Isa-Upanisad (Isopanisad or Isavasyopanisad), Kanva recension
with the commentary ascribed to Samkara


Input by members of the Sansknet project
(formerly: www.sansknet.org)


This GRETIL version has been converted from a custom Devanagari encoding.
Therefore, word boundaries are usually not marked by blanks.
These and other irregularities cannot be standardized at present.

The mula text has been checked against the ed. by V.P. Limaye and R.D. Vadekar
(Eighteen Principal Upanisads, vol. 1, Poona 1958).

The text of the commentary is not proofread!


REFERENCE SYSTEM:
IsUp_n = mula text
IsUpBh_n = Samkara's Bhasya




THIS GRETIL TEXT FILE IS FOR REFERENCE PURPOSES ONLY!
COPYRIGHT AND TERMS OF USAGE AS FOR SOURCE FILE.

Text converted to Unicode (UTF-8).
(This file is to be used with a UTF-8 font and your browser's VIEW configuration
set to UTF-8.)

description:multibyte sequence:
long a ā
long A Ā
long i ī
long I Ī
long u ū
long U Ū
vocalic r
vocalic R
long vocalic r
vocalic l
vocalic L
long vocalic l
velar n
velar N
palatal n ñ
palatal N Ñ
retroflex t
retroflex T
retroflex d
retroflex D
retroflex n
retroflex N
palatal s ś
palatal S Ś
retroflex s
retroflex S
anusvara
visarga
long e ē
long o ō
l underbar
r underbar
n underbar
k underbar
t underbar

Unless indicated otherwise, accents have been dropped in order
to facilitate word search.

For a comprehensive list of GRETIL encodings and formats see:
http://gretil.sub.uni-goettingen.de/gretil/gretdiac.pdf
and
http://gretil.sub.uni-goettingen.de/gretil/gretdias.pdf

For further information see:
http://gretil.sub.uni-goettingen.de/gretil.htm








oṃ


tat sad brāhmaṇe namaḥ


īśāvāsyopaniṣad


oṃ pūrṇam adaḥ pūrṇam idaṃ
pūrṇāt pūrṇam udacyate /

pūrṇasya pūrṇam ādāya pūrṇam evāvaśiṣyate //


oṃ śāntiḥ śāntiḥ śāntiḥ /


īśā vāsyamityādayo mantrāḥ karmasvaviniyuktāḥ /
teṣāmakarmaśeṣasyātmano yāthātmyaprakāśakatvāt /
yāthātmyaṃ cātmanaḥ śuddhatvāpāpaviddhatvaikatvanityatvāśarīratvasarvagatatvādi vakṣyamāṇam /
tacca karmaṇā virudhyeteti yukta evaiṣāṃ karmasvaviniyogaḥ /
na hyevaṃ lakṣaṇamātmano yāthātmyamutpādyaṃ vikāryamāpyaṃ saṃskāryaṃ kartṛbhoktṛrūpaṃ vā yena karmaśeṣatā syāt /
sarvāsāmupaniṣadāmātmayāthātmyanirūpaṇenaiva upakṣayāt /
gītānāṃ mokṣadharmāṇāṃ caivaṃ paratvāt /
tasmādātmano 'nekatvakartṛtvabhoktṛtvādi cāśuddhatvāpāpaviddhatvādi copādāya lokabuddhisiddhakarmāṇi vihitāni /
yo hi karmaphalenārthī dṛṣṭena brahmavarcasādinādṛṣṭena svargādinā ca dvijātirahaṃ na kāṇakubjatvādyanadhikāraprayojakadharmavānityātmānaṃ manyate so 'dhikriyate karmasviti hyadhikāravido vadanti /
tasmādete mantrā ātmano yāthātmyaprakāśanena ātmaviṣayaṃ svābhāvikamajñānaṃ nivartayantaḥ śokamohādisaṃsāradharmavicchittisādhanamātmaikatvādivijñānamutpādayanti /
ityevamuktādhikāryabhidheyasambandhaprayojanānmantrānsaṃkṣepato vyākhyāsyāmaḥ /


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 1

oṃ


īśā vāsyam idaṃ sarvaṃ yat kiñca jagatyāṃ jagat |
tena tyaktena bhuñjīthā mā gṛdhaḥ kasya sviddhanam || IsUp_1 ||



__________


IsUpBh_1
īśā īṣṭa itīṭ teneśā /
īśitā parameśvaraḥ paramātmā sarvasya /
sa hi sarvamīṣṭe sarvajantūnāmātmā sanpratyagātmatayā tena svena rūpeṇātmaneśā vāsyamācchādanīyam /
kim? idaṃ sarva yatkiñca yatkiñcijjagatyāṃ pṛthivyāṃ jagattatsarvaṃ svenātmanā īśena pratyagātmatayāhamevedaṃ sarvamiti paramārthasatyarūpeṇānṛtamidaṃ sarvaṃ carācaramācchādanīyaṃ svena paramātmanā /
yathā candanāgarvāderudakādisambandhajakledādijamaupādhikaṃ daurgandhyaṃ tatsvarūpanigharṣaṇena ācchāghate svena pāramārthikena gandhena /
tadvadeva hi svātmani adhyastaṃ svābhāvikaṃ kartṛtvabhoktṛtvādilakṣaṇaṃ jagadadvaitarūpaṃ jagatyāṃ pṛthivyām, jagatyāmiti upalakṣaṇārthatvātsarvameva nāmarūpakarmākhyaṃ vikārajātaṃ paramārthasatyātmabhāvanayā tyaktaṃ syāt /
evamīśvarātmabhāvanayā yuktasya putrādyeṣaṇātrayasaṃnyāsa evādhikāro na karmasu /
tena tyaktena tyāgenetyarthaḥ /
na hi tyakto mṛtaḥ putro vā bhṛtyo vā ātmasambandhitāyā abhāvāt ātmānaṃ pālayati atastyāgena ityayameva vedārthaḥ-- bhuñjīthāḥ pālayethāḥ /
evaṃ tyaktaiṣaṇastvaṃ mā gṛdhaḥ gṛdhimākāṅkṣāṃ mā kārṣīrdhanaviṣayām kasyasviddhanaṃ kasyacitparasya svasya vā dhanaṃ mā kāṅkṣīrityarthaḥ /
svidityanarthako nipātaḥ /
athavā mā gṛdhaḥ /

kasmāt? kasyasviddhanamityākṣepārtho na kasyaciddhanamasti yadgṛdhyeta /
ātmaivedaṃ sarvamitīśvarabhāvanayā sarvaṃ tyaktamata ātmana evedaṃ sarvamātmaiva ca sarvamato mithyāviṣayāṃ gṛdhiṃ mā kārṣīrityarthaḥ //1//



_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 2


evamātmavidaḥ putrādyeṣaṇātrayasaṃnyāsenātmajñānaniṣṭhatayātmā rakṣitavya ityeṣa vedārthaḥ /
atha itarasyānātmajñatayā ātmagrahaṇāya aśaktasyedamupadiśati mantraḥ--

kurvann eveha karmāṇi jijīviṣecchataṃ samāḥ |
evaṃ tvayi nānyatheto 'sti na karma lipyate nare || IsUp_2 ||



__________


IsUpBh_2
kurvanneva iha nivartayanneva karmāṇyagnihotrādīni jijīviṣejjīvitumicchecchataṃ śatasaṅkhyākāḥ samāḥ saṃvatsarān /
tāvaddhi puruṣasya paramāyurnirūpitam /
tathā ca prāptānuvādena yajjijīviṣecchataṃ varṣāṇi tat kurvanneva karmāṇītyetadvidhīyate /

evamevamprakāreṇa tvayi jijīviṣati nare naramātrābhimāninīta etasmādagnihotrādīni karmāṇi kurvato vartamānātprakārādanyathā prakārāntaraṃ nāsti yena prakāreṇāśubhaṃ karma na lipyate karmaṇā na lipyata ityarthaḥ /
ataḥ śāstravihitāni karmāṇyagnihotrādīni kurvanneva jijīviṣet /

kathaṃ punaridamavagamyate pūrveṇa saṃnyāsino jñānaniṣṭhoktā dvitīyena tadaśaktasya karmaniṣṭheti /

ucyateḥ jñānakarmaṇorvirodhaṃ parvatavadakampyaṃ yathoktaṃ na smarasi kim /
ihāpyuktaṃ 'yo hi jijīviṣet sa karma kurvan' 'īśāvāsyamidaṃ sarvam' 'tena tyaktena bhuñjīthāḥ' 'mā gṛdhaḥ kasyasviddhanam' iti ca /
'na jīvite maraṇe vā gṛdhiṃ kurvītāraṇyamiyāditi ca param ; tato na punariyāt' iti saṃnyāsāsanāt /
ubhayoḥ phalabhedaṃ ca vakṣyati /

imau dvāveva panthānāvanuniṣkrāntatarau bhavataḥ kriyāpathaścaiva purastātsaṃnyāsaścottareṇa /
nivṛttimārgeṇa eṣaṇātrayasya tyāgaḥ /
tayoḥ saṃnyāsapatha evātirecayati /
"nyāsa evātyarecayat"iti ca taittirīyake /

"dvāvimāvatha panthānau yatra vedāḥ pratiṣṭhitāḥ /
pravṛttilakṣaṇo dharmo nivṛttaśca vibhāvitaḥ" //


ityādi putrāya vicārya niścitamuktaṃ vyāsena vedācāryeṇa bhagavatā vibhāgañcānayoḥ darśayiṣyāmaḥ //2 //


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 3

athedānīmavidvannindārtho 'yaṃ mantra ārabhyate --

asuryā nāma te lokā andhena tamasāvṛtāḥ |
tāṃste pretyābhigacchanti ye ke cātmahano janāḥ || IsUp_3 ||


__________


IsUpBh_3
asuryāḥ paramātmabhāvamadvayamapekṣya devādayo 'pyasurāsteṣāñca svabhūtā lokā asuryā nāma /
nāmaśabdo 'narthako nipātaḥ /
te lokāḥ karmaphalāni /
lokyante dṛśyante bhujyanta iti janmāni /
andhenādarśanātmakenājñānena tamasāvṛtā ācchāditāḥ tāṃsthāvarāntānpretya tyaktvemaṃ dehamabhigacchanti yathākarma yathāśrutam /

ātmānaṃ ghnantītyātmahanāḥ /
ke te janāḥ ye 'vidvāṃsaḥ /
kathaṃ ta ātmānaṃ nityaṃ hiṃsanti /
avidyādoṣeṇa vidyamānasyātmanaḥ tiraskaraṇāt vidyamānasya ātmano yatkāryaṃ phalamajarāmaratvādisaṃvedanalakṣaṇaṃ taddhatasyeva tirobhūtaṃ bhavatīti prākṛtāvidvāṃso janāḥ janāḥ ātmahana ucyante /
tena hyātmahananadoṣeṇa saṃsaranti te //3 //


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 4

yasyātmano hananādavidvāṃsaḥ saṃsaranti tadviparyayeṇa vidvāṃso janā mucyante te nātmahanaḥ tat kīghśamātmatacvamityucyate--

anejad ekaṃ manaso javīyo nainaddevā āpnuvanpūrvamarṣat |
taddhāvato 'nyānatyeti tiṣṭhat tasminn apo mātariśvā dadhāti || IsUp_4 ||


__________


IsUpBh_4
anejat na ejat /
ejṛ kampane, kampanaṃ calanaṃ svāvasthāpracyutistadvarjitaṃ sarvadaikarūpamityarthaḥ /
taccaikaṃ sarvabhūteṣu manasaḥ saṅkalpādilakṣaṇād javīyo javavattaram /

kathaṃ viruddhamucyate dhruvaṃ niścalamidaṃ manaso javīya iti ca /
naiṣa doṣaḥ /
nirupādhyupādhimattvenopapatteḥ tatra nirupādhikena svena rūpeṇocyate anejadekamiti manaso 'ntaḥkaraṇasya saṅkalpavikalpalakṣaṇasyopādheranuvarttanād iha dehasthasya manaso brahmalokādidūragamanaṃ saṅkalpena kṣaṇamātrādbhavatītyato manaso javiṣṭhatvaṃ loke prasiddham /
tasmin manasi brahmalokādīn drutaṃ gacchati sati prathamaṃ prāpta ivātmacaitanyāvabhāso gṛhyate 'to manaso javīya ityāha /
nainaddevā dyotanāddevāścakṣurādīnīndriyāṇyetatprakṛtamātmatattvaṃ nāpnuvanna prāptavantaḥ /
tebhyo mano javīyaḥ manovyāpāravyavahitatvād ābhāsamātramapi ātmano naiva devānāṃ viṣayībhavati /

yasmājjavanānmanaso 'pi pūrvamarṣat pūrvameva gataṃ vyomavadvyāpitvāt sarvavyāpi tadātmatattva sarvasaṃsāradharmavarjitaṃ svena nirupādhikena svarūpeṇāvikriyameva sadupādhikṛtāḥ sarvāḥ saṃsāravikriyā anubhavatītyavivekināṃ mūḍhānāmanekamiva ca pratidehaṃ pratyavabhāsata ityetadāha /

taddhāvato drutaṃ gacchato 'nyānātmavilakṣaṇānmanovāgindriyaprabhṛtīnatyeti atītya gacchati iva /
ivārthaṃ svayameva darśayati tiṣṭhaditi svayamavikriyameva sadityarthaḥ /

tasminnātmatattve sati nityacaitanyasvabhāve mātariśvā vāyuḥ sarvaprāṇabhṛt kriyātmako yadāśrayāṇi kāryakaraṇajātāni yasminnotāni protāni ca yatsūtrasaṃjñakaṃ sarvasya jagato vighārayitṛ sa mātariśvā; apaḥ karmāṇi prāṇināṃ ceṣṭālakṣaṇāni, agnyādityaparjanyādīnāṃ jvalanadahanaprakāśābhivarṣaṇādilakṣaṇāni dadhāti vibhajati ityarthaḥ /

dhārayatīti vā"bhīṣāsmādvātaḥ pavate" (tai. u. 2 / 8 / 1) ityādi śrutibhyaḥ /
sarvā hi kāryakaraṇādivikriyā nityacaitanyātmasvarūpe sarvāspadabhūte satyeva bhavantītyarthaḥ //4//



_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 5

na mantrāṇāṃ jāmitāstiti pūrvamantroktamapyartha punarāha--

tad ejati tan naijati tad dūre tad v antike |
tad antar asya sarvasya tad u sarvasyāsya bāhyataḥ || IsUp_5 ||


__________


IsUpBh_5
tadātmatattvaṃ yatprakṛtaṃ tadejati calati tadeva ca naijati svato naiva calati svato 'calameva sat
calatīvetyarthaḥ /
kiñca taddūre varṣakoṭiśatairapyaviduṣāmaprāpyatvād dūra iva /
tad u antike iti cchedaḥ /
tadvantike samīpe 'tyantameva viduṣāmātmatvānna kevalaṃ dūre 'ntike ca /
tadantarabhyantare 'sya sarvasya"ya ātmā sarvāntaraḥ"(bṛ. u. 3 / 4 / 1) iti śruteḥ asya sarvasya jagato nāma rūpakriyātmakasya tadu api sarvasya asya bāhyato vyāpakatvādākāśavanniratiśayasūkṣmatvād antaḥ /
"prajñānaghana eva"(bṛ. u. 4 / 5 / 13) iti ca śāsanānnirantaraṃ ca //5//


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 6

yas tu sarvāṇi bhūtāny ātmany evānupaśyati |
sarvabhūteṣu cātmānaṃ tato na vijugupsate || IsUp_6 ||


__________


IsUpBh_6
yaḥ parivrāḍ mumukṣuḥ sarvāṇi bhūtānyavyaktādīni sthāvarāntāni ātmanyevānupaśyatyātmavyatiriktāni na paśyatītyarthaḥ, sarvabhūteṣu ca teṣveva cātmānaṃ teṣām api bhūtānāṃ svamātmānamātmatvena yathāsya dehasya kāryakaraṇasaṅdhātasyātmā ahaṃ sarvapratyayasākṣibhūtaścetayitā kevalo nirguṇo 'nenaiva svarūpeṇāvyaktādīnāṃ sthāvarāntānāmahamevātmeti sarvabhūteṣu cātmānaṃ nirviśeṣaṃ yastvanupaśyati sa tatastasmādeva darśanānna vijugupsate vijugupsāṃ ghṛṇāṃ na karoti /
prāptasyaivānuvādo 'yam /
sarvā hi ghṛṇātmano 'nyadduṣṭaṃ paśyato bhavati, ātmānamevātyantaviśuddhaṃ nirantaraṃ paśyato na ghṛṇānimittam arthāntaramastīti prāptameva /
tato na vijugupsata iti //6//


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 7

imamevārthamanyo 'pi mantra āha--

yasmin sarvāṇi bhūtāny ātmaivābhūd vijānataḥ |
tatra ko mohaḥ kaḥ śoka ekatvam anupaśyataḥ || IsUp_7 ||



__________


IsUpBh_7
yasminkāle yathoktātmani vā tānyeva bhūtāni sarvāṇi paramārthātmadarśanādātmaivābhūd ātmaiva saṃvṛtaḥ paramārthavastu vijānataḥ tatra tasminkāle tatrātmani vā ko mohaḥ kaḥ śokaḥ /
śokaśca mohaśca kāmakarmabījam ajānato bhavati /
na tvātmaikatvaṃ viśuddhaṃ gaganopamaṃ paśyataḥ ko mohaḥ kaḥ śoka iti śokamohayoravidyākāryayorākṣepeṇa asambhavapradarśanāt sakāraṇasya saṃsārasyātyantamevocchedaḥ pradarśito bhavati //7 //


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 8

yo 'yamatītairmantrairukta ātmā sa svena rūpeṇa kiṃlakṣaṇa ityāhāyaṃ mantraḥ--

sa paryagāc chukram akāyam avraṇam asnāviraṃ śuddham apāpaviddham /
kavir manīṣī paribhūḥ syayambhūr yāthātathyator 'thān vyadadhāc chāśvatībhyaḥ samābhyaḥ || IsUp_8 ||



__________


IsUpBh_8
sa yathokta ātmā paryagāt pari samantādagādgatavānākāśavadvyāpī ityarthaḥ /
śukraṃ śuddhaṃ jyotiṣmaddīptimānityarthaḥ /
akāyamaśarīro liṅgaśarīravarjita ityarthaḥ /
avraṇam akṣatam /
asnāviraṃ snāvāḥ śirā yasminna vidyanta ityasnāviram /
avraṇamasnāviramityābhyāṃ sthūlaśarīrapratiṣedhaḥ /
śuddhaṃ nirmalamavidyāmalarahitamiti kāraṇaśarīrapratiṣedhaḥ /
apāpaviddhaṃ dharmādharmādipāpavarjitam /
śukramityādīni vacāṃsi pulliṅgatvena pariṇeyāni /
sa paryagādityupakramya kavirmanīṣītyādinā pulliṅgatvenopasaṃhārāt /

kaviḥ krāntadarśī sarvādṛk /
"nānyo 'to 'sti draṣṭā"(bṛ. u. 3 / 8 / 11) ityādiśruteḥ /
maniṣī manasa īṣitā sarvajña īśvara ityarthaḥ /
paribhūḥ sarveṣāṃ paryupari bhavatīti paribhūḥ /
svayambhūḥ svayameva bhavatīti /
yeṣāmupari bhavati yaścopari bhavati sa sarvaḥ svayameva bhavatīti svayambhūḥ /

sa nityamukta īśvaro yāthātathyataḥ sarvajñatvādyathātathābhāvo yāthātathyaṃ tasmādyathābhūtakarmaphalasādhanator'thān karttavyapadārthān vyadadhādvihitavān yathānurūpaṃ vyabhajadityarthaḥ, śāśvatībhyo nityābhyaḥ samābhyaḥ saṃvatsarākhyebhyaḥ prajāpatibhya ityarthaḥ //8//


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 9


atrādyena mantreṇa sarvaiṣaṇāparityāgena jñānaniṣṭhoktā prathamo vedārthaḥ"īśā vāsyamidaṃ sarvaṃ...mā gṛdhaḥ kasyasviddhanam"iti /
ajñānāṃ jijīviṣūṇāṃ jñānaniṣṭhāsambhave"kurvanneveha karmāṇi...jijīviṣet"iti karmaniṣṭhoktā dvitīyo vedārthaḥ /

anayośva niṣṭhayorvibhāgo mantrapradarśitayorbṛhadāraṇyake 'pi pradarśitaḥ "so 'kāmayata jāyā me syāt"(bṛ. u. 1 / 4 / 17) ityādinā ajñasya kāminaḥ karmāṇīti /
"mana evāsyātmā vāgjāyā"(bṛ. u. 1 / 4 / 17) ityādivacanād ajñatvaṃ kāmitvaṃ ca karmaniṣṭhasya niścitamavagamyate /
tathā ca tatphalaṃ saptānnasargasteṣvātmabhāvenātmasvarūpāvasthānam /
jāyādyeṣaṇātrayasaṃnyāsena ca ātmavidāṃ karmaniṣṭhāprātikūlyenātmasvarūpaniṣṭhaiva darśitā"kiṃ prajayā kariṣyāmo yeṣāṃ no 'yamātmāyaṃ lokaḥ"(bṛ. u. 4 / 4 / 22) ityādinā /
ye tu jñānaniṣṭhāḥ saṃnyāsinastebhyo 'suryā nāma ta ityādinā avidvannindādvāreṇa ātmano yāthātmyaṃ sa paryagāt ityetadantairmantrairupadiṣṭam /
te hyatrādhikṛtā na kāmina iti /
tathā ca śvetāśvatarāṇāṃ mantropaniṣadi"atyāśramibhyaḥ paramaṃ pavitraṃ provāca samyagṛṣisaṅghajuṣṭam"(śve. u. 6 / 21) ityādi vibhajyoktam /
ye tu karmiṇaḥ karmaniṣṭhāḥ karma kurvanta eva jijīviṣavastebhya idamucyate--



andhaṃ tamaḥ praviśanti ye 'vidyām upāsate |
tato bhūya iva te tamo ya uvidyāyāṃ ratāḥ || IsUp_9 ||



__________


IsUpBh_9
kathaṃ punarevamavagabhyate na tu sarveṣām iti /
ucyate--akāminaḥ sādhyasādhanabhedopamardena 'yasmin sarvāṇi bhūtānyātmaivābhūddhijānataḥ /
tatra ko mohaḥ kaḥ śoka ekatvamanupaśyataḥ ' iti yadātmaikatvavijñānam[uktam ṭatanna kenacitkarmaṇā jñānāntareṇa vā hyamūḍhaḥ samuccicīṣati /
iha tu samuccicīṣayā avidvadādinindā kriyate /
tatra ca yasya yena samuccayaḥ sambhavati nyāyataḥ śāstrato vā tadihocyate yaddaivaṃ vittaṃ devatāviṣayaṃ jñānaṃ karmasambandhitvenopanyastaṃ na paramātmajñānam /
"vidyayā devalokaḥ"(bṛ.u.1 / 5 / 16) iti pṛthakphalaśravaṇāt /
tayorjñānakarmaṇoriha ekaikānuṣṭhānanindā samuccicīṣayā na nindāparaiva ekaikasya pṛthakphalaśravaṇāt"vidyayā tadārohanti" "vidyayā devalokaḥ"(bṛ.u.1 / 5 / 16) "na tatra dakṣiṇā yanti" "karmaṇā pitṛlokaḥ"(bṛ.u.1 / 8 / 16) iti /
na hi śāstravihitaṃ kiñcidakartavyatāmiyāt /

tatra andhaṃ tamaḥ adarśanātmakaṃ tamaḥ praviśanti /
ke? ye 'vidyāṃ vidyāyā anyā avidyā tāṃ karma ityarthaḥ,

karmaṇo vidyāvirodhitvāt ; tāmavidyāmagnihotrādilakṣaṇāmeva kevalāmupāsate tatparāḥ santo 'nutiṣṭhantītyabhiprāyaḥ /
tatastasmādandhātmakāttamaso bhūya iva bahutarameva te tamaḥ praviśanti, ke? karma itvā ye u ye tu vidyāyāmeva devatājñāna eva ratāḥ abhiratāḥ /
tatrāvāntaraphalabhedaṃ vidyākarmaṇoḥ samuccayakāraṇamāha ; anyathā phalavadaphalavatoḥ sannihitayoraṅgāṅgitaiva syāt ityarthaḥ //9//


_______________________________________________________________________
START IsUp 10

anyad evāhur vidyayān yad āhur avidyayā |
iti śuśruma dhīrāṇāṃ ye nas tad vicacakṣire || IsUp_10 ||



__________


IsUpBh_10
anyatpṛthageva vidyayā kriyate phalamityāhurvadatti"vidyayā devalokaḥ"(bṛ.u.1 / 6 / 16) "karmaṇā kriyate karmaṇā pitṛlokaḥ"(bṛ.u.1 / 5 / 16) iti śruteḥ /
ityevaṃ śuśruma śrutavanto vayaṃ dhīrāṇāṃ dhīmatāṃ vacanam /
ye ācāryā no 'smabhyaṃ tatkarma ca jñānaṃ ca vicacakṣire vyākhyātavantasteṣāmayamāgamaḥ pāramparyāgata ityarthaḥ // 10 //


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 11

vidyāṃ cāvidyāṃ ca yas tad vedobhayaṃ saha |
avidyayā mṛtyuṃ tīrtvā vidyayāmṛtam aśnute || IsUp_11 ||


__________


IsUpBh_11
yata evamato vidyāṃ cāvidyāṃ ca devatājñānaṃ karma cetyarthaḥ /
yastadetadubhayaṃ sahaikena puruṣeṇa anuṣṭheyaṃ veda tasyaivaṃ samuccayakāriṇa eva ekapuruṣārthasambandhaḥ krameṇa syādityucyate /

avidyayā karmaṇā agnihotrādinā mṛtyuṃ svābhāvikaṃ karma jñānaṃ ca mṛtyuśabdavācyamubhayaṃ tīrtvā atikramya vidyayā devatājñānenāmṛtaṃ devatātmabhāvamaśnute prāpnoti /
taddhyamṛtamucyate yaddevatātmagamanam //11//


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 12

adhunā vyākṛtāvyākṛtopāsanayoḥ samuccicīṣayā pratyekaṃ nindocyate /
andhaṃ tamaḥ praviśanti ye 'sambhūtim upāsate |
tato bhūya iva te tamo ya u sambhūtyāṃ ratāḥ || IsUp_12 ||


__________


IsUpBh_12
andhaṃ tamaḥ praviśanti ye asambhūtiṃ sambhavanaṃ sambhūtiḥ sā yasya kāryasya sā sambhūtiḥ tasyā anyā asambhūtiḥ prakṛtiḥ kāraṇamavidyā avyākṛtākhyā tāmasambhūtimavyākṛtākhyāṃ prakṛtiṃ kāraṇamavidyāṃ kāmakarmabījabhūtāmadarśanātmikāmupāsate ye te tadanurūpamevāndhaṃ tamo 'darśanātmakaṃ praviśanti /
tatastasmādapi bhūyo bahutaramiva tamaḥ praviśanti ya u sambhūtyāṃ kāryabrahmaṇi hiraṇyagarbhākhye ratāḥ // 12 //


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 13

adhunobhayorupāsanayoḥ samuccayakāraṇamavayavaphalabhedamāha--

anyad evāhuḥ saṃbhavād anyad āhur asaṃbhavāt |
iti śuśruma dhīrāṇāṃ ye nas tad vicacakṣire || IsUp_13 ||


__________


IsUpBh_13
anyadeva pṛthagevāhuḥ phalaṃ sambhavātsambhūteḥ kāryabrahmopāsanādaṇimādyaiśvaryalakṣaṇaṃ vyākhyātavanta ityarthaḥ /
tathā cānyadāhuḥ asambhavādasambhūtekhyākṛtād avyākṛtopāsanāt /
yaduktamandhantamaḥ praviśantīti prakṛtilaya iti ca paurāṇikairucyata ityevaṃ śuśruma dhīraṇāṃ vacanaṃ ye nastadvicacakṣire vyākṛtāvyākṛtopāsanaphalaṃ vyākhyātavanta ityarthaḥ // 13 //


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 14

yata evamataḥ samuccayaḥ sambhūtyasambhūtyupāsanayoryukta evaikapuruṣārthatvāccetyāha--

saṃbhūtiṃ ca vināśaṃ ca yas tad vedobhayaṃ saha |
vināśena mṛtyuṃ tīrtvā saṃbhūtyāmṛtam aśnute || IsUp_14 ||


__________


IsUpBh_14
sambhūtiṃ ca vināśaṃ ca yastadvedobhayaṃ saha vināśo dharmo yasya kāryasya sa tena dharmiṇā abhedena ucyate vināśa iti, tena tadupāsanenānaiśvaryamadharmakāmādidoṣajātaṃ ca mṛtyuṃ tīrtvā-- hiraṇyagarbhopāsanenāpti hyāṇimādiprāptiḥ phalam, tenānaiśvaryādimṛtyumatītya asambhūtyā avyākṛtopāsanayā amṛtaṃ prakṛtilayalakṣaṇamaśnute /
sambhūtiṃ ca vināśaṃ cetyatrāvarṇalopena nirdeśo draṣṭavyaḥ prakṛtilayaphalaśrutyanurodhāt //14//



_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 15

mānuṣadaivavittasādhyaṃ phalaṃ śāstralakṣaṇaṃ prakṛtilayāntam /
etāvatī saṃsāragatiḥ /
ataḥ paraṃ pūrvoktamātmaivābhūdvijānata iti sarvātmabhāva eva sarveṣaṇāsaṃnyāsajñānaniṣṭhāphalam /
evaṃ dviprakāraḥ pravṛttinivṛttilakṣaṇo vedārtho 'tra prakāśitaḥ /
tatra pravṛttilakṣaṇasya vedārthasya vidhipratiṣedhalakṣaṇasya vedārthasya vidhipratiṣedhalakṣaṇasya kṛtsnasya prakāśane pravargyāntaṃ brāhmaṇamupayuktam /
nivṛttilakṣaṇasya vedārthasya prakāśane 'ta ūrdhvaṃ bṛhadāraṇyakamupayuktam /

tatra niṣekādiśmaśānāntaṃ karma kurvan jijīviṣedyo vidyayā sahāparabrahmaviṣayayā taduktaṃ 'vidyāṃ cāvidyāṃ ca yastadvedobhayaṃ saha /
avidyayā mṛtyuṃ tīrtvā vidyayāmṛtamasnute' iti /

tatra kena mārgeṇāmṛtatvamaśnuta ityucyate /
tadyattatsatyamasau sa ādityo ya eṣa etasminmaṇḍale puruṣo yaścāyaṃ dakṣiṇe 'kṣanpuruṣa etadubhayaṃ satyam /
brahmopāsīno yathoktakarmakṛcca yaḥ so 'ntakāle prāpte satyātmānamātmanaḥ prāptidvāraṃ yācate 'hiraṇmayena pātreṇa' iti /


hiraṇmayena pātreṇa satyasyāpihitaṃ mukham /
tat tvaṃ pūṣann apāvṛṇu satyadharmāya dṛṣṭaye || IsUp_15 ||



__________


IsUpBh_15
hiraṇmayamiva hiraṇmayaṃ jyotirmayamityetat /
tena pātreṇeva apidhānabhūtena satyasyaivādityamaṇḍalasthasya brāhmaṇo 'pihitam ācchāditaṃ mukhaṃ dvāram /
tattvaṃ he pūṣannapāvṛṇvapasāraya satyasya upāsanātsatyaṃ dharmo yasya mama so 'haṃ satyadharmā tasmai mahyamathavā yathābhūtasya dharmasyānuṣṭhātre dṛṣṭaye tava satyātmana upalabdhaye //15//


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 16

pūṣann ekarṣe yama sūrya prājāpatya vyūha raśmīn samūha tejaḥ |
yat te rūpaṃ kalyāṇatamaṃ tat te paśyāmi yo 'sāv asau puruṣaḥ so 'ham asmi || IsUp_16 ||


__________


IsUpBh_16
he pūṣan! jagataḥ poṣaṇātpūṣā ravistathaika eva ṛṣati gacchati ityekarṣiḥ-- he ekarṣe! tathā sarvasya saṃyamanādyamaḥ-- he yama! tathā raśmīnāṃ prāṇānāṃ rasānāñca svīkaraṇāt sūryaḥ-- he sūrya! prajāpaterapatyaṃ prājāpatyaḥ-- he prājāpatya! vyūha vigamaya raśmīnsvān /
samūha ekīkuru upasaṃharate tejastāpakaṃ jyotiḥ /

yatte tava rūpaṃ kalyāṇatamam atyantaśobhanaṃ tatte tavātmanaḥ prasādāt paśyāmi /
kiñcāhaṃ na tu tvāṃ bhṛtyavadyāce yo 'sāvādityamaṇḍalastho vyāhṛtyavayavaḥ puruṣaḥ puruṣākāratvātpūrṇaṃ vānena prāṇabuddhayātmanā jagatsamastamiti puruṣaḥ puri śayanādvā puruṣaḥ so 'hamasmi bhavāmi //16//


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 17

vāyur anilam amṛtam athedaṃ bhasmāntaṃ śarīram |
oṃ krato smara kṛtaṃ smara krato smara kṛtaṃ smara || IsUp_17 ||


__________


IsUpBh_17
athedānīṃ mama mariṣyato vāyuḥ prāṇo 'dhyātmaparicchedaṃ hitvādhidaivatātmānaṃ sarvātmakamanilamamṛtaṃ sūtrātmānaṃ pratipadyatāmiti vākyaśeṣaḥ /
liṅgaṃ cedaṃ jñānakarmasaṃskṛtamutkrāmatviti draṣṭavyam, mārgayācanasāmarthyāt /
athedaṃ śarīramagnau hutaṃ bhasmāntaṃ bhūyāt /
om iti yathopāsanam oṃpratīkātmakatvātsatyātmakamagnyākhyaṃ brahmābhedenocyate /
he krato! saṅkalpātmaka! smara yanmama smartavyaṃ tasya kālo 'yaṃ pratyupasthito 'taḥ smara /
etāvantaṃ kālaṃ bhāvitaṃ kṛtamagne smara yanmayā bālyaprabhṛtyanuṣṭhitaṃ karma tacca smara /
krato smara kṛtaṃ smareti punarvacanamādarārtham //17//


_______________________________________________________________________

START IsUp 18

punaranyena mantreṇa mārgaṃ yācate--

agne naya supathā rāye asmān viśvāni deva vayunāni vidvān |
yuyodhy asmaj juhurāṇam eno bhūyiṣṭhāṃ te nama uktiṃ vidhema || IsUp_18 ||



__________


IsUpBh_18
he agne! naya gamaya supathā śobhanena mārgeṇa /
supratheti viśeṣaṇaṃ dakṣiṇamārganivṛttyartham /
nirviṇṇo 'haṃ dakṣiṇena mārgeṇa gatāgatalakṣaṇenāto yāce tvāṃ punaḥ punargamanāgamanavarjitena śobhanena pathā naya /
rāye dhanāya karmaphalabhogāyetyarthaḥ, asmānyathoktadharmaphalaviśiṣṭān viśvāni sarvāṇi he deva! vayunāni karmāṇi prajñānāni vā vidvāñjānan /

kiñca yuyodhi viyojaya vināśaya asmadasmatto juhurāṇaṃ kuṭilaṃ vañcanātmakamenaḥ pāpam /
tato vayaṃ viśuddhāḥ santa iṣṭaṃ prāpsyāma ityabhiprāyaḥ /
kintu vayamidānīṃ te na śaknumaḥ paricaryāṃ kartum /
bhūyiṣṭhāṃ bahutarāṃ te tubhyaṃ nama uktiṃ namaskāravacanaṃ vidhema namaskāreṇa paricarema ityarthaḥ /

'avidyayā mṛtyuṃ tīrtvā vidyayāmṛtamaśnute /
' (ī.u.11) 'vināśena mṛtyuṃ tīrtvāsambhūtyāmṛtamaśnute' (ī.u.14) iti śrutvā kecitsaṃśayaṃ kurvanti /
atastannirākaraṇārthaṃ saṃkṣepato vicāraṇāṃ kariṣyāmaḥ /

tatra tāvaktinnimittaḥ saṃśaya ityucyate /

vidyāśabdena mukhyā paramātmavidyaiva kasmānna gṛhyate 'mṛtatvañca /
nānuktāyāḥ paramātmavidyāyāḥ karmaṇaśca virodhātsamuccayānupapattiḥ /

satyam /
virodhastu nāvagamyate virodhāvirodhayoḥ śāstrapramāṇakatvāt /
yathāvidyānuṣṭhānaṃ vidyopāsanañca śāstrapramāṇakaṃ tathā tadvirodhāvirodhāvapi /
yathā ca na hiṃsyātsarvā bhūtānīti śāstrādavagataṃ punaḥ śāstreṇaiva bādhyate 'dhvare paśuṃ hiṃsyāditi /
evaṃ vidyāvidyayorapi syāt /
vidyākarmaṇośca samuccayaḥ /

na"dūramete viparīte viṣūcī avidyā yā ca vidyā"(ka.u.1 / 2 / 4) iti śruteḥ /

vidyāṃ cāvidyāṃ ceti vacanādavirodha iti cet?

na ; hetusvarūpaphalavirodhāt /

vidyāvidyāvirodhāvirodhayorvikalpāsambhavātsamuccayavidhānādavirodha eveti cet?

na? sahasambhavānupapatteḥ /

krameṇaikāśraye syātāṃ vidyāvidye iti cet?

na ; vidyotpattau avidyāyā hyāstatvāttadāśraye 'vidyānupapatteḥ /
na hyagniruṣṇaḥ prakāśaśceti vijñānotpattau yasminnāśraye tadutpannaṃ tasminnevāśraye śīto 'gniraprakāśo vetyavidyāyā utpattirnāpi saṃśayo 'jñānaṃ vā"yasmin sarvāṇi bhūtānyātmaivābhūdvijānataḥ /
tatra ko mohaḥ kaḥ śoka ekatvamanupaśyataḥ"(ī.u.7) iti śokamohādyasambhavaśruteḥ /
avidyāsambhavāttadupādānasya karmaṇo 'pyanupapattim avocāma /

amṛtamaśnuta ityāpekṣikam amṛtam /
vidyāśabdena paramātmavidyāgrahaṇe hiraṇmayenetyādinā dvāramārgādiyācanamanupapannaṃ syāt /
tasmādupāsanayā samuccayo na paramātmavijñāneneti yathāsmābhirvyākhyāta eva mantrāṇāmartha ityuparamyate //18//


iti śrīmatparamahaṃsaparivrājakācāryasya śrīśaṅkarabhagavataḥ kṛtāvīśāvāsyopaniṣadbhāṣyaṃ sampūrṇam /