saṃbandhaḥ // MS_3,1.7 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ svargakāmo yajeteti. tatra śrūyante dharmāḥ, nir-vapaṇam, prokṣaṇam, avahananam ityevamādaya auṣadhadharmāḥ. tathā, utpavanavilāpanayahaṇā-sādanādaya{*3/15*} ājyadharmāḥ. tathā, śākhāharaṇam, gavāṃ prasthāpanam, gavāṃ prastāvanam{*3/16*} ityevamādayo 'pi sāntāyyasya{*3/17*}. teṣu saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ sarve, auṣadhe ājye sānnāyye ca kartavyāḥ, uta ye yatra kriyamāṇā arthavantaḥ, te tatra kartavyā iti. nanu saṃyuktā eva{*3/18*} śrūyante, yathā, vrīhīn avahanti, taṇḍulān pinaṣṭīti. bāḍhaṃ saṃyuktāḥ, avaghātādayas tu padārthā vidhīyante śrutyā, vākyenaiṣāṃ vrīhyādisaṃyogaḥ. ato 'sti saṃśayaḥ. [212]{*3/19*} kiṃ tāvat prāptam? teṣām arthena saṃbandhaḥ. arthena prayojanena, ye yatra kriyamāṇāḥ prayojanavantaḥ, te tatra kartavyāḥ. prathanādaya ājyasāntāyyayor{*3/20*} anupakārakā iti na tatra karaṇīyāḥ. evam utpavanādaya auṣadhasānnāyyayoḥ, śākhāharaṇādaya ājyauṣadhayoḥ. nanu śrūyante sarve sarvatra. etad eva na jānīmaḥ, śrūyante na śrūyanta iti, tad vicārāyitavyam. yady api śrūyaran{*3/21*}, tathāpy anupakārakatvān naiva kartavyā bhaveyuḥ.

NOTES: *{3/15: E2,4,6: grahaṇāsādanādaya}* *{3/16: E2,4: prasnāvanam}* *{3/17: E2: sāṃnāyyasya, E4: sānāyyasya, E6: sānnāyyasya}* *{3/18: E2,4: evaite, E6: evam}* *{3/19: E2: 4,24; E4: 3,545; E6: 1,145}* *{3/20: E2,4: ājyasāṃnāyyayor, E6: ājyasānnāyyayor}* *{3/21: E2,4,6: śrūyeraṃs}*

vihitas tu sarvadharmaḥ syāt saṃyogato 'viśeṣāt prakaraṇāviśeṣāc ca // MS_3,1.8 //

ucyate - yo 'rthāt prāptaḥ syāt, sa yatra prayojanaṃ tatraiva kriyeta. śabdena tu sarve 'mī padārthā vihitāḥ, tena na, yatra kevalaṃ prayojanaṃ pratyakṣaṃ dṛśyate, tatraiva kartavyāh. kva tarhi? yatra yatra vihitāḥ, te cāmī sarvatra vihitāḥ gamyante. kutaḥ? saṃyogato 'viśeṣāt prakaraṇāviśeṣāc ca. sarveṣāṃ tāvad ājyauṣadhasānnāyyānām apūrveṇa sādhyasādhanasaṃyogo 'viśiṣṭaḥ, yatra kriyamāṇā apūrvasya kṛtā bhavatīti vijñāyate. tathā prakaraṇam aviśiṣṭam, yasmin vihitāḥ sarveṣāṃ vihitā bhavantīti gamyate. ataḥ sarve sarvatra kartavyāḥ, yat tv amī na sarvatropakurvantīti, vidhānasāmarthyāt sarvatropakārakā iti gamyate. sa cāyam adṛṣṭa upakāro bhaviṣyati.

arthalopād akarma syāt // MS_3,1.9 //

naitat, sarve sarvatra karaṇīyā iti, ye yatra nopakurvanti, na te tatra kriyām arhantīty uktam eva. nanu vidhānasāmarthyāt sarve sarvatropkariṣyanti. neti brūmaḥ.

[213]{*3/22*}

NOTES: *{3/22: E2: 4,27; E4: 3,550; E6: 1,146}*

phalaṃ tu saha ceṣṭayā śabdārtho 'bhāvād viprayoge syāt // MS_3,1.10 //

nāsti vidhānam, yena sarve sarvatropakurvanti. na ca pratyakṣādibhir upakāram avagacchāmaḥ. arthāpattir api niyogatas tatraiva bhavet, yatraiva śabena codanā bhavati, nānyathā. yadi ca prathanādīnām ājyasānnāyyayor anupakurvatām api tatprakaraṇe samāmnāyo 'nupapanno bhavet, tato 'rthād adṛṣṭa upakāraḥ kalpyeta, te tv avaśyaṃ samāmnānīyā auṣadhārtham. phalaṃ hi saha ceṣṭayāvahananādikayāvagamyate tuṣavimocanādi, prayojanaṃ ca tena, na tasmād ṛte puroḍāśaḥ sidhyati, sati cāsminn arthavān prakaraṇe samāmnāyaḥ. arthavati ca tasmin nādṛṣṭakalpanāyāṃ pramāṇam astīty ato na śakyaṃ kalpayitum. yadi ca tatra taṇḍulādiniṣpādanaṃ dṛṣṭaṃ nābhaviṣyat, tato viprayoge taṇḍulādīnām abhāvād upakārasya śabdārthamātraṃ dṛṣṭopakārānapekṣaṃ kartavyam ity ājyasānnāyyayor api kriyamāṇānām adṛṣṭam abhaviṣyat. tasmān na prathanādayaḥ sarvatra. evam utpavanādayaḥ śākhāharaṇādayaś ca. tasmān na, sarve sarvtra kartavyāḥ, prathanādayo nājyasānnāyayyoḥ, auṣadhe eva te, utpavanādaya ājyasya, nauṣadhasānnāyyayoḥ, śākhāharaṇādayaś ca sānnāyyasya, nājyauṣadhayor iti siddham.

dravyaṃ cotpattisaṃyogāt tadartham{*3/23*} eva codyeta // MS_3,1.11 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatra samāmananti - sphyaś ca kapālāni ca [214]{*3/24*} agnihotrahavaṇī ca śūrpaṃ ca kṛṣṇājinaṃ ca śamyā colūkhalaṃ ca musalaṃ ca dṛṣṭac copalā caitāni vai daśa yajñāyudhānīti{*3/25*}. tatra saṃdihyate - kiṃ yo ya iha śakyata ebhiḥ kartum, tasmai tasmai padārthāyaitāni samāmnātāni, uta yad yena saṃyuktam, tasmā eveti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? yad yena śakyam iti. kutaḥ? evaṃ vidhayo bhaviṣyanti tathārthanvataḥ{*3/26*}, itarathā te 'nuvādā niṣprayojanāḥ, prakaraṇāviśeṣaś ca sarvapadārthān prati, yajñāyudhānīti ca yajñasaṃyogo 'viśiṣṭaḥ. tasmāt sarve sarvatrety evaṃ prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - dravyaṃ cotpattisaṃyogāt tadartham eva codyeta, yo yena padārthena sahotpattivākyena saṃyuktaḥ sa padārthaḥ tenaiva kartavyaḥ, yathā sphyenoddhantīty uddhanārthatā sphyasya vākyena, tad uddhaṇanaṃ na sphyād anyena kartavyam. yadā caivam, tadā prāpta eva sphyaḥ, tasyāyam anuvādo bhavitum arhati, etāni vai daśayajñāyudhānīti. evam ekaisyānuvādaḥ, tena tena vacanena prāptasya. yathā - kapāleṣu śrapayati, agnihotrahavaṇyā havīṃṣi nirvapati, śūrpeṇa vivinakti, kṛṣṇājinam adhastād ulūkhalasyāvastṛṇāti, śamyāyāṃ{*3/27*} dṛṣady{*3/28*} upadadhāti, ulūkhala-musalābhyām avahanti, dṛṣad upalābhyāṃ pinaṣṭīti. prakaraṇāt sarvāṇi sarvatra prāpnuyuḥ, vacanāt tu yathāvacanam, yajñāyudhaśabdo 'pi sāmānyena prayojanaṃ vidadhat tad vādhyetaiva{*3/29*}, parokṣaṃ hi sāmānyavacanena viśeṣavidhānaṃ bhavati, pratyakṣaṃ tu viśeṣavacanena viśeṣavidhānam. tasmād yad yenotpattyā saṃyuktam, tat tatraiva viniyujyata iti siddham.

[215]{*3/30*}

NOTES: *{3/23: E2: artham}* *{3/24: E2: 4,30; E4: 3,553; E6: 1,147}* *{3/25: Tait. S. 1.6.8.3}* *{3/26: E2: yathārthanvataḥ}* *{3/27: E1,6; E1 (v.l.), E2,4: śamyāyāṃ}* *{3/28: E1,6; E2,4: dṛṣadam, E4 (v.l.): dṛṣad}* *{3/29: E2,4,6: bādhyetaiva}* *{3/30: E2: 4,33; E4: 3,556; E6: 1,147}*

arthaikatve dravyaguṇayor aikakarmyān niyamaḥ syāt // MS_3,1.12 //

jyotiṣṭome krayaṃ prakṛtya śrūyate - aruṇayā piṅgākṣyaikahāyanyā{*3/31*} somaṃ krīṇātīti{*3/32*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim aruṇimā kṛtsnaprakaraṇe niviśete, uta kraya evaikahāyanyām iti. kathaṃ punaḥ aruṇayā krīṇātīty evaṃ vispaṣṭe krayasaṃbandhe gamyamāne saṃśaya iti. ucyate - iha hi guṇam aruṇimānam amūrtaṃ santaṃ kriyāyāḥ karaṇam iti śabda upadiśati, yat karaṇābhidhāyinyā tṛtīyāvibhaktyā saṃyujya nirdiśati - aruṇayeti, na cāmūrto 'rthaḥ kriyāyāḥ sādhanaṃ bhavitum arhati, ato 'saṃ-bandhaṃ krīṇātināruṇaguṇasyāvagacchāmaḥ. na cāśaṅkanīyam arthaṃ pramāṇabhūtaḥ śabdo 'bhidhāsyatīty evaṃ prakalpanā kadācid upapadyetāpi. kenacit prakāreṇa saṃbandha iti vacanaprāmāṇyaprakārānveṣaṇe buddhir bhavati, tad yadi param, vicārayantaḥ kriyāsaṃbandhasāmarthyam avagamiṣyāmaḥ, ekavākyatayā kraya evāruṇimānaṃ niveśayiṣyāmaḥ. atha tv apramādyadbhir anviṣyamāṇo na kathaṃcana saṃbandha upapatsyate, tato vākyabhedam abhyupagamya prakaraṇadharmam enam adhyavasāsyāmaḥ{*3/33*}. tasmād avaśyaṃ vicāraṇīyam etad iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? kṛtsne prakaraṇe niveśaḥ. kasmāt? saṃyogato 'viśeṣāt, prakaraṇāviśeṣāc ca. nanu prakaraṇād vākyaṃ balīyo bhavatīty ekavākyatvād aruṇimā krayeṇa saṃbhantsyata iti. naitad evam avagamyate, na hi vacanaśatenāpy anāra[213]{*3/34*}bhyo 'rthaḥ śakyo vidhātum, yo hi brūyāt - udakena dagdhavyam agninā kledayitavyam iti, kiṃ sa vacanaprayojanasāmañjasyam aśnuvīta? na cāmūrto 'rthaḥ kriyāyāḥ sādhanam upapadyate. tasmād aruṇayā krīṇātīti saṃbandhābhāvād ekavākyatā na bhavatīti. nanu naivāyaṃ guṇavacanaḥ, kiṃ tarhi dravyavacanaḥ. kutaḥ? strīliṅgasaṃbandhāt. dravyaviśeṣā hy ete strī pumān napuṃsakam iti, strīyāṃ yat prātipadikaṃ vartate, tasmāt strīpratyayo bhavatīti, strīpratyayaṃ cāruṇayety upalabhāmahe. tasmād dravyavacanaḥ, aruṇaśabda{*3/35*} iti. tad etad apeśa-lam, tad eva hi dravyam aruṇimnā parichidyamānam aruṇaśabdābhidhānīyatāṃ{*3/36*} labhate, tad evānyaguṇakaṃ nāruṇaśabdaḥ{*3/37*} śaknoty abhivaditum, aruṇimānam eṣa śabdo na vyabhicarati, vy-abhicarati punar dravyam, avyabhicāri ca kāraṇaṃ kāraṇavatām iṣṭam. ato 'sya guṇaḥ svārtha iti gamyate, tad asya pratyakṣato guṇavacanatā gamyate, strīpratyayadarśanāt tu nūnam aruṇāprātipadikaṃ dravyavacanam ity anumānam. pratyakṣaṃ cānumānād balīyaḥ, tasmād guṇavacanaḥ. kathaṃ tarhi strīpratyayasaṃbandhaḥ? bhavati hi guṇavacanasyāpi strīliṅgatā, yathā cāruṇā{*3/38*} buddhiḥ, evam aruṇeti. guṇavacanaś cet krīṇātinā na saṃbadhyate. tasmād vākyabhedaṃ kṛtvā prakaraṇe sarvasminn eva saṃniveśa iti. atha yadi krīṇātinā na saṃbadhyate, tasmin eva vākye ekahāyanīśabdena saṃbhantsyate, na bhaviṣyati vākyabheda iti. tan na, kevalaṃ hi guṇam aruṇaśābdo{*3/39*} 'bhidadhāti, na dravyaguṇau. kevalaṃ ca dravyam ekahāyanīśabdaḥ, na guṇasahitam iti tayoḥ saṃbandhasya vācikāṃ ṣaṣṭhīm antareṇa kathaṃ saṃbandho gamyate? āha - antareṇāpi ṣaṣṭhīm, ekavibhaktinirdeśāt sāmānādhikaraṇyam [217]{*3/40*} avagamiṣyāmaḥ, yathā nīlam utpalam iti. tad anupapannam, rūpād aruṇaśabdasya{*3/41*} guṇavacanatā, kalpanīyaṃ tv ekavibhaktisaṃyogād ekahāyanīśabdasaṃnidhānāc ca tad ekavākyatām abhyupagamyaikahāyanīśabdasāmānādhikaraṇyam, na ca liṅgād vākyaṃ balīyaḥ. tasmād asad etat. tatrocyate - yadā kevalaguṇavacanatāyāṃ śabdaḥ pravartamāno nānyena saṃbandhaṃ labhate, tadānupadeśakatvād ānarthakyaṃ mā bhūd iti dravyaparatām āpadyate, tasyām avasthāyām ekavibhaktiyuktenaikahāyanīśabdena saṃnihitenaikavākyatām āpadyamānaḥ samānādhikaraṇo bhavati, tathā ca kṛtvā, nīlam utpalam ity upapadyate. sa cāyam aruṇāśabdas tasyām avasthāyāṃ vartate, na hy asya svārtham abhidadhata ito vicchinnasya prakaraṇe 'py arthavattā. kutaḥ? yenaiva hetunā saṃbadhyate{*3/42*} krīṇātinā na, nāmūrto{*3/43*} 'rthaḥ kriyāyāḥ sādhanaṃ bhavatīti. na ca kriyāsādhanair dravyaiḥ, na hi kevalaguṇavacanaḥ śaknoti dravyam abhidhātum iti sa eva hetuḥ prakaraṇasaṃbandhābhāve 'pi, tatrāpi saṃbadhyamānaḥ kriyābhir vā saṃbadhyeta, tatsādhanair vā dravyaiḥ, tac cobhayam apy anupapannam. ato 'narthakatvaparijihīrṣayā saṃnihitenaikahāyanīśabdenāruṇāśabdaḥ saṃbadhyate. nāsti vākyabhedaḥ. naitad evam, na hy ayam aruṇāśabda ekahāyanīviśeṣaṇaṃ bhavitum arhati. kiṃ kāraṇam? karaṇavibhaktyā tṛtīyayā samuccarito 'yam, tenaitena tṛtīyāśrutisāmarthyāt kriyāviśeṣaṇena bhavitavyam, kārakāṇāṃ hi kriyayā saṃbandho na dravyeṇeti. sa eṣa śrutisāmarthyāt kriyāviśeṣaṇam, ekavākyatvād{*3/44*} ekahāyanīviśeṣaṇam. śrutiś ca vākyād balīyasī, tasmān nāsyaikahāyanīsaṃbandha iti.

nanu ca guṇasya kriyāsaṃbandhābhāvād avivakṣitā kāraka[218]{*3/45*}śaktir{*3/46*} ity ekahāyanīsaṃbandho 'yam adhyavasitaḥ. evam api nopapadyate, yadi kārakābhidhānam avivakṣitam iti guṇaśabdenaitena dravyam abhidhātum iṣyate, tadā prātipadikārthasyāvyatireka iti prathamā vibhaktiḥ prāpnoti. na hi tṛtīyāntas tam abhisaṃbandhaṃ śaknoti vaktum, na cānyathānupapattir ity anyo 'syānupapadyamāno 'rthaḥ śakyate kalpayitum, yathāgnau tiṣṭhati māṇavaka ity ukte jvalane 'nupapadyamāno nāśve gavi vā kalpyate, agnisamīpavacana evādhyavasīyate. tadvad ihāpy aprathamāntaḥ śabdo na kathaṃcid apy avyatirikte prātipadikārthe bhavitum arhatīti. tasmāt kāmam anarthako 'vagamyatāṃ nāsyaikahāyanīsaṃbandho 'dhyavasātavyaḥ. āha - na brūmaḥ, na kārakam aruṇāśabdenābhidhīyata iti, vyaktam aruṇaguṇaviśiṣṭam etena kārakam abhidhīyate. kadācit tu kiṃcid vidhitsitaṃ bhavati, kadācid upasarjanībhūto 'rtho vidhitsitaḥ, pradhānībhūto 'nuvādaḥ. tad yathā, daṇḍīty upasarjanībhūtadaṇḍakapuruṣapradhānakaḥ śabdo 'vagamyate, kadācit tu nirjñāte puruṣe daṇḍaguṇavidhānārtham uccāryate - daṇḍī praiṣānanvāheti. tathā{*3/47*} lohiteṣṇīṣā ṛtvijaḥ pracarantīti. evam ihāpi yady anupasarjanabhūto{*3/48*} 'ruṇo guṇaḥ, pradhānabhūtaṃ kārakam. tathāpy anūdite kārake 'ruṇaguṇavidhānārthaṃ vacanaṃ yujyate. tasmād ekahāyanīsaṃbandha upapadyate, nāsti vākyabheda iti. naitat sāram, atra hy ekahāyanīkrīṇātyor anavabuddhaṃ saṃbandhaṃ bodhayitum ayam ekahāyanīśabda uccaritaḥ, sa eṣa katham ivāruṇāśabena saṃbadhyte, tad etad abhihitam api punaḥ punaḥ paryanuyujjyate. [219]{*3/49*} kathaṃ punar ekahāyanīśabdasya krīṇātinā, aruṇaguṇena ca samāne samabhivyāhāre krīṇātinā saṃbandho 'bhyupagamanīyaḥ, na punar āruṇyeneti. śabdaprāmāṇyāt, bhavati hi kriyāsaṃbandhasya vācikā vibhaktir ekahāyanīśabdam anuniviṣṭā, na tu guṇasaṃbandhasya vācikā. kā punaḥ kriyāsaṃbandhasya vācikā, kā vā guṇasaṃbandhasyeti. kārakalakṣaṇā kriyāsaṃbandhe vivakṣite bhavati dvitīyādiḥ, avivakṣite punaḥ kārake, saṃbandhamātravivakṣāyāṃ ṣaṣṭhī. na cātra ṣaṣṭīṃ paśyāmaḥ, paśyāmas tu khalu tṛtīyām. ataḥ krīṇātinā saṃbandham abhyupagacchāma ekahāyanīśabdasya, nāruṇāśabdeneti. kathaṃ tarhi bhavaty atra saṃbandhaḥ, nīlam utapalam iti. ucyate - bhavati, na tu śrutilakṣaṇaḥ, kiṃ tu vākyalakṣaṇaḥ, utpalaśabdasaṃnidhāne tadapekṣī nīlaśabdas tenaikavākyatām abhyupagacchan nājahat svārthavṛttir upalaviśeṣābhidhānapara uccāryamāṇaḥ saṃbandham abhyupaiti.

nanv ihāpi vākyalakṣaṇas tadvad evāruṇimnā samaṃ saṃbandha ekahāyanyā yujyate. neti brūmaḥ, śrutir hi vākyād balīyasī, śrutiś cāsyāḥ kriyāsaṃbandham āha, na guṇasaṃbandham. yadi punaḥ śrutisāmarthyāt, kriyāsaṃbandho 'bhyupagamyeta, ekavākyatavad api guṇasaṃbandhaḥ. naivaṃ śakyam, yo hy anyena saha saṃbandhum uccāryate, na tatsamīpagato 'py anyas tena saha saṃbanddhum arhati. yathā bhāryā rājñaḥ, puruṣo{*3/50*} devadattasyeti bhāryāviśeṣaṇārtham uccāryamāṇo rājaśabdo na puruṣeṇa saṃbadhyate, tadvad iha krayāviśeṣaṇārtham uccāryamāṇa ekahāyanīśabdo nāruṇāśabdena saṃbandham arhati. āha - satyam evam etat, asatyām ākāṅkṣāyām ānantaryam akāraṇam, sarvatra tu bodhite padārthe vākyārtha upapadyate, nānyathā, sāmānyavṛtti hi padam, viśeṣavṛtti vākyam, sāmānyenābhipravṛttānāṃ [220]{*3/51*} padārthānāṃ yad viśeṣe 'vasthānam, sa vākyārthaḥ, tad etad uktam - tadbhūtānāṃ kriyārthena samāmnāyo 'rthasya tannimittatvād iti{*3/52*}, tatra pratyakṣataḥ{*3/53*} padārthaḥ, vākyārthaḥ punar ānumānikaḥ, tad etad avagamyatām, kevalasvārthavṛtti padam anupadeśakam iti padāntareṇa saṃnihitenaikavākyatvam abhyupaiti, nānyatheti. tad iha yady apy ekahāyanīśabdaḥ krīṇātinā saṃbandhyamānaḥ kṛtārtho na padāntareṇa saṃbandham ākāṅkṣati, aruṇāśabdas tu padāntareṇa saṃbandham alabhamāno 'narthaka ity ekahāyanīśabdenaikavākyatām abhyupaiti. nanūktam - kriyāsaṃbandhārthaḥ, nāruṇāsaṃbandhārtha iti.

āha - aruṇāśabdasyānarthakyaparihārāyobhayasaṃbandhārtha iti vadāmaḥ, anyārtham api kṛtam anyārtham api śaknoti kartum, tad yathā śālyarthaṃ kulyāḥ praṇīyante, tābhyaś ca pānīyaṃ pīyata upaspṛśyate ca. evam ihāpi krayasaṃbandhārtham ekahāyanīśabda uccāryamāṇo 'ruṇāśabdena saha saṃbhantyate, na kiṃcid duṣyati. tasmān na vākyabheda iti. naitad asti, yady apy ayam aruṇāśabdo 'narthako mā bhūd ity ekahāyanyā saṃbadhyeta, tathāpi sarvasmin prakaraṇe niveṣṭum arhati. na cainaṃ somaṃ krīṇātīty eṣa śabdaḥ śaknoti viśeṣṭum. na hy ayaṃ viśeṣaṇatvenocāryate, kiṃ tarhi apūrvo 'yaṃ vidhīyate. nanv apūrvo 'pi vidhīyamāna ekahāyanīśabdavad itareṇa saṃbhantsyate. katham? prayojanāya hy uccāryamāṇaḥ śabdo yenārthaḥ, tasmai tāvat prayojanāyāvakalpyate, saṃnihitś ca buddhau bhavati, tena buddhau saṃnihitena śakyate sākāṅkṣaḥ śabdaḥ saṃbandhayitum iti. naitad evam, yo hy asaṃbadhyamāno 'narthako bhavati, sa saṃbadhyate nānyaḥ. kuta etat? saṃbadhyamāne hi sāmānyaṃ viśeṣe 'vasthāpyeta, tatra vākyena śrutiḥ pīḍitā syāt. na cāyam [221]{*3/54*} asaṃbadhyamānaḥ krīṇātinānarthako bhavati, prakaraṇagatābhiḥ{*3/55*} ekahāyanībhir{*3/56*} abhisaṃbhantsyate. nanv etad uktam - prakaraṇe 'py asya saṃbandho 'nupapanna iti. nānupapannaḥ, ekasmin vākye 'nyo 'rtho vidhīyamāno nānyena saṃbadhyate, vacanavyaktibhedāt, anyā hi vacanavyaktir vidhīyamānasya, anyā guṇena saṃbadhyamānasya. ajñātavaj jñāpyate vidhīyamāno 'rthaḥ, jñātavad anūdyate guṇasaṃbandhārtham, na ca sakṛd uccāryamāṇo jñātavad ajñātavac ca bhavitum arhati, ekahāyanīśabdaḥ kraye vidhīyamāno 'jñātavat syāt, aruṇāśabdena saṃbadhyamānaś ca jñatavat. vākyabhede punar na doṣo bhavati, prakaraṇe tu vākyāntaraiḥ kriyādravyāntarāṇī ca prāptāni. tair idaṃ vākyāntaravihitaṃ saṃbadhyate, tatrānyasmin vidhīyate, anyasmin vākye 'nūdyata ity upa-pannaṃ bhavati. tasmāt saṃyogato 'viśeṣāt prakaraṇāviśeṣāc ca{*3/57*} sarvasmin prakaraṇe dravyeṣu niveśa iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - arthaikatve dravyaguṇayor aikakarmyān niyamaḥ syād iti, yatrārthaikatvaṃ śrūyate dravyaguṇayoḥ, tatra dravyaguṇāv ekasmin padārthe niyamyeyātām. kutaḥ? aikakarmyād ekakāryatvāt, ekaṃ hi kāryaṃ dravyaguṇayoḥ śrūyate krayasaṃbandhaḥ. katham etad avagamyate? ekavākyatvāt. katham ekavākyatvam? aruṇayā piṅgākṣyaikahāyanyety aparyavasito 'rthaḥ sākāṅkṣatvād abhidhātṛpratipatroḥ, somaṃ krīṇātīti tu paryavasyati, tayor evaṃ nairutsukyāt. yady ekakāryatā kim iti vikalpo na bhavati? naitad{*3/58*} evam. ekārthās tu vikalperann iti vikalpadharmāṇau prāpnuta ity ayukto 'yaṃ paryanuyogaḥ. katham? paryanuyogo nāma sa bhavati, yaḥ svapakṣaṃ sādhayati, vipakṣasya ca pratīpam ācarati, na ca [222]{*3/59*} vikalpo 'smatpakṣasya pratīpam ācarati, krayeṇāruṇim āsaṃbandha{*3/60*} ity eṣa naḥ pakṣaḥ. na ca vikalpo nānākāryatvāt. nanv idānīm evoktam - ekaṃ kāryam iti, tac cāpi viruddham, evaṃ hi pūrvam abhihitam, amūrta-tvād guṇo na kriyayā saṃbadhyata iti, idānīṃ viparītam abhidhīyate - ubhāv api dravyaguṇāv ekārthau krayam abhinirvartayata iti. ucyate, naitad viruddham, na ca vikalpaḥ, ekaṃ kāryam, sāmarthyabhedas tu, sākṣād dhi dravyaṃ kriyāṃ pratyupakaroti. guṇas tu viśiṣṭānāṃ sādhanam. yady evam, na tarhi guṇaḥ kriyām abhinirvartayati, sādhanasyāsau viśeṣaka iti. naitad evam, guṇasya kriyām abhinirvartayata etad eva sāmarthyam, yat sādhanaṃ viśiṣyāt. ākāṅkṣati ca kriyā sādhanaviśeṣaṇam, cihnabhūto hi guṇaḥ sādhanaṃ lakṣayati. asati cihne na lakṣyeta, katamat sādhanaṃ kriyāyā iti. tataḥ kriyā nādhyavasyema kartum iti bhavati kriyāsādhanaṃ gunaḥ. na caiva sati vikalpo bhavati, yathādhikaraṇasya kartrādīnāṃ ca, adhikaraṇaṃ hi kartrādīni dhārayati, tāny adhāryamāṇāni na śaknuvanti kriyām abhinirvartayitum, tathā{*3/61*} kartā karaṇādīni samādhatte, tāny asamāhitāni na śaknuvanti svaṃ svam artham abhinirvartayitum. yasmiṃs tu sādhanopakāre kārye tasminn evopakāre 'nyat sādhanaṃ vidhīyate, tatra vikalpaḥ, yathā vrīhim iryajeta, yavair yajeteti, ubhaye 'pi taṇḍulanirvṛtyarthāḥ. evaṃ tarhi tad evedaṃ saṃjātaṃ bhavati, ekahāyanīvidhanam, tadviśeṣaṇaṃ cāruṇo guṇaḥ, tatra sa eva doṣo vākyabhedaḥ prasajjyeteti. na brūmaḥ - aruṇāśabda ekahāyanīśabdena saṃbadhyata iti, kiṃ tarhi krīṇātinaiva saṃbadhyate. evaṃ hi śrūyate 'ruṇaguṇena krayam abhinirvartayed iti, yathā ca tena nirvartyate, tathā yatitavya bhavati. na cāviśiṃṣan sādhanam, guṇaḥ kriyā[223]{*3/62*}m abhinivartayatīty arthāt sādhanaviśeṣaṇatāṃ pratipadyate, yathā sthālyāṃ paced iti kriyāsādhanatvena nirdiṣṭe 'rthāt saṃbhavane dhāraṇe ca syālīṃ{*3/63*} vyāpārayati tadvad ihāpi draṣṭavyam. tasmān nāsti vākyabhedaprasaṅga iti. nanv evam api vākyaṃ bhidyeta. katham? pratyekaṃ vākyaparisamāptir dṛṣṭeti, yathā devadattayajñadattaviṣṇumitrā bhojyantām iti pratyekaṃ bhujiḥ samāpyate, yathā ca yasya pitā pitāmahaḥ somaṃ na pived iti. evam ihāpy aruṇayā krīṇāti, ekahāyanyā krīṇātīti. naitad asmatpakṣasya bādhakam, evam api kraya evāruṇimā nivekṣyati, na sarvasmin prakaraṇa iti. satyam eṣa doṣo na bhavati, kiṃ tv anaruṇayāpy ekahāyanyā krayaḥ prāpnoti, aruṇayā cānekahāyanyā, tatra yad uktaṃ dravyaguṇayor niyama iti, sā pratijñā hīyate. na tarhi brūmaḥ - vākyabheda iti. katham? krayasya hi dravyāruṇimānāv upadiśyete, na krayas tayoḥ. na ca, pradhānaṃ pratiguṇaṃ bhidyate, pratipradhānaṃ hi guṇo bhidyata iti, asti cāyaṃ dṛṣṭāntaḥ - samudāye vākyaparisamāptir iti, yathā gargāḥ śataṃ daṇḍyantām iti, tathā abhiṣutya hutvā bhakṣāyantīti. tasmād ubhayaviśeṣaṇaviśiṣṭaḥ krayo vidhīyate. kathaṃ punas tasmiṃś cetariṃś ca dṛṣṭānte saty ekāntenāvadhāryate, samudāya eva vākyaparisamāptir na pratyavayavam iti. atra brūmaḥ - iha dravyāruṇimānāv ubhāv api kriyāsaṃbaddhāv upalabhyete paraspareṇāsaṃbaddhau, krayo 'pi dravyāruṇimābhyāṃ viśiṣṭa upalabhyate nānyayatareṇa, tatra yadi dravyaparam aruṇim aparaṃ ca bhavati vacanam idam, tataḥ pratyavayavam asaṃśayaṃ krayasaṃbandhaḥ. atha krayavidhitsayābhidhīyate, tato yathaivāyam ekahāyanīvi[224]{*3/64*}śiṣṭaḥ, evam aruṇim aviśiṣṭa iti niyamata ubhayasaṃbandho 'bhyupagamanīyaḥ. na cātra dravyāruṇimānāv īpsitau, īpsitas tu krayaḥ, tena hi jyotiṣṭomadravyaṃ somaḥ pariprāpyate, dravyāruṇimānau krayārthau santāv īpsitau syātām, nānyathā. tasmāt krayo vidhīyate, sa ca nānyataraviśiṣṭaḥ pratīyata iti samudāye vākyaparisamāptir iha niścīyate. yadā caivam, tadā na, ekahāyanīṃ muktvānyad dravyaṃ krayasādhanam asti, na cāruṇād anyaḥ sādhanasya viśeṣako guṇa iti, niyamaḥ siddho bhavati. atra vadāmaḥ - yadi krayasya sādhane guṇo 'bhisaṃbandhum upaiti, tadā vākye bhinne 'pi krayasādhanatvād aruṇimāsmin dravye na nivekṣyate, kim artham ekavākyatā prayatnena sādhyata iti. tad etad abhidhīyate - bhinne hi vākya ekāhāyanīsādhanakaḥ krayo 'vabuddho bhavati, aruṇāsādhanam api krayāntaram, na tasminn evaikahāyanīsādhane kraye 'ruṇimā vihito bhavati, tatra yat krayāntaram aruṇaguṇaviśiṣṭam, tatrārthāt prāptam anyad api sādhanaṃ bhavati. tad api viśiṃṣan aruṇo guṇas tena saṃbadhyeta. ekavākyatve tu tat parihṛtaṃ bhavati. tasmāt sādhv abhidhīyate - arthaikatve dravyaguṇayor aikakarmyān niyamaḥ syād iti.

NOTES: *{3/31: E1 (v.l.): piṅgākṣyaikahāyinyā}* *{3/32: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.1.6.7}* *{3/33: E2,4: adhyavasyāmaḥ}* *{3/34: E2: 4,43; E4: 3,556; E6: 1,148}* *{3/35: E2,4: aruṇāśabda}* *{3/36: E2,4: aruṇāśabdābhidhānīyatāṃ}* *{3/37: E2,4: nāruṇāśabdaḥ}* *{3/38: E2,4,6: karuṇā}* *{3/39: E2,4: aruṇāśābdo}* *{3/40: E2: 4,49; E4: 3,557; E6: 1,149}* *{3/41: E2,4: aruṇāśabdasya}* *{3/42: E2,4 om. saṃbadhyate}* *{3/43: E2,4: na saṃbadhyate, nāmūrto}* *{3/44: E2,4: vākyād, E6 om. ekavākyatvād}* *{3/45: E2: 4,50; E4: 3,558; E6: 1,149}* *{3/46: E1,6; E1 (v.l.), E2,4: -vibhaktir}* *{3/47: E2,4,6: yathā}* *{3/48: E2,4: upasarjanabhūto}* *{3/49: E2: 4,51; E4: 3,558; E6: 1,150}* *{3/50: E2: puruṣeṇa}* *{3/51: E2: 4,53; E4: 3,559; E6: 1,151}* *{3/52: Vgl. MS 1.1.25}* *{3/53: E1,6, E2 (v.l.); E2,4: pratyakṣataḥ}* *{3/54: E2: 4,54; E4: 3,560; E6: 1,152}* *{3/55: E2,4: prakaraṇagatair}* *{3/56: E2,4 om}* *{3/57: Vgl. MS 3.1.8}* *{3/58: E2,4: (yad abhidhīyate niyamyeyātām iti) naitad}* *{3/59: E2: 4,60; E4: 3,561; E6: 1,152}* *{3/60: E2,4: krayeṇāruṇim asaṃbandha}* *{3/61: E2,4: yathā}* *{3/62: E2: 4,62; E4: 3,561; E6: 1,153}* *{3/63: E2,4,6: sthālīṃ}* *{3/64: E2: 4,63; E4: 3,562; E6: 1,153}*

ekatvayuktam ekasya śrutisaṃyogāt // MS_3,1.13 //

asti jyotiṣṭomaḥ - ya evaṃ vidvān somena yajata iti{*3/65*}. [225]{*3/66*} tatra śrūyate - daśāpavitreṇa grahaṃ saṃārṣṭīti, tathāgnihotre srūyate - agnes tṛṇāny apacinotīti, tathā darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - puroḍāśaṃ paryagnikarotīti{*3/67*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ekasya grahasya, ekasyāgneḥ, ekasya puroḍāśasya ca saṃmārjanādi kartavyam, uta sarveṣāṃ grahāṇāṃ sarveṣām agnīnāṃ sarveṣāṃ puroḍāśānām iti. kiṃ prāptam? eko grahaḥ, eko 'gniḥ, ekaḥ puroḍāśa iha grahītavyaḥ. kutaḥ? śrutisaṃyogāt, ekatvaśrutisaṃyuktā ete padārthāḥ, ekaṃ hi dravyam eṣa śrūyate, śabdalakṣaṇe ca hi karmaṇi yac chabda āha, tad asmākaṃ pramāṇam, yathā paśum ālabheta ity ukta eka eva paśuḥ pumāṃś cālabhyate. evam atrāpy eko grahaḥ saṃmārjanīyaḥ, ekasyāgnes tṛṇāny apaceyāni, ekaḥ puroḍāśaḥ paryagnikartavya iti.

NOTES: *{3/65: Tait.S. 3.2.2.3}* *{3/66: E2: 4,65; E4: 3,583; E6: 1,154}* *{3/67: ŚPBr 1.2.2.13}*

sarveṣāṃ vā lakṣaṇatvād aviśiṣṭaṃ hi lakṣaṇam // MS_3,1.14 //

naitad asti - yad uktaṃ grahādiṣv{*3/68*} ekatvayukteṣv amī padārthāḥ kartavyā iti, sarve grahāḥ saṃmārṣṭavyāḥ, sarvebhyo 'gnibhyas tṛṇāny apaceyāni, puroḍāśamātraṃ ca paryagnikartavyam iti. kutaḥ? grahajātyā dravyaṃ lakṣayitvā saṃmārgādi vidhīyate, aviśiṣṭaṃ ca lakṣaṇaṃ sarvadravyeṣu, tatra na gamyate viśeṣaḥ, ko grahaḥ saṃmārṣṭavyaḥ, ko neti, sāmānyāvagamād viśeṣān avagamāc ca sarvapratyayaḥ. tathāgnipuroḍāśānām api. nanv ekavacanaṃ śrūyate, tad viśekṣyati. naitad asti, ekatvaṃ hi śrūyamāṇaṃ grahādiṣv ekatvaṃ brūyāt, na dvitīyādīn pratiṣedhet, ekatvasyāsau vācako na dvitīyādeḥ [226]{*3/69*} pratiṣedhakaḥ. tenāpratiṣiddhe dvitīyādau sāmānyavacanena prāptaṃ saṃmārjanādi kim iti na kriyeta. tatraitat syāt, ekavacanam iha śrūyamāṇaṃ prāpta evaikasmin dravye, dvitīyādiṣu ca, kim anyat kuryād anyataḥ parisaṃkhyāyāḥ, na ced ekavacanaṃ parisaṃcakṣīta dvitīyādīn, anarthakam eva syāt, śaknoti ca dvitīyādīn nivartayitum, yathāśvābhidhānīm ādatta iti gardabhābhidhānaṃ{*3/70*} parisaṃcaṣṭe, evam atrāpi draṣṭavyam iti. naitad evam, tatra mantrasyābhidhānyāś ca yaḥ saṃbandhaḥ, tad abhidhānaparaṃ vacanam, imām agṛbhṇān ity aśvābhidhānīm iti{*3/71*}, nānena mantreṇa, ādatta iti liṅgenaivādāne prāptatvān mantrasya parisaṃkhyā yuktā. iha punar yad ekavacanaṃ dravye śrūyate, tac chrūyamāṇam apy avidhīyamānatvena na nivartakaṃ bhavitum arhati, yathā kaścid odanaṃ nirdiśya brūyāt - ya enaṃ bhakṣayet kaścic chvā mārjāro vā, sa nivārayitavya iti, tatra yadi bhakṣaṇaṃ nimittatvena vidhīyate, na, śvamārjārasaṃbandhaḥ, tataḥ kāko 'py āgacchan nivāryate. śrūyamāṇe 'pi śuni mārjāre vā śvamārjārasaṃbandhasya nimittatvenāvidhīyamānatvāt. evam ihāpy ekatvasaṃbandhasyāvidhīyamānatvāc chrūyamāṇe 'py ekatve grahamātraṃ saṃmṛjyeteti. na cātra dravyaikatvasaṃbandhavidhāyakaḥ kaścic chabdo 'sti. nanu saṃmārṣṭīti. na hy etad dravyaikatvasaṃbandhasya vidhāyakam. kasya tarhi? dravyasaṃmārgasaṃbandhasya vidhāyakam, evaṃ śrutyā svapadārtho vihito bhavati, itarathā vākyena parapadārtho vidhīyate. śrutyasaṃbhave ca vākyaṃ kramate, na saṃbhavantyāṃ śrutau. ato 'vidhīyamānaṃ viśeṣaṇatvena, ekatvaṃ na dvitīyādīn pratiṣeddhum arhati. evaṃ sati na dvitīyādau saṃmārgādi kriyamāṇam [227]{*3/72*} acoditaṃ bhavati, pratiṣiddhaṃ vā, yathaiva hi tad ekasya śrutam avagamyate, tathā dvitīyāder api. ayaṃ cāparo doṣaḥ, na tad ekatvaṃ dravyasya saṃmārgādau viṣaye niyamyeta, na hi saṃmārgādiḥ, yasmin dravya ekatvaṃ niyamyeta, tasya viśeṣaṇatvena bhavati, vidhīyate hy atra saṃmārgādiḥ, na prāpto lakṣaṇatvena dravyasyāmnāyate, na hi yaugapadyena vidhātuṃ śakyate, lakṣaṇatvena coc-cārayitum. prasiddhasaṃbandho hi śaknoti lakṣayitum, na cāvihita evaṃjātīyakaḥ śabdāvagamyaḥ prasiddhasaṃbandho bhavati. vidhīyate ca saṃmārgādiḥ, tasmān na viśeṣakaḥ, na ced viśeṣakaḥ, na dravya ekatvaṃ niyamyata iti śakyam āśrayitum. athaikatvaṃ saṃmārga ucyate. tatrāpi dvayī gatiḥ syāt, ekatvaṃ pradhānam, saṃmārgo vā, tac cobhayam apy anupapannam. na tāvad ekatvasya saṃmārgaḥ śākyate kartum. na ca dravye kriyamāṇa ekatvasyopakaroti kenacit prakaraṇam. na caikatvasyopakṛtena kiṃcit prayojanam asti, na hi tad guṇabhūtaṃ śrutam. athaikatvaṃ saṃmārgaṃ prati guṇabhūtam iti. tad api na. katham? amūrtatvāt, na hi tat saṃmārgaṃ niṣpādayati. yady apy anyad amūrtaṃ kriyāṃ niṣpādayati sādhanaṃ viśiṃṣat, tathāpy etan na bhavitum arhati, na hy atra grahaḥ saṃmārgārthaḥ, saṃmārgo 'tra grahāya codyate, sa hi prayojanavān, kalpyaprayojanaḥ saṃmārgaḥ. yadi grahaḥ saṃmārgasyopakuryāt, tad upakāriṇa{*3/73*} upakarotīti saṃmārgasyopakārakam ekatvaṃ bhavet. na tv etad evam. tasmād ekatvasaṃmārgayor asaṃbandhaḥ. nanu pradhānabhutam api grahādi saṃmārgaṃ niṣpādayaty eva, atas tatsādhanaṃ tac ca viśiṃṣat tad upakariṣyati, yathā ijyārthe dadhani payasi ca praṇītā dharmāḥ pāka upakurvanti. paridhānārthe ca [228]{*3/74*} paridau yūpadharmā bandhane. tasmād ayam asamādhir iti. atrocyate - na brūmaḥ, atadarthe sādhake na śaknuvanty upakartum iti. kiṃ tarhi? yadā pradhānabhūtaṃ grahādi lakṣaṇatvenocyate, na tadaikatvasya grahādinā saṃbandhaḥ, na saṃmārgādineti. katham? yāvad iha lakṣaṇatvena kiṃcid ucyate, saṃvādas tatra bhavati, na tu tadvidhīyate vijñānāya. kim arthaṃ tarhy uccāryate? anyat tasya kiṃcid vidhāyiṣyata iti, tad etad grahādi lakṣayitvā tasya saṃmārgādi vidhīyate. tad yady ekatvasaṃbandho 'paro grahadravye{*3/75*} saṃmārgādau vā padārthe{*3/76*} vidhīyeta, dvayoḥ saṃbandhayor vidhānād bhidyeta vākyam. athocyeta - grahādi lakṣayitvā tasyaikatvasaṃbandho vidhīyate, na saṃmārgādisaṃbandha iti, tathā ca saṃmārgādīnām adhyayanaṃ pramāda ity abhyupagataṃ syāt. na caitad evam. tasmād ubhābhyām ekavacanasyāsaṃbandha iti. evam etad ekatvaṃ grahasya na kiṃcid upakāraṃ karoti, na saṃmārgasya, evam eva sadanūdyate. tasmān naitat kiṃcid api kartuṃ vivakṣyata iti sarveṣāṃ grahādīnāṃ saṃmārgādi kartavyam iti. kutaḥ? saṃyogato 'viśeṣāt prakaraṇāviśeṣāc ca{*3/77*}. yady avivakṣitam ekatvam, kathaṃ trahy ekavacanam uccāryate? nanu bahuṣu vivakṣiteṣu bahuvacanena bhavitavyam. ucyate - na vayam etad vicārayāmaḥ, ekavacanam uccārayitavyam, noccārayitavyam iti, uccāryamāṇe sati kiṃ pratipattavyam? ekasminn eva saṃmārgādi, uta sarveṣv iti, tac ca sarveṣv iti sthāpitam. api ca na vibhakter vacanam evaikaṃ prayojanam. kiṃ tarhi? kārakasaṃbandho 'pi, avivakṣita ekatve kārakasaṃbandhārtham asyoccāraṇaṃ bhaviṣyati. tasmān nānarthakam. api ca grahaḥ prātipadikārtha ekatvaṃ vibhaktyarthaḥ. kim ato [229]{*3/78*} yady evam. etad ato bhavati - prātipadikārthagataṃ hi vibhaktiḥ svam arthaṃ śrutyaiva vadati. athaivaṃ sati kim na, saṃmārgeṇa saṃbhantsyata iti. tena hi saṃbadhyamānaṃ vākyena saṃbadhyeta, na ca śrutyā, anyena saṃbadhyamānaṃ vākyenācchidyānyena saṃbandham arhati. asaṃbadhyamānas tv ekatvena saṃmārgaḥ, yadi naikatvaviśiṣṭaḥ kriyate, na kiṃcid vipannaṃ bhavati, na caikatvaviśiṣṭaḥ saṃmārgādiḥ, grahādimātrasya ca vidhīyata iti kim iti dvitīyasya tṛtīyasya ca na kriyeteti.

NOTES: *{3/68: E2,4: asti - yad uktaṃ grahādiṣv}* *{3/69: E2: 4,74; E4: 3,600; E6: 1,155}* *{3/70: E2,4: gardabhābhidhānīṃ}* *{3/71: Tait.S. 5.1.2.1}* *{3/72: E2: 4,83; E4: 3,601; E6: 1,156}* *{3/73: E2,4: upakāreṇa}* *{3/74: E2: 4,86; E4: 3,602; E6: 1,156 (l.Z.)}* *{3/75: E1,6, E4 (v.l.); E2,4: dravye}* *{3/76: E2,4 om}* *{3/77: Vgl. MS 3.1.8}* *{3/78: E2: 4,95; E4: 3,602; E6: 1,157}*

codite tu parārthatvād yathāśruti patīyeta // MS_3,1.15 //

atha yad uktam - yathā paśum ālabhetety eka eva paśuḥ puṃpaśuś cālabhyate, evam idam apīti, asty atra vaiparītyam iha grahārthaḥ saṃmārgaḥ, tatra punar yāgārthaḥ paśuḥ. kim evaṃ sati bhavati? yo yāgārthaṃ paricchinati{*3/79*}, sa yāgasyopakaroti, aparicchinnena na śakyo yāgaḥ kartum iti. na tu graheṇa kenacid viśiṣṭena saṃmārgaḥ kartavyaḥ, yad grahaṃ viśiṃṣat saṃmārgasyopkuryāt, paśoś caitad ekatvaṃ yāgaṃ pratyupadiśyate. nanūktam - prātipadikārthagataṃ svam arthaṃ vibhaktiḥ śrutyaivābhivadatīti{*3/80*}, yāga etad vākyena vidhāsyati, tatra vākyāc chrutir balīyasīty uktam. satyam, yatra śrauto 'bhisaṃbandho vivakṣyate, avivakṣyamāṇe ca vākyāvagataḥ san aparyudasitavyo{*3/81*} bhavati, tasmād ekaḥ puṃpaśuś cālabhyata iti, grahaikatvaṃ na saṃmārgasyopakarotīti na grahaṃ śaknoti viśeṣṭum. tasmād avivakṣitam iti.

[230]{*3/82*}

NOTES: *{3/79: E2,4, E1 (v.l.): paricchinnati}* *{3/80: Vgl. E1, S.229/1-2}* *{3/81: E2,4: san na paryudasitavyo, E6: sann aparyudasitavyo}* *{3/82: E2: 4,96; E4: 3,643; E6: 1,158}*

saṃskārād vā guṇānām avyavasthā syāt // MS_3,1.16 //

asti jyotiṣṭomaḥ, tatra śrūyate - daśāpavitreṇa grahaṃ saṃmārṣṭīti. tatraiṣo 'rtho 'dhigataḥ - sarve grahāḥ saṃmārjitavyā iti. idam idānīṃ saṃdihyate - kiṃ camasāpi saṃmārṣṭavyā uta neti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? camasādy api sarvaṃ saṃmārjyam iti. kutaḥ? saṃyogato 'viśeṣāt prakaraṇāviśeṣāc ceti{*3/83*}, yathaiva hi grahāṇām apūrvasaṃbandhaḥ, evaṃ camasānām api, yathaiva ca grahā asmin prakaraṇe, evaṃ camasāpi. tasmāt sarvatra saṃmārgaḥ. nanu grahāḥ śrūyante, te camasānāṃ nirvartakā bhaviṣyanti. ucyate - pradarśanārthaṃ grahagrahaṇaṃ bhaviṣyati, grahādi somapātram, yasmin gṛhyamāṇaḥ somo vyavasicyeta, ity evam āśaṅkyate, tat sarvaṃ saṃmārjitavyam. yathā bhojanakālo vartate, sthālāni saṃmṛjyantām ity ukte, yāni yāni bhojana upayogam arhanti, tāni tāni sarvāṇi saṃmṛjyante, sthālagrahaṇaṃ lakṣaṇārtham iti gamyate. evam ihāpi draṣṭavyam iti. ucyate - loke 'rthalakṣaṇaḥ saṃvyavahāraḥ, yena yenārthaḥ saṃmṛṣṭena, ukto 'nukto vā sa sa{*3/84*} saṃmṛjyetaiva. iha tu vede śabdalakṣaṇaḥ, śabdaś ca grahasya saṃmārgam āha, tatra kim arthaṃ śrutau saṃbhavantyāṃ grahaśabdo lakṣaṇayā kalpyate. ucyate - saṃmārṣṭīti saṃmārge puruṣaprayatnaṃ vidhātum eṣa śabdaḥ śaknoti śravaṇenaiva, grahasaṃbandhe tu vākyena, śrutiś ca vākyād balīyasī. tasmāl lakṣaṇayā grahaśabdo varṇyate, na, yathāśruta iti, tena, yo yaḥ saṃmārjanasaṃskārārhaḥ sa sa saṃmārjitavyaḥ, neti{*3/85*} graheṣv eva vyavatiṣṭhetaivaṃjātīyako guṇa iti.

[231]{*3/86*}

NOTES: *{3/83: Vgl. MS 3.1.8}* *{3/84: E2,4,6: om. sa}* *{3/85: E2,4,6 om. iti}* *{3/86: E2: 4,98; E4: 3,646; E1: 1,159}*

vyavasthā vārthasya śrutisaṃyogāt, tasya śabdapramāṇatvāt // MS_3,1.17 //

vyavatiṣṭheta vā graheṣv eva saṃmārgaḥ, na camaseṣv api prasajyeteti. kutaḥ? arthasya śrutisaṃyogāt, śrūyamāṇo hi graho notsraṣṭavyaḥ, utsṛjyamāne śrutir eva bādhyate graham iti, pramattagītaṃ tatra bhavatām ity avagamyate, na caitan nyāyyam. tasmād grahaśabdena grahaṃ lakṣayitvā tasya saṃmārgasaṃbandho vidhīyate. na cāvidadhat saṃmārgam, śaknoti tatsaṃbandhaṃ vidhātum, ato vidadhāty evaiṣa śabdaḥ saṃmārgam. na ca śrutir bādhiṣyate. kutaḥ? saṃmārṣṭīti saṃmṛjigataṃ puruṣaprayatnaṃ śrutyā śaknoti vidhātum. na{*3/87*} tatra kaścid viśeṣaḥ, utpādyamāne vā saṃmṛjau{*3/88*}, pareṇa vā saṃbadhyamāna iti. tena na grahasaṃbandhe 'pi śrutir bādhitā bhavati, ato graheṣv eva saṃmārgo vyavasthātum arhatīti. nanv apūrvasaṃyogāviśeṣāt prakaraṇāviśeṣāc ca camaseṣv api prasajyate, na graheṣv evāsya vidhānam ity uktam. atrocyate - prakaraṇavadbhir ekavākyatāṃ kṛtvā śaknoti tatra vidhātum, nākṛtvaikavākyatām. sā ca prakaraṇād anumīyate, iyaṃ punar grahaśabdena saha pratyakṣā, tasmān na prakaraṇe vidhānam, grahaikatvasaṃbandhe punar utsṛjya svārtham, na śaknoti vidhātum. tasmād vaiṣamyam asya{*3/89*}, grahaikatvavidhānena{*3/90*}. yad uktam - yathā sthālāni saṃmṛjyantām iti lakṣaṇā, tadvad ihāpīti, parihṛtam etal loke karmārthaṃ lakṣaṇam{*3/91*}, śabdalakṣaṇaṃ punar veda iti.

[232]{*3/92*}

NOTES: *{3/87: E2: na ca}* *{3/88: E2: saṃmṛjā, E4: saṃmṛjām}* *{3/89: E2,4: vaiṣamyaṃ}* *{3/90: Der Satz fehlt in E6}* *{3/91: E2,4: karmārthalakṣaṇaṃ}* *{3/92: E2: 4,98; E4: 3,649; E6: 1,159}*

ānarthakyāt tadaṅgeṣu // MS_3,1.18 //

vājapeye śrūyate - saptadaśāratnir vājapeyasya yūpo bhavatīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ saptadaśāratnitā vājapeyasyordhvapātre niviśate, uta paśor yūpe niviśata iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? ūrdhvapātra iti. kutaḥ? vājapeyasya yūpābhāvāt, yad vājapeyasyāsti pātraṃ yūpasadṛśam, tatra bhavitum arhati, asti ca ṣoḍaśipātram, tac ca khādiratvād ūrdhvatvāc ca yūpasadṛśam, tatra niveśe sati vājapeyaśabda āñjasyena bhavati, itarathā vājapeyāṅgapaśuyāge{*3/93*} lakṣaṇayā vājapeyaśabdo vṛtta iti gamyate. nanu tvatpakṣe 'pi yūpaśabdo lakṣaṇayordhvapātre. ucyate, sarvathā vayaṃ lakṣaṇāśabdān na mucyāmahe. matpakṣe tu vājapeyaprakaraṇam anugṛhyate, tasmād ūrdhvapātre niveśa iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - ānarthakyāt tadaṅgeṣu, vājapeyaśabdas tāvat somayāgaviśeṣavacanaḥ, tasya sākṣād yūpena na prayojanam, asti tu tasyāṅgaṃ paśuyāgaḥ, tasya tu paśuṃ bandhuṃ yūpena kāryam. sākṣād vājapeyayūpasya yadi saptadaśāratnitā vidhīyate, tasyābhāvād anarthakam eva vacanaṃ prāpnoti, tad anarthakaṃ mā bhūd iti yo 'sya paśuyāge yūpaḥ, tatra niveśam arhati. ūrdhvapātre ca yūpaśabdo lakṣaṇayā syāt. nanv itarasminn api pakṣe vājapeyaśabdo lakṣaṇayeti. neti brūmaḥ, vājapeya eva vājapeyaśabdo bhaviṣyati, śakṣyati ca sa paśuyūpaṃ viśeṣṭum, so 'syāṅgasyopakārakaḥ, yaś ca yasyopakāriṇa upakaroti, bhavati sa tasya saṃbaddho mukhyenaiva saṃbandhena. na caikāntaritam iti kṛtvāsaṃbaddho bhavati, yathā devadattasya napteti, putreṇa cāsāv antaritaḥ, atha ca devadattena mukhyenaiva saṃbandhena saṃbaddhaḥ. tasmād eṣa eva [233]{*3/94*} pakṣa āśrayaṇīyaḥ, na hy etasmin pakṣe kaścid api lakṣaṇaśabdo bhavatīti.

NOTES: *{3/93: E2,4: vājapeyāṅgapaśuyāge}* *{3/94: E2: 4,101; E4: 3,649; E6: 1,160}*

kartṛguṇe tu karmāsamavāyād vākyabhedaḥ syāt // MS_3,1.19 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ prayājavākye śrūyate - abhikrāmaṃ juhoty abhijityeti{*3/95*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim abhikramaṇaṃ prayājeṣv eva niviśata uta kṛtsne prakaraṇa iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? kartṛguṇe 'bhikramaṇe brūmaḥ - vākyabhedaḥ syād iti, karmaṇā karmaṇo 'samavāyāt. abhikramaṇaṃ karmāmūrtam, na tat karma havanaṃ sādhayituṃ śaknoti, tasmān na tenaikavākyatāṃ yāti. ataḥ sarvasmin prakaraṇe niviśate, saṃyogato 'viśeṣāt prakaraṇāviśeṣāc ceti{*3/96*}. nanv anenaiva hetunānyasminn api na nivekṣyate. ucyate - anyatra puruṣaiḥ saṃbhantsyate. nanu prayājeṣv api puruṣaiḥ saṃbadhyeta. naitad evam, juhḥtīti havana eṣa śabdaḥ puruṣaprayatnaṃ vidhātuṃ śaknoti, na puruṣābhikramaṇāsaṃbandham. nanv anyatrāpi puruṣābhikramaṇasaṃbandhasyāvidhānam. naiṣa doṣaḥ, anyatra prakaraṇāmnānād aṅgabhāve nirjñāte prayogavacano 'sya kartavyatāṃ vakṣyati. tasmāt sarvasmin prakaraṇe 'bhikramaṇasya niveśa iti.

NOTES: *{3/95: Tait.S. 2.6.1.4}* *{3/96: Vgl. MS 3.1.8}*

sākāṅkṣaṃ tv ekavākyaṃ syād asamāptaṃ hi pūrveṇa // MS_3,1.20 //

naitad asti - yad uktam abhikramaṇaṃ prakaraṇe niviśata iti. prayā[234]{*3/97*}jeṣv eva bhavitum arhati. kutaḥ? taiḥ sahāsyaikavākyatā, yataḥ sākāṅkṣam etat pūrveṇa padenāsamāptaṃ vākyam, abhikrāmaṃ juhotīty atra paryavasyati, prakaraṇāc ca vākyaṃ balavad iti prayājeṣv evābhikramaṇaṃ niviśate. nanv abhikramaṇam amūrtatvād dhomanirvṛttāv asamartham ity uktam. ucyate, sākṣād asamartham, kartrā saṃbadhyamānaṃ śakṣyati nirvartayitum. katham? abhikramaṇena samāsīdaty āhavanīyaṃ kartā, dvayam abhyupāyabhūtaṃ homasya, dūrād vābhiprasārya hastam, juhuyāt, samāsīded anvābhikramaṇena. tasmād abhikramaṇam upakaroti homasyety avagamyate. ataḥ prayājeṣv eva niveśa iti.

NOTES: *{3/97: E2: 4,103; E4: 3,657; E6: 1,161}*

saṃdigdhe tu vyavāyād vākyabhedaḥ syāt // MS_3,1.21 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ saptamāṣṭamayor brāhmaṇānuvākayoḥ sāmidhenya uktāḥ, navame nividaḥ, daśame kāmyāḥ sāmidhenīkalpāḥ, idaṃ kāmasyaitāvatīr anubrūyāt, idaṃ kāmasyaitāvatīr iti, ekādaśe ca yajñopavītam āmnātam - upavyayate devalakṣmam eva tat kuruta iti{*3/98*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ sāmidhenīr evānubruvāṇa upavyayeta, uta prakaraṇe sarvān eva padārthān anutiṣṭhatā upavyātavyam iti. kutaḥ saṃśayaḥ? upavītaṃ sāmidhenīnāṃ prakaraṇe samāmnātam, atha nivṛtte vā tāsāṃ prakaraṇa iti na jñāyate. nanu darśapūrṇamāsayor eva prakaraṇam idam, paraprakaraṇe sāmidhenyaḥ śrūyante. satyaṃ paraprakaraṇe śrūyante. tathāpi tāsām avāntaraprakaraṇam aparam, bhavati hi, sāmidhenīr anubrūyād iti viśeṣākāṅkṣaṃ vacanam, yena tatsaṃnidhāv abhidhīyamānaṃ tasyeti jñāyate. kathaṃ punar nivṛttaṃ tāsāṃ prakaraṇam ity āśaṅkyate? [235]{*3/99*} nivitpadāni tāsāṃ prakaraṇaṃ vyavadadhatīti. yady evam, katham anuvartate prakaraṇam ity āśaṅkā? parastān nividām, sādmidhenīguṇā eva kāmyā vidhīyamānāḥ śrūyante, yad anantaraṃ yajñopavītam āmnātam, tenānivṛttaṃ sāmidhenīnāṃ prakaraṇam iti bhavati matiḥ. ataḥ paraprakaraṇe nividaḥ samupanipatitā na vyavadadhati. yathā

dvādaśopasattāhīnadharmo jyotiṣṭomaprakaraṇa iti. tena bhavati saṃdehaḥ. asmin saṃdehe kiṃ tāvat prāptam? sāmidhenīprakaraṇam anivṛttam, tatropavītaṃ samāmnātam iti. kutaḥ? kāmyānāṃ sāmidhenīkalpānām ānantaryavacanāt, hṛdayam anuviparivartamānāsu sāmidhenīṣu upavītam āmananti, kartuś ca vāsovinyāsamātraṃ guṇo bhavaty upavītaṃ nāma. kiṃ kurvatā tat kartavyam iti bhavati tatra padārthākāṅkṣā, tatra buddhau saṃnihitenāviprakṛṣṭena sāmidhenīvākyenaikavākyatāṃ upagamya sāmidhenīṣūpavītaṃ upavyayata ity eṣa śabdo vidadhātīti gamyate. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - na, asmin saṃdehe yas tv ayoktaḥ, sa nirṇayaḥ. asmin saṃdehe vākyabheda iti nirṇaya iti. kutaḥ? vyavāyāt, iha samāptasya sānubandhasya sāmidhenīvākyasya, asya copavyayata iti vacanasya, nividāṃ vidhāyakena sāmidhenībhir asaṃbaddhena granthena vyavadhānaṃ bhavati, yasya ca paryavasite 'pi vacane tatsaṃbaddham evārthāntaraṃ prakramante, na tatrānanuvṛttaṃ prakaraṇam, āgacchati hi tatsaṃbaddhābhidhāne hṛdayam. yatra tu paryavasite vacane tadasaṃbaddham evārthāntaraṃ prakramante, na tatra buddhau pūrvaḥ padārthaḥ saṃnidhīyate. na ca, buddhāv asaṃnihitenaikavākyatā bhavati. dvābhyāṃ hi buddhābhyāṃ{*3/100*} padārthābhyāṃ vākyārthaḥ saṃjanyate, nānyatareṇa, saṃnidhau samāmnānasyaitad eva prayojanam, katham ubhābhyāṃ padārthābhyāṃ viśiṣṭāṃ buddhim utpādayeyur iti. [236]{*3/101*} anantarāv abuddhena saha vākyārthaḥ śakyate kartum, asaṃbaddhapadoccāraṇe ca nānantarāv abuddho bhavati. tasmād vyavahitena saha naikavākyatā bhavatīti. athānyena prakāreṇa dhyānādinā pūrvapadārtham avagamya, vākyārthaṃ saṃjanayet. avaidikaḥ sa puruṣabuddhir pūrvako vākyārtho bhavet, yathā, anyasmād anuvākād ākhyātapadaṃ gṛhītvā, anyasmāc ca nāmapadaṃ yo vākyārthaḥ saṃjanyate, tādṛśaṃ tad bhavet, yatrānyena dhyānādinā pūrvapadārtham avagamya, vākyārthaṃ saṃjanayet. tasmān nāsaṃbaddhārthavyavadhānaikavākyatā bhavatīti niścīyate. tasmān na sāmidhenībhir ekavākyatopavītasyeti. nanu sāmidhenīkalpānām anantarabuddhānāṃ saṃnidhāv upavītam āmnāyate, tena sāmidhenībhiḥ saṃbhantsyata iti. neti brūmaḥ - ativṛttam eva hi sāmidhenīnāṃ prakaraṇaṃ nivitpadair vyavadhānāt. vākyena hi sāmidhenīkalpāḥ kāmyāḥ saṃbandham upagacchanti, na prakaraṇam anuvartate, na ca, punaḥ kalpavacanena sāmidhenyaḥ prakṛtā bhavanti. na hi, tatra tāsāṃ vacanaṃ kartavyā iti. kiṃ tarhi? saṃkhyābhiḥ saṃbandhayitavyā iti, tad api vākyena, na prakaraṇena. tatrāprakṛtāsu samidhenīṣu yasyaikavākyatā guṇasya sāmidhenībhir nāsti, na tasya tābhiḥ saṃbandhaḥ. tasmāt{*3/102*} prakaraṇe{*3/103*} yad anuṣṭheyaṃ tad yajñopavītineti siddham.

NOTES: *{3/98: Tait.S. 2.5.11.1}* *{3/99: E2: 4,106; E4: 3,661; E6: 1,161 (vorletzte Zeile)}* *{3/100: E2,4 om. hi buddhābhyāṃ}* *{3/101: E2: 4,108; E4: 3,661; E6: 1,162}* *{3/102: E2: yasmāt}* *{3/103: E2,4: kṛtsne prakaraṇe}*

guṇānāṃ ca parārthatvād asaṃbandhaḥ samatvāt syāt // MS_3,1.22 //

agnyādheye vāraṇavaikaṅkatapātrāṇy ahomārthāni homārthāni [237]{*3/104*} ca śrūyante - tasmād vāraṇo vai yajñāvacaraḥ syāt, na tv etena juhuyāt, vaikaṅkato yajñāvacaraḥ syāj juhuyād eteneti. na ca vāraṇavaikaṅkatānāṃ pātrāṇām agnyādheyena saṃbandhaḥ. kutaḥ? yajñāv acaravacanāt, yajñasyaitāni pātrāṇi, vākyena prakaraṇaṃ bādhitvā bhavanti. tatraiṣa saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ pavam āneṣṭiṣu niviśante, uta darśapūrṇamāsādiṣu sarvayāgeṣv iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? pavamānahaviḥṣv iti. kutaḥ? uktam etat pradhāne 'saṃbhavan padārthas tadguṇe kalpyata iti, agnyādheyaprakaraṇe ca samāmnānāt pavamānahaviṣāṃ tadguṇatā. tasmāt pavamānahaviḥṣv ity evaṃ prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - guṇānāṃ samatvāt, pavamānahaviṣām agnyādheyasya ca na paraspareṇa saṃbandhaḥ. yathādhānam agner guṇaḥ saṃskārārthaḥ, evaṃ pavamānahavīṃṣy apy agner eva guṇabhūtāni. kas tatra paraspareṇa saṃbandha iti. yad uktam - ādhānasya prakaraṇe samāmnāyanta iti, yady api samāmnāyante, tathāpi prakaraṇaṃ bādhitvā vākyenāgner bhavanti. kim iha vākyam? yad āhavanīye juhoti{*3/105*} tena so 'syābhīṣṭaḥ prīto bhavatīti. nanv āhavanīyo 'tra yāgasyādhikaraṇatvena guṇabhūtaḥ śrūyate. satyam, adhikaraṇam āhavanīyaḥ, tathāpi tv āhavanīyārtha eva yāgaḥ, prayojanavattvād āhavanīyasya niṣprayojanatvāt pavamānahaviṣām. katham eṣāṃ niṣprayojanatā? phalāśravaṇāt. kalpyaṃ phalam iti cet. satyaṃ kalpyam, agnisaṃskāras tu tatphalam, na svargaḥ, svarge kalpyamāne dvir adṛṣṭaṃ kalpyeta, homāc ca [238]{*3/106*} svargo bhavati, tasya cāhavanīyenāparo 'dṛṣṭaḥ saṃskāra iti. tasmād agnyarthatā pavamānahaviṣām, naiṣām ādhānena saṃbandhaḥ. tasmān nādhāne śrūyamāṇam, pavamānahaviṣāṃ bhavitum arhati. kiṃ tarhi sarvayāgeṣu darśapūrṇamāsaprabhṛtiṣv ādhānasya pradhānabhūteṣu niveśa iti.

NOTES: *{3/104: E2: 4,111; E4: 3,674; E6: 1,163}* *{3/105: E2,4: juhvati}* *{3/106: E2: 4,113; E4: 3,675; E6: 1,164}*

mithaś cānarthasaṃbandhāt // MS_3,1.23 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - vārtraghnī paurṇamāsyām anūcyete, vṛdhanvaty amāv asyāyām iti{*3/107*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim anuvākyādvitvasya pradhāne niveśaḥ, utājyabhāgayor iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? pradhāna iti. kutaḥ? paurṇamāsīsamabhivyāhārāt, amāv asyāsamabhivyāhārāc ca. pradhānaṃ paurṇamāsī cāmāv asyā ca nājyabhāgau. tasmāt sākṣād vākyāt pradhānasyeti prāptam. tatra brūmaḥ - mithaḥ saha dvābhyām anuvākyābhyāṃ na pradhānasya kāryam asti, yatra tu dva anuvākye, tatra tayor vārtraghnatā vṛdhanvattā ca vidhīyate, pradhāne caikānuvākyā, tatra dvitvaṃ vārtraghnatāṃ vṛdhanvattāṃ ca vidadhad vākyaṃ bhidyeta. ājyabhāgayos tu dve prāpte āgneyī saumī ca, tatra vārtraghnatāṃ vṛdhanvattāṃ kevalāṃ śakṣyati vidhātum. nanu pradhānagāmitve 'pi dvayoḥ pradhānayor dve anuvākye, āgneyasyāgnīṣomīyasya ceti. ucyate - ekā [239]{*3/108*} vārtraghny āgneyī, ekā saumī, tathā vṛdhanvatyai, tatra yāgneyī, sā vidhīyamānā saṃbadhyeta na saumī. amāv asyāyāṃ tāvan nāsty eva{*3/109*}, paurṇamāsyām apy agnīṣomīya eva kriyamāṇe kriyeta, tatrāpy ekadevatyā na śaknuyād devatādvitve kāryaṃ kartum. athobha agnīṣomīye prāpte iti. na, ekasya yāgasya dvābhyām anuvākyābhyāṃ prayojanam. upādeyatvena hy anuvākyā codyate, tatraikatvaṃ vivakṣitam, tena tatrāpi na dve. tasmād ājyabhāgayor niveśa iti.

NOTES: *{3/107: Tait.S. 2.5.2.5}* *{3/108: E2: 4,115; E4: 3,681; E6: 1,164}* *{3/109: E2,4: eva somaḥ}*

ānantaryam acodanā // MS_3,1.24 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - muṣṭīkaroti, vācaṃ yacchati, dīkṣitam āvedayatīti, tathā hastāv avanenikte, ulaparājiṃ stṛṇātīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ muṣṭīkaraṇaṃ vāgyamaś cāvedanārtham, uta kṛtsnaprakaraṇe niveśa iti tathā, hastāv anejanaṃ kim ulaparājiṃ staritum, uta prakaraṇe sarvapadārthān kartum iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? hastāv anejanaṃ hastasaṃskārārtham, vāgyamaḥ puruṣasaṃskārārthaḥ, āmantrayamāṇa ekāgro bhavati, padārthān anutiṣṭhati, tena keṣāṃ keṣāṃ padārthānām ime{*3/110*} saṃskārāv ity ākāṅkṣāsti, satyām ākāṅkṣāyām ānantaryeṇa nirākāṅkṣīkaraṇam. tasmād ānantaryād āvedanārtho vāgyamo muṣṭīkaraṇaṃ ca, hastāv anejanaṃ colaparājiṃ staritum. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - sarvaiḥ prakaraṇādhītaiḥ saṃbandha iti. [240]{*3/111*} kutaḥ? vākyabhedāt. kathaṃ vākyabhedaḥ? arthadvayasyābhidhānāt. na hi, dīkṣitam āvedayitum ity asminn artha āvedayatīti, na ca staritum ity asminn arthe stṛṇātīti. staraṇam api vidhīyate 'vanejanaṃ ca. muṣṭīkaraṇaṃ vāgyamaś ca vidhīyate, āvedanaṃ ca. na ca, eṣāṃ paraspareṇa kaścit saṃbandho 'sti, na ca, padārthākāṅkṣāyāṃ satyām ānantaryam ekavākyatve kāraṇaṃ bhavati, tasmāt prakaraṇadharmā evaṃjātīyakāḥ. NOTES: *{3/110: E1,6, E4 (v.l.); E2,4: imau}* *{3/111: E2: 4,119; E4: 3,686; E6: 1,165}*

vākyānāṃ ca samāptatvāt // MS_3,1.25 //

svena svena padasamūhena paripūrṇam ekaṃ vākyam, tathāparam, tathā sarvāṇi yāny udāhṛtāni. tasmād vispaṣṭam arthadvayam, vibhāge ca nirākāṅkṣatā, tena vākyabhedaḥ. ataḥ saṃyogato 'viśeṣāt prakaraṇāviśeṣāc ca{*3/112*} kṛtsne parkaraṇe niveśa iti.

NOTES: *{3/112: Vgl. MS 3.1.8}*

śeṣas tu guṇasaṃyuktaḥ sādhāraṇaḥ pratīyeta mithas teṣām asaṃbandhāt // MS_3,1.26 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ samāmnāyate - āgneyaṃ caturdhā karotīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim āgneye 'gnīṣomīye aindrāgne{*3/113*} ca sarvatra caturdhākaraṇam? kiṃ vāgneya eveti. kiṃ prāptam? śeṣaś caturdhākaraṇam, āgneyam iti devatāguṇasaṃyuktaḥ sādhāraṇaḥ pratīyate, agnīṣomīye 'pi syāt, aindrāgne 'pi. kutaḥ? tāv apy āgneyau, yasyāgnir devatā, anyā ca bhavati, asāv āgeyaḥ. tad yathā, yā ḍitthasya ḍavitthasya ca mātā, sā ḍavitthasya [241]{*3/114*} bhavati, evam ihāpi. yady āgneyāgnīṣomasya ca puroḍāśasya mithaḥ saṃbandho na bhavet, tata āgneya eva caturdhākaraṇaṃ vyavatiṣṭheta, bhavati tu saṃbandhaḥ, tasmād avyavasthā, yathāgneyasya mastakaṃ vibhajya prāśitram avadyatīti sarvebhyaḥ prāśitrāv adānam, evaṃ caturdhākaraṇam api.

NOTES: *{3/113: E2,4,6: caindrāgne}* *{3/114: E2: 4,119; E4: 3,695; E6: 1,165}*

vyavasthā vārthasaṃyogāl liṅgasyārthena saṃbandhāl lakṣaṇārthā guṇaśrutiḥ // MS_3,1.27 //

vāśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati, vyavatiṣṭheta vā caturdhākaraṇam āgneya eva, na sādhāraṇaṃ bhavitum arhati. kutaḥ? arthasaṃyogāt, agninā devatayārthenaikadevatyasya{*3/115*} saṃyogaḥ, na dvidaivatyasyāgnīṣomīyasyaindrāgnasya{*3/116*} ceti. kutaḥ? yasya hy agnīṣomau devatā, ubhayaviśeṣaṇaviśiṣṭaḥ saṃkalpaḥ kriyate, tasyāgniḥ somam apekṣamāṇo devatā, na nirapekṣaḥ, yasya cāgniḥ somam apekṣamāṇo devatā, na tasmāt taddhita utpadyate, samarthānāṃ hi sa ucyate, sāpekṣaṃ cāsamartham. tasmān na taddhitāntena nirapekṣāgnidaivatyena{*3/117*} dvidevatyasyābhidhānam{*3/118*}. ato yatra nirapekṣo 'gnir devatā, tatraiva caturdhākaraṇam iti, devatāliṅgasya hi sāmartyena saṃyogo bhavati taddhitārthasya, nāsati sāmarthye. atha yad uktam, yathā{*3/119*} prāśitrāv adānaṃ sarvebhyaḥ kriyate, evaṃ{*3/120*} caturdhākaraṇam apīti, yuktaṃ prāśitrāv adānena tatraiva{*3/121*} saṃbandhaḥ kriyate, āgneyasya prāśitram avadyatīti. kathaṃ tarhi, āgneyasya mastakaṃ vibhajyeti. ekaṃ hy etad vākyaṃ prāśitram avadyatīti, dvitīyam āgneyasya mastakaṃ vibhajyeti, tatrāgneyasya mastakād avadyatīti gamyate, anyasya mastakāt, anyasmād vety aniyamaḥ. yadi tu tatra kevalāgnidaivatyo{*3/122*} nābhaviṣyat, tadānarthakyaparihārāya dvidaivatyo{*3/123*} 'py agrahiṣyata{*3/124*}. [242]{*3/125*} yat tu, ḍitthasya māteti, yuktaṃ tatrāvyāsaṅgi mātṛtvam, tato jāto ḍitthaḥ, etāvatā saṃbandhena, mātety ucyate, nātra kiṃcid apekṣyate. sa ca tāvāṃs tatra saṃbandho 'stīti ḍitthasya māteti yuktaṃ vacanam.

[243]{*3/126*}

NOTES: *{3/115: E2,4: devatayārthenaikadaivatyasya}* *{3/116: E2,4: dvidevatyasyāgnīṣomīyasyaindrāgnasya}* *{3/117: E2,4: nirapekṣāgnidevatyena}* *{3/118: E2,4: dvidevatyasyābhidhānam}* *{3/119: E2: yathā yathā}* *{3/120: E2 om. evaṃ}* *{3/121: E2: adāne. na tatraivaṃ, E4: adāne. tatraivaṃ}* *{3/122: E2,4: kevalāgnidevatyo}* *{3/123: E2,4: dvidevatyo}* *{3/124: E2,4: agrahīṣyata}* *{3/125: E2: 4,122; E4: 3,698; E6: 1,166}* *{3/126: E2: 4,123; E4: 4,1; E6: 1,167}*

arthabhidhānasāmarthyān mantreṣu śeṣabhāvaḥ syāt tasmād utpattisaṃbandho 'rthena nityasaṃyogāt // MS_3,2.1 //

iha mantrā udāharaṇam - bahirdevasadanaṃ dāmītyevamādayaḥ. kiṃ mukhya evābhidheye mantrāṇāṃ viniyogaḥ, uta gauṇe 'pīti. kaḥ punar mukhyaḥ ko vā gauṇa iti. ucyate - yaḥ śabdād evāvagamyate, sa prathamo 'rtho mukhyaḥ, mukham iva bhavatīti mukhya ity ucyate. yas tu khalu pratītād arthāt kenacit saṃbandhena gamyate, sa paścād bhāvāj jaghanam iva bhavatīti jaghanyaḥ, guṇasaṃbandhāc ca gauṇa iti. yady evaṃ sarva eva mukhyaḥ, sarvo hi śabdād gamyate, yathaiva hy agnir jvalatīty ukte jvalane saṃpratyayaḥ{*3/127*}, evam evāgnir māṇavaka iti śabda evoccārite māṇavake saṃpratyayaḥ. athocyate, yasmin nirupapadāc chabdāt saṃpratyayaḥ sa mukhyaḥ, yasmin sopapadāt sa gauṇa iti. naitad yuktam. yasya hi śabdasya rūpaṃ kasyacid arthasya nimittam, sopapadasyāpi tad eva rūpam, nirupapadasyāpi. na ca śakyaṃ nimitte sati naimittikena na bhavitum. kim ataḥ? yady evam, idaṃ na śakyate vaditum - upapadād ṛte na so 'rtho bhavati, upapade tu saṃjāte so 'rthaḥ saṃjaniṣyata iti. na cāsau samudāyārthaḥ śakyate vijñātum. anvayavyatirekābhyāṃ hi vibhāgo 'vagamyate. atha, vāk-yārtho 'yam ity ucyate. naivaṃ śakyam, na hy ananvitaḥ padārtho bhavati [244]{*3/128*} vākyārthaḥ. tad evaṃ dṛśyatām - agniśabda evāyaṃ jvalanavacanaḥ, agniśabda eva māṇavakasyābhidhāteti. tasmān na gauṇo mukhya iti kaścid viśeṣaḥ. athocyate, yaḥ suṣṭhu prasiddhaḥ sa mukhyaḥ, yo manāg iva sa gauṇa iti. idam api nopapadyate, prasiddhir nāma prajñānam, na ca prajñāne kaścid viśeṣo 'sti. athocyate, yasya bahuśaḥ prayogo 'sti sa mukhyaḥ, alpaśaḥ prayujyamāno gauṇa iti. naitad evam, alpaśo 'pi prayujyamāno nāsati sāmarthye pratyāyayet. ataḥ so 'pi śabdāt pratīyata iti mukhya eva.

atrocyate - asty atra viśeṣaḥ, māṇavako nāgniśabdāt pratīyate. katham avagamyate? uktam - anyāyaś cānekārthatvam iti. kathaṃ na viparyayaḥ? ucyate - anādṛtyaiva māṇavakapratyayaṃ jvalanam agniśabdāt pratiyanto dṛśyante. na tv anādṛtya jvalanam{*3/129*}, mānavakam agniśabdāt pratiyanti. kuta etat? yo yo 'gnisadṛśo vivakṣyate, tatra tatrāgniśabdo niyata iti. ata eva vigatasādṛśyād ayaṃ tu dṛśyate. ato 'gnisādṛśyam asya pravṛttau nimittaṃ na ca jvalane 'pratīte tatsādrṛśyaṃ pratīyate. tasmāj jvalanasyāgniśabdo nimittam, na māṇavakasya. tasmāj jvalane mukhyo na māṇavake. evam eva tṛṇapratyayasya barhiḥśabdo nimittam, na tṛṇasadṛśapratyayasya. tad evaṃ dvaite sati mukhyaparatā śabdasya, uta gauṇaparatāpīti yukto vicāraḥ. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? mukhye gauṇe ca viniyogaḥ. kutaḥ? ubhayasya śakyatvād ubhayam api barhiḥśabdena śakyate pratyāyayitum, tṛṇaṃ ca tṛṇasadṛśaṃ ca, tṛṇaṃ sākṣāt, tṛṇasadṛśaṃ tṛṇapratyayena. yac ca nāma darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ sādhanabhūtena barhiḥśabdena śakyate pratyāyayitum, tat sarvaṃ pratyāyayitavyam, vinigamanāyāṃ hetvabhāvāt. [245]{*3/130*} api caivam āśrīyamāṇe pūṣādyanumantraṇādīni darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ notkṛṣyante{*3/131*}, tatraiva gauṇenābhidhānena prakṛtāṃ devatām abhivadiṣyanti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - mukhya eva viniyoktavyo mantro na gauṇa iti. kutaḥ? ubhayāśakyatvāt, prakaraṇe hi samāmnānāt pradhānenaikavākyatām upaiti. tatraitad āpatati yac chaknuyād anena mantreṇa sādhayitum, tathā sādhayed iti. sa cāsāv arthābhidhānasaṃyogāc chaknoty upakartum, na gauṇam arthaṃ śakyoty abhidhātum, tasmān na gauṇe viniyogaḥ. nanu mukhyapratyayāc chakyate gauṇaḥ pratyāyayitum. satyam etat, mukhyapratyāyanenaivāsya prayojanavattā nirvṛtteti na gauṇaṃ prati viniyoge kiṃcit pramāṇam asti. mukhye viniyogena tv ānarthakyaṃ parihriyate, parihṛta ānarthakye na gauṇābhidhānam āpatati. na hy anabhidhāya mukhyam, gauṇam abhivadati śabdaḥ. ataḥ pramāṇābhāvān na gauṇe viniyujyeta. api ca gauṇasya pratyāyane sāmarthyād bahavo 'bhyupāyāḥ prāpnuvanti, sāmarthyaṃ ca śabdaikadeśa ity uktam - arthād vā kalpanaikadeśātvād iti{*3/132*}, tatra mantre niyogato gauṇaṃ prati viniyujyamāna upāyāntaram, vinā pramāṇena bādhyeta. mantrāmnānaṃ pramāṇam iti cet. na tasyopāyāntaranivṛttau sāmarthyam asti. nanu mukhye 'pi viniyujyamānsyaiṣa eva doṣaḥ. nety ucyate - yadi mukhye 'pi na viniyujyeta, naiva pradhānasyopakuryāt tatra cāsyotpattir anarthikaiva syāt. tasmād asti gauṇe mukhye ca viśeṣaḥ. api ca yo gauṇe mantraṃ viniyuṅkte, sa vaktavyaḥ - kim arthaṃ mukhyaṃ pratyāyayasi [246]{*3/133*} iti. sa ced brūyāt - nānyathā gauṇapratyayo 'stīti, pratibrūyād enam - anye 'pi gauṇapratyayasyābhyupāyāḥ santīti. atha sa evam abhiyuktaḥ pratibrūyāt -mukhyapratyayo 'pi pākṣiko 'bhyupāya iti, brūyād enam - na tarhi niyogato gauṇe viniyojanīyaḥ, yadā gauṇapratyayāya mukham upādatte, tadaitad āpatitaṃ bhavati, mukhya eva viniyoga iti. arthena ca pratītena prayojanam, na pratyāyakena mantreṇa, ato 'nyenāpy upāyena gauṇaḥ praty-āyayitavyaḥ, na sa eva mantra ādartavyaḥ. athāpi mantreṇa pratyāyakena prayojanaṃ syāt, tathāpi mukhyapratyāyanenaiva nirvṛttaṃ prayojanam iti natarāṃ gauṇe viniyujyeta. tasmān mukhyagauṇayor mukhye kāryasaṃpratyaya iti siddham.

NOTES: *{3/127: E2,4,6: jvalanasaṃpratyayaḥ}* *{3/128: E2: 4,125; E4: 4,1; E6: 1,167}* *{3/129: E2,4: jvalanapratyayaṃ}* *{3/130: E2: 4,127; E4: 4,2; E6: 1,168}* *{3/131: E1 (v.l.): notsrakṣyante}* *{3/132: MS 1.4.30}* *{3/133: E2: 4,129; E4: 4,3; E6: 1,169}*

saṃskārakatvād acodite na syāt // MS_3,2.2 //

atha yad uktam - pūṣādyanumantraṇādīnām utkarṣo na bhaviṣyatīti, yuktas teṣām utkarṣaḥ, saṃskārako hi mantraḥ, so 'sati saṃskārye 'narthaka iti yatrārthavāṃs tatra nāyayiṣyate. na ca kaścid doṣo bhaviṣyati.

vacanāt tv ayathārtham aindrī syāt // MS_3,2.3 //

agnau śrūyate - niveśanaḥ saṃgamano vasūnām ity aindryā gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti{*3/134*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim indrasyopasthānaṃ kartavyam, uta gārhapatyasyeti. kutaḥ punar gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata ity evaṃ vispaṣṭe vacane saṃśaya iti. ucyate, [247]{*3/135*} yad dhi{*3/136*} vākyenopasthānaṃ{*3/137*} tat stutivacanena saṃskaraṇaṃ na samīpasthānamātram, na ca, aindreṇa mantreṇāgner abhidhānaṃ śakyate kartum. ato gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti na gārhapatyārtham upasthānam etad iti jāyeta śaṅkā - gārhapatya upasthānārtho bhaved iti, tādṛśaś ca śabdo nāsti, tṛtīyāntaḥ saptamyanto vā. tasmād vicāraḥ - katham upapannaṃ bhavatīti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? sāmarthyād indropasthānam, aśakyatvāc ca gārhaptyopasthānasya. kathaṃ dvitīyā vibhaktir iti cet. avivaksitepsitārthā vā saṃbandhamātrapradhānā. yad vopasthānaviśeṣaṇaṃ saṃbandhād gārhapatyaśabdaḥ. tasmād gārhapatyaviśiṣṭam upasthānam indrārthaṃ kartavyam iti. gārhapatyaś ca deśena viśiṃṣyān mukhyam eva kāryaṃ mantrāṇām. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - vacanāt tv ayathārtham aindrī syāt. naitad astīndrārtham upasthānam iti, ayathārtham aindrī syāt. kutaḥ? vacanasāmarthyāt, vacanam idaṃ bhavati, aindryā gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti, gārhapatye dvitīyā vibhaktiḥ prādhānyam āha, kim iva vacanaṃ na kuryāt, nāsti vacanasyātibhāraḥ. tasmād gārhapatyārtham upasthānam.

NOTES: *{3/134: Mait.S. 3.2.4}* *{3/135: E2: 4,131; E4: 4,14; E6: 1,169}* *{3/136: E2,4: yadi}* *{3/137: E2: vākyenopasthāne}*

guṇād vāpy abhidhānaṃ syāt saṃbandhasyāśāstrahetutvāt // MS_3,2.4 //

atrāha nanv etad uktam - naindreṇa mantreṇa gārhapatyopasthānaṃ bhaviṣyatīti. ucyate, vacanād bhaviṣyati. āha - na vacanaśatenāpi śakyam etat, indraśabdenāgninaṃ pratyāyayed iti bruvan vihanyeta, yathāgninā siñced iti{*3/138*}, udakena dīpayed iti, na hi śāstrahetukaḥ śabdārthayoḥ saṃbandho bhavati. nityau 'sau lokato 'vagamyata ity uktam - autpa[248]{*3/139*}ttikas tu śabdasyārthena saṃbandha iti{*3/140*}. nanu śabdalakṣaṇo 'pi bhavati śabdārthayoḥ saṃbandhaḥ kṛtrimaḥ, yathā devadatto yajñadatta iti. bhavati kaścit, yatra saṃbandhasya vidhāyakaṃ vākyaṃ bhavati, na tv etad vākyaṃ śabdārthayoḥ saṃbandhasya vidhāyakam, gārhapatyasyendraśabdo nāmeti, kathaṃ tarhi siddhasaṃbandhenendraśabdena gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti. na ca śakyate paraśabdena paro vaditum. kim atra vacanaṃ kariṣyati? atrocyate - guṇād vāpy abhidhānaṃ syāt saṃbandhasyāśāstrahetutvād iti, yady api nedaṃ vākyaṃ śabdārthasaṃbandhasya vidhāne hetubhūtam, tathāpy anenendraśabdena śakyaṃ kartum - gārhapatyābhidhānam. kutaḥ? guṇasaṃyogād gauṇam idam abhidhānaṃ bhaviṣyati, bhavati hi guṇād apy abhidhānam, yathā siṃho devadattaḥ, agnir māṇavaka iti. evam ihāpy anindre gārhapatya indraśabdo bhaviṣyati, asti cāsyendrasādṛśyam{*3/141*}, yathaivendro yajñasādhanam, evaṃ gārhapatye 'pīti. athavā indrater aiśvaryakarmaṇa indro bhavati, bhavati ca gārhapatyasyāpi svasmin kārya īśvaratvam. tasmād indraśabdena yaḥ pratyāyate 'rthaḥ sa pratītaḥ sādṛśyād gārhapatyaṃ pratyāyayiṣyati, aiśvaryād vā pratyāyayiṣyatīti na doṣaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/138: E2,4 om. iti}* *{3/139: E2: 4,166; E4: 4,21; E6: 1,170}* *{3/140: MS 1.1.5}* *{3/141: E2,4,6: asti tu cāsyendrasādṛśyam}*

tathāhvānam apīti cet // MS_3,2.5 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatredaṃ samāmnāyate - haviṣkṛd ehi [249]{*3/142*} iti trir avaghnann āhvayatīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim eṣa mantro 'vahantiṃ pratyupadiśyate, uta hantir asya kālaṃ lakṣayatīti. kathaṃ hantiṃ pratyupadiśyate? kathaṃ vā kālaṃ lakṣayet? yady evaṃ saṃbandhaḥ kriyeta - haviṣkṛd ehīty avaghnann iti, tato hantiṃ pratyupadiśyate, athāvaghnann āhvayatīti, tato 'sya kālaṃ lakṣyatīti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? tathāhvānam api, yathaindrī gārhapatyaṃ pratyupadiśyate, evam eṣa mantro hantiṃ pratyupadiśyate. evaṃ śrutir anugṛhītā bhavati, itarathā lakṣaṇā syāt, hantikālasya mantrasya ca saṃbandho bhavet, na hanter mantrasya. evaṃ ca satyāhvayatīty ayam anuvādaḥ, āhvānaṃ karoti, yo hy ehīti brūte sa āhvayati, tatra kenacid guṇena mantro hantiṃ pratyāyayiṣyati, tasmān nāhvāne viniyoktavyaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/142: E2: 4,134; E4: 4,23; E6: 1,171}*

na kālavidhiś coditatvāt // MS_3,2.6 //

naitad asti - hantiṃ pratyupadiśyata iti. kiṃ tarhi? kālalakṣaṇā syāt. kutaḥ? trir āhvayatīti tritvam atra vidhīyate, yady asminn eva vākye mantro vidhīyeta, anekaguṇavidhānād vākyaṃ bhidyeta. tasmān naivam abhisaṃbandha evam avaghnann iti. kathaṃ tarhi, avaghnann āhvayatīti. nanv asminn api pakṣe mantro vidhīyate kālaś ca, tatra sa eva doṣo bhavet. neti brūmaḥ, avahananakāla evārthena haviṣkṛd āhvātavyā, tatrāyam eva saṃbandho 'nūdyate. kevalā tu trir āvṛttir vidhīyate. yat tu kālalakṣaṇārthaḥ śabda iti. naiṣa doṣaḥ, laukikī hi lakṣaṇā. mantro 'pi ca rūpād evāhvāne prāptaḥ, so 'py anūdyata eva, coditaś ca vākyāntareṇāvaghātaḥ śaknoti kālaṃ lakṣayitum. tasmād āhvāne viniyoktavya iti.

[250]{*3/143*}

NOTES: *{3/143: E2: 4,137; E4: 4,29; E6: 1,171}*

guṇābhāvāt // MS_3,2.7 //

idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram{*3/144*}. atha kasmān na guṇād avahantiṃ brūte? haviṣkaroti hy avahantiḥ, tasmād dhaviṣkṛt. kim evaṃ bhaviṣyati? rūpād evāvahantau mantre prāpte kevalaṃ trir āvṛttim eva vakṣyati na bhaviṣyati vākyabheda iti. atrocyate - guṇābhāvād gauṇam abhidhānam avahantau na saṃbhavatīti. na hy asāv āhūto 'smīty avagacchati, tatrādṛṣṭārtham āhvānaṃ syāt. yajamānasya patnyāṃ haviṣkṛti dṛṣṭārtham āhvānam. tasmān na hantimantra iti.

NOTES: *{3/144: idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram in E1 geklammert}*

liṅgāc ca // MS_3,2.8 //

liṅgaṃ ca bhavati - vāg vai haviṣkṛd vācam evaitad āhvayatīti{*3/145*}, na ca vāco 'vahantinā sādṛśyam asti, asti tu yajamānasya patnyā, sā hi strī, vāg iti ca strīliṅgaḥ śabdaḥ, avahantis tu na strī na pumān na napuṃsakam iti. nanv avahanter api strīliṅgaḥ śabdo 'sti, kriyeti. atra brūmaḥ - na niyogato 'vahanteḥ strīliṅgaḥ śabdaḥ, puṃliṅgo 'pi tasyāsti, avaghāta iti. napuṃsakasiṅgo 'pi, karmeti. api ca, patnyāḥ svarūpeṇa sādṛśyam, avahanteḥ pararūpeṇa śabdena. tasmāt patnyāṃ haviṣkṛti liṅgam anurūpataraṃ bhavati.

NOTES: *{3/145: Vgl. ŚPBr 1.1.4.11}*

vidhikopaś copadeśe syāt // MS_3,2.9 //

avahantimantre saty asmin mantre vidhyantarakopaḥ syāt. apahataṃ rakṣa ity avahanty apahatā yātudhānā ity avahantīti. tatra pakṣe 'bhāvān nityavac chrūtir upadhyeta. tasmād avaghnann [251]{*3/146*} iti kālalakṣaṇārtha iti. mantro 'py ahvānārtha iti{*3/147*}.

NOTES: *{3/146: E2: 4,138; E4: 4,32; E6: 1,172}* *{3/147: E2,4,6 om. mantro 'py ahvānārtha iti}*

tathotthānavisarjane // MS_3,2.10 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - uttiṣṭhann anvāha, agnīd agnīn vihara iti. tathā - vrataṃ kṛṇuteti vācaṃ visṛjatīti{*3/148*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim utthānaṃ vāgvisarjanaṃ ca prati mantrayor upadeśaḥ, uta kālārthaḥ saṃyoga iti. atra pūrvādhikaraṇyāyo 'tidiśyate. yas tatra pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ, sa iha pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ. yas tatra siddhāntaḥ, sa iha siddhāṇtaḥ. agnīd agnīn ity evam uttiṣṭhann anvāheti, vrataṃ kṛṇutety evaṃ vācaṃ visṛjatīti pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ. lakṣaṇābhāvāt, uttiṣṭhann anvāheti siddhānte saṃbandhaḥ. vrataṃ kṛṇutety ucyamāne vācaṃ visṛjatīti. vākyena pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ, liṅgena siddhāntaḥ. yady api ca śakyate, utthānakriyāgnīd agnīn vihareti vaktum, utthānenāgnir idhyate, vahniś ca vihriyata iti. vrataṃ kṛṇuteti ca vāgabhidhānam. tathāpy adṛṣṭārthaṃ vacanaṃ bhavatīti na mantrayor utthānavisarjanārthatā kalpyeta. kalpyamānāyāṃ ca mantrāntaraṃ vihitaṃ bādhyeta - yāḥ paśūnām ṛṣabho vāca iti. api cotthānavāgvisargau prati mantrau vidhīyamānāv adṛṣṭārthau syātām, preṣaṇe tu dṛṣṭhārthau. tal{*3/149*} lakṣaṇaivātra nyāyyā.

[252]{*3/150*}

NOTES: *{3/148: Tait.S. 6.1.4.4}* *{3/149: E2,4: tasmāl}* *{3/150: E2: 4,140; E4: 4,36; E6: 1,173}*

sūktavāke va kālavidhiḥ parārthatvāt // MS_3,2.11 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - sūktavākena prastaraṃ praharatīti{*3/151*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ sūktavākaḥ prastaraprakaraṇaṃ pratyupadiśyate, uteyaṃ kālalakṣaṇeti. tad ucyate - kālalakṣaṇeti. kutaḥ? sūktavākasya devatāsaṃkīrtanārthatvāt, prastaraprakaraṇaṃ ca pratyaśakteḥ, prastarasya ca srugdhāraṇārthatvāt.

NOTES: *{3/151: Vgl. Tait.Br. 3.4.10.1}*

upadeśo vā yājyāśabdo hi nākasmāt // MS_3,2.12 //

upadeśo vā prastaraprakaraṇaṃ prati mantrasya syāt, evaṃ śrutivihito 'rtho bhavati, sūktavākeneti karaṇavibhaktisaṃyogāt, itarathā lakṣaṇā syāt, sūktavākena lakṣaṇena prastaraṃ prahared iti. evaṃ ca kṛtvā yājyā śabda upapanno bhavati, sūktavāka eva yājyā, prastara āhutir iti.

sa devatārthas tatsaṃyogāt // MS_3,2.13 //

yad uktam - devatāsaṃkīrtane sūktavākaḥ samarthaḥ, na prastaraprakaraṇa iti. ucyate - na{*3/152*}, devatāvacanaḥ{*3/153*} parkaraṇena saṃbadhyate, prakaraṇaṃ hi yajiḥ, māntravarṇiko devatāvidhiḥ, evam abhisaṃbandhaḥ. agnir idaṃ havir ajuṣatāvīvṛdhata ity{*3/154*} evaṃ devatām anukramya, āśāste 'yaṃ yajamāna ity{*3/155*} uktvā, idam idam āśāsta iti ca yad anena haviṣāśāste tad asya syād [253]{*3/156*} iti{*3/157*} prastaraṃ havir nirdiśati, agnyādīṃś ca devatāviśeṣān, tena praharatir yajatiḥ. evaṃ sūktavākena prastaraḥ prahartuṃ śakyate, yadi praharatir yajatiḥ, agnyādidevatākaś ca. tasmāt sūktavākasya haratisaṃyogo 'pi devatārthatā ghaṭata eva. yady agnir idaṃ havir ajuṣatāvī vṛdhata ityevamādy eva śrūyeta. na, āśāste 'yaṃ yajamāna ityevamādīny aparāṇi, tato 'gnyādaya eveṣṭā nāntaritā ity eva paryavasitaṃ vākyaṃ bhavet. yatas tu khalv āśāste 'yaṃ yajamāna ityevamādīny aparāṇi śrūyante, teneha paryavasānam, agnyādayaḥ puroḍāśādibhir iṣṭāḥ, aparaṃ tu yajamāna āśāste. tad anena prastareṇa prāpnuyād iti. nanu satsv apy eteṣu devatāsaṃkīrtana eva paryavasyet, puroḍāśādibhir iṣṭā agnyādayaḥ, tata eva yajamāna āyur ādīny apy āśāsānaḥ prāpnuyād iti. ucyate - ubhayathā saṃbandhe sati praharaṇe viniyoktavyaḥ, liṅaṃ ca na bādhitaṃ bhaviṣyati, vākyaṃ cānugrahīṣyata iti. athavāgnir idaṃ havir ajuṣateti prastara eva havir nidiśyate. evam idam iti saṃnihitavacanam upapannaṃ bhaviṣyatīti.

NOTES: *{3/152: E2,4: sa}* *{3/153: E2,4: devatāvacanaḥ}* *{3/154: Tait.Br. 3.5.10.2; ŚPBr 1.9.1.9}* *{3/155: Tait. Br. 3.5.10.4; ŚPBr 1.3.1.12}* *{3/156: E2: 4,144; E4: 4,44; E6: 1,173}* *{3/157: ŚPBr 1.9.1.16}*

pratipattir iti cet, sviṣṭakṛdvad ubhayasaṃskāraḥ syāt // MS_3,2.14 //{*3/158*} atha srugdhāraṇe viniyuktasya prastarasya prakaraṇaṃ pratiprattir ity ucyate. tatra prativacanam -sviṣṭakṛdvad etat syād iti, yathā, ijyārthāt puroḍāśāt, vacanaprāmāṇyāt sviṣṭakṛd ijyate, yāgaś ca sa bhavati, pratipādyate ca puroḍāśaḥ, evaṃ [254]{*3/159*} pratipādyetaiva hi prastaraḥ, yāgaś ca nirvartyata iti na doṣaḥ. pratipādyamāno 'pi hi tyajyate. pratyakṣataḥ pratipādyate, vacanād ijyāṃ sādhayatīty evaṃ gamyate. tasmāt sūktavākaḥ praharatimantra iti.

NOTES: *{3/158: E2,4 spalten MS 3.2.14 in zwei Sūtras, dadurch weicht nun auch ihre Zählung ab: pratipattir iti cet // MS_3,2.14 //

atha srugdhāraṇe viniyuktasya prastarasya prakaraṇaṃ pratiprattir ity ucyate. sviṣṭakṛdvad ubhayasaṃskāraḥ syāt // MS_3,2.15 // tatra prativacanaṃ..}* *{3/159: E2: 4,146; E4: 4,49; E6: 1,174}*

kṛtsnopadeśād ubhayatra sarvavacanam // MS_3,2.15 //{*3/160*} darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ sūktavākena prastaraṃ praharatīti śrūyate. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ paurṇamāsyāṃ kṛtsnaḥ sūktavākaḥ prayoktavyaḥ, kṛtsno 'māvāsyāyām, uta yathāsāmarthyaṃ niṣkṛṣya yathāyathaṃ prayoga iti. tad ucyate - ubhayatra sarvavacanam iti. kutah? kṛtsno hi mantraḥ sūktavāka ity ucyate, sa padenāpi vinā, sūktavāko na syāt, tatra sūktavākena na prahṛtaṃ bhavet. tasmād ubhayatra kṛtsnaḥ sūktavāko vaditavyaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/160: E2,4: MS 3.2.16}*

yathārthaṃ vā śeṣabhūtasaṃskārāt // MS_3,2.16 //

ye paurṇamāsīdevatātāvācinaḥ śabdāḥ, te paurṇamāsyāṃ prayoktavyāḥ, nāmāvāsyāyām. ye 'māvāsyādevatāvācinaḥ, te 'māvāsyāyām, na paurṇamāsyāṃ. śeṣabhūtam arthaṃ saṃskurvanto mantrā upakurvanti, nānyathety uktam. tasmād ye yatropakurvanti, te tatra prayoktavyā iti na kṛtsnaḥ paurṇamāsyām, na kṛtsnaś cāmāvāsyāyām iti.

vacanād iti cet // MS_3,2.17 //

atha yad uktam - vacanam idaṃ bhaviṣyati, sūktavākena praharati [255]{*3/161*} iti. tatra padenāpy ūnena na sūktavākena prahṛtaṃ bhavet, kṛtsnasya hi sūktavākasyopadeśa iti.

tad ucyate - NOTES: *{3/161: E2: 4,148; E4: 4,54; E6: 1,175}*

prakaraṇāvibhāgād ubhe prati kṛtsnaśabdaḥ // MS_3,2.18 //

ubhe paurṇamāsyamāvāsye prati eṣa kṛtsnaśabdaḥ, ubhayoḥ prakaraṇāt, ubhayor asau kṛtsna ucyate, avayave 'vayava iti. naitad evam, na hi sāpekṣāṇām itikartavyatayā saṃbandhaḥ. na hītikartavyataitad viśiṣṭā śrūyate, itikartavyatāviśiṣṭās tv ete gamyate. kutaḥ? na hītikartavyatāṃ prati karmaṇi vidhīyaṇte, phalaṃ prati teṣāṃ vidhiḥ, itikartavyatā tu karmaṇāṃ vidhīyate, tatra saṃnidhānāviśeṣāt, kasya kiṃ vidhīyate, kasya neti na gamyate viśeṣaḥ. sādhanatvena ca sarveṣāṃ nirdeśād itikartavyatāyāḥ saṃnidhānāc ca, vacanāc cāsya{*3/162*}, prakaraṇaliṅgasyāviśeṣāt, ekaikasya kṛtsnaṃ prakaraṇaṃ nirākāṅkṣasya, na sahāyam apekṣamāṇasya. tasmād ekaikaṃ prati kṛtsnaḥ sūktavāka upadiśyate. sa vibhāge 'pi pradhānānām, kṛtsna eva prayoktavya iti yāni yatrānarthakāni padāni, tāny api tatra prayoktavyāny adṛṣṭāya bhaviṣyanti, sūktavākena praharatīti vacanāt, nāsti vacanasyātibhāraḥ, guṇena vā kenacid abhidhānaṃ tāsāṃ devatānāṃ nirvartayiṣyantīti. atrocyate, naitad evam. uktam - mukhyam eva kāryaṃ mantrāṇām, na gauṇam iti{*3/163*}, saṃskārārthatvād votkarṣo{*3/164*} nyāyyaḥ, na gauṇam abhidhānam iti. kas tarhi kṛtsnasaṃyogasya samādhir ucyata iti. eṣa samādhiḥ, na hy etad ekaṃ vākyam, yaḥ [256]{*3/165*} kṛtsnaḥ sūktavākaḥ, bahūny etāni vākyāni, yeṣāṃ pradhānadevatābhidhāyīni padāni madhye, sādhāraṇāni tantrapadāni purastād uccāryante, tathā parastāt. yathā - agnir idaṃ havir ajuṣatāvī vṛdhata mahojyāyokṛtāgnīṣomāvidaṃ havir ajuṣetām avī vṛdhetām ityevamādīni{*3/166*}. teṣāṃ purastāt tantram - yathā, idaṃ dyāvāpṛthivīti, parastād api yathā, asyāmṛdhed iti. tāny etāni sarvāṇi sūktavacanena sūktavākaśabdaṃ labhyante. na ca teṣāṃ samudāyaḥ kiṃcid arthaṃ vadati. tasmān na samudāyaḥ sūktavākaḥ, na ca sākṣāt sādhanam, sūktavākasāmānyasyaikatvāt, sūktavāko vartata ity ekavacanaṃ bhavati. sūktavākena prastaraṃ praharatīti tu yena kenacit sūktavākena prahriyamāṇe yathāśrutaṃ kṛtaṃ bhavati. tasmāt samudāyaḥ sūktavākaḥ. yat tv amāvāsyādevatāvācīni padāni, na paurṇamāsyāṃ prayujyante, na tatra sūktavākaśabdo bādhyate, prakaraṇaṃ tatra liṅgena bādhitam, tac ca nyāyyam eva. tasmāt paurṇamāsyām amāvāsyāyāṃ ca vibhajya sūktavākaḥ prayoktavya iti.

NOTES: *{3/162: E2: saṃnidhānāvacanāc ca, asya, E4: saṃnidhānād avacanāc ca, asya}* *{3/163: Zu MS 3.2.1}* *{3/164: E2,4,6: evotkarṣo}* *{3/165: E2: 4,152; E4: 4,55; E6: 1,175}* *{3/166: 1. Teil: Tait.Br. 3.5.10.2}*

liṅgakramasamākhyānāt kāmyayuktaṃ samāmnānam // MS_3,2.19 //

iha kāmyayājyānuvākyākāṇḍam udāharaṇam - indrāgnī rocanā divaḥ{*3/167*}, pravarṣaṇibhyaḥ{*3/168*}, indrāgnī navatiṃ puraḥ{*3/169*}, ślathad vṛtram{*3/170*} ityevamādyā ṛcaḥ. aparā api kāmyā iṣṭayaḥ - aindrāgnam ekādaśakapālaṃ nirvapet, yasya sajātā viyāyuḥ, aindrāgnam ekādaśakapālaṃ nirvaped bhrātṛvyavān, agnaye vaiśvānarāya dvādaśakapālaṃ [257]{*3/171*} nirvaped rukkāmaḥ, agnaye vaiśvānarāya dvādaśakapālaṃ nirvapet sapatnam abhidroṣyann ityevamādyāḥ. tad etā yājyānuvākyāḥ prati saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ yāvat kiṃcid aindrāgnaṃ karma, tatra sarvatrānenaindrāgnena yājyānuvākyāyugalena bhavitavyam, utaitasyām evaindrāgnyām iṣṭau kāmyāyām iti. evaṃ vaiśvānarīyayor yājyānuvākyayoḥ, evaṃ sarvatra. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? yāvat kiṃcid aindrāgnaṃ vaiśvāvarīyam agnīṣomīyaṃ jātavedasaṃ ca sarvatraitā yājyānuvākyā bhaveyuḥ. kutaḥ? liṅgāt. nanu kramasamākhyāne viśeṣake bhaviṣyataḥ. satyam, tathāpi kramaṃ samākhyāṃ ca śaknoti liṅgaṃ bādhitum iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - liṅgakramasamākhyānāt tāsv eva kāmyāsv etā yājyānuvākyā iti gamyate, ya eva hi liṅgakrama eṣāṃ karmaṇām, sa evāsāṃ yājyānuvākyānām, tena tāsām eva tāḥ śeṣabhūtā iti. nanu liṅgaṃ balavattaram ity uktam. satyam etat, iha tu samākhyā balīyasī, na hy etāḥ samākhyānād ṛta eṣāṃ kāmyānāṃ karmaṇāṃ prāpnuvanti, na bhinnadeśānāṃ karmaṇām. kutaḥ? samākhyām antareṇāsām ṛtāṃ yājyānuvākyātvam eva na vijñāyate, kuto bhinnadeśānāṃ karmaṇāṃ yājyānuvākyā bhaviṣyantīti, yā caiṣāṃ samākhyā, sā kāmyānām eva yājyānuvākyātvam ācaṣṭe na sarveṣām. yadi samākhyā nādriyate, yājyānuvākyātvam evaiṣāṃ na bhavati, yady ādriyate, tadā kāmyānām eva. evaṃ hi tat samākhyāyate - kāmyayājyānuvākyākāṇḍam iti. atha kim artham ubhayam upadiśyate - liṅgakramād iti, samākhyānād iti ca. asti tatra pāthikṛtīyaṃ vrātapatīyaṃ ca karma, sāmidhenīkāryam apy asti, yājyānuvākyākāryam api. yadi liṅgakramād ity etāvad evocyate, sāmidhenīkārye 'pi liṅgena [258]{*3/172*} tāsāṃ viniyogaḥ syāt. atha kim arthaṃ liṅgakramau vyapadiśyete? sarvā yājyānuvākyākārya eva viniyujyeran, sāmidhenīṣu viniyogo na syāt. atha punaḥ samākhyānāl liṅgakramāc ca nirvṛtte yājyānuvākyākārye, sāmidhenīṣu viniyogaḥ siddho bhavati, yathāgnivāruṇyā iṣṭeḥ krame 'tīte saumāraudrīṇām anāgate, manor ṛcas tāḥ sāmidhenīṣu dhāyyā ity ucyante, tathā - pṛthuyājās tam saṃbādha iti dve dhāyye kalpyete. tasmād ubhayaṃ vyapadeṣṭavyam iti.

NOTES: *{3/167: Mait.S. 4.10.4}* *{3/168: Mait.S. 4.10.4}* *{3/169: Mait.S. 4.10.5}* *{3/170: Mait.S. 4.10.5; Kāṭha.S. 4.15}* *{3/171: E2: 4,155; E4: 4,65; E6: 1,176}* *{3/172: E2: 4,156; E4: 4,65; E6: 1,177}*

adhikāre ca mantravidhir atadākhyeṣu śiṣṭatvāt // MS_3,2.20 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - āgneyyā agnīdhram{*3/173*} upatiṣṭhate{*3/174*}, aindryā sadaḥ, vaiṣṇavyā havir dhānam{*3/175*} iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ prakṛtābhir evaṃliṅgavatībhir upasthātavyam, uta dāśatayībhya evaṃliṅgā āgamayitavyā iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam. prakaraṇe ca mantro liṅgena vidhīyamāno dāśatayībhya evāgamayitavyaḥ, āgneyītyevamādibhir hi śakyā dāśatayo 'bhivaditum. yaś cāyaṃ prakṛtaḥ, sa kāryāntare viniyuktaḥ, nehāpy upadeśam arhati. upadiṣṭopadeśo hi na nyāyya evaṃjātīyakasya. kathaṃ jātīyakasya? yaḥ kasmiṃścid viśeṣeṇopadiṣṭaḥ, nāsau sāmānyena liṅgenānyātropadeśam arhati. katham? yadi tal liṅgaṃ tasya lakṣaṇatvena, tataḥ sa viśiṣṭo lakṣyeta [259]{*3/176*} yenānenaivaṃliṅgenaitat karotīti, tato nopadiṣṭo bhavati. athopadiśyate - evaṃliṅgena karotīti, tato na lakṣyate, tenopadiṣṭasyaivaṃjātīyakasyaivaṃjātīyakaḥ punar upadeśo na nyāyyaḥ. tasmād dāśatayā liṅgavanto mantrā grahītavyāḥ. nanu prakaraṇasāmarthyataḥ prakṛtā grahītuṃ nyāyyāḥ. nety ucyate, liṅgaṃ hi prakaraṇād balīyaḥ. āha, virodhe sati liṅgena prakaraṇaṃ bādhyeta, na caitayor virodhaḥ, na vayaṃ prakaraṇam anujighṛkṣantaḥ prakṛtaṃ liṅgavantam upādadānā liṅgam upabādhemahi{*3/177*}. yadi tu prakṛtaṃ viliṅgam upadademahi{*3/178*}, tato bādhemahi liṅgam. ubhayaṃ saṃpādayiṣyāmaḥ prakaraṇaṃ liṅgaṃ ca. naitad evam, liṅgena pratyayo bhavati, dāśatayenāpi kartavyam iti, dāśatayo 'pi hy āgneyīśabdena śakyante vaditum, sa pratyayo liṅgajanito yan mithyeti kalpyate, tat prakaraṇānurodhāt. sa cet prakaraṇam anurudhyate, mithyeti kalpyate, atha nānurudhyate samyag iti, tasmād virodhaḥ. virodhe ca prakaraṇadaurbalyam. ucyate - tal liṅgavattānenopasthānenānugrahītavyā, na dāśatayī mantravyāktiḥ, sā ca prakṛte mantra upādīyamāne niravaśeṣā upāttā bhavati, dāśatayāṃ punar mantravyaktāv upādīyamānāyāṃ prakaraṇād yā mantravyaktiḥ prāpnoti, sā bādhitā bhavati, asati virodhe. na ca, iha liṅgaprakaraṇayor virodhaḥ, prakaraṇād vyāktiḥ pratīyate, liṅgāt sāmānyam, anyā ca vyaktiḥ, anyat sāmānyam. tasmāt prakṛto liṅgavān upādeya iti. ucyate, satyam evam etat prakṛta upādīyamāne prakaraṇaṃ na bādhitaṃ bhavati, liṅgam apy anugṛhītam, liṅgajanitas tu pratyayaḥ kaścin mithyeti kalpito bhavati. nanu vyaktir apadārthaḥ, kathaṃ{*3/179*} vyaktāv anupādīyamānāyāṃ pratyayo bādhyeta? ucyate - etad eva na [260]{*3/180*} vijānīmo liṅgavattātrāṅgaṃ na veti. kiṃ tu tad dhitarnirdeśo 'yam, tatra devatāyā mantro lakṣyate, mantravyaktir hi sādhanam, na sāmānyaṃ nāma kiṃcid aparam, devataivātra sāmānyam, yayāsādhanaṃ{*3/181*} lakṣayitavyam. na ca gamyate viśeṣaḥ - ayam asau mantro nāyam asāv iti, anavagamyamāne viśeṣe sarve talliṅgā grahītavyā iti, dāśatayām api mantravyaktau bhavati pratyayaḥ, sa prakaraṇānurodhena bādhyetety anyāyyam. evaṃ sati na dāśataya evopādātavyā bhavanti, prakṛtam apy upādadīran. nanv etad uktam, kāryāntare prakṛtasyopadeśo nāsāv arthāntara upadekṣyata iti. ucyate, na niyogataḥ sa evārthāntare vartate, sa cānyaś ca sāmānyena liṅgena. naivaṃ sati kiṃcid duṣyati. nanv etad duṣyati - nobhayam anugṛhītaṃ bhavati liṅgaṃ prakaraṇaṃ ca. satyam, nānugṛhītaṃ bhavati, kiṃ tv ananugrāhyam eva prakaraṇaṃ liṅgapratyayaviruddhatvāt. api ca na liṅgaṃ prakaraṇaṃ cānugrahītavyam iti, tatparicchinne pravṛttir bhavati, yad avagamyate - etat phalavad iti. tatra pravartate. kim ato yady evam? etad ato bhavati, na liṅgam anugṛhītaṃ kvacid ity aparasmiṃs tatparicchinne na pravṛttir bhavitum arhati. tasmād dāśatayo grahītavyā iti gamyate.

NOTES: *{3/173: E2,4,6: āgnīdhram}* *{3/174: Vgl. Tait.S. 3.1.6.1}* *{3/175: Tait.S. 3.1.6.1}* *{3/176: E2: 4,160; E4: 4,71; E6: 1,177}* *{3/177: E2,4: apabādhemahi}* *{3/178: E2,4: upādadīmahi; E6, E4 (v.l.): upādademahi}* *{3/179: E2,4 om. kathaṃ}* *{3/180: E2: 4,162; E4: 4,71; E6: 1,178}* *{3/181: E2,4: yathā sādhanaṃ}*

tadākhyo vā prakaraṇopapattibhyāṃ // MS_3,2.21 //

tadākhyo jyotiṣṭomasamākhyātaḥ{*3/182*} eva grahītavyaḥ. kutaḥ? prakaraṇopapattibhyām, prakṛto hy asau, prakṛtapratyayaś ca nyāyyaḥ. katham? na jyotiṣṭomaṃ prati mantrasya vyāpāravidhānam upapadyate, prāptatvād eva. vyāpāraviśeṣavidhānaṃ tūpapadyate, aprāptatvād vyāpāraviśeṣasya, anapekṣya ca prakaraṇaṃ dāśataye vidhīyamāne vākyaṃ bhidyeta. upasthānaṃ ca kuryāt. tac caivaṃ liṅgeneti.

[261]{*3/183*}

NOTES: *{3/182: E1 gibt jyotiṣṭomasamākhyātaḥ in Klammern}* *{3/183: E2: 4,167; E4: 4,87; E6: 1,179}*

anarthakaś copadeśaḥ syād asaṃbandhāt phalavatā, na hy upasthānaṃ phalavat // MS_3,2.22 //

nanu ca prakaraṇāj jyotiṣṭomasyopakārakaṃ syāt. yady upasthānajyotiṣṭmasaṃbandho vivakṣyeta, tadopasthānaṃ jyotiṣṭome upadiśyeta, prakaraṇāt tenaikavākyatām iyāt. yadā tu khalūpasthānasya mantrasaṃbandho vivakṣyate sarvopasthāneṣu,tadā mantraḥ prāpnoti, prakaraṇaṃ bādhitvā. na prakaraṇaṃ viśeṣakaṃ bhavitum arhati, ubhayasaṃbandhe vākyabhedaḥ. asmatpakṣe na punar ayaṃ doṣaḥ, yenāgneyenaindreṇa vā jyotiṣṭome vyāpāraḥ kriyate, tena upasthānavyāpāraviśeṣaḥ tadā jyotiṣṭomiko vidhīyate, anyat sarvam anūdyata iti na doṣo bhavati. athavā, agnīdhrahavir{*3/184*} dhānasadaḥ saṃbandhamātraṃ vidhīyate, upatiṣṭhata ity ayam anuvādaḥ, anena mantreṇāgnīdhram{*3/185*} upatiṣṭhata iti samāsīdatīty arthaḥ. tasmāt prakṛtā mantrā evaṃjātīyakā upādātavyā iti.

NOTES: *{3/184: E2,4,6: āgnīdhrahavir}* *{3/185: E1: agnidhram}*

sarveṣāṃ copadiṣṭatvāt // MS_3,2.23 //

yad apy uktam upadiṣṭā hi te prakṛtāḥ kāryantara iti. tad ucyate, uktottaram etat. api ca na kenacin nopadiṣṭāḥ{*3/186*}, sarve vācāstoma āśvine śasyamāne sūrye 'nudyati, tena na prakṛte kaścid viṣeśaḥ. tasmāt prakṛtasyaiva grahaṇam.

[262]{*3/187*}

NOTES: *{3/186: E2: api ca kevalam eta evopadiṣṭāḥ, E4: api ca na kevalam eta evopadiṣṭāḥ}* *{3/187: E2: 4,169; E4: 4,91; E6: 1,180}*

liṅgasamākhyānābhyāṃ bhakṣārthatānuvākasya // MS_3,2.24 //

bhakṣamantraḥ śrūyate - bhakṣe hi mā viśa dīrghāyutvāya śaṃtanutvāya rāyaspoṣāya varcase suprajāstvāya. ehi vaso purovaso priyo me hṛdo 'sy aśvinos tvā bāhubhyāṃ sadhyāsam. nṛcakṣasaṃ tvā deva soma sucakṣā avakhyeṣam. hinva me gātrā harivo gaṇān me mā vitītṛṣaḥ, śivo me saptarṣīn upatiṣṭhasva mā me 'vāṅ nābhimatigāḥ mandrābhibhūtiḥ ketur yajñānaṃ vāg juṣāṇā somasya tṛpyatu, vasumad gaṇasya rudramad gaṇasyādityavad gaṇasya somadevate matividaḥ prātaḥsavanasya mādhyaṃdinasya savanasya tṛtīyasavanasya gāyatracchandasas triṣṭupchandaso jagacchandaso 'gnihuta{*3/188*} indrapītasya narāśaṃsapītasya pitṛpītasya madhumata upahūtasyopahūto bhakṣayāmītyevamādiḥ{*3/189*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ kṛtsna eṣo 'nuvāko bhakṣaṇe viniyojanīyaḥ, uta kaścid asyāvayavo 'nyatrāpīti. kiṃ prāptam? liṅgasamākhyānābhyāṃ bhakṣārthatānuvākasya, sarvo 'nuvāko bhakṣaṇe viniyojanīyaḥ. kutaḥ? bhakṣayāmīty eṣa śabdo vyaktaṃ bhakṣaṇe viniyojanīyaḥ, bhakṣaṇam eṣa śaknoti vaditum, nānyat kiṃcit. anyāni cāsya padāni bhakṣaṇaviśeṣaṇavacanāny eva, yatra yatra bhakṣayāmīti, tatra tatra prayujyante. nanu ehi vaso ityevamādi sadhyāsam ity evam antaṃ grahaṇārtham, svena padasamūhena parasparākāṅkṣiṇaikārtham, vibhinnaṃ bhakṣaṇavākyāt. nṛcakṣasam ityevamādy avakhyeṣam ity evam antam avekṣaṇavacanam. hinva me gātrā hariva ityevamādi ca [263]{*3/190*} mā me vāṅ nābhimatigā ity evam antaṃ samyag jaraṇārtham. tad bahutvād arthānām, bahūni vākyāni. katham etac chakyaṃ vadituṃ sarvam idam ekaṃ vākyaṃ bhakṣaṇe viniyujyata iti. ucyate - sarvāṇy etāni bhakṣaṇaviśeṣaviśeṣaṇānīty uktam. āha, evam api bhidyeta vākyaṃ viśeṣaṇaviśeṣyāṇāṃ yugapad vacanāsaṃbhavāt. ucyate - na viśeṣaṇāni vivakṣiṣyāmaḥ, viśeṣaṇair grahaṇāvekṣaṇādibhir viśiṣṭa eko 'rtho vivakṣyate. naivaṃ samyag bhavati, viśeṣaṇavacanānām avivakṣitasvārthavacanatā, bhakṣaṇaviśeṣaṇaparatā ceti, lakṣaṇayā tu gamyate. śrutilakṣaṇāviṣaye ca śrutir nyāyyā, na lakṣaṇā, tasmān naikaṃ vākyam iti. atrocyate - yady apy amī grahaṇādayo bahavo 'rthā gamyante, na tu sarva īpsitā iti, bhakṣaṇam evaikaṃ pratyāyayitavyam. tad dhi śrutam, viśeṣaṇāny aśrutāni, na taiḥ pratītaiḥ prayojanam, prayojanaṃ ca yāvataḥ padasamūhasyaikam, tāvad ekaṃ vākyam. tasmād viśiṣṭabhakṣaṇārtham etad ekaṃ vākyam iti bhakṣaṇe viniyoktavyam. samākhyānaṃ ca bhavati - bhakṣānuvāka iti, kṛtsnaś cānuvāko nāvayavaḥ. nanu ca samākhyā laukikaḥ śabdaḥ kathaṃ vaidikam aṅgaṃ niyaṃsyatīti. yady api laukikaḥ, tathāpy anādiḥ tasyānuvākena saṃbandhaḥ. kim ato yady evam? etad ato bhavati, bhakṣaṇasamabhivyāhṛtam anuvākaṃ brūte, samabhivyāhāraś ca sati saṃbandhe bhavati, yathā pācako lāvaka iti samabhivyāhārāt saṃbandham anumāsyāmahe. āha nānumānagamya evaṃjātīyakeṣv aṅgabhāvaḥ, vidhānād evāvagamyate, nānyathā, na ca samākhyā vidhātrī. atrocyate - samākhyā saṃbandhinau buddhau saṃnidhim upaneṣyati, prayogavacano vidhāsyatīti. tasmāt kṛtsno 'nuvāko bhakṣaṇe viniyoktavya iti.

[264]{*3/191*}

NOTES: *{3/188: E2,4,6: 'gniṣṭuta}* *{3/189: Tait.S. 3.2.5.1-3}* *{3/190: E2: 4,170; E4: 4,92; E6: 1,180}* *{3/191: E2: 4,172; E4: 4,98; E6: 1,181}*

tasya rūpopadeśābhyām apakarṣo 'rthasya coditatvāt // MS_3,2.25 //

naitad evaṃ kṛtsno 'nuvāko bhakṣaṇe viniyujyata iti. rūpād grahaṇavākyaṃ grahaṇe viniyujyeta, ehītyevamādi sadhyāsam ity evam antam. nṛcakṣasam ityevamādi cāvakhyeṣam ity evam antaṃ darśane. kutaḥ? mukhyārtham evaṃ tad vākyaṃ bhavati, itarathā lakṣaṇārthatā syāt, mukhyārthatā ca nyāyyā na lakṣyārthatā. ucyate - viśeṣaṇānām abhidhāne, na kiṃcid asti prayojanam ity uktam. atrocyate - naivaitāni viśeṣaṇāni, pṛthag evaitāni grahaṇādīni svaiḥ svair vākyair ucyanta iti. kutaḥ? asti hi taiḥ prayojanam, coditāni hi tāni, kānicit tu pṛthagvākyaiḥ, kānicid arthaprāptāni, tāny avaśyaṃ prakāśayitavyāni. tāni prakāśayiṣyanty etāni vākyāni. rūpaṃ caiṣāṃ tatprakāśanasāmarthyam, ato nānārthatvān naikaṃ vākyam ucyate. nanu bhakṣaṇavākyaśeṣī bhavitum apy eṣāṃ rūpam iti. ucyate - bāḍham asti rūpam, na tu tadviśeṣaṇāny etāni kalpyante. kasya hetor adṛṣṭārthāni tathā bhavanti? uktair anuktair vā viśeṣaṇais tāvān eva so 'rthaḥ, itarathā grahaṇādīni prakāśayiṣyanti, tathā dṛṣṭārthāni bhaviṣyanti. tasmād rūpopadeśābhyām apakrṣo bhavet keṣāṃcid atreti.

guṇābhidhānān mandrādir ekamantraḥ syāt tayor ekārthasaṃyogāt // MS_3,2.26 //

bhakṣānuvāke śrūyate - mandrābhibhūtiḥ ketur yajñānāṃ vāgju[265]{*3/192*}ṣāṇā somasya tṛpyatu. vasu-mad guṇasya somadevate matividaḥ prātaḥsavanasya gāyatrachandaso 'gnihuta{*3/193*} indrapītasya madhumata upahūtasyopahūto bhakṣayāmīti{*3/194*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ mandrādiḥ tṛpyatv ity evam anta eko mantraḥ, vasumad gaṇādir aparaḥ, uta mandrādir bhakṣayāmy anta eka eva mantra iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? dvau mantrau, dvau hy etāv arthau, anyā tṛptir anyad bhakṣaṇam, tato 'rthabhedād vākyabhedaḥ. tad uktam - tasya rūpopadeśābhyām apakarṣo 'rthasya coditatvād iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - guṇābhidhānān mandrādir ekamantraḥ syād iti, tṛptir bhakṣaṇāviśeṣaṇatvenābhidhīyata iti{*3/195*}. bhakṣayāmi vāk tarpsyatīti. nanu tṛpyatv ity eṣo 'nyaḥ śabdaḥ, anyaś ca tarpsyatīti, eṣā bhaviṣyantī kriyāyām upapadabhūtāyāṃ bhavatīti, tatra dvayoḥ kriyayor asti saṃbandho bhakṣayāmi vāk tarpsyatīti. iha punar bhakṣayāmi tṛpyatv iti nāsti kaścit saṃbandhaḥ. ucyate - na hy ayaṃ vidhau tṛpyatv iti vijñāyate. kva tarhi? prārthanāyāṃ vā prāptakāle vā. yadi bhakṣayāmi vāk tarpsyatīty evam abhisaṃbandhaḥ kriyate. yadi vā bhakṣayāṃi vācas tarptuṃ prāptaḥ kāla iti, tena viśeṣaṇaviśeṣyabhāvād ekārthatāyām ekavākyatve mantraikyam upapadyate. nanu nirākāṅkṣa ete vākye bhaṅktvā rūpaṃ sākāṅkṣe kriyete. atrocyate -yady apy ete vākye bhinnārthe nirākāṅkṣe dvāv arthāv abhivadeyātām, tathāpi bhakṣaṇasya prakāśanaṃ dṛṣṭaṃ prayojanaṃ na tarpaṇasya, iti kṛtvaikārthyam eva bhavet. kim aṅga punar guṇabhāve gamyamāna evātra. tasmād guṇābhidhānān mandrādir ekamantraḥ syād iti.

[266]{*3/196*}

NOTES: *{3/192: E2: 4,174; E4: 4,102; E6: 1,182}* *{3/193: E2,4,6: 'gniṣṭuta}* *{3/194: Tait.S. 3.2.5.1-2}* *{3/195: E2,4,6 om. iti}* *{3/196: E2: 4,175; E4: 4,104; E6: 1,183}*

liṅgaviśeṣanirdeśāt samānavidhāneṣv anaindrāṇām amantratvam // MS_3,2.27 //

eṣa eva mantra udāharaṇam - iha ca pradānāny aindrāṇy anaindrāṇi ca vidyante, teṣāṃ bhakṣaṇāny api santi. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim aindreṣv anaindreṣu ca mantraḥ, utaindreṣv eva mantraḥ, anaindrāṇām amantrakaṃ bhakṣaṇam iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? anaiṇdrāṇām amantrakaṃ bhakṣaṇam iti. kutaḥ? samānavidhānāny etāni pradānāni, teṣv indrapītasyeti mantro 'nindrapītaṃ na śaknoti vaditum, na ca samānaprakaraṇa ūhaḥ saṃbhavati, asati vacane 'nyārthānabhidhānāt. tasmād amantrakaṃ bhakṣaṇam evaṃjātīyakeṣv iti.

yathādevataṃ vā tatprakṛtitvaṃ hi darśayati // MS_3,2.28 //

athavā yathādevatam ūhena lakṣayitavyam kasmāt? dhruvacamasā hi prakṛtibhūtāḥ. ke punar dhruvacamasāḥ? ye śukrāmanthipracāre savanamukhīyāḥ, aindrās te bhavanti, teṣāṃ prakṛtibhūtaṃ pradānam, vikṛtibhūtāny anyāni. katham avagamyate? tatprakṛtitvaṃ hi darśayati. katham? anuṣṭupchandasa iti ṣoḍaśiny atirātre bhakṣamantraṃ namatīti. kim atra darśanam? namatīti vipariṇāmaṃ darśayati. nanu vacanam etat syāt. nety ucyate, naitan namatīti śrūyate. kathaṃ tarhi evaṃ namatīti, anuṣṭupchandasa iti bhakṣamantraṃ namatīti, sa eṣa ūho vikāreṣūpapadyate, [267]{*3/197*} tasmād ete vikārāḥ, ato 'naindreṣv api codakaprāpto mantra ūhitavyo bhavati. ucyate - vikārā eta iti liṅgam apadiṣṭam, nyāyo 'bhidhīyatām iti. ucyate - aindraḥ somo gṛhyate mīyate ca, tenaindreṣu somo 'naindreṣu soma eva nāstīti sarve somadharmā aindreṣv eva, adharmakā itare sākāṅkṣāḥ. kathaṃ punar jñāyate - aindraḥ somo gṛhyate mīyate ceti? mantravarṇāt, indrāya tvā vasumata ityevamādir mantra aindraṃ somaṃ vadituṃ śaknoti nānyam. tasmād aindraḥ somaḥ, tenaindreṣu somadharmāḥ, anyāni tu pradānāni sākāṅkṣāṇi, ato dharmān grahīṣyantīti nyāyaḥ. tasmād yathādevatam ūhitavyo mantra iti. evaṃ sthitaṃ tāvad aparyavasitam, tata evaṃ sati cintāntaraṃ vartiṣyate.

NOTES: *{3/197: E2: 4,176; E4: 4,106; E6: 1,183}*

punarabhyunnīteṣu sarveṣām upalakṣaṇaṃ dviśeṣatvāt // MS_3,2.29 //

santi punarabhyunnītāḥ somāḥ śukrāmanthipracāra eva savanamukhīyāḥ, teṣāṃ hotur vaṣatkāre 'nuvaṣatkāre ca caturbhir madhyataḥkāriṇāṃ camasair hutvā hotrakāṇāṃ camasaiḥ sakṛt sakṛd vaṣaṭkāra eva hutvā punaḥ saśeṣeṣv eva pātreṣu somo 'bhyunnītaḥ, evaṃ hi tatrādhvaryuḥ saṃpreṣyati, madhyataḥkāriṇāṃ camasādhvaryavo vaṣaṭkṛte 'nuvaṣaṭkṛte jahuta, hotrakāṇāṃ camasādhvaryavaḥ sakṛd dhutvā śukrasyābhyunnīyopāvartadhvam iti. tatra hotrakā nānādevatā yajanti, maitrāvaruṇo mitrāvaruṇau, mitraṃ vayaṃ havāmaha iti{*3/198*}, [268]{*3/199*} brāhmaṇāc chaṃsī indram, indra tvā vṛṣabhaṃ vayam iti{*3/200*}, potā marutaḥ, maruto yasya hi kṣaya iti{*3/201*}. neṣṭā tvaṣṭāraṃ patnīś ca, agne patnīr ihāvaheti{*3/202*}, āgnīdhro 'gnim ukṣānnāya vaśānnāyeti{*3/203*}. tatra taiś camasaiḥ pūrvasmin vaṣaṭkāra indra iṣṭaḥ, punar abhyunnīya mitrāvaruṇādyā devatā iṣṭāḥ, śeṣas tatrendrasya mitrāvaruṇādīnāṃ ca. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ prasthitadevatāyāś cendrasya mitrāvaruṇādīnāṃ copalakṣaṇam, utendro nopalakṣayitavya iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? punar abhyunnīteṣu sarveṣām upalakṣaṇam. kasmāt? dviśeṣatvāt, camase camase tatra dvayoḥ śeṣaḥ, prakṛtau yasyai hutam, tac cheṣas tatpīta ity uktam. ihāpi tadvad eva vaditavyam. tasmāc camase camase dvayor upalakṣaṇam.

NOTES: *{3/198: ṚV 1.23.4a}* *{3/199: E2: 4,178; E4: 4,110; E6: 1,184}* *{3/200: ṚV 3.40.1a}* *{3/201: ṚV 1.86.1a}* *{3/202: ṚV 1.22.9a}* *{3/203: ṚV 8.43.11a}*

apanayād vā pūrvasyānupalakṣaṇam // MS_3,2.30 //

apanītaṃ prasthitadevatāyāḥ śeṣaṃ manyāmahe. kutaḥ? mitrāvaruṇādibhyas tatpātrastham abhyāśrāvyate. katham etat? ucyate - mitrāvaruṇādayo hījyante, tad yathācāryaśeṣaṃ devadatto bhuñjāno yadi śeṣaṃ pūrṇakāya prayacchati, pūrṇako devadattam upalakṣayati, devadattaśeṣaṃ bhuñja iti, nācāryaśeṣam. tasmān na prasthitadevatā indra upalakṣayitavya iti.

grahaṇād{*3/204*} vāpanayaḥ{*3/205*} syāt // MS_3,2.31 //

na caitad asti, indro nopalakṣaṇīya iti, tasyāpi hy asau śeṣaḥ pratyakṣam avagamyate. nanv apanīta iti. ucyate - nāsāv apanīyate. sakṛd dhutāṃś camasānabhidroṇakalaśād gṛhṇāti, saśeṣaś camaso lakṣaṇam anyasyonnīyamānasya. tataś{*3/206*} camasastho hotum unnetavyaḥ preṣito vā. yat tu yakṣyamāṇā devatāḥ praty āśrā[269]{*3/207*}vita iti. ucyate - āśrāvyate tatra devatābhyo na tv idaṃ vā tad veti. tena{*3/208*} yad dhotuṃ gṛhītaṃ tad āśrāvitam iti gamyate. na ca, āśrāvaṇavelāyāṃ devatābhisaṃbandhaḥ, yad yad devatābhisaṃbaddham, tad āśrāvyate, tasmād astīndraśeṣaḥ, lakṣyate{*3/209*} ca. ataḥ sarveṣām upalakṣaṇam iti. kṛtvācintaiṣā, nātra prayojanaṃ vaktavyam, pūrvādhikaraṇasyaivaitat prayojanam avadhāryate.

NOTES: *{3/204: E2,4: agrahaṇād}* *{3/205: E2,4: vānapāyaḥ}* *{3/206: E2,4: na ca}* *{3/207: E2: 4,180; E4: 4,113; E6: 1,185}* *{3/208: E2,4: tata}* *{3/209: E2,4: bhakṣyate}*

pātnīvate tu pūrvavat // MS_3,2.32 //

asti pātnīvato grahaḥ, yad upāṃśupātreṇāgrayaṇāt pātnīvataṃ gṛhṇātīti, dvidevatyānāṃ śeṣā āgrayaṇasthālyāṃ upanītāḥ, tataḥ pātnīvato gṛhyate. atha hute pātnīvate, tac cheṣe bhakṣyamāṇe bhavati saṃdehaḥ - kim indravāyvādaya upalakṣayitavyā na veti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? upalakṣayitavyāḥ. teṣām api hy asau śeṣo yathā prasthitadevatāyā iti.

grahaṇād vāpanītaṃ syāt // MS_3,2.33 //

apanīyate hi sa śeṣa iha, na yathāpūrvavat, tatra hi pātralakṣaṇatvena saṃkīrtyate na somo grāhyatvena, iha tu āgrayaṇād gṛhṇātīti, sthālīsthaḥ somo nirdiśyate hotum, yakṣyamāṇadevatāṃ prati. nanu sthālyām āgrayaṇo nāgrayaṇaś{*3/210*} ca, tatra yas tasmād āgrayaṇād gṛhyate, sa pātnīvataḥ, yas tu saṃpātānn āsau pātnīvata iti. ucyate - āgrayaṇo 'pādānam, tasmād yo 'paity āgrayaṇo 'nāgrayaṇo{*3/211*} vā, sa sarvaḥ pātnīvataḥ, āgrayaṇāc caiṣa sarvo 'petaḥ. [270]{*3/212*} nanv anāgrayaṇād apy apetaḥ. naiṣa doṣaḥ, āgrayaṇāt tāvad apetaḥ, tenāsau pūrvadevatābhiḥ pīta iti na śakyate vaktum. yo hīndrārthasya somasyāvayavaḥ śeṣaḥ sa indrapīta iti prakṛtāv ucyate. ihāpi tadvad eva pūrvadevatārthasyāvayavo vaditavyaḥ. nanu yo 'sau pūrvadevatārthaḥ, tasyaivāyam avayavaḥ. neti brūmaḥ, na hi hutasyāvayavo dṛśyate. nanu prakṛtāv api hutasyāvayavo na dṛśyate. ucyate - hutāhutasya samudāyasya tatrāvayava upalakṣyate taddevatasya. nanv ihāpi samudāya evāsīt taddevatyaḥ, tasyaivāyam avayavaḥ. nety ucyate, āsīd ayaṃ samudāyas taddevatyaḥ, idānīṃ tasyāvayavo 'nyadevatyo jātaḥ, tena samudāyas taddevatyatvād apetaḥ. āha pūrvadevatāpītasyāsāv avayava āsīt tena bhūtapūrvagatyā bhaviṣyati. ucyate - prakṛtau na bhūtapūrvagatyābhidhānaṃ kṛtam, ihāpi tadvad eva na kartavyam iti. api cendradevatyas tatrendrapīta ity uktam, anapanītā ca tasyendradevatyatā, asya punaḥ pūrvadevatāsaṃbandho 'pagataḥ. tasmān nātra pūrvadevatopalakṣaṇīyeti.

NOTES: *{3/210: E2,4: 'nāgrayaṇaś}* *{3/211: E2,4: 'nāgrayaṇo}* *{3/212: E2: 4,182; E4: 4,118; E6: 1,185}*

tvaṣṭāraṃ tūpalakṣayet pānāt // MS_3,2.34 //

asti pātnīvataḥ somaḥ, tatra mantraḥ, agnā i patnīvan sajūr devena tvaṣṭrā somaṃ pibeti{*3/213*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ tvaṣṭopalakṣayitavyo na veti. kiṃ prāptam? upalakṣayitavyaḥ. kutaḥ? pānāt, pānaṃ śrūyate - sajūr devena tvaṣṭrā [271]{*3/214*} somaṃ pibeti. tenāyam agnaye patnīvate saha tvaṣṭrā dīyata iti gamyate. yasmai ca yena saha dīyate, ubhābhyāṃ tad dīyate, evaṃ tat sahadānaṃ bhavati, yathā devadattāya yajñadattena saha śataṃ dīyatām ity ukte, tatrobhābhyām api dīyate. tasmāt tvāṣṭro 'py asau soma iti tvaṣṭopalakṣayitavyaḥ. asāv apīndra iva{*3/215*} pibatīti. NOTES: *{3/213: Tait.S. 1.4.27.1}* *{3/214: E2: 4,183; E4: 4,122; E6: 1,186}* *{3/215: E2,4: eva}*

atulyatvāt tu naivaṃ syāt // MS_3,2.35 //

naitad evam, śabdapramāṇakā vayam, yac chabda āha, tad asmākaṃ pramāṇam, śabdaś cāgneḥ patnīvataḥ pānam āha tvaṣṭuḥ sahabhāvamātram, na hy ananuṣṭhīyamāne sahabhāvaḥ sidhyatīti tvaṣṭari pānam anumīyate. nanu tvaṣṭre pānaṃ coditam. satyam, coditaṃ mantravarṇena, na codanayā. codanā hi pātnīvataṃ gṛhṇātīti, loke tu kāryaṃ dṛṣṭvā coditam acoditam apy anuṣṭhīyata{*3/216*} eva, lokataś caitat paricchinnam, naivaṃjātīyakena vākyena, tvaṣṭuḥ somaḥ kṛto bhavatīti. NOTES: *{3/216: E2,4, E1 (v.l.): coditam acoditam apy anuṣṭhīyata}*

triṃśac ca parārthatvāt // MS_3,2.36 //

tasminn eva pātnīvate mantraḥ - aibhir agne sarathaṃ yāhy arvāṅ nānārathaṃ vā vibhavo hy aśvāḥ. patnīvatas triṃśataṃ trīṃś ca devān anuṣvadham ā vaha mādayasveti{*3/217*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ trayastriṃśato [272]{*3/218*} devānām upalakṣaṇaṃ kartavyam, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? trayastriṃśataṃ devānupalakṣayet. katham? dīyate hi somas trayastriṃśate devebhyaḥ. evaṃ hy agnim agnīd adhīcchati, āyāhy agner 'vācīnam, trayastriṃśatā devaiḥ saha samānaṃ ratham adhiṣṭhāya nānārathair vā vibhavanti hi te 'śvāḥ. tad idam anuṣvadham āvaha trayastriṃśataṃ patnīvato devān āgamaya tarpaya ceti. atra hy agnim agnīd adhīcchati trayastriṃśato devānāṃ tṛptaya iti gamyate, yat pradhānaś cātra mantraḥ, tat paraḥ somaḥ. tasmād ucyate - trayastriṃśad devā upalakṣayitavyā iti.

nanu codanāyāṃ patnīvān kevalo 'gnir devatātvena śrūyate. satyam, codanāyāṃ patnīvān devatātvena śrūyate, na tu devatāntaraṃ niṣidhyate. kim ato yady evam? etad ato bhavati, māntravarṇikās trayastriṃśad devā aviruddhāś codanāyāṃ pratīyanta iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - na trayastriṃśad devā upalakṣayitavyā iti, nātra mantre 'gnir āhvātā pariveṣṭā vā tarpayitā vādhyeṣyate. nātra trayastriṃśad deveṣv iṣṭeṣu prayojanaṃ nirvartyate. kas tarhi yaṣṭavyaḥ? patnīvān. kuta etat? sa hi codyate - pātnīvataṃ gṛhṇātīti. nanu māntravarṇikānāṃ trayastriṃśato devānām atra saṃkīrtanam. ucyate - parārthatvena tāḥ saṃkīrtyante. katham? na hy aprattam agneḥ, tad bhavati, na ca parakīyasya dānam avakalpate. tasmāt tvam amūbhyas trayastriṃśad devatābhyo dehīty asamañjasaṃ vacanam, agnaye tv anena dānam uktaṃ bhavati. katham? īśāno hi vilaṃbhayati dravyam, tad iha vilaṃbhanaṃ saṃkīrtayan tvam asya īśāna iti pratyāpayati. [273]{*3/219*} nanu mādayasvety ucyate, na vilaṃbhayeti. ucyate - na hi mādyanti devatāḥ, tasmān madakaraṇasaṃkīrtanam adṛṣṭāya syāt, dṛṣṭāya tu tyāgasaṃkīrtanaṃ lakṣaṇayā, lakṣaṇā hy adṛṣṭakalpanāyā jyāyasī, pramāṇād dhi sā bhavati. nanu tyāge 'pi lakṣyamāṇe 'gniḥ kartādhīṣyate. tad ucyate - agner apy adhyeṣaṇādṛṣṭāyaiva, tasmād agner aiśvaryakaraṇam etad vākyaṃ lakṣayatīti nyāyyam. api ca pātnīvate somaś codyate - pātnīvataṃ gṛhṇātīti. nanūktam, māntravarṇikaṃ ca pratiṣedhati codaneti. ucyate - tad api māntravarṇikaṃ nāstīty uktam. api ca sāmarthyāt pratiṣedhatīti gamyate. na hi sāpekṣaḥ patnīvac chabdaḥ, tad dhitārthena saṃlakṣyate, tasmāt kevalaḥ patnīvān devateti. etac codanāvaśena mantro varṇanīyaḥ. tasmād yathaivāsmābhir varṇito mantraḥ, tathaiva bhavitum arhatīti, patnīvāṃś cāgnir agne patnīvann iti sāmānādhikaraṇyena nirdiśyate. tasmād agnir upalakṣayitavyo na trayastriṃśad devatā iti.

NOTES: *{3/217: ṚV 3.6.9}* *{3/218: E2: 4,185; E4: 4,125; E6: 1,186}* *{3/219: E2: 4,187; E4: 4,126; E6: 1,187}*

vaṣaṭkāraś ca kartṛvat // MS_3,2.37 //

asty anuvaṣaṭkāradevatā, somasyāgne vīhīty anuvaṣaṭkarotīti{*3/220*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim anuvaṣaṭkāradevatopalakṣayitavyā na veti. kiṃ prāptam? upalakṣayitavyeti, na tatra pārārthyaṃ kiṃcit pūrvad upalakṣyate. tasmād upalakṣayitevyati. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - anuvaṣaṭkāradevatā nopalakṣayitavyā, kartṛvat, yathā kartā nopalakṣyate, hotṛpīta[274]{*3/221*}syādhvaryupītasyeti, evam evānuvaṣaṭkāradevatāpi. na hi sā prakṛtāv upalakṣitā, yac ca nāma prakṛtau kṛtam, tad iha karaṇīyam. tasmān nopalakṣayitavyeti.

NOTES: *{3/220: Ai.Br. 3.5}* *{3/221: E2: 4,189; E4: 4,131; E6: 1,188}*

chandaḥpratiṣedhas tu sarvagāmitvāt // MS_3,2.38 //

sthitād uttaram ucyate - naitad asti, yad uktam ūhena mantravad bhakṣaṇaṃ kartavyam iti, amantrakaṃ bhakṣaṇaṃ kartavyam. kasmāt? ucyate - samānavidhānatvāt, nāsty atra prakṛtivikṛtibhāvaḥ. katham? prakaraṇasya tulyatvāt, yal liṅgaṃ uktam{*3/222*}, chandaḥpratiṣedhaḥ sa ity ucyate, tṛtīyasavanatvāj jagatīcchandasa iti prāpte 'nuṣṭupchandasa iti ṣoḍaśini bhakṣamantraṃ namatīti{*3/223*} samānavidhāne 'py avakalpyate. yat tūktam{*3/224*} - aindraḥ somo gṛhyate mīyate ceti, naita aindrā anaindrāś ca bhinnā yāgāḥ, ekasyaivaite 'bhyāsaviśeṣāḥ, na cābhāsaviśeṣāṇāṃ dharmā guṇatvāt, sarva ete yāgadharmāḥ. tena kṛtsnā yāgasya codyante somadharmāḥ, somaś ceti. yac ca, indro gṛhyate mīyate ceti, indrasya mantrāmnānān mantreṇa grahaṇaṃ prakāśayitavyam, itarāsāṃ devatānāṃ dhyānādineti. tasmād anaindrāṇām amantrakaṃ bhakṣaṇam iti.

[275]{*3/225*}

NOTES: *{3/222: Zu MS 3.2.28}* *{3/223: Vgl. zu MS 3.2.28}* *{3/224: Vgl. zu MS 3.2.28}* *{3/225: E2: 4,191; E4: 4,138; E6: 1,188}*

aindrāgne tu liṅgabhāvāt syāt // MS_3,2.39 //

evaṃ sthite cintyate - asti tatraindrāgnaḥ somaḥ, aindrāgnaṃ gṛhṇātīti{*3/226*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ mantravad bhakṣaṇam, amantrakaṃ veti. kiṃ prāptam? aindrāgne tu mantraḥ syāt, yasya hīndrāgnī devatā tasya nendraḥ{*3/227*}, śakyate hi sa indrapīta iti vyapadeṣṭum, yasya hy avayavāntaram indreṇa pītam, sa indrapītaḥ, tasyendrāgnibhyāṃ pibadbhyāṃ pītam avayavāntaram indreṇa. tasmān mantravad bhakṣaṇam iti.

NOTES: *{3/226: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.5.4.1}* *{3/227: E2,4 om. na}*

ekasmin vā devatāntarād vibhāgavat // MS_3,2.40 //

nāsyāvayavāntaram indreṇa pīyate, na cāvayavāntareṇendrapītena tat pītaṃ bhavati, tena pīta iti lakṣaṇāśabdo 'yam. indram uddiśya yaḥ saṃkalpito indro yasya devateti, yathaiva ca sākāṅkṣasya tad dhitārthenāsaṃbandhaḥ, evaṃ samāso 'pīndrapītasyeti sākāṅkṣasya nāvakalpate, tad uktam - vyavasthā vārthasaṃyogād iti{*3/228*}. āha - nanu tenaivādhikaraṇenaitad gatam{*3/229*}. kim arthaṃ punaś cintyata iti. ucyate - yat tatra vicāritaṃ siddham eva tat. kathaṃ punar vicāryate? naiva sākāṅkṣasya devatāsaṃbandha iti. naiveha devatāsaṃbandha iti pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ, pānamātrasaṃbandho 'treti, pānamātrasaṃbandhena yatra dvābhyāṃ pīyate, tatraikena devatāsaṃbandha ity uttaraḥ pakṣaḥ, tasmān na punaruktam iti.

[276]{*3/230*}

NOTES: *{3/228: MS 3.1.27}* *{3/229: Vgl. MS 3.1.17}* *{3/230: E2: 4,193; E4: 4,143; E6: 1,189}*

chandaś ca devatāvat // MS_3,2.41 //

asmin mantre gāyatrachandasa ity ucyate, tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ekacchandasi some mantraḥ, uta nānācchandasyapīti{*3/231*}. ucyate - chandaś ca devatāvat, yathānyasahitendre na mantraḥ, evam anekacchandaske some na syān mantra iti. atrāpi hi gāyatracchandasa iti saviśeṣaṇasya samāso nāvakalpate.

NOTES: *{3/231: Tait.S. 3.2.5.2}*

sarveṣu vābhāvād ekacchandasaḥ // MS_3,2.42 //

sarveṣu vā mantraḥ syāt. kutaḥ? abhāvād ekacchandasaḥ, naiva kaścid ekacchandasāḥ somo 'sti, tena yathābhūto 'yam, tathābhūtasya{*3/232*} chando viśeṣaṇam. tasmād anekacchandaske some mantraḥ syād iti.

NOTES: *{3/232: E2,4: yathābhūtasya}*

sarveṣāṃ vaikamantryam aitiśāyanasya bhaktipānatvāt savanādhikāro hi // MS_3,2.43 //

yad uktam - anaindrāṇām amantrakaṃ bhakṣaṇam iti, tan na, sarveṣāṃ samantrakaṃ bhakṣaṇam iti, yathāsamāmnātaś ca mantraḥ syāt. nendrapīta iti soma ucyate. kiṃ tarhi? savanam, prātaḥsavanaśabdena sāmānādhikaraṇyāt. nanu some 'pi ṣaṣṭhī. satyam asti ṣaṣṭhī, na tu tena sāmānādhikaraṇyam. nāsāv indreṇa somaḥ pītaḥ, nāpīndrāya dattaḥ, anya eva pīto datto vā, sa gata eva. na cātītaḥ samudāyo vyapadiśyate, [277]{*3/233*} pratyakṣavacano hy ayaṃ śabdaḥ. savane tu na doṣaḥ, indrapītaṃ bhavati savanam, yatrendreṇa pītam. tasmād anaindro 'pītasavane 'ntarbhavatīti śakyate mantreṇa vaditum. śakyate cet samānavidhāne katham iva mantro na bhaviṣyati. bhaktyā hy apītaḥ pīta ity ucyate. evam eva aitiśāyana ācāryo manyate sma. asmākam apy etad eva matam. ācāryagrahaṇam, tasmād āgatam iti tasya saṃkīrtyartham.

NOTES: *{3/233: E2: 4,195; E4: 4,146; E6: 1,190}*

śruter jātādhikāraḥ syāt // MS_3,3.1 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - uccair ṛcaḥ kriyate, uccaiḥ sāmnā, upāṃśu yajuṣā iti{*3/234*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ ṛgādijātim adhikṛtyaite śabdāḥ pravṛttāḥ, uta vedam adhikṛtyeti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? jātādhikāraḥ syāt. kutaḥ? śruteḥ, eṣāṃ śabdānāṃ śravaṇād eva jātiṃ pratipadyāmahe, tenopāṃśutvaṃ jātyādhikṛtayā saṃbadhyate, vedānām adhikārakaḥ śabdo nāstīti. api ca - ṛgvedavyatikrāntānām ṛcāṃ yajurveda uccaiḥ prayogo bhaviṣyati, itarathā tasyā eva ṛca ubhau dharmau vaikalpikau syātām, tatra pakṣe bādhaḥ syāt. prakaraṇaṃ caivam anugṛhītaṃ bhavati, itarathā vedasaṃyoge sarvasminn api kratāv upāṃśutvaṃ syāt. tasmāj jātādhikārā ete śabdā iti.

NOTES: *{3/234: Mait.S. 3.6.5}*

vedo vā prāyadarśanāt // MS_3,3.2 //

vedaṃ vādhikṛtyedam ucyate. kutaḥ? prāyadarśanāt. kim idaṃ prāyadarśanād iti? vedaprāye vākye vedopakrame nigamyamānā ime śabdāḥ śrūyante - prajāpatir vā idam eka āsīt, sa tapo 'tapyata, tasmāt tapas te pānāt trayo devā asṛjyanta - agnir vāyur ādityaḥ, te tapo 'tapyanta tebhyas te pānebhyas trayo vedā asṛjyanta. agner ṛgvedo vāyor yajurveda ādityāt sāmaveda ity evam upakramya nigamana idaṃ śrūyate - uccair ṛcā kriyate, ucchaiḥ sāmnā, [279]{*3/235*} upāṃśu yajuṣeti. etasmāt kāraṇād ebhiḥ prakṛtair upāṃśvādi kartavyam, na jātyā ṛgādibhir ity ucyate. kuta etad avagamyate? vākyopasaṃhāre śrutatvāt, yasmād ita ete vedā jātāḥ, tasmād etair upāṃśvādi kartavyam iti, ṛgādibhir api vedavacanair evopasaṃhāreṇa bhavitavyam. itarathā vākyam eva nāvakalpeta, tatrānarthakā eva bhaveyuḥ, tasmād vedādhikārā iti.

NOTES: *{3/235: E2: 4,200; E4: 4,157; E6: 1,191}*

liṅgāc ca // MS_3,3.3 //

liṅgam apy asminn arthe bhavati, yathā ṛgādayaḥ śabdāḥ śaknuvanti vedam abhivaditum iti, ṛgbhiḥ prātardivi deva īyate. yajurvedena tiṣṭhati madhye ahnaḥ. sāmavedenāstamaye mahīyate. vedair aśūnyais tribhir eti sūrya iti{*3/236*}, dvau vedau saṃkīrtya, ṛkśabdaṃ ca triṣu pādeṣu, caturthe pāda upasaṃharati bahuvacanena, vedair aśūnyas tribhir eti sūrya ity ṛkśabdaṃ vedavacanaṃ darśayati. tasmād api paśyāmaḥ. vedādhikārā ete śabdā iti.

NOTES: *{3/236: Tait.Br. 3.12.9.1}*

dharmopadeśāc ca na hi dravyeṇa saṃbandhaḥ // MS_3,3.4 //

dharmopadeśaś ca bhavati sāmnaḥ, uccaiḥ sāmneti, sa vedādhikārapakṣe yujyate. jātādhikāre tv ṛca uccais tvena sāmna uccais tvaṃ siddham, nāsya sāmadravyeṇa saha saṃbandho veditavyaḥ, tasmād api vedādhikārā iti.

trayīvidyākhyā ca tadvidi // MS_3,3.5 //

trayī yasya vidyā sa trayīvidyaḥ, yas trīn vedān adhīte, sa evaṃ prakhyāyate{*3/237*}. trayīti caiṣa śabdā ṛksāmayajuḥṣu prasiddhaḥ, yady [280]{*3/238*} ṛksāmayajūṃṣīti trayo vedā ucyante, evaṃ tadvidi trayīvidyākhyā yujyate, bhavati ca. tasmād vedādhikārā ete.

NOTES: *{3/237: E4 (Fn.): ākhyāyate}* *{3/238: E2: 4,202; E4: 4,166; E6: 1,191}*

vyatikrame yathāśrutīti cet // MS_3,3.6 //

atha yad uktam - ṛgvedam atikrāntānām ṛcāṃ yajurvede 'py uccais tvaṃ bhaviṣyatīti, tatra matpakṣe yathāśrutaḥ prayogo bhaviṣyatīti yad uktam, tatparihartavyam iti. ābhāṣāntaṃ sūtram{*3/239*}.

NOTES: *{3/239: E2 hat ābhāṣāntaṃ sūtram geklammert}*

na sarvasmin niveśāt // MS_3,3.7 //

naiṣa doṣaḥ, sarvasminn ṛgveda uccais tvaṃ sarvasmiṃś ca yajurveda upāṃśutvam, tatra yady ṛgvedavyatikrāntāyā ṛco yajurveda upāṃśutvaṃ bhavatīti, naitad dūṣyati. vedadharmaḥ san{*3/240*} ṛgdharma iti, vedasya ca na dharmadvayena saṃbandhaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/240: E2,4: sa na}*

vedasaṃyogān na prakaraṇena bādhyeta // MS_3,3.8 //

yad uktam - prakaraṇam evam anugṛhītaṃ bhavatīti, vedasaṃyogād vākyena prakaraṇe bādhyamāne na doṣo bhaviṣyati.

guṇamukhyavyatikrame tadarthatvān mukhyena vedasaṃyogaḥ // MS_3,3.9 //

asty ādhānam, ya evaṃ vidvān agnim ādhatta iti{*3/241*}. tad yājurvaidikam, tatra sāmagānam āmananti - ya evaṃ vidvān vāravantīyaṃ gāyati{*3/242*}, ya evaṃ vidvān yajñāyajñīyaṃ gāyati, ya evaṃ vidvān vāmadevyaṃ gāyati{*3/243*} iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ādhāne sāmagānam uccaiḥ, utopāṃśv iti. [281]{*3/244*} uccair iti prāptam. kutaḥ? sāmavedenaitat kriyate yad vāravantīyādibhiḥ, tasmād uccair etāni sāmāni geyānīti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - guṇānurodhena vā mukhyaṃ vyatikramet, mukhyānurodhena vā guṇam iti, guṇo vyatikramitavyo nyāyyaḥ, mukhyaś cānugrahītavya iti. kutaḥ? mukhyārthatvād guṇasya, guṇasyānuṣṭhānena mukhyaḥ saguṇaḥ kathaṃ syād iti guṇe pravartate, guṇapravṛttyā cen mukhyasya guṇahānir bhavati, guṇapravṛttau phalam eva nāvāptaṃ bhavati. atha pradhānaṃ saguṇaṃ kariṣyāmīti guṇe pravartamāno guṇasya guṇaṃ vinipātayati, nāsya svārtho hīyate. nāsau guṇaṃ saguṇaṃ kartuṃ pravartate, guṇaś ca sāmagānam, pradhānam ādhānam, ādhānasya yājurvaidikatvāt{*3/245*}, upāṃśutā guṇaḥ, sa gaṇadharmam uccais tvaṃ sāmavaidikaṃ{*3/246*} bādhate. tasmād upāṃśu sāmāni geyānīti.

NOTES: *{3/241: Mait.S. 1.6.6}* *{3/242: Mait.S. 1.6.7}* *{3/243: Mait.S. 1.6.7}* *{3/244: E2: 4,204; E4: 4,170; E6: 1,191}* *{3/245: E2,4: yājurvedikatvād}* *{3/246: E2,4: sāmavedikaṃ}*

bhūyastvenobhayaśruti // MS_3,3.10 //

yajurvede jyotiṣṭomaṃ samāmananti - jyotiṣṭomena svargakāmo yajeta iti, tathā sāmavede 'py asyaivam eva samāmnānam. sakṛc ca kṛtāyāṃ buddhau dvitīyaṃ guṇārthaṃ śravaṇaṃ bhavati. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ yājurvaidikam{*3/247*} āmnānaṃ kriyārtham, sāmavaidikaṃ{*3/248*} guṇārtham uta viparītam iti. yatarac cāmnānaṃ kriyārthaṃ taddharmā bhaviṣyanti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? sāmavedikaṃ{*3/249*} kriyārthaṃ yājurvedikaṃ{*3/250*} vety aniścayo viśeṣān avagamād iti. [282]{*3/251*} evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - bhūyastvena guṇānāṃ paricchidyeta, yatra bhūyāṃso guṇāḥ samāmnātāḥ, tatra kriyārthā{*3/252*} codaneti gamyate. yatra hi kartavyatayā codanā, tatretikartavyatākāṅkṣyate, yatrākāṅkṣitetikartavyatā, tatretikartavyatāvacanaṃ nyāyyam. ye ca bhūyāṃso guṇāḥ, setikartavyatā, tad itikartavyatāliṅgena kartavyatācodanām{*3/253*} anumimīmahe, yathā bahuṣu rājapratimeṣūpaviṣṭeṣu yasya śvetaṃ chatraṃ bālavyajanaṃ ca, sa rājety avagamyate, anākhyāto 'pi rājaliṅgena. evaṃ kartavyatāliṅgena guṇānāṃ bhūyastvena jyotiṣṭomasya yājurvaidikasya{*3/254*} codanānumīyate. tasmāj jyotiṣṭomasyopāṃśuprayogaḥ, yajurvedena hi jyotiṣṭomaḥ kriyate, yat tena codyate. acoditaṃ na śakyate kartum iti.

NOTES: *{3/247: E2,4: yājurvedikam}* *{3/248: E2,4: sāmavedikaṃ}* *{3/249: E2,4: sāmavedikaṃ}* *{3/250: E2,4: yājurvedikaṃ}* *{3/251: E2: 4,211; E4: 4,187; E6: 1,193}* *{3/252: E2: kriyārthaṃ}* *{3/253: E2: kartavyatācodanād}* *{3/254: E2,4: yājurvedikasya}*

asaṃyuktaṃ prakaraṇād itikartavyatārthitvāt // MS_3,3.11 //

uktāni viniyogakāraṇāni śrutir liṅgaṃ vākyam iti. śrutir aindryā gārhapatyam iti{*3/255*} dvitīyā vibhaktiḥ, liṅgaṃ mantreṣu vacanasāmarthyaṃ bahirdevasadanaṃ dāmīti{*3/256*}, vākyam aruṇayā krīṇātīti{*3/257*}. atha kim etāvanty eva viniyogakāraṇāni? nety ucyate. kim aparaṃ kāraṇam iti praśnenaivopakramaḥ, bhavati ca praśnenaivopakramaḥ, yathā kā nāmeyaṃ nadī? ko nāmāyaṃ pravataḥ? kim idaṃ phalam iti. tad ucyate - asaṃyuktaṃ prakaraṇāt, itikartavyatārthitvāt, yad asaṃyuktaṃ śrutyā liṅgena vākyena vā, tat prakaraṇāt, itikartavyatārthitvāt. yad itikartavyatākāṅkṣiṇaḥ saṃnidhau pūraṇasamartham upanipatati yad vacanam, tat{*3/258*} tena prakṛtena sahaikavākyatāṃ yāti. [283]{*3/259*} tasmāt prakṛte viniyujyate. kim ihodāharaṇam? kiṃ ca prayojanam iti. darśapūrṇamāsau prakṛtya śrūyate - samidho yajati, tanūnapātaṃ yajati, iḍo yajati, barhir yajati, svāhākāraṃ yajati{*3/260*} iti{*3/261*}, tāni tatraiva prakaraṇasāmarthyād viniyujyante, nāgnihotre jyotiṣṭome vā.

NOTES: *{3/255: Mait.S. 3.2.4; vgl. MS 3.2.3}* *{3/256: Mait.S. 1.1.2; vgl. MS 3.2.1}* *{3/257: Tait.S. 6.1.6.7; vgl. MS 3.1.12}* *{3/258: E2,4: yat}* *{3/259: E2: 4,215; E4: 4,192; E6: 1,193}* *{3/260: E2,4,6 om. iti}* *{3/261: Tait.S. 2.6.1.1}*

kramaś ca deśasāmānyāt // MS_3,3.12 //

atha kim etāvanty eva viniyogakāraṇāni. nety ucyate. kiṃ ca? kramaś ca deśasāmānyāt, kramavatām ānupūrveṇopadiśyamānānāṃ{*3/262*} yasya paryāye yaṃ dharmam āmananti, tasya taṃ praty ākāṅkṣānumīyate, satyām ākāṅkṣāyāṃ ekavākyabhāvaḥ, tasmāt tato viniyoga iti. kim ihodāharaṇam? kiṃ ca prayojanam? ānupūrvyavatāṃ yāgānām anumantraṇeṣv āmnāteṣūpāṃśuyājasya krame dabdhir nāmāsīti{*3/263*} samāmnātaḥ, tasyākāṅkṣām utpādya tenaikavākyatāṃ yāt vā tatraiva viniyogam arhatīti, tathā caindrāgnaṃ karma viyātasajātasyāsti bhrātṛvyavataḥ{*3/264*}, tasya yājyānuvākyāyugalam apy āmnāyata aindrāgnam, indrāgnī rocanādivaḥ pravarṣaṇibhya{*3/265*} ity{*3/266*} ekam, aparam indrāgnī navatiṃ puraḥ [284]{*3/267*} ślathad vṛtram iti{*3/268*}. tatra liṅgād viniyoge siddhe viśeṣaviniyogo bhavati, pūrvaṃ yugalaṃ pūrvasyaindrāgnasya, uttaram uttarasyeti, etad udāharaṇaṃ prayojanaṃ ceti.

NOTES: *{3/262: E2,4,6: ānupūrvyeṇopadiśyamānānāṃ}* *{3/263: Tait.S. 1.6.11.6.; vgl. MānŚS 1.4.2.4}* *{3/264: Vgl. Mait.S. 2.1.1}* *{3/265: E2,4,6: pravarṣiṇibhya}* *{3/266: Vgl. Mait.S. 4.10.4}* *{3/267: E2: 4,217; E4: 4,200; E6: 1,194}* *{3/268: Mait.S. 4.10.5}*

ākhyā caivaṃ tad arthatvāt // MS_3,3.13 //

atha kim etāvanty eva viniyogakāraṇānīti. nety ucyate. kiṃ ca? samākhyā caivaṃ syāt. kathaṃ viniyogakāraṇam iti. samākhyā sati saṃbandhe bhavati, yathā pācako lāvaka iti, tatra pācakaśabdam upalabhya pacatināsya saṃbandha iti gamyate, evaṃ vede 'pīti. akṛtakārthasaṃbandhaṃ{*3/269*} samācakṣāṇaṃ śabdam upalabhya bhavati saṃbandhe tasmin saṃpratyayaḥ. kim ihodāharaṇaṃ prayojanaṃ ca? ādhvaryavam iti samākhyātāni karmāṇy adhvaryuṇā kartavyāni, hautram iti ca hotrā. etad udāharaṇaṃ prayojanaṃ ceti.

NOTES: *{3/269: E2,4: akṛtakāryasaṃbandhaṃ}*

śrutiliṅgavākyaprakaraṇasthānasamākhyānāṃ samavāye pāradaurbalyam arthaviprakarṣāt // MS_3,3.14 //

uktāni viniyogakāraṇāni, śrutiliṅgaṃ vākyaṃ prakaraṇaṃ sthānaṃ samākhyānam iti, teṣāṃ samavāye kiṃ balīya iti cintyate, ekārthavṛttitvād vāco yugapad asaṃbandhād dvayor dvayoḥ saṃpradhāraṇā. tatra śrutiliṅgayoḥ kiṃ śrutibalīyasy āhosvil liṅgam iti. kiṃ punar atrodāharaṇam? aindryā [285]{*3/270*} gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti, atra cintyate - kim indrasya gārhapatyasya vopasthānaṃ kartavyam ity aniyamaḥ, uta gārhapatyasyaiveti. yadi tulyabale ete kāraṇe tato vikalpaḥ, atha śrutir balīyasī, gārhapatya evopastheyaḥ. kā punar atra śrutiḥ? kiṃ liṅgam? śrutir gārhapatyaśabdaśravaṇam, liṅgaṃ punaḥ, kadā ca na starīrasi nendrasaścasi dāśuṣe, itīndraśabdasya viśiṣṭadevatābhidhānasāmarthyam. atha kiṃ vākyaṃ nāma? saṃhatya artham abhidadhati padāni vākyam. yady evam idam api vākyam - aindryā gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti, idam api - kadā cana starīr asīti{*3/271*}, ubhayatrāpi saṃhatyārtham abhidadhati padāni. tena vākyasya vākyasya caiṣā saṃpradhāraṇā, na śrutiliṅgayoḥ, yadi vā śrutiliṅgavākyāni vivektavyāni, idaṃ śrutivākyayor antaram, idaṃ liṅgavākyayor iti. tad abhidhīyate - yat tāvac chabdasyārtham abhidhātuṃ sāmarthyam, talliṅgam, yad arthasyābhidhānaṃ śabdasya śravaṇamātrādevāvagamyate, sa śrutyāvagamyate, śravaṇaṃ śrutiḥ. ekārtham anekaṃ padaṃ vākyam ity uktam eva. tad etat sarveṣv eva vākyeṣu samavetaṃ viviktaṃ ca dṛśyate. iha tāvat kadā cana starīr asīty{*3/272*} anena mantreṇa indra upasthātavya iti, naitat kasyacic chabdasya śravaṇād evāvagamyate. nāpi śabdāntarasya samīpa uccāritasya sāmarthyam asti, yenaitad avagamyate. etasyāṃ khalv ṛcīndraśabdo vidyate, yo viśiṣṭāṃ devatām avagamayituṃ śaknoti, tayā cāvagamitayā prayojanam astīti. tenendropasthāna indraśabdaḥ prayujyate, tadekavākyatāc cāvaśiṣṭāni padāni, na tv [286]{*3/273*} evam asyām ṛci kasyacic chabdasya sāmarthyād gārhapatyasyopasthānaṃ bhavati. śravaṇād eva tu gārhapatyaśabdasya, vayam agniṃ pratīmo na liṅgāt. yadi tu liṅgaṃ balīyaḥ, indra upasthātavyaḥ, yadi gārhapatyaśravaṇam, tato gārhapatyaḥ. evaṃ tarhi liṅgavākye virudhyamāna iha saṃpradhārye na śrutiliṅge, indraśabdasya viśiṣṭadevatābhidhānasāmarthyād indropasthānam, yadi liṅgaṃ balīyaḥ. atha tu vākyam, gārhapatya upastheyaḥ. vākyaṃ hy etad aindryā gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti. naitad evam, yady apy etad vākyaṃ śrutir apy atrāsti, yā tv atra śrutiḥ, sā liṅgena virudhyate, na yad vākyam. katham? balīyasy api hi liṅge, aindryopatiṣṭhata ity etad gārhapatyaśabdena sahaikavākyatām upaityaiva{*3/274*}, yadi hi nopeyāt, tato liṅgena virudhyate. yas tu gārhapatyaśravaṇād evārthaḥ pratīyate, sa liṅge balīyasi parityakto bhavati. nāsāv upasthānena saṃbadhyate, tadā hīndraṃ gārhapatyaśabdo 'bhivaded agnisamīpaṃ vā. atha nu śrutiḥ pramāṇaṃ bhavati, tato liṅgenāvagatam indropasthānaṃ bādhyeta. tasmāc chrutiliṅgayor evaiṣa virodhaḥ, na liṅgavākyayor iti. athavā nātraikavākyatvād indraprādhānyaṃ gārhapatyaprādhānyaṃ vopasthānasya. kutas tarhi? indraśabdavattvān mantrasya, indraprādhānyam, dvitīyāvibhaktiśravaṇād gārhapatyaprādhānyam. tasmāc chrutiliṅgayor virodhaḥ. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? tulyabale ete kāraṇa iti. katham? idam api kāraṇam, idam api, śrutir api, liṅgam api{*3/275*}. na hi vijñānasya vijñānasya ca kaścid viśeṣa upalabhyate rūpaṃ prati, asya bhaṅgurasyeva rūpam, asya dṛḍhasyeveti. nanu liṅgasya bhaṅgurasyeva rūpam, savicikitso hi bhavati liṅgāt pratyayaḥ, nirvicikitsaḥ śruteḥ. naitad yuktam, yato liṅgāt [287]{*3/276*} savicikitsaḥ pratyayaḥ, tasya ca śruteś ca naiva saṃpradhāraṇāsti. yatas tu khalu liṅgān nirvicikitsaḥ pratyayaḥ sa śrutyā vikalpitum arhati. nanu naiva kadācil liṅgān nirvicikitsaḥ pratyayo 'sti. naitad evam, evaṃ hi sati naiva liṅgaṃ nāma kiṃcit pramāṇam abhaviṣyat. kāmaṃ mā bhūt pramāṇam, bhavati tu saṃśayo liṅgaparijñāteṣv artheṣu. yadi vā vispaṣṭam evāprāmāṇyaṃ na saṃśayaḥ. katham? samartham etad imam artham abhinirvartayitum iti liṅgād etāvad avagamyate. na ca yad yasya nirvartanāyālam, tad asaty eva vacane tan nirvartayitum arhati. tasmān na liṅgaṃ viniyojakam iti. atrābhidhīyate - prakaraṇavato 'rthasya saṃnidhāne yam artham āmananti, sa tasya sādhanabhūta ity eva gamyate. kathaṃ khalūpakariṣyatīti saṃdihyamāne bhavati sāmarthyāt pariniścayaḥ. yatrāyaṃ samarthaḥ, tatra śakyo viniyoktam iti, tasmād bhavati liṅgaṃ pramāṇam iti. na ca liṅgaprāmāṇye vinigamanāyāṃ hetur asti. tasmāt tulyabale ete kāraṇe, kadā cana starīr asīti{*3/277*} liṅgād indra upasthātavyaḥ, śruter gārhapatya iti. avirodhāt khalv apīmam evārthaṃ pratipadyāmahe. balīyān api hetur virudhyamānm abalīyāṃsaṃ bādhitum arhati nāviruddham, na ca kaścana virodhaḥ, yad indram upatiṣṭhetānena mantreṇa, gārhapatyam api. nanv ayam eva virodhaḥ - sakṛd upasthānaṃ coditam, asakṛd abhinirvartyata iti. upastheyabhedāt pratipradhānam āvartante guṇā iti nyāya evaiṣa na virodhaḥ. ayaṃ tarhi virodhaḥ - gārhapatya upasthīyamāne 'gnivacana indraśabdo guṇaṃ kriyāyogaṃ vāpekṣamāṇo bhavitum arhati. indre tūpasthātavye nirapekṣa indra[288]{*3/278*}vacana eva, gauṇamukhyayoś ca mukhye saṃpratyaya iti. neti brūmaḥ - virodhe mukhyena gauṇo bādhyeta, na ca kaścid virodhaḥ, yugapad abhhidhāne hi virudhyeyātām. iha cānyasmin prayoge 'gnivacano 'nyasminn indravacanaḥ. atas tulyabale ete kāraṇe iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - śrutiliṅgayoḥ śrutibalīyasī. kutaḥ? arthaviprakarṣāt. kim idam arthaviprakarṣād iti? arthasya viprakarṣo 'rthaviprakarṣaḥ. kaḥ punar arthaḥ? śrutyārthaḥ. gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti saṃnikṛṣṭaḥ śrutyarthaḥ, indra upastheya iti viprakṛṣṭaḥ. katham? kadā cana starīr asīty{*3/279*} anena mantreṇendra upasthātavya iti na śrūyate. saty apīndrābhidhānasāmarthye vacanābhāvād anupasthānīya indra ity eva gamyate. nanv idam uktam - prakaraṇāmnānād aṅgam ity avagamyate, sāmarthyād viniyoga iti. naitad asti, uktam evaitat - dharmasya śabdamūlatvād aśabdam anapekṣaṃ syād iti. yad etat prakaraṇaṃ liṅgaṃ cobhayam apy etad śabdam. na cātikrāntapratyakṣaviṣaya evaṃlakṣaṇake 'rthe śabdam antareṇa paricchedo 'vakalpate. ato manyāmahe - viprakṛṣṭaṃ śrutyarthāl liṅgam iti. yady evaṃ śrutir yatra virodhinī na vidyate, tatrāpi na liṅgād arthaparicchedaḥ. tatraitad eva nāsti liṅgaṃ pramāṇam iti. kuta evaitena śrutir virotsyata iti. tatra śrutiliṅgayor balīyastvaṃ prati saṃpradhāraṇaiva nopapadyata iti brūmaḥ. atrocyate - itikartavyathārthinaḥ prakaraṇavato 'rthasya saṃnidhāv upanipatito mantra āmnānasāmarthyād itikartavyatākāṅkṣasya vākyaśeṣatām abhyupetyaitena mantreṇa yajeteti. kim uktaṃ bhavati? yāgenābhīpsite sādhyamāne 'nena mantreṇopakuryād iti, na cāntareṇendrābhidhānam ayaṃ mantra upakartuṃ śaknoti, [289]{*3/280*} tenaitad uktaṃ bhavati, anenendro 'bhidhātavya iti. ataḥ śrutimūla evāyam arthaḥ. yadi śrutimūlaḥ, na śrutyantareṇa bādhituṃ śakyaḥ. tad etal liṅgaṃ yadi vā naiva pramāṇam, yadi vā śrutyā vikalpitum arhatīti. nāpy apramāṇaṃ bhaviṣyati, nāpi vikalpiṣyata iti brūmaḥ. katham? śrutilakṣaṇo 'yam artha ity upapāditam, tasmān nāpramāṇam. yatas tu khalv ānumānikīm ekavākyatāṃ liṅgasāmarthyaṃ cāpekṣya śrauto 'yam arthaḥ, yad indrasyopasthānam anena mantreṇety avagamyate, pratyakṣā tu śrutigārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti, sa eṣo 'rthaviprakarṣaḥ. prathamaṃ tāval liṅgajñānam, tataḥ sāṃarthyāc chabdenāyam artho 'bhihito bhavati, tad etac chrutivirodhe nāvakalpate, vispaṣṭaṃ hy avagatam etat, anena mantreṇa gārhapatya upastheya iti. tatra vijñātam etad evam ayam upakaroti mantra ity etasmiṃś ca nirjñāte kṛtasāmarthyayor vākyaprakaraṇayor naitad evaṃ kalpayituṃ śakyam, indropasthānaṃ śabdenābhihitam iti. tasmād arthaviprakarṣāc chrutyā liṅgaṃ bādhyata iti. vikalpasya cānyāyyatvāt, anyāyyaś ca vikalpaḥ. tatra hy abhāvaḥ pakṣe nityavac ca, aindryā gārhapatyam upatiṣṭhata iti śrūyamāne yad abhāvaḥ pakṣe parikalpyate, tad aśrutaṃ bhavati, śrutaṃ ca hīyate. yāvāṃś ca śrutasyārthasyotsarge doṣaḥ, tāvān aśrutaparikalpanāyām, ubhayatra hi prasiddhir bādhyate. tasmād anyāyyatvād vikalpasya śrutiliṅgayoḥ śrutibalīyasīty avagacchāmaḥ. atha yad uktam - sati virodhe nyāyyo bādhaḥ, na cātrāsti virodha iti, ayam asti virodhaḥ, yad akṛtasāmarthyayor vākyaprakaraṇayor indropasthānavācinī śrutir bhavati, kṛtasāmarthyayos tu nāvakalpate, na ca vākyaprakaraṇābhyāṃ yugapat kṛtasāmarthyābhyām [290]{*3/281*} akṛtasāmarthyābhyāṃ ca śakyaṃ bhavitum. tasmād virodhaḥ, virodhe ca śrutir liṅgād balīyasīti. liṅgavākyayor virodhe kim udāharaṇam? syonaṃ te sadanaṃ kṛṇomi ghṛtasya dhārayā suṣevaṃ{*3/282*} kalpayāmi. tasmin sīdāmṛte pratitiṣṭha vrīhīṇāṃ medha sumanasyamāna iti{*3/283*}. atra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ kṛtsno mantra upastaraṇe puroḍāśāsādane ca prayoktavyaḥ, uta kalpayāmy anta upastaraṇe, tasmin sīdetyevamādiḥ puroḍāśāsādana iti. yadi vākyaṃ balīyaḥ, tataḥ kṛtsna ubhayatra. katham? suṣevaṃ{*3/284*} kalpayāmīty etad apekṣya, tasmin sīdetyevamādiḥ pūrveṇaikavākyatām upaiti - yat kalpayāmi, tasmin sīdeti. atha liṅgaṃ balīyaḥ, tataḥ kalpayāmy antaḥ sadanakaraṇe. katham? syonaṃ te sadanaṃ kṛṇomīti{*3/285*}, sadanakaraṇam abhivaditum alam iti. tasmin sīdety ayam api puroḍāśaṃ sādayitum iti, sādane viniyujyate. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? tulyabale ete kāraṇa iti, yathā liṅgaṃ prati śruter balīyastvam uktam, na tathā vākyaṃ prati liṅgasyocyate. athavā vākyam eva liṅgād balīyaḥ. kutaḥ? tad dhi śrutyāpi bādhyate, na ca balīyaḥ kāraṇaṃ śakyate bādhitum. tenāsya bhaṅguratām adhyavasyāmaḥ, yas tv ekena bādhyate, śakyo 'sāv anyenāpi bādhitum iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - liṅgavākyayor liṅgaṃ balīya iti. kutaḥ? arthaviprakarṣāt. ko 'trārthaviprakarṣaḥ? prakaraṇavataḥ saṃnidhāv āmnānād darśapūrṇamāsāṅgam ayaṃ mantra ity avagamyate, tasmin sīdeti puroḍāśāsādanābhidhānasāmarthyāt sādane viniyujyamāne kṛtasāmarthyaṃ mantrāmnānam iti, nāsti pramāṇaṃ yenopastaraṇe 'pi viniyujyeta. tathā syonaṃ te sadanaṃ kṛṇomīty{*3/286*} eṣo 'pi prakaraṇāmnānasāmarthyād eva darśapūrṇamāsāṅgatām āpannaḥ [291]{*3/287*} sāmarthyād evopastaraṇe viniyogāt kṛtaprayojane na puroḍāśāsādane viniyogam arhati, na hy asmin viniyuj-yamānasya kiṃcid api prayojanam asti. evam upastaraṇe tasmin sīdety asya nāsti sāmarthyam. pūroḍāśāsādane 'pi syonaṃ ta ity{*3/288*} asya. pūrveṇaikavākyatām upetyopastaraṇe sāmarthyam, pūrvasya pareṇaikavākyatvāt sādane, na tu svarūpeṇobhayoḥ. tad eṣo 'rthaviprakarṣaḥ. yat syonaṃ ta ity{*3/289*} asya pratyakṣaṃ sadanakarmaṇo 'bhidhānasāmarthyam, tan mukhyam. tasmin sīdety asya punaḥ pūrveṇa sahaikavākyatām upagatasya bhavati jaghanyam. tad atra pūrvasya mantrasyābhidhānasāmarthyād upastaraṇe viniyoga ukto bhavatīti, saṃnikṛṣṭo liṅgasya śrutyarthaḥ, uttarasya tūpajanite 'bhidhānasāmarthye tataḥ śrutyartha iti liṅgāntarito viprakṛṣṭo bhavati. evam uttarasya sādane saṃnikṛṣṭaḥ pūrvasya ca liṅgāntaritaḥ. tasmād arthaviprakṛṣṭāl liṅgavākyayor liṅgaṃ balavattaram, tataḥ syonam ity{*3/290*} eṣa śabdo yady apy uttareṇākāṅkśita iti sādane 'pi prayogam arhati, tathāpi bhitvā vākyam upastaraṇa eva viniyoktavyaḥ. tasmin sīdety eṣa ca sādane. nanu syonaṃ ta ity{*3/291*} asya śabdasya yathaivopastaraṇābhidhānasāmarthyam, evam uttareṇaikavākyatām upagantuṃ sāmarthyam, sāmarthyaṃ ca liṅgam ity ucyate. tasmād bhidyamāne vākye liṅgam eva bādhitaṃ bhavatīti. satyam evam, etad api liṅgam, liṅgam api khalv etad evaṃlakṣaṇakaṃ viprakṛṣṭārtham eva bhavati, liṅgād ekavākyatā, tasmād abhidhānasāmarthyam. tataḥ śrutyartha iti viprakṛṣṭārthatā, viprakṛṣṭārthatā ca bādhane hetubhūtā. tasmān na [292]{*3/292*} uttaraṇaikavākyatāṃ yāsyatīti. evaṃ tasmin sīdety uttaraṃ na pūrveṇāpi. api cottareṇaikavākyatām upagatasya na kiṃcid api dṛṣṭam asti kāryam, upastaraṇapratyāyanaṃ tu dṛṣṭam. kutaḥ? śrutatvād upastaraṇasya sādanasya ca. evam uttarasya sādanapratyāyanam, na tu pūrveṇaikavākyatāyām. na caitau pūrvottarābhyām ekavākyatām antareṇa pṛthag yathāyathaṃ kārye na kurutaḥ. tasmāt pūrvaḥ pūrvatra viniyojanīyaḥ, uttara uttaratreti. atha yad uktam - śrutyāpi tad bādhitam iti vākyenāpi tad bādhitavyam iti. naitad evam, na hi bādhitasyānyenāpi bādhanam eva nyāyyam, bādhitaṃ hy anugṛhītavyam arthavattvāya, śrutiṃ prati viprakṛṣṭārtham, vākyaṃ prati saṃnikṛṣṭārtham, tasmāl liṅgaṃ balīya iti. atha vākyaprakaraṇayor virodhe katham iti. kiṃ punaḥ prakaraṇaṃ nāma? kartavyasyetikartavyatākāṅkṣasya vacanaṃ prakaraṇam. prārambho hi sa tasyā vacanakriyāyāḥ, na eṣa vidhyādir vidhyantāpekṣaḥ. vākyaṃ tūktam eva. tayor virodhe kim udāharaṇam? sūktavākanigadaḥ. tatra hi paurṇamāsīdevatā amāvāsyādevatāś cāmnātāḥ, tāḥ paraspareṇaikavākyatāṃ nābhyupayanti. tatra liṅgasāmarthyāt paurṇamāsīprayogād indrāgniśabda utkraṣṭavyo 'māvāsyāyāṃ prayoktavyaḥ. athedānīṃ saṃdihyate, yo 'sya śeṣaḥ, avīvṛdhetāṃ mahojyāyo krātām{*3/293*} iti{*3/294*}, sa kiṃ yāvat kṛtvaḥ sūktavāke samāmnātaḥ, tāvat kṛtva ubhayoḥ paurṇamāsyam āvāsyayoḥ prayoktavyaḥ, prakaraṇaṃ balavattaram iti, uta yatrendrāgniśabda utkṛṣya nītaḥ, tatraiva prayoktavyaḥ, vākyaṃ balavattaram iti. evaṃ sarveṣu saṃśayaḥ. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? tulyabale ete kāraṇa iti. kutaḥ? [293]{*3/295*} itaratrāpy ākāṅkṣā, itaratrāpi, tulyāyām ākāṅkṣāyāṃ nāsti vinigamanāyāṃ hetuḥ, tasmāt tulyabala iti. athavā vākyaṃ durbalam, bādhitaṃ hi talliṅgena. ity evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - prakaraṇād vākyaṃ balīyaḥ. katham? arthaviprakarṣāt. ko 'trārthavipra-karṣaḥ? vākya ekaikaṃ padaṃ vibhajyamānaṃ sākāṅkṣaṃ bhavati, kṛtsnaṃ paripūrṇaṃ bhavati, tatra pratyakṣa ekavākyabhāvaḥ, prakaraṇe tv apratyakṣaḥ. katham? itikartavyatākāṅkṣasya samīpa upanipatitaṃ pūrṇam iti tasya prakṛtasya sākāṅkṣatvam avagamyate, naikavākyabhūtam ity anumīyate. ekavākyatayā cābhidhānasāmarthyam avakalpyābhihito 'yam evaṃ bhavatīti parikalpanā. eṣo 'trārthaviprakarṣaḥ, yad vākyasya samāsannā śrutiḥ, prakaraṇasya viprakṛṣṭā. tasmāt sūktavākena prastaraṃ{*3/296*} praharatīti paurṇamāsīdevatāvācinām amāv āsyā devatāvācināṃ ca niṣkṛṣya prayoge tac cheṣāṇām api niṣkṛṣya prayogaḥ, tena yady api prakaraṇasāmarthyāt paurṇamāsīdevatāpadaśeṣāṇām amāv āsyā devatāvācibhiḥ sahaikavākyatānumīyate, pratyakṣā tv amāv āsyā devatāpadaiḥ saha, na ca pratyakṣavirodhe 'numānaṃ saṃbhavati. arthavati ca prakaraṇe saṃjāte na nirākāṅkṣāṇām ākāṅkṣā śakyopapādayitum. atha yad uktam - liṅgenāpi hi tad bādhyate, ataḥ prakaraṇenāpi bādhitavyam iti. na, yad anyenāpi bādhyate, tad bhaṅguram anyatrāpīty avagantavyam. atha bhaṅguram, pramāṇam eva nābhaviṣyat. kiṃcit tu prati kasyacit prabhāvaḥ, vākyasya prakaraṇaṃ prati bādhakaśaktir na tu liṅgaṃ prati, liṅgaṃ prati viprakṛṣṭārtham etat prakaraṇaṃ prati saṃnikṛṣṭārtham, tena vākyena prakaraṇaṃ bādhyata iti. [294]{*3/297*} atha prakaraṇasya kramasya ca virodhe kim udāharaṇam? rājasūyaprakaraṇe 'bhiṣecanīyakrame śaunaḥśephākhyānādy āmnātam, yadi prakaraṇaṃ balavat, sarveṣāṃ tad aṅgam, yadi kramaḥ, abhiṣecanīyasyaiva. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? tulyabala ete kāraṇa iti. kutaḥ? na tāvad viśeṣam upalabhāmahe, yenāvagacchāma idaṃ balīya iti. tasmāt tulyabale ete kāraṇa iti. api ca prakaraṇaṃ vākyena bādhitam, tasmād bādhyeta krameṇāpīti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - prakaraṇaṃ kramād balīyaḥ. kutaḥ? arthaviprakarṣāt. ko 'trārthaviprakarṣaḥ? prakaraṇavataḥ sākāṅkṣatvāt, tatsaṃnidhānāmnātena paripūrṇenāpy avakalpetaikavākyatvam, na tu kramavataḥ krama āmnātena, anekasyāmnāyamānasya saṃnidhiviśeṣāmnānamātraṃ hi kramaḥ. tatra saṃnidhiviśeṣāmnānasāmarthyāt kramavataḥ saṃnidhāv āmnātasyānupalabhyamānam evākāṅkṣāvattvam astīty avagantavyam. prakaraṇe tu prakaraṇavataḥ pratyakṣam, na ca prakaraṇavatā kramavatā ca yaugapadyenaikavākyatā saṃbhavaty āmnātasyeti virodhaḥ. tatra prakaraṇe pratyakṣaṃ sākāṅkṣatvam, krama ānumānikaṃ bādhitum arhati, sākāṅkṣatvād ekavākyatvam. ekavākyatvād abhidhānasāmarthyam, sāmarthyāc chrutyartha iti saṃnikṛṣṭaḥ prakaraṇasya śrutyarthaḥ, viprakṛṣṭaḥ kramasya. tasmāt krama karaṇayoḥ prakaraṇaṃ balavattaram iti. atha yad uktam - vākyenāpi hi tad bādhitam, ato 'nyenāpi tad bādhitavyam iti. naitat, bādhitasyānugraho nyāyyaḥ, na bādhitaṃ{*3/298*} bādhitavyam iti. atha kramasamākhyayor virodhe kim udāharaṇam? kiṃ balavattaram iti. pauroḍāśikam iti samākhyāte kāṇḍe sāṃnāyyakrame śundhadhvaṃ daivyāya kramaṇa iti{*3/299*} śundhanārtho mantraḥ samāmnātaḥ. tatra saṃdihyate - kiṃ samākhyānasya balīyastvāt puroḍāśa[295]{*3/300*}pātrāṇāṃ śundhane viniyoktavyaḥ, uta kramasya balīyastvāt sāṃnāyyapātrāṇām iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? tulyabale ete karaṇe{*3/301*} syātām. kutaḥ? aviśeṣāt, yadi vā samākhyaiva balīyasī, bādhito hi kramaḥ prakaraṇenāpīti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - kramo balīyān. kutaḥ? arthaviprakarṣāt. kaḥ punar atrārthaviprakarṣaḥ? nirjñāte prakaraṇena kenāpi sahaikavākyatve yat saṃnidhāv āmnāyate, tatrākāṅkṣāṃ parikalpyate, naikavākyatety avagamyate, laukikaś ca śabdaḥ samākhyā. na ca, loka evaṃvidheṣv artheṣu pramāṇam. tasmāt kramo balīyān iti. yady evaṃ bhavaty evaṃlakṣaṇakeṣu krameṇa viniyogaḥ, na tv arthāviprakarṣāt kramo balīyān. katham? dvayor hi pramāṇayor balīyastvaṃ prati saṃpradhāraṇam, na caivaṃ sati samākhyā pramāṇam, laukikatvāc chabdasya, puruṣasya pramāṇatā bhavatīti. naiṣa doṣaḥ, nātrāṅgabhāvaḥ puruṣaprāmāṇyād gamyate, pauroḍāśikaśabda etasya kāṇḍasya, ity etad atra puruṣapramāṇakam. bhavati cāsminn arthe puruṣaḥ pramāṇam, yathā sāṃnāyyakrama āmnānaṃ puruṣapramāṇakam, yathā prakaraṇam ekavākyatvam, vedaśabdaś cāyam iti. na hy ete 'nindriyaviṣayā arthā upapadyante, eṣv abhiyuktānāṃ prāmāṇyam, ye tv anindriyaviṣayās teṣv abhiyuktā na pramāṇam. tasmāt samākhyā kāraṇam, kāraṇatve ca sati balīyastvaṃ parīkṣyam iti. ucyate 'rthaviprakarṣas tarhi vaktavyaḥ samākhyāyāḥ. ayam arthaviprakarṣaḥ. upadiśyate hi krame samāmnānāt sāṃnāyyasaṃbandhaḥ, nopadiśyate samākhyāyām, śabdam uccāryamāṇam upalabhyārthāpattyā nūnam astīti kalpyate. tasmāt pūrvavedārthaviprakarṣāt krameṇa samākhyā bādhyata iti. atha yat tatra tatrocyate - idam anena bādhyate, idam aneneti. tatra yad bādhyate, tat kiṃ bādhakaviṣayaṃ prāptam utāprāptam [296]{*3/302*} iti. kiṃ cātaḥ? yady aprāptam, kiṃ bādhyate? atha prāptam, kathaṃ śakyeta bādhitum? prāptaṃ bādhakaviṣayaṃ pūrvavijñānam iti brūmaḥ. katham? sāmānyasya kāraṇasya vidyamānatvāt. atha kathaṃ nivartate? mithyājñānam{*3/303*} iti pratyayāntaraṃ bhavati. kiṃ tu{*3/304*} khalv amithyājñānasya svarūpam? yasya bādhakaḥ pratyayo vimṛṣyamāṇasyāpi nopapadyate, na tan mithyā. tad eteṣāṃ śrutiliṅgavākyaprakaraṇasthānasamākhyānāṃ pūrvaṃ pūrvaṃ yat kāraṇaṃ tat paraṃ paraṃ prati balīyo bhavati, naitasyotpannasya vimṛṣyamāṇasya bādhakaṃ vijñānāntaram asti. tasmāt teṣāṃ samavāye virodhe{*3/305*} paradaurbalyam arthavipralkarṣād iti.

NOTES: *{3/270: E2: 4,222; E4: 4,211; E6: 1,195}* *{3/271: Mait.S. 1.3.26; Tait.S. 1.5.8.4; ṚV 8.51.7a}* *{3/272: Ebenda}* *{3/273: E2: 4,225; E4: 4,212; E6: 1,196}* *{3/274: E2,4,6: upaity eva}* *{3/275: E1 gibt śrutir api, liṅgam api in Klammern}* *{3/276: E2: 4,245; E4: 4,212; E6: 1,196}* *{3/277: Ebenda}* *{3/278: E2: 4,248; E4: 4,213; E6: 1,197}* *{3/279: Ebenda}* *{3/280: E2: 4,249; E4: 4,213; E6: 1,197}* *{3/281: E2: 4,251; E4: 4,214; E6: 1,198}* *{3/282: E2,4: suśevaṃ}* *{3/283: Tait.Br. 3.7.5.2-3; vgl. MānŚS 1.2.6.19}* *{3/284: E2,4: suśevaṃ}* *{3/285: Ebenda}* *{3/286: Ebenda}* *{3/287: E2: 4,255; E4: 4,215; E6: 1,199}* *{3/288: Ebenda}* *{3/289: Ebenda}* *{3/290: Ebenda}* *{3/291: Ebenda}* *{3/292: E2: 4,256; E4: 4,215; E6: 1,200}* *{3/293: E2: maho jyāyate 'krātām, E4: maho jyāyo 'krātām, E6: mahojyāyo 'krātām}* *{3/294: Tait.Br. 3.5.10.3}* *{3/295: E2: 4,259; E4: 4,216; E6: 1,200}* *{3/296: E2,4,6 om. prastaraṃ}* *{3/297: E2: 4,261; E4: 4,217; E6: 1,201}* *{3/298: E2,4 om. bādhitaṃ}* *{3/299: Tait.S. 1.1.3.1}* *{3/300: E2: 4,263; E4: 4,217; E6: 1,202}* *{3/301: E2,4: kāraṇe}* *{3/302: E2: 4,267; E4: 4,218; E6: 1,202}* *{3/303: E2,4: naiva hi tannivartate. kathaṃ tarhi? mithyājñānam}* *{3/304: E2,4: nu}* *{3/305: E1 gibt virodhe in Klammern}*

ahīno vā prakaraṇād gauṇaḥ // MS_3,3.15 //

jyotiṣṭomaṃ prakṛtya samāmananti - tisra eva sāhnasyopasado dvādaśāhīnasyeti{*3/306*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ dvādaśopasattā jyotiṣṭoma utāhīna iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? jyotiṣṭoma iti. kutaḥ? prakaraṇāt, evaṃ prakaraṇam anugṛhītaṃ bhavati. nanu vākyena bādhyate. na bādhyate, ahīnaśabdena jyotiṣṭomaṃ vakṣyāmaḥ. kutaḥ? na hīyata ity ahīnaḥ, dakṣiṇayā kratukaraṇair vā phalena vā na hīyate, tena jyotiṣṭomo 'hīnaḥ. vāśabdena saṃśayo nivartyate.

[297]{*3/307*}

NOTES: *{3/306: Tait.S. 6.2.5.1}* *{3/307: E2: 4,273; E4: 4,348; E6: 1,203}*

asaṃyogāt tu mukhyasya tasmād apakṛṣyeta{*3/308*} // MS_3,3.16 //

apakṛṣyeta dvādaśopasattā. kutaḥ? asaṃyogāj jyotiṣṭomena. katham asaṃyogaḥ? ahīnenaikavākyatvasya pratyakṣatvāt. nanu jyotiṣṭoma eva gauṇo 'hīnaḥ. nety ucyate, na hi mukhyasaṃbhave gauṇagrahaṇam arhati. nanu nañsamāso bhaviṣyati. neti brūmaḥ, tathā saty ādyudātto 'hīnaśabdo 'bhaviṣyat, madhyodāttas tv ayam{*3/309*}. tasmāt prakaraṇaṃ bādhitvāhīnasya dharmaḥ. api ca vyapadeśo bhavati - tisra eva sāhnasyopasado dvādaśāhīnasyeti. yady anyaḥ sāhno 'nyaś cāhīnaḥ, tata evaṃ vyapadeśo 'vakalpate, vidyate ca vyapadeśavacanam, tasmād ahīnasyeti.

NOTES: *{3/308: E2,4,6: apakṛṣyate}* *{3/309: Vgl. Vārttika zu Pāṇ. 6.2.2}*

dvitvabahutvayuktaṃ vā{*3/310*} codanāt tasya // MS_3,3.17 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - yuvaṃ hi sthaḥ svaḥpatī{*3/311*} iti{*3/312*} dvayor yajamānayoḥ pratipadaṃ kuryāt{*3/313*}. ete 'sṛgram indava iti{*3/314*} bahubhyo yajamānebhya iti{*3/315*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - jyotiṣṭoma eva niviśete pratipādāu, uta dviyajñaṃ kiṃcit kulāyādiṃ bahuyajñaṃ ca dvirātrādim utkraṣṭavya iti. kiṃ prāptam? dvitvabahutvayukte jyotiṣṭomenāsaṃyogād{*3/316*} utkṛṣyeyātāṃ pratipadau, na hi [298]{*3/317*} jyotiṣṭomasya dvau yajamānau śrūyete, yathā kulāyasya, etena rājapurohitau sāyujyakāmau yajeyātām iti{*3/318*}.

NOTES: *{3/310: E2,4 om. vā}* *{3/311: E2,4: svarpatīti}* *{3/312: Sām.S. 2.351}* *{3/313: Vgl. Pañ.Br. (Tā.Br.) 6.10.14}* *{3/314: Sām.S. 2.180}* *{3/315: Vgl. Pañ.Br. (Tā.Br.) 6.9.13}* *{3/316: E1 gibt jyotiṣṭomenāsaṃyogād in Klammern}* *{3/317: E2: 4,276; E4: 4,353; E6: 1,204}* *{3/318: Jaim.Br. 2.132}*

pakṣeṇārthakṛtasyeti cet // MS_3,3.18 //

iti cet paśyasi - partipadāv utkraṣṭavya iti. naitad evam, prakaraṇaṃ hi bādhyeta. bādhyatām asaṃyogād dvābhyāṃ yajamānābhyāṃ bahubhiś ca yajamānair jyotiṣṭomasyeti cet. asaty api vacane 'rthād dvau yajamānau bhaviṣyataḥ, ya eko na śakṣyati, samahāyaḥ sa upakraṃsyate, avaśyayaṣṭavye sati yathā śakyate, tathā yaṣṭavyam iti bādhitvāpi kāṃcit prāptiṃ yajamānaḥ sahāyam upādāsyate. evaṃ prakaraṇe pratipadau bhaviṣyataḥ, tasmān notkraṣṭavya iti.

na prakṛter ekasaṃyogāt // MS_3,3.19 //

prakṛtir hi jyotiṣṭomaḥ, pratyakṣās tatra dharmā āmnātāḥ, na kutaścic codakena prāpyante. kim ataḥ? yady evam, pratyakṣaśrutā na śakyā bādhitum. vikṛtau tu codakaprāptāḥ santa ānumānikā bādhyerann iti, vivakṣitaṃ hi jyotiṣṭome kartur ekatvaṃ pratyakṣaśrutaṃ na sāmarthyena bādhyate. yatrāpi hy avaśyakartavyatā śrūyate, tatrāpy eka eva yajamānaḥ śrūyate - vasante vasante jyotiṣā yajeteti. tasmāj jyotiṣṭomād utkraṣṭavya ete pratipādāv iti. atha kasmāt patnyabhiprāyam etan na bhavati? ekasyāṃ patnyāṃ yajamāne ca, yuvaṃ hi stha iti, dvayor bahuṣu vā patnīṣv ete 'sṛgram indava iti, yathā kṣaume vasānāv agnimādadhīyātām iti kṣaumavasānaparaṃ vacanam, evam ihāpi pratipad vidhānaparam. ucyate - asaṃbhavāt tatra mukhyasya, lakṣaṇāśabdaḥ puṃso [299]{*3/319*} vācakaḥ striyām, iha tu dviyajñe bahuyajñe ca saṃbhavati na lakṣaṇāśabdo bhavitum arhati, bahubhyo yajamānebhya iti. yad apy etad dvivacanaṃ dvayor yajamānayor iti, atrāpi yaḥ, ekaśeṣaḥ, pumān striyety asāv api lakṣaṇāśabda eva. api ca, upāsmai gāyatā nara iti pratipador niravakāśatvam eva syāt. tasmād utkraṣṭavye ete pratipadāv iti siddham.

NOTES: *{3/319: E2: 4,277; E4: 4,358; E6: 1,204}*

jāghanī caikadeśatvāt // MS_3,3.20 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - jāghanyā patnīḥ saṃyājayantīti. tatra saṃśayaḥ - kim etad vidhānaṃ darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ, uta paśāv iti. kathaṃ darśapūrṇamāyayoḥ? kathaṃ ca paśāv iti. yadi jāghanyāṃ patnīsaṃyājā vidhīyante tata utkarṣaḥ, atha patnīsaṃyājeṣu jāghanī vidhīyate tato darśapūrṇamāsayor eva. kiṃ prāptam? utkarṣaḥ. kuta etad utkṛṣyate? jāghanyāṃ patnīsaṃyājā vidhīyanta iti. katham? śabdāt patnīsaṃyājānāṃ vidhānam, vākyena jāghanyāḥ, śabdaś ca balavān, na vākyam. nanu patnīsaṃyājā vihitā eva. satyaṃ vihitāḥ, jāghanyām idānīṃ punar vidhīyante, sā tatsaṃbaddhā kartavyety ucyate. evaṃ sati darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ patnīsaṃyājā vināpi jāghanyā na viguṇāḥ, jāghanī tu tatra pratipādyate. tasmād yatra jāghanī prayojanavatī tatra tasyāḥ pratipattiḥ, paśau ca sā, na darśapūrṇa[300]{*3/320*}māsayoḥ. ekadeśaś ca jāghanī pratipādyamānā na paśuṃ prayokṣyate, tasmād asya vidhānasyotkarṣa iti.

NOTES: *{3/320: E2: 4,280; E4: 4,364; E6: 1,205}*

codanā vāpūrvatvāt // MS_3,3.21 //

jāghanī vā patnīsaṃyājānāṃ guṇatvena vidhīyate. kutaḥ? apūrvatāt, aprāptā jāghanī patnīsaṃyājānāṃ guṇatvena. tatra svaśabdena patnīsaṃyājā vihitā jāghanīsaṃbandhas teṣām avihitaḥ, yatra ca saṃbandho vidhīyate, tatrānyatarasyānyatra vidhānam, saṃbandho nāntarīyakaḥ. yad vā saṃbandhasya vidhānaṃ nāntarīyakau saṃbandhinau, yatrobhau lakṣaṇatvena, tatra svaśabdena saṃbandho vidhīyate, yatra tv anyataro lakṣaṇatvena, tatra ekaṃ lakṣayitvānyataro vidhīyate, lakṣaṇatvena cātra patnīsaṃyājāḥ. katham avagamyate? patnīsaṃbandhān na sarvo yāgaḥ, kaścid eva tu lakṣyate yasya patnyaḥ sādhanatvena. atha kasmān na jāghanīṃ lakṣayitvā patnīsaṃyājā vidhīyante? nāsyāpūrvasya yāgasya patnyaḥ śak-yante vidhātum, jāghanyāṃ tu lakṣyamāṇāyāṃ yāge sapatnīke vidhīyamāne vākyaṃ bhidyeta. asti tv atra vihitaḥ sapatnīko yāgo ya patnībhir lakṣyate. tasmād yāgaṃ lakṣayitvā jāghanī vidhīyate. yat tu, vākyena jāghanīvidhānaṃ śrutyā yāgasyeti, tad iha yāgavidhānaṃ na saṃbhavatīty uktam, vākyabhedaprasaṅgāt. tasmāj jāghanīvidhānam. evaṃ ced darśapūrṇamāsayor vinā jāghanyā viguṇaḥ patnīsaṃyājayāgaḥ syāt, tasmād anutkarṣam iti.

ekadeśa iti cet // MS_3,3.22 //

atha yad uktam - ekadeśo jāghanī na paśuṃ prayokṣyate, tasmād utkarṣa iti. tat parihartavyam.

[301]{*3/321*}

NOTES: *{3/321: E2: 4,282; E4: 4,371; E6: 1,206}*

na prakṛter aśāstraniṣpatteḥ // MS_3,3.23 /

na prakṛtau darśapūrṇamāsayor jāghanī śāstrenocyate. evaṃ paśor niṣpannayā jāghanyā patnīsaṃyājā yaṣṭavyā iti. aviśiṣṭā jāghanī vidhīyate. sā saṃbhavati darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ krītyāpy ānīyamānā, tasmād anutkarṣa iti.

saṃtardanaṃ prakṛtau krayaṇavad anarthalopāt syāt // MS_3,3.24 //

jyotiṣṭome 'bhiṣavaṇaphalake{*3/322*} prakṛtya śrūyate - dīrghasome saṃtṛdyād dhṛtyā iti{*3/323*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ saṃtardanaṃ jyotiṣṭoma eva, āhosvid dīrghakāleṣu someṣv iti. ucyate - naital luptārthaṃ prakṛtau, tasmān notkṛṣyeteti. āha nanv asaṃtardanam api śrūyate - asaṃtṛṇe{*3/324*} bhavata iti{*3/325*}. ucyate - krayaṇavad vikalpiṣyate{*3/326*}, yathā hiraṇyena krīṇāti gavā krīṇātītyevamādīnāṃ vikalpaḥ, evam atrāpi vikalpo bhaviṣyati - saṃtardanam asaṃtardanaṃ vā bhaviṣyatīti.

NOTES: *{3/322: E2,4: 'dhiṣavaṇaphalake}* *{3/323: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.2.11.3}* *{3/324: E2: asaṃtṛṇye, E4: asaṃtṛṣṇe; E6: asantṛṇṇe}* *{3/325: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.2.11.3; Mait.S. 1.10.13}* *{3/326: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.1.10.1-2}*

utkarṣo vā, grahaṇād viśeṣasya // MS_3,3.25 //

utkṛṣyate vā saṃtardanam, gṛhyate hi viśeṣaḥ, dīrghasome [302]{*3/327*} saṃtṛdyād iti. jyotiṣṭomam apekṣya satrāṇi kālato dīrghāṇi bhavanti.

NOTES: *{3/327: E2: 4,285; E4: 4,375; E6: 1,206}*

kartṛto vā viśeṣasya tannimittatvāt // MS_3,3.26 //

notkṛṣyeta vā saṃtardanaṃ jyotiṣṭomāt. evaṃ prakaraṇam anugṛhītaṃ bhavati, dīrghasomaśabdaś ca kartṛto bhaviṣyati, dīrghasya yajamānasya somo dīrghasoma iti.

kratuto vārthavādānupapatteḥ syāt // MS_3,3.27 //

na caitad asti - jyotiṣṭome saṃniveśa iti, dīrghakāle some kriyeta, kratuta eva dīrghatvam, na kartṛtaḥ. kutaḥ? arthavādānupapatteḥ, dhṛtyety arthavādo bhavati, dhāraṇāyety arthaḥ, dīrghakāle some punaḥ punar grāvabhir abhihanyamāne somābhiṣavaṇaphalakayor dāraṇaśaṅkāyām, dhṛtyety arthavāda upapadyate, tasmād utkarṣa iti.

saṃsthāś ca kartṛvad dhāraṇārthāviśeṣāt // MS_3,3.28 //

idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram. kāni padāni? atha kim arthaṃ saṃsthāsu na niveśaḥ?. tathā sati prakaraṇam anugṛhītaṃ bhaviṣyati, dīrghasomaśabdaś ca. dīrghakālo hy agniṣṭomam apekṣyokthyādiṣu saṃsthāsu soma iti. ucyate - na saṃsthāsu dīrghakālatve 'pi some 'rthavāda upapadyate, tāvān eva hi tatra somo daśa muṣṭīr mimīta iti vacanāt. tatra dhāraṇe na viśeṣaḥ kaścit, tasmād utkarṣa eva.

[303]{*3/328*}

NOTES: *{3/328: E2: 4,287; E4: 4,380; E6: 1,207}*

ukthyādiṣu vārthasya vidyamānatvāt // MS_3,3.29 //

na caitad asti - utkarṣa iti, prakaraṇānugrahād anutkarṣaḥ, dīrghasomaśabdaś ca dīrghakālatvād upapadyate, tatrāpy adhiko 'gniṣṭomāt somaḥ, pradānāni hi vivardhante. tāny avivṛddhe pradeye na śakyāni vivardhayitum. pūrṇe grahe grahaśabdo bhavati, tena na śakyāni nyūnāni pātrāṇi grahītum. tasmād dāraṇāśaṅkāyāṃ dhāraṇam āśaṃsitavyaṃ bhavati, tatra dhṛtyety upapadyata iti.

aviśeṣāt stutir vyartheti cet // MS_3,3.30 //

iti cet paśyasi - saṃsthāsv apy arthavādo 'vakalpate pradeyavivṛddhyeti, naitad evam, vyarthaiva hi stutir bhavet. kutaḥ? somāviśeṣāt, yāvān evāgniṣṭome somaḥ, tāvān evokthyādiṣv api saṃsthāsu, ukthyādiṣv api daśamuṣṭir eva somo grahītavyaḥ. nanv arthāt pradeyaṃ vivartsyatīti. daśamuṣṭiḥ sa kathaṃ śakyeta vivardhayitum? triparveti ca parvasaṃkhyāniyamān na śakyo bahuparvā grahītum, tasmād dhāraṇāviśeṣād arthavādānupapattiḥ saṃsthāsu syāt, tasmād utkarṣaḥ.

syād anityatvāt // MS_3,3.31 //

naitad asti - utkarṣa iti, saṃsthāsu syāt, prakaraṇānugrahāt. arthāc ca pradeyavivṛddhyā dāraṇaśaṅkāyām arthavāda upapadyate, kena prakāreṇa pradeyaṃ vivardhiṣyata iti, viprakṛṣṭaparvā somo grahīṣyate. api ca tṛtīye savana 'śur eko 'bhiṣūyate, tasya pramāṇaṃ ca nāmnātam. tam anekaparvāṇaṃ sthūlaparvāṇaṃ ca grahīṣyati, [304]{*3/329*} tena pradeyavivṛddhir bhaviṣyati, ato 'rthavādo 'vakalpiṣyate, tasmāt saṃsthāsu niveśa iti siddham.

NOTES: *{3/329: E2: 4,289; E4: 4,384; E6: 1,208}*

saṃkhyāyuktaṃ kratoḥ prakaraṇāt syāt // MS_3,3.32 //

jyotiṣṭome pravargyaṃ prakṛtya samāmnāyate - na prathamayajñe pravṛñjyād dvitīye tṛtīye vā pravṛñjyād iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ jyotiṣṭome sarveṣv eva prayogeṣu na pravarjitavyam, uta prathame prayoge pratiṣedha iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? jyotiṣṭome pratiṣedhaḥ. kutaḥ? yajñasaṃyogāt, prathamaśabdena yajño 'bhidhīyate jyotiṣṭomaḥ. tasya hi prathamasaṃyogaḥ, evaṃ samāmnāyate - eṣa vāva prathamo yajñānāṃ{*3/330*} yaj jyotiṣṭomo ya etenānṣṭvāthānyena yajeteti. yajñānāṃ prathama iti kṛtvā prathamaśabdena jyotiṣṭomo 'bhidhīyate, evaṃ ca prakaraṇam anugṛhyate, yadi krator eṣa vādaḥ. tasmāt saṃkhyāyuktaḥ pratiṣedho jyotiṣṭomasya pravargyaṃ pratiṣedhed iti.

NOTES: *{3/330: E2,4: yajño yajñānāṃ}*

naimittikaṃ vā kartṛsaṃyogāl liṅgasya tannimittatvā // MS_3,3.33 //

na caitad asti - yajñasyaiṣa vāda iti, caturṣv api vedeṣu na, prathamayajña{*3/331*} ityevaṃsaṃjñakaḥ kaścid yajño 'sti, bhavati tu prathamo [305]{*3/332*} yajñasya prayogaḥ, kartṛsaṃyogāt. pūrvasya dvitīyādīn apekṣya prathamaśabdo bhavati, sa prayogasyopapadyate, na kratoḥ. prayogaḥ śravaṇād gamyate, kratuḥ prayogasaṃbaddhatvāt, śrutiś ca balīyasī na lakṣaṇā. tasmāt prathame prayoge na pravarjitavyam iti. atha yad uktam - jyotiṣṭomena sāmānādhikaraṇyāt tad vacana iti, laksaṇayā sāmānādhikaraṇyam iti tat parihṛtam. yat tu prathamayajña iti yajñaśabdena sāmānādhikaraṇyam, tad api yajñaśabdasya yāgavacanatvād asmatpakṣasyābādhakam.

NOTES: *{3/331: E2,4: prathama}* *{3/332: E2: 4,292; E4: 4,392; E6: 1,208}*

pauṣṇaṃ peṣaṇaṃ vikṛtau pratīyetācodanāt prakṛtau // MS_3,3.34 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ samāmananti - tasmāt pūṣā prapiṣṭabhāgo 'dantako hi sa iti{*3/333*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ pauṣṇaṃ peṣaṇaṃ prakṛtau, uta vikṛtāv iti. kiṃ prāptam? prakṛtāv iti. kutaḥ? prakaraṇāt. nanu prakṛtau pūṣaṇaṃ na kasyacid dhaviṣo devatāṃ samāmanantīti. ucyate - prākṛtīṃ kāṃcid devatāṃ pūṣaśabdo vakṣyati. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - yatra pauṣṇaṃ havir asti, tatra tasya pesaṇaṃ vidhātsuṃ śakyam, na ca prakṛtau pūṣāsti, tasmād utkraṣṭavyaṃ peṣaṇam iti. yad uktam - kāṃcid devatāṃ pūṣaśabdo vakṣyatīti, brūyāt, yady anyatrāpi mukhyaḥ pūṣā na syāt. nanv anyatra kriyamāṇe prakaraṇam uparudhyeta. uparudhyatām, vākyaṃ hy asyoparodhakam. athavā naivātra saṃdehaḥ, evam eva prāptam ucyate - pauṣṇaṃ peṣaṇaṃ vikṛtau na prakṛtāv iti, nāsti puṣṇaḥ{*3/334*} prakṛtau [306]{*3/335*} codaneti. kim arthaṃ prāptam ucyate? uttaratra kathā vartiṣyate.

NOTES: *{3/333: Vgl. Tait.S. 2.6.8.5}* *{3/334: E2,4,6: pūṣṇaḥ}* *{3/335: E2: 4,296; E4: 4,406; E6: 1,209}*

tatsarvārtham aviśeṣāt // MS_3,3.35 //

pauṣṇaṃ peṣaṇaṃ prakṛtau śrūyamāṇaṃ vikṛtāv ity uktam. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ carau, paśau, puroḍāśe ca, uta carāv eveti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? tat sarvatra syāc carau paśau puroḍāśe ca. kutaḥ? aviśeṣāt, na kaścid viśeṣa ādhhīyate, tasmāt sarvatreti.

carau vā, arthoktaṃ puroḍāśe 'rthavipratiṣedhāt paśau na syāt // MS_3,3.36 //

carau pauṣṇaṃ peṣaṇaṃ viniyujyeta. puroḍāśe tāvat peṣaṇam arthād eva prāpnoti, naivām yathā puroḍāśo bhavati, tad arthaṃ tāvan na vacanam. paśau ca na syāt, hṛdayādiṣu piṣyamāṇeṣu teṣām ākāravināśaḥ syāt. tatra ko doṣaḥ? hṛdayasyāgre 'vadyatīti{*3/336*} na hṛdayād avadāyiṣyate, tathānyad apy avadānaṃ na yathāśrutād avadāsyate. nanu śakyate piṣṭebhyo 'pi hṛdayādibhyo 'vadātum. neti brūmaḥ, ākārā hṛdayādayaḥ, na māṃsāni, uktam etad ākṛtiḥ śabdārtha iti{*3/337*}. yady api punas tadākṛtikaḥ kriyate, tathāpy asyotsādanapradeśaṃ prati muhyeyuḥ, tasmāc carau pauṣṇaṃ peṣaṇaṃ bhaviṣyatīty evam arthaṃ vacanam.

NOTES: *{3/336: Tait.S. 6.3.10.4}* *{3/337: MS 1.3.33}*

carāv apīti cet // MS_3,3.37 //

iti cet paśyati bhavān - arthavipratiṣedhān na paśvartham [307]{*3/338*} iti. nanu carāv apy arthavipratiṣedhaḥ, viśadasiddha odane caruśabdam upacaranti, piṣyamāṇo hi piṣṭakaṃ yavāgūrvā syāt khalir vā.

NOTES: *{3/338: E2: 4,298; E4: 4,411; E6: 1,210}*

na paktināmatvāt // MS_3,3.38 //

atrocyate - satyaṃ viśadasiddha odane caruśabdaḥ prayujyate, viśadasiddhaś carur dīyata iti, na tv asya viśadasiddhir nimittam. yadi viśadasiddhir nimittaṃ syāt, na piṣṭasiddhe prayujyeta. tatrāpi hi prayujyate, piṣṭakacaruḥ sādhyata iti, ato 'nyad etayoḥ sāmānyam, tan nimittam, tad etad ucyate - na paktināmatvād iti, na carau vipratiṣedhaḥ. katham? paktināmatvāt, paktināmaitat, carur iti. anavasrāvitāntaruṣmapākenābhinirvartyasya bhavati caruśabdo vācakaḥ. tena piṣṭa odane viśadaudane ca prayoktāro bhavanti, carur iti. pakṣoktam eva prayojanam, pūrvapakṣe paśāv api peṣaṇaṃ, siddhānte cārāv eva.

ekasminn ekasaṃyogāt // MS_3,3.39 //

pauṣṇaṃ peṣaṇaṃ vikṛtau bhavati carāv evety uktam. athedānīṃ saṃdihyate - kim ekadevatye pauṣṇa etad bhavati, uta dvidevatye 'pīti. kiṃ dvidevatya udāharaṇam? rājasūya uttare trisaṃyukte saumāpauṣṇe ekādaśakapāle aindrāpauṣṇaś caruḥ śyāvo dakṣiṇeti, tatraindrāpauṣṇa udāharaṇam. kiṃ prāptam? ekadevatyasyaiva peṣaṇam iti. kutaḥ? kevalasaṃyogāt, yathā caturdhākaraṇe.

[308]{*3/339*}

NOTES: *{3/339: E2: 4,300; E4: 4,415; E6: 1,210}*

dharmavipratiṣedhāc ca // MS_3,3.40 //

dvidevatye vipratiṣidhyeta dharmaḥ, pūṣṇaḥ peṣaṇam, netarasya, tatra yadi pūṣṇo bhāgaḥ piṣyeta, apiṣṭa itarasya syāt. tatra viṣamaḥ pāko bhavet, pākanimittaś ca caruśabdaḥ sa vipratiṣidhyeta. athāvirodhaṃ manyamānā aparasyāpi bhāgaṃ piṃṣyuḥ. bhāgasaṃmohaḥ syāt. tatra ko doṣaḥ? anyasya bhāgo 'nyasymā avadīyeta. tathāyathāśrutaṃ kriyeta, tasmād apy ekadevatye peṣaṇam iti.

api vā sadvitīye syād devatānimittatvāt // MS_3,3.41 //

devatānimittam etat peṣaṇaṃ śrūyate - pūṣā prapiṣṭabhāgaḥ kartavya iti, sa ca dvidevatye 'pi bhāge piṣyamāṇe prapiṣṭabhāgaḥ kṛto bhavati, na yathā caturdhākaraṇe, tatra hi tad dhito nirapekṣasya bhavati, na sadvitīyasya, indrapīta iti samāso 'pi nirapekṣasya, na sadvitīyasya. iha tu prapiṣṭaśabdasya bhāgaśabdena sahānyapadārtho bahuvrīhiḥ samāsaḥ, eṣo 'pi samarthayor eva, na tv atra dvidevatye kaścid evaṃjātīyako doṣaḥ. tasmād ekadevatye dvidevatye 'pi vā carāv asya bhāgaḥ peṣṭavya eva.

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_3,3.42 //

liṅgam apy evaṃ bhavati - tasmāt pūṣā prapiṣṭabhāgo 'dantako hīti{*3/340*}, devatānimittaṃ peṣaṇam iti stutir darśayati. tathā saumāpauṣṇaṃ caruṃ nirvapen nemapiṣṭaṃ paśukāma iti{*3/341*} nemapiṣṭatāṃ darśayati. tathārdhaṃ piṣṭam ardham apiṣṭaṃ bhavati dvidevatyatvāyeti devatānimittam eva peṣaṇaṃ darśayati.

[309]{*3/342*}

NOTES: *{3/340: Tait.S. 2.6.8.5}* *{3/341: Mait.S. 2.1.5}* *{3/342: E2: 4,303; E4: 4,423; E6: 1,211}*

vacanāt sarvapeṣaṇaṃ taṃ prati śāstravattvād arthābhāvād dvicarāv{*3/343*} apeṣaṇaṃ bhavati // MS_3,3.43 //

idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram, nemapiṣṭaṃ bhavatīti kasmād etan na vacanam iti, ucyate, yadi vacanam etad bhavet saumāpauṣṇamātram anūdya sarvatra peṣaṇaṃ vidadhyāc carau paśau puroḍāśe ca, tatra somāpauṣṇasya{*3/344*} carusaṃbandhe nemapiṣṭasaṃbandhe cobhayasmin vidhīyamāne vākyam bhidyeta. tasmād yo yaḥ saumāpauṣṇas tatra tatra nemapiṣṭatā, taṃ prati saumāpauṣṇamātraṃ prati{*3/345*} śāstravattvam ardhapeṣaṇasya, puroḍāśe 'rthāt sarvapeṣaṇe prāpte 'rthābhāvāc ca paśau carau vāpeṣaṇe prāpte vacanam idaṃ bhavet. tatra caruśabdo na vivakṣitasvārthaḥ syāt, pradarśanārthaḥ kalpyeta, peṣaṇānuvādapakṣe punar naiṣa virodho bhavati, tasmād bhavaty eva liṅgam. nanv aṅganāśabhayāt paśor apeṣaṇam. neti brūmaḥ - ardhapeṣaṇe nāṅganāśo 'piṣṭād avadāsyate, peṣaṇaṃ cādṛṣṭārtham.

NOTES: *{3/343: E2,4: dhi carāv}* *{3/344: E2,4,6: saumāpauṣṇasya}* *{3/345: E1 gibt saumāpauṣṇamātraṃ prati in Klammern}*

ekasmin vārthadharmatvād aindrāgnavad ubhayor na syād acoditatvāt // MS_3,3.44 //

ekadevatye vā pauṣṇaṃ peṣaṇaṃ bhavitum arhati, naindrāpauṣṇe. kutaḥ? naiṣa devatādharmo vidhīyate, pūṣṇo bhāgaḥ piṣṭa upayoktavya iti. kasya tarhi? arthasya dharmaḥ. kaḥ punar arthaḥ? yāgaḥ. katham avagamyate? na devatādharma iti. ucyate - na hi tasyā bhāgo 'sti. nanu yad devatāyai dīyate, tat tasyā bhāgo bhavati. ucyate - etad dhi devatām uddiśya tyajyate, na ca tyāgamātreṇa devatāsvatvaṃ bhavati. parigrahaṇena hi svasvāmisaṃbandha āpadyate, na ca parigṛhītaṃ devatayeti kiṃcana pramāṇam asti. yaś{*3/346*} ca yaṃ bhajate, sa [310]{*3/347*} tasya bhāgaḥ, na ca havir devatā bhajate, tasmān nāsti pūṣṇo bhāgaḥ. athāpi kathaṃcid bhaved bhāgaḥ, tathāpi na devatāyā dharmaḥ peṣaṇaṃ bhavitum arhati, niṣprayojano hi tathā syād ayāgadharmatvāt. kathaṃ tarhi prakaraṇāntare samāmnāto yāgadharmo bhaviṣyatīti. ucyate, vākyasaṃyogāt. nanu ca devatayaiṣa saṃyogaḥ śrūyate na yāgeneti. ucyate - bhāgābhāvād anarthakatvāc ca na devatāsaṃyoga ity uktam. tathāpi tu yathā yāgasaṃbandho bhavati, tathā vaktavyam. tad ucyate - ayam atra pūṣṇo bhāgo yaḥ pūṣaṇam uddiśya tyajyate, yasya dravyasya tyāge pūṣā devatā, na caindrāpauṣṇe bhavati pūṣā devatā, na sa caruḥ pūṣṇaḥ svatvena saṃbadhyate. tasmād aindrāpauṣṇe na kaścid asti pūṣṇaś caruṇā saṃbandhaḥ, kevale tu pūṣaṇi devatābhūte tasmai saṃkalpito bhāgo bhavati. katham? yam uddiśya saṃkalpo bhavati sa tasya bhāga iti prasiddhir eṣā, tena yady api pūṣā svenoccāraṇenendrāpūṣṇor upakārakam uccāraṇaṃ kurvann upakārako bhavet, tathāpi na tasya dvidevatyo bhāga ity ucyate, asaṃkalpanāt. kevale pūṣaṇi devatāyāṃ caroḥ peṣaṇaṃ kriyate, naindrāpauṣṇeṣu dvidevatyeṣv iti.

NOTES: *{3/346: E2,4,6: yac}* *{3/347: E2: 4,305; E4: 4,428; E6: 1,212}*

hetumātram adantatvam // MS_3,3.45 //

yad uktam - adantako hīti{*3/348*} devatādharmaṃ darśayatīti. arthavāda eṣa itarasminn api pakṣa upapadyate.

NOTES: *{3/348: Ebenda}*

vacanaṃ param // MS_3,3.46 //

athāparaṃ yat kāraṇam uktam - nemapiṣṭam iti{*3/349*} dvidevatye peṣaṇaṃ darśayati, ardhapiṣṭaṃ{*3/350*} bhavaty ardham apiṣṭaṃ dvidevatyatvāyeti [311]{*3/351*} devatādharmaṃ darśayatīti. atrocyate - evaṃ sati vacanam idam aprāpte bhavatīti. nanv anekārthavidhidhānam ekaṃ vākyaṃ prāpnoti. ucyate - sati pakṣāntare 'nekārthavidhiḥ pakṣāntarāśrayaṇena parihriyate. asati punaḥ pakṣāntare uccāraṇānarthakyaprasaṅgaparijihīrṣayānekārthaṃ vākyam abhyupagantavyaṃ bhavati. tasmān na dvidevatye peṣaṇam iti siddham.

[312]{*3/352*}

NOTES: *{3/349: Ebenda}* *{3/350: E2,4: ardhaṃ piṣṭaṃ}* *{3/351: E2: 4,307; E4: 4,433; E6: 1,212}* *{3/352: E2: 4,307; E4: 4,435; E6: 1,213}*

nivītam iti manuṣyadharmaḥ śabdasya tatpradhānatvāt // MS_3,4.1 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor āmnātam - nivītaṃ manuṣyāṇāṃ prācīnāvītaṃ pitṝṇām upavītaṃ devānām upavyayate devalakṣmam eva tat kuruta iti{*3/353*}. nivītaṃ manuṣyāṇām ity atra saṃdehaḥ - kim ayaṃ vidhir utārthavāda iti. yadā vidhiḥ, tadā kim ayaṃ puruṣadharma uta karmadharmaḥ? atha yat prakaraṇe manuṣyāṇām, tatra vidhiḥ, uta manuṣyapradhāne karmaṇi niviśata iti. kiṃ prāptam? vidhir manuṣyadharmaś ceti, yadi vidhir evam apūrvam arthaṃ vidadhad arthavān bhavati, itarathārthavādamātram anarthakam. vidhiś cet puruṣadharmo nivītaṃ manuṣyāṇām iti puruṣapradhāno nirdeśaḥ. katham avagamyate? nātra manuṣyā vidhīyante, manuṣyāṇāṃ nivītaṃ vidhīyate, na cāvihitam aṅgaṃ bhavati. yadi manuṣyā api vidhīyeran vākyaṃ bhidyeta. tasmān nivītaṃ manuṣyāṇām upakārakam. nanu prakaraṇād darśapūrṇamāsayor upakārakam. prakaraṇād dhi vākyaṃ balavattaram. api ca guṇabhūteṣu manuṣyeṣu kārakasaṃbandhasya vivakṣitatvāt tṛtīyā bhavet, ṣaṣṭhī tv eṣā saṃbandhalakṣaṇā, tatra guṇabhūteṣu manuṣyeṣu manuṣyagrahaṇaṃ naiva kartavyaṃ syāt. manuṣyair eva tat kriyamāṇaṃ kriyeta, manuṣyapradhānapakṣe tu kartavyam.

[313]{*3/354*}

NOTES: *{3/353: Tait.S. 2.5.11.1}* *{3/354: E2: 4,309; E4: 4,438; E6: 1,213}*

apadeśo vā, arthasya vidyamānatvāt // MS_3,4.2 //

apadeśa iti jñāyamānasya vacanam. sa eṣa na vidhiḥ. anuvāda eṣaḥ. kutaḥ? arthasya vidyamānatvāt. prāpta evārthaḥ, yan nivītaṃ manuṣyāṇām, nivītaṃ hi manuṣyāḥ prāyaśaḥ svārthaṃ kurvanti, tasmād anuvādaḥ.

vidhis tv apūrvatvāt{*3/355*} syāt // MS_3,4.3 //

vidhir eva bhavet, tathā prayojanavān, itarathā vādamātram anarthakam, pūrvavān anuvādo bhavati, ayaṃ tv apūrvaḥ, yan niyamena nivyātavyam iti.

NOTES: *{3/355: E2,4: apūrvavattvāt}*

sa prāyāt karmadharmaḥ syāt // MS_3,4.4 //

yad uktam - vidhir iti, etad gṛhyate. yat tu manuṣyadharma iti, tan nānumatam. kratudharmo{*3/356*} 'yaṃ prakaraṇāt, prakṛtyaiva{*3/357*} hi karmaprāyeṣu dharmeṣūcyamāneṣv etad abhidhīyate, tasmāt karmadharmaḥ. NOTES: *{3/356: E2: kṛtadharmo}* *{3/357: E2: prakṛtyaivaṃ}*

vākyaśeṣatvāt // MS_3,4.5 //

nivītaṃ manuṣyāṇām ity asya vākyaśeṣaḥ samākhyā, ādhvaryavam iti{*3/358*}. yadi darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śeṣaḥ, tato 'dhvaryuṇā kartavyam. tatra samākhyānugṛhīṣyate{*3/359*}.

NOTES: *{3/358: E2: ādhvaryavati}* *{3/359: E2,4,6: samākhyānugrahīṣyate}*

tatprakaraṇe, yat tatsaṃyuktam avipratiṣedhāt // MS_3,4.6 //

ucyate - prakaraṇāt samākhyānāc ca karmadharmo vijñāyate, [314]{*3/360*} vākyān manuṣyadharmaḥ, tasmād utkarṣam arhati. neti brūmaḥ, prakaraṇa evābhiniviśamānasya manuṣyapradhānatāvakalpiṣyate. katham? yad darśapūrṇamāsayor manuṣyapradhānam, tatra nivekṣyate 'nvāhāryakarmaṇi, prakaraṇaṃ caivam anugrahīṣyate, vākyaṃ ca.

NOTES: *{3/360: E2: 4,310; E4: 4,441; E6: 1,214}*

tatpradhāne vā tulyavat prasaṃkhyānād itarasya tadarthatvāt // MS_3,4.7 //

naitad asti - prakaraṇe niveśa iti, manuṣyapradhāne karmaṇi nivītaṃ syād ātithye. kutaḥ? tulyavat prasaṃkhyānāt, tulyāni caitāni prasaṃkhyāyante. yat tāvat, upavītaṃ devānām upavyayata iti, tat prakṛtayor darśapūrṇamāsayor upavītaṃ vidadhāti. yat prācīnāvītaṃ piṭṝṇām iti, tat pitṛpradhāne karmaṇi prācīnāvītaṃ vidadhāti. yad apy etat, nivītaṃ manuṣyāṇām iti, tad apy ātithye nirapekṣaṃ vidadhāti. kathaṃ gamyate? manuṣyapradhāne vidadhātīti. manuṣyāṇām iti ṣaṣṭhyantena saṃbandhāt. manuṣyāṇām eva prāpnoti, na manuṣyapradhāne. ucyate - manuṣyāṇāṃ kalpyamāne phalaṃ kalpanīyam, manuṣyapradhāne punaḥ ṣaṣṭhī bhaviṣyati, saṃbandhaś caivam avakalpiṣyate, phalaṃ caivaṃ na kalpanīyam. tad uktam - sameṣu vākyabhedaḥ syād iti{*3/361*}. nanu{*3/362*} manuṣyapradhānena sahaikavākyatāṃ prāptam, punaḥ prakṛtābhyāṃ darśapūrṇamāsābhyām ekavākyatāṃ yāsyati. na hi dvau saṃbandhāv ekasmin vākye vidhīyete, bhidyeta hi tathā vākyam. itarasya manuṣyagrahaṇasya nivītasaṃbandhārthatvāt, tenaiva sahaikavākyatā bhaviṣyati pratyakṣeṇa śabdena, tad ekavākyatayā cārthavattve sati na prakṛtenaikavākyatāvakalpyate. tasmāt prakaraṇaṃ bādhitvātithye nivekṣyata iti.

[315]{*3/363*}

NOTES: *{3/361: MS 2.1.47}* *{3/362: E2,4: na tu}* *{3/363: E2: 4,312; E4: 4,444; E6: 1,215}*

arthavādo vā prakaraṇāt // MS_3,4.8 //

naitad asti - vidhiḥ sa ca manuṣyapradhāne karmaṇīti. manuṣyāṇām iti manuṣyasaṃbandho 'tra śrūyate, na manuṣyapradhānena karmaṇā saṃbandhaḥ. manuṣyaprādhānye ca sati phalaṃ kalpanīyam. ātithyakarmaṇā tv anirdiṣṭenāprakṛtenānumeyena saṃbadhyeta. tatra ko doṣaḥ? prakaraṇād utkṛṣyeta saṃbhavaṃs tatra. kathaṃ saṃbhava iti cet. arthavāda eṣaḥ sa prakṛtaṃ stuvan prakaraṇe saṃbhaviṣyati, vidhiḥ sann utkṛṣyeta. tasmān na vidhir manuṣyapradhāne karmaṇīti.

vidhinā caikavākyatvāt // MS_3,4.9 //

itaś ca na vidhiḥ, kutaḥ? vidhinaikavākyatvāt - upavyayate devalakṣmam eva tat kurute ity eṣa vidhiḥ, anenāsya sahaikavākyatā bhavati. yadītaro 'pi vidhiḥ syāt, vākyaṃ bhidyeta, na hi vidheś ca{*3/364*} vidheś caikavākyatā bhavati, vacanavyaktibhedāt. tatraikavākyatārūpaṃ bādhyeta. kim ekavākyatārūpam? nivītaṃ manuṣyāṇām iti prāptānuvādaḥ. prāptasya kim arthena punar vacanam? upavītastutyarthena. katham upavītastutiḥ? nivītam ayogyaṃ devakarmaṇi darśapūrṇamāsasaṃjñake, manuṣyāṇāṃ hi tat. tathā prācīnāvītaṃ pitṝṇām, na devakarmaṇi. upavītaṃ tu tatra yogyam, tasmād upavyātavyam iti. yathā, yādṛśo 'sya veśaḥ{*3/365*}, tādṛśo naṭānām, yādṛśo devadattasya tādṛśo brāhmaṇānām iti devadattaveśapraśaṃsārtham{*3/366*} itaraveśasaṃkīrtanam{*3/367*}. evam ihāpy upavyānastutyarthena nivītasaṃkīrtanam. nāsty atra vidhāyakaḥ śabdaḥ - nivītaṃ manuṣyāṇāṃ kartavyam iti. ātithyaprayogavacanam, tasya kartavyatāvidhāyakam iti cet. naitad evam, [316]{*3/368*} stutyarthenārthavattve sati na śakyaṃ kalpayitum, parokṣaṃ hi tad ānarthakyaparijihīrṣayā kalpyeta. parihṛte tv ānarthakya iha punar na kiṃcit kalpanīyam, tasmād arthavādaḥ. evaṃ ca vākyenāviruddhaṃ prakaraṇam arthavad bhavati.

a. upavītaṃ liṅgadarśanāt sarvadharmaḥ syāt//

b. na vā prakaraṇāt tasya darśanam//

c. vidhir vā syād apūrvatvāt//

d. udaktvaṃ cāpūrvatvāt//

e. sato vā liṅgadarśanam//

f. vidhis tu dhāraṇe 'pūrvartvāt//{*3/369*}

NOTES: *{3/364: E2,4 om. ca, E6 om. vidheś ca}* *{3/365: E2,4: veṣaḥ}* *{3/366: E2,4: devadattaveṣapraśaṃsārtham}* *{3/367: E2,4: itaraveṣasaṃkīrtanam}* *{3/368: E2: 4,314; E4: 4,446; E6: 1,215}* *{3/369: Zu diesen 6 im Bhāṣya nicht kommentierten Sūtrāṇi vgl. G.Jha, Ü., Bd.1, S.494}*

digvibhāgaś ca tadvat saṃbandhasyārthahetutvāt // MS_3,4.10 //

jyotiṣṭomaṃ prakṛtya śrūyate - prācīṃ devā abhajanta dakṣiṇāṃ pitaraḥ pratīcīṃ manuṣyā udīcīm asurā iti{*3/370*}. apareṣām, udīcīṃ rudrā iti{*3/371*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ vidhir utārthavādaḥ? [317]{*3/372*} vidhiḥ san kiṃ manuṣyadharmaḥ, uta karmadharmaḥ? atha vā prakaraṇe manuṣyapradhāne karmaṇi niveśaḥ? kiṃ vātithya iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? digvibhāgaś ca tadvat, saṃbandhasyārthahetutvāt. ya eṣa digvibhāgaḥ, sa nivītavad vicāryaḥ. yo nivīte pūrvapakṣaḥ, sa iha pūrvapakṣaḥ, yo madhyamaḥ, sa madhyamaḥ, yaḥ siddhāntaḥ, sa siddhāntaḥ. arthavattvād vidhir manuṣyasaṃbandhān manuṣyadharma iti pūrvapakṣaḥ. pratyaṅmukhā udaṅmukhā vā pṛṣṭhata ādityaṃ prāṃśu{*3/373*} padārthān anutiṣṭhanti manuṣyā ity anuvādaḥ. vidhir eva prakaraṇānugrahāc ca jyotiṣṭomadharmaḥ, vākyaprakaraṇānugrahāya jyotiṣṭome manuṣyapradhāne dakṣiṇāvyāpāre niveśa ity aparaḥ pakṣaḥ. bhinnatvād vākyānām ātithye niveśa ity aparaṃ matam. arthavādo 'yaṃ prakaraṇānugrahāya, prācīnavaṃśaṃ karotīty anena vidhinaikavākyatvasya pratyakṣasiddhatvād iti siddhāntaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/370: Tait.S. 6.1.1.1}* *{3/371: E1 gibt apareṣām, udīcīṃ rudrā iti in Klammern}* *{3/372: E2: 4,319; E4: 4,451; E6: 1,216}* *{3/373: E2,4: prāśu}*

paruṣi ditapūrṇaghṛtavidagdhaṃ ca tadvat // MS_3,4.11 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor āmnātam - yat puruṣi ditaṃ tad devānām, yad antarā, tan manuṣyāṇām, yat samūlam, tat pitṝṇām iti{*3/374*}. tathā - yo vidagdhaḥ, sa nairṛtaḥ. yo 'śṛtaḥ, sa raudraḥ, ya śṛtaḥ, sa sadevatyaḥ{*3/375*}. tasmād avidahatā śrapayitavyaṃ sadevatyāya iti{*3/376*}. jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - yat pūrṇam, tan manuṣyāṇām upari, adho devānām adhaḥ pitṝṇām iti{*3/377*}. tathā - ghṛtaṃ [318]{*3/378*} devānāṃ mastu pitṝṇāṃ niṣpakvaṃ manuṣyāṇām iti{*3/379*}. tatra manuṣyasaṃbaddheṣu, raudre ca saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ manuṣyāṇāṃ dharmā vidhayaḥ, uta karmadharmā anūvādāḥ? atha yat prakaraṇaṃ{*3/380*} manuṣyapradhānam, raudraṃ ca tatra niviśeran, utātithye, utārthavāda iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? etāny api tadvat, yo nivīte pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ sa eteṣāṃ pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ, yo madhyamaḥ sa madhyamaḥ, yaḥ siddhāntaḥ sa eva siddhāntaḥ. arthavattvān manuṣyasaṃbandhāc ca vidhayo manuṣyadharmāś ceti pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ. upari mūle cāniyamāl lāghavam, aśṛtaṃ rogatvād raudram, pūrṇe 'pi ślakṣṇatvāl lāghavam. evaṃ ghṛtaṃ{*3/381*} śirasi nihitaṃ manuṣyāṇāṃ sukhakaram eva, arthaprāptatvād anuvāda ity uttaraḥ pakṣaḥ. vidhiḥ, karmadharmaprāyāt samākhyānāc ca karmadharma iti pakṣaḥ. anvāhārye dakṣiṇāsu ceti vākyaprakaraṇānugrahāt pakṣaḥ. ātithya iti vākyabhedaprasaṅgāt. arthavāda iti, prakaraṇād vidhinaikavākyatvād iti. parva pratilunāti{*3/382*}, upari vilād gṛhṇāti, navanītenābhyaṅkte, avidahatā śrapayitavyam{*3/383*} ity ebhiḥ sahaiṣām ekavākyabhāvaḥ. tasmād ete na vidhayo 'rthavādā iti.

NOTES: *{3/374: Tait.S. 1.6.8.6}* *{3/375: E2,4: devatyaḥ}* *{3/376: Tait.S. 2.6.3.4}* *{3/377: Tait.S. 1.6.8.4}* *{3/378: E2: 4,320; E4: 4,452; E6: 1,216}* *{3/379: Tait.S. 6.1.1.4}* *{3/380: E2,4: prakaraṇe}* *{3/381: E2,4: evam āyutaṃ}* *{3/382: Tait.S. 6.1.1.5}* *{3/383: Tait.S. 2.6.3.4}*

akarma kratusaṃyuktaṃ saṃyogān nityānuvādaḥ syāt // MS_3,3.12 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor āmnāyate - nānṛtaṃ vaded iti{*3/384*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ayaṃ pratiṣedho dārśapaurṇamāsikasya padārthasya [319]{*3/385*} prakaraṇa eva niveśaḥ. atha prāyeṇa prāptasya karmaṇaḥ puruṣaṃ prati pratiṣedhaḥ puruṣadharmo 'yam iti. kiṃ prāptam? puruṣadharmaḥ syāt, puruṣasyāyam upadiśyate, na darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ. kutaḥ? puruṣaprayatnasya śravaṇāt, vaded iti vadanam anutiṣṭhed iti śrutyā gamyate, tasya puruṣasaṃbandhaḥ śrutyaiva, karmasaṃbandhaḥ prakaraṇāt. śrutiś ca prakaraṇād balīyasī. itarathā vadanaṃ bhavatīty etāvaty arthe vadanam anutiṣṭhed ity avivakṣitasvārthaḥ parārtho vidhyartho bhavet. puruṣasyopadeśe punar vivakṣitasvārtha eva śabdaḥ. tasmāt puruṣasyopadeśaḥ. yasya copadeśaḥ, tasyāyaṃ pratiṣedhaḥ. sa cāyam artha upanayanakāla eva puruṣasya pratiṣiddhaḥ, tena saṃyogenāyaṃ nityānuvādaḥ. nanv eṣā śrutis tasyāḥ smṛter mūlam. naiṣā tasyā mūlaṃ bhavitum arhati. yadīyaṃ tanmūlikā bhavet, darśapūrṇamāsayor iti smaryeta, upanayanakāla eva cāsyopadeṣṭāro bhavanti. api ca puruṣadharma ity upadiśanti, tasmān naiṣā smṛtir ataḥ śruter iti.

NOTES: *{3/384: Tait.S. 2.5.5.6}* *{3/385: E2: 4,322; E4: 4,460; E6: 1,217}*

vidhir vā saṃyogāntarāt // MS_3,4.13 //

vidhir vāyaṃ darśapūrṇamāsayor nānṛtaṃ vaded iti, nānuvādaḥ. kutaḥ? saṃyogāntarāt. niyamānuṣṭhānena puruṣasya saṃbandhaḥ smaryate, padārthapratiṣedheneha saṃyogaḥ puruṣasya. katham anyac chrūyamāṇam anyasyānuvādo bhaviṣyati, tasmād vidhiḥ pratiṣedhasyāyam. āha gṛhṇāma{*3/386*} etat, vidhir iti. puruṣadharma iti tu gṛhṇāmaḥ{*3/387*} puruṣaprayatnasya śrutatvāt. atra brūmaḥ - sarveṣv ākhyāteṣu kriyānuṣṭhānaṃ śrūyate na kārakaṃ kiṃcit. katham etad gamyate? pratyayāt, yataḥ kriyām anuṣṭheyāṃ pratīmaḥ. nanu kartāram api pratiyanti. satyaṃ pratiyanti, na tu śabdāt. kutas tarhi? arthāt, yadā kriyānuṣṭhātavyā vidhīyate, [320]{*3/388*} tadārthāt kārakavyāpāro gamyate, yaś cārthād gamyate. na sa śrautaḥ, yaś ca na śrauto na sa vākyād gamyate. katham asau prakaraṇaṃ bādhiṣyate. āha - prakṛtipratyayau pratyayārthaṃ saha brūta ity ācāryopadeśāt kartā śabdārthaḥ karma cety avagamyate, kartari śap{*3/389*}, karmaṇi yag{*3/390*} iti pratyayārthaṃ kartāraṃ karma ca samāmananty ācāryāḥ, tasmāc chabdārthaḥ kartā karma ceti. ucyate - nācāryavacanāt sūtrakāravacanād vā śabdārtho bhavati, pratyayād asau gamyate. anuṣṭheyā ca kriyā pratītā satī kārakāṇi pratyāyayatīty avagatam etat. api ca, naiva kartā pratyayārthaḥ karma vety ācāryā āhuḥ. nanu kartari karmaṇi ca lakāraḥ śrūyate. nāsau kartari karmaṇi vā śrūyate kiṃ tv ekasmin, ekavacanam, dvayor dvivacanaṃ bahuṣu bahuvacanam iti tatrāparaṃ vacanam. tatraivam abhisaṃbandhaḥ kriyate - ekasmin kartari dvayoḥ kartror bahuṣu kartṛṣv iti. evaṃ karmaṇy ekatvādisaṃbandhaḥ. tatra naivaṃ bhavati - kartari bhavaty ekasmiṃś ceti. kathaṃ tarhi? kartary ekasminn ekavacanam, kartur ekatva ity arthaḥ. evaṃ dvitve bahutve karmaṇi ca. evaṃ varṇyamāne laukikanyāyānugataḥ sūtrārtho varṇito bhavati. sūtrākṣarāṇi ca nyāyānugatāni bhavanti. āgamo 'pi cāyam eva, yadaikatvādayo vibhaktyarthāḥ, tadā karmādayo viśeṣaṇatveneti. nanv etad apy asti yadā karmādayo vibhaktyarthāḥ, tadaikatvādayo viśeṣaṇatveneti. ucyate - arthaprāptā hi karmādayas te na bhavanti śabdasyābhidheyabhūtāḥ. na tv ekatvādayo 'rthāt prāpnuvanti, tena te śabdārthabhūtāḥ, tasmād api viśeṣaṇam ekatvādayaḥ, tathāpi viśeṣaṇam evābhidhīyate, yathā hiraṇyamālina ṛtvijaḥ pracarantīti hiraṇyamālitvaṃ viśeṣaṇa[321]{*3/391*}tvena, tathāpi tad eva vidhīyate, tasmāt kartur ekatvaṃ śabdārtho na kartā. nanu kartur ekatvād ekavacanam, kartur dvitvād dvivacanam, kartur bahutvād bahuvacanam. tena nūnaṃ kartā śabdārtha iti gamyate. ucyate - naitad anumānāc chakyam, kartānuṣṭheyakriyāvagamād evāvagamyata iti pratyakṣam. tat tāvat kenacin na bādhyate. ekavacananirdeśe kartrekatvaṃ gamyate, dvivacananirdeśe kartur dvitvam, bahuvacananirdeśe kartṛbahutvam{*3/392*}. tad api pratyakṣam, katarad atrānumāṇaṃ bādhitum arhatīti, yathākṛtivacane śabde dvivacane dravyabhedo 'vagamyate, eka-vacane dravyaikatvam, evam ihāpi draṣṭavyam. tasmān na śrautaḥ, na cec chrautaḥ, na prakaraṇaṃ bādhiṣyate. yat tu puruṣaprayatno 'narthako bhavati karmadharmapakṣe prayogavacanena kartavyatāvacanād iti. tad ucyate - aṅgaṃ sat prakaraṇena gṛhyeta, na cāvihitam aṅgaṃ bhavati, tasmād aṅgatvāya vidhātavyam, asminn api pakṣe. ato manyāmahe - prākaraṇikasyāyaṃ niṣedha{*3/393*} iti. tasmād tad{*3/394*} aṅgam, yad anṛtaṃ tan na vācyam iti, tena yat saṃkalpitam, tad aṅgam, tad eva kartavyam, vrīhim ayaṃ saṃkalpya na yavamayaḥ pradeyaḥ. āha yadobhayor api pakṣayor nānṛtaṃ vaditavyam, tadā ko vicāreṇārtha iti. ucyate - pūrvasmin pakṣe puruṣadharmaḥ, tatra bhraṃśe{*3/395*} smārtaṃ prāyaścittam, siddhānte darśapūrṇamāsadharmaḥ, tatra bhraṃśe{*3/396*} yājurvedikaṃ prāyaścittam.

NOTES: *{3/386: E2,4,6: gṛhṇīma}* *{3/387: E2,4,6: gṛhṇīmaḥ}* *{3/388: E2: 4,348; E4: 4,475; E6: 1,218}* *{3/389: Pāṇ. 3.1.68}* *{3/390: Pāṇ. 3.1.67}* *{3/391: E2: 4,356; E4: 4,475; E6: 1,218}* *{3/392: E2,4: kartur bahutvam}* *{3/393: E1: niṣedhaḥ, E2,4: niṣedhe, E6: niṣedha}* *{3/394: E2,4 om. tad}* *{3/395: E1: bhreṃṣe (?)}* *{3/396: E1: bhreṃṣe (?)}*

ahīnavat puruṣas tadarthatvāt // MS_3,4.14 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - aṅgiraso veta uttamāḥ suvargaṃ [322]{*3/397*} lokam āyante 'psu dīkṣātapasī prāveśayaṃs tīrthe snāti tīrtham eva hi sajātānāṃ bhavatīti{*3/398*}. darśapūrṇamāsayor āmnāyate, tasmāj jañjabhyamāno 'nubrūyāt. mayi dakṣakratū iti. prāṇāpānāv evātmandhatta iti{*3/399*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ayaṃ dharmaḥ prakaraṇe niviśate, uta puruṣasyopadiśyata iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? ahīnavat puruṣaḥ, tadarthatvāt. eṣa vidhiḥ prakaraṇād utkṛṣyeta. kutaḥ? puruṣaśruteḥ, brūyād iti puruṣaprayatnasya vivakṣitatvāt. nanu prakaraṇaṃ bādhyate. ucyate - bādhyatāṃ prakaraṇam, vākyaṃ tv asya bādhakam, jañjabhyamānasaṃyogāt, prakaraṇād darśapūrṇamāsayor upadiśyata iti gamyate, vākyāj jañjabhyamānasya, vākyaṃ ca prakaraṇād balīyaḥ. tasmād utkṛṣyeteti. phalam apy āmananti, prāṇāpānāv evātmandhatta iti, sa ca saṃyogo bādhyate. tasmāt puruṣadharmaḥ, prakaraṇād utkṛṣyetāhīnavat, yathāhīnasaṃyogād{*3/400*} dvādaśopasattā prakaraṇād utkṛṣyate. evaṃ jañjabhyamānasaṃyogān mayi dakṣakratū iti vacanam.

NOTES: *{3/397: E2: 4,379; E4: 4,508; E6: 1,219}* *{3/398: Tait.S. 6.1.1.2}* *{3/399: Tait.S. 2.5.2.4; Vāj.S. 38.27}* *{3/400: Vgl. MS 3.3.15}*

prakaraṇaviśeṣād vā tad yuktasya saṃskāro dravyavat // MS_3,4.15 //

na votkraṣṭavyam. kutaḥ? prakaraṇaviśeṣāt, prakaraṇayukta eva jañjabhyamāno vacanena saṃskriyate, yathā yavādidravyaṃ prokṣaṇā[323]{*3/401*}dinā. nanu na śaknoti prakaraṇaṃ jañjabhyamānaśabdam ekadeśe 'vasthāpayitum, vākyaṃ hi prakaraṇād balavattaram iti. ucyate - na brūmo jañjabhyamānaśabdaḥ prakaraṇenāprākaraṇikāt puruṣān nivartyata iti. kiṃ tu phalaṃ tatra kalpanīyam. nanu pratyakṣaṃ śrūyate phalam, prāṇāpānāv evātmandhatta iti. neti brūmaḥ - nātra vidhāyakaṃ śabdam upalabhāmahe, ya eṣaḥ, prāṇāpānāv evātmandhatta iti, vartamānāpadeśa eṣa na vidhāyakaḥ. stāvakas tu bhavati mantravacanasya, tasmād darśapūrṇamāsābhyām anyatraitan na phalavat. ataḥ puruṣasya darśapūrṇamāsau kurvataḥ saṃskārakarmeti gamyate. āha puruṣasaṃskārakarmeti gṛhyate, darśapūrṇamāsāv eva kurvata ity etan na. katham? yo 'pi hy anyatra darśapūrṇamāsābhyām, jañjabhyate, so 'pi jañjabhyamānaśabdenocyata eva. na ca, prakaraṇena vyāvartyata ity etad uktam, tasmād utkṛṣyate. atrocyate - naiva vyāvartyate, saṃskṛtena tu tena nāsti prayojanam. nanu prakaraṇe puruṣasaṃskāreṇāpi nāsti prayojanam. ucyate - saṃskṛtapuruṣo darśapūrṇamāsāv anuṣṭhāsyati. āha, utkarṣe 'pi sati saṃskṛto 'nyad anuṣṭhāsyati. ucyate - nānyasya saṃskāro guṇo bhavati, aprakṛtatvāt. āha prakṛtasyāpi na guṇaḥ, vākyena puruṣadharma ity avagamāt. ucyate - ānarthakyān na puruṣadharmo 'vagamyate. tasmād asya prakṛtābhyāṃ darśapūrṇamāsābhyām ekavākyatā, nānyena phalavatāpi karmaṇā, prakaraṇābhāvāt, tasmān notkarṣaḥ. yat tu prakaraṇe niveśa etasmin{*3/402*} pakṣe brūyād - ity anuṣṭhānavacanam avivakṣitasvārtham iti, evaṃ sati atyanuvādo{*3/403*} bhaviṣyati, na puruṣasaṃbandhavidhānasya prayojanam astīti.

[324]{*3/404*}

NOTES: *{3/401: E2: 4,381; E4: 4,511; E6: 1,220}* *{3/402: E2,4: niveśa ity etasmin}* *{3/403: E2,4: anuvādo}* *{3/404: E2: 4,385; E4: 4,516; E6: 1,220}*

vyapadeśād apakṛṣyate // MS_3,4.16 //

atha yad upavarṇitam - dvādaśopasattā yathotkṛṣyate, tathedam apy utkraṣṭavyam iti. ucyate - tad dhi vākyenāhīnānāṃ vyapadiśyate, phalavantaś cāhīnāḥ. na ca tatra jyotiṣṭome 'hīnaśabdaḥ, gauṇatvāt, vyapadeśāc ca tisra eva sāhnasyopasado dvādaśāhīnasyeti{*3/405*}. tato yuktaṃ dvādaśopasattā yat prakaraṇād utkṛṣyate. na tv iha puruṣasaṃbandho niṣprayojanatvāt, anyasya ca prayojanavataḥ prakaraṇe 'bhāvāt.

NOTES: *{3/405: Tait.S. 6.2.5.1}*

śaṃyau ca sarvaparidānāt // MS_3,4.17 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - devā vai śaṃyuṃ bārhaspatyam abruvan havyaṃ no vaheti prakṛtya, vacanam idaṃ bhavati - kiṃ me prajāyā iti te 'bruvan yo brāhmaṇāyāvaguret taṃ śatena yātayād yo nihanat taṃ sahasreṇa yātayāt, yo lohitaṃ karavat yāvataḥ praskandya pāṃsūn saṃgṛhaṇāt tāvataḥ saṃvatsarān pitṛlokaṃ na prajānīyād iti. tasmān na brāhmaṇāyāvaguren na hanyān na lohitaṃ kuryād iti{*3/406*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ darśapūrṇamāsayor avagoraṇapratiṣedhaḥ, uta puruṣāsyopadiśyata iti. kiṃ prāptam? prakaraṇād darśapūrṇamāsayor avagoraṇādipratiṣedhaḥ. na darśapūrṇamāsyor brāhmaṇasyāvagoritavyaṃ vadho vā kāryo lohitaṃ vā praskandanīyam. anya upāya āsthātavya ānataye, te nānvāhāryeṇānamanti [325]{*3/407*} iti prakaraṇāt prāpnoti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - śaṃyau ca prakaraṇād utkarṣaḥ. kasmāt? sarvaparidānāt, sarvāvasthasya brāhmaṇasyāyaṃ pratiṣedha uktaḥ, na darśapūrṇamāsagatenaiva nāvagoraṇādi kartavyam iti. nanu prakaraṇād darśapūrṇamāsadharmo 'yam. satyaṃ prakaraṇāt, evaṃ vākyenāvaguramāṇasya dharmaḥ, vākyaṃ ca prakaraṇād balīyaḥ. nanu jañjabhyamānasyeva prakaraṇe niveśo bhavet. nety ucyate, tatra phalaṃ kalpanīyam, iha kḷptam. asti hy atra vidhāyakavibhaktiḥ - śatena yātayāt, sahasreṇa yātayāt, svargaṃ lokaṃ prajānīyād iti, tasmād utkarṣa evaṃjātīyakasyeti.

NOTES: *{3/406: Tait.S. 2.6.10.1}* *{3/407: E2: 4,387; E4: 4,521; E6: 1,221}*

prāgaparodhān malavad vāsasaḥ // MS_3,4.18 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - malavad vāsasā na saṃvadet, nāsyā annam adyād iti{*3/408*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ malavad vāsasā saha darśapūrṇamāsāṅgasya saṃvādasya pratiṣedhaḥ, uta puruṣasya sarvatra pratiṣedha iti. kiṃ prāptam? prakaraṇād darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ pratiṣedhavidhiḥ. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - malavad vāsasā saha saṃvāda utkṛṣyeta, prakaraṇāt. kasmāt? prāgaparodhāt. evaṃ śrūyate - yasya vratye 'hani patny anālambhukā syāt tām aparudhya yajeteti{*3/409*}. patnyā ca saha saṃvādo 'dhvaryor darśapūrṇamāsayor asti - patni patny eṣa te loka iti{*3/410*}, prasajyamānaḥ pratiṣidhyeta, sa cāprāpta [326]{*3/411*} eva prāgaparodhād apanīyatāṃ yāgam anutiṣṭhatām, kathaṃ saṃvādaḥ prasajyeta? yataḥ pratiṣedham arhet. tasmād utkṛṣyeta malavad vāsasā saha saṃvādaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/408: Tait.S. 2.5.1.5-6}* *{3/409: Tait.Br. 3.7.1.9}* *{3/410: Mait.S. 1.4.3}* *{3/411: E2: 4,389; E4: 4,524; E6: 1,222}*

annapratiṣedhāc ca // MS_3,4.19 //

annapratiṣedhaś ca bhavati - nāsyā annam adyād abhyañjanaṃ vai striyā annam ity{*3/412*} upagamanapratiṣedha eṣa{*3/413*} vidhīyate, sa ca prakaraṇe na prasakta iti, prakaraṇād utkṛṣṭaḥ puruṣadharma eṣa niścīyate.

NOTES: *{3/412: Tait.S. 2.5.1.6}* *{3/413: E2,4: eva}*

aprakaraṇe tu taddharmas tato viśeṣāt // MS_3,4.20 //

anārabhya śrūyate - tasmāt suvarṇaṃ hiraṇyaṃ bhāryaṃ durvarṇo 'sya bhrātṛvyo bhavatīti{*3/414*}. suvāsasā bhavitavyaṃ rūpam eva bibhartīti. tatra kiṃ prakaraṇadharma uta puruṣadharma iti saṃśayaḥ. atrocyate - aprakaraṇe tu tad dharmaḥ, tato viśeṣāt, puruṣadharma evaṃjātīyakaḥ syāt. kutaḥ? tataḥ prakaraṇādhītād{*3/415*} viśeṣo 'sya, nāyaṃ prakaraṇādhītaḥ. yady aprakaraṇe samāmnātaḥ, sarvaprakaraṇadharmaḥ syāt. aprakaraṇe samāmnānaṃ na kaṃcid viśeṣaṃ kuryāt. tasmād evaṃjātīyakaḥ puruṣadharma iti.

NOTES: *{3/414: Tait.Br. 2.2.4.6}* *{3/415: E1 gibt prakaraṇādhītād in Klammern}*

adravyatvāt tu śeṣaḥ syāt // MS_3,4.21 //

tuśabdaḥ pakṣavyāvṛttau. na puruṣadharmo bhavet, agnihotrādīnāṃ śeṣaḥ syāt. kasmāt? adravyatvāt, nātra dravyadevataṃ śrūyate, yac{*3/416*} chravaṇāt, bhāryaṃ yaṣṭavyam iti parikalpyeta. asati tu dravyadevatāsaṃbandhe vibhartir ayaṃ dhāraṇāvacanaḥ saṃskāravācī, [327]{*3/417*} saṃskāraś ca śeṣabhūtasyāvakalpate nānyathā, tasmāt karmaṇām agnihotrādīnāṃ śeṣaḥ. evaṃ suvāsasā bhavitavyam iti.

NOTES: *{3/416: E2,4: yac}* *{3/417: E2: 4,392; E4: 4,602; E6: 1,222}*

vedasaṃyogāt // MS_3,4.22 //

ādhvaryavam iti vedasaṃyogaḥ śeṣabhūtasya yujyate, śeṣabhūto hy adhvaryuṇā kriyate, na puruṣadharmaḥ, darśapūrṇamāsādīnāṃ hi karmaṇāṃ sāṅgānām aṅgānām ardhvayuḥ kartā. tasmād api karmadharmā evaṃjātīyakā iti.

dravyasaṃyogāc ca // MS_3,4.23 //

dravyaparaś cātra bhavati nirdeśaḥ - suvarṇaṃ bhāryam iti dvitīyārthasaṃyogāt. dravyasaṃskāraś ca karmaśeṣapakṣe prayojanavān, anarthakaḥ puruṣadharme.

syād vāsya saṃyogavat phalena saṃbandhas tasmāt karmaitiśāyanaḥ // MS_3,4.24 //

syād vā phalenaivaṃjātīyakānāṃ saṃbandhaḥ puruṣadharma ity arthaḥ, suvarṇasya vāsaso vā dharmo bhavan niṣprayojanaḥ syāt. nanu saṃskṛtena suvarṇena vāsasā ca karma setsyati. naitad evam, suvarṇasyāṅgaṃ na karmaṇa upakuryāt. śrutyādīnām abhāvān na karmāṅgam. tasmāt durvarṇo 'sya bhātṛvyo bhavatītyevamādinā evaṃjātīyakānāṃ phalena saṃbandhaḥ. nanu vartamānāpadeśo 'yam. satyam evam etat, ānarthakyaparihārāya phalacodanayā saṃbandha eṣi-tavyo bhavati. anyasmāc caiṣitavyād ekavākyagatasya vipariṇāmo{*3/418*} laghīyān. kutaḥ? [328]{*3/419*} pratyakṣā tenaikavākyatā, parokṣānyena, vipariṇāmaś ca vartamānakālasyāvivakṣā, saṃbandhasya ca tātparyādhyavasānam. tasmād evaṃjātīyakaḥ pradhānakarmopadeśaḥ syāt, yathā prajāpativratānāṃ phalena saṃbandhaḥ. etāvatā hainasāviyukto bhavatīti. evam atrāpi draṣṭavyam. tasmād evaṃjātīyakaḥ puruṣadharma iti.

NOTES: *{3/418: E2,4: viparimāṇo}* *{3/419: E2: 4,394; E4: 4,610; E6: 1,223}*

śeṣo 'prakaraṇe 'viśeṣāt sarvakarmaṇām // MS_3,4.25 //

iha karmasaṃyuktā homā jayādaya udāharaṇam. yena karmaṇetsat{*3/420*}, tatra jayāñ juhuyāt, rāṣṭrabhṛto juhotīti, abhyātānāñ juhotīti{*3/421*}. tatraite kiṃ sarvakarmaṇāṃ kṛṣyādīnāṃ śeṣabhūtāḥ, uta vaidikānām agnihotrādinām iti. śeṣatvaṃ tu nirjñātakarmasaṃbandhāt, phalāśravaṇāc ca. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? sarvakarmaṇāṃ śeṣāḥ, viśeṣān abhidhānād iti.

NOTES: *{3/420: E2,4,6: karmaṇertset (karmaṇā īrtset)}* *{3/421: Vgl. Tait.S. 3.4.6.2; dazu auch Jha, Übs., Bd.1, S.516}*

homās tu vyatiṣṭheran nāhavanīyasaṃyogāt // MS_3,4.26 //

na caitad asti - sarvakarmaṇāṃ karṣaṇādīnām apy aṅgabhūtā iti. homā ete, ato vyavatiṣṭheran, āhavanīyasaṃyogo bhavati homeṣu. yadāhavanīye juhoti tena so 'syābhīṣṭaḥ prīto bhavatīti{*3/422*}. tena yasyāhavanīyaḥ, tasyaite 'ṅgam. na [329]{*3/423*} ca kṛṣyādīny āhavanīye vartante. na caiṣāṃ gārhapatyo 'sti, yataḥ praṇīta āhavanīyaḥ syāt. tasmān na karmaṇādīnāṃ jayādayaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/422: Tait.Br. 1.1.10.5}* *{3/423: E2: 4,396; E4: 4,617; E6: 1,224}*

śeṣaś ca samākhyānāt // MS_3,4.27 //

itaś ca paśyāmo vaidikānāṃ śeṣabhūtā iti. kutaḥ? sāmakhyānāt, ādhvaryavam iti hi samākhyāte vede jayādayaḥ samāmnātāḥ santo 'dhvaryuṇā kariṣyante. karṣaṇādiṣv adhvaryor abhāvād anadhvaryuṇāpi kriyamāṇāḥ samākhyāṃ bādheran, tasmād vaidikānāṃ śeṣabhūtā iti.

doṣāt tviṣṭir laukike syāc chāstrād dhi vaidike na doṣaḥ syāt // MS_3,4.28 //

asty aśvapratigraheṣṭiḥ - varuṇo vā etaṃ gṛhṇāti, yo 'śvaṃ pratigṛhṇāti, yāvato 'śvān pratigṛhṇīyāt, tāvato vāruṇāṃś catuṣkapālān nirvaped iti{*3/424*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ laukike 'śvapratigraha iṣṭiḥ, atha vaidika iti. kaḥ punar laukiko 'śvapratigrahaḥ? ko vā vaidika iti. loke bhikṣamāṇo vābhikṣamāṇo vā yatrāśvaṃ labhate, tatra laukikāśvapratigrahaḥ. vaidiko 'pi pauṇḍarīke 'śvasahasraṃ dakṣiṇā jyotiṣṭome gauś cāśvaś ceti. tatrocyate - vaidikatvasāmānyād vaidika iti prāpte. [330]{*3/425*} ucyate - doṣāt tviṣṭir laukike syāt. doṣo hi śrūyate - varuṇo vā etaṃ gṛhṇāti yo 'śvaṃ pratigṛhṇātīti, sa cāyam anuvādo yatra doṣaḥ, tatreti, sa ca laukike 'śvapratigrahe śūdrād anyasmād vā pāpakarmaṇaḥ kṛto bhavatīty upapadyate. doṣasaṃyogāl laukika iti gamyate. āha na doṣasaṃkīrtanaṃ prāyaścittaviṣayaviśeṣaṇam, kiṃ tu prāyaścitta-stutyarthena. ucyate - doṣanirdhātārthe saty evaṃ syāt, varuṇapramocanam idaṃ karma, tal laukike bhavitum arhati, loke varuṇagrahaṇasya vidyamānatvāt. vaidike tv aśvapratigrahe tan na syāt, śāstrād dhi vacanena{*3/426*} tasya kartavyatāvagamyate. yadi ca tataḥ pāpaṃ syāt, na tasya kartavyatāvagamyeta, akartavyaṃ hi pāpaphalam. nanu vaidike 'pi pratigrahe 'pratigrāhyāt pratigṛhṇataḥ pāpam asti. ucyate - bhaved evam, yadi pratigrahasya kartur iṣṭir bhavet, sā tu khalu yathā hetukartuḥ, tathottarādhikaraṇe vakṣyāmaḥ. tasmān na vedacodite 'śvapratigrahe, iṣṭir ity etāvad ihādhikaraṇe siddham.

NOTES: *{3/424: Tait.S. 2.3.12.1}* *{3/425: E2: 4,398; E4: 4,620; E6: 1,224}* *{3/426: E1 gibt vacanena in Klammern}*

arthavādo 'vānupapātāt tasmād yajñe pratīyeta // MS_3,4.29 //

na caitad asti, yad uktam - yaḥ śūdrād anyasmād vā pāpakṛto loke 'śvaṃ pratigṛhṇīyāt sa etām iṣṭiṃ nirvapet. sa hi varuṇagṛhīta ity ucyate, jalodareṇa yo gṛhītaḥ, yasyodaraṃ jalavṛddhyā śvayati. jalodaram ity eva loke tat prasiddham. na ca tasyāśvapratigraho laukiko nidānam iti prati[331]{*3/427*}jñāyate. na cānena vidhīyate. tasmān nāśvapratigrahāj jalodaropapātaḥ. atha pāpaṃ varuṇaśabdenocyate, vṛṇīta ity eṣo 'bhiprāya iti. tadā prasiddhau tyaktāyāṃ kleśamātram, vṛṇvad varuṇaśabdenocyate, tatra yājñe 'pi pratigrahe varuṇagṛhītaḥ syāt, rakṣaṇapoṣaṇavicikitsādinā kleśena naiṣa pakṣo vyavatiṣṭheta - laukike 'śvapratigraha iti, prasiddhiś ca bādhyeta. tasmād arthavāda eṣaḥ, yāvad{*3/428*} varuṇagṛhītasya varuṇonmocane śreyaḥ, tāvad etety upamānenaiṣā stutiḥ. yo 'sya pratigrahaḥ, tad varuṇagrahaṇam iva, yeṣṭiḥ, sā tad unmocanīva, yathā varuṇagṛhītenonmocanam avaśyakartavyam, tādṛg evaitad iti, tasmād yajñe pratīyeta. laukike hi phalaṃ kalpanīyam, vaidike yasminn aśvapratigrahaḥ, tasyāṅgabhūtā bhaviṣyati. tatra prayogavacanena sahaikavākyatā saṃbandhād avakalpyamānā, parokṣāyāḥ phalavacanena sahaikavākyatāyā laghīyasīti yuktam iṣṭir vaidike dāna iti.

NOTES: *{3/427: E2: 4,403; E4: 4,626; E6: 1,225}* *{3/428: E1: yāvata}*

acoditaṃ ca karmabhedāt // MS_3,4.30 //

yāvato 'śvān pratigṛṇīyāt, tāvato vāruṇāṃś catuṣkapālān nirvaped iti{*3/429*}. tatraitat samadhigatam - vaidike 'śvapratigraha iṣṭir iti. athedānīṃ saṃdihyate - kiṃ pratigrahakartrā kartavyā, yasmai dīyate, uta hetukartrā, yo dadātīti. kiṃ prāptam? acoditaṃ ca karmabhedāt, na dānasya kartur iṣṭiś codyate, pratigrhakartus tām avagacchāmaḥ - yāvato 'śvān [332]{*3/430*} pratigṛhṇīyāt tāvataś catuṣkapālān vāruṇān nirvaped iti, tasmāt pratigrahītrartvijā kartavyeti.

NOTES: *{3/429: Tait.S. 2.3.12.1}* *{3/430: E2: 4,407; E4: 4,630; E6: 1,226}*

sā liṅgād ārtvije syāt // MS_3,4.31 //

naiṣā pratigrahakartuḥ, kiṃ tarhi hetukartuḥ syāt. kutaḥ? liṅgāt. kiṃ liṅgam? pūrvapadānām uttaraiḥ padair yathārtham abhisaṃbandhaḥ. idaṃ śrūyate - prajāpatir varuṇāyāśvam anyad iti{*3/431*}, prajāpatir aśvasya dātā kīrtitaḥ, varuṇaḥ pratigrahītā, sa svāṃ devatām ārcchad iti. sa iti sāpekṣaṃ pūrvaprakṛtaṃ vākyaśeṣam apekṣate, sa iti prajāpatiṃ pratinirdiśatīti tena sahaikyavākyatāṃ yāti. sāmānādhikaraṇyāc ca prajāpater eva pratinirdeśo 'vakalpate, na tu varuṇasya, vaiyadhikaraṇyāt. sa paryadīryata ity eṣo 'pi prajāpatim eva pratinirdiśati pūrvaprakṛtam, tena ca sahaikavākyatāṃ yāti. sa evaitaṃ vāruṇaṃ catuṣkapālam apaśyad iti prajāpatir eveti, niravapat{*3/432*} prajāpatir eveti, tato vai sa varuṇapāśād amucyata prajāpatiḥ. varuṇa etaṃ{*3/433*} gṛhṇātīti hetvapadeśo 'yam, yasmād eva prajāpatir varuṇāyāśvaṃ dattvā paridīrṇaḥ, tasmād yo 'śvaṃ prati gṛhṇāti prayacchati{*3/434*} taṃ varuṇo gṛhṇāti, sa paridīryata iti. yatas tu vāruṇena pratimuktaḥ, tasmād anyenāpy aśvaṃ prayacchatā vāruṇo nirvaptavya ity aśvasya dātur vāruṇīṣṭiḥ praśasyate, kartavyānenākhyātena. tasmād aśvaṃ dattvā vāruṇīm iṣṭiṃ nirvaped iti. āha, nanu yo 'svaṃ pratigṛhṇāti sa nirvaped ity ucyate. evaṃ saty anyathopakrānte vākye 'nyathopasaṃhṛta upakramo 'py anarthakaḥ syāt, upasaṃhāro 'pi. tasmād upakrame vā śabdārtha upasaṃhāravaśena kalpanīyaḥ, upasaṃhāre vopakramavaśena. tatra [333]{*3/435*} prajāpatir varuṇāyāśvam anayad iti, varuṇād aśvaṃ pratyagṛhṇād ity upasaṃhārānurodhena kalpyeta, yad vopakramavaśenopasaṃhāram, yo 'śvaṃ pratigṛhṇātīti, yo 'śvaṃ pratigrāhayatīti. tatra - mukhyaṃ vā pūrvaṃ codanāl lokavad iti{*3/436*} prathamam anugrahītavyaṃ virodhābhāvāt. paścāt tanaṃ tu virodhāl lakṣaṇayā kalpanīyam. api ca, prajāpatir varuṇāyāśvam anayad iti varuṇād aśvaṃ pratyagṛhṇād iti bahvasamañjasaṃ kalpayitavyam. pratigṛhṇātīty eṣa śabdaḥ, pratigrāhayatīty etam arthaṃ śaknoti yayā kayācic chaktyā vaktum, yo hi tad ācarati, yena ca{*3/437*} kriyā praṇāḍyāpi sidhyati, sa tasyāḥ kriyāyāḥ karteti śakyate vaditum, yathā ṣaḍbhir halaiḥ karṣatīti saṃvidhānaṃ kurvan vilekhanam akurvann apy ucyate, tatsamartham ācaratīti. evam ihāpi sa pratigrahasamartham ācarati yo dadāti{*3/438*}. tasmād dadat pratigṛhṇātīti śakyate vaditum. tasmād adhyavadhāryedam avakḷptam. dadat pratigṛhṇātīty ucyate, tasya ca vāruṇīṣṭir iti.

NOTES: *{3/431: Tait.S. 2.3.12.1}* *{3/432: E2,4: taṃ niravapat}* *{3/433: E2,4: varuṇo vā etaṃ}* *{3/434: E1 gibt prayacchati in Klammern}* *{3/435: E2: 4,409; E4: 4,633; E6: 1,226}* *{3/436: MS 12.2.23 (v.l.: pūrvacodanāl)}* *{3/437: E2 om. ca}* *{3/438: E1 gibt yo dadāti in Klammern}*

pānavyāpac ca tadvat // MS_3,4.32 //

idaṃ samāmananti - somendraṃ caruṃ nirvapec chyāmākaṃ somavāmina iti{*3/439*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - laukikasya somapānasya vamane saumendraś{*3/440*} caruḥ, uta vaidikasyeti. kiṃ laukikaṃ somapānam? kiṃ ca vaidikam? ucyate - vaidikaṃ somapānaṃ jyotiṣṭome tadvikṛtiṣu ca, laukikaṃ somapānaṃ yat saptarātreṣu [334]{*3/441*} daśarātreṣu dhātusāmyārtham{*3/442*} āsevyamāne some. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? pānavyāpac ca tadvat, laukike vamana iṣṭir bhavitum arhati, na vaidike, tadvad iti pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ pratinirdiṣṭaḥ, yathā tatra doṣasaṃyogena śravaṇāt, laukike 'śvapratigraha ity uktam, evam ihāpi doṣasaṃyogena śravaṇaṃ bhavati, indriyeṇa vā eṣa vīryeṇa vyṛdhyate yaḥ somaṃ pibatīti{*3/443*} loke dhātusāmyārtham āsevite vamanena vinaṣte dhātusāmyavyāpadā, indriyeṇa vyṛddhir upapadyate, śās-trād dhi vaidike na doṣaḥ syāt. tatra śeṣaḥ pātavya iti śabdāc codite nirvṛtte nāsti doṣaḥ. yady api vamyate, tathāpi pānakriyā tatra nirvartitā, kṛto vacanārtha iti na doṣaḥ syāt. tasmāl laukikasya somapānasya vyāpadi saumendraḥ{*3/444*} syāt.

NOTES: *{3/439: Tait.S. 2.3.2.7}* *{3/440: E2,4: somendraś}* *{3/441: E2: 4,414; E4: 4,639; E6: 1,227}* *{3/442: E2,4: ca dhātusāmyārtham}* *{3/443: E2: soma vamati, iti, E4: somaṃ vamity iti}* *{3/444: E2,4: somendraḥ}*

doṣāt tu vaidike syād arthād dhi laukike na doṣaḥ syāt // MS_3,4.33 //

vaidikasya pānasya vyāpadi bhavitum arhati, na laukikasya. kasmāt? doṣāt, doṣasaṃbandho 'tra śrūyate - indriyeṇa vā eṣa vīryeṇa vyṛdhyata iti. laukike punar dhātusāmyādyarthaṃ kriyamāṇe na kiṃcid duṣyati, vamanāyaiva hi taṃ pibanti loke. athāpy ayam arthavādaḥ, tathāpi phalakalpanāparīhārāya vaidika eveti kalpanā nyāyyā.

tat sarvatrāviśeṣāt // MS_3,4.34 //

tad etat somapānavyāpadi saumendraṃ{*3/445*} karma, sarvatra vamane syāt, ārtvije yājamāne ca. kutaḥ? aviśeṣāt, na viśeṣaḥ [335]{*3/446*} kaścid āśrīyate 'sya vamane syāt, nāsyeti, tasmāt sarvatra bhavet.

NOTES: *{3/445: E2,4: somendraṃ}* *{3/446: E2: 4,416; E4: 4,649; E6: 1,228}*

svāmino vā tad arthatvāt // MS_3,4.35 //

svāminoḥ vā vamane syāt. kutaḥ? tad arthatvāt, tad arthaṃ karma yajamānārtham{*3/447*}, yatra somo vamyate, yat tv atra saumendraṃ{*3/448*} karma. tad api tad artham eva. idaṃ hi somavāmina upakārāya śrūyate, tat somavāminaḥ, yajamānasyopakartuṃ{*3/449*} śaknoti nārtvijaḥ, na hi tad ṛtvig arthaṃ karma, yatra somo vamyate. athocyate - somavāmino 'dhvaryor hotur vātmīyā ṛtvijaḥ, tadīyeṣv agniṣu nirvartayiṣyantīti. tathā sati yadi vā vyṛddhasomasya karmaṇo nāṅgam, na somavāmino 'dhvaryor hotur vā, tatrātyantaguṇabhūtā adhvaryvādayaḥ svair ṛtvigbhiḥ kārayanto na phalaṃ prāpnuvanti. tad arthaṃ ca kriyamāṇaṃ na yajamānasyopakāre vartata iti na ṛtvijo vamane kriyeta.

NOTES: *{3/447: E1 gibt yajamānārtham in Klammern}* *{3/448: E2,4: somendraṃ}* *{3/449: E2,4: sadupakartuṃ}*

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_3,4.36 //

liṅgaṃ ca bhavati, yajamānasya somavāmina iti. katham? somapīthena vā eṣa vyṛdhyate yaḥ somaṃ vamatīti. yajamānaḥ, somasaṃskāre vinaṣṭe viguṇam asya karmeti vyṛdhyeta, na kathaṃcid ṛtvijo vyṛddhiḥ. ṛtvijo yasya somaṃ vamantīti vamanena saṃbandhaḥ syāt, na yaḥ somaṃ vamatīti. tasmād api paśyāmo yajamānasya vamane saumendram{*3/450*} iti.

[336]{*3/451*}

NOTES: *{3/450: E2,4: somendram}* *{3/451: E2: 4,419; E4: 4,662; E6: 1,228}*

sarvapradānaṃ haviṣas tadarthatvāt // MS_3,4.37 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatra sāmāmnāyate - yad āgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo 'māv āsyāyāṃ paurṇamāsyāṃ cācyuto bhavatīti{*3/452*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ kṛtsnaṃ haviḥ, agnaye pradātavyam, uta śeṣayitavyaṃ kiṃcit, kiṃcid dātavyam iti. kiṃ prāptam? kṛtsnaṃ haviḥ pradīyeta. kutaḥ? tadarthatvāt. puroḍāśa āgneyaḥ kartavya iti vacanam. tasmāt sarvaṃ pradātavyam iti.

NOTES: *{3/452: Tait.S. 2.6.3.3}*

niravadānāt tu śeṣaḥ syāt // MS_3,4.38 //

niṣkṛṣyāvadānaṃ niravadānam. tad dhi śrūyate - dvir haviṣo 'vadyatīti. aparam api vacanam - dvyavadānaṃ juhotīti, tena{*3/453*} dvyavadānamātraṃ hotavyam, anyat pariśeṣaṇīyam.

NOTES: *{3/453: E2 om. tena}*

upāyo vā tadarthatvāt // MS_3,4.39 //

na caitad asti - dvyavadānamātraṃ hotavyam iti, yaj juhoti, tad dvir avakhaṇḍanena saṃskartavyam iti, hotavye dvir avakhaṇḍamātraṃ vidhīyate, nādvir avakhaṇḍitasya homaḥ pratiṣidhyate, kṛtsnaṃ ca hotavyam iti tad evaṃ nyāyyam, nānyathā.

kṛtatvāt tu karmaṇaḥ sakṛtsyād dravyasya guṇabhūtatvāt // MS_3,4.40 //

ucyate - yadā dvir avakhaṇḍanaviṣiṣṭaṃ home śrutam, tadā sakṛd [337]{*3/454*} avadānaṃ{*3/455*} yāvac chrutaṃ{*3/456*} tat sarvaṃ kṛtam, tadā nāparaṃ dravyam astīti punar yāgo nāvartitavyaḥ. kathaṃ? tad dhi dravyaṃ yāganirvṛttyartham, na dravyaṃ yāgena saṃbandhayitavyam iti. yadi hi yāgena haviḥ saṃbandhayitavyaṃ syāt, tato yāgena dvyavadāne saṃbandhite, aparam api saṃbandhanīyam astīti, tatsaṃbandhārthaṃ punar yāga āvarteta. na tu yāgo dravyasaṃbandhārthaḥ. kiṃ tarhi, dravyaṃ yāge guṇabhūtam, yāgaḥ kathaṃ nirvṛttim upeyād iti dravyam upādīyate. tena nirvṛtte yāge siddhe ca puruṣārthe{*3/457*} na niyogena guṇānurodhena pradhānāvṛttir yukteti. kathaṃ na dravyaṃ pradhānam, yenāvṛttir ta bhavet. yato yāgāt phalam, bhūtabhavyasamuccāraṇe bhūtaṃ bhavyāyopadiśyata iti. na ca yāgena dravyasyopakāro nirvartyate pratyakṣaḥ kaścit, tasmād dvyavadānaṃ hutvā śeṣayitavyam iti. yat tūktam - āgneyaṃ havir itivacanāt, sarvaṃ hotavyam iti gamyata iti, tatrānumāniko homasaṃbandhaḥ, iha tu pratyakṣo dvir avadāne. api cākṛtsnasaṃbandhe 'pi tad dhitasyopapattiḥ, tato grahītavyam iti. sāmānyaṃ khalv āgneya iti dvyavadānaṃ juhotīti viśeṣaḥ. tasmāc cheṣayitavyaṃ kiṃcid iti.

NOTES: *{3/454: E2: 4,422; E4: 4,669; E6: 1,229}* *{3/455: E2,4: sakṛd dvyavadānena}* *{3/456: E1 gibt yāvac chrutaṃ in Klammern}* *{3/457: E2,4: ca kathaṃ puruṣārthe}*

śeṣadarśanāc ca // MS_3,4.41 //

śeṣād iḍām avadyati śeṣāt sviṣṭakṛtaṃ yajatīty anuvādād asti śeṣa iti paśyāmaḥ.

[338]{*3/458*}

NOTES: *{3/458: E2: 4,433; E4: 4,681; E6: 1,230}*

aprayojakatvād ekasmāt kriyerañ cheṣasya guṇabhūtatvāt // MS_3,4.42 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatra śeṣakāryāṇi, aiḍaprāśitrasauviṣṭakṛdādīni{*3/459*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ haviṣo haviṣaḥ kartavyāni, utaikasmād dhaviṣa iti. kiṃ prāptam? aprayojakatvād ekasmāt kriyeran, aprayojakāni śeṣakāryāṇi haviṣām. yadi śeṣakāryaiḥ prayuktāni, bhaveyuḥ sarvāṇi prayuktānīti sarvebhyaḥ kriyeran anyathārthāni tv etāni, nāvaśyaṃ śeṣakāryeṣu viniyoktavyāni. saṃnidhānāt tu yataḥ - kutaścid anuṣṭhātavyāni, śeṣo hi sādhanam amīṣām iti.

NOTES: *{3/459: E2,4: aiḍaprāśitrasauviṣṭakṛtādīni}*

saṃskṛtatvāc ca // MS_3,4.42 //

sakṛc caivaṃjātīyakena śeṣakāryeṇa saṃskṛtaṃ pradhānam iti kṛtvā nāparasmād api kartavyam iti.

sarvebhyo vā kāraṇāviśeṣāt, saṃskārasya tadarthatvāt // MS_3,4.44 //

sarvebhyo vā havirbhyaḥ śeṣakāryāṇi kartavyāni. kutaḥ? kāraṇāviśeṣāt, yad ekasya haviṣaḥ śeṣakāryakriyāyāṃ kāraṇam, tat sarveṣām. sa hi śeṣaḥ pratipādayitavyaḥ, yasyaiva na pratipādyate, tasya tena saṃskāreṇa varjanaṃ syāt, tasmāt sarvebhyaḥ kartavyānīti.

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_3,4.45 //

liṅgaṃ ca dṛśyate - devā vai sviṣṭakṛtam abruvan havyaṃ no vaha [339]{*3/460*} iti, so 'bravīd varaṃ vṛṇai bhāgo me 'stv iti, vṛṇīṣveti te 'bruvan, so 'bravīd uttarārdhād eva mahyaṃ sakṛt sakṛd avadyād iti vīpsādarśanam. tasmāt sarvebhyaḥ śeṣakāryāṇīti.

NOTES: *{3/460: E2: 4,435; E4: 4,686; E6: 1,230}*

ekasmāc ced yathākāmyaviśeṣāt // MS_3,4.46 //

atha kṛtvācintā. yadaikasmād bhaveyuḥ{*3/461*}, kiṃ tadā yataḥ - kutaścid uta prathamād iti. kiṃ prāptam? yataḥ kutaścid iti. kutaḥ? na kaścid viśeṣa āśrīyata iti. tasmād aniyama iti.

NOTES: *{3/461: E2,4: kartavyāni bhaveyuḥ}*

mukhyād vā pūrvakālatvāt // MS_3,4.47 //

mukhyād vā kartavyāni. kutaḥ? pūrvakālatvāt, tataḥ kartavyeṣu nāsti nimittavighātaḥ, asati nimittavighāte naimittikaṃ kartavyam iti. tataḥ kṛteṣu dvitīyādīnāṃ nimittavidhāta ity akriyā. tasmān mukhyād eva kriyerann iti.

bhakṣāśravaṇād dānaśabdaḥ parikraye // MS_3,4.48 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - idaṃ brahmaṇaḥ, idaṃ hotuḥ, idam adhvaryoḥ, idam agnīdha iti{*3/462*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ayam [340]{*3/463*} ṛtvijāṃ vibhāgaḥ parikrayāya, uta bhakṣaṇāyeti. kiṃ prāptam? parikrayārtho vibhāgaḥ. kutaḥ? bhakṣāśravaṇāt, na śrūyate - bhakṣitavyam iti. ya eva śrutasyotsarge doṣaḥ, sa evāśrutaparikalpaṇāyām. karmakarebhyaś ca dīyate, tasmāt parikraya eṣaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/462: Tait.Br. 3.3.8.8}* *{3/463: E2: 4,436; E4: 4,701; E6: 1,231}*

tatsaṃstavāc ca // MS_3,4.49 //

eṣā vai darśapūrṇamāsayor dakṣiṇeti dakṣiṇāsaṃstavāc ca parikrayārthaṃ manyāmahe.

bhakṣārtho vā dravye samatvāt // MS_3,4.50 //

bhakṣārtha eṣa vibhāgaḥ. kutaḥ? dānasyābhāvāt. katham abhāvaḥ? prabhavatā hi śakyaṃ dātum, nāprabhavatā. kathaṃ na prabhutvam? saṃkalpitaṃ hi yajamānena, devatāyā etad iti. na ca devatāyai saṃkalpitena śiṣṭāḥ sveneva vyavaharanti. tasmāc chiṣṭācāram anuvartamānenāśakyaṃ prabhavitum, tasmān na parikrayaḥ. atha yad uktam - na śrūyate, bhakṣayitavyam iti, yāvāṃś ca śrutasyotsarge doṣaḥ, tāvān aśrutaparikalpanāyām iti. ucyate - idaṃ brahmaṇa ityevamādibhir brahmādīnām, bhāgair abhisaṃbandhaḥ, tatra bhāgā brahmādīnām upakuryur brahmādayo vā bhāgānām. brahmādibhir bhāgānām upakurvadbhir na kiṃcid dṛṣṭam asti, bāgais tu brahmādīnām upakārakaiḥ śakyate kenacit prakāreṇa dṛṣṭa upakāraḥ kartuṃ bhakṣyamāṇaiḥ. tasmād bhakṣaṇāya vibhāga iti. kaḥ punar upakāra iti cet. tṛptānāṃ karmaśeṣaparisamāpane sāmarthyaṃ bhavatīti.

[341]{*3/464*}

NOTES: *{3/464: E2: 4,439; E4: 4,706; E6: 1,231}*

vyādeśād dānasaṃstutiḥ // MS_3,4.51 //

atha yad dakṣiṇāsaṃstava iti, vyādeśasāmānyāt tat, aparikrayārthe 'pi bhaviṣyatīti.

[342]{*3/465*}

NOTES: *{3/465: E2: 4,440; E4: 4,711; E6: 1,232}*

ājyāc ca sarvasaṃyogāt // MS_3,5.1 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatra śrūyate - uttarārdhāt sviṣṭakṛte samavadyatīti{*3/466*}, tathā - iḍām upahvayatīti{*3/467*}, tathānyāni prāśitrāvadānādīni śeṣakāryāṇi{*3/468*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ājyād upāṃśuyājadravyāt sviṣṭakṛd iḍam avadātavyam, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? avadātavyam iti. kutaḥ? sarvasaṃyogāt, sādhāraṇaprakaraṇasamāmnātāt sarveṣāṃ śeṣakāryāṇi. api ca sarvasaṃyogo bhavati, tad yat{*3/469*} sarvebhyo havirbhyaḥ samavadyatīti. tasmād ājyād api śeṣakāryāṇi kriyante.

NOTES: *{3/466: Tait.S. 2.6.6.5}* *{3/467: Tait.S. 2.6.7.3}* *{3/468: E2,4: tathānyāni prāśitrāvadānādīni śeṣakāryāṇi}* *{3/469: E2,4 om. tad yat}*

kāraṇāc ca // MS_3,5.2 //

kāraṇaṃ śrūyate - devā vai sviṣṭakṛtam abruvan havyaṃ no vaheti, so 'bravīd varaṃ vṛṇai bhāgo me 'stv iti, vṛṇīṣvety abruvan{*3/470*}, so 'bravīd uttarārdhād eva mahyaṃ sakṛt sakṛd avadyād iti, tulyaṃ kāraṇam anyeṣām ājyasya cārthavāde saṃkīrtyate. tasmād apy ājyād avadātavyam iti.

NOTES: *{3/470: E2,4: vṛṇīṣvevy abruvan}*

ekasmin samavattaśabdāt // MS_3,5.3 //

āditye carau prāyaṇīye śrūyate - agnaye sviṣṭakṛte samavadyatīti{*3/471*}, ājyād ekasmāc ca haviṣo 'vadyatīti, miśrasyānyena haviṣā samavadyatīti. yadi cājyād api sviṣṭakṛte 'vadīyeta, tataś codakena prāpaṇīya{*3/472*} ājyāvadāne kriyamāṇe [343]{*3/473*} samavadyatīty upapadyate. itarathā caror ekasmād avadyatīty abhaviṣyat.

NOTES: *{3/471: Tait.Br. 1.7.4.4}* *{3/472: E2,4: prāyaṇīya}* *{3/473: E2: 4,441; E4: 4,712; E6: 1,232}*

ājye ca darśanāt sviṣṭakṛd arthavādasya // MS_3,5.4 //

dhrauve cājye sviṣṭakṛd arthavādo bhavati - avadāyāvadāya dhruvāṃ pratyabhidhārayati, sviṣṭakṛte 'vadāya na dhruvāṃ pratyabhidhārayati. na hi tataḥ parāmāhutiṃ yakṣyan bhavatīti, pratyabhidhāraṇasyaitat prayojanaṃ darśayati - tataḥ patrāmāhutiṃ hoṣyatīti. sauviṣṭakṛte vṛtte{*3/474*} tataḥ parāhutir nāstīti na pratyabhidhāryeta. sviṣṭakṛd arthe dhruvāyāṃ bhavati pratyabhidhāraṇam iti darśayati.

NOTES: *{3/474: E2,4: 'vatte}*

aśeṣātvāt tu naivaṃ syāt sarvādānād aśeṣatā // MS_3,5.5 //

naivam, dhrauvājyāt sviṣṭakṛd iḍam avadātavyam iti. kasmāt? aśeṣatvāt. kuto nāsya śeṣaḥ? sarvādānāt.

sādhāraṇyān na dhruvāyāṃ syāt // MS_3,5.6 //

nanūpāṃśuyājārthaṃ gṛhīte yad dhruvāyāṃ śiṣṭam, tat śeṣabhūtam. naitat, sādhāraṇaṃ hi tat, upāṃśuyājāya, anyebhyaś ca prayojanebhyaḥ. yāvad ājyena yaṣṭavyam, tat tad ājyaṃ prayojayati. yasya yasyājyam, tasya tasyaivaṃ grahītavyaṃ saṃskartavyaṃ ceti, tasmāt sādhāraṇaṃ dhrauvam ājyam. darśayati ca - sarvasmai vā etad yajñāya gṛhyate yad dhruvāyām ājyam iti{*3/475*}. kim ato yady evam iti. yat sādhāraṇam upāṃśuyājāyāvattaṃ dhruvāyām ājyam, tenānyāni prayojanāni kāryāṇi, na [344]{*3/476*} tu tat pratipādyam, yad dhi kṛtaprayojanam ākīrṇakaram avatiṣṭhate, tat pratipādayitavyam iti. kvacic ca, yat pratipādayitavyam tat, evaṃ pratipādayitavyam iti. yat tu prayojanavad upāttaṃ tan na pratipādayitavyam. tasmān na dhruvāyām upāṃśuyājasya{*3/477*} sauviṣṭakṛtaś ca{*3/478*} kaścic cheṣaḥ pratipādanīyaḥ, yathā yatraikasyāmukhyāyāṃ bahūnām odanaḥ śṛto bhavati, tatraikasmin bhuktavati, na tasya śiṣṭaṃ bhṛtyebhyaḥ pratipādanīyamukhāyām astīti gamyate, prayojanavad dhi tat. evam upāṃśuyājājye 'pi draṣṭavyam{*3/479*} iti. āha - juhvāṃ tarhy ājyasya śeṣo bhaviṣyati, camasavat, yathā camaseṣu graheṣu ca somasya codanayeti. tatra pratyāha -

NOTES: *{3/475: Tait.Br. 3.3.5.5}* *{3/476: E2: 4,443; E4: 4,715; E6: 1,233}* *{3/477: E2,4: upāṃśuyājārthasya}* *{3/478: E2,4: sauviṣṭakṛtasya}* *{3/479: E1: dravyam}*

avattatvāc ca juhvām, tasya ca homasaṃyogāt // MS_3,5.7 //

dhruvāyāṃ tāvan nāsti śeṣaḥ, upāṃśuyājasya sādhāraṇatvād ity uktam. atha kasmān na juhvāṃ yac chiṣṭam, tena śeṣakāryam, yathā homārthe camase śeṣa iti. ucyate - yaj juhvām avattam, tat sarvaṃ homena saṃbaddham, tasmān na juhvāṃ śeṣaḥ.

camasavad iti cet // MS_3,5.8 //

iti punar yad uktam, tat parihartavyam.

na codanāvirodhād dhaviḥprakalpanatvāc ca // MS_3,5.9 //

naitad evam. kutaḥ? codanāvirodhāt, somasyāgner{*3/480*} vīhīty{*3/481*} anuvaṣaṭkarotīti{*3/482*} tatra codanā. api ca, tatraindravāyavaṃ gṛhṇātītyevamādīni grahaṇāni na somasaṃyuktāni{*3/483*}, [345]{*3/484*} haviḥprakalpanāny eva, iha punar homasaṃyogaḥ, caturgṛhītaṃ juhotīti{*3/485*}.

NOTES: *{3/480: E2,4: somasyāgne}* *{3/481: E4: vrīhīty}* *{3/482: Ai.Br. 3.5}* *{3/483: E2,4: homasaṃyuktāni}* *{3/484: E2: 4,445; E4: 4,718; E6: 1,234}* *{3/485: Tait.S. 5.1.1.1}*

utpannādhikārāt sati sarvavacanam // MS_3,5.10 //

atha yad uktam - tad yat{*3/486*} sarvebhyaḥ havirbhyaḥ samavadyatīti. ucyate - utpannaṃ śeṣam adhikṛtyaitad ucyate, nāviśeṣaṇam, tasmād ya{*3/487*} iha śeṣās tebhyaḥ sarvebhya iti, yathā sarva odano bhuktaḥ, sarve brāhmaṇā bhuktavanta iti prakṛtāpekṣaḥ sarvaśabda evam atrāpīti.

NOTES: *{3/486: E2,4 om. tad yat}* *{3/487: E2,4: yaṃ}*

jātiviśeṣāt param // MS_3,5.11 //

atha yad uktam - prāpaṇīye{*3/488*} kevale carau samavattaśabdo nāvakalpate, yadi na tatra codakenājyād api sviṣṭṛakṛd avadānam iti. ucyate - asaty apy ājyāc cheṣakārye samavattaśabdo jātiviśeṣāpekṣa upapadyate, odanajātim ājyajātiṃ{*3/489*} cāpekṣya. anuvādo hi saḥ, yathāsaṃbhavaṃ cānuvādaḥ kalpyeta.

NOTES: *{3/488: E2,4: prāyaṇīye}* *{3/489: E2,4: odanajātibhājyajātiṃ}*

antyam arekārthe // MS_3,5.12 //

atha yad uktam - sviṣṭakṛd arthaṃ dhruvāyām abhidhāraṇaṃ darśayatīti. na tat sviṣṭakṛd artham, śeṣābhāvād ity uktam. tasmād ayaṃ tasyārthaḥ. na hi tata āhutiṃ yakṣyan bhavatīti na rekṣyate, dhruvāto yady āhutir aparā hotavyā bhavet, na ca pratyabhidhāryeta. dhuvātaḥ kila{*3/490*} ricyeta, na rakṣyate, aparasyā āhuter abhāvāt, kiṃ pratyabhidhāraṇeneti.

[346]{*3/491*}

NOTES: *{3/490: E2,4: dhuvā tataḥ kila}* *{3/491: E2: 4,447; E4: 4,722; E6: 1,234}*

sākaṃ prasthāyīye{*3/492*} sviṣṭakṛd iḍaṃ ca tadvat // MS_3,5.13 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - sākaṃ prasthāyīyena yajeteti{*3/493*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ sviṣṭakṛd iḍam asti, nāstīti. astīti brūmah. kutaḥ? darśapūrṇamāsavikāro hi sākaṃ prasthāyīyam iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - nāstīti. kutaḥ? aśeṣatvāt, sarvādānāc cāśeṣatā. katham? evaṃ tatra śrūyate - ājyabhāgābhyāṃ pracaryāgneyena ca puroḍāśenāgnīdhre srucau pradāya saha kumbhībhir abhikrāmann āheti. tasmān na tataḥ śeṣakāryad iti.

NOTES: *{3/492: E1: prasthāyye}* *{3/493: Tait.S. 2.5.4.3}*

sautrāmaṇyāṃ ca graheṣu // MS_3,5.14 //

asti sautrāmaṇī, tatra grahāḥ{*3/494*} śrūyante, āśvinasārasvataindrāḥ, tatra codakena sviṣṭakṛd iḍaṃ prāptam. athedānīṃ saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ nivartate, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? codakānugrahāya kartavyam iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - sautrāmaṇyāṃ ca graheṣu na{*3/495*} kartavyam iti caśabdenātidiśyate{*3/496*}. kutaḥ? aśeṣatvāt, sarvādānād śeṣatā. tatrāpi hi grahair evaṃ hotuṃ pratiṣṭhante, yat payograhāś ca suragrahāś ca gṛhyanta iti. grahasthaṃ khalv api tad dravyam abhigṛhītam abhyanukramam abhyāśrāvitaṃ devatāṃ prati. yathā - gṛhītān grahān ṛtvija ādadate, āśvinam adhvaryuḥ, sārasvataṃ brahmā, aindraṃ pratiprasthāteti, homārtham [347]{*3/497*} aśeṣādānaṃ bhavati. homasaṃyogaś caiṣāṃ śruyate - uttare 'gnau payograhāj juhvati dakṣiṇe 'gnau suragrahāj juhvatīti.

NOTES: *{3/494: E2,4: prahāḥ}* *{3/495: E2,4: ca}* *{3/496: E2,4: caśabdenānvādiśyate}* *{3/497: E2: 4,448; E4: 4,723; E6: 1,235}*

tadvac ca śeṣavacanam // MS_3,5.15 //

etam eva nyāyam, śeṣavacanam upodbalayati. ucchinaṣṭi, na sarvaṃ juhotīti{*3/498*}, sarvahome prāpte, pratiṣedho 'vakalpyate. vācanikatvāc ca sviṣṭakṛd iḍaṃ na bhavati, tasyānyatropayogavacanāt, brāhmaṇaṃ parikrīṇīyād uccheṣaṇasya pātāram iti, aparasyāpi śeṣasya vācaniko viniyogaḥ, śatātṛṇāyāṃ vikṣārayantīti.

NOTES: *{3/498: Tait.Br. 1.8.6.2}*

dravyaikatve karmabhedāt pratikarma kriyeran // MS_3,5.16 //

asti sarvapṛṣṭheṣṭiḥ - indrāya rāthantarāya, indrāya bārhatāya{*3/499*}, indrāya vairūpāya, indrāya vairājāya, indrāya śāknarāyeti. tatra puroḍāśo bahūnāṃ karmaṇāṃ sādhāraṇaḥ. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ pratikarma, sviṣṭakṛd iḍaṃ kartavyam, sakṛd eva veti. kiṃ prāptam? codanānugrahāt pratikarma, kartavyam, ekasminn api dravye bahutvāt karmaṇām.

NOTES: *{3/499: E2,4: ābarhatāya}*

avibhāgāc ca śeṣasya, sarvān praty aviśiṣṭatvāt // MS_3,5.17 //

sakṛd eva kartavyam iti brūmaḥ, avibhāgāc cheṣasya. na [348]{*3/500*} atra vibhāgaḥ sarveṣāṃ karmaṇāṃ puroḍāśasya, uttarārdhāt sviṣṭakṛd avadātavyam, ekaś cāsau uttarārdhaḥ, tato 'vadīyamāne na gamyate viśeṣaḥ. kasyāvattam, kasya neti, evam iḍāyām api. tasmāt sakṛd avadātavyam iti.

NOTES: *{3/500: E2: 4,450; E4: 4,726; E6: 1,235}*

aindravāyave tu vacanāt pratikarma bhakṣaḥ syāt // MS_3,5.18 //

asti jyotiṣṭomaḥ - jyotiṣṭomena svargakāmo yajeteti. tatraindravāyave grahe saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ sakṛd bhakṣaṇam, uta dvir iti. somasaṃskārārthatvāt sakṛd iti prāpte brūmaḥ - aindravāyave dvir bhakṣayitavyam iti. kutaḥ? vacanāt, vacanam idaṃ bhavati, dvir aindravāyavasya bhakṣayati, dvir hy etasya vaṣaṭkarotīti, nāsti vacanasyātibhāraḥ.

some 'vacanād bhakṣo na vidyate // MS_3,5.19 //

jyotiṣṭome samāmananti somān. teṣu saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ{*3/501*} teṣāṃ śeṣo bhakṣayitavyaḥ, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? some bhakṣo na vidyate. kasmāt? avacanāt, na śakyam asati vacane 'dhyavasātuṃ bhakṣaṇam. tasmāt somaśeṣo na bhakṣayitavya iti.

NOTES: *{3/501: E2,4 om. kiṃ}*

syād vānyārthadarśanāt // MS_3,5.20 //

bhaved vā bhakṣaḥ, anyārthaṃ hi vacanaṃ bhakṣaṃ darśayati - sarvataḥ parihāram āśvinaṃ bhakṣayati, bhakṣitāpy āyitāṃś camasān [349]{*3/502*} dakṣiṇasyānaso 'valambe sādayantīti{*3/503*}. nāsati bhakṣaṇa evaṃjātīyakā bhakṣaviśeṣāḥ saṃbhavanti.

NOTES: *{3/502: E2: 4,453; E4: 4,729; E6: 1,236}* *{3/503: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.4.9.4-5}*

vacanāni tv apūrvatvāt tasmād yathopadeśaṃ syuḥ // MS_3,5.21 //

nanu darśanam idam, prāptir vaktavyā. ucyate - vacanāni tarhi bhaviṣyanti. sarvataḥ parihāram āśvinaṃ bhakṣayati{*3/504*}. tasmāt sarvā diśaḥ śṛṇotīti viśiṣṭaṃ bhakṣaṇaṃ vidhīyate. apūrvatvād bhakṣānuvādo nāvakalpate. api ca, evam apūrvam arthaṃ vidadhato 'rthavattā bhaviṣyati. tasmād yatraiva viśiṣṭaṃ bhakṣaṇaṃ śrūyate, tatraiva bhavati, nātiprasajyate.

NOTES: *{3/504: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.4.9.4}*

camaseṣu samākhyānāt saṃyogasya tannimittatvāt // MS_3,5.22 //

jyotiṣṭoma eva śruyate - praitu hotuś camasaḥ pra brahmaṇaḥ prodgātṝṇāṃ pra yajamānasya prayantu sadasyānām iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ camasinām asti bhakṣaḥ, neti. kiṃ prāptam? neti brūmaḥ, nātiprasajyata{*3/505*} ity uktam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - camaseṣv asti bhakṣa iti. kutaḥ? samākhyānāt, hotuś camaso brahmaṇaś camasa udgātuś camasa iti samākhyayā nirdiśyate, hotā yatra camati camiṣyati, acamīd vā sa hotuś camasaḥ. yady atra hotā na camen na hotuś camaso bhavet. tasmāc camatīti. āha, kāsya liṅgasya prāptir iti. sāmarthyam iti brūmaḥ - hotuś camasena praitavyam. yadi cātra hotā na [350]{*3/506*} camet, na śakyaṃ bhaved dhotuś camasena praitum. na cātrānyad dhotā, odanādi camiṣyati, somacamasa iti hi taṃ samācakṣate. api ca, na tad dhotur dravyaṃ yajamānasya tad dravyam, hotus tatra camanaṃ kartavyam. some ca bhakṣyamāṇe tena homo 'vakalpate. pavitraṃ hi somaḥ, na tasmin bhakṣite pātraṃ vyāpadyate. tatra camasena śakyate hotum. vacanaprāmāṇyād ucchiṣṭena hoṣyatīti cet. naitad evam, asati avakāśe vacanaṃ bādhakaṃ bhavati, asti cāvakāśaḥ somabhakṣaṇam, tasmāc camasibhir bhakṣayitavyaḥ somaḥ iti. atha takṣaṇādīny āśrīyeran. tathā saṃbandhāpahnavād ataccamasataiva syāt, dravyāntaraṃ syāt. tasmāc cābrāhmaṇasya somaṃ pratiṣedhati, sa yadi rājanyaṃ vaiśyaṃ vā yājayet, sa yadi somaṃ vibhakṣayiṣet, nyagrodhastibhīrāhṛtya tāḥ saṃpiṣya dadhany unmṛja{*3/507*} tasmai bhakṣaṃ prayacchet, na somam iti{*3/508*} bhakṣānivṛttiṃ{*3/509*} darśayati. saiṣa bhakṣāśaṅkaivaṃ saty upapadyate, yadi camasino 'sti bhakṣaḥ, tasmād astīti manyāmahe.

NOTES: *{3/505: E2,4: bhakṣo nātiprasajyata}* *{3/506: E2: 4,455; E4: 4,731; E6: 1,237}* *{3/507: E2,4,6, E1 (v.l.): unmṛjya}* *{3/508: Ai.Br. 7.30}* *{3/509: E2,4: bhakṣa nivṛttiṃ}*

udgātṛcamasam ekaḥ śrutisaṃyogāt // MS_3,5.23 //

asti jyotiṣṭomaḥ - jyotiṣṭomena svargakāmo yajeteti. tatrāsti - praitu hotuś camasaḥ pra brahmaṇaḥ prodgātṝṇām iti. tatrāsti{*3/510*} samākhyānād bhakṣa ity uktam. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim eka evainaṃ camasam udgātā bhakṣayet, uta sarve [351]{*3/511*} bhakṣayeyuḥ? atha subrahmaṇyavarjitāś chandogā bhakṣayeyuḥ, athavā saha subrahmaṇyeneti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? eko bhakṣayed udgātaiva. kutaḥ? śrutisaṃyogāt, udgātaikaḥ śrutyā saṃyujyate - camasena prodgātṝṇām iti. nanu bahuvacanaṃ śrūyate - tena bahavo bhakṣayeyuḥ. ucyate, śrūyate bahuvacanam, tad udgātṛprātipadikagatam, tad vivakṣitaṃ sad udgātṛbahutvaṃ brūyāt, ekaś cogātā, tatra bahutvaṃ śrūyamāṇam api na śaknuyād udgātṛbhedaṃ kartum. tasmād avivakṣitaṃ bahuvacanam, anumānaṃ hy etat, bahūnāṃ camasa iti. katham? yad bahuṣu prātipadikaṃ vartate, tato bahuvacanaṃ bhavati, bahuvacanaṃ tu tato dṛśyate, prodgātṝṇām iti. tasmān nūnaṃ bahūnāṃ camasa ity anumānam. pratyakṣaṃ tv eka udgātā, na dvitīyaḥ, na tṛtīyaḥ. anumānāc ca pratyakṣaṃ kāraṇaṃ balavad bhavet. tasmād ekasya camasaḥ, sa codgātur iti.

NOTES: *{3/510: E2,4,6: tatrāsti}* *{3/511: E2: 4,456; E4: 4,733; E6: 1,237}*

sarve vā sarvasaṃyogāt // MS_3,5.24 //

sarve vā bhakṣayeyuḥ, ekasminn udgātari bhakṣayati bahuvacanaṃ pramādādhītam{*3/512*} iti gamyate. na hi tad anūdyate, na vidhīyata iti. nanu sarveṣv api bhakṣayatsūdgātṛśabdaḥ pramādo gamyate. ucyate - lakṣaṇārtho 'pi tāvat saṃbhaviṣyati, udgātṛprabhṛtaya iti.

NOTES: *{3/512: E2,4,6: pramādād adhītam}*

stotrakāriṇāṃ vā tatsaṃyogād bahuśruteḥ // MS_3,5.25 //

ucyate - naitad asti, bahūnāṃ camasa iti. kutaḥ? [352]{*3/513*} udgātṛśabdasya camasena saṃbandhaḥ pratyakṣeṇa vākyena, bahuvacanasya punar udgātṛśabdena śrutyā saṃbandhaḥ. anyena ṛtvijā tu bahuvacanasya naiva kaścid asti saṃbandhaḥ. tasmād bahūnāṃ camasa ity anupapannam iti. atrocyate - śaknoty ayam udgātṛśabdo bahutvaṃ vaditum, kriyāyogena, udnāyantīty udgātāraḥ. ke te? prastotā, udgātā, pratiharteti, tad etena bahuvacananirdeśenānumānikakriyāyoganimitta udgātṛśabdo vivakṣita ity avagamiṣyāmaḥ. bahuvacanaṃ hy evam avakḷptaṃ bhaviṣyati, udgātṛśabdaś ca. tasmāt stotrakāriṇāṃ camasa iti.

NOTES: *{3/513: E2: 4,458; E4: 4,735; E6: 1,238}*

sarve tu vedasaṃyogāt kāraṇād ekadeśo syāt // MS_3,5.26 //

sarve chandogāḥ sahasubrahmaṇyā bhakṣayeyuḥ. kim iti? gānasaṃyogād iti nāyaṃ pakṣa upapadyate. katham? ekas tatrodgānena saṃbandhaḥ{*3/514*}, itaro gānena, anyad dhi gānam, anyad udgānam, gītimātraṃ gānaṃ laukikaṃ vaidikaṃ ca. dvitīyaṃ sāmnaḥ parva, utpūrvasya gāyater abhidheyaṃ prasiddham. tatraika evodgīthaṃ karotīty eka evodgātā, na bahavaḥ. tasmād gānasaṃyogād bahavo bhaviṣyantīty etad api nopapadyate. kathaṃ tarhi? vedasaṃyogāt, audgātraṃ nāma pravacanam, tathā - audgātrāṇi karmāṇi, audgātrasya kartā vādhyetā vodgātety ucyate. katham? udgātuḥ karma, audgātram iti prasiddham. evaṃ ced vyaktam audgātrasya kartā, udgāteti gamyate. yasyodgātā prasiddhaḥ, tad viśiṣṭaṃ karmānākhyātam apy audgātram iti vadati. śabdaś ca yasyaudgātraṃ prasiddham, sa tasya kartāram udgāteti vadati, anākhyātam api, yathā yasyodameghaḥ prasiddhaḥ, sa tasyānākhyā-tam apy apatyam audameghir iti brūte, yasyaudameghiḥ, sa tasya [353]{*3/515*} pitaram anākhyātam apy udameghaṃ pratipadyate. evam audgātrasaṃbandhād upapadyata udgātṛśabdaḥ, prastotāpy udgātāpi pratihartāpi subrahmaṇyo 'pi. evaṃ bahuvacanam udgātṛśabdaś cobhayam apy upapannaṃ bhaviṣyati, na cānyaḥ kaścid doṣaḥ. tasmād audgātreṇa saṃbaddhāśvatvāra udgātṛcamasaṃ bhakṣayeyur iti. yatra kāraṇam asti, tatrāpi subrahmaṇyā udgātāraḥ, yathā - udgātṛśabdo viniṣadyodgātāraḥ sāmnā stuvata iti stotrakāriṣu, tathedam{*3/516*} api vacanam, udgātāro nāpavyāhareyur uttamāyām eṣottamā ity apasubrahmaṇyānām eva.

NOTES: *{3/514: E2,4: saṃbaddhaḥ}* *{3/515: E2: 4,460; E4: 4,736; E6: 1,239}* *{3/516: E2,4,6: yathedam}*

grāvastuto bhakṣo na vidyate 'nāmnānāt // MS_3,5.27 //

jyotiṣṭome grāvastun nāma hotṛpuruṣaḥ. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ sa somaṃ bhakṣayet, neti. ucyate - grāvastun na bakṣayet. kutaḥ? yato 'sya bhakṣaṃ nāmananti. hāriyojane camasinām adhikāra iti manyamāna evaṃ ha smāha, nāsyāmnāyate bhakṣa{*3/517*} iti.

NOTES: *{3/517: E1 gibt hāriyojane camasinām adhikāra iti manyamāna evaṃ ha smāha, nāsyāmnāyate bhakṣa in Klammern}*

hāriyojane vā sarvasaṃyogāt // MS_3,5.28 //

hāriyojanasya vā grāvastutaṃ bhakṣayitāraṃ manyāmahe, evaṃ hy āmananti - yathā camasam anyāṃś camasāṃś camasino bhakṣayanti. [354]{*3/518*} athaitasya hāriyojanasya sarva eva lipsanta iti. yadā hāriyojanasya sarve lipsante, tadā grāvastud apīti.

NOTES: *{3/518: E2: 4,462; E4: 4,739; E6: 1,239}*

camasināṃ vā saṃnidhānāt // MS_3,5.29 //

vāśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. naitad asti grāvastuto hāriyojane bhakṣa iti, camasināṃ tatrādhikāro na sarveṣām. katham? camasinām eṣa vibhāgaḥ, camasino 'nyāṃś camasān, yathā - camasaṃ bhakṣayantīty anūdya, camasina eva vadati, athaitasya hāriyojanasya sarva eva lipsanta iti. ekaṃ hīdaṃ vākyam, athaitasyety athaśabdaprayogāt, anantaravṛttam apekṣate. atha{*3/519*} sarva evety evaśabdaḥ, sāmarthyāt sarvān pūrvaprakṛtān apekṣate, ato manyāmahe - yathā camasam anyāṃś camasāṃś camasino bhakṣayantīty anena pūrveṇa, athaitasya hāriyojanasyety etasyaikavākyatā bhavatīti. tena camasināṃ saṃnihitānām eṣa vibhāgaḥ, yathā camasam anyatra, hāriyojane tu sarva eveti.

NOTES: *{3/519: E2,4 om. atha}*

sarveṣāṃ tu vidhitvāt tadarthā camasiśrutiḥ // MS_3,5.30 //

tuśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. naitad asti - camasina eva hāriyojane lipsanta iti, sarve tu vidhīyante hāriyojane, sarve bhakṣayantīti, na punaś camasina iti saṃbandhaḥ śakyate vidhātum. dvau hi saṃbandhāv asmin vākye 'pūrvau na śakyete vidhātum. tasmād anyā vacanavyaktiḥ. [355]{*3/520*} kā punar asau? yathā camasam anyāṃś camasāṃś camasino bhakṣayantīty anuvādaḥ, camasinaś camasān bhakṣayanty eva, te bhakṣayanto yathā camasam eva, athaitasya hāriyojanasya na kevalaṃ camasinaḥ, sarva eveti. kim evaṃ bhaviṣyati? sarvaśabdaś ca sarvān vadan naikadeśe kalpito bhaviṣyati. na ca, dvau saṃbandhāv apūrvāv ekasmin vākye bhaviṣyataḥ. tasmād eṣa pakṣo jyāyān iti tadarthā hy eṣā camasiśrutiḥ, hāriyojanasya praśāṃsārthā{*3/521*} camasinaḥ kīrtyante hāriyojanaṃ praśaṃsitum. katham? mahābhāgo hi hāriyojanaḥ, yasmāt tatra sarve lipsante, anyāṃś camasān ekaikaḥ, na te mahābhāgāḥ, nyūnā hāriyojanād iti.

NOTES: *{3/520: E2: 4,463; E4: 4,740; E6: 1,240}* *{3/521: E1 gibt hāriyojanasya praśāṃsārthā in Klammern}*

vaṣaṭkārāc ca bhakṣayet // MS_3,5.31 //

atha kiṃ samākhyaivaikā bhakṣakāraṇam? neti brūmah, vaṣaṭkārāc ca bhakṣayet, vaṣaṭkāraś ca bhakṣaṇe nimittam. katham? vacanāt, evaṃ hi śrūyate - vaṣaṭkartuḥ prathamabhakṣa iti, bhakṣaṇasyāprāptatvāt, na prāthamy avidhānārtha eṣa śabdaḥ, prāthamy aviśiṣṭaṃ bhakṣaṇam eva vidadhātīti.

homābhiṣavābhyāṃ ca // MS_3,5.32 //

aparam api kāraṇaṃ homābhiṣavau. katham? havirdhāne [356]{*3/522*} grāvabhir abhiṣutyāhavanīye hutvā pratyañcaḥ parety sadasi bhakṣān bhakṣayantīti{*3/523*}. na tāvat, eṣa kramo vidhīyate, home nirvṛtte tato bhakṣaṇasyāprāptatvāt{*3/524*}. dvayoś ca kramayor vidhānāt, abhiṣutya hutveti vākyaṃ bhidyeta. arthena ca prāptatvād asya kramasya. na hy akṛte prayojane kaścit pratipādanam arhati. na ca, bhakṣaṇāṅgabhāvena homābhiṣavau codyete. abhiṣavasya homārthatvāt, homasya ca phalārthatvāt. tasmād dhomābhiṣavayoḥ kartṝṇāṃ bhakṣaṇaṃ vidhīyate. ye 'bhiṣuṇvanti juhvati ca, te bhakṣayantīti.

NOTES: *{3/522: E2: 4,466; E4: 4,744; E6: 1,241}* *{3/523: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.2.11.4}* *{3/524: E2,4: tato bhakṣaṇam iti, bhakṣaṇasyāprāptatvāt}*

pratyakṣopadeśāc camasānām avyaktaḥ śeṣe // MS_3,5.33 //

idaṃ śrūyate - praitu hotuś camasaḥ pra brahmaṇaḥ prodgātṝṇām iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - camaseṣu homābhiṣavayoḥ kartāro vaṣaṭkartāraś ca kiṃ bhakṣayeyuḥ, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? na bhakṣayeyuḥ, pratyakṣopadeśāc camasānāṃ camasinaḥ prati. praitu hotuś camasa ityevamādibhir viśeṣavacanaiḥ, homābhiṣavakāriṇāṃ{*3/525*} sāmānyavākyena, yaḥ somo bhakṣaṇena saṃskartavyaḥ, sa camaseṣu camasibhir iti, athedānīm anyan nimittaṃ kva bhaviṣyati? avyaktaḥ sāmānyanimittaḥ kva? śeṣe bhaviṣyati, yatra na camasinaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/525: E2,4: homābhiṣavādikāriṇāṃ}*

syād vā kāraṇabhāvād anirdeśaś camasānāṃ kartus tadvacanatvāt // MS_3,5.34 //

syād vā camaseṣu vaṣaṭkartrādīnāṃ bhakṣaḥ, prāpyate hi teṣāṃ tatra kāraṇam, na ca pratiṣidhyate. nanu camasināṃ pratyakṣo[357]{*3/526*}padeśān nivarteran. ucyate - anirdeśaś camasānāṃ kartus tadvacanatvāt, praitu hotuś camasa ityevamādayaḥ śabdāḥ na śaknuvanti vaṣaṭkartrādīn pratiṣeddhum, upadeṣṭāro hi te, na pratiṣeddhāraḥ, tasmād vaṣaṭkartrādayo 'pi camaseṣu bhakṣayeyuḥ.

NOTES: *{3/526: E2: 4,469; E4: 4,747; E6: 1,241}*

camase cānyadarśanāt // MS_3,5.35 //

camase cānyāṃś camasino darśayati - camasāṃś camasādhvaryave prayacchati. tān sa vaṣaṭkartre haratīti. eko hi svaś camaso vaṣaṭkartre hriyate, tena bahuharaṇadarśanaṃ nāvakalpate, yadi vaṣaṭkartrādayo na camaseṣu bhakṣayeyuḥ. tasmād bhakṣayantīti.

atha yatraikasmin pātre bahavo bhakṣayanti, kas tatra krama iti. ucyate -

ekapātre kramād adhvaryuḥ pūrvo bhakṣayet // MS_3,5.36 //

tasya hi kramo bhakṣayitum, yasya haste somaḥ.

hotā vā mantravarṇāt // MS_3,5.37 //

hotā vā pūrvo bhakṣayet, mantravarṇāt, mantravarṇo hi tathā - hotuś cit pūrve haviradyam āśateti{*3/527*}, tathā - hoteva naḥ prathamaḥ pāhīti{*3/528*}.

NOTES: *{3/527: ṚV 10.94.2d}* *{3/528: ṚV 5.43.3c}*

vacanāc ca // MS_3,5.38 //

vacanam idaṃ bhavati - vaṣaṭkartuḥ prathamabhakṣa iti. vacana[358]{*3/529*}m evedam, na mantavyam, anekaguṇavidhānād avivakṣitaṃ prāthamyam iti. aprāptatvāt prāthamyasya, nāyam anuvādaḥ, vidhir eva. samāsena ca vidadhato nānekaguṇavidhānaṃ duṣkaram.

NOTES: *{3/529: E2: 4,470; E4: 4,749; E6: 1,242}*

kāraṇānupūrvyāc ca // MS_3,5.39 //

prathaṃ hi vaṣaṭkaraṇaṃ nimittaṃ hotuḥ, tato homo 'dhvaryor nimittam. nimittānupūrvyāc ca naimittikānupūrvye kramānurodhaḥ.

vacanād anujñātabhakṣaṇam{*3/530*} // MS_3,5.40 //

atha ya ekapātre somo 'nekena bhakṣyate, kiṃ tatrānujñāpya, ananujñāpya vā bhakṣayitavyam, utānujñāpyaiveti. lāghavād aniyamo prāpta ucyate - anujñāpya bhakṣayitavyam iti. kasmāt? vacanāt, idaṃ vacanaṃ bhavati - tasmāt somo nānupahūtena peya iti. upahvānaṃ cānujñāpanam. prāptisūtram etat{*3/531*}.

athānujñātena bhakṣayitavyam iti sthite, kiṃ laukikena vacanenānujñāpayitavyam, uta vaidikeneti. aniyamāl laukikeneti prāpta ucyate -

NOTES: *{3/530: E2,4: ajñātabhakṣaṇam}* *{3/531: E1 gibt prāptisūtram etat in Klammern}*

tadupahūta upahūyasvety{*3/532*} anenānujñāpayel liṅgāt // MS_3,5.41 //

anujñāpanaliṅgo 'yaṃ mantraḥ, liṅgāt, anujñāpane samāmnātaḥ, [359]{*3/533*} sāmarthyād vinijujyate, tatra kṛte 'rthe laukiko nivartate.

NOTES: *{3/532: E2,4: upahvayasvety}* *{3/533: E2: 4,472; E4: 4,751; E6: 1,242}*

tatrārthāt prativacanam // MS_3,5.42 //

etad avagatam - tadupahūta upahūyasvety{*3/534*} anenānujñāpayed{*3/535*} iti. atha prativacane saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ laukikaṃ prativacanam utaitad eveti. kiṃ prāptam? etad vaidikam, praśne viniyuktam. laukikam anyat prativacanaṃ bhavitaum arhati. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - tatraitad eva prativacanam iti. nanu praśnaliṅgam etad upahūyasveti{*3/536*}. ucyate - yad asya pūrvam, upahūta iti prativacanasya samartham, tat prativacanakārye baviṣyati. āha - viparītam etat samāmnānam, pūrvaṃ hi praśnena bhavitavyam, tataḥ prativacanena. ucyate - arthāt, pūrvaṃ prativacanakārye bhaviṣyati, artho hi kramād balīyān iti.

NOTES: *{3/534: E2,4: upahvayasvety}* *{3/535: E2,4: etenānujñāpayed}* *{3/536: E2,4: upahvayasveti}*

tadekapātrāṇāṃ samavāyāt // MS_3,5.43 //

idaṃ saṃdihyate - kiṃ yaḥ kaścid anujñāpayitavyaḥ, uta samānapātra iti. aviśeṣābhidhānād yaḥ kaścid iti prāpta ucyate - tat khalv anujñāpanam ekapātrāṇāṃ syāt. kutaḥ? anujñāpanam ihāṅgam, anujñāpanasya caitad rūpam, yatrānyena kartavyam anyaś cikīrṣet, so 'numanyasveti brūte, sahabhoja[360]{*3/537*}nādi vācaritukāmaś cittam anyasyānukūlayati. tad etan nānāpātreṣu naiva saṃbhavati. na hi tatrānyena kartavyam, anyo vā cikīrṣatīti{*3/538*}. sahabhojanādau vā padārthe{*3/539*} saṃmānayati. ekapātre tu some sādhāraṇe saṃskartavye nyāyena samo vibhāgaḥ prāpnoti, tatrāvibhajya pīyamāne kadācid anyena pātavyam anyaḥ pibet, tatrānujñāpanaṃ saṃbhavati, tvayārdhaṃ pātavyam, mayār-dham. kadācid aham abhyādhikaṃ nyūnaṃ vā pibeyam, tadanujñātum arhasīti, ekapātre vā pānaṃ tvayā sahācarann ahaṃ tava cittaprasādānaṃ vyāhanyām iti saṃbhavaty anujñāpanā. tasmād eka-pātreṣv evaitat syād iti.

NOTES: *{3/537: E2: 4,473; E4: 4,753; E6: 1,243}* *{3/538: E2,4 om. iti}* *{3/539: E2,4: padārthaṃ}*

yājyāpanayenāpanīto bhakṣaḥ pravaravat // MS_3,5.44 //

asti jyotiṣṭomaḥ, tatra ṛtuyāgeṣu śrūyate - yajamānasya yājyā so 'bhipreṣyati hotar etad yajeti svayaṃ yā niṣpadya yajatīti. yadā svayaṃ yajati, tadā saṃdehaḥ - kim asya bhakṣo 'sti, nāstīti. tad ucyate - yājyāyām apanīyamānāyāṃ nāpanīyeta bhakṣaṇam, hotur eva tu bhakṣaṇaṃ syāt, na yajamānasyeti. kutaḥ? anyā hi yājyā, anyad bhakṣaṇam, na cānyasminn apanīyamāne 'nyad apanīyate. yathā tasyām eva yājyāyām apanīyamānāyāṃ pravaro nāpanīyate, tadvad etad apīti. nanu{*3/540*} yājyāyā adhi vaṣaṭkarotīti, yatra yājyā, tatra vaṣaṭkāraḥ, yatra vaṣaṭkāraḥ, tatra bhakṣaṇam apīti. na [351]{*3/541*} ity ucyate, na tāvad yājyāyām avayavabhūto vaṣaṭkāraḥ, yena yājyāgrahaṇenāsau gṛhyeta{*3/542*}. yat tu tasyā adhi vaṣaṭkarotīti, anyenāpi prayujyamānāyā upari hotā vaṣaṭkariṣyati, yājyāpanayo hi vacanāt, na vaṣaṭkārāpanayaḥ. yāvad vacanam, vācanikaṃ bhavaty eva, vacanaṃ hi tadviṣayam eva.

NOTES: *{3/540: E2,4 om. nanu}* *{3/541: E2: 4,474; E4: 4,754; E6: 1,244}* *{3/542: E2,4 geben yena yājyāgrahaṇenāsau gṛhyeta in Klammern}*

yaṣṭur vā kāraṇāgamāt // MS_3,5.45 //

yaṣṭur vā bhakṣaḥ syāt. kutaḥ? kāraṇāgamāt, bhakṣasya kāraṇaṃ vaṣaṭkāraḥ, sa ca yājyāyām āgacchantyām āgacchati. evaṃ hi śrūyate - yājyāyā adhi vaṣaṭkarotīti. nanv etad uktam - yajamānenāpi prayujyamānāyāṃ hotā{*3/543*} adhi{*3/544*} vaṣaṭkarotīti. naiṣa samādhiḥ, anavānatā yaṣṭavyam, vaṣaṭkāreṇa yāgaḥ kriyate, na yājyāmatreṇa. tasmād ā vaṣaṭkārān nāvānitavyaṃ yajamānena, anyaś ced vaṣaṭkuryād avānyād yajamānaḥ. na ca yajeta. yaṣṭavye cāsau codyate, na yājyāmātravacane, svayaṃ nipadya yajatīti sāṅgasya niṣadyayāge vidhānāt.

NOTES: *{3/543: E2,4: prayujyamānāyā api hotā}* *{3/544: E2,4 om. adhi}*

pravṛttatvāt pravarasyānapāyaḥ // MS_3,5.46 //

atha yad uktam - yathā pravaro nāpanīyate, evaṃ bhakṣo 'pīti. ucyate - aśakyatvāt pravaro nāpanīyate, atikrānto hi sa katham apanīyeta hotuḥ? bhraṣṭe cāvasare, anuṣṭhīyamāno yajamānasya viguṇaḥ syāt. na ca viguṇaḥ kathaṃcid arthaṃ sādhayet. nātra codakena prāpnoti. athocyate - yac chakyaṃ tac codakena prāpitam, yan na śakyam, na tat prāpitam iti. prakṛtir iyam, [362]{*3/545*} apūrvasyātra vidhānam, yādṛśam uktam, tādṛśaṃ yadi śakyate kartavyam. yadi na śakyate, yatraiva śakyate, tatraiva kāryam. na yatra viguṇam iti. tasmāt pravarasyānapāyo yukto na bhakṣasyeti.

NOTES: *{3/545: E2: 4,477; E4: 4,756; E6: 1,244}*

phalacamaso naimittiko bhakṣavikāraḥ śrutisaṃyogāt // MS_3,5.47 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - sa yadi rājanyaṃ vā{*3/546*} vaiṣyaṃ vā yājayet, sa yadi somaṃ vibhakṣayiṣet, nyagrodhastibhīr āhṛtya tāḥ saṃpiṣya dadhany unmṛjya tamasmai bhakṣaṃ prayacchen na somam iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ phalacamaso bhakṣavikāraḥ, utejyāvikāra iti. kiṃ phalacamasaṃ bhakṣayed ity arthaḥ, uta phalacamasena yajeteti{*3/547*}. kiṃ prāptam? phalacamaso naimittiko bhakṣavikāraḥ, bhakṣaṇena hi śrutenaikavākyatā bhavatīti, tasmai bhakṣaṃ prayacched iti, na, tena yajetetiśabdo 'sti, tasmād bhakṣavikāraḥ.

NOTES: *{3/546: E2,4 om. vā}* *{3/547: E1 gibt kiṃ phalacamasaṃ bhakṣayed ity arthaḥ, uta phalacamasena yajeteti in Klammern}*

ijyāvikāro vā saṃskārasya tadarthatvāt // MS_3,5.48 //

ijyāvikāro vā phalacamasaḥ phalacamasena yajetety arthaḥ{*3/548*}. katham? yad etad bhakṣaṇam, etat somasaṃskārārtham, phalacamasyāpi yadi bhakṣaṇaṃ phalacamasasaṃskārārtham, phalacamasasyānyatrānupayogād anarthakam. atha bhakṣaṇaṃ pradhānam. tathā - na somam [363]{*3/549*} ity anuvādo nāvakalpate. yadi tv ijyāvikāro{*3/550*} bhavet, tataḥ phalacamasasaṃskāro 'vakalpate. tasmād ijyāvikāraḥ. āha - kathaṃ yajisaṃbandhe 'sati, ijyāvikāro bhaviṣyatīti. ucyate - asti yajisaṃbandhaḥ. katham iti. yadi rājanyaṃ vā{*3/551*} vaiṣyaṃ vā yājayet, nyagrodhastibhīḥ saṃpiṣya tam asmai bhakṣaṃ prayacchet, yājayitum iti gamyate. bhakṣasaṃbandhe hi na pūrvam uttareṇa saṃbadhyate, yadi somaṃ bhakṣaṇena saṃskartum icchen nyagrodhastibhīḥ saṃskuryād iti. tasmān na bhakṣaṇasaṃbandhaḥ. yāgo hi prakṛto 'sti, tena saha saṃbhantsyate, na doṣo bhaviṣyati. nanu tasmai bhakṣaṃ prayacched itivacanād bhakṣasādhanam iti gamyate, na, yāgasādhanam iti, bhakṣaśabdānantaryāt. ucyate - śrūyamāṇe saṃbandhe 'narthakam iti kṛtvā prakṛtasaṃabdha ity ucyate. kathaṃ tu bhakṣasaṃbandha iti. yad dhi{*3/552*} yāgadravyaṃ bhakṣayitavyam, tac codakena bhavati, tasmād bhakṣasaṃbandhaṃ labhate, bhakṣasaṃbandhena ca yāgasaṃbandha eva lakṣyate, yadi tenejyate, tataḥ sa bhakṣo bhavati, tasmād bhakṣavacanāt sutarāṃ tenejyata iti gamyate, saiṣā vyavadhāraṇakalpanā. tasmai bhaksaṃ prayacchet, tam asmai bhakṣaṃ kuryād ity arthaḥ, yathā sa bhakṣo bhavati, tathā kuryād iti, yadi ca tenejyate, tato 'yaṃ bhakṣo bhavati. tasmāt tena yaṣṭavyam iti.

NOTES: *{3/548: E1 gibt phalacamasena yajetety arthaḥ in Klammern}* *{3/549: E2: 4,478; E4: 4,759; E6: 1,245}* *{3/550: E2,4: ijyākāro}* *{3/551: E2,4 om. vā}* *{3/552: E2,4: yadi}*

homāt // MS_3,5.49 //

homaviśeṣavacanaṃ bhavati - yadānyāṃś camasāñ{*3/553*} juhvati, athaitasya darbhataruṇakenopahatya juhotīti. ijyāvikāre sati darbhataruṇakeneti juhotau guṇavacanam avakalpate. tasmād apījyāvikāraḥ.

[364]{*3/554*}

NOTES: *{3/553: E2,4: catamasāñ}* *{3/554: E2: 4,482; E4: 4,762; E6: 1,246}*

camasaiś ca tulyakālatvāt // MS_3,5.50 //

yadānyāṃś cāmasān unnayanti, athainaṃ camasam unnayantīti. ijyāvikāre saty unnayanadarśanaṃ yujyate, na bhakṣavikāre. tasmād apījyāvikāraḥ.

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_3,5.51 //

itaś ca paśyāmaḥ - ijyāvikāra iti. kutaḥ? liṅgadarśanāt. kiṃ liṅgaṃ bhavati? somapratiṣedhānuvādaḥ, tasmai bhakṣaṃ prayacchet, na somam iti, ijyāvikāre sati somo na bhakṣyate. tasmāt paśyāmaḥ - ijyāvikāra iti.

anuprasarpiṣu sāmānyāt // MS_3,5.52 //

asti rājasūye daśapeyaḥ, tatra śrūyate - śataṃ brāhmaṇāḥ somān bhakṣayanti, daśadaśaikaikacamasam anuprasarpantīti. atra rājanyacamase saṃdehaḥ - kim, taṃ rājanyā anuprasarpeyuḥ, uta brāhmaṇā iti. kiṃ prāptam? rājyanyā iti. katham? daśadaśaikaikaṃ camasam anuprasarpeyur ity anuprasarpatāṃ saṃkhyā vidhīyate. ekasyāṃ rājanyajātau daśasaṃkhyā vidhīyate. rājanyajātiḥ saiva, tena taṃ daśa rājanyā anuprasarpeyur evaṃ śataṃ brāhmaṇā rājanyāś ca. teṣu śataśabdo 'nuvādaḥ. anuvādasarūpaś ca, śataṃ bhakṣayantīti. tasmād rājanyā rājanyacamasam anuprasarpeyur iti. kecid āhuḥ - brāhmaṇarājanyānām ekasmiṃś camase bhakṣaṇaṃ [365]{*3/555*} virudhyata iti. na sa doṣaḥ, na hi somenocchiṣṭā bhavantīti śrūyate.

NOTES: *{3/555: E2: 4,484; E4: 4,766; E6: 1,247}*

brāhmaṇā vā tulyaśabdatvāt // MS_3,5.53 //

brāhmaṇā vā rājanyacamasam anuprasarpeyuḥ. katham? śataṃ brāhmaṇāḥ somaṃ bhakṣayantīti vidhiḥ śrutyā brāhmaṇagatām eva saṃkhyām āha. tasmāc chataṃ brāhmaṇāḥ, teṣāṃ bhakṣaṇārtham anuprasarpatām ekaikasmiṃś camase daśadaśopadiśyante. tasmād brāhmaṇāśatasya daśa brāhmaṇā rājanyacamasam anuprasarpeyur iti.

[366]{*3/556*}

NOTES: *{3/556: E2: 4,488; E4: 4,769; E6: 1,247}*

sarvārtham aprakaraṇāt // MS_3,6.1 //

anārabhya kiṃcid ucyate - yasya khādiraḥ sruvo bhavati sa chadasām eva rasenāvadyati, sarasā asyāhutayo bhavanti. yasya parṇamayī juhūr bhavati na sa pāpaṃ ślokaṃ śṛṇotīty{*3/557*}evamādi. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ khādiratā sruve, pālāśatā juhvām, prakṛtau niviśate, uta prakṛtau vikṛtau ceti. kiṃ prāptam? sarvārtham aprakaraṇāt, prakṛtivikṛtyartham evaṃjātīyakam. kutaḥ? aprakaraṇāt, na kasya-cid prakaraṇe śrūyante, tāni vākyena sarvatra bhaveyur iti.

NOTES: *{3/557: Tait.S. 3.5.7.1}*

prakṛtau vādviruktatvāt // MS_3,6.2 //

prakṛtau vā niviśerann anārabhyādhītāni pātrāṇi. kutaḥ? adviruktatvāt, evam adviruktaṃ bhaviṣyatīti. dviruktāyāṃ ko doṣaḥ? asaṃbhava iti brūmaḥ - yad dhi prakṛtau vikṛtau ca bhavati, asti tat prakṛtau. prakṛtau ced asti, codakenaiva vikṛtiṃ prāpnoti, tato nānārabhya vidhim ākāṅkṣati. tasmād anākāṅkṣitatvād anārabhyavidhir na tatra vidadhāti, tena brūmaḥ - prakṛtyartha eveti.

tad varjantu vacanaprāpte // MS_3,6.3 //

aprakaraṇāt prakṛtivikṛtyartham evety ucyate - yat tu coda[367]{*3/558*}kena prāpnotīty anārabhyavidhinā prāpte na codakam ākāṅkṣati. tasmād anārabhyavidhivarjaṃ codakaḥ prāpayiṣyati, anārabhyavidhivākyena pratyakṣeṇa sruve khādiratā, codakavākyenānumānikena vikṛtau. ānumānikāc ca pratyakṣaṃ balavat. tasmāt prakṛtivikṛtyartho 'nārabhyavidhiḥ.

NOTES: *{3/558: E2: 4,489; E4: 4,771; E6: 1,247}*

darśanād iti cet // MS_3,6.4 //

yady anārabhyavidhiś codakād balīyān, anārabhyavidhinā prāpte na codakam ākāṅkṣati, nirākāṅkṣe vaikṛte karmaṇi codako naiva prāpnoti. tatra prayājādīnāṃ darśanaṃ naivopapadyeta, dṛśyante ca prayājādayaḥ kvacit, prayāje prayāje kṛṣṇalaṃ juhotīti{*3/559*}. atha codako balīyān{*3/560*} tata etaddarśanam upapadyate. tasmāt prakṛtyartho 'nārabhyavidhiḥ.

NOTES: *{3/559: Tait.S. 2.3.2.3}* *{3/560: E2,4: balīyās, E6: balīyāṃs}*

na codanaikārthyāt // MS_3,6.5 //

na prakṛtyarthaḥ, sarvārtha{*3/561*} iti brūmaḥ, aprakaraṇe samāmnānāt. yad uktam, anārabhyavidhinā nirākāṅkṣasya na codaka iti, tan nopapadyate. na hy anārabhyavidhiś codanāṃ nirākāṅkṣīkaroti, prāpte hi codake na sruve khādiratānārabhyavidhinā śakyā vidhātum. asati codake 'nārabhyavidhir api nāsti, na cānārabhyavidhiḥ sruvaṃ prāpayati, tasya ca khādiratām. kutaḥ? codanaikārthyāt. ekārthā hi codanā, yasya khādiraḥ sruvo bhavatīti. na cātra sruvaḥ khādiratā cobhayaṃ vidhīyate, sruvasya sataḥ khādiratām eṣa śabda āha, sa ca codakena prāptaḥ. tasmād asti codakaḥ, sa hy anārabhyavidhivākyasya pratyakṣatvāt taṃ varjayitvānyaṃ prāpayati. tasmāt prakṛtivikṛtyartho 'nārabhyavidhiḥ.

[368]{*3/562*}

NOTES: *{3/561: E2: sarvārtham, E4: sarvārthe, E6: sarvārtha}* *{3/562: E2: 4,491; E4: 4,773; E6: 1,248}*

utpattir iti cet // MS_3,6.6 //

iti cet paśyasi - utpattir eṣāṃ prakṛtividhibhis tulyā, prakṛtāv aṅgāni saṃkṣepeṇa vistareṇa cocyante - pañca prayājān yacatīti saṃkṣepeṇa. samidho yajatīty{*3/563*}evamādinā vistareṇa. ihāpi yasya khādiraḥ sruvo bhavatītyevamādir vistāraḥ, yasyaivaṃrūpāḥ sruva iti saṃkṣepaḥ. evaṃrūpaḥ prakṛtau vidhir dṛṣṭaḥ, ayam apy evaṃrūpaḥ, tasmāt prākṛta iti sāmānyato dṛṣṭānumānam. tasmāt prakṛtyartho 'nārabhyavidhir iti.

NOTES: *{3/563: Tait.S. 2.6.1.1}*

na, tulyatvāt // MS_3,6.7 //

naitad evam. na hy evaṃjātīyakaṃ sāmānyatodṛṣṭaṃ sādhakaṃ bhavati, kevalam atra prākṛtavidhisārūpyam, na tu prakṛtāv etad bhavatīti pramāṇam asti. api ca vikṛtāv api saṃkṣepavistārābhyām{*3/564*} aṅgāni vidhīyante, tisra āhutīr juhotīti{*3/565*} saṃkṣepaḥ, āmanam asyāmanasya devā iti{*3/566*} vistāraḥ{*3/567*}. ato vaikṛtair{*3/568*} apy anārabhyavidhayas tulyāḥ, tasmād ayam ahetuḥ prakṛtiniveśasya.

NOTES: *{3/564: E2,4: saṃkṣepavistarābhyām}* *{3/565: Tait.S. 2.3.9.3}* *{3/566: Tait.S. 2.3.9.3}* *{3/567: E2,4: vistaraḥ}* *{3/568: E2,4: vaikṛter}*

codanārthakārtsnyāt tu mukhyavipratiṣedhāt prakṛtyarthaḥ // MS_3,6.8 //

tuśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. na sarvārtho 'nārabhyavidhiḥ, prakṛtyarthaḥ sa iti brūmaḥ. kutaḥ? codanārthakārtsnyāt, kṛtsnaṃ codakaḥ prāpayati, nānārabhyavidhinā vaikṛtam apūvaṃ? nirākāṅkṣam, pātrāṇāṃ hi tad vākyena na yāgānām. yāgāś codanāliṅgasaṃyogāt prakṛtim apekṣante, tayā sahaikavākyatāṃ yānti. prākṛtāś ca tāñ śaknavanti nirākāṅkṣīkartum, nānārabhya[369]{*3/569*}vidhayaḥ. tasmād avaśyaṃ codaka utpādayitavyaḥ. sa ced utpādyate, nārtho 'nārabhyavidhinā. na cāsau prakaraṇādīnām abhāvāt pravartamāno 'pi vaikṛtena yāgena saṃbadhyeta. tasmād vaikṛtena karmaṇā nānārabhyavidhiḥ saṃbadhyate. tasya{*3/570*} vaikṛtasya mukhyasya, anārabhyavidhir vākyaśeṣaḥ, prakṛtau veti vipratiṣedhe{*3/571*} codakasāmarthyāt, prākṛte vākyaśeṣe prāpte 'nārabhyavidhir na bhaviṣyati. tasmād anārabhyavidhiḥ prakṛtyartha iti{*3/572*}.

NOTES: *{3/569: E2: 4,493; E4: 4,775; E6: 1,249}* *{3/570: E2,4: na tasya}* *{3/571: E2,4: vipratiṣedhe}* *{3/572: E2,4,6 om. iti}*

prakaraṇaviśeṣāt tu vikṛtau virodhi syāt // MS_3,6.9 //

anārabhya, kiṃcit, sāmidhenīnāṃ parimāṇam āmnātam - saptadaśa sāmidhenīr anubrūyād iti{*3/573*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim etat prakṛtau, uta vikṛtāv iti. kiṃ prāptam? pūrveṇa nyāyena prakṛtāv iti prāptam, prakṛtau ca pāñcadaśyam āmnātam, tena vikalpa iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - vikṛtāv evaṃjātīyako vidhiḥ syāt. kasmāt? prakṛteḥ pāñcadaśyena nirākāṅkṣatvāt. nanu vikalpo bhavaiṣyatīty uktam. prakaraṇaviśeṣāt pāñcadaśyena na vikalpaḥ, viṣamaśāsanāt. vikṛtau tv ānumānikaṃ pāñcadaśyaṃ bādhitvā, anārabhyavidhivākyena pratyakṣeṇa sāptadaśyaṃ nivekṣyate. advi[370]{*3/574*}ruktaṃ caitat prayogavacanam upasaṃhariṣyati. tasmād evaṃjātīyakaṃ vikṛtyartham.

NOTES: *{3/573: Ai.Br. 1.1}* *{3/574: E2: 4,495; E4: 4,777; E6: 1,249}*

naimittakaṃ tu prakṛtau, tadvikāraḥ saṃyogaviśeṣāt // MS_3,6.10 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor āmnātam - godohanena paśukāmasya praṇayed iti, tathā - agnīṣomīye paśau śrūyate yūpaṃ prakṛtya, bailvo brahmavarcaskāmena kartavya iti{*3/575*}. evaṃjātīyakeṣu saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ prakṛtau niveśaḥ, vikṛtau veti{*3/576*}. kiṃ prāptam? vikṛtāv iti, prakṛtīr anyena pātreṇa yūpena ca nirākāṅkṣāḥ. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - prakṛtau naimittikaṃ niviśate, nimittasaṃyogena vidhānāt, khādirapālāśarauhitakā aviśeṣeṇoktāḥ camasaś ca, godohanaṃ bailvaś ca viśeṣavihitau, viśeṣavidhinā cāviśeṣavidhir bādhyate. prakaraṇaṃ sāmānyam, nimittasaṃyogo viśeṣaḥ, sāmānyena yat prāpnoti, tat parokṣaṃ lakṣaṇayā. yat tu viśeṣeṇa, tat pratyakṣaṃ śrutyā, śrutiś ca lakṣaṇāyā balīyasī, pratyakṣaṃ ca parokṣāt. tasmāt prakṛtāv eva syāt.

NOTES: *{3/575: Tait.S. 2.1.8.1}* *{3/576: E1 om. vā}*

iṣṭyartham agnyādheyaṃ prakaraṇāt // MS_3,6.11 //

santi pavamāneṣṭayaḥ - agnaye pavamānāyāṣṭākapālaṃ nirvapet, agnaye pāvakāya, agnaye śucaya iti{*3/577*}. tāsāṃ prakaraṇe, samāmnātam - brāhmaṇo vasante 'gnim ādadhīteti{*3/578*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim agnyādheyaṃ pavamāneṣṭyartham, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? [371]{*3/579*} iṣṭyartham iti. kutaḥ? prakaraṇāt, tāsāṃ prakaraṇe śrūyate - atas tadartham.

NOTES: *{3/577: Tait.S. 2.2.4.2}* *{3/578: Tait.Br. 1.1.2.6}* *{3/579: E2: 4,503; E4: 4,785; E6: 1,250}*

na vā tāsāṃ tadarthatvāt // MS_3,6.12 //

pavamāneṣṭayo hy agnyarthāḥ, yady agnir iṣṭyarthaḥ syāt, tatas tadartham agnyādheyam iṣṭīnām upakuryāt. niṣphalās tv iṣṭayaḥ, tadartham agnyādheyam api niṣphalaṃ syāt. kathaṃ punar agnyarthatā pavamāneṣṭīnām? niṣprayojanatvād eva, prayojanavattvāc cāgnīnām. bhāvayitavyā apīṣṭayo bhūtānām agnīnām arthena kriyeran. tasmād agnyādheyaṃ pavamāneṣṭyartham.

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_3,6.13 //

liṅgaṃ darśayati{*3/580*}, yathāgnyarthāḥ pavamāneṣṭaya iti. kiṃ liṅgam? jīryati vā eṣa āhitaḥ paśur yad agniḥ, tad etāny evāgnyādheyasya havīṃṣi saṃvatsare nirvapet, tena vā eṣa na jīryati, tenainaṃ{*3/581*} punar navaṃ karoti tan na sūkṣmam iti{*3/582*}.

NOTES: *{3/580: E2,4: liṅgaṃ ca darśayati:}* *{3/581: E2,4: tenaivaṃ}* *{3/582: Vgl. Tait.S. 1.5.7.3}*

tatprakṛtyarthaṃ yathānyenārabhyavādāḥ // MS_3,6.14 //

tad etad ādhānaṃ kiṃ prakṛtyartham, uta sarvakarmārtham iti saṃdehaḥ. kiṃ prāptam? ucyate, tat prakṛtyartham. katham? yathānye 'nārabhyavādāḥ prakṛtyarthāḥ, tenaiva hetunā.

sarvārthaṃ vādhānasya svakālatvāt // MS_3,6.15 //

sarvakarmārthaṃ vādhānam. ko 'rthaḥ? sarvakarmārthaṃ yad agnidravyam, tadartham ādhānaṃ na prakṛtyartham. na prakṛtīḥ prakṛtya śrūyate. na [372]{*3/583*} ca śrutyādayo 'sya santi, ye 'ṅgabhāvam upapādayanti. anyeṣv anārabhyavādeṣv anyato nirjñāte 'ṅgabhāve tato vicāraḥ - kiṃ prakṛter aṅgabhūtāni vikṛter iti, tasmāt teṣu yuktam. iha tv aṅgabhāve na kāraṇam asti, tasmād agniprayuktam ādhānam, na karmaprayuktam, sarvakarmārthā agnaya{*3/584*} iti sarvārtham ity ucyate. api cāsya svataḥ kālo vidhīyate, sa na vidhātavyaḥ, yadā jyotiṣṭomasya prayogaḥ, tadedaṃ kartavyam. tadā ca vasantaḥ. evaṃ yadā darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ prayogaḥ, tadā kartavyam. tadā paurṇamāsy amāvāsyā vā. aprakṛtyarthaṃ tu na prakṛtiprayoge kriyeta, tatra kālavacanaṃ yuktam. tasmān na prakṛtyartham.

NOTES: *{3/583: E2: 4,505; E4: 4,787; E6: 1,251}* *{3/584: E2,4: sarvakarmārthās tv agnaya}*

tāsām agniḥ prakṛtitaḥ prayājavat syāt // MS_3,6.16 //

santi pavamāneṣṭavyaḥ - agnaye pavamānāyety{*3/585*}evamādyāḥ. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ pavamāneṣṭisaṃskṛte 'gnau pavamāneṣṭayaḥ kartavyāḥ, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? tāsāṃ khalu pavamāneṣṭīnāṃ pavamāneṣṭisaṃskṛto 'gniḥ prakṛtitaḥ syāt. kutaḥ? codakasāmarthyāt, prayājavat, yathāsu prayājā bhavanti codakena, evaṃ pavamāneṣṭisaṃskṛtā agnayo 'pi bhaveyuḥ.

NOTES: *{3/585: Tait.S. 2.2.4.2}*

na vā tāsāṃ tadarthatvāt // MS_3,6.17 //

na veṣṭisaṃskāraḥ, agnīnāṃ pavamāneṣtiṣu syāt. kasmāt? [373]{*3/586*} tāsāṃ tadarthatvāt, tāḥ pavamāneṣṭayo 'gnisaṃskārārthā ity uktam. yac ca nāmāṅgabhūtaṃ tac codakena gṛhyate. agniprayuktaś ca pavamāneṣṭisaṃskāro na darśapūrṇamāsaprayuktaḥ, tena na codakenākṛṣyate. api ca pavamāneṣ-ṭaya iṣṭisaṃskāravarjitāṃ prakṛtim apekṣante, avihitatvāt tasyām avasthāyāṃ pavamāpaneṣṭīnām.

NOTES: *{3/586: E2: 4,508; E4: 4,790; E6: 1,251}*

tulyaḥ sarveṣāṃ paśuvidhiḥ prakaraṇāviśeṣāt // MS_3,6.18 //

jyotiṣṭome, paśur agnīṣomīyaḥ - yo dīkṣito yad agnīṣomīyaṃ paśum ālabhata iti{*3/587*}, tathā savanīyo 'nubandhyaś ca. santi ca paśudharmāḥ, upākaraṇam upānayanam akṣayā bandhaḥ, yūpe niyojanaṃ saṃjñapanaṃ viśasanam ityevamādayaḥ. te kiṃ sarveṣām agnīṣomīyasavanīyānubandhyānām, uta agnīṣomīyasya savanīyasya vā{*3/588*}, utāgniṣomīyasyaiveti. kiṃ prāptam? aviśeṣat, sarvapaśūnām. katham aviśeṣaḥ? jyotiṣṭomaprakaraṇe sarve paśavaḥ samāmnātāḥ, tatprakaraṇāpannatvāt sarve paśudharmāḥ{*3/589*} saṃbadhyante, na caiṣāṃ tatra kaścid viśeṣaḥ. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - savanīyasyaite dharmāḥ bhaveyuḥ, tulyaḥ sarveṣāṃ paśuvidhiḥ syāt, yadi prakaraṇe viśeṣo na bhavet. bhavati tu prakaraṇe viśeṣaḥ, savanīyānāṃ prakaraṇe paśudharmāḥ samāmnātāh, āgneyaḥ paśur agniṣṭoma ālabhyaḥ, āgneyo hy agniṣṭomaḥ. aindrāgnaḥ paśur ukthya ālabhyaḥ, aindrāgnāni hy ukthyāni. aindro vṛṣṇiḥ ṣoḍaśiny ālabhyaḥ, aindro vai vṛṣṇir aindraḥ ṣoḍaśī. sārasvatī meṣy atirātra ālabhyā, vāg vai sarasvatī [374]{*3/590*} iti{*3/591*} prakṛtya paśudharmā āmnātāḥ, tasmāt savanīyasya prakaraṇād bhavitum arhati // MS_3,6.18 //

NOTES: *{3/587: Tait.S. 6.1.11.6}* *{3/588: E2,4: ca}* *{3/589: E2,4: paśudharmaiḥ}* *{3/590: E2: 4,511; E4: 4,592; E6. 1,252}* *{3/591: ŚPBr 4.2.5.14}*

sthānāc ca pūrvasya // MS_3,6.19 //

yad uktam - prakaraṇāt savanīyārthā iti, etad gṛhṇīmaḥ, kramāc cāgnīṣomīyasya. tasya hi krama aupavasathye 'hani samāmnātam, tasmād dvayor apīti.

śvas tv ekeṣāṃ tatra prākśrutir guṇārthā // MS_3,6.20 //

ekeṣāṃ śākhināṃ śvaḥ savanīyānām āmnānam, tad apekṣyeyam eṣāṃ guṇārthā punaḥśrutiḥ. kaḥ punar guṇaḥ? yad arthaiṣā śrutiḥ. ucyate - paśūn saṃkīrtya, yathā vai matsyo 'vidito janam avadhuute{*3/592*}, evam vaite{*3/593*} 'prajñāyamānā janam avadhunvata ity eṣām avijñāne doṣam abhidhāya, ebhiḥ kathaṃ savanāni paśumantītipraśnarūpakeṇa vapāpracāro guṇo vidhīyate, tad arthaiṣā śrutiḥ, vapāpracāreṇaikavākyatvāt. kim ataḥ? yady evam, na, savanīyānāṃ prakaraṇena paśudharmāḥ, kramād agnīṣomīyārthā eveti. kiṃ punas tac chva āmnānam? āśvinaṃ grahaṃ gṛhītvā trivṛtā yūpaṃ parivīyāgneyaṃ savanīyapaśum{*3/594*} upākarotīti.

NOTES: *{3/592: E2,4: avadhūnute}* *{3/593: E2,4 om. vā}* *{3/594: E2,4: paśum, E6: savanīyaṃ paśum}*

tenotkṛṣṭasya kālavidhir iti cet // MS_3,6.21 //

naitad asti - kramād agnīṣomīyārthā eveti, prakaraṇāt savanīyārthāḥ, pūrvedyur evāmnānaṃ vidhānārtham, āśvinavākyaṃ kālaguṇavidhānārtham. katham? tena vapāpracāreṇokṛṣṭasya kāla eṣa vidhīyate, prātaḥsavane vapāpracāre codite sati paśvālambho 'pi tatraiva prapnoti. tatra kālāniyame prāpte, āśvinaṃ grahaṃ gṛhītveti kālamātraṃ vidhīyate. trivṛtā yūpaṃ [375]{*3/595*} parivīyopākarotīty{*3/596*} anuvādaḥ. itarathā hi{*3/597*} parivyāṇasya kālo vidhīyeta, upākaraṇasya ca. tatrānekaguṇavidhānād vākyaṃ bhidyeta. tasmāt savanīyārthāḥ paśudharmā iti.

NOTES: *{3/595: E2: 4,514; E4: 4,796; E6: 253}* *{3/596: E2,4: parivīyopakarotīty}* *{3/597: E2,4 om. hi}*

naikadeśatvāt // MS_3,6.22 //

naitad evam, agnīṣomīyārthā evaite kramāt. āśvinakālaṃ hy āmnānaṃ vidhānārtham. guṇārtha etasmin vākyaṃ bhidyeta, na vidhānārthe. na hi vapāpracāreṇotkṛṣṭasya kālavidhiḥ saṃbhavati. ekadeśo hi vapādravyaṃ tena saṃnipātino vapāsaṃskārāt, utkarṣen nopākaraṇam.

artheneti cet // MS_3,6.23 //

āha - arthena tarhy{*3/598*} utkṛṣṭasya kālo vidhīyate. muṣṭinā pidhāya vapoddharaṇam āsīta ā vapāhomād iti śrūyate. pūrvedyur vapoddharaṇaṃ muṣṭinā pidhāya na śaknuyād etāvantaṃ kālamāsīnenāvasthātum, avaśyam āhāravihārādayas tena kartavyā iti.

NOTES: *{3/598: E2,4: hi}*

na śrutivipratiṣedhāt // MS_3,6.24 //

naitad evam, śrutivipratiṣedho{*3/599*} bhaved evam, na ca śrutivipratiṣedhaḥ, tṛṇamuṣṭinā parṇamuṣṭinā vā pidhāyiṣyate. nanv āsta ity upaveśane bhavati. nāvaśyam upaveśana eva{*3/600*}, audāsīnye 'pi dṛśyate. tad yathā - gṛhyāṇi parigṛhyāste, kṣetrāṇi parigṛhyāsta ity anupadeśane 'pi bhavati, vyāpāranivṛttau. ihāpi tṛṇamuṣṭinā parṇamuṣṭinā vā pidhāya, ā vapāhomād udāsiṣyate. tasmād āśvinakālam āmnānaṃ vidhānārtham, na savanīyānāṃ prakaraṇe paśudharmāḥ, tasmān na savanīyārthāḥ.

[376]{*3/601*}

NOTES: *{3/599: E2,4: śrutivipratiṣedhe}* *{3/600: E2,4: upaveśenaiva}* *{3/601: E2: 4,519; E4: 4,802; E6: 1,253}*

sthānāt tu pūrvasya saṃskārasya tad arthatvāt // MS_3,6.25 //

nāsti savanīyānāṃ prakaraṇam ity evaṃ sati pūrveṇaiva hetunā sthānena pūrvasyāgnīṣomīyasya bhavitum arhati. saṃskāro 'yaṃ paśuyāgaprayuktaḥ, na jyotiṣṭomaprayuktaḥ, jyotiṣṭomaprayuktatve na viśeṣaḥ paśūnāṃ syāt. paśuyāgā api hi dharmān prayoktum apūrvatvāt samarthāḥ, prakaraṇavantaś ca. tasmāt kramād agnīṣomīyadharmā iti.

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_3,6.26 //

itaś ca paśyāmo 'gnīṣomīyārtāḥ paśudharmā iti. kutaḥ? liṅgadarśanāt. liṅgam asminn arthe bhavati, vapayā prātaḥsavane caranti, puroḍāśena mādhyaṃdine savana iti paśupuroḍāśaṃ darśayati. itarathā samānavidhāneṣu sarveṣu paśuṣv agnīṣomayor devatayoḥ saṃskārārthaḥ san puroḍāśaḥ sāmarthyād agnīṣomīyasya bhaven na savanīyasya, tayor devatayor abhāvāt, darśayati ca. tasmād agnīṣomīyārthā iti.

acodanā guṇārthena // MS_3,6.27 //

idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram{*3/602*}. āha, nanu chidrāpidhānārthaḥ paśupuroḍāśaḥ. neti brūmaḥ, acodanā guṇārthena, tasya chidrāpidhānārthena na codanā, arthavādaḥ sa ity uktam. tasmād devatāsaṃskārārthaḥ, tasmād agnīṣomīyārthatve{*3/603*}, savanīye puroḍāśasya darśanam upapadyate, na sādhāraṇye. tasmād agnīṣomīyārthāḥ paśudharmā iti.

[377]{*3/604*}

NOTES: *{3/602: E1 gibt idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram in Klammern}* *{3/603: E2,4: tasyāgnīṣomīyārthatve}* *{3/604: E2: 4,521; E4: 4,805; E6: 1,254}*

dohayoḥ kālabhedād asaṃyuktaṃ śṛtaṃ syāt // MS_3,6.28 //

asti sāyaṃdohaḥ, tathāsti prātardohaḥ. santi tu dohadharmāḥ śākhāharaṇam, gavāṃ prasthāpanam, prasāvanam, godohanam ityevamādayaḥ. te kiṃ sāyaṃdohārthāḥ, utobhayārthā iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? dohayos tayor asaṃyuktaṃ dharmaiḥ śṛtaṃ bhavet. kasmāt? sāyaṃdohasya hi krama aupavasathye 'hani śākhāharaṇādīn samāmananti, tasminn evāhani sāyaṃdohaḥ. tasmāt kramāt sāyaṃdohārthā dohadharmā iti.

prakaraṇāvibhāgād vā tatsaṃyuktasya kālaśāstram // MS_3,6.29 //

prakaraṇaṃ hi sādhāraṇam, yathaiva dadhna evaṃ payasaḥ, kramāc ca prakaraṇaṃ balavattaram, tasmād ubhayārthā dohadharmāḥ. api ca, na sāyaṃdohasya pūrvedyur āmnānam. kva tarhi? uttaredyuḥ. katham? evam āmananti - aindraṃ dadhy amāvāsyāyām, aindraṃ payo 'māvāsyāyām iti{*3/605*}, amāvāsyāyāṃ hy ubhayaṃ{*3/606*} sāṅgaṃ codyate. sa eṣa sāyaṃdoho 'rthāt pūrvedyur anuṣṭhīyate, svabhāva eṣa dadhnaḥ, yat pūrvedyur upakrāntam aparedyur abhinirvartate. tasmāt sāyaṃdohasya krama āmātā ity etad eva tāvan nāsti. ata ubhayārthā dohadharmā iti.

NOTES: *{3/605: Tait.S. 2.5.4.1}* *{3/606: E2,4: ubhaye}*

tadvat savanāntare grahāmnānam // MS_3,6.30 //

asti jyotiṣṭomaḥ - jyotiṣtomena svargakāmo yajeta [378]{*3/607*} iti{*3/608*}. tatraindravāyavādyā grahāḥ prātaḥsavane daśa āmnātāḥ, tatra dharmā śrūyante - upopte 'nye grahāḥ sādyante, anupopte dhruvāḥ. daśāpavitreṇa grahaṃ samārṣṭīti. santy apare mādhyaṃdine savane, apare tṛtīyasavane grahāḥ. teṣu mādhyaṃdinīyeṣu tārtīyeṣu ca savaneṣu saṃdehaḥ{*3/609*} - kiṃ sarveṣu grahadharmāḥ kartavyāḥ, uta prātaḥsavane ye grahās teṣv iti. kiṃ prāptam? prātaḥsavanagraheṣu bhaveyuḥ, teṣāṃ hi krame{*3/610*} samāmnānāt{*3/611*} netareṣām. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - savanāntare prātaḥsavanāt, mādhyaṃdine tṛtīyasavane ca grahāmnānaṃ tadvad eva bhavitum arhati. sarveṣāṃ hi tulyaṃ prakaraṇam, yatraite dharmāḥ samāmnātāḥ, vākyena grahamātrasya vidhīyante. kramāc ca vākyaprakaraṇe balīyasī. tasmāt sarvārthā grahadharmā iti.

NOTES: *{3/607: E2: 4,522; E4: 4,807; E6: 1,255}* *{3/608: Tait.S. 6.5.2.2}* *{3/609: E2,4: tārtīyasavanīyeṣu ca saṃdehaḥ}* *{3/610: E2,4: teṣāṃ hi krame}* *{3/611: E2,4: samāmnātā}*

raśanā ca liṅgadarśanāt // MS_3,6.31 //

asti jyotiṣṭome paśur agnīṣomīyaḥ - yo dīkṣito yad agnīṣomīyaṃ paśum ālabhata iti{*3/612*}. tatra raśanā śrūyate, raśanādharmāś ca - trivṛd bhavati, darbhamayī bhavati, prapiṣṭānāṃ{*3/613*} kartavyā ceti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ete dharmā agnīṣomīyaraśanāyāḥ savanīyaraśanāyāś ca sādhāraṇāḥ, utāgnīṣomīyaraśanāyā eveti. kiṃ prāptam? prakaraṇād agnīṣomīyaraśanāyā iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - ubhayoḥ sādhāraṇā iti. kutaḥ? liṅgadarśanāt, liṅgaṃ bhavati, evam āha - āśvinaṃ grahaṃ gṛhītvā trivṛtā yūpaṃ parivīyāgneyaṃ paśum{*3/614*} upākarotīti [379]{*3/615*} savanīyaparivyāṇe raśanāṃ darśayati, sā yadi sādhāraṇī, tata etad darśanam avakalpate. yady agnīṣomīyārthāḥ, tato 'prākṛtāt savanīyaparivyāṇān nivarteta. savanīye ca parivyāṇāntaraprākṛtam, yatra trivṛttvaṃ dṛśyate. katham? sa vai āśvinaṃ grahaṃ gṛhītvopaniṣkramya yūpaṃ parivyayatīti. tatra yadi na sādhāraṇī raśanā, vāsasā parivyāṇaṃ prāpnoti, raśaṇāṃ tu darśayati. tasmāt sādhāraṇī raśanā, tat sā-dhāraṇyāc ca taddharmā api sādhāraṇāḥ. tad etal liṅgād raśanāsādhāraṇyam. ko 'tra khalu nyāya iti. ucyate - prakaraṇād agnīṣomīyasya, vākyād yūpamātrasyeti.

NOTES: *{3/612: Tait.S. 6.1.11.6}* *{3/613: E2,4: pratiṣṭānāṃ}* *{3/614: E2,4: savanīyaṃ paśum}* *{3/615: E2: 4,524; E4: 4,809; E6: 1,255}*

ārācchiṣṭam asaṃyuktam itaraiḥ saṃnidhānāt // MS_3,6.32 //

dūrād yac chiṣyate jyotiṣṭomasya, yathaupasadānuvākyākāṇḍe 'ṃśvadābhyau{*3/616*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ jyotiṣṭomasamāmnātā grahadharmāḥ kartavyāḥ, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? na kartavyāḥ, asaṃnidhānāt, yathā - payasā maitrāvaruṇaṃ śrīṇātīti{*3/617*} vacanāt, maitrāvaruṇasyaiva śravaṇam, na sarveṣām. evam idam api dharmajātaṃ prakaraṇasthānām eva, na sarveṣām iti.

NOTES: *{3/616: E2,4: 'śvadābhyau}* *{3/617: Tait.S. 6.4.8.2}*

saṃyuktaṃ vā tadarthatvāc cheṣasya tannimittatvāt // MS_3,6.33 //

saṃyuktaṃ vā dharmaiḥ, evaṃjātīyakaṃ syāt, aprakaraṇastham api. kutaḥ? yataḥ prakaraṇād vākyaṃ balīyaḥ. nanv anyatra kriya[380]{*3/618*}māṇā jyotiṣṭomasya nopakuryuḥ. ucyate - upakariṣyanti, aṃśvadābhyayos tadarthatvāj jyotiṣṭomārthatvāc{*3/619*} cheṣo 'yaṃ grahadharmaḥ, grahanimitto jyotiṣṭomasyopakārakaḥ. yāvān graho jyotiṣṭomasyopakaroti, tasya sarvasya bhavitum arhati. tasmād aṃśvadābhyayor api grahadharmāḥ kartavyā iti.

NOTES: *{3/618: E2: 4,525; E4: 4,811; E6: 1,256}* *{3/619: E1 gibt jyotiṣṭomārthatvāc in Klammern}*

nirdeśād vyavatiṣṭheta // MS_3,6.34 //

yad uktam - yathā maitrāvaruṇaṃ payasā śrīṇātīti, tad yuktam, śrayaṇe vacanāt, prakaraṇaṃ bādhitvā vyavasthānam. iha tu viparītam, tatra sarveṣu graheṣu prakaraṇam, viśiṣṭeṣu vākyam. iha tu sarveṣu graheṣu vākyam, viśiṣṭeṣu prakaraṇam. tasmād aprakaraṇasthasyāpi dharmā iti.

agnyaṅgaprakaraṇe tadvat // MS_3,6.35 //

anārabhyāgnim ucyate - citriṇīr upadadhāti, vajriṇīr upadadhāti{*3/620*}, bhūteṣṭakā upadadhātīti{*3/621*}. santi tu prakaraṇe, iṣṭakādharmāḥ, akhaṇḍām akṛṣṇalām iṣṭakāṃ kuryād iti. tatha bhasmanā iṣṭakāḥ saṃyujyād iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim aprakaraṇe samāmnātānām ime dharmāḥ kartavyāḥ, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? na kartavyāḥ. kutaḥ? asaṃnidhānād, iti prāpte, ucyate - agnyaṅgam evaṃjātīyakaṃ tadvad eva syāt, yadvad grahāḥ. prakaraṇād dhi vākyaṃ balavat. amūṣāṃ ceṣṭakānām agnyarthatvāt.

[381]{*3/622*}

NOTES: *{3/620: Tait.S. 5.7.3.1}* *{3/621: Tait.S. 5.6.3.1}* *{3/622: E2: 4,526; E4: 4,813; E1: 1,257}*

naimittikam atulyatvād asamānavidhānaṃ syāt // MS_3,6.36 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - sa yadi rājanyaṃ vā{*3/623*} vaiśyaṃ vā yājayet, sa yadi somaṃ vibhakṣayiṣet, nyagrodhastibhīr āhṛtya tāḥ saṃpiṣya dadhany unmṛjya tamasmai bhakṣaṃ prayacchen na somam iti. jyotiṣṭome santi somadharmāḥ, mānam upāvaharaṇaṃ krayo 'bhiṣava ityevamādayaḥ. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ samānavidhānā ime dharmāḥ somasya phalacamasya ca, uta somadharmāḥ, phalacamasasya tu tadvikāratvād iti. guṇakāmānāṃ pravṛttir vā prayojanam adhikaraṇacintāyāḥ{*3/624*}. kiṃ prāptam? samānavidhānāḥ prakaraṇāvibhāgād iti prāpte, ucyate - naimittikam evaṃjātīyakaṃ asamānavidhānaṃ{*3/625*} syāt. kutaḥ? atulyatvāt, atulyaḥ somena phalacamasaḥ, somo nityavad āmnātāḥ, phalacamaso naimittikaḥ. kim ataḥ? yady evam, dharmā api nityavad āmnātāḥ na śakyā anityavat kartum. yadi sādhāraṇāḥ, tatrānārabhyo 'rtho vidhīyeta. api ca naimittikaḥ phalacamasaḥ sa somadharmān gṛhṇāti, tatra dharmāḥ sādhāraṇāḥ santo dviruktā ity ucyeran. tasmād asamānavidhānāḥ.

NOTES: *{3/623: E2,4 om. vā}* *{3/624: E1 gibt guṇakāmānāṃ pravṛttir vā prayojanam adhikaraṇacintāyāḥ in Klammern}* *{3/625: E2,4: evaṃjātīyakasamānavidhānaṃ}*

pratinidhiś ca tadvat // MS_3,6.37 //

asti pratinidhiḥ, śrute dravye 'pacarati, yathā vrīhiṣv apacaratsu nīvārāḥ. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ nīvārāḥ samānavidhānāḥ, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? pratinidhiś ca tadvat, yathā naimi[382]{*3/626*}ttikaṃ nityenāsamānavidhānam, evaṃ pratinidhiḥ, atulyatvāt. kātulyatā? vrīhīṇāṃ vihitāḥ, na nīvārāṇām. iyam atulyatā, vrīhīṇāṃ vihitāḥ, nīvārāṇām arthāpattyā bhavanti.

NOTES: *{3/626: E2: 4,528; E4: 4,816; E6: 1,257}*

tadvat{*3/627*} prayojanaikatvāt // MS_3,6.38 //

naitad asti - asamānavidhānaḥ pratinidhir iti, tadvat syāt, yadvac chrutaḥ, na prakṛtivikārabhāvaḥ. kutaḥ? vrīhitvaṃ hi vrīhidharmāṇāṃ vrīhivyaktau nimittam. na ca vrīhitvasya sthāne nīvāratvaṃ bhavatīti śrūyate, tasmān na prakṛtivikārabhāvaḥ. kathaṃ tarhi nīvāreṣu dharmā bhavantīti. ucyate -yā vrīhitvena paricchinnā vrīhivyaktayaḥ, nīvāreṣu tāḥ santi. tāsām arthena te dharmāḥ kriyante, tāsāṃ ca vyaktīnām anyāsāṃ ca vrīhigatānāṃ tulya eṣa vidhiḥ. kā tulyatā? ubhaye 'pi vrīhitvalakṣitā iti. tasmāt samānavidhānā iti.

NOTES: *{3/627: E2,4: na tadvat}*

aśāstralakṣaṇatvāc ca // MS_3,6.39 //

itaś ca na pratinidheḥ śrutena saha prakṛtivikārabhāvaḥ. kutaḥ? arthalakṣaṇatvāt, arthād dhi pratinidhiḥ kriyate. na cārthenaitad avagantuṃ śakyate, vrīhitvasya sthāne nīvāratvaṃ bhavatīti. tasmān na pratinidheḥ śrutena saha prakṛtivikārabhāvo bhavatīti.

niyamārthā guṇaśrutiḥ // MS_3,6.40 //

atha yaḥ śrutaḥ pratinidhiḥ, tatra kiṃ sāmānavidhyam uta na [383]{*3/628*} iti. yathā - yadi somaṃ na vindeta pūtīkān abhiṣuṇuyād iti{*3/629*}. asāmānavidhyam iti brūmaḥ, aśrutād dhy etad viparītam. evaṃ prāpta ucyate - niyamārthā guṇaśrutiḥ, atrāpy arthalakṣaṇa eva pratinidhiḥ, some 'vidyamāne somasadṛśaṃ dravyaṃ prāptam. tatra susadṛśe dravye prāpta īṣatsadṛśaṃ niyamyate. anyasmin pratinidhātavye 'nyat pratinidhīyate śrutasya sthāne. na yāgadravyatvena.

NOTES: *{3/628: E2: 4,530; E4: 4,818; E6: 1,258}* *{3/629: PUBr 9.5.3}*

saṃsthās tu samānavidhānāḥ prakaraṇāviśeṣāt // MS_3,6.41 //

asti jyotiṣṭomaḥ, tatra saṃsthāḥ samāmnātā agniṣṭomaḥ, ukthyaḥ, ṣoḍaśī, atirātra iti. tatra dīkṣaṇīyādayo dharmāḥ. teṣu saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ sarvasaṃsthaṃ jyotiṣṭomaṃ prakṛtya dīkṣaṇīyādayo dharmā uktāḥ, utāgniṣṭomasaṃsthyam{*3/630*} abhipretyeti. kiṃ prāptam? sarvasaṃsthāsu samānaṃ vidhānam. kutaḥ? prakaraṇāviśeṣāt, nāsti prakaraṇe viśeṣaḥ, yena jñāyetāgniṣṭomasaṃsthaṃ prakṛtyeti. tasmāt samānavidhānāḥ saṃsthā iti.

NOTES: *{3/630: E2,4,6: utāgniṣṭomasaṃsthām}*

vyapadeśaś ca tulyavat // MS_3,6.42 //

tulya iva prakaraṇe vyapadeśo bhavati - yady agniṣṭomo juhoti, yady ukthyaḥ paridhimanakti, yady atirātra etad eva yajur japan havirdhānaṃ pratipadyeteti sarvāvasthasya viśeṣavacanād avagamyate. yadi api sāmānyam, tad api sarvāvasthasyaiveti. yadi hi na{*3/631*} samānaṃ vidhānam, agniṣṭomasaṃsthasyaiva [384]{*3/632*} syāt. nehāgniṣṭomaṃ saṃkīrtayet, asaṃkīrtyamāne 'pi dharmasaṃbandho bhavatīti, sarvāvasthasya kīrtanāt sarvāvasthaprakaraṇam{*3/633*} ity avagacchāmaḥ. api ca śrūyate - āgneyam ajam agniṣṭoma ālabheta, aindrāgnaṃ dvitīyam ukthye, aindraṃ vṛṣṇiṃ tṛtī-yaṃ ṣoḍaśinīti dvitīyasya tṛtīyasya ca darśanaṃ sāmānavidhye ghaṭate. ukthye hi dve nimitte staḥ, agniṣṭomastotram ukthyastotraṃ ceti, tatra dvau naimittikāv āgneyaḥ paśuḥ, aindrāgnaś ceti tena dvitīyadarśanaṃ tatra yujyate. evaṃ ṣoḍaśiny atirātre ca. prakṛtivikārabhāve tu pratyakṣaśrutair aindrāgnādibhir atideśena prāpta āgneyo bādhyeta. tatra dvitīyādidarśanaṃ nopapadyeta. bhavati ca. tasmāt sarvāvasthasya jyotiṣṭomasya dīkṣaṇīyādayo dharmā iti.

NOTES: *{3/631: E2 und 4 geben na in Klammern}* *{3/632: E2: 4,532, E4: 4,821; E6: 1,259}* *{3/633: E2,4: sarvāvasthasya prakaraṇam}*

vikārās tu kāmasaṃyoge sa nityasya{*3/634*} samatvāt // MS_3,6.43 //

naitad asti, samānavidhānā iti. kiṃ tarhy ukthyādayaḥ saṃsthāvikārabhūtāḥ syuḥ, agniṣṭomasaṃsthyamurīkṛtya{*3/635*} dīkṣaṇīyādayo dharmāḥ samāmnātāḥ. kutaḥ? ukthyādīnāṃ kāmasaṃyogena śravaṇāt. paśukāma ukthyaṃ gṛhṇīyāt, ṣoḍaśinā vīryakāmaḥ stuvīta, atirātreṇa prajākāmaṃ yājayed iti. kāmyo guṇaḥ śrūyamāṇo nityam arthaṃ vikṛtya niviśate. katham? guṇād evaṃjātīyake kāmye phalanirvṛttiḥ, paśukāma ukthyaṃ gṛhṇīyāt, na jyotiṣṭomakāma ukthyagrahaṇakāmo vā, yathā paśavo bhavanti, tathā gṛhṇīyād ity arthaḥ. katham iti. tatrāvaśyam itikartavyatāpekṣitavyā, saṃnidhānān nityasyetikartavyatayeti gamyate. kathaṃ punar yeyam itikartavyatā, sā nityasyety avadhāryate, [385]{*3/636*} na punar asyaiva kāmyasya, sādhāraṇī veti. ucyate - yatra yatra guṇe kāmo bhavati, tatra tatra kriyāyāṃ sādhyamānāyāṃ nānyathā. sā tatretikartavyatā, yāntikam upanipatati, sā sādhanasya vā sādhyasya veti saṃdihyamānā sādhyasya bhavitum arhati. nāsau sādhyasyābhavantī sādhanena saṃbadhyate, evaṃ hi sa itikartavyatāviśeṣaś codyate, anena sādhane{*3/637*} sādhakam upakuryād{*3/638*} iti. na cāsti sa prakāraḥ, yenāsādhyamānāyāṃ kriyāyāṃ tena sādhakaḥ kṛto bhavet. tasmāt sādhakasyāpītikartavyatāviśeṣam abhyupagacchatā, sādhyasyāpīty etad abhyupagamanīyam, sādhyaś ca jyotiṣṭomaḥ, sādhikāḥ saṃsthāḥ, tasmāj jyotiṣṭomasya tāvat setikartavyateti siddham. atha kasmān na sādhāraṇī? nityavad āmnānāt, yadaiva jyotiṣṭomaḥ, tadaiva dīkṣā. yadā tu jyotiṣṭome paśukāmaḥ, tadokthyasaṃsthāḥ, sarvadā jyotiṣṭome dharmāḥ kartavyāḥ, ekadokthyasaṃsthāḥ, tatra sarvadā jyotiṣṭomasya dharmāḥ kartavyāḥ, te cokthyādisaṃsthasyārtheneti pūrvam uttareṇa virudhyate, yadi sarvadā nokthyādīnām arthena. athokthyādīnām arthena na sarvadā, ubhayaṃ viprati-ṣiddham. tasmān na sādhāraṇī. nityavad āmnānaṃ ca yady anityasya syāt, nityavad āmnānaṃ tad anityaṃ kriyeta, tatra nityavad āmnānaṃ bādhyeta. tasmān nityasaṃsthasya jyotiṣṭomasya, na kāmyasyokthyādisaṃsthasyeti.

NOTES: *{3/634: E2,4: sa nityasya}* *{3/635: E2,4: saṃsthyamūrīkṛtya}* *{3/636: E2: 4,541; E4: 4,826; E1: 1,259}* *{3/637: E2,4: sādhanaṃ}* *{3/638: E2,4: kuryād}*

api vā dviruktatvāt prakṛter bhaviṣyantīti // MS_3,6.44 //

nanv agniṣṭomasaṃsthāpi kāmyā śrūyate. dve hi tatrāmnāte{*3/639*}, ekaṃ nityavat, ekaṃ kāmyam, tatra dvayor vākyayoḥ sāmarthyān nitya eva sakāmo bhaviṣyati. nityatāvidhāto [386]{*3/640*} nāstīty agniṣṭomasaṃsthasya jyotiṣṭomasya dīkṣaṇīyādayo dharmā bhaviṣyantīti.

NOTES: *{3/639: E2,4: tatrāmnāne}* *{3/640: E2: 4,544; E4: 4,826; E1: 1,260}*

vacanāt tu samuccayaḥ // MS_3,6.45 //

atha yad uktam - dvitīyatṛtīyadarśanaṃ samānavidhitve 'vakalpate, nānyatheti, vacanaṃ tad bhaviṣyati, na darśanam. aindrāgna ukthye dvitīyo vidhīyate, tathaindraḥ ṣoḍaśini tṛtīyaḥ.

pratiṣedhāc ca pūrvaliṅgānām // MS_3,6.46 //

itaś ca paśyāmaḥ prakṛtivikārabhāva iti. kutaḥ? pratiṣedhāt pūrvaliṅgānām - yady agniṣṭomo juhoti, yady ukthyaḥ paridhimanakti na juhotīti homābhāvadarśanaṃ na syāt. prāpte nimitte vacanaprāmāṇyāt sāmānavidhye.

guṇaviśeṣād ekasya vyapadeśaḥ // MS_3,6.47 //

atha yad uktam - vyapadeśa iti. ekasyaivādhikṛtasya yathoktena nyāyenāyam anadhikṛtena guṇena vyapadeśaḥ. agniṣṭomagrahaṇaṃ cānuvāda iti.

[387]{*3/641*}

NOTES: *{3/641: E2: 4,547; E4: 4,836; E6: 1,261}*

prakaraṇaviśeṣād asaṃyuktaṃ pradhānasya // MS_3,7.1 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatra barhir barhir dharmāś ca, tathā vedir vedidharmāś ca. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ barhirādayo barhirādidharmāś ca pradhānasyotāṅgapradhānānām iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? prakaraṇaviśeṣād asaṃyuktaṃ pradhānasya, pradhānasya evaṃjātīyakā dharmāḥ. kasmāt? prakaraṇaviśeṣāt, pradhānānāṃ hi prakaraṇaṃ nāṅgānām, prakaraṇena caiṣāṃ saṃbandhaḥ, tasmāt pradhānasya.

sarveṣāṃ vā śeṣatvasyātatprayuktatvāt // MS_3,7.2 //

sarveṣāṃ vāṅgapradhānānām ime dharmāḥ, nātra śeṣatvaṃ prakaraṇād bhavati, upakāralakṣaṇaṃ hi tat. yad yasyopakaroti, tat tasya śeṣabhūtam, sarveṣāṃ cāṅgapradhānānām ime dharmā upakurvanti. katham avagamyate? vākyāt, vedyāṃ havīṃṣy āsādayatīti havirmātraṃ vākyād gamyate, pradhānahavīṃṣi prakaraṇāt. vākyaṃ ca prakaraṇād balīyaḥ, tasmād barhiṣi havīṃṣy āsādayatīti. āha yadi prakaraṇaṃ vākyena bādhyate, loke 'pi barhiṣām ime dharmā uktā bhavanti. tatra ko doṣaḥ? sarvatra dharmāḥ kartavyāḥ prāpnuvanti. ucyate - prakaraṇād darśapūrṇamāsayor upakārakā eveti gamyate. tasmāl laukikeṣu na kartavyāḥ. evaṃ ced aṅgāny api na darśapūrṇamāsaśabadakāni, tasmāt teṣv api na prāpnuvanti. ucyate - yady apy aṅgāni na darśapūrṇamāsa[388]{*3/642*}śabdakāni, darśapūrṇamāsayor upakārakāṇi, eṣu kriyamāṇā dharmā darśapūrṇamāsayor upakariṣyanti. tasmād aṅgapradhāneṣu kartavyā iti.

NOTES: *{3/642: E2: 4,549; E4: 4,838; E6: 1,261}*

ārād apīti cet // MS_3,7.3 //

piṇḍapitṛyajñe 'pi barhir dharmair yujyeta, so 'pi dāte barhiṣi vartate, tasya cāpi barhiṣāsti prayojanam. tad apy ārāc chiṣṭadharmavat syāt.

na tad vākyaṃ hi tadarthatvāt // MS_3,7.4 //

na tasya barhir etair dharmair dharmavat, vākyaṃ hy ekaṃ darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ saha dharmāṇām, tena darśapūrṇamāsayor upakārakā dharmāḥ, yad darśapūrṇamāsārtham, tatra prāpnuvanti, nānyatra. tasmāt piṇḍapitṛyajñabarhiṣo na bhaviṣyanti.

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_3,7.5 //

liṅgaṃ bhavati, evam āha - sa vai dhruvām evāgre 'bhidhārayati, tato hi prathamāvājyabhāgau yakṣyan bhavatīty abhidhāraṇasyājyabhāgārthatāṃ darśayati.

phalasaṃyogāt tu svāmiyuktaṃ pradhānasya // MS_3,7.6 //

jyotiṣṭome keśaśmaśruṇor vapanaṃ payovratāni tapaś cāmnātāni. teṣu saṃdehaḥ - kim aṅgapradhānārthāny uta pradhānārthāni? kiṃ tāvat prāptam? aṅgapradhānārthānīti pūrveṇa nyāyena prāptam. [389]{*3/643*} evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - svāmiyuktam etat, tasmāt pradhānasya. kasmāt? phalasaṃyogāt, puruṣasya yogenāyaṃ saṃbandhaḥ, yāgo 'pūrvasya dātā, puruṣaḥ pratigrahītā. nanv aparo 'py asti saṃbandhaḥ, yāgo nirvartyaḥ, puruṣo 'bhinirvartaka iti. phalena tu saṃbandho bhaviṣyatīty evam arthaḥ puruṣaḥ śrūyate. na hi yāgaṃ sa sādhayati, yāgaḥ sattayā saṃbhantsyata iti. kim iti tarhi nirvartayataḥ phalaṃ bhavatīti. saṃskārāś ca saṃskurvantīty ucyante. yat tasya saṃskartavyasya prayojanam, tatra sāmarthyaṃ janayantīti. phalaṃ ca grahītuṃ puruṣasya prayojanam, na yāgam abhinirvartayitum. tasmād ye puruṣasaṃskārās te puruṣaṃ phalapratigrahaṇasamarthaṃ kurvanti, na yāganirvṛttisamartham. āha, yadi yāganirvṛttau na sāmarthyaṃ janayanti, kathaṃ tarhi yāgadharmās te bhavanti. ucyate - yāgasya svārthaṃ sādhayataḥ sāhāyye vartante. kaś ca tasya svārthaḥ? yad asya kartā phalena saṃbadhyate. tasmāt svāmisaṃskārāḥ pradhānārthā iti.

NOTES: *{3/643: E2: 4,552; E4: 4,844; E6: 1,262}*

cikīrṣayā ca saṃyogāt // MS_3,7.7 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - ṣaṭtriṃśatprakamā prācī caturviṃśatir agreṇa triṃśaj jaghaneneyati śakyāmaha iti{*3/644*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim eṣā vedir aṅgapradhānārthā, uta pradhānārtheti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? cikīrṣayā ca saṃyogāt pradhānārtheti. kā cikīrṣā? iyati śakṣyāmaha iti. yac cikīrṣitam, tasyārthenaiṣā śrūyate - śakṣyāmahe 'syāṃ kartum iti pradhānaṃ ca tasya cikīrṣitam, nāṅgāni. pradhānaṃ hi phalavan nāṅgāni. [390]{*3/645*} āha yady aṅgāni na cikīrṣitāni, kim arthaṃ kriyanta iti. ucyate - acikīrṣitāny apy aṅgāni kriyante, yady api tāni na cikīrṣyante, tathāpi tair acikīrṣitair anyāc cikīrṣyate. tasmāt tāni kriyanta iti, yac cikīrṣitam, tasya vediḥ. tasmāt pradhānārtheti, sthitaṃ tāvad aparyavasitam{*3/646*}.

NOTES: *{3/644: Vgl. Tait.S. 6.2.4.5}* *{3/645: E2: 4,553; E4: 4,848; E6: 1,263}* *{3/646: E1 gibt sthitaṃ tāvad aparyavasitam in Klammern}*

tathābhidhānena // MS_3,7.8 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatra śrūyate - caturhotrā paurṇamāsīm abhimṛśet, pañcahotrā amāv āsyām iti{*3/647*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim aṅgapradhānārtham abhimarśanam, uta pradhānārtham iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? pradhānārtham iti, pradhānanāmadheyaṃ caitat{*3/648*}, paurṇamāsy amāvāsyeti ca. tasmāt pradhānasyābhimarśanam iti.

NOTES: *{3/647: Mait.S. 1.9.1}* *{3/648: E2,4: ca tat}*

tad yukte tu phalaśrutis tasmāt sarvacikīrṣā syāt // MS_3,7.9 //

sthitād uttaram{*3/649*}. yad uktam - pradhānaṃ cikīrṣitaṃ nāṅgāni, tasmāt pradhānasya vedir iti. tan na, tad yukte phalaśrutiḥ, sāṅgāt phalaṃ śrūyate, tasmāt sāṅgaṃ cikīrṣitam. yady apy aṅgāni na cikī[391]{*3/650*}rṣitāni, tathāpi vedyāṃ kartavyāni. anyathā na sāṅgaṃ vedyāṃ kṛtaṃ bhavati.

NOTES: *{3/649: E1 gibt sthitād uttaram in Klammern}* *{3/650: E2: 4,554; E4: 4,850; E6: 1,263}*

guṇābhidhānāt sarvārtham abhidhānam // MS_3,7.10 //

yad uktam - pradhānanāmatvāt paurṇamāsīśabdasyāmāvāsyāśabdasya ca, pradhānahaviṣām abhimarśanam iti. naitad evam, aṅgahaviṣām apy abhimaṛśanaṃ syāt. kutaḥ? guṇābhidhānāt, guṇo 'bhimarśanam ity abhidhānaṃ bhavati. katamat tadabhidhānam? yat guṇo 'bhimarśanam iti brūte. paurṇamāsīm amāvāsyām iti ca dvitīyāntaṃ paurṇamāsyartham abhimarśanaṃ kartavyam, amāvāsyārtham abhimarśanaṃ kartavyam iti, ato yatra yatra kriyamāṇaṃ paurṇamāsyām amāvāsyāyāṃ vopakaroti, tatra tatra kartavyam. yad yat paurṇamāsyām amāvāsyāyāṃ vābhisaṃbadhyate, sāksāt, praṇāḍyā vā, tatra tatra kriyamāṇaṃ tayor upakaroti. tasmāt pradhānahaviṣām aṅgahaviṣāṃ ca kartavyam iti.

dīkṣādakṣiṇaṃ tu vacanāt pradhānasya // MS_3,7.11 //

jyotiṣṭome dīkṣāḥ śrūyate - tisro dīkṣā iti, tathā dakṣiṇāḥ śrūyante - tasya dvādaśaśataṃ dakṣiṇā iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ dīkṣādakṣiṇam aṅgapradhānārtham, uta pradhānārtham iti. kiṃ prāptam? puruṣāṇām aṅgapradhānārthatvād dīkṣādakṣiṇasyāṅgapradhānārthateti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - dīkṣādakṣiṇaṃ pradhānasya. kutaḥ? vacanāt, vacanaṃ hi bhavati, dīkṣāḥ somasya, dakṣiṇāḥ somasyeti, na hi vacanasya [392]{*3/651*} atibhāro nāma kvacit. tasmād dīkṣādakṣiṇaṃ vacanāt somasyeti.

NOTES: *{3/651: E2: 4,556; E4: 4,853; E6: 1,264}*

nivṛttidarśanāc ca // MS_3,7.12 //

nivṛttiṃ dīkṣāṇāṃ darśayati. katham? adhvaryo yat paśunāyākṣīratha kāsya dīkṣeti yat ṣaḍḍhotāraṃ juhoti sāsya dīkṣeti, asatyām api dīkṣāyāṃ vacanaṃ bhavati. tasmād aṅgānāṃ dīkṣādakṣiṇam iti.

tathā yūpasya vediḥ // MS_3,7.13 //

asti jyotiṣṭome paśur agnīṣomīyaḥ - yo dīkṣito yad agnīṣomīyaṃ paśum ālabhata iti{*3/652*}. tatra yūpaṃ prakṛtya śrūyate - vajro vai yūpo yad antarvedi muniyāt tan nirdahet, yad barhirvedy anavaruddhaḥ syād ardham antarvedi minoty ardhaṃ bahirvedy anavaruddho bhavati, na nirdahatīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim antarvedīti yūpāṅgabhāvena vedir upadiśyate, utārdham antarvedy ardhaṃ bahirvedīti deśalakṣaṇārtham ucyata iti. kathaṃ yūpāṅgabhāvena kathaṃ vā deśalakṣaṇeti. yadi yūpārdhasya vedyantarasya ca saṃbandho vivakṣitaḥ, evaṃ vedisaṃbaddho yūpaḥ kartavyaḥ, tato yūpāṅgabhāvena. atha yasmin deśe mīyamānasyārdhaṃ vedyabhyantare 'rdhaṃ ca bahiḥ, sa deśa upadiśyate, tato deśalakṣaṇā. kiṃ prāptam? tathā yūpasya vediḥ, yathā dīkṣādakṣiṇaṃ pradhānasya, tathā yūpasya vediḥ, tathā yūpo mātavyaḥ, tathā mīyamānasya [393]{*3/653*} ardhaṃ vedyabhyantare bhavati. evaṃ vediśrutir apy anugrahīṣyate, itarathā vediśabdo lakṣayed deśam, śrutilakṣaṇāviṣaye śrutir nyāyyā na lakṣaṇā. tasmād yūpāṅgabhāvena vedir nirdiśyate.

NOTES: *{3/652: Tait.S. 6.1.11.6}* *{3/653: E2: 4,558; E4: 4,856; E6: 1,265}*

deśamātraṃ vāśiṣyeṇaikavākyatvāt // MS_3,7.14 //

deśāmātraṃ vā vediśabdena lakṣyate na vediyūpāṅgam{*3/654*}. kutaḥ? aśiṣyeṇaikavākyatvāt, ardham antarvedi minoty ardhaṃ bahirvedīty etenaikavākyatā yā, sā śāsitavyena, yadi deśalakṣaṇā, atha yūpāṅgabhāvena vedyā nirdeśaḥ, tato na śāsitavyo bahirvedinirdeśo{*3/655*} bhavati. vedyāṃ yūpasyāṅgabhāvenopadiśyamānāyām, ardhaṃ bahirvedīty etad uccāryamāṇaṃ na kasmiṃścid upakāre vartate. atha bahirvedideśam api yūpāṅgabhāvenopadiśet. vākyaṃ bhidyeta. tasmād yūpāṅgabhāvena vedyā nirdeśe bahirvediśabdaḥ sarvathā na śāsitavyaḥ. yadi tu deśalakṣaṇā, tato viśiṣṭe deśe lakṣyamāṇe 'vaśyavaktavyo bahirvediśabdo bhavati, anucyamāne vedyabhyantare yasmin kasmiṃś ca pradeśe yūpa iti gamyate. atha punar bahirvediśabde śrūyamāṇe, yatarasmin deśe mīyamānasyārdham antarvedy ardhaṃ bahirvedi, sa deśo lakṣayitum iṣṭo bhavati. sa ca bahirvediśabdena vinā na śakyate lakṣayitum ity, avaśyaṃ śāsitavyo bhavati. tasmād deśalakṣaṇeti.

NOTES: *{3/654: E2,4: vedir yūpāṅgam}* *{3/655: E2,4: bahirvedideśo}*

svāmidhenīs tad anvāhur iti havirdhānayor vacanāt sāmidhenīnām // MS_3,7.15 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - uta yat sunvanti sāmidhenīs tad anvāhur [394]{*3/656*} iti, havirdhānayor yasmin havirdhāne sunvanti, tat sāmidhenībhiḥ saṃbandhayed ity arthaḥ. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ sāmīdhenīnām aṅgabhāvena havirdhānaṃ codyate, havirdhānaviśiṣṭāḥ sāmidhenyo 'nuvaktavyāḥ, uta havirdhānenāmūṣām anūcyamānānāṃ deśo lakṣyata iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? sāmidhenīnām aṅgatvena havirdhānaṃ codyate - yasmin havirdhāne sunvanti, tat sāmidhenībhiḥ saṃbandhayed iti, tena havirdhānasaṃbaddhāḥ sāmidhenyo 'nuvaktavyā iti vacanāt sāmidhenyaṅgabhāve sati havirdhānaśrutir anugrahīṣyate. itarathā deśaṃ lakṣayed iti. tasmāt sāmidhenyaṅgaṃ havirdhānam.

NOTES: *{3/656: E2: 4,560; E4: 4,861; E6: 1,265}*

deśamātraṃ vā pratyakṣaṃ hy arthakarma somasya // MS_3,7.16 //

deśalakṣaṇārthaṃ vaitad ucyate - yasmin sunvanti, tasmin deśe sāmidhenyo 'nuvaktavyā iti, pratyakṣaṃ hy arthakarma somasya tena kriyate. dakṣiṇe havirdhāne somam āsādayatīti{*3/657*}, somāsādanārthaṃ tāvad etad upādeyam. sāmidhenyo 'py agnisamindhanārtham upādeyā iti. iha tv etāvac chrūyate - yasya havirdhānasya samīpe sunvanti tatsaṃbaddhāḥ sāmidhenyo 'py{*3/658*} agnisamindhanārtham upādeyā{*3/659*} iti, tatra na jñāyate, kiṃ sāmidhenyaḥ saṃbaddhāḥ havirdhānasyopakurvanti? kiṃ havirdhānaṃ sāmidhenīnām iti. tad ucyate - sāmidhenyas tāvad dhavirdhānasya nopakurvanti, na hi tāvad vidhīyante, sāmidhenyo 'nuvaktavyā iti. kiṃ tarhi? havirdhānaviśeṣasaṃbandhas tāsāṃ vidhīyate, [395]{*3/660*} na cāvihitam aṅgaṃ bhavati. nāpy evaṃ vidhīyate, havirdhānamāsām anucyamānānām upādātavyaṃ saṃbandhayitum iti. kathaṃ tarhi? havirdhānīviśeṣasaṃbandhaḥ{*3/661*} sāmidhenīnāṃ śrūyate, havirdhānasaṃbandho{*3/662*} vidhīyate, na ca sāmidhenīsaṃbandho havirdhānasya prāptaḥ, yo viśeṣārtham anūdyeta. kena tarhi havirdhānasya saṃbandhaḥ? pratyakṣaṃ hy arthakarma somasya, na tu sāmidhenīkarma pratyakṣaṃ havirdhānasya. bhavati tu deśasya sāmidhenīsaṃbandhaḥ, apareṇa vedim iti hotur deśo lakṣitaḥ, sa uttarasya dakṣiṇasya vā havirdhānasya samāsannaḥ. tatra yat{*3/663*} sunvanti, tad anvāhur ity upapadyate vacanam. tasmād deśalakṣaṇārthaṃ havirdhānagrahaṇam. athaivam abhisaṃbandhaḥ kasmān na bhavati? yasmin havirdhāne sunvanti, tasya havirdhānasya sāmidhenīsaṃbandha iti. naivaṃ śakyam, evaṃ dvāv arthau vidhātavyau bhavataḥ, havirdhānasaṃbandho havirdhānaviśeṣasaṃbandhaś ca. tatra vākyaṃ bhidyate. tasmān naivam abhisaṃbandha iti.

NOTES: *{3/657: E2,4: āsādayantīti}* *{3/658: E2,4 om. 'py}* *{3/659: E2 und 4 geben sāmidhenyo 'gnisamindhanārtham upādeyā in Klammern}* *{3/660: E2: 4,561; E4: 4,863; E6: 1,266}* *{3/661: E2,4: havirdhānīviśeṣasaṃbandho 'tra}* *{3/662: E2,4: na havirdhānasaṃbandho}* *{3/663: E2,4: tat}*

samākhyānaṃ ca tadvat // MS_3,7.17 //

samākhyānaṃ ca tadvad eva bhavati, yathāsmābhir nyāya upadiṣṭaḥ - somārthaṃ havirdhānam iti.

śāstraphalaṃ prayoktari tallakṣaṇatvāt tasmāt svayaṃ prayoge syāt // MS_3,7.18 //

iha karmāṇy udāharaṇam - agnihotraṃ juhuyāt svargakāmaḥ, darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ svargakāmo yajeta, jyotiṣṭomena svargakāmo yajeteti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim etāni karmāṇi svayam [396]{*3/664*} anuṣṭhātavyāni, utātrotsargamātraṃ svayaṃ kuryāt, śeṣam anyaḥ svayaṃ vā, uta śeṣam anya eveti. kiṃ prāptam? svayaṃ prayoge syāt. kutaḥ? yataḥ svayaṃ prayuñjānasya phalaṃ bhavati. katham avagamyate? tallakṣaṇatvāt, śabdo 'syārthasya lakṣaṇam, svayaṃ prayuñjānasya phalaṃ bhavatīti. katamaḥ sa śabdaḥ? svargakāmo yajeteti, yaḥ svargaṃ kāmayate, sa evocyate, yāge kartā bhavan phalaṃ sādhayed iti. sāṅge ca kartā bhavan phalaṃ prāpnoti, tasmāt svayaṃ prayoge syāt.

NOTES: *{3/664: E2: 4,563; E4: 4,867; E6: 1,267}*

utsarge tu pradhānatvāc cheṣakārī pradhānasya, tasmād anyaḥ svayaṃ vā syāt // MS_3,7.19 //

utsarge prādhānyam asti. katham? ya utsargaṃ karoti tena sarvaṃ kṛtaṃ bhavati. katham? parikraya utsargaḥ, tenānantāḥ sarvaṃ kurvanti. tasmād yaḥ parikrayaṃ karoti tena svayam eva sarvaṃ kṛtaṃ bhavati. tasmād utsargamātraṃ svayaṃ kuryāt, śeṣam anyaḥ svayaṃ vā.

anyo vā syāt parikrayāmnānād vipratiṣedhāt pratyagātmani // MS_3,7.20 //

śeṣasyānya eva syāt kartā. kutaḥ? parikrayasyāmnānatvāt. puruṣān atiprakāreṣu bahuṣu prāpteṣu parikrayo niyataḥ. tasmāt parikrayeṇānataiḥ sarve padārthāḥ kartavyā iti. vipratiṣeddhaś cātmani parikrayaḥ. yadi svayaṃ kuryāt, aparikrītena kṛtaṃ syāt, tatra parikrayāmnānānarthakyam, adṛṣṭārtho vā pratijñāyeta. tasmād anyaiḥ parikrītaiḥ śeṣāḥ padārthāḥ kartavyā iti. utsargaṃ tu svayaṃ kurvatā sarvaṃ svayaṃ kṛtaṃ bhavati.

[397]{*3/665*}

NOTES: *{3/665: E2: 4,566; E4: 4,875; E6: 1,268}*

tatrārthāt kartṛparimāṇaṃ syād aniyamo 'viśeṣāt // MS_3,7.21 //

tatra taiḥ parikrītaiḥ kartavyeṣv aniyamena kartṛparimāṇaṃ syāt. kutaḥ? aviśeṣāt, na kartṛparimāṇe viśeṣaḥ kaścid āmnāyate. arthena tatparimāṇam, yāvādbhir asāv itikartavyatā nirvartate, tāvato vṛṇīta{*3/666*}.

NOTES: *{3/666: E2,4: vṛṇīteti, E6: vṛṇīte}*

api vā śrutibhedāt pratināmadheyaṃ syuḥ // MS_3,7.22 //

yāvanti kartṛnāmadheyāni karmāṇi śrūyante - tāvanto varītavyā bhidyante, tāni ca{*3/667*} nāmadheyaśravaṇāni. tān puro 'dhvaryur vibhajati, pratiprasthātā manthinaṃ juhoti, neṣṭā patnīm abhyudāyati{*3/668*}, unnetā camasān unnayatīti. tathā - prastotā prastauti, udgātodgāyati, pratihartā pratiharati, subrahmaṇyaḥ subrahmaṇyām āha, hotā prātaranuvākam anubrūte, maitrāvaruṇaḥ preṣyati, cānucāha, acchāvāko yajati, grāvastotrīyām anvāha. etāvadbhiḥ karmaṇi prayojanam, tena te 'vaśyam etāni yathāśrutāni kartuṃ varītavyāḥ, etad vyatirikto 'nyaḥ padārtho na vidyate. yo 'pi vākyena nopadiṣṭaḥ, sa samākhyayā gamyate. tasmād etāvato vṛṇīteti.

NOTES: *{3/667: E2,4 om. ca}* *{3/668: E2,4: abhyudānayati}*

ekasya karmabhedād iti cet // MS_3,7.23 //

evaṃ cet pratijñāyate - etāvato vṛṇīteti. tan na, yo yas tatkarma kariṣyatīti saṃkalpate, sa sa tat tac chabdābhidheyo [398]{*3/669*} bhavati, eko 'pi bahūn padārthān kartuṃ bahubhir nāmadheyair ucyeta, tasmād aniyamaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/669: E2: 4,567; E4: 4,878; E6: 1,268}*

notpattau hi // MS_3,7.24 //

naitad evam, utpattau puruṣāṇām, utpādyamāneṣu puruṣeṣu nāmadheyāni bhidyante - brāhmaṇaṃ{*3/670*} vṛṇīte, hotāram vṛṇīte, udgātāraṃ vṛṇīte, adhvaryuṃ vṛṇīta ityevamādi. tasmāt karmaṇi tair evaṃ nāmakaiḥ prayojanam, avaśyante varītavyāḥ. tasmād eṣāṃ varaṇe saṃkīrtanaṃ na vidhiḥ. prayojanasyābhāvan nānuvādaḥ. na vede tāvanto varītavyā iti brūyāt, anarthakam eva syāt. śaknoti cedaṃ pratyāyayituṃ saṃkhyāviśeṣam. tasmād yaḥ saṃkhyāviśeṣo eṣāṃ pratīyate tadartham etad vacanam. tasmāt ṣoḍaśa kartāro varītavyāḥ, somas{*3/671*} tāvat kartṛkaś ca syāt{*3/672*}. evaṃ darśapūrṇamāsayor api.

NOTES: *{3/670: E2,4,6: brahmāṇaṃ}* *{3/671: E2,4 om. somas}* *{3/672: E2,4: ca somaḥ syāt}*

camasādhvaryavaś ca tair vyapadeśāt // MS_3,7.25 //

santi jyotiṣṭome camasādhvaryavaḥ - camasādhvaryūn vṛṇīteti. teṣu saṃdehaḥ - kim eṣām anyatamāḥ, utaitebhyo 'nya iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? etāvatāṃ saṃkīrtanād eṣām evānyatamāḥ. iti{*3/673*} prāpte brūmaḥ - camasādhvaryavaś cāpare bhaveyus tebhyo 'nya iti. kutaḥ? tair vyapadeśāt, taiḥ parigaṇitair eṣāṃ vyapadeśo bhavati - madhyataḥkāriṇāṃ camasādhvaryavaḥ, hotrakāṇāṃ camasādhvaryava iti. nanu ya eva prakṛtās te camasādhvaryavo bhaveyuḥ. neti brūmaḥ. kutaḥ? tair vyapadeśāt, madhyataḥkāriṇāṃ camasādhvaryavo [399]{*3/674*} hotrakāṇāṃ camasādhvaryava iti, ṣaṣṭhī saṃbandhe sati bhavati. ṛtvigbhis te vyapadiśyante, ṛtvijas teṣāṃ svāmino na yajamānaḥ, yajamānapuruṣebhyaś caite 'nya iti naḥ pratijñātam. na yajamānena camasādhvaryavaṃ{*3/675*} kartuṃ varītavyāḥ, ṛtvigbhis te varītavyā iti. api caiṣām utpattivākya eva bhedaḥ, camasādhvaryūn vṛṇīteti.

NOTES: *{3/673: E2: saṃkīrtanād eṣām evam anyatamā iti, E4: saṃkīrtanādeśām evānyatamā iti}* *{3/674: E2: 4,569; E4: 4,882; E6: 1,269}* *{3/675: E2,4: camasādhvaryutvaṃ}*

utpattau tu bahuśruteḥ // MS_3,7.26 //

teṣv va saṃdehaḥ - kim aniyamaḥ, eko dvau bahavo vā, uta bahava eveti? aniyama iti prāpta ucyate - bahava iti. kutaḥ? utpattau bahuśruteḥ, camasādhvaryava ity eṣām utpattau bahuśrutir bhavati, tasmād bahava iti.

daśatvaṃ liṅgadarśanāt // MS_3,7.27 //

jyotiṣṭome santi camasādhvaryavaḥ{*3/676*}, te ca bahava ity uktam. kiyanto bahava iti saṃdehe trayaḥ, bahuvacanasāmarthyād iti prāpte brūmaḥ - daśatvaṃ liṅgadarśanāt. te daśa bhaveyuḥ, tathā hi liṅgaṃ jyotiṣṭomavikāre daśapeye śrūyate - daśa camasādhvaryavo daśa daśaikaikaṃ camasam anusarpantīti, etasmāt kāraṇād daśapeyo bhavatīti bruvan daśa camasādhvaryūn darśayati, yadi trayo bhaveyuḥ, etaddarśanaṃ nopapadyate. tasmāt trīn atītyaiṣā saṃkhyā, yadi ca daśa na bhaveyur nopapadyetaitaddarśanam. tasmād [400]{*3/677*} bhavanti daśa, daśa caiṣāṃ svāminaḥ. tasmāt prayojanabhāvād daśasaṃkhyopādīyate, tasyāṃ copādīyamānāyām aparāpi saṃkhyānugṛhyate, tenāpi daśa bhaveyuḥ.

NOTES: *{3/676: E2,4: santi camasādhvaryavaḥ}* *{3/677: E2: 4,570; E4: 4,884; E6: 1,270}*

śamitā ca śabdabhedāt // MS_3,7.28 //

asti śamitā - śamitāram upanayīteti. sa kiṃ saṃkīrtitānām anyatamaḥ, utānyas tebhya iti. kiṃ prāptam? teṣāṃ varaṇe saṃkīrtanāt, teṣām anyatamaḥ, iti prāpte ucyate - śamitā ca śabdabhedāt, śabdo bhidyate, evaṃsaṃjñakenedaṃ karma kartavyam iti, tasmād evaṃsaṃjñaka utpādayitavyaḥ. asya saṃkīrtanāt saṃkhyāv vṛddhir gamyate, tasmād anyaḥ śamitā syāt. api ca - klomā cordhaṃ{*3/678*} vaikartanaṃ ca śamituḥ tad brāhmaṇāya dadyād yadbrāhmaṇaḥ syād ity{*3/679*} abrāhmaṇāśaṅkā bhavati, sā ṛtviji nopapadyate.

NOTES: *{3/678: E2,4: cārdhaṃ}* *{3/679: Ai.Br. 7.1}*

prakaraṇād votpattyasaṃyogāt // MS_3,7.29 //

satyaṃ saṃkhyāvivṛddhir gamyate, na tūtpadyamāneṣu, yā tv anutpattis teṣu gamyate, tatraikasya karmabhedād ity evam apy avakalpate. yat tūktam - abrāhmaṇāśaṅkā bhavatīti, yajamānābhiprāyā sā, yady abrāhmaṇo yajamānaḥ syād iti. nanu yady abrāhmaṇaḥ syād iti prakṛtaḥ śamitā saṃbadhyate. ucyate - śamayatīti śamitā, yaugika eṣa śabdaḥ prakṛteṣv apy avakalpate. śāmitram apy ādhvaryave samāmnānād adhvaryuṇā kartavyam. [401] tasmāc chamanād adhvaryuḥ śamitā. evaṃ sati aprakṛto yajamānaḥ saṃbandhyate.

upagāś ca liṅgadarśanāt // MS_3,7.30 //

jyotiṣṭome santy upagā nāma, te śabdabhedāt saṃkhyāvivṛddhiṃ pratyāyayantīty adhvaryvādibhyo 'nya iti prāpte brūmaḥ - teṣām eva kecit syur iti. kasmāt? utpattau parigaṇanāt, yaugikakatvāc ca śabdasya. liṅgam idaṃ bhavati - nādhvaryur upagāyed iti, yady ebhyo 'nye bhaveyur nādhvaryuṃ pratiṣedhet. aprāptatvāt. yatas tu pratiṣedhati, ato 'vagachāmaḥ, utpattau saṃkīrtitānām evānyatama iti.

vikrayī tv anyaḥ karmaṇo 'coditatvāt // MS_3,7.31 //

asti somavikrayī, tatra saṃdehaḥ - sa kim adhvaryvādīnām anyatamaḥ, utaibhyo 'nya iti. kiṃ prāptam? teṣāṃ saṃkīrtanāt, teṣām anyatama iti prāpte brūmaḥ - vikrayī tv anyaḥ syād iti, vikrayo na codyate krayacodyate, tatrārthād vikrayaḥ, jyotiṣṭomasya ca padārthān kartum adhvaryvādaya utpādyante, na tu vikrayo jyotiṣṭomasya śrūyate. tasmān nādhvaryvādīnām anyatama iti.

[402]{*3/680*}

NOTES: *{3/680: E2: 4,572; E4: 4,891; E6: 1,271}*

karmakāryāt sarveṣām ṛtviktvam aviśeṣāt // MS_3,7.32 //

ya ete puruṣā jyotiṣṭomasya śrūyante, te kiṃ sarva eta ṛtvijaḥ, uta kecid eṣām iti. kiṃ prāptam? sarve. kutaḥ? karmakāryāt, sarve yāgasya sādhanaṃ kurvanti, tasmāt sarva ṛtau yajanti. ye cartau yajanti ta ṛtvijaḥ, na kaścid viśeṣa āśrīyate, ima evartau yajantīty ṛtvijaḥ, ime neti. tasmāt sarveṣām ṛtviktvam. nanu parisaṃkhyā śrūyate - saumyasyādhvarasya yajñakratoḥ saptadaśa ṛtvija iti. ucyate - parisaṃkhyāyāṃ bahavo doṣāḥ santīti, avayutyavādo 'yaṃ bhaviṣyati.

na vā parisaṃkhyānāt // MS_3,7.33 //

na vā sarve. kasmāt? parisaṃkhyānāt, evaṃ hi śrūyate, saumyasyādhvarasya yajñakratoḥ saptadaśa ṛtvija iti, sa eṣa na vidhiḥ, bahutarāṇāṃ prāptatvāt, nānuvādaḥ, paryojanābhāvāt. na cet parisaṃkhyāpi, ānarthakyam eva syāt. nanu parisaṃkhyāyāṃ svārthahānaṃ parārthakalpanā prāptabādhaś ca. ucyate - svārthahānam adoṣaḥ prāptatvāt. parārthakalpanā ca pratyayāt. katham{*3/681*}? bahūnām ṛtviktve jñāte punaḥ saptadaśa ṛtvija ity ucyate, saptadaśabhir ṛtvikśabdasya saṃbandhaḥ punaḥ prakāśyate, adhikaiś ca na prakāśyate. tatra vijñāyata etat, ṛtvikśabdasya puruṣaiḥ saṃbandhe punaḥ prakāśyamāne saptadaśabhyo 'bhyadhikā varjitā iti gamyate. tatra kiṃ saptadaśabhiḥ saṃbandho [403]{*3/682*} vivakṣitaḥ, kiṃ vādhikānāṃ varjanam iti, saptadaśasaṃbandhasyāprayojakatvād adhikānāṃ varjanaṃ vivakṣitam iti gamyate. āha - nanu pratiṣidhyamāneṣv apy adhikeṣu pratiṣedho na prāpnoti, na hi ta ṛtau na yajanti, na vartau yajanto na ṛtvijaḥ syuḥ. ucyate - satyam, na, pratiṣedhād ṛtvikśabdena na saṃbadhyate{*3/683*}, kiṃ tu pratiṣedhasāmarthyād dhy ṛtvikkārye na bhavanti. kiṃ punar ṛtvikkāryam? ṛtvija upavasantīti{*3/684*}, ṛtvijo vṛṇīte, ṛtvigbhyo dakṣiṇāṃ dadātīti. āha - yad ṛtvijāṃ kāryam, kathaṃ tat keṣāṃcid ṛtvikśabdakānāṃ na syāt. ucyate - evaṃ tarhi dvividho 'yam ṛtvikśabdaḥ, ṛtuyajananimittaḥ, varaṇabharaṇanimittaś ca, tatra yāganimittasya grahaṇam anarthakam, tasmād varaṇabharaṇanimitto gṛhyata iti. āha - nanv itaretarāśrayam evaṃ bhavati - ya ṛtvijas te varītavyāḥ, ye vriyante ta ṛtvija iti tad itaretarāśrayam. ucyate - na hy ṛtvijo vṛṇīta ity ayam arthaḥ, ṛtvijaḥ santo varītavyā iti. kathaṃ tarhi? varaṇenartvijaḥ kriyanta iti, evaṃ dvitīyānirdeśo yukto bhaviṣyati, adhvaryaṃ vṛṇīta ity evaṃlakṣaṇaḥ. dṛṣṭārthatā ca varaṇasya bhaviṣyati. katham ātmecchayādhvaryur bhavatīti cet kaścid brūyāt, bhavatīti brūyām. katham? evaṃśabdakenāyaṃ padārthaḥ kartavya iti, nāsty evaṃśabdakaḥ. yaś ca nāsti, sa yadi śakyate kartum, kartavyo bhavati. yathā - juhvā juhotīty avidyamānā juhūḥ kriyate, evam etad api draṣṭavyam. tatrārthād aniyamenartvikśabdasaṃbandhe kartavye, evaṃ varaṇaviśeṣeṇa kṛtavya iti niyamyate. tasmān netaretarāśrayam. tasmāt saptadaśaiva ṛtvijaḥ[404]{*3/685*} kartavyā iti parisaṃkhyā, saptadaśa ṛtvijaḥ saṃskāraiḥ kartavyā iti.

NOTES: *{3/681: E2,4 om. katham}* *{3/682: E2: 4,574; E4: 4,892; E6: 1,271}* *{3/683: E2,4: saṃbadhyante}* *{3/684: E2,4 om. iti}* *{3/685: E2: 4,577; E4: 4,893; E6: 1,272}*

pakṣeṇeti cet // MS_3,7.34 //

evaṃ cen manyase - yathoktapakṣeṇaitad evam ucyate, avayutyavādapakṣeṇa saptadaśa ṛtvija iti, tat parihartavyam.

na sarveṣām anadhikāraḥ // MS_3,7.35 //

naitad evam, nātra sarveṣāṃ puruṣāṇāṃ vacanam, yān adhikṛtyāvayutyavādo bhaviṣyati. yatra parā saṃkhyā kīrtyate, tatrāvayutyavādo bhavati, yathā - dvādaśakapāle yad aṣṭākapālo bhavatīti, na ca, iha parā saṃkhyā kīrtyate. tasmān nāvayutyavāda iti.

niyamas tu dakṣiṇābhiḥ śrutisaṃyogāt // MS_3,7.36 //

saptadaśa ṛtvija iti samadhigatam. katame te saptadaśa itīdaṃ cintyate. kiṃ prāptam? ajñānam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - niyamas tu dakṣiṇābhiḥ, śrutisaṃyogāt, dakṣiṇāsaṃbandhena niyamyeran. evaṃ hy āmnāyate - ṛtvigbhyo dakṣiṇāṃ dadātīti, evam abhidhāya dakṣiṇādānakramapare vākye brahmādayaḥ śrūyante - agnīdhe 'gre dadātīti, tato brahmaṇe, tato 'muṣmai cāmuṣmai ceti{*3/686*} kecid eva viśiṣṭāḥ śrūyante - evaṃ ye śrūyante, te tāvad ṛtvijaḥ, tato 'bhyadhikā nānye bhavitum arhanti. dakṣiṇābhir niyama iti.

[405]{*3/687*}

NOTES: *{3/686: Tait.Br. 1.1.6.10}* *{3/687: E2: 4,579; E4: 4,903; E6: 1,273}*

uktvā ca yajamānatvaṃ teṣāṃ dīkṣāvidhānāt // MS_3,7.37 //

ya ṛtvijas te yajamānā ity evam abhidhāya brahmādīnāṃ dīkṣākramapare ca vākye dīkṣāṃ darśayati. katham? adhvaryur gṛhapatiṃ dīkṣayitvā brahmāṇaṃ dīkṣayati, tat udgātāram, tato hotāram. tatas taṃ pratiprasthātā dīkṣayitvārdhino dīkṣayati, brāhmaṇāc chaṃsinaṃ brahmaṇaḥ, prastotāram udgātuḥ, maitrāvaruṇaṃ hotuḥ. tatas taṃ neṣṭā dīkṣayitvā tṛtīyino dīkṣayati, āgnīdhaṃ{*3/688*} brahmaṇaḥ, pratihartāram udgātuḥ, acchāvākaṃ hotuḥ. tatas tam unnetā dīkṣayitvā pādino dīkṣayati, potāraṃ brahmaṇaḥ, subrahmaṇyam udgātuḥ, grāvastutaṃ hotuḥ. tatas tam anyo brāhmaṇo dīkṣayati, brahmacārī vācāryapreṣita iti. dīkṣā ca yajamānasaṃskāraḥ. tasmād brahmādaya ṛtvijaḥ saptadaśa iti.

NOTES: *{3/688: E2,4: āgnīdhraṃ}*

svāmisaptadaśāḥ karmasāmānyāt // MS_3,7.38 //

etad uktam - saptadaśa ṛtvija iti, te ca brahmādayaḥ. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim eṣāṃ sadasyaḥ saptadaśaḥ, uta gṛhapatiḥ? kiṃ tāvat prāptam? sadasya iti. sa hi karmakaraḥ, itaraḥ svāmī. yaś ca karmakaraḥ, sa parikretavyaḥ, ṛtvijaś ca parikrīyante, tasmāt sadasyaḥ saptadaśa ṛtvig iti. api ca - tasya camasam āmananti varaṇaṃ ca. ṛtvigvarītavyo na svāmī. tasmāt sadasyaḥ saptadaśa iti prāpte, ucyate - svāmisaptadaśāḥ karmasāmānyāt, svāmy eṣāṃ saptadaśaḥ syāt. kutaḥ? karmasāmānyāt, yajñe kartāra ṛtvijo bhavanti, yajñe ca kartā gṛhapatiḥ, tasmād ṛtvik, [406]{*3/689*} yajñakarmasāmānyāt. yad uktam - taṃ samāmananti, tasya camasam āmananti varaṇaṃ ca, tasmāt sadasyaḥ saptadaśa iti. ucyate - brahmāṇam eva te samāmananti, varaṇam api camasaś ca brahmaṇa eva, sa hi sadasi bhavaḥ, tasmāt svāmisaptadaśāḥ.

NOTES: *{3/689: E2: 4,581; E4: 4,905; E6: 1,274}*

te svārthāḥ prayuktatvād agnayaś ca svakālatvāt // MS_3,7.39 //

svāmisaptadaśā jyotiṣṭomasyartvijaḥ samadhigatāḥ. atredānīm ayaṃ saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ sarvaṃ puruṣakāryaṃ taiḥ kāryam, agnibhiś ca gārhapatyādibhir agnikāryam, uta kācid vyavastheti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? te sarvārthāḥ, prayuktatvād agnayaś ca svakālatvāt, te vṛtāḥ sarvasmai puruṣakāryāya syuḥ, agnayaś cāgnikāryāya. kutaḥ? taiḥ kāryair ākāṅkṣitvāt, prati svaṃ grahaṇam eṣām anuvādaḥ, svakālatvād agnayaś ca sarvārthā iti, samadhigatam etat.

[407]{*3/690*}

NOTES: *{3/690: E2: 4,584; E4: 4,914; E6: 1,274}*

tatsaṃyogāt karmaṇo vyavasthā syāt, saṃyogasyārthavattvāt // MS_3,7.40 //

tatsaṃyogād viśiṣṭapuruṣasaṃyogāt, vyavatiṣṭheta, ye yena puruṣeṇa samākhyāyante, te tena kartavyāḥ, evaṃ teṣāṃ puruṣasaṃyogo 'rthavān bhaviṣyati. ādhvaryavam adhvaryuṇā, hautraṃ hotrā, audgātram udgātreti.

tasyopadeśasamākhyānena nirdeśaḥ // MS_3,7.41 //

kim eṣa evotsargaḥ? sarvaṃ samākhyātaṃ samākhyātapuruṣaiḥ kartavyam iti. neti brūmaḥ, tasyopadeśād viśeṣasamākhyānāc ca nirdeśaḥ. yathopadeśaḥ - tasmān maitrāvaruṇaḥ preṣyati cānu cāheti{*3/691*}. samākhyā - potrīyā neṣṭrīyeti. eṣa samākhyāyāś cāpavāda iti.

NOTES: *{3/691: Tait.Br. 3.12.9.5}*

tadvac ca liṅgadarśanam // MS_3,7.42 //

yatra hetuḥ prātaranuvākam anubruvata upaśṛṇuyād iti hotre{*3/692*} prātaranuvāke samākhyayā prāptaṃ hotāraṃ darśayati. tathedam aparaṃ liṅgaṃ bhavati - udgītha udgātṝṇām ṛcaḥ praṇava ukthaśaṃsināṃ{*3/693*} [408]{*3/694*} pratihāro{*3/695*} 'dhvaryūṇām iti, samākhyākṛtaṃ bhedaṃ darśayati. tathedam api liṅgaṃ bhavati - yo vādhvaryoḥ svaṃ veda svavāneva bhavati, etad vādhvaryoḥ svaṃ yad āśrāvayatīti{*3/696*} samākhyākṛtaṃ niyamaṃ darśayati.

NOTES: *{3/692: E2,4: hautre}* *{3/693: E2,4: ukthyaśaṃsināṃ}* *{3/694: E2: 4,586; E4: 4,918; E6: 1,275}* *{3/695: E2: pratigaro, E4: pratiro}* *{3/696: Tait.S. 3.1.2.3}*

praiṣānuvacanaṃ maitrāvaruṇasyopadeśāt // MS_3,7.43 //

asti jyotiṣṭome paśur agnīṣomīyaḥ - yo dīkṣito yad agnīṣomīyaṃ paśum ālabhata iti{*3/697*}. tatredaṃ samāmananti - tasmān maitrāvaruṇaḥ preṣyati cānu cāheti. tatra saṃśayaḥ - kiṃ sarvānuvacaneṣu sarvapraiṣeṣu ca maitrāvaruṇaḥ syāt, uta yatrānuvacane praiṣa iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? sarvānuvacaneṣu, aviśeṣāt. na hi kaścid viśeṣa āśrīyate - asminn anuvacane maitrāvaruṇo 'smin neti. tasmāt sarvānuvacaneṣu sarvapraiṣeṣu ca maitrāvaruṇaḥ syāt.

NOTES: *{3/697: Tait.S. 6.1.11.6}*

puro 'nuvākyādhikāro vā praiṣasaṃnidhānāt // MS_3,7.44 //

puro 'nuvākyaṃ vā maitrāvaruṇo 'nubrūyāt. kutaḥ? yatra praiṣaś cānuvākyā ca sahocyete, tatra maitrāvaruṇaḥ, yatra kevalānuvākyā na tatra maitrāvaruṇaḥ, yatra vā kevalaḥ praiṣaḥ, tatrāpi na. yatrobhe samuccīyete, tatra sa bhavet. tathā hi samuccitayos taṃ samāmananti, tasmān maitrāvaruṇaḥ preṣyati cānu cāheti, caśabdāt samuccitayor iti gamyate.

[409]{*3/698*}

NOTES: *{3/698: E2: 4,588; E4: 4,923; E6: 1,275}*

prātaranuvāke hotṛdarśanāt // MS_3,7.45 //

itaś ca paśyāmo na sarvānuvacaneṣu maitrāvaruṇa iti. kutaḥ? yataḥ prātaranuvāke hotāraṃ darśayati. katham? yatra hotuḥ prātaranuvākam anubruvata upaśṛṇuyāt, tadādhvayur gṛhṇīyād iti. tasmān na sarvānuvacaneṣu maitrāvaruṇa iti.

camasāṃś camasādhvaryavaḥ samākhyānāt // MS_3,7.46 //

santi camasādhvaryavas teṣu saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ camasādhvaryavaś camasāñ juhuyur utādhvaryur iti. camasādhvaryava iti brūmaḥ. kasmāt? camaseṣv ādhvaryavaṃ te kurvantīti camasādhvaryavaḥ, tasmāt te juhuyur iti.

adhvaryur vā tan nyāyatvāt // MS_3,7.47 //

adhvaryur vā juhuyāt, esa hi nyāyaḥ - yad ārdhvaryavapadārtham adhvaryuḥ kuryāt, ādhvaryavaś ca homaḥ, tasmād adhvaryur juhuyāt. nanu camasādhvaryava iti viśeṣasamākhyānāc camasādhvaryavo hoṣyantīti. nety ucyate, camaseṣv ete 'dhvaryuvad bhavantīti camasādhvaryavaḥ. yadi tair adhvaryur juhoti, tatas taiś camasādhvaryubhir api hotavyam. yadi camasādhvaryavo juhvati, nādhvaryuḥ. tadā te na tadvat syuś camasādhvaryavaḥ. tasmān na juhuyur iti.

camase cānyadarśanāt // MS_3,7.48 //

camase cānyaṃ camasādhvaryor darśayati. katham? yamasāṃś ca[410]{*3/699*}masādhvaryave prayacchati, tān sa vaṣaṭkartre harati, anyo hutvā{*3/700*} camasādhvaryave prayacchatīti gamyate. katham? sa{*3/701*} vaṣaṭkartre harati, bhakṣayitum iti gamyate. tasmād dhutasya camasādhvaryave pradānam, yo juhoti, sa prayacchati. tasmād anyo juhotīti. api ca - yo vādhvaryoḥ svaṃ veda svavāneva bhavati, srugvādhvaryoḥ svaṃ vāyavyam asya svaṃ camaso 'sya svam iti. na tāvad asya camasaḥ svam, yajamānasya hi saḥ. camaso 'sya svam iti bruvan, adhvaryoś camasena homaṃ darśayati.

NOTES: *{3/699: E2: 4,589; E4: 4,925; E6: 1,276}* *{3/700: E2,4: sa hutvā}* *{3/701: E2,4: evaṃ sa}*

aśaktau te pratīyeran // MS_3,7.49 //

atha kathaṃ camasādhvaryava iti samākhyānam? ucyate - aśaktau te pratīyeran, yadā vyāpṛtatvāt, na śaknoty adhvaryur hotum, tadā samākhyāsām arthāt te hoṣyanti.

vedopadeśāt pūrvavad vedānyatve yathopadeśaṃ syuḥ // MS_3,7.50 //

asty audgātre samākhyātaḥ śyenaḥ, ādhvaryave vājapeyaḥ. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ śyena udgātṛbhir eva padārthāḥ kartavyāḥ, vājapeye 'dhvaryubhiḥ, utobhayatra nānartvigbhir iti. kiṃ prāptam? vedopadeśāt, samākhyānād ity arthaḥ{*3/702*}, pūrvavat, yathā, ādhvaryavam iti samākhyānāt padārthān adhvaryuḥ karoti, evam eva vedānyatve yathopdeśaṃ syuḥ, yo yena samākhyāte veda upadiṣṭaḥ, tasya padārthās tenaiva kartavyāḥ. sāṅgaḥ sa tatropadiśyate. tasmāc chyena udgātṛbhir vājapeye cādhvaryubhiḥ padārthāḥ kartavyā iti.

[411]{*3/703*}

NOTES: *{3/702: E1 gibt samākhyānād ity arthaḥ in Klammern}* *{3/703: E2: 4,591; E4: 4,928; E6: 1,277}*

tadgrahaṇād vā svadharmaḥ syād adhikārasāmarthyāt sahāṅgair avyaktaḥ śeṣe // MS_3,7.51 //

tadgrahaṇāt, prākṛtadharmagrahaṇāt{*3/704*}, vā svadharmaḥ svair dharmaiś codakaprāptaiḥ saṃyuktaḥ{*3/705*} syāt, codakasāmarthyāt sahāṅgaiḥ kuryād iti śrūyate, tāni cāṅgāni jyotiṣṭome santy apekṣyante. tatra jyotiṣṭome nānarvijas tair asya sahaikavākyatā. nanu pratyakṣā samākhyā, codaka ānumānikaḥ. ucyate - satyam, pratyakṣā samākhyā, laukikī tu sā. tatrānumāya vaidikaṃ śabdaṃ tenaikavākyatā syāt, codake punar viprakṛṣṭādhītayā pratyakṣayetikartavyatayā sahaikavākyatā. tasmāc codako balavattaraḥ. yat tūktam - samākhyānād iti. tatrocyate - avyaktaḥ śeṣe samākhyāto bhaviṣyati. yaḥ padārtho na codakena prāpnoti, tatra samākhyayā niyamo bhaviṣyati. yathā śyene kaṇṭakair vitudantīty udgātāro vitotsyanti, vājapeye coṣapuṭair{*3/706*} arpayantīty{*3/707*} adhvaryavo 'rpayiṣyanti.

[412]{*3/708*}

NOTES: *{3/704: E1 gibt prākṛtadharmagrahaṇāt in Klammern}* *{3/705: E1 gibt codakaprāptaiḥ saṃyuktaḥ in Klammer, E2,4: svair dharmaiś codakaprāptaiḥ saṃyuktaḥ}* *{3/706: E2,4: coṣaṃ puṭair}* *{3/707: ŚPBr 5.2.1.16}* *{3/708: E2: 4,593; E4: 4,933; E6: 1,277}*

svāmikarma parikrayaḥ karmaṇas tadarthatvāt // MS_3,8.1 //

asti parikrayaḥ, jyotiṣṭome dvādaśaśatam, darśapūrṇamāsayor anvāhāryam{*3/709*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim adhvaryuṇā parikretavyā ṛtvijaḥ, uta svāmineti. kiṃ prāptam? samākhyānād adhvaryuṇeti prāpte brūmaḥ - svāmikarma parikrayaḥ. svayaṃ karotīti gamyate. kasmāt?{*3/710*} karmaṇas tadarthatvāt, phalakāmo hi yajamānaḥ, yaś ca phalakāmaḥ, tena svayaṃ kartavyam. sa yadi parikrīṇīte, tataḥ svayaṃ sarvaṃ karotīti gamyate. atha na parikrīṇīte na sarvaṃ kuryāt. tasmāt svāmī parikrīṇīteti.

NOTES: *{3/709: Vgl. Tait.S. 1.7.3.1}* *{3/710: E2,4: svayaṃ karotīti gamyate. kasmāt?}*

vacanād itareṣāṃ syāt // MS_3,8.2 //

kim eṣa evotsargaḥ? nety ucyate - vacanād itareṣāṃ syāt. yatra vacanaṃ bhavati, tatra vacanaprāmāṇyād bhavati parikrayaḥ. ya etām iṣṭakām upadadhyāt sa trīn varān dadyād iti{*3/711*}.

[413]{*3/712*}

NOTES: *{3/711: Tait.S. 5.2.8.2}* *{3/712: E2: 4,594; E4: 4,935; E6: 1,278}*

saṃskārās tu puruṣasāmarthye yathāvedaṃ karmavad vyavatiṣṭheran // MS_3,8.3 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - keśaśmaśrū vapate, dato dhāvate, nakhāni nikṛntate, snātīti{*3/713*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim evaṃjātīyakā adhvaryuṇā kartavyāḥ, uta yajamāneneti. kiṃ prāptam? adhvaryuṇā kartavyāḥ, saṃskārā yathāvedaṃ vyavatiṣṭheran samākhyānāt puruṣeṇa karmavat, yathā - anye padārthā yasmin veda āmnātāḥ, tatsamākhyātena puruṣeṇa kriyante, evam ete 'pīti.

NOTES: *{3/713: Tait.S. 6.1.1.2}*

yājamānās tu tatpradhānatvāt karmavat // MS_3,8.4 //

yajamānena vā kartavyāḥ. kutaḥ? puruṣapradhānatvāt. kathaṃ puruṣaprādhānyam? kartrabhiprāyaṃ kriyāphalaṃ gamyate, tasmāt puruṣasya karmakaraṇasāmarthyam upajanayanti. na ca kaścid yena karmakaraṇena sāmarthyam upajanyate{*3/714*} tad arthaṃ puruṣān krīṇātīti, īpsitebhyaḥ padārthebhyaḥ krīṇāti, yena yasya sāmarthyaṃ bhavati, tat tenaiva kartavyam, karmavat, yathā - pradhānakarmaṇi puruṣārthāni yajamānasya bhavanti, evam etad apīti.

NOTES: *{3/714: E1 gibt yena karmakaraṇena sāmarthyam upajanyate in Klammern}*

vyapadeśāc ca // MS_3,8.5 //

parasmaipadavyapadeśaś ca bhavati - tam abhyanakti, śareṣīkayānaktīti ca. anyo yajamānasyāñjanam abhyañjanaṃ karotīti gamyate.

guṇatve tasya nirdeśaḥ // MS_3,8.6 //

yad uktam - samākhyānād yathāvedam iti, naitad evam, guṇatve [414]{*3/715*} tasya nirdeśaḥ, tatra vayaṃ samākhyāṃ niyāmikām icchāmaḥ, yatra karmaṇaḥ prādhānyam, yad arthaṃ kretavyāḥ puruṣāḥ prāptāḥ, tatra samākhyayā niyamaḥ. kalpyo hi saṃbandho vapanādibhiḥ, puruṣāṇām, adṛṣṭārthatvāt, kḷpta ārād upakārakaiḥ. na ca kḷpta upapadyamāne kalpyaḥ śakyaḥ kalpayitum. tasmān na puruṣaprādhānye samākhyā niyāmikā syāt.

NOTES: *{3/715: E2: 4,595; E4: 4,939; E6: 1,278}*

codanāṃ prati bhāvāc ca // MS_3,8.7 //

codanety apūrvaṃ brūmaḥ - apūrvaṃ prati saṃskārā vidhīyante. te hy asaṃbhavād dravyeṣu kalpyante, saṃnikṛṣṭadravyābhāve ca viprakṛṣṭeṣu bhaveyuḥ, yadā tu saṃnikṛṣṭe dravye saṃbhavanti, tadā na viprakṛṣṭeṣu prayoktavyāḥ, kṛtārthatvāt. tasmād yājamānā iti.

atulyatvād asamānavidhānāḥ syuḥ // MS_3,8.8 //

idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram{*3/716*}. atha kasmān na samānavidhānā bhavanti? aviśeṣavidhānād dhi puruṣamātrasya prāpnuvanti. tad ucyate - naitat samānaṃ sarvapuruṣāṇāṃ vidhānam. kutaḥ? atulyatvāt, atulyā eta etadvidhānaṃ prati. kātulyatā? yat, yajamānasya vihitā nartvijām. kathaṃ yajamānasya vihitā ity agamyate? arthāt svayaṃ prayoge syād iti. nanv aviśeṣād ṛtvijām api vihitāḥ. prayojanābhāvād avihitā iti paśyāmaḥ. kathaṃ prayojanābhāvaḥ? ṛtvigbhiḥ kriyamāṇā na yajamānena kṛtā na kāritāḥ, atadarthatvāt parikrayasya. svayaṃkṛtāś ca nārthina upakurvanti. tasmād apryojanāḥ, ata ṛtvijām avihitāḥ, etad atulyatvam. tasmān na samānavidhānā iti.

[415]{*3/717*}

NOTES: *{3/716: E1 gibt idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram in Klammern}* *{3/717: E2: 4,597; E4: 4,942; E6: 1,279}*

tapaś ca phalasiddhitvāl lokavat // MS_3,8.9 //

tapaḥ śrūyate - dvy ahaṃ nāśnāti, try ahaṃ nāśnātīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ārtvijaṃ tapaḥ, yājamānam iti. kiṃ prāptam? samākhyānād ārtvijaṃ tapa iti prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - yājamānaṃ tapa iti. kutaḥ? phalasiddhitvāt, phalasiddhyarthaṃ tapaḥ. tapaḥsiddhasya yāgaphalaṃ siddhyati. katham etad avagamyate? duḥkhaṃ hi tapaḥ, duḥkhaṃ cādharmaphalam, adharmo yāgaphalasya pratibandhako bhavati. aśreyaskaro hi saḥ, tasmin sati na śreyo bhavitum arhati, tasmāt so 'panetavyaḥ, phalabhogena ca virudhyete dharmādharmau. tasmād duḥkhaphalabhogāya dharmaḥ{*3/718*} śrūyate. yat tena duḥkham utpādyaitavyam, idaṃ tad iti. evaṃ dṛṣṭārthaṃ bhavati, nādṛṣṭaṃ kalpayitavyam, tena phalopabhogena kṣīṇo 'dharme 'pratibaddho yāgaḥ phalaṃ dāsyatīti, phalasiddhiś ca yajamānasya kartavyā nartvijām. tasmād yājamānaṃ tapa iti.

NOTES: *{3/718: E2,4: duḥkhaphalabhogāyādharmaḥ}*

vākyaśeṣaś ca tadvat // MS_3,8.10 //

etam evārthaṃ vākyaśeṣo 'pi dyotayati - yadā vai puruṣe na kiṃcin āntarbhavati, yadāsya kṛṣṇaṃ cakṣuṣo naśyati, atha medhyatama iti. yadānaśanam{*3/719*}, tadā medhārha iti. medhaś ca yajñaḥ, yajñaś ca tyāgaḥ, tyāgaṃ kartum arhas tapasā kriyata iti vākyaśeṣo bhavati, tyāgī ca yajamānaḥ. tasmād yājamānaṃ tapa iti.

NOTES: *{3/719: E2,4: yadānaśanaḥ}*

vacanād itareṣāṃ syāt // MS_3,8.11 //

kim eṣa evotsargaḥ? sarvaṃ tapo yājamānam iti. na{*3/720*}, [416]{*3/721*} vacanād itareṣām, yatra vacanam, tatrartvijām, yathā - sarva ṛtvija upavasantīti.

NOTES: *{3/720: E2,4,6 om. na}* *{3/721: E2: 4,598; E4: 4,945; E6: 1,280}*

guṇatvāc ca vedena na vyavasthā syāt // MS_3,8.12 //

atha yad uktam - samākhyānād artvijaṃ tapa iti, guṇatvān na samākhyayā gṛhyate, yatra puruṣasya guṇabhāvaḥ, tatra samākhyā niyāmikā. evaṃ vā śyene śrūyate - lohitoṣṇīṣā lohitavasanā ṛtvijaḥ pracarantīti. tathā vājapeye śrūyate - hiraṇyamālina ṛtvijaḥ pracarantīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ śyena udgātṛbhir lohitoṣṇīṣatā kartavyā, vājapeye cādhvaryubhir hiraṇyamālitvam, utobhayam api sarvartvijām iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? samākhyānāt śyena udgātṛbhir vājapeye 'dhvaryubhir iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - guṇatvāc ca vedena na vyavasthā syāt, guṇo lohitoṣṇīṣatā hiraṇyamālitvaṃ ca, puruṣaḥ pradhānam, ato lohitam uṣṇīṣaṃ hiraṇyamālā ca puruṣaviśeṣaṇatvena śrūyate, na kartavyatayā, tasmāt puruṣaprādhānyam. kim ataḥ? yady evam, puruṣāṇāṃ pradhānabhāve samākhyā na niyāmikety etad uktam. api ca - guṇatvaśravaṇāt sarvapuruṣāṇām etad vidhānam iti gamyate, pradhānasaṃnidhau hi guṇaḥ śiṣyamānaḥ pratipradhānam upadiṣṭo bhavati. tatra vacanena prāptaṃ kathaṃ samākhyayā vidyamānayāpi niyantuṃ śakyeta? tasmād ubhayatra sarvartvigbhir evaṃjātīyako dharmaḥ kriyeteti.

[417]{*3/722*}

NOTES: *{3/722: E2: 4,600; E4: 4,948; E6: 1,281}*

tathā kāmo 'rthasaṃyogāt // MS_3,8.13 //

jyotiṣṭome samāmananti - yadi kāmayeta varṣet parjanya iti nīcaiḥ sado minuyād iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ārtvijaḥ kāmaḥ, atha yājamāna iti. kim evam? yadi kāmayetādhvaryur iti, uta yajamāna iti, evaṃ saṃśayaḥ. kiṃ prāptam? ārtvijaḥ kāmaḥ, samākhyānāt. arthī prakṛto 'dhvaryuḥ, sa vākyena saṃbadhyate, minuyād iti. tasmād ārtvijaḥ kāma iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - tathā kāmaḥ syāt, yathā tapaḥ, yājamānaḥ kāma ity arthaḥ{*3/723*}. kutaḥ? arthasaṃyogāt, arthena yāgasya sāṅgasya, yajamānaḥ phalena saṃbadhyata iti gamyate. upagrahaviśeṣāt, jyotiṣṭomena svargakāmo yajetety upagrahaviśeṣāś ca minuyād ity adhvaryuḥ parārtham iti gamyate. atha yad uktam - prakṛtenārthinā sahaikavākyatvād iti. ucyate, evam api prakṛtena vākyena{*3/724*} sahaikavākyatā, yajamāne kāmayamāne minuyād iti.

NOTES: *{3/723: E1 gibt yājamānaḥ kāma ity arthaḥ in Klammern}* *{3/724: E2,4: prakṛtenārthinā}*

vyapadeśād itareṣāṃ syāt // MS_3,8.14 //

yatra bhavati vyapadeśaḥ, tatrārtvijaḥ kāmo bhavati, yathā - udgātātmane vā yajamānāya vā yaṃ kāmaṃ kāmayate, tam āgāyatīti, yady ātmana iti yajamānāyeti parikalpyeta, yajamānagrahaṇaṃ vāśabdaś ca na samarthitau syātām. tasmād yajamānavyapadeśād ātmānam evodgātā pratinirdiśatīti gamyate.

[418]{*3/725*}

NOTES: *{3/725: E2: 4,601; E4: 4,951; E6: 1,281}*

mantrāś cākarmakaraṇās tadvat // MS_3,8.15 //

ihaivaṃjātīyakā mantrā udāharaṇam, āyurdā agna āyur{*3/726*} me dehīti, varcodā agne 'si varco me dehīti{*3/727*}. eṣu saṃdehaḥ - kim ārtvijā uta yājamānā iti. samākhyānād ārtvijā iti prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - mantrāś caite tadvad bhaveyuḥ, yathā kāmaḥ, evam ātmābhidhāyipadaṃ yuktaṃ bhavati. āyur me varco ma iti, āyur varca ityevamādibhiḥ karmaphalam abhidhīyate, agne tvaṃ karmaphalaṃ me sādhayeti. tad iha karmaphalam utsāhārthaṃ saṃkīrtyate, yajamānaś ca tenotsahate, nānyaḥ. yad ṛtvijaḥ kramaphalam, na tad artho 'gniḥ, siddhaṃ hi tat. yad yajamānasya, tad artho 'gniḥ, tac cāsiddhaṃ sad āśāsitavyam, yad utsāhaṃ janayaty avaiguṇyāya. ṛtvig api siddhe yad utsahate, tad yajamānasyaiva karmaphalāyotsahate. tatrātmābhidhāyipadaṃ nāvakalpate, yajamāne cātmābhidhāyipadaṃ kalpyamānam agauṇaṃ bhavati, tasmād yājamānāḥ.

NOTES: *{3/726: E2,4: agne 'syāyur}* *{3/727: Tait.S. 1.5.5.4}*

viprayoge ca darśanāt // MS_3,8.16 //

viprayoge cāgnīnāṃ pravāsa upasthānam asti, iha eva san tatra santaṃ tvāgna iti. na ca proṣito 'gnibhya ṛtvig bhavati, karma kurvata eṣa vācakaḥ śabdaḥ. bhavati tu yajamāno 'gnibhyaḥ proṣito 'pi yajamānaḥ, saṃvidhāya so 'gnihotrāya pravasati, śakyate ca videśasthenāpi tyāgaḥ kartum. sa eva proṣitasyopasthānaviśeṣaṃ bruvan yajamānasyopasthānaṃ darśayati, tenaivaivaṃjātīyakā yajamānasya bhaveyur iti.

[419]{*3/728*}

NOTES: *{3/728: E2: 4,602; E4: 4,953; E6: 1,282}*

dvy āmnāteṣūbhau dvy āmnasyārthavattvāt // MS_3,8.17 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatra dvy āmnātā mantrā ādhvaryave kāṇḍe yājamāne ca. ājyaṃ yair gṛhyate, pañcānāṃ tvā vātānāṃ yantrāya dhartrāya gṛhṇāmīty{*3/729*}evamādayaḥ, tathā srugvyūhanamantrāḥ, srucau vyūhati vājasya mā prasaveneti{*3/730*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ ta ubhābhyām api kartavyā utādhvaryuṇaiveti. kiṃ prāptam? samākhyānād ādhvaryavā iti. iti prāpta ucyate{*3/731*} - ubhāv api tān prayuñjīyātām iti. kutaḥ? dvy āmnātasyārthavattvāt, dvābhyāṃ samākhyānād dvāv api kartārau gamyete, tasmād dvau brūyātām. adhvaryur etena prakāśitam anuṣṭhāsyāmīti, yajamāno na pramadiṣyāmīti.

NOTES: *{3/729: Tait.S. 1.6.1.2}* *{3/730: Tait.S. 1.1.13.1}* *{3/731: E2,4: iti. prāpte, ucyate}*

jñāte ca vācanaṃ na hy avidvān vihito 'sti // MS_3,8.18 //

vājapeye śrūyate - kḷptīr yajamānaṃ vācayaty ujjisatīr{*3/732*} yajamānaṃ vācayatīti{*3/733*}. atra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ jñaś cājñaś ca sarvo vācayitavya uta jña eveti. kiṃ prāptam? aviśeṣāj jñaś cājñaś ceti. iti{*3/734*} prāpte brūmaḥ - jña eveti. kutaḥ? na hy avidvān vihito 'sti, yo hy avidvān nāsāv adhikṛtaḥ sāmarthyābhāvāt. nanu prayogakāle śikṣitvā prayokṣyate, sāmarthyād [420]{*3/735*} adhikriyeteti. neti brūmaḥ - vedādhyayanād uttarakāle prayogaḥ śrūyate, na prayogaśrutigṛhītaṃ vedādhyayanam. kutaḥ? anārabhyakarmaṇi vede{*3/736*} śrūyate - tasmāt svādhyayo 'dhyetavya iti. saty etasmin vacane, agnihotraṃ juhuyād ityevamādibhir vedo 'dhyetavya ity etad uktaṃ bhavatīti na śakyate kalpayitum. tatra homamātre codite vedādhyāyī śakta ity adhikriyate, nāvidvān. kiyatā punar viditena vidvān adhikriyata iti. yāvatā viditena śakto bhavati, yathoktaṃ kratum abhinirvartayitum. tasmāt{*3/737*} tāvad yo veda sa tena kratunādhikriyate. nanu vedam adhīyīteti vacanāt kṛtsno vedo 'dhyetavya iti bhavati, na vedāvayavenādhīkriyata iti. ucyate - kratūnāṃ jñānārthaṃ vedādhyayanaṃ kāryam. tatrānyasmin kratau kartavye 'nyakratujñānaṃ na dṛṣṭāya bhavati, tasmāt kratvantarajñānam adhikāre nādartavyam, kratvantarajñānāya kratvantaragranthaḥ, sarve kratavaḥ kathaṃ jñāyeran? pṛthak pṛthag iti kṛtsnasya vedasyādhyayanaṃ śrūyate, tasmāt svapadārthajño 'dhikriyeteti. tenāsvapadārthajñasya karmaiva nāsti, kathama asau vācyeta. tasmāt sādhv abhidhīyate, jña eva vācayitavya iti.

NOTES: *{3/732: E2,4: ujjitīr}* *{3/733: Vgl. Vāj.S. 9.21 bzw. Vāj.S. 9.31}* *{3/734: E2,4 om. iti}* *{3/735: E2: 4,604; E4: 4,955; E6: 1,282}* *{3/736: E2,4: vedādhyayanaṃ}* *{3/737: E2,4 om. tasmāt}*

yājamāne samākhyānāt karmāṇi yājamānaṃ syuḥ // MS_3,8.19 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatra karmāṇy{*3/738*} āmnātāni dvādaśa, vatsaṃ copāvasṛjati, ukhāṃ cādhiśrayati, ava ca hanti, dṛṣadupale ca samāhanti, adhi ca vapate, kapālāni copadadhāti, [421]{*3/739*} puroḍāśaṃ cādhiśrayate, ājyaṃ ca, stambayajuś ca harati, abhi ca gṛhṇāti, vedaṃ ca parigṛhṇāti, patnīṃ ca{*3/740*} saṃnahyati, prokṣaṇīś cāsādayati, ājyaṃ ca, tāni{*3/741*} dvādaśa{*3/742*} dvāndvāni darśapūrṇamāsayor iti{*3/743*}. atra saṃdehaḥ - kim etāny adhvaryoḥ karmāṇi, uta yajamānasyeti. kiṃ prāptam? yajamāne samākhyānāt karmāṇi yājamānaṃ syuḥ. viśeṣasamākhyānād yājamānānīti gamyate, yathā potrīyaṃ neṣṭrīyam iti.

NOTES: *{3/738: E2,4: tatra yajamānakāṇḍe karmāṇy}* *{3/739: E2: 4,606; E4: 4,959; E6: 1,283}* *{3/740: E2,4 om. ca}* *{3/741: E2,4: etāni}* *{3/742: E2,4: vai dvādaśa}* *{3/743: Tait.S. 1.6.9.3-4}*

adhvaryur vā tadartho hi nyāyapūrvaṃ samākhyānam // MS_3,8.20 //

adhvaryur vā kuryād etāni, tad artho hy adhvaryuḥ parikrīta iti samākhyānād avagamyate. adhvaryava eva sarva ime padārthāḥ samāmnātāḥ, yājamāna eṣāṃ dvandvatocyate, dvandvatā ca samabhyāśakriyā{*3/744*}. tatrādhvaryuḥ padārthān kariṣyati, yajamānenāpi samabhyāśīkaraṇam{*3/745*} ity etad aśakyam. tatrāṅgaguṇavirodhe ca, tādarthyād iti dvandvatāguṇo bādhitavyaḥ. tasmād ādhvaryavā ete padārthā iti. yad uktaṃ samākhyānād iti, tat parihartavyam, ucyate - nyāyapūrvaṃ samākhyānam, samākhyānād yajamānena dvandvatā saṃpādayitavyā, idaṃ cedaṃ ca saṃpādayeti yajamāno brūyāt. keṣucic cātra padārtheṣu yajamānasyānumantaraṇam, tannimittā samākhyā bhaviṣyati, apūrvaṃ tv apakṛṣyeta. tad uktam - yathā potrīyam, neṣṭrīyam iti, evam atrāpīti. tad ucyate - yuktaṃ tatra viśeṣa[422]{*3/746*}samākhyānāt. iha tu dvandvatā yājamānīyā, padārthās tv ādhvaryavā eva. tasmād adoṣaḥ.

NOTES: *{3/744: E2,4,6: samabhyāsakriyā}* *{3/745: E2,4,6: samabhyāsīkaraṇam}* *{3/746: E2: 4,607; E4: 4,960; E6: 1,284}*

vipratiṣedhe karaṇaḥ, samavāyaviśeṣād itaram anyas teṣāṃ yato viśeṣaḥ syāt // MS_3,8.21 //

asti jyotiṣṭome paśur agniṣomīyaḥ, tasya yūpasya parivyāṇe mantrau, ekaḥ - adhvaryoḥ parivīrasīti{*3/747*} karaṇaḥ, aparo hotur yuvā suvāsā iti{*3/748*} kriyamāṇānuvādī. tayoś codakaparamparayā kuṇḍapāyinām ayanaṃ prāptayor bhavati saṃdehaḥ - kaḥ punar asau? tatra ṛtviksamāsa āmnātaḥ - yo hotā so 'dhvaryur iti, kiṃ karaṇam ādhvaryavaṃ hotā kuryāt? kiṃ hautraṃ kriyamāṇānuvādinam iti. kiṃ prāptam? aniyama iti. iti prāpta uccyate - vipratiṣedhe karaṇaḥ syāt, ādhvaryavaḥ parivīrasīti, na kriyamāṇānuvādī hotur yuvā suvāsā iti. kutaḥ? samavāyaviśeṣāt. dvau tatra samavāyau, hotuś codakena hautreṣu, pratyakṣaśravaṇenādhvaryaveṣu - yo hotā so 'dhvaryur iti. evaṃ pratyakṣam adhvaryoḥ kārye codyate, pratyakṣaṃ cānumānād balīyaḥ. tasmād ādhvaryavaṃ karaṇaṃ parivīrasīti hotā kuryāt. atha hautraṃ viruddhaṃ kaḥ kuryāt? itaram anyaḥ, teṣāṃ yato viśeṣaḥ syāt, anyo hotṛpuruṣa eva syāt, yasyāvyāpṛtatā, prādhānyaviśeṣo vā.

[423]

NOTES: *{3/747: Tait.S. 1.3.6.2}* *{3/748: ṚV 3.8.4a}*

praiṣeṣu ca parādhikārāt // MS_3,8.22 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatra praiṣāḥ samānātāḥ, prokṣaṇīr āsādayedhmā barhir upasādhaya srucaś saṃmṛḍḍhi{*3/749*} patnīṃ saṃnahyājyenodehīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ ya eva praiṣe, sa eva praiṣārthe, utānyaś ca praiṣe, anyaś ca praiṣārtha iti. kiṃ prāptam? eka eva praiṣapraiṣārthayor iti. kutaḥ? samākhyānāt, anya iti cāśrūtatvāt. nanv ātmanaḥ praiṣo vipratiṣidhyate. ucyate, na praiṣo bhaviṣyati, prāptakāle loṭaṃ vakṣyāmaḥ. āha, prāptakāle 'pi sati yuṣmadādiṣv evopapadeṣu madhyamādayo vyavasthitāḥ, na puruṣasaṃskaro bhavati. ucyate - satyāṃ vivakṣāyāṃ yuṣmadādiṣu madhyamādayaḥ, yadā tava prāptaḥ kāla iti vivakṣyate, tadā yuṣmad eva madhyamo nāsmadi śeṣe vā. yadā khalu kriyāyāḥ prāptaḥ kāla ity etāvad vivakṣyate, na tava, mama veti, na tadā yuṣmadādīnām anurodhena madhyamādayo bhavitum arhanti. na ca, idaṃ yugapad vivakṣituṃ śakyate, padārthasya prāptaḥ kālaḥ, tava ceti, bhidyeta hi tathā vākyam. tena, yadi vā nirjñāte padārthakāle tava kāla iti śakyate vaditum, yadi vā taveti nirjñāte padārthasya kāla iti. tatra padārthasya kālo vaditavyaḥ, na tu yauṣmadarthasya, tena hi smṛtena prayojanam, sa hi kartavya ity avagataḥ, na tu yuṣmadarthaḥ tathā, tasmāt samākhyāyād adhvaryor eva praiṣapraiṣārthāv iti. iti{*3/750*} prāpte brūmaḥ - praiṣeṣv anyo 'nyas tadartheṣv iti. kutaḥ? parādhikārāt, parasmin hi praiṣa upapadyate, nātmanīti. āha, nanūktaṃ prāptakāle bhaviṣyatīti. ucyate, [424]{*3/751*} na, saṃbhavati praiṣa, prāptakālatā nyāyyā. tasya hi yuṣmadartho{*3/752*} gamyamāno na vivakṣita ity ucyate, saṃbhavati cātra praiṣārthaḥ. tasmāt praiṣaḥ, praiṣaś cet, anyaḥ praiṣārtha iti siddham.

NOTES: *{3/749: E2,4: sruvaṃ ca srucaś ca saṃmṛḍḍhi}* *{3/750: E2,4 om. iti}* *{3/751: E2: 4,612; E4: 4,967; E6: 1,285}* *{3/752: E2,4: tasmād yuṣmadartho}*

adhvaryus tu darśanāt // MS_3,8.23 //

athaivaṃ gate, idaṃ saṃdihyate - kim adhvaryur agnīdhraṃ preṣyet, utāgnīd adhvaryum iti. aniyamo 'viśeṣād iti prāpte brūmaḥ - adhvaryur uktapraiṣārthakārī syāt. kutaḥ? darśanāt, darśanaṃ bhavati - tiryañ ca sphyaṃ dhārayed yad anvañcaṃ dhārayed vajro vai sphyo vajreṇādhvaryuṃ kṣiṇvīteti{*3/753*}, yaḥ preṣyati, tasya haste sphyaḥ. sphyenādhvaryuṃ kṣiṇvītety anyam adhvaryuṃ preṣakād darśayati. tasmād agnīd adhvaryuṃ preṣyed iti.

NOTES: *{3/753: Vgl. Tait.Br. 3.2.10.1}*

gauṇo vā karmasāmānyāt // MS_3,8.24 //

naitad asti, agnīdhraḥ praiṣo 'dhvaryoḥ praiṣārtha iti. kiṃ khalv adhvaryur evāgnīdhaṃ preṣyet, evam adhvaryuṇā praiṣaḥ praiṣārthaś cobhāv api kṛtau bhaviṣyataḥ, tatrādhvaryavam iti samākhyānugrahīṣyate. tasmād adhvaryur eva mukhyaṃ{*3/754*} syāt. kim asya mukhyatvam? yad anena sarvaṃ kartavyaṃ samākhyānād iti. atha yad uktam - adhvaryuḥ pracaritā dṛśyata iti. tad ucyate - satyaṃ dṛśyate, na tv asya praiṣārthakaraṇe pramāṇam asti cintyamānam. tasmād etan mithyādarśanam, yasya hi darśanasya pramāṇaṃ nāsti, vyāmohaḥ saḥ. yathā śuktikāyāṃ rajatavijñānam. asti tv agnīdhraḥ praiṣārthakaraṇe pramāṇam. tasmād agnīdhraḥ pracaritā pracaritari [425]{*3/755*} cādhvaryuśabdo dṛśyate. tasmād gauṇaḥ, ādhvaryave vede samāmnātān{*3/756*} padārthān karotīti kṛtvādhvaryur ity ucyate, āgnīdhra iti. tasmād ādhvaryavaḥ praiṣaḥ, āgnīdhraḥ praiṣārtha iti.

NOTES: *{3/754: E2,4,6: mukhyaḥ}* *{3/755: E2: 4,425; E4: 4,976; E6: 1,286}* *{3/756: E2,4: samāmnātāt}*

ṛtvikphalaṃ karaneṣv arthavattvāt // MS_3,8.25 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor āmananti - mamāgne varco vihaveṣv astv iti pūrvam agniṃ parigṛhṇātīti{*3/757*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ṛtvikphalam āśāsitavyam, agne varco vihaveṣv astv iti, uta yajamānasyeti. kiṃ prāptam? adhvaryor eveti. kutaḥ? evaṃ śrutir ādṛtā bhavisyati, itarathā lakṣaṇā syāt, ātmanā yajamānaṃ lakṣayet. tasmād ṛtvikphalam āśāsitavyam iti. ko 'rthaḥ? anayā samidhā dhāryamāṇe 'gnau yāgaḥ saṃbhaviṣyati. tatra vihaveṣu spardhāsthāneṣv ahaṃ varcasvī bhaviṣyāmīty adhvaryor vacanam, evam utsāhī bhaviṣyatīti.

NOTES: *{3/757: Tait.S. 4.7.14.1}*

svāmino vā tadarthatvāt // MS_3,8.26 //

yajamānasya vā vacanaṃ tadarthatvāt karmaṇaḥ, yajamānārthaṃ hīdaṃ karma sāṅgam, upagrahaviśeṣāt, sāṅgasyāsya prayojanaṃ yajamānasya phalaniṣpattir nādhvaryoḥ supravaritur{*3/758*} api yaśaḥ. kim ataḥ? yady evam, phalasaṃkīrtanāt phalakartavyatā gamyate, tad etad [426]{*3/759*} agnyanvādhānaṃ yajamānasya phalasaṃkīrtane kriyamāṇe 'nena mantreṇa phalasaṃbandhāt prakāśitaṃ kṛtaṃ bhavati, nādhvaryuyaśaḥkīrtanena. tasmād yajamānaphalam āśāsitavyam iti. atha kasmān na yājamāna eṣa mantro bhavatīti. ucyate - agnyanvādhānaṃ samākhyayādhvaryavam. tac caivaṃ guṇo mantraḥ karoty ādhvaryavaḥ, sa ucyate 'nena mantreṇeti, tasmād ādhvaryavo mantraḥ. mama varco 'stv atyapi yajamānasya varco mameti vyapadiśati lakṣaṇayā, yathā rājani jayaṃ vartamānaṃ sainikā asmākam iti vyapadiśanty evam.

NOTES: *{3/758: E2,4: supracaritur}* *{3/759: E2: 4,615; E4: 4,979; E6: 1,286}*

liṅgadraśanāc ca // MS_3,8.27 //

liṅgam apy amum arthaṃ darśayati, evaṃ hy āha - yāṃ vai kāṃcana ṛtvija āśiṣam āśāsate, yajamānasyaiva sety āśiṣo yajamānārthakatāṃ darśayati. tasmād api brūmaḥ - yajamānaphalam āśāsitavyam iti. pakṣoktam eva prayojanam iti.

karmārthaṃ tu phalaṃ teṣāṃ svāminaṃ pratyarthavattvāt // MS_3,8.28 //

idaṃ samadhigatam - karaṇeṣu mantreṣu svāminaḥ phalam āśāsitavyam iti. kim eṣa evotsargaḥ? nety āha, kvacid ṛtvijāṃ api phalam āśāsitavyam iti, yatra karmārthaṃ phalam, yathā - [427]{*3/760*} agnāviṣṇū māvakramiṣam{*3/761*} vijihāthāṃ māmā saṃtāptam iti{*3/762*}, asaṃtapto 'dhvaryuḥ karma śaknoti kartum, karmasiddhir yajamānasyopakāriketi, ṛtvikphalam āśāsitavyam atreti.

NOTES: *{3/760: E2: 4,617; E4: 4,982; E6: 1,287}* *{3/761: E2,4: māvām avakramiṣam}* *{3/762: Tait.S. 1.1.12.1}*

vyapadeśāc ca // MS_3,8.29 //

yatra ca vyapadeśo bhavati, tatrārtvijam, dakṣiṇasya havirdhānasyādhas tāc catvāra uparavāḥ prāveśamukhyāḥ{*3/763*} pradeśāntarālāḥ, tatra hastau praveśyādhvaryur yajamānam āha, kim atreti, sa āha - bhadram iti. tan nau sahety adhvaryuḥ pratyāheti vyapadeśo bhavati, adhvaryor yajamānasya ca. tan nau sahety ubhayor vacanam adhvaryuyajamānayoḥ. tasmād adhvaryuphalam āśāsitavyam atreti.

NOTES: *{3/763: E2,4: prādeśamukhyāḥ}*

dravyasaṃskāraḥ prakaraṇāviśeṣāt sarvakarmaṇām // MS_3,8.30 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor barhirdharmā vedidharmāś ca, teṣu saṃdehaḥ - kim aṅgapradhānārthāḥ, uta pradhānārthā iti. prakaraṇāt pradhānārthā iti. iti{*3/764*} prāpta ucyate, naivam, dravyasaṃskāro 'ṅgapradhānārthaḥ, yathā vyākhyātam{*3/765*} evottaravivakṣayā prāptir eṣā kriyata iti.

[428]{*3/766*}

NOTES: *{3/764: E2,4 om. iti}* *{3/765: Vgl. zu MS 3.7.1ff}* *{3/766: E2: 4,618; E4: 4,986; E6: 1,288}*

nirdeśāt tu vikṛtāpūrvasyānadhikāraḥ // MS_3,8.31 //

jyotiṣṭome paśur agnīṣomīyaḥ, yo dīkṣito yad agnīṣomīyaṃ paśum ālabhata iti{*3/767*}. tatra śrūyate - barhiṣā yūpāvaṭam avastṛṇāty ājyena yūpam anaktīti. tatra saṃśayaḥ - kiṃ tayor ājyabarhiṣor ājyabarhirdharmāḥ prākṛtāḥ kartavyāḥ, uta neti. kiṃ prāptam? kartavyā iti. kutaḥ? vākyaṃ hi barhirmātrasyājyamātrasya ca dharmāṇāṃ vidhāyakam, tad ihāpi vākyaṃ codakena prāptam. na caitad barhir ājyaṃ niṣprayojanam. tasmād atra dharmāḥ kiyerann iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - nirdeśād vikṛtāv apūrvasyānadhikāraḥ, nirdiṣṭā ete dharmāḥ prakṛtau, yatra pradhānasyopakurvanti prākṛtakāryayor ājyabarhiṣoḥ. ye ca pradhānasyopakāriṇo dharmāḥ, ta ihātidiśyante. pradhānaṃ hi codako 'pekṣate, na dharmān. pradhānasya hi codakena sāmānyaṃ na dharmāṇām. api ca, nānyārtha iti jñātena saṃnihitenāpy ekavākyatā bhavaty anyasaṃbandhopapattau satyām, yathā bhāryā rājñaḥ, puruṣo devadattasyeti. kim aṅga punar viprakṛtena, nirjñātaṃ khalv aṅgatvaṃ pradhānāpekṣāyāṃ bhavati, kevalam ihātideśaḥ kriyate, padārthāpekṣāyām aṅgatvam api sādhayitavyaṃ syāt. dharmāś cāpekṣyamāṇāḥ sādhāraṇā bhaveyuḥ, tathoho nāvakalpeta. liṅgaviśeṣadarśanāc ca vyavatiṣṭheran dharmāḥ, tatra darśanaṃ nopapadyeta, vapayā prātaḥsavane caranti, puroḍāśena mādhyaṃdina iti, tathā na pitā vardhate, na mātā, na nābhiḥ, prāṇo hi sa iti. tasmād yad dvārā prakṛtau kṛtāḥ, tad dvāraiva vikṛtau, nānyadvārāḥ. na ca yūpāvaṭas taraṇaṃ prakṛtāv asti yūpāñjanaṃ [429]{*3/768*} vā. tasmān na tatra prākṛtā dharmā bhaveyur apūrvatvāt.

NOTES: *{3/767: Tait.S. 6.1.11.6}* *{3/768: E2: 4,620; E4: 4,986; E6: 1,288}*

virodhe ca śrutiviśeṣād avyaktaḥ śeṣe // MS_3,8.32 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor āmananti - samāvapracchinnāgrau darbhau prādeśamātrau pavitre karoti, tathā - aratnimātre vidhṛtī pavitre, utānyata iti. tatra saṃśayaḥ - kiṃ vedistaraṇārthād barhiṣo vidhṛtī pavitre, utānyata iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? vedistaraṇārthād barhiṣaḥ kārye. kiṃ kāraṇam? tad dhi prakṛtam, dharmāś cāviśeṣāt sarvabarhiṣām arthena, tasmāt tataḥ. iti prāpte brūmaḥ - anyataḥ kriyeta. kutaḥ? virodhāt. kathaṃ virodhaḥ? śrūyate hi - tridhā tu pañcadhā tu vā vedīṃ stṛṇātīti, tad yenāstīryate, kathaṃ tad vidhṛtipavitraṃ kriyeta, na hi saṃbhavaty ekaṃ staraṇāya vidhṛtipavitrāya ca. tad etad upadiṣṭavacanam anekaguṇatvaṃ cobhe apy asaṃbhavinī pratijñāte syātām. tasmān na tataḥ kriyeteti. yadi na tataḥ, kutas tarhi? avyakta evaṃjātīyakaḥ śeṣe, asti tatra paribhojanīyaṃ nāma barhiḥ, tataḥ kartavyam.

apanayanas tv ekadeśasya vidyamānasaṃyogāt // MS_3,8.33 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - puroḍāśaśakalam aindravāyavasya pātre nidadhāti, dhānā āśvinapātre, payasyāṃ maitrāvaruṇapātra iti. tatra saṃśayaḥ - kim anyata eṣāṃ kriyeta, uta prakṛtebhya [430]{*3/769*} iti. kiṃ prāptam? pūrveṇa nyāyenānyata iti. tatrocyate - tata ekadeśasyāpanayaḥ. kutaḥ? vidyamānasaṃyogāt, vidyate hi tatra puroḍāśo dhānāḥ payasyā ca, tatsaṃyoga eva nyāyyo nānyasaṃyoga iti, puroḍāśādīnāṃ eva saṃskāraḥ, nendravāyavādīnām{*3/770*}. kutaḥ? puroḍāśādiṣu dvitīyādarśanāt. pratyakṣaś caikadeśāpanayenopakāraḥ, nendravāyavādisaṃbandhena{*3/771*}, evaṃ prakṛtānugraho bhaviṣyati, tasmāt prakṛtasyopadeśena tat kriyeta. na cātropadiṣṭopadeśa āśaṅkyo 'nekaguṇabhāvaś ca, anyena śakalena homo 'nyaś ca pratipādyata iti{*3/772*}.

NOTES: *{3/769: E2: 4,621; E4: 4,992; E6: 1,289}* *{3/770: E2,4: naindravāyavādīnām}* *{3/771: E2,4: naindravāyavādisaṃbandhena}* *{3/772: E2,4 om. iti}*

vikṛtau sarvārthaḥ śeṣaḥ prakṛtivat // MS_3,8.34 //

idam āmananti - yajñārthavaṇaṃ vai kāmyā iṣṭayaḥ, tā upāṃśu kartavyā iti. atra saṃśayaḥ - kim aṅgapradhānārtham upāṃśutvam, uta pradhānārtham iti. kiṃ prāptam? vikṛtau sarvārthaḥ śeṣaḥ syāt, aviśeṣād aṅgānāṃ pradhānānāṃ ca prakṛtivat, yathā prakṛtau vedidharmā ājyadharmāś cāṅgapradhānārthāḥ, evam atrāpi.

mukhyārtho vāṅgasyācoditatvāt // MS_3,8.35 //

pradhānārtho vā eṣa vikṛtiṣu syāt. evam idaṃ sarvārtham ucyeta, prakaraṇaṃ bādhitvā vākyenāṅga-pradhānārtham iti, tad evedānīṃ vākyaṃ viśeṣitam - kāmyā iṣṭaya iti. kāmyāś ca pradhānayāgāḥ, aṅgayāgāḥ pradhānārthāḥ, tasmād aṅgacoditam. yat kāmena phalavac codyate, tad evānayopāṃśutvetikartavyatayā [431]{*3/773*} anubadhyate. tasmāt pradhānārtham upāṃśutvam.

NOTES: *{3/773: E2: 4,622; E4: 4,994; E6: 1,290}*

saṃnidhānaviśeṣād asaṃbhave tadaṅgānām // MS_3,8.36 //

śyene śrūyate - dṛtanavanītam{*3/774*} ājyam iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ navanītaṃ pradhānasya, utāṅgānām iti. kiṃ prāptam? pradhānasya, tasya hi prakaraṇam iti vacanaprāmāṇyān navanītena pradhānaṃ nirvartayitavyam iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - asaṃbhava etasmiṃs tadaṅgānāṃ śyenāṅgānāṃ{*3/775*} syāt. kathaṃ asaṃbhavaḥ? somadravyakatvāt pradhānasya. nanu vacanān navanītaṃ bhaviṣyati. na śyene navanītaṃ bhavatīty eṣa vākyārthaḥ. kas tarhi? śyene navanītam ājyaṃ bhavatīti navanītājyasaṃbandho vidhīyate, śyenājyasaṃbandho 'nūdyate. na ca sākṣāc chyenasyājyasaṃbandho 'sti, śyenāṅgānāṃ tu vidyate. yasyāsti, tasyānūdya navanītaṃ vidhīyate, saṃnidhānaviśeṣāt.

NOTES: *{3/774: E2,4: dṛtinavanītam}* *{3/775: E1 gibt śyenāṅgānāṃ in Klammern}*

ādhāne 'pi tatheti cet // MS_3,8.37 //

evaṃ ced dṛśyate - śyenāṅgānāṃ navanītam iti, ādhāne 'pi pavamāneṣṭiṣu syāt. tā api hi śyenasyopakurvanti, tatsaṃskṛte 'gnau śyeno nirvartata iti.

nāprakaraṇatvād aṅgasya tannimittatvāt // MS_3,8.38 //

na śyenasya prakaraṇe pavamāneṣṭayo 'gnyādhānaṃ vā śrūyate. kim ataḥ? yady evam, ādhānasya ca śyenasya ca na kaścid asti [432]{*3/776*} saṃbandhaḥ, agnīnām ādhānam, agnayaś ca śyenasya, tasmān na pavamānahaviḥṣu navanītam. naitac chyenāṅgatve nimittam, yad ādhānam agnīnām upakaroti. yadi prakaraṇādīnām anyatamad{*3/777*} asti, tan nimittaṃ bhavet. tasmān na śyenāgnyādhānayoḥ saṃbandho 'stīti.

NOTES: *{3/776: E2: 4,623; E4: 4,997; E6: 290}* *{3/777: E2,4: anyatamam}*

tatkāle vā liṅgadarśanāt // MS_3,8.39 //

idam idānīṃ saṃdihyate - kiṃ sutyākālānām aṅgānāṃ navanītam uta sarveṣāṃ iti. sutyākālānāṃ syāt, liṅgadarśanāt. idaṃ śrūyate - saha paśūn ālabhata iti. tatra punar vacanam - agnīṣomīyasya sthāne 'gnīṣomīyaḥ puroḍāśaḥ, anubandhyāyāḥ sthāne maitrāvaruṇīyasyeti{*3/778*}, dve sthāne śrūnye{*3/779*} darśayati, tenāvagamyate śyenasya vacanaṃ sutyākālānām aṅgānāṃ viśeṣaṃ vidadhātīti.

NOTES: *{3/778: E2,4: maitrāvaruṇī payasyā, iti}* *{3/779: E2,4,6: śūnye}*

sarveṣāṃ vāviśeṣāt // MS_3,8.40 //

sarveṣām eva cāṅgānāṃ navanītaṃ syāt. kutaḥ? aviśeṣāt, asati viśeṣe sarveṣām apy aṅgānām iti.

nyāyokte liṅgadarśanam // MS_3,8.41 //

yad uktaṃ liṅgam, tat pariharaṇīyam. nāsti tāvat pramāṇam, yac chyenasya vacanaṃ tat stutyākālānām{*3/780*} aṅgānām iti. kiṃ tu darśanam? tad apramāṇamūlatvān mithyādarśanaṃ mṛgatṛṣṇāvat. kathaṃ tu madhye paśūnām ālambha iti. nyāyāt. ko nyāyaḥ? kramānugrahaḥ. evaṃ vacanavarjitaḥ kramo 'nugṛhīto bhavatīti{*3/781*}. [433]{*3/782*} tasmāt sarveṣām aṅgānāṃ navanītam iti.

NOTES: *{3/780: E2,4: vacanaṃ tat stutyākālānām}* *{3/781: E2,4 om. iti}* *{3/782: E2: 4,625; E4: 4,1000; E6: 1,291}*

māṃsaṃ tu savanīyānāṃ codanāviśeṣāt // MS_3,8.42 //

śākyānām ayanaṃ ṣaṭtriṃśatsaṃvatsaram. tatredaṃ samāmananti - saṃsthite saṃsthite 'hāni gṛhapatir mṛgayāṃ yāti, sa tatra yān mṛgān hanti, teṣāṃ tarasāḥ puruḍāśāḥ savanīyā bhavantīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ savanīyānām anyeṣāṃ ca saṃbhavatāṃ puroḍāśānāṃ sthāne tarasā uta savanīyānām eveti. kiṃ prāptam? sarvapuroḍāśānāṃ māṃsamayatā syāt, na śakyate puroḍāśānāṃ ca māṃsamayatā vidhātum, savanīyaśabdena ca puroḍāśān viśeṣayitum, bhidyeta hi tathā vākyam. tasmāt sarvapuroḍāśānāṃ māṃsamayateti. iti{*3/783*} prāpte ucyate - māṃsaṃ tu savanīyānāṃ syāt, tarasāḥ savanīyā bhavantīty ayaṃ tv anūdyate. kuta etat? sarvapuroḍāśeṣu savanīyaśabdo 'nuvādo na ghaṭate, puroḍāśaśabdas tu savanīyeṣv avakalpate. tasmāt puroḍāśaśabdo 'nuvāda iti. tasmāt savanīyānāṃ dhānādīnāṃ sthāne māṃsaṃ codanāśeṣād iti.

NOTES: *{3/783: E2,4 om. iti}*

bhaktir asaṃnidhāv anyāyyeti cet // MS_3,8.43 //

iti cet paśyasi - savanīyeṣu puroḍāśaśabdo 'nuvādo bhaviṣyatīti, dhānādiṣu puroḍāśaśabdo na vartate, bhaktiś cānyāyyā mukhye saṃbhavati.

[434]{*3/784*}

NOTES: *{3/784: E2: 4,623; E4: 4,1003; E6: 1,292}*

syāt prakṛtiliṅgatvād vairājavat // MS_3,8.44 //

prakṛtau jyotiṣṭome dhānādiṣv ayaṃ puroḍāśaśabdo bhāktaḥ, saṃnihite{*3/785*} prayuktaḥ, ihāpi bhākta eva prayokṣyate. atrāpi hi savanīyaśabdena te saṃnihitāḥ. prakṛtau liṅgasamavāyāc chabdapravṛttir vikṛtāv api tathaiva, yathā - chatriṇo gacchanti, dhvajino gacchantīti. yathā - ukthyo vairūpasāmā, ekaviṃśaḥ poḍaśī vairājasāmā iti prakṛtiliṅgena sāmaśabdena vairūpapṛṣṭho vairājapṛṣṭha iti gamyate. evam ihāpi savanīyānāṃ māṃsamayateti.

NOTES: *{3/785: E2,4: saṃnihiteṣu}*

============================================================================

Adhyāya 4:

[435]{*4/1*}

NOTES: *{4/1: E2: 5,1; E6: 2,1}*

athātaḥ kratvarthapuruṣārthayor jijñāsā // MS_4,1.1 //

tṛtīye 'dhyāye śrutiliṅgavākyaprakaraṇasthānasamākhyānaiḥ śeṣaviniyogalakṣaṇam uktam. ihedānīṃ kratvarthapuruṣārthau jijñāsyete, kaḥ kratvarthaḥ, kaḥ puruṣārtha iti, yāpi prayojakāprayojakaphalavidhyarthavādāṅgapradhānacintā, sāpi kratvarthapuruṣārthajijñāsaiva. katham? aṅgaṃ kratvarthaḥ, pradhānaṃ puruṣārthaḥ. phalavidhiḥ puruṣārthaḥ, arthavādaḥ kratvarthaḥ. prayojakaḥ kaścit puruṣārtho 'prayojakaḥ kratvarthaḥ. tasmāt kratvarthapuruṣārthayor jijñāseti sūtritam. tatrāthātaḥ śabdau prathama evādhyāye prathamasūtre varṇitau. atheti prakṛtaṃ{*4/2*} śeṣaviniyogalakṣaṇam apekṣate. ata iti kratvarthapuruṣārthajijñāsāviśeṣaṃ prakurute. kratave yaḥ sa kratvarthaḥ, puruṣāya yaḥ sa puruṣārthaḥ. jijñāsāśabdo 'pi tatraiva samadhigataḥ - jñātum icchā jijñāseti. tad etat pratijñāsūtram, kratvarthapuruṣārthayor jijñāseti.

NOTES: *{4/2: E2: pūrvaprakṛtaṃ}*

yasmin prītiḥ puruṣasya tasya lipsārthalakṣaṇāvibhaktavāt // MS_4,1.2 //

atha{*4/3*} kiṃlakṣaṇaḥ kratvarthaḥ, kiṃlakṣaṇaḥ puruṣārtha iti lakṣaṇaṃ [436]{*4/4*} vācyam, tathā hi laghīyasī pratipattiḥ, pṛṣṭākoṭenopadeśe garīyasī. tad ucyate - yasmin prītiḥ puruṣasya, yasmin kṛte padārthe puruṣasya prītir bhavati{*4/5*} sa puruṣārthaḥ padārthaḥ. kutaḥ? tasya lipsārthena ca bhavati{*4/6*}, na śāstreṇa, kratvartho hi śāstrād avagamyate, nānyathā. avibhakto hi puruṣārthaḥ prītyā. yo yaḥ prītisādhanaḥ sa puruṣārthaḥ. puruṣārthe lakṣite tadviparītaḥ kratvartha iti kratvarthasya lakṣaṇaṃ siddham.

evaṃ vā sūtraṃ varṇyate - darśapūrṇamāsayor āmnāyate - anatidṛśyaṃ stṛṇāti, anatidṛśyam evainaṃ prajayā paśubhiḥ karotīti{*4/7*}, tathā - āhāryapurīṣāṃ paśukāmasya vediṃ kuryāt, vatsajānuṃ paśukāmasya vedaṃ kuryāt, godohanena paśukāmasya praṇayed ityevamādīni. tatra saṃśayaḥ - kim evaṃjātīyakāḥ kratvarthā uta puruṣārthā iti. kiṃ prāptam? kratvartha iti. kutaḥ? pratyakṣa upakāras tebhyo dṛśyate kratoḥ, purīṣaharaṇaṃ vedistaraṇaṃ ca, tad uktam - dravyaguṇasaṃskāreṣu bādarir{*4/8*} iti{*4/9*}. tasmāt kratvarthā ity evaṃ prāptam. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - yasmin prītiḥ puruṣasya sa puruṣārtha eveti, prītis tebhyo nirvartate, tasmād ete puruṣārthā iti. nanu pratyakṣa upakāraḥ krator dṛśyata ity uktam. ucyate - satyaṃ dṛśyate, na tu krator upakārāyaibhyaḥ{*4/10*} saṃkīrti tebhyaḥ, phalebhya ete śrūyante. na ca, ya upakaroti sa śeṣaḥ. yas tu yadarthaḥ śrūyate, sa tasya śeṣa ity uktam{*4/11*} - śeṣaḥ parārthatvād iti{*4/12*}.

evaṃ vā, dravyārjanam udāharaṇam. iha dravyārjanaṃ tais tair niyamaiḥ [437]{*4/13*} śrūyate, brāhmaṇasya pratigrahādinā, rājanyasya jayādinā, vaiśyasya kṛṣyādinā. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ kratvartho dravyaparigraha uta puruṣārtha iti. kiṃ prāptam? kratvartho niyamāt. yady eṣa puruṣārthaḥ syāt, niyamo 'narthako bhavet. pratyakṣeṇaitad avagamyate, niyamād aniyamāc cārjitaṃ dravyaṃ puruṣaṃ prīṇayatīti. tasmāt kratvarthaḥ. kāmaśrutibhiś cāsya sahaikavākyatā dṛṣṭā. itarathā, anumeyena phalavākyena sahaikavākyatāṃ yāyāt. liṅgaṃ cāpi bhavati - agnaye kṣāmavate puroḍāśam aṣṭākapālaṃ nirvapet, yasyāhitāgneḥ sato 'gnir gṛhān dahet{*4/14*}, yasya hiraṇyaṃ naśyed āgneyādīni nirvaped{*4/15*} ityevamādi. tad dhi dravyopaghāte codyate, yadi dravyaparigrahaḥ karmārthaḥ, tata etad api sati saṃbandhe karmārtham ity ucyate, itararthāsati saṃbandhe karmārtham ity anumīyate, phalaṃ cāsya kalpyeta. tasmād yajatiśrutigṛhītaṃ dravyārjanaṃ yena vinā yogo na nirvartate, sa yāgasya śrutyā parigṛhīta iti gamyate. tasmāt kratvartha iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - puruṣārtha iti. etasmin kṛte padārthe prītiḥ puruṣasya bhavati, tasmād asya lipsārthalakṣaṇā śarīradhāraṇārthā, yasya śarīraṃ dhriyate, vyaktaṃ tasyāsti dravyam. śarīriṇaś ca yāgaḥ śrūyate, tasmād vidyamānadravyasya viniyoga ucyate. na dravyārjanaṃ śrutigṛhītam{*4/16*}, vināpi hi dravyārjanavacanatvena śabdasya, yāgo nirvartata eva, tasmāt puruṣārtho dravyaparigrahaḥ. api ca, yadi śāstrāt karmārthaṃ dravyārjanam, tan nānyatra viniyujyeta tathārjitam, tatra sarvatantraparilopaḥ syāt. api ca, upakrāntāni sarvakarmāṇi dravyārjanena bhaveyuḥ, tatraitan nopapadyate. api vā eṣa suvargāl{*4/17*} lokācchidyate, yo darśapūrṇamāsayājī [438]{*4/18*} sann amāvāsyāṃ vā paurṇamāsīṃ vātipātayed{*4/19*} iti. evaṃ ca sati, prayogakālād vahir{*4/20*} etad aṅgaṃ sad anupakārakaṃ syāt. na ca, ādhānavad bhavitum arhati, tatra hi vacanam - vasante 'gnim ādadhīteti, na caitad aṅgam. atha yad uktam - niyamavacanam anarthakam, puruṣārthe dravyaparigrahe satīti. ucyate, naitāvatā puruṣārthatā vyāvartate. pratyakṣā hi sā, tvayā ca parokṣaṃ yuktibuddhyā vyapadiśyate, na ca, parokṣaṃ pratyakṣasya bādhakaṃ bhavati. tasmān niyamavacanāt kāmam aparam adṛṣṭaṃ kalpyeta, na tu dṛṣṭahānam. tasmād yat puruṣasya prayojanaṃ prītiḥ, tad arthaṃ dhanasyārjanam ity evaṃ ca sati, vrīhiṇā yāgaḥ kartavyaḥ, prītyartham arjitena vā kratvartham arjitena vā, nātra kaścid viśeṣaḥ. prītyartham upārjito 'pi vrīhiḥ, vrīhir eva, karmārtham upārjito 'pi vrīhiḥ, vrīhir eva. tasmān{*4/21*} na prayogacodanāgṛhītaṃ dravyārjanam. atha yad uktam, anumeyenāprakṛtena vā śabdena yuṣmatpakṣe niyamasyaikavākyatā, asmatpakṣe tu dṛṣṭena prayogavacaneneti. naiṣa doṣaḥ, asmatpakṣe 'pi dṛṣṭena bhujinā, na phalavacanena. kathaṃ tarhi? niyamād adṛṣṭaṃ bhavatīti gamyate. yathaiva bhavadīye pakṣe. āha, asmatpakṣe phalavata ekavākyabhāvāt{*4/22*} phalavata upakarotīti gamyate. ucyate, asmatpakṣe 'pi phalavata evaikavākyabhāvaḥ{*4/23*}, etāvāṃs tu viśeṣaḥ, tava śrutaṃ phalam, mama tu dṛṣṭam iti. atha yal liṅgam uktam - gṛhadāhādiṣu karma śrūyata iti. tatrocyate, yady api na kratvarthaṃ dravyārjanam, tathāpi dāhe nimitte phalāya vā karmāṅgabhāvāya vā jāmavatyādīnāṃ{*4/24*} vidhānam upapadyata eva. tasmāt puruṣārthaṃ dravyārjanam, prītyā hi tadavibhaktam iti.

[439]{*4/25*}

NOTES: *{4/3: E2: natha (?)}* *{4/4: E2: 5,2; E6: 2,1}* *{4/5: E1 hat yasmin prītiḥ puruṣasya, yasmin kṛte padārthe puruṣasya pratītir bhavati in Klammern}* *{4/6: E2: tasya lipsārthalakṣaṇā. tasya lipsārthenaiva bhavati}* *{4/7: Tait.S. 2.6.5.2}* *{4/8: E2,6: bādarir}* *{4/9: MS 3.1.3}* *{4/10: E2: upakārāya, yata ebhyaḥ}* *{4/11: E2 om. śeṣa ity uktam}* *{4/12: MS 3.1.2}* *{4/13: E2: 5,3; E6: 2,2}* *{4/14: Tait.S. 2.2.2.4-5}* *{4/15: Tait.S. 2.3.2.5}* *{4/16: E2: kāmaśrutigṛhītaṃ}* *{4/17: E2: savargāl; E1 (Fn.): svargāl}* *{4/18: E2: 5,4; E6: 2,3}* *{4/19: Tait.S. 2.2.5.4}* *{4/20: E6: bahir}* *{4/21: E2: eva, karmārtham upārjito 'pi vrīhivrīhir eva, tasmān}* *{4/22: E2: phalavataikavākyabhāvāt}* *{4/23: E2: phalavataivaikavākyabhāvaḥ}* *{4/24: E2: kṣāmavatyādīnāṃ}* *{4/25: E2: 5,7: E6: 2,3}*

tadutsarge karmāṇi puruṣārthāya, śāstrasyānatiśaṅkyatvān na ca dravyaṃ vikīrṣyate{*4/26*} tenārthenābhisaṃbandhāt kriyāyāṃ puruṣaśrutiḥ // MS_4,1.3 //

iha prajāpativratāny udāharaṇam - nodyantam ādityam īkṣeta nāstaṃyantam ityādīni. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ kratvarthāni prajāpativratāny uta puruṣārthānīti. kiṃ prāptam? kratvarthānīti. kutaḥ? evaṃ hi, phalaṃ na kalpayitavyaṃ bhaviṣyatīti. nanu śrūyata evaiteṣāṃ phalam, etāvatā hainasāyukto bhavatīti. ucyate - naitat phalaparaṃ vacanam, vartamānāpadeśa evaiṣa śabda iti. tena yatrāditya īkṣitavyaḥ prāptaḥ, tatrāyaṃ pratiṣedha udyato 'staṃyataś ca niyamo vā syāt kaścit karmāṅgabhūtaḥ. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - tad utsarge prītyutsargo 'pi{*4/27*}, karmāṇi puruṣārthāya bhaveyuḥ, evaṃjātīyakāni. kartur etāny upadiśyante, na karmaṇaḥ. arthaprāptena kartrā saṃbandho yaḥ, sa vidhitsitaḥ, na karmasaṃbandho 'vidyamāna eva. śāstraṃ cānatiśaṅkyaṃ pitṛmātṛvacanād api pramāṇataram, svayaṃ hi tena pratyeti, indriyasthānīyaṃ hi tat. na caivam ādibhir dravyasya kaścid dṛṣṭa upakāraḥ sādhyate. tasmāt tena puruṣārthenābhisaṃyogāt kriyāyām evaṃjātīyakāyāṃ puruṣaḥ śrūyate. api ca, puruṣaprayatnaḥ padārthavidhimātraṃ lakṣayitum uccāryeta, svayam avivakṣitaḥ syāt. atha yad uktam - yatrādityasyekṣaṇaṃ prāptam, tatrodyato 'staṃyataś ca partiṣedha iti, satyaṃ pratiṣedho nyāyyaḥ, tathā śrutir anugahyeta{*4/28*}, [440]{*4/29*} itarathā niyamo lakṣyeteti. kiṃ tv iha niyamaḥ śabdena śrūyate, tasya vratam iti, tena niyama eṣaḥ, nodyann āditya īkṣitavya iti. api ca, etāvatā hainasāyukto bhavatīti puruṣasaṃbaddho doṣaḥ kīrtyate, na karmasaṃbaddhaḥ. tasmāt puruṣārthāni prajāpativratānīti. golakṣaṇāny apy evam eva kartarīkarṇyaḥ kartavyā ityevamādīni.

NOTES: *{4/26: E2,6: cikīrṣyate}* *{4/27: E2 hat prītyutsargo 'pi in Klammern}* *{4/28: E2,6: anugṛhyeta}* *{4/29: E2: 5,7; E6: 2,4}*

aviśeṣāt tu śāstrasya yathāśrutiphalāni syuḥ // MS_4,1.4 //

ucyate - yady evam, imāny api puruṣārthāni syuḥ - samidho yajati, tanūnapātaṃ yajati{*4/30*}, nānṛtaṃ vaded{*4/31*} ityevamādīni. atrāpi puruṣaprayatnasaṃkīrtanam, atrāpi na dravyaṃ cikīrṣyata iti.

NOTES: *{4/30: Tait.S. 2.6.1.1}* *{4/31: Tait.S. 2.5.5.6}*

api vā kāraṇāgrahaṇe tadartham arthasyānabhisaṃbandhāt // MS_4,1.5 //

api vā naitad{*4/32*} asti, samidādīny api puruṣārthāni prāpnuvantīti, kāraṇāgrahaṇe puruṣārthāni prajāpativratāni bhaveyuḥ. na tatra śrutyādikaṃ kiṃcit kāraṇaṃ gṛhyate, yena karmaṇām aṅgabhūtānīti gamyate, tasmāt tāni puruṣārthāni. arthasya karmaṇo{*4/33*} nābhisaṃbandhaḥ prajāpativrataiḥ. iha tu samidādīnāṃ prakaraṇaṃ nāma kāraṇaṃ gṛhyate, yena karmārthānīti vijñāyante{*4/34*}. tasmād viṣama upanyāsaḥ, puruṣaprayatnaś caivaṃ saty anuvādaḥ.

NOTES: *{4/32: E2: api veti pakṣavyāvṛttiḥ. naitad}* *{4/33: E2 hat karmaṇo in Klammern}* *{4/34: E2,6: vijñāyate}*

tathā ca lokabhūteṣu // MS_4,1.6 //

loke 'pi, niṣpannakāryādiṣu prayojanavatsu yad asaṃyuktaṃ phalena śrūyate, tat tadaṅgaṃ vijñāyata iti manyamānā upavāsaṃ japaṃ vā [441]{*4/35*} upadiśyaiva kṛtino manyante, na brutave, idam asya prayojanavato 'ṅgam iti, tathā cāpare 'pi manyamānā na duruktaṃ manyante. tasmāt samidādīni karmāṅgāni, na prajāpativratānīti siddham.

NOTES: *{4/35: E2: 5,9; E6: 2,5}*

dravyāṇi tv aviśeṣeṇānarthakyāt pradīyeran // MS_4,1.7 //

sto darśapūrṇamāsau, tatrāmnāyate - sphyaś ca kapālāni cāgnihotrahavaṇī ca śūrpaṃ ca kṛṣṇājinaṃ ca śamyā colūkhalaṃ ca musalaṃ ca dṛṣac copalā caitāni vai daśa yajñāyudhānīti{*4/36*}. tatra saṃśayaḥ. kim etāni dravyāṇi pradātavyāni, uta svena svenārthena saṃbandhanīyāni? tad etat siddhyartham idaṃ cintanīyam, kim eṣa vidhir utānuvāda iti. vidhau sati pradānam anuvāde sati yathārthasaṃbandhaḥ. kiṃ prāptam? vidhir iti, tathā hi pravṛttau viśeṣaḥ, itarathā vādamātram anarthakam. pradāne caiṣāṃ yajñāyudhaśabdo 'nugṛhītaḥ, yajñasyāyudhāni, yajñasya sādhanānīti. itarathoddhananādīnām āyudhāni bhaveyuḥ śravaṇena, lakṣaṇayā yajñasya. saṃkhyā caivam avakalpate, yāgenaikena saṃbandhāt, itarathā nānārthasaṃbandhād daśeti saṃkhyā nāvakalpate. tasmāt pradīyeran, aviśeṣeṇa vihitaṃ prakaraṇena pradhānasya bhavitum arhati.

NOTES: *{4/36: Tait.S. 1.6.8.2}*

svena tv arthena saṃbandho dravyāṇāṃ pṛthagarthatvāt, tasmād yathāśruti syuḥ // MS_4,1.8 //

na caitad asti vidhiḥ, pradeyānīti, anuvādaḥ, prāpta[442]{*4/37*}tvāt. sphyenoddhanti{*4/38*}, kapāleṣu śrapayati{*4/39*}{*4/40*}, agnihotrahavanyāṃ{*4/41*} nirvapati, śūrpeṇa vivinakti, kṛṣājinam ulūkhalasyādhastād avastṛṇāti, śamyāyāṃ dṛṣadam upadadhāti, prokṣitābhyām ulūkhalamusalābhyām avahanti, prokṣitābhyāṃ dṛṣadupalābhyāṃ pinaṣṭīty evaṃ svena svena vākyenoddhananādiṣu prāpnuvanti, prāptānāṃ vacanam anuvādaḥ. prakaraṇam api vākyena bādhyate, yajñāyudhaśabdaś cānuvādapakṣe nyāyyaḥ, na vidhipakṣe, gauṇo hi sa āyudhaśabdaḥ sphyādiṣu, saṃkhyāpi pāṭhābhiprāyā bhaviṣyati, vispaṣṭaṃ caitad uddhananādibhiḥ sphyādīni prayuktānīti. bhavati hi tatra vidhiḥ - sphyenoddhantītyevamādiḥ, na tu yajñāyudhāni kartavyānīti. tasmād uddhananādiṣu vākyena prāptānām anuvāda iti.

NOTES: *{4/37: E2: 5,10; E6: 2,5}* *{4/38: Tait.S. 6.6.4.1}* *{4/39: E2: śrapayanti}* *{4/40: Tait.S. 2.3.6.2}* *{4/41: E2: agnihotrahavaṇyā; E6: agnihotrahavaṇyāṃ}*

codyante cārthakarmasu // MS_4,1.9 //

arthakarmasu codyante puroḍāśādīni, tāny api vikalperan. tatra pakṣe bādhaḥ, na samuccayaḥ. puroḍāśādīnāṃ nirapekṣāṇāṃ yajisaṃbadhāt, sphyādīnāṃ ca. evaṃ vā codyante cārthakarmasu, codyante, paridhānīye karmaṇi - āhitāgnim agnibhir dahanti yajñapātraiś ceti. yadi pradīyeraṃs tatra na bhaveyuḥ, tasmād api na pradātavyānīti.

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_4,1.10 //

liṅgadarśanena ca - caturdaśa paurṇamāsyām āhutayo hūyante, trayodaśām āvāsyāyām iti. tasmād apy anuvāda iti.

[443]{*4/42*}

NOTES: *{4/42: E2: 5,12; E6: 2,6}*

tatraikatvam ayajñāṅgam arthasya guṇabhūtatvāt // MS_4,1.11 //

asti jyotiṣṭome paśur agnīṣomīyaḥ - yo dīkṣito yad agnīṣomīyaṃ paśuṃ ālabhata iti{*4/43*}. tathā, anaḍvāhau yunaktīti, tathā, aśvamedhe, vasantāya kapiñjalān ālabhata iti{*4/44*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ vivakṣitam, ekatvaṃ dvitvaṃ bahutvaṃ ca, utāvivakṣitam iti. tatraikatvam ayajñāṅgabhūtaṃ na vivakṣitam ity arthaḥ, arthasya guṇabhūtatvāt, nālambhasya guṇabhūtā saṃkhyā niyojanasya vā. kasya tarhi? paśor anaḍuhoḥ kapiñjalānāṃ ca. vibhaktir hi śrutyā prātipadikārthagataṃ saṃkhyārthaṃ brūte, vākyena sā yajñāṅgaṃ brūyāt, vākyāc ca śrutir balīyasī. tasmān na yajñāṅgaṃ vivakṣitam iti. āha, mā bhūd yajñāṅgam, paśvadīnām aṅgaṃ vivakṣitaṃ tathāpīti. ucyate, na, paśvādīnām aṅgenoktenānuktena vā kiṃcit prayojanam asti, yajñāṅgena hy avipannena prayojanam. vipanne 'pi hi paśvādyaṅge 'viguṇa eva kratur bhavati, yajñāc ca phalaṃ na paśvādeḥ. tasmāt paśvāder guṇenājñātena jñātena vā na kiṃcit prayojanam astīti, na tad vivakṣitam, yad dhi prayojanavat tad vivakṣitam ity ucyate.

NOTES: *{4/43: Tait.S. 6.1.11.6}* *{4/44: ŚPBr 1.5.1.13}*

ekaśrutitvāc ca // MS_4,1.12 //

bhavati ca kiṃcid vacanam, yena vijñāyate na tad vivakṣitam iti, yadi somam apahareyur ekāṃ gāṃ dakṣiṇāṃ dadyād iti{*4/45*}. yadi vivakṣitaṃ bhavet, naikām iti brūyāt, gām ity ekavacanasya vivakṣitatvāt. tathā, avī dve, dhenū dva ity{*4/46*} atrāpi dva iti vacanaṃ jñāpakam, avivakṣitam avīti dvitvam [444]{*4/47*} iti. trīn lalāmān ity{*4/48*} atrāpi trīn iti vacanaṃ liṅgam, lalāmān iti bahuvacanam avivakṣitam iti.

NOTES: *{4/45: ŚPBr 4.5.10.6}* *{4/46: Tait.S. 5.6.21.1}* *{4/47: E2: 5,16; E6: 2,7}* *{4/48: Kaṭha.S. 13.7}*

pratīyata iti cet // MS_4,1.13 //

evaṃ cet paśyasi - avivakṣitā saṃkhyeti, tan na, pratīyate hi saṃkhyākhyātavacanasyāṅgabhūtā, yathā paśum ānayety ukte, eka evānīyate, paśū iti, dvau. paśūn iti bahava ānīyante, yaś ca pratīyate sa śabdārthaḥ, tasmād yajñasyāṅgabhūtā saṃkhyeti śabdād gamyate, na ca śabdād gamyamānam ṛte kāraṇāt, avivakṣitaṃ bhavati.

nāśabdaṃ tatpramāṇatvāt pūrvavat // MS_4,1.14 //

naitad evam, satyaṃ pratīyate, na tv ayaṃ śabdārtho vyāmohādoṣā pratītiḥ. kuta etat? vākyād dhi yajñāṅgam ity avagamyate, vākyaṃ ca śrutyā bādhyate. tasmād aśabdārtho 'yaṃ yajña ekatvād iti. śabdārtho 'pi hi pratīyate, yathā, pūrvo dhāvatīti. sa pūrva ity ucyate, yasyāparo 'sti, tena pūrva ity ukte, aparo gamyate. na tv aparo dhāvatīti śravaṇāt pratīyate. evam ihāpi paśum ity ekatvaṃ gamyate, na tu yajñe. yathaiva hi pūrvam ity ukte 'paro gamyata eva kevalaṃ, na tu sa vidhīyate kasmiṃścid arthe. evam ihāpi saṃkhyā pratīyate eva kevalam, na tu kartavyatayā yajñe vidhīyate na paśau. kathaṃ na paśau vidhīyata iti cet. vidhāyakasyābhāvāt. ākhyātaśabdo vidhāyako bhaviṣyatīty etad api nopapadyate, dravyadevatāsaṃbandhasya sa vidhāyakaḥ sann ālabhata iti na saṃkhyāsaṃkhyeyasaṃbandhaṃ vidhātum arhatīti. bhidyeta hi tathā vākyam. tasmād avivakṣitā saṃkhyeti.

[445]{*4/49*}

NOTES: *{4/49: E2: 5,14; E6: 2,8}*

śabdavat tūpalabhyate tadāgame hi tad dṛśyate tasya jñānaṃ yathānyeṣām // MS_4,1.15 //

tuśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. naitad asti, na yajñe saṃkhyā śabdena śrūyata iti, ākhyātavācye hy artha upalabhyate, loke paśum ānayety ekavacane sati ekatvapaśuviśiṣṭam ānayanaṃ pratīyate, paśv ānayeti dvitvaviśiṣṭaṃ gamyate, tatra hy ekatvam apaiti, dvitvam upajāyate. yasya cāgame yad upajāyate, sa tasyārtha iti gamyate. tasya jñānaṃ, yathānyeṣāṃ śabdānām, aśvam ānayety ukte 'śvānayanaṃ pratīyate, gām ānayeti gavānayanam, tatrāśvo 'paiti gauś copajāyate, tena jñāyate, aśvaśabdasyāśvo 'rtho gośabdasya gaur iti. yad uktam - śrutyā vākyārtho bādhyata iti, ucyate, na śrutir brūte - vākyārtho nāstīti, kevalaṃ tu prātipadikārthagatāṃ saṃkhyām āha, nādṛśī saṃkhyā vākyena yajñe vidhīyate, prātipadikārtho hy ākhyātavācyena saṃbadhyate, vibhaktyartho 'pi. tathā hi, tadviśeṣaṇaviśiṣṭa ālambho gamyate, tatraikārthatvād ekavākyam avakalpate. paśau hi saṃkhyāyāṃ vidhīyamānāyām eka ākhyātaśabdo na śaknuyāt, ākhyātārthaṃ vidhātum, saṃkhyāsaṃkhyeyasaṃbandhaṃ ca. tasmād yajñe vivakṣitā saṃkhyeti.

tadvac ca liṅgadarśanam // MS_4,1.16 //

kim iti. karṇā yāmyāḥ, avaliptā raudrāḥ, nabhorūpāḥ pārjanyāḥ, teṣām aindrāgno daśama iti{*4/50*}. yadi tritvaṃ vivakṣitaṃ tadaindrāgno daśamo bhavati. tathā kṛṣṇā bhaumāḥ, dhūmrā āntarikṣāḥ, vṛhanto{*4/51*} divyāḥ, śavalā{*4/52*} vaidyutāḥ, siddhās tārakā iti{*4/53*} prakṛtya āha - ardhamāsānāṃ vaitad rūpaṃ yat pañca[446]{*4/54*}daśina iti{*4/55*}. tasmād api paśyāmaḥ, vivakṣitā saṃkhyeti. yat tūktam - ekāṃ gām ity avivakṣāṃ darśayatīti. atrocyate, gosaṃkhyāsaṃbandhaṃ vidhātum, etad ucyate, itarathā hi, godakṣiṇāsaṃbandho vihito gamyeta. tasmād vivakṣite 'pi vācyam etat. avī dve dhenū dve trīn lalāmān iti cānuvādāḥ.

NOTES: *{4/50: Vāj.S. 24.3}* *{4/51: E2,6: bṛhanto}* *{4/52: E2,6: śabalā}* *{4/53: Vāj.S. 24.3}* *{4/54: E2: 5,446; E6: 2,9}* *{4/55: ŚPBr 13.2.5.1}*

tathā ca liṅgam // MS_4,1.17 //

evaṃ ca kṛtvā samānaśrutikaṃ liṅgam api vivakṣitaṃ bhaviṣyati, tatra idaṃ darśanam upapadyate, vasante prātar āgneyīṃ kṛṣṇagrīvām ālabhate, grīṣme mādhyaṃdine siṃhīm aindrīṃ śarady aparāhṇe śvetāṃ bārhaspatyām iti{*4/56*}. tatra śrūyate - garbhiṇyo bhavtīti{*4/57*}, garbhaḥ strīṇāṃ guṇaḥ, tena striyo darśayatīti bhaviṣyati. tathā aśva ṛṣabho vṛṣṇir vastaḥ{*4/58*} puruṣa iti te prājāpatyā iti{*4/59*}. tatra śrūyate - muṣkarā{*4/60*} bhavanti sendriyatvāyeti{*4/61*}. muṣkaratvaṃ puṃsāṃ guṇaḥ, tena puṃprāptiṃ darśayatīti.

adhikaraṇāntaraṃ vā, tathā ca liṅgam iti, saṃkhyādhikaraṇaṃ liṅgādhikaraṇe 'tidṛśyate{*4/62*}. liṅgam avivakṣitam, śrutyā vākyasya bādhitatvāt, na ca, vivakṣitam iva śruyata iti, bhavati liṅgam. strī gauḥ somakrayaṇīti, strīvacanāt somakrayaṇīty avivakṣitam eva liṅgaṃ pratīyate. nanu kathaṃ mṛgīm ānayeti na mṛga ānīyate? naivam, aśābdaṃ tu tat, pūrvo dhāvatīti yathā. liṅgaṃ vivakṣitaṃ vā{*4/63*} vākyārthasya śrutyāpratiṣiddhatvāt. tathā ca liṅgam, garbhiṇyo bhavantīti, tathā ca muṣkarā bhavanti [447]{*4/64*} iti. yad uktam - strī gauḥ somakrayaṇīti, tatra strīty avivakṣitam, tathā prajāpataye puruṣān hastina ālabhata iti puruṣagrahaṇam avivakṣitam, vispaṣṭo hi nyāya ukto liṅgavivakṣāyām. tasmād vivakṣitaṃ liṅgam iti.

NOTES: *{4/56: Tait.S. 2.1.2.5}* *{4/57: Tait.S. 2.1.2.6}* *{4/58: E2: bastaḥ}* *{4/59: Tait.S. 5.6.12.1}* *{4/60: E2: muṣkarāṃ}* *{4/61: Tait.Br. 1.8.2.2}* *{4/62: E2,6: 'tidiśyate}* *{4/63: E2 om. vā}* *{4/64: E2: 5,16; E6: 2,9}*

āśrayiṣv aviśeṣeṇa bhāvo 'rthaḥ pratīyeta // MS_4,1.18 //

atrāśrayiṇaḥ padārthā udāharaṇam uttamaḥ prayājaḥ paśupuroḍāśaḥ sviṣṭakṛd ity ete yāgā udāharaṇam{*4/65*}. eṣu saṃdehaḥ. kiṃ yajimātraṃ saṃskāro devatāyāḥ, uta yajinādṛṣṭaṃ devatāyāṃ kriyata iti. kiṃ prāptam? āśrayiṣv aviśeṣeṇa bhāvo 'rthaḥ pratīyata{*4/66*} ity{*4/67*} āśrayiṣv evaṃjātīyakeṣv apūrvasya bhāvo 'rthaḥ pratyetavyo 'viśeṣād anyair ākhyātaśabdaiḥ, yajati dadāti juhotīti, uktam etad bhūtaṃ bhavyāvopadiśyata iti.

NOTES: *{4/65: E1 hat uttamaḥ prayājaḥ paśupuroḍāśaḥ sviṣṭakṛd ity ete yāgā udāharaṇam in Klammern}* *{4/66: E2: pratīyeta}* *{4/67: E2 om. iti}*

codanāyāṃ tv anārambho vibhaktatvān na hy anyena vidhīyate // MS_4,1.19 //

asyāṃ tu codanāyām anārambho 'pūrvasya, vibhakto 'yam ākhyātaśabdaḥ, yo dṛṣṭārthaḥ, tato nāpūrvam, yaḥ khalv adṛṣṭārthaḥ, tato 'pūrvam iti, dṛṣṭārthaś cāyam. asmin hi yāge kriyamāṇe devatā [448]{*4/68*} smaryate, sviṣṭakṛty api dravyaṃ pratipādyate. na cānyena śabdenātrāpūrvaṃ vidhīyate. tasmād yajimātraṃ saṃskāra iti.

NOTES: *{4/68: E2: 5,18; E6: 2,9}*

syād vā dravyacikīrṣāyāṃ bhāvo 'rthe ca guṇabhūtatāśrayād dhi guṇībhāvaḥ // MS_4,1.20 //

syād vāpūrvamataḥ satyām api devatācikīrṣāyām, tasmin devatāsaṃskārārthe guṇabhūtatā yāgasya, dravyapratipādanena ca, mantreṇa tatra devatā smaryate. tasmin mantreṇa dṛṣṭe 'rthe kriyamāṇe tyāgo 'paro 'dṛṣṭārthaḥ śrūyate, tasya na kiṃcid dṛṣṭam asti, devatāśrayāt tu devatāgataṃ tad apūrvam iti gamyate.

arthe samavaiṣamyam ato dravyakarmaṇām // MS_4,1.21 //

atikrāntas tṛtīyaviṣayaḥ, ataḥ prabhṛti dravyāṇāṃ karmaṇāṃ cārthe prayojane{*4/69*} samavaiṣamyaṃ vakṣyate. kvacit sāmyam, kvacid vaiṣamyam, āmikṣāvājinayor vaiṣamyam, krayapāṃsūnāṃ vaiṣamyam, daṇḍasya maitrāvaruṇadhāraṇe yajamānadhāraṇe ca sāmyam, evaṃ tatra tatra draṣṭavyam, sāmyaṃ vaiṣamyaṃ ceti.

[449]{*4/70*}

NOTES: *{4/69: E1 hat prayojane in Klammern}* *{4/70: E2: 5,18; E6: 2,10}*

ekaniṣpatteḥ sarvaṃ samaṃ syāt // MS_4,1.22 //

cāturmāsyeṣu vaiśvadeve śrūyate - tapte payasi dadhy ānayati, sā vaiśvadevy āmikṣā vācibhyo{*4/71*} vājinam iti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ tapte payasi dadhyānayanam āmikṣā prayojayati, na vājinam, utobhayam iti. kiṃ prāptam? ubhayam iti. kutaḥ? yasmin kṛte, yan niṣpadyate prayojanavat, tat tasya prayojakam iti gamyate, dadhyānayane ca kṛta ubhayaṃ niṣpadyate. āmikṣāpi, tata eva yājinam api{*4/72*} tatrānyatarārthaṃ kriyeta, yadi vinigamanāyāṃ hetur bhavet. agamyamāne viśeṣa ubhayārtham ānayanam iti gamyate. tasmād ekāsāv ubhābhyām api prayojitā niṣpattir iti.

NOTES: *{4/71: E2,6: vājibhyo}* *{4/72: E2 om. api}*

saṃsargarasaniṣpatter āmikṣā vā pradhānaṃ syāt // MS_4,1.23 //

naitad asti, ubhayaṃ prayojakam iti, āmikṣā prayoktrī. kutaḥ? nātra yad dadhipayobhyaḥ nirvartyate, tad dhaviḥ. yadi tad dhaviḥ syāt, ubhayaṃ tābhyām eva niṣpadyata iti gamyata{*4/73*} viśeṣaḥ. kiṃ tarhi havir iti. payo dadhisaṃsṛṣṭam. kuta etat? sā vaiśvadevīty ucyate, na tato yan niṣpadyata iti. nanu strīliṅganirdeśāt, āmikṣā haviḥ, sā ca tato niṣpadyate, vājinaṃ ca haviḥ, tad api niṣpadyata iti. na, ity ucyate - tad eva hi payas taptaṃ dadhisaṃyuktam, āmikṣā bhavati. tasmāt strīliṅgam adoṣaḥ. āha - yadi payo dadhisaṃsṛṣṭaṃ haviḥ, kiṃ tarhy ucyate, āmikṣā prayojiketi. ucyate [450]{*4/74*} - āmikṣāyāṃ dadhipayasī vidyete, na vārjine. katham avagamyate? saṃsargasaniṣpatteḥ, tatra hi dadhipayasoḥ saṃsṛṣṭayo rasa upalabhyate, tena tatra dadhipayasī ity anumānaṃ bhavati, vājine tiktakaṭuko rasaḥ. āha, tapte payasi dadhany ānīyamāna ubhayaṃ bhavati, dadhnā ca payaḥ saṃsṛjyate vājināc ca vivicyate. tatra saṃsargaś cikīrṣitaḥ, na viveka iti. kuta etat? ucyate - śābdaḥ saṃsargo dadhnā, aśābdo vājinena vivekaḥ payasa iti, sarvanāma ca pūrvoktena śabdenaikavākyatāṃ yāti. itarasmin pakṣe payasi dadhyānayanaṃ vājinavivekalakṣaṇārthaṃ syāt, śrutilakṣaṇāviśaye ca śrutir nyāyyā. tasmād āmikṣārthaṃ dadhyānayanam, āmikṣāśabdaś cātrānuvādaḥ, āmikṣaiva sā bhavati, yatra tapte payasi dadhyānīyate. tasmād āmikṣikā prayoktrī, vājinam aprayojakam iti.

NOTES: *{4/73: E2: na gamyata}* *{4/74: E2: 5,20; E6: 2,11}*

mukhyaśabdābhisaṃstavāc ca // MS_4,1.24 //

na ca, ubhayaṃ prayojakaṃ nyāyyam, nātra vacanam asti, idaṃ prayojakam idaṃ neti, asati prayojake 'narthakaṃ bhavatīti prayojakaṃ kalpyate. tatraikasminn api prayojake siddhe 'rthavaty upadeśe nānyad api prayojakaṃ bhavitum arhati. na ca, na gamyate viśeṣaḥ. kathaṃ gamyate? mukhyaśabdābhisaṃstavāt, mukhyaśabdaḥ saṃstotuṃ nyāyya iti, prāthamyāt tu tasya tāvat prayojakatvajñānam{*4/75*}, tasmin sati prayojake, parikṣatatvād{*4/76*} ānarthakyasya, na dvitīyam api prayojakam, prathamā cāmikṣā, dvitīyaṃ vājinam, tasmād āmikṣā prayoktrī. api ca mukhyaśabdena ca, āmikṣā stūyate - mithunaṃ vai dadhi ca śṛtaṃ ca, atha yat saṃsṛṣṭaṃ maṇḍam iva mastv{*4/77*} iva pari ca dadṛśe{*4/78*} [451]{*4/79*} garbha eva sa iti, garbhastutāmikṣā{*4/80*}, mithunasya ca garbhaḥ prayojakaḥ, na garbhodakam. tasmād apy āmikṣā prayojiketi manyāmahe. kiṃ bhavati prayojanam? yady ubhayaṃ prayojakam, vājine naṣṭe, punas tapte payasi dadhy ānetavyam, atha vājinam aprayojakam, naṣṭe vājine lopo dadhyānayanasya.

NOTES: *{4/75: E2: prayojakatvaṃ jñānam}* *{4/76: E2: parihṛtatvād}* *{4/77: E2 om. mastv}* *{4/78: E2: paridṛśyate}* *{4/79: E2: 5,21; E6: 2,11}* *{4/80: E2: garbhasaṃstutāmikṣā}*

padakarmāprayojakaṃ nayanasya parārthatvāt // MS_4,1.25 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - aruṇayā piṅgākṣyaikahāyanyā somaṃ krīṇātīti{*4/81*}. tatredam aparaṃ śrūyate - ṣaṭ padāny anuniṣkrāmatīti{*4/82*}, tathā, saptamaṃ padaṃ gṛhṇātīti. idam aparam - yarhi havirdhāne prācī pravartayeyus tarhi tenākṣam añjyād{*4/83*} iti{*4/84*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ somakrayaṇyānayanaṃ padapāṃsvartham, uta krayaprayuktam iti. kiṃ prāptam? nayanād ubhayaṃ niṣpadyate, krayaḥ padaṃ ca, tasmād ubhayaṃ prayojakam. na hi gamyate viśeṣa iti, tad uktam - ekaniṣpatteḥ sarvaṃ samaṃ syād iti{*4/85*}. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ - padakarmāprayojakam iti. kutaḥ? yasmān nayanaṃ krayārtham, na hi nayanam antareṇa viśiṣṭe deśe kraya upapadyate. tasmāt krayeṇa tāvan nayanaṃ prayuktam iti gamyate. krayaprayuktaṃ cet, na padaprayuktam api bhavitum arhati. api ca, ekahāyanyāḥ padapāṃsavo grahītavyā iti nāsti śabdaḥ. nanu prakṛtaikahāyanī padapāṃsugrahaṇavākyena{*4/86*} [452]{*4/87*} saṃbhantsyate. neti brūmaḥ - ekahāyanyā krīṇātīti viśiṣṭena vākyena kraye, upadiṣṭaikahāyanī prakṛtatvāt padapāṃsuvākyena saṃbadhyate, prakaraṇāc ca vākyaṃ balīyaḥ. athedānīm, ekahāyanī krayaṇārthaṃ saṃkīrtitā satī saṃnihitatvāt prasaṅgam upajīvatā padapāṃsuvākyena saṃbadhyeta, yāsau parārthā, etasyāḥ padaṃ grāhyam iti. tasmāt krayapayuktaṃ nayanam, aprayojakaṃ padam iti. kiṃ punaś cintāyāḥ prayojanam? yady ubhayam ekahāyanīnayanasya prayojakam, yadaikahāyanyāḥ saptaṃ padaṃ grāvaṇi nidhīyate, tadā punar ekahāyanī nīyeta saptamāya padāya, yadā padaṃ na prayojakam, tadā naikahāyanī punaḥ ṣaṭ padāny anuniṣkrāmayayitavyeti.

NOTES: *{4/81: Tait.S. 6.1.6.7}* *{4/82: Tait.S. 6.1.8.1}* *{4/83: E2: upāñjāt}* *{4/84: Tait.S. 3.1.3.1}* *{4/85: MS 4.1.22}* *{4/86: E2: padapāṃsugrahaṇavākye}* *{4/87: E2: 5,22; E6: 2,12}*

arthābhidhānakarma ca bhaviṣyatā saṃyogasya tannimittatvāt tadartho hi vidhīyate // MS_4,1.26 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - kapāleṣu puroḍāśaṃ śrapayatīti{*4/88*}, tathā - puroḍāśakapālena tuṣān upavapatīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ubhayaṃ kapālāni prayojayati, puroḍāśaśrapaṇaṃ tuṣopavāpaś ca, uta śrapaṇaṃ prayojakam, na tuṣopavāpa iti. kiṃ prāptam? vinigamanāyāṃ hetor abhāvād ubhayam. iti prāpte ucyate, arthābhidhānaṃ prayojanasaṃbaddham abhidhānaṃ yasya, yathā puroḍāśakapālam iti, puroḍāśārthaṃ kapālaṃ puroḍāśakapālam. katham etad avagamyate? puroḍāśas tāvat tasmin kāle nāsti, yena vartamānaḥ saṃbandhaḥ kapālena syāt. tenaiva hetunā na bhūtaḥ, sa eṣa kapālasya puroḍāśeṇa bhaviṣyatā [453]{*4/89*} saṃbandhaḥ, bhaviṣyatā saṃbandhaś ca tan nimittasya bhavati. tasmāt puroḍāśena prayuktaṃ yat kapālam, tena tuṣā upavaptavyā iti. evaṃ ca sati carau puroḍāśābhāve yadā tuṣānupavaptuṃ kapālam upādīyate, na tat puroḍāśakapālaṃ syāt. na cen na tena tuṣā upavaptavyā bhavanti. tasmān na tuṣopavāpaḥ kapālānāṃ prayojakaḥ, prayojalkaṃ tu śrapaṇam iti.

NOTES: *{4/88: Tait.S. 2.3.6.2}* *{4/89: E2: 5,23; E6: 2,13}*

paśāv anālambhāl lohitaśakṛtor akarmatvam // MS_4,1.27 //

asti jyotiṣṭome paśur agniṣomīyaḥ. tatra śrūyate - hṛdayasyāgre 'vadyaty atha jihvāyā ityevamādi{*4/90*}. tathā, lohitaṃ nirasyati, śakṛt saṃpravidhyati, sthavimato varhiraṃlktāpāsyatīti{*4/91*}{*4/92*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ, kiṃ hṛdayādibhir avadānair ijyā paśoḥ prayoktrī, uta śakṛt saṃpravyādho lohitanirasanaṃ ca tad api prayojakam iti. kiṃ prāptam? ekaniṣpatteḥ sarvaṃ samaṃ syād{*4/93*}, ubhayaṃ prayojakam iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ, paśau{*4/94*} śakṛllohitayor aprayojakatvam, na hi tadarthaḥ paśor ālambhaḥ{*4/95*}, sakṛt saṃpravidhyati lohitam apāsyatīty ucyate, na paśor anyasya veti, paśur agnīṣomīyo vākyena, yo dīkṣito yad agnīṣomīyaṃ paśum ālabhata iti{*4/96*}. śakṛllohite paśoḥ prakaraṇena bhavetām, prakaraṇaṃ ca vākyena bādhyate. nanv ete śakṛllohite pratipādyete, tena yāgārthasya paśor nānyasyeti niścayaḥ. evaṃ cet, aprayojake śakṛllohita iti. kiṃ bhavati prayojanam? sāmye sati śakṛllohitābhāve 'nyaḥ paśur ālambhanīyaḥ, śakṛllohitayor aprayojakatve lopaḥ.

[454]{*4/97*}

NOTES: *{4/90: Tait.S. 6.3.10.4}* *{4/91: E2: barhiraṅktvāpāsyatīti; E6: barhiralaṅktāpāsyatīti}* *{4/92: Tait.S. 6.3.9.2}* *{4/93: MS 4.1.22}* *{4/94: E2 om. paśau}* *{4/95: E2 om. śakṛl lohitayor aprayojakatvam, na hi tadarthaḥ paśor ālambhaḥ}* *{4/96: Tait.S. 6.1.11.6}* *{4/97: E2: 5,24; E6: 2,13}*

ekadeśadravyaś{*4/98*} cotpattau vidyamānasaṃyogāt // MS_4,1.28 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ{*4/99*} śrūyate - uttarārdhāt sviṣṭakṛte samavadyatīti{*4/100*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ, kiṃ puroḍāśasyāgneyayāgaḥ prayojakaḥ, sviṣṭakṛd aprayojaka utobhayam iti. kiṃ prāptam? ekaniṣpatteḥ sarvaṃ samaṃ syād iti{*4/101*}. evaṃ prāpte brumaḥ, ekadeśadravyaś{*4/102*} caivaṃjātīyako 'prayojako bhavet. kutaḥ? vidyamānasaṃyogāt, na, ekadeśakarmāvayavinaṃ prayuṅkte, vidyamānasyāvayavina ekadeśa upādātavya iti, tatrārtho bhavati, nāvayavinam upādadīteti, yathekṣukhaṇḍam asmai prayaccha, modakaśakalam asmai prayaccheti, nekṣum upādadīteti gamyate, sata ikṣoḥ khaṇḍam upādadīta, sato modakāc chakalam upādadīteti. tasmād anyārthaṃ dravyaṃ tasyottarārdhād avadeyam, asti cāgnyarthaḥ puroḍāśaḥ. tasmād viṣṭakṛd aprayojaka iti.

NOTES: *{4/98: E2: ekadeśadravyaṃ}* *{4/99: E2: ekadeśadravyaṃ}* *{4/100: Tait.S. 2.6.6.5}* *{4/101: MS 4.1.22}* *{4/102: E2: ekadeśadravyaṃ}*

nirdeśāt tasyānyad arthād iti // MS_4,1.29 //

iti cet paśyasi, aprayojakaḥ puroḍāśasya sviṣṭakṛd iti, naitad evam, agniṃ prati nirdeśāt tasya puroḍāśasya{*4/103*} sviṣṭakṛd artham anyaḥ puroḍāśa utpādayitavyaḥ, yasyottarārdhāt sviṣṭakṛd ijyate, tasyāgnaye saṃkalpitasya neṣṭe yajamānaḥ. katham asau tad anyasyai devatāyai dadyāt. katham agniṃ prati nirdeśa iti. idaṃ śrūyate - aṅgiraso vā ita uttamāḥ suvargaṃ loka[455]{*4/104*}māyaṃs te yajñavāstv abhyāyaṃs te puroḍāśaṃ kūrmaṃ bhūtvā sarpantam apaśyaṃs tam abruvann indrāya dhriyasva bṛhaspataye dhriyasvādityāya dhriyasva sa nādhriyata tam abruvan agnaye dhriyasveti so 'dhriyata yadāgneyo 'ṣṭākapālo{*4/105*} 'māvāsyāyāṃ paurṇamāsyāṃ cācyuto bhavatīti{*4/106*}. tasmāt tena sviṣṭakṛto na saṃbandhaḥ. evaṃ cet tasmād anyad dravyam arthād utpādayitavyam, na hy anutpannasya dravyasyottarārdho bhavatīti.

NOTES: *{4/103: E1 hat puroḍāśasya in Klammern}* *{4/104: E2: 5,25; E6: 2,14}* *{4/105: E2: 'ṣṭakapālo}* *{4/106: Tait.S. 2.6.3.2}*

na śeṣasaṃnidhānāt // MS_4,1.30 //

naitad evaṃ saṃnihito hi śeṣaḥ, yasminn anutpādyamāne 'rtho na sidhyati, so 'rthād upādyate. saṃnihite ca śeṣe sati sidhyaty uttarārdhād grahaṇam. tasmān nārthād dravyam utpādayitavyam, yad evānyārthaṃ dravyaṃ saṃnihitam, tasyaivottarārdhād grahītavyam. uttarārdhamātraṃ hi sviṣṭakṛte śrūyate nāmuṣya dravyasyeti. na caitāvatā vyavahāro bhavati, sarvo hi kasyacid uttarārdhaḥ, sa eṣa saṃnihitam apekṣate, saṃnihitaṃ ca parārtham. tasmāt parārthād dravyāt sviṣṭakṛd ijyā. ataś cāprayojiketi. yad uktam, anīśānena na śakyaṃ dātum iti, tad ucyate, vācanika eṣa śeṣapratipādanārtha utsargaḥ, sa śakyaḥ kartum. dānaṃ hy utsargapūrvakaḥ parasya svatvasaṃbandhaḥ, sa na śakyo 'nīśānena.

karmakāryāt // MS_4,1.31 //

karmanimittaś ca sviṣṭakṛto bhāga iti śrūyate. katham? devā vai sviṣṭakṛtam abruvan havyaṃ no vaheti, so 'bravīd varaṃ vṛṇai [456]{*4/107*} bhāgo me 'stv iti vṛṇīṣvety abruvan so 'bravīd uttarārdhād eva mahyaṃ sakṛt sakṛd avadyād iti. karma kurvato bhāgo 'yam uttarārdhād iti stutir bhavati. yady āgneyasyottarārdhād ity ucyate, tato 'sti karmārthena bhāgena sādṛśyam idam, tadāgneyaṃ havyaṃ yat kila vahasīti, tatra sati sādṛśye stutir upapadyate, prayojakatve cāsati sādṛśye stutisāmañjasyaṃ na syāt. tasmād aprayojakaḥ puroḍāśasya sviṣṭakṛdyāga iti.

NOTES: *{4/107: E2: 5,26; E6: 2,15}*

liṅgadarśanāc ca // MS_4,1.32 //

liṅgam api bhavati - tad yat sarvebhyo havirbhyaḥ samavadyati, tasmād idam udare viśvarūpam annaṃ samavadhīyata iti, yadi parārthād dravyāt saṃnihitād ijyate, tadā satsaṃnidhānāviśeṣāt sarvebhyo 'vadīyata ity upapadyate. prayojakatve tv ekasmād evāvadīyeta. tasmād apy aprayojakaḥ. tathedam aparaṃ liṅgam - śeṣād iḍām avadyati, śeṣāt sviṣṭakṛtaṃ yajatīti. nanv ayaṃ vidhiḥ syāt. neti brūmaḥ, nātra vidhivibhaktir vartamānāpadeśo hy ayam iti.

abhighāraṇe viprakarṣād anuyājavat pātrabhedaḥ syāt // MS_4,1.33 //

asti vājapeyaḥ, vāyapeyena svārājyakāmo yajeteti. tatra śrūyate - saptadaśa prājāpatyān paśūn ālabhate, saptadaśo vai prajāpatiḥ prajāpater āptyai, iti{*4/108*}, prājāpatyānāṃ kratupaśūnāṃ ca samuccayo vakṣyate - prajāpātyeṣu cāmnānād iti{*4/109*}. asti [457]{*4/110*} tu prakṛtau, prayājaśeṣeṇa havīṃṣy abhighārayatīti{*4/111*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kiṃ prājāpatyānāṃ vapā abhighārayituṃ prayājaśeṣasya dhāraṇārthaṃ pātram aparam utpādayitavyam, tatas tena prājāpatyānāṃ vapā abhighārayitavyāḥ, uta na śeṣo dhārayitavyaḥ, naiva tataḥ prājāpatyānāṃ vapā abhighāraṇīyā iti. kiṃ prāptam? abhighāraṇe prayājaśeṣadhāraṇārthaṃ pātram utpādyeta, prātaḥsavane ca prayājaśeṣo viprakṛṣṭakāle{*4/112*} mādhyaṃdine savane, brahmasāmakāle prājāpatyānām ālabhyaḥ śrūyate - tān paryagnikṛtān utsṛjanti, brahmasāmny ālabhata iti{*4/113*}, vyāpṛtā ca juhūr bhavati. tasmāt pātrāntaram utpādanīyam iti, yathānuyājeṣu pṛṣadājyadhāraṇārthaṃ pātram utpādyate, pṛṣadājyenānuyājān yajatīti{*4/114*} vacanāt, evam atrāpīti.

NOTES: *{4/108: Tait.Br. 1.3.4.3-4}* *{4/109: MS 10.4.6}* *{4/110: E2: 5,27; E6: 2,15}* *{4/111: Tait.Br. 1.3.4.4}* *{4/112: E2: viprakṛṣṭe kāle}* *{4/113: Tait.Br. 1.3.4.4}* *{4/114: Tait.S. 6.3.11.6}*

na vāpātratvād apātratvaṃ tv ekadeśatvāt // MS_4,1.34 //

na vā prājāpatyānāṃ vapā abhighāryāḥ. kutaḥ? śeṣābhāvāt. kathaṃ śeṣābhāva iti cet. apātratvāt. katham apātratā? ekadeśatvāt, prayājārthasya hi gṛhītasyājyasya sa ekadeśaḥ śeṣaḥ. kim ataḥ? yady evam, ekadeśavyāpāraḥ śrūyamāṇo nāvayavinam upādeyatvena codayati. āha, utpattiṃ na codayet, dhāraṇam utpannasyārthād bhaviṣyatīti. ucyate, ekadeśatvād abhighāraṇaṃ dravyam eva na prayuṅkta ity ucyate, kṛtārthasya dravyasyāyam ekadeśaḥ pratipādyate, nābhighāraṇam arthakarma. nanu haviṣām, dvitīyānirdeśāt prādhānyaṃ syāt. nety ucyate, adṛṣṭo hi haviṣām upakāraḥ kalpyeta, ājyaprādhānye punar juhvā riktatvaṃ dṛṣṭaṃ prayojanam, ājyabhāgārthenājyenāsaṃsargaḥ, juhvā [458]{*4/115*} riktayā prayojanam, nābhighṛtena haviṣā. tasmāt prājāpatyānām abhighāritābhir vapābhiḥ prayojanam eva nāsti, kim arthaṃ śeṣo dhāryata iti.

NOTES: *{4/115: E2: 5,28; E6: 2,16}*

hetutvāc ca sahaprayogasya // MS_4,1.35 //

hetutvāc cābhighāraṇasya, sahālabhata iti stutir bhavati, tīrthaṃ vai prātaḥsavanam, yat prātaḥsavane paśava ālabhyante, tīrtha evaitān ālabhate, sayonitvāyārtho vapānām abhighṛtatvāya, ity arthānatareṇa vapābhighāraṇam anugṛhṇan nehāstīti darśayati.

abhāvadarśanāc ca // MS_4,1.36 //

abhāvaṃ khalv apy abhigdhāraṇasya darśayati - savyā vā etarhi vapā yarhy anabhighṛtāḥ, brahma vai brahmasāma, yad brahmasāmny ālabhate tenāsavyāḥ, tenābhighṛtā iti. savyaśabdo rūkṣe bhāṣyate, savyā vapety anabhighṛtatāṃ darśayati.

sati savyavacanam // MS_4,1.37 //

āha naitad darśanam, saty eva hy abhighāraṇe bhavaty etat savyavacanam, asti hi vapāyā anyad abhighāraṇam - upastṛṇāty ājyaṃ hiraṇyaśakalam, vapā hiraṇyaśakalaṃ tato 'bhighārayatīti{*4/116*}. tasmin sati kathaṃ savyā bhaveyuḥ? brūte{*4/117*} ca, tasmān naitac chakyam avagantum rūkṣās tā vapā dṛśyanta iti, tena nūnam abhighāraṇaṃ prayājaśeṣeṇāstīti, saty asminn abhighāraṇe pratyakṣe, rūkṣās tā iti darśanaṃ vyāmoha iti{*4/118*}.

[459]{*4/119*}

NOTES: *{4/116: Ait.Br. 2.14}* *{4/117: E2: śrūyate}* *{4/118: E2: pratyakṣam arūkṣās tāḥ. ato rūkṣāvacanaṃ vyāmoha iti}* *{4/119: E2: 5,29; E6: 2,17}*

na tasyeti cet // MS_4,1.38 //

evaṃ ced dṛśyate, saty abhighāraṇe savyā iti vacanam aliṅgam iti, nāliṅgam, tasyaitad vacanam, yat snehanaṃ karoti. katamat tat? yat prathamam, prathamaṃ hi snehanaṃ karoti, na dvitīyam. snigdhasya tad bhavati, na ca snigdhasya snehanaṃ kriyate, yathā bhavati loke vādaḥ, yad asmābhiḥ kāntārān nirgatair devadattasya gṛhe snigdham bhuktam{*4/120*}, tena vayam arūkṣāḥ kṛtā iti, satsv apy anyeṣu snigdheṣv eva bhojaneṣu, evaṃ tasyārūkṣākaraṇasyābhighāraṇasyābhāvād rūkṣā iti vacanam upapadyate, asmiṃs tu sati nopapadyate. tasmād api prayājaśeṣeṇābhighāraṇaṃ prājāpatyānāṃ nāstīti.

NOTES: *{4/120: E2: snigdham annaṃ bhuktaṃ}*

syāt tasya mukhyatvāt // MS_4,1.39 //

idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram{*4/121*}. yadi prathamasyābhāvāt savyā iti vacanaṃ bhavaty anupapannam, tarhy anyasya prathamasya vidyamānatvāt. katamat tat? yac chrapyamāṇāyā aparam udvāsitāyāḥ. atrocyate - syāt tasya mukhyatvāt, yat prayājaśeṣeṇābhighāraṇam, tasyaivābhāvād etad upapadyate, saty api śrapyamāṇāyā abhighāraṇa udvāsitāyāś ca, yat tāvac chrapyamāṇāyāḥ, tad agner arcīṃṣi dahanti, yad udvāsitāyāḥ, tad agnyavayavā{*4/122*} ūṣmāvayavāś ca nāśayanti, saiṣā rūkṣaiva, idaṃ tu prayājaśeṣeṇa śītāyāḥ kriyate, tat snehayati, tena snigdhāyāḥ padānakālam abhighāraṇaṃ yat, tan na snehayati. tad idaṃ snehanasyābhighāraṇasyābhāvāt savyatāvacanam upapadyata ity uktam, tasmān na prayājaśeṣo dhāryata iti.

[460]{*4/123*}

NOTES: *{4/121: E1 gibt idaṃ padottaraṃ sūtram in Klammern}* *{4/122: E2: agnyam athavā}* *{4/123: E2: 5,29; E6: 2,17}*

samānayanaṃ tu mukhyaṃ syāl liṅgadarśanāt // MS_4,1.40 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - atihāyeḍo barhiḥ prati samānayatīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ, kiṃ samānayanam ājyasya dharmāṇāṃ ca prayojakam, utāprayojakam iti. kiṃ prāptam? aprayojakam iti. kutaḥ? prayājānuyājārthasyājyasyāyam ekadeśaḥ samānīyata iti, pūrveṇa nyāyenāprayojakatā prāptā. tad ucyate - mukhyaṃ samānayanaṃ liṅgadarśanāt. kiṃ liṅgam? caturgṛhītāny ājyāni bhavanti, na hy atrānuyājān yakṣyan bhavatīty ātithyāyāṃ śrūyate, yadi prayājārthaṃ samānayanam, tatas tatraikaṃ caturgṛhītaṃ samānīyate. ekam apy anuyājānāṃ bhavati, tataś cātithyeḍāṃ tā saṃtiṣṭhata ity anuyājābhāva upabhṛti samānayanārtham ekaṃ caturgṛhītaṃ grāhyam, na tv anuyājārtham. tatra bahūnāṃ caturgṛhītānāṃ darśanam upapadyate, itarathā hy anuyājābhāve naivopabhṛti catur gṛhyeta, tatra caturgṛhītānīti bahuvacanaṃ nopapadyate. tasmāt prayojakaṃ samānayanam iti. nanu liṅgam upadiśyate, kā prāptiḥ? ucyate - dṛṣṭaṃ tatra prayojanaṃ prayājau dvau yaṣṭavyau, tatra juhvām ājyena prayojanaṃ nopabhṛti riktāyām, upabhṛto recanam adṛṣṭārthaṃ juhvāṃ nidhānaṃ dṛṣṭārtham eva. tena prayājahomārtham ājyasamānayanam aupabhṛtam ājyaṃ [461]{*4/124*} prayojayati. tad api hi prayājārtham anuyājārthaṃ ceti vakṣyate.

NOTES: *{4/124: E2: 5,31; E6: 2,18}*

vacane hi hetvasāmarthye // MS_4,1.41 //

atha kasmān na vacanam etat, na caturgṛhītāny ājyānīti. ucyate, vacane hi hetur asamarthitaḥ syāt, na hy atrānuyājān yakṣyan bhavatīti. yadā samānayanaṃ na prayājārtham iti gamyate, tadā vacanam. yadā vacanam, tadā nānuyājābhāvo hetuḥ, asati hetau, na hy atrānuyājān yakṣyan bhavatīti hetuvan nigado nopapadyeta. tasmāt prayājārthaṃ samānayanaṃ prayojakam aupabhṛtasyājyasya. kiṃ bhavati prayojanam? paryājārthe samānayane yāvat prayājārtham, tāvat sarvaṃ samāneyam, ardham aupabhṛtasya, aprayojanakatve na niyogato 'rdhaṃ yāvat tādvat vā.

tatrotpattir avibhaktā syāt // MS_4,1.42 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - caturjuhvāṃ gṛhṇāty aṣṭāv upabhṛti gṛhṇātīti{*4/125*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ, kiṃ jauhavam aupabhṛtaṃ cobhayam ubhayārtham, prayājebhyaś cānuyājebhyaś ca, uta jauhavaṃ prayājebhyaḥ, aupabhṛtam anuyājebhyaḥ? athavā aupabhṛtaṃ prayājebhyo 'nuyājebhyaś ceti. kiṃ prāptam? ubhayam ubhayārtham. kutaḥ? yad yad ājyena kriyate, tasmai tasmai bhavitum arhaty aviśeṣāt.

NOTES: *{4/125: Tait.Br.3.3.5.4-5}*

tatra jauhavam anuyājapratiṣedhārtham // MS_4,1.43 //

naivam, ubhayam ubhayārtham iti, jauhavaṃ prayājārtham, aupa[462]{*4/126*}bhṛtam ubhayārtham. katham? yaj juhvāṃ gṛhṇāti, ṛtubhyas tad gṛhṇāti, ṛtavo vai prayājā iti jauhavavacanam anuyājapratiṣedhārthaṃ prayājān saṃkīrtayati. āha, nanu nāsty atrānuyājapratiṣedhārthaṃ vacanam, yad etat prayājebhyas tad gṛhṇātīti{*4/127*}, prayājeṣūpadeśakam etat, nāsty asyānuyājapratiṣedhe sāmarthyam iti. ucyate - na brūmaḥ, pratiṣedhakam etad iti. kiṃ tūtpattivākya ājyānāṃ naiva prayojanābhisaṃbandhaḥ, anena vacanena prayājaprayojanatā kriyate jauhavasya, anuyājaprayojanatāsya vacanābhāvād eva na gamyata iti, anuyājapratiṣedhārthaṃ vacanam ity ucyate.

NOTES: *{4/126: E2: 5,32; E6: 2,19}* *{4/127: ŚPBr 1.3.2.8}*

aupabhṛtaṃ tatheti cet // MS_4,1.44 //

iti ced dṛśyate, jauhavam anuyājebhyaḥ pratiṣidhyate, aupabhṛtam ubhayārtham iti, bhavatu jauhavaṃ prayājārtham, na tv aupabhṛtam ubhayārtham. tad api tathā syāt, yathā jauhavam. katham? etad apy anuyājārtham eva śrūyate, yad upabhṛti gṛhṇāty anuyājebhyas tad gṛhṇāti chandāṃsi hy anuyājā iti. anuyājārthatāsyeti.

syāj juhūpratiṣedhān nityānuvādaḥ // MS_4,1.45 //

naitad evam, ubhayārthaṃ hy aupabhṛtam, evaṃ hi śrūyate - yad aṣṭāv upabhṛti gṛhṇāti prayājānuyājebhyas tad gṛhṇātīti{*4/128*}. nanūktam, anuyājebhyas tad gṛhṇātīty anuyājārthatāsyeti. ucyate, juhūpratiṣedhān nityānuvādaḥ. ubhayasminn aupabhṛte jauhave ca{*4/129*} ubhayārthe prāpte jauhavam anuyājebhyaḥ pratiṣiddham, naupabhṛtam, tad aupabhṛtasyobhayārthatāyāṃ satyām anu[463]{*4/130*}yājārthatāvacanaṃ nityānuvādo bhavitum arhati, na śaknoti prayājārthatāṃ pratiṣeddhum, pratyakṣaśrutā hi sā, tasmād aupabhṛtam ubhayārtham. samānayanaṃ ca tato juhvāṃ śrūyate, tasmād api prayājārthatā na śakyā bādhitum.

NOTES: *{4/128: ŚPBr 1.3.2.9}* *{4/129: E1 gibt aupabhṛte jauhave ca in Klammern}* *{4/130: E2: 5,33; E6: 2,19}*

tadaṣṭasaṃkhyaṃ śravaṇāt // MS_4,1.46 //

aṣṭāv upabhṛti gṛhṇātīti{*4/131*} śrūyate. tatra saṃdehaḥ, kiṃ tad aupabhṛtam ājyam aṣṭasaṃkhyena grahaṇena saṃskriyate, uta catuḥsaṃkhyā guṇabhūtā dvayor grahaṇayor iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? aṣṭasaṃkhyā guṇabhūtā, na catuḥsaṃkhye dve iti. kutaḥ? śravaṇād aṣṭasaṃkhyā śrūyate, catuḥsaṃkhyā aṣṭasaṃkhyayā lakṣyate, śrutilakṣaṇāviśaye ca śrutir nyāyyā, tasmād aṣṭasaṃkhyaṃ grahaṇam etad iti.

NOTES: *{4/131: Tait.Br. 3.3.5.5}*

anugrahāc ca jauhavasya // MS_4,1.47 //

anugrahavādaś ca bhavati - caturgṛhītaṃ vā etad abhūt tasyāghāram āghārya triritaḥ{*4/132*} prācīnaṃ{*4/133*} prayājān yajati samānayate caturgṛhītatvāyeti caturgṛhītānugrahaḥ kathaṃ syād iti. kiṃ caturgṛhītaṃ bhavati samānayanena? neti brūmaḥ, caturgṛhītaṃ prathamam eva tat, āghāre 'py āghārite, yad avaśiṣṭaṃ catuḥsaṃkhyam eva tasya grahaṇam āsīt. kiṃ tarhi caturgṛhītatvāyeti. caturgṛhītasyānugrahārtham, alpaṃ hi caturgṛhītaṃ homāyāparyāptam, tat paryāptaṃ kathaṃ syād iti. evaṃ caturgṛhītaśabdenālpam iti lakṣyate, alpatvaṃ ca bahutvaṃ kasyacid apekṣya bhavati, yadi hy aupabhṛtam aṣṭasaṃkhyam evaṃ caturgṛhītam [464]{*4/134*} alpaṃ bhavati, tatra{*4/135*} caturgṛhītaśabdena alpatā śakyate lakṣayitum. tasmād api paśyāmaḥ, aupabhṛte 'ṣṭasaṃkhyā guṇabhūteti.

NOTES: *{4/132: E2: trīnitaḥ}* *{4/133: E2: prācīnān}* *{4/134: E2: 5,34; E6: 2,20}* *{4/135: E2 om. caturgṛhītam alpaṃ bhavati, tatra}*

dvayos tu hetusāmarthyaṃ śravaṇaṃ ca samānayane // MS_4,1.48 //

tuśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati, dve ete caturgṛhīte, evaṃ hetuḥ samarthito bhavaty ātithyāyām, caturgṛhītāny ājyāni bhavanti, na hy atrānuyājān yakṣyan bhavatīti{*4/136*}, asatsv apy anuyājeṣv etad aṣṭagṛhītam evaupabhṛtaṃ bhavet. yadāṣṭasaṃkhyā guṇabhūtā, na tadā dvayoś caturgṛhītayoḥ satoś caturgṛhītān{*4/137*} ājyānīti bahuvacanam ājyeṣūpapadyate. tasmāc caturgṛhīte dve iti. āha, liṅgam etat prāptir ucyatām iti. tad abhidhīyate, anārabhya ucyate, caturgṛhītaṃ juhotīti sarvahomeṣu, tena prayājānuyājeṣv api na tad aṣṭagṛhītena śakyate bādhitum, nānāviṣayatvāt. aṣṭagṛhītaṃ hi grahaṇe, caturgṛhītaṃ hi home, asti hi saṃbhavaḥ, yad aṣṭagṛhītaṃ gṛhyeta, caturgṛhītaṃ hūyeta, tad etad ihāṣṭatvam grahaṇe bhavati. kathaṃ dve caturgṛhīte home sampādayet? tasmād dve ete caturgṛhīte, aṣṭagṛhīte gṛhyamāṇe gṛhyete. caturgṛhīte dve nāgṛhītvāṣṭagṛhītaṃ{*4/138*} kaścit sampādayet. tasmād dve ete caturgṛhīte iti. atha yad uktam, aṣṭagṛhītaṃ śrūyate, śrutiś ca lakṣaṇāyā garīyasīti, ucyate - uktam asmābhir aṣṭasaṃkhyāyāḥ prayojanam, kathaṃ dve caturgṛhīte syātām iti. api ca, aṣṭāv upabhṛti gṛhṇātīty upabhṛti samānīte dve caturgṛhīte kathaṃ syātām iti. itarathāsaty aṣṭaśabde nānāpātrayor gṛhyeyātām. tasmād aṣṭaśabdaśravaṇam adoṣaḥ, sādhv etat, dve caturgṛhīte [465]{*4/139*} upabhṛtīti. prayojanam, dvayoś caturgṛhītayoḥ satoḥ samānayane 'rdhaṃ samānetavyaṃ bhavati, aṣṭagṛhīte sati na niyogato 'rdham. tathā yatrānuyājārthaṃ na grahaṇam, tatrāpy aṣṭagṛhītam, yathā pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ. yathā ca siddhāntaḥ, tathā cāturmāsyeṣu caturgṛhītam upabhṛti bhavati.

NOTES: *{4/136: Tait.S. 5.1.1.1}* *{4/137: E2,6: caturgṛhītāny}* *{4/138: E2: na hi dve caturgṛhīte agṛhītvāṣṭagṛhītaṃ}* *{4/139: E2: 5,36; E6: 2,21}*

svarus tv anekaniṣpattiḥ svakarmaśabdatvāt // MS_4,2.1 //

asti jyotiṣṭome paśur agnīṣomīyaḥ, yo dīkṣito yad agnīṣomīyaṃ paśum ālabhata iti{*4/140*}, tatredam āmnātam - khādire badhnāti, pālāśe badhnāti, rohite badhnātīti. tat saṃnidhāv idam aparam āmnāyate, svaruṇā paśum anakti yūpasya svaruṃ karotīti. athedānīm idaṃ saṃdihyate, kiṃ bhedena yūpāt svarur utpādayitavyaḥ, uta yūpaṃ kriyamāṇam anuniṣpannaḥ śakalo grahītavya iti. tatredaṃ tāvan naḥ parīkṣyam, kiṃ chedanādyutpatteḥ prayojakaḥ svaruḥ, utāprayojakaḥ{*4/141*}? prayojakaś cet, bhedena yūpān niṣpādyeta. na cet prayojakaḥ, yūpaṃ niṣpadyamānam anuniṣpannaḥ śakalo grahīṣyata iti. sa kathaṃ prayojakaḥ syāt? kathaṃ vā na prayojaka iti. yady eṣā vacanavyaktiḥ, svaruśabdavācyaṃ bhāvyate. kathaṃ? joṣaṇādinetikartavyatāviśeṣeṇeti. tataḥ, svaruṇā paśum anaktīti, sa svarur ity avagato grahīṣyate, tataḥ prayojakaḥ. athaivaṃ vijñāyate, svaruṇā paśum anaktīty anavagataḥ svaruḥ. etāvad asya{*4/142*} vijñāyate 'ñjanaṃ tena kriyata iti, idam api, yūpasya svaruṃ karotīti yūpaikadeśaṃ svarukārye 'ñjane viniyuṅkta iti tato 'prayojakaḥ. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? svarus tv anekaniṣpattiḥ svakarmaśabdatvāt, svarur na yūpenaikaniṣpattiḥ syāt, yūpam anapekṣamāṇasya svaror jo[467]{*4/143*}ṣaṇādinotpattiḥ. kutaḥ? svakarmaśabdatvāt. svo hy asya karmaśabdaḥ svarutāyā vidhāyako bhavati, svaruṃ karotīti. evaṃ ca yūpakāṣṭāvayavasya svarutvaṃ kriyata iti, yūpasya svaruṃ karotīti lakṣaṇayā yūpaśabdaḥ, khadirādyavayavasyety arthaḥ. kutaḥ? svarutvabhāvanā hi śrutyā gamyate, svaruṃ karotīti svarum utpādayatīti. yūpāvayavopādānaṃ vākyena, vākyāc ca śrutir balīyasīti. tasmād evaṃ sati na niyogato yūpakāṣṭhād eva svarur utpādayitavyaḥ, nirapekṣād anyasmād api vṛkṣāt kartavyo bhedeneti.

NOTES: *{4/140: Tait.S. 6.1.11.6}* *{4/141: E2: utāprayojaka iti}* *{4/142: E2: etāvad avaśyaṃ}* *{4/143: E2: 5,37; E6: 2,22}*

jātyantarāc ca śaṅkate // MS_4,2.2 //

itaś ca nirapekṣasya svaror utpattir iti gamyate. kutaḥ? jātyantarād apy āśaṅkā bhavati, vṛkṣāntarāt{*4/144*}. katham? nānyasya svaruṃ kuryāt, yady anyasya vṛkṣasya svaruṃ kuryāt, anye 'sya lokam anvāroheyuḥ, yūpasya svaruṃ karotīti. na hi yūpam anuniṣpannasya garhaṇe jātyantarāśaṅkāvakalpate, yūpaśakalo hi svarukārye tadānīṃ viniyujyate. tasmād api bhedena yūpāt svarur utpādayitavya iti.

NOTES: *{4/144: E2 gibt vṛkṣāntarāt in Klammern}*

tad ekadeśo vā svarutvasya tannimittatvāt // MS_4,2.3 //

vāśabdaḥ pakṣaṃ vyāvartayati. yūpaikadeśo hi yūpam anuniṣpannaḥ śakalo grahītavya iti. kasmāt? evam āmnāyate - yady anyasya vṛkṣasya svaruṃ kuryāt, anye 'sya lokam anvāroheyuḥ, yūpasya svaruṃ karotīti. na cātrāyam artho vidhīyate, svarum utpādayatīti. kiṃ tarhi? svarukāryaṃ kartuṃ yam upādatte, taṃ yūpād iti. kutaḥ? svarutvasya tannimittatvāt, svarutvam atra śrūyate svaroḥ, yūpasya svaruṃ karoti [468]{*4/145*} iti. kasyātmīyam? yūpasyeti, ātmīyaś ca samudāyasyaikadeśo bhavati, tasmād idam ucyate, aprāṇinaḥ ṣaṣṭhī pañcamy arthe bhavati, yathā śākasya dehi, śākād dehīti, tathā kvacit tṛtīyārthe, ghṛtasya yajati, ghṛtena yajati. pañcamy arthe, ghṛtād yajati, ghṛtasya yajatīti. dvitīyārthe vā, somasya pibati, somaṃ pibati, somāt pibatīti. nanūktam, yūpāvayavo 'tra vākyena vidhīyate, śrutyā svaror utpattiḥ, śrutiś ca vākyād balīyasīti. ucyate, satyam, evam, yūpasyeti tu śabdo 'vivakṣitārtho bhavati. tatra śrutir api bādhyate, vākyam api. na tv asmatpakṣe kiṃcid avivakṣitārtham, svaruṃ karotīti svārtha evānuvādo bhaviṣyatīti, yūpaśakalo vidhāyiṣyate. svaruśabdaś cāñjanārthena śakale upacarita iti gamyate, avayavaprasiddhiś caitam arthaṃ gamayiṣyati. bhavati hi brāhmaṇam - atha kasmāt svarur nāma? etasmād veṣo{*4/146*} 'vacchidyate, tad asyaitat svam ivārur bhavati, tasmāt svarur nāmeti{*4/147*}.

NOTES: *{4/145: E2: 5,38; E6: 2,22}* *{4/146: E2: vai yo}* *{4/147: ŚPBr 3.7.1.24}*

śakalaśruteś ca // MS_4,2.4 //

itaś ca yūpam anuniṣpannasya grahaṇam. kutaḥ? śakalaśruteḥ, śakalaśrutir bhavati svaroḥ, yaḥ prathamaḥ śakalaḥ parāpatet, sa svaruḥ kārya iti. śakalaś caikadeśaḥ, ekadeśaś cāprayojakaḥ, saṃbandhiśabdatvāt. tāvatā ca vyavahārāt samudāyāpekṣiṇaḥ. tatra prakaraṇād anyārthena khadirādinā joṣaṇādikarmaviśiṣṭena yāgārthena prakṛtenāsyaikavākyatā, yūpāya khadirādi joṣayate, chinatti, takṣati ca. tatra yaḥ śakalaḥ prathamaḥ parāptitas taṃ ca svarum añjanārthaṃ karotīti. svaruśabdaṃ ca tatrānuvadann evopacarati. tasmān naitad asti, pṛthaṅniṣpattiḥ svarur iti, [469]{*4/148*} yenānyasmād api vṛkṣād iti śaṅkyate. tasmāj jātyantarāśaṅkāvacanaṃ nityānuvādo yūpaśakalastutyarthaḥ.

NOTES: *{4/148: E2: 5,39; E6: 2,23}*

pratiyūpaṃ ca darśanāt // MS_4,2.5 //

itaś ca na pṛthaṅniṣpattiḥ svaruḥ. kutaḥ? ekādaśinyām, pratiyūpaṃ ca darśanāt, yathā, anupūrvaṃ svarubhiḥ paśūn samajya{*4/149*} madhyame raśanāguṇe sve sve{*4/150*} svaṃ svaṃ yūpaśakalam upagūhatīti svarubahutvaṃ darśayati, yadi ca svaruḥ pṛthaṅniṣpattiḥ syāt, eka evaikādaśinyāṃ tantreṇa kāryaṃ sādhayet. yūpam anuniṣpannasya tu grahaṇe prakṛtau svayūpaśakalenāñjanaṃ kṛtam ity ekādaśinyām api codakaḥ svayūpaśakalam eva prāpayatīti bahutvam upapannaṃ bhavati. svayūpaśakalagrahaṇaṃ ca prākṛtasya grahaṇād adhyavasīyate, yādṛśo 'sau prākṛtaḥ, tādṛśo 'sau garhītavyaḥ, na viśiṣṭa iti. tasmāt svarur utpatter na prayojaka iti.

NOTES: *{4/149: E2: samañjya}* *{4/150: So E1,6, E2 (Fn.); E2 om. sve sve}*

ādāne karotiśabdaḥ // MS_4,2.6 //

atha yad uktam, utpattir asya śabdenocyate, svaruṃ karotīti, evaṃ ca karotiśabdo 'vakalpiṣyata iti. ucyate, ādāne karotiśabdo bhaviṣyati, svaruṃ karoti, svarum ādatta iti. yathā kāṣṭhāni karoti, gomayāni karotīty ādāne karotiśabdo bhavati, evam ihāpi draṣṭavyam{*4/151*}.

NOTES: *{4/151: Die Ausgaben wiederholen zwischen MS 4.2.6 und 4.2.7 noch einmal MS 4.2.1-6 mit kürzerer, inhaltlich kaum abweichender Kommentierung}*

śākhāyāṃ tatpradhānatvāt // MS_4,2.7 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate, śākhām adhikṛtya, prācīm āharaty udīcīm āharati prāgudīcīm āharatīti{*4/152*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ - kim ayaṃ digvādaḥ, uta śākhāvāda iti. digvāda iti prāptam, tathā śrutiśabdaḥ, śākhāvāde lakṣaṇeti. tasmād digvāda iti. evaṃ prāpte brūmaḥ, śākhāvāda iti. kutaḥ? yadi tāvad ayam arthaḥ, prācī dig āhartavyeti, tato 'śakyo 'rthaḥ, atha prācīṃ diśaṃ pratyāharaṇīyeti, tataḥ kāhartavyeti, vākye śākhāśabdasyābhāvād anupapanno 'yaṃ saṃbandhaḥ. atha prakṛtā śākheti, tataḥ prācīśabdena tasyā evābhisaṃbandho nyāyyaḥ. kutaḥ? pratyakṣā hi prācīśabdena harater ekavākyatā, prakaraṇāc chākhāśabdena bhavet. ubhayathātra prācīśabdo lakṣaṇayā prakṛtāṃ vā śākhāṃ lakṣayet, diśo vānīpsitatvāt, vihāradeśam īpsitatamaṃ ayuktam{*4/153*}. api ca, prācīti saṃbandhiśabdo 'yam, saṃbandhiśabdāś ca sarve sāpekṣāḥ, vinā padāntareṇa, na paripūrṇam artham abhivadanti, sāmānyapadārthasaṃbandhe ca saṃvyavahārānupapattiḥ, sarvasyaiva deśasya kutaścit prāgbhāvāt. tathā śākhāśabdo 'pi saṃbandhiśabdaḥ, vṛkṣasyety etad apekṣate. yadā vṛkṣasyety etad apekṣate, tadā vṛkṣasya śākhā prācī, udīcī, prāgudīcī veti bhavati saṃbandhaḥ, tathā ca saṃvyavahāro 'vakalpate. yat tu śākhāvāde [473]{*4/154*} lakṣaṇeti. ucyate, bhavati lakṣaṇayāpi śabdārthaḥ. tasmāc chākhāvāda iti.

NOTES: *{4/152: Tait.Br. 3.2.1.3}* *{4/153: E2: īpsitatamaṃ yuktam; E6, E2 (Fn.): īpsitamayuktam; E2 (Fn.): īpsitatamaṃ saṃyuktam}* *{4/154: E2: 5,43; E6: 2,25}*

śākhāyāṃ tatpradhānatvād upaveṣeṇa vibhāgaḥ syād vaiṣamyaṃ tat // MS_4,2.8 //

darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ samāmnāyate, mūlataḥ śākhāṃ parivāsyopaveṣaṃ karotīti. tatrāyam arthaḥ sāṃśayikaḥ, kiṃ śākhāchedanasyobhayaṃ{*4/155*} prayojakam, śākhā upaveṣaś ca, uta śākhā prayojakā, upaveṣo 'nuniṣpādīti. kiṃ prāptam? ubhayaṃ chedanān niṣpadyate, śākhā śākhāmūlaṃ ca, ubhayaṃ ca prayojanavat. agreṇa vatsāpākaraṇādi kariṣyate, mūlata upaveṣaḥ, tena viśeṣābhāvād ubhayaṃ prayojakam. iti prāpte, ucyate, śākhāyāṃ brūmaḥ, tatpradhānatvāt, śākhāpradhānatvād{*4/156*} upaveṣeṇa vibhāgo bhavet. śākhām anuniṣpanno gṛhyate. kathaṃ tatprādhānyam? śākhāṃ parivāsyeti dvitīyānirdeśāt. nanūpaveṣaṃ karotīty api dvitīyā. ucyate, nāsau parivāsayateḥ karma. kasya tarhi? karoteḥ. āha, kasmād evam abhisaṃbandho na bhavati, śākhāṃ parivāsya mūlata upaveṣaṃ karotīti, śākhāśabdaś ca yathaivāgre tathā mūle 'pi. tatrāyam arthaḥ, chedenāgramūle vibhajet. [474]{*4/157*} kiṃ prayojanam? vibhajya mūlam, upaveṣaṃ kariṣyāmīti{*4/158*}. ucyate, naivam, vyavahitakalpanā hy evaṃ bhavet, avayavadhānena śākhārthaṃ parivāsanam, vṛtte tasminn upaveṣakaraṇam. nanu prakṛtatvān mūlam upaveṣaśabdena saṃbadhyate. ucyate, ubhayasaṃbandhe virodhaḥ. virodhe ca prakaraṇād vākyaṃ balīyaḥ. atha saṃnihitena saṃbadhyate, tathāpi śākhāprayuktenety āpatati. ataḥ{*4/159*} siddham eva, uvaveṣo{*4/160*} na prayojayati chedanam iti. etad atra vaiṣamyam.

NOTES: *{4/155: E2: śākhāc chedanasyobhayaṃ}* *{4/156: E2 gibt śākhāpradhānatvād in Klammern}* *{4/157: E2: 5,44; E6: 2,26}* *{4/158: E2: karotīti}* *{4/159: E2 om. ataḥ}* *{4/160: E2,6: upaveṣo}*

śrutyapāyāc ca // MS_4,2.9 //

śākhayā vatsān apākaroti{*4/161*}, śākhayā gāḥ prāpayati, śākhayā dohayatīty{*4/162*}evamādiṣu śākhāgrahaṇeṣu nopaveṣasya vyāpāras tataḥ śākhāśabdo 'paiti. na hi tanmūlaṃ śākhety ācakṣate. kim ataḥ? yatraivaṃ{*4/163*} yatra śākhāśabdaḥ, tadarthaṃ chedanam, dvitīyānirdeśāt. athāpi mūle śākhāśabdo bhavet, evam api śākhāśabdopadiṣṭeṣu na mūlam, amūlaparivāsitatvāt. yac caivaṃ saṃskṛtayā śākhayā kriyate, tadarthaṃ chedanam. na copadhānaṃ mūlaparivāsitayā kriyate. tasmān na tadarthaṃ chedanam. kiṃ bhavati prayojanam? paurṇamāsyām api śākhotpādyā, yathā pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ. yathā siddhāntaḥ, tathā notpādayitavyeti.

NOTES: *{4/161: Tait.Br. 3.2.1.1}* *{4/162: Tait.Br. 3.2.1.2}* *{4/163: E2: yady evam}*

haraṇe tu juhotir yogasāmānyād dravyāṇāṃ cārthaśeṣatvāt // MS_4,2.10 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor āmananti - saha śākhayā prastaraṃ praharatīti. tatra saṃdehaḥ, kiṃ śākhāpraharaṇaṃ pratipattikarma, uta [475]{*4/164*} arthakarmeti. kiṃ prāptam? haraṇe tu juhotiḥ syāt, arthakarmety arthaḥ. kutaḥ? yogasāmānyāt, yogo 'syāḥ samānaḥ prastareṇa, saha śākhayā prastaraṃ praharatīti. sahayoge yatra tṛtīyā, tasya guṇabhāvaḥ, yatra dvitīyā tasya prādhānyam. prastare ca vispaṣṭo yajiḥ, śākhāpi tasminn eva yajau prastarasya viśeṣaṇam, samānayogitvāt. āha, nanu tatra tatra guṇabhūtā śākhā, tasyāḥ pratipattir nyāyyāḥ, itarathānekaguṇabhāvaḥ prasajyeteti. ucyate, dravyāṇāṃ cārthaśeṣatvād utpattyā cikīrṣitasya śeṣabhūtāny eva dravyāṇy upadiśyante, bhūtaṃ bhavyāyopadiśyata iti. tasmād anekaguṇataiva dravyānāṃ nyāyyeti.

NOTES: *{4/164: E2: 5,45; E2: 2,27}*

pratipattir vā śabdasya tatpradhānatvāt // MS_4,2.11 //

pratipattir vā śākhāpraharaṇam, śabdasya tatpradhānatvāt. śabdo 'tra śākhāpradhānaḥ. katham? dvitīyāśravaṇāt. nanv anyatraiva sā dvitīyā, prastare, na śākhāyām. ucyate, prastare dvitīyārthaḥ śākhāyām api. katham? tulyayogāt saha śākhayā, evaṃ prastaraḥ prahṛto bhavati, yadi śākhāpi prahriyate. tena tulyayoge sahaśabdo 'yam. yadi prastaraḥ praharaṇe pradhānam, śākhāpi prastaraviśeṣaṇam, na tarhi{*4/165*} tulyayogaḥ. tasmād yaḥ prastare dvitīyārthaḥ, sa śākhāyām api, ataḥ śākhā pradhānam. api ca, tatra tatra śākhā guṇabhūtā, tasyām anyatropadiśyamānāyām anekaguṇabhāvaḥ{*4/166*}. tatra ko doṣaḥ? dṛṣṭaṃ kāryaṃ hitvādṛṣṭaṃ kalpyeta. kṛtaprayojanāyāḥ śākhāyā apanayanena vedivivecanāt sukhapracāro dṛṣṭaṃ kāryam, na tu prahareṇa kiṃcit sūkṣmam api dṛṣṭam asti, tasmāt pratipattir nyāyyā. [476]{*4/167*} āha, nanu tṛtīyāśravaṇāt parārthena śākhoccāraṇena bhavituṃ nyāyyam. ucyate, bhaved etan nyāyyam, yadi nirjñātakālā śākhā syāt, tataḥ prastarasya kālaparicchedāya kīrtyamānā parārthā uccāryeta, iha punar etad viparītam, nirjñātakālaḥ prastaro 'nirjñātakālā śākhā. tasmāt saty api tṛtīyāśravaṇe prastara eva śākhāyāḥ kālaṃ paricchetsyati. yathā dvitīyānirdiṣṭaḥ{*4/168*}, tathā śākhā draṣṭavyā, yathā tṛtīyānirdiṣṭā{*4/169*}, tathā prastaraḥ. sāmarthyaṃ hi balavattaram iti.

NOTES: *{4/165: E2: na tarhi}* *{4/166: E2: anekaguṇabhāvaḥ syāt}* *{4/167: E2: 5,47; E6: 2,27}* *{4/168: E2: dvitīyānirdiṣṭā}* *{4/169: E2: tṛtīyānirdiṣṭas}*

arthe 'pīti cet // MS_4,2.12 //

āha, nanu guṇabhāve 'pi dvitīyā bhavati{*4/170*}, yathā saktu mārutaikakapāleṣu{*4/171*}.

NOTES: *{4/170: E2 om. bhavati}* *{4/171: Cf. Tait.S. 2.4.10.2}*

na, tasyānadhikārād arthasya ca kṛtatvāt // MS_4,2.13 //

naitat saktvādibhis tulyam, tasya saktvāder anyatrānadhikārāt, iha ca śākhayānyasyārthasya kṛtatvād vatsāpākaraṇādeḥ. āha, nanu punaruktam etat saktvādīnāṃ pradarśanaṃ samādhiś ceti. ucyate, na punaruktatā mahān doṣaḥ, bahukṛtvo 'pi pathyaṃ veditavyaṃ bhavati, granthabhayena{*4/172*} punaruktaṃ necchanti. arthāgrahaṇāt tu{*4/173*} bibhyataḥ punar{*4/174*} punar abhidhīyamānaṃ bahu manyanta eva. kiṃ cintāyāḥ prayojanam? yady arthakarma, paurṇamāsyām api śākhotpādyā, atha pratipattir notpādayitavyeti.

[477]{*4/175*}

NOTES: *{4/172: E2: granthagauravabhayena}* *{4/173: E2: arthāgrahaṇād dhi}* *{4/174: E2: bhavet tat punar}* *{4/175: E2: 5,48; E6: 2,28}*

utpattyasaṃyogāt praṇītānām ājyavad vibhāgaḥ syāt // MS_4,2.14 //

darśapūrṇamāsayor āmnāyate - apaḥ praṇayaty āpo vai śraddhā śraddhām evālabhya yajata iti{*4/176*}, ubhayatra ca praṇītānāṃ vyāpāraḥ, praṇītābhir{*4/177*} havīṃṣi saṃyautīti, tathā, antarvedi praṇītā ninayatīti. atra{*4/178*} saṃdehaḥ, kim ubhayam āsāṃ prayojakaṃ saṃyavanaṃ ninayanaṃ ca, uta saṃyavanārthānāṃ ninayanaṃ pratipattir iti. kiṃ prāptam? utpattisaṃyogo nāsāṃ kenacit prayojanena, ubhābhyām utpannānāṃ saṃyogaḥ. tasmān na gamyate viśeṣaḥ, agamyamāne viśeṣe ubhayārthānāṃ vibhāgo 'yam, kaścid yāgaḥ{*4/179*} saṃyavane kaścin ninayana iti, ājyavat, yathā sarvasmai vā etad yajñāya gṛhyate yad dhruvāyām ājyam iti{*4/180*}.

NOTES: *{4/176: Tait.Br. 3.2.4.1}* *{4/177: E2: praṇītānām utpannānāṃ vyāpāraḥ śrūyate, praṇītābhir}* *{4/178: E2,6: tatra}* *{4/179: E2: vibhāgaḥ}* *{4/180: Tait.Br. 3.3.5.5}*

saṃyavanārthānāṃ vā pratipattir itarāsāṃ tatpradhānatvāt // MS_4,2.15 //

saṃyavanārthāḥ praṇītāḥ. kutaḥ? tṛtīyānirdeśāt, saṃyavane 'pāṃ guṇabhāvaḥ, dvitīyānirdeśāc ca ninayane prādhānyam. cintāyāḥ prayojanam, puroḍāśābhāve praṇītānām abhāvaḥ, yathā payasyāyām.

[478]{*4/181*}

NOTES: *{4/181: E2: 5,49; E6: 2,29}*

prāsanavan maitrāvaruṇāya daṇḍapradānaṃ kṛtārthatvāt // MS_4,2.16 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - vāg vai devebhyo 'pākrāmat yajñāyātiṣṭhamānā sā vanaspatīn prāviśat saiṣā vāg vanaspatiṣu vadati. yā dundubhau yā ca{*4/182*} tūṇave yā ca{*4/183*} vīṇāyām, yad dīkṣitāya daṇḍaṃ{*4/184*} prayacchati vācam evāvarundhe, krīte{*4/185*} some maitrāvaruṇāya daṇḍaṃ prayacchatīti{*4/186*}. maitrāvaruṇāya daṇḍaṃ prayacchatīty etad udāharaṇam. tatra saṃśayaḥ, kiṃ dīkṣitadhāraṇe śeṣabhūtasya daṇḍasya maitrāvaruṇadhāraṇaṃ pratipattiḥ, athavārthakarmeti. kiṃ prāptam? maitrāvaruṇāya daṇḍadānaṃ pratipattiḥ. kutaḥ? dīkṣitadhāraṇe kṛtārthatvāt. daṇḍena dīkṣayantīti{*4/187*} śeṣabhūtasyānyatra vyāpāraḥ{*4/188*} pratipattir nyāyyā, yathā cātvāle kṛṣṇaviṣāṇāṃ prāsyatīti kaṇḍūyane śeṣabhūtāyāḥ prāsanaṃ pratipattiḥ, evam atrāpi draṣṭavyam. dvitīyā ca daṇḍe vibhaktiḥ. tasmāt prādhānyam iti.

NOTES: *{4/182: E2 om. ca}* *{4/183: E2 om. ca}* *{4/184: E2: dīkṣitadaṇḍaṃ}* *{4/185: E2: evāvarundha iti. tathā krīte}* *{4/186: Tait.S. 6.1.4.1-2}* *{4/187: Tait.S. 6.1.3.8}* *{4/188: E2: vyāpāre}*

arthakarma vā kartṛsaṃyogāt sragvat // MS_4,2.17 //

arthakarma vā syāt. kutaḥ? kartṛsaṃyogāt, kartṛsaṃyogo bhavati. maitrāvaruṇāya daṇḍam iti kartṛdaṇḍasaṃyogo bhavati{*4/189*}, tasmiṃś ca daṇḍo guṇabhūtaḥ, puruṣaḥ pradhānabhūtaḥ. puruṣaṃ hi sa pracarituṃ samarthaṃ karoti. katham? yathā pūrvaṃ{*4/190*} tamo 'vagāhate 'paḥ sarpati{*4/191*} gāṃ ca sarpaṃ ca vārayati, avalambanaṃ ca bhavati. ataḥ puruṣaprādhānyān na pratipattiḥ. sragvac ca draṣṭavyam, yathā srajam udgātre dadāti [479]{*4/192*} ity{*4/193*} asaty apy upakāre puruṣasya prayojanavattvāt, niṣprayojanatvāc ca srajaḥ, bhavati puruṣaprādhānyam, evam ihāpi draṣṭavyam. tasmān na pratipattir iti. atha yad uktam - dvitīyāśravaṇād daṇḍaprādhānyam iti. ucyate, tathā yuktaṃ{*4/194*} cānīpsitam iti dvitīyā draṣṭavyā. kutaḥ? maitrāvaruṇe caturthīnirdeśāt. saṃpradāne hi caturthī bhavati, saṃpradānaṃ ca karmaṇābhipreyate. tatra daṇḍād abhipretataro maitrāvaruṇa iti gamyate.

NOTES: *{4/189: E1,6 und E2 (Fn.); E2 om. kartṛdaṇḍasaṃyogo bhavati}* *{4/190: E2: yathāpūrvaṃ}* *{4/191: E2: praviśati}* *{4/192: E2: 5,50; E6: 2,29}* *{4/193: Tait. S. 1.8.18.1}* *{4/194: E2: tathāyuktaṃ}*

karmayukte ca darśanāt // MS_4,2.18 //

daṇḍī praiṣān anvāhety anūdyate, tena pracarato daṇḍaṃ pradarśayati. tad arthakaramaṇi saty upapadyate. pratipattau tu daṇḍo maitrāvaruṇāya dattas tato 'pavṛjyeta, kṛtaṃ ca kartavyam iti na{*4/195*} tena prayojam iti na dhāryeta. tatraitaddarśanaṃ nopapadyate, tathā, ahis tvāṃ daśatīti maitrāvaruṇaṃ brūyād ahir iva hy eṣa iti, tathā{*4/196*}, muśalyan vāheti. muśalaśabdaś ca daṇḍe prasiddhaḥ, yathā kva nu khalu{*4/197*} muśalino māṇavakā gaṅgāṃ avatareyur{*4/198*} iti. tasmād apy arthakarma.

NOTES: *{4/195: E2: 'pavṛjyeta. tatkarma kartavyaṃ ca kṛtam iti na}* *{4/196: E2: iva yena draṣṭavya iti. tathā}* *{4/197: E2: kathaṃ na khalu}* *{4/198: E2: nāvatareyur}*

utpattau yena saṃyuktaṃ tadarthaṃ tac chrutihetutvāt tasyārthāntaragamane śeṣatvāt pratipattiḥ syāt // MS_4,2.19 //

yad uktam, yathā kṛṣṇaviṣāṇāprāsanam iti. tatrocyate, yuktaṃ tatrotpadyamānaṃ yat, yena prayojanena saṃbaddham utpadyate, [480]{*4/199*} tat tadartham eva nyāyyam. tasyānyatra gamane pratipattir ity etad upapadyate, yadi na dṛṣṭaṃ prayojanaṃ bhavati. iha tu dṛṣṭaṃ prayojanaṃ maitrāvaruṇasya dhāraṇae{*4/200*}, tasmād viṣamam etat. athavā - adhikaraṇāntaram, viṣāṇāyāḥ kaṇḍūyanaṃ prāsanaṃ cobhayam api prayojakam iti pūrvaḥ pakṣaḥ, ekaniṣpatteḥ sarvaṃ samaṃ syād iti. utttaraḥ pakṣaḥ, kaṇḍūyane tṛtīyānirdeśād viṣāṇāyā guṇabhāvaḥ. prāsane ca dvitīyānirdeśāt, anyatra ca kṛtārthatvāt prādhānyam iti.

NOTES: *{4/199: E2: 5,51; E6: 2,30}* *{4/200: E2: dhāraṇam}*

saumike ca kṛtārthatvāt // MS_4,2.20 //

asti jyotiṣṭome 'vabhṛthaḥ, vāruṇenaikakapālenāvabhṛtham abhyavapantīti{*4/201*}{*4/202*}. tatrāmnāyate, varuṇagṛhītaṃ vaitad yajñasya yadṛjīṣaṃ yadgrāvāṇa yadaunduvarī{*4/203*} yadabhiṣavaṇaphalake, tasmād yatkiṃcit somaliptaṃ dravyaṃ tenāvabhṛthaṃ yantīti{*4/204*}. tatra saṃśayaḥ, kiṃ somaliptānāṃ dravyāṇām avabhṛthagamanaṃ pratipattiḥ, athavārthakarmeti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? pratipattir iti. kutaḥ? kṛtārthatvāt, kṛtārthāny etāni dravyāṇi tatra tatra, teṣām avabhṛthagamanaṃ pratipattir nyāyyā.

NOTES: *{4/201: E2: abhyavayantīti}* *{4/202: Mait. S. 4.8.5}* *{4/203: E2: yad audumbarī; E6: yadīnduvarī}* *{4/204: Mait.S. 4.8.5}*

arthakarma vābhidhānasaṃyogāt // MS_4,2.21 //

arthakarma vā, abhidhānena saṃyogāt, tenāvabhṛthaṃ yantīti. tenāvabhṛthasaṃjñakaṃ niṣpādayantīti, tṛtīyā tena [481] iti, dvitīyāvabhṛtham iti. tasmāt somaliptaṃ guṇabhūtam, avabhṛthaḥ pradhānabhūta iti.

pratipattir vā tan nyāyatvād deśārthāvabhṛthaśrutiḥ // MS_4,2.22 //

pratipattir vā. kutaḥ? tannyāyatvād eva. eṣa hi nyāyaḥ, yad anyatra kṛtārtham anyatra pratipādyate, tad iha yadi somaliptaṃ dravyam avabhṛthe karaṇaṃ vidhīyate, tato 'rthakarma. atha somaliptena yānaṃ vidhīyate, tataḥ pratipattiḥ. na hy atra somaliptaṃ vidhīyate 'vabhṛthe, tathā saty avabhṛthasomaliptasaṃbandho 'bhyavayantīty anenākhyātena vidhīyeta. tatra vākyena vidhānaṃ syāt, na tu śrutyā, yāne 'munā vidhīyamāne{*4/205*} śrutyā vidhānam. tat parigṛhītaṃ bhavati, śrutiś ca vākyād balīyasī, tasmāt pratipattiḥ. atha yad uktam, arthakarmābhidhānena saṃyogād iti. tatra brūmaḥ, evaṃ sati deśārthā avabhṛthaśrutiḥ, avabhṛthaṃ yantīti, avabhṛthena deśaṃ lakṣayati, yasmin deśe 'vabhṛthaḥ, taṃ deśaṃ yantīti. tasmāt pratipattir iti.

NOTES: *{4/205: E2: yāne punar vidhīyamāne}*

kartṛdeśakālānām acodanaṃ prayoge nityasamavāyāt // MS_4,2.23 //

idaṃ śrūyate - paśubandhasya yajñakratoḥ ṣaḍ ṛtvijaḥ{*4/206*}, darśapūrṇamāsayor yajñakratoś catvāra ṛtvijaḥ{*4/207*}, cāturmāsyānāṃ yajñakratūnāṃ{*4/208*} pañca ṛtvijaḥ{*4/209*}, agnihotrasya yajñakrator eka ṛtvik{*4/210*}, saumyasyādhvarasya yajñakratoḥ saptadaśa ṛtvijaḥ{*4/211*}, tathā, same darśapūrṇamāsābhyāṃ yajeta, prācīnapravaṇe vaiśvadevena yajeta, paurṇamāsyāṃ paurṇamāsyā [482]{*4/212*} yajeta, amāvāsyāyām amāvāsyayeti{*4/213*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ, kiṃ kartṛdeśakālā vidhīyante, utānūdyanta iti. kiṃ tāvat prāptam? kartṛdeśakālānām acodanam anuvādaḥ{*4/214*}. kutaḥ? prayoge nityasamavāyāt, prayoge nityasamavetā eta iti. na, ṛte kartṛdeśakālebhyaḥ, prayogaḥ sidhyati, tena prayogacodanayaiva prāptānām anuvādaḥ. nanu viṣamādipratiṣedhārtham etad vacanaṃ bhaviṣyati. neti brūmaḥ, upadeśakam evaṃjātīyakaṃ vacanam, na pratiṣedhakam. tasmād anuvāda iti.

NOTES: *{4/206: Tait. Br. 2.3.6.3}* *{4/207: Tait. Br. 2.3.6.2}* *{4/208: E2: yajñakratūnāṃ}* *{4/209: Tait. Br. 2.3.6.2}* *{4/210: Tait. Br. 2.3.6.1}* *{4/211: Tait. Br. 2.3.6.4}* *{4/212: E2: 5,54; E6: 2,31}* *{4/213: E2: amāvāsyayā yajeteti}* *{4/214: E1 gibt anuvādaḥ in Klammern}*

niyamārthā vā śrutiḥ // MS_4,2.23 //

ucyate, na caitad asty anuvāda iti, anuvādamātram anarthakam. yadi vidhiḥ, evam apūrvam arthaṃ prakariṣyati, tasmād vidhir iti. nanu prayogāṅgatvāt prāpta eveti. ucyate, niyamārthā śrutir bhaviṣyati. ko 'yaṃ niyamaḥ? aniyatasya niyatatā, prayogāṅgatayā sarve deśāḥ prāpnuvanti, na tu samuccayena. yadā samaḥ, an tadā viṣamaḥ, yadā viṣamaḥ, na tadā samaḥ. sa eṣa samaḥ prāptaś cāprāptaś ca, yadā na prāptaḥ, sa pakṣo vidhiṃ prayojayati. ato viṣamacikīrṣāyām api samo vidhīyate. tasmād viṣamasyāprāptir vidhau sati bhavatīti samo vidhīyate. evam itareṣv api, tasmād vidhir iti.

tathā dravyeṣu guṇaśrutir utpattisaṃyogāt // MS_4,2.25 //

adhikaraṇapradeśo 'yam{*4/215*}. idam āmamanti - vāyavyaṃ śvetam ālabheta bhūtikāmaḥ{*4/216*}. tathā, somāraudraṃ ghṛte caruṃ nirvapec chuklānāṃ vrīhīṇāṃ brahmavarcaskāmaḥ{*4/217*}, tathā, nairṛtaṃ caruṃ nirvapet kṛṣṇānāṃ vrīhīṇām iti{*4/218*}. tatra saṃdehaḥ, kiṃ śvetādivarṇo vidhīyata utānūdyate, utānūdyata iti. kiṃ prāptam? anūdyate, dravyaśrutigṛhītatvāt. vidhir vā, pakṣe prāptasya niyamārtha{*4/219*} iti. pakṣoktaṃ prayojanam ubhayor apy adhikaraṇayoḥ. NOTES: *{4/215: E2: adhikaraṇātideśo 'yam}* *{4/216: Tait. S. 2.1.1.1}* *{4/217: Mait. S. 2.1.5}* *{4/218: Tait.S. 1.8.9.1}* *{4/219: E2: prāptasya varṇasya niyamārtha}*

saṃskāre ca tatpradhānatvāt // MS_4,2.26 //

ayam apy adhikaraṇāpradeśaḥ. darśapūrṇamāsayoḥ śrūyate - vrīhīn avahanti, taṇḍulān pinaṣṭīti, tat kim, imau vidhī, utānuvādāv iti. saṃśaye 'rthaprāptatvāt, anuvādāv iti prāpte, niyamārthatvād vidhī iti.

yajaticodanā dravyadevatākriyaṃ samudāye kṛtārthatvāt // MS_4,2.27 //

śeṣaviniyoga uktaḥ, kiṃ tat pradhānam, yasyaite śeṣā iti. ucyate, yajati dadāti juhotīty evaṃlakṣaṇam. atha kiṃlakṣaṇako yajatijuhotir{*4/220*} dadātiś ceti. yajaticodanā, tāvad dravyadevatākriyam, dravyaṃ devatā ca, tasya dravasya kriyā, yayā{*4/221*} tayoḥ{*4/222*} saṃbandho bhavati{*4/223*}. samudāye, samuditeṣv eṣu{*4/224*} yajatiśabdo bhavati. loke, iṣṭo 'nena paśupatir iti. tena manyāmahe, dravyadevatākriyasyārthasya yajatiśabdena pratyāyanaṃ [484]{*4/225*} kriyata iti. lakṣaṇakarmaṇi prayojanaṃ na vaktavyam, jñānam evātra prayojanam iti.

NOTES: *{4/220: E2: yajatir juhotir}* *{4/221: E2: yathā}* *{4/222: E2: dravyaṃ devatām uddiśya tyajyate, tasya ca kriyā, yathā kriyayā tayoḥ}* *{4/223: E1 gibt yayā tayoḥ saṃbandho bhavati in Klammern}* *{4/224: E1 gibt samuditeṣv eṣu in Klammern}* *{4/225: E2: 5,56; E6: 2,33}*

tadukte śravaṇāj juhotir āsecanādhikaḥ syāt // MS_4,2.28 //

atha kiṃlakṣaṇako juhotir iti. tad ukte yajaty ukte 'rthe{*4/226*} juhotiḥ śrūyate, āsecanādhike. tasmād yajatir evāsecanādhiko juhotiḥ, hutam anenety evaṃjātīyake vaktāro bhavanti loke. vede 'pi yajaticoditaṃ juhotinānuvadati - saṃgrāmiṇaṃ caturhotrā yājayet, caturgṛhītam ājyaṃ kṛtvā caturhotāraṃ vyācakṣīta, pūrveṇa graheṇārdhaṃ juhuyād uttareṇārdham iti. atha dadātiḥ kiṃlakṣaṇaka iti. ātmanaḥ svatvavyāvṛttiḥ parasya svatvena saṃbandhaḥ. yajatidadātijuhotiṣu sarveṣūtsargaḥ samānaḥ. tatra yajatir devatām uddiśyotsargamātram, juhotir āsecanādhikaḥ, dadāti{*4/227*} utsargapūrvakaḥ parasvatvena saṃbandha ity eṣa eṣāṃ viśeṣa iti.

[485]{*4/228*}

NOTES: *{4/226: E1 gibt yajaty ukte 'rthe in Klammern}* *{4/227: E2,6: dadātir}* *{4/228: E2: 5,56; E6: 2,33}*

vidheḥ karmāpavargitvād arthāntare vidhipradeśaḥ syāt // MS_4,2.29 //

jyotiṣṭome śrūyate - yad ātithyāyāṃ barhiḥ, tad upasadām, tad agnīṣomīyasyeti. tatra saṃdehaḥ, kiṃ paradravyasyopadeśaḥ, uta niriṣṭikasya{*4/229*}, athavā dharmavidhipradeśaḥ, athavā dravyasādhāraṇyam iti. kiṃ prāptam? paradravyasyopadeśaḥ. kutaḥ? paradravyasyopadeśasadṛśaḥ śabdaḥ, yad ātithyāyām, tad upasadām iti, yathā yo devadattasya gauḥ, sa viṣṇumitrasya kartavya iti devadattād ācchidya viṣṇumitrāya dīyata iti. ataḥ paradravyasyopdeśa iti. na caitad asti, tathā saty ātithyāyāṃ tasya vidhānaṃ yat pūrvam, tad anarthakaṃ syāt. evaṃ tarhi niriṣṭikasyopadeśaḥ{*4/230*}, tenātithyāyāṃ yad vihitam, ātithyāyāṃ yad upāttam iti, tathā saty arthavad ātithyāyāṃ tad vacanam. niriṣṭikena{*4/231*} tūpasadaḥ kartavyā bhavanti{*4/232*}. na caiṣa śiṣṭānām ācāraḥ. na ca sarve codakaprāptā dharmā bhaveyuḥ, ato brūmaḥ - vidheḥ karmāpavargitvād arthāntare vidhipradeśaḥ syāt. tad barhiḥ parisamāptāyām ātithyāyām apavṛktam, pūrvaṃ{*4/233*} tad ātithyāyāḥ, upasatkāle{*4/234*} ātithyāsaṃbandhas tasya nāsti. bhūtapūrveṇātithyayā karmaṇā lakṣyeta. lakṣaṇā[486]{*4/235*}śabdaś ca na nyāyyaḥ. tasmād ātithyābarhiṣa āñjasyābhāvād yad dharmakamātithyābarhiḥ, tad dharmakam upasadām agnīṣomīyasya ceti nyāyyam.

NOTES: *{4/229: E2: niriṣṭakasya}* *{4/230: E2: niriṣṭakasyopadeśaḥ}* *{4/231: E2: niriṣṭakena}* *{4/232: E2: bhavantīti}* *{4/233: E2: apavṛktam āsīt, pūrvaṃ}* *{4/234: E2: ātithyāyām āsīt, upasatkāle}* *{4/235: E2: 5,57; E6: 2,34}*

api votpattisaṃyogād arthasaṃbandho 'viśiṣṭānāṃ prayogaikatvahetuḥ syāt // MS_4,2.30 //

api veti pakṣo vyāvartate. utpattisaṃyoga evaiṣo 'sya barhiṣaḥ. yadi hy utpannam ātithyāyāṃ barhir viśiṣṭaṃ syāt, tasya dharmā aupasade barhiṣy atidiśyeran, na tu tad asti kenacid vākyena. evaṃ{*4/236*} prakṛtya, barhiṣo viśeṣo vakṣyate. āśvavālaḥ prastaraḥ, vidhṛtī caikṣavyāv iti. tena na paravihitaṃ barhir ucyate, na niriṣṭikam{*4/237*}, na kutaścid dharmā pratidiśyante. kiṃ tarhi? sādhāraṇam amīṣāṃ barhir ucyate, yad ātithyāyāṃ vidhīyate, tad evopasadām, agnīṣomīyasya ca vidhīyata iti, aviśiṣṭānāṃ barhiṣā saṃyoga ekena sarveṣām, yad ādau barhir lūyate, tal lavanaṃ sarveṣām arthena, sādhāraṇo barhiṣaḥ prayogaḥ. evaṃ śrutiḥ śabdasya, parigṛhītā bhaviṣyati, itarathā dharmalakṣaṇā bhavet, śrutilakṣaṇāviśaye ca śrutir nyāyyā na lakṣaṇā. tasmāt trayāṇāṃ sādhāraṇaṃ barhir iti, pakṣoktaṃ prayojanam.

[486]{*4/238*}