Cappeller: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Based on Cappeller, Carl: A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons. Strassburg : 1891

Input by Cologne Digital Sanskrit Lexicon (CDSL)
[GRETIL-Version vom 28.07.2017]

This file is based on cae.txt, available at
(C) Copyright 2014 The Sanskrit Library and Thomas Malten under the following license:

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description:multibyte sequence:
long a ā
long A Ā
long i ī
long I Ī
long u ū
long U Ū
vocalic r
vocalic R
long vocalic r
vocalic l
vocalic L
long vocalic l
velar n
velar N
palatal n ñ
palatal N Ñ
retroflex t
retroflex T
retroflex d
retroflex D
retroflex n
retroflex N
palatal s ś
palatal S Ś
retroflex s
retroflex S
long e ē
long o ō
l underbar
r underbar
n underbar
k underbar
t underbar

Unless indicated otherwise, accents have been dropped in order
to facilitate word search.

For a comprehensive list of GRETIL encodings and formats see:

For further information see:

[Page 1]

a [1] pron. stem of 3d pers.

a [2] an neg. prefix, corresponding to Gr. a an, Lat. in, Germ. un, etc.

aṃśa m. portion, share, part, party; N. of a god.

aṃśakalpanā f. allotment of shares.

aṃśaprakalpanā f. allotment of shares.

aṃśapradāna n. granting of a share; abl. -tas.

aṃśabhāgin a. having a share, partaking of (gen. or --°).

aṃśabhāj a. having a share, partaking of (gen. or --°).

aṃśabhūta a. forming part of (gen.).

aṃśu m. stem or juice of the Soma plant; ray of light.

aṃśuka n. garment, cloth.

aṃśukānta m. the edge of a garment.

aṃśupaṭṭa n. a kind of cloth.

aṃśumant a. rich in Soma or rays, m. the sun.

aṃsa m. shoulder.

aṃsakūṭa m. -pṛṣṭha n. the same (lit. top & back of the shoulder).

aṃsatra n. armour, mail.

aṃsala a. strong, stout.

aṃsavartin a. being on the shoulder.

aṃsavyāpin a. reaching up to the shoulder.

aṃh aṃhate v walk. C. aṃhayati send.

aṃhati f. aṃhas aṃhu n. pressure, distress.

aṃhīyaṃs (comp.) narrower.

aṃhura a. pressed, distressed.

aṃhūraṇa a. pressed, n. pressure.

aṃhri m. foot.

aka n. not-joy, i.e. sorrow, woe.

akaṭhora a. not hard; soft, tender.

akaṇṭaka a. free from thorns or enemies, untroubled.

akathita a. not spoken of, unmentioned.

akaniṣṭha a. pl. having no youngest (brother), equal in age or strength.

akandasamutthita a. not grown from a bulb.*

akanyā f. no (more a) maid.

akampita a. not trembling, unshaken.

akaraṇa n. non-doing, omission.

akaruṇa a. pitiless, cruel.

akarṇa a. earless, deaf.

akartavya a. not to be done; n. misdeed.

akartṛ a. not acting, m. no agent.

akarmaka a. having no object, intransitive.

akarmakṛt a. performing no action.

akarman [1] n. inactivity.

akarman [2] a. inactive, lazy.

akalaha a. without quarrel.

akalita a. unconceived, undefined; -mahiman a. of immeasurable greatness.

akalpa a. unfit for (acc.); unable to, incapable of (loc., inf., or --°).

akalmaṣa a. stainless.

akalya a. unhealthy, sick.

akava a. abundant, liberal.

akavi a. unwise.

akasmāt adv. abruptly, unexpectedly, at once; (lit. without a why, i.e. without any apparent cause).

akāṇḍa a. immediate, sudden (lit. without any joint, i.e. connection or intervening cause); loc. = prec.

akāma a. free from love or desire, unwilling. involuntary; adv. akāmatas, abstr. akāmatā f.

akāra m. the sound or letter a.

akāraka a. ineffective, unsuccessful.

akāraṇa a. causeless; n. no cause.

akāraṇabandhu m. a disinterested friend.

akāraṇamāraka m. murderer without cause.*

[Page 2]

akārya a. & n. = akartavya.

akāryakārin a. committing a bad action; m. an evil-doer, offender.

akāla m. not the (right) time; °--, loc., & -tas untimely, out of time.

akālakṣepam adv. without delay, immediately.

akāladurdina n. unseasonable or bad weather.

akālahīnam adv. without loss of time; at once, suddenly.

akiṃcana a. without anything, poor, indigent; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

akiṃcitkurvāṇa a. not doing anything, inactive.

akīrti f. infamy, disgrace; -kara a. disgracing.

akīrtita a. unmentioned.

akutobhaya a. fearless (lit. not afraid from any quarter).

akutsayant a. not contemning.

akurvant a. not doing, omitting.

akurvāṇa a. not doing, omitting.

akula a. of low (lit. of no) family; low-born, base.

akulīna a. of low (lit. of no) family; low-born, base.

akulatā f. lowness of family.

akuśala a. inauspicious, unlucky; incapable, awkward, clumsy.

akusumita a. not having blossomed.

akūpāra a. boundless; m. the ocean.

akṛta a. undone, unmade, unwrought, unprepared, imperfect, unappointed; often °-- not having done or got.

akṛtacūḍa a. whose tonsure has not been performed.

akṛtajña a. unthankful (lit. not knowing or recognising things done).

akṛtapuṇya a. not having acquired merit; sinful, miserable.

akṛtapūrva a. never before done.

akṛtaprasāda a. not having got mercy, unpardoned.*

akṛtabuddhi a. of imperfect knowledge, dull, stupid; abstr. -tva n.

akṛtavaira a. unoffended.

akṛtasatkāra a. unaccommodated, not hospitably received.

akṛtātman a. of uncultivated mind, rude.

akṛtānna n. uncooked food.

akṛtārtha a. not having attained the (desired) object, unsatisfied.

akṛtāhnika a. not performing the daily rites.

akṛtya a. = akartavya.

akṛtsna a. not whole, incomplete.

akṛtsnavid a. not omniscient.

akṛpaṇa a. unquerulous, cheerful.

akṛṣīvala a. not cultivating the field.

akṛṣṭa a. untilled; n. untilled soil.

aketu a. without light or shape.

akaitava a. unfeigned, sincere.

akopayant a. not irritating.

aktā f. night (cf. seq.).

aktu m. ointment; light or night (lit. what is anointed, i.e. tinged bright or dark); instr. pl. o. = by night.

akra [1] a. inactive.

akra [2] m. banner, flag.

akratu a. powerless, unwise, free from desire.

akrama m. want of order; °-- confusedly.

akravyād a. not eating flesh.

akravyāda a. not eating flesh.

akriyā f. inactivity, omission.

akrīta a. unbought.

akrūra a. not cruel or harsh.

akrodha [1] m. abstr. to seq.

akrodha [2] a. free from anger, impassionate.

akrodhana a. the same.

akliṣṭa a. unvexed, unimpaired; akliṣṭakarman & akliṣṭakārin a. of unwearied activity.

akleśa m. non-affliction.

akṣa pp. aṣṭa reach, obtain.

akṣa [1] m. die for playing; pl. game at dice.

akṣa [2] m. axle.

akṣa [3] (adj. --° f. ī) = akṣan.

akṣaṇvant a. having eyes.

akṣata a. unhurt, unbroken, unhusked (grain).

akṣatayoni a. virginal (lit. vulvam integram habens), -patnī a wife wedded as a virgin.

akṣatra a. without the warrior caste.

akṣadyūta n. game at dice.

akṣan n. eye.

akṣanaipuṇa n. skill in playing at dice.

akṣapriya m. friend of, i.e. lucky with the dice.

akṣabhaṅga m. breaking of an axle.

akṣama a. unable to bear, no match or unfit for (loc., inf., or --°); f. ā intolerance, impatience, envy.

[Page 3]

akṣamālā f. rosary, string of beads (also -likā f.); E. of Arundhat.)

akṣaya a. imperishable; abstr -tā f., -tva n.

akṣayaphala a. yielding imperishable fruit.

akṣayya a. inexhaustible, imperishable.

akṣara a. the same; n. sound, word, syllable, esp. the sacred Om; record, writing.

akṣaracchandas n. a syllabic metre (i.e. a metre regulated by syllables).

akṣarapaṅkti f. N. of a metre.

akṣarapada n. a word consisting of syllables.*

akṣarā f. speech.

akṣavatī f. game at dice.

akṣahṛdaya n. the art (lit. heart) of playing at dice.

akṣāralavaṇa n. anything not pungent or salted; akṣāralavaṇānna & akṣāralavaṇāśin eating such food.

akṣi n. eye.

akṣiṇvant a. not hurting.

akṣita a. unhurt, unbroken, imperishable.

akṣīṇa a. unhurt, unbroken, imperishable.

akṣīyamāṇa a. unhurt, unbroken, imperishable.

akṣiti a. the same; f. imperishableness.

akṣipat adv. a bit (lit. what flies into the eye).

akṣiroga m. disease of the eyes.

akṣiśiromukha (n. sgl.) eye, head, and mouth.

akṣī f. eye.

akṣu m. a kind of net.

akṣuṇa a. unhurt, uninjured; fresh, new, strange.

akṣetra [1] n. no field, barren ground.

akṣetra [2] a. uncultivated, uninhabitable, comp. -tara.

akṣetrin a. having no field.

akṣauhiṇī f. a (complete) army.

akṣṇayā adv. athwart, obliquely, in the wrong way.

akṣṇayāvan a. going athwart.

akhaṇḍa a. undivided, indivisible; whole, entire.

akhaṇḍakala a. having its digits complete, full (the moon).

akhaṇḍita a. unbroken, uninterrupted, undisturbed.

akhaṇḍitacāritra a. of unbroken (good) conduct.*

akharva a. unmutilated, entire, complete.

akhādita a. unchewed.*

akhidra a. unwearied.

akhidrayāman a. of unwearied course.

akhila a. having no gap or void, whole, entire; instr. wholly, completely. n. all, everything.

akheda m. unweariedness, freshness.

akhkhalī exclam. of joy or surprise, -kṛ utter this sound.

aga (*a. not moving;) m. tree or mountain.

agaṇayant a. -yitvā ger. not reckoning or heeding; not caring for (acc.).

agata a. not gone; n. untrodden ground.

agatāsu a. alive (lit. whose breath is not yet gone).

agada [1] m. not-disease, health.

agada [2] a. free from disease, well, healthy; m. medicine, drug.

agandha a. without smell.

agandhavant a. without smell.

agama a. immovable, inaccessible; m. tree.

agamya a. inaccessible, unintelligible; f. ā (a woman) not to be approached.

agamyāgamana n. approaching an unapproachable (female), illicit sexual intercourse; -nīya a. relating to it.

agarhita a. unblamed, blameless.

agasti m. N. of a sage.

agastya m. N. of a sage.

agāgra n. mountain-top.

agādha a. bottomless, deep; -sattva a. of an unfathomable character.

agāra n. (m.) house. -dāhin burning a house, incendiary.

agu a having no cows, poor.

aguṇa a. having no qualities or virtues. worthless; m. bad quality. vice.

aguṇībhūta a. not being subordinate or secondary.

agupta a. unguarded.

aguru a. not heavy; light, short (prosod.): m. n. aloe wood.

agṛbhīta a. untaken, unconceived; -śocis having inconceivable splendour.

agṛhīta a. = agṛbhīta.

agṛhītvā ger. without (taking).*

agṛhṇant a. not taking or conceiving.

agṛhya a. not to be taken or conceived.

agocara a. not being within the reach of, inaccessible to (gen. or --°); abstr. -tā f.

agopā a. without a cowherd, unguarded.

[Page 4]

agopāla a. the same; m. no cowherd.

agohya a. not to be hidden.

agnāyī f. N. of Agni's wife.

agni m. fire, or Agni (the god of fire).

agnikarman n. action of Agni or action pertaining to fire, esp. the arranging or kindling of the sacrificial fire.

agnikalpa a. fire-like, fiery.

agnikāma m. wish for fire.

agnikārya n. -kriyā f. = agnikarman.

agnigṛha n. the place of the sacred fire.

agnicaya m. -cayana n. the arranging of the fire-place.

agnijihva a. fire-tongued.

agnijvalitatejana a. having a point blazing with fire.

agnitraya n. -tretā f. the three sacred fires.

agnida m. incendiary.

agnidagdha a. burned with fire; m. pl. a class of Manes.

agnidūta a. having Agni as messenger, carried or brought by Agni.

agnidūṣita a. hurt by fire, branded.

agnidh m. (the priest) who kindles the fire.

agnipakva a. cooked with fire; -pakvāśana eating cooked food.

agniparikriyā f. care of the sacred fire.

agniparicchada m. the implements required for a fire-sacrifice.

agnipurāṇa n. T. of a Pura.

agnipraveśa m. -praskandana n. (self-immolation by) entering the fire.

agnibhrājas a. having fiery splendour.

agnimant a. maintaining the sacred fire, also = agnivant.

agnimitra m. N. of a king.

agnivant a. standing at the sacred fire.

agnivarṇa a. fire-coloured, boiling hot.

agniśaraṇa n. = agnigṛha.

agniśikha a. having a fiery or burning point (arrow); f. ā fire-flame.

agniśuddhi f. purification by fire.

agniśuśrūṣā f. attention to the sacred fire.

agniṣṭut m. the first day of the Agniṣṭoma (v. seq.).

agniṣṭoma m. a cert. ceremony (lit. praise of Agni).

agniṣvātta m. pl. a class of the Manes (lit. eaten by fire).

agnisaṃskāra m. rite performed by fire, esp. the burning of the dead body.

agnisāt adv. into fire; -kṛ burn.

agnisvāmin m. N. of man.

agnihotra [1] n. fire-sacrifice.

agnihotra [2] a. sacrificing to Agni.

agnihotrahavaṇī f. ladle for a fire-sacrifice.

agnihotrin a. performing the fire-sacrifice.

agnīndra m. du. Agni and Indra.

agnīdh m. = agnidh.

agnīndhana n. kindling of the fire.

agnīṣoma m. du. Agni and Soma.

agnyāgāra m. = agnigṛha.

agnyādhāna n. setting up the fire.

agnyādheya n. setting up the fire.

agnyāhita a. who has set up the fire.

agra n. front, top, summit, tip, point, upper part, surface; outbreak, beginning; the highest or best of anything. -- agram in front or in presence of, (gen. or --°); agre the same + from (to = ā), before (abl.); absol. at first, in the beginning; w. bhū precede.

agrakara m. finger and first ray.

agraja a. first-born (also -jā); m. eldest brother.

agrajanman m. a Brahman (lit. = prec.).

agraṇī a. leading; m. chief, principal.

agratas = agre; agratas kṛ v place in front, send before.

agrabhāga m. -bhūmi f. uppermost part, top.

agramukha n. bill, beak.*

agrayāyin a. marching foremost.

agrahasta m. tip of the hand (i.e. finger) or of an elephant's trunk.

agrahāra m. a piece of land held by Brahmans under special grants.

agrānīka n. front of an army, vanguard.

agrāhayitvā ger. without making a person accept a thing (2 acc.).

agrāhin a. not catching or biting (leech).

agrāhya a. = agṛhya.

agrima a. preceding, foremost, first.

agriya a. the same, principal, best, excellent; n. the best.

agru f. agrū single, unmarried.

agrega a. first-going.

agregā a. first-going.

agregū a. first-going.

[Page 5]

agredidhiṣu m. a man married at his first marriage with a widow; f. (also -ṣū) a younger sister married before her elder.

agrepā a. first-drinking.

agrepū a. first-drinking.

agresara f. ī preceding, going first.

agrya a. foremost, first, best.

agha a. evil, bad, sinful (also aghala); n. evil, sin, harm, impurity.

aghamarṣaṇa a. forgiving sin; n. N. of a certain Vedic hymn.

aghavighātakartṛ m. destroyer of evil.

aghaśaṃsa a. meditating evil, wicked.

aghāy aghāyati v be wicked, a. -yu.

aghāhan n. day of sin, ill-luck, or impurity.

aghṛṇa a. pitiless, cruel, unkind.

aghoraghaṇṭa m. N. of a man.

aghnya m. bull, f. ā cow (lit. not to be slain).

aghreya a. not to be smelled at.

aṅka m. hook (poss. aṅkin), bend, flank, esp. of the body, groin, lap, side, proximity; mark, sign; act of a play.

aṅkapālī f. an embrace.

aṅkay aṅkayati v pp. aṅkita mark, stamp, brand (a criminal).

aṅkayaṣṭi f. a slender (lit. stalk of a) body.

aṅkaśāyin a. lying in the lap.

aṅkas n. bend, curve.

aṅkasa s. side, flank (of a horse).

aṅkastha a. = aṅkaśāyin.

aṅkura m. shoot, sprout; poss. -rita or -ravant.

aṅkuraya & aṅkurāy aṅkurāyate v to sprout.

aṅkuśa m. hook, esp. for driving an elephant.

aṅkuśin a. hooked, crooked, deceiving.

aṅkhay aṅkhayantra v grapple. --
     pari M. embrace.

aṅkya a. to be branded.

aṅga aṅgati v move.

aṅga [1] a. particle implying sollicitation, confirmation, or stress.

aṅga [2] m. N. of sev. men & of a country (Bengal), pl. its inhabitants.

aṅga [3] (adj. --° f. ī) limb, member, body (also aṅgaka n.); part, means requisite, supplement (cf. vedāṅga), theme (g.).

aṅgaṇa n. court.

aṅgada m. a man's name; n. bracelet, poss. -din.

aṅgana n. = aṅgaṇa.

aṅganā f. woman, female.

aṅgabhaṅga m. distortion of the limbs.*

aṅgarāga m. paint, ointment, perfume (applied to the body).

aṅgarāja m. the king of Anga, i.e. Karṇa.

aṅgavikāra m. disease (lit. alteration of the body).

aṅgavidyā f. knowledge of the (lucky and unlucky marks of the) body.

aṅgasaṃskāra m. embellishment of the body.

aṅgasaṃtāpa m. bodily pain.*

aṅgasparśa m. bodily contact.

aṅgahīna a. deficient in limbs; abstr. -tva n.

aṅgāra m. n. coal; aṅgārakā m. the same; the planet Mars.

aṅgāvapīḍana n. injuring of a limb.

aṅgiras m. a kind of mythol. beings with Agni at their head; N. of an old Rishi, pl. his descendants or their hymns, i.e. the Atharvaveda. -- -rastama (superl.) quite an A., aṅgirasvat adv. like an A.

aṅgin a. poss. to aṅga3; m. a. limbed or living creature.

aṅgīkṛ appropriate, conquer, subdue (lit. make part of one's self, cf. 3. aṅga); consent to, promise, grant; abstr. -karaṇa n., -kāra m.

aṅguri f. finger, toe.

aṅgurīyaka n. finger-ring.

aṅgula m. n. a thumb's breadth.

aṅguli f. finger or toe.

aṅgulī f. finger or toe.

aṅgulitra n. finger-protector, i.e. a kind of leather thimble worn by archers.

aṅgulitrāṇa n. finger-protector, i.e. a kind of leather thimble worn by archers.

aṅgulitravant a. poss. to aṅgulitra.

aṅgulimudrā f. seal-ring (lit. finger-seal).

aṅgulimūla n. the root of a finger.

aṅgulīya n. finger-ring.

aṅgulīyaka n. finger-ring.

aṅguṣṭha m. thumb or great toe; aṅguṣṭhamātra & aṅguṣṭhamātraka a. having the length of a thumb.

aṅguṣṭhamūla n. the root of the thumb.

aṅghri m. foot, root; aṅghripaṭna s. lotus-(like) foot.

[Page 6]

ac acati acate & añcati añcate v pp. akna (akta)

acita & añcita v (q.v.) bend, move, go; exalt, honour. C. añcayati rouse, excite. --
     apa push off, remove.
     ā bend, curve.
     ud lift up, raise.
     ni bend down; drop, sink.
     pari turn.
     vi bend asunder, spread, extend.
     sam bend or press together.

acakṣurviṣaya a. not being within the reach of sight, invisible; m. a far distance.

acakṣus a. eyeless, blind.

acandana a. not being sandal.

acara a. immovable, firm.

acarama a. having no hindmost, i.e. having innumerable followers.

acala a. the same; m. mountain, f. ā the earth.

acalana n. immobility; inflexibility from (abl.).

acalapratiṣṭha a. of firm standing.

acāpala n. non-unsteadiness; firmness, constancy.

acit a. unthinking, foolish.

acitta a. unconceived, inconceivable.

acitti f. want of intellect, folly.

acintanīya a. inconceivable.

acintā f. thoughtlessness, disregard.

acintita a. unthought of, unexpected.

acintya a. incomprehensible.

acintyaparākrama a. of inconceivable power.

acintyarūpa a. of incomprehensible form.

acira a. not long (time); short, brief. °-- not long ago, recently, just (esp. before pp.); acirama acireṇa & acirāt in a short time, soon, directly.

aciradyuti f. lightning (lit. having brief splendour).

aciraprabhā f. lightning (lit. having brief splendour).

aciraprabhās f. lightning (lit. having brief splendour).

acirapravrajita a. recently become a religious mendicant.

acirasthita a. not having been kept (lit. not h. stood) a long time.

acirodita a. just risen.

acetana a. reasonless, unconscious.

acetas a. the same.

aceṣṭa a. motionless; abstr. -tā f.

acodita a. not compelled, spontaneous.

acodyamāna a. not compelled, spontaneous.

acaura m. no thief.*

accha [1] acchā adv. close by, here; prep. to, towards (acc.); often °-- in verbs.

acchā adv. close by, here; prep. to, towards (acc.); often °-- in verbs.

accha [2] a. clear, transparent, clean, pure.

acchala n. no fraud or artifice; instr. adv.

acchidra a. unbroken, uninterrupted, complete.

acchinna a. uncut, unbroken, unhurt.

acchedya a. not to be cut off.

acchokti f. invocation, invitation.

acyuta a. unshaken, firm, imperishable; m. N. of Viṣṇu.

acyutacyut a. shaking what is firm.

aj ajati ajate v drive. --
     apa drive away.
     abhi drive near or together, join.
     ava drive down.
     ā bring near, fetch; approach.
     ud M. drive out, take off.
     upa drive near or hither.
     nis drive out.
     vi drive asunder, rush through (acc.).
     sam drive together, unite; overthrow.

aja [1] m. drift, rush; driver, mover (often w. ekapad q.v.); N. of a king; he-goat, f. ā she-goat.

aja [2] a. unborn; f. ā nature (ph.).

ajagara m. large serpent, boa.

ajaḍa a. not stupid, wise.

ajana unpeopled; n. solitude.

ajapa m. goat-herd.

ajapāla m. goat-herd.

ajamāyu a. bleating like a goat.

ajamīḍha (ajamīḷha) m. N. of a man.

ajayya a. invincible.

ajara a. not aging, ageless, undecaying.

ajarant a. the same.

ajarya a. the same.

ajarāmara a. free from age and death; -vat adv., -tva n. abstr.

ajalpant a. not saying.

ajasra a. unexhausted, incessant; n. adv.

ajahakṣaṇā f. opp. of jahallakṣaṇā q.v.

ajāta a. unborn, not existent.

ajātapakṣa a. having no wings (grown).

ajātaśatru a. having no enemies (existent), E. of Yudhiṣṭhira etc.

ajānant a. not knowing.

ajāmi a. not of kin; not becoming among kindred.

ajāvi (m. pl.), ajāvika (n. sgl.) goats and sheep.

ajita a. unconquered, unsubdued.

ajitātman a. having an unsubdued soul.

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ajitendriya a. having unconquered senses, passionate.

ajina n. hide, esp. of a goat or antelope.

ajira a. agile, swift; n. adv., as subst. area, court.

ajirāy ajirāyate v be quick.

ajihma a. not crooked; straight, upright.

ajihmaga a. going straight; m. arrow.

ajihvikā f. Tongueless, N. of a Rākṣasī.

ajīgarta m. N. of a Rishi.

ajīta a. unfaded, fresh; abstr. ajīti f.

ajīrṇa n. indigestion.

ajīryatā f. indestructibleness.

ajīva a. lifeless.

ajīvant a. not living, unable to subsist.

ajīvita n. not-life, death.

ajur a. not aging, imperishable.

ajurya a. not aging, imperishable.

ajuṣṭa a. unpleasant, disagreeable.

ajeya a. unconquerable.

ajjukā f. a courtesan.*

ajña a. not knowing, ignorant; m. fool.

ajñatā f. ignorance.

ajñāta a. unknown; n. adv. without the knowledge of (gen.).

ajñāti m. not a kinsman.

ajñāna a. ignorant. n. ignorance; ajñānanāt & ajñānanatas unknowingly, unawares.

ajñānaja a. born of ignorance.

ajñās a. having no relations.

ajñeya a. inconceivable, incomprehensible.

ajma m. ajmam n. course, way, train.

ajyeṣṭha a. not the eldest or the best, pl. having no eldest brother; ajyeṣṭhavṛtti a. not behaving like an eldest brother.

ajra m. acre, field, plain; a. ajyrṛ.

ajvin a. active, agile.

añcala m. end or border of a cloth.

añcita a. bent, crooked; raised, honoured, excellent, extraordinary, beautiful.

añj anakti aṅkte v pp. akta smear, anoint, adorn (M. refl.); glorify, extol; make clear, manifest. C. añjayati smear, anoint. --
     anu anoint.
     abhi smear, anoint (M. refl.), adorn.
     ā anoint, smooth, embellish, glorify.
     ni smear, anoint; M. slip into, hide among (antar).
     prati anoint, adorn.
     vi M. anoint throughout; anoint or adorn one's self with (instr. or acc.); make clear, bring to notice, betray. C. cause to become clear, reveal.
     abhivi P. become clear, appear.
     sam anoint, adorn, embellish, honour; join, unite; lick, devour; M. feed on (instr.). -- Cf. abhivyakta abhyakta vyakta.

añjana n. smearing, anointing; suggesting (rh.); ointment, paint, esp. a collyrium made of antimony.

añjali m. the two hollowed hands put together (as a measure or a token of reverence). -liṃ kṛ or bandh put the hands together and raise them to the forehead.

añjas n. ointment; instr. & acc. quickly, suddenly (lit. in a slippery way or with gliding motion).

añjaḥsava m. rapid preparation of Soma.

añji a. smearing, slippery (also añjiva); m. n. ointment, paint, colour, ornament.

añjimant a. anointed, adorned.

aṭ aṭati aṭate v ±
     pari) walk about, roam.

aṭana n. roaming, wandering.

aṭani f. the notched end of a bow.

aṭanī f. the notched end of a bow.

aṭavī f. forest.

aṭṭa m. tower, buttress, also aṭṭāla m.

aṭṭahāsa m. loud laughter.

aṭyā f. roaming.

aṇiman [1] m. subtility, minuteness (also considered as a superhuman faculty).

aṇiṣṭha superl. & compar. to aṇu.

aṇīyaṃs superl. & compar. to aṇu.

aṇiman [2] n. the smallest piece or part.

aṇu f. aṇvī small, minute, tiny, atomic; m. atom, f. finger.

aṇumātrika a. containing minute particles.

aṇumukha f. ī small-mouthed.

aṇḍa n. egg, testicle; -gata a. being in the egg.

aṇḍaja a. egg-born; m. bird.

aṇva n. a fine hole in the Soma strainer.

at atati atate v walk about, wander, run. --
     sam go or come to (acc.).

atattva n. untruth, unreality; -tas not really.

atattvārthavant a. not answering to the nature of truth.

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ataṭa m. precipice (lit. having no slope).

atathābhāva m. unreality (lit. the not being so).

atathocita a. not used to this (gen.).

atadvid a. not knowing that.

atanu a. not small, large.

atandra a. unwearied.

atandrita a. unwearied.

atandrin a. unwearied.

atapas a. impious (lit. excercising no austerities).

atapaska a. impious (lit. excercising no austerities).

atapasya a. impious (lit. excercising no austerities).

atarkita a. unconsidered, unexpected.

atala n. N. of a cert. hell (lit. bottomless).

atas adv. hence, afterwards, then, from now (± ūrdhvam & param); therefore, consequently. Also = abl. of 1 a.

atasa n. thicket, copse.

atasi m. wanderer, beggar.

ati adv. (mostly °--) across, beyond, past, over, excessively, quite, most; as prep. beyond, over (w. acc., r. gen.).

atikaruṇa a. too piteous or miserable, n. adv.

atikalyam adv. too early.

atikalyāṇa f. ī exceedingly beautiful.

atikātara a. too timid or shy.

atikāya a. very big or tall.

atikupita a. very angry, wrathful.

atikṛcchra m. a certain penance (lit. too painful).

atikṛta a. overdone, extraordinary.

atikopa m. great anger, wrath.

atikopana a. too angry.

atikrama m. going over, passing; transgression, disregard; mistake, blunder.

atikramaṇa n. going over, passing, transgressing; irreverence towards (--°).

atikrūra a. too cruel or dreadful.

atiklāmita a. very depressed.*

atiga (--°) exceeding, transgressing.

aticatura a. very quick.

aticāra m. transgression.

aticiram adv. very long.

aticchandas a. free from desires; f. a hypermetrical verse.

atijagatī f. N. of a metre.

atijīvanmṛtaka a. more dead than living.

atitapasvin a. very ascetic.

atitarām adv. more, in a higher degree; much, exceedingly, absolutely.

atitārin a. crossing, getting over.

atitṛṣṇa a. very thirsty.

atitṛṣṇā f. excessive greediness.

atitejas a. very splendid or powerful.

atitejasvin a. very splendid or powerful.

atithi m. guest: atithitva n. hospitality.

atithipūjana n. -pūjā f. honourable reception of a guest.

atidakṣiṇatā f. too much courtesy.*

atidāruṇa a. too hard or cruel.

atidāha m. violent burning or heat.

atidīpta a. blazing violently.

atidīrgha a. too long.

atidīrghakopanatā f. too long lasting anger.*

atiduḥkhānvita a. greatly afflicted.

atiduḥkhita a. greatly afflicted.

atidurvṛtta a. of very bad conduct.

atiduṣkara a. very difficult.

atiduṣṭa a. too wicked or cruel.

atidustara a. very difficult to be crossed.

atidūna a. too shaken or troubled.*

atidūra a. very or too far.

atidṛḍha a. too firm, close, or tight.

atideśa m. transfer, extended application, analogy.

atidhīra a. quite constant.

atidhṛti f. N. of a class of metres.

atināṣṭra a. past danger.

atinidrālu a. too sleepy.

atinirghṛṇa a. quite pitiless.*

atinirbandha m. too much eagerness; instr. & -tas adv.

atinirviṇṇa a. too despondent or humble.*

atiniṣkaruṇa a. too merciless.

atiniṣṭhura a. too rude or harsh; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

atinṛśaṃsa a. too wicked.

atiparikṣata a. grievously wounded.

atipāta m. passing away; disregard, neglect.

atipātin a. going beyond, passing, overtaking, neglecting.

atipinaddha a. too tightly fastened.*

atiprakāśa a. very manifest; abstr. -katva n.

atiprage adv. too early.

atiprabandha m. uninterruptedness, continuance

atipramāṇa a. of extraordinary size, huge.

atiprayukta a. very much used or common.

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atipravṛtta a. very zealous or active.

atipravṛddha a. full-grown, advanced (age); too haughty or arrogant.

atipraśānta a. quite abated or calm.

atiprasakti f. -prasaṅga m. excessive attachment to (gen. or --°); abl. -prasaṅgatas.

atiprasanna n. (imp.) too kind of (instr.).

atiprākṛta a. quite vulgar or uneducated.

atiprauḍhayauvana a. in the full bloom of youth.

atibala a. very strong.

atibalavant a. very strong.

atibalin a. very strong.

atibāla a. very young.

atibībhatsa a. quite disgusting.

atibodhisattva a. exceeding the saints.

atibhakti f. excessive devotion.

atibhāra m. heavy burden.

atibhīṣaṇa a. quite dreadful.

atibhukta n. (imp.) too much eaten.

atibhūmi f. culmination, high degree; (laṅghin going too far*).

atibhūri a. very much; -payas a. yielding very much milk.

atibhairava a. most terrific.

atimadhyaṃdina n. the very midday.

atibhojana n. too much eating.

atimadhuram adv. very sweetly.*

atimalina a. very dirty or mean.

atimātra a. exceeding the measure, excessive; °-- & n. adv.

atimāna m. high opinion, arrogance.

atimānin a. haughty, arrogant.

atimānuṣa a. superhuman.

atimukta a. escaped (acc.); s. N. of a plant.

atimukhara a. very talkative.

atimugdha a. much perplexed.

atimūḍha a. quite foolish.

atiyaśa a. very glorious.

atiyaśas a. very glorious.

atiraṃhas a. very quick.

atiramaṇīya a. quite delightful.

atiramya a. quite delightful.

atiraskṛta a. unimpaired.

atirātra a. left over from last night.

atirikta a. excessive, superfluous, too large, too much, surpassing (acc.) by (instr.); having too much or too many (°-- or --°); different from (abl. or --°). Abstr. atiriktatā f.

atiriktāṅga a. having redundant limbs.

atiruṣ a. very angry.

atirūpa a. most beautiful; n. great beauty.

atireka m. surplus, remainder, rest; excess, high degree.

atilajjanīya a. too shameful or confounding.*

atilalita a. very pleasant.

atilubdha a. very covetous or greedy.

atilobha m. -tā f. excessive greediness or desire.

atiloma a. too hairy.

atilola a. very unsteady or frail.

atilohita f. -hinī very red.

atilaulya n. too much eagerness or desire.

ativartana n. escape.

ativartin a. exceeding, transgressing.

ativarṣa m. n., -varṣaṇa n. too much rain.

ativāda m. excessive language, injury.

ativāmoru a. exceedingly beautiful (lit. hand-some-thighed).

atividhura a. too miserable.

ativisaṃṣṭhula a. too unsteady or uncertain.

ativistara a. diffuseness, prolixity; -tas at large, in full detail.

ativistāra m. too great extent.

ativīryavant a. very powerful.

ativṛtta a. passed away; past or beyond (--°).

ativṛddha a. very old, tall, or strong; prominent by (instr.).

ativṛṣṭi f. too much rain, -da giving or causing it.

atiśakvarī f. N. of a metre.

atiśaṅkita a. much afraid of (abl.)

atiśaya a. excessive, excellent, superior to (abl.); m. excessiveness, excellence, superiority. °-- & instr. adv. excessively, very much, more.

atiśayana f. atiśayanī & atiśayin a. excellent.

atiśayita a. exceeded; exceeding (acc.), extraordinary.

atiśayopamā f. an exaggerated comparison.

atiśāyin a. surpassing.

atiśithila a. very inconstant.*

atiśiṣṭa a. left, remaining.

atiśuddha a. quite pure or clean.

atiśauṇḍīratā f. too much generosity.*

atiśrama m. excessive weariness.

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atiṣakta a. connected with (instr.), attached to (--°).

atiṣita a. underbound.

atiṣkad f. leaping over.

atiṣṭhant a. not staying, restless; withdrawing from (loc.).

atiṣṭhā a. surpassing; f. superiority.

atisaṃkaṭa a. very difficult; n. great trouble.

atisaṃkruddha a. very angry.

atisaṃcaya m. too much hoarding.

atisaṃnidhāna n. too great nearness.

atisaṃbhrama m. vehement agitation or confusion.

atisarasa a. most delicious (also as compar. w. abl.).

atisarga m. concession, permission, leave.

atisahasā (instr. adv.) too suddenly.

atisāṃvatsara f. ī extending beyond a year.

atisādhvasa n. too much shyness.

atisāyam adv. very late.

atisāra m. diarrhoea.

atisāhasa n. excessive rashness, temerity.

atisukha a. most delightful.

atisūkṣma a. very subtile or minute.

atisṛṣṭi f. a higher creation.

atisauhitya n. too good cheer (lit. over-saturation).

atisvapnaśīla a. too much given to sleep.

atisvalpa a. very small or little.

atīta a. gone away, passed, dead; going beyond, transcending, surpassing (--°).

atītaśaiśava a. who has passed his infancy or minority.

atīndriya a. going beyond or unattainable by the senses; n. mind, soul.

atīndriyagrāhya a. conceivable (only) by the internal organ.

atīrtha n. not the right way or time.

atīva adv. exceedingly, very much; as prep. above, more than (acc. or abl.).

atudant a. not urging.

atula a. unequalled, unparalleled.

atuṣṭa a. dissatisfied.

atuṣṭi f. dissatisfaction.

atuṣṭikara a. causing discontent, disgusting.

atūtuji a. not quick; slow.

atṛpṇuvant a. insatiable.

atṛpta a. unsatiated, unsatisfied; abstr. -tā f.

ataijasa a. not made of metal.

atka m. garment, veil; lightning.

attavya a. to be eaten.

attā f. mother.*

attikā f. mother.*

atti a. eating, consuming.

attṛ m. eater, devourer; f. attrī.

atya a. hastening, running, swift; m. courser, horse, f. ā mare.

atyadbhuta a. most wonderful.

atyanta a. reaching to the end, uninterrupted, continual, thorough, complete, absolute. ° & n. to the end, through life, for ever, continually, throughout, thoroughly.

atyaya m. going beyond, passing-away; transgression, offence, sin; distress, pain, danger; end, death.

atyartha (°--) & -m adv. excessively, very much.

atyalpa a. very little.

atyalpabuddhi a. of very small understanding, stupid.

atyaśana n. too much eating.

atyaśnant a. eating too much.

atyaṣṭi f. N. of a metre.

atyākula a. very confused; n. adv.

atyāgin a. not leaving or renouncing.

atyādara m. too much regard or consideration.

atyāditya a. excelling the sun.

atyāyata a. very tall.

atyārūḍha a. risen too high, excessive, immoderate.

atyāścarya a. most wonderful or strange.

atyāhita a. extraordinary, dreadful; n. calamity, misfortune.

atyugra a. very mighty or strong; awful, dire.

atyucchrita a. highest, most exalted.

atyudātta a. prominent.

atyudāra a. most sublime.

atyunnati f. elevation, high rank.

atyuṣṇa a. very hot.

atra adv. here, hither; herein, in this case or matter; there, then; also = loc. of 1 a.

atrā adv. here, hither; herein, in this case or matter; there, then; also = loc. of 1 a.

atrapa a. shameless.

atrabhavant f. -vatī his or her reverence (here).

atrāntare (loc. adv.) meantime.

atri a. eating, devouring. m. N. of a Rishi & star in the Great Bear, pl. the descendants of Atri.

atrija a. born of Atri.

[Page 11]

atrin a. voracious, ravenous.

atrivarṣa a. not yet three years old.

atvara a. not speeding, slow.

atvarant a. not speeding, slow.

atvarā f. want of haste, slowness.

atha adv. then, now; therefore, accordingly; further, also; however, but (often merely expletive). At the beginning of books or sections of books = now beginneth (opp. iti q.v.). Often followed by atas (athātas) api (athāpi) u (atho) gha tu punar, etc. -- atha vā (r. atha alone or vātha) or, or rather, but, however, or if, even. atha vā--atha vā either or. atha kim how else?, i.e. of course. atha kimu so much the more.

athā adv. then, now; therefore, accordingly; further, also; however, but (often merely expletive). At the beginning of books or sections of books = now beginneth (opp. iti q.v.). Often followed by atas (athātas) api (athāpi) u (atho) gha tu punar, etc. -- atha vā (r. atha alone or vātha) or, or rather, but, however, or if, even. atha vā--atha vā either or. atha kim how else?, i.e. of course. atha kimu so much the more.

atharī f. point (of an arrow).

atharvan m. fire-priest, esp. the first fire-priest; pl. his race or = seq. (then also sgl.).

atharvaveda m. the Atharvaveda.

atharvaśiras n. T. of an Upanishad.

atharvāṅgiras m. pl. the races of Atharvan and Angiras, also = atharvateda.

ad atti v eat, feed on, consume, devour. C. ādayati te. -- ā pra vi sam = S.

adaṃṣṭrin a. not having tusks.

adakṣiṇa [1] a. left (not right), undexterous.

adakṣiṇa [2] a. giftless, i.e. not bestowing or not accompanied by sacrificial gifts.

adakṣiṇatā f. want of courtesy or kindness.*

adaṇḍayant a. not punishing.

adaṇḍya a. unpunishable.

adatta a. not given; f. adattā an unmarried girl; n. not-giving, avarice.

adattadāyin m. thief (lit. who takes what is not given).

adattapūrvā f. not yet given (in marriage).

adattaphala n. reward for avarice.

adadat n. not giving.

adana n. eating, food.

adant a. toothless.

adabdha a. unhurt, unbroken; harmless.

adabha a. harmless, faithful.

adabhra a. not scanty, much.

adambha [1] a. deceitless, honest.

adambha [2] m. non-deceit, honesty.

adambhitva n. = prec.

adaya a. merciless; n. adv. violently.

adaridra a. not poor.

adarpa a. having no pride, humble.

adarśana a. invisible; n. not-seeing, not-examining or trying, disregard, neglect; not being seen, not appearing, absence.

adarśayant a. not showing or producing.

adarśayitvā ger. without showing or paying.

adas (n. pron.) that, yonder (also °--); adv. there.

adātṛ a. not giving (esp. in marriage); avaricious, stingy.

adāna [1] a. being eaten.

adāna [2] n. not-giving, withholding.

adāna [3] a. giftless and juiceless (of an elephant).

adānava m. not a Dānava, i.e. a god.

adābhya a. uninjurable, infallible.

adāyāda f. ī (ā) not being an heir.

adāruṇa a. not harsh, meek, mild.

adāsa m. not a slave, a free man.

adāhya a. incombustible.

aditi [1] f. want, indigence.

aditi [2] a. boundless, unlimited, infinite; f. infinity, person, as the other of the gods.

aditsant a. not willing to give.

aditsu a. not willing to give.

adīna a. not distressed, cheerful.

adīnamanas a. of cheerful mind.

adīnasattva a. of cheerful mind.

adīnātman a. of cheerful mind.

adīyamāna a. not being given or married.

adīrgha a. not long.

aduṣṭa a. not bad or wicked.

aduṣṭatva n. goodness, virtue.

aduṣprāpa a. not difficult to be attained.

adūna a. unharmed, uninjured.

adūra a. not far, near; adūre adūrāt & adūratas adv. near, not far from (abl. or gen.).

adūṣita a. unvitiated, blameless, virtuous.

adṛḍha a. not firm, inconstant.

adṛpita a. not arrogant or proud; prudent, discreet.

adṛpta a. not arrogant or proud; prudent, discreet.

adṛśya a. invisible, insignificant, ugly; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

adṛśyamāna a. not being seen, invisible.

adṛṣṭa a. unseen, invisible, unforeseen, unexpected; unprecedented, unlawful; n. the invisible power, fate, destiny.

[Page 12]

adṛṣṭapūrva a. not seen before.

adṛṣṭvā ger. without seeing.

adeya a. not to be given.

adeva f. ī not divine, godless, impious; m. not a god, an Asura.

adeśa m. wrong place.

adeśakāla m. wrong place and time.

adeśya a. not on the spot, not present, not a witness.

adaiva a. unconnected with the gods.

adoṣa a. guiltless, sinless; m. no guilt or sin.

adoṣajña a. not knowing faults.

adoṣavant a. faultless, unblamable.

adga m. stalk, stem, cane.

addhā adv. indeed, truly; superl. addhātamām most truly.

adbhuta a. invisible, secret, mysterious, wonderful; n. wonder, portent.

adbhutainas a. in whom no fault is visible.

adbhutopamā f. a kind of comparison.

adman n. food.

admasad m. commensal, fellow, friend.

adya adv. to-day, now. -- adya pūrvam & adyayāvat till now. adya prabhṛti & adyārabhya from now, from to-day.

adyā adv. to-day, now. -- adya pūrvam & adyayāvat till now. adya prabhṛti & adyārabhya from now, from to-day.

adyatana f. ī to day's present.

adyadiva n. -divasa m. the present (lit. today's) day.

adravya n. not the (right) thing or person.

adri m. rock, stone, esp. bruising or hurling stone; mountain, cloud.

adridugdha a. extracted (lit. milked) with stones.

adrijā a. mountain-born.

adribudhna a. founded on rocks.

adrivant (only voc. -vas) hurler (lit. having a hurling stone).

adruh (nom. adhruk) a. deceitless, artless, true.

adrogha a. the same.

adroghavāc a. whose word is true.

adroha a. harmless, kind; m. kindness.

adrohacetas a. of harmless mind.

advaya a. without a second, unique.

advayatva n. non-duality, unity.

advayant a. free from duplicity; simple, sincere.

advayas a. free from duplicity; simple, sincere.

advayānanda m. N. of a philosopher, lit. whose joy is the unity (of the divine essence).

advayāvin a. = advayant.

advayu a. = advayant.

advār n. not the door.

advāra n. not the door.

advija a. destitute of Brahmans.

advitīya a. = advaya.

adveṣarāgin a. free from hatred and affection.

adveṣas a. free from hatred, benevolent.

adveṣṭṛ m. not an enemy, or friend; abstr. -tva n.

advaita a. = advaya, n. = advayatva.

adha (cf. atha) then, so, and, but, therefore, accordingly (esp. after a rel., temp., or condit. clause). adha-adha & adha-adha vā either-or.

adhā (cf. atha) then, so, and, but, therefore, accordingly (esp. after a rel., temp., or condit. clause). adha-adha & adha-adha vā either-or.

adhana a. having no wealth, poor.

adhanya a. the same; miserable, unhappy.

adhanyatā f. misery, misfortune.*

adhama a. undermost, lowest, worst of (--°).

adhamaceṣṭa a. of meanest conduct.

adhamadhī a. of weak understanding.

adhamayonija a. born of lowest origin.

adhamarṇa m. debtor.

adhamarṇika m. debtor.

adhara a. lower; adharaṃ kṛ subdue, adharaḥ pad be subdued. m. the lower lip, coll. the lips.

adharāraṇi f. the nether Araṇi (v. araṇi).

adharottara a. lower and higher, inferior and better, losing or winning; confuse, topsyturvy. n. state of confusion; address and answer.

adharoṣṭha n. (adj. --° f. ī) netherlip, coll. the lips.

adharauṣṭha n. (adj. --° f. ī) netherlip, coll. the lips.

adharma m. unrighteousness, injustice, demerit (often personif.).

adharmajña a. not knowing the law.

adharmadaṇḍana n. unjust punishment.

adharmabhīru a. afraid of injustice.

adharmiṣṭha a. unrighteous, unlawful.

adharmya a. unrighteous, unlawful.

adhaścaraṇāvapāta m. prostration at the feet of a person.

adhaḥśaya a. lying low, i.e. on the ground.

adhaḥśayya a. lying low, i.e. on the ground.

adhaḥśayyā f. lying or sleeping on the ground.

adhaḥśākha a. having the branches below.

adhaḥśāyin a. = adhaḥśaya.

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adhas adv. below, down; adho'dhas deeper and deeper. With kṛ put low, despise; w. pat sink down. As prep. under, below, w. acc. (also adho'dhas), gen., abl., & --°.

adhastāt adv. down, on the ground, from below; humbly, submissively; prep. underneath, below (gen., abl., or --°).

adhaspada a. being under the feet; -pada kṛ tread upon, subdue. n. the place under the feet, as adv. under foot.

adhaḥstha a. being below.

adhārmika a. unrighteous, unjust.

adhārya a. not to be borne or kept up.

adhi adv. up, above, over, within, besides, moreover; highly, very much. As prep. w. acc. above, over, on (also doubled); w. instr. along over (only w. snunā & snubhis); w. abl. above, down, from, out of; w. loc. above (*and below, in rank), over, in, on, in behalf of, concerning.

adhika a. exceeding, extraordinary; superior, more, better than (abl., instr., gen., or --°), by (instr. or --°). °-- and n. adv.; abstr. = n., also -tā f. -tva n.

adhikaguṇa a. h. superior qualities; abstr. -tā f.

adhikaṇṭham adv. at or round the neck.

adhikaraṇa n. (lit. the putting over, placing at the head, supremacy); substance, something concrete (as the recipient of qualities, actions, etc.); support, receptacle; relation, esp. the relation of the locative (g.), chapter, head (in books); court of justice.

adhikaraṇabhoja m. judge.

adhikaraṇabhojaka m. judge.

adhikaraṇamaṇḍapa s. hall of justice.

adhikaraṇika m. judge or magistrate.

adhikāṅga f. ī having a redundant member.

adhikādhika a. always increasing.

adhikāra m. supremacy, authority, government, dignity, rank, office, service; right, title to (loc.), chapter, head; heading-rule (g.).

adhikāritā f. -tva n. superintendence over (loc. or. --°).

adhikārin m. having an office, superintendent of (--°); a person being entitled to (--°), or fit for something.

adhikṛta a. placed at the head, appointed; m. superintendent, magistrate, official.

adhikṛtya ger. concerning, on account of, with reference to (acc.).

adhigantavya a. attainable, acquirable.

adhigama m. -gamana n. obtaining, acquiring, going through or over, reading, studying.

adhigamya a. attainable, accessible, conceivable, to be read or studied.

adhiguṇa a. possessed of high qualities.

adhigupta a. kept, guarded by (--°).

adhijanana n. birth.

adhijya a. having the string up; strung.

adhijyakārmuka a. having the bow strung (v. prec.).

adhijyadhanvan a. the same.

adhideva m. -tā f. a. supreme or tutelary god.

adhidaiva n. the divine agent in material objects.

adhidaivata n. = adhideva + adhidaiva.

adhipa m. lord, master, ruler.

adhipati m. lord, master, ruler.

adhipā m. lord, master, ruler.

adhipuruṣa m. the supreme spirit.

adhipūruṣa m. the supreme spirit.

adhipeṣaṇa a. whereon something is ground.

adhibhūta n. the highest being.

adhimanthana a. where with something is churned; n. the hard piece of wood used in producing fire.

adhiyajña [1] m. the supreme sacrifice.

adhiyajña [2] a. relating to the sacrifice.

adhiratha a. being on the chariot; m. charioteer, a man's name; n. a cart-load.

adhirāj m. supreme ruler, sovereign.

adhirāja m. supreme ruler, sovereign.

adhirājya n. supreme sway, sovereignty.

adhirūḍha a. mounted (act. & pass.), sitting upon (acc. or --°).

adhiropaṇa n. placing over or on (--°).

adhirohaṇa n. ascending (loc. or --°).

adhiloka m. the supreme world.

adhivaktṛ m. intercessor, protector.

adhivāka m. intercession, protection.

adhivāda m. offence (with words).

adhivāsa [1] m. inhabitant, neighbour; dwelling, abode.

adhivāsa [2] m. cover, upper garment.

adhivāsa [3] m. perfume; abstr. -tā f.

adhivāsana n. perfuming; -sita a. perfumed.

adhivāsin a. dwelling in or near (--°).

[Page 14]

adhivinnā f. superseded (by another wife).

adhivettavyā f. to be superseded (cf. prec.).

adhivedyā f. to be superseded (cf. prec.).

adhiśrita a. clinging to, hanging or resting on (loc. or acc.), put on (loc.), esp. on the fire; gone to (acc.).

adhiṣavaṇa a. fit for pressing (the Soma); n. the Soma-press.

adhiṣṭhātṛ superintendent, ruler; f. -trī.

adhiṣṭhāna n. standing or dwelling-place; residence, capital; high position, power, dignity.

adhiṣṭhāya ger. employing, by means of (acc.).

adhiṣṭhita a. standing, sticking; sitting on, being in (loc. or acc.); being above or foremost; placed at the head of, appointed to (loc. or --°), founded on (loc.); inhabited, occupied, seized, taken, filled, lead, managed, exercised (instr. or --°).

dhiṣṭhita a. standing, sticking; sitting on, being in (loc. or acc.); being above or foremost; placed at the head of, appointed to (loc. or --°), founded on (loc.); inhabited, occupied, seized, taken, filled, lead, managed, exercised (instr. or --°).

adhīkāra m. superintendence (w. loc.).

adhīta a. studied, learnt from (abl.); taught, learned; n. learning, study.

adhīti f. recollection; study, perusal.

adhītin a. well-read, versed in (loc.).

adhīna (mostly --°) subject, dependent.

adhīra [1] a. unsteady, abstr. -tā f.

adhīra [2] a. unwise.

adhīrākṣa a. having unsteady eyes.

adhīśa m. master, lord, king; abstr. -tā f.

adhunā adv. now, presently.

adhūmaka a. smokeless.

adhṛti f. unsteadiness, inconstancy, restlessness.

adhṛṣṭa a. not bold or impertinent; humble, modest, also = seq.

adhṛṣya a. invincible, irresistible.

adhenu f. a cow yielding no milk, fig. anything sterile.

adhairya n. = adhṛti.

adhoakṣa a. not reaching to the axle-tree.

adhośuka n. under-garment.

adhogata a. gone down (lit. & fig.).

adhogati f. going down, going into hell; also as adj., the same.

adhodṛṣṭi [1] f. a downcast look.

adhodṛṣṭi [2] a. looking down.

adhobhāga m. underpart, bottom, depth.

adhomukha f. ī looking or turned (lit. h. the face turned) downwards.

adhauta a. unwashed.

adhyakṣa m. eye-witness or superintendent.

adhyagni indecl. (what is given) over the fire.

adhyadhīna a. wholly dependent.

adhyantena (instr. adv.) close by or to (gen.).

adhyayana n. studying, reading, taking lessons from (abl.).

adhyayanādāna n. giving instruction, teaching.

adhyardha a. one and a half.

adhyavasāna n. -sāya m. making up one's mind, resolution.

adhyavasāyin a. resolved, determined to (--°).

adhyavasita a. finished, settled, certain (n. also impers.).

adhyavahanana a. whereon something is bruised.

adhyākrānta a. occupied, chosen.

adhyātma a. concerning one's self, one's own; n. adv. (tmama), as subst. the supreme soul.

adhyātmacetas n. the thinking on the supreme soul.

adhyātmarati a. delighting in (the contemplation of) the supreme soul.

adhyātmika a. referring to the supreme soul.

adhyāpaka m. teacher.

adhyāpana n. teaching, instruction.

adhyāpya a. to be instructed.

adhyāya m. study, lesson, section of a book, chapter.

adhyāropa m. -ropaṇā f. transferring erroneously (ph.).

adhyāvāhanika n. a cert. part of a wife's property (j.).

adhyāsa m. putting in or upon; also = adhyāropa.

adhyāsita a. seated or resting upon; inhabited or occupied by (--°).

adhyuṣita a. (having) occupied, inhabited, frequented, passed.

adhyeya a. to be read or studied.

adhri a. unrestrained, irresistible.

adhrigu a. of irresistible course.

adhruva a. not fixed, uncertain, inconstant.

adhvaga m. traveller.

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adhvanya m. traveller.

adhvan m. road, path, travel; length, space.

adhvara m. religious service, sacrifice, esp. a. greater one.

adhvaraśrī a. beautifying the sacrifice.

adhvarīy adhvary yati v perform the sacrifice.

adhvareṣṭhā a. persevering at the sacrifice.

adhvaryu m. priest, esp. one performing the actual work of the sacrifice.

adhvasman a. unpolluted.

an aniti anati v breathe, live. --
     apa breathe out or away.
     ud breathe up, breathe away.
     pra breathe in, respire, live. C. revive.
     vi breathe, breathe through.
     sam breathe, live.
     anusam breathe after.

ana [1] pron. stem of 3d pers.

ana [2] m. breath, spiration.

anaṃśa a. getting no share.

anagni [1] m. non-fire, anything else than fire.

anagni [2] a. having no fire.

anagnidagdha a. not burnt by fire; m. pl. a class of Manes.

anagha a. sinless, guiltless, pure.

anaṅga a. bodiless; m. the god of love.

anaṅgakrīḍā f. love-sport.

anaṅgatva n. abstr. to anaṅga.

anaṅgarati f. joy of love; a woman's name.

anaḍudda a. giving a bull.

anaḍuha m. (--°) = seq. m.; f. ī cow.

anaḍvah m. (nom. -ḍvān) bull or ox.

anaṇu a. not minute or small.

anatikṛcchreṇa (instr. adv.) without too much pain or trouble.

anatikrama m. anatikramaṇa n. not overstepping.

anatikramaṇīya a. not to be overstepped or transgressed, inviolable.

anatikruddha a. not too angry with (gen.).

anatidagdha a. not burnt over.

anatipātya a. not to be transgressed or neglected.

anatiprakāśaka n. not very enlightening (ph.); abstr. -tva n.

anatiprauḍha a. not full-grown.

anatilambin a. not too much hanging or undulating, rather tight (garment).

anatilulita a. not too much pressed, not too closely adhered to.

anatīta a. not passed away.

anadant a. not eating.

anaddhā adv. not truly or really.

anadyatana m. not this day, not to-day or the same day. -- bhūtāna & bhaviṣyadana° not the same day in the past or in the future.

anadhigata a. not attained.

anadhītya ger. without studying.

anadhīyant a. not studying.

anadhīyāna a. not studying.

anadhyayana n. want of study.

anadhyātmavid a. not knowing the supreme soul.

anadhyāya m. = anadhyayana.

ananujñāta a. not allowed.

ananujñāpya a. without permission from (acc.).

ananubhūta a. not experienced, unknown.*

ananurūpa a. not fit, ill suited.

ananuvrata a. not devoted, disobedient.

ananuṣṭhāna n. disregard, neglect.

ananūkta a. unstudied.

ananta a. endless; m. Viṣṇu, a man's name.

anantatā f. endlessness, eternity.

anantapāpa a. absolutely wicked.

anantabāhu a. having innumerable arms.

anantara a. having nothing within or between, immediately adjoing or following (in time and space), next, esp. in caste. anantaram adv. close by; thereupon, at once, soon after (gen., abl., or --°).

anantaraja a. next born, also = seq.

anantarajāta a. born of a woman of lower caste than the man's.

anantarāya a. without interval, uninterrupted, unchecked*; n. anantarāyam adv.

anantarūpa a. having innumerable forms.

anantavijaya m. N. of Yudhiṣṭhira's conch-shell (lit. counting endless victories).

anantavīrya a. of endless strength.

anantaśuṣma a. of endless vigour.

anantya n. endlessness, eternity.

ananda m. pl. N. of a cert. world.

anandha a. not blind.

ananya [1] a. not different from (abl.).

ananya [2] a. having no other (object); concentrated in (loc.).

ananyacitta a. having no other thought, quite absorbed in (loc.).

[Page 16]

ananyacetas a. having no other thought, quite absorbed in (loc.).

ananyajanman m. E. of the god of love (lit. born from no other).

ananyadṛṣṭi a. having no other sight, looking at nothing else.

ananyapara a. devoted to no other person; abstr. -tā f.

ananyaparāyaṇa a. = prec. adj.

ananyabhāj a. cherishing no other.

ananyamanas a. thinking of no other person or thing.

ananyamānasa a. thinking of no other person or thing.

ananyayoga m. exclusive devotedness.

ananyaruci a. having no other desire.

ananyaviṣaya a. relating to nothing else.

ananyasama a. having no equal unparalleled.

ananyasāmānya a. having no equal unparalleled.

ananyasādhāraṇa f. ī a. belonging to (lit. common with) no other.

ananviṣyant a. not seeking for (acc.).

anapakarman n. non-delivery.

anapakārin a. harmless, innocuous.

anapakriyā f. non-delivery, non-payment.

anapacyuta a. not falling off.

anapatya a. childless, having no progeny; n. & anapatyatā f. abstr.

anaparāddha a. faultless, having done no harm.

anaparādha a. the same.

anaparādhin a. the same.

anapasara a. having no escape or excuse.

anapasphur a. not kicking off.

anapasphura a. not kicking off.

anapasphurant a. not kicking off.

anapākṛtya ger. without restoring.

anapekṣa a. inconsiderate, careless; n. adv.

anapekṣā f. -kṣatva n. disregard, independence.

anapekṣita a. disregarded, unheeded.

anapnas a. having no possession, poor.

anapsaras f. no Apsaras.*

anabhikhyāta a. unknown.

anabhigamanīya a. inaccessible.

anabhijña a. unacquainted with, ignorant of (gen., loc., or --°).

anabhijñāta a. not recognised.*

anabhidhāna n. non-statement.

anabhibhavagandha a. showing no (smell of) contempt.

anabhibhāṣin a. not addressing, silent.

anabhimata a. unwished for.

anabhilulita a. untouched.

anabhivyakta a. not very distinct.

anabhiṣaṅga m. absence of attachment.

anabhiṣvaṅga m. absence of attachment.

anabhisaṃhitam adv. unintentionally.

anabhisaṃdhāya ger. having made no agreement; taking no interest in anything.

anabhisaṃdhi (°--) disinterestedness.

anabhisneha a. desireless.

anabhihita a. untied, unfastened; not named or designated.

anabhīśu a. reinless, unbridled.

anabhyanujñāta a. not having been allowed; without permission of (instr.).

anabhyantara a. uninitiated in (gen.).

anabhyarcya ger. without worshipping.

anabhyarthanīya a. not to be desired.*

anabhyāsa m. want of study.

anabhra a. cloudless.

anamitra a. free from enemies; n. as abstr.

anamitralābha m. the not-getting of enemies.

anamīva a. having or causing no sickness or pain, healthy, propitious. n. health, weal.

anaya [1] m. misconduct.

anaya [2] m. ill-luck, misery.

anarāla a. not crooked, straight.

anargala a. unrestrained, free.

anargha m. wrong (lit. no) value; a. priceless.

anargharāghava n. T. of a drama.

anarghya a. priceless, invaluable.

anarcita a. unpraised, unrespected, given without respect.

anartha a. useless, fruitless, unhappy, unlucky, meaningless, nonsensical (also -ka); m. non-advantage, disadvantage, damage, ill-luck, nonsense.

anarthakārin a. doing mischief.*

anarthapaṇḍita a. learned or versed in useless things.

anarthāntara n. not another i.e. the same meaning.

anarthya a. useless, good for nothing.

anarva unchecked, unrestrained, irresistible.

anarvaṇa unchecked, unrestrained, irresistible.

anarvan unchecked, unrestrained, irresistible.

[Page 17]

anarha a. not deserving, unworthy; too good or too bad for, unfit or unsuitable to (--°). Abstr. -tā f.

anarhant a. unworthy, innocent.

anala m. fire or the god of fire.

analaṃkṛta a. unadorned.

anavakḷpta a. irregular, wrong, unfit for (loc.).

anavagata a. not attained or understood.

anavagṛhīta a. unconceived, unfathomable.*

anavagraha a. unrestrained, indomitable.

anavacchinna a. undiscerned, undefined, indistinct; abstr. -tva n.

anavaccheda m. indistinctness.

anavadya a. faultless; abstr. anavadyatā f., anavadyatva n.

anavadyāṅga f. ī having a faultless body.

anavadhāna a. inattentive, careless; n. abstr.

anavapṛgṇa a. undivided.

anavabhāsa m. non-appearance.

anavabhrarādhas a. bestowing durable gifts.

anavama a. not the lowest; --° = seq.

anavara a. not inferior to (abl.).

anavarata a. uninterrupted, continual; n. adv.

anavalambana n. not-adhering to (--°).

anavalepa a. not anointed or not haughty; m. modesty.

anavalokayant a. not looking at (acc.).

anavalokita a. unsearched.*

anavasa a. not stopping, restless.

anavasara m. want of opportunity; not the time or place for (gen.).

anavasita a. = anavasa; f. ā N. of a metre.

anavastha a. unsteady, fleeting.

anavasthā f. instability, unboundedness, regressus in infinitum (ph.).

anavasthāna n. unsteadiness.

anavasthāyin a. unsteady.

anavasthita a. unsteady, fickle; abstr. -sthiti f.

anavāpta a. not obtained.

anavāpti f. non-obtaining.

anavāpya a. not to be obtained; n. imp.

anavekṣaṇa n. -kṣā f. want of attention, regardlessness.

anavekṣya ger. regardless of (acc.).

anaśana n. anaśanatā f. fasting.

anaśita a. uneaten.

anaśnant a. not eating.

anaśru a. tearless.

anaśva a. horseless.

anaśvadā a. not giving horses.

anas n. cart, (heavy) waggon.

anasūya a. not grumbling or envious; f. ā a woman's name.

anasūyaka (f. anasūyikā), anasūyant & anasūyu = anasūya a.

anasūyā f. freedom from envy.

anastha a. boneless.

anasthaka a. boneless.

anasthan a. boneless.

anasthi a. the same; s. a boneless animal.

anasthika a. = prec. a.

anahaṃvādin a. not talking (only) of one's self, modest.

anahaṃkāra m. freedom from self-conceit.

anahaṃkṛta a. not being egoistic.

anā (instr. adv.) certainly, indeed.

anākampa a. unshaken.

anākarṇita (d.) n. not hearing.

anākarṇitaka (d.) n. not hearing.

anākula a. untroubled, unperplexed.

anākṣārita a. not accused before.

anākhyāta a. untold.

anākhyāya ger. without telling.

anākhyeya a. unutterable.

anāgacchant a. not coming.

anāgata a. not yet come, future.

anāgatavidhātṛ m. Disposer of the future (N. of a fish).

anāgas a. harmless, sinless.

anāgāstva n. abstr. to prec.

anāghrāta a. unsmelt.

anācakṣat a. not telling.

anācarant a. not doing or exercising.

anājñā f. non-leave; instr. adv. without leave or permission.

anājñāta a. unknown, unperceived.

anātapa a. without heat, shady.

anātiṣṭhant a. not resorting to (acc.).

anātura a. not ill, well, healthy.

anātmajña a. stupid (lit. not knowing one's self).

anātmatva n. not being the soul.

anātman m. not the soul.

anātmavant a. not self-possessed.

anātha [1] a. having no protector, helpless.

anātha [2] n. helplessness.

anādara m. disrespect, contempt.

anādātṛ m. not a receiver.

anādi a. having no beginning.

[Page 18]

anādimant a. having no beginning.

anādṛta a. not respected, despised.

anādṛtya ger. without regarding.

anādeya a. unacceptable, inadmissible.

anādya a. uneatable, unfit for food.

anādyabhakṣaṇa n. eating forbidden food.

anādyādana n. the same.

anādhṛṣṭa a. unconquered.

anādhṛṣya a. unconquerable.

anānata a. unbent.

anāpad f. absence of calamity, misfortune, or need.

anāpi a. having no friends or relations.

anāpūyita a. not stinking.

anāpta a. not reaching or reached, not obtained or obtainable, unskilful, unapt.

anāpti f. non-obtaining, want of success, disappointment.

anābhyudayika a. inauspicious, unlucky.

anāman a. nameless.

anāmaya a. not unwholesome, healthy (subj. & obj.); not obnoxious to, exempt from (abl.); n. health.

anāmayapraśna m. inquiry after one's health.

anāmukta a. not yet put on or worn.

anāyaka a. without a leader or protector.

anāyata a. not fastened; not long, short.

anāyatārgala a. having its bolt not fastened, unlocked (a house).

anāyānt a. not arriving.

anāyāsa a. exempt from pain or difficulty, easy; m. abstr.

anāyudha a. not having implements or weapons.

anāyuṣya a. not imparting i.e. shortening life.

anārabhya a. not to be undertaken, impossible.

anārambha a. unenterprising; m. the not attempting of (gen.).

anāruhya ger. without undergoing (lit. ascending).

anārogya a. unwholesome.

anārjava n. crookedness, unrighteousness.

anārya a. not-Aryan, un-Aryan, dishonourable, unworthy; abstr. -tā f.

anāryakarmin a. not acting like an Aryan.

anārṣa a. not coming from or relating to a Rishi.

anārṣeya a. not coming from or relating to a Rishi.

anāviddha a. unpierced, unwounded, unhurt.

anāvila a. not turbid, clear, pure.

anāviṣkṛta a. not made known.

anāviṣkṛtapāpa a. whose sins have not been made known.

anāvṛt a. not returning.

anāvṛta a. uncovered, unfenced, unlocked; unchecked, unrestrained.

anāvṛtti f. non-return.

anāvṛṣṭi f. no rain, drought.

anāśin [1] a. not eating.

anāśin [2] a. not perishing.

anāśu a. not quick, slow.

anāśrita a. not resorting to or caring for (acc.).

anāśvas a. not having eaten.

anāṣṭra a. exempt from danger.

anāsaṅga m. unsteadiness, uncertainty.*

anāsādayant a. not obtaining.

anāsādya a. unobtainable.

anāstika a. unbelieving, sceptic, impious.

anāsthā f. disregard, indifference to (loc.).

anāsvādita a. not tasted; -pūrva never before tasted.

anāhata a. unbeaten (drum); -- unhurt*; *unwashed, new (cloth).

anāhārya a. not producible.

anāhitāgni a. not having set up the sacred fire.

anāhitāgnitā f. abstr. to prec.

anāhvāna n. non-calling, non-citation.

aniketa a. houseless.

anikṣipta a. not put down.

anikṣipya ger. without depositing.

anikṣeptṛ m. non-depositor.

anigaḍa a. chainless.

anicchant a. not wishing, against one's will.

anicchā f. want of desire, indifference, dislike; instr. without intention.

anicchāpūraka a. not fulfilling a wish.*

anitabhā f. N. of a river.

anitya a. not everlasting, perishable, transient, inconstant; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

anidra a. sleepless; f. ā want of sleep.

anidhāya ger. without putting down.

anindita a. unblamed, blameless.

[Page 19]

anindya a. unblamed, blameless.

aninditagāminī f. a woman of blameless walk.

anipāta m. non-death (lit. non-sinking).

anibaddha a. not bound, not appointed; unconnected, incoherent.

anibhṛta a. not fixed, restless, movable.

animitta a. having no cause, motive, or design; n. no cause etc., also = durnimitta; tas without reason.

animiṣa a. not winking, watchful.

animiṣanta a. not winking, watchful.

animiṣam adv. watchfully (cf. prec.).

animiṣā adv. watchfully (cf. prec.).

animiṣekṣaṇa a. whose eyes do not wink.

animeṣa not-winking (adj. & subst. m.).

aniyata a. unbound, unrestrained, uncertain.

aniyatavelam adv. at irregular hours.*

aniyantṛkartṛka a. not having the driver as agent (g.).

aniyantraṇa a. without restraint; -ṇānuyoga to be questioned freely.

aniyama m. want of restriction; -yopamā f. a. kind of comparison.

aniyukta a. unauthorized, unappointed.

aniyojya a. not to be enjoined.

anira a. strengthless, weak; abstr. anirā f.

anirukta a. not spoken out, unexplained, undefined, obscure.

anirjita a. unvanquished.

anirṇikta a. unpurified.

anirṇīta a. unascertained, undetermined.

anirdaya (° ) adv. not harshly; softly, meekly.

anirdaśa a. being not out of, i.e. within the ten days (of impurity).

anirdaśāha a. the same.

anirdiṣṭa a. unspecified, undefined.

anirdeśya a. not to be fixed, settled, or defined.

aniryātayant a. not delivering.*

anirvacanīya a. undefinable.

anirvarṇanīya a. not to be gazed at.

anirvāṇa a. not extinguished or gone out.

anirvāhanaśīla a. irresolute, timid (lit. not disposed to accomplish anything).*

anirvāhya ger. without carrying out.

anirviṇṇacetas -> nirviṇṇa.

anirvṛti f. discontent, unhappiness.*

anirvṛtta a. not accomplished, imperfect.

anirveda m. undauntedness, self-confidence.

anirvedita a. unrevealed or undaunted.

anirhrādin a. not sounding, low, soft, gentle.

anila m. wind (also in the body); the god of wind.

anilānala m. du. wind and fire.

anilāhati f. gale of wind, gust.

anivartitva n. abstr. to seq.

anivartin a. not turning back, brave.

anivāraṇa n. non-preventing.

aniviśamāna a. restless.

anivedya ger. without mentioning.

aniśa adv. uninterruptedly, continually.

aniśam adv. uninterruptedly, continually.

aniśita a. uninterrupted; n. adv.

aniścaya a. irresolute; m. irresolution, suspension.

aniṣavya a. impenetrable by arrows.

aniṣiddha a. unprohibited, unforbidden.

aniṣkṛta a. unfinished, unadorned, unsettled.

aniṣkṛtainas a. having one's guilt not settled, i.e. unexpiated.

aniṣṭa [1] a. undesired, unpleasant, unlawful, wrong. m. not a favourite; n. ill-luck, evil, misfortune.

aniṣṭa [2] a. not sacrificed; not worshipped with a sacrifice.

aniṣṭagandha a. ill-scented.

aniṣṭacintana a. thinking of what is undesirable.

aniṣṭaikabuddhi a. having only thoughts of ill-luck.

aniṣṭvā ger. without offering sacrifices.

aniṣṭhura a. not harsh or rude.

aniṣpanna a. not ripened; abstr. -tva n.

anisṛṣṭa a. not having got permission from (instr.).

anīka n. face, edge, point, front, troop, host.

anīti f. bad or unwise conduct, want of discretion.

anītijña a. indiscrect (lit. not knowing discreet conduct).

anīpsita a. undesired or undesirable.

anīrṣya a. not envious or jealous.

[Page 20]

anīrṣyu a. not envious or jealous.

anīśa a. not ruling, not independent, not master over (gen.); abstr. -śā f., -śatva n.

anīśvara [1]  = prec. adj.; abstr. -tva n.

anīśvara [2] a. having no master; not lordly.

anīhita a. unwished, disliked.

anīhamāna a. not exerting one's self, quiet.

anu [1] adv. afterwards, then; as prep. w. acc. after (in all its mgs), towards, along, over; by (distrib.), with regard to, in consequence of.

anu [2] m. man, esp. non-Aryan; N. of a king.

anukaccham adv. on the bank (of a river, lake, etc.).

anukampaka a. compassionate towards (--°).

anukampana n. -kampā f. compassion, pity.

anukampanīya a. pitiable, deplorable.

anukampārtham adv. from pity for (gen.).

anukampin a. = anukampaka.

anukara a. doing after, imitating; m. assistant, helper.

anukaraṇa n. imitation.

anukarṣa m. -ṇa n. drawing on, attracting; inclusion of a preceding in a subsequent rule (g.).

anukalpa m. secondary injunction, subsidiary rule (opp. prathamakalpa).

anukāṅkṣin a. striving after (--°).

anukāma [1] m. wish, desire.

anukāma [2] a. corresponding to a wish; n. adv.

anukāra [1] m. imitation.

anukāra [2] a. imitating, resembling.

anukārin  = prec.

anukīrtana n. the mentioning or naming of (--°).

anukūla a. dwelling or lying on the shore; favourable (orig said of the wind blowing along or toward the shore, opp. pratikūla), convenient, pleasant. n. -kūlam adv.

anukūlatā f. -tva n. favour, inclination.

anukūlay anukūlayati v favour, flatter, conciliate.

anukṛta n. anukṛti f. imitation.

anukta a. unsaid, not spoken of; abstr. -tva n.

anukrama m. order, turn; instr. & abl. in due order, in turn.

anukramaṇa n. methodical arrangement; f. anukramaṇī & anukramaṇikā table of contents.

anukrośa m. compassion, tenderness (p. -vant); -śātmatā f. compassionate disposition.

anukṣaṇam adv. every moment, perpetually.

anuga a. going after, following, corresponding to (--°). m. companion, attendant.

anugata a. gone after, followed, visited, occupied, conquered; following, complying with, obedient; equalling, resembling (--°).

anugati f. -gama m., -gamana going after, following.

anugara m. request or summons to the reciter (r.).

anugarjita n. roaring echo.

anugāmin a. going behind, following. m. servant, attendant.

anugīta n. imitating (lit. after-) song or hum.

anugīti f. N. of a metre.

anuguṇa a. congenial, corresponding to, equal to (mostly --°); abstr. -tva n.

anugupta a. kept, guarded, hidden.

anugṛhīta a. favoured, satisfied, happy.

anugraha m. favour, kindness, service, benefit.

anucara f. ī going after, following. m. attendant, servant (adj. --° f. ā); f. ī maid-servant.

anucita a. unwonted; not used to (gen.); not suitable, improper.

anucintana n. -cintā f. the thinking of (--°), recollection.

anuccalant a. not moving from (abl.).

anuja a. after-born, younger; m. a younger brother; f. ā a younger sister.

anujāta a. = prec. a. + born again, invested with the sacred cord (also -ka*); taking after, resembling (acc.).

anujīvin a. living upon another, dependent. m. servant, f. -nī.

anujñā f. -na n. leave, permission.

anujñāta a. allowed, permitted, authorized.

anutaṭa adv. on the edge or shore.

anutaṭam adv. on the edge or shore.

anutāpa m. repentance, woe, sorrow.

anutkhāta n. not uneven, i.e. level, ground.

anutta a. unshaken, invincible.

anuttama a. highest (lit. not having a highest), supreme, best, most, excellent.

[Page 21]

anutpatti f. -tpāda m. non-arising.

anutpādya ger. without having begotten (sons).

anutsuka a. unpresumptuous, modest; abstr. -tā f.

anutseka m. non-haughtiness, modesty; poss. -kin.

anudaka a. waterless.

anudaya m. not coming forth.

anudarśa m. admonition, exhortation.

anudarśana n. regard, consideration.

anudātta a. not elevated or high, low; spoken with the low accent. m. the Anudātta or low accent; -tara m. the lower accent (before an Udātta or a Svarita).

anudāsīna a. not indifferent.

anudita a. unspoken or not risen.

anudina (°--) & anudinam adv. daily.

anudivasam adv. the same.

anudeśa m. instruction, advice; the mutual reference of a latter to a former element (g.).

anudghāta m. no jolt or jerk.

anudghāyya ger. without opening.

anuddhata a. not haughty; m. a low place.

anuddhṛta a. not taken out, not deducted.

anudvigna a. not perplexed or frightened.

anudvega m. freedom from anguish, tranquillity, ease.

anudvegakara a. not causing fright.

anudvejayant a. not frightening.

anudhāvana n. running after, pursuit.

anunaya m. conciliatory behaviour, friendliness, prepossession.

anunāsika a. nasal (g.).

anupakārin a. not assisting.

anupakramya a. incurable.

anupakrāmya a. incurable.

anupaghnant a. not damaging or impairing.

anupatha a. walking along the path.

anupadam adv. upon the foot, immediately after (gen.); at every step, i.e. repeatedly.

anupadeṣṭavya a. not to be commended.

anupapatti f. not taking place, failing, impossibility.

anupapanna a. unsuitable, improper. unworthy of (loc.).

anupabhogya a. unfit to be eaten or drunk.

anupama a. incomparable, excellent.

anupayant a. not approaching (a wife).

anupayukta a. useless, unapplicable, unsuitable.

anuparodha m. non-hindrance or prejudice; instr. & -tas without detriment or prejudice to, with the consent of (gen.).

anupalabdhi f. -lambha m. non-perception.

anupasarga a. not compounded with a preposition.

anupaskṛta a. unprepared, unfinished; simple, plain.

anupahita a. unconnected, independent, absolute.

anupākṛta a. not consecrated.

anupālin a. preserving, guarding.

anupūrva a. following in one's turn, successive, orderly, regular. °--, anupūrvam & anupūrvaśas in due order, successively, further.

anupṛkta a. mixed with (--°).

anupeta a. not yet having gone (to the teacher).

anupetapūrva the same.

anupeya a. not to be married.

anupramāṇa a. proportionate, adequate.

anupravacana n. the reciting or learning of the Veda; -- -nīya a. belonging to the learning of the Veda.

anupraviṣṭa a. fled to (acc.), entered (act. & pass.); hidden, concealed.

anupraveśa m. entry, entering.

anuprāsa m. alliteration.

anubaddha a. bound, fettered, connected, coherent.

anubandha m. binding, attachment, connexion; (also -na n.); continuance, uninterrupted series; consequence, result; cause, motive, intention; appendage, esp. indicatory letter (g.); indispensable element (ph.).

anubandhin a. reaching far, lasting long; connected with, resulting in (--°).

anubodha m. perception, observation; *reviving a faded scent.

anubhartṛ a. supporting or refreshing.

anubhava m. apprehension, perception.

anubhāga m. subdivision.

anubhāva m. power, dignity.

anubhāvin a. perceiving, knowing.

[Page 22]

anumata a. allowed, permitted, approved, liked, agreeable, pleasant; n. assent, permission.

anumati f. = prec.; N. of a moon-goddess.

anumantṛ a. consenting, permitting.

anumaraṇa n. the dying after, esp. the self-cremation of a widow after her husband's death.

anumādya a. to be hailed or greeted with acclamation.

anumāna m. inference (ph.).

anumālinītīram adv. on the bank of the Māliṇī.

anumita a. thought, conceived, inferred, conjectured from (abl.).

anuyāja m. after-offering (r.).

anuyātra n. -trā f., -trika m. pl. retinue, attendance.

anuyāyin a. going after, following; pl. = prec.

anuyugam adv. according to the (four) ages.

anuyoga m. question, censure.

anuyojya a. to be questioned; to be commanded, standing as the command of (--°).

anurakta a. coloured, red; beloved; attached or devoted to, fond of, loving (acc., loc., or --°).

anurata a. fond of (loc. or --°), enamoured.

anurasita a. cried after; n. echo.

anurāga m. colouring, redness, affection (poss. -vant); red, affectionate, enamoured (saha or loc.).

anurāgin a. loving or lovely.

anurūpa a. suitable, adequate, fit, worthy, like, resembling (gen. or --°); able, equal to, a match for (gen.); adv. anurūpatas.

anurodha m. -rodhana n. compliance, regard, consideration; -rodhatas out of consideration for (--°).

anurodhin a. compliant, considerate; observing, having regard for (--°).

anulagna a. following immediately (--°).

anulepa m. -na n. unction, unguent, roughcast.

anuloma a. with the hair or grain, i.e. natural, regular. anuloma (°--) -mam adv. f. anulomā a woman of a caste inferior to the man's; -maja m. her son.

anulbaṇa a. not excessive; moderate, correct.

anuvaṃśa m. pedigree, lineage, genealogy; a. of equal race, adv. according to the race.

anuvacana m. speaking after, repeating, reciting.

anuvartana n. = anuvṛtti.

anuvartin a. following (acc. or --°); obedient.

anuvaśa a. obedient; m. obedience.

anuvāka m. recital, reading; section, chapter.

anuvākya a. to be repeated or recited; f. -kṛyā invitatory prayer (r.).

anuvāta m. the wind that blows from behind; anuvātam & anuvāte to windward.

anuvāda m. repetition, explanation.

anuvādin n. repeating, answering or corresponding to (--°).

anuvitta a. found, existing.

anuviddha a. pierced; intertwined or set with, full of (instr. or --°).

anuvidhāyin a. obedient; conformable (--°).

anuvṛtta a. round, full; also = anuvartin; n. compliance, obedience.

anuvṛtti f. sequence, continuance, esp. the continued application of a rule (g.); conformity, compliance with (gen. or --°).

anuvelam adv. hour by hour, continually.

anuvyam adv. behind, below.

anuvyākhyāna n. a cert. class of texts.

anuvrajyā f. following (a departed guest).

anuvrata a. subject to the will of another; obedient, faithful, devoted to (gen. or acc.).

anuśaya m. repentance, regret, rescission of sale or purchase (j).

anuśāsana n. instruction, precept, command.

anuśāsanīya a. to be instructed.

anuśāsitṛ m. ruler, commander.

anuśāsin a. reprimanding, punishing (--°).

anuśāsti f. instruction.

anuśiṣṭa a. taught, bidden, commanded (pers. & th.), inflicted, executed, punished.

anuṣakta a. clinging to (loc.); connected or endowed with (instr. or --°).

anuṣaṅga m. connexion, association, necessary consequence.

anuṣaṅgin a. attached, connected.

anuṣṭuti f. praise, eulogy.

anuṣṭubh a. shouting after. f. shout, praise; N. of a metre.

anuṣṭra a. except camels.

[Page 23]

anuṣṭhāna n. performing, practice.

anuṣṭhita a. following, imitating, practising (acc.); accompanied, assisted, practised, effected, done, begun.

anuṣṭhu adv. directly, forthwith.

anuṣṭhuyā adv. directly, forthwith.

anuṣṭhyā adv. directly, forthwith.

anuṣṭheya a. to be done or accomplished.

anuṣṇa a. not hot; lukewarm, chilly, cold; abstr. -tā f.*, -tva n.

anuṣvadham adv. willingly, freely.

anusaṃsthita a. followed or died after (acc.).

anusaṃcara m. follower.

anusaṃdhāna n. inquiry, investigation.

anusaṃdhyam adv. about dusk.*

anusara f. ī going after; m. attendant.

anusaraṇa n. following, pursuing.

anusāra m. the same; rule, legal precept; instr. according to, after (--°).

anusārin a. following, striving after, according with, seeking for (acc. or --°).

anusṛta a. following, repaired to (acc.); followed, pursued, gone through.

anusṛtya ger. following, i.e. according to (acc.).

anusevā f. attendance, service.

anuspaṣṭa a. seeh, observed.

anusmṛta a. remembered (n. impers.); recorded, taught, enjoined.

anusyūta interwoven with (--°); abstr. -tva n.

anusvāra m. the nasal element of a nasalized vowel and its sign (g.).

anūka m. n. the spine.

anūkta a. recited, studied, heard; addressed (with a sacred verse), named, called; n. = seq.

anūkti f. repeated mention, study.

anūcāna a. learned, esp. in the Veda.

anūcīna a. following each other, successive.

anūḍhā f. unmarried (of a woman).

anūna a. not wanting, complete, full; no less, no inferior to (abl.).

anūnavastuka a. of perfect substance or nature.

anūpa m. a moist country; water-basin; shore.

anṛkṣara a. thornless.

anṛc a. not having or knowing hymns; adv. anṛcam.

anṛca a. not having or knowing hymns; adv. anṛcam.

anṛju a. not straight; crooked, wicked.

anṛṇa a. free from debt, unindebted to (gen.); abstr. anṛṇatā f., anṛṇatva n.

anṛta a. untrue, false. m. a liar; n. untruth, falsehood, fraud.

anṛtapūrvam adv. untruly, falsely.

anṛtabhāṣaṇa n. untruth, perjury.

anṛtavādin a. speaking untruth, lying.

anṛtātmaka f. -tmikā of an untrue character.

anṛtin a. the same, m. liar.

anṛtu m. no time or season; loc. & adv. -tu out of season.

aneka a. not one; many or much (also pl.), manifold.

anekarūpa a. multiform, also = seq.

anekavarṇa a. many-coloured, variegated.

anekavidha a. various, different.

anekaśas adv. differently, frequently.

anekasaṃsthāna a. variously disguised.

anedya a. blameless.

anena a. deerless.

anenas a. sinless, faultless; a man's name.

anevaṃvid a. not knowing this.

anehas a. unattainable, incomparable, unaccessible, secure. m. time; n. security, protection.

anokaha m. tree (lit. not quitting the place).

anoṃkṛta a. not preceded by (the syllable) Om.

anovāhya a. to be carried in a cart; n. a cart-load.

anauśīra a. not being the unguent Auśīra.

anta m. (n.) end (in space), limit, border, hem (of a garment), vicinity, proximity; end (in time), issue, event; end of life, death; conclusion, settlement, termination; final letter, syllable, or word, final part in a compound (g.), --° ending with. antam as far as, till, to, into (--°). ante at last; close by, near, in the presence of, in, within (gen. or --°).

antaḥkaraṇa n. the interior sense, the heart.

antaḥpura n. the king's palace (lit. inner town); stronghold, esp. the inner apartment of it, i.e. the gynaeceum, harem. Sgl., pl. & -jana m. the females of the harem.

[Page 24]

antaḥpurikā f. a woman of the harem.

antaḥpracalita a. internally moved.

antaḥpramoda m. inner joy.

antaḥprāṇa m. the interior breath.

antaka a. ending, destroying; m. death or Yama, the god of death.

antakara a. making an end, destroying (mostly --°).

antakaraṇa a. the same; n. as subst.

antakāla m. time of death.

antatas adv. from the end or ends, at the end of (gen.); finally, at last.

antapāla m. a guard of the frontiers.

antama [1] a. nearest, next, intimate, dear; m. neighbour, friend.

antama [2] a. the last.

antar adv. inward, within, between; prep. in within (gen., loc., or --°), between, among, amidst (gen., loc., or acc.), from out (gen. or abl.).

antara [1] a. nearer (cf. antama1), near, intimate, dear; inner, interior, inmost. Compar. antaratara, superl. antaratama. -- n. the interior, middle, entry (antaramantaram make room!); distance, interval, start of (gen.); time, period, while; occasion, juncture; abstr. -tva n. -- antaram further, onward; among, into (gen. or --°). antareṇa in the middle; within, amidst, during, after, without, except, concerning, in behalf of (acc. or --°). antarāt from out, after (--°). antare meanwhile, midway (cf. atrāntare & tatrā°); in, within (also antareṣu) during, after; among, amidst (gen. or --°); on behalf of, concerning (--°).

antara [2] a. another, different from (abl.); n. difference, distinction, species, sort; kind of, a particular --, often = another (--°).

antaragata a. gone into, being within (gen. or --°).

antaraṅga a. inner, inmost, essential; near, related. n. m. inner part or organ, esp. the heart.

antaratas adv. within; as prep. the same (w. gen.), from out (--°).

antarapūruṣa m. the soul (lit. the male within the breast).

antaraprabhava a. of mixed origin or caste.

antaray antarayati v step between.

antarastha a. being within (gen. or --°).

antarasthita a. being within (gen. or --°).

antarā adv. in the middle, amidst, midway; therein, meanwhile; near, nearly. antarā-antarā sometimes -- sometimes, now-then. As prep. between (acc. or loc.); during (acc.); without, except (acc.).

antarāgamana n. passing between.

antarātman m. the inward soul, heart.

antarānveṣin a. seeking an opportunity.

antarāya m. obstacle, impediment, interval, anything that comes between.

antarārāma a. rejoicing in one's self.

antarāla n. interval (of sp. & t.), mixed caste; -le midway, meanwhile.

antarikṣa n. the intermediate region, i.e. the atmosphere or air.

antarikṣaga a. moving in the air; m. bird.

antarikṣagata a. = prec. a.

antarikṣasad a. dwelling in the air.

antarita a. gone or standing between, being in (--°); interior, hidden, concealed; excluded, disappeared.

antarindriya n. = antaḥkaraṇa.

antarīkṣa n. = antarikṣa.

antarīkṣastha a. standing or being in the air.

antarīya n. under-garment.

antaruṣya m. station; cf. daśāntaruṣya.

antargata a. gone into, entered, being within (--°); inmost, hidden, secret.

antarjalacara a. moving in the water.

antarjalanivāsin a. dwelling in the water.

antarjalaugha m. the quantity of water within.

antarjyotis a. having inner light.

antardaśāha m. an interval of ten days.

antardīpa -> sāntardīpa.

antardhāna n. covering, hiding, disappearance; -naṃ gam ī vraj, etc. disappear.

antardhi m. = prec.

antarnagara n. a king's palace (lit. inner town).

antarnikhāta a. engraven.

antarniveśana n. inner house or apartment.

antarbāṣpa a. containing or suppressing tears, m. suppressed tears; lit. (having) inward tears.

[Page 25]

antarbhavana (°--) in or into the house.

antarbhāva m. the being included or comprehended by (loc.).

antarbhinna a. cleft or torn inwardly.

antarbhūta a. being within, interior, contained in (--°); abstr. -tva n.

antarmanmatha m. suppressed (lit. inward) love.

antarmoda m. inward joy.

antaryāmin m. the inward regulator (ph.).

antarvaktra n. the interior mouth.

antarvant (f. antarvatī & antarvatnī) pregnant.

antarvṛtti f. interior condition.

antarvedi [1] m. pl. the inhabitants of Antarvedī.

antarvedi [2] adv. within the sacrificial ground.

antarvedī f. the country between the Gaṅgā and Yamunā rivers.

antarveśman n. inner house or apartment.

antarhāsa m. inward, i.e. suppressed laughter.

antarhita a. separated, covered, hidden, disappeared.

antavant a. having an end, limited, perishable.

antaḥśarīrastha a. being within the body.

antaḥśīrṇa a. withered or rotten within.

antaḥśleṣa m. -śleṣaṇa n. support, pillar (lit. interlacement, structure).

antastapta a. internally heated.

antastāpa m. inward heat.

antastuṣāra a. having dew in the interior.

antastoya a. containing water.

antaspatha a. walking within the path.

antaḥsaṃjña a. having internal consciousness.

antaḥsalila with concealed (lit. inward) water.

antaḥsāra a. having internal essence, i.e. water.

antaḥsukha a. inwardly happy.

antaḥstha a. being amidst or within (gen. or --°).

anti adv. opposite, in front, before, near. As prep. = near, toward, to (gen. or --°).

antika n. vicinity. Acc. near to, towards (cf. janāttikam); abl. from near, from, next, close by; loc. near, in presence of (all with gen. or --°).

antikacara a. moving near or about (--°).

antitas adv. from near.

antima a. the last.

antevāsa m. neighbour.

antevāsin m. -sinī f. pupil (lit. living close by).

antya a. ultimate, last (in sp., t., and order).

antyakarman n. last, i.e. funeral rite.

antyaja a. lowest born.

antyajanman a. lowest born.

antyajāti a. the same; abstr. -tā f.

antyayoni a. of lowest origin.

antyastrī f. a very low woman.

antyāvasāyin m. a man of low caste (lit. living at the end, scil. of the town or village).

antra n. (mostly pl.) intestines, bowels.

andu s., andū f. chain, esp. for an elephant's foot, or an ornament worn round the ankles.

andolana n. swinging, oscillating.

andolay andolayati v swing, pp. andolita.*

andolāy pp. -yamāna wavering.*

andha a. blind, dark.

andhaka a. the same; m. pl. N. of a princely race.

andhakāra a. dark; m. n. darkness, abstr. -tā f.

andhakūpa m. a covered (lit. blind) well.

andhatā f. -tva n. blindness.

andhatāmisra m. blind or deep darkness (of the soul); n. N. of a hell.

andhas [1] n. darkness.

andhas [2] n. herb, juice, esp. of the Somaplant, juice or food i. g.

andhīkṛ make blind, -bhū become blind.

andhu m. a well.

andhra m. N. of a people and of a caste.

anna n. food, esp. boiled rice; p. -vant.

annakāma a. desirous of food.

annada a. giving food.

annadoṣa m. fault committed by eating forbidden food.

annapakti f. cooking of food.

annapati m. lord of food (E. of sev. gods).

annapāna n. pl. food and drink.

annapiṇḍa s. lump of food.*

annaprāśana n. (first) feeding (of an infant) with rice (r.).

annamaya a. consisting of food.

annarasa (n. sgl. & m. pl.) food and drink.

annarasamaya a. consisting of food and drink.

[Page 26]

annavikāra m. transformation of food; abstr. -tva.

annaśeṣa m. leavings of food, offal.

annahartṛ m. thief of food.

annāda (f. ī & ā) eating food.

annādya n. (eating of) food.

annādyaja a. born or bred in food.

annārtha a. desiring food, hungry.*

anya (n. anyad) another, other, else, different from (abl.). -- anyacca and something else, i.e. further, again. anya (or eka)--anya the one--the other.

anyakartṛka a. having another agent (g.).

anyakṛta a. done by another or others.

anyagata a. relating to some one else.*

anyacitta a. thinking of some one or something else, of absent mind.

anyacetas a. thinking of some one or something else, of absent mind.

anyacintā f. thought or care of some one else.

anyajanman n. another birth or existence.

anyataḥplakṣā f. N. of a lotus-pond.

anyatama a. one of several, the one or the other of (gen. or --°).

anyatara a. one of two; rep. the one--the other; anyatarasyām in either way, optionally (g.).

anyatas adv. from elsewhere, elsewhere, otherwise, else; (only) on one side. Also = abl. & loc. of anya m. & f., sgl. & pl. Repeated = on one side -- on the other side, here-there.

anyatā f. the being other, difference.

anyatra adv. elsewhere, else, otherwise, also = loc. of anya m. f.; as prep. with abl. (r. --°) = in another place, time, case, or way than, without, except, apart from.

anyatva n. = anyatā.

anyathā adv. otherwise, else, differently, wrongly. -bhū suffer change. -kṛ act otherwise or wrongly, change, alter; frustrate, undo.

anyathādarśana n. false trial (of a cause).

anyathāprathā f. the becoming other, change.

anyathābhāva m. change, difference.

anyathābhidhāna n. false statement (j.).

anyathāvādin a. making a false statement or deposition; abstr. -ditva n.

anyathāvṛtti a. changed, altered.

anyathāsaṃbhāvanā f. false supposition, distrust.

anyathāsaṃbhāvin a. suspicious, distrustful.*

anyadā adv. at another time, else, once.

anyanimitta a. having another cause or motive.

anyapara a. having another object.

anyapuṣṭa m. the Indian cuckoo (lit. reared by another, sc. the crow).

anyabhṛta m. the Indian cuckoo (lit. reared by another, sc. the crow).

anyabījaja a. born from another's seed.

anyamanas a. thinking of some one (thing) else.

anyamānasa a. thinking of some one (thing) else.

anyarūpa [1] n. different shape.

anyarūpa [2] & anyarūpin a. of a different shape.

anyarūpin a. of a different shape.

anyalokya a. destined for another world.

anyavādin  = anyathāvādin.

anyaviṣaya a. having another object, relating to something else.

anyaśaṅkita a. supposing something else, suspicious.*

anyasaṃkrānta a. gone over to another.*

anyastrīga m. adulterer (lit. going to another's wife).

anyādṛkṣa (f. ī) looking different, of another kind or nature.

anyādṛś (f. ī) looking different, of another kind or nature.

anyādṛśa (f. ī) looking different, of another kind or nature.

anyāya m. unlawfulness, injustice, impropriety. °-- & instr. adv. illegally, improperly.

anyāyavartin a. acting improperly.

anyāyya a. unlawful, unjust.

anyārtha [1] m. another's cause; another sense or purpose.

anyārtha [2] a. having another sense or purpose.

anyūna a. not deficient, entire.

anyūnārthavādin a. expressing the whole subject.

anyedyus adv. on the other or following day; one day, once.

anyotpanna a. begotten by another.

anyonya (only sgl. m. f.) one another, mutual. anyonya (°--) & n. anyonyam mutually.

anyonyakṛtya n. pl. reciprocal friendly acts.

anyonyagata a. mutual, reciprocal.

anyonyadarśana n. interview.*

anyonyabheda m. mutual division.

anyonyaspardhā a. mutual emulation; adj. -rdhin.

anyonyānurāga m. mutual affection.*

anyonyopamā f. a kind of comparison.

anyopatāpin a. vexing others.

[Page 27]

anvañc (f. anūcī or anūcī) going behind or along, following (acc.); n. anvak adv. behind, after (acc.).

anvaya m. posterity, race, family; connexion, relation; -vat adv. before one's eyes, openly (lit. in connexion with).

anvayin a. related, connected, consecutive.

anvartha a. answering to the matter, having an obvious sense; -rthābhidha a. having a name of obvious meaning.

anvaṣṭakā f. the day after the aṣṭakā (q.v.).

anvaham adv. daily.

anvādheya n. a gift subsequent (j.).

anvāyanta a. partaking of, connected with, dependent on, being in or at (loc. or acc.).

anvālabhana n. handle.

anvāhārya n. a cert. sacrificial gift (lit. to be offered after, sc. the cakes); the monthly funeral repast.

anvāhāryapacana m. one of the sacrificial fires, serving to cook the Anvāhārya (v. prec.).

anvita a. followed; accompanied by, endowed, filled, connected with (instr. or --°).

anveṣa m. -ṣaṇa n., -ṣaṇā f. searching, investigation.

anveṣaṇīya a. to be searched or investigated, questionable, dubious.

anveṣya a. to be searched or investigated, questionable, dubious.

anveṣin a. searching, seeking.

anveṣṭṛ a. searching, seeking.

ap [1] s. work.

ap [2] f. pl. (sgl. only in V.) water, waters.

apa adv. away, off (*as prep. w. abl.).

apakarṣa m. drawing away, taking off, diminution, deterioration; anticipation (ph.).

apakarṣaka a. detracting, diminishing.

apakarṣaṇa a. the same; n. = apakarṣa.

apakāra m. -tā f. injury, mischief.

apakārin a. injuring, hurting.

apakṛta n. -ti f., -tya n. = apakāra.

apakṛṣṭa a. drawn down, inferior, low, mean.

apakrama m. apakramaṇa n., apakrānti f. going away.

apakruṣṭa a. abused, reviled.

apakṣa [1] a. wingless.

apakṣa [2] m. a rival, lit. not belonging to the (right) party.

apakṣaya m. diminution, decrease.

apakṣalopa m. non-loss of the wings.

apakṣasāda m. non-loss of the wings.

apagama m. -gamana n. going away, flying, disappearing.

apaghana a. cloudless.

apaghāta m. striking or warding off, driving away.

apaghātaka a. the same.

apacamāna a. not cooking for one's self.

apacaya m. decrease, decline.

apacarita n. misconduct, transgression.

apacāra m. absence, want; also = prec.

apacārin a. deviating from (--°); acting improperly; faithless, false, adulterous.

apacita [1] a. emaciated, thin, slender.

apacita [2] a. respected, honoured.

apaciti f. expiation, vengeance for (gen.); awe, honour, respect.

apaccheda m. -na n. cutting off, interrupting.

apajvara a. free from fever, well.

apañcīkṛta n. having not yet become the five, sc. elements (ph.).

apañcībhūta n. having not yet become the five, sc. elements (ph.).

apaṭīkṣepa m. the not tossing-up the curtain (d.).

apaṭu a. not sharp, blunt, awkward, uncouth.

apaṇḍita a. unlearned, ignorant.

apaṇya a. not to be sold; n. such an article.

apataram adv. further away.

apatita a. not fallen or sunk; not degraded or outcast.

apativratā f. not devoted to her husband.

apatya n. offspring, child; poss. -vant.

apatyavikrayin m. a seller of his offspring.

apatyasneha m. love of one's own children.

apatha n. no or the wrong road; fig. a bad course or wrong place.

apathya a. unfit, unsuitable.

apad (f. = m. or apadī) & apad a. footless.

apada [1] n. no or a wrong place.

apada [2] a. footless.

apadāna n. a glorious deed.

apadeśa m. statement, designation, name, pretence, pretext, excuse, evasion, refusal.

apadma a. having no lotus.

apadhā f. concealment, confinement.

apadhyāna n. grudge, envy.

apadhvaṃsa m. sinking down, concealment, degradation.

apadhvaṃsaja a. born in consequence of degradation, i.e. of a mixed marriage.

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apadhvasta a. brought down, degraded, ruined.

apadhvānta a. sounding wrong.

apanata a. bent out.

apanaya [1] m. taking away, removal.

apanaya [2] m. bad conduct or policy.

apanayana a. taking away; n. = 1 apanaya.

apanīta a. led away, removed from, i.e. opposite of (--°); n. = 2 apanaya.

apanutti f. removing, expiation.

apanunutsu a. desiring to remove or expiate.

apaneya a. to be removed.

apanoda m. driving away, repulsion, removal, expiation.

apanodana a. removing; n. = prec.

apapātra a. excluded from (the common use of) vessels.

apapātrika a. excluded from (the common use of) vessels.

apabhaya a. fearless.

apabhartṛ m. remover, destroyer.

apabhraṃśa m. falling down; fallen off, i.e. corrupted or vulgar language.

apabhraṣṭa a. fallen off, i.e. corrupted, vulgar (cf. prec.).

apama a. farthest, remotest, last.

apamarśa m. contact, touch.

apamāna m. (n.) disrespect, contempt.

apamārga [1] m. by-road, side-way.

apamārga [2] m. wiping off, cleaning.

apamārjana the same adj., as n. subst.

apamṛga a. having no game (wood).

apamlukta a. retired, hidden.

apayaśas n. disgrace, infamy.

apayāna n. retreat, flight.

apara [1] a. hinder, farther, later, inferior, posterior, western; following (in sp. & t.); different from, another than (abl. or gen.), foreign (opp. sva), particular, strange, extraordinary. m. apara hind-foot of an elephant. n. aparam adv. in future (also aparam); further, moreover (±ca); west of (abl.). apareṇa behind, west of (acc.).

apara [2] n. -rī f. the future.

aparakta a. discoloured, pale; averse from (abl.), unfavourable.

aparatas adv. elsewhere.

aparatra adv. elsewhere.

aparapakṣa m. the latter or dark half of a month.

apararātra m. the latter half of a night.

aparavaktra n. N. of a metre.

aparaśuvṛkṇa a. not hewn down with an axe.

aparasparasaṃbhūta a. not produced by one another or in regular order.

aparāga m. dislike, aversion.

aparāṅmukha a. not having an averted face, encountering, facing. (n. adv. frankly, plainly.*)

aparājaya m. invincibleness.

aparājita a. unconquered, invincible. -- f. ā w. diś the northeast (lit. invincible) quarter; N. of a metre and of sev. plants. -- n. the castle of Brahman.

aparāddha a. sinned; having sinned, guilty. n. impers. it has been sinned by (instr.), against (gen. or loc.); as subst. = seq.

aparāddhi f. sin, offence, transgression.

aparādha m. the same.

aparādhin a. guilty, criminal, offending.

aparānta m. last end, death; the farthest west, pl. its inhabitants.

aparāvṛtta a. not turned back. -bhāgadheya to whom fortune does not return, unhappy, miserable.

aparāhla m. the afternoon.

aparikrama a. unable to move.

aparikliṣṭa a. not vexed or troubled; -pūrva not vexed before.

aparikṣata a. unhurt, untouched.

aparigraha [1] m. non-comprehension, non-acceptance; want of property.

aparigraha [2] a. having no property or no wife.

aparicaya m. unacquaintedness.

aparicita a. unacquainted, unknown.

aparicchada a. having no attendance or luggage.

aparicchinna a. uncut, unlimited.

apariccheda m. inability to decide.

aparijñāta not known.

aparituṣṭa a. = seq.

aparitoṣa [1] a. dissatisfied.

aparitoṣa [2] m. dissatisfaction.

aparityakta a. not abandoned.*

aparityāga m. not giving up.

aparinirvāṇa a. not quite extinct or ended.

apariniṣṭhita a. not quite fixed or settled.

[Page 29]

aparipanthin f. ī not an opponent, friendly.*

aparipūta a. uncleaned, unhusked (corn)

aparibādha a. undisturbed.*

aparimita a. unmeasured, unlimited.

aparimeya a. immeasurable, countless, illimited.

aparivādya a. not to be blamed.

aparivṛta a. unfenced, uninclosed.

apariśrānta a. unwearied.

aparisthāna a. improper, n. impropriety.*

aparihata a. unrestrained, unlimited.

aparihāra m. non-avoiding.

aparihārya a. not to be avoided.

aparihīyamāna a. unavoided; -naṃ kṛ carry out, accomplish.

aparihṛta a. unavoided, i.e. carried out.

aparīkṣita a. inconsiderate (of p. & th.).

aparīkṣya ger. without deliberating.

aparīkṣyakārin a. acting inconsiderately.

aparīta a. unrestrained, irresistible.

aparīvṛta  = aparivṛta.

aparedyus adv. on the following day.

aparokṣa a. not beyond the eye or out of sight, witnessed, testified, perceptible, clear; abstr. aparokṣa++tva n. -- aparokṣam & aparokṣe in the presence of; aparokṣāt clearly.

aparokṣay aparokṣayati v to witness.

apartu [1] m. not the right season.

apartu [2] a. unseasonable.

aparyanta a. unlimited, boundless.

aparyāpta a. insufficient, unable.

aparyāpti f. insufficiency, inadequacy.

aparvan n. no joint (Ved. loc. the same form); no Parvan- or holiday (v. parvan).

apalāpin a. denying, concealing (--°).

apalāyana n. firmness, valour (lit. non-flight.).

apavarga m. completion, end, final delivery.

apavāda m. refutation, restriction, exception, censure, blame.

apavādin a. blaming, slandering (--°).

apavāraka s. bed-chamber.*

apavārita a. covered, hidden. apavāritam apavāritakena & apavārivārya apart, aside (d.).

apavighna a. unhindered.

apavitraḍākinī f. a dirty witch.*

apaviddha a. pierced, hit; thrown away, rejected, removed, given up, neglected.

apavṛtta a. turned away, overthrown, inverted, perverse, of bad conduct.

apavedha m. unskilful piercing (of a pearl).

apavrata a. not devout, faithless, disobedient.

apaśabda m. bad or ill language.

apaścima [1] a. not the last.

apaścima [2] a. the last of all (lit. h. no last); n. adv. last of all.

apaśya a. not seeing.

apaśyant a. the same.

apaśyamāna a. the same.

apas [1] n. work, action.

apas [2] a. active, skilful; f. pl. the fingers.

apasada m. an outcast; a. base-born (of a father inferior to the mother), low, vile (esp. --°).

apasara m. -ṇa n. going away.

apasalavi adv. to the left.

apasalais adv. to the left.

apasavya a. right, southern; n. & instr. adv.

apasāra m. going out, issue, egress.

apasāraṇa n. removal, expelling (ṇaṃ kṛ make room, clear the way*).

apasārin a. decreasing, vanishing (abstr. -ritā f.*).

apasnāna n. water used (previously) for a bath.

apasmāra m. epilepsy (lit. want of memory).

apasmārin a. epileptic.

apasy apasyati v be active; abstr. -syā f.

apasya (f. apasī) watery.

apasyu a. active, zealous.

apaha (--°) a. removing, destroying.

apahati f. removal, destruction.

apahantṛ m. (f. -ntrī) = apaha.

apaharaṇa n. taking away, robbing.

apahartṛ a. removing; m. ravisher, destroyer.

apahastay pp. -hastita shake off (hands); throw away.

apahāya ger. holding off, putting aside, notwithstanding, except, save.

apahāra m. taking away, stealing, robbing, concealing; a. apahāraka & apahārin.

apahnava m. -hvuti f. denial, concealment.

apāka a. coming from far.

apākā adv. far; -kāt from far.

apāṅkteya a. unworthy (of a society); abstr. -tva n.

[Page 30]

apāṅktya a. the same, -dāna n. giving to some one unworthy.

apāṅga m. (adj. --° f. ā & ī) the outer corner of the eye.

apāṅganetrā f. having eyes with beautiful outer corners.

apāṅgaviśālanetra a. having large eyes with beautiful outer corners.

apācīna (f. apācī) turned back, western. n. apāk adv. west.

apāñc (f. apācī) turned back, western. n. apāk adv. west.

apāṇi a. handless; -pāda hand and footless.

apātaka n. no crime.

apātra n. (m.) an unworthy person (lit. no recipient).

apātrakṛtyā f. an act rendering unworthy (v. prec.).

apātravarṣin a. liberal to (lit. raining on) the unworthy.

apātrīkaraṇa n. = apātrakṛtyā.

apādāna n. ablation (g.).

apāna m. the wind that goes downward (in the body); the anus.

apāpa a. not bad, sinless; -śīla a. good-natured.

apāṃpati m. the ocean or the god Varuṇa.

apāya m. departure (a. -yin); going astray or missing the aim, i.e. disadvantage, danger, diminution, loss; end, death.

apāra a. unbounded, immeasurable.

apārayant a. being unable to (inf.).

apārtha a. useless, unmeaning.

apārthaka a. useless, unmeaning.

apāvṛta a. unlocked, uncovered; open, manifest.

apāvṛtta a. inverted, turned away; averse from (abl.).

apāśraya m. support, refuge; p. apāśraya++vant & apāśayayin.

apāsya ger. putting aside, i.e. in spite of, except, save (acc.).

api (prep. w. loc., or °-- in verbs & nouns) close by or to, within, before; adv. further, also, too; even (w. na = Lat. quidem); at least, however, but (between words, clauses and sentences, or after, r. before an emphasized word). Converts an interrog. into an indefinite; after numerals = all; at the beginning of a sent. it is a particle of interrogation, with an optat. it expresses hope, fear, or desire. -- api ca or cāpi further, moreover. api--api (or ca) as well--as. api ca -- ja cāpi rather than. ye'pi--te'pi they too--who. yadyapi however, although. tathāpi even so, nevertheless.

apit a. barren, dry.

apitṛdevatya a. not having the Manes as deity.

apitrya a. not paternal.

apitva n. portion, share; p. -tvin.

apidhāna n. cover, bar; p. -vant.

apinaddha a. tied on, bound under, closed obstructed, covered.

pinaddha a. tied on, bound under, closed obstructed, covered.

apihita a. covered, concealed; checked, restrained.

pihita a. covered, concealed; checked, restrained.

apīcya a. secret, hidden.

apīḍayant a. not oppressing.

apīta [1] a. entered into, united with (acc.); abstr. -ti f.

apīta [2] a. not (having) drunk.

apīvṛta a. covered, veiled, shut up.

apuṇyakṛt a. acting wickedly; m. sinner.

aputra [1] m. not a son.

aputra (f. -trikā) sonless.

aputraka [2] (f. -trikā) sonless.

aputrin a. the same.

aputriya a. the same.

aputrya a. the same.

apunarāvartana n. -vṛtti f. not returning again (into life).

apumaṃs m. hermaphrodite (lit. not a man).

apuṣpa a. not flowering.

apūjita a. unworshipped.

apūta a. impure.

apūpa m. cake.

apūpaśālā f. a bake- (lit. cake-) house.

apūrṇa a. not full; less by (instr.).

apūrva a. having no predecessor, not having existed before, unknown, unheard of, unprecedented, extraordinary, wonderful, incomparable, strange, new; instr. adv. never before. Abstr. apūrvatā f., apūrvatva n.

apūrvya a. having no predecessor, first, singular, incomparable.

apṛṇant a. not munificent (lit. filling), avaricious.

apṛthagjita a. not conquered singly.

apṛṣṭa a. unasked, unquestioned.

[Page 31]

apekṣā f. regard, attention, expectation, consideration; often adj. --° regarding, expecting, requiring. Instr. with regard or in proportion to (--°).

apekṣitatva n. being expected or required.

apekṣitā f. expectation, regard.

apekṣin a. considering, respecting, expecting.

apeta a. gone away, fled, departed, ceased; rid of, free from (abl., °--, or --°).

apetaprāṇa a. dead (whose life is gone).

apeya a. not to be drunk.

apeśas a. shapeless.

apaiśuna n. no calumny.

apogaṇḍa a. not a minor (j.).

apoḍha a. carried off, removed.

apoha m. -na n. removal, rejection, negation.

apauruṣeya a. not produced by man, superhuman.

apcara m. aquatic animal (lit. moving in the water).

aptu a. light (lit. not falling), small.

aptur a. active, zealous.

aptya a. watery.

apnas n. wealth, property; work.

appati m. the lord of the waters, i.e. Varuṇa.

apya f. ā & ī born in water; made of or mixed with water.

apyaya m. the going in, union, junction; absorption, destruction (opp. prabhava).

aprakāśa a. not bright, dark, secret; -śaṃ kṛ hide, secrete. m. darkness; n. adv. secretly.

aprakāśant a. invisible.

aprakāśya a. not to be shown.

apraketa a. indistinct, shapeless.

apragalbha a. not bold; timid, modest.

apracetas a. unwise.

apracyuta a. unmoved, undeviating from (abl).

apraja a. childless; f. ā not bringing forth children.

aprajajñi a. unprolific; ignorant.

aprajas a. childless.

aprajastā f. aprajasya & aprajāstva n. childlessness.

aprajña a. unknowing, -jñāta a. unknown.

apraṇīta a. not carried forth.

apratarkya a. incomprehensible.

aprati a. irresistible.

apratikāra a. irremediable, helpless (guru helplessly oppressive*).

apratikūla a. not adverse; willing, obedient.

apratigṛhṇant a. not receiving.

apratigrāhaka a. who accepts nothing.

apratigrāhya a. unacceptable.

apratigha a. not to be kept off, irresistible.

apratipatti f. non-perception; irresolution.

apratipadyamāna a. not being granted or admitted.

apratipādana n. not giving, withholding.

apratipūjita a. not (duly) honoured.

apratibandha m. no obstacle; adj. unhindered.

apratibuddha a. not enlightened, stupid.

apratibuddhaka a. not enlightened, stupid.

apratima a. incomparable.

apratimāna a. incomparable.

apratimeya a. incomparable.

apratimaprabhāva a. of unmatched power.

apratimaujas a. of unmatched strength.

apratiratha a. having no antagonist, invincible.

apratirūpa a. of incomparable form, unequalled unfit for (gen.).

aprativārita a. unprohibited.

apratiṣedha m. no prohibition or contradiction.

apratiṣṭha a. unfixed, unsettled, uncertain.

apratiṣṭhita a. unfixed, unsettled, uncertain.

apratihata a. unrestrained, unimpaired.

apratihārya a. irresistible.

apratīkāra a. resistless (act. & pass.), also = apratikāra.

apratīta a. not encountered, unattackable; not understood, unintelligible.

apratīti f. unintelligibility; inconclusiveness.

apratyakṣa a. not being before the eyes, not witnessed, unknown.

apratyaya a. distrustful (loc.), untrustworthy; m. distrust.

apratyākhyāyin a. not refusing or turning away.

apradhāna a. not principal; subordinate or secondary; n. anything subord. or sec. Abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

apradhṛṣya a. invincible, unconquerable.

aprabuddha a. unawakened (l. & f.).

apramatta a. not negligent; attentive, vigilant, careful.

apramāṇa n. no authority.

apramāda [1] m. attention, carefulness.

apramāda a. = apramatta.

apramādin a. = apramatta.

apramādyant [2] a. = apramatta.

aprameya a. immeasurable, infinite.

apramoda m. want of joy or pleasure.

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aprayacchant a. not giving, withholding.

aprayata a. unprepared, impure (r.).

aprayatna m. want of effort, indifference; adj. not endeavouring, indifferent about (loc.).

aprayukta a. not employed; unusual.

aprayucchant a. not indolent; watchful, attentive.

aprayujyamāna a. not being applied.

apravṛtti f. non-activity, indolence.

apraśasta a. unpraised or unpraiseworthy; bad, evil.

aprasakti f. non-attachment to, abstinence from (loc.).

aprasanna a. not calm, uneasy, displeased.

aprasiddha a. unfinished, unsettled; unknown, unheard of.

aprastuta a. unpraiseworthy; not being spoken of, not the topic of conversation.

aprājña a. unwise, stupid; abstr. -tā f.

aprāṇa a. lifeless, inanimate.

aprāṇant a. lifeless, inanimate.

aprāṇin a. lifeless, inanimate.

aprādhānya n. the being secondary or inferior.

aprāpta a. not obtained; not established by a rule, unproved; not arrived, not occurred, not full grown.

aprāmāṇya n. no authority or proof.

aprāstāvika f. ī not belonging to the matter.

apriya a. unkind, unfriendly, disagreeable.

apriyaṃvada a. speaking unkindly.

apriyaṃvādin a. speaking unkindly.

apriyakara a. causing displeasure.

aprīti f. want of love, enmity.

aprītikara a. not giving joy.

aprekṣaṇīya a. not worth seeing, ugly.

aprekṣya a. invisible.

apvā f. a kind of disease.

apsaras f. Apsaras (a cert. class of fem. deities).

apsarā f. Apsaras (a cert. class of fem. deities).

apsas n. forehead or face.

aphala a. fruitless (l. & f.); emasculated.

aphalaprepsu a. not desirous of any result or recompense.

aphalākāṅkṣin a. the same.

aphena a. frothless.

aphenila a. frothless.

abaddha a. untied, unconnected, nonsensical.

abandhya a. not to be bound.

abarha a. not yet having tail-feathers.

abala a. weak, feeble; f. ā woman, maid.

abalīyaṃs (compar.) weaker.

abalya n. weakness, disease.

abahiṣkārya a. not to be expelled or excluded.

abādha a. unimpeded.

abādhaka a. unimpeded.

abādhita a. unimpeded.

abāndhava a. having no relatives.

abāndhavakṛta a. not brought about by relatives.

abālasattva a. having an unchild-like disposition.

abibhīvaṃs a. fearless.

abibhyat a. fearless.

abīja n. no or bad seed; adj. without seed or manly strength.

abījaka a. not having (good) seed.

abuddhi a. ignorant (also -mant); f. ignorance.

abudh  = prec. adj.

abudha  = prec. adj.

abudhya a. not to be wakened.

abudhyamāna a. not awaking.

abodha m. ignorance; ignorant; -pūrvam adv.

abja a. born in water; n. a lotus-flower.

abjasaras n. a lotus-pond.

abjā a. water-born.

abda m. year (lit. giving water; cf. varṣa).

abdaparyaya m. change of the year.

abdayā (instr.) from desire to give water.

abdārdha a. half-year.

abdurga n. a fortress (protected) by water.

abdaivata a. having the waters as deity.

abdhi m. ocean, sea (lit. water-receptacle).

abbhakṣa a. living (only) on water.

abrahmaṇya a. unbrahmanical; n. misdeed, violence.

abrahman m. no Brahman; adj. without Brahmans or prayers.

abrāhmaṇa [1] m. no Brahman.

abrāhmaṇa [2] a. without Brahmans.

abruvant a. not speaking, silent.

abhakta a. not imparted; not attached or devout.

abhakṣya a. not to be eaten.

abhakṣyabhakṣin a. eating forbidden food.

abhaga a. luckless, unfortunate.

abhaṇita a. unspoken, untold.*

abhaṇitvā ger. without saying.*

abhadra n. inauspicious; n. misfortune, ill-luck.

abhaya a. free from fear or danger, safe; n. safety, superl. greatest s.

abhayaṃkara a. procuring safety.

abhayaṃkṛt a. procuring safety.

abhayada a. giving safety.

abhayaprada a. giving safety.

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abhayapradāyin a. giving safety.

abhayadakṣiṇā f. promise or gift of safety.

abhavya a. bad, vicious, ugly, miserable (lit. what ought not to be).

abhāga a. having no portion or share.

abhāgya a. unfortunate; n. misfortune.

abhājana n. no object (lit. vessel or recipient) for (gen.), unworthy.

abhāna n. non-appearance.

abhārya a. without a wife.

abhāva m. not being, non-existence, absence, want, failure, destruction, death. ---vaṃ gam perish, die.*

abhāvayant a. unconscious, unwise.

abhāvin a. what is not to be

abhi adv. to, unto, near (comp. abhitaram or -rām nearer); towards, against; as prep. the same + into, for, for the sake of, over, above, concerning, about (acc.); without, except (abl.).

abhika a. eager, desirous, libidinous.

abhikāṅkṣā f. wish, desire (acc. or --°).

abhikāṅkṣin a. wishing for, desirous of (acc. or --°).

abhikāma a. affectionate, loving, desirous of (acc. or --°); m. affection, love, desire.

abhikḷpta a. formed or manifested by (instr.)

abhikrama m. approaching (also -ṇa n.), undertaking, overcoming.

abhikṣadā a. giving without being asked.

abhikhyā f. sight, glance (subj. & obj), brightness, clearness, splendour, glory beauty; name, designation.

abhikhyāta a. known, notorious.

abhigama m. -na n. coming near, going to, approaching (also of sex. intercourse).

abhigamya a. to be approached, accessible.

abhigarjana n. shout, roar.

abhigarjita n. shout, roar.

abhigāmin a. approaching (sexually)

abhigupta a. kept, guarded.

abhighāta m. stroke, attack, affliction.

abhighātin a. striking; m. enemy.

abhighṛta a. sprinkled.

abhicakṣe (dat. inf.) to view.

abhicāra m. incantation, sorcery.

abhijana m. origin, race, family. ancestors, -vant = seq. adj.

abhijāta a. well or nobly-born; n. = seq.

abhijāti f. (noble) birth, nobility.

abhijit a. victorious, m. a cert. sacrifice, N. of a lunar mansion.

abhijña a. knowing, understanding, acquainted with, skilled in (gen. or --°). f. ā remembrance, recollection.

abhijñāna n. = prec. f.; recognition or sign of recognition. -śakuntala n. T. of a drama (the Token or Ring-Sakuntala).

abhijñu adv. on or up to the knees.

abhitas adv. & prep. (w. acc.) towards, near; around, behind, before and after.

abhitāpa m. heat, pain.

abhidarśana n. sight, appearance.

abhidyu a. tending heavenward, heavenly.

abhidruh a. offending, impious.

abhidroha m. offence, wickedness.

abhidhā a. surrounding; f. name, appellation.

abhidhāna n. = prec. f. + statement, speech, discourse, word; also = seq; f. -dhānī a halter.

abhidhānakoṃśa m. a dictionary

abhidheya a. to be named or expressed; n. meaning, signification.

abhidhyāna n. thinking of (gen.), longing for, coveting (loc.).

abhinanda m. voluptuousness, desire.

abhinandanīya a. to be praised or rejoiced at.

abhinandya a. to be praised or rejoiced at.

abhinandin a. praising, rejoicing at (--°)

abhinabhyam adv. up to the sky.

abhinaya m. pantomime, dramatic representation; -yācārya m. teacher of this art.

abhinava a. quite new or fresh; abhinava++yauvana & abhinavavayaska a. of tender youth, very young.

abhinimrukta a. on whom the sun sets, i.e. whom the setting sun finds sleeping.

abhiniviṣṭa a. entered, penetrated, fixed, settled, intent upon, attached to (loc., acc. w. prati, or --°), endowed with (instr.).

abhiniveśa m. inclination, attachment to (loc. or --°); intentness, resolution, tenacity.

abhiniveśin a. inclined, adhering, clinging to (--°).

abhiniścita a. fixed, certain (pers. & thing).

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abhinīta a. brought near, adduced, performed; trained, educated; fit, proper.

abhinna a. uncleft, unpierced, unbroken, uninterrupted, whole, entire, continual, undivided, one, the same as, not different from (abl. or --°).

abhiparipluta a. filled with, full of (instr.).

abhipitva n. approach, arrival, stopping, esp. of the day, i.e. evening.

abhipūjita a. honoured, pleasant, dear.

abhipūrṇa a. filled, full of (instr., gen., or --°).

abhipracakṣe dat. inf. to view.

abhipravṛtta a. occupied in (loc.).

abhiprāya m. intention, purpose, goal, object, wish, opinion, meaning; the conception (of a thing) as (--°).

abhiprepsu a. desirous of, wishing for (acc.).

abhipluta a. visited by, suffereing from (instr.).

abhibhava a. predominant, superior. m. predominance, superiority, overthrow, humiliation, defeat (also abhibhavana n.).

abhibhāṣin a. addressing.

abhibhu  = abhibhava adj.

abhibhū  = abhibhava adj.

abhibhūti a. & f. = abhibhava adj. & m.

abhibhūtyojas a. having victorious power.

abhimata a. approved, wished for, dear.

abhimatta a. intoxicated.

abhimantṛ a. self-conscious.

abhimanyu m. a man's name.

abhimara m. slaughter, war.

abhimarśa m. touch, contact.

abhimāti f. plot, hostility; plotter, adversary, enemy.

abhimātin a. inimical, m. foe.

abhimāna m. = prec. abstr.; self-conceit, arrogance, pride (p. -vant); affection, love; conception, supposition, esp. a false one.

abhimānitva n. abstr. to seq.

abhimānin a. self-conceited, arrogant; imagining one's self to have or to be (--°).

abhimukha f. ī (ā) having the face towards, facing, turned to (acc., dat., gen., or --°); propitious, favourable to (gen. or instr.); approaching, near; occupied in, going to (--°). n. adv. in front, towards, against, over against (acc., gen. or --°); -khe against, opposite (gen. or --°). -khī bhū turn towards, be favourable.

abhiyāna n. approach, assault.

abhiyāyin a. approaching, assaulting.

abhiyukta a. assailed, charged, prosecuted (j); intent on (loc. or --°), versed in (loc.), competent.

abhiyuta a. contained in (acc.).

abhiyoktṛ assailing; m. enemy, plaintiff, claimant.

abhiyoga m. application, endeavour, effort at (loc. or --°); attack, assault, accusation.

abhirati f. delight in (loc. or --°).

abhirāddha a. propitiated, satisfied.

abhirādhana n. propitiation.

abhirāma a. agreeable, pleasing; m. = seq.; abstr. -tā f., (tva n.*).

abhiruci f. delight in (loc. --°).

abhiruta a. sounding; n. sound, cry.

abhirucita a. pleasing, agreeable (dat. or gen); pleased with, delighting in (--°).

abhiruṣita a. enraged, wrathful.

abhirūpa a. suitable, apt, beautiful (also -vant); learned, wise.

abhirūpapati m. a. cert. rite.*

abhilakṣya a. recognisable by (--°).

abhilakṣyam adv. towards the goal.

abhilaṅghana n. jumping over, transgression.

abhilaṅghin a. overleaping, transgressing (--°).

abhilāṣa m. desire, wish (loc. or --°); poss. -ṣin.

abhilāṣapūrayitṛka a. fulfilling a desire.*

abhilīna a. adhering; occupied by (--°).

abhilulita a. touched.

abhivandana n. respectful greeting.

abhivāñchita a. wished for; n. wish.

abhivāta a. tired, languid.

abhivāda m. salutation; -ka a. saluting.

abhivādana n. = prec. m.; -śīla a. respectful, modest.

abhivāhya n. being carried, conveyance.

abhivikhyāta a. celebrated; known as, called (iti).

abhivinīta a. instructed, versed in (loc.).

abhiviśruta a. known as, called (nom.).

abhiviṣṭa a. penetrated, seized by (--°).

abhivīta a. sought for, desired.

abhivṛta [1] a. surrounded, covered.

abhivṛta [2] a. chosen, preferred.

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abhivṛddhi f. increase, plenty, success.

abhivyakta a. apparent, clear; n. adv.

abhivyakti f. manifestation, appearance.

abhivyāharaṇa n. -hāra m. speaking, utterance.

abhivyāhṛta a. spoken to; said, uttered; n. word.

abhiśaṃsana n. defamation, accusation.

abhiśaṅkā f. distrust (gen.), suspicion; p. -ṅkin

abhiśaṅkita a. suspected of (gen.), suspicious.

abhiśas f. imprecation.

abhiśasta a. defamed, cursed, wicked.

abhiśasti f. imprecation, curse; censure, blame; misfortune, harm; concr. a slanderer, enemy.

abhiśī a. closing or closed together; joining or joined.

abhiśruta a heard of, known, famous.

abhiṣaṅga m. inclination, attachment, curse, imprecation; defeat, humiliation; a. -ngin defeating, humiliating.

abhiṣava m. pressing out (of the Soma).

abhiṣāta a. won, conquered.

abhiṣeka m. sprinkling over, bathing, religious, ablation, consecration, inauguration; the consecrated water itself.

abhiṣecanīya a. worthy or destined to be consecrated; m. consecration.

abhiṣṭi [1] a. superior, victorious.

abhiṣṭi [2] f. help, aid.

abhiṣṭhita a. trampled or stepped upon.

abhiṣṭiśavas a. granting strong assistance.

abhiṣvaṅga m. attachment, affection.

abhisaṃhatya ger. jointly.

abhisaṃhita a. directed, turned; intended, agreed; connected with (--°).

abhisaṃdhāna n. holding together, union; declaration, statement, speech; aim, purpose, interest; cheating, deceiving.

abhisaṃdhi m. intention, purpose, interest, condition; -pūrvakam adv. with a fixed purpose.

abhisaṃbandha m. connexion, relation.

abhisāra m. approach, attack; love-visit, appointment.

abhisārikā f. a woman visiting her lover.

abhisārin a. going to (--°); f. -ṇī = prec.

abhisṛta a. come, gone to (acc.) or against (--°); turned towards (--°); visited by (instr.).

abhisṛṣṭa a. let loose, hastening to (acc.), allowed, granted.

abhisvar f. calling, invocation.

abhisvare prep. behind (gen.), lit. within calling.

abhisvartṛ m. invoker, singer.

abhihata a. struck, smitten, beaten (drum), broken; visited by, suffering from (instr. or --°).

abhihasya a. ridiculous.

abhihita a. fastened, attached; yoked; said, spoken named, designated, declared, addressed, called.

abhihrut a. bending, hurting; f. injury, defeat.

abhihruti a. bending, hurting; f. injury, defeat.

abhīka n. encountering, meeting; loc. at the same time or in time; out of or from out (abl.).

abhīkṣṇam adv. every moment, frequently.

abhīta a. fearless; -vat adv. as if not afraid.

abhīti f. assault, attack.

abhīpsita a. desired, agreeable, dear.

abhīpsu a. desirous to obtain (acc.).

abhīru a. fearless or harmless.

abhīvarga m. reach, compass.

abhīvarta a. victorious; m. victory.

abhīśu m. rein; ray.

abhīṣṭa a. longed for, wished, pleasant, dear. m. favourite, lover; n. wish.

abhukta a. uneaten, not enjoyed.

abhujiṣya f. ā not a slave or a servant; abstr. abhujiṣya++tva n.

abhūta a. not having been; -pūrva -- before.

abhūtalasparśa a. not touching the earth; abstr. -tā f.

abhūti f. non-existence, weakness, wretchedness, misfortune.

abhūtopamā f. a kind of comparison.

abhūmi f. not the right place or object.

abhṛta a. not hired or paid.

abhettṛ m. observer (lit. not-breaker).

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abheda a. not different, identical; m. undividedness, sameness, identity.

abhedya a. not to be divided or pierced.

abhoga m. non-enjoyment.

abhogghan a. killing the stingy.

abhojana a. not eating, fasting.

abhojayant a. not feeding.

abhojya not to be eaten; also = seq.

abhojyānna a. whose food is not to be eaten.

abhyakta a. smeared or anointed with (--°).

abhyaṅga m. smearing, unction, unguent.

abhyañjana n. the same; also embellishment, ornament.

abhyatīta a. passed away, dead.

abhyadhika a. excessive, eminent; superior to; greater, stronger, more, dearer than or by (abl., instr., or --°); excellent, extraordinary. n. adv. extraordinarily, very much.

abhyanujñā f. -na n. permission, leave.

abhyanujñāta a. allowed, permitted, authorized.

abhyanujñāpana n. inducement to approve, corroboration.

abhyantara a. interior, included by, contained in (loc., gen., or --°), inner, secret, near, intimate (also -ka*); initiated in, conversant or familiar with (loc.). n. interior, interval; acc. into, loc. in, within, inside (--°).

abhyantaracārin a. moving within (--°).

abhyantarīkṛ place between, insert; initiate in (loc.).

abhyarkabimbam adv. towards the sun's orb.

abhyarcana n. worship, reverence.

abhyarṇa a. near; n. nearness (space & time).

abhyarthana n. -rthanā f. request, begging.

abhyardhayajvan a. receiving sacrifices.

abhyarhaṇa n. veneration, honour.

abhyarhaṇīya a. worthy of honour, venerable.

abhyalaṃkāra m. ornament.

abhyavaharaṇa n. throwing down or away; also = seq.

abhyavahāra m. taking food, eating or drinking.

abhyavahārya a. fit for eating or drinking; n. food.

abhyasūyaka a. en, ous, m. detractor.

abhyasūyā f. indignation, envy.

abhyasta a. thrown, shot; exercised, studied, learned; repeated, reduplicated (g.).

abhyastaguṇa a. containing studied virtues or merits.

abhyāgata a. arrived; m. guest.

abhyāgama m. -na n. approach, arrival.

abhyāghāta m. assault, inroad.

abhyātma a. directed towards one's self; n. -tmam adv.

abhyādhāna n. laying on, adding.

abhyāpti f. getting, acquiring.

abhyāram adv. at hand, readily.

abhyārambha m. beginning.

abhyārūḍha a. risen, high.

abhyāroha m. rising, increasing.

abhyāvṛtta a. turned towards (acc.), returned.

abhyāśa m. obtaining; result, consequence; vicinity, nearness (sp. & t.); adj. near, proximate. abhyāśam & abhyāśe adv. near, close by (gen., abl., or --°).

abhyāsa m. addition. repetition; reduplicate (g.), study, reading, exercise, custom.

abhyucchrita a. elevated, high, excelling.

abhyutthāna n. rising, increasing.

abhyutthita a. risen, high, excellent in (instr.), appearing, going to (acc.), ready.

abhyudaya m. rising (lit. & fig.) beginning, event, result, success, fortune, welfare, feast, esp. a kind of Śrāddha.

abhyuddṛṣṭa a. having become visible (of a star); n. as subst.

abhyudyata a. lifted up, offered, presented; risen, intent upon, prepared or ready for, going to (loc. or --°).

abhyunnata a. raised, elevated.

abhyupagama m. consent, agreement, promise.

abhyupapatti f. assistance, favour; ---nimittam for the sake of (gen.)*

abhyupapanna a. approached, suppliant.

abhyupaśānta a. calmed, allayed.

abhyupasthita a. come, approached; accompanied or attended by (instr.).

abhyupāya m. means, expedient.

abhyupāvṛtta a. returned.

abhyupeta a. come to (acc.), joined by (instr.), agreed upon, promised.

abhyuṣita a. having dwelt or passed (acc. of time).

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abhyūha m. reasoning, inference, conjecture, suspicion.

abhra n. (m.) rain-cloud, sky.

abhraṃliha a. touching (lit. licking) the clouds.

abhrakūṭa s. a dense mass of clouds.

abhrakhaṇḍa s. part (lit. piece) of a cloud.

abhrapruṣ f. the sprinkling of a cloud.

abhrāgama m. approach of the clouds, rainy season.

abhrātṛ (abhrātṛ) f. brotherless.

abhrāvakāśika a. exposing one's self to the rain.

abhrāvakāśin a. exposing one's self to the rain.

abhri f. shovel, spade.

abhrita a. clouded.

abhriya a. belonging to or coming from a cloud; m.n. a thunder-cloud.

abhva (abhvṛ or abhva) a. huge, enormous, dreadful; n. enormity, monster, dread, horror.

am amīti v press on, harm (only pp. emuṣam harmful, pernicious). C. āmayati suffer, be sick. --abhi & pari = S.

ama [1] (pron. st.) this.

ama [2] m. onset, impetuosity; fear, terror.

amaṅgala a. inauspicious, unlucky.

amaṅgalya a. inauspicious, unlucky.

amaṇḍita a. unadorned.

amata a. unthought, unexpected, unapproved.

amati [1] f. appearance, shape.

amati [2] a. poor, f. poverty.

amati [3] f. not-knowing; instr. unwittingly.

amatra [1] a. strong, firm.

amatra [2] & amatraka n. vessel, cup; p. amatrin.

amatsara a. not egoistic, unselfish, as subst. unselfishness; charity.

amadhyama a. pl. having no midmost.

amanas [1] n. no mind or intellect.

amanas [2] a. without mind or understanding.

amantu a. unadvised, ignorant, unknowing.

amantra a. not having or knowing mantras.

amantraka f. -ntrikā not having, i.e. not accompanied by mantras.

amantrajña a. not knowing mantras.

amantravid a. not knowing mantras.

amanda a. not slow or dull; abstr. -tā f.

amanyamāna a. unaware.

amara f. ā & ī immortal; m. a god.*

amarapakṣapātin m. a friend of the gods.

amaraprabha a. god-like.

amaraloka m. the world of the immortals; abstr. -tā f.

amaravarṇin a. of divine colour or beauty.

amarasadas n. assembly (lit. seat) of the gods.

amarāvatī f. N. of Indra's capital.

amaru m. N. of a poet (also amarū & amarūka); amaruśataka n. the hundred (stanzas) of Amarn.

amareśa m. lord of the gods, E. of Civa, Viṣṇu, or Indra.

amareśvara m. lord of the gods, E. of Civa, Viṣṇu, or Indra.

amaropama a. god-like.

amarta a. undying, immortal.

amartya a. undying, immortal.

amardhant a. untiring (intr. & tr.).

amarṣa m. non-endurance, impatience, anger.

amarṣaṇa a. not enduring, impatient; n. = prec.

amarṣita  = prec. adj.

amarṣin  = prec. adj.

amala a. free from dirt; clean, pure.

amalina a. free from dirt; clean, pure.

amalānvaya a. of pure or noble race.

amavant a. impetuous, bold, strong; n. -vat adv.

amahātman a. not high-minded.

amahīyamāna a. depressed.

amā adv. at home, home; with kṛ appropriate or keep by one's self.

amājur f. old maid, spinster (lit. growing old at home).

amāt (abl. adv.) from home, from near.

amātya m. inmate, relative, householder, councillor of a king, minister.

amānayant a. not honouring.

amānitva n. abstr. to seq.

amānin a. not proud; modest, humble.

amānuṣa f. ī not human, un- or superhuman. m. no human being, a beast, brute, f. ī a female animal.

amāya a. not clever, unwise.

amāyā f. no deceit or guile; instr. without guile.

amārjita a. unwashed.

amāvasu m. N. of a king.

amāvāsī f. (± rātri) the night of the new moon (lit. of the cohabitation or conjunction, scil. of sun and moon).

amāvāsyā f. (± rātri) the night of the new moon (lit. of the cohabitation or conjunction, scil. of sun and moon).

amita a. unmeasured, unlimited.

amitatejas a. of unmeasured lustre.

amitabuddhimant a. of unmeasured intellect.

amitavikrama a. of unmeasured power.

amitaujas a. of unmeasured strength.

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amitra m. f.) enemy; ad. vat; abstr. -tā f.; den. -trāy yate.

amitrakarṣaṇa a. harassing enemies.

amitraghātin a. killing enemies.

amitraghna a. killing enemies.

amitravinibarhin a. destroying enemies.

amitrayant a. inimical.

amitrayu a. inimical.

amitrahan a. = amitraghātin.

amitrin a. inimical.

amitriya a. inimical.

amithyā adv. not falsely; -kṛ make true, confirm, accomplish.

amina a. impetuous, bold.

aminant a. not injuring; undisturbed, unfailing.

amīmāṃsya a. not to be reasoned about, unquestionable, certain.

amīva n. pain, disease, distress, grief; f. amīvā the same, concr. tormentor, fiend.

amīvacātana f. ī dispelling, grief or disease.

amu pron. st. of 3d pers.

amukta a. not loosed or liberated, not given up.

amuktahasta a. economical (lit. not open-handed).

amutas adv. from, there, thence, further. Also = abl. of adas.

amutra adv. there, in the other world; here. Also = loc. of adas.

amuthā adv. in that way; w. as be away or gone.

amuyā adv. in that way; w. as be away or gone.

amurhi adv. at that time, then.

amūḍha a. not perplexed or troubled.

amūra a. infallible, sagacious.

amūla a. having no root (lit. & fig.).

amūlya a. priceless, inestimable.

amṛkta a. unharmed, safe.

amṛta m. immortal. m. a god. n. immortality (also concr. = the gods); the drink of the gods, i.e. nectar; anything sweet, delightful, or wholesome, e.g. water, milk, medicine, the remainder of sacrifice, alms unasked.

amṛtakalpa a. nectar-like.

amṛtatva n. immortality.

amṛtadhāyin a. sipping nectar.

amṛtaplavana n. a flood of nectar.

amṛtabhojana a. eating ambrosia.

amṛtamaya f. ī immortal; nectar-like or consisting of nectar.

amṛtamegha m. a cloud containing nectar.

amṛtaraśmi m. the moon (lit. having nectarlike rays).

amṛtavarti f. a nectar-like unguent.

amṛtāṃśu m. the same.

amṛtodbhava a. nectar-born.

amṛtopama a. nectar-like.

amṛtyu m. not death; a deathless.

amṛdhra a. incessant, indefatigable.

amṛṣā adv. not falsely truly.

amṛṣyamāṇa a. not enduring.

amedhya a. unfit for sacrifice (act. & pass.), impure. n. impurity, ordure.

amedhyakuṇapāśin a. feeding on ordure and carrion.

amedhyākta a. soiled by ordure.

amena a. having no wife.

ameni a. harmless.

ameya a. immeasurable, unfathomable.

amogha a. infallible, efficacious, auspicious; f. ā N. of a spear.

amoghadarśana a. of auspicious sight.

amoghavacana a. of unfallible speech.

amoghārtha a. of infallible purpose.

amocya a. not to be loosed.

amauktika a. not containing pearls.

amṇas adv. immediately, just.

amnas adv. immediately, just.

ambaka n. eye (esp. Śiva's).

ambara n. garment, (also m.) sky; abl. -tas.

ambarakhaṇḍa m. n. piece of cloud or cloth.

ambarīṣa m. n. a frying-pan; m. a man's name.

ambaṣṭha m. N. of a caste, also of a people and its country.

ambā f. mother (voc. ambe or amba, the latter form o. used as a simple exclamation); N. of a princess.

ambālikā f. mother, N. of a princess.

ambi f. mother, good wife.

ambī f. mother, good wife.

ambikā f. the same; N. of a princess.

ambu n. water.

ambucārin moving in water; m. aquatic animal.

ambuja a. water-born; n. lotus.

ambuda m. rain-cloud (lit. giving water).

ambudhārā f. pl. water-drops.

ambudhi m. the ocean (lit. water-receptacle.).

ambunivaha m. rain-cloud (carrying water).

amburaya m. current of water.

amburāśi m. the ocean (lit. heap of water).

amburuha n. lotus (lit. grown in water).

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ambuvāha m. = ambunivaha.

ambūkṛta a. accompanied by water, i.e. spitting, sputtered (sounds).

ambhas n. water.

ambhṛṇa a. dreadful; m. tub, vat.

ambhogarbha a. containing water (cloud).

ambhoja n. lotus (lit. water-born).

ambhodhi m. = ambudhi.

ambhonidhi m. = ambudhi.

ambhoruh n. = amburuha.

ambhoruha n. = amburuha.

amla a. sour, acid; m. wood-sorrel.

amlāna a. unfaded, unimpaired, fresh.

aya m. walk, course (--°); luck, fortune; die.

ayaḥpiṇḍa m. n. a piece of iron.

ayakṣma a. not sick, healthy; n. health.

ayajña [1] m. no sacrifice.

ayajña [2] a. = seq.

ayajyu a. not sacrificing, impious.

ayajvan a. not sacrificing, impious.

ayati m. no ascetic; N. of a man.

ayatna m. no effort, no pains; °--, ayatnena & ayatnatas adv. without effort, easily, gently.

ayatnalabhya a. easy to be got.

ayatha n. leg, foot.

ayathātatham adv. not as it ought to be.

ayathāyatham adv. the same.

ayathārtha a. unsuitable to the matter or sense; incorrect, false.

ayathāvat adv. unjustly, erroneously.

ayana a. going, coming; n. motion, walk. course, esp. the sun's road between the solstitial points, also solstice, half-year; way, manner; refuge, residence.

ayamitanakha a. with uncut nails.

ayava m. -vas n. the dark half-month.

ayavan m. -vas n. the dark half-month.

ayaśas [1] n. dishonour, infamy.

ayaśas [2] a. inglorious.

ayaśaskara f. ī disgraceful, ignominious.

ayas n. metal, iron.

ayaskānta m. the loadstone (lit. the beloved of iron).

ayaskāntamaṇi m. the loadstone (lit. the beloved of iron).

ayasmaya made of iron.

ayasmayī made of iron.

ayā (instr. adv.) thus, in this way.

ayācant a. not begging or asking.

ayācita a. unasked.

ayājya a. what or for whom it is not permitted to sacrifice.

ayājyayājana n. sacrifice for persons unworthy to offer sacrifices.

ayājyasaṃyājya n. sacrifice for persons unworthy to offer sacrifices.

ayātayāma a. vigorous, powerful, fresh. strong (lit. not having gone one's way); n. pl. cert. mantras of the Yajurveda.

ayās a. untired, brisk, active.

ayāsya a. the same; m. N. of a Rishi.

ayi vocat. or interrog. particle.

ayukta not yoked, not harnessed, not joined unconnected, unappointed; not attentive or devout, unsuitable, unfit, improper, wrong; abstr. -tva n.

ayugū f. a girl that is the only child of her mother.

ayugma a. not paired, uneven, odd.

ayuṅga a. not paired, uneven, odd.

ayuja a. not paired, uneven, odd.

ayuta [1] a. unrestrained.

ayuta [2] m. n. a myriad; adv. -śas.

ayuddha a. not fought or combated. n. no fight, loc. = seq.

ayuddhvī abs. without fighting.

ayudhyamāna a. not fighting.

aye a. vocat. particle.

ayoga m. separation (lit. non-union), inconsistency, impropriety, impossibility; want of devotion (abl. -tas).

ayogava m. N. of a cert. mixed caste.

ayoguḍa m. an iron ball.

ayogya a. unfit, unsuitable, incapable, unqualified. Abstr. -tva n.

ayodaṃṣṭra a. iron-toothed.

ayodhya a. unconquerable, invincible. f. ā N. of a town.

ayoni [1] f. not a vulva.

ayoni [2] a. without, or of low, origin.

ayomaya f. ī iron.

ayomukha a. having an iron mouth, beak, or point.

ayohata a. beaten or forged of iron.

ara m. spoke of a wheel.

arakta a. undyed.

arakṣant a. not protecting.

arakṣas a. harmless, true.

arakṣitṛ m. non-protector.

araghaṭṭa m. a wheel for raising water from a well.

araghaṭṭaka m. a wheel for raising water from a well.

araṃkṛta a. prepared, ready; abstr. araṃkṛti f.

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arajas a. free from dust or impurity, passionless; f. a young girl (cf. rajas).

araṇa f. ī distant, strange.

araṇi f. a. piece of wood used for producing fire by attrition.

araṇī f. a. piece of wood used for producing fire by attrition.

araṇya n. wilderness, forest.

araṇyarudita n. a useless complaint (lit. weeping in a forest).

araṇyavāsa m. residence in a forest, hermitage.

araṇyavāsin a. dwelling in a forest; m. deer.

araṇyāni f. wilderness and the deity of the wilderness.

araṇyānī f. wilderness and the deity of the wilderness.

araṇyaukas m. inhabitant of a forest, a hermit.

arati [1] m. assistant, minister, disposer.

arati [2] f. discomfort, uneasiness.

aratni m. elbow, cubit; angle, corner.

aratha a. having no chariot.

arathī m. no charioteer.

aradhra a. unwilling, disobedient; wealthy, liberal.

arapa a. unhurt, safe.

arapas a. unhurt, safe.

arapas a. the same; harmless, salutary.

aram adv. suitably, conveniently, sufficiently, enough; aram++kāmāya according to one's wish. -- -kṛ make or get ready, serve (dat.), arambhū & aramgam be present or at hand.

aramaṇīyatva n. unpleasantness.*

aramati [1] f. devotedness, also personif.

aramati [2] a. restless.

aramya a. unpleasant, disagreeable.

ararivaṃs a. envious, unkind.

araru a. envious, unkind.

aravinda n. day-lotus; abstr. -tva n.

arasa a. tasteless, insipid (subj. & obj.).

arasika a. having no taste, insensible, dull.

arākṣasa a. free from Rākṣasas.

arāgadveṣatas adv. not from passion or anger.

arājaka a. having no king; n. anarchy.

arājan m. not a king.

arājanya a. without the warrior-caste.

arājanyaprasūti a. not born in the warrior caste (abl. -tas).

arājin a. having no splendour.

arājyabhāj a. not enjoying dominion.

arāḍa a. long-horned.

arāḍya a. long-horned.

arāti f. envy, jealousy (lit. the not giving), enmity; concr. enemy, foe.

arātīy arātīyati v be malign; a. -yu = seq.

arātīvan a. malign, envious.

arādhas a. unkind, stingy, selfish.

arāya [1] a. niggard, stingy.

arāya [2] m. -yī f. a kind of evil spirits.

arāla a. crooked, bowed, curled (hair); m. a kind of resin.

arāvan a. hostile, adverse (lit. not giving).

ari [1] a. eager, devoted, faithful.

ari [2] a. greedy (lit. not giving), impious, envious, hostile, adverse. m. enemy.

arikta a. not void or empty; -- -pāṇi not with empty hands.*

arikthīya a. not entitled to inheritance.

aritra m. n. oar.

ariṃdama m. tamer of enemies.

aripra a. stainless, clear, pure.

ariṣṭa a. unharmed, safe, secure. m. N. of a tree; n. good or bad luck.

ariṣṭaka m. = prec. m.; n. the fruit of the A. tree.

ariṣṭagrāma a. whose troop is unhurt.

ariṣṭatāti f. unharmedness; welfare.

ariṣṭaśayyā f. the lying-in chamber.

ariṣṭi f. unharmedness, safety.

arisūdana m. slayer of enemies.

arisevin m. partisan of a foe.

arihan a. slaying enemies.

arīḍha a. unlicked.

arīḷha a. unlicked.

aru (°--) = arus n.

arugṇa a. unbroken.

aruc a. lightless.

aruj a. free from disease, sound, healthy, well.

aruja a. the same; m. N. of a demon.

aruṇa f. ā (ved. also ī) ruddy, light-brown, yellowish. m. redness, pers. as Aruṇa, the Dawn, conceived as the charioteer of the Sun; the Sun itself; N. of an old teacher etc. f. ī a red cow; the dawn. n. redness, gold, ruby.

aruṇapsu a. of ruddy appearance.

aruṇāśva a. having ruddy horses.

aruṇiman m. redness.

aruṇodaya m. sunrise.

aruṃtuda a. cutting to the quick (lit. striking a wound.)

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arundhatī f. cert. plant; N. of the wife of Vasiṣṭha, conceived as a star in the Great Bear.

aruṣaṃ f. aruṣī red, fire-coloured. m. the Sun, day. f. the Dawn; a red mare, pl. flames, conceived as the team of Agni.

arus a. sore, n. wound; aruṣkṛta wounded.

arūḍhamūlatva n. the not having firm (lit. grown) roots.

arūpa a. shapeless, ill formed, ugly.

arūpaṇa n. no metaphorical expression.

are a vocat. particle.

areṇu a. not dusty, not earthly, i.e. heavenly. m. pl. the gods.

arepas a. stainless, pure, bright.

aroga a. free from disease, healthy (also -gin); m. health.

arogatā f. arogatva n., arogitā & arogyatā f. = prec. m.

arocakin a. having no appetite; critical, dainty.

arocamāna a. not shining, not pleasing.

aroṣaṇa a. not angry; meek, tender.*

arka m. beam, ray; the sun, fire; praise, song, sound, roar; singer; N. of a plant.

arkin a. rich in beams or songs.

argala m. n., ā f. bolt, bar, obstacle.

argh arghati v to be worth, cost.

argha m. worth, price; gift of honour.

arghodaka n. water of honour* (v. seq.).

arghyodaka n. water of honour* (v. seq.).

arghya n. worth or fit for an honourable reception. n. a reverential offering to gods or venerable men.

arcaka a. honouring (--°).

arcatri a. singing, thundering.

arcana n. arcanā & arcā f. praise, worship.

arcanīya a. to be honoured.

arcārha a. worthy of honour or praise.

arci m. beam, flame; p. arcimant & arcivant.

arcita a. honoured, adorned.

arciṣmant a. flaming, brilliant, resplendent; m. fire.

arcis n. (later also f.) beam, flame.

arcya a. to be honoured.

arjaka a. gaining, acquiring.

arjana n. gain, acquisition.

arjuna f. ī silver-white. m. Arjuna, one of the Pāndavas, N. of a tree; f. du. & pl. name of a lunar mansion.

arṇa m. n. wave, flood, stream; m. letter, syllable.

arṇava a. waving, undulating, rising. m. (n.) = seq.

arṇas n. wave, flood, sea, ocean; sky.

arṇasāti f. winning of the streams; bustle of the fight, broil.

artha n. m. aim, purpose, meaning, sense, object, profit, advantage of (instr.), wealth, property, money, thing, matter, business, cause, suit, action; o. --° adj. having a thing for object, for the sake of, on account of, for; acc., instr., dat. & loc. the same adv.

arthakalyavarta n. money, (this) paltry thing.*

arthakāma [1] (n. sgl., m. du.) wealth and pleasure.

arthakāma [2] a. desirous of wealth.

arthakilbiṣin m. a sinner for gain.

arthakṛcchra n. difficulty (of a matter).

arthaghna f. ī wasteful, extravagant.

arthajāta (n. sgl. & pl.) the whole of or whatever (v. jāta) money, things, matter, business etc.

arthatas adv. for a purpose, for profit; on account of (--°); indeed, intruth; according to the sense.

arthatṛṣṇā f. desire (lit. thirst) of money.

arthada a. useful or munificent.

arthadatta m. a man's name.

arthadāna n. gift of money, gratuity.

arthadūṣaṇa n. spoiling or seizure of (another's) property.

arthanā f. begging, request.

arthabandha m. text, verse (lit. context of the sense or matter).

arthay arthayate v (arthati arthate) aim at, strive after, beg or wish for (acc.); ask or entreat (2 acc.). --
     abhi beg a person (acc.) for (acc., dat., loc., or artham).
     pra entreat, desire, sue for (acc.), beg of (abl.).
     sam prepare, conclude, reflect, judge, think, consider as (2 acc.), approve, determine.

artharuci a. avaricious, eager for money.

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arthavattā f. -ttva n. significancy, importance, consequence.

arthavant a. having sense or meaning, significant; suitable, apt, wealthy, rich. n. -vat according to the purpose.

arthavāda m. declaration of purpose or object.

arthavid a. knowing the signification (of words).

arthavaikalya n. deficiency of a transaction.

arthaśāstra n. manual of practical life.

arthaśauca n. honesty in money-matters.

arthasamāhartṛ m. collector of money.

arthasaṃpādana n. attaining of advantage or arranging of a matter.

arthasaṃbandhin a. connected with or interested in a cause.

arthasiddha a. self-evident, perfectly clear.

arthasiddhi f. recovering of money; attaining of a purpose, success; evidence (v. prec.).

arthānartha (m. du.) what is expedient or inexpedient.

arthāntara n. another thing or meaning.

arthārjana n. acquisition of an object.

arthārthin a. wanting money, covetous.

arthitavya a. desirable.

arthitā f. -tva n. abstr. to seq.

arthin a. having an object, industrious, eager; wanting, poor, desirous of (instr. or --°), begging, a beggar or petitioner, amorous, wooing, a wooer, suitor, plaintiff.

arthibhāva m. condition of a petitioner.

arthya a. suitable, apt, fit; wealthy.

arthyukta a. called by the suitor (j.).

ardana (--°) vexing, tormenting.

ardha [1] a. half, halved. m. n. half, middle; party.

ardha [2] m. side, part, place.

ardhakṛṣṭa a. half-drawn.

ardhakoṭī f. half a koti, i.e. five millions.

ardhacandra m. half-moon, crescent.

ardhadaṇḍa m. half the fine.

ardhadeva m. demi-god.

ardhapañcan (pl.) four and a half.

ardhapañcama (pl.) four and a half.

ardhapañcāśat f. twenty-five (lit. half of fifty).

ardhapaṇa m. half a paṇa.

ardhapatita a. half decayed.*

ardhapatha m. half the way, midway.

ardhapādika a. half-footed (having the half of one's feet cut off.).

ardhapīta a. half-drunk or sucked.

ardhabṛgala n. semi-morsel, fragment.

ardhabhakṣita a. half eaten.

ardhabhāj a. obtaining a half; m. partner, fellow.

ardhamāgadhī f. half-Māgadhī (a dialect).

ardhamārga m. = ardhapatha.

ardhamāsa m. half a month, a fortnight. (ardharajanī f.* &) ardharātra m. midnight.

ardharca m. half-stanza.

ardharcaśas adv. by half-verses.

ardhalikhita a. half-painted.

ardhavācita a. half read.*

ardhaśata n. a hundred and a half, i.e. a hundred and fifty.

ardhasamavṛtta n. a half-equal metre, i.e. a metre the halves of which are equal (pāda 1 = 3, 2 = 4).

ardhasīrin m. = ārdhika.

ardhahāra m. a necklace of 64 strings.

ardhākṣi n. side glance.

ardhāvalīḍha a. half-licked or chewed.

ardhika a. measuring a half.

ardhin a. getting one half.

ardhendu m. = ardhacandra; -mauli m. E. of Śiva (having the crescent as diadem).

ardhokta a. half spoken.

ardhodita a. half risen.

ardhoruka n. a short petticoat.

arpaṇa f. ī procuring, getting, conferring; n. arpaṇa throwing, sending, putting in or on, delivering, entrusting, offering, sacrifice; transmission, restitution.

arbuda m. a snake, a serpent-demon (arbuda); N. of a mountain, pl. of a people; n. a hundred millions, cartilage of the ribs.

arbudaśikhara m. N. of a mountain.

arbudodāsarpiṇī f. the creeping near of Arbuda (v. arbuda), N. of a path of the sacrifice.

arbha a. small, weak, young; m. a child.

arbhaka a. small, weak, young; m. a child.

arma m. pl. rubbish, remnants, ruins.

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arya [1] (arya) a. faithful, devoted, pious, attached, kind.

arya f. ā2 a man or woman of one of the first three castes, esp. a Vaiśya.

aryaman m. intimate, friend, esp. a bridegroom's friend; N. of a god.

aryamya a. intimate.

arvan running, quick. m. a courser, horse, charioteer.

arvant running, quick. m. a courser, horse, charioteer.

arvaśa  = prec. a.

arvāke (loc. adv.) near.

arvākkālikatā f. posteriority (of time).

arvācīna turned towards, being on this side or below, nearer (time). n. as prep. on this side, from, since, less than (abl.).

arvāñc f. arvācī turned towards or downwards, coming near; acc. with kṛ bring hither. n. arvāk as adv. and prep. hitherwards, down, near (loc.); from, since, before, after (abl. or instr.).

arśas n. haemorrhoids.

arśasa a. suffering from haemorrhoids.

arh arhati v (arhate) deserve, merit, have a right or be worthy to (acc. or inf.), be liable to, capable of (acc.); dare, be obliged or able to (inf.). C. arhayati honour or present with (instr.).

arha a. deserving, worthy, entitled to (acc. or inf.); fit or apt for (gen. or --°).

arhaṇa a. deserving (--°); f. ā veneration, worship, instr. arhaṇā according to merit. n. merit, worth, also = f.

arhaṇīya a. venerable.

arhant a. deserving, entitled to (acc.); worthy, venerable, superl. arhattama m. an Arhant, i.e. a Jaina saint.

arhase (dat. inf.) to be worthy of (acc.).

alaka m. n. curl. f. ā Kubera's residence.

alakam adv. in vain, for nothing.

alakta m. alaktaka m. n. red lac.

alaktakāṅka a. marked by a red colour (lit. lac).

alakṣaṇa [1] n. inauspicious mark.

alakṣaṇa [2] a. unmarked, inauspicious.

alakṣita a. unmarked, unnoticed.

alakṣya a. invisible, not to be observed, not appearing (thus), insignificant.

alagarda m. a kind of snake. f. ā a large black leech.

alaghu a. not light; heavy, slow.

alaṃkaraṇa n. adorning, dressing; ornament.

alaṃkaraṇaratna n. jewel for ornament.

alaṃkariṣṇu a. fond of ornament; *adorning (acc.).

alaṃkartṛ m. ornamenting.

alaṃkāra m. ornamenting or ornament (lit. & fig.).

alaṃkāraka m. ornamenting or ornament (lit. & fig.).

alaṃkārakārin a. forming the ornament of (--°).*

alaṃkārabhāṇḍa n. jewel-box.

alaṃkārin a. adorning.

alaṃkṛti f. = alaṃkāra.

alaṃkriyā f. = alaṃkāra.

alaṅghanīya a. not to be overtaken; not to be left unnoticed or neglected.*

alaṅghita a. not reached, untouched.

alaṅghitapūrva a. not before violated.*

alaṅghya a. impassable; not to be touched or violated.

alaja m. a kind of bird.

alaji f. a cert. disease of the eye.

alajī f. a cert. disease of the eye.

alajja a. shameless; f. ā shamelessness.

alaṃdhana a. having sufficient money.

alabdha a. not obtained or gained. -vant not having obtained.

alabhamāna a. not getting.

alabhya a. not to be obtained.

alam (indecl.) enough, one's fill; sufficient, a match for (dat.); capable of, able to (inf. or loc.). With instr. or absol. enough with, have done with! ---kṛ make ready, prepare, adorn (M. also refl.), with gen. violate (M.); -bhū suffice.

alarka m. a mad dog; a fabulous animal; a plant.

alalābhavant a. dabbling, splashing (water).

alasa a. lazy, indolent, dull, weary.

alāghava n. not-lightness, heaviness (fig.).

alāṇḍu m. a kind of vermin.

alāta n. a fire-brand.

alātṛṇa a. stingy, greedy.

alābu (alābū) f. the bottle gourd; m. n. a vessel made of the b. g.

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alābha m. non-acquirement, not getting, loss.

alāyudha m. N. of a Rākṣasa.

alāyya m. E. of Indra.

ali m. bee; -kula n. a flight of bees.

aliṅga a. having no mark or sign, having no gender (g).

aliṅgin m. not a student, an impostor.

aliñjara m. a large water-jar.

alin m. -nī f. male and female bee.

alinda (& -ka*) m. terrace before a house.

alimālā f. a flight of bees.

alīka a. unpleasing, contrary, false, untrue; n. adversity, falsehood, untruth.

alīkadākṣiṇya a. of a feigned courtesy.*

alīkanirbandha m. accusing of falsehood.

alīkapaṇḍita a. unpleasantly or falsely wise, pedantic.

alīkasupta n. feigned sleep.

alubdha a. not avaricious or covetous.

alūna a. uncut, unplucked, unhurt.

alepaka a. stainless, pure.

aloka [1] m. not the world, the end of the world.

aloka [2] a. finding no place.

alokasāmānya a. not common in the world.

alokya a. unusual (lit. unwordly), unallowed; making unfit for the (other) world.

alobha a. not greedy; m. absence of greed or cupidity, moderation, content.

alomaka (f. -makā & -mikā), & aloman a. not covered with hair.

alolatva n. steadiness, constancy.

alaukika f. ī not common in the world, extraordinary, strange, rare.

alga m. du. the loins, flanks.

alpa a. small, minute, little. n. little, a trifle. alpena and *alpāt adv. for a little, easily, without pain. Comp. alpīyaṃs less, little; n. a little bit.

alpaka (f. alpikā) = prec.; n. little, -kam adv. a little, -kāt soon after.

alpakālatva n. shortness of time.

alpakleśa a. causing little pain.

alpacetas a. weak-minded, stupid.

alpacchada a. scantily clad.

alpajña a. knowing little, ignorant; abstr. -tva n.

alpatā f. -tva n. smallness, minuteness.

alpatejas a. of little fire or energy; dull, weak.

alpadakṣiṇa a. deficient in fees (sacrifice).

alpadroha m. little injury.

alpadhana a. having little wealth.

alpadhī a. of small understanding, ignorant.

alpapāyin a. little or ill sucking (leech).

alpapuṇya a. of small religious merit or virtue, wicked, miserable.

alpabuddha a. little or sarcely awakened.*

alpabuddhi a. weak-minded, ignorant.

alpabhāgya a. of small fortune; unhappy, miserable; abstr. -tva n.

alpabhujāntara a. narrow-breasted.

alpamūlya a. of small value.*

alpamedhas a. of little sense.

alpavidya a. of small learning.

alpaśas adv. to a small degree, little, rarely.

alpaśeṣa a. of which little is left; almost finished or gone.

alpasāra a. having little strength or value; worthless, insignificant.

alpāṅga a. of small body; abstr. -tva n.

alpāyāsa m. little pains;* instr. easily.

alpāyus a. short-lived.

alpālpa a. very little.

alpālpabhās a. of very little splendour.

alpāvaśiṣṭa a. = alpaśeṣa; abstr. -tva n.

av avati v pp. uta favour, like, delight in (acc.), accept; further, protect, aid, comfort, satiate. C. āvayati enjoy, eat, devour. --
     upa caress, encourage, join (acc. or dat.).
     pra = S. -- Cf. avant.

ava [1] adv. down, off; mostly as pref. in nouns and verbs, rarely as prep. w. abl.

ava [2] m. favour, protection.

avaṃśa [1] m. low (lit. no) family.

avaṃśa [2] n. the sky (lit. what has no beams or support).

avakara m. dust, sweepings, rubbish.

avakarta m. piece cut off.

avakartana n. cutting off.

avakāśa m. open place, space, room, free course or scope, interval, while, time. opportunity of (gen.).

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avakāśada a. giving room or shelter.

avakīrṇa a. who has shed (esp. his sperm); scattered, spread; bestrewn, filled with, seized by (--°).

avakīrṇin a. = prec. act.; unchaste, incontinent.

avakīrṇivrata n. penance for incontinency.

avakṛṣṭa a. drawn down, being below or under (--°); remote, inferior, low.

avakṛṣṭajāti a. of a low(er) caste.

avakracetas a. of upright mind.

avakraya m. letting or hiring out; rent, price.

avakṣāṇa a. burnt down.

avakṣuta a. sneezed upon.

avakṣepa m. derision, scoff, sarcasm.

avakṣepaṇa n. throwing down, also = the prec.

avakhāda m. devouring, wasting, destruction.

avagama m. -na n. understanding, knowledge.

avagāḍha a. entered (act. & pass.), immersed (l. & f.), depressed, deep.

avagāha m. -na n. submersion, bathing.

avaguṇṭhana n. veiling, a veil. -vant veiled.

avagraha m. hindrance, impediment; separation of padas and the pause between them (g.).

avaca a. lower (only in uccāvaca q.v.).

avacana a. speechless, silent.

avacanīya a. not to be spoken, (blameless.*).

avacaya m. gathering, plucking.

avacāya m. gathering, plucking.

avacāraṇa n. application (medic.); -ṇīya relating to the application of (--°).

avacchanna a covered over, overspread, filled.

avacchāta a. emaciated, thin.

avacchinna a. interrupted, bordered or included by (--°); defined.

avaccheda m. cutting off, part cut off, piece; separation, distinction.

avajñā f. -na n. contempt.

avañcaka a. not a deceiver.*

avaṭa m. hole, pit; a. -yya being in a pit.

avaṭu m. or f. neck.

avata m. well, cistern.

avataṃsa m. garland or ear-ring.

avataṃsaka m. the same, as adj. (f. -sikā) crowned with (--°).

avataṃsanīya a. to be made into a garland.*

avataṃsay avataṃsayati v make into a garland.*

avataṃsinī f. wearing a garland of flowers.*

avataraṇa n. descending, alighting.

avataram adv. further away.

avatāḍana n. pounding, crushing.

avatānta a. faint, feeble.

avatāra m. descent, esp. of a deity from heaven, incarnation, appearance; a. -rin.

avatīrṇa a. come down, descended (cf. prec.) from (abl. or --°), in consequence of or in the shape of (--°), fallen or got into (acc.).

avatta a. cut off, divided.

avatsala a. not tender, cruel to (loc.).

avadāta a. clean, pure, white, clear.

avadāna [1] n. cutting off or a part cut off.

avadāna [2] n. heroic deed, exploit.

avadāra m. breaking, rupture. -ṇa a. breaking through, tearing; n. as subst.

avadāvada a. undisputed, indisputable.

avadīrṇa a. perplexed, bewildered.

avadya a. blamable, bad. n. imperfection, want, fault; blame, censure, blemish, disgrace.

avadha [1] m. no murder.

avadha [2] a. inviolable.

avadhāna n. attention, devotion.

avadhāraṇa n. ascertainment, strict determination, restriction.

avadhi m. limit, term, period. avadhi (--°) & -dhes (gen. or --°) till, as far as.

avadhīraṇa n. -ṇā f. disregard, contempt.

avadhīray avadhīrayati v despise, reject.

avadhūta a. shaken off, removed, rejected, sparned, tossed, trodden upon, unclean.

avadhūnana n. shaking.

avadhya a. not to be killed, inviolable.

avadhyatā n. inviolability.

avadhyatva n. inviolability.

avadhyabhāva m. the same.

avadhra a. indelible.

avana n. favour, grace, protection.

avanata a. bent down, deepened, not projecting.

avanati f. stooping, setting; humiliation.

avani f. bed or course of a river; river, stream; earth, ground, place (also -nī f.).

avanipa m. king.

avanipati m. king.

avanipāla m. king.

avanegya a. fit for washing.

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avanejana f. ī the same; n. washing, washwater.

avant a. favourable, kind; N. of a man.

avanti m. pl. N. of a people.

avantī f. N. of the capital of the Avan.

avandhya a. not fruitless or vain; successful, happy. -pāta unerring (of an arrow, lit. whose flight is not vain).

avapatita a. on what something (--°) has fallen.

avapanna a. on what something (--°) has fallen.

avapāta m. downfall, descent; a pit for catching game in.

avapātana n. felling, throwing down.

avapāna n. drinking or giving to drink.

avabaddha a. tied on, fettered; fixed by, sticking in (--°); hanging on, concerned about (loc.).

avabāḍha a. uncovered.

avabodha m. waking; perception, understanding, knowledge.

avabodhaka a. awakening.

avabhaṅga m. -bhañjana n. breakiNg, splittiNg.

avabhāsa m. splendour, light, manifestation, appearance; -ka a. illumining, manifesting; abstr. -tva n.

avabhāsana n. manifestation, appearance; enlightening, illumination.

avabhāsin a. shining, bright; enlightening, manifesting.

avabhṛtha m. bathing after a sacrifice; conclusion, end.

avama a. lowest, vilest; nearest, next; latest last.

avamantṛ m. despiser (w. acc.).

avamanyaka (--°) a. despising, rejecting.

avamarśa m. contact, touch; reflection, consideration.

avamāna m. -mānana n., -mānanā f. disrespect, contempt.

avamānin a. despising, contemning.

avayava m. limb, member; p. -vin.

avayavadharma m. the figure of pars pro toto.

avayavarūpaka n. two kinds of comparison.

avayavavirūpaka n. two kinds of comparison.

avayātaheLas a. whose wrath is appeased.

avara lower, inferior; posterior, following, later, younger; nearer; preceding (w. abl.); western; vile, base, mean; --° at least in adj., n. in adv. --f. avarā after-birth.

avaraja a. low-born, born after (another). m. a Śūdra or a younger brother; f. ā a younger sister.

avaravarṇa m. a low caste; -ja m. a Śūdra (cf. prec.).

avaruddha a. checked, stopped, imprisoned.

avarūḍha a. descended; put down or taken off (load).

avareṇa (instr. as prep.) under (acc.).

avarodha m. hindrance, oppression, investment, siege, imprisonment, confinement; harem, pl. the females of the h.

avarodhana n. the same; interior, sanctuary.

avaroha m. descent (fig.).

avarohaṇa f. ī descending; n. descent (l. & f.).

avarohin a. descending (lit. & fig.).

avartamāna a. not taking place, not present.

avarti f. want, need (lit. going down).

avartra a. unchecked.

avarṣa n. want of rain, drought.

avarṣaṇa n. want of rain, drought.

avalagna a. hanging down, hanging on (--°).

avalamba a. hanging down; m. = seq. n.

avalambana f. ī hanging down; hanging, leaning, depending on; n. the same as subst. hold, support.

avalambita  = prec. adj.

avalambin  = prec. adj.

avalipta a. haughty; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

avalīna a. sitting, cowering, hidden in (loc or --°).

avalepa m. -na n. = prec. abstr. + ointment.

avaloka m. -na n. sight, seeing.

avalokayitṛ m. looker on, spectator.

avalokitā f. a woman's name.

avalokin a. seeing, looking at (--°).

avaśa a. independent, uncontrolled, free; unwilling, reluctant.

avaśaka f. -śikā the same.*

avaśaga a. not subject or submissive to (gen.).

avaśānta a. extinct.

avaśin a. having no (own) will, dependent.

avaśiṣṭa a. left, remaining from (gen. or --°), having only (instr. or --°) left.

avaśīrṇa a. decayed, shattered.

avaśeṣa m. rest, remainder; abstr. -tā f.

avaśya a. not yielding to another's will; °-- & avaśyam adv. necessarily, by all means.

avaśyakatā f. avaśyabhāva m. necessity.

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avaśyabhāvin a. what must be.

avaśyāya m. frost, rime.

avaṣṭabdha a. standing firm, reclining, leaned upon (act. & pass.), seized, taken, held.

avaṣṭambha m. leaning or depending on; confidence, courage.

avaṣṭambhamaya a. confident, bold (arrow).

avas [1] n. favour, aid, assistance, recreation, relief, comfort, joy, inclination, desire.

avas [2] adv. down; as prep. down from (abl. or instr.), under (instr.).

avasa n. refreshment, food.

avasakthikā f. a kind of wrapper; -kāṃ kṛ tie a cloth round one's legs or knees.

avasanna a. sunk down, impressed, deep; brought down, exhausted, afflicted.

avasara m. opportunity, occasion, right moment to (gen. or --°).

avasarpaṇa n. descent.

avasā f. rest, liberation.

avasātṛ m. deliverer.

avasāda m. sinking, decline, weakness, defeat.

avasāna n. resting-place, rest, end, death.

avasāya m. stopping, settling down; a. -yin.

avasita a. (act.) having stopped, having ceased or desisted from (abl. or --°); (pass.) finished, settled, determined.

avasitakārya a. satisfied (lit. who has done his duty).*

avasitamaṇḍana a. entirely dressed (lit. whose toilet is completed).*

avasupta a. asleep.

avaseka m. sprinkling, bleeding.

avasecana n. the same; wash-water (cf. pādā-vasecana).

avaskanda m. assault, attack.

avastāt adv. underneath; on this side, before; prep. under, west of (gen.).

avastu n. a slight or bad thing; nonentity, unreality. Abstr. -tva n.

avastra a. unclothed; abstr. -tā f.

avastha m. membrum virile. f. ā (often adj. --°) state, condition, situation, circumstance, appearance in court; vulva.

avasthāna n. treading upon; staying, abiding; position, situation.

avasthāntara n. altered condition, alteration.*

avasthita a. standing, posted; contained or remaining in, intent upon (loc. or --°), keeping on, continuing (instr. of an abstr. or nom. of a pp.), ready to (dat.); fixed, settled, firm, steady, true; (thus) situated or circumstanced.

vasthita a. standing, posted; contained or remaining in, intent upon (loc. or --°), keeping on, continuing (instr. of an abstr. or nom. of a pp.), ready to (dat.); fixed, settled, firm, steady, true; (thus) situated or circumstanced.

avasthiti f. abode, stay.

avaspartṛ m. deliverer.

avasyant a. seeking favour or help.

avasyu a. seeking favour or help.

avasruta a. flowed down.

avasvant a. striving, eager.

avahanana n. trashing, husking.

avahārya a. to be restored; to be made to restore or to pay (acc.).

avahāsa m. jest, joke; -sārtham for jest.

avahita a. put down, fallen into (esp. the water); absorbed, attentive.

avākśākha a. having the branches downwards.

avākśiras a. having the head downwards. headlong.

avāggamanavant a. moving downwards.

avāṅmanasagocara a. not within the reach of language or intellect.

avāṅmukha f. ī looking or turned (lit. having the face t.) downwards.

avācīna a. directed downwards, lying under (abl.).

avācya a. unspeakable, not to be spoken to.

avācyavāda m. a forbidden word.

avāñc f. avācī directed downwards, lower. n. avāk downwards, headlong.

avāta [1] a. unconquered, secure.

avāta [2] a. not windy. n. calm.

avāntara a. included, intermediate (rām adv. between); always another, different.

avāntaradeśa m. intermediate region (cf. diś).

avāpta a. (having) reached or obtained.

avāpti f. acquirement, getting.

avāpya a. to be obtained; due to (--°).

avāraṇīya a. not to be stopped.

avi a. favourable, kind. m. sheep, f. ewe.

avikatthana a. not boastful.

avikampa a. unshaken.

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avikala a. not incomplete. full.

avikāra a. not changing; m. no change.

avikārin a. not liable to change (sides), loyal.

avikārya a. immutable.

avikṛta a. unaltered, unprepared, undeveloped.

avikṛtya ger. without detailing.

avikriya a. unchanging; f. ā no change, -yātmaka a. not subject to change.

avikrīta a. who has not sold.

avikreya a. unsalable.

avikṣata a. unhurt.

avikṣubdha a. undisturbed.

avigaṇayya ger. without reckoning or heeding.

avighna a. unhindered (also -ghnita); n. undisturbedness, quiet.

avighnamaṅgala n. prayer for undisturbedness or quiet.

avicakṣaṇa a. not sagacious; stupid, ignorant.

avicala a. unmoved, constant.

avicalita a. unmoved, constant.

avicāra [1] a. undiscerning, inconsiderate. n. adv.

avicāra [2] m. want of discrimination or reflection (also -ṇa n.); (instr. without much reflecting, quickly*).

avicārajña a. knowing no reflection, inconsiderate.

avicārayant a. not reflecting or hesitating.

avicārita a. inconsiderate, n. adv.

avicārya a. not to be reflected upon.

avijānant a. not knowing, ignorant.

avijñāta a. unknown.

avijñāna [1] n. want of knowledge.

avijñāna [2] a. having no knowledge, unwise.

avijñānavant a. the same.

avijñāya ger. without knowing.

avijñeya a. unknowable, indiscernible.

avitatha a. not false or vain; real, effective, true; n. adv., as subst. N. of a metre.

avitṛ m. protector, assistant.

avithura a. not staggering.

avida exclam. of surprise or grief; also repeated and with bhoḥ or mādike*

avidāsin a. not ceasing.

avidita a. unknown; n. unknowingly.

avidūra a. not very far, near; n. nearness, adv. near = avidūre avidūrāt & avidūratas.

aviddha a. unpierced.

avidya a. ignorant, without knowledge.

avidyamāna a. not existent.

avidyā f. want of knowledge, ignorance.

avidvaṃs a. not knowing, ignorant.

avidhavā f. not a widow.

avidhāna n. non-rule, irregularity; -tas adv. not according to regulation.

avidhāya ger. without having settled.

avidhi m. no rule; instr. against the rule.

avidhipūrvakam adv. not according to the rule.

avinaya m. want of breeding or manners, incivility.

avinaśyant a. imperishable.

avināśin a. imperishable.

avinīta a. untrained; ill-bred, ill-behaved.

avinoda m. want of diversion or amusement.

avindant a. not finding.

avindhya m. N. of the minister of Rāvaṇa.

avipaścit a. ignorant, unwise.

avipāla m. shepherd.

avipluta a. unbroken, unshaken, unviolated.

avibruvant a. not saying or explaining.

avibhakta a. undivided, unseparated, joint.

avibhāvita a. not clearly perceived, undistinguished, unobserved, unknown or unknowable.

avibhrama a. free from coquetry, unfeigned.

avimarśitavya a. not to be thought of, unim. portant.

avimṛśya ger. without reflecting; -kārin acting inconsiderately.

aviyukta a. undivided, unsevered from (abl.).

avirata a. not deviating from (abl.), uninterrupted, continual. n. adv.

avirala a. having no interstices, uninterrupted, close, contiguous. n. adv.

aviraha m. non-separation, staying together.*

avirahita a. unabandoned by (°--), unseparated.

aviruddha a. unimpeded; not opposite or contrary to (instr. or --°); right, proper.

avirodha m. no conflict with, prejudice to (--°).

avirodhin a. not contradictory or detrimental to (gen. or --°).

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avilamba a. not delaying, n. adv. quickly. m. no delay; instr. without delay.

avilambana n. not delaying, quickness.

avilambita a. immediate, prompt, speedy; n. adv.

avilambin a. = prec. adj*

avilambya ger. without delaying.

avivāda [1] a. undisputed, uncontested.

avivāda [2] m. non-dissent, consent.

avivāha a. not living in matrimony (beasts).

avivāhin a. unfit for matrimonial alliance.

avivāhya a. unfit for matrimonial alliance.

avivikta a. undiscriminated.

aviveka [1] m. non-discrimination.

aviveka [2] a. = seq.; abstr. -tā f.

avivekin a. undiscriminating, unwise.

avivenant a. not turning away, kind.

aviśaṅka a. unhesitating, confident.

aviśaṅkita a. unhesitating, confident.

aviśaṅkā f. no fear or hesitation.

aviśada a. not clear, indistinct.

aviśiṣṭa a. not different, like, equal; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

aviśeṣa a. the same. m. no difference or distinction. aviśeṣeṇa & aviśeṣatas indiscriminately, in general.

aviśeṣita a. unspecified.

aviśrama a. unwearied, restless.

aviśrānta a. unwearied, restless.

aviśrāma a. unwearied, restless.

aviśvasanīya a. not to be trusted; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

aviśvāsa [1] m. mistrust, suspicion.

aviśvāsa [2] a. mistrustful, suspicious.

aviśvāsajanaka a. raising suspicion.*

aviśvāsin a. = aviśvāsa2.

aviṣa [1] n. no poison.

aviṣa [2] a. not poisonous.

aviṣama a. not unequal; equal, even.

aviṣaya [1] m. no province, no sphere; no object for (--°), anything impossible or illicit.

aviṣaya [2] a. having no object.

aviṣayamanas a. whose mind has no object, unworldly.

aviṣayīkaraṇa n. the not making a thing (gen.) an object.

aviṣahya a. unbearable (lit. & fig.), irresistible, impracticable, inaccessible.

aviṣāda m. non-despondency, courage.

aviṣṭha (superl.) deigning to accept.

aviṣyant a. eager; -ṣyā f. eagerness.

aviṣyu a. eager; -ṣyā f. eagerness.

avispaṣṭa a. not clear, indistinct; n. adv.

avihvala a. unbent, calm, composed.

avītarāga a. whose passions are unsubdued (lit. not gone).*

avīra [1] a. unmanly, childless (abstr. -tā f.); weak, impotent; f. ā having no husband.

avīra [2] a. devoid of men; n. an unpeopled country.

avīrajuṣṭa a. hateful to (lit. not liked by) men.

avīrya a. weak, feeble.

avṛka a. harmless; n. adv. as subst. safety.

avṛjina a. guileless (lit. not crooked).

avṛta [1] a. unchecked, unimpeded.

avṛta [2] a. unchosen, uninvited.

avṛtti f. want of subsistence.

avṛṣaṇa a. having no testicles.

avṛṣṭi f. want of rain; drought.

avekṣaṇa n. looking to, attention.

avekṣā (& -kṣitā*) f. the same; regard, care for (loc. or --°).

avedana n. want of knowledge, ignorance.

avedayāna a. not knowing.

avedavid a. not knowing the Veda.

avedavihita a. not enjoined in the Veda.

avedya [1] a. not to be known.

avedya [2] a. not to be married.

aveśasadṛśa a. not belonging to prostitution.

avairijuṣṭa a. not (even) resorted to (lit. liked) by an enemy.

avya a. coming from the sheep, made of wool or threads; s. the Soma-strainer.

avyakta a. undisclosed, unmanifested, not clear, indistinct, imperceptible, transcendental; n. adv.

avyaktabhāṣin a. speaking, indistinctly.*

avyaktamūrti a. of imperceptible form, invisible.

avyagra a. undistracted, unoccupied, tranquil, steady; n. adv.

avyaṅgāṅga f. ī having complete (lit. unmutilated) limbs.

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avyathi a. not wavering, firm; f. firmness, intrepidity.

avyabhicāra m. not going astray, non-failure, constancy, fidelity; as adj. = seq.

avyabhicārin a. steady, constant, faithful.

avyabhīcāra  = avyabhicāra a. & m.

avyaya [1] m. non-expense.

avyaya [2] a. imperishable, immutable. n. an indeclinable word.

avyaya [3] (avyaya) a. = avya.

avyayātman a. of imperishable nature.

avyayībhāva m. an indeclinable compound.

avyavadhāna a. uninterrupted; n. the not being interrupted by (instr.).

avyavasāyavant a. irresolute.

avyavasāyin a. irresolute.

avyasana a. not vicious.

avyasanin a. not vicious.

avyākṛta a. undivided.

avyāja m. no fraud; a. artless, natural, °-- adv.

avyāpāra m. no (regular) occupation.

avyāpta a. not pervaded by or mixed with (instr.).

avyāhṛta n. not speaking, silence.

avyucchinna a. uninterrupted.

avyuṣṭa a. not yet risen or shining.

avraṇa a. having no wound, scar, or blemish.

avrata [1] n. non-observance or religious precepts.

avrata [2] a. lawless, disobedient.

aśnoti aśnute1 v attain, reach, come to, arrive at (acc.); obtain, get, befall, betide; overcome; offer, bring. --
     abhi reach, obtain, overwhelm.
     upa obtain, get.
     vi reach, attain, get; fill, penetrate.
     sam attain, get, receive; fall to one's share.

aśnāti v pp. aśita2 partake of, eat, drink, taste, enjoy. C. āśayati feed (2 acc.). D. aśiśiṣati wish to eat. --
     ati eat before (acc.).
     upa = S.
     pra the same; C. feed.
     sam = S.

aśakta a. unable to or incapable of (inf., loc., or dat.).

aśakti f. inability.

aśaknuvant a. not being able.

aśakya a. impossible to or to be (inf.), impracticable. Abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

aśaṅka a. without fear or doubt; n. adv.; f. aśaṅkā no fear or hesitation.

aśaṅkita a. without fear or doubt; n. adv.; f. aśaṅkā no fear or hesitation.

aśaṅkanīya a. not to be feared or supposed.

aśaṭha a. not deceitful, honest.

aśan m. stone, rock, sky.

aśana n. eating, food.

aśanā f. = aśanāyā.

aśanānaśana n. eating and fasting.

aśanāyā f. hunger.

aśanāyāpipāsā (f. du.) hunger and thirst.

aśanāyāvant a. hungry.

aśanāyuka a. hungry.

aśani f. (m.) thunderbolt, flash of lightning.

aśabda a. soundless; unvedic.

aśam (indecl.) ill luck; woe.

aśama m. restlessness.

aśaraṇa a. unprotected; n. want of protection, helplessness.

aśas a. cursing, hating, foe.

aśastra a. unarmed.

aśastrapūta a. not purified by the sword.

aśānta a. unsubdued, -mānasa u. in mind.

aśāy aśāyate v = 1.

aśāśvata f. ī not eternal, transitory.

aśāsant a. aśāsitvā ger. not punishing.

aśāstravihita a. not enjoined by the precept books, unscriptural.

aśikṣita unlearnt, untaught (w. acc. or loc.).

aśitavya a. to be eaten; (n. food*).

aśitṛ m. eater.

aśitra n. food.

aśiras a. headless.

aśiraska a. headless.

aśiva unlucky, evil. n. ill luck.

aśivaśaṃsin a. announcing ill luck, inauspicious.

aśiśira a. not cold, hot; abstr. -tā f.

aśiṣyavṛtti a. not behaving like a pupil.

aśīta a. the eightieth.

aśīti f. eighty.

aśītitama a. the eightieth.

aśītibhāga m. the eightieth part.

aśīrya a. indelible.

aśīrṣaka headless.

aśīrṣan headless.

aśuci a. impure.

aśucibhakṣaṇa n. eating of impure things.

aśucibhāva m. impurity.

aśucivrata a. making unholy vows.

aśuddha a. impure.

aśuddhi f. impurity.

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aśubha a. ugly (lit. not shining), unpleasant, inauspicious, bad, wicked, impure. n. ill luck, woe, evil, sin.

aśubhamati a. evil-minded.

aśuśūṣā f. disobedience.

aśuśūṣu a. not willing to learn or to obey.

aśuṣa a. devouring, voracious.

aśuṣka a. not dry; fresh, green.

aśūnya a. not empty or void, not incomplete, not in vain. -nyaṃ kṛ fulfil, execute.

aśeva a. hateful, odious.

aśeṣa m. no rest or remainder; adj. entire, whole. aśeṣam aśeṣeṇa & aśeṣatas adv. entirely, wholly.

aśoka a. heatless, painless; m. the Aśoka tree.

aśokavanikā f. Aśoka wood.

aśocanīya a. not to be regretted.

aśocya a. not to be regretted.

aśodhayitvā ger. without trying or deciding.

aśauca n. impurity.

aśauṇḍīrya n. want of generosity.

aśna m. stone; N. of a demon.

aśmaka m. ī f. a man's and a woman's name; m. pl. a tribe of warriors.

aśmakuṭṭa a. grinding with a stone.

aśmakuṭṭaka a. grinding with a stone.

aśmadidyu a. having stones for a weapon.

aśman [1] m. eater.

aśman [2] m. rock, stone, thunderbolt, sky. aśman loc. in the sky. Du. heaven and earth.

aśmaplava m. a boat made of stone.

aśmantaka m. a kind of grass.

aśmanmaya f. ī of stone, stony.

aśmanvant a. stony.

aśmamaya f. ī the same.

aśmamūrdhan a. stony-headed.

aśraddha a. = seq.; f. aśaddhā disbelief.

aśraddhadhāna a. unbelieving, having no faith.

aśraddheya a. incredible.

aśrama [1] m. absence of fatigue.

aśrama a. unwearied, indefatigable.

aśrama [2] a. unwearied, indefatigable.

aśravaṇa n. the not being heard, the not occurring (in a text), absence, want (of a word, suffix, etc.).

aśrāddhin a. not performing funeral meals.

aśrānta a. indefatigable, n. adv.

aśri f. (adj. --° aśrika) edge, corner.

aśru n. (m.) a tear.

aśrukaṇṭha a. having tears in the throat.

aśruta a. unheard.

aśrudhārā f. flood of tears.

aśreyaṃs a. worse; n. ill luck.

aśrotra a. earless.

aśrotriya a. not knowing the Veda.

aślāghya a. not praiseworthy, disgraceful.

aślīka a. inauspicious.

aśva m. horse, a man's name; f. ā mare.

aśvakarṇa [1] m. a horse's ear.

aśvakarṇa [2] a. horse-eared; m. N. of a tree.

aśvakhura m. a horse's hoof; -vat adv.

aśvatara m. ī mule.

aśvattha m. the holy fig-tree.

aśvatthāman m. N. of an ancient warrior.

aśvada m. giver of horses.

aśvadāvan m. giver of horses.

aśvanadī f. N. of a river.

aśvapa m. groom.

aśvapāla m. groom.

aśvaparṇa a. winged with horses.

aśvamukha f. ī having the head of a horse; m. & f. ī = kiṃnara ī q.v.

aśvamedha m. horse-sacrifice.

aśvayuj a. yoking or being yoked with horses; f. sg. & du. a lunar mansion.

aśvarāja m. king of the horses.

aśvavant a. rich in horses.

aśvavṛṣa m. stallion.

aśvaśālā f. stable for horses.

aśvasārathya n. horsemanship and driving.

aśvasena m. N. of a serpent-demon.

aśvastana a. not having a to-morrow.

aśvastanavidhāna n. care for to-morrow.

aśvastanika a. not caring for to-morrow.

aśvahāraka m. horse-thief.

aśvahṛdaya n. horsemanship (cf. akṣahṛdaya).

aśvādhyakṣa m. overseer or master of the horse.

aśvānīka n. cavalry, cavalcade.

aśvānṛta n. a lie about horses.

aśvārūḍha a. mounted, on horseback.

aśvāvant  = aśvavant.

aśvin a. horsed. m. horseman; du. the two Aśvins; f. aśvinī their wife or mother.

aśviya (n. pl.) troops of horses.

aśvīya n. troop of horses or of horsemen.

aśvya [1] a. equine; n. = aśviya.

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aśvya [2] m. a part. name.

aṣatara (compar.) more acceptable.

aṣāḍha a. unconquerable; m. a man's name.

aṣāḷha a. unconquerable; m. a man's name.

aṣṭaka a. eightfold; m. a man's name; f. ā the eighth day after full moon.

aṣṭaguṇa a. = prec. adj.

aṣṭadhā adv. eightfold, eight times.

aṣṭan a. eight.

aṣṭapāda a. eight-legged.

aṣṭabhāga m. an eighth.

aṣṭama f. ī eighth.

aṣṭamakālika a. eating (only) at every eighth meal-time.

aṣṭarasāśraya a. based on the eight sentiments, i.e. dramatic.

aṣṭavarṣa a. aged eight years.

aṣṭavidha a. eightfold, of eight kinds.

aṣṭāṅga eight parts of the body (°--); adj. consisting of eight parts or members.

aṣṭādaśadhā adv. eighteenfold.

aṣṭādaśan a. eighteen.

aṣṭādaśa a. eighteenth.

aṣṭādaśama a. eighteenth.

aṣṭāpad (nom. -pāt, f. -padī) eight-legged.

aṣṭāpādya a. eightfold.

aṣṭi [1] f. reaching.

aṣṭi [2] f. N. of a class of metres.

aṣṭi [3] f. grain of seed.

aṣṭottara a. more eight.

aṣṭrā f. goad.

aṣṭhīlā f. globe, ball, round pebble or stone.

aṣṭhīva n. (only --°) & -vant m. knee-pan.

as asti1 v be, exist, happen, become; be present or at hand; fall or belong to (gen. or dat.), be enough for (gen.), be able to (dat.); turn to, serve for (2 dat.). astu or evamastu well, so be it. With na not be, be gone. Pers. or impers. with another fin. verb = I happen to or it happens that I, e.g. asti paśyasi do you happen to see? asmi vikrīṇe I happen to sell. --
     ati be beyond, surpass (acc.).
     api be in or with (loc.), fall or belong to (loc. or dat.); partake of (impers. w. gen. & loc.).
     abhi be above, rule, overcome, conquer. win; *fall to one's (gen.) share.
     upa be in or with, partake of (acc.).
     pari overtake; pass or spend (time).
     pra be prominent, excel.
     prati equal, emulate (acc.).
     sam equal, reach; be together with (saha).

as asyati2 v (asati), pp. asta (q.v.) throw, cast, shoot at (loc., dat., or gen.), with (instr.). --
     apa throw away, lay down, doff, leave, give up.
     abhi (also asati te) throw, hurl; throw one's self upon, take to, practise, study, read; repeat, double, reduplicate (g.).
     ud throw up, lift, throw away; rise from (acc.).
     vyud spread, disperse, dismiss, give up.
     ni (also asati) throw or put down, lay aside, put or pour in (loc.), apply to (loc.), turn (the eyes) upon (loc.), deposit, commit to (loc), give up, relinquish; bring forward, mention.
     upani put down, bring forward, indicate, insinuate.
     vini (also asati) lay asunder, spread; put, place, turn upon or in, apply to (loc.), deposit, commit, entrust to (loc.).
     saṃni (also asati) put down (together), take off; put or place on (loc.), commit or entrust to (loc. or gen.); abandon, relinquish, give up, esp. the world, i.e. become an ascetic.
     nis throw out, send away, banish from (abl.); keep off, remove, destroy.
     parāṃ cast away, expose (a child); leave, reject, refute.
     pari cast or turn about, throw down, toss, upset (also C.) put on (M.).
     vipari overturn, upset, invert. transpose, change.
     pra cast forwards, hurl, throw or put in (loc.), throw down.
     prati throw towards or against; cast away, shake off.
     vi cast asunder, break in pieces, scatter.
     sam put together, join; P. be composed with (instr.). -- Cf. apāsya abhyasta upanyasta nyasta paryasta viparyasta vyatyasta vyasta samasta.

asaṃyata a. unrestrained, uncontrolled.

asaṃyatātman a. having the soul uncontrolled.

asaṃyājya a. unfit for common sacrifices.

asaṃvasant a. not living together with (instr.).

asaṃvīta a. uncovered, unclothed.

asaṃvṛta a. uncovered, bare; n. a cert. hell.

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asaṃśaya m. no doubt; a. having no doubt, n. adv.

asaṃśravaṇe (loc.) not within hearing of (gen.).

asaṃśrave (loc.) not within hearing of (gen.).

asaṃsārin a. not subject to the mundane existence.

asaṃsṛṣṭa a. unconnected, strange, unknown, unmixed with, free from (instr.).

asaṃskāra a. unadorned; m. want of ornament, artlessness.

asaṃskārya a. not to be adorned etc. (v. seq.).

asaṃskṛta a. unadorned, uncultivated, unprepared, uninitiated, unmarried.

asaṃstuta a. not harmonizing, refractory; distant, foreign.

asaṃsthita a. not standing still, restless, inconstant.

asakala a. incomplete; -vyakti a. not fully appearing.

asakṛt adv. not once; repeatedly, often.

asakta a. not hanging on or entangled in (loc.); independent, free.

asaktabuddhi a. whose mind is not attached to (loc.).

asaktātman a. whose mind is not attached to (loc.).

asakti f. non-attachment (to worldly things).

asagotra a. not of the same family.

asaṃkasuka a. not fickle; firm, steady.

asaṃkṣipta a. not laid down*; not concise, extensive, full.

asaṃkhya a. innumerable.

asaṃkhyāta a. innumerable.

asaṃkhyeya a. innumerable.

asaṅga [1] m. not sticking to (--°).

asaṅga [2] asaṅga a. not sticking or hanging, moving freely, independent.

asaṅga a. not sticking or hanging, moving freely, independent.

asacadviṣ a. not hating the followers.

asaṃgītakam adv. without music; -nṛt dance w. m., i.e. do something absurd or ridiculous.*

asajāti a. belonging to a different caste.

asajātya a. having no kin.

asajjana m. a bad man, villain.

asaṃjña a. insensible; abstr. -tva n.

asaṃjñā f. dissension, discord.

asaṃjvara a. feeling no heat or resentment.

asatkalpanā f. fabrication of an untruth, lie.

asatkārya n. an evil deed.

asatkāryaparigraha m. commission of evil deeds.

asatkṛta a. ill-done or ill-used; n. injury, wrong.

asattva [1] a. wanting strength or courage.

asattva [2] n. non-existence, non-substantiality; non-presence, absence.

asattvavacana a. not signifying anything substantial or material; abstr. -tā f.

asatputra a. having no son.

asatya a. untrue, false; n. falsehood, lie.

asatyavacana a. speaking falsely, lying.

asatyasaṃdha a. faithless, treacherous.

asadṛśa a. unlike, dissimilar, incomparable; of unequal birth; unfit, improper.

asadgraha a. bent upon something evil, following a bad caprice; m. bad inclination, caprice, whim.

asadbhāva m. non-presence, absence.

asan n. blood.

asana n. throwing, hurling; f. asanā dart, arrow.

asanāma a. not having the same name.

asant (f. asatī) not existing, unreal, untrue, bad, wicked. f. asatī an unchaste woman. n. non-existence, untruth, lie. evil.

asaṃtuṣṭa a. dissatisfied.

asaṃtoṣa m. dissatisfaction.

asaṃdita a. unbound.

asaṃdina a. unbound.

asaṃdheya a. irreparable.

asaṃnidhāna n. -nidhi m. distance, absence.

asaṃnivṛtti f. non-return; dat. never to return.

asaṃnihita a. distant, absent.*

asaṃnyasta a. not laid down or given up.

asapatna [1] m. no rival.

asapatna [2] a. unrivalled; n. peace, quiet.

asapiṇḍa a. unconnected by the funeral cake.

asama [1] a. unlike, uneven.

asama [2] a. having no equal, incomparable.

asamagra a. incomplete; not full (moon), °-- & n. adv.

asamañja m. N. of a man.

asamañjas m. N. of a man.

asamañjasa a. unequal, irregular, false; n. adv.

asamad f. concord, harmony.

asamaya m. wrong time.

asamartha a. incapable of, unable to (inf., dat., loc., or --°). Abstr. -tvā n.

asamasta a. not compounded (g.).

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asamāna a. unequal, dissimilar; n. an awkward situation.

asamāpta a. unfinished.

asamāvṛttaka a. not yet returned (from the teacher's house).

asamāvṛttika a. not yet returned (from the teacher's house).

asamāhita a. not concentrated.

asamidhya ger. without kindling.

asamīkṣya ger. without considering.

asamudyama m. no effort, no pain about (loc.).

asamudrotthita a. not risen from the ocean.

asamṛddha a. imperfect.

asamṛddhi f. non-success, failure.

asametya ger. without having approached (instr.).

asaṃpatti f. want of success, failure.

asaṃpāṭhya a. unfit for common instruction.

asaṃpūrṇa a. incomplete, imperfect.

asaṃpūrṇamanoratha a. having one's desire unaccomplished.*

asaṃprāpta a. not arrived, unsuccessful; not arrived at, unfulfilled (desire).

asaṃbaddha a. unconnected, incoherent, absurd, foolish.

asaṃbaddhapralāpa m. idle talk.

asaṃbaddhapralāpin (& -bhāṣaka*) a. talking idly.

asaṃbaddhamanoratha a. having absurd wishes.*

asaṃbandha [1] m. no connection or relation.

asaṃbandha [2] a. unconnected, not a relative.

asaṃbādha a. unlimited, unbounded, unrestrained, spacious, empty.

asaṃbhava [1] m. non-existence, absence, want; impossibility, absurdity.

asaṃbhava [2] a. not existing, absent, wanting, impossible.

asaṃbhāvita a. impossible (lit. unconceived).

asaṃbhāvitopamā f. a kind of comparison.

asaṃbhāṣya a. unfit for conversation.

asaṃbhojya a. unfit for common meals.

asaṃbhrama a. free from agitation, tranquil, calm; n. adv.

asaṃbhrānta a. the same; n. adv.

asaṃmata a. disapproved, despised; unauthorized by (--°).

asaṃmūḍha a. unconfused, composed, calm.

asaṃmoha m. abstr. to prec.

asamyak adv. not in the right way, wrongly.

asamyakkārin a. acting improperly.

asarva a. not whole, incomplete.

asavarṇa a. not belonging to the same caste.

asaścat (f. asaścantī) unceasing, inexhaustible.

asaścant (f. asaścantī) unceasing, inexhaustible.

asasant a. sleepless.

asaha a. incapable of bearing (acc. or --°), unable to (infin. or --°), impatient, intolerant.

asahana a. unable to bear (--°); impatient, jealous, envious. n. intolerance, impatience.

asahant f. -ntī a. not bearing, unable to (infin.).

asahamāna a. not bearing, impatient.

asahāya a. friendless, lonely; abstr. -tā f.

asahāyavant a. = prec. a.

asahāyin a. = prec. a.

asahiṣṇu a. unable to bear (acc., loc., or --°); intolerant, jealous; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

asahya a. intolerable, irresistible, impossible.

asākṣika a. unwitnessed, unattested.

asādṛśya n. unequality, dissimilarity.

asādhaka a. not accomplishing, not satisfactory.

asādhana n. no means, no requisite; a. without means, impossible.

asādhāraṇa f. ī uncommon, special, singular.

asādhāraṇopamā f. a kind of comparison.

asādhu a. not good, bad, wicked; m. a bad man, a villain; n. evil, malice, also adv.

asādhudarśin a. of little discrimination (lit. seeing not well).

asādhuvṛtta a. of bad conduct.

asādhya a. not to be overcome, impracticable, incurable, irremediable; not susceptible of proof. Abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

asāṃnidhya n. non-presence, absence.

asāmānya a. not common, peculiar.

asāmi a. not half; whole, entire.

asāmiśavas a. having full strength.

asāṃprata a. unfit, improper; n. adv.

asāra a. worthless, vain.

asāvadhāna a. inattentive, inconsiderate.*

asi m. sword, knife; p. asimant.

asiṃhāsana a. throneless (a reign).

asita [1] a. unbound.

asita [2] (f. asitā & asiknī) a. dark-coloured, black. m. N. of a cert. myth. being & of sev. men; f. asiknī or asiknī N. of a river.

asitotpala n. a blue lotus-flower.

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asitapītaka f. -tikā dark yellow, tawny.

asitekṣaṇa a. black-eyed.

asidhārā f. the edge of a sword.

asidhārāvrata n. a vow to stand on the edge of a sword; i.e. a hopeless task.

asinva a. insatiable.

asinvant a. insatiable.

asipattra n. the blade of a sword.

asipattravana n. a cert. hell (lit. a wood whose leaves are sword-blades).

asipattravrata n. = asidhārāvrata.

asilatā f. the blade of a sword.

asu m. (later always pl.) vital spirit, breath, life.

asukha a. unpleasant, painful, unhappy, difficult to (infin.); n. sorrow; pain, grief.

asukhodaya a. having evil results.

asukhodarka a. the same.

asutṛp a. taking away (lit. feeding on) one's life, or insatiable.

asura a. spiritual, divine. m. spirit, esp. the highest spirit, later a bad spirit, demon f. ī (opp. sura a god).

asuradharma m. law or custom of the Asuras.

asurabrahma m. a priest of the Asuras.

asurarakṣasa n. a being as well Asura as Rakṣas, pl. the Asuras and Rakṣas.

asurahan f. asuraghnī killing Asuras.

asurya a. spiritual, god-or demonlike; n. godhead, divinity.

asulabha a. not easy to get, rare; abstr. -tva n.

asuvarṇa a. not golden.*

asuṣvi a. not pressing Soma; impious.

asustha a. unwell.

asusthita a. unwell.

asuhṛd m. not friend, foe.

asū f. not bringing forth, barren.

asūy asūyati & asūyate v grumble, be impatient or angry with, murmur at (dat., acc., or gen.) C. asūyayati also = S. -
     abhi = S.

asūya grumbling, displeased, envious. f. ā discontent, envy.

asūyaka = prec. adj.

asūyitṛ = prec. adj.

asūyu = prec. adj.

asūta a. untrodden, unknown.

asūrya a. sunless.

asūryaga not moving towards the sun.

asṛkpāta (m. pl.) drops of blood (lit. the falling of blood).

asṛj n. blood.

asṛṣṭānna a. whereat no food is distributed (sacrifice).

asenya a. not hurting or wounding.

asevana n. non-performance of (--°).

asevā f. non-use, neglect.

asoḍha a. unconquered.

asoma [1] m. no Soma-juice or sacrifice.

asoma [2] a. not having Soma-juice.

asomapa a. not drinking Soma.

asau m. f. (n. adas q.v.) yonder, that, one so and so; with eva the same.

asauvarṇa a. not golden.

asauṣṭhava a. not well, ill-disposed.

asauhṛda n. enmity.

askanda m. -tva n. not spilling.

askandayant a. not spilling; not omitting or neglecting.

askanna a. unspilt.

askṛdhoyu a. not scarce, abundant.

askhalana n. not wavering from (abl.), firmness.

askhalita a. not stumbling, firm (gait), unshaken, uninterrupted. n. not stumbling or sticking.

askhalitacakra a. indefatigable (lit. whose chariot never stops).

askhalitapada a. safe, secure (lit. where the foot does not stumble).*

asta [1] n. home (also -ka n.); acc. w. ī gam yā etc. go home, go down, set (of the sun); come to an end, die. As m. the mountain behind which the sun and moon are supposed to set (cf. udaya), also = astamaya.

asta [2] a. thrown, cast off (mostly °--).

astaṃyant a. going down, setting.

astakaruṇa a. pitiless, cruel.

astamaya m. -mayana n. setting (of the sun).

astamita a. set (sun); -te (sc. sūrye) after sunset.

astā f. dart, bolt, arrow.

astṛ m. hurler, archer.

astṛta a. not overthrown, invincible.

astena m. no thief or robber.

astenamānin a. not considering o.'s self as a thief.

asteya n. non-theft, honesty.

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astoka a. not small or insignificant.

astotṛ m. not a praiser.

astra n. (m.) dart; bow, arrow.

astragrāma m. collection of weapons.

astrī f. no woman; masculine and neuter (g.).

asthan n. bone; poss. asthanvant.

asthā adv. immediately.

asthāna n. no stay; no place or the wrong place for (gen). °-- & loc. in the wrong place, not in time, without cause.

asthi n. bone; poss. asthimant.

asthicūrṇa n. pulverized bone, bone-dust.

asthija a. produced in the bones; m. thunderbolt, marrow.*

asthipañjara m. skeleton.*

asthibhedaka m. bone-breaker.

asthira a. not firm, unsteady, inconstant, dubious, uncertain. Abstr. -tva n.

asthisaṃstha a. being on the bone (flesh).

asthisthūṇa a. having bones for beams (the body).

asthisneha m. marrow.*

asthūla a. not big or coarse; slender, thin.

asnātṛ a. not bathing, not wet, dry.

asparśa a. touchless.

aspaṣṭa a. not clear, indistinct.

aspṛśant a. not touching.

aspṛṣṭa a. untouched.

aspṛha a. free from desires.

aspṛhā f. no desire.

asphuṭa a. indistinct, incorrect; n. adv.

asma [1] pron. stem of 1st pers.

asma [2] asma pron. stem of 3d pers.

asma pron. stem of 3d pers.

asmattas adv. from us.

asmatrā adv. among or to us; a. -trāñc.

asmad (°--) = asma1.

asmadīya a. our.

asmadryañc a. turned towards us; n. -dryak adv.

asmadvidha a. our like.

asmayu a. fond of us.

asmāka a. our, ours.

asmādṛśa a. our like.*

asmṛti [1] f. want of memory, oblivion.

asmṛti [2] a. forgetful, inattentive.

asmehiti f. commission for us.

asra [1] n. a tear.

asra [2] a. throwing, hurling.

asramukha f. ī having tears in the face.*

asridh a. not going wrong; safe, harmless.

asridhāna a. the same.

asredhant a. the same.

asreman a. faultless, perfect.

asvatantra a. not independent.

asvadita a. not tasted.

asvapnaj a. not sleepy, sleepless.

asvarita a. not having the Svarita accent; abstr. -tva n.

asvargayogya a. unworthy of heaven.

asvargya a. not leading to heaven, unheavenly.

asvastha a. indisposed, unwell; abstr. -tā f.

asvasthacetasa a. of troubled mind.

asvasthaśarīra a. sick at body.*

asvātantrya n. want of independence.

asvādhīna a. not free, dependent.

asvāmivikraya m. sale without ownership (j.).

asvāmin m. non-owner.

ah (only pf. āha) say, speak, tell (w. dat. or acc. of pers. & acc. of th.), call, name (2 acc.); state, declare to be (acc.); attribute or adjudge (acc.) to (gen.). --
     adhi speak or intercede for (dat.).
     anu recite, repeat.
     abhi speak to (acc.), answer, reply; tell (dat. of pers. & acc. of th.).
     nis speak out, express.
     pra pronounce, deliver; say tell, name, declare ( = S.).

aha [1] indecl. of course, certainly, namely, at least; often only emphasizing the preceding word.

aha [2] m. n. day (mostly --°).

ahaṃyu a. selfish, haughty.

ahaṃkāra m. sense of self, egoism, pride, arrogance; poss. -rin.

ahaṃkārya a. forming the object of the sense of self.

ahaṃkṛta a. conscious of self, egoistic.

ahaṃkṛti f. = ahaṃkāra.

ahata a. not beaten, not washed, new (cloth).

ahatamārga a. whose course is unchecked or free.*

ahatvā abs. without killing.

ahan n. day. - ahanyahani & aharahas every day, daily. ubhe ahanī day and night.

ahar n. day. - ahanyahani & aharahas every day, daily. ubhe ahanī day and night.

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ahanya a. daily.

aham (pron.) I; so'ham I here.

ahar n. = ahan.

ahas n. = ahan.

aharāgama m. the approach of day, morning.

aharniśa n. day and night.

aharvid a. knowing the (right) days.

ahalyā f. N. of the wife of Gautama.

ahaḥśeṣa m. the rest of the day.

ahasta a. handless.

ahaha exclam. of joy or sorrow.

ahārya not to be taken or stolen; unalterable, incorruptible.

ahi m. serpent, esp. the demon Vṛtra.

ahiṃsaka a. harmless, innocuous.

ahiṃsant a. harmless, innocuous.

ahiṃsā f. the not injuring or being injured, harmlessness.

ahiṃsra a. = ahiṃsaka.

ahigandha m. likeness to (lit. smell of) a serpent.

ahita a. unfit, improper, bad, wrong, evil, hostile. m. enemy; n. evil, misfortune, ill luck.

ahibhānu a. shining like serpents.

ahima a. not cold, warm.

ahimanyu a. having the ire of serpents.

ahihatya n. the slaying of the serpent, the fight with Vṛtra.

ahī m. serpent, a cert. serpent-demon.

ahīna [1] a. lasting several days; m. a sacrifice lasting several days.

ahīna [2] a. unimpaired, whole, entire, not deficient in (instr.).

ahuta a. unoffered, unsacrificed; not worshipped with or not attained by sacrifice; m. a muttered prayer, unaccompanied by sacrifices.

ahṛṇāna a. not being angry.

ahaituka f. ī having no cause or motive; n. adv.

aho exclamation of joy, sorrow or astonishment.

ahorātra m. n. day and night; -vid a. knowing d. & n.

ahna m. day (--°); dat. instantly, at once.

ahyarṣu m. a cert. bird of prey.

ahraya a. luxurious, proud.

ahrayāṇa a. luxurious, proud.

ahri a. luxurious, proud.

ahrasva not short.

ahruta not crooked, straight.

ahrutapsu a. of upright appearance.

ahvalā f. not staggering, firmness.

ā [1] adv. hither, near, towards (esp. as a pref. to verbs of motion); besides, further; quite, entirely, even (often only emphasizing the prec. word). °-- a little, slightly, scarcely (in adj. & subst.); reaching to (in adj.); till, as far as, before, from (in adv.). As prep. towards, up to, till, as far as (acc. or abl.); except, but, save (acc.); all the way or time from (abl.); in, at, on (loc.).

ā [2] excl., esp. of sudden remembrance.

ākara m. scatterer, dispenser, giver; heap, plenty, abundance; mine.

ākarṇa (°--) & ākarṇam adv. up to the ear.

ākarṇana n. listening, hearing; news.

ākarṇay ākarṇayati v pp. ākarṇita listen, hear, understand. --
     upa & sam = S.

ākarṣa m. drawing towards one's self.

ākarṣaṇa f. ī the same as adj.; n. = prec., also bending (a bow).

ākalpa [1] m. ornament.

ākalpa [2] (°--) = seq.

ākalpam adv. to the end of the world.

ākalpāntam adv. to the end of the world.

ākāṅkṣa a. desiring, wanting (esp. a word to complete the sense); f. ā wish, desire, want (of a word to complete the sense).

ākāra [1] m. form, shape, figure; abstr. -tā f.

ākāra [2] m. the sound ā.

ākāravant a. shaped, embodied; well-formed, shapely.

ākārita a. having the shape of (--°).

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ākālam adv. until the same hour (of the next day).

ākālika f. ā1 & ī a. lasting until the same hour (of the next day).

ākālika f. ī2 unseasonable.

ākāśa m. n. free or open space, sky; esp. the atmosphere or sky as the fifth element. -śe behind the scene or into the air (d.).

ākāśaga moving through the sky; m. bird.

ākāśacārin moving through the sky; m. bird.

ākāśayāna n. moving through the sky.

ākāśavartman n. the aerial path.

ākāśaśayana n. lying in the open air.

ākāśasaṃcārin m. wanderer in the sky.*

ākāśeśa m. ruler of the atmosphere.

ākiṃcanya n. want of anything, poverty.

ākīm (prep.) from (abl.).

ākīrṇa a. scattered, spread; filled with, surrounded by (instr. or --°).

ākuñcita a. contracted, crooked, curled.

ākuṭila a. slightly curved.

ākula a. confounded, confused, agitated, anxious; overburdened with, full of (instr. or --°).

ākulay ākulayati v confound, confuse, trouble. pp. ākulita confounded, bewildered, obscured by (--°).

ākuli m. N. of an Asura priest.

ākulīkṛ  = ākulay; -bhū become or be perplexed.

ākulīyamāna a. contused, agitated, frightened.*

ākūta n. ākūti f. intention, purpose.

ākṛti f. constituent part; shape, form (poss -mant), beauty.

ākṛṣṭi f. drawing near, attraction.

āke (loc. adv.) near, hither.

ākekara a. a little squinting or looking aside; -rākṣa a. having such eyes.

ākauśala n. inexpertness, want of skill.

ākranda m. cry, call; friend, protector, esp. the neighbour of a (king's) neighbour.

ākrandana m. -ndita n. crying, calling.

ākrama m. approach, attack.

ākramaṇa a. approaching; n. = prec.

ākrānta a. taken, seized; overcome, ruled by (instr. or --°).

ākrānti f. ascending, rising.

ākrīḍa m. n. play-ground, garden.

ākruṣṭa a. being reviled.

ākrośa m. crying out, scolding, reviling.

ākṣika a. relating to the dice, won or lost at dice.

ākṣipta a. hit, struck, touched.

ākṣiptikā f. song of approach (d.).

ākṣepa m. throwing up, tossing, drawing to one's self, attraction; applying, laying on; casting off, removing, giving up; hint, allusion; objection; abuse, injury.

ākṣepaṇa n. tossing, impelling; abuse, objection.

ākṣeparūpaka n. = ākṣepopamā.

ākṣepavalana n. tossing to and fro.

ākṣepin a. drawing away; -ṇī siddhi f. the power of flying into the air.

ākṣepopamā f. a kind of comparison.

ākhaṇḍala m. E. of Indra (lit. breaker, destroyer).

ākhu m. mole, mouse.

ākhukiri m. a mole-hill.

ākheṭa m. chase.

ākhyā f. appellation, name; instr. with name; adj. --° called, named.

ākhyāta n. finite verb (g.).

ākhyātukāma a. wishing to tell.

ākhyātṛ m. relater, speaker.

ākhyāna n. telling, relating; tale, legend.

ākhyānaka n. a short tale; f. ī N. of a metre.

ākhyānavid m. knower of (ancient) tales.

ākhyāyikā f. = ākhyānaka.

ākhyāyin a. telling, relating (--°).

ākhyeya a. to be told or related.

āgata a. come, arrived (acc., loc. or --°), returned (±punar), sprung or descended from (abl.), happened, occurred (gen.); fallen into, having met with (acc.). m. guest.

āgati f. coming, arrival, return.

āgadhita a. clasped, held fast.

āgantavya n. veniendum.

āgantu a. coming, arriving; m. new-comer, guest.

āgantuka a. & m. the same (abstr. -tā*).

āgantṛ a. venturus.

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āgama a. coming to, approaching, being added. m. approach, arrival, going to (--°); course (of a river), appearance, origin; income, revenue, possession, title; knowl edge, science, doctrine; augment (g.).

āgamana n. coming, arrival, appearance.

āgamavant a. approaching sexually.

āgamāpāyin a. coming and going.

āgamin a. augmented (g.).

āgarbhanirgama (°--) from birth.*

āgas n. offence, injury, sin.

āgastya a. relating to Agasti; pl. Agasti's descendants.

āgāmin a. coming, future.

āgāmuka a. coming, wont to come to (acc.).

āgāra n. room, dwelling, house.

āgur f. acclamation (r.).

āgnika f. ī belonging to fire or to the fire sacrifice.

āgnīdhra a. belonging to the Agnīdh. m. = āgnīdh; n. the place for or the function of the A.

āgnīdhrīya being within the Āgnīdhra (v. prec. n.); m. the fire therein.

āgneya f. ī relating to fire or Agni, fiery.

āgrayaṇa m. firstling (a cert. Soma-libation); f. ī & n. oblation of firstlings or firstfruits.

āgrayaṇaka n. (& adj. --°) = prec. n.

āgrahāyaṇī f. a cert. day of full moon.

āghargharam adv. growlingly.

āghāṭa m. & āghāṭi m. or f. cymbal, rattle (cf. seq.).

āghāta m. striking, killing, blow; slaughter-house, place of execution.

āghṛṇi a. glowing, hot.

āghṛṇīvasu a. glowing, hot.

āghoṣaṇā f. calling, proclaiming.

āṅgirasa f. ī relating to or descending from the An1giras.

āṅgūṣa m. n. praise, hymn.

ācamana n. rinsing the mouth or sipping water; the water used for rinsing the mouth (also f. ī).

ācaraṇa n. approach, arrival; conduct, behaviour; cart, carriage.

ācarita n. arrival, conduct, custom, customary proceeding, usage, way.

ācaritavya a. to be done; n. impers. (it is) to be acted in the usual way.

ācānta a. sipped (water); rinsed or having rinsed (the mouth).

ācāma m. the water or foam of boiled rice.

ācāra m. conduct, (good) behaviour; custom, usage, ordinance, institute; abl. in -tas.

ācāravant a. of virtuous conduct.

ācārahīna a. defective in conduct.

ācārya m. teacher, spiritual guide (poss. -vant; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.); a cert. caste.

ācāryaka n. office or art of teaching.

ācāryopāsana n. reverence for the teacher.

ācikhyāsā f. wish to express; a. -su.

ācikhyāsopamā f. a kind of comparison.

ācita a. heaped, accumulated; filled or covered with (instr. or --°).

ācchanna a. covered, clothed.

ācchāda m. clothing, clothes.

ācchādaka a. concealing, covering.

ācchādana n. covering, clothing.

ācchādin a. concealing, hiding (--°).

ācchinna a. cut off, split, broken.

āja a. coming from or belonging to goats; n. E. of a cert. lunar mansion.

ājamīḍha (ājamīḷha) m. patr. from ajamīḍha.

ājāti f. birth, origin, existence.

ājāna n. ājāni f. the same.

āji m. f. running or fighting match; race, battle, combat; place for running, course.

ājimukha n. front of battle.

ājīgarti m. patron. from ajīgarta.

ājīva m. -vana n., (vikā f.*) livelihood, subsistence.

ājīvitāntam adv. through (lit. to the end of) life.

ājuhvāna a. sacrificed or worshipped with sacrifices.

ājñapti f. order, command.

ājñā f. the same.

ājñākara m. ī f. servant; abstr. -karatva n.

ājñāna n. perceiving, understanding.

ājñābhaṅga m. violation of a command, disobedience.

ājñābhaṅgakārin a. violating a command, disobedient.

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ājya n. melted or clarified butter; also oil and milk (used for religious purposes).

ājyapa a. drinking melted butter; pl. a class of Manes.

āñch āñchati v tear, stretch.

āñjana n. ointment, esp. for the eyes.

āñjanagandhi a. smelling of ointment (v. prec.).

āṭavika a. belonging to a wood; n. woodman, forester.

āṭopa m. puffing up, pride, self-conceit.

āḍambara m. a kind of drum, noise, sound, bombast; the non-plus-ultra of (--°).

āḍhaka m. n. (adj. --° f. ī) a cert. measure of grain.

āḍhya a. opulent, wealthy; abstr. -tā f.

āṇi m. the pin of the axle-tree (also *aṇi).

āṇḍa n. egg; m. du. the testicles; f. ī a t.

āt (abl. adv.) from this, afterwards, thereupon, then, further, often correl. to yad yadā yadi and followed by it.

ātaṅka m. pain, sorrow, anguish.

ātañcana n. rennet.

ātata a. stretched out, spread, strung (bow), turned to, hung on (loc.); wide, long.

ātatāyin a. having a stretched bow; threatening, inimical.

ātatāvin a. having a stretched bow; threatening, inimical.

ātapa a. causing pain; m. heat, sunshine.

ātapatra n. a large umbrella used as a parasol.

ātapavāraṇa n. a parasol.

ātā f. (instr. pl. also ātais) frame, border, edge.

ātāmra a. reddish.

āti f. a kind of water-bird.

ātī f. a kind of water-bird.

ātitheya f. ī hospitable; f. ī & n. hospitality.

ātithya a. = prec. a.; n. hospitality, (hospitable) reception.

ātiraikya n. excess, superfluity.

ātuje (dat. inf.) to procure or bestow.

ātura a. diseased, sick, suffering from (--°).

ātta a. seized, assumed, taken. °-- having taken or having been robbed of.

āttagandha a. hurt, insulted (lit. whose smell or breath is taken away).

āttadaṇḍa a. having taken or lifted the sceptre.

āttadhanvan a. having taken or grasped a bow.

āttaśastra a. having taken a weapon, armed.

ātma (--°) = ātman.

ātmaka f. ātmikā (--°) having the nature of, consisting of, -like.

ātmakṛta a. done by or against one's self.

ātmagata a. being connected with or contained in one's self; n. adv. to one's self, i.e. aside (d.).

ātmagati f. one's own way, course, power; instr. by one's own act or means.

ātmacintā f. meditation on the soul.

ātmacchandānucārin a. following one's own will, wilful, wayward.*

ātmaja a. born of one's self; m. son, f. ā daughter.

ātmajña a. knowing one's self or the all-soul.

ātmajñāna n. self-knowledge; knowledge of the all-soul.

ātmatā f. -tva n. abstr. to ātman.

ātmatulya a. like one's self.

ātmatṛpta a. satisfied with one's self.

ātmatyāga m. suicide (lit. leaving one's self).

ātmatyāgin a. suicide (lit. who leaves himself).

ātmadāna n. gift of self.

ātman m. breath, life, spirit, soul; the supreme spirit or all-soul; nature, character; self, one's self (as refl. pron.). Often °-- one's own; --° = ātmaka. Instr. w. an ordin. number -> seq.

ātmanātṛtīya a. (made) the third by one's self; being one's self the third with two others.

ātmanepada n. the middle (lit. self-) form of the verb.

ātmanvant a. having a soul, animated.

ātmanvin a. having a soul, animated.

ātmapradāna n. = ātmadāna.

ātmaprabha a. shining by one's self, self-illuminated.

ātmapraśaṃsā f. self-applause.

ātmabodha a. knowing the all-soul; m. knowledge of the all-soul, T. of a philos. work.

ātmabhava [1] m. the existence or being of one's self.

ātmabhava [2] a. existing of one's self.

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ātmabhāva m. the being or nature of one's self, one's own personality; -stha a. remaining in one's own nature.

ātmabhū a. self-existent (E. of sev. gods).

ātmabhūta a. being (another's) self, entirely devoted.

ātmayājin a. sacrificing (for) one's self.

ātmayoga m. union with the all-soul.

ātmarati a. happy in one's self.

ātmalābha m. one's own gain or advantage.

ātmavat adv. as one's self.

ātmavattā f. self-control.

ātmavadha m. -vadhyā f. suicide.

ātmavant a. having a soul, animated; self-possessed, wise, virtuous.

ātmavaśa a. depending on one's self.

ātmavaśya a. depending on one's self.

ātmavikraya m. sale of one's self.

ātmavid a. knowing the supreme spirit.

ātmavidyā f. knowledge of the supreme spirit.

ātmavinigraha m. subduing of one's self.

ātmaśreyas n. the best of the soul.

ātmasaṃsiddhi f. highest perfection of the soul.

ātmasaṃstha a. staying with or confined to one's own person.

ātmasaṃdeha m. personal risk.

ātmasama a. like one's self, abstr. -tā f.

ātmasaṃbhava m. ā f. = ātmaja jā.

ātmasaṃbhāvita a. self-conceited.

ātmasātkṛ make one's own, acquire.

ātmastava m. self-praise.

ātmahan a. killing the soul or one's self.

ātmahita a. good for one's self.

ātmānapekṣa a. not considering one's self, disinterested.

ātmāpahāra m. concealment of one's self.

ātmāpahāraka a. concealing or making away with one's own self.

ātmāpahārin a. concealing or making away with one's own self.

ātmārtham adv. for one's own sake.

ātmārthe adv. for one's own sake.

ātmīya a. one's own.

ātmopajīvin a. living by one's own self (i.e. by labour).

ātmaupamya n. likeness or analogy to one's own self.

ātyantika f. ī continual, uninterrupted, infinite, absolute.

ātyayika f. ī connected with danger, pressing, urgent.

ātreya m. ī f. descendant of Atri; f. also a woman in her courses.

ātharvaṇa f. ī belonging to Atharvan; m. descendant of A. or the Atharvaveda.

ādaghna a. reaching up to the mouth.

ādara m. consideration of, respect to, care about (loc. or --°); reverence, honour. Instr. & abl. respectfully, carefully, eagerly.

ādardira a. crushing.

ādarśa m. looking-glass, mirror; reflected image; illustration, copy, commentary.

ādātṛ m. recipient.

ādāna n. taking, seizing, acceptance.

ādānanitya a. who always takes.

ādāya (ger.) having taken, i.e. with (acc.).

ādi m. commencement, beginning, firstling; loc. ādau in the beginning, first. Often adj. --° (also ādika) beginning with, and so on. Abstr. āditva & ādikatva n.

ādikartṛ m. the (first) creator.

ādiguru m. the first father (Brahman).

ādigdha a. anointed or smeared with (--°).

āditas adv. from the beginning, from the first.

āditeya m. son of Aditi.

āditya [1] m. belonging to or coming from Aditi. m. = prec., esp. Sūrya or the sun; pl. the (highest) gods.

āditya [2] a. belonging to the Ādityas or the sun.

ādityagata a. being in the sun.

ādityacandra m. du. sun and moon.

ādityamaṇḍala n. the orb of the sun.

ādityavat adv. like the sun.

ādityavarcas a. having the splendour of the sun.

ādityavarṇa a. having the colour of the sun.

ādityasaṃkāśa a. sun-like.

āditsu a. wishing to take or have.

ādideva m. first god (Brahma, Viṣṇu, or Śiva).

ādin a. eating.

ādipuruṣa m. the first male or primeval spirit, E. of Viṣṇu.

ādipūruṣa m. the first male or primeval spirit, E. of Viṣṇu.

ādibhūta a. being the first of (gen.).

ādima a. first.

ādimūla n. the first cause.

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ādivaṃśa m. primeval race.

ādiś f. aiming at, design; dat. (as inf.) to aim at, to hit.

ādiṣṭa n. instruction, order, command; m. a sort of treaty or alliance.

ādiṣṭin a. having received instruction; a novice.

ādīpta a. flaming, glowing, brilliant.

ādṛta a. respectful, zealous, intent upon (loc.); esteemed, honoured.

ādeya a. to be taken or employed.

ādevanaṃ n. gambling-place.

ādeśa m. account, information, prophecy; instruction, precept, rule, command; substitute (g.).

ādeśin a. imparting, ordering (--°).

ādya [1] a. eatable, n. food.

ādya [2] a. first, preceding, primitive, extraordinary, excellent; n. beginning. °-- = ādi.

ādyanta n. beginning and end; a. beginning and ending with (--°).

ādyantavant a. having beginning and end.

ādyādya a. each preceding (opp. paraspara).

ādyūna a. voracious.

ādhamana n. mortgage.

ādhamarṇya n. state of being indebted.

ādhava m. stirrer or a stirred mass, mixture.

ādhavanīya m. a vessel for shaking and cleansing the Soma.

ādhātṛ m. = agnyāhita + giver, imparter, teacher.

ādhāna n. placing, adding, causing, producing; depositing, deposit, pledge; receptacle, enclosure; also = agnyādhāna & garbhādhāna q. ->

ādhāra m. support, basis (l. & f.); receptacle, canal; (g.) province, sphere (of an action).

ādhi [1] m. receptacle, foundation; base (fig.); deposit, pledge, earnest-money.

ādhi [2] m. (mostly pl.) thought, care, woe, sorrow.

ādhikaraṇika m. judge.

ādhikya n. excess, abundance, high degree, superiority.

ādhidaivata a. referring to the gods.

ādhidaivika a. referring to the gods.

ādhipatya n. supremacy.

ādhirathi m. patr. from adhiratha.

ādhirājya n. sovereignty.

ādhistena m. stealer of a pledge.

ādhī f. thought, care.

ādhīta a. thought of; n. object, purpose, hope.

ādhīti f. reflection, intention.

ādhunika a. new, recent.

ādhūta a. shaken, vexed, tormented.

ādhṛṣe (dat. inf.) to attack or defy.

ādheya a. to be set, placed, deposited, granted; being contained, situated.

ādhmāta a. inflated, puffed up by (--°)

ādhyātmika (f. ī & ā) referring to the self or the supreme soul.

ādhra a. poor, destitute.

ādhvanika a. being on a journey.

ādhvaryava a. belonging to the Adhvaryu priest; n. the office of the A.

ādhvasta a. veiled, covered.

āna m. mouth, face.

ānaka m. a kind of drum.

ānata a. bowed, bent (of a bow); bent inwards, hollowed, flat, level; bowing, stooping.

ānataparvan a. having the knots or joints flatted; smooth, polished (arrow).

ānati f. bowing; salute, submission.

ānaddha a. bound, tied, costive; overlaid or covered with (instr.).

ānana n. mouth, face.

ānanacara f. ī falling into the mouth of (gen.).

ānantarya n. absence of interval, immediate consequence or succession.

ānantya a. infinite; n. infinity, immortality.

ānanda m. (n.) joy, pleasure, bliss.

ānandana a. delightful.

ānandamaya f. ī made up of joy, blissful. Abstr. -tva n.

ānandayitṛ n. who gladdens.

ānandita a. delighted with (loc.).

ānandin a. joyful or gladdening.

ānandotsava m. feast of joy.

ānayana n. bringing towards, back, or about.

ānardita n. roaring.

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ānava a. kind to men; human; m. foreigner.

ānāya m. net; -yin m. fisherman.

ānīti f. leading near.

ānīla a. blackish.

ānupūrva n. -pūrvī f., -pūrvya n. order, succession; instr. in due order, one after the other.

ānuyātrikajana) m. follower, attendant.

ānuveśya m. the next neighbour but one.

ānulomya n. natural order (cf. anuloma).

ānuṣak adv. coherently, uninterruptedly.

ānuṣaṅgika a. connected, adherent.

ānṛṇya n. state of not being indebted to (gen.); abstr. -tā f.

ānṛśaṃsa n. mildness, kindness.

ānṛśaṃsya a. mild, kind; n. = prec.

ānetṛ m. -trī f. bringer.

āntara a. interior, inner; -jña a. knowing the inner state or the heart.

āntarikṣa f. ī aerial, celestial.

āntarīkṣa, f. ī aerial, celestial.

āntra n. sgl. & pl. the bowels, entrails.

āndhya n. blindness.

ānvāhika f. ī daily.

ānvīkṣikīvidyā) f. logic.

āp āpnoti v (āpnute), pp. āpta (q.v.) obtain, reach, overtake, meet with, find; acquire, win, get, beget; pervade, occupy; befall, betide. P. become filled. C. āpayati cause to reach or attain, bring to, let a person (acc.) have or feel a thing (acc.). D. īpsati te (q.v.) --
     anu attain.
     abhi reach to, attain; C. accomplish.
     ava reach, get at, meet, acquire, obtain, incur.
     samava the same.
     pari reach, acquire, make up, finish.
     pra reach, arrive at, come upon (acc.); obtain, win, get, catch, incur; befall, betide, exist, be; result or follow from a rule (also P.). C. cause to arrive at, bring to (2 acc. or dat. of pers. & acc. of th.); announce, bring before the court (j.), obtain, get.
     anupra reach, attain, meet, follow, imitate; come, arrive.
     samanupra reach, attain, arrive.
     saṃpra reach, arrive at, come upon, obtain, win, catch.
     anusaṃpra = samanupra.
     vi pervade, occupy, reach up to (ā).
     sam reach, obtain, get, win; finish, accomplish. C. cause to reach or attain; achieve, finish, conclude.
     parisam P. be comprehended in, belong to (loc.). -- Cf. avāpta āpāna parisamāpta paryāpta prāpta vyāpta samāpta saṃprāpra.

āpagā f. river, stream.

āpaṇa m. market; merchandise.

āpatkalpa m. rule for times of need.

āpatti f. occurrence of, entering or changing into (--°); also = āpad.

āpathi a. being on the road.

āpathī m. traveller.

āpad f. accident, misfortune, distress.

āpadgata a. fallen into misfortune, unhappy.

āpaddharma m. law for times of need.

āpaneya a. to be obtained.

āpanna a. having got or come to (°-- or --°); unfortunate, unhappy.

āpannasattvā f. having got a (new) being, i.e. pregnant.

āpas [1] n. religious work.

āpas [2] n. water.

āpastamba [1] m. N. of a sage.

āpastamba f. ī2 coming from Āpastamba.

āpāṭala a. reddish.

āpāṇḍu a. palish, yellowish; abstr. -tā f.

āpāṇḍura a. the same.

āpāta m. rushing on, onset, entering into (--°); sudden event. °-- or -tas adv. immediately, at first sight.

āpāna [1] a. reaching, obtaining; successful.

āpāna [2] n. drinking-party, banquet.

āpārṣṇi adv. up to the heels.

āpi m. friend, ally; abstr. āpitva n.

āpīḍa m. pressure, squeeze (also -na n.); crown, garland (lit. head-presser).

āpīta [1] a. yellowish.

āpīta [2] a. turgid, swelled, full.

āpīna a. = prec.; n. udder.

āpūraṇa a. filling; n. as subst.

āpūrṇa a. filled with (instr. or --°), full.

āpūrṇamaṇḍala a. having a full round (of the moon and the face).

āpṛk adv. in contact with, upon (gen.).

āpṛcchaya a. to be saluted or revered; praiseworthy.

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āpomaya a. consisting of water.

āpta a. got, begot, attained, accomplished, complete, abundant, apt, fit, able, true, intimate; m. friend.

āptakārin a. acting properly or faithfully, i.e. trustworthy.

āptadakṣiṇa a. abounding in fees.

āptavarga m. acquaintance (concr.).

āptavāc a. trustworthy (lit. whose word is true).

āpti f. reaching, meeting, gain, acquisition.

āptya m. E. of sev. gods.

āpya [1] a. watery, aquatic; n. a lunar mansion.

āpya [2] a. to be got or acquired.

āpya [3] n. friendship, alliance.

āpyāyana n. filling, satiating (also -nā f.); strengthening, satisfying.

āpra a. active, busy.

āprapadam adv. up to the feet.

āprapadīna a. reaching to the feet.

āprī f. pl. N. of cert. invocations.

āprīta a. glad, merry.

āplava m. āplavana n., & *āplāva m. bath, bathing.

āpluta a. bathed, wetted, sprinkled, covered or filled with, rich in (instr. or --°).

āpluṣṭa a. a little scorched or singed.

ābaddha a. bound, joined, fixed; caused, got, manifested (esp. °--).

ābandha m. tie or bond.

ābādha m. attack; trouble, pain, sorrow (also f. ā).

ābutta m. honourable man.*

ābdika a. annual, yearly; --° of -- years.

ābhakta a. partaking of (loc.).

ābhaga m. partner of (loc.).

ābharaṇa n. ornament, decoration.

ābharaṇasthāna n. place for ornament (on the body).*

ābhā f. splendour, light; likeness, a. --° resembling, like.

ābhāta a. shining, bright, appeared, manifest.

ābhāsa m. splendour, light; appearance, phantom.

ābhijātī f. -jātya n. noble birth, generosity.

ābhimukhya n. direction towards (gen., acc., or --°), intention to (--°); -karaṇa n. calling hither.

ābhiṣeka (f. ī) relating to the inauguration of a king.

ābhiṣecanika (f. ī) relating to the inauguration of a king.

ābhīkṣṇya n. frequent repetition (g.).

ābhīra m. N. of a people & a caste.

ābhu a. empty, stingy.

ābhugna a. bent, curved.

ābhū a. present, helpful, ready; m. assistant.

ābhūti f. power, might.

ābhūṣeṇya a. to be honoured or obeyed.

ābhṛta a. procured, got, caused, filled with (--°).

ābhoga m. curve, circuit, extension, fullness, amplitude, abundance.

ābhogaya m. -gi f. food, enjoyment.

ābhyantara a. interior, inner.

ām excl. of recollection or assent.

āma a. raw.

āmagna a. quite immersed in (loc).

āmana n. benevolence, kindness.

āmanas a. benevolent, kind.

āmantraṇa n. addressing, calling to; greeting, taking leave; invitation, consultation.

āmantraṇaka n. invitation.*

āmantrita n. addressing, the vocative case.

āmandra a. somewhat deep or hollow (of a sound).

āmapātra n. a raw vessel, i.e. a vessel of unburnt clay.

āmaya m. hurt, disease.

āmayāvin a. sick, esp. dyspeptic; abstr. -vitva n.

āmaraṇam adv. until death.

āmaraṇānta a. lasting till death.

āmaraṇāntika a. lasting till death.

āmarda m. crushing, squeezing; -rdin adj.

āmarśa m. touch.

āmalaka m. ī f. the Myrobalan tree; n. its fruit.

āmād a. eating raw flesh.

āmāvāsya a. belonging to the new moon; n. the new-moon oblation.

āmikṣā f. curds; poss. -kṣavant.

āmiśra a. mixed, mingled.

āmiśla a. (readily) mixing.

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āmiṣa n. flesh; -ṣāśin a. eating f.

āmis m. raw flesh.

āmukta a. put on or off, clothed in or with (acc. or --°).

āmur m. destroyer.

āmuri m. destroyer.

āmuṣmika f. ī belonging to that place, b. to the beyond or the other world.

āmuṣyāyaṇa m. the descendant of such and such, born from that race.

āmūla (°--) & āmūlam a. from the first (lit. the root).

āmṛṣṭa a. touched, seized, occupied.

āmeṣṭakā f. an unburnt brick.

āmoṭana n. cracking, breaking.

āmoda a. gladdening; m. joy, fragrance.

āmodita a. fragrant.

āmodin a. fragrant.

āmnātin a. having quoted (loc.).

āmnāya m. tradition, sacred text, legend.

āmnāyapara a. honouring the sacred tradition.

āmra m. the mango tree; n. its fruit.

āmreḍa m. repetition.

āmreḍita n. the same, reduplication (g.).

āmlāna a. (somewhat) faded.

āya m. approach; income, revenue.

āyaji a. procuring (by sacrifices).

āyajin a. procuring (by sacrifices).

āyajyu a. procuring (by sacrifices).

āyata a. extended, long; turned towards, put on (arrow); n. & instr. f. -tayā adv. directly, forthwith.

āyatana n. foot-hold, support, seat, object of (--°); fire-place, sanctuary; barn.

āyatalocana a. having long eyes.

āyatākṣa f. ī the same.

āyati f. extension, length; sequel, future; expectation, hope; offspring, son.

āyatikṣama a. faithful (lit. bearing the future).

āyatekṣaṇa a. having long eyes.

āyatta a. striving, active, ready; being in (loc. or acc.); resting, based, dependent on (loc., gen., or --°); abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

āyadarśin a. seeing i.e. enjoying an income.

āyavyaya m. du. revenues and disbursements.

āyasa (f. -sī or āyasī) of iron, metallic.

āyāti f. = seq.; m. N. of a man.

āyāna n. coming, arrival.

āyāma m. stretching out, extension, length (poss. -mavant or -min); stopping, restraint (poss. -min).

āyāsa m. effort, trouble, sorrow; p. -sin.

āyāsaka a. tiring, trying.

āyāsakara a. tiring, trying.

āyāsada a. tiring, trying.

āyāsayitṛ (& -tṛka, f. -cikā) causing pain.*

āyu [1] a. living, lively, active; m. living creature, man, mankind.

āyu [2] m. the genius of life; n. life.

āyukta a. yoked to (loc.), intent upon*, charged with (gen. or loc.); m. (also -ka) minister, agent.

āyuta a. connected or endowed with (--°).

āyudha n. weapon, vessel; adj. --° armed with.

āyudhabhṛt a. bearing arms; m. warrior.

āyudhāgāra n. armoury, arsenal.

āyudhika a. & m. = āyudhamṛt.

āyudhin a. & m. = āyudhamṛt.

āyudhīya a. & m. = āyudhamṛt.

āyurveda m. the science of health; T. of a book on medicine.

āyuḥśeṣa [1] m. rest of life.

āyuḥśeṣa [2] a. having a rest of life, not yet dead; abstr. -tā f.

āyuṣkāma a. wishing for (a long) life.

āyuṣmant a. having life or vitality, healthy, long-lived, old, lasting (for life).

āyuṣya a. giving (long) life; n. vital power, longevity.

āyus n. life, vitality, longevity; world ( = living creatures).

āyoga m. team or set (of draught-cattle); ornament, decoration; swarm of bees.

āyogava m. a cert. mixed caste.

āyoda m. patron. of a Rishi.

āyodhana n. war, battle, battle-field.

ār āryati v praise.

āra m. n. ore, metal; n. sting, point, corner, angle.

ārakāt adv. far from (abl.).

ārakta a. reddish.

ārakṣa m. -kṣā f. protection, guard.

ārakṣaka m. watchman, guard.

ārakṣaṇa (f. ārakṣaṇī), ārakṣakṣika & ārakṣakṣin (f. ārakṣakṣiṇī) m. the same.

āraṅgara m. bee.

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āraṭi s., -ta n. roaring, sound.

āraṇa n. depth, abyss.

āraṇya a. belonging to a forest, forest-born, wild; m. a wild animal.

āraṇyaka a. = prec. a.; m. forester, hermit; n. a class of religious writings to be studied in the forest.

āraṇyapaśu m. a wild animal.

ārabdha a. (having) begun.

ārabdhi f. undertaking.

ārabhya ger. beginning with, i.e. from, since (acc., abl. or --°).

ārambha m. undertaking, beginning, abstr. -tā f.

ārambhaṇa n. getting hold of, seizing, concr. support, handle.

ārambharuci a. delighting in undertakings; abstr. -tā f.

ārava m. cry, howl, crash, sound.

ārasita a. crying; m. cry.

ārā f. awl, prick.

ārāt (abl. adv.) far, from afar, far from (abl.); immediately, at once.

ārāttāt (abl. adv.) from afar, from a distance.

ārādha m. homage.

ārādhana a. propitiating, conciliating, gaining over. n. the same as subst., also adoration, homage.

ārādhayitṛ m. adorer.

ārādhya a. to be made favourable, to be won.

ārāma m. pleasure, pleasure-garden.

ārāva m. cry, howl, sound; p. ārāvin.

āruka a. hurting (acc.).

āruj a. breaking.

āruja a. breaking.

ārujatnu a. breaking.

āruṇa m. ī f. descendant of Aruṇa; f. āruṇī also a red mare.

āruṇi m. ī f. descendant of Aruṇa; f. āruṇī also a red mare.

ārurukṣu a. wishing to ascend or advance to (acc.).

ārūḍha a. mounted, ridden by (--°), got, obtained; act. (having) mounted, riding, sitting or standing on (loc., acc. or --°); come forth, risen; fallen into, got to (acc. or --°).

ārūḍhi f. mounting, rising (only --°).

āre (loc. adv.) far, far from (abl.).

ārogya a. healthy; n. health.

āropa m. imposing, laying in or upon; substitution of, identification with (loc.).

āropaṇa n. the same; the stringing of a bow.

āropaṇīya a. to be caused to mount (loc.), to be strung (a bow), being substituted or identified.

āropita a. raised, elevated, strung (a bow); placed or put upon, brought to (acc.).

āropya a. to be placed upon; to be strung; being substituted or identified.

āroṣita a. angry, wrathful.

āroha m. mounted on (--°), a rider; mounting, rising, increase, eminence, heap, mountain; a woman's hip.

ārohaṇa f. ī a. mounting, ascending; n. the same as subst., also vehicle, carriage, staircase, ladder.

ārohin a. mounting; causing to rise, bringing to (--°).

ārjava a. straight, honest; n. straightness, rectitude.

ārjīka m. a cert. Soma-vessel.

ārjīkīya m. a cert. Soma-vessel.

ārta a. fallen into (mischief); afflicted, distressed, pained, troubled by (--°), suffering, sick, sore, unhappy; abstr. -tā f.

ārtava a. seasonable, menstrual; n. the menstrual discharge.

ārti f. mishap, disaster, sorrow, pain, woe; p. -mant.

ārtihara m. remover of pain.*

ārtnī f. the end of the bow.

ārtvijya n. office or service of the sacrificing priest.

ārtha f. ī based upon advantage; relating to things (not words).

ārdra a. wet, moist, succulent, fresh, new, soft, tender. f. ā N. of a lunar mansion.

ārdrapāda a. having wet feet.

ārdrabhāva m. wetness, humidity, softness.

ārdravastra a. wearing wet clothes.

ārdravāsas a. wearing wet clothes.

ārdraidhāgni m. a fire of fresh fuel.

ārdhadhātuka a. applicable to the shorter form of the base (g.).

ārdhika m. a ploughman who gets half the crop.

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ārya (f. ā & ārī) belonging to the faithful or loyal, to one's own race, i.e. Aryan, noble, reverend, honourable. m. (f. ā) an Aryan, a honourable man, esp. one of the first three castes; also one's senior, i.e. grandfather, great-grandfather, or elder brother. f. ā mother (also pl.) or wife of the elder brother; voc. m. & f. often in reverential address = your honour. f. ā also N. of a metre.

āryaka m. an honourable man; N. of a man, pl. of a people.

āryakarman a. acting like an Aryan.

āryacetas a. of an Aryan or noble mind.

āryajāta a. born of an Aryan.

āryajuṣṭa a. liked by decent people, respectable.

āryatā f. -tva n. respectability.

āryadeśa m. country inhabited by Aryans.

āryaputra m. son of an Aryan or a gentleman (often in respectful address, esp. of a wife to her husband).

āryaprāya a. chiefly inhabited by Aryans.

āryabhaṭa m. N. of two astronomers.

āryamiśra m. honourable etc.

āryamṇa m. E. of a lunar mansion.

āryarūpa a. having the form of an Aryan.

āryaliṅgin a. bearing the (external) marks of an Aryan.

āryavāc a. speaking an Aryan language.

āryavidagdhamiśra m. honourable, learned, etc.

āryavṛtta [1] n. decent behaviour.

āryavṛtta [2] a. behaving decently.

āryāgīti f. N. of a metre.

āryādhūtā f. honourable lady (lit. daughter of an Aryan wife).*

āryāvarta m. the country of the Aryans (between the Himālaya and Vindhya mountains); pl. its inhabitants.

ārṣa f. ī belonging to or derived from the Rishis, archaic. m. (± vivāha) a cert. form of marriage. n. holy text or Veda; sacred origin.

ārṣabha a. belonging to a bull, a bull's.

ārṣeya a. = ārṣa a; n. sacred origin.

ārṣeyabrāhmaṇa n. T. of a Brāhmaṇa.

ārṣoḍhā a. wife married by the Ārṣa rite; -ja m. her son.

ārṣṭiṣeṇa m. patron. of Ṛṣṭisena.

āla n. spawn, venomous matter (of animals).

ālakṣya a. (scarcely) visible.

ālagna a. clinging to (--°).

ālapana n. talk, conversation.

ālapita n. the same.

ālabhana n. = ālambhana.

ālamba a. hanging down; m. anything to hang on, support (l. & f.).

ālambana n. leaning or depending on; also = prec. m.

ālambita a. hanging down from (--°); upheld, supported, seized, taken hold on.

ālambin (--°) a. hanging from; leaning, resting, depending on; supporting, maintaining.

ālambha m. taking hold of, seizing, tearing off (plants), killing (cf. seq.).

ālambhana n. touching, killing (of animals at the sacrifice).

ālambhin a. touching (--°).

ālaya m. (n.) dwelling, house.

ālavāla n. trench for water round the root of a tree.

ālasya n. sloth, idleness.

ālāna n. the post or rope, to or with which an elephant is tied.

ālānastambha m. the post to which an elephant is tied.*

ālāpa m. talk, conversation, singing (of birds); poss. -vant & -pin.

āli [1] ālī f. female friend.

ālī f. female friend.

āli [2] ālī f. line, row; swarm (of bees).

ālī f. line, row; swarm (of bees).

ālikhita a. painted.

āliṅg āliṅgati & āliṅgate v also -ṅgayati embrace.
     prati embrace in return.
     sam = S.

āliṅgana n. an embrace.

ālīḍha n. licked, touched, smoothed, polished; n. a cert. attitude in shooting.

ālīna a. clinging to (acc.), cowering, hid in (--°).

ālu f. a small water-jar; n. raft, float.

ālū f. a small water-jar; n. raft, float.

āluñcana n. lacerating.

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ālulita a. gently touched.

ālūna a. cut or plucked off.

ālekhana n. scratching, painting.

ālekhya n. painting, picture.

ālekhyasamarpita a. fixed on a picture, painted.

ālepa m. -na n. smearing, ointment.

āloka m. sight, view, glance, aspect.

ālokana a. looking, viewing; n. = prec.

ālokapatha m. horizon (lit. path or reach of sight).

ālokamārga m. horizon (lit. path or reach of sight).

ālokasthāna n. reach of sight.

ālokanīya a. to be seen or considered, visible; abstr. -tā f.

ālokin a. seeing, beholding (--°).

ālocana n. seing, perceiving; considering, reflecting (also -nā f.).

ālocanīya a. to be considered.

ālocya a. to be considered.

ālohita a. reddish.

āva pron. st. of 1st pers. du.

āvat f. proximity (opp. parāvat).

āvantaka a. belonging to or coming from the Avantis.

āvantika a. belonging to or coming from the Avantis.

āvantya a. the same; m. a cert. caste.

āvapana n. throwing or putting down, strewing, scattering, inserting, capacity; (also = f. -nī) receptacle, vessel.

āvaya n. conception.

āvaraṇa a. covering, concealing; n. the same as subst. + shutting, enclosing; obstruction, hindrance; cover, garment; bolt, lock; guard, protection.

āvarjana n. conciliating, winning.

āvarjita a. bent, inclined, poured down, offered, presented; propitiated, won over.

āvarta m. turning, winding; whirl, vortex (lit. & fig.); tuft of hair on the top of the head or between the eyebrows.

āvartana a. turning round (tr. & intr.); n. turn, return.

āvali f. row, range, series.

āvalī f. row, range, series.

āvalgita a. jumping, leaping.

āvalgin a. jumping, leaping.

āvaśyaka f. ī necessary, inevitable (n. & -tā f. abstr.); -kaṃ kṛ perform the necessities of nature.

āvasati f. resting-place, night (as the time for rest).

āvasatha m. dwelling-place, habitation.

āvaha a. bringing, causing (--°).

āvahana n. bringing near.

āvāpa m. scattering, sowing, mixing, inserting, adding; receptacle, vessel; also = hastāvāpa q.v.

āvāpaka m. a kind of bracelet.

āvāra m. guard, protection.

āvāsa m. dwelling, abode; p. -sin.

āvāha m. -na n. invitation.

āvi f. pain; pl. the pangs of childbirth (adj. --° f. ī).

āvī f. pain; pl. the pangs of childbirth (adj. --° f. ī).

āvika a. sheep's, woolen; n. sheep's skin, woolen cloth.

āvikasautrika a. made of woolen thread.

āvigna a. perplexed, astounded.

āvid f. knowledge.

āviddha a. thrown (arrow), pierced, broken; wound, crooked.

āvidvaṃs a. knowing.

āvirbhāva m. -rbhūti f. coming forth, appearance, notoriety.

āvila a. turbid; disturbed by, covered or mixed with (--°).

āvilay -yati disturb, trouble.

āviṣkaraṇa n. -ṣkāra m. manifestation, revelation.

āviṣṭa a. entered (act. & pass.), inhabited, filled, hit, pierced, seized, overwhelmed with (instr. or --°).

āviṣṭita a. covered or clothed with (instr. or --°).

āviṣṭya a. apparent, manifest.

āvis adv. openly, before the eyes. With as & bhū become visible, appear; w. kṛ make visible, reveal, show.

āvīta -> prācīnāvīta & prācīnāvītin.

āvītin -> prācīnāvīta & prācīnāvītin.

āvuka m. father (d.).*

āvṛt f. turning, stopping, entering (dat. as infin.); way, process, course, direction, order, method; (r.) performance, ceremony (opp. the spoken word).

āvṛta a. covered, veiled, hidden, clothed, surrounded, filled with (instr. or --°), fenced, locked; withheld, forbidden; captive, prisoner; m. a cert. mixed caste.

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āvṛtta a. turned round, towards, or sidewards, bent, inverted, averted from (abl.), returned, repeated.

āvṛtti f. turning, return, repetition, new birth; course, way, direction.

āvega m. hurry, haste, excitement.

āvedana n. communication, denunciation, statement of a complaint.

āveśa m. entrance, access; fit, wrath, anger.

āveśana n. workshop.

āveṣṭa m. -na n. enclosure, embrace.

āvya [1] (f. āvī) sheep's woolen.

āvya [2] ger. by granting.

āvyathā f. a slight emotion (thā kṛ feel --).

āvyādhin a. shooting, striking; f. pl. (scil. senās) a gang of robbers.

āvraścana n. stump of a tree.

āśa [1] m. acquiring (only --°).

āśa [2] m. food.

āśaṃsana n. āśaṃsā f. wish, desire, expectation, hope.

āśaṅkanīya a. to be feared.

āśaṅkā f. fear, apprehension of (abl.); distrust. -- -śalya n. the dart or thorn of fear.*

āśaṅkin a. fearing, supposing (--°).

āśaya m. resting-place, couch, abode, retreat, seat, esp. of feelings and thoughts, i.e. heart, mind; intention, disposition.

āśas f. wish, expectation, hope.

āśasana n. cutting up a killed animal.

āśā [1] f. = āśas (w. gen., loc., or --°).

āśā [2] f. space, region, quarter (of the sky).

āśājanana a. awaking hope.

āśātantu m. (the thread of) hope.

āśānvita a. hopeful.

āśāpāśa m. (the cord of) hope.

āśāpratīkṣā f. du. hope and expectation.

āśābandha m. hopefulness (lit. the binding or gathering of hope).

āśāmukha n. = āśā2 (lit. front of a region).

āśāvant a. hopeful.

āśāvāsas n. the sky as garment; acc. w. vas put on the garment of the sky, i.e. go naked.

āśāsya n. to be wished, desirable; n. wish, desire.

āśi s. eating.

āśiñjita a. tinkling; n. as subst.

āśita a. eaten, filled; n. food.

āśin a. eating (--°).

āśina a. aged.

āśir f. the milk mixed with the Soma-juice.

āśiṣṭha superl. to āśu.

āśis [1] f. prayer, wish, benediction.

āśis [2] & *āśī f. a serpent's fang.

āśīna a. = āśina.

āśīyaṃs compar. to āśu.

āśīrmant a. mixed with milk.

āśīrvant a. mixed with milk.

āśīrvacana n. -rnāda m. benediction, blessing.

āśīrvādābhidhānavant a. containing a word of benediction.

āśīviṣa m. a venomous serpent.

āśīviṣopama a. resembling a venomous serpent, poisoned (an arrow).

āśu a. swift; n. adv.; m. horse.

āśuklānta a. swiftly faded.

āśuga a. swiftly going; m. arrow.

āśugamana n. swiftly going, speed.

āśumat adv. quickly.

āśuyā adv. quickly.

āśuśukṣaṇi a. shining forth; m. fire.

āśṛta a. little boiled.

āśauca n. impurity (r.).

āścarya a. strange, miraculous; n. wonder, prodigy.

āścutita a. dripped (intr.).

āśyāna a. coagulated.

āśrama m. hermitage; one of the (four) orders of religious life (also -pada n.).

āśramavāsin m. inhabitant of a hermitage, hermit, ascetic.

āśramin a. belonging to one of the orders of religious life.

āśraya m. leaning, resting, depending on (--°); resting place, dwelling, seat, recipient or subject (of any quality or action); refuge, protection, aid, assistance; adj. --° = seq. a.

āśrayaṇa f. ī depending on, relating to (--°); n. going to, seeking, choosing.

āśrayaṇīya a. to be approached for protection.

āśrayabhūta a. being the refuge, support, recipient, or subject of (gen. or --°).

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āśrayin a. leaning on, attaching to; dwelling in (--°).

āśrava a. obedient; abstr. -tā f.

āśrāvaṇa n. call (r.).

āśrita a. leaning, hanging, depending on; resorting, devoted, subject to (acc., gen., loc., or --°), m. dependant, servant; clinging, belonging, relating to (acc. or --°); come to, having got, obtained, or taken to (acc. or --°), dwelling, seating, standing, lying, situate in or on (acc., loc. or --°); visited, approached, assisted, helped, reached, entered, got, obtained, practised, chosen.

āśritya ger. resorting to, taking care of (acc.), often = because or for the sake of.

āśruta a. heard, audible, granted, promised; n. calling, exhortation (r.).

āśruti f. reach of hearing.

āśrutkarṇa a. having ears to hear.

āśreṣa m. embracer (a demon).

āśliṣṭa a. hanging on, clinging to (loc. or --°); embraced, encircled.

āśleṣa m. close contact, embrace. f. āślevā sgl. & pl. N. of a lunar mansion.

āśva a. belonging to or coming from horses.

āśvattha f. ī made of (the wood of) the holy fig tree.

āśvayuja m. = āśvina2 m.

āśvaśva a. having quick horses.

āśvāsa m. breathing anew, recovery, comfort, confidence in (gen. or loc.).

āśvāsana n. -nā f. consoling, encouraging, refreshment, comfort.

āśvāsanaśīla a. disposed to encouraging another; abstr. -tā f.*

āśvāsin a. reviving, cheering up.

āśvina f. ī1 a. resembling riders.

āśvina [2] a. belonging or consecrated to the Acvins; m. a cert. mouth.

āṣāḍha m. a cert. mouth.

āṣṭrī f. fire-place, hearth.

ās [1] excl. of joy or displeasure.

ās āste2 (āsti āsati āsate āsyati āsyate), v pp. āsita (q.v.) & āsīna sit, seat one's self on (loc.); settle down, keep quiet, rest, lie, dwell, stay, remain; continue, keep on (w. nom of a pp., adj. or subst., also adv. or ger.); belong to (gen.); be or turn to (dat.); also trans. keep, perform celebrate. C. āsayati cause to sit down. --
     adhi sit or lie down upon (acc.), inhabit enter, get into, undergo; preside, rule
     anu sit near or round (acc.), sit down after another (acc.); worship, celebrate.
     ud sit apart, be indifferent or passive.
     upa be seated, esp. sit near or round (acc.); surround, invest; expect, wait for or on, honour, respect; partake of, enjoy, celebrate, perform, execute; get into, inhabit; undergo, take pains, endeavour to (pp.); keep on, continue (pp. or ger.). C. upāsayati cause to sit or to do homage.*
     paryupa sit upon or around, surround; revere, worship; partake of, enjoy.
     samupa be seated; perform, execute; celebrate, revere, wait upon, attend.
     pari sit or assemble round (acc.), endeavour at (acc.); keep quiet, i.e. do nothing.
     sam sit (together), assemble round (acc.), hold a meeting; abide, dwell in (loc.); take to, exercise (acc.); also =
     pratisam be a match for, withstand. -- Cf. adhṣāsita udāsīna.

ās [3] n. mouth, face; only abl. āsas w. ā by word of mouth, in person; & instr. āsā before one's eyes, near or from near, openly.

āsa [1] m. ashes, dust.

āsa [2] m. seat, proximity; abl. adv. (from) near.

āsakta a. suspended, hanging on; clinging, attached, or used to; intent on (loc. or --°).

āsakti f. adhering, clinging to, pursuit, devotion; as adv. coherently, entirely.

āsaṅga m. = prec. f.

āsaṅgin a. hanging on (--°).

āsañjana n. hanging on, fastening; handle, hook.

āsatti f. close connection, union.

āsan n. mouth, jaws.

āsana n. sitting, sitting down; the way of sitting (r.); sitting quiet, halting; seat, throne, high position.

āsanastha a. being seated.

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āsanodaka n. du. seat and water.

āsanna a. set, put down, reached, got; come to, neared, approached; proximate, near, next, imminent. n. proximity.

āsannacara a. moving near (--°).

āsannaprasavā f. near parturition or about to lay eggs.

āsannavartin a. being near.

āsapiṇḍakriyākarma adv. before the performance of the Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa.

āsayā (instr. adv.) before one's eyes.

āsava [1] m. spirituous liquor, rum.

āsava [2] m. excitement, impulse.

āsavakaraka m. maker of liquors.*

āsādana n. laying down; meeting with, obtaining.

āsādya [1] a. to be got or obtained.

āsādya [2] ger. having reached or got; often = a prep. on, in, at, with; according to, in consequence of (acc.).

āsāra m. shower of rain.

āsikā f. one's turn to sit.

āsic f. dish, vessel.

āsita a. sitting (n. imp. it has been seated); practised, done; n. sitting, being seated, seat, place.

āsiddha a. arrested, prisoner.

āsuti [1] f. decoction, draught.

āsuti [2] f. = āsava2.

āsura f. ī belonging to the Asuras, divine or demoniacal.

āsuraniścaya a. of a demonic state of mind.

āsurasva n. property of the Asuras.

āseka m. wetting, sprinkling.

āsecana n. the same; cavity, vessel for fluids.

āseddhṛ m. who arrests another.

āsedha m. arrest, custody.

āsevana n. āsevā f. (p. -vin) practice, cultivation, intercourse, stay in (--°).

āskanda m. ascending; assault, onset.

āskra m. joined, united.

āstara m. āstaraṇa n. spread, couch, carpet, cushion, coverlet.

āstāra m. spreading, arranged place (for dicing).

āstāva m. place for a cert. recitation (r.).

āstika a. pious, faithful; abstr. -kya n.

āstīka m. N. of a saint.

āstīrṇa a. strewed, spread, covered.

āstṛta a. strewed, spread, covered.

āsthā f. consideration, care, wish, interest, inclination (w. loc. or --°).

āsthātṛ m. charioteer, lit. standing on (the chariot).

āsthāna n. stand, station place, basis for operation; also = f. āsthānī audience or assembly hall.

āsthita a. standing or sitting on, dwelling in or at, entered or fallen into, arrived at (acc.); proceeded to, ready for (acc. or --°); occurred, happened; damaged, sore, ill; (pass.) entered, occupied, resorted to, undertaken, begun.

āspada n. place, seat, station, abode; object for (--°). -dī bhū become an object of (--°).

āspātra n. mouth, i.e. drink-vessel.

āsphālana n. striking on, friction.

āsphoṭa m. -na n. moving to and fro, shaking, waving.

āsya n. mouth, face.

āsyagarta m. the mouth-cavity.

āsyā f. sitting.

āsyūta a. sewn together out of (instr.).

āsrasta a. fallen off.

āsrāva m. flowing out, efflux, suppuration, diarrhoea, i.g. disease, bodily pain.

āsvāda m. tasting, taste (also -na n.).

āsvādavant a. tasting well, delicious.

āsvādya a. to be tasted; also = prec.; abstr. -tva n.

āhata a. beaten, struck, hurt, wounded, damaged, injured.

āhati f. blow, hit.

āhanana n. striking, beating, killing.

āhanas a. luxuriant, lascivious; abstr. -sya n.

āharaṇa n. seizing, fetching, bringing, offering, removing.

āhartṛ the same as adj.

āhava m. challenge, war, fight.

āhavana n. offering, sacrifice.

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āhavanīyaagni) m. sacrificial fire, esp. the eastern of the three s. fires.

āhavanīyāgāra a. house or place for the A. fire (v. prec.).

āhāra f. ī fetching, procuring, going to fetch (--°); m. taking, seizing, employing; eating, food.

āhāradāna n. giving food, feeding.

āhārārthin a. seeking food, hungry.

āhiṇḍaka m. traveller,* also = seq.

āhiṇḍika m. a cert. mixed caste.

āhita a. put on (esp. of wood put on fire), placed, deposited, pledged, performed, done; being in, resting on (--°).

āhitāgni m. = āgnyāhita.

āhiti f. laying on or what is laid on.

āhirbundha m. n. E. of a lunar mansion.

āhirbudhnya m. n. E. of a lunar mansion.

āhīnta m. a man's name.*

āhuta a. sacrificed or worshipped with sacrifices, put into the fire.

āhuti f. offering, oblation; p. -mant & -vant.

āhutīkṛ offer as a sacrifice.

āhū f. invocation.

āhūta a. called, invoked, invited, summoned, challenged.

āhūtaprapalāyin m. who absconds when summoned.

āhūti f. = āhva.

āho (indecl.) or; w. svid or perhaps.

āhnika a. daily, diurnal.

āhlāda m. refreshment, delight.

āhlādaka a. refreshing, delighting.

āhlādakara a. the same.

āhlādakārin a. the same.

āhlādin a. the same.

āhvaya m. betting; also = seq.

āhvayana n. āhvā f. appellation, name.

āhvāna n. calling, invitation, legal summons.

āhvānay āhvānayati v summon (j.).

i [1] pron. stem of 3d pers.

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i eti ayate ayati2 v (iyati), ite & iyate (only --°), P. īyate, pp. ita (mostly --°) go, come (punar again or back); go to or towards, approach (acc.); attain, get; go or come from (abl.); cease, pass away; go on, continue (w. pres. pp.); be engaged in (instr.); w. acc. of an abstr. often = become or get w. a pp. or adj. (cf. gam); īyate, pp. īyāna (also w. pass. mg), 1. pl. īmahe move, speed, hasten to (acc., dat. or loc.), approach with prayers, implore, ask, request (w. 2 acc.). --
     accha go to, approach (acc.).
     ati go beyond or past; go in, enter; overstep, exceed, overwhelm; leave behind, neglect, escape.
     abhyati go beyond, pass, neglect.
     vyati = abhyati + overcome, vanquish; cease, deviate, decline from (abl.).
     adhi perceive, notice, call to mind; repeat, study, learn, recite (esp. M. adhīte). C. adhyāpayati (-te) cause to learn, teach (2 acc.).
     samadhi M. study, learn.
     anu go along or after, follow, pursue; obey, resemble, imitate (acc.).
     antar go within or between; remove, exclude from (abl., r. gen.).
     apa go away, retire, escape, disappear.
     vyapa go asunder, part; cease, disappear.
     api enter, dissolve into (acc.); perish, die.
     abhi come up to, approach, appear; go against or along, enter (acc.); reach, meet, attain, get; betide, befall.
     ava go down, descend; go to, rush on (acc.); go off, depart; look at, consider, perceive, notice; learn, understand; know that -- (2acc. or acc. & nom. w. iti); w. īmahe conciliate, beg pardon of (gen.), for (acc.).
     samava meet in (acc.); consider, regard as (acc. w. iva).
     ā come, go to (acc. or dat.), fall or get into (acc.); befall, betide; w. ūrdhvam rise.
     abhyā approach, come or go to (acc.), meet with (acc. or instr.); w. bhūyas come back.
     udā go up, rise; go out, come forth.
     upā come near, approach, betake one's self to or into (acc.), ask or beg for (2 acc.).
     paryā walk about, circumambulate (acc.), return.
     pratyā return, come back to (acc.).
     samā approach together, gather, assemble at or in (acc. or loc.); meet, encounter (instr. ±samam); marry (instr.); come near, go to, enter (acc.).
     ud go up, rise, mount, increase; spring forth, appear, begin.
     apod retire, withdraw, abstain from (abl.).
     abhyud rise, come forth, appear.
     samud rise.
     upa come near, arrive, enter from (abl.) into (acc.), address one's self to (acc.), approach sex., marry; attain, get, meet with (acc. of an abstr., cf. S.); befall, betide.
     abhyupa arrive at, come to, meet, encounter; attain, get undergo, incur (w. acc. of an abstr. =
     upa); suppose, believe, assent.
     samupa come together, meet, encounter, approach sex., turn or address one's self to; attain, get; come forth, appear; befall, betide.
     ni go or fall into (acc.).
     nis come forth.
     parā go away, depart, die.
     pari walk about, circumambulate, surround; come to, attain, get.
     vipari turn about, return; fail.
     saṃpari circumambulate, enclose; ponder on, consider.
     pra go onward, set out, advance proceed; go to, attain, get; go on, succeed, prosper; go off, depart, die.
     anupra go after, seek for, follow.
     abhipra come near, go to, fall to one's (acc.) share; call to mind, think of, understand, consent to (acc.).
     saṃpra come together, meet.
     prati go towards or against, meet, encounter; come near or back; address one's self to (acc.); fall to one's (dat.) share; accept, assume, admit, acknowledge, approve, believe, become or be sure of, trust, confide. P. pratīyate be understood, result from, follow. C. pratyāyayati make understood, show, explain, prove, convince.
     vi go asunder, disperse, spread over, pervade; cease, disappear, perish.
     abhivi come from different parts to (acc.).
     sam come together, assemble, meet, encounter, approach sex. (acc. or sārdham saha w. instr.), agree, harmonize with (instr.).
     anusam = seq. + pass into, enter (acc.).
     abhisam & upasam go or come (together) to (acc.). -- Cf. atīta adhīta antarita anvita apīta apeta abhipreta abhyatīta abhyupeta udita udetos upeta parīta pareta pratīta prādhīta preta pretya viparīta vīta vyatīta vyapeta samanvita samaveta samita samupeta sameta.

ikāra m. the sound or letter i.

ikṣu m. sugar-cane; -matī f. N. of a river.

ikṣvāku m. N. of a king & his descendants.

iṅga iṅgati iṅgate v stir, move (intr.). -- C. iṅgayati stir, move (tr.); shake, agitate.
     ud & sam C. = S. C.

iṅga a. movable.

iṅgana n. shaking.

iṅgiḍa m. N. of a plant.

iṅgita n. gesture, intention.

iṅguda m. ī f. the Inguda tree; n. its nut.

icchā f. wish, desire; °-- & instr. according to one's wish, voluntarily, intentionally.

icchāśaktimant a. possessed with the faculty of desire.

icchu a. desirous of, willing to (acc., inf., or --°).

ijya a. to be honoured or worshipped. m. a teacher or a god, esp. Bṛhaspati, the teacher of the gods. f. ā offering, sacrifice.

iṭa m. cane, grass; also = iṭasūna n. a mat.

iḍ f. refreshing draught; libation; prayer; iḍaspati m. lord of libation, E. of gods.

iḍa m. E. of Agni; N. of a king.

iḍā f. = iḍ + speech, earth, cow; N. of a goddess (personif. of worship and sacrifice), a daughter of Manu or Daksha, E. of Durgā.

iLā f. = iḍ + speech, earth, cow; N. of a goddess (personif. of worship and sacrifice), a daughter of Manu or Daksha, E. of Durgā.

ilā f. = iḍ + speech, earth, cow; N. of a goddess (personif. of worship and sacrifice), a daughter of Manu or Daksha, E. of Durgā.

iḍāvant a. refreshing or refreshed.

iṇḍva n. du. the two hand-plates (r.).

ita n. going, way.

itara (n. -ram or -rad) a. other, different from (abl. or --°); usual, common. itaraitara the one -- the other. Obs. also dvijetara not a Brahman; sukhetara n. pl. joy and woe; dakṣiṇetara left.

itaratas adv. otherwise, elsewhere.

itaratra adv. the same, also = loc. of itara.

itarathā adv. otherwise, else.

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itaretara (only °--, n., & in the obl. cases of sgl.) each other, mutual(ly), several(ly).

itaretarakāmyā f. mutual inclination.

itaretarānurāga m. mutual affection.

itas adv. hence, from here (also ita ūrdhvam); from this time, from now, henceforward (also ito 'param itaḥ param, and itaḥ prabhṛti); here, hither. itaitaḥ hither, hither! itaḥ -- itaḥ here -- there; itastataḥ here and there, hither and thither, to and fro. itaḥ pūrvam formerly. -- Also = abl. or loc. of i1.

iti [1] adv. thus, so. It refers to something said or thought, which it follows (rarely precedes), and is often = with these words, here endeth (cf. atha), at this thought, as you know etc.; often not to be transl. at all. A nom. before iti may have the mg. of an acc. itīti itīva ityuta ityeva ityevam iti ha sma & iti sma ha = iti alone. iti tāvat as much as, the same as (--°). iti kṛtvā for this reason. kimiti wherefore, why? or = iti kim.

iti [2] iti f. going, pursuing.

iti f. going, pursuing.

itikartavya a. fit or proper to be done, necessary; abstr. -kartavyatā etc. necessity, obligation.

itikārya a. fit or proper to be done, necessary; abstr. -kartavyatā etc. necessity, obligation.

itikṛtya a. fit or proper to be done, necessary; abstr. -kartavyatā etc. necessity, obligation.

ititha f. ī such and such.

itivat adv. just so.

itivṛtta n. occurrence, event.

itihāsa m. story, legend, tradition.

itogata a. relating to this (lit. gone hither).*

itomukha a. hither-faced; n. adv. hitherwards.*

itthaṃvidha a. so qualified, such.

itthaṃgata a. so circumstanced; loc. under these circumstances.*

ittham adv. thus, in this way.

itthaṃbhūta a. being thus, so qualified, of this kind.

itthā adv. = ittham + right, well, really, truly, indeed, even; o. only emphasizing.

ityartham adv. for this purpose.

ityā f. course, way.

ityādi adj. beginning thus; n. -- and so on.

ityevamādi adj. beginning thus; n. -- and so on.

itvan a. (only --°) going, moving.

itvara a. the same; low mean.

id (indecl., orig. n. of 1. i) just, exactly, even (lays stress on the prec. word).

idaṃrūpa a. thus shaped.

idam (n. sgl. & °-- as stem) this, this here (refers to something following, rarely preceding); this all or this universe (±viśvam sarvam, or sakalam). Obs. also tadidam even this, this very thing, kimidam what here? As adv. here; now, thus, even, right. idamidam here and there, now and then.

idā adv. now, this moment; w. ahnas this very day; w. hyas only yesterday.

idānīm adv. = prec. (also w. ahnas); idānīmeva immediately, just; idānīmapi even now, still.

idh indh inddhe v pp. iddha kindle, set on fire, inflame; P. idhyate be lighted, flame.
     anu kindle.
     abhi surround with flames, set on fire.
     ā kindle, burn (tr. & intr.).
     pari kindle on all sides.
     sam kindle, burn (tr. & intr.); inflame, rouse, strengthen. -- Cf. preddha.

idhma (& idhman) m. fuel, esp. for the sacred fire, p. -vant.

ina a. strong, mighty, fierce; m. a great lord or king, the sun.

inakṣ inakṣati v strive to get. -
     ud & sam the same.

indīvara m. n. the blue lotus; m. a bee.

indu m. a drop, esp. of Soma; the drop or spark in the sky, i.e. the moon.

indubimba n. the orb of the moon.

indumukha (f. ī) & -vadana a. moon-faced.

induśekhara m. E. of Śiva (lit. moon-crested).

indra m. N. of the national god of the Indo-Aryans; later also chief, first, the best of one's kind.

indragopa [1] & -pā a. having Indra as guard.

indragopa [2] & -gopaka m. the cochineal insect.

indracāpa m. Indra's bow, i.e. the rain-bow.

indrajāla n. Indra's net; a cert. mystic weapon; juggling, magic.

indrajālika m. juggler, prestigiator.

indrajālin m. juggler, prestigiator.

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indrajit m. Indra' conqueror, N. of Rāvaṇa's son etc.

indrajūta a. sped by Indra.

indrajyeṣṭha a. having Indra as chief.

indratama (superl.) most Indra-like.

indratva n. Indra's might; kingship, sovereignty.

indradhanus n. = indracāpa.

indranīla m. sapphire.

indraputra m. Indra's son*; f. ā I.'s mother (lit. having I. as son).

indraprastha n. N. of a town.

indramada m. a cert. disease of leeches.

indramaha m. Indra's feast; *-kāmuka m. dog (lit. fond of Indra's feast).*

indray indrayate v long for Indra; a. -yu.

indraloka m. Indra's world, heaven.

indravaṃśā f. N. of a metre.

indravajra n. Indra's thunderbolt; f. ā N. of a metre.

indravant a. joined with Indra; I.'s comrade.

indravah (-vāh) a. carrying Indra.

indraśatru [1] m. Indra's conqueror.

indraśatru [1] a. having Indra as conqueror.

indrasakha a. having Indra as friend.

indrasakhi a. having Indra as friend.

indrasena m. a man's name.

indrasenā f. Indra's weapon, personif. as his bride; a woman's name.

indrāgni m. du. Indra and Agni.

indrāṇī f. N. of Indra's wife.

indrābṛhaspati m. du. Indra and Bṛhaspati.

indrābrahmaṇaspati m. du. Indra and Brahmaṇaspati.

indrāmarut m. pl. Indra and the Maruts.

indrāyudha n. Indra's weapon or bow, the rainbow; f. ā a kind of leech.

indrāvaruṇa m. du. Indra and Varuṇa.

indrāviṣṇu m. du. Indra and Viṣṇu.

indrāsoma m. du. Indra and Soma.

indriya a. belonging or agreeable to Indra. m. a friend of Indra. -- n. Indra's chief quality i.e. strength, might; used also of man's powers, esp. a sense or organ of sense, also the virile power, concr, semen.

indriyanigraha m. restraint of the organs of sense.

indriyavant (superl. -yavattama) a. powerful, vigorous.

indriyaśakti f. power of the organs of sense.

indriyārtha m. object of the senses, sensual pleasure.

indriyāvant a. = indriyavant.

indriyāvin a. = indriyavant.

indriyāsaṅga m. non-attachment to sensual objects.

indreṣita a. sent or impelled by Indra.

indha a. kindling.

indhana n. kindling, lighting; fuel, wood, p. -vant.

indhanvan a. flaming.

inv (inu in), invati inoti send forth, press on, set in motion, give out, utter; further, favour; possess, dispose of (acc.); force, overwhelm, remove, destroy. --
     ava send down.
     ā send hither, procure.
     pra stir up, raise.
     prati further, speed.
     vi push off, remove; send forth, spend.
     sam impart, restore. -- Cf. upenita.

ibha m. n. household, family; m. elephant.

ibhadantā f. N. of a plant.

ibhya a. belonging to one's household; m. vassal, rich man.

im interj.

ima (pron. stem in some obl. cases) this.

imathā adv. in this manner.

iyakṣ iyakṣati v pp. iyakṣant & iyakṣamāṇa pray, ask, long for (w. acc. of th. & gen. or acc. of pers.).
     abhi and pra strive after, wish or long for (acc.).

iyakṣu a. longing, eager.

iyacciram adv. so long, till now.

iyattaka (f. -ttikā) so small, so little.

iyattā f. quantity, number, measure, distance.

iyant a. so large, so much; so small, so little.

iyam f. this (here), this earth (±pṛthivī).

iyasā f. shrinking, lassitude.

iyasy iyasyate v shrink, relax, dwindle; pp. iyasita, as n. = iyasā.

irajy irajyati irajyate v direct, lead; dispose of, command over (gen.).

irajyu a. preparing (the sacrifice).

iradh iradhate v strive to gain; dat. inf. iradhyai.

irasy irasyati v be angry or envious (w. dat.). --
     abhi the same.

irasyā f. ill-will, anger.

irā f. drink, refreshing draught; comfort, enjoyment.

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irā f. drink, refreshing draught; comfort, enjoyment.

irāvant a. giving refreshment, gladdening; -vatī f. N. of a river and sev. mythol. women.

iriṇa n. water-course, rivulet; a hollow or hole, desert land; gaming board.

iriṇastha a. standing on barren soil.

irin a. strong, mighty; m. a despot.

irya a. active, vigorous, powerful.

il (ilati come), ilayati be quiet, not budge.

ilava m. ploughman, peasant.

iva (encl.) like, as, as it were, so to speak, almost, nearly, about; just, quite, even (o. only explet.).

iṣ iṣati eṣati1 v (--°), iṣyati iṣṇāti (also M.), pp. ipita send, impel, hurl, throw, raise (the voice), utter, proclaim; incite, promote, further; intr. advance, strive; tend towards, aim at (dat. or loc.). --
     anu follow, seek, look for (acc.).
     pra A. & M. drive forth, send out; call upon, summon, invite. C. preṣayati te hurl, cast, send out, dismiss.
     anupra C. send forth after.
     saṃpra summon, invite; send forth, dismiss.

iṣ icchati icchate2 v pp. iṣṭa (q.v.) seek, desire, like, choose; acknowledge, state, take for (2 acc.); wish that (acc. & inf. or 2acc.); ask a thing (acc.) of some one (abl. or loc.); intend, be about or going to (inf.); w. na disagree, decline, refuse to (inf.), object to (acc.). P. iṣyate be liked, wanted, approved, recognised; pass for (nom.). --
     anu seek, search, try., strive after, wish for. C. anveṣayati seek, wait for (acc.).
     paryanu seek about.
     samanu search.
     abhi seek for, strive after, exert one's self at (acc.); intend to (inf.).
     pari look about for (acc.).
     prati strive towards, seek after (acc.), receive, accept from (gen.); attend to, observe.
     vi seek. -- Cf. abhīṣṭa.

iṣ [3] f. drink, refreshment, vigour, strength; w. ūrj drink and food.

iṣa [1] (--°) a. seeking.

iṣa [2] a. vigorous, strong, fat, juicy, fruitful.

iṣaṇay iṣaṇayate & iṣaṇy iṣaṇyati v impel, stir up.

iṣaṇyā f. stir, impulse.

iṣay iṣayati iṣayate v intr. be fresh, active, quick; tr. refresh, strengthen.

iṣayu a. fresh, vigorous.

iṣavant a. fresh, vigorous.

iṣi f. refreshing (dat. as inf.).

iṣidh f. offering, gift.

iṣira a. refreshing, enlivening; fresh, strong, quick.

iṣīkā f. reed, stem of grass, arrow.

iṣu m. f. arrow; poss. iṣumant (iṣumant).

iṣudhi m. quiver (arrow-receptacle).

iṣudhimant a. poss. to prec.

iṣudhy iṣudhyani v implore (acc.); beg for (dat.).

iṣudhyā f. imploring, request.

iṣudhyu a. imploring, desirous.

iṣūy iṣūyati v strive, endeavour.

iṣkartṛ m. arranger, disposer.

iṣkṛta a. arranged, prepared.

iṣkṛti f. arrangement, putting right.

iṣṭa [1] a. sought, wished for, desired, liked, pleasant, dear; auspicious, happy; approved, settled, valid. m. favourite, lover, husband; n. wish, desire.

iṣṭa [2] a. sacrificed; m. n. sacrifice.

iṣṭakā f. brick.

iṣṭakāmaduh f. (nom. dhuk) the fabulous wondercow granting (all) desires.

iṣṭajana m. the beloved person (man or woman).

iṣṭani a. rustling, rushing.

iṣṭavrata a. obtaining a wish.

iṣṭasādhana a. fulfilling one's wish.

iṣṭāpūrta n. sg. & du. & iṣṭāpūrti f. sacrifice and charity; poss. -rtin.

iṣṭi [1] f. impulse, furtherance, aid (abstr. & concr.).

iṣṭi [2] f. seeking, request, wish, desire.

iṣṭi [3] f. sacrifice (mostly of a simpler kind).

iṣmin a. impetuous, rash.

iṣvasana n. a bow (arrow-thrower).

iṣvastra n. a bow (arrow-thrower).

iṣvastrakarman n. the practice of archery.

iṣvāsa m. archer or bow (lit. = iṣvasana).

is ( = nis) -> kṛ1.

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iha adv. here, hither; here in this world, in this case, in this system or book, etc.; now, this moment. Also = loc. of a1. -- iheha here and there, hence and thence, now and then.

ihaloka m. the world here (below).

ihastha a. standing or staying here.

ihārtha a. useful here (for this world).

ihārthin a. busy here (for this world).

īkṣ īkṣate v (īkṣati), pp. īkṣita (q.v.) look, view, behold, perceive, see (l. & f.), consider, regard, expect; *tell fortune to (dat.). C. īkṣayati cause to look at (acc.). --
     apa look away, look off to, watch, regard, consider, wait for, expect, require.
     abhi look at (acc.).
     ava look at, view, consider, regard, expect, hope.
     anvava regard, consider.
     pratyava look at, inspect, examine.
     samava view, regard, consider.
     ud look up to, gaze at (acc.), wait, expect.
     samud look up to, gaze at, behold, perceive; think of, consider (acc.).
     upa look on, behold, observe; overlook, neglect.
     samupa the same.
     nis look at, perceive, contemplate.
     pari look round, investigate, scrutinize, examine.
     pra look at, behold, perceive; overlook, neglect.
     abhipra view, regard.
     utpra look up to (acc.), regard as (2 acc.), suppose, imagine; transfer, use or call metaphorically (rh.).
     upapra A. disregard, overlook.
     abhisaṃpra look at (acc.).
     prati look towards. behold, observe; wait, expect; bear with, tolerate (acc.).
     saṃprati wait, expect.
     vi regard, behold, deliberate, ponder, consider as (vat); inquire, perceive, discern.
     anuvi look about, behold; examine, try.
     abhivi & samabhivi regard, behold, perceive, observe.
     udvi look (up) to, perceive, observe, investigate.
     sam look upon, behold, observe, consider; think of, aim at (acc.); try, examine, find out, ascertain.
     abhisam & prasam behold, regard, consider.

īkṣa f. ī looking, seeing (--°); f. ā view, consideration.

īkṣaka m. spectator, beholder.

īkṣaṇa n. look, view, aspect, eye; looking after, caring for (gen.).

īkṣaṇapatha m. path of the eyes, horizon.

īkṣaṇika m. seer, soothsayer.

īkṣaṇīka m. seer, soothsayer.

īkṣita a. seen, beheld; n. view, aspect.

īkṣitṛ a. seeing, a beholder of (gen.).

īkṣeṇya a. worth seeing.

īṅkh īṅkhti v C. īṅkhyati swing, shake. --
     pra tremble, shake. C. swing (tr.); M. swing (intr.).

īṅkhana n. swinging.

īj ījate
     apa v drive away. --
     sam drive together.

īḍ īṭṭe v pp. īLita1 praise, implore, beg for (acc., gen., or dat.). --
     pra upapra prati sam & prasam praise, honour, worship.

īḍ [2] f. praise, veneration.

īḍitṛ m. adorer, worshipper.

īLitṛ m. adorer, worshipper.

īḍeṇya a. to be asked for (dat.); also = seq.

īLeṇya a. to be asked for (dat.); also = seq.

īḍya a. praiseworthy, venerable.

īti f. plague, distress.

īdṛkṣa f. ā īdṛś & īdṛśa, f. ī of this kind, such like. īdaśa tādṛśa such and such.*

īps īpsati & īpsate v pp. īpsita (q.v.) wish to obtain, desire, long for (acc.). --
     abhi pari & pra the same.

īpsā f. wish, desire.

īpsita a. wished, desired; n. = prec.

īpsu a. striving to obtain, desirous of (acc., inf., or --°).

īm (encl.) used as acc. sg. of i1, makes a rel. indef. -- ya īm whoever, after other pron. or conj. emphasizing or only explet.

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īr īrte v pp. īrṇa tr. set in motion, impel, further; intr. stir, move, rise. C. īrayati te, pp. īrita = S. tr.; also bring forth. raise (the voice), utter, proclaim, cite; P. be raised, uttered, called. --
     ā (also C.) procure, get, obtain, raise, utter.
     nyā appoint as (2 acc.).
     ud tr. cause to rise, draw out of (abl.); intr. stir, move, rise. C. = ud tr., also throw, hurl, shoot (lit. & fig.), raise, utter, speak; show, betray; further, strengthen, elevate; rouse up, impel, excite. P. be hurled, raised, excited; be proclaimed or taught, pass for (nom.).
     abhyud C. simple, further, excite; utter, speak.
     samud C. drive out, hurl, cast, raise, utter, proclaim (pp. samudīrita).
     pra stir, move, come forth; rise, sound. C. drive on, send forth; push on, press urge; turn, direct; emit, utter, pronounce. --
     vi (also C.) split, divide.
     sam put together, shape, create, produce. C. the same, also rouse up, impel, revive, instruct with (instr.). -- Cf. udīrṇa samudīrṇa.

īra m. wind.

īraṇa a. driving, agitating; m. = prec., n. pressing, sqeezing, uttering.

īrapāda m. snake (lit. wind-foot).

īriṇa n. salt and barren soil.

īriṇastha  = īriṇastha.

īrma m. arm, the fore-quarter of an animal.

īrmā (īrma) adv. here, on the spot.

īrya a. to be stirred or impelled.

īrṣy īrṣyati v be jealous or envious.

īrṣyā f. envy, jealousy.

īrṣyālu a. envious, jealous.

īrṣyāvant a. envious, jealous.

īrṣyu a. envious, jealous.

īlay īlayati v move (tr. & intr.).

īvant a. so large, so great, so much.

īś īṣṭe1 v (īśe) be master, own, possess, reign, rule (gen. or acc.); dispose of, claim at (gen.); have power or be able to (inf. in tum or tos, loc., or acc.). -- Cf. riśāna.

īś [2] m. lord, master, Śiva.

īśa f. ā owner, disposer of (gen.), able to (inf.). m. lord, sovereign, chief of (gen. or --°); N. of Śiva, Kubera, & Rudra. f. ā = seq.

īśana n. power, dominion.

īśāna a. owning, disposing of (gen. or acc.), able; m. ruler, sovereign; E. of Śiva & other gods. f. īśānā E. of Durgā.

īśānakṛt a. acting as a lord.

īśitā f. -tva n. omnipotence.

īśitṛ m. lord, master.

īśin m. ruler of (--°); -nī f. supremacy.

īśopaniṣad f. N. of an Upanishad.

īśvara a. powerful, supreme; able or liable to, capable of (loc. or inf., esp. in tos, then often w. nom. sg. m. īśvara for all genders & numbers). -- m. owner of (gen., loc., or --°); ruler, king, lord, a rich man, husband; E. of Brahman, Śiva, & other gods. f. īśvarī mistress, queen.

īśvaratā f. -tva n. supremacy, sovereignty.

īśvarapraṇidhāna n. subjection to the will of god.

īśvarabhāva m. royal state, sovereignty.

īṣ riṣati & riṣate v move, hasten, flee, retire, deviate from (abl.); leave, abandon (acc.); īṣant assaulting, hurting. --
     apa withdraw from (abl.).
     ā (mostly M.) hasten towards; approach with prayers, beseech, assail, attack; strive after, covet.
     vi stretch (intr.). -- Cf. udīṣita samīṣita.

īṣat adv. nearly, slightly, easily, a little.

īṣatkara a. easy to be done.

īṣatpāna a. easy to be drunk.

īṣā f. the pole of a carriage; du. the double or fork-shaped pole, the thills.

īṣīkā f. = iṣīkā.

īh rihate v (rihati), pp. īhita (q.v.) be eager endeavour, strive after, wish for (acc.); have a mind or intend to (inf.).
     sam = S. -- Cf. samīhita.

īha m. attempt, endeavour.

īhā f. the same + effort, exertion, labour; wish, desire. īhātas by labour or exertion.

īhāvanta a. zealous, brave, valiant.

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īhita a. wished for, striven after; destined for (loc.); n. = īhā.

u [1] interj.

u (encl.) and, also, yet, now, soon, again; lays stress on a prec. pron., particle or infin. in tavai (tavā u); u ṣu ( = su) right soon, mo ( = māu) ṣu never. u-u (or uta) on the one hand-on the other hand, as well-as.

ū [2] (encl.) and, also, yet, now, soon, again; lays stress on a prec. pron., particle or infin. in tavai (tavā u); u ṣu ( = su) right soon, mo ( = māu) ṣu never. u-u (or uta) on the one hand-on the other hand, as well-as.

u unoti3 v proclaim.

ukāra m. the sound u.

ukta a. spoken, said, mentioned, stated, taught (n. impers. w. instr. of pers.); declared as, meant by (instr.); spoken to, addressed, told something (acc.) by (instr.), summoned, called by (--°). n. word, term.

uktapūrva a. said or told before.

uktapratyukta n. speech and reply, conversation.

uktamātra a. just spoken.

uktavākya a. who has said his say.

ukti f. expression, saying, speech, word, term.

uktha n. saying, praise, verse; a. cert. recitation (r.).

ukthin a. praising or accompanied by praise.

ukthya a. praiseworthy, also = prec.; m. a cert. libation.

ukṣ ukṣati ukṣate v pp. ukṣita1 sprinkle, besprinkle; drip drop (M. intr.). --
     anu abhi ava ā besprinkle.
     pari sprinkle round.
     pra sprinkle before one's self, consecrate, sacrifice, kill.
     saṃpra besprinkle, M. refl.
     vi shed, M. besprinkle.
     sam besprinkle (l. & f.). pour out.

ukṣ ukṣati v pp. ukṣita2 grow up, get strong. C. ukṣayate strengthen. --
     sam grow up or get strong together.

ukṣaṇa n. sprinkling, consecration.

ukṣaṇy ukṣaṇyati v wish for bulls, a. -ṇyu.

ukṣan m. bull, ox.

ukha m. pot, boiler (also ā f.); a cert. part of the upper portion of the thigh (v. seq.).

ukhacchid a. who has broken the hip.

ukhya a. being in a pot.

ugra a. mighty, strong, huge, fierce, dire. m. a mighty one, a despot, tyrant, N. of a caste; E. of Śiva or Rudra. f. ugrī a cert. female demon.

ugrakarman a. performing fierce acts, cruel.

ugratā f. -tva n. vehemence, rigour, cruelty.

ugrapūti a. giving forth a strong stench.

ugraprabhāva a. having strong power.

ugrabāhu a. having strong arms.

ugrarūpa a. of awful appearance.

ugraśāsana a. bearing terrible sway.

ugrasena m. N. of sev. princes.

ugrātapa a. dreadfully hot.

ugrānna n. food of an Ugra.

uc ucyati v pp. ucita (q.v.) be pleased or wont, like. --
     ni delight in (acc. or loc.).
     sam be fond of (instr.). -- Cf. samucita.

ucatha n. verse, praise.

ucathya a. praiseworthy.

ucita a. pleased with, wont to (gen., loc., or --°), obliged to (infin.); customary, usual, proper, suitable. Abstr. -tva n.

ucca a. lofty, high (l. & f.) loud; abstr. -tā f., -tva n. -- Cf. uccā & uccais.

uccaṇḍa a. most violent, terrible.

uccaya m. gathering, picking up; collection, heap, plenty, multitude.

uccasaṃśraya a. standing above (star).

uccā adv. high (esp. in heaven), from above, upwards.

uccāra a. getting up, rising. m. discharge, excrement, also = seq.

uccāraṇa n. utterance, pronunciation.

uccāvaca a. high and low. great and small, various.

uccāsana n. an elevated seat.*

uccitra a. ornamented.

uccaiḥkula n. a high family.

uccaiḥpada n. high stand-point.

uccairghoṣa a. sounding loud.

uccairdhāman a. shining above.

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uccairbhuja a. with uplifted arms.

uccaiḥśiras a. of high rank (lit. carrying the head high).

uccaiḥśravas m. N. of a myth. horse.

uccais (instr. adv.) above, high, loud; intensely, very much. Often used as an adj., esp. °--. uccairbhū rise, get up.

uccaistara (compar.) higher, very high; -rām adv.

uccaiḥsthāna [1] n. a high place.

uccaiḥsthāna [2] a. of high rank.

ucchalant a. leaping or leapt up; rising or risen.

ucchalita a. leaping or leapt up; rising or risen.

ucchāstravartin a. transgressing the law.

ucchikha a. with erected crest or point.

ucchikhaṇḍa a. with erected tail (peacock).

ucchitti f. extirpation, destruction.

ucchinna a. cut off, lost, abject, vile.

ucchiras a. carrying the head high.

ucchilīṃdhra a. covered with sprouted (lit. erected) mushrooms.

ucchiṣṭa a. left, rejected, impure (pers. & th.). n. leavings, esp. of the sacrificial food; abstr. -tā f.

ucchiṣṭabhojin a. eater of leavings.

ucchīrṣaka a. having the head raised; n. pillow.

ucchuṣka a. dried up, withered.

ucchūna a. swollen, turgid, increased.

ucchṛṅkhala a. uYchained, unrestrained.

ucchettṛ m. extirpator, destroyer.

uccheda m. -na n. = ucchitti.

ucchedanīya a. to be cut off.

ucchedin a. destroying (--°).

uccheṣa m. uccheṣaṇa n. rest, remainder.

ucchotha m. swelling, inflation.

ucchoṣaṇa a. drying, burning; n. subst.

ucchraya m. -ṇa n., ucchrāya m. rising, increase, elevation.

ucchrita a. lifted, raised, high, haughty; proud of (--°); increased, grown, enormous.

ucchriti f. = ucchraya etc.

ucchvasana n. getting loose (girdle).

ucchvasita a. calmed (also ucchūsta), refreshed, lifted, opened, loosed; n. breathing, breath; also = prec.

ucchvāsa m. = prec. n. + exhaling, expiring, draught (in drinking); sigh, death.

ucchvāsin a. breathing, expiring, sighing; rising.

ujjayinī f. N. of a city.

ujjiti f. victory.

ujjihānajīvita a. whose life is going out.

ujjṛmbha a. gaping.

ujjṛmbhaṇa a. gaping, expansion.

ujjṛmbhita a. expanded, opened, blown.

ujjeṣa a. victorious; m. victory.

ujjya a. having the bow-sinew loosened.

ujjvala a. flaming, beaming, beautiful.

ujjh ujjhati v pp. ujjhita (q.v.) forsake, leave, give up, avoid, escape. --
     pra and sam = S.

ujjha a. having left or forsaken (--°); abstr. -tā f.

ujjhaṭita a. confused, troubled.

ujjhita a. forsaken, left; destitute of, free from (instr. or --°).

uñch uñchati v glean, gather.

uñcha m. -na n. gleaning.

uñchavartin a. who lives by gleaning; m. a gleaner.

uñchavṛtti a. who lives by gleaning; m. a gleaner.

uñchaśila n. gleaning (cf. śiloñcha).

uṭaja m. n. a hut made of leaves.

uṭṭaṅkita a. stamped or marked with (--°).

uḍu f. n. star, lunar mansion.

uḍupa m. n. boat; m. = seq.

uḍupati m. the moon (lord of the stars).

uḍḍamara a. extraordinary, strange, intense.

uḍḍayana n. flying up, flying.

uḍḍāmara a. = uḍḍamara.

uḍḍīna n. = uḍḍayana.

uḍḍīyana n. = uḍḍayana.

uṇādi m. pl. a cert. class of suffixes.

uta (indecl.) and, also, even; apyuta and also; uta-uta (also uto) as well-as, both-and. As interr. particle or in the sec. part of a double interrogation, often w. vā āho svid & āho svid or also, or even. -- Cf. u & kim.

utathya m. N. of a son of An1giras.

utathyatanaya m. the son of Utathya, i.e. Gautama.

utāho -> uta.

uto -> uta.

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utūla m. slave, servant; pl. N. of a people.

utka a. longing for, willing to (inf. or --°). n. & -tā f. longing, desire.

utkaṭa a. exceedingly great, strong, intense, violent; abounding in, full of (--°); drunken, mad.

utkaṇṭh utkaṇṭhate v pp. utkaṇṭhita (q.v.) lift the neck, long for (dat.). C. utkaṇṭhayati make a person (acc.) lift his neck; also = seq. --
     pra C. excite longing in (acc.)
     sam long for, regret, remember.

utkaṇṭha a. having the neck uplifted, longing for, desirous; n. adv.

utkaṇṭhā f. longing, regret, sorrow.

utkaṇṭhākārin a. causing regret.*

utkaṇṭhānirbharam adv. sorrowfully.*

utkaṇṭhābhāgin a. having sorrow as one's lot.*

utkaṇṭhita a. = utkaṇṭha + enamoured.

utkampa a. trembling; m. = seq.

utkampana n. trembling, agitation.

utkampita n. trembling, agitation.

utkampin a. trembling, shaking (--°).

utkara m. what is dug up, rubbish; pile, heap, multitude.

utkarṇa a. having the ears erect.

utkarṣa a. haughty. m. elevation, increase, eminence, ascendency, superiority, excess, abundance.

utkarṣin a. superior, better.

utkalāpa a. having the tail erect and expanded (of a peacock).

utkalikā f. longing, ardent desire.

utkalita a. let loose, opened, appeared, blown, blossoming, shining with (--°).

utkaṣaṇa n. tearing up.

utkira a. piling up (--°).

utkīrṇa a. cut out, shaped, engraven.

utkula a. degenerate (from one's race).

utkūrdana n. jumping up.

utkṛṣṭa a. drawn out, lifted, raised, high, eminent by (--°); abstr. -tva n.

utkṛṣṭavedana n. marriage with a man of higher caste.

utkoca m. bribing, a bribe (lit. crookedness, crooked way).

utkocaka a. accessible to bribes (cf. prec.).

utkrama m. going up or out.

utkramaṇa n. utkrānti f. = prec.

utkraṣṭṛ -> bījotkraṣṭṛ.

utkroda m. exultation, a. -din.

utkṣipti f. utkṣepa m., -ṇa n. lifting up, raising.

utkhacita a. mixed, interwoven with (instr. or --°).

utkhaṇḍita a. broken, destroyed.*

utkhāta n. undermining, extirpation; uneven soil.

utkhātin a. uneven (soil).

uttaṃsa m. crown, wreath of flowers.

uttaṃsay uttasayati v pp. uttaṃsita crown, adorn with a wreath.

uttaṅka m. N. of a Rishi.

uttapta a. heated, glowing, red-hot.

uttabdha a. erected, set up.

uttabhita a. erected, set up.

uttama (superl.) upmost, highest, first or best of (--°); chief, excellent; extreme, last; better than, superior to (abl.); m. the first person (g.).

uttamajana m. pl. excellent people.

uttamatejas a. having excellent splendour or power.

uttamapuruṣa m. the first person (g.), also = seq.

uttamapūruṣa m. the supreme spirit.

uttamarṇa m. creditor.

uttamarṇika m. creditor.

uttamavarṇa a. of beautiful colour or high caste.

uttamavida a. having the highest wisdom.

uttamasāhasa m. the highest fine (j.).

uttamāṅga n. the head (lit. highest member).

uttamaujas m. N. of a man (lit. of highest strength).

uttara (compar.) upper, higher; northern, left (opp. dakṣiṇa); later, following, subsequent, future, last; being above, victorious, superior, mightier, better. n. surface, cover (mostly adj. --° covered with); the north. hinder or last part, sequel, consequence (--° followed by); answer, reply; defence, rejoinder (j.); superiority, victory, power of (loc. of an abstr.); chief part of characteristic; excess, surplus (only adj. --°).

uttarakāla m. future time; a. future, imminent.

uttarakuru m. pl. the northern Kurus.

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uttarakosala m. the northern Kosalas.

uttaraṅga [1] m. a surging wave.

uttaraṅga [2] a. surging, heaving.

uttaraṅgin a. = prec.*

uttaraṇa a. crossing, passing, over; n. the same as subst., overcoming (--°).

uttaraṇasetu m. bridge to pass over (gen.).*

uttaratas adv. northward, from north, north or left of (gen.); further.

uttaradāyaka a. giving answer, contradicting.

uttarapakṣa m. the northern or left wing (side); reply to an objection, refutation (ph.).

uttarapada n. last member of a compound (g.).

uttaram adv. further, later, hereafter.

uttaramīmāṃsā f. the latter part of the Mīmāṅsā, i.e. the Vedānta.

uttararāmacarita n. the further deeds of Rāma, T. of a drama.

uttararāmacaritra n. the further deeds of Rāma, T. of a drama.

uttarala a. starting up, trembling; den. -lāy yate.

uttaravedi f. the northern altar (r.).

uttaravedī f. the northern altar (r.).

uttarā adv. northward;* north of (gen. or abl.).

uttarāt (abl. adv.) from the north or from the left.

uttarādhara a. higher and lower; n. the upper and under lip, the lips.

uttarāpatha m. the northern path, the north.

uttarām adv. farther off.

uttarāyaṇa n. the northern progress (of the sun), the winter-solstice.

uttarāraṇi f. the upper Araṇi (v. araṇi).

uttarārtha a. taking place for the sake of what follows.

uttarārdha m. the upper part (esp. of the body); the northern part, the latter half.

uttarāvant a. superior, victorious.

uttarāsaṅga m. uttarīya n. upper or outer garment.

uttarāhi adv. north (of -- abl.*).

uttareṇa (instr. adv.) in the north or in the left side (w. gen., abl., acc., or --°).

uttaredyus adv. the next day.

uttarottara a. following and following, later and later, higher and higher, more and more. °-- & n. adv.; n. as subst. reply, talking, chattering.

uttarottarokta a. always later mentioned.

uttaroṣṭha m. upper lip.

uttarauṣṭha m. upper lip.

uttāna a. stretched out (lying); turned upwards, high, straight, upright; being on the surface, open, shallow.

uttānahṛdaya a. open-hearted.*

uttānīkṛ open wide.

uttāra m. crossing, passing over (--°); rescue, delivery.

uttāraṇa a. saving (Śiva); n. bringing over (--°), delivering from (abl.).

uttāla a. vehement, violent; huge, dreadful; abundant, copious.

uttīrṇa a. (having) crossed or passed, saved or escaped from (abl. or --°); victorious, fortunate; learned, clever.

uttuṅga a. lofty, high.

uttrasta a. frightened.

uttha a. standing up, rising; coming from, consisting of, beginning with (--°).

utthāna n. rising, coming forth, origin, setting out, starting, exertion, endeavour, energy (poss. -vant); leaving off, conclusion.

utthānavīra m. a man of energy or activity.

utthāpana n. causing to rise, awakening, producing, bringing about, finishing.

utthāyin a. getting up, rising, coming forth; active, energetic.

utthita a. risen, high, erect, upright, prominent; sprung or come from (abl. or --°); broken out (fire); occurred, appeared, manifest; come in (money); eager, ready or devoted to (loc. or dat.).

utpakva a. over-ripe, swollen, turgid.

utpakṣman a. upturned-eyelashed (eye).

utpakṣmala a. upturned-eyelashed (eye).

utpatana f. ī flying up; n. leaping high.

utpatti f. coming forth, origin, birth (p. -nant); result, produce.

utpattivyañjaka a. indicating a new birth.

utpatha m. wrong way (lit. & fig.).

utpanna a. risen or come from (--°); born of (loc.), begot by (instr. or --°); happened, occurred, existing, present, ready.

utpannabuddhi a. judicious, wise (lit. having a ready mind).

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utpala n. the blue lotus.

utpaladṛś f. lotus-eyed.

utpalavana n. group of lotus-flowers.

utpalin a. abounding in lotus flowers; f. -nī = prec.

utpavana n. cleaning or any implement for cleaning.

utpavitṛ m. purifier.

utpāṭana n. pulling up, tearing out.

utpāṭin (--°) the same as adj.

utpāta m. flying up, jump; sudden and unusual event, portent, phenomenon.

utpāda m. coming forth, birth.

utpādaka a. producing, causing, begetting; m. producer, begetter; abstr. -tva n.

utpādana f. ī = prec. adj.; n. as abstr.

utpādin a. bringing forth (--°); produced, born.

utpiṃṣṭa a. crushed, trodden down.

utpīḍa m. pressing out, pressure; stream, flood; gash, wound.

utprabandha a. continual, uninterrupted.

utprāsa m. -na n. derision, irony.

utprekṣaṇa n. foresight; comparison, metaphor (rh.).

utprekṣā f. disregard, indifference; also = prec. (rh.).

utprekṣitopamā f. a kind of comparison (rh.).

utphāla m. jump, bounding.

utphulla a. blown (flower), opened; utphulla++nayana & utphulla++locana a. having wide opened eyes.

utsa m. spring, fountain (lit. & fig.).

utsaṅga m. lap, roof, surface; seat, bottom.

utsadhi m. receptacle of a spring; well.

utsanna a. prominent, projecting; ceased, vanished, lost.

utsarga m. pouring forth, emission, excretion; laying aside, taking off, loosening, delivering, abandoning, giving up, closing, completion (esp. of the study of the Veda); oblation, present.

utsarjana n. letting loose, giving up, dismission, closing, completion (v. prec.).

utsarpaṇa n. rise (of the sun), coming forth.

utsarpin a. leaping up, soaring, rising, appearing.

utsava m. enterprise, beginning; feast, joy.

utsavapriya a. fond of feasts.

utsādana n. putting off, interrupting, injuring, destroying; rubbing or chafing the limbs.

utsāha m. strength, resolution, energy, exertion, endeavour, eagerness, inclination for, delight in (--°).

utsāhakāraṇa a. causing exertion, painful.*

utsāhayitṛ (utsāhayitṛka) n. instigator.*

utsāhayoga m. display of energy.

utsikta a. exuberant, abundant in, swelled by (instr or --°); overstrained (lit. & fig.); extravagant, haughty, disordered (mind).

utsiktamanas a. of disordered mind.

utsita a. fettered.

utsuka a. restless, uneasy, intent; regretful, sad, anxious about, longing or wishing for (loc., prati, or --°); *caring about (loc. or instr.). Abstr. -tā f.

utsukay utsukayati v make sad, afflict.

utsukavadana a. having a sad face.*

utsṛṣṭi f. letting out, emission.

utseka m. overflow, excess; extravagance, haughtiness; poss. -kin.

utsedha m. eminence, height (lit. & fig.).

utsphura m. a jump.*

utsvapnāy utsvapnāyate v talk in sleep.

utsrasta a. loosened, fallen down (girdle).

ud [1] (only °-- in nouns and verbs) up, upwards, forth, out, beyond.

ud und unatti2 v & undati (also M.), pp. utta & unna spring (water), bubble up, wet, bathe. --
     anu abhi & upa sprinkle, wet.
     ni immerse.
     vi spring or bubble forth, also =
     sam sprinkle, wet.

uda (only °-- and adj. --°) water.

udaka n. water. -- udakaṃ dā or pradā offer a libation of water to a dead person (gen. or dat.); udakaṃ kṛ the same, also = -kamupaspṛś touch cert. parts of the body with water (r.).

udakakarman n. libation of water (v. prec.).

udakakārya n. the same, + ablution of the body.

udakakriyā f. -dāna n. = udakakarman.

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udakadāyin a. performing a libation of water.

udakavant a. furnished with water; f. udakāvatī a woman's name.

udakasecana n. shower of rain.

udakāñjali m. a handful of water.

udakānta m. margin of water. odakāntāt as far as the water's brink.

udakārṇava m. the ocean of water.

udakārtha m. ablution (lit. water-business); -m to perform and ablution.

udakumbha m. a water-jug; N. of a physician.

udaktas adv. from above or from the north.

udaktāt adv. from above or from the north.

udakya a. being in water; f. ā a woman in her courses.

udagayana n. the (sun's) northern progress; the time from the winter to the summer solstice.

udagra a. having the top lifted, i.e. lofty, high, tall, long; increased, excited, roused by (--°); fierce, intense.

udagrapluta a. making lofty boundings; abstr. -tva n.

udaṅmukha a. turned (lit. having the mouth or front) upwards or to the north.

udaja n. lotus flower (water-born).

udañc (f. udīcī) turned upwards or to the north, northern; n. udak adv. northward.

udañcana m. pail or bucket for drawing water out of a well.

udañjali a. hollowing and raising the palms (cf. añjali).

udadhi a. containing water. m. receptacle of water (cloud, lake, or river, in l. l. the sea).

udadhīy udadhīyati v take a thing (acc.) for the sea.

udan n. wave, water; p. udanimant.

udanta [1] m. end of labour, harvest, feast, quiet; news, intelligence.

udanta [2] a. running over the brim; n. adv. to the end.

udantya a. living beyond a boundary.

udany udanyati v pp. -nyant pour down on (loc.).

udanya a. fluctuating, watery.

udanyu a. seeking water.

udanvant a. = udanya; m. the sea.

udapātra n. water-jug, ewer.

udapāna m. n. well, cistern.

udaprut a. swimming in water, splashing.

udabindu m. a drop of water.

udamaya a. consisting of water.

udaya m. going up, rising (also = seq.); coming forth, appearance, manifestation, origin; result, issue, consequence; success, advantage; income, revenue, interest.

udayagiri m. the eastern mountain, behind which the sun rises (cf. asta).

udayaśaila m. the eastern mountain, behind which the sun rises (cf. asta).

udayataṭa s. slope of the eastern mountain.

udayana n. going up, rise; issue, end; m. N. of a king.

udayācala m. = udayagiri.

udayādhipa m. the lord of rising, i.e. the Sun.*

udayāstamaya m. du. rising and setting.

udayin a. coming forth.

udayorvībhṛt m. = udayagiri.

udara n. (adj. --° f. ā & ī) belly, womb, cavity, interior, inside; loc. within, amidst (--°).

udaraṇa n. rising.

udaraṃbhara nourishing one's own belly, a glutton.

udaraṃbhari nourishing one's own belly, a glutton.

udaravistāra m. expansion of the belly, corpulence.*

udarka m. breaking forth, sounding; result, consequence, future; issue, end.

udarcis a. shining, luminous; m. fire.

udavāsa m. dwelling in water; a. -sin.

udavāha a. bringing water.

udaśru a. weeping (lit. having one's tears up)

udahāra f. ī fetching water.

udāja m. selection, choice (also concr.).

udātta a. elevated, high (lit. & fig.), highly or acutely accented, sublime, illustrious, high-minded, generous, haughty, arrogant. m. the high or acute accent.

udāna m. the wind that goes upward (in the body).

udāra a. raising, causing; sublime, noble, excellent. m. rising fog or mist; pl. the spirits of the fog.

udāratā f. -tva n. sublimity (of style).

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udāracarita a. of noble conduct, acting nobly.

udāradhī a. of noble mind.

udāraśīla a. of noble character.

udāsīna a. indifferent, passive, neutral; adv. -vat.

udāharana n. saying, speech; example.

udāhāra a. going to fetch water. m. the fetching water.

udāhṛta a. called, quoted.

udita [1] a. risen, high, elevated, haughty; begun, occurred, appeared, manifest, clear.

udita [2] a. said, spoken, proclaimed, taught; spoken to, addressed.

uditi f. rising (of the sun); going away, setting (of the sun); disappearance, end.

udīkṣā f. looking up, gazing.

udīcīna a. turned northward.

udīcya a. northern; m. the northern country, pl. its inhabitants.

udīraṇa n. throwing, uttering, speaking.

udīrṇa a. roused, excited, haughty; abstr. -tā f.

udīṣita a. risen, lifted.

udumbara m. the glomerous fig tree, its fruit (also n.); N. of a race of priests.

udumbala a. copper-coloured, brown.

udūḍhā f. married, taken to wife.

udṛc f. issue, end; loc. at last.

udetos (abl. inf.) go up, rise.

udojas a. of high power.

udgata a. come forth, sprung from (abl. or --°), appeared, risen; f. N. of a metre.

udgama m. rising, exertion; expansion, fulness; appearance, origin; shoot (of a plant).

udgamana n. rising, appearance.

udgamanīya n. a clean garment.

udgarjita n. roaring, grunting.

udgarbha a. pregnant.

udgāḍha a. overflowing with (--°); excessive, vehement.

udgātṛ m. chanter (of the Sāman-hymns).

udgāra m. spitting or pouring out, ejecting; spittle. flood; roaring, sound, echo; utterance, tale.

udgārin a. spitting or pouring out (--°).

udgiraṇa n. spitting, vomiting.

udgīta n. song.

udgīti f. N. of a metre.

udgītha m. (n.) chanting (of the Sāman-hymns).

udgīrṇa a. spit out, ejected, brought forth, caused.

udgūrṇa a. lifted, raised.

udgrahaṇa n. taking away.

udgrāha m. taking up or away, a kind of Samdhi.

udgrīva a. with lifted neck.

udghaṭṭana n. opening, bursting (tr. & intr.), outbreak.

udgharṣaṇa n. rubbing, cudgelling.

udghāṭa m. = udghāṭana n.

udghāṭaka m. opener, key.

udghāṭana a. opening, pushing away (a bolt); n. opening, laying bare, showing.

udghāṭin a. = prec. adj.

udghāta m. strike, blow, jerk, jolt; elevation, eminence; rising, beginning.

udghātin a. jolting, uneven, rough.

udghuṣṭa a. sounding; n. sound, noise.

udghoṣa m. calling out, proclaiming. -ḍiṇḍima m. drum for publishing.

udghoṣaṇa n. announcing, publishing.

uddaṇḍa a. having a raised staff or stalk; raised, extraordinary, sublime.

uddāma a. unbound, unrestrained, unlimited, extraordinary, full of (--°). °-- & n. adv. beyond measure, wildly, exultingly.

uddālaka m. N. of a man (lit. Up-tearer).

uddāha m. heat, fire.

uddiśya (ger.) aiming at; used as prep. w. acc. = towards, with regard to, for the sake of, concerning, about.

uddṛṣṭa n. the becoming visible (of the moon).

uddeśa m. pointing to, mentioning, statement, rule; place, region. -- Instr. & abl. concerning, with regard to (--°); -tas briefly, in a few words.

uddyota a. flashing up, shining; m. flash, shine, light, splendour.

uddhata a. raised, excited, elevated; excessive, vehement, intense; haughty, proud, arrogant; full of, rich in (instr. or --°).

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uddharaṇa n. taking out or off, removing, destroying, extricating, delivering.

uddhāra m. = prec. (also uddhāraṇa n.); deduction, deducted or selected portion, additional share (j.).

uddhi m. a cert. part of a carriage.

uddhita a. set up, erected.

uddhuta a. shaken, brandished.

uddhura a. unrestrained, extravagant, extraordinary (lit. freed from a yoke).

uddhūta a. = uddhuta + roused, kindled (fire); n. roaring (of the sea).

uddhūti f. shaking, brandishing.

uddhūmāy pp. -yita filled with vapour.*

uddhūlay uddhūlayati v bestrew.

uddhṛta a. drawn up or out, raised, extracted, separated, selected.

uddhṛtasneha a. from which the oil or fat has been extracted, skimmed.

uddhṛti f. drawing out, extraction, salvation.

uddhṛtya ger. excepting, except.

udbaddha a. tied up, suspended, hung; compact, solid.

udbandha [1] m. hanging one's self.

udbandha [2] a. untied, loose.

udbāṣpa a. shedding tears (lit. having one's tears up); abstr. -tva n.

udbuddha a. awakened, budded, appeared.

udbhagna a. burst, rent.

udbhaṭa a. eminent, extraordinary.

udbhava m. origin, coming forth; adj. coming from (--°).

udbhāsin a. shining, radiant with; appearing, bursting from (--°).

udbhijja a. propagated by sprouts or seed (v. seq.).

udbhid a. breaking forth, sprouting, piercing, victorious. m. a kind of sacrifice; f. sprout, plant; spring, fountain.

udbhinna a. burst, opened, blossomed, apparent.

udbhū (f. udbhvī, n. udbhu) lasting, perpetual.

udbhūta a. come forth, born, risen, increased.

udbhūti f. origin, rise, appearance.

udbheda m. breaking forth, becoming visible, appearance; spring, fountain.

udbhrānta a. started or flown up, risen, fled; agitated, bewildered; wandering, roving. n. rising; waving a sword.

udbhrāntaka n. rising into the air.

udman n. surging, flooding.

udyata a. held up, offered (esp. food); undertaken, begun; prepared, ready, eager; occupied in, endeavouring or going to (inf., dat., loc., or artham).

udyatadaṇḍa a. ready to strike (lit. having lifted up the stick).

udyati f. raising, elevation, offering.

udyama m. uplifting, elevation; undertaking, effort, endeavour, exertion at (dat., acc., w. prati, inf., or --°).

udyamana n. raising, elevation, exertion.

udyamabhṛt a. bearing or undergoing exertions.

udyāna n. walking out; garden, park.

udyānagahana n. garden-thicket.

udyānapāla m. ī f.; -pālaka m., -likā a. gardener.

udyānamālā f. a row of gardens.

udyānavāṭa m. garden-fence.

udyukta a. prepared, ready, intent on, going or about to (dat., loc., prati w. acc., or --°).

udyoga m. effort, endeavour, activity.

udyogin a. taking pains, active, industrious.

udra m. a kind of aquatic animal.

udrikta a. excessive, superfluous, surpassing (--°); highminded, haughty.

udrin springy, wet.

udreka m. excess, preponderance; p. -kin.

udvat f. eminence, hill.

udvartana a. bursting (tr. --°); n. rising, ascending; rubbing, anointing, unguent.

udvaha a. leading up, carrying away or on, continuing (--°); m. leading home, marriage; son, offspring (--°).

udvahana n. lifting up, carrying, drawing; riding on (instr.); leading home, marriage, possession.

udvāha m. leading home, marriage.

udvāhamaṅgala n. marriage-feast.

udviddha a. raised, high.

udvigna a. astounded, terrified, afraid of (abl, gen., instr., or --°); dejected, depressed, wearied of (instr.); sorrowful, tired of life.

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udvignodvigna a. quite astounded.*

udvīkṣaṇa n. looking up, beholding, sight.

udvṛtta a. swollen, turgid, prominent; roused, excited; extravagant, dissolute.

udvega m. trembling, waving, agitation, uneasiness, disgust.

udvegakara (f. ī), udvegakāraka (udvegakāraṇa*), & udvegakārin a. causing anxiety or agitation.

udvejana a. the same; n. anxiety, agitation.

udvejanakara f. ī = prec. adj.

udvejanīya a. horrible.

udvellita a. tossed up, moving to and fro.

udvyūḍha a. dropped from (--°)*

undara m. mouse, rat.

undura m. mouse, rat.

unduru m. mouse, rat.

unnata a. raised, high, eminent; n. = seq.

unnati f. rising, elevation, height; p. -mant.

unnaddha a. tied up, unbound; haughty, arrogant.

unnayana n. lifting up, raising, drawing out (water).

unnāla a. having an erected stalk.

unnāha m. exuberance, fulness.

unnidra a. sleepless, awake, expanded. budded, blown.

unmagna a. emerged.

unmatta a. excited, intoxicated, drunk, mad, furious; m. the thorn-apple.

unmattībhūta being mad.*

unmathya ger, with violence.

unmanas a. excited or disturbed in mind, agitated, restless; abstr. -skatā f.

unmanaska a. excited or disturbed in mind, agitated, restless; abstr. -skatā f.

unmarda m. rubbing in.

unmardana n. the same; a fragrant essence.

unmāda a. mad, insane; m. madness, insanity.

unmādayitṛ (unmādayitṛka) a. inebriating.*

unmādavant  = unmāda a.

unmādin  = unmāda a.

unmārga m. by-way, evil way; a. = seq.

unmārgagāmin a. going evil ways.

unmārgavartin a. going evil ways.

unmiśra a. mixed with (--°).

unmiṣita a. opened, budded, blown.

unmīlana n. = unmeṣa.

unmīlita a. = unmiṣita + unfolded, manifest.

unmukta a. destitute of, wanting (--°); taken off, sent forth.

unmukha f. ī looking or turned (lit. having the face) upwards; looking at, desirous of, going or about to, waiting for (--°).

unmūl unmūlati v be unrooted. C. -layati unroot, destroy, dethrone. --
     sam C. eradicate, destroy.

unmūlana n. eradication, destruction.

unmṛṣṭa a. wiped off, blotted out.

unmeṣa m. opening (of the eye), expanding, becoming visible, appearance.

unmeṣin a. starting or flying up.

upa adv. thereto, further, as prep. towards, unto, near, at, in, *below, less than (acc.); near, by, at, upon, at the time of, up to, *above, more than (loc.); together with, according to (instr.). -- It is mostly used °-- in verbs, adverbs or nouns, denoting approach, vicinity, or inferiority (cf upagam; gamana mūlam purāṇa).

upakakṣa a. reaching to the shoulder.

upakaṇṭha n. nearness, proximity; -ṇṭam adv. near (--°).

upakaraṇa n. doing a service, helping, assistance; instrument, supplement, means, expedient; p. -ṇavant.

upakartṛ f. -rtrī assisting, befriending, kind.

upakāra m. service, assistance, favour.

upakāraka (f. -rikā) & -rin a. serviceable, officious, useful, kind. -- *f. -rikā royal tent.

upakārya a. to be served or favoured; f. ā royal tent.

upakṛti f. service, kindness.

upakḷpta a. being at hand, ready, prepared.

upakrama m. approach, arrival; commencement, enterprise; means, expedient.

upakrānta n. commencement, beginning.

upakriyā f. service, benefit.

upakruṣṭa m. carpenter (lit. blamed, despised).

upakṣaya m. decrease, decay, disappearance.

upakṣepa m. -ṇa n. allusion, insinuation (rh.).

upaga a. going to, being in, belonging to, serving for, furnished with (--°).

upagata a. approached, happened, occurred, fallen into or got at (acc. or --°); n. receipt, acquittance.

upagati f. -gama m. approach, arrival.

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upagāna n. accompanying song.

upagīta a. (pass.) sung, praised, celebrated by (--°); (act.) having begun to sing.

upagīti f. N. of a metre.

upagūḍha n. an embrace.

upagraha m. taking possession of, annexing, winning over.

upagrahaṇa n. holding up, supporting, promoting.

upagrāha m. gift, present.

upaghāta m. stroke, blow, hurt, injury, damage, offence.

upaghātaka a. damaging, offending (--°).

upaghātin a. damaging, offending (--°).

upacaya m. accumulation, increase, growth; prosperity, advantage.

upacara a. approaching; m. & -ṇa n. approach, coming near.

upacaritavya & upacarya v to be treated, served, waited on.

upacaryā f. service, attendance.

upacāra m. conduct, behaviour, use, practice, dealing with (gen.); civility, kindness, service, attendance, ceremony; ornament (p. -vant), figure of speech.

upacāraka f. -rikā (adj. --°) politeness, kindness.

upacita a. augmented, strengthened, covered or furnished with, full of (instr. or --°).

upacchanna a. covered, hid.

upaja a. additional, belonging to (gen.); coming from (--°).

upajāti f. N. of a metre.

upajāpa m. whispering, talking over, persuading, seducing.

upajāpaka m. whispering to, conspiring with (--°).

upajigamiṣu a. approaching (acc.).

upajihvā f. uvula, epiglottis.

upajīvaka a. living, subsisting, dependent upon (instr. or --°); m. subject or dependant.

upajīvana n. & upajīvā f. livelihood, subsistence.

upajīvanīya a. affording a livelihood.

upajīvin a. = upajīvaka (absol. or w. acc., gen., --°).

upajīvya a. = upajīvanīya; n. subsistence.

upataṭam adv. on the slope.

upatapta a. hot, warm; sick, unwell.

upatāpa m. heat, pain, sickness, trouble, distress, woe, sorrow.

upatāpaka a. causing pain, distressing.

upatāpin a. the same (--°); ill, diseased.

upatyakā f. land at the food of a mountain.

upadā f. offering, present.

upadigdha a. smeared or covered with (--°).

upadiś f. intermediate region (north-east etc.).

upadiśā f. intermediate region (north-east etc.).

upadṛś f. sight, view.

upadeśa m. hint, direction, advice, instruction; indicatory or conventional form (g.).

upadeśana n. upadeśanā f. advice, instruction.

upadeśin a. instructing, teaching; m. teacher, f. -nī.

upadrava m. misfortune, calamity.

upadraṣṭṛ m. supervisor, witness.

upadharma m. minor duty, by-law.

upadhā f. imposition, fraud; penultimate letter (g.).

upadhāna a. & n. setting up; n. also = seq.

upadhānīya n. cushion, pillow.

upadhi m. putting to i.e. adding; imposition, fraud; the part of a wheel between nave and circumference.

upadhmānīya m. the Visarga before pa & pha.

upadhvasta a. brindled, spotted.

upanata a. bent towards or inwards, brought down, subject, dependent; brought about, existing, present.

upanati f. abstr. to prec., + inclination, affection.

upanaya m. bringing near, procuring, getting, obtaining, employing; introduction (into a science).

upanayana n. the same + seq.

upanāyana n. leading to a teacher, initiation.

upanidhātṛ a. setting down.

upanidhi m. deposit, esp. a sealed one.

upanipāta m. outbreak, onset, attack.

upanipātin a. falling into (--°).

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upanibaddha a. hanging on, sticking to (--°); written down, composed; abstr. -tva n.

upanibandhana n. writing down, description, literary composition, versification.

upanirgama m. departure from (--°).*

upaniṣad f. secret doctrine (lit. sitting down, sc. to listen); an Upaniṣad, i.e. a class of writings intended to ascertain the secret meaning of the Veda.

upanetṛ f. -trī who brings, bearer of (gen.).

upanyasta a. brought forward, adduced, hinted; n. hint, insinuation.

upanyāsa m. placing near, juxtaposition, addition; utterance, argumentation, also = prec. n.

upapakṣa m. armpit; a. -pakṣya.

upapati m. paramour, gallant.

upapatti f. happening, appearing, following, resulting; rightness, exactness, fitness, propriety.

upapada n. a secondary word of any kind (g.).

upapanna a. having gone or come to, got at, met with (acc. or --°); endowed with, possessed of (instr. or --°); happened, occurred, born, existing; fit, suited, right, proper, natural.

upapannārtha a. having good reasons, well founded.

upapāta m. occurrence, accident.

upapātaka n. minor offence; poss. -kin.

upapātin a. falling into (--°).

upapādaka a. effecting, producing, making; possible.

upapādana a. producing, mentioning; n. bringing near, presenting, appearing.

upapārśva m. shoulderblade.

upapīḍana n. torture, pang.

upapurāṇa n. a secondary or minor Purāṇa.

upaplava m. visitation, disturbance, trouble, calamity, any portent, esp. an eclipse.

upapluta a. visited, afflicted.

upabarha m. cushion, pillow.

upabṛṃhita a. strengthened, increased, accompanied by, furnished with (instr. or --°).

upabda m. rattling, noise.

upabdi m. rattling, noise.

upabhaṅga m. division of a verse.

upabhoga m. enjoyment, use, pleasure.

upabhogin a. enjoying, using (--°).

upabhogya a. to be enjoyed or used.

upama a. uppermost, highest; nearest, next; first, best, excellent, chief.

upamantraṇa n. inviting, persuading.

upamantrin [1] the same as adj.

upamantrin [2] m. a king's counsellor of second rank.

upamanyu a. eager, zealous; m. a man's name.

upamarda m. friction, injury, reproach, abuse; also = upamardana.

upamardaka a. crushing, destroying.

upamardana n. oppression, destruction.

upamardin a. = upamardaka.

upamā [1] adv. quite, near.

upamā [2] f. resemblance, similarity; comparison, image (rh.); o. adj. resembling, equal to, like (--°).

upamāti f. address, invocation; fit to be invoked, accessible, kind.

upamāna n. comparison, simile, esp. that with which a thing is compared, opp. upameya (rh.); adj. --° = upamā adj.

upamām adv. highest.

upamāvyatireka m. a kind of comparison (rh.).

upamiti f. resemblance; induction (ph.).

upameya a. to be or being compared, comparable with (instr. or --°); n. (rh.) the thing compared with something else (opp. the upamāna q.v.).

upameyopamā f. a reciprocal comparison (rh.).

upayantṛ m. husband.

upayama m. wedding, marriage.

upayamana n. = prec.; f. ī any support (for holding fire-wood), a sacrificial ladle.

upayāna n. nearing, approach.

upayukta a. employed, used, consumed; useful, requisite, fit, proper, worthy.

upayoktavya a. to be employed.

upayoga m. employment, application; use, enjoyment.

upayogin a. being employed, conducive, useful, fit, suitable; employing using (--°).

upayojya a. to be or being used.

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upara a. placed below, deeper, posterior, later, nearer, neighbouring. m. the lower pressing stone or the lower part of the sacrificial post.

uparakta a. coloured, reddened, eclipsed (sun or moon).

uparati f. ceasing, resting; quietism (ph.).

uparama m. ceasing, ending, desisting from (--°), death; abstr. -tva n.

uparamaṇa n. coming to rest.

uparamatva n. coming to rest.

uparāga m. colour, darkness.

upari adv. above, upwards, moreover, further, then; doubled = higher and higher, more and more. As prep. above, over, beyond, upon, up into (acc., gen., abl., loc., °-- or --° in an adv.); above in number or order (gen. or --° in an adv.), after (gen. or --°); concerning, as to (gen.); doubled = immediately over (acc.), high over (gen.).

uparitana f. ī upper.

upariṣṭāt adv. above, from above, behind, later, afterwards. As prep. over, upon (acc. or gen.), behind; concerning, about, as to (gen.).

uparuddha a. captive, prisoner; n. shut up or inner apartment.

uparūḍha a. ascended; come to, arrived at (acc.), situated on (loc.).

uparūpaka n. a drama of the second rank (rh.).

uparodha m. hindrance, impediment; locking up, blockading; trouble, disturbance.

upala m. stone, rock, jewel; f. upalā the upper mill-stone.

upalakṣaṇa n. observation, designation; implicit or elliptical expression.

upalakṣya a. recognisable.

upalaprakṣin f. -ṇī arranging the press or millstones.

upalabdhi f. acquirement, gain; perception, knowledge, p. -mant.

upalambha m. = prec. f.

upalepa m. smearing.

upalepana n. the same, (painting, colouring*).

upavaktṛ m. exhorter.

upavana n. a small wood, grove.

upavasatha m. a fast-day.

upavāsa m. fast.

upavāsin a. fasting.

upaviṣṭa a. seated; resorted to (acc. or --°).

upavīta n. investiture with the sacred cord the sacred cord itself.

upavītin a. wearing the sacred cord.

upaveśa n. sitting down; devoting one's self to (--°).

upaveśana n. sitting down; devoting one's self to (--°).

upaśama m. coming to rest, cessation, tranquillity.

upaśamana f. ī calming, appearing; n. subst.

upaśaya a. lying near or at hand.

upaśānta a. allayed, extinct.

upaśānti f. = upaśama.

upaśikṣā f. learning, skill in (gen.).

upaśobhana a. & n. adorning.

upaśobhā f. ornament.

upaśobhin a. adorned; shining with (--°).*

upaśliṣṭa a. clinging to (acc.), come near (loc. or samīpam), contiguous.

upasaṃvyāna n. under-garment.

upasaṃhāra m. drawing towards one's self; winding up, recapitulation, conclusion.

upasaṃhita a. connected or endowed with, accompanied or surrounded by (instr. or --°).

upasakta a. attached to sensual objects.

upasaṃkhyāna n. annumeration, addition.

upasaṃgraha m. gathering, taking (esp. of a wife); also = seq.

upasaṃgrahaṇa n. clasping (of a person's feet); deferential greeting.

upasaṃgrāhya a. to be greeted deferentially.

upasattṛ m. worshipper (lit. who approaches).

upasad a. serving, attending; f. approach, assault, siege; attendance, waiting on; N. of a ceremony (r.).

upasadana n. going to (a teacher), apprenticeship also = upasaṃgrahaṇa.

upasadya a. to be revered or waited on.

upasanna a. placed upon (the Vedi), presented, granted; approached (esp. to worship or to seek information or protection).

upasaṃpanna a. furnished or familiar with (instr. or --°); living in the same house.

upasaraṇa n. approach.

upasarga m. addition (lit. pouring on), accident, ill luck, calamity; preposition.

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upasarjana n. pouring on; inauspicious phenomenon, esp. an eclipse; a secondary word (g.) or person (j.).

upasarpaṇa n. advancing towards, approaching.

upasarpaṇīya a. to be approached.*

upasarpin a. creeping near, approaching.

upasiddha a. prepared, ready.

upasṛṣṭa a. thrown, sent; hit, visited, afflicted by (instr. or --°); eclipsed (sun or moon), having a prefix (g.).

upasecana a. pouring or sprinkling upon; n. the same as subst. + juice, broth, condiment; f. ī a ladle or cup for pouring.

upasevaka (--°) a. serving, following.

upasevana n. -sevā f. attendance, homage, worship, devotion; enjoyment, use.

upasevin (--°) serving, worshipping; pursuing, practising.

upaskara m. (n.) anything subsidiary or complementary, ingredient, condiment, utensil, instrument, esp. of household.

upaskṛta a. prepared, arranged.

upastambha m. -stambhana n. stay, support.

upastaraṇa n. pouring under, spreading out; a covering or mattress.

upasti m. inferior, a follower, servant.

upastire (dat. inf.) to spread out.

upastīrṇa a. covered, spread out; poured upon (r.).

upastut f. invocation, praise.

upastuti f. invocation, praise.

upastha m. lap, groin; m. n. the sexual organs, esp. of a woman.

upasthātavya a. to appear (n. impers.); to be waited upon.

upasthātṛ m. coming near, appearing (in court); m. servant, attendant.

upasthāna n. coming or standing near, appearance, presence, attendance, service, worship; gathering, assembly.

upasthita a. approached, arrived at, got to (acc. or loc.); fallen to one's (gen.) lot or share, happened, appeared, present, impending, ready; visited, waited upon, attacked by, furnished with (instr.).

upastheya a. = upasthātavya.

upasparśa m. -na n. touching, bathing, rinsing the mouth.

upasparśin a. touching, bathing in (--°).

upaspṛṣṭa a. touched; n. impers. or = sparśa.

upasveda m. moisture.

upahatnu a. assailing.

upaharaṇa n. presenting, offering.

upahartṛ m. who presents or offers.

upahava m. calling near, invitation.

upahāra m. present, gift, offering; abstr. -tā f. -tva n.

upahāraka f. -rikā (adj. --°) = upahāra.

upahārīkṛ offer as a sacrifice; -cikīrṣu a. going to ofter.

upahārya a. to be offered; n. offering.

upahāsa m. laughter, fun.

upahāsanīyatā f. ridiculousness.*

upahāsin a. laughing at (--°).

upahāsya a. laughable, ridiculous; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

upahita a. placed or set upon, connected with, dependent on, preceded by (--°); brought near, procured, got, put, applied, undertaken, begun, set to action, employed, led, seduced.

upahūta a. called, invoked, invited.

upahvara m. bend, curve, slope. n. solitude, proximity, loc. secretly, near.

upāṃśu adv. in a low voice, inaudibly; m. an inaudible prayer.

upāṃśuvrata n. an inaudible vow.

upāka a. neared, joined, close, connected; loc. -ke close by, at hand, present (w. gen.).

upākaraṇa n. bringing near, fetching, also = seq.

upākarman n. preparation, commencement, esp. to study the Vedas.

upākhyāna n. short narrative, episode.

upākhyānaka n. short narrative, episode.

upāṅga n. minor limb or member, subdivision, supplement.

upāñjana n. smearing, anointing.

upātta a. taken, received, got, felt, done.

upāttasāra a. thoroughly enjoyed (lit. whereof the best has been taken).

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upādāna n. taking, acquiring, appropiating; non-exclusion, addition; enumeration, mention; the material cause (ph.).

upādāya ger. together with (lit. having taken), including, besides, by means of; since, from (acc.).

upādeya a. to be taken from (abl.); contained in (--°); acceptable, admirable, excellent.

upādhāya ger. taking, i.e. along with (acc.).

upādhi m. substitution, substitute; supposition, postulate, cause.

upādhyāya m. teacher, subteacher; -dhyāyānī f. the teacher's wife.

upānasa a. being on a carriage.

upānah f. (nom. -nat) & upānaha m. sandal, shoe.

upānta n. nearness of the end, edge, margin, immediate proximity; acc. & loc. near (gen. or --°); °-- near, neighbouring.

upāntika n. nearness, proximity; acc. & loc. near, abl. (from) near.

upāpti f. getting, acquiring.

upāya m. approach, way to or of, means, expedient, stratagem; upāyena & upāyatas in a clever way, by stratagem.

upāyana n. approach, going to a teacher, becoming a scholar; undertaking, enterprise, offering, gift.

upāyin a. approaching.

upāyu a. approaching.

upāyopeya (°--) means and purpose.

upāra m. upāraṇa n. transgression, offence, sin.

upārjana n. ā f. bringing near, acquiring, obtaining.

upālabdhavya a. to be blamed or censured.

upālambha m. -na n. censure, reviling.

upālambhanīya a. = upālabdhavya.

upāvṛt f. return.

upāvṛtti f. return.

upāvṛtta a. turned round or towards (acc.), come to (acc.); approached, arrived, returned.

upāśrita a. leaning or resting on, resorted to, staying in or with (acc. or loc.); intent upon, given to (acc.).

upāśritya ger. having resorted to, i.e. by means of (acc.).

upāsaka a. serving, intent upon (--°); m. a servant or follower, esp. of Buddha (f. -sikā*).

upāsana n. seat; service, attendance, worship (also -sā f.); meditation, practice, exercise.

upāsthita a. standing on (loc.), intent upon (acc.).

upāsya a. to be served, worshipped, practised, resorted to.

upāhita a. set out as a price; caused, produced; s. a conflagration.

upekṣaṇa n. -kṣā f. overlooking, disregard, neglect.

upeta a. arrived, present, existing, come or gone to (acc. or --°), come to the teacher i.e. initiated; fallen to one's (gen.) share; being in (loc.); accompanied by, endowed with (instr. or --°).

upetapūrva a. initiated before.

upeti f. approach.

upetṛ m. contriver, employer.

upenita a. driven or pressed in.

upendra m. E. of Viṣṇu (lit. inferior to Indra).

upendravajrā f. N. of a metre.

upeya a. being or to be effected, to be gone to or approached; n. aim, object.

upoḍha a. brought near, brought about, begun, caused, attained, got; existing, present.

upoḍhatapas a. rich in penitence.

upoḍharāga [1] m. a rising blush.

upoḍharāga [2] a. blushing.

upoḍhaśabda a. causing a sound, noisy.

upottama a. last but one.

upodghāta m. introduction, beginning, opportunity.

upoṣaṇa [1] a. burning down (--°).

upoṣaṇa [2] n. fasting.

upoṣita a. (having) fasted; n. = prec.

upta a. sown, strewn, thrown down, lying; covered or sprinkled with (instr. or --°).

upti f. sowing.

uptivid a. acquainted with sowing (--°).

ubj ubjati v force, subdue. --
     ni press down, overthrow.
     nis let loose.

ubh umbhati ubhnāti unapti v pp. ubdha umbhita confine, unite, couple. --
     ni keep down.
     sam keep together, cover, shut up.

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ubha du. both.

ubhaya f. ī (sgl. & pl.) both, of both sorts.

ubhayacakravartin m. ruler of both (worlds).

ubhayatas adv. from or on both sides (w. gen. or acc.); in both cases.

ubhayatodant a. having a double row of teeth.

ubhayatodanta a. having a double row of teeth.

ubhayadant a. having a double row of teeth.

ubhayatra adv. in both places, on both sides, in both cases.

ubhayathā adv. in both ways or cases.

ubhayā adv. in both ways.

ubhayātmaka a. having a double nature.

umā f. flax; N. of the daughter of Himavant, the wife of Civa-Rudra.

umānātha m. the lord or husband of Umā, i.e. Civa.

umāpati m. the lord or husband of Umā, i.e. Civa.

umeśa m. the lord or husband of Umā, i.e. Civa.

ura m. N. of a Rishi; °-- = uras or ūrṇā.

uraga m. a snake (lit. going on the breast).

uraṃga m. a snake (lit. going on the breast).

uraṃgama m. a snake (lit. going on the breast).

uraṇa m. a ram (wool-bearer).

urabhra m. a ram (wool-bearer).

urarīkṛ = urīkṛ v q.v.

uralli s. roaring.*

uras n. breast; adj. --° uraska.

uraḥsūtrikā f. a kind of necklace.

urā f. a ewe.

urīkṛ accept, get, show; admit, assent, promise; place at the head, begin with (acc.).

uru f. urvī spacious, extensive, wide, broad, great. --n. adv. widely, far; as subst. space, room, wide scope, freedom, w. kṛ give room, liberty, opportunity. --f. urvī the earth, the soil; du. heaven and earth; pl. w. ṣaṣ the six spaces (the four quarters of the sky with what is above and below).

urukṛt a. granting space.

urukrama a. far-stepping; m. the wide step (of Viṣṇu).

urugāya a. = prec. a. + far, extending (way); m. E. of Viṣṇu; n. = uru n.

uruyā (instr. adv.) far.

urucakṣas a. far-seeing.

uruvyacas a. capacious, widely extending.

uruvyañc a. the same; f. urūcī also the earth.

uruśasa a. praising aloud; far-ruling.

uruṣy uruṣyati v seek or grant wide scope, i.e. either turn from (abl.), escape (acc.); or rescue, protect from (abl.), avert.

urūṇasa a. broad-nosed.

urogata a. being on the breast.

urvarā f. fertile soil, land i.g.; the earth.

urvarī f. tow, hards.

urvaśī f. ardour, wish, desire; N. of an Apsaras.

urvāru *m., -rū f. a kind of cucumber.

urvāru n. the fruit of prec.

urvāruka n. the fruit of prec.

urvaśīsuta m. the son of Urvaśī, i.e. Āyus.

urviyā (instr. adv.) far, far off, widely.

urvītala n. the surface of the earth.

urvīpati m. king (lit. earth-lord).

urvībhuj m. king (lit. earth-lord).

urvībhṛt m. mountain (lit. earth-bearer).

urvīśa m. = urvīpati.

urvīśvara m. = urvīpati.

urvyā f. freedom, security.

ula m. a kind of wild animal.

ulapa m. shrub, bush.

ulūka m. owl; E. of Indra, pl. N. of a country & people.

ulūkhala n. mortar.

ulūkhalamusala n. du. mortar and pestle.

ulūpa m. a sort of plant; f. ī N. of the wife of Arjuna, orig. a serpent-maid.

ulkā f. meteor, firebrand, flame.

ulkāmukha m. a kind of demon or goblin.

ulba n. (m.) the bag enveloping the embryo, womb i.g.

ulbaṇa a. massy, thick, big, huge, extraordinary; rich in, full of (--°). n. ulbaṇa = ulba.

ulmuka n. firebrand.

ullaṅghana n. leapiNg or passiNg over, transgression.

ullaṅghanīya a. to be transgressed.

ullaṅghya a. to be transgressed.

ullasita a. shone forth, appeared; joyous, petulant; moving to and for.

ullāsa m. shining forth, appearing; joy, happiness; prosperity, increase; chapter, section.

ullīḍha a. ground, polished.

ulluñcita a. plucked out or off.

ullūna a. cut, mown.

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ullekha m. mention, description.

ullekhana a. scraping, painting, describing; n. the action of scraping etc.

ullekhya a. to be or being scraped, written, painted, described.

ulloca m. awning, canopy.

ullola a. dangling, swinging.

uśanas m. (nom. -nā) N. of an old sage.

uśanā f. (instr.) with ardour or haste.

uśant a. desirous, eager, striving, willing, ready.

uśāna a. desirous, eager, striving, willing, ready.

uśij a. the same.

uśīnara m. pl. N. of a people or country.

uśīra m. n. a kind of fragrant root.

uṣ oṣati & uṣṇāti1 v burn, consume, destroy, punish. --
     ud expel by heat.
     ni burn down.
     prati & sam burn.

uṣ [2] f. dawn, morning.

uṣa a. desirous, eager.

uṣarbudh a. early awake.

uṣas f. morning light, dawn (often personif.), also evening light; du. uṣāsau morning and evening.

uṣā f. dawn, morning.

uṣāsānaktā (nom. du. f.) dawn and night.

uṣita a. passed, spent (day), dwelt (n. imp.); having stopped, stayed, dwelt, lived, passed the night, fasted.

uṣṭa m. plough-bull.

uṣṭṛ m. plough-bull.

uṣṭra m. buffalo; camel (f. uṣṭrī).

uṣṭrayāna n. carriage drawn by camels.

uṣṇa f. ā (ī) hot, warm, n. heat, warmth, the hot season.

uṣṇakara m. the sun (lit. having hot rays).

uṣṇakiraṇa m. the sun (lit. having hot rays).

uṣṇatā f. -tva n. heat, warmth.

uṣṇakaṭuka a. warm and bad-smelling.*

uṣṇadīrgham adv. hot and long (breathing).*

uṣṇaraśmi m. = uṣṇakara.

uṣṇaruci m. = uṣṇakara.

uṣṇasamaya m. the hot season.

uṣṇāṃśu m. = uṣṇakara.

uṣṇālu a. suffering from heat.

uṣṇih (nom. -k) N. of a metre.

uṣṇīkṛ make warm or hot.

uṣṇīṣa m. n. turban, headband, diadem.

uṣṇīṣapaṭṭa s. the same.

uṣṇoṣṇa a. very hot.*

uṣman -> ūṣman.

uṣya  = uṣitvā.

usṛ f. = uṣas.

usra a. morning-, bright; m. bull or ray; f. ā dawn or cow.

usri f. dawn, morning.

usriya a. reddish, bull-; m. bull, calf; f. ā brightness, light; cow, milk.

uh  = ūh1.

uhyamāna a. carried or borne along.

uhyamānaka a. carried or borne along.

ū & ū v = u2.

ūkāra m. the sound ū.

ūḍha a. carried, borne; n. load, prey; f. ā bride, wife.

ūḍhapūrvā f. married before.

ūḍhi f. carrying.

ūti [1] f. (m.) furtherance, help, aid, refreshment; helper, furtherer, protector.

ūti [2] f. weaving, sewing.

ūdhan n. udder, bosom, lap, the cloudy sky.

ūdhar n. udder, bosom, lap, the cloudy sky.

ūdhas n. udder, bosom, lap, the cloudy sky.

ūdhasya a. milking; n. milk.

ūna a. wanting, incomplete; inferior to, less than (abl. or --°); less by (instr. or --°); °-- in numerals = ekona, i.e. minus one.

ūnadvivārṣika a. less than two years old.

ūnay ūnayati v leave unfulfilled (a wish); pp. ūnita lessened by (instr.).

ūma m. protector, friend, companion.

ūru m. thigh (adj. --° f. ūru or ūrū); N. of an old sage.

ūrujanman  = aurva2 (lit. descending from Ūru).

ūrusaṃbhava a. born from the thigh.

ūruskambha m. paralysis of the thigh.

ūrustambha m. the same.

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ūrūdbhava  = ūrusaṃbhava.

ūrj f. sap, food; vigour, strength.

ūrja a. strong; m. & f. ā = prec.

ūrjay ūrjayati v pp. ūrjita (q.v.) feed, strengthen; M. be strong or exuberant; ūrjayant tr. or intr.

ūrjas n. strength, power, exuberance.

ūrjasvant  poss. to prec.

ūrjasvala  poss. to prec.

ūrjasvin  poss. to prec.

ūrjāvant a. giving strength; also = seq.

ūrjita a. strong, powerful, n. adv.

ūrjin a. fertile, exuberant.

ūrṇa m. N. of a Yakṣa; n. & f. ūrṇā wool, a spider's thread.

ūrṇanābha m. spider (wool-navel).

ūrṇanābhi m. spider (wool-navel).

ūrṇamrada a. soft as wool.

ūrṇamradas a. soft as wool.

ūrṇavābhi m. spider (wool-weaver).

ūrṇāmaya f. ī woollen.

ūrṇāmṛdu a. = ūrṇamrada.

ūrṇāmradas a. = ūrṇamrada.

ūrṇāyu a. woolly; f. ewe.

ūrṇāvant a. woolly; m. spider.

ūrṇu ūrṇoti & ūrṇauti ūrṇute v cover, veil, hide, M. one's self. --
     apa uncover, unveil, open; M. also refl.
     abhi & pra = S.
     vi uncover, open.

ūrdara m. bushel.

ūrdhva a. going upwards, raised, elevated, upright, erect, high (mostly °--). -- n. eminence, height; as adv. & prep. upwards, aloft, in(to) heaven (w. gam die), above (abl.); in the sequel, afterwards, later; beyond, from, since, after (abl.); later than i.e. after the death of (gen.); in a high tone, aloud. -- Cf. atas & itas.

ūrdhvaka a. raised; n. adv. loud.*

ūrdhvakara a. with lifted hands or rising rays.

ūrdhvakarṇa a. having the ears pricked up.

ūrdhvaga a. going upwards, ascending.

ūrdhvagati a. the same; f. subst.

ūrdhvagamana n. rising (of stars), also = prec. f.

ūrdhvagamanavant  = ūrdhvaga.

ūrdhvagāmin  = ūrdhvaga.

ūrdhvacūḍa a. tied up in a tuft (hair).*

ūrdhvajānu a. raising the knees.

ūrdhvajñu a. raising the knees.

ūrdhvatas adv. upwards.

ūrdhvathā adv. upwards.

ūrdhvadṛś a. looking upwards.

ūrdhvadṛṣṭi a. looking upwards.

ūrdhvadeha n. funeral ceremony (lit. the body above).

ūrdhvanabhas a. being above the clouds.

ūrdhvapatha n. the sky (lit. upper path).

ūrdhvapātra n. a high vessel.

ūrdhvapāda a. having the heels upwards; m. the point of the foot.

ūrdhvapuṇḍra m. the perpendicular line on the forehead of a Brahman.

ūrdhvapuṇḍraka m. the perpendicular line on the forehead of a Brahman.

ūrdhvabāhu a. having the arms raised.

ūrdhvabṛhatī f. N. of a metre.

ūrdhvabhāga m. the upper part.

ūrdhvamukha a. (having the mouth or opening) turned upwards.

ūrdhvamuṇḍa a. shaved or bald on the head.

ūrdhvamūla a. having the roots above.

ūrdhvarāji f. a line running upwards.

ūrdhvareta a. chaste (lit. having the semen above).

ūrdhvaretas a. chaste (lit. having the semen above).

ūrdhvaloka m. the upper world, heaven.

ūrdhvavṛta a. put on or worn above (i.e. on the shoulder).

ūrdhvasāna a. rising.

ūrdhvasānu a. having the neck raised.

ūrdhvāṅguli a. having the fingers raised.

ūrmi m. f. wave, current, flood; metaph. of the (six) human infirmities.

ūrmikā f. a finger-ring.

ūrmin a. undulating.

ūrmimant a. undulating.

ūrmimālā f. a wreath or row of waves.

ūrmilā f. a woman's name.

ūrmya a. undulating, agitated; f. ūmryā night.

ūrva m. receptacle, esp. of water, i.e. cloud; fence, fold, stable, prison; N. of an ancient sage.

ūrvaṣṭīva n. knee-pan.

ūrvastha n. thigh-bone.

ūlī f. bulb.

ūṣa m. ūṣā & ī f. alkaline earth.

ūṣaka n. salt or pepper.

ūṣaṇa n. pepper.

ūṣara a. impregnated with salt; s. = seq.

ūṣarakṣetra n. saline or barren soil.*

ūṣman m. heat, steam, ardour, passion.

ūṣmapa a. drinking (only) the steam of food; m. pl. a class of Manes.

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ūh (uh) ūhati ūhate v pp. ūḍha & ūhita1 shift, change. --
     adhi put on; raise above (loc.).
     apa push off, remove, destroy; avoid, shun, give up.
     vyapa dispel, remove, destroy.
     abhi overlay, cover.
     ava push down.
     ud push upwards, bring forth.
     abhyud push on, push further.
     vyud push asunder, move away, sweep out.
     upa push near, insert, produce.
     samupa bring near, offer.
     nis push out, pull out, remove.
     pari heap or pile round, surround, fortify.
     prati push back, strip off, doff, remove; keep off, detain; reject, refuse; outstrip, surpass, excel; disturb, interrupt.
     vi push asunder, separate; divide, arrange (esp. in battle-array).
     prativi arrange in return.
     sam bring together, gather, collect.
     parisam sweep together. -- Cf. udvyūḍha upoḍha nivryūḍha vyūḍha.

ūh ohate ūhati ohate ūhate2 v mind, mark, watch, wait or lurk for (acc. or loc.); conceive, understand; be regarded as, pass for (nom.). --
     api conceive, comprehend, guess.
     abhi wait or lurk for (acc.), also = prec.
     ni mind, notice.

ūha [1] m. addition, change, modification.

ūha [2] m. consideration, examination.

ūhana n. the same.

ūhanīya a. to be changed or modified.

ūhya [1] a. to be changed or modified.

ūhanīya a. to be examined or found out.

ūhya [2] a. to be examined or found out.

ūhavant a. reasoning well, sagacious.

iyarti ṛṇoti ṛṇute ṛṇvati ṛcchati ṛcchate arcchati arti v pp ṛta (q.v.) move (tr.), raise, excite; move (intr.), rise, hasten, meet with, get at, reach, attain. C. arpayati hurl, throw, pierce, send, put, place, fasten or fix in, turn, direct (eyes or mind); offer, deliver, give back, restore. --
     anu M. rise after (acc.).
     apa open, unlock.
     abhi hasten towards, approach, assail.
     ā put in, insert, get, procure, reach, fall into (acc.), afflict, distress.
     ud rise, raise. C. make to rise or thrive.
     upa approach, assist; go against, offend, transgress.
     ni put down, set in; succumb, perish.
     nis put asunder, dissolve; be deprived of (abl. or gen.).
     pra go forth, advance, also = C. set in motion, stir up.
     prati insert. C. throw against, fasten, fix, put on; deliver, give back, restore.
     vi open (tr. & intr.).
     sam put together, get done; come together, meet (instr.), run together to (acc. or loc.). C. hurl at (acc.) strike, hit; put on, insert, fasten; deliver, restore. -- Cf. ārta.

ṛkāra m. the sound .

ṛktas adv. concerning the Ric (cf. ṛc2).

ṛkva a. praising, m. praiser singer.

ṛkvan a. praising, m. praiser singer.

ṛkvant a. praising, m. praiser singer.

ṛkṣa [1] a. bald, bare.

ṛkṣa [2] a. hurtful, bad, m. bear, the Seven Stars (pl.); a kind of monkey; a man's name; f. ṛkṣī a. female bear; m. n. star, constellation, lunar mansion.

ṛkṣara m. thorn (cf. anṛkṣara).

ṛkṣarāja m. the king of the bears or monkeys, the king of the stars, i.e. the moon.

ṛkṣavant m. N. of a mountain.

ṛkṣīkā f. a kind of evil spirits.

ṛkṣeṣṭi f. offering to the lunar mansions.

ṛksaṃhitā f. the Riksaṃhitā, i.e. the collection of the Rigveda-hymns.

ṛgmin a. praising.

ṛgmiya a. deserving praise, laudable.

ṛgyajuṣ n. du. the Rig- and Yajurvedas.

ṛgvidhāna n. the application of the Ric, N. of a book.

ṛgveda m. the Rigveda (the hymns with or without the Brāhmaṇa and Sūtra works).

ṛghāy ṛghāyati ṛghāyate v tremble, rage, rave.

ṛghāvan a. raving, storming, impetuous.

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ṛghāvant a. raving, storming, impetuous.

ṛc arcati1 v beam, shine, sing, praise, honour, adorn. C. arcayati te, pp. arcita (q.v.) cause to shine; honour, salute. --
     abhi sing, praise, honour.
     pra shine forth, intone, sing, honour.
     sam honour, worship, adorn. -- Cf. ṛcase.

ṛc [2] f. lustre, beam; hymn, verse; the Rigveda (mostly pl.).

ṛcase (dat. inf.) to praise.

ṛcīka m. N. of a man.

ṛcīṣama a. E. of Indra.

ṛj ṛñjati ṛñjate ṛjyati ṛjyate1 v stretch out (intr.), strive after, long for. --
     abhi grasp, snatch.
     ā M. strive after, long for.
     ni reach, attain.
     pra strive towards.
     sam strive together. -- Cf. irajy yati & ṛñjasāna.

ṛj arjati2 v reach, get, obtain. C. arjayati arjayate = S. --
     ati get over, admit or remove.
     anu & ava dismiss.
     upa admit; C. get, acquire.

ṛjipya a. striving onwards, hastening.

ṛjīka a. beaming, shining (only --°).

ṛjīti a. burning, sparkling.

ṛjīyaṃs compar. to ṛju.

ṛjīṣa a. = seq., m. a cert. hell.

ṛjīṣin a. hastening, advancing, swift.

ṛju (f. ṛjvī) straight, right, upright, nonest; n. adv.

ṛjutā f. straightness; also = seq.

ṛjutva n. sincerity, honesty.

ṛjūy only ṛjūyant honest & ṛjūyamāna upright.

ṛjūyā (instr. adv.) straightways, directly.

ṛjūyu a. honest.

ṛjra a. reddish brown, dark red.

ṛñjasāna a. rushing on, hastening near, striving to (acc.).

ṛṇa a. guilty; n. guilt, debt, obligation. ṛṇaṃ kṛ borrow of (gen.), -dhāray be indebted to (gen.), -dā nī, or
     saṃnī pay a debt.

ṛṇakartṛ a. indebted (lit. making debts).

ṛṇayā a. prosecuting or punishing guilt.

ṛṇayāt a. prosecuting or punishing guilt.

ṛṇayāvan a. prosecuting or punishing guilt.

ṛṇavan a. guilty, indebted.

ṛṇavant a. guilty, indebted.

ṛṇādāna n. non-payment of a debt.

ṛṇāvan a. = ṛṇavan.

ṛṇin a. indebted, obliged; m. a debtor.

ṛta a. right, true, honest, fit, proper. n. & instr. ṛteṇa adv.; n. as subst. right way. established order, divine law, pious work; righteousness, faith, truth, oath.

ṛtajā a. right or righteous by nature.

ṛtajāta a. right or righteous by nature.

ṛtajñā a. knowing the sacred law.

ṛtadyumna a. full of sacred strength.

ṛtadhīti a. right or true-minded.

ṛtanī a. leading the right way.

ṛtapā a. observing righteousness.

ṛtaprajāta a. = ṛtajā.

ṛtapsu a. of right or good appearance.

ṛtay ṛtayate v (pp. ṛtayant or ṛtayant) make right.

ṛtayā (instr. adv.) in the right way.

ṛtayu a. observing the divine law, pious, holy.

ṛtayuj a. well harnessed or well allied.

ṛtavāka m. right or pious speech.

ṛtasad a. dwelling in truth.

ṛtasāp a. practising righteousness.

ṛtaspṛś a. loving (lit. touching) righteous ness.

ṛtāy pp. -yantra lead or make right, observe the law; be obedient, pious, or honest.

ṛtāvan f. -varī lawful, righteous, just, pious.

ṛtāvṛdh a. rejoicing in the divine law, holyminded, faithful.

ṛtāmṛta n. du. truth and nectar.

ṛti f. onset, struggle.

ṛtīy ṛtīyate v struggle, quarrel.

ṛtīṣah a. enduring or defying assault; durable, lasting.

ṛtīṣāh a. enduring or defying assault; durable, lasting.

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ṛtu m. right or fixed time, period, epoch, season (mostly reckoned as 6, but also 5, 7, 12, & 24); the menses of a woman & coition at that time; fixed order, rule. -- ṛtunā & ṛtubhis in time, at the appointed time, esp. for sacrifice or a festival: pura ṛtos before the (right) time, too early.

ṛtukāla m. the time of the season or the time of menstruation.

ṛtuthā adv. in order, duly, exactly.

ṛtuparṇa m. N. of a king.

ṛtuparyaya m. the change of the seasons.

ṛtumaṅgala n. good omen for the season.*

ṛtuliṅga n. mark of the seasons.

ṛtumant a. coming at regular times; f. -matī having the menses.

ṛtuśas adv. orderly, duly.

ṛtusaṃhāra m. collection of the seasons, T. of a poem.

ṛtūtsava m. feast of the season.*

ṛte (loc. as prep.) except, besides, without (abl. or acc.).

ṛtejā a. living in truth or in the sacred law.

ṛtokti f. ṛtodya n. true speech.

ṛtva n. timely seed; the menses.

ṛtvanta [1] m. the end of a season.

ṛtvanta [2] a. forming the end of a season (a day).

ṛtvij a. sacrificing at the proper seasons; m. a priest.

ṛtviya [1] a. orderly, regular, corresponding to or knowing the sacred rules.

ṛtviya f. ā2 menstruating; n. menstruation.

ṛd ṛdati ṛrdati v dissolve (intr.), pass away; stir (tr.), trouble, vex, afflict, hurt, destroy, torment. C. ardayati, pp. ardita = S. tr. --
     abhi vex, afflict.
     vi pass away; C. destroy, annihilate.
     sam C. wound.

ṛdūdara a. mild, soft, kind.

ṛddha a. thriven, prosperous, wealthy, rich.

ṛddhi f. success, prosperity, welfare, happiness, perfection.

ṛddhimant a. prosperous, considerable, important, wealthy, rich in (--°).

ṛdh ṛdhnoti ṛdhyate ṛdhyati v pp. ṛddha (q.v.) thrive, succeed, prosper; make prosperous, further, promote, accomplish. C. ardhayati gratify. --
     anu fulfil, execute.
     vi be deprived of (instr.). C. exclude from, deprive of (instr.).
     sam thrive, prosper, be accomplished. C. make succeed, fulfil, furnish with (instr.). -- Cf. vyṭṛddha samṛddha.

ṛdhak adv. separately, singly, apart, particularly.

ṛbīsa n. gulf, abyss.

ṛbhu a. skilful, clever; m. artist, builder, N. of three myth. beings, the Ribhus, esp. the first of them.

ṛbhukṣan m. N. of the first Ribhu, E. of Indra and the Maruts.

ṛbhukṣā m. N. of the first Ribhu, E. of Indra and the Maruts.

ṛbhva a. clever, skilful.

ṛbhvan a. clever, skilful.

ṛbhvas a. the same; skilfully made.

ṛśya m. the male of a species of antelope.

ṛśyada a. pit for catching antelopes.

ṛśyamūka m. N. of a mountain.

ṛśyaśṛṅga m. a man's name.

ṛṣ arṣati1 v flow, glide. --
     anu flow after (acc.).
     abhi flow or let flow towards (acc.).
     pari flow or let flow round (acc.).
     vi run through (acc.).
     sam meet with (instr.), come together to (acc.).

ṛṣ ṛṣati v pp. ṛṣṭa2 push, thrust. --
     ni put in, cover, fill.

ṛṣabha m. bull, male animal i.g.; the best, first, chief of (--°).

ṛṣi m. holy singer, poet, saint, sage, hermit, a Rishi; pl. w. saptan the seven (i.e. many) Rishis of the olden times, or the seven stars of the Great Bear.

ṛṣikalpa a. resembling a Rishi or approaching him in dignity.

ṛṣikumāra m. the boy or son of a Rishi.

ṛṣidviṣ a. hating Rishis.

ṛṣiputra m. the son of a Rishi.

ṛṣiyajña m. offering to the Rishis (i.e. prayer and study of the Veda).

ṛṣivat adv. like a Rishi.

ṛṣu (only gen. pl.) flame, glowing fire.

ṛṣṭi f. spear.

ṛṣṭimant a. armed with spears.

ṛṣṭividyut a. shining with spears.

ṛṣyamūka m. = ṛśyamūka & ṛśyaśṛṅga.

ṛṣyaśṛṅga m. = ṛśyamūka & ṛśyaśṛṅga.

ṛṣva a. high, lofty, sublime.

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ṛhant a. small, weak.

e pron. stem of 3d person.

eka a. one of (gen, abl., or --°); alone, sole, single, solitary; the same, identical, common (esp. °--); in l. l. a certain or = the indef. article; with na and mostly w. cana or api no one, none; pl. eke some. -- eke--eke (apare anye) some -- some (others).

ekaka (f. ekakā & ekikā) sole, single.

ekakāla a. occurring at the same time; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

ekakālam adv. (only) once a day.

ekakālikam adv. (only) once a day.

ekakrama (°-- & instr.) mutually or at once.*

ekakriyāvidhi m. application of one and the same verb.

ekakhura a. one-hoofed, i.e. whole-hoofed; m. such an animal.

ekagrāma m. the same village; -grāmīṇa a. dwelling in the same village.

ekacakra a. having (only) one wheel.

ekacara a. going alone, solitary.

ekacitta [1] n. one and the same thought.

ekacitta [2] a. having one and the same thought, agreeing; abstr. -tā f.

ekacchatra n. = ekātapatra.

ekaja a. born or growing alone.

ekajāta a. born of the same parents.

ekajāti a. having (only) one birth (cf. dvijāti) or belonging to the same family.

ekata m. N. of a cert. mythol. being.

ekatama a. one of many.

ekataya f. ī single.

ekatara a. one of two.

ekatas adv. from or on one side, also = abj. of eka.

ekatā f. unity, identity.

ekatodant a. having only one row of teeth.

ekatra adv. in one or in the same place, together, also = loc. of eka.

ekatriṃśa a. the thirty-first.

ekatriṃśat f. thirty-one.

ekatva n. = ekatā, also = singular (g.).

ekadā adv. at once, at the same time, sometimes, at a certain time = once upon a time.

ekaduḥkha a. having the same sorrow.

ekadeśa m. a certain place or spot, one and the same place; a part or portion of a whole, something individual.

ekadhana [1] m. a kind of jug (r.).

ekadhana [2] n. one (part of the) property.

ekadhana [3] a. having something as one's only property or wealth, quite filled with (--°).

ekadharma a. having the same nature.

ekadharmin a. having the same nature.

ekadhā adv. simply, singly; together with (instr.).

ekapañcāśat f. fifty-one.

ekapatni a. having (only) one wife.

ekapatnī f. the wife of one man, a faithful wife; pl. having one and the same man.

ekapad a. having (only) one foot, limping, lame, imcomplete, f. ekapadī foot-path.

ekapād, a. having (only) one foot, limping, lame, incomplete

ekapadī f. ekapadī foot-path. f. foot-path.

ekapada [1] n. one and the same spot; one (and the same) word. -- ekapadam & ekapade on the spot, at once, suddenly.

ekapada [2] a. measuring only one step; having one foot; consisting of one word.

ekapara a. only and solely important or dear.

ekapalādhika n. one pala more.

ekapātin a. being alone, solitary.

ekapāda [1] m. one foot.

ekapāda [2] a. one-footed; f. ā N. of a Rākṣasī.

ekapārthiva m. single ruler, monarch.

ekapīta a. only i.e. quite yellow.

ekapuruṣa m. only one man or the one (supreme) spirit.

ekaprahārika a. getting (only) one blow; -kaṃ kṛ kill with one blow.*

ekaphala a. offering the same fruit as (--°).

ekabuddhi a. having only one thought, unanimous.

ekabhakta a. devoted only to one, faithful.

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ekabhakti a. devoted only to one, faithful.

ekabhāva [1] m. the being one, oneness, simplicity.

ekabhāva [2] a. being or becoming one.

ekabhāvin a. the same.

ekabhūta a. the same.

ekamati [1] f. the mind fixed upon one object.

ekamati [2] a. unanimous.

ekamanas a. the same + having the mind fixed upon one thing, thoughtful.

ekamaya f. ī only consisting of or in (--°).

ekamāṣaka n. one masa (a cert. weight).

ekamukha a. having one mouth, head, or chief; having the same aim.

ekamūla a. having but one root.

ekayaṣṭi f. a single string of pearls.

ekayaṣṭikā f. a single string of pearls.

ekayoni a. of the same womb or origin.

ekarasa [1] m. the only inclination or pleasure.

ekarasa [2] a. having only one inclination; finding pleasure only in (--°).

ekarāj m. single king, monarch; f. ekarājñī single queen.

ekarāja m. single king, monarch; f. ekarājñī single queen.

ekarātra m. a ceremony lasting one night; n. a night's (day's) duration.

ekarātrika a. sufficient for one night or day.

ekarikthin m. coheir.

ekarūpa [1] n. one form or manner.

ekarūpa [2] a. of one colour, uniform; n. N. of two metres.

ekarūpatā f. uniformity, immutability.

ekarca a. consisting of one verse; n. such a hymn.

ekarṣi m. the only or chief Rishi.

ekala a. one, alone.

ekalocana a. one-eyed; f. ā N. of a Rākṣasī.

ekavacana n. the singular number.

ekavarṇa a. one-coloured, not brindled.

ekavasana a. having only one garment.

ekavastra (abstr. -tā f.) & -vāsas a. the same.

ekaviṃśa f. ī the twenty-first or consisting of twenty-one.

ekaviṃśaka f. -śikā the same.

ekaviṃśat f. pl., ekaviṃśati f. sgl. (& pl.) twenty-one.

ekavidha a. of one kind, simple; identical.

ekavīra m. an only, i.e. an incomparable hero.

ekaveṇi [1] ekaveṇī f. a single braid of hair (as a sign of mourning); -ṇīdharā f. wearing such a one.

ekaveṇī f. a single braid of hair (as a sign of mourning); -ṇīdharā f. wearing such a one.

ekaveṇī [2] f. consisting of a single braid (hair).

ekaveda [1] m. only one Veda.

ekaveda [2] a. knowing only one Veda.

ekaveśman n. one house or stable.

ekavrata a. commanding alone or devoted only to one, i.e. faithful.

ekaśata [1] n. 101.

ekaśata a. the 101st.

ekaśatatama [2] a. the 101st.

ekaśapha a. one i.e. whole-hoofed. m. a whole-hoofed animal; n. the solidungulous class of animals.

ekaśas adv. singly.

ekaśeṣa m. the only rest, only left of (--°); a kind of ellipsis (g.).

ekaśruti a. monotonous; f. monotony, a kind of accent (g.).

ekaṣaṣṭa a. the sixty-first.

ekaṣaṣṭi f. sixty-one.

ekasaṃśraya a. keeping together; m. as subst.

ekasaptata a. the seventy-first.

ekasaptati f. seventy-one.

ekasaptatiguṇa a. multiplied by seventy-one.

ekasahasra n. 1001; adj. the 1001st.

ekasāra a. whose only essence is (--°).

ekastambha a. resting upon one pillar.

ekastha a. standing together, joined, concentrated, assembled. -- With bhū join, meet.*

ekasthāna n. one or the same place.

ekahāyana f. ī one year old; f. a heifer one year old.

ekāṃśa m. part; -tā f. partnership.

ekākin a. alone, solitary.

ekākṣa [1] a. having only one axle.

ekākṣa [2] a. one-eyed.

ekākṣara [1] n. the only imperishable; only one syllable.

ekākṣara [2] a. monosyllable; n. a monosyllabic word.

ekāgra a. having one point or aim, fixed, concentrated, intent or attentive upon (--°). n. & -tas adv., abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

ekāṅga n. a siNgle member or part; m. pl. a body guard.

ekāṅgarūpaka n. an iYcomplete simile.

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ekātapatra a. being under one umbrella (cf. ātapatra); w. prabhutva n. universal sovereignty.

ekātman [1] m. the one spirit.

ekātman [2] a. reduced to one's self, solitary; of the same essence as (gen.), abstr. -tmatā f.

ekādaśa f. ī the eleventh.

ekādaśaguṇa a. eleven times as much.

ekādaśan a. eleven.

ekādaśama a. the eleventh.

ekādaśin a. consisting of eleven; f. -śinī the number eleven.

ekādaśadvāra a. having eleven gates.

ekādhika a. more by one.

ekānartha a. suffering the same mischief.

ekānudiṣṭa n. (sc. śāddha) funeral meal in honour of one ancestor.

ekānta [1] m. a solitary place, lonelines, exclusiveness, absolute oneness. ekānta (°--), ekāntam ekāntena ekāntāt & ekāntatas adv. exclusively, absolutely, wholly, necessarily.

ekānta [2] a. quite devoted to or intent upon (loc. or --°); abstr. -tā f.

ekāntabhīru a. quite afraid or timorous.

ekāntara a. separated by one intermediate member.

ekāntaśīla a. fond of solitude.

ekāntasādhya a. quite practicable.

ekāntahita a. quite good, perfect.

ekāntin a. = ekānta2, abstr. -ntitva n.

ekānnādin a. eating the food given by one.

ekānvaya a. belonging to the same family, related to (gen.).

ekāpāya m. diminution by one (in each).

ekāyana [1] n. a path passable for only one; meeting-place; absolute oneness.

ekāyana [2] a. passable for only one, narrow.

ekāra m. the sound e.

ekārtha [1] m. one and the same matter.

ekārtha [2] a. having the same object or meaning; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

ekāvali f. a single string of pearls (adj. --° f. ī).

ekāvalī f. a single string of pearls (adj. --° f. ī).

ekāha m. period or ceremony of one day.

ekāhan n. one single day.

ekin a. single, simple.

ekīkṛ unite; -bhū become one.

ekībhāva m. becoming one.

ekaika a. each single or singly (also pl.); n. adv.

ekaikaśas adv. each singly, one by one.

ekaiśvarya n. universal sovereignty.

ekottara a. greater or more by one.

ekodaka a. connected by the water-libation (lit. having the same w.-l.); related, kin.

ekoddiṣṭa n. = ekānudiṣṭa.

ekona a. less by one.

ej ejati v stir, move, tremble; C. ejayati ejayate move (tr.). --
     apa drive away, chase.
     ud move, rise.
     sam the same.

ejathu m. trembling, shaking (of the earth).

ejant a. moving, alive.

ejaya a. stirring, rousing (only --°).

ejya a. to be offered.

eḍa m. a kind of sheep.

eḍaka m. a kind of sheep.

eṇa m. eṇī f. a kind of black antelope.

eṇanetrā f. deer-eyed.

eṇākṣī f. deer-eyed.

eṇīdṛś f. deer-eyed.

eta [1] pron. stem, nom. sgl. eṣa eṣā etad (q.v.) this, this here; refers oftener to the preceding than the following; may be connected with another demonstr., rel. or interr. pron. -- Loc. etasmin in this case.

eta f. enī2 rushing, quick; m. a deer; f. etā a doe.

eta [3] a. arrived, come.

etagva a. going quickly.

etatkāla m. this time, i.e. present (opp. tatkāla).

etattulya a. like this.

etad (n. sgl. of eta) adv. thus, in this manner.

etadanta a. ending with this or these.

etadartham adv. for this purpose, therefore.

etadavastha a. being in this condition, thus situated.

etadyoni a. having this origin.

etadvaśa a. depending on this.

etadvid a. knowing this.

etannāmaka a. having this name.

etannimittam adv. for this reason.*

etanmaya f. ī consisting of this, of such a kind or nature.

etarhi adv. now, at present, at this time (often correl. to yarhi).

etave dat. inf. to i2.

etavai dat. inf. to i2.

etaśa a. swift, quick; m. a horse, esp. of the Sun.

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etaśa a. swift, quick; m. a horse, esp. of the Sun.

etādṛkṣa (f. ī) such, of this or the same kind.

etādṛś (f. ī) such, of this or the same kind.

etādṛśa (f. ī) such, of this or the same kind.

etāvant a. so great, so much, so many, so far; n. adv., loc. etāvati at such a distance, here.

etāvanmātra n. so much.*

eti f. arrival.

etṛ a. going (--°).

ed ( = ā+id) behold! (w. acc.).

edh edhate v (edhati), pp. edhita thrive, prosper, grow up, get strong, great, or happy. C. edhayati make thrive or prosper, strengthen, honour, celebrate. --
     sam = S.

edha a. kindling (--°); m. sgl. & pl. fuel.

edhatu m. f. prosperity, welfare.

edhavant a. nourished with fuel.

edhas [1] (h. sgl. & pl.) fuel.

edhas [2] n. prosperity.

edhodaka n. fuel and water.

ena [1] pron. stem of 3d pers. (used subst.).

ena [2] m. deer (only --°).

enas n. sin, crime, fault.

enasvant sinful, wicked.

enasvin sinful, wicked.

enā (instr. of a1 adv.) thus, in this way, here, there, then, --enā paraḥ beyond here; para enā beyond (w. instr.).

ema m. eman n. course, way, path.

eraka m. N. of a serpent-demon; f. ā a kind of grass, ī N. of a plant & a river.

eraṇḍa m. the castor-oil plant.

elā f. cardamoms.

eva adv. so, even so; certainly, really; even, just, exactly, emphasizing the prec. word or only expl., often connected with a pron. or another adv., e.g. sa eva etadeva ityeva tathaiva naiva caiva; eva ca eva vā, etc.

evā [1] adv. so, even so; certainly, really; even, just, exactly, emphasizing the prec. word or only expl., often connected with a pron. or another adv., e.g. sa eva etadeva ityeva tathaiva naiva caiva; eva ca eva vā, etc.

eva [2] a. speedy, quick; m. (mostly pl.) course, way, custom, manner, use.

evarūpa a. of such a form or kind.

evaṃvid a. knowing (thus).

evaṃvidvas a. knowing (thus).

evaṃvidha a. of such sort, such.

evaṃvṛtta a. behaving thus.

evaṃkarman a. having (done) this deed.

evaṃgata a. so circumstanced or situated, such; loc. under such circumstances.

evaṃguṇa a. having such qualities or virtues.

evaṃguṇopeta a. having such qualities or virtues.

evaṃtarkin a. so thinking.

evaṃdarśin a. so seeing or judging.

evam adv. so, in this way (later than eva q.v.), often correl. to yathā. Refers to what precedes or follows. evaṃ kṛtvā for this reason.

evamādi a. this (these) and the like, similar (lit. whose beginning is such).

evaṃpūrva a. preceded by this (lit. having such a predecessor).

evaṃprakāra a. of such kind.

evaṃprāya a. the same.

evaṃbhūta a. (being) such.

evayā a. going quickly, swift.

evayāvan a. going quickly, swift.

evayāmarut exclamation pertaining in some way to the Maruts.

evāṣa m. a cert. small animal.

eṣ eṣati v creep, slide.

eṣa [1] a. rushing on, eṣa m. as subst.

eṣa [2] m. seeking, looking for; wish, desire.

eṣaṇa a. seeking, wishing; n. & eṣaṇā f. the same as subst.

eṣin a. = prec. adj. (mostly --°).

eṣṭa a. won by offerings or worship.

eṣṭavya a. to be sought or desired.

eṣṭi f. wish, desire.

eṣṭṛ a. rushing on, advancing.

eṣya [1] a. to come, future.

eṣya [2] a. to be sought or searched.

eha a. wishing, desirous.

ehas -> anehas.

ai interj.

aikamatya n. unanimity.

aikaśapha a. coming from one-hoofed animals.

aikaśrutya n. monotony.

aikāgrya n. concentrated attention.

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aikātmya n. unity of essence or nature.

aikāntika f. ī exclusive, absolute.

aikāntya n. exclusiveness.

aikāra m. the sound ai.

aikārthya n. unity of purpose, meaning, or notion.

aikāhika f. ī ephemeral, quotidian; belonging to the Ekāha-ceremony.

aikya n. unity, identity.

aikṣava f. ī made of or coming from the sugar-cane; n. sugar.

aikṣavya f. ī made of or coming from the sugar-cane; n. sugar.

aikṣvāka f. ī belonging to Ikṣvāku; m. a descendant of I.

aiḍa f. ī containing refreshment; m. descendant of Ida, i.e. Purūravas.

aiṇa a. coming from the male black antelope.

aiṇeya a. the same; m. = eṇa.

aitadātmya n. the state of being the nature of this (ph.).

aitareya m. N. of an ancient teacher (lit. descendant of Itarā); a. coming from Aitareya.

aitareyaka n. the Brāhmaṇa of Aitareya.

aitareyabrāhmana n. the Brāhmaṇa of Aitareya.

aitareyin m. pl. the school of Aitareya.

aitihāsika f. i relater of old legends.

aitihya n. oral tradition.

aidaṃparya n. chief matter or purpose.

aidha m. thrift, prosperity.

aindava f. ī lunar, belonging to the moon.

aindra f. ī Indra's belonging to or coming from I.; n. E. of a lunar mansion.

aindrajāla n. magic, sorcery.

aindrajālika f. ī magical; m. a juggler.

aindriya a. sensual, belonging to or perceptible by the senses; n. sensual pleasure.

aibha f. ī belonging to an elephant.

airāvaṇa m. N. of Indra's elephant.

airāvata m. the same; also N. of a fabulous serpent-demon.

aila m. = aiḍa m.

ailaba m. noise, roar.

aiśa a. Śiva's belonging to Śiva.

aiśāna f. ī the same + north-eastern; f. ī (sc. diś) the north-east (Śiva's quarter).

aiśi m. son of Īśa i.e. Śiva; patr. of Skanda.

aiśya n. power, might, sway.

aiśvara f. ī belonging to a sovereign or great lord, majestic; n. sovereignty, supremacy.

aiśvarya n. = prec. n. (w. gen., loc., or --°); reign, realm, dominion; superhuman power; poss. -vant.

aiśvaryamatta a. intoxicated by power.

aiṣamas adv. this year.

aiṣīka a. made of stalks or cane.

aiṣṭaka a. made of bricks.

aiṣṭikapaurtika a. consisting of sacrifices and charitable works.

aihalaukika a. belonging to this world.

aihika a. the same.

o  = ā+u1.

oka s. home, house.

okas n. wont, comfort, pleasure; wonted or resting place, refuge, home.

okāra m. the sound o.

okya a. homely; n. = okas.

ogha m. flood, stream (p. -vant); abundance, heap, multitude of (--°).

oṃkāra m. the syllable oṃm (q.v.).

ogaṇa a. standing alone, an outcast.

oja a. odd (the first, third, etc.).

ojas n. strength, vigour, energy, power, might; instr. ojasā with might, energetically.

ojasīna a. showing one's self strong.

ojasya a. powerful.

ojasvant a. powerful.

ojasvitā f. (strength, power*); energetic speech.

ojasvin a. strong, energetic, courageous.

ojāy ojāyate v employ or show strength.

ojiṣṭha (superl.) the strongest of (gen.); very strong or mighty.

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ojīyaṃs (compar.) stronger or mightier than (abl.); very strong or mighty.

ojodā a. giving strength.

ojman m. strength.

oḍa m. N. of a man.

oḍra m. N. of a country, pl. a people.

oḍha a. brought near, got, procured.

oṇi (m. or f.) a kind of Soma-vessel.

oṇḍra m. pl. N. of a people.

ota a. woven or sewn in, pulled through (loc.), interwoven with (instr.).

otave infin. of 2.

otavai infin. of 2.

otum infin. of 2.

otu m. the woof or cross-threads of a web.

odatī f. flowing forth, rising, waving, swarming.

odana m. n. boiled rise, porridge; food i.g.

odanapacana m. the southern fire of the altar (lit. rice-boiler).

odanapiṇḍa m. rice-cake (r.).

odanamaya a. consisting of boiled rice.*

odanavant a. having boiled rice.

odanīy odanīyati v wish for boiled rice.

odman n. waving, flooding; moisture, rain.

opaśa m. lock of hair, top-knot; p. -śin.

om (indecl.) the mystic syllable Om (somewhat like Amen!).

oma m. = ūma.

oman [1] m. protection, favour, assistance.

oman [2] m. = oma.

omanvant a. friendly, favourable.

omātrā f. = oman.

omyā f. = oman.

omyāvant  = omanvant.

oṣa m. burning, combustion.

oṣadhi f. a herb or plant.

oṣadhī f. a herb or plant.

oṣadhipati m. the lord of the plants, i.e. the moon or a physician.

oṣadhīmant a. poss. to oṣadhī.

oṣam adv. quickly, at once.

oṣṭha m. the (down-hanging) upper-lip, lip i.g. (adj. --° f. ī).

oṣṭhaya a. being at or belonging to the lips, labial; m. labial sound.

oha m. attention, kindness, service, also = ohas.

ohabrahman m. a real or true Brahman.

ohas n. conception, notion; instr. really.

aukāra m. the sound au.

aukṣa f. ī coming from an ox, taurine.

aukṣaka n. a multitude of oxen.

aukṣṇa a. the same.

augrya n. fierceness, dreadfulness.

augha m. a flood.

aucitya n. fitness, propriety; wont, habit; pleasure at (--°).

auccaiḥśravasa m. N. of a mythical horse.

aujjvalya n. brilliancy, brightness.

auḍava f. ī relating to the stars.

autkaṇṭhya n. longing, desire.

autkya n. longing, desire.

auttama m. patr. of the third Manu.

auttami m. patr. of the third Manu.

auttarādharya n. state of being above one another.

autpattika f. ī inborn, natural.

autpātika f. ī prodigious, supernatural.

autsukya n. longing, desire; p. -vant.

audaka f. ī belonging to water, grown in water, watery, aquatic.

audanya m. patron. of Muṇḍibha.

audanyava m. patron. of Muṇḍibha.

audanvata a. marine.

audara a. being in the belly.

audarika a. voracious, gluttonous.

audarya a. being in the belly or womb.

audāttya n. having the high tone (g.).

audārya n. sublimity; generosity, liberality (also -tā f.)

audāsīnya n. indifference.

audāsya n. indifference.

audumbara f. ī coming from the Udumbara tree, made of its wood.

audgātra a. relating to the Udgatr; n. his office.

auddālaki m. patron. to uddālaka.

auddhatya n. haughtiness, arrogance.

auddhārika a. belonging to the additional share (j.)

audbhida a. springing forth, prevailing, victorious; n. spring-water.

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audbhidya n. prevalence, victoriousness.

audbhettra n. = prec.

audbhettriya n. = prec.

audvāhika a. relating to marriage, given at marriage.

aunnatya n. height.

aunmukhya n. longing, ardent desire.

aupakārya n. or -ryā f. royal tent.

aupacchandasaka n. N. of a metre.

aupacchandasika n. N. of a metre.

aupadhika a. deceitful; m. deceiver, extorter of money.

aupanāyanika a. relating to the initiation.

aupanidhika a. forming a deposit (j.).

aupaniṣadha f. ī contained or taught in the Upanishads.

aupamanyava m. patron. to upamanyu.

aupamya n. likeness, similitude, comparison.

aupayika f. ī answering to a purpose, suitable, fit, proper.

aupala a. stony, of stone.

aupavasathika a. belonging to the fast-day.

aupavasathya a. belonging to the fast-day.

aupavāhya a. used for driving or riding (carriage, elephant, etc.).

aupāsana m. (sc. agni) the fire used for do mestic rites.

auma a. flaxen or relating to Uma.

auraga a. relating to serpents, serpentine.

aurabhra a. belonging to or coming from a ram or sheep.

aurabhrika m. shepherd.

aurasa f. ī produced from the breast or the (own) body; innate, natural, own; self-begotten, legitimate; m. & f. ī a legitimate child.

aurasya a. = prec. a.

aurṇa a. woollen.

aurṇika a. woollen.

aurṇāsūtra f. ī consisting of woollen threads.

aurdhvadeha n. the future life.

aurdhvadehika a. relating to the future life; n. funeral solemnities.

aurva f. ī1 relating to the earth.

aurva [2] m. Aurva, patron. of sev. Rishis.

aurva [3] a. relating to Aurva (v. prec.); m. the submarine fire (supposed to come from A.).

aurvaśeya a. descending from Urvaśī.

aurvāgni m. = aurva3 m.

aurvānala m. = aurva3 m.

aurvāy aurvāyate v be like the Aurva fire.

aulūkhala a. belonging to the mortar: m. du. mortar and pestle.

auśanasa f. ī a. & patron. to uśanas.

auśija a. eager, zealous.

auśīnara f. ī belonging to the Uśīnaras; f. N. of the wife of Purūravas.

auśīra a. made of the Uśīra root; n. such an unguent.

auṣadha a. consisting of herbs. n. a herb or herbs (collect.); simples, medicine.

auṣadhavikrayin a. selling medicine.

auṣasa a. early, matutinal; f. ī daybreak.

auṣṭra a. derived from a buffalo or camel.

auṣṭraka n. a multitude of camels.

auṣṭha a. lip-shaped.

auṣṇya n. warmth, heat.

ka [1] stem of the interr. pron. (n. kad older than kim q.v.) who, what, which? Used as subst. or adj. in direct & indirect questions, often connected w. iva u nāma nu vā svid, also w. a demonstr. pron., e.g. ko ' yamāyāti who comes here? kimidaṃ kuruṣe what are you doing there? Used also as indef. pron. = some, any, whoever, whatever, whichever, esp. after ya & mā, before ca cana cid, & (later) api; kaśca kaścana, etc. w. neg. = nobody, none, n. nothing. kaścit-kaścit the one--the other; pl. some-others.

ka [2] m. the god Who (E. of Prajāpati, Brahman, etc.); n. joy, water, head.

kaṃvant a. salutary, pleasant, lovely.

kaṃsa m. a vessel made of metal; metal, brass (also n.); N. of a myth. king slain by Kṛṣṇa.

kaṃsaniṣūdana m. E. of Kṛṣṇa (v. prec.).

kaṃsaśatru m. E. of Kṛṣṇa (v. prec.).

kaṃsāri m. E. of Kṛṣṇa (v. prec.).

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kakāra m. the sound ka.

kakutstha m. N. of an ancient king.

kakud f. peak of a mountain, hump on the shoulders of the Indian bull; head, chief.

kakuda n. (m.) the same.

kakudman a. high, lofty.

kakudmant a. = prec. & seq.; m. mountain or buffalo.

kakudmin a. having a hump.

kakunmant a. towering, lofty.

kakubh f. peak, summit; region, quarter; N. of a metre.

kakubha a. high, lofty, sublime, eminent. m. a kind of goblin, a cert. musical mode.

kakuha a. = prec. adj.

kakkola m. a cert. tree (also ī f.); n. (also -ka n.) a perfume made of its berries.

kakṣa m. hiding-place, recess; thicket, weeds; f. ā enclosed court, private apartment; m. & f. ā armpit, region of the girth; girdle, cincture; balance (mostly f.); likeness, similarity; rivalry, emulation (only f.)

kakṣīvant m. N. of a Rishi.

kakṣya [1] a. belonging to a thicket.

kakṣya [2] a. hidden, secret. f. ā girdle, cincture; balance.

kaṅka m. heron; N. of a man, pl. of a people.

kaṅkaṭa m. mail, armour.

kaṅkaṇa n. ring-shaped ornament, bracelet.

kaṅkaṇābharaṇa a. adorned with a golden bracelet.*

kaṅkata m. kaṅkatikā f. comb.

kaṅkapattra [1] n. a heron's feather (on the arrow).

kaṅkapattra [2] a. furnished with heron's feathers; m. such an arrow.

kaṅkapattrin a. = prec. a.

kaṅkāla m. n. skeleton.

kaṅkeli m., -llī f. the Aśoka tree.

kaṅkelli m., -llī f. the Aśoka tree.

kaṅkola m. -lī f. N. of a plant.

kaca m. the hair of the head; N. of a son of Bṛhaspati.

kacaṭatapagajaḍadaba n. specimen of a nonsensical speech.

kacarūpin a. wearing the form of Kaca.

kaccid -> kad.

kaccha m. the margin of a river or lake; marshy or watery ground.

kacchapa m. tortoise; N. of a serpent-demon.

kaja n. a lotus.

kajjala n. ī f. lampblack, used as ink or a collyrium.

kañcuka m. n., ī f. (adj. --° f. ā) coat of mail, bodice, jacket.

kañcukin m. chamberlain (poss. to prec.).

kaṭa [1] -> vikaṭa.

kaṭa [2] m. a straw mat; hip ( = kaṭi); the temples of an elephant; a cert. throw of the dice.

kaṭaka m. a straw mat; m. n. cord, string, bracelet; valley; royal camp; caravan.

kaṭakaṭāy kaṭakaṭāyati & kaṭakaṭāte v gnash, grate (onomat.).

kaṭakaraṇa n. -kriyā f. the twisting of a mat.

kaṭapūtana m. -nā f. a kind of demon.

kaṭākṣa m. a sidelong glance.

kaṭāgni m. straw-fire.

kaṭāha m. (n., & ī f.) a frying pan, anything hollow, e.g. the temples of an elephant.

kaṭi f. hip.

kaṭī f. hip.

kaṭu a. pungent, biting, sharp, bitter; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

kaṭuka a. = prec. adj.; abstr. kaṭukatā f., kaṭukatva n.

kaṭukita a. irritated (lit. made sharp).*

kaṭubhāṣin a. speaking sharply.*

kaṭṭ kaṭṭayati v hill (i.e. heap up the earth about).

kaṭphala m. names of trees.

kaṭvaṅga m. names of trees.

kaṭha m. N. of an ancient teacher & his disciples.

kaṭhina a. hard, violent (abstr. -tā f., -tva n.); f. ī chalk; n. cooking vessel.

kaṭhinay kaṭhinayati & kaṭhinīkṛ v make hard, harden.

kaṭhora a. hard, stiff; sharp, cruel; young, buxom.

kaṭhoracitta a. hard-hearted; abstr. -tā f.

kaṭhoray yati v harden, strengthen, vivify.

kaḍa a. dumb.

kaḍāra a. tawny.

kaṇa m. a small grain or single seed; flake, drop, spark; atom, a bit.

kaṇavāhin a. bearing drops, wet.

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kaṇāda m. N. of the author of the Vaiśeṣika philosophy.

kaṇānna a. feeding on grains, abstr. -tā f.

kaṇika m. = kaṇa.

kaṇūkay pp. -yantī being in distress.

kaṇṭaka m. thorn, prickle, point, sting, fish-bone; erection of the hair of the body; annoyance, vexation, pain; foe, enemy.

kaṇṭakita a. thorny, covered with erect hairs.

kaṇṭakidruma m. thorn-tree.

kaṇṭakivṛkṣa m. thorn-tree.

kaṇṭakin a. thorny; m. thorn-plant.

kaṇṭha m. (adj. --° f. ā & ī) throat, neck (lit. & fig.); sound, voice; --° often = having a thing at or in the throat.

kaṇṭhaga a. reaching up to the throat.

kaṇṭhagata a. the same, being at or in the throat, cf. kaṇṭhavartin.

kaṇṭhagraha m. -ṇa n. an embrace.

kaṇṭhabhūṣaṇa n. *bhūṣā f. ornament for the neck.

kaṇṭhavartin a. being in the throat i.e. ready to escape (life).

kaṇṭhasajjana n. hanging down from the neck.

kaṇṭhāśleṣa m. = kaṇṭhagraha.

kaṇṭhya a. being at or in the throat; produced by the throat, guttural.

kaṇḍana n. thrashing, husking; husk, chaff; f. ī mortar.

kaṇḍu mostly kaṇḍū f. itching, scratching.

kaṇḍura a. itching.

kaṇḍula a. itching.

kaṇḍūti f. = kaṇḍu.

kaṇḍūy kaṇḍūyati kaṇḍūyate v scratch; M. itch (lit. & fig.).

kaṇḍūyana n. scratching, itching.

kaṇva m. N. of an old Rishi, pl. his descendants.

kataka m. the Kataka tree; n. the nut of it (used for clearing water).

katama a. (pron. interr.) who or which (of many)?

katara (pron. interr.) who or which (of two)?

kataratas (adv. interr.) on which of the two sides?

kati [1] (pron. interr.) how many? w. cid & api some, several.

kati [2] m. N. of an ancient sage.

katidha w. cida (pron. indef.) the so and so maniest.

katidhā (adv. interr.) in how many places or parts? how often? w. cid everywhere.

katipaya f. ī (ā) some, several. *Instr. & abl. n. adv. with some exertion, hardly.

katipayakusuma a. having few flowers or blossoms.

katipayarātram (acc. adv.) some days (lit. nights).

katipayāhasya (gen. adv.) after some days.

katividha a. how manifold?

kattā f. a die.*

katth katthate (katthati) v boast, praise, flatter; abuse, blame. --
     vi boast or brag of (instr.), praise, extol; degrade, humble (also C.).

katthana a. & n. boasting.

kathaṃrūpa a. of what shape?

kathaṃvīrya a. of what power?

kathaka a. relating; m. relater, reciter.

kathaṃjātīyaka a. of what kind?

kathana a. telling, tale, story.

kathanīya a. to be told or named.

katham adv. how? in what way? whence? interr. & excl.; often followed by nu ( = katham alone or = how much more, w. neg. how much less); also by iva nāma svid. With cana cid, & (later) api indef. somehow, in any way, scarcely, hardly, a little (katham sometimes doubled); w. a negation (kathaṃ cana also alone) in no way, by no means, not at all. yathā kathaṃ cid howsoever, anyhow.

kathaṃbhūta a. how being? of what quality?

kathay kathayati (kathayate) v pp. kathita (q.v.) talk, converse with (instr. ± saha); relate, report, denounce, declare, explain, state. P. be called, pass for (nom.). --
     pari name.
     pra announce, report.
     vi talk idly, chatter.
     sam = S.

kathayitavya a. to be told or mentioned.

kathā [1] adv. how? in what way? whence? In a. l. more frequent than katham q.v. -- yathā kathā ca howsoever.

kathā [2] f. talk, conversation about (loc. or --°); tale, story of (gen. or --°); communication, mention, statement; discussion, dialogue. -- kā kathā what mention of i.e. to say nothing of (gen., loc., or prati w. acc.). kaiṣā kathā to say nothing of it. kathāṃ kṛ talk or think of (gen.).*

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kathānaka n. a short tale or story.

kathāntara n. (course of) conversation.

kathāvalī f. collection of tales.

kathāsaritsāgara m. ocean of the rivers of tales, T. of a work of Somadeva.

kathita a. said, mentioned; n. talk, conversation.

kathodaya m. beginning of a tale; mention, statement.

kad (Ved. n. acc. sgl. of ka1) nonne, num? w. neg. & cana by no means; kaccid & kaccinnu = kad alone. Often °--, where it marks abnormity or defectiveness.

kadana n. slaughter, destruction.

kadamba m. the Kadamba tree (has orange-coloured fragrant blossoms). m. multitude, group.

kadambaka m. the Kadamba tree (has orange-coloured fragrant blossoms). m. multitude, group.

kadambagola m. Kadamba blossom (lit. globe)*

kadambapuṣpatva a. state of a Kadamba blossom (v. prec.).

kadartha a. having what purpose?

kadarthana n. -nā f. vexation, annoyance.

kadarthay kadarthayati v despise, vex, annoy; *surpass.

kadarya a. avaricious, stingy; abstr. -tā f.

kadala m. -lī f. N. of a tree.

kadalikā f. the same; flag, banner.

kadalīgṛha n. bower of Kadali trees.

kadā adv. when? at what time? how? With na never; w. cana the same or at some time, once; w. cid some time or other, sometimes, perhaps; w. api (later) at any time, always, ever. kadā cid kadā cidapi & kadāpi w. na never.

kadru a. tawny, reddish-brown. f. kadrū a cert. Soma-vessel; N. of the mythol mother of serpents (also kadru).

kadhapriya a. ever kind or friendly.

kadhaprī a. ever kind or friendly.

kan (only pp. kāyamāna, aor. akāniṣam, & perf. or intens-stem cākan or cakān) be glad, be satisfied with, enjoy (acc., loc., gen., or instr.); be liked, please, (w. gen.); love, wish, desire (acc.). --
     ā be pleased with (loc.); strive after, long for. -- Cf. saṃcakāna.

kanaka n. gold; m. N. of sev. plants.

kanakamaya f. ī golden.

kanakarasa m. liquid gold.

kanakavalaya m. n. a gold bracelet.

kanakaśakti m. E. of Skanda (lit. Gold-spear).

kanakasūtra n. a gold cord or chain.

kanakājja n. gold-lotus.

kanakojjvala a. shining with gold.

kanakhala n. N. of a bathing-place.

kanā f. a girl.

kaniṣka m. N. of an Indoscythic king.

kaniṣṭha (superl.) the smallest, least, lowest, youngest, younger; f. ā the youngest wife, (±anguli) the little finger.

kaniṣṭhaka f. -ṣṭhikā the smallest; f. kaniṣṭhikā the little finger; subordination, obedience.

kanī f. girl, maiden (in a. l. only gen. pl.).

kanīna a. young, youthful.

kanīnaka [1] m. boy, youth; f. ā girl, maiden.

kanīnaka [2] m. kanīnakā & kanīnikā f. the pupil of the eye.

kanīyaṃs (compar.) smaller, less, younger, very little or small; m. a younger son or brother.

kanīyasa a. smaller, less, younger.

kantva n. welfare, happiness.

kanthā f. a patched garment.

kanda m. bulbous root, bulb.

kandara n. cave, glen.

kandarpa m. the god of love, love.

kandarpajanana f. ī exciting love.*

kandala n. the flower of the Kandali plant.

kandalay pp. kandalita bring forth abundantly (lit. like Kandalas, -> prec.).

kandalī f. N. of a plant.

kandu s. cooking utensil, boiler or saucepan.

kanduka m. the same; playing ball, pillow.

kandottha n. blue lotus.*

kaṃdhara m. neck (lit. head-bearer).

kanya a. the smallest; f. kanyā girl, maid, daughter, the Virgo in the zodiac.

kanyaka f. ā = prec. a. & f.

kanyakābhāva m. state of maidenhood, virginity.

kanyakubja n. N. of a town.

kanyātva n. virginity.

kanyādātṛ m. who gives his daughter in marriage.

kanyādāna n. the giving a daughter in marriage.

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kanyāpradāna n. the giving a daughter in marriage.

kanyādūṣaka m. defiler of virgins.

kanyāpura n. gynaeceum.

kanyābhāva m. virginity.

kanyābhaikṣa n. the begging for a maiden.

kapa m. pl. a cert. class of gods.

kapaṭa m. n. fraud, deceit; °-- feigned, pretended, dissimulated.

kapaṭakāpaṭika m. cheat, rogue, sharper; f. ā fraud, deceit.*

kapaṭanāṭaka n. the comedy of deceit.*

kapanā f. worm, caterpillar.

kaparda m. a small shell used as a coin; braided or knotted hair (resembling a shell).

kapardaka m. -dikā f. a small shell (v. prec.).

kapardin a. wearing braided or knotted hair (v. kaparda), shaggy (of a bull); m. E. of Śiva etc.

kapala n. a half, a part.

kapāṭa m. n. door or door-panel.

kapāṭavakṣas a. broad-breasted (v. prec.).

kapāla n. cup, jar, cover or lid, shell, potsherd, skull, the cotyla.

kapālaka a. formed like a shell; m. a shell, dish, f. -likā a. potsherd.

kapālakuṇḍalā f. N. of a sorceress.

kapālamālin a. wearing a garland of skulls (Śiva).

kapālin a. bearing a cup (for begging) or skulls (Śiva or a cert. Śivaitic seet).

kapi m. ape.

kapiketana m. E. of Arjuna.

kapiñjala m. a kind of partridge.

kapittha m. N. of a tree; n. its fruit.

kapidhvaja m. = kapiketana.

kapipati m. chief of the monkeys.

kapila a. brown, reddish; m. N. of an ancient sage etc.; f. ā a brown cow or a kind of leech.

kapilarṣi m. the Rishi Kapila.

kapilavastu s. N. of Buddha's native town.

kapiśa a. brown, reddish.

kapiṣṭhala m. N. of a Rishi, pl. his descendants.

kapītana m. N. of sev. plants.

kapīndra m. = kapipati.

kapīśvara m. = kapipati.

kapucchala n. the hair on the back part of the head; the forepart of a sacrificial ladle.

kapūya a. smelling badly, stinking.

kapṛth m. the membrum virile.

kapṛtha m. the membrum virile.

kapota m. dove, pigeon; f. kapotī a. pigeon-hen.

kapotapālikā f. a dove-cot, pigeon-house.*

kapola m. cheek.

kapha m. phlegm (one of the three humours of the body).

kabandha -> kavandha & kavandhin.

kabandhin -> kavandha & kavandhin.

kabara a. speckled, brindled; f. ī a braid of hair.

kam [1] interr. or emphasizing particle, esp. after dat. inf.; encl. after nu su & hi.

kam [2] (without pres.), pp. kānta (q.v.) wish, desire, love. C. kāmayate (ti) the same; kāmaṃ kāmayamāna having a wish. --
     anu & abhi wish, desire.
     ni lust after, long for (acc.).

kamaṭha m. tortoise.

kamaṇḍalu m. water-jar.

kamaṇḍalūdaka n. water from a jar.

kamala m. n. lotus-flower.

kamalanayana a. lotus-eyed.

kamalanetra a. lotus-eyed.

kamalalocana a. lotus-eyed.

kamalapattra n. a lotus-leaf; -pattrākṣa a. = prec. a.

kamalamukha f. ī lotus-faced.

kamalavana n. -lākara m. a group of lotuses.

kamalākṣa f. ī lotus-eyed.

kamalāy pp. -yamāna resemble a lotus-flower.

kamalinī f. the lotus-plant; a group or lake of lotuses.

kamalinīdala n. a lotus-leaf.*

kamalekṣaṇa a. lotus-eyed.

kamidhātu) m. the root kam.

kamp kampate (kampati) v pp. kampita (q.v.) tremble, shake. C. kampayati te make tremble or shake, agitate. --
     anu sympathize with, commiserate (loc. or acc.); C. the same (w. acc.).
     abhi & ā = S.
     ud tremble, swing upwards. C. shake up, agitate.
     pra tremble, quiver, shake, become loose. C. make tremble, swing, agitate.
     vi tremble, stir, move, cease from (abl.) C. make tremble.
     sam = S.

kampa m. trembling, shaking, esp. earthquake.

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kampana a. trembling or causing to tremble; n. = prec.

kampavant a. trembling.

kampita a. trembling; shaken, swing; n. a trembling, tremor.

kampin a. trembling; --° shaking, swinging.

kampra a. trembling, agile, quick.

kambala m. (n.) woollen cloth or cover; m. also dew-lap.

kambu m. a shell or a bracelet made of shells.

kambukaṇṭha f. ī shell-necked (i.e. having a neck with three folds).

kambugrīva the same; m. N. of a tortoise.

kamboja m. pl. N. of a people.

kamra a. pleasant, beautiful.

kamvant -> kamvant.

kaya (only gen. sgl. m.) w. cid each, every.

kayā (instr. adv.) in what manner?

kara f. ī1 (ā) making, doing, causing, producing (mostly --°); m. the hand (lit. maker); an elephant's trunk.

kara [2] m. ray of light, sun-beam; revenue, tax, tribute.

karaka m. a water-pot.

karakisalaya n. finger (lit. shoot of the hand).

karagraha m. -ṇa n. taking the hand, marriage.

karaṅka m. skull or head.

karañja m. N. of a tree.

karaṭa m. an elephant's temple or cheek; crow.

karaṭaka m. a kind of musical instrument*; N. of a jackal.

karaṇa [1] a. active, clever, skilled.

karaṇa f. ī2 making, causing (--°). m. helper, assistant, N. of a caste (f. ī); complex of sounds, i.e. word. n. making, doing, causing; action, occupation; organ, instrument; instrumentality or the instrumental case (g.); document, bond, evidence (j.).

karaṇarūpa a. having the function of an instrument.

karaṇīya a. to be done or caused; n. affair, matter, business.

karaṇḍa n. -ṇḍaka m., -ṇḍikā f. a basket or box.

karatala n. the palm of the hand.

karapattra n. a saw.

karapallava m. = karakisalaya.

karapāla m. chief tax-gatherer.

karabha m. the trunk of an elephant; a young elephant or camel.

karabhaka m. a man's name.

karabhūṣaṇa n. ornament for the hand, bracelet.

karabhorū f. having round thighs (lit. thighs resembling an elephant's trunk).

karambha m. groats, gruel; poss. -mbhin.

karambhavālukā f. sgl. & pl. hot sand for groats (a punishment in hell).

karambhād a. eating groats.

kararuha m. a finger-nail.

karavāla m. sword; -- -pāṇi s. in hand.*

karavīra m. fragrant oleander.

karavīradāma n. a garland of fragrant oleander.*

karas n. action, deed.

karastha a. being in or on the hand.

karasna m. fore-part of the arm; finger-nail.

karāṅguli f. finger of the hand.

karārpaṇa n. marriage (lit. giving the hand, said of a woman).

karāla a. projecting (teeth or eyes), opening wide, gaping, ugly, terrible; f. ā E. of Durga. Abstr. -tā f.

karālavadana a. having a gaping mouth.

karidanta m. ivory.

karin m. -ṇī f. an elephant (lit. having a trunk).

kariṣṭha (superl.) doing most.

karīra m. n. the shoot of a bamboo; m. a cert. thorny plant, n. its fruit.

karīṣa n. rubbish, dung, esp. dry cow-dung.

karuṇa a. pitiable, miserable, n. adv.; f. ā pity, compassion.

karuṇadhvani m. piteous sound, lamentation.

karuṇavedin a. compassionate; abstr. -ditā f., -dvitva n.

kareṇu m. f. an elephant (f. also -kā).

karoṭi f. basin, cup; the skull.

karka f. ī white; m. a white horse (f. ā).

karkaṭa m. a crab; the sign Cancer.

karkaṭaka m. a crab; the sign Cancer.

karkandhu m. f. the jujube tree, n. its fruit.

karkara a. hard, firm.

karkari f. a kind of lute; f. -rī water-jar.

karkarī f. a kind of lute; f. -rī water-jar.

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karkaśa a. rough, hard.

karkāru m. a kind of gourd.

karkāruka m. a kind of gourd.

karki m. the Cancer in the zodiac.

karkin m. the Cancer in the zodiac.

karketaṇa m. the cat's eye (a sort of gem).

karketana m. the cat's eye (a sort of gem).

karketaraka m. the cat's eye (a sort of gem).

karkoṭa m. N. of a serpent-demon, pl. of a people.

karkoṭaka m. N. of sev. plants; pl. = prec. pl.

karcūra n. auripigment.

karṇa [1] m. (adj. --° f. ā & ī) ear (lit. & fig.), rudder; N. of a hero etc.

karṇa [2] karṇa a. having (long) ears.

karṇa a. having (long) ears.

karṇaka m. lateral prominence, tendril, handle; f. karṇikā earring, the pericarp of a lotus.

karṇakisalaya n. a blossom (as ornament) for the ear.

karṇatāla m. the flapping of an elephant's ears.

karṇadhāra m. helmsman, sailor; abstr. -tā f.

karṇapatha m. compass (lit. path) of hearing.

karṇapūra m. n. ornament for the ears, earring; -ka m. N. of a servant (Ear-filler).

karṇabhaṅga m. bending of the ears.

karṇabhūṣaṇa n. ornament for the ears.

karṇamūla n. the root of the ear; -mūle into the ear.

karṇavant a. having ears or hooks.

karṇaviṣ f. ear-wax.

karṇaveṣṭa m. earring.

karṇaveṣṭaka m. earring.

karṇaveṣṭana n. the same.

karṇaśirīṣa n. a Śirīṣa flower as an ornament for the ears.

karṇaśrava a. audible to the ears.

karṇāṭa m. N. of a people (f. ī).

karṇāṭakalaha m. a Karnatic quarrel (v. prec.), i.e. a quarrel about nothing.*

karṇābharaṇa n. ornament for the ears.

karṇālaṃkaraṇa n.; -kāra m., -kṛti f. the same.

karṇikāra m. N. of sev. plants.

karṇin a. having ears; having knots, barbed (weapons).

karṇotpala n. a lotus flower (as an ornament) for the ears; m. N. of a poet and king.

karṇopaghātin a. deafening (lit. beating the ears).*

karṇya a. being in or at the ear.

karta [1] m. division, distinction.

karta [2] m. hole, cavity (cf. garta).

kartana n. cutting off, excision, destruction.

kartari f. scissors or some other cutting instrument.

kartarī f. the same; -phala n. blade of a knife.

kartavya a. to be made or done; n. duty, task.

kartavyatā f. obligation, necessity.

kartukāma a. desirous to make.

kartṛ m. doer, accomplisher, creator, author, officiating priest; making, causing, working at (--°); facturus; the agent or spontaneous performer of an action (g.).

kartṛka (--°) = karta agent.

kartṛtā f. -tva n. the being an agent.

kartṛbhūta a. being an agent.

kartṛrūpa a. having the function of an agent.

kartos gen. inf. of kṛ1.

karttṛ [1] m. destroyer.

karttṛ [2] m. spinner.

kartra n. spell, charm.

kartva a. = kartavya (also n.).

kardama m. slime, mud; as adj. = seq.

kardamita a. muddy, dirty.

karpaṭa n. rag, patch.

karpaṇa s. a kind of lance or spear.

karpara m. cup, pot; a turtle's shell.

karpūra m. n. camphor.

karpūrakeli m. N. of a flamingo.

karpūratilaka m. N. of an elephant.

karpūrapaṭa m. N. of a dyer.

karpūramañjarī f. N. of a woman, a flamingo, & a drama.

karpūravilāsa m. N. of a washer.

karbu a. spotted, variegated.

karbura a. the same; f. ā a kind of leech.

karmaka (--°) = karman.

karmakara f. ī doing work (for others); servant, artisan.

karmakartṛ m. the object-agent (g.).

karmakṛt a. doing work, active, skilful; m. workman, servant.

karmakṛtya n. activity, industry.

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karmaceṣṭā f. active exertion, labour.

karmacodanā f. impulse to (pious) works.

karmaja a. sprung from an action.

karmajanyatā f. the resulting from an action.

karmaṭha a. capable of, fit for (--°); working or exerting one's self at (loc. or --°); absol. doing religious work, pious.

karmaṇya a. skilful in work, clever, fit for religious acts, auspicious.

karmatā f. -tva n. abstr. to karman.

karmadoṣa m. sinful deed, sin, vice.

karmadhāraya m. a cert. class of compounds (g.).

karman n. action, deed, work, esp. holy work, sacrifice, rite; result, effect; organ of sense; the direct object (g.); fate, destiny.

karmanāman n. a name given according to an action.

karmaniṣṭha a. diligent in sacred works.

karmaniṣṭhā a. diligent in sacred works.

karmapāka m. the ripening (i.e. consequence) of actions.

karmapravacanīya m. term for some prepositions & adverbs under certain conditions (g.).

karmaphala n. fruit or result of actions.

karmabandha m. the tie or fetter of actions.

karmabandhana n. the same; a. bound by actions.

karmamaya f. ī consisting of or resulting from works.

karmayoga m. performance of actions, esp. of religious works.

karmavidhi m. rule of action, observance, practice.

karmavipāka m. = karmapāka.

karmasaṅga m. attachment to action.

karmasaṅgin a. attached to action.

karmasaṃgraha m. the totality of acts.

karmasaṃbhava a. resulting from acts.

karmasākṣin m. witness of acts.

karmasiddhi f. success of an act.

karmahetu a. caused by acts.

karmātman a. whose nature is action.

karmānubandhin a. involved in action.

karmānta m. end or completion of a work, management of (--°); occupation.

karmāra m. workman, mechanic, smith.

karmin a. active; doing, performing (--°); m. workman, labourer.

karmendriya n. organ of action (opp. buddhīndriya).

karmopakaraṇa a. doing service by labour.

karvaṭa n. market-place, borough.

karvara n. deed, action.

karśana a. rendering lean, attenuating; tormenting, vexing (--°).

karṣa m. drawing, ploughing, agriculture; a cert. weight.

karṣaka a. tearing, vexing (--°); ploughing, cultivating; m. cultivator, husbandman.

karṣaṇa a. tearing, vexing (--°); n. tearing, drawing near or away; bending (of a bow), vexing, tormenting; ploughing, agriculture.

karṣin a. drawing near, dragging, ploughing; attractive, inviting; m. ploughman, cultivator.

karṣū f. furrow, trench, incision.

karhi adv. when? With cid & api at any time, ever; w. cid & neg. at no time, never.

kal kalayati (kalayate) & kālayati v pp. kalita (q.v.) drive, impel; carry, bear; do, make, cause, produce, utter; observe, notice; try, examine; suppose, think, regard as (2 acc.). --
     ā shake, agitate, cast, fling; seize, tie, fasten; observe, notice; try, etc. = S.
     ud drive out, let loose.
     upa drive home.
     ni drive out, chase away.
     pari follow, pursue, seize, devour; consider or regard as.
     pra drive out, impel, pursue.
     sam drive away, put to flight; join, combine, be of opinion. -- Cf. utkalita.

kala a. dumb, indistinct, low, soft (of sounds); n. adv. -- f. kalā q.v.

kalakaṇṭha m. ī f. N. of sev. birds.

kalakaṇṭhikā f. the female Indian cuckoo.

kalakaṇṭhin m. the Indian cuckoo.

kalakala m. confused noise, buz, humming.

kalaṅka m. spot, mark (l. & f.); poss. -kin.

kalañja m. tobacco.

kalatra n. wife or any female being.

kalatravant a. having a wife.

kalatrin a. having a wife.

kaladhauta n. gold or silver; adj. = seq.

kalana a. causing, producing (--°); f. ā driving, impelling, performing, demeanour, gesture; n. shaking, agitating.

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kalabha m. a young elephant or camel.

kalabhāṣin a. speaking softly.

kalama m. a kind of rice.

kalamakedāra m. a rice-field.*

kalamaudana s. boiled rice.*

kalaviṅka m. sparrow or the Indian cuckoo.

kalaśa m. ī f. pot, water-jar (adj. --° f. ī).

kalaśodaka n. the water in the jar.

kalasa -> kalaśa.

kalaha m. strife, quarrel.

kalahaṃsa m. a kind of duck, goose, or swan (f. ī); N. of a man. -- Abstr. -tā f.

kalahaṃsagāminī f. moving like a swan.*

kalahakāra f. ī causing quarrel, quarrelsome.

kalahapriya a. fond of quarrel, contentious.

kalahavant a. having quarrel with (saha).

kalahin a. having quarrel with (saha).

kalahāy kalahāyate v quarrel, contend.

kalā f. a small part, esp. a sixteenth of the moon's orb; a cert. small division of time; an art (there are 64).

kalājña a. knowing the arts; m. an artist.

kalānātha m. the moon.

kalānidhi m. the moon.

kalāpa m. band, bundle, quiver (also n.); a peacock's tail, ornament i.g; totality.

kalāpin a. having a quiver with arrows or spreading its tail, m. a peacock.

kalābhṛt m. an artist, mechanic.

kalāvant m. the moon.

kalāvida a. = kalānja.

kalāśeṣa a. forming only a small sickle (moon).

kali [1] m. the One-side of a die; the last and worst of the 4 ages of the world; quarrel, strife (personified in all mgs).

kali [2] m. a class of mythic beings; N. of a man, pl. his race.

kalikā f. the sixteenth part of the moon's orb; a cert. small division of time; an unblown flower. blossom.

kalikātā f. the city of Calcutta.

kaliṅga m. N. of a king, pl. of a people.

kaliṅgadeśa m. the country of the Kalingas.

kalita a. furnished with (°-- or --°).

kalitakusuma a. furnished with flowers, budded.

kalindakanyā f. E. of Yamuna.

kalindatanayā f. E. of Yamuna.

kalila a. covered with, full of (--°); n. confusion, chaos.

kaluṣa a. unclean, muddy, turbid (lit. & fig.); n. dirt, stain, blemish.

kaluṣacetas a. having impure thoughts.

kaluṣamati a. having impure thoughts.

kaluṣay kaluṣayati v make turbid, soil.

kaluṣayonija a. of impure origin, base born.

kaluṣāy kaluṣāyate v get turbid or troubled.

kaluṣīkṛ make turbid, trouble.

kalevara n. (m.) the body.

kalka m. dough, paste; dirt, sin.

kalki m. N. of a future liberator of the world.

kalkin m. N. of a future liberator of the world.

kalpa a. feasible, possible; fit for, able to, capable of (gen., loc., inf., or --°). m. ordinance, rule, esp. for ceremonial or sacrificial acts, practise, custom, manner, way (adj. --° having the manner or way of --. i.e. resembling --, similar to --; after an adj. almost, as it were); a fabulous period of time, a day of Brahman or 1000 yugas. etena kalpena in this way. prathamaḥ kalpaḥ or prathamakalpaḥ primary rule (opp. anukalpa), chief matter, main point.

kalpaka a. normal, answering; stating, supposing (--°); m. ordinance, rule, precept.

kalpakṣaya m. the end of a Kalpa.

kalpataru m. the (mythic) Wish or Wonder-tree.

kalpadruma m. the (mythic) Wish or Wonder-tree.

kalpadhenu f. the (mythic) Wish or Wonder-cow.

kalpana n. forming, imagining, cutting, fashioning; f. ā the same + contrivance, arrangement, action, deed; form, shape.

kalpanīya a. practicable, possible, to be supposed or stated.

kalpapādapa m. = kalpataru.

kalpavṛkṣa m. = kalpataru.

kalpasūtra n. a Sutra work on ritual.

kalpādi m. the beginning of a Kalpa (v. seq.).

kalpānta m. the end of a Kalpa, destruction of the world.

kalpya a. to be made of (instr.); to be supposed, imagined, or stated.

kalmali s. splendour.

kalmalīkin a. shining, bright.

kalmaṣa n. dirt, stain, sin.

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kalmāṣa f. ī black spotted. m. N. of a serpent demon; f. kalmāṣī a spotted cow; n. spot, stain.

kalya a. well, healthy, ready, able, capable. n. health; dawn, daybreak; an intoxicating drink. kalyam kalye & kalya (°--) early.

kalyavarta (*m.) morning meal, breakfast; n. a trifle, a little.

kalyāṇa (f. kalyāṇī) beautiful, lovely, good, excellent, noble, auspicious, fortunate. f. -ṇī a kind of shrub; n. fortune, happiness, virtue (p. -ṇin); festival.

kalyāṇakaṭaka s. N. of a place.

kalyāṇakṛt a. doing good, virtuous.

kalyāṇasūcaka a. indicating fortume auspicious.*

kallola m. wave, billow.

kalhaṇa m. N. of an author.

kava -> akava kavatnu & kavāri.

kavaka n. a mushroom.

kavaca m. n. armour, mail, jacket, the bark of a tree.

kavacadhara m. a wearer of mail ( = a young man).

kavacin a. dressed in armour.

kavatnu a. stingy.

kavandha m. n. barrel, cask (metaph. of a cloud or the belly); a headless trunk. m. E. of the demon Danu.

kavandhin a. having casks (of water), driving the rain clouds (the Maruts).

kavala m. mouthful, bit, morsel; -- gulf.*

kavalana a. swallowing, devouring; n. the same as subst.

kavalaya kavalayati v pp. kavalita swallow, devour.

kavaṣ (f. kapaṣī) gaping, opened wide.

kavaṣa (f. kapaṣī) gaping, opened wide.

kavāri a. stingy.

kavi a. wise, thoughtful; m. a wise man, seer, sage, poet (esp. of artificial poems); N. of sev. men.

kavikratu a. = prec. adj. (lit. h. wise understanding).

kavitā f. poetry.

kavitva n. wisdom (also -tvana), poetry, poetic talent.

kaviputra m. N. of a dramatic poet.

kavirāja m. king of poets; N. of a poet.

kaviśasta a. said or praised by wise men.

kavoṣṇa a. lukewarm, tepid.

kavya a. = kavi a.; m. pl. a class of Manes; n. an oblation to the Manes (mostly connected with havya).

kaśa m. a kind of gnawing animal, a whip; f. kaśā whip, rope, rein.

kaśāvant a. having a whip.

kaśikā f. a whip.*

kaśipu m. n. mat, pillow.

kaśīkā f. a weasel.

kaśu m. N. of a man.

kaśmala f. ī & ā dirty,--foul; timid, shy. n. dirt; timidity, shyness (also m.).

kaśmīra m. N. of a country, pl. of a people.

kaśyapa a. black toothed. m. tortoise; a class of divine beings; N. of sev. Rishis.

kaṣ kaṣati kaṣate v rub, scratch (M. scratch one's self or being scratched), hurt, destroy. --
     apa scratch off.
     ud rub in, dye.
     ni rub in or scrape off.

kaṣa a. rubbing, wearing off (--°); as subst. the touchstone.

kaṣaṇa n. rubbing, scratching.

kaṣāya a. astringent, sharp (of taste), fragrant, red, dark-red. m. red colour, passion, emotion; decoct, extract, ointment (also n.); n. a yellowish-red garment.

kaṣṭa a. bad, evil, painful, rough, constrained, affected, unnatural. n. evil, grief, pain, difficulty. °--, abl., & instr. with difficulty, hardly; n. kaṣṭam the same, as interj. ah! alas! often after dhik or hā dhik.

kaṣṭatapas a. doing severe penance.

kaṣṭatā f. -tva n. affectation, unnaturalness.

kas kasati v pp. kasta w.
     ud gape, open (intr.).
     nis C. niṣkāsayati drive away.
     pra C. (the same*), cause to expand or bloom.
     vi burst, expand, spread, bloom, blossom, shine, beam. C. cause to blow or shine.

kastambhī f. the prop of a carriage-pole.

kasturikā f. musk.

kastūrikā f. musk.

kastūrī f. musk.

kasmāt (abl. of ka1 as adv.) whence? why?

kahoḍa m. N. of a man, n. of his work.

kahlāra n. the white water-lily.

[1] (°--) = kad or ku (°--).

[2] -> kan.

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kāṃśi m. coup, goblet.

kāṃsya a. brazen; n. brass.

kāṃsyatāla m. a cymbal.

kāṃsyapātra n. -trī f. a brazen vessel.

kāka m. ī f. a crow; abstr. -tā f.

kākatālīya a. unexpected, sudden, lit. like the crow (killed by the) palmfruit; n. & -vat adv.

kākapakṣa m. crow's wing; a side or temple lock (--° also -ka m).

kākapada n. a crow's foot.

kākapadamastaśīrṣaka an abusive word (lit. foot, head, and skull of a crow)*.

kākali f. a soft sweet sound or song.

kākalī f. a soft sweet sound or song.

kākā f. croaking (onom.).

kākāy kākāyate v make kākā.

kākiṇī f. a cert. small coin.

kākinī f. a cert. small coin.

kāku f. wail, lamentation, emphatic speech.

kākutstha m. descendant of Kakutstha (E. of Daśaratha, Rāma, Lakṣmaṇa, etc.).

kākud f. the hollow of the mouth, palate.

kākola m. raven; n. a cert. poison or hell.

kākolūka m. pl. crows and owls.

kāṅkṣa kāṅkṣati kāṅkṣate v desire, long for, strive after, expect (acc.), wait (absol.). --
     anu M. & abhi wish for, strive after (acc.).
     ā the same + long for (gen.), turn to (acc.) require as a complement (g.).
     pratyā M. expect, watch.
     samā pra & prati desire, long for.

kāṅkṣā f. kāṅkṣita n., -tā f. wish, desire.

kāṅkṣin a. desiring, expecting (acc. or --°).

kāca m. glass; pl. glass-pearls.

kācamaṇi m. crystal or quartz (lit. glass jewel).

kācara a. made of glass.

kācitkara a. doing many things or serving many purposes.

kāja n. a wooden hammer.

kāñcana [1] n. gold.

kāñcana f. ī2 golden; m. & f. N. of sev. plants.

kāñcanakalaśa m. a golden jar.*

kāñcanagiri m. the golden mountain (Sumeru).

kāñcanaprabha a. gold-like; m. N. of a king.

kāñcanamaya f. ī golden.

kāñcanamālā f. a woman's name (lit. Goldgarland).

kāñcanācala m. = kāñcanagiri.

kāñcanādri m. = kāñcanagiri.

kāñcanīya a. golden.

kāñci m. pl. N. of a people.

kāñcī f. a girdle, esp. a woman's.

kāñcīguṇa m. the same (lit. girdle-band).

kāñcīguṇasthāna n. a woman's hips (lit. the region of the girdle).

kāñjika n. sour gruel.

kāṭa m. n. depth, hole, bottom.

kāṭayavema m. N. of a commentator.

kāṭava n. acidity.

kāṭavema m. = kāṭayavema.

kāṭya a. being in the depth.

kāṭha a. coming from Kaṭha.

kāṭhaka f. ī belonging to Kaṭha; n. T. of a Veda.

kāṭhakopaniṣad f. = kaṭhopaniṣad.

kāṭhinya n. hardness, rigidity, firmness, severity.

kāṇa a. one-eyed (*akṣṇā blind of one eye); perforated (shell or *eye).

kāṇatva n. one-eyedness.

kāṇelīmātṛ (& kāṇelīsuta*) m. a whoreson. bastard.

kāṇḍa m. n. section, part, internode (of a plant), chapter (of a book); stalk, stem, switch, cane, arrow, long bone.

kāṇḍapṛṣṭha m. a Brahman following the military profession (lit. arrow-backed).

kāṇḍāra m. a cert. mixed caste.

kāṇḍin a. reed-shaped.

kāṇḍīra a. armed with arrows.

kāṇva m. descendant or follower of Kanva.

kātkṛ insult, deride.

kātantra n. title of a grammar; m. pl. the followers of the Katantra grammar.

kātara a. cowardly, timid, shy, afraid of (loc., inf., or --°); abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

kātarya n. = prec. abstr.

kātyāyana m. N. of an old ancient (descendant of Kati), & sev. authors, f. ī a woman's name; adj. (f. ī) coming from Kātyayana.

kātyāyanīya m. pl. the followers of Kātyāyana; n. T. of sev. works.

kādamba m. a kind of goose; n. the flower of the Kādamba tree.

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kādambarī f. a cert. spirituous liquor; N. of the heroine of Bana's novel and the novel itself.

kādambarīsagdhikā f. compotation.*

kādambinī f. a thick mass of clouds.

kādrava a. tawny, reddish-brown.

kādraveya m. metron. of sev. serpent-demons.

kānana n. forest; -nānta n. region of the f.; -naukas m. ape (inhabitant of the f.).

kānīna a. born of a virgin.

kānta a. desired, loved, lovely, beautiful. m. the beloved man, husband; f. beloved or lovely woman, mistress, wife.

kāntatva n. loveliness, beauty.

kāntāra m. n. large forest, wilderness.

kāntārabhava m. inhabitant of a forest, forester.

kānti f. (adj. --° f. also ī) loveliness, splendour, beauty, esp. womanly beauty, charms.

kāntiprada a. giving splendour.

kāntimant a. lovely, charming; abstr. -mattā f.

kānyakujja n. N. of a town.

kāpaṭa f. ī deceitful.

kāpatha m. bad road or course (fig.).

kāpāla f. ī pertaining to or made of skulls. m. pl. the followers of a cert. Śivaitic sect (cf. kāpālin).

kāpālika m. pl. = prec. m. pl.; also a cert. mixed caste.

kāpālikatva n. barbarity, cruelty.

kāpālin m. N. of Śiva (bearer of skulls); pl. a cert. mixed caste.

kāpila f. ī pertaining to or coming from Kapila; m. a follower of Kapila.

kāpileya a. & m. the same.

kāpileyabābhrava m. pl. the Kapileyas and Babhravas.

kāpuruṣa m. wretch, coward; adj. cowardly, mean.

kāpota f. ī peculiar to or coming from a pigeon; pigeon-coloured, grey.

kābhartṛ m. a bad lord.

kāma m. wish, desire, longing for (gen., dat., or loc.); love, inclination, lust, pleasure; pers. as the god of desire or of love; adj. --° (esp. after an inf. stem in tu) wishing for, intending to. -- kāmāya or kāme according to one's wish, out of love for or for the sake of (gen. or dat.) kāmāt & kāmatas voluntarily, intentionally. kāmayā (instr. f.) only after brūhi & prabrūhi freely, unreservedly.

kāmakānana n. the grove of Kama.

kāmakāma a. wishing wishes.

kāmakāmin a. wishing wishes.

kāmakāra a. fulfilling one's (gen.) wishes, m. voluntary or spontaneous action; °--, instr., abl., & adv. in tas voluntarily, intentionally.

kāmakrodha m. du. desire and wrath.

kāmaga a. going or acting of one's own accord.

kāmagati a. moving freely.

kāmagama a. moving freely.

kāmacara f. ī = kāmaga; abstr. -tva n.

kāmacaraṇa n. free motion.

kāmacāra [1] m. free motion or action. -cāratas adv. intentionally.

kāmacāra [2] a. moving or acting freely.

kāmacārin a. the same; sensual, libidinous.

kāmaja a. born of desire or love.

kāmatantra n. the book of love, T. of a work.

kāmatas -> kāma.

kāmada a. granting wishes, abstr. -tva n.

kāmadugha a. the same (lit. milking wishes); successful, fortunate; f. ā the fabulous Wish or Wonder-cow.

kāmaduh (nom. -dhuk) = kāmada a. & prec. f.

kāmadeva m. the god of love.

kāmadhenu f. the fabulous Wonder-cow.

kāmandaki m. N. of an author.

kāmandakī f. N. of a town & a Budhhistic priestess.

kāmapāla m. E. of Śiva (*& Baladeva).*

kāmapūra a. fulfilling desires.

kāmapra a. fulfilling desires.

kāmabhāj a. enjoying desires (kāmānām).

kāmam adv. at will, willingly, freely, easily, by all means, indeed, w. a neg. by no means. kāmam (o.w. imper.)--tu kiṃtu ca punar tathāpi granted, admitted that, although, however -- nevertheless. kāmam--na tu or na ca rather-than.

kāmamūta a. actuated by love.

kāmarāga m. the affection of desire.

kāmarūpa [1] n. a shape changing at will.

kāmarūpa [2] a. taking any shape at will.

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kāmarūpin a. the same.

kāmalubdha a. libidinous (lit. greedy of love).

kāmavant a. enamoured.

kāmavaśa m. subjection to love, amorousness.

kāmavāsin a. taking any abode at will.

kāmavihārin a. roaming freely (at will).

kāmavṛtta a. indulging desires, licentious.

kāmaśāstra n. manual of pleasure or of love.

kāmasamuttha a. springing from desire.

kāmasūtra n. the thread of love, also a love-manual.

kāmahaituka a. caused (only) by desire.

kāmātman a. whose nature is desire, voluptuous; abstr. -tmatā f.

kāmāndha a. blind from love.

kāmābhiṣvaṅga m. amorous inclination.

kāmāri m. the foe of Kāma (E. of Śiva).

kāmārta a. tormented by passion or desire.

kāmārtha m. object or matter of pleasure.

kāmāśoka m. N. of a king.

kāmika a. desired, wished for.

kāmijana m. a lover or lovers (cf. jana).

kāmita n. wish, desire.

kāmitā f. the state of a lover, amorousness.

kāmin a. wishing, desiring, longing for (acc. or --°); loving, affectionate, enamoured of (acc. or sārdham). m. a lover; f. kābhinī a (loving) woman or maiden.

kāmuka a. wishing, desiring (acc.), loving, fond of (--°). m. lover. --f. ī mistress of (--°).*

kāmepsu a. = kāmakāma.

kāmeśvara m. E. of Kubera.

kāmpila m. N. of a tree.

kāmpilaka m. N. of a tree.

kāmboja a. coming from Kamboja. m. a king of the Kambojas; pl. N. of a people = kamboja.

kāmya a. desirable, precious, lovely, pleasant; voluntary, relating to or sprung from a certain wish, egoistical.

kāmyaka m. N. of a wood and a lake.

kāmyatā f. loveliness, beauty.

kāmyā f. wish, desire, striving after (gen. or --°).

kāya f. ī1 relating to the God Ka (Prajapati); m. the marriage rite of Ka.

kāya [2] m. body, heap, group, multitude.

kāyakleśa m. bodily toil or pain.

kāyagata a. dwelling in the body.

kāyadaṇḍa m. control over the body.

kāyavant a. bodily, embodied.

kāyastha m. writer (a mixed caste).

kāyika f. ī bodily, corporeal.

kāyoḍhaja a. born from a wife married by the rite of Ka.

kāra f. ī1 (--°) making, doing, performing, causing; m. maker, author; sound, word.

kāra [2] m. hymn, battle-song.

kāraka (f. kārikā) a. = kāra1 (--°), *also = facturus (acc., abstr. -tva n.); absol. who effects anything, successful. m. maker, doer, author of (gen. or --°). f. metrical explanation of a difficult rule (g.). n. the relation of the noun to the verb, the notion of a case (g.).

kāraṇa a. = kāra1 (--°). n. (adj. --° f. ī) cause, reason, motive, first or chief matter or element, substance; sign, mark, document, proof; means, instrument, organ. °--, abl., instr., & loc. from some cause or reason; for the sake of (gen.); abl. also instead of (gen.). --* Abstr. f., -tva n.

kāraṇakopa a. being angry with cause.

kāraṇakrudh a. being angry with cause.

kāraṇaśarīra n. the causal body (ph.).

kāraṇātman a. whose nature is the cause of (gen.).

kāraṇāntara n. a particular occasion.

kāraṇḍava m. a kind of duck.

kārayitavya a. to be (caused to be) done.

kārayitṛ a. causing to act.

kārā f. prison.

kārāgāra n. prison-house.

kārāgṛha n. prison-house.

kārāvara m. N. of a caste.

kārita a. caused, effected by (--°); f. āvṛddhi) stipulated (not legal) interest.

kārin [1] a. doing, making, causing, acting (w. gen., adv., or --°).

kārin [2] a. praising, exulting; m. singer, poet.

kāru [1] m. -rū f. artisan.

kāru [2] m. singer, praiser, poet.

kāruka m. = kāru1.

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kārukānna n. the food of an artisan.

kāruṇya a. praiseworthy, excellent; n. pity, compassion.

kāruṣa m. N. of a country and caste.

kārūṣa m. N. of a son of Manu.

kārkaśya n. roughness, hardness, severity.

kārttika m. a cert. month in autumn, also = seq.

kārttikeya m. metron. of Skanda.

kārtsnya n. entireness, totality; instr. wholly.

kārpaṇya n. peevishness, wretchedness, niggardliness; pity, compassion.

kārpāsa m. ī f. cotton; adj. made of cotton.

kārpāsaka (f. kārpāsikā & kārpāsikī) = prec. adj.

kārpāsatāntava n. weft of cotton.

kārpāsāsthi n. the seed of the cotton plant.

kārmaṇa a. pertaining to or sprung from actions; enchanting, bewitching (abstr. -tva n.). n. magic, sorcery.

kārmaṇika a. caused by magical art.

kārmāra m. artisan, smith.

kārmuka [1] a. effective.

kārmuka f. ī2 consisting of wood of the tree Kṛmuka; n. (m.) a bow.

kārmukin a. armed with a bow.

kārya a. to be done etc. (v. kṛ1). n. affair, duty, business, work, matter; lawsuit, dispute; an operation in grammar; effect, result; purpose, object. kiṃ kāryam to what purpose? na kāryamasmākam we have no business with or need of (instr.).

kāryakaraṇa n. performing one's duty.

kāryakāraṇa n. a special cause or motive.

kāryakāla m. time for acting.

kāryatā f. -tva n. the being an effect or a result.

kāryadarśana n. trial of a law-suit.

kāryadarśin a. sagacious, ingenious (lit. seeing what is to be done).

kāryadhvaṃsa m. the giving up of a business.

kāryanidhāna f. ā accomplisher or treasure of works.*

kāryanirṇaya m. decision of a law-suit.

kāryapadavī f. way to act.

kāryarūpa a. appearing as a result (ph.).

kāryavattā f. abstr. to seq.

kāryavant a. having a business, occupied.

kāryavaśāt (abl.) for a certain purpose or business.

kāryavinimaya m. reciprocity of duty, mutual obligation.

kāryavṛttānta m. matter of fact.

kāryavyasana n. the failure of a business.

kāryaśeṣa m. the rest of a business.

kāryaśeṣajña a. knowiNg what is left to be done (v. prec.).

kāryasiddhi f. accomplishment of a business, success.

kāryahantṛ m. destroyer of a business.

kāryākārya (°--) what is and what is not to be done, right and wrong.

kāryātipāta m. neglect of a business; a. -tin.

kāryādhikārin m. minister of politics.

kāryāntara n. another business or something else than business, i.e. recreation, pleasure.

kāryāntarasaciva m. the companion of a king in his hours of recreation (v. prec.), maitre de plaisir.

kāryārtha m. an object or business; -m adv. for one's purpose, after one's business.

kāryārthin a. having an object, business, or law-suit.

kāryika a. the same.

kāryin a. the same.

kāryekṣaṇa a. = kāryadarśana.

kāryoparodha m. interruption of a business.

kāryopekṣā f. neglect of a duty, carelessness.

kārśya n. meagerness, thinness, smallness, decrease.

kārṣāpaṇa m. n. a cert. coin or weight.

kārṣi a. drawing, furrowing.

kārṣin a. drawing, furrowing.

kārṣika a. weighing a Karsha.

kārṣīvaṇa m. ploughman.

kārṣṇa f. ī pertaining to the black antelope the dark half of the month, or to Krsna; n. the skin of the black antelope.

kārṣṇāyasa f. ī made of iron; n. iron.

kārṣṇi m. patron. of Kṛṣṇa.

kārṣṇya n. blackness, darkness.

kārṣman n. a furrow as the goal in a racecourse.

kārṣmarya m. N. of a tree.

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kāla f. ī1 dark-blue, black, m. the black part of the eye, E. of Rudra-Śiva; N. of sev. kings etc., also = kālasarpa q.v.; f. ī E. of Durga etc.

kāla [2] m. time, esp. the right or proper time (w. gen., dat., loc., inf., or --°); opportunity, case; season, mealtime (twice a day); the half of a day, hour, age, era, measure of time, prosody; time as ruler or destroyer of the world, i.e. destiny, fate; end; death or the god of death. --paraḥ kālaḥ high time (w. inf.). kālaṃ kṛ appoint a time for (loc.). kālena in course of time (also -gacchatā; kālāt or kālatas), at times; kālena dīrgheṇa bahunā, or mahatā (also gen.) after a long time. kasya citkālasya after some time. kāla & kāle in time, at the right or appointed time; (also kāle gacchati) in course of time, little by little. kāle kāle always in time or at the right time. kasmiṃścitkāle one day. -- ubhau kālau morning and evening. ṣaṣṭhe kāle on the sixth half-day i.e. after three days; pancaśate kāle after 250 days.

kālaka [1] a. dark-blue, black. m. mole, freckle, a sort of grain. f. kālakā a kind of bird; kālikā black spot, E. of Durgā.

kālaka [2] (f. kālikā) monthly.

kālakañja m. pl. N. of a race of Asuras.

kālakaṇṭhaka m. sparrow.

kālakarman n. death (lit. the work of time).

kālakārita a. temporary (lit. caused by time).

kālakūṭa m. a poison produced at the churning of the ocean; poison i.g.

kālakṛta a. temporary, passing (lit. made by time).

kālakṣama a. durable, lasting (lit. bearing time).

kālakṣepa m. loss of time, delay; -kṣepāya to win time.

kālacakra n. the time (thought as) a wheel.

kālajihva a. black-tongued.

kālajña a. knowing the (proper) times.

kālajñāna n. knowledge of time or chronology.

kāladaṇḍa m. the staff of Death.

kāladharma m. the law of time, i.e. death.

kāladharman m. the law of time, i.e. death.

kālanemi m. N. of an Asura.

kālapakva a. ripened by time.

kālapakvabhuj a. eating things ripened by time.

kālaparaśudhāra m. executioner (lit. bearer of the axe of Death).*

kālaparyaya m. the course of time.

kālaparyāya m. the course of time.

kālapāśa m. the sling of Death.

kālapāśasthita a. being in the sling (i.e. on the brink) of death.

kālaprāpta a. come with or produced by time.

kālayoga m. a connection with or arrangement of time. -tas according to circumstances.

kālapriyanātha m. E. of Śiva.

kālavarṣin a. raining in time.

kālavāla a. black-tailed.

kālavid a. & kālavidyā f. = kālajña & kālajñāna.

kālavibhakti f. division of time.

kālavṛddhi f. periodical (not legal) interest.

kālaśāka m. a kind of pot-herb.

kālasaṃrodha m. keeping (of a pledge) for a long time.

kālasarpa m. coluber naga.

kālasūtra n. the cord of the god of death; m. n. N. of a certain hell.

kālaharaṇa n. -hāra m. loss of time, delay.

kālāguru m. a black kind of Agallochum.

kālātipāta m. loss of time, delay.

kālātyaya m. lapse of time, prescription (j.).

kālānusārya s. a kind of gum.

kālāntara n. another time or intermediate time, interval, delay. -- Instr. & abl. after some delay.

kālāntarakṣama a. bearing a delay, patient.

kālāyasa n. iron, adj. made of iron.

kālāyasadṛḍha a. iron-hard.

kālika a. relating to time; timely, season able; lasting as long as (--°).

kāliṅga a. coming from the country of the Kalingas; m. an inhabitant or king of it; f. -ngī princess of the Kalingas.

kāliṅgaka a. coming from the country of the Kalingas; m. an inhabitant or king of it; f. -ngī princess of the Kalingas.

kālidāsa m. N. of several poets.

kālinda n. water-melon, f. ī patr. of the Yamuna river; a. coming from this river.

kāliman m. blackness.

kālīna a. relating to the time of --°; also = kālika (--°).

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kālīyaka m. N. of a serpent-demon; n. a kind of fragrant black wood.

kālya n. daybreak; loc. & acc. at daybreak, early.

kāvya [1] a. having the qualities of a sage; wise, inspired; m. patr. of Uśanas.

kāvya [2] a. the same; n. wisdom, inspiration; poetry, poem; m. pl. a class of Manes.

kāvyakartṛ m. a poet.

kāvyaprakāśa m. light of poetry, T. of a work.

kāvyabandha m. a poem or verse (lit. composition of poetry).*

kāvyarasa m. the flavour of poetry.

kāvyaśāstra n. manual on poetry, T. of a work.

kāvyādarśa m. mirror of poetry, T. of a work.

kāvyālaṃkāra m. ornament of poetry, T. of a work = seq.

kāvyālaṃkārasūtra n. a manual on the ornaments of poetry; -vṛtti f. the commentary to this work.

kāś kāśate (kāśati) v pp. kāśita be visible, appear, shine, be brilliant or pleasant. I. cākaśīti & cākaśyate shine bright; see clearly, survey. --
     abhi I. shine bright upon, illumine; look on, survey.
     ava be visible, lie open.
     nis C niṣkāśayati -> kas. pra be visible, shine, radiate, appear, become clear or manifest. C. prakāśayati (te) make visible, cause to appear, show, unveil, explain, declare as (acc.).
     saṃpra & C. the same.
     vi appear. C. display, spread; illuminate, irradiate. l. pp. vicākaśat shining, beaming; beholding, perceiving.
     sam appear, behold.

kāśa m. a kind of grass.

kāśi m. the clenched hand or a handful; m. N. of a people; kāśi or kāśī f. the town of Benares.

kāśika a. coming from Kāśi or Benares; f. ā the town of Benares (±vṛtti T. of a commentary).

kāśin a. appearing (--°).

kāśirāja m. king of the Kāśi.

kāśmarī f. kāśmarya m. N. of a plant.

kāśmīra f. ī pertaining to or coming from kacmira; m. = kaśmīra.

kāśmīraja n. saffron.

kāśmīrajanman n. saffron.

kāśya m. ā f. king & queen of the Kāśi.

kāśyapa f. ī patron. to Kaśyapa; N. of sev. persons.

kāṣa m. rubbing.

kāṣāya a. dyed brown-red; f. ī a kind of wasp or bee; n. a brown-red garment.

kāṣṭha n. stick of wood, log; a kind of measure.

kāṣṭhabhāra m. a load of wood.

kāṣṭhabhṛt a. leading to the goal (cf. kāṣṭhā).

kāṣṭhamaya f. ī made of wood, wooden.

kāṣṭhaloṣṭamaya a. made of wood or clay.

kāṣṭhastambha m. a beam of wood.

kāṣṭhā f. race-course, course (esp. of the winds and clouds); mark, goal, limit; summit, top, height (fig.); cardinal point or quarter of the heaven; a cert. measure of time.

kās kāsate (kāsati)1 v to cough.

kās [2] f. kāsa m., kāsā f. cough.

kāsavant a. having a cough.

kāsāra m. pond, lake.

kāsikā f. cough.

kāsin a. having a cough.

kāhan n. a day of Brahman, a Kalpa.

kāhas n. a day of Brahman, a Kalpa.

kāhala a. improper, unbecoming (speech); m. a large drum, f. ā a cert. wind-instrument.

kāhlāra a. coming from the white water-lily.

ki interr. stem in kim & kis.

kiṃyu a. what wishing?

kiṃrūpa a. of what shape or form?

kiṃvadanta m. N. of an imp or goblin. f. ī rumour, common saying (lit. what do they say?).

kiṃvarṇa a. of what colour?

kiṃvyāpāra a. of what occupation?

kiṃśuka m. N. of a tree; n. its flower.

kiṃsakhi m. a bad friend.

kiṃsuhṛd m. a bad friend.

kiṃhetu a. having what reason?

kikidīvi m. the blue jay.

kiṃkara m. ī f. servant or slave.

kiṃkartavyamūḍhatā f. the being at a loss about what is to be done.*

kiṅkiṇī f. a small bell.

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kiṅkirāta m. the Aśoka tree.

kiṃcanya n. possession (lit. somethingness).

kiñjalka s. filament or blossom, esp. of the lotus.

kiṃjyotis a. having what light?

kiṭi m. a wild hog.

kiṭṭa n. secretion, dirt.

kiṇa m. thick hard skin, callosity, scar.

kiṇva n. ferment, lees.

kitava m. gambler (f. -vī); cheat, deceiver.

kināṭa n. bark of a tree.

kiṃdevata a. having what as a deity?

kiṃdevatya a. belonging or consecrated to what deity?

kiṃnara m. a class of mythical beings (half man half animal).

kiṃnarakaṇṭha f. ī singing like a Kimnara (v. prec.).

kiṃnāmaka f. -mikā a. having what name?

kiṃnāmadheya a. the same.

kiṃnāman a. the same.

kiṃnimitta a. having what cause or reason? (tas adv. wherefore?*).

kim (n. sgl. of ki to ka1, used also °-- as stem o. = kad q.v.) what? as adv. whence? wherefore? why? also merely interr. = num, an; in all these mgs o. connected with aṅga iti iva u uta nu (khalu), vā svid, in the second clause of a double question kim alone or w. uta u vā nu vā vā, also (without kim) uta uta vā & vāpi atha vā or āho svid. -- With cana (ca na), cid (& api*) indef. = something, a little (kimapi also in l. l. rather, much, vehemently); w. all three & a neg. by no means, not at all. kimu how much more, however. still. kiṃ ca moreover, further (esp. between two stanzas). kiṃ tu yet, however, nevertheless. kimuta & kiṃ nu how much more or less. kiṃ punar the same + still, yet however. kimuddiśya for what purpose (lit. aiming at what)? kim w. instr. what is gained by? what is the use of? what is it (instr.) to (gen.)?

kimartha a. having what purpose or aim?

kimākhya a. having what name?

kimācāra a. of what conduct?

kiṃpara a. having what consequences?

kiṃpuruṣa m. a class of mythical beings, imp, dwarf (cf. kiṃnara).

kiṃpuruṣaparvata m. the mountain of the Kimpurushas.

kiṃprabhu m. a bad master.

kiṃphala a. bearing what fruit or result?

kiṃbala a. of what strength? how strong?

kiṃbhṛtya m. a bad servant.

kimmaya a. consisting of what?

kiṃmātra a. of what measure?

kiyacciram adv. how long? -reṇa how soon?

kiyadadbhuta n. no great wonder.

kiyaddūra n. what or some distance (v. seq.); °--, acc., or loc. not far, a little way off (loc also how far?*).

kiyant a. how great? how far? how long? what sort of? indef. in a derogatory sense = not great; small, little. kiyātyā (loc. w. ā1) how long ago? n. kiyat adv. how far? how much? something, a little.

kiyanmātra a. of small importance.

kiyāmbu n. N. of a cert. water-plant.

kir a. scattering, spreading (--°).

kiraṇa m. very small dust, a mote, a ray or beam of light.

kirāṭa m. merchant, trader.

kirāta m. ī f. N. of a barbarous mountaintribe (appearing also in the service of kings).

kirātārjunīya n. (the combat of) Arjuna with (Śiva in the form of) a Kirata, T. of an epic poem.

kiri -> ākhukiri.

kirika a. sparkling.

kirīṭa n. diadem; m. = kirāṭa.

kirīṭin a. diademed, crowned (E. of gods and heroes).

kirmira a. variegated, many-coloured.

kirmīra a. variegated, many-coloured.

kirmīrita a. variegated, many-coloured.

kila (kilā) adv. indeed, of course (lays stress on the preceding word).

kilakila m. E. of Śiva; f. -lā (onom.) shout of joy.

kilañja m. a mat.

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kilāsa a. leprous; f. kilāsī a kind of spotted deer; n. leprosy.

kiliñja m. = kilañja.

kilbiṣa n. fault, guilt, sin against (--°), offence, injury; p. -ṣin.

kilbiṣaspṛt a. shunning or removing sins.

kiśora m. ī f. colt; young animal i.g., also lad, lass.

kiṣkindha m. N. of a mountain, f. ā of a cave in it.

kiṣku m. fore-arm, handle (of an axe).

kis interr. particle.

kisalay kisalayati v cause to sprout or germinate (also fig.).

kisalaya n. sprout or shoot; -yita having sprouts or leaf-buds.

kīkaṭa m. pl. N. of a people.

kīkasa m. the spine; f. kīkasā vertebre; n. a bone i.g.

kīcaka m. reed, sedge; m. N. of an ancient chief, pl. of a people.

kīja m. a cert. instrument.

kīṭa m. worm, insect; w. āgneya a fireworm (applied by a thief for extinguishing a lamp).

kīṭaka m. = prec.

kīṭaja n. silk (lit. produced by a worm).

kīdṛkṣa a. of what sort?

kīdṛgākāra a. of what shape?

kīdṛgrūpa a. of what shape?

kīdṛgvyāpāravant a. having what occupation?

kīdṛś f. ī of what sort? what like? Before ca & after yāvat indef.

kīdṛśa f. ī = prec., also good for what, i.e. useless.

kīnāra m. cultivator of the soil.

kīnāśa m. plougher, drudge, slave, niggard.

kīra m. parrot; pl. N. of a people.

kīri m. praiser, poet.

kīrin a. praising; m. = prec.

kīrṇa a. scattered, dispersed, spread, strewn, covered, filled.

kīrtana n. -nā f. mentioning, report.

kīrtay kīrtayati v (kīrtayate) mention, commemorate, tell, report, proclaim, praise (gen. or acc.); mention or declare as, name, call (2 acc.); P. be called, pass for (nom.). --
     anu remember, mention, report, relate.
     pari tell around, announce, relate, report, praise, commend; w. 2 acc., P. w. 2 nom.
= S.
     pra mention, quote, communicate, relate, divulge, praise, approve; w. 2acc. etc. =
     pari saṃpra mention, declare, name.
     sam mention, repeat, proclaim, praise.

kīrti f. mention, speech, report, renown, glory.

kīrtināśana a. destroying reputation.

kīrtibhaj a. enjoying reputation, renowned.

kīrtimant a. glorious, celebrated (of pers.).

kīrtiyuta a. glorious, celebrated (of pers.).

kīrtenya a. deserving praise.

kīla m. kīliṃkā f. a pointed piece of wood; peg, bolt, wedge, etc.

kīlaka m. kīliṃkā f. a pointed piece of wood; peg, bolt, wedge, etc.

kīlāla m. a sweet drink, similar to the Amrit; n. blood.

kīlita a. stuck on, fastened; stuck or covered with (--°).

kīvant a. = kiyant.

kīśa m. ape, monkey.

kīsta m. praiser, singer.

ku [1] (°--) = kad.

ku [2] -> .

ku [3] f. earth, soil, land.

kukāvya n. a bad poem.

kukura m. N. of a people.

kukkuṭa m. cock; f. kukkuṭī hen.

kukkuṭaka m. N. of a caste.

kukkura m. dog, f. ī bitch.

kukṣi m. belly, womb (also kukṣī f.); cave, valley.

kuṅkuma m. saffron.

kuc kuñc kucati kuñcate, pp. kuñcita v (q.v.) & kucita shrink, curl, contract, draw in (intr.) C. kuñcayati. --
     sam A. = S. + close, shut (intr.). C. saṃkocayati contract, draw in (tr), close up, lessen, diminish. -- Cf. ākuñcita vikuñcita saṃkucita.

kuca m. the female breast (mostly du.).

kucandana m. red sanders or saffron.

kucara a. roving, wandering; behaving ill.

kucaritra n. kucaryā f. evil conduct.

kucela n. bad garment; a. badly clothed.

kujīvikā f. a wretched life.

kuñcana n. contraction.

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kuñci m. a cert. measure of quantity.

kuñcikā f. a key.

kuñcita a. contracted, bent, curled.

kuñcī f. cumin.

kuñj kuñjati v murmur.

kuñja m. bush, bower.

kuñjara m. elephant (f. ī); chief or best of (--°).

kuṭaja m. N. of a tree.

kuṭaru m. cock.

kuṭi f. curve, contraction (--°); hut, cottage.

kuṭila a. crooked, curled; false, deceitful. Abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

kuṭilaka a. bent, curved; f. -likā a kind of dance.

kuṭilakarkaśa a. crooked (false) and hard.

kuṭilakeśa f. ī having curled hair.

kuṭilagāmin a. going crookedly.

kuṭilīkṛ bend, curve.

kuṭī f. = kuṭi.

kuṭīra s. hut, bower.

kuṭumba n. household, family.

kuṭumbaka n. household, family.

kuṭumbabharaṇa n. support of the family.*

kuṭumbin m. householder, father of a family; member of a household or family, servant. -nī f. housewife, matron; maid-servant.

kuṭṭ kuṭṭayati v pp. kuṭṭita sqash, stamp, crush.

kuṭṭa a. sqashing, stamping, crushing, hammering.

kuṭṭaka a. sqashing, stamping, crushing, hammering.

kuṭṭana n. stamping, pounding, beating; f. ī = kuṭṭinī.

kuṭṭāka a. tearing, lacerating (--°).

kuṭṭinī f. a bawd, procuress.

kuṭṭinīputra m. son of a bawd.*

kuṭṭima n. plaster-floor, pavement.

kuṭhāra m. axe; -rikā f. a small axe.

kuṭhāraka m. axe; -rikā f. a small axe.

kuṭhārika m. a wood-cutter (axe-bearer).

kuḍmala a. blossoming; s. blossom (l. & f.), n. a cert. hell.

kuḍmalita a. blossomed or shut like a blossom.

kuḍya n. ā f. wall.

kuṇapa [1] n. carcase, corpse.

kuṇapa [2] a. rotting, mouldering.

kuṇapabhuj m. a Rakṣas (lit. carcase-eater).

kuṇāru a. lame in the arm.

kuṇi a. = prec. (*w. instr.); abstr. -tva n.

kuṇṭh only pp. kuṇṭhita blunted, dulled. -- Cf. vikuṃṇṭhita.

kuṇṭha a. blunt, dull; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

kuṇḍa n. jar, pitcher (also ī f.); hole in the ground, fire-pit. m. the son of a wife by a paramour.

kuṇḍaka s. & kuṇḍikā f. = kuṇḍa n. & ī f.

kuṇḍala n. ring, esp. ear-ring.

kuṇḍalin a. wearing ear-rings; forming a ring, coiled; m. a snake.

kuṇḍāśin a. eating from a Kuṇḍa.

kuṇḍina m. a man's name; n. = seq.

kuṇḍinanagara n. N. of a town.

kuṇḍinapura n. N. of a town.

kutapa m. n. a blanket of goat-hair; m. Kuśa grass.

kutas adv. whence? whither? wherefore? why? how? Also = abl. of the inter. pron.; w. api cana & cida from any (side), w. neg. from no side, from nowhere.

kutuka n. curiosity, eagerness, interest; desire for (--°).

kutūhala n. the same (also w. prati or loc.); anything curious, interesting, or amusing.

kutūhalavant a. curious, eager, interested in anything.

kutūhalin a. curious, eager, interested in anything.

kutra (kutrā) adv. where? whither? on what account? for what purpose? With cid & api indef. anywhere, somewhere. kutra cid w. neg. nowhere; kutra cid -- kutra cid here--there, sometimes -- sometimes; kutra--kva = kva--kva.

kutsa m. N. of a Rishi etc.

kutsana n. reviling, abuse, reproach.

kutsay kutsayati v pp. kutsata revile, abuse, blame.--
     abhi & ava = S.

kutsā f. = kutsana.

kutsya a. blamable.

kuth only pp. kuthita putrid, stinking, & C. kothayati cause to putrify.

kutha m. ā f. a dyed woollen blanket.

kudṛṣṭi f. bad sight; bad doctrine or system.

kuddāla s. hoe, spade.

kudhī a. foolish, stupid; m. a fool.

kunakha a. having ugly nails.

kunakhin a. having ugly nails.

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kunta m. spear, lance.

kuntala m. the hair of the head; pl. N. of a people.

kuntāpa n. cert. organs in the belly; N. of a section of the Atharvaveda.

kunti m. pl. N. of a people; sgl. = seq.

kuntibhoja m. a prince of the Kuntis.

kuntī f. N. of Pṛthā, one of the two wives of Pāṇḍu, adopted daughter of Kunti.

kuntīsuta m. son of Kuntī, E. of the Pāṇḍavas.

kunda m. a kind of jasmine; n. its flower.

kundalatā f. stalk or twig of jasmine.

kup kupyati kupyate v pp. kupita become moved or agitated, boil up, be angry with (dat. or gen.). C. kopayati te excite, agitate, make angry. --
     pari become greatly moved, be very angry. C. excite vehemently, make very angry.
     pra = S., C. = S. C.
     sam become angry. C. boil up; make angry, excite. -- Cf. prakupita.

kupa m. beam of a pair of scales.

kupaya a. moving, restless.

kupāyu a. liable to anger.

kuputra m. a bad son.

kupuruṣa m. bad man, wretch, coward.

kupya n. base metal (all metal except silver and gold).

kuplava m. a bad raft.

kubera m. Kubera, the chief of the spirits of darkness, afterwards the god of riches, the regent of the north.

kubja a. humpbacked, crooked.

kubjaka m. N. of a plant.

kubjakagulma m. thicket of Kubjakas (v. prec.).

kubhanyu a. desirous of water.

kubhā m. N. of a river.

kubhikṣu m. a wicked beggar.

kubhra m. a cert. animal.

kumati [1] f. false opinion, folly.

kumati [2] a. foolish, stupid.

kumanas a. displeased, angry.

kumāra m. boy, youth, son, prince (lit. easily dying, frail); E. of Skanda, the god of war. f. -rī girl, maiden, daughter; a woman's name.

kumāraka m. child, little boy, youth; f. -rikā girl, maid.

kumāratva n. boyhood, youth.

kumāradeṣṇa a. granting perishable gifts.

kumārabrahmacārin a. chaste from infancy.

kumāravana n. Kumara's grove.*

kumāravrata n. vow of chastity.*

kumārasaṃbhava m. the birth of the god of war, T. of a poem.

kumārin a. having or granting children.

kumārila m. N. of a philosophical teacher.

kumārilabhaṭṭa m. N. of a philosophical teacher.

kumārilasvāmin m. N. of a philosophical teacher.

kumārībhāga m. a daughter's share.

kumārībhāva m. maidenhood, virginity.*

kumitra n. a bad friend.

kumuda n. the flower of the white water-lily.

kumudākara m. a group of Kumudas (v. prec.).

kumudinī f. the Kumuda plant, also = prec.

kumudvant a. abounding in Kumudas; f. kumudvatī = prec.

kumba s. a kind of head-dress for women.

kumbha m. jar, pot (also kumbhī), funeral urn; du. the two frontal globes of an elephant, which swell in the time of rutting.

kumbhaka  = prec. adj --°; m. n. a cert. religious exercise to suspend the breath.

kumbhakarṇa m. N. of a Rākṣasa.

kumbhakāra m. a potter (a cert. mixed caste).

kumbhadāsī f. a whore or bawd.

kumbhadhānya a. having grain enough to fill a jar.

kumbhāṇḍa m. a cert. class of demons.

kumbhin a. having a jar; m. elephant.

kumbhila (& -ka*) m. thief.

kumbhīdhānyaka a. = kumbhadhānya.

kumbhīnasa m. a kind of serpent.

kumbhīpāka m. the contents of a cooking vessel; the being cooked in jars (in a cert. hell).

kumbhīra m. crocodile.

kumbhīla m. the same; thief (also -ka m.*).

kumbhīlaka m. N. of a servant.

kuyava a. bringing a bad harvest. m. N. of a demon; n. a bad harvest.

kuyavāc a. speaking ill, abusing.

kuraṅga m. a kind of antelope, antelope i.g., f. ī a female antelope.

kuraṅgaka (& -ka*) m. = prec. m.

kuraṅganayanā f. a fawn-eyed woman.

kuraṅganetrā f. a fawn-eyed woman.

kuraṅgākṣī f. a fawn-eyed woman.

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kuraṅgākṣī f. a fawn-eyed woman.

kurabaka m. crimson amaranth; n. its flower.

kurara m. ī f. osprey.

kurīra n. a kind of head-band.

kuru m. N. of an ancient king; pl. his race and people.

kurukurāy kurukurāyate v prattle, chatter.*

kurukṣetra n. N. of a country and celebrated battle-field; m. pl. its inhabitants.

kurupañcāla m. pl. the Kurus and PaJcālas.

kurupāṇḍava (m. du. & pl.) the descendants of Kuru and Pāṇḍu.

kuruvṛddha m. E. of Bhīṣma.

kurūpa a. ill shaped, ugly; abstr. kurūpatā f.

kurūru m. a kind of worm.

kurkura m. dog.

kula n. herd, flock, swarm, multitude, race, family, esp. good family, nobility; guild, corporation, community, association, caste, tribe; land for one family, abode, residence, house; chief of a corporation (v. kulabhūta). °-- often = chief, noble.

kulaka multitude (adj. --°); n. three or more (lokas forming only one sentence.

kulakanyakā (& kulakumārī*) f. a girl of good family.

kulakṣaya m. ruin of a family.

kulaguru m. chief or priest of a family.

kulagotra n. du. family and tribe.

kulaghna a. destroying a family.

kulaja a. born of noble race.

kulatantu m. the last (lit. thread) of his race.

kulattha m. a kind of pulse.

kuladūṣaṇa a. disgracing a family.

kuladeva m. -tā f. family god or deity.

kuladaiva n. the same.

kuladaivata n. the same.

kuladharma m. practice, observance, or duty of a family.

kulanārī f. a noble woman.

kulanāśaka f. -śikā destroying a family.*

kulapati m. head of a family.

kulapā m. head of a family.

kulapāṃsana f. ī disgracing a family.

kulaputra m. son of a noble family.

kulapratiṣṭhā f. support or prop of a family.

kulabhūta a. being the chief of a corporation.

kulabhūbhṛt m. chief mountain; excellent prince.

kulamitra n. a friend of the family.

kulavadhū f. a woman of good family.

kulavardhana a. propagating a race.

kulavidyā f. family science.

kulavrata n. family vow.

kulasaṃkhyā f. the being numbered among the (noble) families, respectability.

kulasaṃtati f. propagation of the race, posterity.

kulasaṃnidhi m. the presence of many; loc. before witnesses.

kulastamba m. the grass-tuft (last straw) of a family.

kulastrī f. a woman of good family.

kulāṅkura m. offspring of a family.

kulāntakaraṇa n. causing the end of a family.

kulānvaya m. descent from a noble race.

kulānvita a. descended from (lit. possessed of) a noble race.

kulāya m. n. texture, web, nest, case.

kulāyin a. forming a nest, nest-like, homely.

kulāla m. potter, f. -lī.

kulika m. a kinsman.

kuliṅga m. a kind of mouse or bird.

kulija n. a cert. vessel or measure.

kuliśa m. axe, hatchet, a cert. fish; n. thunderbolt, diamond; f. kuliśī N. of a river in the sky.

kuliśadhara m. the thunderbolt-bearer (Indra).

kuliśabhṛt m. the same.

kulīkaya m. a cert. aquatic animal.

kulīkā f. a kind of bird.

kulīna a. of noble race or mind; belonging to the family of, related to (--°).

kulīya (--°) = kulīna (--°).

kulīra m. a crab.

kulūta m. pl. N. of a people.

kulodgata a. sprung from a noble race.

kulodvaha a. propagating the race of, descendant of (--°).

kulpha m. ankle.

kulmala n. neck i.e. the portion between point and shaft (of an arrow).

kulmāṣa (m. sgl. & pl.) sour gruel of fruits etc.

kulmi s. herd, multitude.

kulya [1] a. belonging to a family; also = kulīna.

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kulya [2] a. belonging to a river.

kulya [3] n. place for preserving the bones of a burnt corpse.

kulyā f. river, channel.

kullūka m. N. of a celebrated scholiast on Manu. lva a. bald.

kuvaya m. a cert. bird.

kuvala n. the fruit of the jujube tree (f. kuvalī); also = seq.

kuvalaya n. the blue water-lily.

kuvalayadṛś f. a dark-eyed woman (v. prec.).

kuvalayanayanā f. the same.

kuvalayākṣi f. the same.

kuvalayānanda m. T. of a work.

kuvalayita a. adorned with water-lilies.

kuvitsa m. anybody, an unknown person.

kuvid interr. particle (in direct and indir. questions).

kuvinda m. weaver.

kuvindaka m. weaver.

kuvivāha m. a low marriage.

kuśa m. grass, esp. the sacred grass used at cert. rel. ceremonies. --f. kuśā & kuśī a little peg, serving as a mark.

kuśara m. a kind of reed.

kuśala a. in good condition, in order, all right, proper, suitable, well, healthy; equal to, capable of, clever, skilful, versed in (loc., gen., inf., or --°). f. kuśalī N. of sev. plants. n. right condition, welfare, health, luck; also = seq.

kuśalatā f. ability, skill, cleverness.

kuśalapraśna m. inquiry after another's wellfare.

kuśalavant a. healthy, well.

kuśalavāc a. eloquent.

kuśalāvasānatā f. happy result.*

kuśalin a. = kuśalavant, also auspicious, favourable.

kuśalīkṛ put in order, arrange.

kuśavāri n. water boiled with Kuśa grass.

kuśastamba m. a heap of (Kuśa) grass.

kuśāvatī f. N. of a town.

kuśika m. N. of an ancient sage; pl. his race, also N. of a people.

kuśīlava m. bard, herald, actor; du. N. of the two sons of Rāma.

kuśūla m. -> kusūla & -dhānyaka.

kuśūladhānyaka m. -> kusūla & -dhānyaka.

kuśeśaya a. lying on Kuśa grass; n. waterlily.

kuśodaka n. = kuśavāri.

kuśorṇā f. pl. grass-wool.

kuśri m. N. of a teacher.

kuṣ kuṣṇāti & kuṣati v pp. kuṣita pinch, tear, gnaw, knead. --
     nis the same.

kuṣavā f. N. of a river or a Rākṣasī.

kuṣītaka m. a cert. bird; a man's name.

kuṣṭha m. N. of sev. plants (also n.); f. kuṣṭhā point, beak, hind-claw; n. leprosy.

kuṣṭhikā f. hind-claw.

kuṣṭhita a. leprous.

kuṣṭhin a. leprous.

kuṣmāṇḍa m. N. of a plant; pl. a class of demons.

kusitā f. a cert. demoniacal being.

kusitāyī f. a cert. demoniacal being.

kusidāyī f. a cert. demoniacal being.

kusindha n. trunk.

kusīda a. lazy, inert; n. lending money, loan; also = kusīdapatha & kusīdavṛddhi.

kusīdapatha m. usury.

kusīdavṛddhi f. interest on money.

kusīdin m. usurer.

kusuma n. flower, bud.

kusumakomala a. tender as a flower.

kusumacāpa m. the god of love (having a bow of flowers)

kusumadāyin a. putting forth buds.*

kusumadhanvan m. = kusumacāpa.

kusumamaya f. ī consisting of flowers.

kusumamālā f. garland of flowers.*

kusumay kusumayati v pp. kusumita (q.v.) bring forth flowers.

kusumaśayana n. a couch of flowers.

kusumaśara having flowers for arrows (abstr. -tva n.); m. the god of love.

kusumākara m. the spring; --N. of a garden.*

kusumāñjali m. two handfuls of flowers, a flower offering.

kusumāḍhya a. rich in or adorned with flowers.

kusumāpīḍa m. wreath of flowers.*

kusumāyudha m. = kusumaśara m.

kusumāvacaya m. gathering flowers.

kusumāstaraṇa n. = kusumaśayana.

kusumita a. budded, flowered; n. blossoming or the time of blossoming.

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kusumodgama m. the coming forth of flowers, blossoming.*

kusumbha m. safflower; pot, water-jar.

kusumbhakṣetra n. field of safflower.

kusumbhavant a. carrying a water-pot.

kusūla m. a granary.

kusūladhānyaka a. having enough to fill a granary.

kustrī f. a bad woman.

kuha adv. where (also w. svid). With cid wherever, somewhere.

kuhaka m. cheat, deceiver, juggler; f. ā and n. juggling, deception.

kuhayā adv. where?

kuhara m. N. of a serpent-demon; n. hole, cave.

kuharabhāj a. dwelling in dens.

kuhā f. N. of a plant.

kuhū f. the new moon (personif.).

kuvate v w. ā1 intend.

[2] adv. where? w. cid anywhere.

kūcī f. pencil, brush.

kūj kūjati kūjate v make inarticulate sounds. cry, sing (of a bird), coo, caw, hum, moan, groan, etc. --
     anu follow in crying etc.
     abhi ā ud vi sam
= S.

kūja m. kūjana & kūjita n. crying, singing, etc.

kūṭa [1] n. bone of the forehead, horn; peak, point, heap, mass (also m.); trap, snare, fraud, deceit, falsehood.

kūṭa [2] a. not horned (ox etc.); false, deceitful.

kūṭaka a. false; n. eminence, projection.

kūṭakarman n. fraud, deceit.

kūṭakāraka m. forger, false witness.

kūṭakṛt m. briber, falsifier.

kūṭatāpasa m. a false (not real) ascetic.

kūṭapāla m. fever of the elephant.

kūṭapālaka m. fever of the elephant.

kūṭavāgurā f. a hidden trap or snare.*

kūṭaśāsana n. a forged edict; -kartṛ m. forger of an edict or document.

kūṭasākṣin m. false witness.

kūṭastha a. being at the head, highest, supreme; standing amidst (--°); immovable, unchangeable.

kūṭākṣa m. a false die.

kūṭāgāra m. n. upper room pleasure-house.

kūḍ kūḍayati v (kūḍalayati) singe, scorch. --
     upa roast.

kūṇ kūṇati v pp. kūṇita contract, close (intr.). --
     ni & vi = S.

kūdī f. fagot, bundle, bunch.

kūpa m. hole, cave, well.

kūpakhanana n. digging of a well.

kūpacakra n. wheel for drawing water from a well.

kūpayantra n. wheel for drawing water from a well.

kūpāra -> akūpāra.

kūpya a. being in a hole or well.

kūbara m. or n., kūbarī f. (adj. --° f. ā) the pole of a carriage.

kūra n. boiled rice.

kūrca m. n. bundle, bunch, brush; n. beard.

kūrcaka m. the same.

kūrcatā f. beardedness.

kūrcala a. bearded.

kūrcānata a. long-bearded (lit. bent down by the heard).*

kūrd kūrdati kūrdate v leap, jump. --
     ud jump up.
     pra jump forward.

kūrda m. -na n. a jump.

kūrpa s. sand.

kūrpara m. elbow, r. knee.

kūrpāsaka m. jacket, bodice.

kūrma m. tortoise (f. kūrmī); one of the winds of the body; N. of a serpent-demon & a Rishi.

kūrmapati m. the king of tortoises (who bears the earth).

kūrmi & kūrmin -> tuvikūrmi & tuvikūrmin.

kūl kūlayati v (cf. kūḍ) singe. --
     ava = S.

kūla n. slope, hill; shore, bank.

kūlaṃkaṣa a. wearing of the bank (river).

kūlajāta a. grown on the shore.

kūlavatī f. river (lit. having banks).

kūlinī f. river (lit. having banks).

kūlya a. belonging to a bank or shore.

kūlva a. bald.

kūśma m. a cert. demoniacal being.

kūṣma m. a cert. demoniacal being.

kūṣmāṇḍa m. a kind of imp or spirit; a cert. spell or magical verse (also f. ī & n.).

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kṛ [1] (skṛ), kṛṇoti kṛṇute karoti kurute (karati & karti), pp. kṛta (q.v.) make, do, cause or produce anything in or on one's self or others; absol. act, work; bring or help to (dat.); get or procure for (gen.), M. for one's self; make or begin something (acc., esp. kim) with something (instr.); make something (acc.) of something (instr. or abl.); make (into), render 2 acc. or acc. & adj. or adv. in ī ū -- With the acc. of an abstr. kṛ answers to a verb of kindred mng, e.g. w. praveśam = enter, w. maraṇam die, w. rājyam reign; esp. in the periphr. perf., e.g. vidāṃ cakāra he knew. We often use a more special verb, e.g. perform or offer (yajñam), prepare or till (kṣetram), fix (samayam), wait (kṣaṇam), utter (vācam or śabdam), exert (vīryam), show, betray, feel (kṛpām bhāvam sneham), enjoy (sukham), marry (dārān), violate, dishonour (kanyām) etc.; put, set in or on (pāṇau skandhe), take to (hṛdi); ponder, deliberate (cetasi manasi hṛdaye), turn, direct (manas, w. loc.), call, name (nāmnā) etc. Note also dvidhā kṛ divide into two, bhasmasāt° reduce to ashes, tṛṇavat° value like straw. For other phrases cf. the corr. adj. or adv. C. kārayati kṛṇoti kṛṇute karoti kurute (karati & karti), pp. kṛta (q.v.) make, do, cause or produce anything in or on one's self or others; absol. act, work; bring or help to (dat.); get or procure for (gen.), M. for one's self; make or begin something (acc., esp. kim) with something (instr.); make something (acc.) of something (instr. or abl.); make (into), render 2 acc. or acc. & adj. or adv. in ī ū -- With the acc. of an abstr. kṛ answers to a verb of kindred mng, e.g. w. praveśam = enter, w. maraṇam die, w. rājyam reign; esp. in the periphr. perf., e.g. vidāṃ cakāra he knew. We often use a more special verb, e.g. perform or offer (yajñam), prepare or till (kṣetram), fix (samayam), wait (kṣaṇam), utter (vācam or śabdam), exert (vīryam), show, betray, feel (kṛpām bhāvam sneham), enjoy (sukham), marry (dārān), violate, dishonour (kanyām) etc.; put, set in or on (pāṇau skandhe), take to (hṛdi); ponder, deliberate (cetasi manasi hṛdaye), turn, direct (manas, w. loc.), call, name (nāmnā) etc. Note also dvidhā kṛ divide into two, bhasmasāt° reduce to ashes, tṛṇavat° value like straw. For other phrases cf. the corr. adj. or adv. C. kārayate cause to act or do (2 acc. or acc. of th. & instr. of pers.), have something put in (loc.), also = S. D. cikīrṣati te wish to act or do. I. karikrati (3 pl.) do repeatedly. --
     adhi put before or over, place at the head, appoint to (loc.); make a thing the chief matter or main point; be entitled to (A. w. loc., M. w. acc. or inf.).
     anu do afterwards, imitate, equal (acc. or gen.).
     apa put off, remove; injure, offend, do wrong (acc., loc. or gen.).
     abhi do in behalf of (acc.); effect, make.
     ā bring or call near; bring about, perform, prepare; serve a god (gen.), sacrifice. C. call near; ask for (2 acc.).
     apā keep off, remove, pay (a debt); reject, desist.
     udā expel, select.
     upā bring near, fetch; grant, present; acquire, get; invite, prepare, undertake, begin (r.).
     nirā separate, select; push, away, keep off, reject, destroy; refuse, contradict.
     vyā divide, separate from (instr.), analyse, explain.
     samā bring together, collect, unite; make ready, prepare. is ( =
     nis) arrange, make ready, prepare.
     upa bring near, impart, grant, offer, render a service (gen. or loc. of pers.); further, support; w. skṛ M. prepare, cultivate (land), adorn. enchase; think of, care for (acc. or *gen.); deform, corrupt.
     pratyupa return a service. tiras put aside, remove, cover, conceal; cut out, supplant, surpass; contemn, despise, blame, abuse.
     ni bring down, humiliate.
     vini wrong, injure, offend.
     nis bring forth from (abl.); drive away (also w. skṛ), dispel, exclude; accomplish, arrange, settle, prepare, bring together; restore, requite.
     pari prepare (food); w. skṛ make ready, fit out, adorn. puras put before or at the head, place in front, introduce, appoint to (loc.); show, betray.
     pra perform, effect, cause, make, render (2 acc.); take, marry; appoint to (loc.); undo, destroy, kill; violate, deflower; M. induce, move, cause to do; direct or turn (manasṃ buddhim) upon (dat. loc.). resolve; gain, acquire, effect; put before, mention. pipra hurt, wrong, injure, disappoint (Caus. the same*).
     prati do against, return, repay, revenge (acc. of th., gen., dat., loc. of pers.); counteract, withstand (act. of th. and gen. of pers.); restore, requite, repay. D. wish to requite or revenge (acc. of th., acc. or loc. of pers.).
     vi make different, change, alter, divide. detail, specify; deform, spoil, destroy; develop, produce; M. (P.) become different, alter, become hostile, unkind, or faithless (w. gen. or loc.); contend, fight.
     sam (kṛ & skṛ) put together, join, compose, prepare, arrange; consecrate, invest, initiate, marry; refine, embellish, adorn.
     abhisam (skṛ) arrange, perform. M. render (2 acc.); consecrate, dedicate.
     upasam (skṛ) prepare, adorn.
     pratisam restore, repair. -- Cf. adhikṛta adhikṛtya upaskṛta nikṛta pariśkṇta puraskṇta puraskṇtya prakṇta vikṇta saṃskṇta.

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kṛ [2] I.-st. carkṛ (3 sgl. M. carkṛṣe w. act. & pass. mg.) commemorate, mention, extol (gen.).

kṛ [3] (skṛ), kirati kirate, pp. kīrṇa pour out, cast forth, scatter, strew, cover, fill. --
     anu scatter, strew; cover, fill.
     abhi sprinkle, cover, fill.
     ava pour down, scatter, spread, spend (semen); cast off, reject; sprinkle, bestrew, cover, fill.
     samava bestrew, cover entirely.
     ā scatter or bestow abundantly, cover over, fill.
     samā scatter over, cover.
     ud whirl up (dust); excavate, engrave.
     upa scatter or throw down, besprinkle, bestrew.
     vini scatter, disperse; throw away, abandon.
     pari scatter or strew about, surround.
     pra scatter forth, throw down; spring forth, issue, rise.
     vi throw asunder or about, cast, hurl, scatter, disperse, dissolve, split, rend.
     sam pour out, bestow richly, cover, fill; mix together, confound. -- Cf. avakīrna ākīrṇa utkīrṇa prakīrṇa vikīrṇa viprakīrṇa vyākīrṇa saṃkīrṇa.

kṛkara m. a kind of patridge; one of the winds of the body.

kṛkalāsa m. lizard, chameleon.

kṛkavāku m. cock, esp. peacock.

kṛkaṣā f. a cert. bird.

kṛkāṭa n. the joint of the neck.

kṛkāṭikā f. the joint of the neck.

kṛkāṭī f. the joint of the neck.

kṛkālikā f. a cert. bird.

kṛcchra a. troublesome, painful, difficult, dangerous, bad, miserable, n. adv. --m. n. trouble, pain, difficulty, danger, misery; austerity, expiation, a cert. slight penance. °--, instr., & abl. (*w. pp.), & kṛcchratas adv. with difficulty, hardly.

kṛcchrakarman n. hard work, toil, drudgery.

kṛcchrakāla m. the time of distress or danger.

kṛcchragata a. being in trouble or doing a penance.

kṛcchratā f. dangerous state (of a disease).

kṛcchrapatita a. fallen into trouble.

kṛcchrātikṛcchra m. du. the ordinary and extraordinary penance.

kṛt kṛntati kṛntate1 v (kartati), pp. kṛtta cut, cut off, cleave, split, divide, destroy. C. kartayati (kṛntayati) the same. --
     apa & api cut off.
     ava cut off, destroy. C. cause to be gashed.
     ud cut out or off, carve, tear asunder, destroy.
     ni cut or hew down, cut or tear off; M. cut one's self (e.g. the nails). C. cause to be cut.
     pari cut round, clip, cut off, exclude from (abl.).
     pra cut off or asunder.
     vi the same, tear to pieces, lacerate, destroy. C. the same.
     sam cut etc. (together).

kṛt kṛṇatti2 v twist the thread, spin. C. krtayati weave.

kṛt [3] a. making, doing, causing, effecting; maker, performer, author of (--°) m. a suffix forming nouns from roots, also = kṛdanta m.

kṛta a. made, done, prepared, arranged, appointed, got; present, ready, fit, proper, good. Often °-- having done, doing using, showing, betraying etc. --n. it is done, i.e. shall be done instantly; w. instr. (±saha) be it done with, i.e. away with, enough of! n. as subst. act, deed, work, esp. religious work, sacrifice, ceremony, etc.; service, benefit; stake at game; booty in battle; the (lucky) Four-side of the die; the first or golden age. kṛtena because or instead of (gen. or --°); kṛte the same. abs. for something.

kṛtaka a. made, prepared, artificial, unnatural. false. °--& n. adv. -- With putra m. an adopted son; abstr. -tva n.

kṛtakartavya a. who has attained his object.

kṛtakārya [1] a. the same, satisfied.

kṛtakārya [2] n. an attained object.

kṛtakṛtya [1] a. what has been done and is to be done.

kṛtakṛtya [2] a. who has done his duty or attained his object; abstr. -tā f. satisfaction.

kṛtakautuka a. giving pleasure to (gen.).

kṛtakriya a. who has performed a religious ceremony, married.

kṛtakṣaṇa a. waiting (a moment) for intent upon (loc., acc. w. prati inf., or --°); impatient.

kṛtaghna a. ungrateful (lit. killing benefits).

kṛtacūḍa a. who has received the tonsure (r.)

kṛtajña a. grateful (lit. mindful of benefits).

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kṛtatvara a. making haste, being quick.

kṛtadāra a. married (of a man).

kṛtadhvaj a. furnished with banners.

kṛtanirṇejana a. having done penance.

kṛtaniścaya a. convinced, certain, sure; resolute, determined to (dat., loc., infin., or --°).

kṛtapuṇya a. blessed, fortunate.

kṛtapraṇaya a. enamoured.

kṛtapūrva a. done before.

kṛtapūrvin a. having made (acc.) before.

kṛtabuddhi a. who has formed his mind, wise, judicious, also = seq.

kṛtamati a. who has made up his mind, resolute.

kṛtamārga a. made accessible.

kṛtamāla m. the spotted antelope; N. of a plant & a river.

kṛtalakṣaṇa a. marked, branded (cf. kṛtāṅka).

kṛtavadhyacihna a. bearing the mark of death.

kṛtavasati a. having fixed one's habitation, dwelling, abiding.

kṛtavāpa a. who has shaven his hair.

kṛtavāpana a. who has shaven his hair.

kṛtavidya a. having acquired knowledge learned.

kṛtaviśeṣaka a. having made coloured lines on the forehead; painted.*

kṛtavaira a. who has become an enemy.

kṛtaśauca a. who has purified himself.

kṛtasaṃskāra a. prepared, adorned, initiated.

kṛtasaṃjña a. having signals given or arranged.

kṛtasaṃdhāna a. brought near, united, fitted, adapted.

kṛtasmita a. smiling.

kṛtahasta a. dexterous, skilled; abstr. -tā f.

kṛtā f. cleft, abyss.

kṛtāṅka a. having got a mark, branded.

kṛtākṛta a. done and not done, half-done; arbitrary, indifferent; n. sg. & du. what is done and not done.

kṛtāñjali a. humble, suppliant (cf. añjali).

kṛtānusāra m. established rule, arrangement, stipulation.

kṛtānta a. causing an end, finishing (f. ī perished, vanished*); m. matter, cause, conclusion, dogma; fate, destiny, the god of death.

kṛtāntanagarī f. the city of the god of death.

kṛtānna n. prepared or cooked food.

kṛtāparādha a. having done wrong, guilty.

kṛtābhiyoga a. taking pains.

kṛtārtha a. who has attained his object, satisfied. Abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

kṛtārthay kṛtārthayati v satisfy, content; fulfil, accomplish.

kṛtāvaguṇṭhana a. veiled.

kṛtāvastha a. brought into court (j.).

kṛtāvṛtti a. going to and fro, swinging.

kṛtāstra a. skilled in arms, esp. in archery.

kṛtāhāraka a. having done eating.

kṛti [1] f. doing, action, production, work.

kṛti [2] m. or f. a cert. weapon.

kṛtin a. active, clever, wise, skilful in (loc. or --°), also = kṛtārtha.

kṛtopakāra a. having (been) rendered a service.

kṛtopanayana a. initiated.

kṛtopavāsa a. having fasted.

kṛttāvaśeṣa a. broken off (chain).

kṛttikā f. pl. (later sgl.) the Pleiads, personif. as the nurses of Skanda.

kṛttivāsas m. f. clothed in a skin, E. of Śiva & Durga.

kṛtnu a. active, skilful, clever.

kṛtya a. to be done, fit, proper, right; n. impers. it imports or matters (w. gen. of pers. & instr. of th.). --m. a suffix of the fut. pass. part. f. kṛtyā act, action, deed; magic, spell. n. business, task, duty, purpose, end.

kṛtyavant a. having an object or request, active, busy.

kṛtyākṛt a. practising magic, bewitching.

kṛtyārūpa a. spectre-like.

kṛtyāhata a. stricken by spell.

kṛtrima a. artificial, factitious, adopted (putra): unnatural, accidental; false, feigned.

kṛtrimadhūpaka m. a compound perfume.

kṛtvan (f. kṛtvarī) causing, producing (--°): active, magical.

kṛtvas (acc. adv.) -- times (in l. l. only --°).

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kṛtvya a. capable, apt, strong.

kṛtsna a. whole, entire; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.; adv. -śas.

kṛtsnakarmakṛt a. doing all things.

kṛtsnavid a. knowing all things, omniscient.

kṛtha -> tanūkṛtha & putrakṛtha.

kṛdanta a. ending in a Krt-suffix; m. such a word (g.).

kṛdara n. store-room, treasury.

kṛdhu a. shortened, deficient.

kṛntatra n. section, cleft, shred.

kṛntana n. cutting off.

kṛp [1] f. (only instr. kṛpā) shape, appearance, beauty.

kṛp kṛpate2 v mourn, long for (acc.). --
     anu = S.

kṛpa m. ī f. a man's & woman's name.

kṛpaṇa [1] a. pitiable, miserable, querulous (n. adv.); poor, stingy. m. a poor man or a miser.

kṛpaṇa [2] n. misery, pity.

kṛpay kṛpayati v mourn, grieve, pity.

kṛpā f. compassion, pity.

kṛpāṇa m. sword; f. ī scissors, dagger, knife.

kṛpāṇapāṇi a. sword in hand.

kṛpāṇapāta m. fall or stroke of a sword.

kṛpāy kṛpāyate v = kṛpay. --
     anu M. feel pity for (loc.).

kṛpālu a. having pity upon (loc.), compassionate.

kṛpāvant a. the same.

kṛpīṭa n. underwood, copse, thicket.

kṛmi m. worm, esp. silk-worm, mite, spider, insect i.g.; a man's name; f. a woman's name (also kṛmī), N. of a river.

kṛmika m. a small worm.

kṛmikośa m. the cocoon of a silkworm.

kṛmikośaja a. silken (lit. coming from the cocoon, -> prec.).

kṛmikośottha a. silken (lit. coming from the cocoon, -> prec.).

kṛmija a. produced by a worm.

kṛmuka m. a kind of tree.

kṛś kṛśyati v pp. kṛśita become or be lean or feeble. C. karśayati, pp. karśita (often confounded with the C. of kṛṣ) make lean, keep short of food, diminish, attenuate, vex, torment. -
     anu ava pri vi afflict, vex.

kṛśa a. lean, thin, slender; weak, feeble; insignificant, poor.

kṛśatā f. -tva n. leanness, thinness.

kṛśana [1] n. a pearl.

kṛśana [2] m. the pulsing of the heart.

kṛśanāvant a. wearing pearls.

kṛśanin a. wearing pearls.

kṛśāṅga f. ī lean (membered), thin, slender.

kṛśānu a. bending the bow, shooting; m. archer, esp. a cert. divine archer, also E. of Agni, in l.l. fire.

kṛśīkṛ & bhū make or become thin, weak, or poor.

kṛśodara f. ī thin-waisted, slender.

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kṛṣ karṣati karṣate v (kṛṣati kṛṣate), pp. kṛṣṭa (q.v.) drag, draw; pull, tear, bend (a bow); draw furrows, plough (only kṛṣati); draw to one's self, get possession of, overpower. C. karṣayati tug, pull, tear, extract; affict, vex (cf. kṛś C.). I. carkṛṣati plough. --
     ati draw beyond.
     anu draw after one's self; attract from the preceding, supply (g.); quote.
     apa draw away, take off; reject, remove; bend (a bow); detract, debase, dishonour.
     vyapa draw away, take off, doff; reject, remove, abandon.
     ava draw or take off, remove, drag down.
     ā draw on, attract; bend (a bow); drag away; take off, extract, remove from (abl.).
     apā turn away, avert from (abl.).
     vyā draw to one's self; draw off, remove, avert.
     samā draw near; extract from (abl.).
     ud draw out or up, take off; bend (a bow); raise (fig.); rise, be superior.
     ni draw down.
     saṃni P. come near, come in contact with (instr.).
     nis draw out, extract; tear in pieces, rend asunder.
     pari draw about, conduct (army); vex afflict; think over, ponder.
     pra draw forth, conduct (an army); vex, afflict.
     vipra draw away, remove.
     saṃpra the same.
     vi draw asunder, tear in pieces; draw towards one's self (arrow), bend (bow), turn up (foam), drag about, pull; conduct (army); extract, deprive, withhold.
     sama draw together, contract; drag away, carry off. -- Cf. apakṛṣṭa avakṛṣṭa utkṛṣṭa nikṛṣṭa prakṛṣṭa vikṛṣṭa viprakṛṣṭa saṃnikṛṣṭa.

kṛṣaka m. ploughman, husbandman; f. kṛṣikā agriculture.

kṛṣi f. ploughing, agriculture, husbandry; field (also kṛṣī); harvest.

kṛṣikara m. plougher, husbandman.

kṛṣikarman n. ploughing, agriculture.

kṛṣikṛt m. = kṛṣikara.

kṛṣijīvin m. the same (lit. living by agriculture).

kṛṣīvala m. plougher, husbandman.

kṛṣṭa s. a ploughed field.

kṛṣṭaja a. grown on tilled ground.

kṛṣṭi f. (lit. drawing, ploughing) pl. the (ploughing) people, the races of men (supposed to be 5).

kṛṣṭyojas a. conquering men.

kṛṣṇa a. black, dark. --m. (±pakṣa) the dark half month, the black antelope (mostly kṛṣṇa); N. of an ancient hero and teacher, later as the god Kṛṣṇa identified with Viṣṇu; du. kṛṣṇau = Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna. f. kṛṣṇā a. black kind of leech. N. of sev. plants, E. of Durgā and Draupadī; f. kṛṣṇī night. n. blackness, darkness.

kṛṣṇacaturdaśī f. the fourteenth day of the dark half of the month, i.e. new moon's day.

kṛṣṇajanmāṣṭamī f. the eighth (of a cert. month, thought as) Krsna's birth-day.

kṛṣṇatā f. -tva n. blackness, darkness.

kṛṣṇanayana a. black-eyed.

kṛṣṇanetra a. black-eyed.

kṛṣṇapakṣa m. = kṛṣṇapakṣa).

kṛṣṇabhūma m. black soil.

kṛṣṇamukha f. ī black-mouthed.

kṛṣṇayajurveda m. the black Yajurveda.

kṛṣṇala (m.) n. a kind of black berry (used as a weight or a coin).

kṛṣṇavarṇa a. black-coloured.

kṛṣṇavartman m. fire (lit. having a black way).

kṛṣṇavāla a. black-tailed.

kṛṣṇaśa a. blackish.

kṛṣṇasarpa m. a very venomous black serpent.

kṛṣṇasāra f. ī essentially black, spotted black; m. (±mṛga) the spotted antelope.

kṛṣṇājina n. the skin of the black antelope.

kṛṣṇāy kṛṣṇāyati v behave like Kṛṣṇa, -yate make black.

kṛṣṇāyas n. iron.

kṛṣṇāyasa n. iron.

kṛṣṇiman m. blackness.

kṛsara m. n., ā f., a dish of rice and sesamum.

kḷp kalpate v pp. kḷpta (q.v.) be in order or right, succeed; answer or correspond to, accord or agree with (instr.); be fit or serve for, help to (dat.); get at, partake of (dat.); fall to the share of, be partaken by (loc., dat., or gen.), become, be (nom. or dat.); happen, occur. C. kalpayati te put in order, arrange, prepare, dispose, distribute; furnish with (instr.), help to (dat. or loc.); bestow on (acc. of th. & gen. of pers.); make, fabricate, compose, perform, accomplish; fix, settle; declare or regard as (2 acc.); put to (loc.), use, employ. --
     abhi answer or correspond, being adequate to (acc.).
     ava be in order or right, answer, serve, be fit for (dat.). C. prepare, arrange, employ.
     upa the same; C. also procure, fetch; assign, destine for or to (dat. or loc.); assume, state.
     pari C. fix. settle, determine, choose, contrive, arrange, distribute (with a num. in dhā), invent, imagine, believe, suppose, regard as (acc.).
     pra proceed well, succeed; be right or in order. C. arrange, prepare, fix, settle, appoint to (loc.); choose for (acc.), contrive, effect.
     vi shift, change; fluctuate, balance; be doubtful or optional (g.). C. make, form, compose, distribute; choose, select; consider as doubtful, state as optional or arbitrary (g.); suppose, imagine, invent.
     sam be all right, succeed, prosper. C. join together, produce, create; assign, destine, settle, determine, intend, imagine, appoint to (loc.); consider or regard as (acc. w. iva).
     upasam put down, appoint, select. -- Cf. abhikḷpta upakḷpta prakḷpta saṃkḷpta.

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kḷpta a. put in order, arranged, prepared; finished, accomplished; fixed, settled, ready, all right; being, existing.

kḷpti f. coming round, success; exposition, description, definition.

kekaya m. N. of a people, f. ī.

kekā f. the cry of a peacock.

kekotkaṇṭha a. fond of crying (peacock).

keta m. desire, intention; abode etc. = ketana.

ketaka m. (ki &) -kī f. N. of a tree.

ketakakāṇḍaka s. thorn from the Ketaka tree.*

ketana n. desire, intention, summons, invitation; abode, place of refuge; flag, banner.

ketanajuṣ a. desirous of (--°).

ketay ketayati v pp. ketita summon, invite.

ketu m. brightness, light (pl. beams); apparition, form, shape; sign, mark, flag, banner; chief, leader.

ketumant a. bright, clear.

kedāra m. an irrigated field; -khaṇḍa n. a hole in such a field.

kedārabhaṭṭa m. N. of an author.

kena (instr. to ka1) by whom? etc.; adv. why? whence? how?

kenipa m. a sage.

keneṣitopaniṣada f. T. of an Upanishad (beginning w. keneṣitam).

keneṣitopaniṣad n. T. of an Upanishad (beginning w. keneṣitam).

kendra n. the centre of a circle.

kepi a. trembling, shaking.

keyūra m. n. a bracelet worn on the upper arm.

kerala m. pl. N. of a people.

keru -> mahikeru.

keli m. f., -lī f. play, sport, esp. amorous sport.

kelikala a. playing, sporting; *f. ā = prec.*

kelikalaha m. love-quarrel.*

keligṛha n. pleasure-house.

kelita n. playing, sporting.

kelivana n. pleasure-grove.

keliśayana n. pleasure-couch.

kevaṭa m. cave, pit.

kevarta m. a fisherman.

kevala f. ī (later ā) exclusive, belonging only to (gen. or dat.); alone, simple, pure, mere; whole, entire, each, all. °-- & n. adv. only. na kevalam -- api not only--but also.

kevalāgha a. alone guilty.

kevalādin a. eating alone.

keśa m. (adj. --° f. ā & ī) hair (of the head), mane, tail (of the Yak).

keśakalpanā f. arranging of the mane.*

keśagraha m. pulling of the hair.

keśapāśa m. tuft of hair.

keśabandha m. hair-band.

keśaracanā f. arranging of the hair.

keśava a. having long hair; m. E. of Visnu-Krsna.

keśavant  = prec. a., also maned.

keśavapana n. cutting of the hair.

keśahasta m. tuft of hair.*

keśākeśi adv. hair to hair, head to head.

keśāgra n. the top of a hair.

keśānta m. end or lock of hair, tuft; tonsure.

keśāntika a. reaching the end of the hair (at the forehead).

keśin a. = keśavant; m. N. of an Asura & sev. men. f. keśinī E. of Durgā etc., a woman's name; pl. cert. mythical beings.

keśiniṣūdana m. slayer of Kecin (Krsna).

keśimathana m. slayer of Kecin (Krsna).

keśisūdana m. slayer of Kecin (Krsna).

keśihan m. slayer of Kecin (Krsna).

keśihantṛ m. slayer of Kecin (Krsna).

kesara n. f.) = keśa; also filament, esp. of a lotus; m. N. of a plant = bakula.

kesaraguṇḍa m. Kesara pollen.*

kesaramālikā f. a Kesara garland.*

kesaravṛkṣa m. the Kesara tree.*

kesarāgra n. the ends of a mane.

kesarāla a. rich in filaments.

kesarāvalā f. = bakulamāla q.v.*

kesarin a. maned; m. lion.

kaikeya m. a king of the Kekayas; f. ī a princess of the K., one of the wives of Dacaratha.

kaiṃkirāta a. belonging to the Aśoka tree.

kaiṭabha m. N. of an Asura slain by Viṣṇu.

kaitava f. ī a deceitful; f. ī & n. fraud, deceit lie.

kairāta a. pertaining to the Kirātas; m. a prince of the Kirātas.

kairiśi m. patron. of Sutvan.

kailāsa m. N. of a mountain, the seat of Śiva and Kubera.

kaivarta m. fisherman (a mixed caste); f. ī.

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kaivalya n. exclusiveness, absolute oneness, eternal happiness, beatitude.

kaiśika f. ī as fine as a hair; m. N. of an ancient king, pl. his people (cf. krathakaiśika).

koka m. wolf; cuckoo (f. ī).

kokila m. ā f. the Indian cuckoo.

koṅkaṇa m. pl. N. of a people.

koca m. drying, shrinking up.

koṭa m. fort, stronghold.

koṭaka m. carpenter (a mixed caste).

koṭara n. hollow of a tree.

koṭaravant a. having holes or cavities.

koṭi f. the curved end of the bow, of claws etc., the horns of the moon; edge or point i.g., utmost degree, highest number ( = 10 millions).

koṭī f. the curved end of the bow, of claws etc., the horns of the moon; edge or point i.g., utmost degree, highest number ( = 10 millions).

koṭimant a. edged, pointed.

koṇa m. corner, angle.

kotha m. putrefaction, corruption.

kodaṇḍa s. a bow.

kopa m. irritation, passion, wrath, anger (w. loc., gen., prati, or upari).

kopana a. passionate, angry; irritating, making angry (also as subst. n.).

kopānubandha m. continuance of anger.

kopin a. angry; making angry, irritating (--°).

komala a. tender, soft.

komya a. smooth, lithe.

koyaṣṭi m. the lapwing.

koyaṣṭika m. the lapwing.

kora m. a movable joint.

koraka s. bud, unblown flower.

kola m. boar.

kolaka *m. a cert. perfume.

kolāhala m. n. confused cry, uproar.

kovida a. knowing, clever, skilful in (loc., gen., or --°). Abstr. -tva n.

kośa m. cask, bucket (fig. of a cloud), box, chest, inner part of a carriage, sheath, scabbard, case, cover; ball, globe (--°); bud, seed-cup (esp. of the lotus plant); pod, husk, shell; cocoon, womb, scrotum; store-room, treasury; treasure, dictionary, anthology.

kośadaṇḍa m. du. treasury and army.

kośapeṭaka s. treasure or jewel-box.

kośaphala n. the scrotum.

kośarakṣin m. guard of the treasury, treasurer.

kośarāṣṭra n. du. treasury and realm.

kośala -> kosala.

kośavant a. having treasures, rich, wealthy.

kośahīna a. wanting treasures, poor.

kośāgāra m. n. treasure-house, treasury.

kośādhyakṣa m. superintendent of the treasury, treasurer.

koṣa -> kośa.

koṣṭha m. the bowels or the belly (also n.), a kind of vessel or pot; n. store-room, surrounding wall.

koṣṭhāgāra n. store-room, treasury.

koṣṇa a. tepid, warm.

kosala m. N. of a country, pl. its people, f. ā its capital (Ayodhyā).

kosalavideha m. pl. the Kosala and Videha.

kaukṣeya m. sword, knife.

kaukṣeyaka m. sword, knife.

kauṅkuma f. ī consisting of or dyed with saffron.

kauṭa a. deceitful, false.

kauṭasākṣya n. false evidence.

kauṭilya n. crookedness, deceit, falsehood.

kauṭumba n. relation to a family; as adj. = seq. a.

kauṭumbika a. belonging to the household or family; m. the father of a family.

kauṇakutsya m. N. of a Brahman.

kauṇapa a. pertaining to corpses; m. a Rakṣas.

kautuka n. curiosity, interest, eagerness, vehement desire or longing for (loc. or --°), anything curious or interesting, show, festival, ceremony, esp. the marriage-thread ceremony, also the marriage-thread itself; blessing, happiness.

kautukakriyā f. nuptial ceremony.

kautukagṛha n. wedding-house.

kautukaratnākara m. kautukarahasya & kautukasarvasva n. the jewel-mine, secret, & essence of curiosity (T. of comedies).

kautukālaṃkāra m. nuptial ornament.*

kautūhala n. curiosity, interest, longing after (loc., prati, or inf.); feast, ceremony.

kautsa a. Kutsa's; m. a patr. name (f. ī).

kaunakhya n. disease or ugliness of the nails.

kaunteya m. metron. of the Pandavas.

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kaunda f. ī jasmine (as adj.).

kaupīna n. the pudenda or a piece of cloth worn over them.

kaubera f. ī belonging to Kubera; f. īkāṣṭhā or diś) K.'s region, i.e. the north.

kaumāra f. ī a. juvenile, belonging to a youth or maiden; belonging to Skanda, Skanda's; n. (w. vrata) = -vrata (q.v.), as subst. childhood, youth, virginity.

kaumārabandhakī f. whore.*

kaumāravrata n. vow of abstinence; -cārin a. practising the vow of abstinence.

kaumuda m. a patr. name. f. ī the moonshine (causing the Kumudas to blossom); the full-moon, often --° in the titles of books = elucidation, explanation.

kaumudikā f. a woman's name.

kaumudīmaha (& -mahotsava*) m. festival of the full moon.

kaurava f. ī belonging to the Kurus; m. a descendant of Kuru.

kauraveya m. pl. the descendants of Kuru.

kauravya m. the same, also N. of a people.

kaurma a. belonging to a tortoise.

kaula f. ī relating to a family, ancestral, hereditary; m. a cert. sect.

kaulika m. = kaula m., also weaver.

kaulitara m. E. of the demon Cambara.

kaulīna a. noble; n. (family-) talk, gossip, rumour.

kaulūta m. pl. N. of a people.

kauleya m. dog (lit. family or domestic animal).

kauleyaka m. dog (lit. family or domestic animal).

kaulya a. of noble race; n. noble race.

kauvera -> kaubera.

kauśa f. ī1 made of Kuśa grass.

kauśa [2] a. silken.

kauśala n. welfare, health; cleverness, skill in (loc. or --°).

kauśalya n. welfare, health; cleverness, skill in (loc. or --°).

kauśāmbikā f. a woman's name.*

kauśāmbī f. N. of a town.

kauśāmbīya a. of or from Kauśāmbī.

kauśika [1] a. pertaining to Kuśika; m. patron. of sev. men. E. of Indra, f. kauśikī E of Durgā; N. of sev. women & rivers.

kauśika [2] n. a silk cloth.

kauśika [3] m. owl.

kauśīlava n. the profession of an actor or bard.

kauśīlavya n. the profession of an actor or bard.

kauśeya a. silken; n. silk, a silk cloth.

kauṣārava m. a patron name.

kauṣītaka m. patron. names.

kauṣītaki m. patron. names.

kauṣītakin m. pl. N. of a Vedic school.

kauṣītakibrāhmaṇa m. T. of a Brāhmaṇa, -ṇopaniṣad & kauṣītakyupaniṣad f. T. of an Upanishad.

kauṣṭha a. being in the belly or in a store room.

kausala m. pl. N. of a people & a dynasty.

kausalyaṃ a. belonging to the Kosalas; m. a prince of the Kosalas, f. ā a princess of the Kosalas, esp. one of the wives of Daśaratha.

kausīda f. ī connected with a loan.

kausuma f. ī made of flowers, flowery.

kausumbha f. ī made of safflor, dyed with s., orange, red.

kaustubha m. n. N. of a celebrated jewel, the ornament of Visnu.

knath knathati v hurt, kill.

knūy (*knūyate), only C. knopayatiabhi) wet, moisten.

kya a. agreeable to Ka ( = Prajāpati).

kyāku n. a mushroom.

krakaca m. n. a saw.

krakṣ only pp. krakṣamāṇa crashing, roaring.

kratu m. power, might, strength (of body or mind); deliberation, insight, wisdom; inspiration, enthusiasm; plan, design, purpose, will; act, deed, work, esp. sacred work, sacrifice, feast; festival (cākṣuṣa of the eye); N. of an old sage who appears as a star in the Great Bear.

kratumant a. intelligent, wise, inspired, resolute.

kratumaya a. full of wisdom.

kraturāj m. the highest sacrifice (lit. king of sacrifices).

kratuvikrayin a. who sells (the benefits of) sacrifices.

kratūy kratūyati v exert one's self.

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krath (*krathati), only C. krāthayati exult; *hurt. injure (gen.).

kratha m. N. of an ancient king, son of Vidarbha (cf. seq.).

krathakaiśika m. pl. N. of a people (identif. w. the Vidarbhas).

krand krandati krandate v roar, neigh, creak, click, cry, lament. C. krandayati make roar, neigh, etc., also = S. I. kanikrantti kanikrantte, esp. pp. kanikrat kanikradat & kanikradyamāna = S. --
     abhi shout or roar at, call to (also C. & I.).
     ava roar (also C.).
     ā call to, invoke, cry, lament. C. the same; also cause to cry or lament.
     pra call aloud.
     vi lament.
     sam cry together with (instr.). -- Cf. ākrandita.

kranda m. krandana n. crying, calling.

krandanadhvani m. (sound of) lamentation.

krandanu m. roaring, sounding.

krandas n. war-cry; du. the two opposed armies (lit. the two shouting ones).

krandya n. neighing.

kram krāmati kramate v (kramati krāmate), pp. krānta (mostly --° & w. act. mg). stride, step, walk, go or come to (acc. or loc.); go over, pass, ascend, approach (sex.); surpass, pervade, fill, accomplish; M. proceed well, succeed. C. kramayati (krāmayati) cause to stride. I. caṅkramate caṅkramyate & caṅkramīti step to and fro, wander, walk, pass. --
     ati step beyond, cross, pass, excel, overcome, pass by, neglect, transgress (abs. or w. acc.); part or escape from, lose, be deprived of (abl.). C. let pass, take no notice of (acc.).
     abhyati step beyond or across, pass, excel, overcome, overstep, neglect, transgress.
     vyati & samati the same,
     adhi ascend, mount up to (acc.)
     anu go on or along, follow; go through, enumerate.
     apa go or pass away; withdraw or fly from (abl.).
     abhi step near, approach, attack, overwhelm; enter, begin, undertake.
     samabhi come near, approach.
     ava go away, fly; tread upon, overwhelm (acc.). --
     ā approach, visit, enter, tread upon (acc. or loc.); cling to, grasp, attack, overpower, take hold or possession of (acc.); undertake, begin (inf.); ascend, mount (mostly M.).
     adhyā attack, seize, occupy.
     samā the same + tread upon, overpower, take hold or possession of (acc.).
     ud go up or out, depart; escape, fly or withdraw from (abl. or acc.); pass by, neglect.
     vyud go asunder, part, go away; overstep, transgress, disregard.
     upa come near, approach, enter (acc. or loc.); go against, attack; treat, deal with (acc.); (mostly M.) undertake, begin, be about to (acc., dat., or inf.).
     samupa come near; undertake, begin (M. w. inf.).
     ni enter, step, tread down.
     nis go out of (abl.), depart, fly, escape. C. cause to step out, expel, lead or take away.
     abhinis upanis, & vinis go out, come forth from (abl.).
     parā step forward, advance, exert one's self, excel.
     pari walk about (esp. on the stage), circumambulate, walk through, visit; overtake, overcome.
     pra step forth, set out, go to (acc.), go across, pass; M. deal with (loc.); M. (A.) proceed to, undertake, begin (acc., artham, or inf.).
     saṃpra M. proceed to, begin (acc. or inf.).
     prati & anuprati come back.
     vi go asunder, part, separate; walk through, bestride; move on, advance, proceed, exert one's self; content, fight against (acc.).
     anuvi M. step after.
     nirvi step out.
     sam come together, meet, encounter; go to, enter (acc.), pass from (abl.) to (loc.), go through or across, come near, walk along. C. cause to pass, transport, deliver; lead to (2 acc.), cast upon (acc. of th. and loc. of pers.).
     anusam follow after (acc.), also =
     upasam step towards, come or pass to (acc.). -- Cf. adhyākrānta ākrānta niṣkrānta vikrānta saṃkrānta.

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krama m. step, course, method, way; regular progress, order, succession; cause or reason of (gen. or --°); also = kramapāṭha. -- krama (°--) & krasatas in due order, successively, gradually. krameṇa & kramāt the same + according to (--°).

kramagata a. come into the way of (gen.).

kramaṇa m. step; n. stepping, walking, crossing.

kramadīśvara m. N. of a grammarian.

kramapāṭha m. the step-recitation (of the Veda, opp. saṃhitāpāṭa q.v.).

kramaprāpta a. got by succession, hereditary.

kramayoga m. regular order, succession.

kramaśas adv. step by step, in order, gradually.

kramāgata a. come in due order, hereditary.

kramāyāta a. come in due order, hereditary.

kramika a. successive, hereditary, inherited.

kramuka m. the betel-nut tree.

kramela m. camel.

kramelaka m. camel.

kraya m. purchase, purchase-money.

krayaṇa n. buying.

krayavikraya m. buying and selling (sgl. & du.), traffic.

krayavikrayānuśaya m. rescission of a bargain (j.).

krayavikrayin a. one who buys or sells.

krayika m. buyer.

krayin m. buyer.

krayya a. purchasable.

kraviṣṇu a. greedy for raw flesh.

kravis n. raw flesh, carrion.

kravya n. raw flesh, carrion.

kravyagandhin a. smelling of raw flesh.

kravyabhojana a. eating raw flesh; m. bird of prey.

kravyād a. = prec. adj.; m. beast of prey.

kravyāda a. = prec. adj.; m. beast of prey.

kraṣṭavya a. to be drawn or extracted.

krāṇa a. busy, eager; instr. -ṇā adv.

krānta n. step.

krānti f. passage.

krimi -> kṛmi.

krimija -> kṛmija.

kriyā f. action, performance, occupation, labour, pains; activity, verb; work, esp. religious work, sacrifice, ceremony, worship; argument, document, bond, contract.

kriyākula a. busy (lit. troubled by work).

kriyātmaka a. whose nature is activity; abstr. -tva n.

kriyādveṣin a. rejecting arguments or documents (j.).

kriyāntara n. another action.

kriyāprabandha m. the uninterrupted continuance of an action.

kriyābhyupagama m. explicit agreement (j.).

kriyāyogya a. fit for action or work.

kriyārambha a. undertaking works.

kriyārtha a. having the sense of a verb (g.).

kriyālopa m. omission of (pious) works.

kriyāvant a. active, busy, religious.

kriyāvidhi m. application of a verb, also = karmavidhi.

kriyāviśeṣaṇa n. adverb (lit. that which specifies an action).

kriyāśakti f. capability of acting.

kriyāśaktimant a. poss. to prec.

kriyāśraya m. recipient of an action (g.).

krivi m. a leather bag; N. of a people (later the PaJcālas).

krivirdatī f. having teeth like a saw.

krī krīṇāti & krīṇīte v pp. krīta (q.v.) buy, purchase (w. instr. of price & acc. or gen. of pers.). --
     apa = S.
     abhi buy for a certain purpose.
     ava M. purchase, hire.
     ā & upa buy.
     nis buy off or ransom from (abl); M. (±ātmānam) buy off one's self.
     pari purchase, get by exchange; hire, obtain (*w. dat. or instr. of price).
     vi exchange or sell for (instr.).
     sam = S.

krīḍ krīḍati v (krīLati) & krīḍate, pp. krīḍita (q.v.) play, sport, amuse one's self with (instr. of th. & instr. ±saha sārdham, or samam of pers.). C. krīḍayati cause to play.
     ā & samā = S.
     pari play about
     pra begin to play, also = S.
     vi & sam = S.

krīḍa a. playing, sporting; f. krīḍā play, sport, amusement.

krīḍana n. playing, play.

krīḍanaka m. plaything, toy.

krīḍāgṛha m. n. pleasure-house.

krīḍāmayūra m. a peacock to play with.

krīḍāmarkaṭapota m. a young monkey to play with.

krīḍāmahīdhra m. pleasure-mountain, hillock.

krīḍāmātra n. only a joke.

krīḍāmud f. amorous joy or sport.

krīḍāyoga m. occupation with playing.

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krīḍārasa m. delight in playing.

krīḍāveśman n. pleasure-house.

krīḍāsaras n. pleasure-lake.

krīḍi a. sporting, playful.

krīḍita n. play, sport.

krīḍin a. = krīḍi.

krīḍu a. = krīḍi.

krīḍumant a. = krīḍi.

krīta a. bought (esp. a son); n. buying.

krītaka a. = prec. adj.

kruñc m. curlew.

kruñca m. curlew.

krudh kradhyati1 v (krudhyate), pp. kruddha be angry with (dat., gen., or loc.; pp. also w. upari or prati). C. krodhayati make angry, irritate. --
     abhi be angry with (acc.).
     prati be angry with (acc.) in return.
     sam & abhisam be angry.

krudh [2] f. anger, wrath.

krudhmi a. wrathful, irritable.

krudhmin a. wrathful, irritable.

krumu f. N. of a river.

krumuka m. fire-catcher (r.).

kruś krośati krośate v pp. kruṣṭa (w. act. & pass. mg) cry out, shout, croak, lament; call to (acc). --
     anu shout at (acc.); C. show sympathy (lit. follow in lamenting).
     abhi call or cry at (acc.), lament, mourn.
     ā call aloud, scold at, revile, defame; challenge, emulate.
     ud cry out, call to (acc.).
     upa show anger or defiance.
     pra raise a cry, call at (acc.).
     vi the same.
     sam cry out together, shout angrily at (acc.). -- Cf. apakruṣṭa ākruṣṭa upakruṣṭa.

krūḍ krūḍayati v thicken (trans.).

krūra a. bloody, raw, sore; cruel, harsh, dreadful. n. a wound or sore; bloodshedding, slaughter; cruelty, harshness.

krūrakarmakṛt m. a carnivorous animal (lit. = seq. 2.).

krūrakarman [1] n. a bloody or cruel work.

krūrakarman [2] a. doing cruel deeds.

krūratā f. cruelty, harshness.

krūrācāra a. of cruel conduct.

krūrācāravihāravant a. whose conduct and delights are cruel.

kretavya a. to be bought.

kreya a. to be bought.

kretṛ m. buyer.

kroḍa m. breast, chest, lap; cavity, hollow; a hog.

kroḍavāla m. a hog's bristle.

krodha m. anger, wrath.

krodhacakṣus n. an angry eye.

krodhaja a. sprung from anger.

krodhana a. irritable, passionate.

krodhin a. irritable, passionate.

krodhavaśa [1] m. the power of anger.

krodhavaśa [2] a. subject to anger.

krośa m. shout, yell; calling distance.

krośana a. & n. crying.

kroṣṭu m. a jackal.

kroṣṭuka m. a jackal.

kroṣṭṛ a. crying, lamenting; m. = prec.

krauñca m. curlew (f. ī also the myth. mother of the curlews); N. of a mountain torn asunder by Kārttikeya.

krauñcaripu m. E. of Kārttikeya (v. prec.).

krauñcaśatru m. the same.

krauñcāri m. the same.

krauḍa f. ī belonging to a hog.

kraurya n. harshness, cruelty.

klath klathati v turn round (intr.).

kland -> krand.

klam klāmyati v pp. klānta (q.v.) be weary or languid. C. klāmayati tire, exhaust. --
     pari be extremely tired or exhausted.
     vi M. languish, despond. -- Cf. atiklāmita viklānta.

klama m. fatigue, weariness.

klamāpaha a. destroying weariness.

klānta a. tired, exhausted, languid, dejected, sad; thin, slender.

klānti f. = klama.

klid klidyati v pp. klinna (q.v.) be or become wet. C. kledayati wet, moisten, soil. -- Cf. klindant parikninna viklinna.

klindant a. wet, dripping.

klinna a. wet, moist; soft, tender (heart).

kliś kliśnāti v (kliśyati kliśyate) pp. kliṣṭa (q.v.) torment, trouble, molest; P. kliśyate (-ti) be distressed, suffer. C. kleśayati = S. trans. --
     ati (kliśyati) have or give too much pains.*
     sam press together, sqash; trouble, molest. -- Cf. parikliṣṭa vikliṣṭa.

kliṣṭa a. distressed, afflicted, sad (n. adv.); hurt, injured, worn, used; painful, difficult; constrained, affected, obscure (rh.).

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klība a. impotent, emasculated, unmanly, timorous. m. eunuch, weakling, coward. n. the neuter gender (g.).

klībatā f. -tva n. impotence, weakness.

kleda m. moisture, wetness.

kledana a. & n. wetting.

kleśa m. affliction, pain, distress.

kleśin a. tormenting, hurting.

klaibya n. impotence, weakness.

kloman m. n. the right lung.

klośa m. cry, calling (cf. krośa).

kva adv. where? wither? how? Used also as loc. of ka1. Often connected w. aha id iva nu svid, w. the latter also = somewhere. -- With cid & (later) api somewhere, anywhere, at or to a cert. place. kva cid -- kva cid here--there, now--now. kva w. negation & api cida ca, or cana nowhere, in no place. kva--kva where is this? where is that? i.e. how distant or different is this from that.

kvaṇ kvaṇati v pp. kvaṇita (q.v.) sound, hum, tinkle. --
     ud = S.*

kvaṇita n. sound, hum, twang.

kvath kvathati kvathate v pp. kvathita boil (tr. & intr.).

kvatha m. decoction, extract.

kvathana n. boiling, decocting.

kvayi m. a cert. bird.

kvala m. pl. a kind of jujube.

kvastha a. where standing or being?

kvāṇa m. sound.

kvātha m. boiling, decoction.

kṣaṇa m. (n.) instant, moment, little while; suitable time, opportunity of (--°); feast. °--, abl., & instr. instantly, immediately; loc. (also doubled) every moment. -- kṣaṇaṃ kṛ wait a moment (also grah*) or give an opportunity (also ); kṣaṇaṃ labh find an opportunity.

kṣaṇadā f. the night (giving moments or opportunities).

kṣaṇadākara m. the moon (night-maker).

kṣaṇadācara m. night-walker, a Rakṣas.

kṣaṇana n. hurt, injury.

kṣaṇamaṅgala n. good omen for a feast.*

kṣaṇāntara n. a moment's interval; loc. immediately.

kṣaṇika f. ī momentary, transient; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

kṣata a. hurt, wounded, destroyed, violated. f. ā a dishonoured maiden; n. hurt, wound.

kṣati f. hurt, injury, destruction, damage.

kṣattṛ m. cutter, carver, attendant, charioteer; N. of a caste.

kṣattṛjāti m. who belongs to the Kṣattṛ caste.

kṣatra n. rule, dominion, power; the reigning or warrior (second) caste or a member of it.

kṣatrajāta a. born of the warrior caste.

kṣatradharma m. the duty of the warrior caste.

kṣatradharman a. fulfilling the duties of the warrior caste.

kṣatrabandhu m. who belongs to the warrior caste.

kṣatrayoni a. descended from the warrior caste.

kṣatravidyā f. the science of the warrior caste.

kṣatriya a. reigning, supreme. m. member of the princely (second) caste (f. ā); n. supremacy, dominion.

kṣad kṣadate v cut, carve, distribute; take, eat.

kṣadman n. carving knife.

kṣan kṣaṇoti v pp. kṣata (q.v.) hurt, harm, wound, break; M. kṣaṇute refl. & intr. -- Cf. parikṣata vikṣata.

kṣantavya a. to be forgiven (of pers. & th.); n. impers. w. gen. of pers. & abl. of th.

kṣap kṣapati1 v & kṣapate do penance, be abstinent. --
     sam the same.

kṣap [2] f. night; gen. & instr. at night.

kṣapaṇa [1] m. a Buddhist or Jaina mendicant; n. penance, abstinence.

kṣapaṇa [2] a. destroying; m. destroyer; n. destruction, expulsion, omission (of studies), passing away (the time).

kṣapaṇaka m. = kṣapaṇa1 m.

kṣapā f. night.

kṣapākara m. the moon (night-maker).

kṣapākṛt m. the moon (night-maker).

kṣapākṣaya m. the end of the night, i.e. morning.

kṣapācara m. night-walker; night-animal or bird, a Rakṣas or goblin.

kṣapāha n. night and day.

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kṣam kṣamate1 v (kṣamati & kṣamyate), pp. kṣānta (q.v.) be patient or quiet, endure, suffer, bear, pardon, forgive (gen. or dat. of pers. & acc. of th., pp. also kṣamita); be able to (infin.). C. kṣamayati te ask pardon for (2 acc.); endure, put up with (acc.). --
     abhi be gracious, pardon.
     sam suffer, put up with (acc.).

kṣam [2] (kṣām) f. the earth; instr. kṣamā on the earth.

kṣama a. patient; enduring, resisting (--°); propitious, friendly; tolerable; able to, capable of (loc., infin., or --°); suitable, fit, proper for (dat., gen., loc., inf., or --°). f. kṣamā patience, forbearance, indulgence (gen. or prati); the earth.

kṣamatā f. -tva n. fitness, capability.

kṣamānvita a. endowed with patience, enduring, indulgent.

kṣamāvant a. the same.

kṣamāśīla a. the same.

kṣamin a. the same.

kṣamya a. earthly, terrestrial.

kṣaya [1] a. dwelling; m. dwelling-place, abode, seat; tribe, people.

kṣaya [2] m. decrease, waste, loss, destruction, consumption (also as a sickness); decay, ruin, fall, end; kṣayaṃ gam i, or come to an end, perish; kṣayaṃ nī bring to an end, destroy.

kṣayakara a. making an end, destroying (--°).

kṣayakartṛ a. making an end, destroying (--°).

kṣayakṛt a. making an end, destroying (--°).

kṣayaṃkara f. ī the same.

kṣayaṇa [1] a. ending, destroying.

kṣayaṇa [2] (kṣayaṇa) a. habitable.

kṣayadvīra a. ruling over men.

kṣayaroga m. the disease consumption.

kṣayarogin a. consumptive; -gitva n. = prec.

kṣayin a. decreasing, perishable, consumptive; abstr. kṣayitā f., -tva n.

kṣayiṣṇu a. perishable or destroying.

kṣar kṣarati v (kṣarate) flow, glide, melt away, perish; flow with, abound in (acc.). C. kṣārayati cause to flow, dismiss. --
     abhi flow through (acc.); overflow.
     anu flow upon or into (acc.)
     abhi the same, flow about.
     ā C. cause to flow near, sprinkle, soil; defame, accuse.
     upa flow near.
     prati flow around or towards.
     pra stream forth.
     vi flow asunder, pour down.
     sam flow together.

kṣara a. melting away, perishable; n. the body.

kṣal kṣālayati v wash, cleanse. --
     pra & abhiprā = S.

kṣava m. sneezing.

kṣavathu m. sneezing.

kṣā kṣāyati v pp. kṣāṇa1 burn, set on fire. C. kṣāpayati burn, scorch. --
     pra burn (intr.).
     sam burn (trans.). -- Cf. avakṣāṇa.

kṣā [2] f. (Nom. kṣās) = kṣam.

kṣāti f. heat, flame.

kṣātra f. ī pertaining to the military tribe; n. dominion, supremacy.

kṣānta a. borne, pardoned, forgiven (n. impers.); patient, indulgent. n. patience, indulgence.

kṣānti f. = prec. n.; poss. -mant.

kṣāntiśīla m. N. of a man.

kṣāma a. burned, scorched, dried; thin, slender, weak.

kṣāmakṣāma a. quite emaciated.

kṣāman n. kṣāmi f. the earth.

kṣāmāṅga f. ī slender (limbed).

kṣāmīkṛ shorten.

kṣāra a. pungent, saline, sharp; m. (n.) any pungent or saline substance, as caustic alcali, saltpetre, natron, etc.

kṣāralavaṇa n. du. anything pungent and salt.

kṣāla m. washing.

kṣālana a. & n. washing, cleansing.

kṣi kṣeti kṣiyati kṣayati1 v abide, dwell, inhabit; rule, be master of (gen.). C. kṣayayati & kṣepayati pacify. --
     adhi dwell in, rest on, spread over (acc. or loc.).
     ā dwell in, inhabit, be or become possessed of (acc.), exist.
     upa dwell in or near, remain with, rest or depend on (acc.),
     pari dwell about (acc.).
     prati settle at (acc).
     sam dwell together with (instr.).

kṣi kṣiṇāti kṣiṇoti2 v (kṣayati), pp. kṣita & kṣīṇa (q.v.) destroy, injure, exhaust; P. kṣīyate (kṣīyate) be exhausted, perish, cease, wane (moon). C. kṣayayati & kṣapayati te = S. tr.; w. kālam etc. pass, spend. --
     apa & upa P. = S. P.
     pari destroy; P. suffer loss, become poor. --
     pra sam A. & P. = S. -- Cf. parikṣīṇa prakṣīṇa.

kṣit a. & s. dwelling, ruling; inhabitant, ruler.

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kṣita pp. exhausted, afflicted, wretched.

kṣiti [1] f. abode, settlement, the earth; pl. the settlements, i.e. tribes, nations, men, people.

kṣiti [2] f. destruction, decay, end.

kṣitikampa m. earthquake.

kṣititala n. the surface of the earth.

kṣitidhara m. a mountain (earth-bearer).

kṣitidharaguru m. the master of the mountains i.e. the Himalaya.

kṣitipa m. a king.

kṣitipati m. a king.

kṣitibhuj m. a king.

kṣitibhṛt m. a mountain or king.

kṣitirasa m. the sap or juice of the earth.

kṣitīndra m. a king.

kṣitīśa m. a king.

kṣitīśvara m. a king.

kṣip kṣipati kṣipate v pp. kṣipta1 (q.v.) throw, cast, send; put, place, direct, turn (esp. the eye or mind); hit, hurt; abuse, scold; throw down, cast off, reject; destroy, annihilate; pass, spend (time). C. kṣepayati cause to (be) cast, make to descend through (instr.) into (loc.). --
     adhi bespatter, insult, abuse.
     apa cast off, take away, remove.
     abhi strike at (acc.).
     ava throw down, throw into (loc.) hurl at (dat.); take off.
     ā throw at (loc. or dat.), put in (loc.); strike, hit; draw near, attract; take away, withdraw, cast off; insult, revile.
     vyā stretch out (the hand), open (the mouth); strike, attract (the mind).
     samā throw together, pile up; shake, hurl; take away, tear off, expel, destroy; insult, revile.
     ud throw, set or take up, life, raise; extract from (abl.); cast off, get rid of (acc.).
     samud throw up, lift; loosen, deliver of (abl.); annihilate, destroy.
     upa throw at, hurl against (loc.); strike, hit, esp. w. words, i.e. either insult, mock, revile, or intimate, insinuate, allege, allude to (acc.).
     ni throw down, place, put, apply; deposit, grant, deliver, entrust, appoint (2 acc. or acc. of pers. & loc. of th.); leave, abandon, give up.
     upani put down.
     vini throw or put down, commit, entrust.
     pari throw beyond, put or lay round, surround, encircle, place or put in (loc.).
     pra throw far, set before; fling at, put in (loc.); let down.
     prati hurt, harm, reject, despise.
     vi throw asunder, scatter, dispel, distribute; extend, stretch out; let loose (the bow-string), shoot off (the bow); *handle, manage.
     pravi toss, harass.
     sam throw together, heap up; compress, contract, abbreviate, diminish. -- Cf. ākṣipta vikṣipta saṃkṣipta.

kṣip [2] f. (only nom. pl.) finger.

kṣipaṇi f. gallop, course.

kṣipaṇu m. archer or arrow.

kṣipā f. (only instr. pl.) finger.

kṣipta a. thrown, tossed, hit, afflicted; defamed, despicable; n. a wound caused by shooting or throwing.

kṣipra a. darting (bow); quick, fast; n. quickly, immediately.

kṣipraniścaya a. quick of resolution, resolute.

kṣipreṣu a. having quick arrows.

kṣīṇa a. diminished, wasted, exhausted, broken down, thin, emaciated, feeble; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

kṣīṇakalmaṣa a. freed from sins.

kṣīṇavṛtti a. whose means of subsistence are exhausted.

kṣīṇāyus a. whose life is (nearly) ended.

kṣība a. drunk, intoxicated, excited; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

kṣīva a. drunk, intoxicated, excited; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

kṣīra n. milk (also of plants).

kṣīrakṣaya m. the diminution of milk (in the udder).

kṣīradhi m. the ocean (lit. milk-receptacle).

kṣīranidhi m. the ocean (lit. milk-receptacle).

kṣīranīra (°--) milk and water.

kṣīrapa a. drinking milk; m. a suckling baby, infant.

kṣīrabhṛta a. paid with milk.

kṣīravant a. full of milk.

kṣīravṛkṣa m. milktree (E of sev. kinds of fig.).

kṣīrasamudra m. the ocean (of milk).

kṣīrasāgara m. the ocean (of milk).

kṣīrasnigdha a. wet with milky juice.

kṣīrasvāmin m. N. of a grammarian.

kṣīrānna n. milk-rice.

kṣīrābdhi m. = kṣīrasamudra.

kṣīrāmbudhi m. = kṣīrasamudra.

kṣīrārṇava m. = kṣīrasamudra.

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kṣīrin a. milky, yielding milk; m. N. of sev. plants.

kṣīroda m. = kṣīrasamudra.

kṣīrodhi m. = kṣīrasamudra.

kṣu kṣauti1 v sneeze (upon); pp. kṣuta (q.v.) -- Cf. avakṣuta.

kṣu [2] n. food.

kṣuṇa a. pounded, bruised, crushed, broken, pierced, violated, interrupted.

kṣut f. sneeze, sneezing.

kṣuta a. having sneezed or being sneezed upon; n. = prec.

kṣud kṣodati v pp. kṣuṇa (q.v.) pound, shatter, shake, stamp upon, dash to pieces. C. kṣodayati shake, crush. --
     ava pra vi sam = S.

kṣudra a. small, minute (also kṣudraka); low, mean.

kṣudraghaṇṭikā f. a small bell (worn for ornament).

kṣudrajantu m. a small animal or a mean person.

kṣudrabuddhi m. N. of a jackal (lit. Small-wit).

kṣudraśatru m. a small enemy.

kṣudh kṣudhyati v pp. kṣudhita1 be hungry. --
     vi = S.

kṣudh [2] f. hunger.

kṣudhā f. the same; -kara causing hunger.

kṣudhārta a. distressed with hunger.

kṣudhālu a. hungry.

kṣunmant a. hungry.

kṣupa m. kṣupaka m. & -kā f. shrub, bush.

kṣubdha -> seq.

kṣubh kṣubhyati kṣubhyate1 v (kṣobhate), pp. kṣubdha or kṣubhita tremble, shake, be agitated. C. kṣobhayati (-te) agitate, impel, set in motion. --
     pra vi & sam = S. -- Cf. prakṣobdhos.

kṣubh [2] f. jerk.

kṣumant a. rich in food, nourishing; strong, brave.

kṣumpa m. shrub, bush.

kṣura m. knife, esp. razor.

kṣuraka m. N. of a plant; f. kṣurikā knife, dagger.

kṣurakarman n. the work of shaving.

kṣurakṛtya n. the work of shaving.

kṣuradhāna n. razor-case.

kṣulla a. minute, small.

kṣullaka a. minute, small.

kṣetra n. dwelling-place, piece of ground, field, place, seat; womb, wife.

kṣetragṛha n. field and house.

kṣetraja a. growing in fields; m. the wife's son (by another than the husband).

kṣetrajña a. knowing (fields or places); m. the soul.

kṣetratara a. fitter for habitation or cultivation.

kṣetrapa m. protector of the fields.

kṣetrapati m. the lord or owner of a field.

kṣetrapāla m. = kṣetrapa.

kṣetravid a. = kṣetrajña, comp. -vittara.

kṣetrika m. owner of a field or wife, husband-man.

kṣetrin m. the same; soul.

kṣetriya a. belonging to a place. m. husband; n. pl. environs.

kṣepa m. throwing, a throw or cast; loss (of time), delay; insult, abuse; accusation.

kṣepaka a. throwing, destroying; inserted, interpolated.

kṣepaṇa n. darting, throwing, loosing, sending off; passing away (time); also = f. ī a sling.

kṣepaṇika m. mariner, pilot.

kṣepan m. a throw; instr. kṣepṇā quickly.

kṣepiṣṭha superl. & comp. to kṣipra.

kṣepīyaṃs superl. & comp. to kṣipra.

kṣeptṛ m. thrower, hurler.

kṣepnu m. darting (of the bowstring).

kṣema a. habitable, comfortable, peaceful, tranquil, safe. m. resting place, abode, home; security, tranquillity, comfort, welfare, enjoyment (opp. yoga exertion, acquisition). kṣemaṃ te hail to thee! Instr. sgl. & pl. safely, at ease.

kṣemakara a. causing peace or rest.

kṣemakṛt a. causing peace or rest.

kṣemaṃkara a. causing peace or rest.

kṣemay only pp. kṣemayant resting or giving rest, harbouring.

kṣemayoga m. du. rest and exertion.

kṣemin a. safe, secure.

kṣemīśvara m. N. of a poet.

kṣemendra m. N. of sev. authors.

kṣemya a. resting or giving rest, secure, comfortable.

kṣeṣṇu a. perishable.

kṣaiṇya n. perishing.

kṣaita m. chief of a tribe, prince; -vant princely.

kṣaitra n. husbandry.

kṣaipra a. gliding (a kind of Samdhi).

kṣoṇi f. (nom. -ṇīs) woman, wife, fig. the earth; du. heaven and earth.

kṣoṇī f. (nom. -kṣoṇīs) woman, wife, fig. the earth; du. heaven and earth.

kṣoṇipati m. king (earth-lord).

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kṣoṇipāla m. king (earth-lord).

kṣoṇīndra m. = prec.

kṣoṇīpati m. = prec.

kṣoda m. jolt, blow, pounding, grinding; flour, powder.

kṣodas n. swell of water.

kṣodiṣṭha superl. & comp. to kṣudra.

kṣodīyaṃs superl. & comp. to kṣudra.

kṣobha m. shaking, agitation, emotion.

kṣobhaṇa a. shaking, agitating; n. = prec.

kṣauṇī f. the earth, land.

kṣauṇīdhara m. a mountain (earth-bearer).

kṣauṇīnātha m. a king (earth-lord).

kṣauṇībhṛt m. = kṣauṇīdhara.

kṣaudra m. a cert. tree, N. of a caste; n. a species of honey.

kṣauma f. ī made of linen; n. linen garment, linseed.

kṣaumayugala n. pair of linen garments, under and upper garment of linen.*

kṣaura a. done with a razor. n. (±karman) shaving. kṣauraṃ kṛ shave, -kāray have one's self shaved.

kṣaurakaraṇa n. = prec. n.

kṣaurakarman n. = prec. n.

kṣṇu kṣṇoti v whet, sharpen. --
     ava rub to pieces, crush.
     sam M. = S.

kṣṇotra n. whet-stone.

kṣmā f. the earth; only instr. kṣmayā on the earth.

kṣmādhara m. a mountain (earth-holder).

kṣmāpa m. king.

kṣmāpati m. king.

kṣmābhuj m. king.

kṣmābhṛt m. a king or a mountain.

kṣviṅkā f. a cert. animal.

kṣviḍ kṣveḍati v creak, hum, murmur, whistle.

kṣvid kṣvedati v pp. kṣviṇa the same.

kṣvel kṣvelati v leap, jump; play.

kṣvelana n. kṣveli & kṣvelikā f. play, sport.

kṣvelita n. kṣveli & kṣvelikā f. play, sport.

kha n. hole, hollow, aperture, esp. the hole in the nave of a wheel or an aperture of the human body (as eyes, mouth, etc.); organ of sense; void space, sky, air. f. khā source, fountain.

khaga a. moving in the air, flying; m. bird.

khagapati m. king of birds (E. of Garuda).

khagama a. & m. = khaga.

khagādhipa m. = khagapati.

khagendra m. = khagapati.

khaṅkhaṇa a. or s. snarling.*

khac khacati v pp. khacant glimmering, shining, & khacita q.v. -- Cf. utkhacita & parikhacita.

khacara a. & m. = khaga.

khacita a. glittering, shining; inlaid, adorned with (--°).

khaja m. churning; agitation, bustle, esp. of war; f. khajā churning stick.

khajala n. mist, dew, rain (lit. water of the sky).

khañj khañjati v limp.

khañja a. lame; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

khañjana m. wagtail.

khañjanaka m. wagtail.

khañjarīṭa m. the same.

khañjarīṭaka m. the same.

khaṭakhaṭāy khaṭakhaṭāyate v crackle.

khaṭikā f. chalk.

khaṭinī f. chalk.

khaṭvā f. bedstead, couch.

khaṭvāṅga n. a club shaped like the food of a bedstead, considered as the weapon of Śiva & worn by his adherents; -ghaṇṭā f. a bell fastened to this club.

khaṭvāṅgadhara m. E. of Śiva (lit. bearer of the Khaṭvān1ga, -> prec.).

khaṭvāṅgadhāra m. E. of Śiva (lit. bearer of the Khaṭvān1ga, -> prec.).

khaṭvāṅgabhṛt a. bearing the foot of a bedstead, also = prec.

khaṭvāṅgin a. bearing the foot of a bedstead, also = prec.

khaṭvātala n. the place under a bedstead.

khaḍa m. a kind of sour drink.

khaḍga m. sword; rhinoceros.

khaḍgadhara a. bearing a sword; m. a man's name.

khaḍgapāṇi a. sword in hand.

khaḍgaprahāra m. a sword-cut.

khaḍgalatā f. the blade of a sword.

khaḍgavidyā f. the art of the sword, i.e. fencing.

khaḍgahasta a. = khaḍgapāṇi.

khaḍgin a. armed with a sword.

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khaṇḍa a. broken, crippled, defective, not full (moon). m. n. break, fragment, piece, part, section (of a book), sickle (of the moon); number, multitude.

khaṇḍaka m. piece, part; lump-sugar.

khaṇḍadhārā f. a kind of dance or air.

khaṇḍana a. breaking to pieces, destroying, removing, n. the act of breaking etc., also wounding, injuring, interrupting, frustrating, refusing, cheating, deceiving.

khaṇḍamodaka m. a kind of sweetmeats.*

khaṇḍay khaṇḍayati v pp. khaṇḍita break or cut to pieces, divide, dispel, hurt, wound, destroy; interrupt, violate, transgress, frustrate, disappoint, refute, cheat, deceive. --
     vi cut to pieces, tear asunder, interrupt, trouble.

khaṇḍaśas adv. in or to pieces. -- With kṛ kalpay & parikalpay cut asunder, divide.

khaṇḍitavṛtta a. immoral (lit. of broken conduct).

khad khadati v be firm or hard.

khadā f. hut, stable.

khadira m. N. of a tree (Acacia Catechu).

khadyota m. a glowing flying insect.

khan khanati khanate v pp. khāta dig, dig up, delve, bury. C. khānayati. --
     abhi turn up (the soil).
     uda root up, extract, exterminate, destroy. proda & samud the same.
     ni bury, inter; dig up, root up; infix, pierce.
     nis dig out.
     pari dig round, dig up.
     pra eradicate, overturn.
     vi dig up. -- Cf. antarnikhāta utkhāta.

khana a. digging; m. hollow, pit.

khanaka m. digger.

khanana n. digging, burying, burial.

khani a. digging; f. mine.

khanitṛ m. digger.

khanitra n. khanitrā f. spade, shovel.

khanitrima a. produced by digging, dug up.

khanya a. coming from holes or pits.

khamūrtimant a. having an ethereal form.

khara a. harsh, rough, sharp, piercing; n. adv. -- m. ass, mule, f. kharī.

kharamayūkha m. the sun (having piercing rays).

kharāṃśu m. the sun (having piercing rays).

kharayāna n. a donkey-cart.

kharāy pp. -yita behave like an ass.

khargalā f. owl or some other night-bird.

kharj kharjati v creak (of a carriage-wheel).

kharjūra m. ī f. the date tree; n. its fruit.

kharpara n. ī f. a cert. mineral.

kharma n. harshness, rudeness.

kharva a. mutilated, crippled, imperfect, minute low, vile.

khala [1] m. threshing floor, granary; oil-cake (also ī f.).

khala [2] m. a wicked person, villain, ruffian f. ā.

khalati a. bald-headed; m. baldness.

khalāy khalāyate v act like a villain.

khalīkṛ use ill, hurt, offend.

khalu adv. indeed, verily, truly (also khalu vai); now, now then (also atha khalu u khalu vai khalu), often only expl. -- na khaluvai) indeed not; khalvapi further, moreover.

khalya a. being in the granary.

khall khallate v pp. khallita be loose, hang down.

khalla m. paper-cornet; f. ī gouty pain in the extremities.

khallikā f. frying-pan.

khalva m. a cert. grain or leguminous plant.

khalvāṭa a. bald-headed.

khaśarīrin a. = khamūrtimant.

khasa m. a degraded Kshatriya; pl. N. of a people.

khastha a. standing in the air.

khākhasa m. poppy. -tila m. poppy-seed.

khāñjya n. limping, lameness.

khāṭkṛ make khāṭ, i.e. clear the throat.

khāṇḍava m. a cert. sweetmeat (also n.); N. of a sacred wood.

khāt  = khāṭ.

khāta m. n. ditch, well, pond; n. cavity, hole.

khātṛ m. digger.

khātra n. a breach.

khād khādati v (khādate) chew, bite, eat, devour, consume, destroy. C. khādayati also = S. --
     pra & sam chew, eat, devour.

khāda a. eating, devouring (--°); n. eating, food.

khādaka m. eater, devourer; debtor; f. -dikā eating, devouring of (--°).

khādana n. = prec. f.; also food.

khādanīya a. to be eaten, eatable.

khādi s. bracelet, ring.

khāditavya a. = khādanīya.

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khāditṛ m. eater, devourer.

khādin [1] a. chewing, eating (--°).

khādin [2] a. wearing bracelets or rings.

khādira f. ī made of Khadira wood.

khādihasta a. having rings on the hands.

khādya a. = khādanīya.

khāna n. eating; -pāna n. eating and drinking.

khānaka a. digging up (--°); m. digger.

khāni f. cave, mine.

khāra m. khārī f. a cert. measure of grain.

khārvā f. the second age of the world.

khālatya n. baldness.

khālitya n. baldness.

khid khidati v pp. khinna (q.v.) depress (fig.); P. khidyate (ti) be depressed, languish, suffer pain. C. khedayati te depress, afflict, vex. --
     ā snatch.
     ud pull out.
     ni press down.
     nis cut off, remove.
     pari P. = S. P.
     pra push away.
     vi tear asunder.
     sam press together; pull out, snatch away. -- Cf. parikhinna.

khidra n. a borer or hammer.

khidvaṃs a. pressing.

khinna a. depressed, tired, weary, sad.

khila m. a waste piece of land, desert, vacant space; n. supplement, addition.

khilīkṛ waste, weaken; w. bhū become void of (gen.), be frustrated, fail.

khilya m. lump, piece; also = khila m.

khīla m. = kīla.

khud khudati v futuere.

khura m. hoof, claw.

khuraka m. a kind of dance.

khurin m. a hoofed animal.

khṛgala m. a crutch.

khecara f. ī = khacara.

kheṭa m. n. a kind of village or small town, shield (also -ka); m. phlegm; adj. low, vile, wretched (esp. --°).

kheda m. depression, weariness, distress, sorrow, trouble, anger at (gen.). f. khedā borer.

khedana n. weariness, languor.

khedayitavya a. to be troubled.

khedin a. tiresome or tired.

khel khelati v move to and fro, swing; C. khelayati.

khela a. moving, swinging; N. of a man.

khelagamana a. of a dallying gait.

khelana n. swinging, going to and fro (also f. ā) play, sport.

khelanaka m. play, pastime.*

kheli f. play, sport.

khoṭa a. lame, limping.

khora a. lame, limping.

khyā (khyāti), pp. khyāta (q.v.) see, appear; P. khyāyate be called or known; C. khyāpayati, pp. khyāta (q.v.) see, appear; P. khyāyate be called or known; C. khyāpayate make known, proclaim; show, betray; praise, celebrate. --
     ati survey, overlook, neglect, abandon.
     anu behold, view.
     antar descry, find out.
     abhi behold, look at; favour, protect. C. make known.
     ava look down, behold.
     ā behold, view; count, enumerate; show, declare, announce, tell, narrate; name, designate as (2 acc.). C. make known, tell; M. have told to one's self.
     pratyā name singly; turn away, repulse, reject, refute, deny, forbid; outvie, excel, surpass.
     vyā explain, illustrate; announce, proclaim, tell, call, name.
     samā enumerate, communicate, declare as (iti).
     pari look around, behold, consider; overlook, neglect.
     pra behold, see; announce, tell; P. be visible or known.
     prati behold, see.
     vi look about, look at, see, perceive; shine forth, beam; illuminate, make visible, show. C. make visible or known, proclaim, tell, confess.
     abhivi look at, behold.
     sam appear together with, belong to (instr.); count together, reckon up, estimate.
     parisam reckon up completely, enumerate, calculate. -- Cf. abhikhyāta abhivikhyāta prakhyāta pravikhyāta vikhyāta.

khyāta a. named, called, known, celebrated.

khyātakīrti a. of celebrated renown.

khyāti f. apprehension, notion, idea, knowledge; renown, name.

khyāna n. apprehension, knowledge.

khyāpaka a. telling, indicating (--°).

khyāpana n. declaration, confession.

khyāpin a. making known, showing (--°).

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khyāpya a. to be related or told.

ga a. going in or to, situate or being in, referring to (--°).

gagaṇa n. sky, heaven, air.

gagana n. sky, heaven, air.

gaganatala n. celestial vault, firmament.

gaganapratiṣṭha a. standing or being in the air.

gaganavihārin a. walking in the air.

gaganaspṛś a. touching the sky.

gaganāṅgana n. the space (lit. court) of heaven.*

gaganāṅganā f. (nymph of heaven*); N. of a metre.

gaganojjvala a. beaming like the sky.*

gaṅgā f. the river Ganges (often personif.).

gaja m. elephant (f. ī); a man's name.

gajadanta m. an elephant's tusk, ivory.

gajapuṃgava m. a noble elephant (lit. bull, chief of the elephants).

gajapura n. N. of a town ( = hāstinapura).

gajamada m. the rut-juice (flowing from the temples) of an elephant.

gajamāna m. N. of a man.*

gajayūtha m. a herd of elephants.

gajayūthapa m. chief of the herd of elephants.

gajavadhū f. female elephant.

gajasāhvaya n. = gajapura.

gajāhvaya n. = gajapura.

gajendra m. a noble elephant (lit. chief of the elephants).

gañja s. treasury; f. ā a tavern; hemp.

gañjana a. contemning, outvying (--°).

gaḍi m. a young bull.

gaḍu s. excrescence on the body, as goitre, hump, etc.

gaṇa m. troop, crowd, host, tribe, suit, retinue, flock, number, series, line; a troop deity (esp. pl. the followers of Śiva, ruled by Ganeśa); company, association; a group of words belonging to the same rule (g.), foot of a verse consisting of 4 instants.

gaṇaka m. arithmetician, astrologue.

gaṇacchandas n. a metre consisting of feet of 4 instants each.

gaṇadāsa m. N. of a dancing master.

gaṇana n. f. numbering, calculation; taking into account.

gaṇanātha m. = gaṇeśa.

gaṇanāyaka m. = gaṇeśa.

gaṇapa m. the same, protector or chief of a corporation.

gaṇapati m. chief of a troop; the god Ganeśa.

gaṇapāṭha m. collection of gaṇas; cf. gaṇa (g.).

gaṇay gaṇayati v (gaṇayate), pp. gaṇita (q.v.) number, calculate, count among (loc.); esteem, value at (instr.), regard as (2 acc.); care about, take notice of, esp. w. na or bauha (acc.). --
     ava disregard.
     pari count over, consider, reflect.

gaṇavṛtta n. = gaṇacchandas.

gaṇaśas adv. by troops.

gaṇaśrī a. joined in troops.

gaṇānna n. food from a corporation.

gaṇābhyantara m. member of a corporation.

gaṇikā f. a harlot, courtesan.

gaṇikādārikā f. daughter of a courtesan.*

gaṇikānna n. food from a courtesan.

gaṇikāpravahana n. carriage of a courtesan.

gaṇita a. numbered, reckoned, valued at (instr.); n. reckoning, calculation.

gaṇin a. having adherents; surrounded by (--°).

gaṇeśa m. the god Ganeśa (lit. the lord of the hosts or troops, cf. gaṇa), also E. of Śiva.

gaṇḍa m. cheek, side of the face (adj. --° f. ā & ī), side i.g.; boil, pimple, crop, (pledge*).

gaṇḍapālī f. the region of the cheeks.

gaṇḍamāla (f.) swelling of the glands of the neck.

gaṇḍamālā (f.) swelling of the glands of the neck.

gaṇḍamālin a. having swollen glands (cf. prec.).

gaṇḍalekhā f. the region (lit. line) of the cheeks.

gaṇḍasthala n. -lī f. (adj. --° f. ā & ī) cheek (lit. place or region of the cheeks).

gaṇḍu s. a pillow.

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gaṇḍūṣa m. n. a mouthful of water or any other liquid (for rinsing the mouth or drinking); draught, gulp. ---peya a. to be drunk by gulps, to be devoured (fig.).

gaṇya a. consisting in lines (a song); to be counted or calculated, to be taken care or notice of.

gata a. gone, come; arrived at, got to, fallen into, situated, contained, or being in (acc., loc. or --°); belonging or relating to (prati or --°); spread, celebrated, known as (loc.); departed, gone away to (dat. or inf.); come forth from (abl. or --°); passed away, disappeared, lost, dead, often adj. °-- whose -- is gone, bereft of--, free from --, less; entered. frequented, visited; got, acquired. n. going motion; disappearance, loss of (--°); extension, divulgation; way, manner.

gataklama a. rested, refreshed.

gatajīva a. lifeless, dead.

gatajīvita a. lifeless, dead.

gatapāra a. who has reached his goal.

gatapūrva a. gone before.

gatapratyāgata a. gone and come back.

gataprāṇa a. breathless, dead.

gataprāya a. almost gone or perished.

gatamātra a. scarcely or just gone away.

gatayauvana a. whose youth has passed away, no more young.

gatayauvayas a. whose youth has passed away, no more young.

gatarasa a. flavourless, insipid.

gatavyatha a. free from pain or anxiety.

gatasaṅga a. free from attachment.

gatasaṃdeha a. free from doubt.

gatasāra a. worthless, vain.

gatāgata a. going and coming; n. sgl. & pl. the same as subst.

gatāgati f. = prec. n.

gatādhvan a. who has gone or made his journey (also of the moon).

gatānugatika a. moving always in the same ruts (lit. going after the gone).

gatāyus a. going to die or dead (lit. whose life is gone).

gatāsu a. lifeless, dead.

gati f. going, flying, motion i.g.; going on progress; course, path, way, manner; getting to obtaining, acquirement (gen., loc. or --°); going out, event, issue; starting point, origin, root, cause; expedient, means, remedy, refuge; success, happiness; transmigration, metempsychosis; lot, fate, condition.

gatipatha m. path (to go).*

gatibhaṅga m. a broken or uncertain gait (lit. interruption of the gait).

gatibheda m. the same.

gatimant a. having motion, moving.

gatodaka a. waterless.

gatvan -> pūrvagatvan.

gatvara f. ī going to (dat.); perishable.

gad gadati v (gadate), pp. gadita speak, pronounce, recite, tell (acc. of pers. & th.), enumerate, name, call. --
     ni = S.; P. be called, pass as (nom.).
     praṇi teach, assert.
     vini speak to, address (acc.); P. be called.

gada [1] m. ā f. speech, sentence.

gada [2] m. disease, sickness.

gadana n. speaking, reciting.

gadā f. mace, club.

gadādhara a. bearing a mace (E. of Kṛṣṇa).

gadābhṛt a. bearing a mace (E. of Kṛṣṇa).

gadin a. bearing a mace (E. of Kṛṣṇa).

gadgada a. & n. stammering; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

gadya a. to be spoken; n. speech, prose.

gadha only gadhya to be taken hold of, to be seized. -- Cf. āgadhita & parigadhita.

gantave & gantavai v dat. inf. to go.

gantavya n. to be gone (n. impers. w. instr. of subj.); to be walked (a way), to be approached (esp. sex.); to be undergone or begun; to be reached, got, acquired; to be understood, intelligible.

gantu m. way, course.

gantukāma a. willing to go.

gantṛ going or coming to (acc., loc. or *dat.). used also as fut. pp. (f. gakamī).

gandha m. (n.) smell, odour, fragrance, fragrant substance, perfume (mostly pl.); the mere smell i.e. a bit of, some likeness with (--°).

gandhaka f. ikā smelling of (--°).

gandhagaja m. scent-elephant (i.e. an elephant in rut).

gandhaguṇa m. the quality of smell.

gandhadvipa m. = gandhadvaja.

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gandhadvirada m. = gandhadvaja.

gandhana m. a sort of rice; n. smelling.

gandhamādana m. N. of a mountain and forest.

gandhamālya n. du. & pl. fragrances and garlands.

gandhayukti f. preparation or application of perfumes.

gandharva m. N. of a genius, connected with Soma and the Sun; w. apām = garbha; later mostly pl. the heavenly singers.

gandharvarāja m. the king of the Gandharvas.

gandharvaloka m. the world of the Gandharvas.

gandhavant a. smelling, odoriferous.

gandhavaha m. the wind (bearer of odours).

gandhavāha m. the wind (bearer of odours).

gandhasāra m. sandal-wood.

gandhāḍhya a. rich in odours, fragrant.

gandhāra m. pl. N. of a people.

gandhāri m. pl. N. of a people.

gandhi a. smelling of, perfumed with; having the mere smell of a thing, being -- only by name.

gandhika a. smelling of, perfumed with; having the mere smell of a thing, being -- only by name.

gandhin a. smelling of, perfumed with; having the mere smell of a thing, being -- only by name.

gandhoddāma a. perfumed, odoriferous.

gabha m. vulva.

gabhastala n. N. of a hell.

gabhasti m. arm, hand, ray.

gabhastimant a. having rays, shining; m. the sun.

gabhīra deep, profound, impervious, inscrutable, secret; °-- & n. adv.

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gam gacchati gacchate gamati ganti v pp. (--° w. act. & pass. mg.) gata (q.v.) go, move; go or come to, get at, fall into or upon, undergo, incur, reach, acquire (acc. ±prati, loc., or dat.); approach sex. (acc.); move on, wander; keep on (with a pp.); approach mentally, perceive (±manasā), guess, understand (P. be understood or meant); go away, pass, set out, depart, die. -- With the acc. of an abstr. often = become or be w. adj. or pp., as harṣaṃ gacchati he becomes glad, upālambhanaṃ gacchati he is censured (cf. i2). C. gamayati te cause to go or come, lead or bring towards (acc., dat., or loc.); put a person into a condition (2 acc.); grant, impart (gen. of pers. & acc. of th.); cause to go away i.e. send forth; pass, spend; overcome; *cause a person (acc.) through some other (instr.) to go; make understood, explain; convey the idea of (acc.), mean, denote. D. jigamiṣati & jigāṃsati wish to go, be going. 1. ganīganti approach, visit. -- accha acchā go to, meet with.
     ati pass away, pass over (acc.).
     adhi get at, meet with, obtain, acquire; commence, undertake, accomplish; approach (sex.), take to wife, marry; find out, invent, discover; perceive, learn, study, read.
     samadhi come near, get at, obtain, acquire; learn, study, read.
     anu go after, follow, accompany (also C.); seek, look for; approach, arrive, visit, enter; observe, obey, imitate, answer to; go out, be extinguished, die.
     samanu go after, follow; penetrate, pervade.
     antar step between, exclude from (abl.).
     apa go away, depart, cease, disappear.
     vyapa the same.
     api go into, join, approach (sex.); get, obtain.
     abhi come near, approach, visit; go after, follow; find, meet; approach (sex.); undertake, take to (acc.), get, acquire; perceive, understand, learn (also C.).
     ava come down, descend; come to, approach, visit; fall into, incur; get, obtain; undergo, undertake; learn from (abl.), perceive, guess, understand; be of opinion, know; take for, consider as (2 acc.). C. bring near, procure; cause to know, make acquainted with, teach (2 acc. or gen. of pers. & acc. of th.).
     ā go near, approach, come to (acc. or loc.), come back (±punar); meet with (instr.); reach, obtain, get at, undergo, incur; befall, betide. C. bring near, convey; procure, ascertain (acc.), learn from (abl.). D. wish to come to (acc.). I. approach repeatedly (acc.).
     adhyā meet with, encounter, find.
     anvā go after or along.
     abhyā come near, approach, visit; fall into, incur.
     upā & samupā the same.
     nyā come down to (acc.).
     paryā go or come round.
     pratyā come back, return from (abl.) to (acc.); return to life, revive, recover.
     samā come together, associate, meet, encounter (instr. ±saha or sārdham); come near, approach, come to (acc. or loc.), come back; meet with, find.
     ud go up, rise, shoot up, grow; come forth, extend, spread. apod, D. apojjigāṃsati wish to withdraw from, to avoid (abl.).
     abhyud rise, go out to meet (acc.), extend, spread; agree, consent to (acc.).
     pratyud come forth again; go out to meet or to face (acc.); set out, depart.
     upa come near, approach, visit; go against, attack; meet, encounter, approach (sex.), undertake; undergo incur; reach, befall, happen.
     abhyupa come near, go to, join, get at; reach, obtain; admit, consent to (acc.).
     samupa come near, go to, undergo, incur.
     ni settle down, approach (also sex.), get at, incur, undergo.
     upani & saṃni meet with, encounter.
     nis go out, depart, proceed from (abl.), appear; go away, disappear; get rid of (abl.); reach, get, fall into (nidrām fall asleep).
     vinis go out, depart, set off, cease, vanish; get rid of (abl.).
     parā go away, depart.
     pari walk about, circumambulate surround, inclose, pervade, spread.
     pra set out, start, advance, proceed; go to, get at (acc.).
     prati go to meet, come back, return.
     vi go asunder, go away, pass, cease, vanish. C. pass, spend (time).
     sam (mostly M.) meet, encounter, join, approach (sex.); harmonize, agree; be fit, answer, correspond. C. bring together, join with (instr.); lead to (acc.), bestow on (loc.).
     abhisam & upasam meet with, come (together) to (acc.). -- Cf. anugata antargata abhyāgata āgata udgata upagata parigata vigata saṃgata.

gama a. going to or in (--°); m. going, march, approach, cohabitation.

gamaka a. convincing, conclusive; showing, betraying (--°). Abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

gamadhyai (dat. inf.) to go or come.

gamana n. going, coming, moving; going to, entering, approaching (prati, acc., gen., or --°); intercourse, cohabitation (--°); setting cut, departure, march.

gamanīya a. accessible, attainable, assailable by (gen.)

gamāgama m. going and coming, going to and fro.

gamin a. intending to go to (acc. or --°).

gamiṣṭha (superl.) coming willingly, ready to enter (--°).

gamiṣṇu a. going or willing to go.

gambhan s. depth, bottom.

gambhiṣṭha superl. to gambhīra.

gambhīra  = gabhīra.

gambhīraśaṃsa a. reigning secretly.

gamya a. to be approached or entered, accessible (also for sex. intercourse), attainable to (gen., loc., or --°), possible, fit, proper; to be guessed or understod, perceptible, intelligible. Abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

gaya m. house, household, family, N. of a Rishi etc., pl. N. of a people. f. gayā N. of a famous place of pilgrimage.

gayasphāna a. increasing the family wealth.

gara a. devouring (--°); m. drink, fluid, poison (also n.); a man's name. f. devouring, swallowing.

garada a. giving poison, m. poisoner.

garala n. poison.

gariman m. heaviness, weight, importance, dignity, power.

gariṣṭha -> guru.

garīyaṃs -> guru.

garīyastva n. weight, importance.

garuḍa m. N. of a mythical bird; also a building or military array of a cert. shape.

garut s. wing.

garutmant a. winged; m. bird, esp. Garuda.

garga m. a man's name; f. ā & ī a woman's name.

gargara m. whirlpool, eddy; also = f. gargarā & gargarī churn, butter-vat, a kind of water-jar.

garj garjati v (garjate) roar, growl, hum, rave, thunder, chatter (of birds); brag, boast. --
     anu roar or rave after.
     abhi roar at (acc.), shout.
     pra begin to roar or thunder.
     prati roar against, answer with roars, shout at (acc.); oppose, resist; emulate or vie with (gen. or instr.).
     vi roar, shout.
     sam shout together (anyo'nyam). -- Cf. abhigarjita udgarjita.

garja m. -na n. roar, noise, thunder.

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garjita n. the same + bragging, boasting.

garta [1] m. high seat, throne; the seat of a warchariot, carriage i.g.

garta [2] m. n., ā f. hollow, cave, ditch, grave; a water-hole (only m.).

gartamit a. buried in a hole; s. such a post.

gartasad a. sitting in the war-chariot.

gartāruh (nom. -ruk) mounting the war-chariot.

gartāśraya m. an animal living in holes.

garda gardati v exult.

garda a. ardent, eager.

gardabha m. ass (adj. --° f. ā); f. ī she-ass; N. of sev. plants; (a cert. throw with the dice*).

gardha m. eagerness, desire of (--°).

gardhin a. greedy, desirous or fond of (--°).

garbha m. womb, inside, interior (adj. --° having in the interior, containing, filled with); fetus, embryo, scion, fruit, offspring, child.

garbhaka m. kind of garland.

garbhakāla m. the time of pregnancy.

garbhagata a. lying in the womb.

garbhagṛha n. a lying-in chamber, also = seq.

garbhageha n. sanctuary of a temple.

garbhagraha m. -grahaṇa n. conception (of the fetus).

garbhatā f. -tva n. pregnancy.

garbhadāsa m. f.*) a slave by birth.

garbhadha a. impregnating.

garbhadharā f. bearing a fetus, pregnant.

garbhadhāraṇa n. gestation (of the fetus), pregnancy.

garbhadhi m. breeding place, nest.

garbhabhartṛdruh f. (a woman) killing her husband and the child in her womb.

garbhabhavana n. = garbhageha.

garbhavatī f. pregnant.

garbhavasati f. -vāsa m. womb (abode of the fetus).

garbhaveśman n. inmost apartment, also = garbhagṛha.

garbhastha a. = garbhagata, also being inside (--°).

garbhasrāva m. abortion, miscarriage.

garbhādhāna n. impregnation.

garbhāṣṭama m. the eighth year from conception.

garbhin a. pregnant (l. & f., w. acc. or instr.); f. garbhiṇī a pregnant woman.

garbheśvara m. a ruler by birth.

garmut f. a kind of wild bean.

garvagir f. pl. arrogant language.

garvita a. arrogant, proud of (instr. or --°).

garh garhate v (garhati), garhayate (-ti), pp. garhita (q.v.) chide, blame, censure, reproach, complain to (dat.) of (acc.). -- *ni (garhate) find fault with (dat.).
     vi reproach, blame, abuse, revile. -- Cf. vigarhita.

garhaṇa a. reproachful; n. & f. ā = seq.

garhā f. reproach, censure.

garhita a. blamed, censured, forbidden, bad, worse than (abl.). -- n. adv. badly, ill.

garhitānnāśana a. eating forbidden food.

garhin a. blaming, censuring (--°).

garhya a. to be blamed, contemptible.

gal galati v pp. galita (q.v.) drip, drop, fall, vanish, pass away. C. gālayati cause to drop, liquify, melt, filter, wring out. --
     ava & ā drop down.
     pra the same.
     vi be dissolved or melted, fall down, pass away, perish.
     pravi stream forth, cease, vanish. (sam come forth, break out, rise.*) -- Cf. nirgalita parigalita.

gala m. throat, neck.

galaguhā f. cavity of the throat, gulf.

galahasta m. seizing by the throat, collaring.

galita a. dropped, lost, omitted (esp. a passage in the Rigveda omitted in the Padapāṭha).

galitaka m. kind of dance or gesticulation.

galda a. = garda.

galla m. cheek.

gallapūraṇa a. filling or swelling the cheeks.*

galvarka m. crystal, crystal vessel.

gava [1] (°-- & --°, f. ī) bull, cow.

gava [2] -> purogava.

gavaya m. a species of ox, the Gayal, f. ī.

gavala m. buffalo.

gavākṣa m. round window (lit. bull's eye).

gavānṛta n. untruth concerning cows.

gavāpati m. bull (lit. master of the cows); E. of Agni and the Sun (lord of the rays).

gaviṣ a. wishing for cows; fervent, eager i.g.

gaviṣa a. wishing for cows; fervent, eager i.g.

gaviṣṭi a. the same; f. passion, desire, esp. for fighting; fight, battle.

gavīdhumat n. N. of a town.

gavīnikā f. du. the groins.

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gavīnī f. du. the groins.

gaveṣ gaveṣate gaveṣayati & gaveṣayate v strive after, look for (acc.).

gaveṣaṇa a. eager, desirous, esp. of combat.

gaveṣin a. seeking (--°).

gavy only pp. gavyant eager, desirous (orig. & esp. of cattle or combat).

gavya a. consisting of, belonging to, coming from cows or cattle; f. gavyā desire for cows or milk, ardour of battle; n. gavya cattle, milk, pasture-ground.

gavyaya f. ī = prec. adj.

gavyayu a. wishing for cattle.

gavyu  = gavyant, -> gavy.

gavyūti f. pasture land, district, dwelling place, abode.

gahana a. deep, thick, impenetrable; n. depth, abyss, thicket, impenetrable place or darkness.

gahvara f. ā & ī deep, impenetrable, confused, perplexed; p. = prec. n., also secret, riddle.

gahvareṣṭha a. being in the depth or in the secret.

jigāti1 v go, move, come, approach, repair to (acc. or loc.); follow, persecute; undergo, incur, obtain. --
     accha go or come.
     ati step beyond, cross; surpass, overcome, escape; leave unnoticed, neglect; pass away, perish, die.
     adhi fall into, obtain; think of, resolve on (acc.); remember, attend to (gen. or acc.); study (mostly M.), learn from (abl.).
     anu go after, follow, go along; undergo, incur.
     antar go between (acc.); separate, exclude from (abl.).
     apa go away; keep or cease from (abl.).
     api enter, mix with (acc.).
     abhi come near, approach, get at, obtain.
     ava go away, be lost; go to, join (acc.).
     ā & abhyā come near. approach, get at; befall, visit (acc.).
     upā come near, approach, come to (acc.).
     paryā turn round (intr.); carry on, be engaged in (acc.).
     ud rise.
     upa go to, get at (acc.).
     nis go out, go away or come forth from (abl.).
     pari go about, surround, pervade, enter, befall, visit; disregard, avoid.
     pra come forth, proceed; move towards (acc.); go away, withdraw from (abl.).
     apapra go away, cease, desist.
     vi the same.
     sam meet; go to (acc.).

gāyati (gāyate) & gāti v pp. gīta2 (q.v.) sing, chant, recite, praise, proclaim; P. also be called, have the name of (nom.). C. gāpayati. I. jegīyate (w. act. & pass. mg.). --
     accha call with a song.
     anu sing after or to (acc.), praise, celebrate.
     abhi sing or call to (acc.), fill or praise with song.
     ā sing to (acc.), gain by singing.
     ud intonate, begin to sing, chant, recite, fill with song.
     upa sing to or before (dat., loc., acc.), praise, celebrate, fill with song.
     ni accompany with song, sing, proclaim.
     pra begin to sing; praise, celebrate; sound, resound.
     abhipra begin to celebrate.
     vi decry, blame.
     sam sing together. -- Cf. anugīta udgīta upagīta vigīta saṃgīta.

gāṅga f. ī being on or in the Ganges, coming from it, etc.; m. metron. of Bhisma.

gāṅgeya a. & m. the same.

gāṅgya a. & m. the same.

gāḍha a. dived into, entered; tight, fast, close; vehement, strong; °-- & n. adv. strongly, extremely, very much.

gāḍhatā f. -tva n. intensity, strongness, excess.

gāḍhānurāgin a. extremely passionate.

gāḍhodvega a. extremely anxious.

gāṇḍiva m. n. Arjuna's bow.

gāṇḍīva m. n. Arjuna's bow.

gātave (dat. inf.) to go.

gātu [1] m. (f.) motion, course, way, path; progress, welfare, refuge, abode, space.

gātu [2] m. song or singer.

gātumant a. capacious, commodious.

gātuy (gātūy) gātūyati v grant free course, further.

gātṛ m. singer; a man's name.

gātra n. (adj. --° f. ā & ī) a limb of the body (lit. means of going); the body.

gātrānulepanī f. unguent for the body.

gātrotsādana n. rubbing of the body.

gātha m. song; f. gāthā the same, esp. a kind of rel. verse or stanza; N. of a metre ( = āryā).

gāthaka m. singer; f. gāthikā song, verse.

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gāthin a. familiar with songs, m. a singer; N. of the father of Vicvamitra, pl. his descendants.

gādha a. offering a standing ground, fordable, shallow; n. (m.) a shallow place in water, ford.

gādhi m. = gāthin m.

gādhin m. = gāthin m.

gādhija m. part. names of Viśvamitra.

gādhinandana m. part. names of Viśvamitra.

gādhiputra m. part. names of Viśvamitra.

gādhisūnu m. part. names of Viśvamitra.

gādheya m. part. names of Viśvamitra.

gāna n. singing, song.

gāndharva f. gāndharvī belonging or peculiar to the Gandharvas, esp. w. vivāha or vidhi m. a marriage without any ceremony; m. a singer, pl. N. of a people; n. the art of the Gandharvas i.e. song, music.

gāndharvavidhi m. the Gandharva marriage (v. prec.).

gāndhāra m. ī f. a prince and princess of the Gandharis; m. pl. = seq.

gāndhāri m. pl. N. of a people.

gāmin a. going, moving, going to (adv., *acc. ± prati); mostly --° going or moving on, in, to, towards, or-like (after an adv.), approaching (sex.); reaching, belonging or relating to, meeting with, obtaining.

gāmbhīrya n. depth, profundity, dignity, generosity.

gāya [1] a. moving (only --°).

gāya [2] m. song.

gāya [3] a. belonging to or coming from Gaya.

gāyaka m. ī f. singer.

gāyatra m. n. song, verse, hymn; f. ī N. of a metre & a cert. sacred verse.

gāyatrin m. chanter of hymns.

gāyana m. singer, chanter; n. song.

gāruḍa a. pertaining to or resembling the bird Garuda.

gārutmata a. pertaining to or resembling the bird Garuda.

gārgya m. patr. from garga; N. of sev. men, pl. of a people.

gārgyāyaṇa m. patr. from gāgrya.

gārddhya n. greediness, desire.

gārbha a. born from the womb, relating to the fetus or the pregnancy.

gārbhika a. relating to the womb, maternal.

gārhapatya m. (± agni) the fire of the householder (r.). m. n. = seq., n. government of a family, household.

gārhapatyāgāra m. house or place for the G. -- fire (r.).

gārhasthya a. pertaining to a householder; n. household.

gārhya a. domestic.

gāla a. produced by the throat.

gālana n. straining, filtering; abusing, reviling.

gālava m. N. of an ancient teacher; pl. his descendants.

gāli f. pl. (& sgl.*) abusive language, insult.

gāh gāhate (gāhati) v pp. gāḍha (q.v.) dive or enter into (acc.). --
     ati emerge from, overcome (acc.).
     abhi penetrate into (acc.).
     ava or va plunge or enter into, be absorbed in (loc. or acc.).
     ud emerge, rise.
     upa enter.
     pra penetrate, pervade.
     vi dive into, bathe in, enter, penetrate (acc. or loc.); get, attain (acc.); w. kakṣām be equal to (gen.). -- Cf. avagāḍha udgāḍha parigāḍha pragāḍha vagāḍha vigāḍha.

gāha m. depth, interior.

gāhana n. plunging, bathing.

gir [1] -> 1 gṛ.

gir [2] a. s. singing, singer; f. song, word, voice, call, verse, praise. girā by the advice or in the name of (gen. or --°).

gir [3] -> gṛ2.

gir [4] (--°) devouring.

gir [5] m. = giri.

gira [1] (--°) = gir2.

gira [2] (--°) = seq.

giri m. mountain, hill.

girikānana n. mountain-wood.*

girikṣit a. dwelling on hills.

giricara a. mountain-roving.

girija a. mountain-born, f. ā the mountain-daughter (Parvati).

girijā a. = prec. a.

giriṇadī f. mountain-torrent.

giritra a. protecting mountains (Rudra-Civa).

giridurga a. hill-fort.

giridhātu m. pl. the minerals in a mountain; red chalk.

girinadī f. = giriṇadī.

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giripati m. chief of the mountains; high mountain or rock.

giripṛṣṭha n. hill-top.

giriprastha m. the table-land of a mountain.

girirāj m. = giripati.

girivara m. an excellent mountain.

giriśa a. dwelling on mountains, m. E. of Rudra-Civa.

giriṣṭhā a. being on mountains.

girīśa m. = giripati.

girvaṇas a. = seq.

girvaṇasyu a. = seq.

girvan a. rich in praise.

gīta a. sung, praised, proclaimed, named, called; n. song, verse. f. ā sacred song or poem.

gītaka n. = prec. n.

gītakṣama a. fit to be sung.

gītagovinda n. T. of a poem (lit. Govinda praised in song).

gītanṛtya n. song and dance.

gītavādana n. song and music.

gītācārya m. singing master.

gīti f. song; N. of a metre.

gītyāryā f. a cert. metre.

gīthā f. song.

gīrvāṇa m. a god.

gu only I. joguve & joguvāna1 sound, praise, proclaim.

gu [2] a. going, coming (--°).

gu [3] (adj. --°) = go.

guggulu (m.) n. bdellium.

guṅgu m. N. of a man, pl. his race. f. guṅgū = kuhū.

guccha (& *ka) m. bundle, b unch, bush.

gucchagulma n. sgl. bushes and shrubs.

guñj guñjati v buz, hum.

guñja m. gunjita n. buzzing, humming.

guñjā f. the Gunja berry (used as a weight).

guṭikā f. globe, pill, pearl, jewel.

guḍa m. a globe or ball (also -ka m.); treacle, molasses, a pill (also guḍikā f.); pl. N. of a people.

guḍadhānā f. pl. grains of corn with sugar.

guḍamaya f. ī made of sugar.

guḍaśarkarā f. sugar.

guḍākeśa m. E. of Arjuna.

guḍodaka n. sugar-water.

guḍaudana n. boiled rice with sugar.

guṇa m. thread, cord, rope, string (adj. --° after a num. = fold or -- times, lit. threaded); division, species, kind; anything secondary or unessential, e.g. the seasoning of a dish (opp. anna), (g.) the secondary object (cf. gaṇakarman), the articulation (opp. sthāna), the secondary gradation (opp. vṛddhi); (ph.) the quality, peculiarity or attribute (opp. dravya or svabhāva), one of the five attributes or the three qualities; good quality, virtue, excellence; merit, high degree, pl. the six or four measures of royal policy. Abstr. guṇatā f., -tva n.

guṇaka (adj. --°) = guṇa.

guṇakarman n. a secondary action (abl. -matas) or secondary object (opp pradhānaṃ karman).

guṇakaluṣa n. confusion of the (three) qualities.

guṇaguru a. respectable.

guṇagṛhya a. to be captivated by, i.e. sensible of, virtues or merits.

guṇagraha a. to be captivated by, i.e. sensible of, virtues or merits.

guṇagrāma m. assemblage of virtues or merits.

guṇagrāhin a. = guṇagṛhya.

guṇaccheda m. the breaking of the cord (loss of merits).

guṇajña a. knowiNg virtues or merits; abstr. -tā f.

guṇatas adv. according to the (three) qualities.

guṇatyāgin a. abandoning virtue.

guṇadoṣajña a. knowing good and evil.

guṇadhṛta a. supported by virtues (cords).

guṇabhadra m. N. of an author.

guṇabhūta a. secondary, subordinate.

guṇabhedatas adv. according to the difference of quality.

guṇabhoktṛ a. perceiving the qualities.

guṇamaya a. consisting of threads; containing the three qualities; virtuous.

guṇay guṇayati v pp. guṇita multiply, increase.

guṇavacana m. n. an attributive or adjective.

guṇavattā f. -ttva n. abstr. to seq.

guṇavant a. having a thread (virtues); possessed of the five qualities (cf. guṇa); virtues, excellent, useful, good. Compar. guṇavattara, superl. -ttama.

guṇasaṃyukta a. endowed with good qualities or virtues.

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guṇasaṃpanna a. endowed with good qualities or virtues.

guṇasaṅga m. attachment to the qualities (ph.).

guṇahārya to be won by virtues.

guṇahīna a. destitute of merit or virtues.

guṇāguṇa m. pl. virtues or faults.

guṇāḍhya m. N. of a poet (lit. rich in virtue).

guṇātīta a. having overcome the qualities (ph.).

guṇāntara n. another quality. -rādhāna n. the addition of another quality, i.e. occupation with, care of (gen.).

guṇānvita a. = guṇasaṃyukta, also auspicious, lucky.

guṇābhilāṣin a. desirous of virtues.

guṇālaya m. the (very) seat of virtues; adj. most virtuous.

guṇāśraya m. the seat of the qualities, also = prec. (m. & adj.)

guṇin a. having a cord (virtues); having parts, qualities, advantages, or merits; auspicious, lucky (day); object, thing, substantive.

guṇī w. as or bhū submit, yield to (gen.); pp. guṇībhūta subject to (gen.), also = guṇabhūta.

guṇojjvala a. shining with virtues.

guṇotkarṣa m. superiority of merits.

guṇotkṛṣṭa a. distinguished by merits.

guṇodaya m. rising or development of virtues.

guṇṭh guṇṭhayati v pp. guṇṭhita veil, conceal, hide, cover. -- ava samava ā & pari = S.

guṇṭhana n. -nā f. veiling, covering with (--°).

gutsa m. a necklace of 32 strings.

gutsārdha m. a necklace of 24 strings.

guda m. (n.) the rectum or anus.

gundra m. ā f. N. of sev. plants.

gup pp. gupita & gupta1 (q.v.) keep, protect, guard from (abl.) D. jugupsate (ti) beware of, shun, detest; pp. jugupsita detested, abominable, or *detesting (w. abl.). --
     prati beware of (abl.).
     vi D. fly from, be afraid of (abl.). -- Cf. adhigupta anugupta abhigupta saṃgupta.

gup [2] (--°) keeping, guarding.

gupta a. kept, preserved, guarded, hidden, secret; n. adv. privately, secretly, loc. at a secret place; m. N. of sev. kings, esp. --°.

gupti f. keeping, protection, guard, caution, hiding, concealment, prison.

guptipālaka m. guardian of a prison, jailer.*

gumph gumphati & gumphayati v pp. gumphita string together, wreathe, wind.

gur (gurate) v (only --°), pp. gūrta (q.v.) & gūrṇa (--°) *lift up. --
     apa reject, revile, threaten.
     ava threaten.
     ā approve, agree.
     ud lift up, raise. -- Cf. udgūrṇa.

guru f. gurvī a. heavy, weighty (w. abl. also = gurutara), big, large, great, long (prosod.); strong, vehement; difficult, hard; bad, evil; important, valuable, venerable. Comp. gurutara & garīyaṃs heavier, weightier, etc. than (abl.); very heavy, weighty etc.; superl. gariṣṭha very big or swollen. -- m. any venerable person, as father, mother (du. the parents), teacher (also pl.), esp. Brhaspati as the teacher of the gods, any elder relative; chief of (--°). f. gurvī pregnant, a pregnant woman.

gurukārya n. an important matter.

gurukula n. the teacher's house; -vāsa m. the living in it, scholarship.

gurugṛha n. = prec. n.

gurucaryā f. service to the teacher.

gurutalpa m. the teacher's bed; violator or violation of it.

gurutalpaga a. violating the teacher's bed.

gurutalpagāmin a. violating the teacher's bed.

gurutalpin a. violating the teacher's bed.

gurutā f. weight, burden, difficulty, importance, gravity; the office or state of a teacher.

gurutva n. weight, heaviness, severity; prosodical length, importance etc. = prec.

gurudakṣiṇā f. the teacher's fee.*

gurudāra m. the teacher's wife.

gurudhur f. pl. hard work.

gurupatnī f. = gurudāra.

guruputra m. the teacher's son.

gurupūjā f. reverence towards the teacher.

gurubhakti f. reverence towards the teacher.

gurubhāryā f. = gurudāra.

guruyoṣit f. = gurudāra.

gurulāghava n. great and small, i.e. relative importance or value, prosodical length and shortness.

guruvat adv. like (towards) the teacher.

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guruvāsa m. = gurukulavāsa.

guruvṛtti f. the (right) conduct towards the teacher; -para a. behaving properly towards the teacher.

guruśuśrūṣā f. obedience to the teacher.

guruśuśrūṣu a. obedient to the teacher.

gurusuta m. = guruputra.

gurjara m. -rī f. the district of Guzerat.

gurvaṅganā f. the teacher's wife.

gurvaṅganāgama m. adultery with the teacher's wife.

gurvartha m. an important affair; also the teacher's affair or fee; -rtham adv. for the parents or the teacher.

gurviṇī f. pregnant, a pregnant woman; N. of a metre.

gula m. = guḍa.

gulikā f. a ball or pill.

gulgulu n. bdellium (cf. guggulu).

gulpha m. the ankle.

gulphadaghna a. reaching to the ankles.

gulma m. (n.) shrub, bush, thicket; a troop or guard of soldiers.

guvāka m. the betel-nut tree.

guh gūhati gūhate v pp. gūḍha1 (q.v.) hide, cover, keep secret. --
     apa hide, put away.
     ava cover, conceal; embrace.
     ud pierce or twist through.
     upa cover, hide, embrace.
     ni & vini cover, conceal, keep secret. -- Cf. upagūḍha nigūḍha vigūḍha.

guh [2] f. hiding-place.

guha m. E. of Skanda & Civa. f. guhā = prec. + cave, pit, mine, fig. the heart. Instr. guhā in secret, secretly; w. kṛ & dhā conceal, remove.

guhāśaya a. living in hiding-places or caverns, also = seq.

guhāhita a. being (laid) in a secret place, in the heart.

guhya a. (to be) hidden or covered, secret. n. a secret, mystery, adv. secretly, in silence.

guhyaka m. a cert. class of demi-gods.

gūḍha (guḷha) a. hidden, private, secret; n. darkness, a secret, loc. secretly.

gūḍhaja a. secretly born.

gūḍhāgāra s. prison (lit. secret house).

gūḍhārtha a. & m. (having a) secret meaning.

gūḍhotpanna a. = gūḍhaja.

gūrta a. approved, welcome, pleasing.

gūrti f. praise, applause, flattery.

gūrda m. a jump.

gūrdhay gūrdhayati v praise.

gūhana n. hiding, concealing.

gṛ [1] gṛṇāti gṛṇīte v (also w. pass. mg), girate ti (only w. sam) sing, invoke, call, praise, proclaim, relate. --
     anu join in praising; answer, agree (*dat.); repeat.
     abhi chime in with (acc.); salute praise, approve, accept.
     ā approve, praise,
     pratyā answer, respond.
     upa invoke, call to (acc.).
     pra proclaim, extol, celebrate.
     prati invoke, welcome (acc.); answer, respond (dat.); assent, agree (*dat.).
     sam chime in, agree, assent, promise, acknowledge, affirm.

gṛ [2] girati2 girati girate gilati (gṛṇāti), pp. gīrṇa swallow, devour. --
     ava swallow down.
     ud spit out, pour out, discharge, eject, burst out with (acc.).
     ni swallow down, devour, suppress.
     nis spit out.
     sam devour. -- Cf. udgīrṇa.

gṛ [3] I. jāgarti3 (jāgarati jāgrati te) be awake, wake up, wake or be watchful, have a care for (dat.), rule over (loc. ±adhi). C. jāgarayati wake (trans.), rouse, excite, animate.
     pra keep watch, wait for (gen.), wake (trans.).
     prati watch near or over (acc.). -- Cf. jāgṛvas.

gṛñja m. N. of a plant.

gṛñjana m. a kind of garlic.

gṛñjanaka m. a kind of garlic.

gṛtsa a. clever, dexterous, wise.

gṛtsamada m. N. of a poet; pl. his descendants.

gṛda s. the region near the anus (of a horse).

gṛddha a. eager, desirous of, longing for (loc.).

gṛdh gṛdhyati v pp. gṛddha (q.v.) be eager or greedy, speed, hasten, strive after, long or wish for (acc. or loc.). --
     anu & prati strive after, covet (loc.).

gṛdhnu a. rash, eager, greedy, desirous of (loc. or --°).

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gṛdhnutā f. abstr. to prec.

gṛdhya a. to be desired; f. gṛdhyā = prec.

gṛdhyin a. eager, desirous of (--°).

gṛdhra a. the same; m. vulture, f. ī female v., the myth. mother of the vultures.

gṛdhrakūṭa m. vulture-peak (N. of a mountain).

gṛdhrapati m. the king of the vultures (Jatayu).

gṛdhrarāj m. the king of the vultures (Jatayu).

gṛdhrarāja m. the king of the vultures (Jatayu).

gṛbh f. grasping, seizing; dat. gṛbhe as inf.

gṛbha m. grasp.

gṛbhay gṛbhayati v grasp, seize.

gṛbhāya gṛbhāyati v the same. --
     anu accept, take care of (acc.).
     ud keep back, stop.
     sam grasp, seize, keep together.

gṛbhi a. holding, containing (gen.).

gṛṣṭi f. heifer.

gṛh (--°) grasping, seizing.

gṛha m. a servant (lit. who grasps or lays hold on anything); n. house (as the receiving or containing), mansion, habitation (also m. pl., sgl. only in Veda); temple, bower (mostly --°), sign of the zodiac; m. pl. inhabitants of a house, a family.

gṛhakapota m. *domestic pigeon.

gṛhakapotaka m. *domestic pigeon.

gṛhakarman n. domestic work or rite.

gṛhakārin m. house or mason wasp.

gṛhakārya n. domestic work or affair.

gṛhakṛtya n. domestic work or affair.

gṛhaja a. born in the house.

gṛhajana m. family.

gṛhajāta a. = gṛhaja.

gṛhada m. giver of a house.

gṛhadāru n. house-post; -vat adv.

gṛhadāsa m. ī f. domestic servant or slave.

gṛhadāha m. burning of a house, conflagration.

gṛhadīpti f. the splendour or ornament of a house (a virtuous woman).

gṛhadevatā f. pl. the deities of a house.

gṛhadvāra n. house-door.

gṛhapa m. guardian of a house.

gṛhapati m. master of a house, householder, (f. gṛhapatnī) E. of Agni.

gṛhapāla m. = gṛhapa.

gṛhabali m. domestic oblation; -muj m. a sparrow or crow (eater of it).

gṛhabhartṛ m. master of a house.

gṛhamayūra m. domestic or tame peacock.*

gṛhamedha [1] m. domestic sacrifice.

gṛhamedha [2] a. performing domestic rites, partaking of or belonging to them; m. house-holder = gṛhastha.

gṛhamedhin  = prec. adj. & m., f. -nī a. house-wife.

gṛhamedhīya a. pertaining to the domestic sacrifice or the householder; n. domestic sacrifice.

gṛharakṣā f. the guarding of a house.

gṛhavāsa m. = gṛhāśama.

gṛhaśikhaṇḍin m. = gṛhamayūra.

gṛhaśuka m. house-parrot or house-poet.

gṛhasaṃveśaka m. house-builder.

gṛhasārasa m. domestic crane.

gṛhastha a. living in the house of (--°); m. householder, a Brahman in the second stage of his religious life.

gṛhārtha m. household affairs or care.

gṛhāśrama m. the order of the householder (cf. gṛhastha).

gṛhi m. master of a house.

gṛhin a. having a house; m. householder, f. gṛhiṇī house-wife.

gṛhīta a. grasped, taken, conceived, etc.; often °-- having taken or conceived; taken by, provided with.

gṛhītacāpa a. armed with (lit. having taken) a bow.*

gṛhītadhanu a. the same.*

gṛhītadhanvan a. the same.*

gṛhītanāmadheya a. named, mentioned.*

gṛhītapaścāttāpa a. seized by repentance.*

gṛhītapātheya a. furnished with provisions.*

gṛhītākṣara a. having conceived the words or meaning of (gen.).*

gṛhītārtha a. having conceived the purpose.*

gṛhītāvaguṇṭhana a. veiled, covered (carriage).*

gṛhīti f. taking, conceiving.

gṛhī w. bhū become a house or habitation.

gṛhu m. beggar.

gṛheśvara m. master of a house; f. ī housewife.

gṛhya [1] a. to be seized or taken, perceptible.

gṛhya [2]  = gṛhītvā (v. grabh).

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gṛhya [3] a. belonging to a house, domestic. m. the house-fire, pl. the inmates of a house, the family or servants; f. ā & n. domestic rite or rule.

gṛhyasūtra n. manual of domestic rules.

geṇḍuka m. ball for playing.

geya a. to be sung or praised; *singing (gen.); n. song.

geṣṇa [1] m. singer, chanter.

geṣṇa [2] m. joint, juncture.

geha n. house, mansion; gehinī f. = gṛhiṇī.

gehadāha & gehapati v = gṛhadāha & gṛhapati.

gehapārāvata m. = gṛhakapota.*

gehīy gehīyati v take for a house.

gehya [1] a. being in a house, domestic.

gehya [2] n. household, domestic wealth.

gairika n. f.) red chalk.

go m. bull, ox, ox-hide, leather, sinew; pl. cattle, herds, the stars or rays of light (as the herds of the sky); pieces of flesh, cow-milk (also sgl.). --f. cow, the earth (as the milch cow of kings); speech and Sarasvati, the goddess of speech.

goagra a. having cows or milk as chief part or object.

goarṇas a. swarming with cows or stars.

gokarṇa [1] m. cow-ear.

gokarṇa [2] a. cow-eared; m. a kind of antelope, N. of a place of pilgrimage sacred to Śiva, of Śiva himself, & of sev. men.

gokāma a. desirous of kine.

gokāmyā f. love of cows.

gokula n. herd or station of cattle.

gokṣīra n. cow-milk.

goghna a. noxious to kine, kine-killing; m. a cow-slayer.

gocandana n. a kind of sandal-wood; f. ā a kind of leech.

gocara m. reach, scope, sphere, range (lit. field for cattle); adj. being within range or reach of, subject to, accessible, perceptible, attainable by (--° or gen.).

gojā a. sprung from the cow.

gojāta a. star-born (the gods).

goṇa m. ox.

goṇḍa m. N. of a people.

gotama m. the biggest ox; N. of sev. men, pl. their race.

gotra n. cow-stall (m.); race, family; family name, name i.g.; a grandson & cert. further descendants, also a patron suffix (g.).

gotraja a. born in the family, noble; m. a relative.

gotranāman (& -nāmadheya*) n. family name.

gotranāmābhijānatas adv. by race, name, and family.

gotrabhid a. opening the cow-shed or destroying families. m. E. of Indra.

gotrariktha n. du. the family name and inheritance.

gotrākhyā f. family name, patronymic.

gotrin a. belonging to the same race; m. a relative.

gotva n. state or nature of a cow.

goda a. giving cows; f. ā N. of a river.

godā a. = prec. a.

godāna [1] n. the gift of cows.

godāna [2] n. the part of the head close to the ear & a cert. ceremony performed with it.

godāvarī f. N. of a river.

goduh (nom. -dhuk) m. a cow-milker or herd.

godoha m. -na n. the milking of cows.

godha m. pl. N. of a people. f. godhā bowstring, sinew, arm-leather (cf. angulitra); a kind of lizard.

godhana n. possession, herd, or station of cows; m. N. of a man.

godhūma m. wheat.

gonanda m. pl. N. of a people.

gonarda m. pl. N. of a people.

gonasā f. a kind of snake.

gonāsā f. a kind of snake.

gopa m. cow-keeper, cowherd (f. ī), keeper or guardian i.g., E. of Kṛṣṇa.

gopati m. bull, the sun or moon (lit. lord of the cows or stars); lord or chief i.g.; E. of Kṛṣṇa, Varuṇa, & Śiva.

gopatha m. way for cows; T. of a Brāhmaṇa.

gopana n. guarding, protecting (also nopanā f.); hiding, concealment.

gopanīya a. to be guarded from (abl.).

gopay gopayati & gopayate v pp. gopita guard, preserve, hide, keep secret.

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gopā m. cowherd, guardian, protector; f. the wife of a cowherd etc.

gopāy gopāyati & gopāyate v guard, protect, keep secret. --
     abhi & pari A. guard, shelter.

gopāla m. cowherd; prince, king; E. of Kṛṣṇa.

gopālaka m. cowherd (f. -likā); E. of Kṛṣṇa.

gopāladāraka m. a cowherd's boy, a young cowherd.*

gopāvant a. granting protection.

gopiṣṭha (superl.) protecting best.

gopītha [1] m. a draught of milk.

gopītha [2] m. protection, shelter.

gopuccha n. cow's tail; m. a kind of monkey.

gopura n. town-gate, gate i.g.

gopendra m. chief herdsman, E. of Kṛṣṇa.

gopeśa m. chief herdsman, E. of Kṛṣṇa.

goptṛ m. guardian, protector (f. goptrī, n. goptṛ); who hides or conceals.

gobandhu a. kin to a cow.

gobījakānana n. pl. cows, grain, and gold.

gobrāhmaṇa n. sgl. a cow and (or) a Brahman.

gobhāj a. earning a cow.

gobhila m. N. of an author.

gobhuj m. king.

gobhṛt m. king.

gomant a. possessing, containing, consisting of, cows or milk, milky (draught); f. gomatī a place abounding in herds, gomatī N. of sev. rivers; n. gomat possession of cattle.

gomaya a. consisting of cattle; n. (often pl.) m. cow-dung.

gomātṛ a. having a cow for mother.

gomāyu a. lowing like a cow; m. a kind of frog, a jackal & N. of a jackal.

gomithuna (n. sgl. & m. pl.) a pair of cattle, a bull and a cow.

gomin m. owner of cattle or kine.

gomukha m. a cert. musical instrument; N. of sev. men.

gomūtra n. a cow's urine.

gomṛga m. the Bos Gavaens.

gomedha m. the sacrifice of a cow.

goyajña m. the sacrifice of a cow.

goyāna n. a carriage drawn by oxen or cows, carriage i.g.

goyukta a. yoked with or drawn by cattle.

gorakṣaka a. guarding cattle; m. cow-herd.

gorakṣā f. -ksya n. keeping or breeding cattle.

gorasa m. cow-milk, milk i.g.

gorocanā f. a bright yellow pigment prepared from the bile of a cow.

gola m. ball, globe; a widow's bastard.

golaka m. ball, globe; a widow's bastard.

golāṅgūla m. = gopuccha m.

govadha m. the killing of a cow.

govardhana m. N. of a mountain and an author; E. of Krsna.

govāla m. a cow's hair.

govid a. getting cows.

govinata m. a form of the horse-sacrifice.

govinda m. E. of Krsna-Visnu (lit. = govid).

govṛndāraka m. an excellent bull.*

govṛṣa m. bull, E. of Śiva.

govṛṣaṇa m. the scrotum of a bull.

govraja m. cow-pen.

gośakṛt n. cow-dung.

gośakṛdrasa m. liquid (lit. the juice of) cow-dung.

gośālā f. cow-stall.

gośīrṣa m. N. of a serpent-demon (lit. cowhead); n. a cert. weapon, a kind of sandal-wood.

gośṛṅga n. a cow's horn.

gośva n. sgl. oxen and horses; m. N. of a mountain.

goṣaṇi a. getting cattle.

goṣan a. getting cattle.

goṣā a. getting cattle.

goṣāti f. getting cattle, fighting for booty.

goṣṭha m. cow-pen, stable, station, place; n. a kind of Śrāddha; f. goṣṭhī assembly, meeting, society, party, fellowship, conversation.

goṣṭhīyāna n. carriage of an assembly.

goṣṭhya a. being in a cow-pen.

goṣpada n. the mark or impression of a cow's foot, a small puddle; fig. a trifle.

gosava m. a kind of (orig. cow-) sacrifice.

gostana m. the udder of a cow; *a kind of garland.

gosvāmin m. the owner of a cow.

goha m. hiding place, lair; (N. of a man*).

gohatyā f. the killing of a cow.

gohan killing cattle, m. a cow-killer.

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gohantṛ killing cattle, m. a cow-killer.

gauḍa f. ī made of sugar or belonging to the Gaudas. m. n. N. of a country; m. pl. N. of a people; f. ī rum made of sugar.

gauṇa f. ī secondary, subordinate, also = seq.

gauṇika f. ī relating to or depending on the qualities.

gautama f. ī descending from Gotama. m. N. of sev. men; f. N. of a river and sev. women.

gautamāraṇya n. N. of a forest.

gaura f. ī white, yellowish, reddish; brilliant, beautiful. m. = gauramṛga or = gaurasarṣapa, N. of a teacher; f. ī a female buffalo, a young girl before puberty, E. of the wife of Śiva, N. of sev. women.

gauramukha m. N. of sev. men.

gauramṛga m. a kind of buffalo (Bos Gaurus).

gaurava a. relating to a Guru or teacher; n. weight, heaviness, (prosodical) length; importance, gravity, authority, respect, reverence.

gaurasarṣapa m. yellow mustard or the seed of it (considered as a weight).

gaurīguru m. the father of Gaurī, i.e. the Himālaya.

gaurīnātha m. the husband of Gaurī, i.e. Śiva.

gaurīpati m. the husband of Gaurī, i.e. Śiva.

gaurīpūjā f. the adoration of Gaurī, a cert. festival.

gaurībhartṛ m. the lord of Gaurī, i.e. Śiva.

gaurīśa m. the lord of Gaurī, i.e. Śiva.

gaurīvrata n. the vow of Gauri (a kind of rite).

gnā f. a superhuman female, a kind of goddess or female genius; poss. -vant.

gnāspati m. the husband of a divine wife.

gnāspatnī f. a divine wife.

gman -> pṛthugman.

gmā f. the earth (only abl. gen. gmas).

grath granth grathnāti v pp. grathita tie or string together, arrange, compose, write. --
     ud tie up, fasten, wind; also = C. udgrathayati unbind, loosen.
     vi & sam bind together, connect. -- Cf. sagrathita.

grathana n. ā f. tying, binding, connecting.

grathin a. playing tricks, artful.

grathna m. bunch, tuft.

grantha m. arranging of words, composition, text, chapter, section.

granthakāra m. the author of a work.

granthakṛt m. the author of a work.

granthana n. = grathana.

granthi m. knot, tie, joint (also of the body); N. of sev. plants.

granthika m. relater, fortune-teller, astrologer.

granthicchedaka m. purse-cutter, pick-pocket.

granthin a. versed in books, learned.

granthibheda m. = granthicchedaka.

granthimant a. tied, bound.

granthila a. knotted, knotty.

grapsa s. bunch, tuft.

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grabh grah gṛbhṇāti gṛbhṇīte gṛhlāti gṛhlīte v (gṛhlati gṛbhṇāti gṛbhṇīte gṛhlāti gṛhlīte (gṛhlate), pp. gṛbhīta & gṛhīta (q.v.) grasp, seize, catch; take (in various mgs, e.g.) gather, pluck, collect, take up or draw (a fluid); take away, rob, occupy, buy, chose, marry, esp. w. pāṇiṃ or pāṇau take (by) the hand (acc.); accept, receive; assume, use, put on or in; undertake, undergo, begin; gain over, win; get, acquire, keep, hold; take into the mouth, mention, name; take in with the mind, perceive, observe, understand, learn; admit, approve, obey, follow; take for, consider as (2 acc.); ger. gṛhya having taken i.e. accompanied by, furnished with, with (acc.); P. gṛhyate be meant by (instr.). C. grāhayati cause to grasp, seize, take etc. (pāṇiṃ the hand, see above); cause to choose or marry (2 acc.), cause a person (acc.) to be occupied with (instr.), make learn, teach (2 acc.). D. jighṛkṣati te be about to seize or take, strive to perceive or understand. --
     anu follow in taking etc., accept, admit, approve, support, uphold; favour (āsanam the seat = deign to sit down), oblige, make happy, esp. anugṛhīto'smi I am happy or satisfied = thanks for (instr.).
     apa take away, tear off.
     abhi seize, catch, take hold of, take up, put together, put on, set (a blossom or fruit), accept, receive.
     ava let loose; stop, keep from (abl.); separate, divide (g.); perceive, notice, feel.
     ā grasp, seize, draw tight (the reins); take in, learn.
     ud take up, lift, raise, rear (M. refl.); take out, draw (a sword), preserve, save; cease; admit, grant.
     upa life, take up, hold under, seize, take, obtain; admit, accept, approve.
     ni keep down, depress, draw near or together, close, contract, seize, catch, hold fast, stop, oppress, restrain, subdue, conquer.
     saṃni keep down, suppress, stop, subdue, restrain.
     pari seize on both sides, embrace, surround, enclose, esp. iti, i.e. repeat a word before and after iti (g.); put on, don; grasp, clutch, hold, overpower, surpass; want, lack; get, obtain, acquire, keep in possession; accept, receive, take (a wife), marry, have regard to, obey, follow.
     saṃpari accept, receive, comprehend.
     pra hold out, stretch forth, offer; take, draw near or together, accept, receive (ger. = S.); keep, favour; separate, isolate (g.).
     saṃpra hold out or stretch forth (together), seize, take, receive (well).
     prati take hold of, seize, take = eat, drink; take possession of, occupy; attack, assault; receive, accept (śirasā on the head as a mark of esteem), take = marry, accept willingly, approve. C. cause to accept, present with (2 acc.).
     vi hold apart, stretch or spread out, separate, divide, analyze (g.); quarrel, rival, war with (instr. ±saha or sārdham), fight against (acc.); seize, clutch by (loc.); accept, receive; perceive, understand.
     sam seize or hold (together), gather, collect, assemble; enclose, contain; draw together, contract, restrain; concentrate (the mind); accept, receive, take = marry, take into the mouth, name, pronounce; perceive, understand, learn.
     anusam salute humbly (by clasping a person's feet.
     upasam the same (±pādau, also w. acc. & pādayos); take, get, receive.
     pratisam accept, receive, meet. -- Cf. anugṛhīta parigṛhya parigṛhīta pragṛhya pragṛhīta vigṛhya.

grabha m. seizing, taking possession.

grabhītṛ m. grasper, one who seizes.

gras grasati grasate v pp. gramita & grasta put in the mouth, swallow, devour, consume, vex, afflict; destroy, annihilate. C. grāsaṃyati cause to devour. --
     ā upa pari pra sam devour.

grasana n. swallowing, devouring.

grasiṣṭha (superl.) swallowing most.

grasiṣṇu a. accustomed to swallow.

grastṛ m. devourer.

grah -> grabh.

graha a. grasping, seizing, etc. (v. grabh). -- m. one who seizes, esp. the demon Rāhu (who seizes and obscures the moon), a planet or star (as seizing or influencing the destinies of men), demon of illness, crocodile, one of the eight organs, house, vessel for drawing water; anything seized, e.g. booty, prey, ladleful, spoonful, the middle of the bow; seizing, grasp, robbery, theft, tenacity, insisting upon (loc. or --°); taking, receiving; choice, favour; mention, apprehension, conceiving, understanding.

grahaṇa a. seizing, holding (--°). f. ī an imaginary organ in the belly. --n. grasp, seizure (esp. by Rahu, i.e. eclipse, cf. graha), taking, holding, marrying, buying, choosing, drawing (water), putting on, donning, undergoing, acquiring, learning, study, perception, apprehension, mentioning, naming, the use of a term & the term itself.

grahaṇānta a. lasting to the close of study.

grahaṇāntika a. lasting to the close of study.

grahaṇīya a. acceptable.

grahayuti f. conjunction of the planets.

grahayuddha n. opposition (lit. strife) of the planets.

grahayoga m. = grahayuti.

grahavarṣa m. a planetary year.

grahasamāgama m. = grahayuti.

grahi -> phalagrahi & phalegrahi.

grahila a. accepting of, inclined to (--°); sensible, irritable, crazy, mad.

grahītṛ m. seizer, taker, buyer, observer, hearer.

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grahītavya a. to be taken or received.

grābha m. grasper or grasp.

grāma m. dwelling-place, village (also n.), community, tribe, race, multitude, troop, collection; pl. inhabitants, people.

grāmakukkuṭa m. village or house cock.

grāmaghāta m. plundering of a village.

grāmaja a. village-born, grown in cultivated ground.

grāmajāta a. village-born, grown in cultivated ground.

grāmajit a. conquering troops.

grāmaṇī m. chief of a troop or a community; *barber.

grāmadaśeśa m. the head of ten villages.

grāmayājika a. sacrificing for a whole village or community.

grāmayājin a. sacrificing for a whole village or community.

grāmaśakaṭika n. village cart.*

grāmaśatādhyakṣa m. the chief of a hundred villages.

grāmaśateśa m. the chief of a hundred villages.

grāmādhipa m. chief of a village.

grāmāntara n. another village.

grāmāntīya a. lying near a village.

grāmika m. the chief of a village.

grāmin a. surrounded by a tribe or community; m. villager, peasant.

grāmīṇa a. rustic, vulgar.

grāmīyaka m. member of a community.

grāmya a. village, domestic, cultivated; rustic, vulgar. m. villager, peasant; domestic animal. n. = grāmyadharma m. copulation, lust.

grāmyatā f. -tva n. rusticity, vulgar speech.

grāvan m. stone for pressing out the Soma; stone, rock i.g.

grāsa a. swallowing (--°); m. mouthful, lump, bit, piece, food; eating, devouring, eclipse (cf. graha).

grāsācchādana n. sgl. food and clothing.

grāha f. ī seizing, catching, taking, accepting (--°). m. beast of prey, crocodile, shark, serpent; seizure, grasp, hold, attack, disease; naming, mentioning.

grāhaka f. -hikā taking, receiving, containing, enclosing; perceiving, observing; m. seizer, catcher, receiver, buyer, observer.

grāhakatva n. power of perception.

grāhi f. a female spirit of evil; swoon, fainting fit.

grāhin a. grasping, seizing, holding (--°), catching, gathering, enclosing, containing, gaining, buying, choosing, keeping; attracting, alluring; searching, perceiving.

grāhya a. to be seized, taken, held, gathered, gained, received, perceived, understood, learned, recognized, considered.

grāhuka m. seizing (acc.). (grīva m.,) grīvā (& grīvālikā*) f. the neck.

grīṣma m. summer.

grīṣmamayūrī f. a peahen in summer.*

grīṣmasamaya m. summer-time, the hot season.

graiva n. graiveya m. n. the chain on the neck of an elephant.

graiveyaka n. the same, necklace, collar i.g.

graivya a. relating to the neck.

graiṣma a. relating to the summer.

graiṣmika a. relating to the summer.

glap glupati v be sorry about (inst.).

glapana a. tiring; n. fading, withering.

glapsa s. = grapsa.

glah glahate v play with dice.

glaha m. game at dice, stake in playing; die. dice-box; contest, bet, prize.

glahana n. playing at dice.

glā glāyati v (glāyate & glāti), pp. glāna (q.v.) be loth, displeased, averse to (loc. or instr.); be wearied, exhausted, fade away. C. glāpayati & glapayati; pp. glāpita wearied, faded, withered. --
     pra fade, wither. -- Cf. pariglāna.

glāna n. glāni f. exhaustion, depression.

glāvin a. wearied, inactive.

glāsnu a. exhausted, languid.

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glau s. a kind of ball or round lump of flesh of the sacrificial victim.

gha ghā1 v (encl.) surely, indeed, even, at least; lays stress upon a prec. particle, pronoun, or preposition; is often followed by id or īm.

gha [2] (--°) striking, killing.

ghaṭ ghaṭate (ghaṭati) v be eager or busy, work at, exert one's self for, strive after (loc., dat., or acc.); be accomplished, come round, succeed, be possible, fit, or suitable; meet, join (instr.). C. ghaṭayati (te), pp. ghaṭita bring together, unite, place upon (loc.), bring near, procure, cause, effect, produce, make, form. --
     ud open (intr.); C. uḍghāṭayati open (trans.), reveal.
     pra exert one's self, devote one's self to (loc.); commence, begin.
     vi go asunder, burst. C. vighaṭayati tear asunder, destroy, annihilate.
     sam come together, meet. C. saṃghaṭayati & saṃghāṭayati assemble, collect.

ghaṭa m. jar, ewer; f. ā multitude, troop, ī = m.

ghaṭaka a. producing, arranging, procuring; m. & f. ghaṭikā = prec. m.

ghaṭakarpara m. N. of a poet; n. his poem.

ghaṭakāra m. potter.

ghaṭakṛt m. potter.

ghaṭana n. joining, union with (instr. or --°). f. ā the same, arranging or shooting (of an arrow), action, way of acting, effort, endeavour at (loc. or --°); success, accomplishment; getting, procuring, producing; literary work or composition.

ghaṭīyantra n. machine for raising water.

ghaṭotkaca m. N. of a myth. giant.

ghaṭṭ ghaṭṭate v (only --°) & C. ghaṭṭayati stroke, touch (also with words
= mock), shake, set in motion. --
     ava C. touch, stroke, set in motion. --
     ava C. touch, stroke, rub; also =
     ud & upa C. stir about.
     pari C. rub or touch on all sides.
     vi C. break asunder, burst open, stir about, shake, open.
     sam rub or crush to pieces, bruise. C. cause to rub against (instr.), stir about, touch, collect, meet.

ghaṭṭa m. landing or bathing place.

ghaṭṭajīvin m. ferry-man (a cert. caste).

ghaṭṭana n. pushing, stirring, touching.

ghaṇṭā f. a bell; ghaṇṭikā f. a small bell.

ghaṇṭākarṇa m. N. of a Rakṣasa, E. of sev. gods.

ghaṇṭātāḍa a. ringing a bell.

ghaṇṭāpatha m. chief road, high way; T. of a commentary.

ghaṇṭārava m. the sound of a bell.

ghaṇṭārāva m. the sound of a bell.

ghaṇṭāvant a. furnished with a bell or bells.

ghaṇṭika m. alligator.

ghaṇṭin a. = ghaṇṭāvant.

ghana a. slaying, striking; compact, solid, firm, tight (n. adv.); dark, deep (sound); uninterrupted, whole, entire; full of (--°). m. slaughter, slayer; mace, club, hammer; compact mass, cloud; nothing but (--°).

ghanakāla m. the season of the rains (clouds).

ghanatā f. compactness, thickness (also -tva n.); state of a cloud.

ghanatāmasa a. deep-dark.

ghanatimira n. thick darkness, blindness.

ghanapadavī f. the sky (lit. the path of the clouds).

ghanavīthi f. the sky (lit. the path of the clouds).

ghanasamaya m. = ghanakāla.

ghanasāra a. solid, strong; m. camphor.

ghanāghana a. fond of slaughter; compact, thick.

ghanātyaya m. autumn (lit. the end of the clouds or rains).

ghanānta m. autumn (lit. the end of the clouds or rains).

ghanīkṛ harden, thicken; w. bhū become hard or thick.

gharaṭṭa m. grindstone.

gharaṭṭaka m. grindstone.

gharghara a. gurgling.

ghargharikā f. a small bell, used as an ornament.

gharma m. heat, warmth; any hot (sacrificial) beverage, esp. milk; boiler, cauldron; also = seq.

gharmakāla m. the hot season.

gharmaccheda m. cessation of the heat, the rainy season.

gharmajala n. perspiration.

gharmatoya n. perspiration.

gharmadīdhiti m. the sun.

gharmadyuti m. the sun.

gharmaraśmi m. the sun.

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gharmaraśmi m. the sun.

gharmavant a. glowing.

gharmavāri n. gharmajala.

gharmastubh a. shouting in the heat.

gharmāṃśu m. = gharmadīdhiti.

gharmānta m. = gharmaccheda.

gharmāmbu n. = gharmajala.

gharmāmbhas n. = gharmajala.

gharmārta a. suffering from heat.

gharmita a. heated, hot.

gharmin a. who prepares the hot sacrificial drink.

gharmodaka n. = gharmāmbu.

gharmya n. a vessel for preparing the hot sacrificial drink.

gharṣa m. rubbing, friction.

gharṣaṇa n. rubbing, grinding, anointing.

ghas ghasti v devour, swallow, eat. D. jighatsati.

ghasa m. devourer, N. of a Rakṣas.

ghasana n. devouring.

ghasi m. food.

ghasmara a. voracious.

ghasvara a. voracious.

ghāta a. slaying, destroying; m. the same as subst.

ghātaka f. ī = prec. a.; m. slayer, murderer.

ghātana n. killing, murder; f. ī a kind of club.

ghātay ghātayati(ghātayate) v punish, slay, kill, destroy; also C. --
     vyā impede, disappoint.
     ni slay, kill.
     prati repel.
     vi beat, vex, afflict; impede, interrupt.

ghātin a. = ghātaka.

ghātuka a. killing, harmful, mischievous.

ghātya a. to be killed or destroyed.

ghāsa m. food.

ghāsi m. food.

ghuṇa m. wood-worm.

ghuṇakīṭaka m. wood-worm.

ghuṇākṣara n. a strange incident (lit. letter produced by the wood-worm.

ghuraghurāy ghuraghurāyate v grunt, growl.

ghuṣ ghoṣati (ghoṣate) v pp. ghuṣṭa sound, cry, call out, proclaim. C. ghoṣayati cause to sound etc., also = S. --
     ava proclaim aloud, offer.
     ā listen to; also = C. cry aloud, proclaim.
     ud sound, cry aloud. C. proclaim.
     vi make noise, sound, proclaim.
     sam sound, fill with noise, proclaim, praise, offer. -- Cf. uḍghuṣṭa & parisaṃghuṣṭa.

ghuṣṭānna n. offered food.

ghūka m. owl.

ghūtkāra m. screeching (of the owl).

ghūrṇ ghūrṇati ghūrṇate v pp. ghūrṇita move to and fro, tremble, shake, whirl. C. ghūrṇayati cause to move to and fro etc. --
     ava ā pari vi = S.

ghūrṇa a. moving to and fro, trembling, whirling.

ghūrṇana n. ā f. the same as subst.

ghūrṇikā f. N. of a woman.

ghṛ jigharti v pp. ghṛta (q.v.) sprinkle, moisten. --
     vyā C. the same. -- Cf. abhighṛta vighṛta.

ghṛṇa m. heat, sunshine, instr. ghṛṇā; f. ghṛṇā compassion, pity, contempt.

ghṛṇālu a. compassionate.

ghṛṇi m. heat, sunshine, ray of light, day; wave, billow.

ghṛṇitva n. = ghṛṇā.

ghṛṇin a. fierce, wild; meek, tender.

ghṛṇīvant a. glowing, shining.

ghṛta n. clarified butter, ghee; butter, fat i.g. (esp. as emblem of fertility).

ghṛtakumbha m. a jar of ghee.

ghṛtaghaṭa m. a jar of ghee.

ghṛtanirṇij a. clothed in fat.

ghṛtapaśu m. an animal made of ghee.

ghṛtapṛṣṭha a. (having a back or surface) smeared with ghee.

ghṛtapratīka a. (having a face) smeared with ghee.

ghṛtaprāśa m. -na n. eating of ghee.

ghṛtapruṣ a. sprinkling ghee.

ghṛtavant a. abounding in fat or butter; containing the word ghṛta.

ghṛtavartani a. whose tracks are in ghee.

ghṛtaścut a. sprinkling ghee.

ghṛtasnā a. dipped in ghee or dropping it.

ghṛtasnu [1] a. the same.

ghṛtasnu [2] a. = ghṛtapṛṣṭha.

ghṛtākta a. smeared with ghee.

ghṛtācī (only f.) greazy, fat; as subst. the sacrificial ladle (±juhū); N. of an Apsaras.

ghṛtānna a. feeding on fat.

ghṛtāsuti a. receiving the ghee drink.

ghṛtāhavana a. receiving the ghee oblation.

ghṛtāhuta a. receiving the ghee oblation.

ghṛtāhuti f. the ghee oblation.

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ghṛtya a. consisting of ghee.

ghṛṣ gharṣati v pp. ghṛṣṭa rub (M. refl.), polish. crush, pound. C. gharṣayati rub, grind. --
     ava rub off.
     ud the same, rub over, strike against.
     ni rub into, graze, chafe; try, examine.
     nis rub against (loc.)
     sam grind to pieces, crush, wound; contend, vie with (saha). -- Cf. vighṛṣṭa.

ghṛṣu a. lively, sprightful, gay.

ghṛṣvi a. lively, sprightful, gay.

ghṛṣvirādhas a. gladly giving.

ghed & ghem v -> gha1.

ghoṭa m. horse.

ghoṭaka m. horse.

ghoṇā f. nose, snout, beak.

ghora a. awful, terrific, horrible, violent; n. awe, horror, magic, incantation.

ghoratā f. -tva n. awfulness, horror.

ghoradarśana a. of terrible aspect.

ghorarūpa a. of dreadful appearance.

ghoravarpas a. of dreadful appearance.

ghorākāra a. the same.

ghorākṛti a. the same.

ghola m. buttermilk.

ghoṣa m. noise, tumult, cry, sound, rumour, report, proclamation; a station of herdsmen.

ghoṣaṇa a. sounding; f. ā & n. proclamation, judgment.

ghoṣaṇasthāna n. place for proclamation.*

ghoṣavant a. sounding, roaring; sonant (g).

ghoṣi a. sounding, noisy.

ghoṣin a. sounding, noisy.

ghoṣṭṛ m. proclaimer.

ghna slaying, killing, destroying, removing (--°).

ghraṃs m. the heat of the sun.

ghraṃsa m. the heat of the sun.

ghrā jighrati (jighrate & ghrāti) v pp. ghrāta (--° w. act. & pass. mg) smell, sniff, kiss, perceive. --
     ava smell, kiss.
     ā the same, touch, seize.
     samā & upa smell, touch with the mouth, kiss.

ghrāṇa m. n. smell, sniff, odour; f. ā & n. nose, snout.

ghrātṛ m. one who smells.

ghrāti f. smelling, smell.

ghreya a. to be smelled; n. odour, smell.

ca (encl.) and, also; even, just; but, yet; if. It is often joined with api & eva. -- ca--ca as well--as, both-and (also ca--tu), no sooner-than, although -- yet; w. neg. neither--nor. ca--na ca (tu) although -- yet not, na ca--ca although not--nevertheless.

cak (cakati) v pp. cakita (q.v.) tremble, shake, be alarmed.

cakāra m. the word ca.

cakās cakāsti v shine, beam.

cakita a. & n. trembling.

cakora m. a kind of partridge.

cakoravrata m. the practice (lit. vow) of the Cakora (said to feed on moon-beams); -vratamālamb follow the practice of the Cakora (i.e. enjoy the sight of a moon-like face).

cakoranetra f. ī partridge-eyed.

cakorākṣa f. ī partridge-eyed.

cakra n. m. wheel (lit. & fig.), discus (esp. of Viṣṇu); orb, circle; troop, multitude, army; circuit, district, province, domain. --m. a kind of duck, also a man's name; f. cakrī wheel.

cakragoptṛ m. guardian of the wheel (scil. of the king's chariot), trabant.

cakradhara a. & m. having a wheel or a discus, a sovereign or Visnu.

cakranābhi f. the nave of a wheel.

cakrabhaṅga m. the breaking of a wheel.

cakrarakṣa m. = cakragoptṛ.

cakrarakṣin m. = cakragoptṛ.

cakraratna n. an excellent (lit. jewel of a) discus.

cakravadgati a. moving like a wheel, turning round.

cakravartitā f. -tva n. abstr. to seq.

cakravartin a. rolling on wheels; m. supreme ruler, emperor, chief of (gen. or --°).

cakravāka m. ī f. the Cakravāka, a kind of goose or duck.

cakravāta m. whirlwind, hurricane.

cakravāla n. orb, circle, troop, multitude.

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cakravṛddhi f. compound interest or freight-money (lit. wheel-profit).

cakravyūha m. a circular array of troops.

cakrāṅkita a. marked with a (mystic) circle.

cakrāṅga f. ī a kind of goose or flamingo.

cakrāhva m. = cakravāka.

cakrāhvaya m. = cakravāka.

cakri a. making, active.

cakrin a. having wheels or a discus, driving in a chariot; m. sovereign, king, serpent, E. of Visnu or Civa.

cakṣ caṣṭe cakṣate (cakṣati) v see, look at, perceive; consider as (2 acc.); appear, become, visible; show, announce, declare, tell, say. --
     anu look after or at; name, term.
     abhi behold, view, survey; see with favour, address; name, term.
     ava look down upon (acc.), behold, perceive.
     ā look at, inspect; proclaim, announce, relate, tell, speak to (acc.); signify, mean (acc.); name, term.
     pratyā refuse, reject; reply to, answer (acc.).
     vyā recite, explain.
     pari overlook, neglect, despise, condemn; name, term; speak to (acc.), answer.
     pra relate, tell; consider as, take for, call, name.
     saṃpra explain, suppose.
     prati see, perceive, behold, expect; cause to appear, show.
     vi appear, shine, see, behold, look at, observe; also = C. cause to appear, show, reveal; proclaim, announce, tell.
     sam view, behold, survey, examine, observe; enumerate, report; call, name, term. -- Cf. abhicaṣṭe vicaṣṭe.

cakṣaṇa n. appearance, aspect.

cakṣaṇi m. who illuminates.

cakṣan n. eye.

cakṣas n. brightness, clearness; seeing or being seen (dat. as infin.).

cakṣu m. eye.

cakṣurviṣaya m. range of sight, visibility.

cakṣuṣpatha m. range of sight, visibility.

cakṣuṣprīti f. joy of the eye.

cakṣuṣmant a. having eyes, seeing.

cakṣuṣya a. wholesome or agreeable to the eyes, pleasing, beautiful, dear.

cakṣus a. seeing. m. N. of a Marut & sev. Rishis; n. brightness, light, view, sight, eye.

cakṣūrāga m. delight of the eye.

caṅkrama m. ā f. walk (abstr. & concr.).

caṅkramaṇa a. walking; n. = prec.

caṅga a. acquainted with, clever at (--°); abstr. -tā f.

cacara a. movable.

cañc cañcati v leap, jump.

cañcarin m. bee.

cañcarīka m. bee.

cañcala a. movable, unsteady, unconstant, fickle; abstr. -tva n. -- m. lover, libertine.

cañcalalocana a. having rolling eyes.

cañcā f. mat-work.

cañcu a. known or renowned by (--°); abstr. -tā f., -tva n. -- m. N. of a man & sev. plants; f. (also cancū) beak, bill.

cañcupuṭa n. -puṭī f. the hollow of a bird's beak.

cañcūpuṭa n. -puṭī f. the same.

caṭ caṭati v pp. caṭita happen, take place; arrive, get to or into (loc.). --
     ud go away, disappear. C. uccāṭayati drive away, expel.
     vi break (intr.).

caṭaka m. ā f. a sparrow.

caṭu s. courtesy, flirtation.

caṭula a. trembling, movable, unsteady, fickle; courteous.

caṭūpamā f. a kind of comparison.

caṇa a. known, famous (--°), abstr. tva n.; m. = seq.

caṇaka m. the chick-pea.

caṇḍa f. ā & ī fierce, violent, wrathful, angry; n. adv. --m. N. of sev. myth. beings, E. of Śiva or Skanda. f. ā & ī E. of Durgā.

caṇḍakara m. the sun.

caṇḍakiraṇa m. the sun.

caṇḍakauśika m. N. of a man; n. T. of a drama.

caṇḍatā f. -tva n. abstr. to caṇḍa a.

caṇḍadīdhiti m. = caṇḍakara.

caṇḍaraśmi m. = caṇḍakara.

caṇḍasiṃha m. N. of a king.

caṇḍāṃśu m. = caṇḍakara.

caṇḍātaka n. a short petticoat.

caṇḍāla m. a Candala or outcast.

caṇḍikā f. E. of Durgā.

caṇḍīkṛ make angry.

caṇḍīśa m. E. of Śiva.

caṇḍīśvara m. E. of Śiva.

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caṇḍīstotra n. praise of Durgā (T. of a hymn).

caṇḍeśvara m. = caṇḍīśa.

cat only catant & catta hide one's self. C. cātayati, only catant & catta hide one's self. C. cātayate scare, drive away. --
     nis pra & vi C. M. the same.

catasṛ catasṛ v -> catvār.

catin a. hiding one's self.

catur (°--) -> catvār.

catura [1] a. swift, quick, dexterous, clever, skilful in (--°); abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

catura [2] (--°) -> catvār.

caturaka f. -rikā = catura; m. N. of a jackal; f. N. of a woman.

caturakṣa f. ī four-eyed.

caturakṣara a. consisting of four syllables.

caturaṅga a. consisting of four members or parts; n. (±bala) a complete army (infantry, cavalry, elephants, chariots); f. ā the same, a sort of chess.

caturaṅgin a. = prec. adj.

caturanīka a. four-faced.

caturanta a. surrounded (by the sea) on all four sides; f. ā the earth.

caturarṇava (°--) the four oceans which surround the earth.

caturaśra a. four-cornered, regular, harmonious; abstr. -tā f.

caturaśri a. four-cornered, quadrangular.

caturaha m. a period of four days.

caturānana a. four-faced, E. of Brahman.

caturuttara a. increasing by four.

caturguṇa a. fourfold, quadruple.

caturtha f. ī the fourth, n. adv. the fourth time; subst. the fourth part. f. ī the fourth day in a lunar fortnight; the fourth case or its endings (g.).

caturthakāla m. the fourth meal-time, a. = seq.

caturthakālika a. keeping only the fourth meal-time.

caturthāṃśa [1] m. the fourth part, a quarter.

caturthāṃśa [2] a. receiving a quarter.

caturdaśa f. ī the fourteenth, consisting of fourteen; f. ī the 14th day in a lunar fortnight.

caturdaśadhā adv. fourteenfold.

caturdaśan a. fourteen.

caturdaśama a. the fourteenth.

caturdikkam adv. towards the four quarters of the sky, all around.

caturdiśam adv. towards the four quarters of the sky, all around.

caturdhā adv. in four parts, fourfold.

caturbāhu a. four-armed.

caturbhāga m. the fourth part, a quarter.

caturbhuja a. = caturbāhu, m. E. of sev. gods.

caturbhūmika a. having four stores.

caturmukha (°--) four faces; a. four-faced, m. E. of sev. gods.

caturmūrti a. four-shaped or four-faced, m. E. of sev. gods.

caturyukta a. drawn by four.

caturyuga [1] n. the four ages of the world.

caturyuga [2] a. containing the four ages of the world, also = caturyukta.

caturyuj a. yoked or put to the chariot by four; drawn by four.

caturvaktra a. four-faced.

caturvaya a. fourfold.

caturvarga m. a collection of four; esp. the four chief objects (virtue, pleasure, wealth, and final beatitude; cf. trivarga).

caturviṃśa f. ī the twenty-fourth.

caturviṃśat f. twenty-four.

caturviṃśati f. twenty-four.

caturviṃśatitama a. the twenty-fourth.

caturvidha a. fourfold; n. adv.

caturveda [1] m. pl. the four Vedas.

caturveda [2] a. containing the four Vedas, also = seq.

caturvedavid (& caturvedin*) a. knowing the four Vedas.

catuścatvāriṃśa f. ī the forty-fourth.

catuścatvāriṃśat f. forty-four.

catuḥśata n. 104 or 400.

catuḥśapha a. four-hoofed.

catuḥśāla a. containing four halls; m. such a building.

catuḥśālaka m. -śālikā f. = prec. m.

catuṣka a. consisting of four or increased by four; n. = seq. n., also a kind of hall or square.

catuṣṭaya f. ī fourfold, consisting of four; n. the number four or a collection of four.

catuṣpañcāśat f. fifty-four.

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catuṣpatha m. n. eross-way.

catuṣpad f. -padī four-legged; m. a quadruped.

catuṣpād f. -padī four-legged; m. a quadruped.

catuṣpada f. ī a. having four feet, consisting of four words of lines; m.
= prec. m.

catuṣpadavastuka a. having as object (referring to) four lines or verses.

catuṣpadottha a. consisting of four lines or verses.*

catuṣpāda f. ī = catuṣpad.

catus adv. four times.

catustriṃśa f. ī the thirty-fourth.

catustriṃśat f. thirty-four.

catuḥsamudra [1] (°--) the four seas.*

catuḥsamudra f. ī2 containing the four seas or surrounded by them.

catuḥsahasra n. four-thousand.

catuḥsauvarṇika a. containing four Suvarṇas (in weight).

catūrātra s. four days (nights); acc. for f. d.

catvara m. n. quadrangular place or yard; quarter of a town.

catvār (catasṛ & catṛr) a. four; m. pl. the four dite for playing.

catvāriṃśa f. ī the fortieth.

catvāriṃśat f. forty.

catvāriṃśati f. forty.

can (only aor. caniṣṭam) delight in, enjoy.

cana (also ca na) indecl. also not, even (not), (not) even, nor; in l. l. usually with another negation & only after an interrog. which it makes indefin., e.g. na kaścana not any one = none, na kva cana not anywhere = nowhere.

canas n. delight, satisfaction, only w. dhā delight in, be satisfied with (acc. or loc.). enjoy, accept, approve.

canasy canasyati v delight in (acc.).

caniṣṭha (superl.) most welcome or gracious.

canodhā a. gracious.

candana m. n. sandal (tree, wood, or unguent).

candanaka m. N. of a man.

candanapaṅka m. unguent prepared from sandal.

candanapura n. N. of a town.

candanamaya a. made of sandal.

candanarasa m. (& candanavāri n.*) sandal-water.

candanāy candanayate v become or be like sandal.

candanodaka n. sandal-water.

candra a. shining, glittering, brilliant, bright. -- m. the moon (often personif.), moon i.e. chief among (--°).

candraka m. (adj. --° f. candrikā) moon; f. candrikā also moonshine; illumination, elucidation (--° in titles of books).

candrakānta a. beautiful as the moon; m. the moon-stone (a fabulous gem.).

candrakṣaya m. new-moon (lit. end of the moon).

candragupta m. N. of sev. kings.

candracūḍa m. E. of Civa (lit. the moon-crested).

candracūḍāmaṇi m. T. of a work.

candratāraka n. sgl. the moon and stars.

candratva n. abstr. to candra moon.

candranibhānanā f. having a moonlike face.

candrapāda m. a moon-beam.

candraprabha m. ā f. moon-like; a man's & woman's name.

candrabimba n. the orb of the moon.

candramaṇḍala n. the orb of the moon.

candramas m. moon or god of the moon.

candramāsa m. a lunar month.

candramukuṭa m. = candracūḍa.

candramauli m. = candracūḍa.

candramaulin m. = candracūḍa.

candrarekhā f. a digit of the moon.

candralekhā f. the same, a woman's name.

candravaṃśa m. the lunar race (mythol.).

candravant a. brilliant as the moon; rich in gold. f. candravatī a woman's name.

candravapus a. beautiful as the moon.

candravarṇa a. of shining or bright colour.

candraviśuddha a. pure as the moon.*

candraśālā f. moon chamber (on the top of the house).

candraśekhara m. = candracūḍa; a man's name.

candrasaṃjña m. camphor.

candrasaras n. moon-lake (mythol.).

candrasiṃha m. N. of a king.

candrāṃśu m. moon-beam.

candrātapa m. moon-shine.*

candrāpīḍa m. = candrācūḍa.

candrārdha m. half-moon, crescent.

candrin a. golden.

candrodaya m. moon-rise.

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capala a. moving to and fro, tremulous, unsteady, agitated, rash, nimble, fickle, inconsiderate, n. adv. --f. ā lightning, a wanton woman, N. of two metres.

capalagaṇa m. wanton troop, goblins.

capalatā f. (& -tva n.*) nimbleness, fickleness, wantonness.

capeṭa m. ā & ī f. slap with the open hand.

cam cāmati & camati v sip, drink. -- ā sip, rinse the mouth, lick up, absorb, cause to disappear. C. ācamayati & ācāmayati cause to sip. -- Cf. ācānta paryācānta.

camat adv., only w. kṛ utter or excite surprise; pp. camatkṛta surprised, astonished, infatuated, proud, arrogant.

camatkaraṇa n. -kāra m., -kṛti f. astonishment, amazement, surprise, wonder.

camana n. sipping.

camara m. i f. the Yak (Bos Grunniens); m. n. the chowrie, a long brush made of the tail of the Yak.

camasa m. vessel for drinking, a wooden cup.

camū f. the bottom of the Soma-press; squadron, army.

camūgati f. movement of an army, march.

camūnātha m. leader of an army.

camūpa m. leader of an army.

camūpāla m. leader of an army.

campa m. N. of the founder of campā f. a town.

campaka m. N. of a tree, n. its fruit; f. ā a town.

campakavatī m. N. of a forest and a town.

campāvatī f. = campā.

campū f. a kind of composition, prose and verse mixed.

caya [1] m. layer, heap, pile, wall; troop, multitude, collection.

caya [2] a. revenging, punishing (--°).

cayana n. heaping up, gathering; heap, pile.

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car carati (carate) v pp. carita (q.v.) & cīrṇa move, go, drive (w. instr.), walk, roam, wander through or along (acc.), pervade, explore (only pp. carita); behave, conduct one's self, act or deal with (instr. or loc.), be engaged or busy with (instr.), have sexual intercourse with (instr.); continue doing or being (pp., adj., ger., or adv.); exercise, perform, produce, cause, effect, do, make, render (2 acc.); consume, eat, feed, pasture. --C. cārayati cause to move, walk, roam, eat, pasture, approach sexually, set in motion, impel; cause to do (2 acc.). D. cicariṣati or cicarṣati try to go, be willing to approach sex. (instr.). I. carcarīti or carcūryate (w. act. & pass. mg) move quickly or repeatedly, wander, roam (acc. or loc.). --
     accha move towards (acc.).
     ati escape, go past (acc.), transgress, also = seq.
     vyati commit offence against (acc.).
     adhi move on or over.
     anu move along or through, follow; move towards, strive after, endeavour to, keep or take to, behave, conduct one's self. C. cause to be pervaded or explored by (instr.).
     antar move between or within, be inside (acc., loc., or gen.).
     apa depart, also = seq.
     abhi act wrongly towards (acc.).
     vyabhi the same; M. bewitch, practise sorcery.
     ava descend.
     ā come near, approach, enter, visit; use, employ, treat (like--vat), apply to (acc.); behave, conduct one's self; deal with, have intercourse with (instr. ± saha), undertake, practise, perform, accomplish, effect, do, make.
     samā proceed, deal or converse with (instr.), perform etc. = prec.
     ud rise (l. & f.); emit, esp. the excrement, also = C. uccārayati utter, pronounce.
     abhyud rise over (acc.). prod cause to sound.
     vyud go forth in different directions; be unfaithful to (acc.), commit adultery with (instr.); perform, accomplish.
     upa come near, approach, wait on (acc.), attend, treat with (instr.), undertake, begin.
     nis & vinis go or come forth.
     parā go away, depart.
     pari walk about, circumambulate; wait upon, serve. C. be attended by (instr.).
     pra come forth, appear, succeed, thrive; go towards, arrive at, reach, visit; proceed, undertake, begin; be active or busy with (loc); perform, do.
     saṃpra begin to move, go on, take place, happen.
     vi go asunder, open, spread, be diffused; fall on, attack; walk about, roam, wander, go through, pervade; have intercourse with (instr.); go astray, fail, sin; practise, fulfil, do. C. cause to roam or go astray, corrupt, seduce; move to and fro (in the mind) i.e. deliberate, consider, reflect, ponder, examine, ascertain, state.
     pravi advance, proceed, go about, roam.
     sam come together, meet, approach, arrive, appear, reach to (ā); spread through, pervade; stay, remain; exercise, fulfil. C. make to meet, bring into contact, set in motion, cause to go.
     anusam go after or along, spread through, penetrate, also = seq.
     abhisam go towards, seek for. -- Cf. ācarita ācaritavya vicārita.

cara a. moving, movable; as subst. an animal (opp. sthāvara); n. going, walking, being, living, doing, performing, having been formerly (--°); m. spy, secret emissary; f. carā.

caraka m. wanderer, traveller, esp. a religious student or a spy; m. N. of an ancient physician, pl. a branch of the Yajurveda.

carakādhvaryu m. a priest of the Carakas (v. prec.).

caraṇa m. n. foot, m. pl. the feet of -- i.e. the venerable (--°); line or verse of a stanza; sect or school of the Veda. n. moving, walking, course, way; practice, performance, esp. rel. observance; behaving, conduct, esp. good conduct, morality.

caraṇaguru m. teacher of a Vedic school.

caraṇanyāsa m. setting down of the feet, foot-step, walk, gait.

caraṇapatana n. -pāta m. foot-fall.

caraṇarāga m. paint or unguent for the feet.

caraṇavikṣepa m. foot-step.

caraṇavyūha m. T. of a treatise.

caraṇasaṃskāra m. ornament of the feet.

caraṇyu a. moving, movable.

caratha a. the same; n. going, stirring; way, course (dat. as inf.).

caradhyai (dat. inf.) to go.

carama a. the last, final, ultimate, extreme, lowest, least.

caramavayas a. of extreme age, aged.

carācara [1] a. movable, stirring.

carācara [2] a. movable and immovable, s. animals and plants, the whole world.

carita n. going, course, way, practice, behaviour, conduct; acts, deeds, adventures.

caritapūrva a. done before.

caritave (dat. inf.) to go.

caritavrata a. having accomplished a vow or an act of devotion.

caritārtha a. having attained one's object, successful, satisfied; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

caritra n. foot, leg (m.); also = carita + custom, law.

cariṣṇu a. moving, wandering, unsteady.

caru m. pot, kettle; sacrificial food, esp. boiled rice.

carkṛti f. praise, glory.

carkṛtya a. worthy of praise, glorious.

carc C. carcayati, pp. carcita (q.v.) repeat, esp. by inserting iti.

carcarikā f. a kind of march or song.

carcarī f. a kind of march or song.

carcā f. repetition (also carcana); unguent, ointment; the being penetrated by, thought, care, or talk of (gen. or --°).

carcita a. repeated; smeared, covered with (--°); wiped off; determined, decided; n. unguent, ointment.

carpaṭa a. flat.

carma (--°) = carman.

carmakāra m. worker in leather, shoemaker.

carmakārin m. the same.

carmakṛt m. the same.

carmakārya n. working in leather.

carmaja a. leathern.

carmaṇya n. leather-work.

carmaṇvant a. covered with skin; f. -ṇvatī N. of a river.

carman n. skin, leather, hide, shield.

carmamaya f. ī leathern.

carmāvakartin m. leather-cutter, shoemaker.

carmāvakarttṛ m. leather-cutter, shoemaker.

carmin a. covered with skin; m. shield-bearer.

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carya a. to be done, practised, kept, etc.; f. ā going, wandering, visiting; behaviour, conduct, morality, piety; practice, performance, occupation with (instr. or --°).

carv C. carvayati, pp. carvita chew, munch, sip, suck.

carvaṇa n. chewing, sipping, tasting (also f. ā); food, nourishment.

carṣaṇi a. agile, swift, active; f. pl. men, people, w. panca the five races of men.

carṣaṇiprā a. filling or nourishing men.

carṣaṇīdhṛt a. bearing or supporting men.

carṣaṇīdhṛti f. support or protection of men.

carṣaṇīsah a. ruling or overpowering men.

cal calati (calate) v pp. calita (q.v.) get into motion, stir, budge; tremble, quiver, totter; set out, start, depart, pass away; walk, march; spread, be diffused; be troubled or disappointed; swerve, deviate, fall off from (abl.). C. calayati or cālayati set in motion, shake, push, disturb, agitate; expel or turn off from (abl.). --
     ā, C. ācālayati set in motion, stir.
     ud get off from, leave (abl.); also = prod set out, depart.
     samud start up or set out together.
     pari C. move, stir, turn round.
     pra get in motion, shake, tremble; come forth, rise, start up; swerve or deviate from (abl.); proceed, advance, depart; be perplexed or troubled. C. set in motion, shake, stir.
     vi move to and fro, waver, totter, set out, start, fall off or down, depart, swerve or deviate from (abl.); be perplexed or disappointed. C. vicālayati set in motion, excite, turn from (abl.), shake, destroy.
     pravi get in motion, shake, tremble, swerve, deviate, leave from (abl.).
     sam move, shake, tremble, proceed, advance, start or set off from (abl.). C. saṃcālayati set in motion, cause to tremble, remove, push away from (abl.).

cala a. moving, shaking, trembling, stirring, tremulous, inconstant, fickle, variable, perishable; m. agitation, motion, trembling (also -tā f., -tva n.); wind.

calacitta a. fickle-minded, inconstant; n. fickleness (also -tā f.).

calana a. moving, going on foot, tremulous, fickle, wanton (woman); f. ī = seq.; n. stirring, trembling, shaking; motion, activity, function; swerving, leaving off (abl.)

calanaka m. n. a short petticoat.

calācala a. moving to and fro, wavering, unsteady, variable.

calātman a. fickle-minded, frivolous.

calita n. moving to and fro.

cavya n. ā f. a sort of pepper.

caṣaka s. vessel, cup, goblet.

caṣāla m. n. top of a sacrificial post; p. -vant.

cākrika m. carrier, potter, oil-maker.

cākṣuṣa f. ī pertaining to the eye or sight, visible; m. patron, of the sixth Manu.

cākṣma a. content, forbearing, gracious.

cāñcalya n. unsteadiness, iYconstaYcy.

cāṭa m. cheat, deceiver, fortune-teller.

cāṭu m. n. courtesy, flattery, politeness.

cāṭukāra a. courteous, polite; m. a flatterer.

cāṇakya a. made of chick-peas; m. N. of a celebrated minister and poet.

cāṇūra m. N. of a king and a myth. wrestler (slain by Krsna).

cāṇḍāla m. = caṇḍāla.

cātaka m. the bird Cataka (supposed to live only upon rain drops).

cātakāy pp. -yita behave like the Cataka (v. prec.).

cātana a. dispelling, removing (--°).

cāturthaka a. appearing every fourth day; s. the quartan ague.

cāturthika a. appearing every fourth day; s. the quartan ague.

cāturmāsya n. a cert. sacrifice (lasting four months); period of four months.

cāturya n. ability, dexterity, grace.

cāturvarṇya n. the four castes.

cāturvidya a. versed in the four Vedas; n. the four Vedas.

cāturvaidya a. versed in the four Vedas; n. the four Vedas.

cāturhotra a. performed by the four chief priests; n. such a sacrifice.

cātuṣprāśya a. enough for four to eat.

cāttra n. a kind of cylinder, esp. used for kindling fire.

cāndra (f. cāndrī) cāndraka cāndrama & cāndramasa (f. cāndrī) lunar.

cāndravratika a. acting like the moon, moon-like.

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cāndrāyaṇa m. observer of the moon's path; n. (± vrata) the moon-penance (r.).

cāpa m. n. bow.

cāpaguṇa m. bow-string.

cāpayaṣṭi f. the same; also = cāpa alone.

cāpala n. agility, haste, inconstancy, wantonness.

cāpalya n. agility, haste, inconstancy, wantonness.

cāpaveda m. skill in the managing of the bow.

cāpādhiropaṇa n. the fastening of the string on the bow or the bending of the bow.

cāpāropaṇa n. the fastening of the string on the bow or the bending of the bow.

cāpin a. armed with a bow.

cāmara a. coming from the Yak; n. chowrie ( = camara).

cāmīkara n. gold; -maya, f. ī golden.

cāmuṇḍa m. N. of an author; f. ā a form of Durgā.

cāy cāyati cāyate v fear, worship, revere; notice, observe, discern. --
     apa fear, revere.
     ni only ger. nicāyya worship, observe, perceive.

cāyu a. showing awe or respect.

cāra m. course, way, behaviour, conduct; spy, scout.

cāraka a. acting, proceeding, setting in motion (--°). m. spy, scout.

cāracakṣus [1] n. a spy as the eye (of a king).

cāracakṣus [2] a. spy-eyed, i.e. using spies to see.

cāraṇa a. belonging to the (same) sect or school; m. wandering actor, celestial singer; spy, scout.

cāratha a. wandering.

cāritārthya n. attainment of an object, success.

cāritra n. conduct, esp. good conduct, virtue, reputation; abl. -tas.

cāritrāvaśeṣa a. having lost all but virtue (lit. having -> as rest).

cāritrya n. = cāritra.

cārin a. movable, moving, going in, on, or to, living in or upon, acting like, doing, performing (--°); m. foot-soldier, spy.

cāru a. pleasant, lovely, beautiful, dear; n. adv.

cārugīti f. N. of a metre.

cārutā f. -tva n. pleasantness, charm, beauty.

cārudatta m. a man's name.

cārudarśana a. good-looking.

cārunetra a. having beautiful eyes.

cārupratīka a. of beautiful appearance.

cārurūpa a. of lovely form; m. a man's name.

cārulocana a. = cārunetra.

cāruhāsin a. smiling sweetly.

cārekṣaṇa a. = cāracaksus2.

cārcikya n. smearing of the body, unguent (adj. --° besmeared with*).

cārmika a. leathern.

cārya n. a cert. outcast; state of a spy or scout.

cārvāka m. N. of a Rakṣasa & a sceptic philosopher; a. pertaining to C., m. pl. his followers.

cāla m. shaking (only --°).

cālana n. shaking, wagging, loosening, pushing away; f. ī sieve, strainer.

cālya a. to be moved or shaken.

cāṣa m. the blue jay.

ci cinoṇi cinute (ceti cayati cinvati) v pp. cita1 (q.v.) heap up, pile up, arrange, construct, build (esp. the sacrific. altar); collect, gather; cover, inlay, set with (instr.); P. cīyate increase, thrive, abound. C. cayayati & capayati cāyayati & cāpayati. --
     adhi heap or build upon (loc.).
     apa gather, collect; P. decrease, wane, get rid of (abl.).
     ava gather, pick off (*2 acc.), take off (a garment).
     ā & samā collect, accumulate; lad, cover, furnish with (instr.).
     ud gather, collect, pick off.
     samud = prec., also connect, add.
     upa connect, join; heap up, accumulate, augment, strengthen, cover, furnish with (instr.); P. increase, grow, get strong.
     samupa heap up, collect; P. increase, grow.
     pari pile up, accumulate; P. increase, grow.
     pra gather, collect, accumulate, augment, strengthen; P. increase, become strong.
     vi pick out, select, segregate, sever, disperse, distribute.
     saṃvi select.
     sam pile up, arrange, prepare, gather, accumulate. -- Cf. apacita, ācita, upacita, nicita1, paricita1, pracita, samupacita, sacita.

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ci [2] ciketi, cinoti, cinute (cayate) observe, perceive, notice, seek for, search. --
     anu remember.
     apa respect, honour.
     ni notice, observe.
     nis & vinis examine, consider, fix upon.
     pari search, examine, find out, discover. P. get acquainted.
     vi discern, distinguish, make clear, illustrate, examine, try, look for, strive after.
     pravi examine, try.
     sam deliberate, ponder. -- Cf. apacita, abhiniścita, nicita2, niṃścita, paricita2, viniścita.

ci cayate3 v detest, hate, punish, revenge, take vengeance on (acc.).

cikit a. visible, clear, also = seq.

cikiti a. knowing, wise.

cikitu a. visible, manifest, clear; f. understanding, intellect.

cikitvaṃs a. attentive, knowing, wise.

cikitvan a. attentive, knowing, wise.

cikits -> cit1.

cikitsaka m. physician.

cikitsana n. cikitsā f., cikitsita n. medical attendance, art of healing.

cikīrṣ -> kṛ1.

cikīrṣā f. wish to do; desire of, endeavour at (gen. or --°).

cikīrṣita n. purpose, intention.

cikīrṣu a. wishing to act, desirous of (acc. or --°).

cikura m. hair.

ciketas -> naciketas.

cikkaṇa a. smooth, slippery.

ciccika m. a cert. bird.

ciñcā f. the tamarind tree.

cit cetati cetate v pp. citta1 (q.v.) perceive, observe, attend to (gen. or acc.), aim at, intend (dat.), strive after, desire (acc.), take care of (acc.); conceive, understand, know; intr. appear, be conspicuous or known. C. cetayati te & citayati make attentive, remind, instruct, teach; notice, put to mind, attend to; M. (A.) be conscious or sensible, think, reflect, conceive, understand, remember; appear, be conspicuous, shine. D. cikitsati (te) intend, aim at, care for; treat medically, heal. I. cekite appear, shine. --
     ā attend to, call to mind, understand, know, find out, invent; intr. appear, shine, excel.
     pra become visible, appear, also = C. perceive, understand, announce, proclaim.
     vi observe, discern conceive, know (also C.); M. be perceptible, appear. D. wish to discern, deliberate, doubt, hesitate.
     sam perceive (together), survey, notice; be unanimous, agree. -- Cf. cikitvaṃs cekitāna vicitta.

cit [2] f. thought, mind, intelligence.

cita a. covered, strewn with (instr. or --°); f. ā layer, pile of wood, esp. funeral pile; n. building.

citāgni m. the fire of the funeral pile.

citādhūma m. the smoke of the funeral pile.

citi [1] f. = citā.

citi [2] f. = cit2.

citta a. thought, observed, desired; n. attention, observation, idea (adj. --° thinking of); purpose, intent, wish, desire, intelligence, reason; the mind or heart.

cittakheda m. sorrow of the heart.

cittacaura m. thief of the heart.

cittaja m. love or the god of love.

cittajanman m. love or the god of love.

cittanātha m. lord of the heart.

cittabhrama m. cittabhrānti f. confusion of the mind.

cittarāga m. affection of the heart.*

cittavant a. having reason, sensible.

cittavikāra m. alteration of the mind.

cittavikṣepa m. distraction of the mind.*

cittavṛtti f. condition of the mind, sentiment.

cittākarṣin a. attracting the soul.

cittānuvartin a. compliant (to one's mind); abstr. -titva n. = seq.

cittānuvṛtti f. compliance, obedience.

citti [1] f. thinking, reason, intelligence, purpose, design; pl. devotion.

citti [2] f. crackling.

cittin a. reasonable.

citya a. being arranged, heaped or piled (esp. the fire of the sacrif. pile); f. cityā arranging, piling, building (of an altar or fun. pile).

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citra a. conspicuous, visible, bright, clear, loud, variegated, manifold, various, excellent, extraordinary, strange, wonderful. f. ā N. of a lunar mansion. n. anything bright or shining, esp. jewel, ornament, picture; extraordinary appearance, wonder (often as exclamation).

citraka m. tiger or panther, a kind of snake, N. of sev. plants, also of sev. men, pl. of a people; n. mark, sign (adj. --° marked by), picture.

citrakara m. painter.

citrakāra m. painter.

citrakarman [1] n. painting or picture.

citrakarman [2] a. having various occupations.

citrakūṭa m. N. of sev. mountains.

citraga a. being in a picture, i.e. painted.

citragata a. being in a picture, i.e. painted.

citragṛha n. a painted or picture house.

citragrīva m. Speckled-neck, N. of a pigeon king.

citrajavanikā f. a painted curtain.

citranyasta a. put in a picture i.e. painted.

citrapaṭa m. painting, picture.

citrapaṭṭa m. painting, picture.

citraparicaya m. knowledge i.e. skill in decorating or painting.*

citraphalaka (m. n.*) tablet for painting, picture.

citraphalakagata a. * = citraga.

citrabhānu a. shining bright; m. fire.

citrabhitti f. a painted wall.

citray citrayati v pp. citrita make variegated, speckle, decorate, paint.

citraratha a. having a bright chariot; m. N. of a Gandharva & sev. men.

citrarāti a. granting brilliant gifts.

citrarādhas a. granting brilliant gifts.

citralikhana n. painting, drawing.

citralikhita a. painted, drawn.

citralekhā f. picture; a woman's name.

citravant a. painted or decorated with pictures.

citravarti f. a painter's brush.

citravartikā f. a painter's brush.

citravāja a. of extraordinary swiftness.

citraśālā f. picture-room.

citraśālikā f. picture-room.

citraśikhaṇḍin m. pl. E. of the seven Rishis (lit. having bright crests), as a constellation the Great Bear.

citraśravastama (superl.) uttering or worthy of, loud praise.

citrasena a. furnished with brilliant weapons; m. N. of a serpent-demon, a Gandharva, & sev. men.

citrākṛti f. picture.

citrāṅga m. N. of an antilope (lit. having a spotted body).

citrāṅgada a. having brilliant bracelets; m. N. of a Gandharva etc., f. ā of sev. women.

citrārpita a. committed to a picture, painted.

citrīkṛ make into a picture.

citrīy citrīyate v wonder, be surprised.

citrya a. brilliant, sparkling.

cid adv. even, indeed, also, just, always, at every time; w. neg. not even. Often only emphasizing the prec. word; in l. l. only after an interrog. & jātu.

cint cintayati cintayate v pp. cintita (q.v.) think, reflect, consider, find out, invent; think of, care for (acc., dat., loc., or
     prati); w. neg. not care for, not mind. --
     anu meditate, consider, call to mind.
     samanu & abhi consider, ponder upon (acc.).
     pari meditate, ponder, think of, find out.
     pra reflect, consider; invent.
     vi discern, observe, meditate, think of (acc.) or to (inf.), consider, regard, imagine, invent.
     sam think, meditate, consider.

cintaka a mindful of, intent upon (--°).

cintana n. thinking of, consideration, reflection; care for (gen. or --°).

cintanīya a. to be thought of, attended to, or found out.

cintayāna  = cintayamāna.

cintā f. thought, consideration, reflection, care or sorrow about (gen., loc., or upari).

cintāpara a. thoughtful, sorrowful.

cintāmaṇi m. the gem of thought ( = the philosopher's stone); T. of sev. works.

cintāmoha m. confusion of the mind.

cintita n. thought, reflection; anxiety, sorrow; purpose, design.

cintya [1] a. = cintanīya, also uncertain, questionable.

cintya [2] ger. = cintayitvā (v. cint).

cinmaya a. consisting of intelligence, spiritual.

cinmātra a. consisting only of intelligence, quite spiritual.

cipiṭa a. blunted, flat.

cibuka n. the chin.

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cira a. long (of time), lasting, ancient, old. n. delay; also adv. a long time, too long, long ago, w. kṛ make long, put off, delay. cira (°--) & any of the obl. cases adv. after a long time, long since, too late, at last, at length, finally.

cirakāra a. acting slowly, delaying.

cirakāri a. acting slowly, delaying.

cirakārin a. acting slowly, delaying.

cirakāla m. a long time.

cirakṛta a. done long ago.

cirakrameṇa adv. slowly, softly.*

cirajīvikā f. long life.

cirajīvin a. living long.

ciradṛṣṭa a. seen at length.*

cirantana a. old, ancient; m. pl. the ancients.

ciramitra n. an old friend.

ciray cirayati (cirayate) v act slowly, delay.

cirarātra s. a long time; °--, acc. & dat. adv.

ciravāsa m. long sojourn.

ciravelā f. a late hour.

cirasthita a. having stood for a long time.

cirāy cirāyati & cirāyate = ciray v pp. cirāyita.

cirāyuṣa a. giving long life.

cirāyus a. long-lived.

ciri m. parrot.

ciroṣita a. departed long since.

cirbhaṭa m. ī f. a kind of cucumber.

cirbhiṭa n. ā f. the same.

cilli m. a cert. bird of prey; f. (also cillī) a kind of pot-herb.

cihna n. sign, mark; adj. --° = seq. pp.

cihnay cihvayati v pp. cihvita mark, stamp, sign.

cīti f. gathering, collecting.

cītkāra m. cry, noise (lit. making cīt).

cītkāravant a. accompanied by a cry.

cītkṛta n. cītkṛti f. = cītkāra.

cīna m. pl. the Chinese.

cīnāṃśuka n. China cloth, silk.

cīra n. strip of bark or cloth, rag; f. ī cricket.

cīracīvara n. bark-garment.

cīravasana a. clothed in bark or rags.

cīravāsas a. clothed in bark or rags.

cīrikā f. a written publication.

cīrin a. = cīravasana.

cīrīvāka m. cricket.

cīrṇavrata a. having fulfilled one's vow.

cīvara n. the dress of a mendicant; poss. -vant.

cukra s. a kind of vinegar or the Indian sorrel.

cuccu m. f. a kind of pot-herb.

cuccū m. f. a kind of pot-herb.

cuṭ coṭayati v w.
     ā scrape.

cuñcu m. a cert. mixed tribe.

cuṇṭī f. a well.

cud codati codate v impel, incite, urge; M. hasten, speed. C. codayati (te) = S. + animate, accelerate, press; inspire, excite; turn, cast, direct; start (trans.), further, help on, bring or offer quickly; settle, fix. --
     abhi C. incite, encourage, summon, invite, request, command; ask, inquire for (acc.).
     pari C. set in motion, impel, summon, request.
     pra push on, impel. C. the same + animate, inspire, inflame, summon, urge, request, command, etc. (v. abhi).
     sam C. set in motion, impel, excite, inflame, summon, request, solicit; speed, procure quickly.

cup copati v stir, move (intr.).

cubuka n. chin, top of the altar.

cumb cumbati cumbate v kiss, touch; C. cumbayati. --
     vyati touch closely.
     pari = S.
     vi kiss.

cumbana n. a kiss.

cumbin a. touching closely (--°).

cur corayati corayate v steal, rob.

culuka m. n. the hollow of the hand, a handful or mouthful, a draught.

culukay culukayati v swallow out of the hollowed hand, taste.

cullī f. a chimney or a three-winged hall.

cūcuka a. stammering; n. the nipple of the breast.

cūḍa m. knob or protuberance (on bricks); the tonsure of a child (r.). f. cūḍā the tuft or hair on the crown of the head, top i.g.; also = m. (r.).

cūḍākaraṇa n. = prec. m. (r.).

cūḍākarman n. = prec. m. (r.).

cūḍāpīḍa m. chaplet worn on the crown of the head.

cūḍāmaṇi m. diadem (crest-jewel); the gem or best of (--°); abstr. -tā f.

cūta m. the mango tree.

cūtamañjarī f. = seq. N. of a woman.

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cūtalatikā f. a mango blossom.

cūtaśara m. the mango arrow (of the god of love.

cūr cūrayati v steal.

cūru m. a kind of worm.

cūrṇa a. ground, pulverized; m. n. dust, flour, powder.

cūrṇana n. grinding, pulverizing.

cūrṇay cūrṇayati v pp. cūrṇita grind, pulverize, crumble, crush. --
     ava strew with dust, flour, etc.
     pra vi & sam = S.

cūrṇavṛddhi m. N. of a man.*

cūrṇaśas & cūrṇīkṛ v = cūrṇay.

cūrṇīkaraṇa n. = cūrṇana.

cūlaka (adj. --°) tuft, crest; f. cūlikā the comb of a cock, crest, summit i.g.

cūlin a. having a crest.

cūlha m. ī f. fire-place, chimney.

cūṣ P. boil, burn, be inflamed; C. cūṣayati suck up.
     sam P. = S. P.

cūṣaṇa n. sucking (of the leech).

cṛt cṛtati v pp. cṛtta (only --°) w.
     ati fasten connect, attach.
     ava let loose.
     ā & upa fasten, tie, affix.
     ni insert.
     nis loosen, untie.
     pari wind round, tie together.
     vi untie, loosen, open, spread out.
     sam be joined to (instr.).

cekitāna a. knowing, wise; N. of a man.

ceṭa m. ī f. male & female servant.

ceṭaka m. ceṭikā f. the same.

cetana (f. cetanī) perceptible, visible, conspicuous, excellent; perceiving, conscious, intelligent. m. a sentient being, a man; f. cetanā consciousness, intelligence; n. appearance, perception, soul, mind.

cetas n. appearance, aspect, intelligence, consciousness, mind, heart, desire, fancy.

cetiṣṭha (superl.) very conspicuous or bright.

cetu m. attention, carefulness.

cetṛ m. avenger.

cetobhava m. love or the god of love.

cetobhū m. love or the god of love.

cetomukha a. whose mouth is intelligence.

cettṛ m. observer, guardian.

ced conj. ( = ca + id) and; also, even (w. prec. api); when, if (often prec. by iti = if thus, in this case). atha ced but if. na ced (cenna) or no ced if not, else. Rarely yadi ced = ced alone.

cedi m. pl. N. of a people; sgl. their ancestor.

ceya a. to be heaped up or collected.

ceru a. active, busy (at the sacrifice).

cela -> caila.

ceṣṭ ceṣṭati ceṣṭate v pp. ceṣṭita (q.v.) move the limbs, stir, exert one's self, be active or busy, be engaged in (acc.); act or behave towards (loc.); make, do, perform. C. ceṣṭayati te set in motion, impel. --
     ā make, perform.
     pari wallow, roam about.
     vi move the limbs, writhe, struggle, stir, be active or busy, act or behave towards (loc.), effect, produce.
     sam be restless, exert one's self, act. -- Cf. viceṣṭita.

ceṣṭa n. motion, gesture, effort, activity; conduct, behaviour.

ceṣṭana n. ceṣṭā f. the same; making, doing.

ceṣṭāvant a. movable.

ceṣṭita n. = ceṣṭa.

caitanya n. consciousness, intelligence, mind, soul.

caitanyacandrodaya m. the moonrise of intelligence (a play).

caitta a. mental, spiritual.

caitya [1] m. the individual soul.

caitya [2] a. relating to the funeral pile; m. monument, tombstone, temple, also = seq.

caityataru m. a sacred fig tree.

caityadruma m. the same.

caityavṛkṣa m. the same.

caitra m. N. of a month in spring.

caitraratha a. pertaining to the Gandharva Citraratha; n. (± vana) C.'s wood.

caitravibhāvarī f. a night in spring (cf. caitra).

caidya m. descendant of Cedi or king of the Cedis.

caila n. cloth, garment.

cailadhāva m. a washerman.

nirṇejaka m. a washerman.

cailavat adv. as (of) a cloth.

cailāśaka m. a cert. goblin.

coka n. a kind of root.

cokṣa a. clean (of persons).

coca n. the bark of a kind of cinnamon.

coḍa m. pl. N. of a people.

coda [1] m. goad, whip.

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coda [2] a. impelling, driving.

codaka a. impelling, driving.

codana a. = prec.; f. ā & n. impulse, summons, precept.

codayitṛ m. -trī f. impeller, promoter.

coditṛ m. the same.

cora m. thief; *corikā f. theft.

coraka m. thief; *corikā f. theft.

corikāvivāha m. secret (lit. theft-) marriage.*

cola m. jacket, bodice; pl. N. of a people.

colamaṇḍala n. the coast of Coromandel.

coṣa a. sucking (--°); m. heat, inflammation.

coṣaṇa n. sucking.

caukṣa a. = cokṣa.

caukṣya a. = cokṣa.

cauḍa n. = cūḍa (r.).

caura m. ī f. thief, robber.

caurakilbiṣa n. the guilt of a thief.

cauraśaṅkin a. feariNg thieves or robbers.

caurikā f. theft.

caurīsuratapañcāśikā f. T. of a poem.

caurya n. theft.

cauryaka n. theft.

caula n. = cūḍa (r.).

cyava -> bhuvanacyava.

cyavana a. shaking or shaken. m. a man's name; n. motion, shock, loss of (--°).

cyavas -> tṛṣucyavas.

cyavāna a. stirring, active; m. N. of a Rishi.

cyāvana a. causing to fall; n. expulsion, deprivation.

cyu cyavate (cyavati) v pp. cyuta move, stir, waver, shake; go away, escape, fall, flow, retire from, get rid or be deprived of (abl.), sink (l. & f.), decrease, wane, vanish. C. cyāvayati (cyavayati) set in motion, shake, agitate (M. intr.); cause to fall or drop, pour out, loosen; remove or expel from (abl.), deprive of (2 acc.). --
     ā C. cause to flow over, pour out.
     ud C. draw out, extract.
     pari get loose; fall, descend, swerve or part from, get rid of (abl.), sink down, decline.
     pra start, proceed; get off, flow out, pour down, descend, part from, get rid or be deprived of (abl.). C. move, shake, drive away, expel, drop down, divert from (abl.), cause to fall, ruin.
     anupra rush atter, follow (acc.).
     vi go or fall asunder; go away, fall off, part from (abl.) fail, be lost. -- Cf. pracyotos.

cyut [1] a. moving (intr.); shaking, destroying (--°).

cyut cyotati2 v drop, sprinkle.

cyut [3] a. dropping, sprinkling (--°).

cyuti f. departing or dropping from (--°), falling down, descending; falling off, swerving, deviating from (abl.); vanishing, perishing, dying.

cyautna a. impelling, promoting. n. shock, concussion, enterprise, exertion, endeavour.

chagala m. ī f. a goat.

chaṭā f. mass, lump, multitude.

chattra n. parasol (emblem of royalty).

chattradhāra m. bearer of a parasol or umbrella; abstr. -tva n.

chattradhāraṇa n. the bearing of a parasol.

chattradhārin a. bearing a parasol.

chattravant a. having a parasol.

chattravṛkṣa m. N. of a tree.

chattrāka n. mushroom.

chattrin m. = chattradhāra + prince, king.

chattropānaha n. a parasol and shoes.

chad only pp. channa1 (q.v.) & C. chādayati (te) cover, veil, hide, conceal, keep secret. --
     abhi C. cover.
     ava C. cover, overspread, hide, veil, obscure, conceal.
     ā C. cover, clothe (M. also refl.), hide, obscure.
     pari C. wrap round, envelop, cover.
     pra C. cover (M. refl.), hide, veil in (instr.), conceal, keep secret.
     prati C. overspread, clothe, envelop.
     sam the same. -- Cf. avacchanna ācchanna upacchanna paricchanna pracchanna praticchanna saṃchanna.

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chad & chand chantti chandati chadayati (chadayate)2 v seem, appear, pass for (nom.), please; M. like, be pleased with (acc. or loc.). C. chandayati offer (w. acc. of pers. & instr. of th.); allure, strive to corrupt. --
     upa C. = S. C.
     sam offer ( = S. C.).

chada a. covering (--°); m. cover, veil, wing, leaf.

chadana n. = prec. m.

chadi a. covering (--°).

chadin a. covering (--°).

chadis n. cover, roof, thatch.

chadman n. the same + veil, disguise; plea, pretext, trick, deceit, fraud; °-- feigned, only apparently (cf. seq.).

chadmarūpin a. having the feigned form of, disguised as (--°).

chadmin a. having the feigned form of, disguised as (--°).

chand -> chad2.

chanda a. pleasant, alluring. m. appearance, shape; delight, pleasure; wish, desire. Instr. & abl. at one's own pleasure or will, freely; at the pleasure or will of (gen. or --°).

chandaka a. charming, winning.

chandana a. charming, winning.

chandaḥśāstra n. metrical science, prosody.

chandas n. delight, pleasure, wish, desire; fancy, ideal; incantation, holy song, sacred text or Veda; metre, also = prec.

chandaskṛta a. metrically composed; n. any metrical part of the Vedas.

chandasya a. pertaining to hymns, metrical.

chandasvant a. desirous.

chandaḥsūtra n. manual of prosody.

chandaḥstut a. praising in hymns.

chandaḥstubh a. praising in hymns.

chandu a. pleasing, charming.

chandoga m. chanter of holy songs.

chandomañjari f. garland of metres, T. of a treatise on prosody.

chandomañjarī f. garland of metres, T. of a treatise on prosody.

chandomaya (f. ī*) & chandovant* a. = chandasya.

chandoviciti f. question about metres, T. of a treatise on prosody.

chandovṛtta n. metre.

chandya a. pleasing.

channa a. covered, veiled, concealed, secret; n. cover, secret place, also adv. = °-- secretly, low.

chardana ., chardi f. vomiting.

chardis [1] n. refuge, secure place.

chardis [2] n. vomiting.

chala n. (m.) fraud, deceit, pretence, delusion, appearance, fiction. °-- & instr. with fraud, deceitfully; chalatas under the disguise of (--°).

chalana n. deceiving, cheating.

chalay chalayati v pp. chalita deceive, cheat. --
     upa = S.

chalika n. a kind of song or dance.

chavi f. skin, hide; complexion, colour; beauty, splendour.

chā chāti v pp. chita (only --°) & chāta (q.v.) cut off. --
     ava flay, skin.
     ā the same, cut off.
     pra bleed, scarify.

chāga [1] m. ram, goat; f. chāgā & chāgī she-goat.

chāga [2] a. coming from a goat.

chāgamāṃsa n. flesh of a goat.

chāgala  = chāga 1 m. & 2.

chāta a. lean, thin, weak.

chāttra m. pupil; abstr. -tā f.

chādaka a. covering, veiling.

chādana n. cover, screen, clothing.

chādin (--°) = chādaka.

chādmika a. deceitful, fraudulent.

chāndasa f. ī Vedic, archaic; metrical.

chāndogya n. T. of a Brahmana.

chāndogyabrāhmaṇa n. T. of a Brahmana.

chāndogyopaniṣad f. T. of an Upanishad.

chāya a. shadowing; f. ā shadow (lit. & fig., also personif. as wife of the Sun); image, reflection; translation (esp. from Prākrit into Sanskrit); lustre, colour, complexion, beauty, charm, grace.

chāyātapa m. du. shadow and sunlight.

chāyātaru m. an umbrageous tree.

chāyādruma m. an umbrageous tree.

chāyādvitīya a. casting a shadow (lit. having one's shadow as second).

chāyānāṭaka n. a kind of drama.

chāyāmaya a. shadowy, reflected.

chāyāvant a. shadowy.

chāyāsaṃjñā f. Chāyā as SamjJā.

chālikya n. a kind of song.

chikkara m. a cert. animal.

chikkā f. sneezing.

chikkāra m. a kind of antelope.

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chid chinatti chinte1 v (chindati), pp. chinna (q.v.) cut, hew or tear off, chop, rend, split, pierce, separate, divide, interrupt, disturb, destroy. C. chedayati cause to cut etc., also = S. --
     antar cut off, intercept.
     ava reject; P. be severed from (abl.).
     vyava cut off, split, sever from (abl.), interrupt.
     ā the same; take away, rob, remove, destroy; disregard, neglect. P.
     ud cut out or off, destroy, interrupt, impede, disturb; P. cease, fail.
     samud tear out, exterminate.
     pari cut on both sides, clip round, mow; limit on all sides, fix accurately, define, decide.
     pra tear, cut or hew off, split, pierce, snatch away, rob.
     vi tear or break asunder, separate, divide, disturb, interrupt, destroy,
     sam cut or hew off, split, pierce, destroy (a doubt), decide (a question). -- Cf. avacchinna ucchinna vicchinna.

chid [2] a. cutting off, breaking, splitting, piercing, destroying, removing (--°); f. as subst.

chidura a. easily breaking, decreasing; destroying (--°).

chidra a. torn, rent, pierced; n. hole, fissure, opening, interruption, defect, weakness, flaw, fault, Abstr. -tā f.

chidray chidrayati v pp. chidrita making holes, pierce.

chidrānusārin a. looking out for the faults of (gen.).

chidrin a. having holes, hollow.

chinna a. cut off or in, carved, incoherent; included by (--°), broken, destroyed, vanished.

chinnadvaidha a. whose doubts have been destroyed.

chinnanāsya a. having the nose-string cut or broken.

chinnapakṣa a. having the wings torn off.

chinnamūla a. cut up by the root.

chinnasaṃśaya a. whose doubts are dispelled.

chinnābhra n. a cloud torn asunder.

chucchu m. a cert. animal.

chucchundara m. the musk rat.

chucchundari m. the musk rat.

chucchūndara m. -rī f. the same.

chuṭ C. pp. ācchoṭita torn.

chuḍ C. prachoḍayati stretch out.

chubuka n. chin.

chur churayati v (chorayati), pp. churita bestrew, beset, inlay. --
     ā pp. clothed.
     vi pp. = S. pp.

churikā f. knife.

chūrikā f. the same, a cow's mouth.

chṛd chṛṇatti v pp. chṛṇa pour out or upon, eject, spue, vomit. C. chardayati the same, make overflow. --
     ā pour upon, fill.
     pra C. vomit, eject.
     vi C. cast off, abandon.*

cheka a. clever, shrewd.

chekokti f. clever speech, insinuation.

chettavya a. to be cut or split.

chettṛ m. cutter, esp. wood-cutter; destroyer.

cheda m. cutter, a cut, section, piece, portion; cutting, dividing, separation, interruption, disturbance; decrease, cessation, loss, want; decision, definition.

chedaka a. cutting off.

chedana a. the same, hewing, splitting, destroying, removing; n. the act of cutting off etc.

chedanīya a. = chettavya.

chedin a. = chedana a.

chedya a. = chettavya; n. the act of cutting off etc.

chelaka m. chelikā f. goat.

choṭana n. cutting off.

choṭikā f. snapping of the thumb and fore-finger.

ja a. born, produced, caused by, in, or from; made of, living at, belonging to, connected with (--°). f. race; --° daughter.

jaṃhas n. wing.

jakṣ jakṣiti1 v (jakṣati), pp. jagdha (q.v.) eat, consume. --
     pra & vi
= S. pp.

jakṣ only pp. jakṣat2 laughing.

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jagat a. moving, alive. m. pl. men; f. jagatī a female animal, the earth or world, N. of a metre; n. what moves or is alive, men and (or) animals, the earth, world or universe, du. heaven and the lower world.

jagatīgata a. existing on earth.

jagatītala n. the surface of the earth.

jagatīpati m. king.

jagatīpāla m. king.

jagatībhartṛ m. king.

jagatkāraṇa n. the cause of the world.

jagattraya n. the three worlds, i.e. heaven, earth, and the lower world.

jagattritaya n. the three worlds, i.e. heaven, earth, and the lower world.

jagatpati m. the lord of the world, E. of sev. gods.

jagatprakāśa a. illuminating the world or known in the world.

jagatprabhu m. = jagatpati.

jagatsraṣṭṛ m. the creator of the world, Brahman.

jagatsvāmin m. = jagatpati, abstr. -svāmitva n.

jagadaṇḍa n. the egg of the world, the universe.

jagadīśa m. = jagatpati.

jagadīśvara m. the same, prince, king.

jagadguru m. father of the world, E. of sev. gods.

jagaddīpa m. light of the world, the sun.

jagaddhātṛ m. creator of the world, E. of sev. gods.

jagadyoni f. the womb of the world.

jagannātha m. lord of the world, N. of sev. gods & men.

jagannivāsa m. abode of the world (Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa or Śiva).

jaganmātṛ f. mother of the world (Durgā or Lakṣmī).

jaguri a. leading (a way).

jagdha a. eaten, consumed; exhausted by (instr.).

jagdhatṛṇa a. having eaten grass.

jagdhārdha a. half eaten.

jagdhi f. eating, food, victuals.

jagmi a. going, stirring; hastening towards --°).

jaghana m. n. hinder part, rear of an army (also jaghanārdha m.); the hips or pudenda.

jaghanacapalā f. libidinous woman (lit. moving the hips); N. of a metre.

jaghanena (instr. adv.) behind, after (w. gen. or acc.).

jaghanya a. hindmost, last, latest, lowest.

jaghanyaja a. last born, youngest.

jaghanyaprabhava a. of low origin.

jaghni a. striking.

jaghri a. sprinkling about.

jaṅga m. N. of a man.

jaṅgama a. going, moving, living (abstr. -tva n.); n. what is moving or alive.

jaṅgiḍa m. N. of a plant.

jaṅghā f. leg, esp. its under part.

jaṅghānalaka m. n. bone of the leg.

jaṅghābala n. the power of the legs, i.e. running, flight.*

jaṅghāla a. running, swift.

jaja m. warrior.

jajñi a. germinating, shooting.

jajhjh only pp. f. pl. jajhjhatīs splashing waters.

jañj pp. f. jañjatī glittering, flashing.

jañjaṇā w. bhavant glitteriNg.

jaṭā f. twisted or matted hair (worn by ascetics and mourners).

jaṭākalāpa m. tress of hair twisted on the top of the head.

jaṭācīradhara a. wearing matted hair and a garment of bark.

jaṭājūṭa m. = jaṭākalāpa.

jaṭādhara a. wearing matted hair; m. an ascetic or Civa.

jaṭādhārin a. = prec. adj.

jaṭābhāra m. = jaṭājūṭa.

jaṭābhāradhara a. wearing a tuft of matted hair.

jaṭāmaṇḍala n. hair braided in a coil on the top of the head.

jaṭāyu m. N. of a fabulous vulture.

jaṭāyus m. N. of a fabulous vulture.

jaṭāla a. wearing a coil of twisted hair.

jaṭin a. the same; m. an ascetic or Civa.

jaṭila a. = prec. a.+confused, full of (--°); m. = prec. m.

jaṭhara [1] n. belly, stomach, womb; cavity, hole.

jaṭhara [2] a. = jaraṭha.

jaḍa a. cold, cool; apathetic, stupid, idiotic; m. an idiot. -- Abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

jaḍaprakṛti a. of a stupid nature.

jaḍabuddhi a. of a stupid mind.

jaḍamati a. of a stupid mind.

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jaḍay jaḍayati v stun, stupify.

jaḍāṃśu m. the moon.

jaḍātmaka a. cool or stupid (by nature).

jaḍātman a. cool or stupid (by nature).

jaḍāy jaḍāyate v be insensible or dumb.

jaḍiman m. coolness, frigidity, apathy, stupidity.

jaḍīkṛ  = jaḍay; bhū become stupid.

jaḍībhāva m. = jaḍiman.

jatu n. lac. gum.

jatugṛha n. the lac-house (in the Mahabharata).

jatugeha n. the lac-house (in the Mahabharata).

jatumudrā f. lac-seal.*

jatū f. a bat.

jatru m. pl. cert. bones (supposed to be 16); n. the collar bone.

jan jāyate (jāyati) v older janati jāyate (ti), older janate, pp. jāta (q.v.) be born or produced, grow, be born again, be by birth or nature, be destined for (acc.), become (nom. or *dat.); be, take place, happen, be possible or suitable; generate, beget with (loc.), bring forth, produce, cause, effect. The older pres. stem & C. janayati te have only the trans. mgs. --
     adhi be born, become, be.
     anu be born later or after (acc.); take after, resemble (acc.).
     abhi be born or destined to (acc.), be born, become (nom.).
     ā be born. C. beget; cause to be born for (dat.), make prolific.
     ud beget, produce; be born, arise.
     upa be produced in addition, be born (again), appear, arise. C. procreate, cause, effect, attempt.
     samupa arise, appear, be born (again). C. produce, cause.
     pra be born (again) arise, propagate offspring through or in (instr.), bring forth, beget with (loc. or instr.). C. cause to propagate offspring or to be born, beget, generate.
     prati be born again.
     vi be born, arise, become, be changed into (nom.); propagate offspring, beget, bring forth.
     sam be born with (instr.), come forth, appear, take place, become, pass; bring forth. C. beget, bring forth, produce, generate, cause. -- Cf. anujāta abhijāta prajāta.

jana [1] m. creature, man, person, tribe, race, nation; pl. & sgl. coll. people, folks. Often --° w. collect. or indiv. mg, e.g. preṣyajana a servant or the servants. --ayaṃ janaḥ & eṣa janaḥ this person ( = I or he, she). f. janā birth, production.

jana [2] m. N. of a man.

janaka a. generating, producing, causing. m. progenitor, father, N. of sev. kings etc.

janakatanayā f. the daughter of Janaka (Sita).

janakasutā f. the daughter of Janaka (Sita).

janakātmajā f. the daughter of Janaka (Sita).

janatā f. assemblage of men, community, people, subjects, mankind.

janadeva m. a king (god of men).

janana f. ī = janaka a.; m. progenitor, creator, f. ī mother; n. producing, causing; birth, life.

janapati m. a king (ruler of men).

janāntara n. some other or former birth.

janani f. = jananī, -> janana.

janapada m. district, country (lit. tribe-place); (also pl.) people, esp. country people, subjects (opp. prince).

janapravāda m. sgl. & pl. talk of men, rumour.

janamaraka m. epidemic disease, pestilence.

janamāra m. -mārī f. the same.

janamejaya m. N. of sev. men, esp. princes.

janayitṛ m. progenitor, father; f. -trī mother.

janarava m. = janapravāda.

janarāj m. king (of men).

janarājan m. king (of men).

janavāda m. = janapravāda.

janas n. race; as indecl. (also janar) N. of a cert. world.

janasaṃmarda m. throng of people, crowd.

janasthāna n. N. of a part of the Dandaka forest.

janādhipa m. ruler of men, king.

janāntikam adv. to a (single) person, i.e. secretly, under one's breath.

janāpavāda m. pl. evil talk of men.

janārava m. = janapravāda.

janārṇava m. crowd (lit. sea) of men, caravan.

janārdana m. E. of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa.

jani f. woman, wife, pl. metaph. the fingers; jani also birth, origin, birthplace.

janī f. woman, wife, pl. metaph. the fingers; jani also birth, origin, birthplace.

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janikartṛ a. originating or generating, producing (f. -trī).

janitṛ m. progenitor, father; f. janitrī mother.

janitra n. birthplace, home, origin; pl. parents, relatives.

janitva [1] a. to be born or produced.

janitva [2] n. the state of a wife.

janiman n. birth, origin; offspring, descendants; creature, being; race, kind.

janimant a. having a wife or wives.

janivant a. having a wife or wives.

janiṣṭha (superl.) very generative.

janiṣya a. = janitva1.

janī -> jani.

janus n. birth, origin, birthplace; creature, being; creation, production, work; race, kind. Instr. januṣā by birth or nature, essentially, necessarily.

janendra m. lord of men, king.

janeśa m. lord of men, king.

janeśvara m. lord of men, king.

jantu m. creature, being, any animal, esp. worms, insects, etc.; man, person (sgl. also coll.); attendant, servant; child, descendant.

jantva a. = janitva1.

janmakāla m. time of birth.

janmakṛt m. progenitor, father.

janmakṣetra n. birthplace.

janmatas adv. according to birth or age.

janmada a. giving birth to (--°); m. father.

janmadina n. birthday.

janman n. birth, origin, new birth; existence, life; birthplace, home; progenitor, father (esp. --° begotten by); creature, being; relatives, people i.g.; race, kind; nature quality.

janmapratiṣṭhā f. mother (lit. support of the race).

janmabhāj m. living creature, a being (lit. possessing birth).

janmabhū f. birthplace, home.

janmabhūmi f. birthplace, home.

janmamṛtyu m. du. birth and death.

janmalābha m. (the gain of) birth.*

janmasthāna n. birthplace, home.

janmāntara n. another birth or life. -gata newborn.

janmāntaragata a. born anew.

janmāspada n. birthplace.

janmin m. creature, man.

janya [1] a. born, produced, rising from (--°); abstr. -tā f., -tva n. -- n. body.

janya [2] a. belonging to the (same) race, national, native; common, vulgar. -- m. the bridegroom's friend; f. ā bridesmaid; n. people, tribe, race (also janya), pl. inimical tribes; fighting, war.

janyayātrā f. the procession of the bridegroom's friend.

jap japati japate v pp. japita & japta whisper, mutter, esp. prayers, invoke in a low voice. --
     ā mutter into (karṇe).
     upa whisper to i.e. bring over secretly.
     sam whisper or talk about.

japa a. whispering, muttering; m. muttering prayers, a muttered prayer or spell.

japana n. = prec. m.

japamālā f. a rosary.

japayajña m. a sacrifice consistiNg of muttered prayers.

japahoma m. sgl. & pl. the same or ( = du.) muttered prayers and ablations.

japā f. the China rose.

japāpīḍa m. a garland of Japa flowers.*

japin a. muttering prayers.

japya a. the same; n. (m.) whisper or prayer.

jabh jambh v snap at (api), seize with the mouth. C. jambhayati crush, destroy. I. janjabhyate open the jaws, snap at; w.
     abhi the same.

jamadagni m. N. of a Rishi.

jambāla s. mud, clay.

jambīra m. the citron tree; n. a citron.

jambu f. the rose-apple tree; n. its fruit.

jambū f. the rose-apple tree; n. its fruit.

jambuka m. a jackal (used also as an abusive word).

jambudvīpa m. the continent abounding in roseapple trees, i.e. India, thought as one of the 7 Dvipas.

jambūka m. = jambuka.

jambūkhaṇḍa m. n., jambūdvīpa m. = jambudvīpa.

jambha [1] m. tooth, tusk, the jaws, mouth; swallowing, devouring.

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jambha [2] m. crusher, devourer; N. of a cert. demons.

jambhaka a. crushing, devouring (--°); m. E. of cert. demons.

jambhana f. ī crushing, destroying.

jambhalikā f. a kind of song.

jambhya m. front- or back-tooth; pl. the jaws.

jaya [1] a. conquering, winning (--°); pl. cert. verses or formulas causing victory.

jaya [2] m. conquest, victory, gain.

jayakuñjara m. a victorious elephant.

jayakṛt a. causing victory.

jayaghoṣa m. -ṇa n., -ṇā f. shout of victory.

jayada a. giving victory.

jayadeva m. N. of sev. poets.

jayadratha m. a man's name.

jayadhvaja m. flag of victory.

jayanta m. N. of a son of Indra; E. of sev. gods.

jayapatākā f. = jayadhvaja.

jayaparājaya (m. du. & n. sgl.) victory or defeat, gain or loss.

jayaprepsu a. desirous of victory.

jayalakṣmī f. the fortune or goddess of victory.

jayavarman m. a man's name.

jayaśabda m. = jayaghoṣa.

jayaśrī f. = jayalakṣmī.

jayasena m. ā f. a man's & woman's name.

jayājaya (m. du. & n. sgl.) victory or defeat.

jayāditya m. a man's name.

jayāśis f. prayer for or cheer of victory.

jayitṛ f. -trī victorious.

jayin a. conquering, winning, a conqueror (gen. or --°); granting victory.

jayiṣṇu a. victorious.

jayus a. victorious.

jayendra m. a man's name.

jayeśvara m. lord of victory, E. of Śiva.

jayaiṣin a. wishing to conquer (--°).

jayottara a. full or certain of victory.

jayya a. to be won or conquered.

jar jarate v (cf. car) awake, stir, move, approach (acc.). C. jarayati te awaken, set in motion.

jara m. wearing out, wasting; f. jarā the same; decay, old age.

jaraṭha a. old, aged; hard, solid, strong.

jaraṇa a. infirm, old; f. ā old age.

jaraṇyā f. decrepitade.

jaraṇyu a. calling aloud, calling to (dat.).

jaratkāru m. f. N. of an ancient Rishi & his wife.

jaratkārupriyā f. = prec. f.

jaradaṣṭi a. long-lived; f. longevity.

jaradgava m. an old bull; N. of a vulture.

jaradyoṣit f. an old woman.

jarant f. jarat decayed, infirm, dry; old, ancient, former; m. an old man.

jaras f. decrepitude, old age.

jarā [1] f. -> jara.

jarā [2] f. crackling, roaring; calling, greeting.

jarājarjara a. infirm with age.

jarāyu n. the cast-off skin of a serpent; (also f.) the chorion or outer skin of the embryo, after-birth, secundines.

jarāyuja a. born from the womb.

jarāvant a. old, aged.

jarāsaṃdha m. N. of sev. kings.

jaritā f. N. of a myth. bird.

jaritāri m. N. of the son of Jaritā (v. prec.).

jaritṛ m. invoker, singer, worshipper.

jariman m. old age, decay, death.

jarjara a. decayed, worn out, broken, hurt, tattered, perforated; abstr. -ratva n.

jarjarita a. decayed, worn out, broken, hurt, tattered, perforated; abstr. -ratva n.

jarjarīkṛ wear out, hurt, break, split; -bhū the same pass.

jarbhari a. supporting, nourishing.

jarbhur -> bhur.

jala [1] n. water (also pl.); abstr. -tā f.

jala [2] a. = jaḍa.

jalakriyā f. offering water, funeral ceremony.

jalakhaga m. aquatic bird.

jalacara m. aquatic animal, fish.

jalacārin a. living in or near water; m. = prec.

jalaja a. born or produced in water; m. = prec. m.; n. product of the sea, pearl, shell, the lotus.

jalajantu m. aquatic animal.

jalajīvin a. living in, near, or on water; m. fisherman.

jalatrāsa m. hydrophobia.

jalada m. a cloud (rain-giver).

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jaladāgama m. coming of the clouds, the rainy season.

jaladravya n. product of the sea, pearls etc.

jaladhara m. cloud (lit. water-bearer).

jaladhārā f. flood or gush of water.

jaladhi m. ocean, sea.

jalanidhi m. the same.

jalanidhinātha m. the Ocean (personif.).

jalapāna n. drinking water.*

jalabindu m. drop of water.

jalabudbuda m. bubble of water.

jalabhājana n. vessel for water.

jalamaya f. ī consisting of water, watery.

jalamuc a. shedding water; m. a cloud.

jalayantra n. water-engine.

jalayantraka n. water-engine.

jalarākṣasī f. N. of a sea-monster.

jalarāśi m. the ocean.

jalaruh (*m.) lotus (growing in water).

jalaruha m. aquatic animal; n. = prec.

jalavant a. abounding in water.

jalavāsa [1] m. residence in water.

jalavāsa [2] a. = seq.

jalavāsin a. living in water.

jalavāha a. bearing water; -ka m. w. carrier.

jalavihaṃgama m. water-fowl.

jalaśayyā f. lying in water.

jalasaṃdha m. N. of a son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra.

jalastha a. being in water.

jalasthāna n. -sthāya m. pond, lake.

jalasnāna n. bathing, bath.

jalahāra m. water-carrier, f. ī.

jalahīna a. waterless, dry.

jalāgama m. rain (coming of water).

jalāñjali m. two handfuls of water (for the dead), the last farewell.

jalādhāra m. pond, lake.

jalāyukā f. leech.

jalārthin a. desirous of water, thirsty.

jalārdra a. wet with water; f. ā a wet cloth.

jalāvaseka m. shower of rain.

jalāśaya [1] m. pond, lake, sea.

jalāśaya [2] a. lying or resting in water.

jalāṣa a. appeasing, healing.

jalāṣabheṣaja a. having healing medicines.

jalecara f. ī living in water; m. (adj. --° f. ā) aquatic animal.

jaleśa m. the sea or its lord i.e. Varuṇa.

jaleśaya a. resting or living in water.

jaleśvara m. Varuṇa (the lord of the waters).

jalodara n. dropsy (water-belly).

jaloddhatagati f. N. of a metre.

jalodbhava a. born in water; m. aquatic animal.

jalauka (m.), ā f. leech.

jalaukas a. living in or near water; m. aquatic animal, f. leech.

jalaukāvacāraṇīya a. relating to the application of leeches.

jalaukovaseka m. bleeding by (the application of) leeches.

jalaukovraṇa s. a wound made by a leech.

jalp jalpati v (jalpate), pp. jalpita (q.v.) murmur, chatter, talk; address, speak to (acc. or instr. ±sārdham), speak of (acc.). --
     abhi address, answer, talk over, suggest, advise.
     upa & pari chatter.
     pra speak, announce, proclaim.
     vi speak, utter.
     sam talk, speak. -- Cf. prajalpita.

jalpa m. -na n. chat, talk, conversation.

jalpaka a. talkative.

jalpāka a. talkative.

jalpi f. murmur, speaking in an undertone.

jalpita n. chat, talk.

jalpin a. speaking, talking (--°).

jalpya n. chat, talk.

java a. hastening, quick; m. haste, speed.

javana f. ī impelling; quick, swift; n. = prec. m.

javanikā f. screen, curtain.

javas n. quickness, velocity.

javā f. = japā.

javin a. hastening, running, quick.

javiṣṭha (superl.) quickest, fleetest.

javīyaṃs (compar.) quicker, speedier.

jaṣa m. a cert. aquatic animal.

jas jasate v be exhausted, languish. C. jāsayati exhaust, weaken. --
     ud C. destroy (gen. or acc.).
     ni (jasyati) perish, disappear. C. exhaust.

jasu f. exhaustion, weakness.

jasuri a. exhausted, tired.

jasra -> ajasra.

jasvan a. needy, wretched, poor.

jahakā f. hedge-hog.

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jahallakṣaṇā f. a rhet. figure in which a word loses its original meaning.

jahita a. abandoned, forlorn.

jahu m. a young animal.

jahnu m. N. of an ancient king; pl. his race.

jahnukanyā f. the daughter of Jahnu, E. of Gan1gā.

jahnusutā f. the daughter of Jahnu, E. of Gan1gā.

(--°) = ja; m. f. (nom. jās) offspring.

jāgata a. composed in the Jagatī metre, pertaining to it, etc.; n. the Jagatī metre.

jāgara m. state of waking.

jāgaraka m. state of waking.

jāgaraṇa a. awake; n. = prec.

jāgarita a. having waked; n. = n. prec.

jāgaritasthāna a. being in the state of waking.

jāgaritānta m. the state of waking.

jāgariṣṇu a. wide or much awake.

jāgarūka a. waking, watchful, attentive.

jāgṛ -> gṛ3.

jāgṛvas a. watchful, eager, indefatigable.

jāgṛvi a. watchful, attentive, quick; exciting.

jāgrat a. waking; s. the state of waking.

jāgratsvapna m. du. waking and sleeping.

jāghanī f. tail.

jāṅgala a. arid, level, fertile (land); living in such a country. m. a kind of partridge; n. deer, game.

jāṅghika a. quick-footed; m. runner.

jāṭhara f. ī being on or in the belly; m. offspring of the womb, son.

jāḍya n. coldness, frigidity, stiffness, dulness, stupidity, want of intelligence.

jāta a. born, begot with (loc.), by (instr. or abl.); born-ago, -- old (--°); grown, arisen, appeared, happened, passed, become, turned to (dat.), being, present; often °-- (or --°) having born, grown, or existing --, i.e. having got, endowed with, possessed of. -- m. son (f. jātā daughter*), living creature; n. being, creature; birth, origin, race, kind, sort; the whole of, all that is (gen. or --°).

jātaka a. born, begot (--°); m. a new-born child; n. birth (esp. a former birth of Cakyamuni & its history), nativity, also = seq.

jātakarman n. the ceremony after birth.

jātadanta a. having teeth (grown).

jātapakṣa a. fledged (having grown wings).

jātapūrva a. born before.*

jātabala a. having strength (grown or gained).

jātamātra a. just born.

jātarūpa a. beautiful, golden; n. gold.

jātarūpamaya f. ī golden.

jātavidyā f. knowledge of (all) beings.

jātaviśvāsa a. having got confidence or courage.

jātavedas m. E. of Agni (knower or possessor of all beings); in l. l. also
= fire.

jātaveśman n. lying-in room.

jātasaṃkalpa a. who has made up his mind.

jāti (jātī) f. birth, origin, new birth, form of existence, position, rank, caste, family, race, kind, sort, genus, genuine or true state of anything; a kind of jasmine. °--, jātyā & jātitas by birth or nature, from the beginning.

jātijānapada a. relating to castes and districts.

jātitas adv. according to (one's) caste.

jātidharma m. law or duty of caste.

jātibhraṃśa m. loss of caste.

jātibhraṃśakara a. causing loss of caste.

jātimant a. of (high) birth or rank.

jātimātra n. mere birth or caste; -tropajīvin a. subsisting only by (the name of) one's caste.

jātisaṃpanna a. born of a noble race.

jātismara a. recollecting a former existence; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

jātismaraṇa n. recollection of a former birth.

jātihīna a. base born (lit. destitute of birth).

jātīkośa m. nutmeg.

jātīphalā f. N. of a plant.

jātu (jātu) adv. at all, ever, once, possibly, perhaps; w. na not at all, never.

jātuṣa f. ī made of or covered with lac.

jātūkarṇa m. ī f. a man's & woman's name.

jāteṣṭi f. birth-rite.

jātya a. belonging to the family, caste, or race (of --°); kin, legitimate, genuine, noble.

jātyandha a. born blind.

jātyandhabadhira a. born blind and deaf.

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jāna n. birth, origin.

jānaka m. a patron. name; f. ī patron. of Sītā.

jānakīnātha m. the lord of Sītā, E. of Rāma.

jānakīvallabha m. the lord of Sītā, E. of Rāma.

jānakīśa m. the lord of Sītā, E. of Rāma.

jānapada a. living in the country; m. countryman (in both mgs), subject.

jānarājya n. supreme power.

jāni f. wife (only adj. --°).

jānu n. (m.) knee.

jānuka m. N. of a man; n. = prec. (esp. a. --°).

jānukā f. bearing, bringing forth.

jānudaghna f. ī reaching up to the knees.

jānvasthi n. shin- (lit. knee-) bone.

jāpa m. muttering (esp. prayers).

jāpaka a. muttering, whispering (--°).

jāpin a. muttering, whispering (--°).

jāpya a. to be muttered, n. a prayer.

jāmadagna f. ī belonging to Jamadagni.

jāmadagnya a. the same.

jāmātṛ m. son- or brother-in-law.

jāmi a. related by blood; kindred, own, native, customary; f. sister (±svasṛ, metaph. also the fingers), daughter in law, female relative i.g.; n.
= seq.

jāmitva n. consanguinity, relationship, friendship.

jāmbavant m. N. of a monkey prince.

jāmbila n. the knee-pan.

jāmbīla n. the knee-pan.

jāmbuka a. belonging to a jackal.

jāmbūnada [1] n. a kind of gold; gold i.g.

jāmbūnada f. ī2 golden.

jāmbūnadamaya f. ī the same.

jāyaka n. a kind of fragrant wood.

jāyā f. wife, consort; abstr. jāyātva n.

jāyin a. conquering, fighting (--°).

jāyu a. victorious.

jāyuka a. victorious.

jāra [1] a. becoming old.

jāra [2] m. paramour, lover, friend.

jāraja a. born of a woman by her paramour.

jārajāta a. born of a woman by her paramour.

jārajātaka a. born of a woman by her paramour.

jāratā f. love-affair.

jāravṛttānta m. the same.

jārāsaṃdhi m. patr. of Sahadeva.

jāriṇī f. having a paramour, enamoured.

jārūthya a. E. of aśvamedha.

jāla [1] n. net, web, springe, snare, coat or helmet of wire, grate, lattice, (lattice-) window, the membrane between the toes of waterbirds (supposed also to exist between the toes and fingers of godlike personages), mane (of a lion); collection, multitude.

jāla [2] a. watery.

jālaka n. net, web, grate, grated window, bundle of beeds or flowers, collection, multitude i.g.; m. a kind of tree; f. jālikā net, veil, armour; multitude.

jālapāda m. a webfooted bird.

jālabandha m. net, springe.

jālamārga m. the way of the window; instr. through the window.

jālamālā f. net.

jālavant a. having a net, a mail, lattice-windows, etc.

jālākṣa m. lattice-window.

jālāṣa n. a cert. soothing medicine.

jālika m. fowler.

jālopajīvin m. fisherman.*

jālma f. ī wretched, low, vulgar; m. wretch.

jāvan -> pūrvajāvan.

jāvant a. having or granting offspring.

jāspati m. the father of a family.

jāspatya n. the state of a householder.

jāhaka m. hedgehog.

jāhuṣa m. N. of a man.

jāhnava m. patr. of sev. man; f. ī of Gan1gā.

jāhnavīya a. belonging to (the) Gan1gā.

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ji jayati jayate v pp. jita conquer, win, subdue, overcome, suppress, expel from (abl.), deprive of (2 acc.); absol. vanquish (in a game or a suit of law), be victorious. jayati tu (w. nom.), jitam (w. instr.) = victorious is or be--, hail to--! C. jāpayati cause to conquer or win (2 acc.); salute with reverence*. D. jigīṣati wish to win, seek for prey. --
     apa keep off, prevent.
     abhi win, conquer, obtain.
     ava win, gain, reconquer, vanquish, ward off.
     ā & ud conquer, win, subdue.
     nis gain, attain, subdue, conquer, overcome, surpass.
     vinis the same.
     parā (mostly M.) lose, be deprived of (acc.), succumb (abl.*); vanquish, overcome.
     pari pra prati win, conquer, vanquish.
     vi (mostly M.) the same; surpass, excel; also = S. absol. D. (mostly M.) wish to win or conquer, attack.
     sam win, conquer, obtain (together). -- Cf. parājita.

jigatnu a. hastening, quick.

jigamiṣu a. wishing or about to go.

jigīṣā f. wish to conquer or win, ambition.

jigīṣu a. wishing to conquer or obtain.

jigyu a. victorious.

jighatsā f. wish to eat, hunger.

jighatsu a. wishing to devour.

jighāṃs jighāṃsati v -> han.

jighāṃsā f. wish to kill or destroy.

jighāṃsin a. wishing to kill (--°).

jighāṃsu a. wishing to kill or destroy (acc. or --°).

jighṛkṣā f. wish to take or seize.

jighṛkṣu wishing to take, seize, grasp, rob, gather, learn (acc. or --°).

jiṅgī f. N. of a plant.

jijīviṣā f. wish to live; a. -viṣu or jijīṣu.

jijñāsana n. wish to know, investigation.

jijñāsā f. the same; -sārtham for information.

jijñāsu a. wishing to know, inquiring.

jit a. winning, conquering (--°).

jitakāśin a. appearing victorious, certain of victory.

jitaklama a. having overcome or shaken off fatigue.

jitakrodha a. having conquered anger.

jitātman a. self-subdued.

jiti f. gain, victory, conquest.

jitendriya a. having suppressed the organs of sense, abstr. -tva n.

jityā f. gain, victory (--°).

jitvan *a. victorious; m. N. of a man.

jitvara a. victorious; vanquishing (--°).

jina m. a Buddha or Arhant.

jinendra m. = jina.

jinv jinvati v (jinvate), jinoti be lively, hasten; put in motion, quicken, impel, refresh, further, favour, bring or help to (dat.); fill, satisfy. --
     pra quicken, speed on, favour, help to (dat.).
     upapra urge on, impel.

jinva -> dhiyaṃjinva & viśvajinva.

jivri a. decayed, old.

jiṣe (dat. inf.) to win or conquer.

jiṣṇu a. victorious, triumphant, superior, winning, conquering (--°); m. E. of Viṣṇu or Arjuna; N. of sev. men.

jihāsā f. wish to give up.

jihāsu a. wishing to give up.

jihīrṣā f. wish to seize or take, a. -rṣu.

jihma a. not straight or upright, oblique, transverse, crooked; w. i gam, etc. go awry or astray, fail, miss (abl.). -- n. & -tā f. falsehood, dishonesty.

jihmaga a. going crookedly; m. snake.

jihmaśī a. lying crookedly or athwart.

jihmita a. bent, curved.

jihva m. E. of Agni; r. = f. jihvā tongue.

jihvaka (adj. --°, f. ikā) tongued.

jihvāmūla n. the root of the tongue.

jihvāmūlīya m. the Visarga before ka & kha.

jīti -> ajīti.

jīna m. a leather bag.

jīla m. a leather bag.

jīmūta m. thunder-cloud; m. N. of sev. plants, E. of the Sun, a man's name.

jīmūtavāha m. a man's name.

jīmūtavāhana m. a man's name.

jīra a. quick, active, driving, exciting; m. quick movement (esp. of the Soma stones).

jīradānu a. dropping, sprinking, causing to flow abundantly.

jīrāśva a. having quick horses.

jīri [1] (m. or f.) quick or flowing water.

jīri [2] f. old age.

jīrṇa a. decayed, infirm, old, frail, dry; n. digestion; also = seq.

jīrṇatā f. -tva n. decrepitude, old age.

jīrṇadevāyatana n. a temple in ruins.

jīrṇavastra n. a worn or tattered raiment.

jīrṇāraṇya n. an old or desert wood.

jīrṇi a. decrepit with age.

jīrṇodyāna n. an old or desert garden.

jīla (or jīna) m. a leather bag.

[Page 187]

jīv jīvati v (jīvate), pp. jīvita (q.v.) live, revive (±punar), subsist on (instr.). Imper. jīvaciram) may you live (long)! C. jīvayati (-te) make or keep alive, nourish, bring up; wish a pers. to live (by calling jīva). D. jijīviṣati (-te) or jujyūṣati wish to live, seek a livelihood by (instr.). --
     ati survive.
     anu live after i.e. like (acc.); live for, be devoted to (acc.); live on, subsist by (instr.).
     ā live on, make use of, enjoy (acc.).
     ud & pratyud revive; C. restore to life.
     upa subsist (±vṛttim); live on, make use of, practise (acc., gen., or instr.); live under, depend on, serve (acc.).
     pratyupa C. restore to life.*
     vi revive.
     sam live (together), subsist on (instr.), revive. C. vivify, keep alive, nourish.

jīva a. living, alive; living on or causing to live, vivifying (--°). m. the principle of life, the living or personal soul; E. of the planet Jupiter; n. life; m. n. living being, creature; f. jīvā pl. water as the living or vivifying element.

jīvaka f. ikā a. = prec. adj.; f. jīvikā life, livelihood, pl. = prec. f. pl.

jīvagṛbh a. taking alive, catcher.

jīvaja a born alive.

jīvajīvaka m. a kind of fowl.

jīvaṃjīvaka m. a kind of fowl.

jīvadatta m. N. of a man.

jīvadāyaka a. life-giving, generating.

jīvana f. ī causing to live, vivifying; n. life, existence, mode of life; livelihood, subsistence (adj. --° living on); making alive, enlivening; water.

jīvanaś (nom. -naṭ) a. where life is lost.

jīvanasyā f. love of life.

jīvanahetu m. mode of subsistence.

jīvanīya a. vivifying; n. (impers.) vivendum, as subst. water.

jīvanmukta a. liberated in life, abstr. -kti f.

jīvanmṛta a. alive and dead, half dead; abstr. -tva n.

jīvanmṛtaka a. alive and dead, half dead; abstr. -tva n.

jīvapati f. -patnī a. whose husband or wife is alive.

jīvapitṛ a. whose father is alive.

jīvapitṛka a. whose father is alive.

jīvaputra a. whose son is alive.

jīvapurā f. the abode of the living.

jīvapraja a. whose offspring is alive.

jīvabhūta a. being alive, living, vital.

jīvamaya a. animated, living.

jīvala a. living or enlivening; N. of a man.

jīvaloka m. the world of the living.

jīvavadha m. the killing of a living creature.

jīvaśaṃsa a. praised by the living.

jīvaśeṣa a. having only life (left).

jīvasarvasva n. the whole or substance of a life, the highest treasure.*

jīvasuta a. whose children are alive.

jīvasū f. bringing forth a living child or whose children are alive.

jīvase (dat. inf.) to live.

jīvātu f. life.

jīvātman m. the living or individual soul.

jīvāśaṅkin a. thinking (a person to be) alive.

jīvita a. lived, living, alive, restored to life; n. living creature, life, subistence.

jīvitakṣaya m. loss of life, death.

jīvitatṛṣṇā f. thirst for life.*

jīvitanātha m. lord of life, husband.

jīvitapradāyin a. life-giving or l. preserving.*

jīvitapriya a. dear as life.

jīvitamaraṇa n. death in life.*

jīvitavya n. vivendum (impers.), as subst. life.

jīvitasaṃśaya m. risk of life.

jīvitasama a. dear as (lit. equal to) life.

jīvitasarvasva n. = jīvasarvasva.

jīvitātyaya m. danger of life.

jīvitānta m. end of life, death.

jīvitāntaka a. ending life, E. of Śiva.

jīvitāvasāna n. end of life, death.*

jīvitāśā f. hope or love of life.

jīviteśa m. lord of life (Yama), f. ā mistress, wife.

jīviteśvara m. lord of life (Śiva); f. -rī = prec. f.

jīvitodvahana n. carrying on life.*

jīvin a. alive, living on or by (loc. or --°); m. living creature.

jīvya n. vivendum (impers.); life.

ju -> 1.

jugups jugupsati v -> gup.

jugupsā f. horror, disgust, aversion.

jugupsita n. the same, horrible deed.

jugurvaṇi a. fond of praise.

juṭaka n. tuft, bunch.

juṭikā f. tuft, bunch.

[Page 188]

jumbaka m. E. of Varuṇa.

jur jurati jūryati v pp. jūrṇa (q.v.) grow old, decay, perish, jurati also trans.

juvas n. quickness, speed.

juṣ juṣate juṣati v pp. juṣṭa1 or juṣṭa (q.v.) be pleased or satisfied; be fond of, delight in, enjoy (acc. or gen.); like to, resolve upon (dat. or inf., esp. in dhyai); prefer or choose (a cert. place), i.e. visit, inhabit. C. joṣayate (ti) like, love, approve of, choose. --
     abhi like, visit, frequent.
     upa cheer, gladden.
     prati cherish, fondle; delight in, be pleased with (acc.). C. fondle, caress. -- Cf. prajuṣṭa saṃjuṣṭa.

juṣ [2] a. (mostly --°) delighting in, attached to, visiting, frequenting.

juṣṭa a. acceptable, welcome, pleasant; wont, visited, frequented; surrounded by, endowed with, possessed of (instr. or --°).

juṣṭi f. favour, love, satisfaction.

juhū f. tongue, esp. tongue of Agni, flame; a wooden ladle used for pouring butter into the fire.

juhūṣu a. wishing to sacrifice.

juhoti m. burnt oblations (opp. yajati).

juhotiyajatikriyā f. pl. burnt oblations and other sacrifices.

juhvāsya a. tongue-or flame-mouthed (Agni).

javate1 & junāti v pp. jūta press on, speed; impel, incite, promote, inspire; expel, drive, away. --
     pra press on (tr. & intr.). -- Cf. jūjuvas & jūjuvāna.

[2] a. quick, speedy, pressing, urging; s. horse.

jūjuvas a. speedy, quick.

jūjuvāna a. speedy, quick.

jūti f. impulse, speed, energy.

jūtimant a. impetuous, speedy.

jūrṇa a. decayed, old.

jūrṇi [1] f. blaze, fiery weapon.

jūrṇi [2] a. singing, praising.

jūrṇin a. glowing.

jūrṇī f. a cert. snake.

jūrya a. old, aged.

jūrv jūrvati v singe, burn. --
     ni burn down.
     sam = S.

jṛ jarati v pp. jīrṇa1 (q.v.) make or grow old; jīryati (te) grow old, age, decay, wither, waste away; be dissolved or digested. C. jarayati (-te) make old, wear out, digest. --
     sam (jīryati) grow old (together). -- Cf. jarant.

jṛ jarate2 v crackle, roar (fire); sound, call, invoke. --
     prati call to, salute.
     sam sound.

jṛmbh jṛmbhate v (jṛmbhati), pp. jṛmbhita (q.v.) gape, yawn, open (of a flower), blossom; spread, extend; come forth, rise; be or feel at ease. C. jṛmbhayati cause to yawn. 1. jarī-jṛmbhate extend far. --
     ud & samud open wide, come forth, appear, arise.
     pari spread round.
     pra begin to yawn.
     vi yawn, gape, blossom, expand, break forth, appear; be or feel at ease.
     sam expand, break forth, appear. -- Cf. vijṛmbhita.

jṛmbha m. ā f. gaping, yawning, opening, blowing.

jṛmbhaṇa a. causing to yawn; n. = prec.

jṛmbhaṇakara a. = prec. a.

jṛmbhita n. = jṛmbha.

jetavya a. to be conquered or won.

jetva a. to be conquered or won.

jetṛ m. conqueror, winner.

jenya a. noble, genuine, true.

jeman [1] a. superior.

jeman [2] m. superiority.

jemana n. eating, food.

jeya a. to be vanquished.

jeṣa m. gain, acquirement.

jeh jehate v open the mouth, gasp, gape. --
     vi = S.

jaitra f. ī victorious, triumphant.

jaitrayātrā f. triumphal procession.

jaitraratha m. triumphal chariot.

jaitriya n. victory, triumph.

jaina f. ī belonging to the Jinas; m. a Jaina.

jaimini m. N. of a saint and philosopher.

jaiminīya a. relating to Jaimini (v. prec.); m. pl. his followers, n. his work.

jaiva f. ī relating to the individual soul.

jaivātṛka a. long-lived.

jaihmaya n. falsehood, deceit.

jaihva a. being on or belonging to the tongue.

jaihvya n. pleasure of taste (lit. of the tongue).

jogū a. singing, praising.

joṅga n. aloe wood.

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joṅgaka n. aloe wood.

joṣa m. satisfaction, pleasure. joṣam after one's satisfaction, sufficiently, abundantly (also anu° or ); w. as ās, or sthā be silent, keep quiet.

joṣaṇa n. satisfaction, delight in (--°).

joṣṭṛ a. loving, fostering.

johūtra a. calling aloud, neighing.

jña a. knowing, versed in, conversant or familiar with (gen., loc. or --°); intelligent, wise.

jñatā f. jñatva n., jñapti f. abstr. to prec.

jñaptika (adj. --°) = jñapti (v. prec.).

jñā jānāti jānīte1 v (jānati jānate), pp. jñāta know, be or get aware of (acc., r. gen.), recognize, ascertain, investigate, acknowledge, approve, perceive, observe, notice (acc.), remember (gen.); consider or regard as, understand or suppose that -- (2 acc.), know how to (infin.); *M. have to do with, deal with (gen.). With na know nothing of (acc.). C. jñāpayati te & jñapayati te, pp. jñapta & jñāpita inform, teach; announce, notify; make a person acquainted with (2 acc.); M. beg, request (acc.). D. jijñāsate (-ti) wish to know, try, examine; ascertain, suppose. D. C. jñīpsati wish to make a person acquainted with (2 acc.); pp. jñīpsyamāna wished or intended to be informed. --
     anu permit, grant, approve, forgive, pardon (gen. of pers.); empower, authorize to (dat. or *prati w. acc.); dismiss, bid farewell (acc.), be gracious or kind to (acc.). C. ask for permission or leave, take leave of (acc.).
     abhyanu & samanu the same.
     abhi perceive, notice, understand, know; acknowledge as, think that (2 acc.), concede, grant; agree, approve.
     pratyabhi recognize again, notice, understand, come to one's self, recover one's consciousness.
     samabhi know, recognize.
     ava despise, surpass.
     ā attend to, notice, hear, learn, understand. C. command, appoint a pers. (acc.) to (dat. or loc.).
     samā perceive, notice. C. bid, appoint.
     upa & samupa think out, invent.
     nis & vinis discern, find out.
     pari observe, understand, ascertain, know thoroughly, know as (2 acc.).
     pra understand, distinguish, discern, be clever or wise, perceive, become aware of, find out.
     prati acknowledge, recognize, approve, consent, agree, promise (dat., gen., r. loc. of pers., acc. of th.); M. state, affirm, answer; perceive, observe, become aware of.
     saṃprati consent to, promise.
     vi perceive, find out, observe, notice, hear from (gen.); consider as, understand or know that (2 acc.); distinguish, discern, know thoroughly, become or be wise; vijñāyate it is well known or recognized (a rule, dogma, etc.); mā vijñāyi this (prec. nom.) is not to be understood (g.). C. make known, report, communicate, say that (2 acc.); make one understand, apprise, teach; interrogate, beg, ask for (dat., prati artham, or nimittam*).
     abhivi become aware of, notice.
     sam M. be of one mind, agree together, harmonize with (loc., *instr. or *acc.), obey (dat.); direct, appoint (acc.), understand, know. C. cause to agree together, unite; appease, satisfy; make understood, make signs or hints to (anyo'nyam), order, command.
     abhisam agree in (acc.), acknowledge. -- Cf. anujñāta abhyanujñāta parijñāta prajānant prajñāta.

jñā [2] (--°) knowing, acquainted with.

jñāta a. known, understood, learnt, noticed; thought to be (nom.). -- āṃ jñātam Ah! I know; mayā jñātam I was of opinion.

jñātavya a. to be learnt or understood.

jñāti m. near relation, kinsman.

jñātitva n. abstr. to prec.

jñātiprabhuka a. powerful among the relatives.

jñātiprāya a. destined chiefly for the paternal relations.

jñātibhāva m. relationship.

jñātibheda m. dissension among relatives.

jñātimant a. having near relations.

jñātṛ m. knower; acquaintance, witness.

jñātra n. capacity of understanding, intelligence.

[Page 190]

jñāna n. knowing, understanding, knowledge, esp. higher knowledge, science, wisdom; conscience, organ of intelligence or sense. Abstr. -tva n.

jñānagamya a. accessible to knowledge.

jñānacakṣus [1] n. the mind's eye.

jñānacakṣus [2] a. using the mind's eye.

jñānatas adv. from knowledge.

jñānada a. imparting knowledge.

jñānapaṇya a. dealing in knowledge or science.

jñānapūrva a. preceded by (the acquisition of) knowledge.

jñānamaya f. ī consisting of knowledge.

jñānayajña m. the sacrifice of knowledge.

jñānayuta a. endowed with knowledge.

jñānayoga m. the practice of knowledge.

jñānavant a. knowing, intelligent, wise.

jñānaśaktimant a. having the capacity of knowing.

jñānasaṅga m. attachment to knowledge.

jñānāgni m. the fire of knowledge.

jñānārthin a. wanting to know (--°).

jñānāsi m. the sword of knowledge.

jñānin a. = jñānavant; m. astrologer, fortuneteller, abstr. -nitva n.

jñānecchākriyāśaktimant a. endowed with the capacity of knowing, wishing, and acting (ph.).

jñānendriya n. organ of perception or sensation.

jñāpaka (f. -pikā) making understood, teaching, hinting, insinuating. -- m. the master of requests (a kind of officer); n. precept, rule, esp. an implicit or indirect rule (g.).

jñāpana n. information, insinuation.

jñāpanīya a. to be made known.

jñāpya a. to be made known.

jñās m. a near relative.

jñīps jñīpsati v -> jñā1.

jñīpsā f. wish to know, question.

jñu (only °--& --°) n. knee.

jñubādh a. bending the knees.

jñeya a. to be known, understood, learnt, found out; to be regarded as or supposed to by (nom.). Abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

jman (loc.) course or way.

jmayā a. following one's course.

jmā f. the earth (only jmā instr. & jmas abl. gen.).

jmāyant a. striving to the earth.

jyā jināti v pp. jita1 overpower, oppress, deprive of (2 acc.), P. jīyate (jīyate), D. jijyāsati --
     adhi & pra overwhelm.

jyā [2] f. force, violence.

jyā [3] f. bow-string.

jyākā f. the same.

jyākṛṣṭi f. the straining of the bow-string.

jyāghoṣā m. twang of the bow-string.

jyāna n. oppression.

jyāni f. the same, deprivation, loss.

jyāpāśa m. bow-string.

jyāyaṃs (compar.) superior, greater, stronger, elder; excellent, best.

jyāyasvant a. having a senior or superior.

jyāyiṣṭha (superl.) first, best, excellent.

jyut jyotati v (jyotate) shine; C. jyotayati --
     ava illuminate.

jyuti f. light; -mant shining.

jyeṣṭha (superl.) principal, best, eldest, highest, greatest, worst; superior to (abl.). m. chief, senior, eldest brother, N. of a man. f. jyeṣṭā the eldest wife. n. the chief, best (of things); adv. most, much.

jyeṣṭhatama (superl. to prec.) the first or best of all.

jyeṣṭhatara (compar to jyeṣṭha) an elder one; f. ā or -tarikā old woman, duenna.

jyeṣṭhatā f. -tva n. superiority, primogeniture.

jyeṣṭhabandhu m. head of a family.

jyeṣṭharāj m. sovereign.

jyeṣṭhavayas a. older than (--°).

jyeṣṭhavṛtti a. behaving like an elder brother.

jyeṣṭhasāmaga a. who sings the Jyesthasaman (v. seq.).

jyeṣṭhasāman n. N. of a Saman; a. = prec. a.

jyeṣṭhāṃśa m. the eldest brother's share.

jyaiṣṭha m. a cert. month in summer; f. ī the full-moon in this month.

jyaiṣṭhya n. preeminence, sovereignty, primogeniture.

jyok adv. long; w. kṛ delay, tarry, Superl. jyoktamām adv. longest.

jyotirgaṇa m. the troops of the heavenly bodies.

jyotirjña m. star-knower, astrologer.

[Page 191]

jyotirmaya a. consisting of light.

jyotirvid [1] m. = jyotirjña.

jyotirvid [2] a. creating light.

jyotirvidābharaṇa n. T. of an astrological work.

jyotiḥśāstra n. astronomy.

jyotiṣa n. astronomy.

jyotiṣkṛt a. creating light.

jyotiṣmant a. luminous, shining, celestial; m. the sun, a man's name.

jyotiḥṣṭoma m. a cert. Soma ceremony.

jyotis n. light (l. & f.), brightness, fire, moonshine, light of the eyes; pl. the heavenly bodies; du. sun and moon.

jyotīratha a. whose chariot is light (sev. gods).

jyotsnā f. moonlight night, moonshine.

jyotsnāḍhya a. shining brightly (lit. rich in light).

jyotsnikā f. a woman's name.*

jyautsna m. the light half of a month.

jraya -> pṛthujraya.

jrayas n. stretch, expanse.

jri jrayati v w.
     upa stretch out to (acc.).

jvar jvarati v be hot or feverish. C. jvarayati make feverish. --
     sam be grieved or sorry.
     anusam be sorry for (acc.), also =
     abhisam be grieved or envious.

jvara m. fever, pain, grief, sorrow.

jvarita a. feverish.

jvarin a. feverish.

jval jvalati v (jvalate), pp. jvalita (q.v.) blaze, flame, burn, glow, shine. C. jvalayati & jvālayati set on fire, illuminate. I. jājvalīti & jājvalyate flame violently, be brilliant. --
     abhi shine, C. =
     ava C. illuminate.
     ud blaze up, flame, shine; C. = S. C.
     pra flame up, shine forth; C. set on fire, kindle.
     abhipra & saṃpra flame up, catch fire
     prati blaze, burn.
     abhivi flame against or opposite to.
     sam blaze, flame; C. kindle, illuminate.

jvala m. flame.

jvalana a. burning, flaming, combustible; m. fire (also jvalana or jvalana); n. burning, blazing.

jvalanasaprabha a. fiery, burning.

jvalant a. burning, flaming; m. fire.

jvalita n. blazing, shining.

jvāra -> navajvāra.

jvāla m. light, flame (also jvālā f.); torch, hot infusion.

jvālana n. kindling.

jvālin a. flaming.

jhaṃkāra m. clattering, murmuring, noise.

jhaṃkārita n. the same (adj. --° sounding with*).

jhaṃkārin a. clattering, humming, buzzing, etc.

jhaṃkṛti f. = jhaṃkāra.

jhañjhā f. roaring (of the wind etc.).

jhañjhānila m. storm, hurricane.

jhañjhāmarut m. storm, hurricane.

jhañjhāmāruta m. storm, hurricane.

jhaṭ w.
     ud -> ujjhaṭita.

jhaṭiti adv. instantly, on the spot; jhaṭiti -- jhaṭiti no sooner-than.*

jhaṇ jhaṇati v tinkle.

jhaṇajhaṇa an onom, sound.*

jhaṇajhaṇāy jhaṇajhaṇāyate v jingle, tinkle.

jhaṇatkāra m. tinkling.

jhampa m. ā f. a jump.

jhar only jharant flowing or falling down.

jharā f. waterfall, cascade.

jharī f. the same, river.

jharjhara m. ī f. a sort of drum.

jharjharita a. exhausted, withered.

jhalla m. cudgel-player (a caste).

jhallaka n. a kind of cymbal.

jhaṣa m. a large fish, fish i.g.

jhaṣaketana m. the god of love; love.

jhaṣadhvaja m. the god of love; love.

jhiṅginī f. N. of a plant.

jhiṅgī f. N. of a plant.

jhillika m. pl. N. of a people; f. ā = seq.

jhillī f. jhillīka m. a cricket.

[Page 192]

jhaulika s. small bag, purse.

ṭaṅka s. hoe, chisel, stamp.

ṭaṅkaccheda m. stamping (lit. cutting or hewing with the chisel).

ṭaṅkaṇa m. (also ṭaṅkana) borax.

ṭaṅkay ṭaṅkayati v cover, shut up. -- Cf. uṭṭaṅkita & viṭaṅkita.

ṭaṃkāra m. howling, crying, humming, clattering.

ṭaṃkārita n. the same.

ṭaṃkṛta n. the same.

ṭal ṭalati v be confused or disturbed.

ṭasat ṭasiti & ṭāt v (onomat.) crash!

ṭāṃkāra m. & ṭāṃkṛta n. clinking, sound.

ṭāla a. tender (of fruits).

ṭiṭṭibha m. ī f. a kind of bird.

ṭiṇṭhā f. gaming house.

ṭīk ṭīkate v trip. C. ṭīkayati explain, make clear.

ṭīkā f. a commentary, esp. on some other commentary.

ṭītkāra m. crashing.

ṭopara s. small bag, purse.

ṭhakāra m. the sound or letter ṭha.

ṭhakkura m. deity, idol, object of reverence, often --° as honorary title after a pr. n.

ṭhāra m. rime, hoar-frost.

ṭhiṇṭhā f. = ṭiṇṭhā; also a woman's name.

ḍam ḍamati v sound (of a drum).

ḍama m. N. of a caste.

ḍamara m. riot, tumult.

ḍamarin m. ḍamaru (*m.) a kind of drum.

ḍamb viḍambayati v pp. viḍambita imitate, equal (acc.); mock, cheat, deceive.

ḍambara m. noise, confusion, sound of words, bombast, heap, mass, extent, course.

ḍavittha m. N. of a man.

ḍākinī f. female imp. witch.

ḍāṃkṛti f. sound, roaring.

ḍātkṛti f. sound, roaring.

ḍāmara a. extraordinary, strange (abstr. -tva n.); m. astonishment, wonder.

ḍāla s. branch.

ḍāhala m. N. of a people.

ḍāhāla m. N. of a people.

ḍiṇḍima m. a kind of drum (also ā & n.); humming, sound.

ḍittha m. N. of a man; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

ḍima m. a kind of drama; a cert. caste.

ḍimba s. affray, riot, tumult, danger, distress; m. egg.

ḍimbha m. a new-born child, fool, ignorant; young animal, sprout of a plant; egg, globe.

ḍimbhalīlā f. a child's play.*

ḍilli f. the town of Delhi.

ḍillī f. the town of Delhi.

ḍī ḍayate ḍīyate v pp. ḍīna fly, move through the air. --
     ud fly up, C. uḍḍāpayati scare. prod fly up and away.
     pra fly up. -- Cf. uḍḍīna.

ḍīna n. flying, flight (of a bird).

ḍuḍubha m. a kind of lizard.

ḍuḍuma & quRquBa m. a kind of lizard.

ḍerikā f. musk-rat.

ḍomba m. a cert. low caste; f. ī a kind of drama.

ḍauṇḍubha a. lizard-like (cf. ḍuṇḍubha).

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ḍval C. ḍvālayati w. ā mix.

ḍhakka m. a kind of building, N. of a city or district; f. ā a large drum.

ḍhāmarā f. goose.

ḍhāla n. shield.

ḍhālin a. armed with a shield.

ḍheṅka m. a kind of bird.

ḍhola m. a kind of large drum.

ḍhauk ḍhaukate v approach (acc.). C. ḍhaukayati cause to approach, bring near to (gen.). --
     upa C. present, offer.

ḍhaukana n. offering, present.

ta pron. stem of 3d pers. (cf. sa; n. tad q.v.) he, she, it; this, that (adj. & subst.), also = the def. article. Repeated, mostly in the plur. = this and that, various, several. ya ta (in the same sentence) whoever, anybody; ya (ya) -- ta ta or ya ka w. cid -- ta whoever-he. -- It often lays stress on an other pronoun of any pers. separately expressed or contained in a verbal form, as taṃ tvā -- ahvaṣata thee (there) they have invoked, sa naḥ--bhava be thou to us, te vayam we here.

taṃs tas v pour out (fig.); C. taṃsayati shake. --
     abhi shake out of, rob.
     pari C. shake, stir.
     vi the same. -- Cf. avataṃsay.

tak takti v pp. takta rush, fly. --
     nis M. rush on, attack (acc.).

taka pron, stem, demin, to ta.

taku a. rushing, hastening.

takman m. a kind or whole class of diseases.

takra n. buttermilk (mixed with water).

takva a. quick, fleet.

takvan m. a cert. bird of prey.

takvavī m. a cert. bird of prey.

takṣ takṣati takṣate takṣṇoti & tāṣṭi v pp. taṣṭa hew, cut, work, fashion, make, invent. --
     anu procure, get.
     apa split or cut off.
     ā produce, procure.
     ud fashion out of (abl.).
     nis shape or form.
     pra fashion, make.
     vi = apa.
     sam = S. (±together). -- Cf. vitaṣṭa.

takṣa a. cutting off, destroying (--°); m. a carpenter (--°); N. of a serpent-demon etc.

takṣaka m. cutter, carpenter; as pr. n. = prec.

takṣaṇa n. hewing, cutting, planing.

takṣan m. carpenter.

takṣaśila m. pl the inhabitants of T. (v. seq.).

takṣaśilā f. N. of a town; -tas from T.

takṣya a. to be shaped or formed.

taṅgaṇa m. pl. N. of a people.

taṅgana m. pl. N. of a people.

taccarita a. of that conduct.

tacchīla a. of that character or nature.

tajja a. produced by that.

tajjña a. knowing that, familiar with (--°).

tañc tanakti v contract. -- ā coagulate.

taṭ taṭati v rumble, groan.

taṭa m. ī f. slope, declivity (lit. & fig.); shore, bank.

taṭastha a. standing on a slope, bank or shore; also = madhyastha q.v.

taṭāka n. pond, lake, poss. -kin; f. -kinī a large lake.

taṭinī f. river (having banks); -pati m. the ocean.

taḍ C. tāḍayati beat, strike, hurt, hit. --
     abhi & ā C. the same.
     pari strike, pelt.
     vi pound, crush; C. pelt, wound, strike against (loc.).
     sam beat, strike, hit.

taḍāga n. pond, lake; -bhedaka m. the piercer or drainer of a pond.

taLit ( = taḍit & taḍitas) adv. closely, near.

taLitas ( = taḍit & taḍitas) adv. closely, near.

taḍit f. lightning.

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taḍitvant a. having or emitting a flash of lightning; m. a cloud.

taḍinmaya a. consisting of lightning.

taḍinmālā f. flash of lightning.

taḍillatā f. the same.

taḍillekhā f. the same.

taṇḍula m. grain, esp. of rice (used also as a weight).

taṇḍulakaṇa m. a grain of rice.

taṇḍulakaṇḍana n. rice-bran.

taṇḍulodaka n. rice-water.*

tata [1] m. father; voc. also = my son.

tata [2] a. stretched out, expanded, wide; overspread or covered with (instr. or --°).

tatas (adv. abl. of ta) thence, there, thither; then, therefore. --tatastatam & itastatas (from) here and there, (from) everywhere; the former also interr. = tataḥ kim what then? tataḥ param moreover, further, also = tataḥ paścāt thereupon, afterwards. tataḥprabhṛti (or tata ārabhya*) thenceforth, since. tato'nyatas elsewhere. tato'param later, afterwards. yatastatas from what (person or place) soever, (from) wherever. yatoyatas (from) wheresoever; correl. tatastatas.

tati [1] (only as pl.) so many.

tati [2] f. extension, spreading, offering (of a sacrifice); multitude, abundance, high degree.

tatitha f. ri the so maniest.

tatidhā adv. so manifold.

taturi a. overcoming, victorious.

tatomukha a. directed thither.*

tatkartṛ a. doing that.

tatkarmakārin a. performing the same action.

tatkāraṇa a. doing or causing that.

tatkārin a. doing the same.

tatkāryakāraṇāt (abl. adv.) for that (precise) reason.

tatkāla [1] m. that time, the time (now or then) being; (°--*) or acc. = at or during that time, just, directly, immediately.

tatkāla [2] a. happening at the same time or immediately.

tatkālavedin a. knowing that time.*

tatkālīna a. = tatkāla2.

tatkṛta a. caused by that (those); loc. therefore.

tatkṣaṇa m. the same moment; °--, acc., abl., & loc. at the same moment, just, immediately, forthwith.

tattulya a. equal or corresponding to, worthy of that (those).

tattva n. the state of being that, i.e. the true state or real nature; truth, reality, first principle (ph.). °--, instr., & adv. in tas in truth, really, exactly.

tattvakathana n. telling the truth.

tattvajña a. knowing the truth or true state of (--°).

tattvajñāna n. knowledge of the truth, T. of a work.

tattvadarśin a. seeing or knowing the truth.

tattvadṛś a. seeing or knowing the truth.

tattvabodha m. = tattvajñāna.

tattvabhāva m. true being or nature.

tattvabhūta a. being truth, i.e. true.

tattvavid a. = tattvajña.

tattvaśuddhi f. exact knowledge of the truth.

tattvākhyānopamā f. & tattvāpahvarūpaka n. two kinds of comparison (rh.).

tattvābhiyoga m. accusation on ground of facts (j.).

tattvārtha m. the exact truth; the true meaning of (--°).

tatpada n. the place of that or the word tad.

tatpara [1] a. following that or thereupon, inferior; abstr. -tva n.

tatpara [2] a. (lit. = seq.) quite given to or intent upon (loc. or --°), abstr. -tā f.

tatparāyaṇa a. having that as highest object.

tatpuruṣa m. his servant; a class of compounds (g.).

tatpratipādaka a. suggesting or teaching that.

tatpradhāna a. depending chiefly on that (pers. or thing).

tatprayojaka a. impelling him (her or them).

tatra (tatrā) adv. = loc. of ta, there, therein, then. tatra tatra here and there, everywhere. yatra tatraapi) wherever, at every place or time.

tatratya a. relating to that place, i.e. being there, coming thence, etc.

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tatrabhavant f. -vatī his or her reverence (there).

tatrastha a. standing or dwelling there.

tatrāntare (loc. adv.) meanwhile (lit. in that interval).

tatsakha m. his (her, their) friend.

tatsaṃkhyāka a. being in that number, counting so much.

tatsama a. equal, of equal meaning to (--°).

tatsamakṣam adv. before his (her, their) eyes.

tatsaṃbandhin a. connected with that (pers. or th.).

tatsahāya a. joined with that (those).

tatspṛṣṭin a. touching that (--°).

tatsvarūpa a. having the nature of that.

tathā adv. so, thus; also, likewise (±ca or api); as well, as truly (in asseverations, correl yathā); well, surely, certainly. --tathāpitu) even thus, nevertheless, yet (mostly after yadyapi or kāmam). tathā hi for thus (it is), for instance, namely. tathaivaca) just so. na tathā = anyathā (q.v.). yathā tathā howsoever, anyhow; w. neg. by no means. yathā yathā-tathā tathā in what manner or degree, the more -- in that manner etc.

tathāgata a. being in that condition, of such a quality or nature; m. a Buddhist.

tathāguṇa a. having such qualities or virtues.

tathābhāva m. the being so.

tathābhāvin a. who will be so.

tathābhūta a. being so, of such a kind or nature.

tathārūpa a. of such a form or shape.

tathārūpin a. of such a form or shape.

tathāvidha a. of such a sort or kind.

tathāvīrya a. of such strength or power.

tathāvrata a. observing such conduct.

tathya a. real, true; n. truth, reality; instr. & -tas according to truth.

tad n. sg. of ta (°-- used also as stem), as adv. there, then; therefore, accordingly; now, and; often connecting two sentences & correl. to yad yena yatas yadi, or ced. -- tadapi nevertheless, even; tadyathā for instance.

tadanantara a. nearest to that, immediately connected with (gen.); n. adv. immediately upon that, thereupon.

tadanu adv. thereupon, then.

tadanukṛti adv. accordingly (to that).

tadanuguṇa a. answering or corresponding to (--°).

tadanta a. ending with that.

tadantarbhūta a. being among or within (that).

tadapatya a. having offspring by that (woman); abstr. -tā f.

tadapas a. doing that work, used to do that.

tadapekṣa a. having a regard for that.

tadabhimukham adv. towards or against that.

tadartha [1] m. the meaning of that (those).

tadartha [2] a. having that purpose or meaning; n. adv. therefore, on that account.

tadarthin a. wishing for that (those).

tadarthīya a. having that object.

tadardhika a. half of that.

tadavastha a. being in that state or condition; being unaltered or safe.

tadā adv. at that time, in that case, then; sometimes redundant, esp. before atha & after tatas & purā. Often strengthened by eva (tadaiva); correl to yadā yatra yad yadi & ced. -- tadā prabhṛti thenceforward.
yadā tadā at every time, always.

tadātman a. having that nature.

tadātva n. present state (opp. āyati).

tadānīm adv. at that time, then.

tadāśraya a. relating to that (those.).

tadāśrayin a. relating to that (those.).

tadīya a. belonging to or coming from that (those); his, her, their; such.

tadupakārin a. helping to that, conducive.

tadupahita a. dependent on that.

tadūna a. diminished by that.

tadokas a. delighting in that.

tadgata a. directed towards that, pertaining to (--°).

tadguṇa [1] m. the quality or virtue of that (those).

tadguṇa [2] a. poss. to prec.

taddviguṇa a. double of that.

taddhita m. a kind of suffix & a word formed by it (g.).

tadbuddhi a. having that mind.

tadbhava a. originating in that, i.e. coming from Sanskrit (g.).

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tadbhāgin a. responsible for that.

tadyuta a. joined with that (pers. or thing), together.

tadyukta a. joined with that (pers. or thing), together.

tadrūpa a. thus shaped or formed.

tadvaṃśya a. being of that race.

tadvaktṛ a. teaching that.

tadvacana a. expressing or meaning that.

tadvat adv. so, in that manner (correl. to yadvat or yathā); likewise, also.

tadvattā f. abstr. to prec.

tadvayas a. being the same age.

tadvaśa a. desirous of that.

tadvid a. = tajjña.

tadvidha a. of that kind, answering to that; abstr. -tva n.

tadviṣaya a. having that for object, relating to that.

tadvṛtti a. living according to that.

tan tanoti tanute v pp. tata1 (q.v.) extend, stretch, spread (intr. & tr.); last, continue; protract, prolong, lengthen; spin out, weave (l. & f.); prepare, arrange, direct, accomplish, perform, compose, make. P. tāyate be extended, increase, grow. --
     adhi string (the bow), cover.
     anu extend along (intr.), continue; carry on, maintain.
     abhi extend or reach over (acc); spread out, unfold, place in front.
     ava sink down; overspread, cover; loosen, let off (esp. the bow-string).
     ā spread over, penetrate, cover (esp. with light); expand, diffuse, stretch (a bow); bring forth, produce, effect, show, betray.
     anvā stretch or reach over; spread (tr. & intr.).
     vyā diffuse, produce, effect.
     samā the same, stretch (esp. the bow).
     pari stretch around, surround, envelop.
     pra spread, extend (tr. & intr.); cause, produce; show, betray.
     vi spread over, cover, fill, stretch out (a cord, web, etc.) string (a bow); diffuse, extend; prepare, arrange, sacrifice; produce, effect; make, render (2 acc.).
     sam join one's self with, hold together; cover, fill; connect, continue, protract; effect, accomplish; exhibit, evince.
     anusam add, join, annex; spread, expand; carry on, prosecute. -- Cf. ātata pravitata vitata satata.

tan [2] (only dat. & instr.) spreading, continuation, propagation, offspring; instr. tanā (tanā) adv. uninterruptedly, continually.

tan tanyati3 v roar.

tana n. ā f. offspring, child.

tanaya a. propagating a race or belonging to a family. m. son (du. also son and daughter); f. tanayā daughter; n. posterity, offspring, child, descendant.

tanayitnu a. roaring, thundering.

tanas n. posterity, offspring.

taniman m. thinness, weakness; n. the liver.

taniṣṭha superl. & compar. to seq. tanu (f. tanu tanū & tanvī) thin, slender, small, minute, little, spare (abstr. -tā f., -tva n.), f. tanu or tanū body, form, nature (abstr. tanutā f.); person, esp. one's own person or self (often = a refl. pron.; cf. ātman). f. tanvī a (slender) woman.

tanīyaṃs superl. & compar. to seq. tanu (f. tanu tanū & tanvī) thin, slender, small, minute, little, spare (abstr. -tā f., -tva n.), f. tanu or tanū body, form, nature (abstr. tanutā f.); person, esp. one's own person or self (often = a refl. pron.; cf. ātman). f. tanvī a (slender) woman.

tanugātra f. ī slender (-limbed).

tanucchada m. feather, pl. plumage; armour, attire (lit. what covers the body).

tanuja m. ā f. son, daughter (born from the body or self).

tanutyaj a. giving up one's person.

tanutyāga m. giving up or risk of one's own life.

tanutra n. armour, mail (lit. body-protector).

tanutrāṇa n. armour, mail (lit. body-protector).

tanudhī a. of small understanding.

tanubhāva m. thinness, slenderness.

tanumadhya [1] n. the middle of the body, waist.

tanumadhya [2] a. having a slender waist.

tanumadhyama a. = prec.

tanuvarman n. armour (of the body).

tanuśarīra a. having a slender body.

tanūkṛ make thin, attenuate, diminish; w. bhū wane, decrease.

tanūkṛtha s. preservation of body and life.

tanūja a. born from or belonging to one's own body or person; m. & f. ā son, daughter.

tanūtyaj a. = tanutyaj.

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tanūnapāt m. Agni or the fire (lit. son of one's own self).

tanūpā a. protecting body and life.

tanūpāna f. ī the same; n. protection of body and life.

tanūbala n. the strength of the body or self.

tanūruc a. brilliant in person.

tanūruha n. hair of the body, feathers, wings; m. son (lit. what grows out of the body).

tanti f. cord, rope, line.

tantī f. cord, rope, line.

tantu m. thread, string, cord, wire, warp of a weft; uninterrupted line i.e. continuation of a sacrifice, propagation of a race, etc.; also concr. the propagator of a family (cf. seq.).

tantubhūta a. being the propagator of a family.

tantumant a. forming a thread; uninterrupted, lasting.

tantuvāna n. weaving.

tantuvāya m. a weaver.

tantra n. loom, the warp of a weft; anything continuous, regular, lasting, firm, constant, prevalent, or essential; series, troop, army; foundation, basis, regular order, chief part, main point; rule, theory, authority, doctrine, science; book, esp. a kind of mystic works, a magical formula; means, expedient, stratagem; medicine, esp. a specific. f. tantrī (nom. -s) string, lute.

tantraka a. recent from the loom, quite new (cloth); adj. --° doctrine, scientific work.

tantrakāra m. writer of a book, author.

tantray tantrayati v keep up, perform, conform one's self to, care or provide for (acc.).

tantravāya m. weaver.

tantrāyin a. drawing out a thread.

tantrīsvana n. time of a lute.

tand tandate v relax, give way.

tandr C. tandrayate grow weary.

tandra n. series, line.

tandrayu a. lazy, slothful.

tandrā f. weariness, laziness.

tandrāy tandrāyate v grow or be weary.

tandrī f. = tandrā.

tannimitta a. caused by that, abstr. -tva n.

tanniṣṭha a. intent on that.

tanmanas a. having the mind turned upon that.

tanmaya a. consisting or made up of that; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

tanmāṃsāda m. eater of that flesh.

tanmātra a. only so much or little. n. a trifle; atom, elementary matter (ph.).

tanmūla a. caused by (lit. rooted in) that.

tanyatā (instr. f.) thundering, roaring.

tanyatu m. the same.

tanyu a. roaring, howling.

tanvaṅga f. ī slender (-limbed); f. a maiden or woman.

tap tapati v (tapate), pp. tapta (q.v.) be warm or hot, burn (instr.), shine; castigate one's self, do penance, suffer; heat, burn (tr.), distress, pain, torment. P. tapyate (also tapyate ti) has only the intr. mgs. C. tāpayati te make hot, consume by heat, listress, pain, castigate (one's self). --
     ati make warm or hot, trouble, distress.
     anu heat, pain; P. suffer pain, repent, long for (acc.).
     pratyanu & samnu P. repent.
     abhi make hot, shine upon, pain, ache; P. suffer pain.
     ā glow, shine, heat; P. suffer pain, w. tapas castigate one's self.
     abhyā heat, pain, torment.
     ud the same.
     upa make hot, vex, hurt; also = P. suffer, pain, get unwell (A. also impers. w. gen. or acc. of pers.).
     nis (niṣ) heat, singe.
     pari burn all round, set on fire, kindle; also = P. feel pain, suffer, do penance (±tapas). C. pain, afflict.
     pra A. give out heat, burn, shine (l. & f.); shine upon, warm, heat, singe, roast, pain, torment; also = P. feel pain, suffer, castigate one's self. C. heat, warm, illumine, kindle; pain, distress.
     prati give out heat towards, make hot or warm.
     vi give out strong heat, burn; pervade, penetrate.
     sam heat, burn, pain, torment (also C.); suffer pain, repent. P. be distressed, grieve, do penance.
     abhisam vex, distress. -- Cf. uttapta upatapta pratapant pratapta saṃtapta.

tapa a. heating, burning, tormenting (--°); m. heat, fire, penance, religious austerity.

tapaḥklama a. exhausted by austerities.

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tapaḥkṣama a. fit to bear austerities.

tapatī f. N. of a daughter of the Sun & of a river.

tapana a. warming, burning, shining (of the sun); vexing, tormenting. m. the sun, a cert. hot hell. f. tapanī heat, ardour. n. tapana the same + pain, penance, religious austerity.

tapanīya m. a sort of rice; n. (purified) gold.

tapanīyāśoka m. a kind of Acoka.*

tapaścaraṇa n. -ścaryā f. the practice of penance.

tapas n. warmth, heat, ardour; pain, grief; religious austerity, penance, meditation; (*m.) a cert. month or season.

tapasy tapasyati v do penance.

tapasya a. produced by heat; m. a cert. cool month, a man's name; f. ā & n. penance, austerity.

tapasvant a. glowing; ascetic, devout.

tapasvikanyā f. -jana m. a female devotee.

tapasvijana m. = seq. m. (also coll.).

tapasvin a. distressed, miserable; devout, pious, doing penance; m. & f. tapasvinī an ascetic, a religious man or woman.

tapātyaya m. the end of the heat, the rainy season.

tapānta m. the end of the heat, the rainy season.

tapiṣṭha (superl.) very hot or burning.

tapiṣṇu a. burning, glowing, hot.

tapīyaṃs (compar.) extremely ascetic; more ascetic than (gen.).

tapu a. burning, hot.

tapuṣi a. the same; m. or f. a burning weapon.

tapuṣpā a. drinking hot (drinks).

tapus a. = tapu.

tapodhana a. rich in penance, ascetic, pious; m. a devout or pious man.

taponidhi m. a treasure of penance, i.e. a very pious man.

taponta a. ending with austerity.

tapobhṛt a. bearing penance, ascetic; m. = prec.

tapomadhya a. having austerity in the middle.

tapomūla a. founded on austerity.

tapoyajña a. having austerity as sacrifice.

tapoyukta a. devout, religious (lit. furnished with penance).

tapoyoga m. practice of austerities.

taporata a. delighting in penance.

taporati a. delighting in penance.

tapolubdha a. eager for penance, devout.

tapovana n. penance grove, hermitage.

tapovant a. ascetic, devout, pious.

tapovṛddha a. strong by or rich in penance, very devout or religious.

tapta a. heated, burnt, hot, molten, scorched, distressed, afflicted; (having) undergone (tapaḥ) n. adv.; as subst. hot water.

taptakṛcchra m. n. a kind of penance.

taptāyas n. red-hot iron.

tapti f. heat, warmth.

tapyati f. heat, warmth.

taptṛ a. making hot or warm.

tapyatu a. hot, glowing; f. = tapti.

tam tāmyati v (tāmyate), pp. tānta become dark, dull, or stiff; faint away, be exhausted, lauguish, perish (also impers. w. acc. of subj.). --
     ā ud & sam languish, be perplexed.
     pra be out of breath, be exhausted, languish. -- Cf. avatānta nitānta.

tamaka m. a kind of asthma.

tamana n. the becoming breathless.

tamas n. darkness, gloom; mental darkness, illusion; error, ignorance (ph.).

tamasa a. dark-coloured; n. darkness.

tamasvant (f. -svatī & tamasvarī) dark, gloomy.

tamām (--° in adv., later also in fin. verbs) in a high degree, very, much.

tamāla m. N. of a tree.

tamisra n. darkness (also f. tamistrā), a dark night; a cert. dark hell, hell i.g.

tamoghna a. destroying darkness; m. the sun.

tamoniṣṭha a. founded on darkness.

tamonud a. expelling darkness.

tamonuda a. expelling darkness.

tamobhūta a. dark, ignorant, stupid.

tamomaya f. ī consisting of darkness.

tamorūpa a. the same.

tamorūpin a. the same.

tamovant a. dark, gloomy.

tamovṛdh a. delighting in darkness.

tamohan a. destroying darkness.

tamra a. obscuring or choking.

tar m. (only nom. pl. tāras) star.

tara a. crossing, surpassing, overcoming (--°); m. passage, ferry, freight.

tarakṣa m. hyena.

tarakṣu m. hyena.

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taraṃg taraṃgati taraṃgate v wave, heave.

taraṃga m. a wave (fig. of a section in a book); jumping motion, leap; waving, moving to and fro.

taraṃgay taraṃgayati v pp. taraṃgita (q.v.) move to and fro (trans.), toss.

taraṃgavāta m. air or wind coming from the waves.

taraṃgita a. waving, fluctuating, restless, agitated; n. as abstr.

taraṃgin a. waving, moving to and fro; f. -ṇī a river; fig. = taraṃga.

taraṇa n. crossing, surpassing.

taraṇi a. running through or onward, quick, fleet; eager, ardent; helpful, favourable; m. the sun.

taraṇitva n. eagerness, zeal.

taraṇīya a. to be crossed or surpassed.

taratamatas adv. more or less.

taraddveṣas a. overwhelming enemies.

taradhyai dat. inf. to tṛ.

tarala a. moving to and fro, trembling, glittering, shining; inconstant, fickle, perishable (abstr. -tā f., -tva n.); m. wave, billow, the central gem in a necklace, pl. N. of a people; f. ā & n. rice-gruel.

taralay taralayati v pp. taralita move to and fro, shake (tr. & intr.).

taralikā f. N. of a woman.*

taras [1] n. speed, energy, efficacy, strength; ferry, raft. Instr. speedily, quickly, violently.

taras [2] a. rash, energetic.

tarasa m. n. flesh; a. -maya consisting of flesh.

tarasvant a. rash, energetic, bold, valiant.

tarasvin a. rash, energetic, bold, valiant.

tarām adv. very, much (--° in adv., later in verbs); w. na by no means.

tari f. boat, ship.

tarī f. boat, ship.

tarika m. ferry-man; f. ā boat.

tariṇī f. boat, ship.

tarivāra sword; -dhārā f. sword-blade.*

tarī [1] f. -> tari.

tarī [2] f. = starī.

tarīyaṃs (compar.) running through (acc.).

tarīṣaṇi (inf.) to run through (acc.).

taru [1] a. rash.

taru [2] m. tree.

tarukoṭara n. the hollow of a tree.

tarugahana n. the thicket of a tree.

tarucchāyā f. the shade of a tree.

taruṇa f. ī young, tender, new, fresh; just begun (heat), just risen (sun, moon, etc.). m. young man, N. of sev. plants, also a man's name; f. taruṇī young woman, girl; n. cartilage; sprout, stalk.

taruṇay taruṇayati v refresh, strengthen.

taruṇāditya m. the young (i.e. just risen) sun.

taruṇiman m. youth, juvenility.

tarutala n. the place under a tree.

tarutṛ [1] a. winning, conquering (acc.).

tarutṛ [2] m. conqueror, impeller (gen.).

tarutra a. carrying across; gaining or granting victory.

tarumaṇḍapa s. arbour, bower.

tarumūla n. root of a tree, also = tarutala.

tarurāji f. row of trees, avenue.

taruṣ taruṣati taruṣate v overcome, vanquish. -- ā pass over, cross.

taruṣa m. conqueror, vanquisher; f. ī victorious fight.

taruṣaṇḍa n. a group of trees.

taruṣy pp. taruṣyant fighting (tr.).

tarus n. fight, contest; superiority.

tarūṭa m. the root of the lotus.

tarūṣas a. victorious, superior.

tark tarkayati v (tarkayate) suppose, conjecture, guess, reflect, regard as (2 acc.), think of (acc.), think to (inf.). --
     pari ponder, think over, consider as (2 acc.).
     vi suppose, conjecture, reflect on (acc.), ascertain.
     sam regard as (2 acc.).

tarka m. supposition, conjecture, opinion; meditation, discussion, philosophical doctrine or system, refutation.

tarkasaṃgraha m. T. of a work (v. prec.).

tarkin a. supposing, thinking, reasoning, skilled in speculation or philosophy.

tarku s. spindle.

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tarj tarjati v (tarjate), pp. tarjita (q.v.) threaten, menace, abuse, revile. C. tarjayati te = S. + deride, mock; frighten, terrify. --
     abhi & vi C. scold, revile.
     pari C. threaten.
     sam C. = S.C.

tarjana n. = seq., also = f. ā censure, blame; f. ī the fore-finger.

tarjita n. threat, menace.

tarṇaka m. calf; any young animal.

tarda m. a sort of insect (lit. borer).

tardana n. hole, opening, cleft.

tardman n. hole, opening, cleft.

tarpaṇa f. ī satiating, refreshing, comforting. n. the action of satiating etc.; satiety, fulness, comfort, pleasure, satisfaction; restorative, nourishment, food.

tarpaṇīya a. to be satiated or satisfied.

tarman -> sutarman.

tarya m. N. of a man.

tarṣa m. -ṇa n. thirst, greediness, desire.

tarṣita a. thirsty, desirous of (--°).

tarṣyāvant a. thirsty.

tarhaṇa f. ī crushing.

tarhi adv. at that time, in that case, then (often correl. w. yarhi yad yadā yatra yadi ced); therefore, then, now, well (esp. w. imper. or interr.).

tala m. n. place on or under (gen. or --°), surface, bottom, plain; often corresp. to a more special word, as pāṇitala palm of the hand, nabhastala vault of the sky, often otiose. n. arm-leather (cf. aṅgulitra).

talaghoṣa m. clapping of the hands.

talaloka m. the nether world.

talava m. a musician.

talavakāra m. N. of a Vedic school.

talavakāropaniṣad f. T. of an Upanishad.

talātala n. a cert. hell.

talāśā f. a cert. tree.

talita a. fried.

talina a. thin, slender; small, little.

talima n. floor, pavement.

talīdya n. a cert. part of the body.

talpa m. f.) bed, couch, fig. = wedlock.

talpaga a. going to the bed of (--°); cf. prec.

talpaja a. born in a marriage bed (but by an appointed substitute of the man).

talpya a. belonging to a bed; born in wedlock.

tavas a. strong, bold, m. strength, heroism.

tavasya n. = prec. m.

tavasvant a. = tavas adj.

tavāgā a. strong, huge (bull).

taviṣa a. = tavas a.; f. taviṣī & n. = tavas m.

taviṣīmant a. strong, bold, courageous.

taviṣīy taviṣīyate v pp. -yant & yamāṇa be strong, violent, or eager; exert one's self.

taviṣīyu a. = taviṣīmant.

taviṣīvant a. = taviṣīmant.

taviṣy taviṣyate v = taviṣīy.

taviṣyā f. violence, force.

tavīyaṃs compar. to tavas a.

tavya a. strong, powerful.

tavyaṃs a. = tavīyaṃs.

taṣṭi f. carpentry.

taṣṭṛ m. builder, carpenter.

tasara n. shuttle.

taskara m. thief, robber; abstr. -tā f., -tva n.

tasthu a. stationary, immovable.

tasmāt (abl. adv.) therefore, then (correl. to yada or yasmāt).

tākṣṇa f. ī belonging to a carpenter.

tājak adv. suddenly, at once.

tājat adv. suddenly, at once.

tājaka m. a Persian.

tājika m. a Persian.

tāḍa a. beating (--°); m. strike, blow.

tāḍaka m. killer; f. ā N. of a Yakṣiṇī changed into a Rākṣasī and killed by Rāma.

tāḍana a. beating, striking, hurting; n. the act of beating, stroke, blow.

tāḍanīya a. to be beaten.

tāḍāga a. being in or coming from ponds.

tāḍya a. = tāḍanīya.

tāṇḍava s. a wild dance, esp. of the god Śiva.

tāṇḍavita a. dancing, hopping (cf. prec.).

tāṇḍya m. patr. N. of a teacher.

tāṇḍyabrāhmaṇa n. T. of a Brāhmaṇa.

tāt (abl. adv.) thus, then.

tāta m. father; voc. also i.g. reverend, dear.

tātṛpi a. satisfying, delightful.

tātkālika f. ī lasting that (i.e. the same) time or belonging to it; happening at that moment, i.e. immediate, sudden.

tāttvika a. essential, real, true.

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tātparya n. the being devoted to or aiming at one object; the real meaning, scope, or purport of a speech or work; -tas with that intention.

tātya a. paternal.

tātsthya n. the being there or contained therein.

tādarthya n. the being intended for that.

tādātmya n. the identity of nature with (instr., loc., or --°).

tādītnā adv. at that time, then.

tādṛkṣa a. = tādṛś.

tādṛgguṇa a. of such qualities.

tādṛgrūpa a. of such a shape or form.

tādṛgrūpavant a. of such a shape or form.

tādṛgvidha a. of such a kind or nature.

tādṛś a. (nom. m. f. tādṛṅ & tādṛk) such like, such a one; n. tādṛk adv. in such a manner.

tādṛśa f. ī = prec. a.

tādrūpya n. the being shaped like that.

tādvidhya n. the being qualified like that.

tāna m. thread, fibre; n. expanse.

tānava n. thinness, meagreness, slenderness.

tānūnaptra n. a cert. ceremony relating to Agni Tanūnapāt (r.).

tāntava f. ī made of thread; m. son (cf. tantu); n. a web or woven cloth.

tānti f. choking, suffocation.

tāntra s. the music of a string instrument.

tāntrika f. ā & ī familiar with or contained in a cert. doctrine, esp. relating to the Tantras, mystical.

tāpa m. heat, ardour, pain, affiction.

tāpaka a. heating, burning, purifying.

tāpana f. ī heating, burning, distressing, illumining (--°). m. the sun; n. burning, distressing, chastisement, penance; a cert. hell.

tāpanīya a. made of (pure) gold; m. pl. a cert. Vedic school.

tāpanīyopaniṣad f. T. of sev. Upanishads (cf. prec.).

tāpayiṣṇu a. burning, tormenting.

tāpaścita n. a kind of ceremony (r.).

tāpasa a. performing penance or belonging to it. m. a devotee, ascetic, hermit (f. ī).

tāpasaveṣabhṛt a. wearing a hermit's clothes.

tāpasya n. the state or condition of an ascetic.

tāpiccha m. N. of a plant.

tāpiñcha m. N. of a plant.

tāpin a. vexing (--°); f. -nī T. of sev. Upanishads.

tāpya m. n. marcasite.

tāma m. longing, desire.

tāmarasa n. a red-coloured lotus (adj. --° f. ā); f. ī lotus pond.

tāmasa f. ī dark, belonging to ignorance (ph.); N. of the fourth Manu.

tāmi f. suppression of the breath.

tāmī f. suppression of the breath.

tāmisra (pakṣa) m. the dark half of the moon; m. a Rākṣasa or a cert. hell.

tāmbala m. a kind of hemp; adj. f. ī.

tāmbūla n. betel (also f. ī), esp. its leaf.

tāmbūlavīṭikā f. betel-globe.

tāmbūlika m. a seller of betel.

tāmra [1] a. copper-coloured, dark-red (abstr. -tā f., -tva n.); m. a kind of leprosy; n. copper or a copper vessel.

tāmra f. ī2 made of copper; f. ī a kind of clepsydra.

tāmrakuṭṭa m. coppersmith (f. ī).

tāmracūḍa a. red-crested; m. cock.

tāmradhūmra a. dark-red.

tāmranakha f. ī having red (i.e. dyed) nails; -nakhāṅguli h. red nails & fingers.

tāmrapaṭṭa m. a copper-plate.

tāmrapātra n. a copper vessel.

tāmramaya f. ī made of copper.

tāmralipta m. pl. N. of a people.

tāmravarṇa a. copper-coloured, dark-red.

tāmrākṣa f. ī red-eyed; m. a crow.

tāmrika a. made of copper.

tāy tāyate v (cf. tan1) w. vi & sam expand.

tāyana n. succeeding, prospering.

tāyu m. thief.

tāra a. all-pervading, esp. of a sound, i.e. loud, high, shrill; or of light, i.e. shining, radiant. -- m. passing over, crossing (only --°); saver, deliverer (E. of sev. gods), a clear or beautiful pearl, a man's name. f. ā a star or meteor, the pupil of the eye; N. of sev. goddesses & women. n. descent to a river, bank; a loud or shrill sound (also m.); tāram as adv. aloud; comp. tārataram, superl. tāratamam.

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tāraka (f. -rikā) carrying over, rescuing; m. N. of a demon, pl. the children of T.; f. tārakā star (also n.), meteor, pupil of the eye, a woman's name; f. tārikā the juice of palms.

tārakākṣa a. star-eyed.

tārakāntaka m. the killer of Tāraka, i.e. Skanda.

tārakārāja m. the moon (lord of the stars).

tārakeśvara m. the moon (lord of the stars).

tārakopaniṣad f. T. of an Upanishad.

tāraṇa a. & n. carrying over, rescuing; n. also crossing, surpassing, conquering.

tāratamya n. the being more or less, difference, gradation, proportion.

tāralya n. fickleness.

tārava f. ī belonging to a tree.

tārākṣa a. = tārakākṣa.

tārādhipa m. the moon (lord of the stars).

tārāpati m. the same; the husband of Tārā, E. of sev. gods.

tārāmaya f. ī consisting of stars.

tārāmṛga m. N. of a lunar mansion.

tārāmaitraka n. spontaneous love (lit. the friendship of the stars).

tārāyaṇa m. the holy fig tree.

tārika n. fare or toll for passage.

tārin a. carrying over, rescuing; -ṇī f. E. of Durgā.

tāruṇya n. youth, juvenility.

tārkika m. thinker, philosopher.

tārkṣa m. a cert. bird; E. of Garuḍa & Kaśyapa.

tārkṣya m. N. of a mythical being, conceived as a horse, later as a bird, also = prec.

tārṇa a. made of grass.

tārtīya a. belonging to the third, the third; n. the third part.

tārtīyīka a. the third; abstr. -tva n.

tārpya n. a garment made of a cert. vegetable substance.

tārya a. to be crossed or conquered; n. fare, toll.

tārṣṭāgha m. a cert. tree; a. (f. ī) belonging to it.

tāla m. the fan-palm (often mentioned as a banner or a measure of height); clapping of the hands, flapping (esp. of the ears of an elephant); beating time, musical time or measure, dance; E. of Śiva, pl. N. of a people. f. ī a cert. tree, palm-wine, clapping of the hands. n. the nut of the fan-palm.

tālaka m. a cert. insect; f. tālikā the palm of the hand, clapping of the hands.

tālaketu m. bearer of the palm banner, E. of sev. heroes.

tālaja a. coming from the fan-palm.

tālajaṅgha a. having long (lit. palm-tree) legs; m. N. of sev. demons & heroes, pl. of a warrior tribe.

tāladruma m. the fan-palm tree.

tāladhvaja m. = tālaketu.

tālana n. clapping of the hands.

tālapattra n. leaf of the fan-palm.

tālaphala n. the nut of the fan-palm.

tālavṛnta (& *ka) n. a palm-leaf or fan.

tālavya a. palatal.

tālaśabda m. (sound of the) clapping of the hands.

tālasvana m. (sound of the) clapping of the hands.

tālīyaka s. a cymbal.

tālu n. (m.) palate.

tāluka (adj. --°) the same.

tālūra m. whirlpool.*

tālūṣaka s. palate.

tālpa a. born of the marriage-bed.

tāvaka f. ī thy, thine.

tāvakīna a. the same.

tāvacchata f. ī consisting of as many hundreds.

tāvacchas adv. so manifoldly.

tāvajjyok adv. so long.

tāvatkālam adv. the same.

tāvatkṛtvas adv. so many times.

tāvattāt adv. just as much or many.

tāvatphala a. yielding so much fruit (fig.).

tāvadguṇa a. having so many qualities.

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tāvant a. so great, so much (many), so long, so far (correl. w. yāvant q.v.). n. tāvat adv. so much, so long, so far; for a while, in the mean time (also instr. or loc.); first, at once, just, now (esp. w. imperat. or 1. pers. pres. or fut.); indeed, of course, it is true, one must admit. Often only emphasizing (±eva). -- na tāvat not yet, not at all, mā tāvat by no means! tāvat-yāvat (±na) as long or as far--as. yāvadyāvat -- tāvattāvat gradually as -- (so). tāvat -- ca no sooner-than.

tāvanmātra f. ri just as much.

tāsūna m. a sort of hemp, a. (f. ī) hempen.

tāskarya n. theft, robbery.

tikta a. sharp, pungent, bitter, fragrant.

tiktāy tiktāyate v taste bitter.

tigita a. sharp, pointed.

tigma a. = prec. + poignant, hot; abstr. -tā f.

tigmakara m. the sun.

tigmajambha a. sharp-toothed.

tigmatejana a. sharp-edged or pointed.

tigmatejas a. the same + violent, fiery; m. the sun.

tigmadīdhiti m. the sun.

tigmaraśmi m. the sun.

tigmavīrya a. violent, strong, intense.

tigmaheti a. having sharp or fiery weapons.

tigmāṃśu m. the sun, fire.

tigmāyudha a. having sharp weapons.

tigmeṣu a. having sharp arrows.

tij tejate v pp. tikta (q.v.) be or make sharp. C. tejayati sharpen, incite. D. titikṣate (ti) wish to be sharp or firm against, i.e. endure, bear (acc.). I. tetikte = S. tr. & intr. --
     ud & sam C. incite, impel. -- Cf. nitikta.

titau s. sieve, cribble.

titikṣā f. endurance, patience; a. -kṣu.

titīrṣā f. wish to pass over; a. -rṣu.

tittira m. partridge.

tittiri m. the same (abstr. -tva n.), N. of an ancient teacher & a serpent-demon.

tithi m. f. a lunar day (also tithī f.); -viśeṣa a particular i.d.*

tiniśa m. N. of a tree.

tintiḍikā f. tamarind.

tintiḍī f. tamarind.

tinduka m. ī f. N. of a plant.

tim timyati v pp. timita become quiet (or *damp*).

timi m. a large fish, fish i.g.

timiṃgila m. swallower of the Timi, a large fabulous fish.

timiṃgilagila m. swallower of the Timingila (v. prec.).

timira a. dark, gloomy; n. darkness, dimness of the eyes.

timiray timirayati v darken, obscure.

timiraugha m. deep (lit. flood of) darkness.

tiray tirayati v veil, cover, hide; restrain, oppress; pervade, fill.

tiraścīna a. transverse, oblique.

tiraścīnavaṃśa m. cross-beam.

tiras prep. through, across, beyond, past, without, against (acc.), apart, secretly, or safely from (abl.); adv. crossways, aside, awry; privately, covertly. -- Cf. kṛ dhā bhū.

tiraskara f. ī surpassing (gen.).

tiraskarin m. -riṇī f. veil, curtain.

tiraskāra m. abuse, reproach, contempt (adj. -rin); armour, mail.

tiraskṛti (--°) & tiraskiyā f. = tirarkāra abstr.

tirīṭa (*n. a kind of head-dress); p. -ṭin.

tiroahnya a. having lasted beyond a day; left from the day before yesterday.

tirojanam adv. apart from men.

tirodhā f. concealment, secrecy.

tirodhāna n. -bhāva m. disappearance, vanishing.

tirobhūta a. disappeared, vanished.

tirohita a. hidden, concealed, vanished.

tirohnya a. = tiroahvaya.

tiryaktā f. -tka n. condition of a beast.

tiryakpratimukhāgata n. the coming sideways or backwards.

tiryagāyata a. stretched out obliquely.

tiryagga a. going obliquely.

tiryaggata a. going horizontally.

tiryaggati f. condition of a beast.

tiryagja a. born from an animal.

tiryagjana m. a beast (lit. = pr.).

tiryagyona m. a beast (lit. = pr.).

tiryagyoni f. the womb of an animal; condition or race of animals (incl. plants), organic nature.

tiryagvalana n. oblique movement, deflection.

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tiryañc (nom. m. tiryaṅ, f. tiraścī, n. tiryak) transverse, oblique, horizontal; m. n. an animal (as horizontal, not erect), esp. an amphibious animal, i.g. any creature except man; n. breadth, adv. = tiraścā or -ści sideways, obliquely, across.

tila m. the sesamum plant or seed; mole or spot, small particle of anything.

tilaka m. N. of a tree; freckle, mole, spot under the skin; coloured mark, esp. on the forehead either as an ornament or a sectarian distinction (also n.); the ornament or pride of (--°).

tilakakriyā f. painting, ornamenting (v. prec.).

tilakabhūta a. being the ornament of (gen.).*

tilakay tilakayati v pp. tilakita mark, ornament, glorify.

tilataila n. sesamum-oil.

tiladroṇa s. a Droṇa of sesamum.

tilaparṇa n. sandal-wood.

tilaparṇika n. sandal-wood.

tilaparṇikā f. the sandal-tree.

tilaparṇī f. the sandal-tree.

tilapīḍa m. sesamum-grinder.

tilaprada a. giving sesamum.

tilamaya f. ī made of sesamum.

tilamiśra a. mixed with sesamum.

tilamiśla a. mixed with sesamum.

tilaśas adv. in small (lit. sesamum-) pieces.

tilasaṃbaddha a. mixed with sesamum.

tilasarṣapa n. pl. sesamum and mustard-seed.

tilāmbu n. water with sesamum.

tiliṅga m. N. of a country.

tiliṅgadeśa m. N. of a country.

tilottamā f. N. of an Apsaras.

tilodaka n. = tilāmbu.

tilodana n. boiled rice with sesamum.

tilaudana n. boiled rice with sesamum.

tilpiñja m. names of plants.

tilvaka m. names of plants.

tilvila a. fertile, rich.

tiṣya m. N. of a heavenly archer (cf. kṛśānu) & of a lunar mansion.

tisṛ f. pl. three.

tīkṣṇa a. sharp, hot, pungent, acid; harsh, rude, noxious; eager, quick; subtle, keen, intelligent. m. a man's name; f. N. of sev. plants; n. adv., as subst. *iron, poison, slaughter.

tīkṣṇakara m. = tīkṣṇāṃśu.

tīkṣṇatā f. -tva n. sharpness, pungency.

tīkṣṇadaṃṣṭra a. having sharp teeth.

tīkṣṇadaṇḍa a. inflicting severe punishment.*

tīkṣṇadhāra a. sharp-edged.

tīkṣṇabhaṅga a. knocked (sharply) asunder.*

tīkṣṇavipāka a. burning in digestion.

tīkṣṇaśṛṅga a. sharp-horned.

tīkṣṇahṛdaya a. hard-hearted; abstr. -tva n.

tīkṣṇāṃśu a. having hot rays; m. the sun.

tīkṣṇāgra a. sharp-pointed.

tīkṣṇāmla a. bitter-sour.*

tīkṣṇārcis a. having hot rays.

tīkṣṇeṣu a. having sharp arrows.

tīra n. shore, bank, brim (of a vessel).

tīraja a. growing near a shore; m. such a tree.

tīray tirayati v get through, bring to an end.

tīraruha a. & m. = tīraja.

tīrikā f. a sort of arrow.

tīrtha n. (m.) passage, access, approach (esp. to a water or the altar); descent into a water, landing or bathing-place (poss. -vant), shrine or holy place of pilgrimage, any venerable or worthy thing or person, esp. counsellor, adviser, teacher (also counsel, instruction); certain lines or parts of the hand sacred to sev. gods; the right way, place, or moment.

tīrthaka a. worthy, sacred. m. an ascetic, the chief of a sect; n. a holy bathing-place.

tīrthakara a. creating a passage, sc. through life (Viṣṇu & Śiva); m. a venerable person, esp. the chief of a sect.

tīrthamṛttikā f. earth from a holy bathing-place.*

tīrthayātrā f. visit to a sacred shrine or bathing-place, pilgrimage.

tīrthodaka n. water from a sacred bathing-place.

tīrthya a. belonging to a ford or bathing-place; m. = tīrthaka m.

tīvara m. hunter (a mixed caste).

tīvra a. strong, violent, intense, fierce; m. & -tā f. abst.

tu tavīti1 v be strong. --
     ud & sam (1. tavītvat) effect, bring about.

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tu [2] (tū) (indecl.) pray, do (w. imperat.); but, on the contrary (±eva or vai); often only explet. -- kiṃ tu & paraṃ tu yet, however (esp. after a concess. sent.); na tu yet not, rather than (esp. after kāmam bhūyas varam etc.). tu--tu on the one hand -- on the other, indeed -- but.

tuk m. child, boy.

tugra m. N. of the father of Bhujyu & an enemy of Indra.

tugrya m. patron. of Bhujyu; pl. the race of Tugra.

tugvan n. ford.

tuṅga a. high, lofty, sublime (abstr. -tva n.); m. height, eminence, mountain.

tuṅgabala m. a man's name.

tuṅgiman m. height, sublimity.

tuc s. (only dat. tuce) offspring.

tuccha a. empty, void, vain, s. a paltry thing; abstr. -tva n.

tucchay tucchayati v make empty or poor.

tucchaya a. void. empty, vain; n. as abstr.

tuj tujati tujate1 v (tuñjati & tuñjate 3 pl.) push on, impel, stir up; press out, emit, promote, further; M. dash together or wave to and fro, hasten, rush on; P. be vexed or angry. C. tujayati hasten, run. -- Cf. ātuje tūtujāna.

tuj [2] a. & s. urging, pressing, impelling.

tuj [3] s. (only tujam & tuje) = tuc.

tujase dat. inf. to tuj1.

tuji [1] (only dat. tujaye) propagation.

tuji [2] m. N. of a man protected by Indra.

tujya a. to be pushed or impelled.

tuñja m. shock, impulse.

tuṇḍa n. beak, snout, trunk (of an elephant), mouth, face; point; chief, head; E. of Śiva, N. of a Rakṣas; f. ī a kind of cucumber.

tuṇḍika a. having a trunk.

tuṇḍikera m. N. of a people.

tuṇḍibha a. having a prominent navel.

tuṇḍila a. having a prominent navel.

tuṇḍela m. a cert. evil spirit or goblin.

tuturvaṇi a. striving to bring near or to obtain.

tuttha n. blue vitriol.

tud tudati v (tudate), pp. tunna strike, push, prick; pound, crush, C. todayati goad, prick. --
     ā goad, urge on.
     ni pierce, penetrate.
     pra strike at, prick at; C. urge, impel.
     vi pierce, strike, tear.

tuda a. striking (--°).

tunda n. belly, f. ī navel.

tundila a. having a large belly.

tunnavāya m. tailor.

tubara a. astringent.

tumula a. noisy, tumultuous, confused; m. n. noise, rumult, uproar.

tumba m. ī f. a kind of long gourd.

tumburu m. N. of a Gandharva & sev. men.

tumra a. big, strong.

tur turati turate turayati turayate1 v hasten, advance, run; tūryati overcome. D. tūtūrṣati press forwards.

tur [2] a. hastening, speeding; conquering.

tura [1] a. quick, eager, prompt, willing.

tura [2] a. strong, mighty, victorious, wealthy, abundant.

tura [3] a. hurt, wounded.

turaka m. pl. the Turks.

turaga m. a horse (lit. = seq.); f. ī a mare.

turagātu a. going quickly.

turaṃga m. f.) = turaga.

turaṃgama m. f.) = turaga.

turaṃgin a. consisting of horses or horsemen.

turaṇa a. quick, nimble.

turaṇy turaṇyati v be quick, hasten, speed (trans. & intr.).

turaṇyu a. quick, eager, zealous.

turam adv. quickly.

turayā a. going quickly.

turāyaṇa n. a cert. sacrifice.

turi f. victorious strength (only dat. turyai), also = seq.

turī f. the weaver's brush.

turīpa n. seminal fluid; adj. spermatic.

turīya (turīya or turīya) a. the fourth, consisting of four; n. one fourth.

turīyabhāj a. partaking of a fourth.

turuṣka m. pl. N. of a people, the Turks.

turya a. = turīya.

turyavah (nom. -vāṭa) a. four years old; m. such an ox, f. turyauhī such a cow.

turyā f. superior strength.

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turv tūrvati v overpower.

turva m. = turvaśa.

turvaṇi a. conquering (acc.), victorious.

turvaṇe dat. inf. to turv.

turvaśa m. N. of an Aryan hero, mostly connected with Yadu; pl. his race. turvaśāyadū du. Turvaśa and Yadu.

turvasu m. N. of a son of Yayāti.

turvīti m. N. of a man.

tul tolayati & tulayati tulayate v pp. tulita lift up, weigh, examine, compare; equal, match, resemble. --
     ā lift up.
     ud raise, weigh.
     sam weigh against each ofter.

tulana n. lifting, weighing, rating.

tulā f. balance, scales; measure, weight; equal weight, resemblance, similarity, likeness with (instr.); the Libra in the zodiac. Acc. w. i gam ā-yā adhiruh, etc. equal, resemble, be like (instr.); instr. w. dhṛ weigh, compare with (instr.).

tulākoṭi m. = tulāyaṣṭi or an ornament on the feet of a woman.

tulādhāraṇa n. weighing.

tulāmāna n. weights and measures.

tulāyaṣṭi f. the end of the beam of a balance.

tulāyoga m. pl. the various modes of employing a balance.

tulāvant a. having a pair of scales.

tulima a. to be or being weighed.

tulya a. equal in (instr. or loc.), to (instr. ±saha, gen., or --°), like, resembling, similar. °-- & n. adv. similarly, in like manner as (instr. or --°).

tulyajātīya a. of like kind, similar.

tulyaprabhāva a. of equal dignity.

tulyabhāgya a. of like destiny.

tulyayogopamā f. a kind of comparison (rh.).

tulyavarcas a. of equal strength.

tulyaśīlatā f. like disposition.

tulyāntaram adv. in equal intervals.

tulyābhijana a. of like descent, related.

tulyārimitratā f. the state of having the same enemies and friends, defensive and offensive alliance.

tulyārtha a. equally rich.

tulyāvastha a. being in a similar condition.

tuvi a. (only °--) much, many, great, strong.

tuvijāta a. powerful (lit. strong born).

tuvikūrmi a. powerful in work.

tuvikūrmin a. powerful in work.

tuvikratu a. having great power.

tuvidyumna a. very glorious.

tuvinṛmṇa a. very valiant or courageous.

tuvimanyu a. very zealous or furious.

tuvirādhas a. granting abundantly.

tuviṣṭama (superl.) strongest, most powerful.

tuviṣmant a. powerful, mighty.

tuviṣvaṇas a. calling loud, roaring.

tuviṣvaṇi a. the same.

tuviṣvan a. the same.

tuvis -> tuviṣṭama & tuviṣmant.

tuvīmagha a. giving abundantly.

tuvīrava a. roaring awfully, thundering.

tuś tośate1 v drip (intr.). --
     ni drip down (tr. & intr.); C. grant, distribute.

tuś tośate2 v be pleased or content, feed on (instr.); appease, satisfy.

tuṣ tuṣyati v (tuṣyate), pp. tuṣṭa become quiet, be satisfied or pleased with, delight in (gen., dat., instr., loc., or acc. w.
     prati); also = C. toṣayati te (tuṣayati) satisfy. --
     upa C. satisfy.
     pari be delighted or charmed, be happy. C. satisfy completely, please much.
     sam be calm, content, or happy. C. gratify, rejoice, comfort. -- Cf. parituṣṭa saṃtuṣṭa.

tuṣa m. the husk or chaff of grain.

tuṣadhānya n. a leguminous plant.

tuṣāgni m. fire of chaff.

tuṣānala m. fire of chaff.

tuṣāmbu n. sour rice or barley-gruel.

tuṣāra a. cold; m. frost, rime, dew, ice, snow.

tuṣārakaṇa m. a flake of snow.

tuṣārakara m. the moon (h. cold rays).

tuṣārakiraṇa m. the same.

tuṣāradyuti m. the same.

tuṣāragiri m. the Himalaya (l. snowy mountain).

tuṣārapatana n. snowfall.

tuṣāraraśmi m. = tuṣārakara.

tuṣārāṃśu m. = tuṣārakara.

tuṣārādri m. = tuṣāragiri.

tuṣita m. pl. a cert. class of gods.

tuṣṭaprakṛti a. having contented subjects.

tuṣṭi f. satisfaction, pleasure.

tuṣṭikara a. causing satisfaction, sufficient.

tuṣṭimant a. satisfied, contented.

tuhina n. = tuṣāra m.; -kaṇa m. snowflake.

tuhinakara m. the moon.

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tuhinakiraṇa m. the moon.

tuhinagiri m. the Himalaya.

tuhinadyuti m. the moon.

tuhinamayūkha m. the moon.

tuhinācala m. = tuhinagiri.

tuhinādri m. = tuhinagiri.

tūṇa m. ī f. (adj. --° tūṇaka) quiver.

tūṇava m. a flute.

tūṇavadhma m. flute-player.

tūṇi m. quiver; poss. tūṇin.

tūṇīra m. = prec. m.

tūta m. mulberry-tree.

tūtujāna a. eager, quick.

tūtuji [1] a. quick, swift, nimble.

tūtuji [2] a. furthering, promoting (w. gen.).

tūtuma a. strong, big, copious.

tūpara a. hornless; m. such a goat.

tūya a. strong, vigorous; n. eagerly, quickly.

tūr f. haste, speed; instr. swiftly.

tūrṇa a. quick, swift; n. adv.

tūrṇāśa n. shoot of water.

tūrṇi a. quick, eager.

tūrta a. quick, swift.

tūrti -> viśvatūrti.

tūrya [1] n. a musical instrument.

tūrya [2] a. the fourth.

tūrya [3] -> vṛtratūrya.

tūryaghoṣa m. sound of musical instruments.

tūrv -> turv.

tūrvayāṇa a. overpowering; m. N. of a man.

tūrvi a. victorious, superior.

tūla n. panicle of a flower or plant, tuft of grass; cotton (also tūlaka n. & tūlī f.).

tūlika m. seller of cotton.

tūlinī f. the silk-cotton tree.

tūṣa m. n. border or fringe of a garment.

tūṣṇīka a. silent.

tūṣṇīm adv. silently, still; w. bhū be silent.

tūṣṇībhāva m. silence.

tūsta n. dust.

tṛ tarati tarate tirati tirate turati turate titarti tarute v pp. tīrṇa (w. act. & pass. mg) cross over, get through, overcome, subdue, escape; float, swim, rush on; be saved, survive; M. emulate, content, also = C. tārayati te lead or help over (acc.), bring to (acc. or dat.), further, save. D. titīrṣati te wish to pass over or to arrive at (acc.). I. tartarīti tarītarti, pp. tarītrat get through, be victorious or fortunate. --
     ati & vyati cross, pass, overcome.
     abhi overtake, get up to (acc.).
     ava come down, descend (esp. from heaven to earth, ±mahīm), alight; betake one's self from (abl.) to (acc.); take place, happen; overcome, surpass. C. make descend, lead or bring (down) from (abl.) to (acc. or loc.); remove, take off, avert from (abl.); introduce, establish.
     ā pass, cross, overcome; enlarge, increase.
     ud the same + come up from (abl.), esp. out of the water (±jalāt), escape, be saved from (abl.). C. cause to come out, vomit up, take off; lead or fetch over, save from (abl.), deliver, rescue.
     abhyud cross, pass, get through unto (dat.).
     samud = ud.
     ni overthrow, humiliate.
     nis come forth from, get out of (abl.); pass, finish, accomplish; overcome, master C. save, deliver; overcome, vanquish.
     pra take to the water, cross over; start on, advance, increase, grow; lead on, further, strengthen, promote, prolong (esp. āyus the life); M. live on. C. extend, lengthen; cheat, deceive; lead astray, seduce to (dat. or loc.).
     vipra C. cheat, deceive.
     vi cross through, traverse; further, promote, prolong; remove from (abl.); destroy, frustrate; grant, bestow, give, offer; perform, cause, effect.
     sam cross over, pass through (l. & f.), escape, be saved; also = C. bring over, save. -- Cf. avatīrṇa uttīrṇa nistīrṇa vitīrṇa.

tṛca m. n. a stanza of three verses.

tṛṇa n. grass, herb, grass-blade, straw; fig. small or worthless thing, trifle.

tṛṇavat tṛṇī kṛ & tṛṇaṃ man v = tṛṇay.

tṛṇakāṣṭha n. grass and wood.

tṛṇakuṭi f. hut of grass or straw.

tṛṇakuṭīra s. the same.

tṛṇakuṭīraka s. the same.

tṛṇakūṭa m. n. heap of grass.

tṛṇacchedin a. who tears off grass.

tṛṇajalāyukā f. caterpillar.

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tṛṇajalūkā f. caterpillar.

tṛṇatantu m. grass-blade.

tṛṇaprāya a. full of grass.

tṛṇabhuj a. eating grass; m. grass-eater.

tṛṇamaya a. consisting of grass, grassy.

tṛṇay tṛṇayati v value like grass, i.e. slighten, despise.

tṛṇarāj m. the vine-palm (lit. king of the grasses).

tṛṇarāja m. the palmyra tree (lit. = prec.).

tṛṇalava m. grass-blade.

tṛṇavant a. full of grass.

tṛṇaskanda m. N. of a man.

tṛṇāgni m. a grass or straw-fire.

tṛṇāṅkura m. young (lit. shoot of) grass.

tṛṇāda a. eating grass, graminivorous.

tṛṇāśa a. the same; m. ruminant.

tṛṇāśana a. the same; m. ruminant.

tṛṇāśin a. the same; m. ruminant.

tṛṇendra m. = tṛṇarāj.

tṛṇodaka n. sgl. grass and water.

tṛṇolkā f. a torch of hay.

tṛtīya [1] a. the third; n. adv. thirdly, for the third time. f. ā the third day in a half month; the endings of the third case & the third case itself (g.).

tṛtīya [2] a. forming the third part; n. one third.

tṛtīyadivasa m. the third day; loc. (on) the day after to-morrow.

tṛtīyasavana n. the third Soma offering (in the evening).

tṛtīyāṃśa [1] m. a third part.

tṛtīyāṃśa [2] a. receiving a third as share.

tṛtīyāsamāsa m. a third (case) compound (g.).

tṛtīyin a. = tṛtīyāṃśa2.

tṛtsu m. N. of a race or people.

tṛd tṛṇatti tṛntte v pp. tṛṇa split, bore, open, let free. --
     anu bore after i.e. for (water), make flow.
     abhi split, open, release; win, acquire.
     ā split, pierce, separate.
     vi pierce, cleave, open, break through, excavate.
     sam hollow out, connect by a hole, fasten, together.

tṛdila a. having holes, porous.

tṛp tṛpyati v (tṛpyate), tṛpṇoti (tṛpnoti), tṛmpati (tarpati), pp. tapta satiate one's self, be satisfied or content with (gen., instr. or --°); enjoy (abl.). C. tarpayati te satisfy, please, nourish; M. refl. --
     abhi C. satiate, refresh.
     ā be satiated or satisfied; C. satiate.
     pari C. satiate or refresh thoroughly.
     pra C. satiate, fill.
     vi be satiated or pleased.
     sam be satiated or satisfied with (gen.). C. satiate, refresh, gladden.

tṛpat adv. one's fill.

tṛpala a. restless, eager; n. adv.

tṛptatā f. satiety, satisfaction.

tṛptāṃśu a. having abundant juice or strong shoots (Soma).

tṛpti f. = tṛptatā; p. -mant.

tṛptikara a. giving satisfaction, pleasing.

tṛptikāraka a. giving satisfaction, pleasing.

tṛpra a. restless, anxious; °-- & n. adv.

tṛbhi m. ray.

tṛṣ tṛṣyati v pp. tṛṣita1 be thirsty, be greedy, desire. C. tarṣayati cause to thirst. --
     vi thirst, languish. C. cause to languish.

tṛṣ [2] f. thirst (lit. & fig.).

tṛṣā f. the same.

tṛṣārta a. tormented by thirst.

tṛṣu a. greedy, eager, quick; n. adv.

tṛṣucyavas a. moving eagerly or quickly.

tṛṣucyut a. moving eagerly or quickly.

tṛṣṭa a. dry, rough, harsh.

tṛṣṭāmā f. N. of a river.

tṛṣṇaj a. thirsty.

tṛṣṇā f. thirst; greediness, strong desire for (--°).

tṛṣṇārta a. = tṛṣārta.

tṛṣṇāsaṅga m. attachment to desire.

tṛṣyāvant a. thirsty.

tṛh tṛṇeḍhi v pp. tṛḍha (tṛḷha) crush, bruise, dash to pieces. --
= S.

tekṣṇiṣṭham (n. superl. adv.) sharpest, hottest.

teja m. sharpness; N. of a man.

tejana n. sharpening, kindling; point or shaft of an arrow, reed, bamboo; f. -nī mat of straw, tuft, bunch, etc.

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tejas n. sharpness, edge, (pungent) heat, fire, light, radiance, lustre, beauty, vigour, strength, energy, esp. male energy, concr. semen virile; violence, fierceness; power, authority, dignity.

tejaskāma a. desiring strength, energy, or dignity.

tejasya a. conspicuous, splendid.

tejasvant a. burning, shining, splendid, beautiful.

tejasvitā f. -tva n. abstr. to seq.

tejasvin a. sharp, burning, shining, radiant, bright; strong, mighty, energetic, violent; dignified, noble, glorious.

tejiṣṭha (superl.) most sharp, hot, shining, bright, strong, or violent. n. adv.

tejīyaṃs (compar.) sharper, keener; (more) powerful or glorious.

tejodvaya n. the two lights (sun and moon).

tejomaya f. ī consisting of fire, light, or splendour; shining, bright, clear.

tejomūrti a. whose form is light.

tejorāśi m. nothing but (lit. a heap of) splendour.

tejorūpa a. = tejomūrti.

tejovant a. shining, radiant.

tejovṛtta n. noble or dignified behaviour.

tedani f. (clotted) blood.

tedanī f. (clotted) blood.

tena (instr. adv.) in that direction, there; or in that manner, so (correl. to yena); therefore; then (correl. to yena yada yasmāt & yatas). -- tena hi now then.

taikṣṇya n. sharpness, pungency, harshness, severity.

taijasa f. ī luminous, bright, splendid; metallic.

taittira f. ī coming from a partridge or from Tittiri.

taittirīya m. pl. N. of a cert. school of the Yajurveda; -ka a. belonging to it.

taittirīyabrāhmaṇa n. a Brāhmaṇa of the Taittirīyas (v. prec.).

taittirīyasaṃhitā f. the Samhitā of the Taittirīyas (i.e. the black Yajurveda).

taittirīyāraṇyaka n. an Āraṇyaka of the Taittirīyas.

taittirīyin m. = taittirīya.

taittirīyopaniṣad f. an Upanishad of the Taittirīyas.

taimira (+ roga) m. = taimirya.

taimirika a. whose eyes are dim (cf. seq.).

taimirya n. dimness of the eyes.

tairthika a. sectarian, heretical, m. a worthy person, an authority; n. water from a sacred bathing-place.

tairyagyona a. of animal origin; m. animal.

tairyagyoni a. = prec. a.

tairyagyonya a. = prec. a.

taila n. sesamum oil, oil i.g.

tailakāra m. oil-miller.

tailakuṇḍa n. oil-pot.

tailaghṛta n. ghee with sesamum-oil.*

tailapaka m. a kind of bird.

tailaparṇika m. a kind of sandal-tree.

tailapātra n. oil-cup.

tailapradīpa m. oil-lamp.

tailayantra n. oil-mill.

tailika m. oil-miller, f. ī.

taiṣa f. ī belonging to the lunar mansion Tiṣya; m. N. of a month.

toka n. offspring, race, child (o. connected w. tanaya); p. -vant.

tokasāti f. winning or breeding of children.

tokinī f. having or bringing forth children.

tokma m. tokman n. a young green blade, esp. of corn.

toṭaka a. quarrelsome; n. violent speech, N. of a metre & a kind of drama.

tottra n. stick for driving cattle.

toda m. instigator, exciter; the sun (as pricking or driving horses); also
= seq.

todana n. stinging, pricking.

todya n. a kind of cymbal.

tomara m. n. spear, lance; m. pl. N. of a people.

toya n. water (p. -vant); acc. w. kṛ make a libation of water.

toyakaṇa m. drop of water.

toyakarman n. any ceremony with water.

toyacara a. moving in water; m. aquatic animal.

toyaja a. born in water; n. lotus flower.

toyada m. cloud (lit. giving water).

toyadātyaya m. autumn (end of the clouds).

toyadhara a. bearing or containing water.

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toyadhāra m. ā f. stream of water.

toyadhi m. the sea (receptacle of water).

toyapāta m. rain (fall of water).

toyamaya f. ī consisting of water.

toyamuc m. cloud (pouring out water).

toyarāj m. the sea (king of the waters).

toyarāśi m. sea or lake (mass of water).

toyavāha m. cloud (bearing water).

toyāñjali m. two handfuls of water (r.).

toyādhāra m. water reservoir, pond.

toyālaya m. sea (receptacle of water).

toyāśaya m. pond, river (lit. = prec.).

toraṇa n. arch, arched doorway, portal.

tolana n. lifting up, weighing.

tolya a. to be weighed.

tośa a. trickling, streaming; granting, abundant.

tośas a. trickling, streaming; granting, abundant.

toṣa m. satisfaction, contentment, joy in (loc., gen., or --°).

toṣaṇa a. (f. ī) & n. satisfying, pleasing.

toṣaṇīya a. to be pleased or pleasant.

toṣayitavya a. to be satisfied or pleased.

toṣin a. satisfied with, delighting in (--°); satisfying, pleasing.

taugrya m. patr. of Bhujyu.

taurya n. music; tauryatraya & tauryatrika n. the musical triad, i.e. instrumental music, song, and dance.

taulya n. weight.

tauṣāra a. snowy, dewy.

tman m. the vital breath; one's own person or self. Instr. tmanā (f. tmanyā) & loc. tman yet, really, even, indeed; used as an emphatic particle, esp. after adha iva & uta before ca & na.

tya (pron-st.) that (person or thing); o. = the defin. article; n. tyad (q.v.).

tyaktajīvita a. prodigal of life; -yodhin fighting with peril of life.

tyaktavya a. to be abandoned, removed, given up or sacrificed.

tyaktāgni a. having forsaken the sacred fire.

tyaktukāma a. desirous to abandon.

tyaktṛ a. abandoning, prodigal of (gen. or acc.).

tyaktvā ger. having left, i.e. excepting, with exception of (acc.).

tyaj tyajati1 v (te), pp. tyakta (tyajita) leave, abandon, let alone, spare, avoid, shun, dismiss, shoot off, cast away, put off, get rid of (also P. tyajyate w. instr.); disregard, neglect, renounce, give up; w. tanum jīvitam prāṇān = set aside or risk body or life, also = die. C. tyājayati cause to leave or abandon, deprive of (2 acc.), expel, turn out (±bahis). --
     abhi quit.
     samabhi give up, renounce, risk (jīvitam).
     pari leave, abandon, expel, reject, put off, give up, disregard, neglect, set aside, risk (cf. S.).
     sam leave, abandon, reject, shun, avoid, withdraw from (acc.), deliver, give up, etc. ( = pari). C. deprive of (2 acc.). -- Cf. tyaktkā nityakta parityakta parityajya saṃtyajya saṃtyakta.

tyaj [2] a. leaving, giving up (--°).

tyajana n. abandoning.

tyajas [1] n. abandonment, distress.

tyajas [2] m. offspring, descendant.

tyad (n. adv. of pron. st. tya) indeed, you know (always preceded by ha or yasya).

tyāga m. leaving, abandoning, rejecting, avoiding, giving up; donation, sacrifice (also fig. of one's life); also = seq.

tyāgitā f. liberality, prodigality.

tyāgin a. leaving, abandoning, rejecting, dismissing, sacrificing, renouncing, liberal, prodigal; w. ātmanas giving up one's life, dying voluntarily.

tyājaka a. leaving, dismissing, rejecting.

tyājana n. abandoning, renouncing.

tyājya a. to be left, abandoned, rejected, removed, avoided, given up or away.

trada m. who opens or lets free.

trap trapate v (trapati) become perplexed or ashamed. C. trapayati make perplexed or ashamed. --
     apa & vyapa turn perplexed away.

trapa (m.), trapā f. perplexity, shame.

trapu n. tin.

trapus n. tin.

traya f. ī triple, threefold; n. a triad; f. trayī the same (esp. the three Vedas); trayī vidyā the threefold knowledge (r.).

trayaḥpañcāśat f. fifty-three.

trayadhā  = tredhā.

trayayāyya a. to be guarded or protected.

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trayastriṃśa f. ri the thirty-third.

trayastriṃśat f. thirty-three (r. pl.).

trayīdharma m. the duty taught by the three (Vedas).

trayīdhāmavant a. whose light are the three (Vedas), i.e. the sun.

trayīniṣkarṣa m. the extract or essence of the three (Vedas).

trayīmaya f. ī consisting of or based upon the three (Vedas).

trayodaśa f. ī the thirteenth.

trayodaśadhā adv. in (into) 13 parts.

trayodaśan a. thirteen.

trayoviṃśa f. ī the twenty-third.

trayoviṃśati f. twenty-three.

tras trasati (trasate) & trasyati (trasyate) v pp. trasta tremble, quake, be afraid of (abl., gen., or instr.). C. trāsayati (te) shake, agitate, frighten, scare. --
     apa start back, flee.
     ud C. frighten, rouse up.
     samud C. frighten, terrify.
     nis flee.
     parā C. frighten away.
     pra flee in terror. C. affright, scare.
     vi & sam tremble, fear; C. terrify, frighten. -- Cf. uttrasta paritrasta samutrasta.

trasa a. movable, moving; n. what moves or lives, beasts and men.

trasadasyu (& trasaddasyu) m. N. of a prince.

trasara m. a shuttle.

trasareṇu m. mote of dust, atom.

trastanayana a. looking timid (lit. having frightened eyes).

trasnu a. afraid, timorous.

trā trāyate trāte (trāti) v pp. trāta1 (q.v.) protect shelter, rescue from (abl. or gen.). --
     pari & sam = S.

trā [2] m. protector.

trāṇa n. = seq. + armour, mail.

trāṇana n. protection, guard.

trāta a. protected; n. protection.

trātavya a. to be protected.

trātṛ m. protector, guardian.

trātra n. protection.

trāpuṣa a. made of tin.

trāman n. protection, guard.

trāsa m. terror, fright.

trāsana a. (f. ī) & n. terrifying, frightening.

trāsanīya a. to be dreaded, dreadful.

trāsin a. fearful, timid.

tri m. n. pl. three.

triṃśa f. ī the thirtieth.

triṃśacchata n. one hundred and thirty.

triṃśat f. thirty.

triṃśati f. thirty.

triṃśattama f. ī = triṃśa.

triṃśadvarṣa a. thirty years old.

trika a. trine, forming a triad, consisting of three; ± śata three per cent. --m. a triangular place or yard; n. a triad.

trikakud a. having three peaks, points, or horns; m. E. of Viṣṇu-Kṛṣṇa, Brahman, etc.

trikakubh a. = prec. a.; m. thunderbolt, E. of Indra.

trikadruka m. pl. three cert. Soma-vessels.

trikarmakṛt a. performing the three (chief) duties (of a Brahman, i.e. sacrifice, study of the Vedas, & liberality).

trikarman a. performing the three (chief) duties (of a Brahman, i.e. sacrifice, study of the Vedas, & liberality).

trikāla [1] n. the three times (past, present, & future, or morning, moon, & evening).

trikāla [2] a. belonging to the three times.

trikālajña a. knowing the three times